(19)
(11)EP 3 033 840 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
07.03.2018 Bulletin 2018/10

(21)Application number: 13756737.6

(22)Date of filing:  12.08.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04B 7/04  (2017.01)
H04L 25/02  (2006.01)
H04L 1/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/SE2013/050963
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/023218 (19.02.2015 Gazette  2015/07)

(54)

METHODS AND DEVICES FOR DETERMINING LINK ADAPTATION PARAMETERS

VERFAHREN UND VORRICHTUNGEN ZUM BESTIMMEN VON LINK-ADAPTATION-PARAMETERN

PROCEDÉS ET DISPOSITIFS DE DETERMINATION DE PARAMÈTRES D'ADAPTATION DE LIAISON


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
22.06.2016 Bulletin 2016/25

(73)Proprietor: Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson (publ)
164 83 Stockholm (SE)

(72)Inventors:
  • SANDBERG, David
    S-169 37 Solna (SE)
  • ÅHLANDER, Mats
    S-183 70 Täby (SE)

(74)Representative: Ericsson 
Patent Development Torshamnsgatan 21-23
164 80 Stockholm
164 80 Stockholm (SE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 376 961
US-A1- 2012 082 259
  
  • VIERING I ET AL: "Improving uplink adaptive antenna algorithms for WCDMA by covariance matrix compensation", VTC 2002-FALL. 2002 IEEE 56TH. VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS. VANCOUVER, CANADA, SEPT. 24 - 28, 2002; [IEEE VEHICULAR TECHNOLGY CONFERENCE], NEW YORK, NY : IEEE, US, vol. 4, 24 September 2002 (2002-09-24), pages 2149-2153, XP010608812, DOI: 10.1109/VETECF.2002.1040599 ISBN: 978-0-7803-7467-6
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

Technical field



[0001] The technology disclosed herein relates generally to the field of wireless communication systems, and in particular to link adaptation in such wireless communication systems.

Background



[0002] In wireless communication systems performance can generally be improved if the characteristics of a transmission are adapted to the characteristics of the radio channel. Even though there are techniques which perform such adapting without much prior information about the channel, e.g. Incremental Redundancy (IR) used together with some Automatic Repeat Request (ARQ) scheme, the performance can still be improved, if each transmission as such, is better adapted to the channel characteristics.

[0003] The term Link Adaptation (LA) is often used when referring to the selection of Modulation and Coding Scheme (MCS) to be used for a certain transmission in an attempt to adapt the characteristics of the transmission to the characteristics of the channel. However, there are many other characteristics of the channel which could be exploited to further improve the performance. One of those is the channels suitability for higher rank transmissions using Spatial Multiplexing (SM), whereby the performance may be improved e.g. in terms of higher data rate and signal strength. It is sometimes possible to utilize this type of transmission in case of Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) setups, where several antennas are present for transmission and reception respectively.

[0004] In case of LTE systems, there are different uplink transmission modes defined (refer to 3GPP TS-36.213). Depending on the uplink transmission mode being used, Closed Loop Spatial Multiplexing (CLSM) might be supported as transmission scheme for the Physical Uplink Shared Channel (PUSCH). The term Closed Loop (CL) indicates the need of Channel State Information (CSI) for the transmission scheme to operate efficiently.

[0005] In LTE there are basically two ways to get uplink CSI in an eNodeB (evolved Node B, also denoted eNB). First there is the Sounding Reference Symbols (SRS) that are allocated to a wireless device semi-statically and used specifically for channel quality estimation purposes. The other is the Demodulation Reference Symbols (DMRS) that are multiplexed with normal PUSCH transmissions. These are mainly aimed for channel estimation in order to demodulate PUSCH data, but they can also be used for channel quality estimation.

[0006] The CSI that has been gained from SRS or DMRS is used to adapt different properties of uplink transmissions. Such properties are transmission rank (the number of spatial layers that are used for the transmission), the Modulation and Coding Scheme (MCS) that are used for each layer, the Precoding Matrix that is used for precoding of the transmission as well as the transmission bandwidth. As an intermediate step to select these parameters, a post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio (SINR) for a layer is calculated. This post-equalizer SINR is calculated given the precoder, rank and allocation size and is used to calculate the MCS for the layer.

[0007] In order to be able to calculate the post-equalizer SINR that can be used for link adaptation, a scheduler/link adaptation needs to have access to the complex channel coefficients of the MIMO channel. Since the channel coefficients vary over frequency due to multipath fading several channel matrices needs to be stored to cover the whole system bandwidth. The required number of channel matrices depends on the frequency correlation of the channel. Also, since the multipath fading is unique to each user the channel coefficients also need to be stored per user. All in all, all the required channel coefficients will consume a lot of memory in the eNodeB and does not scale well with the number of users and number of receive antennas.

[0008] Further, selecting precoder, rank, allocation size, and MCS typically involves performing an exhaustive search through the possible parameter combinations to see which combination maximizes the throughput for the particular user. This involves a large amount of calculations.

[0009] The MIMO link adaptation thus involves complex calculations that are time-consuming and require high processing capacity and also large data storage. Patent publication US 2012/0082259 A1 describes a method of calculating SINR for each layer based on the approximate channel covariance matrix.

Summary



[0010] An object of the present invention is to solve or at least mitigate one or more of the above mentioned problems.

[0011] The object is according to a first aspect achieved by a method performed in a network node for determining a link adaptation parameter for a wireless device. The network node supports a multi-antenna transmission mode comprising spatial multiplexing layers for transmission of data on a channel between the wireless device and the network node. The method comprises determining a channel covariance matrix HHH for the channel, wherein H is the channel matrix for the channel; approximating a post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRapprox., i for a spatial multiplexing layer i using the channel covariance matrix HHH ; determining an offset SINRoffset, i to be the difference between a received signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRreceived and the approximated post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRapprox.,i; and determining the link adaptation parameter SINRLA,i to be the approximated post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox.,i. compensated by the determined offset SINRoffset.

[0012] When link adaptation is performed a link adaptation parameter, in particular signal to interference plus noise, is calculated using a simplified expression that requires compact channel quality information. At reception the difference between the result of the simplified link adaptation parameter calculation and the actual received link adaptation parameter is calculated, giving an offset. This link adaptation parameter difference, the offset, may then be used to calculate the link adaptation parameter when link adaptation is performed in the future. A much reduced computational load is thereby provided and also corresponding reductions in processing time, processing capacity and memory requirements.

[0013] The object is according to a second aspect achieved by a network node for determining a link adaptation parameter SINRLA,i for a wireless device. The network node is configured to support a multi-antenna transmission mode comprising spatial multiplexing layers for transmission of data on a channel between the wireless device and the network node. The network node comprises a processor and memory, the memory containing instructions executable by the processor, whereby the network node is operative to: determine a channel covariance matrix, HHH, for the channel, wherein H is the channel matrix for the channel; approximate a post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox., i, for a spatial multiplexing layer i using the channel covariance matrix, HHH ; determine an offset, SINRoffset, i, to be the difference between a received signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRreceived, and the approximated post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox.,I; and determine the link adaptation parameter SINRLA,i to be the approximated post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox.,i. compensated by the determined offset SINRoffset.

[0014] The object is according to a third aspect achieved by a computer program for network node for determining a link adaptation parameter, SINRLA,i, for a wireless device. The network node is configured to support a multi-antenna transmission mode comprising spatial multiplexing layers for transmission of data on a channel between the wireless device and the network node. The computer program comprises computer program code, which, when run on the network node causes the network node to: determine a channel covariance matrix, HHH, for the channel, wherein H is the channel matrix for the channel; approximate a post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox., i, for a spatial multiplexing layer i using the channel covariance matrix, HHH ; determine an offset, SINRoffset, i to be the difference between a received signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRreceived, and the approximated post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox.,i; and determine the link adaptation parameter SINRLA,i to be the approximated post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox.,i. compensated by the determined offset SINRoffset.

[0015] The object is according to a fourth aspect achieved by a computer program product comprising a computer program as above, and a computer readable means on which the computer program is stored.

[0016] Further features and advantages of the present teachings will become clear upon reading the following description and the accompanying drawings.

Brief description of the drawings



[0017] 

Figure 1 illustrates schematically an environment in which embodiments of the present teachings may be implemented.

Figure 2 illustrates schematically a scheduling and link adaptation procedure.

Figure 3 is a schematic diagram of SINR offset calculation.

Figure 4 illustrates a flow chart over steps of a method in a network node in accordance with the present teachings.

Figure 5 illustrates schematically a network node and means for implementing methods of the present teachings.

Figure 6 illustrates a network node comprising function modules for implementing methods of the present teachings.

Figure 7 illustrates in a graphic representation a performance comparison.


Detailed description



[0018] In the following description, for purposes of explanation and not limitation, specific details are set forth such as particular architectures, interfaces, techniques, etc. in order to provide a thorough understanding. In other instances, detailed descriptions of well-known devices, circuits, and methods are omitted so as not to obscure the description with unnecessary detail. Same reference numerals refer to same or similar elements throughout the description.

[0019] Figure 1 illustrates schematically an environment in which embodiments of the present teachings may be implemented. In particular, a wireless communication system 1 comprises a number of network nodes 2, e.g. eNodeBs, and a number of wireless devices 3. The network node 2 is configured to provide wireless communication channels to the wireless device 3. The wireless device 3 comprises a number of transmit antennas 5a, e.g. two, four or eight transmit antennas and a number of receive antennas 5b, e.g. two, four or eight receive antennas. The wireless device 3 may comprise any type of device configured for wireless communication. Such wireless device 3 maybe denoted and exemplified in various ways e.g. a user equipment, a mobile communication device, subscriber terminal, and may comprise e.g. a cellular telephone, a computing device, a smart phone etc.

[0020] The network node 2 is configured to support MIMO and comprises a number of transmit antennas 4a and a number of receive antennas 4b. It is noted that, although denoted transmit antennas and receive antennas, the same physical antennas may be used for receiving and transmitting. The network node 2 comprises receiving circuitry and transmitting circuitry connected to such physical antennas for receiving and transmitting signaling, respectively. The physical antennas may use the same or separate hardware to process radio signals, and the network node 2 may thus comprise one or more radio frequency chains, comprising duplex filters etc. For sake of clarity, intermediate devices, circuitry etc. such as duplex filters, have been omitted. "Transmit antenna" may thus encompass a physical antenna and transmitting circuitry, and "receive antenna" may encompass a physical antenna and receiving circuitry, wherein the physical antenna may (but need not) be a single same antenna. Correspondingly, the wireless device 3 is configured to use MIMO and comprises a number of transmit antennas 5a and a number of receive antennas 5b. A fundamental MIMO scheme is that of precoded spatial multiplexing (SM) where multiple individually encoded streams are transmitted in parallel from the wireless device 3 to the network node 2. In precoding each of the multiple streams are sent from transmit antennas 5a of the wireless device 3 with independent and appropriate weighting per each antenna such that data throughput between the wireless device 3 and the network node 2 is maximized. Usually only a limited number of predefined precoding weights are used, called a codebook. The codebook is know by the network node 2 as well as by the wireless device 3, so when the network node 2 informs the wireless device 3 about which set of precoding weights (also denoted precoder) to use, it only needs to send a number corresponding to an index that the precoding weights have in the codebook. This number is usually denoted precoding matrix index (PMI).

[0021] Measurements at a receiver of the network node 2 and feedback signals by the wireless device 3, e.g. the previously mentioned SRS and DMRS, enables the network node 2 to determine the number of streams that can be supported across single or multiple users. A simple MIMO antenna configuration comprises using two antennas at the transmitter and two antennas at the receiver resulting in a 2x2 MIMO channel (with channel matrix H). The notation NTx used herein means N transmit antennas and the notation NRx correspondingly means N receive antennas.

[0022] Briefly, in accordance with the present teachings, when link adaptation is performed the post-equalizer SINR is calculated using a simplified expression that requires compact channel quality information. At reception the difference between the result of the simplified post-equalizer SINR calculation and the actual received post-equalizer SINR is calculated. This SINR difference is then used to calculate SINR when link adaptation is performed in the future, i.e. for future transmissions.

[0023] First, the present teachings is described in relation to prior art, indicating distinctions from the prior art, and thereby providing a thorough understanding of the present teachings. In the following, LTE uplink is used as an example, the network node thus being exemplified by an eNodeB.

[0024] Example of a prior art solution:
  1. 1. A channel between a wireless device and an eNodeB is estimated using SRS.
  2. 2. The channel coefficients are stored in the eNodeB. This requires NTX times NRX complex values per physical resource block (PRB) and user, where, as mentioned earlier, NTX and NRX are the number of transmit and receive antennas respectively.
  3. 3. Link adaptation uses the stored channel estimates to calculate SINR using an expression that is matched to the type of receiver used in the physical layer receiver. For each possible parameter combination (e.g. precoder, transmission rank, allocation size, MCS) the SINR needs to be calculated to determine which combination would give a maximized throughput. As mentioned earlier, the SINR can be very costly to calculate if it is to be perfectly matched to the type of receiver that is used in the physical layer. Examples of different types of receiver comprise minimum means squared error (MMSE) receivers, successive interference cancellation (SIC) receivers and parallel interference cancellation (PIC) receivers.


[0025] Corresponding example using the present teachings:
  1. 1. A channel H between the wireless device 3 and the network node 2, e.g. an eNodeB, is estimated using SRS (or DMRS)
  2. 2. The channel covariance matrices HHH are stored in the network node 2. This requires min(NTX, NRX)2 complex values per PRB and user.
  3. 3. Link adaptation uses the stored channel covariance matrix estimates HHH to calculate SINR using a simplified expression (giving simplified SINR) that does not need to be matched to the type of receiver that is used in the physical layer receiver.
  4. 4. To the calculated SINR an offset may be used for compensation, e.g. added to the calculated SINR. This offset is calculated based on the difference between the simplified SINR and the received SINR for previous transmissions. Such received SINR for previous transmission is also denoted true SINR in the present description.
  5. 5. Upon reception of a transmission the difference between the simplified and the received (true) SINR (i.e. the offset) is updated.


[0026] Reference is now made to figure 2, schematically illustrating a scheduling and link adaptation procedure. Scheduling and link adaptation is performed in a scheduler device indicated at reference numeral 10, which scheduler device 10 may be part of the network node 2 or be a separate part operatively connected to the network node 2. The scheduling and link adaptation is based on measurements from the physical layer, e.g. by means of a physical layer 1 (L1) receiver indicated at reference numeral 11. The earlier mentioned SRS and DMRS are examples of signals that may be used in the link adaptation. The measurements can for example be the received signal power for earlier uplink transmissions and measured noise and interference, and are used to predict the received SINR the next time the wireless device 3 is transmitting. In accordance with the present teachings, the L1 receiver 11 provides various parameters to the scheduler device 10, e.g. related to interference, channel covariance and a SINR offset (to be described later).

[0027] The output of the scheduler device 10 is a set of transmission parameters to be used by the wireless device 3. The transmission parameters are sent to the wireless device 3 in an uplink grant message, using a L1 transmitter 12. For the single antenna transmission mode there are mainly two parameters that are controlled by link adaptation, namely the number of PRBs (NPRB) and the Modulation and Coding Scheme (MCS).

[0028] When uplink Single-User MIMO (SU-MIMO) is used there are two more transmission parameters that need to be selected, namely the number of layers (Nlayer, also called transmission rank) and one of the precoders from the precoder codebook (specified by 3GPP TS 36.211 [1]). For a wireless device 3 with 2 transmit antennas 5a the codebook consists of 7 precoding matrices (also denoted precoders), where one precoding matrix is used for rank two transmission and the remaining six is used for rank one transmission.

[0029] Atypical criterion for the selection of these parameters (Nlayer and precoder) is to choose the parameter combination that maximizes the estimated throughput. This can be done by calculating the SINR (for each layer in case of multi-layer transmission) for each combination of the transmitter parameters and select the combination that maximizes the throughput. But, as mentioned earlier, calculating the true post-equalizer SINR is however not trivial. In the following it will be assumed that the equalizer comprises a MMSE receiver, for which the true post equalizer SINR for stream i is calculated as:

, where λi are the i:th element in λ is given by:

, where P is the transmit power used by the wireless device 3, H is the channel matrix, R is the interference covariance matrix and XH denotes the Hermitian transpose of X. It should be noted that both H and R are in fact frequency selective, meaning that they change over frequency (PRBs) and need to be represented by different matrices for different sub-bands.

[0030] It can be seen that this calculation requires full knowledge of the channel matrices (requiring significant storage capacity) as well as a number of matrix multiplications and a matrix inversion. It would be advantageous if the amount of storage as well as the computational complexity could be reduced.

[0031] Using channel covariance matrix, HHH, instead of H and approximating the SINR for layer i in the equation (known as Shannon's equation for channel capacity) gives:

, where S is an approximation of the wanted post-equalizer signal power, and R is the noise and interference covariance matrix, W is the precoding vector for the transmission, and P is the transmit power of the transmission. The computational complexity is significantly reduced for this calculation compared to calculating the true post-equalizer SINR according to above.

[0032] In the above equation (3) the factor γ is used to account for inter-stream interference between the stream transmitted from a first antenna and the stream transmitted from a second antenna. The factor γ can be calculated according to

, wherein G comprises

and is equal to HHH.

[0033] When equalization is performed in the L1 receiver 11 the receiver matrix (which is equation (3) except for the last multiplication with HW, i.e. S = PWHHH) has to be calculated. In accordance with the present teachings, the post-equalizer SINR (i.e. S = PWHHHHW) is also calculated. To also calculate this post-equalizer SINR adds relatively little additional complexity since the receiver matrix is already available.

[0034] By using the above approximation some approximation error is introduced. In particular it was noted that as the number of layer Nlayer increased, the equation (3) gave less accurate result. However, by applying feedback compensation this error can be mitigated.

[0035] When an uplink transmission is received in the L1 receiver 11 the true post-equalizer SINR (SINRreceived) is calculated in accordance with the above. In addition, the simplified SINR (SINRapprox) according to (3) is also calculated. Assuming that the SINR values are given in dB, an SINR offset can then be calculated as



[0036] It may also be favorable to apply some kind of filtering to the calculated SINR offset. This could for example be done with a simple 1-tap IIR filter according to

, wherein α is a filter coefficient (also denoted tap weight). The result, i.e. the SINRoffsetFilt, is then stored in the network node 2 and used the next time the wireless device 3 is being scheduled.

[0037] When the wireless device 3 is scheduled the SINR used for link adaptation (rank selection, MCS selection etc.) may then calculated in accordance with



[0038] The use of channel covariance matrix, HHH scales better to the number of reception antennas 4b than the prior art use of the channel matrix H, since HHH is smaller than H when the number of receive antennas is large. A particular example illustrating this: consider the case of 8 reception antennas and two transmit antennas, giving a channel matrix H of size [8 x 2]. HH is then of size [2 x 8], and HHH is of size [2 x 2], that is, irrespective of number of reception antennas the size of HHH does not increase.

[0039] With reference now to figure 3, the above is recapitulated in the following. An equalizer 20 of the receiver 11 receives a signal comprising symbols. The signal is also input to a channel estimation device 21, which estimates a channel matrix H for the MIMO channel. The channel estimation device 21 outputs the estimated channel matrix H to the equalizer 20. The channel estimation device 21 also outputs, in accordance with the present teachings, the calculated channel covariance matrix HHH to a SINR offset calculator 22 and to the scheduler device 10. The equalizer 20 determines, based on the received symbols and the estimated channel matrix H, the post-equalizer SINR and outputs it to the SINR offset calculator 22 (and also to a decoder 23 decoding a data part of the signal). SINR offset calculator 22, having received the channel covariance matrix HHH, calculates an SINR offset as described above, and outputs the result to the scheduler device 10. The scheduler device 10 is now able to perform link adaptation based on the received channel covariance matrix HHH and SINR offset, and interference information (compare also with figure 2). The scheduler device 10 is thus able to provide configuration parameters such as MCS, Nlayer, NPRB and precoder to the wireless device 3.

[0040] In a use case, applying the present teachings, the wireless device 3 sends data, e.g. on PUSCH, the data comprising inter alia the number of physical resource blocks (PRB), NPBR, PMI, PBRstart (i.e. where in the frequency band the first PBR is found), suggested MCS and number of layers to use, Nlayer. The network node 2 receives this data and determines received SINR, SINRreceived and approximated SINR, SINRapprox. based on the parameters used by the wireless device 3. Then an offset, SINRoffset, is determined by the subtraction: SINRreceived - SINRapprox. Filtering may be performed, providing a filtered SINRoffset. The network node 2 then schedules new downlink data to the wireless device 3, going through all hypothesis (i.e. combinations) of the received data NPBR, PMI, PBRstart, MCS and Nlayer, using the described simplified calculations, giving a SINRapprox. for each hypothesis. That is, instead of using the true (received) SINRreceived for each hypothesis, which is very costly in terms of memory and processing, the approximated SINR is used. The SINR used in the scheduling is then the SINRapprox. giving e.g. the highest throughput compensated with the offset, SINRoffset, i.e. SINR(used in scheduling)= chosen SINRapprox + SINRoffset. In accordance with the present teachings, the true SINR, i.e. the SINRreceived, is calculated only once for each data packet, which results in a much reduced number of calculations and also less complex calculations.

[0041] Figure 4 illustrates a flow chart over steps of a method in a network node in accordance with the present teachings. The method 100 may be performed in a network node 2, e.g. an eNB, for determining a link adaptation parameter SINRLA,i for a wireless device 3. The network node 2 supports a multi-antenna transmission mode comprising spatial multiplexing layers for transmission of data on a channel between the network node 2 and the wireless device 3. The method 100 comprises determining 110 a channel covariance matrix HHH for the channel, wherein H is the channel matrix for the channel.

[0042] The method 100 comprises approximating 120 a post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRapprox., i for a spatial multiplexing layer i using the channel covariance matrix HHH.

[0043] The method 100 comprises determining 130 an offset SINRoffset, i to be the difference between a received signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRreceived and the approximated post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRapprox.,i.

[0044] The method 100 comprises determining 140 the link adaptation parameter SINRLA,i to be the approximated post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox.,i, compensated by the determined offset SINRoffset.

[0045] In a dB-domain, the determining 140 is performed by adding the approximated post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox.,i and the determined offset SINRoffset. In a linear domain the determining 140 is performed by a multiplication, in particular by multiplying the approximated post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox.,i with the determined offset SINRoffset.

[0046] In an embodiment, the offset SINRoffset, i is stored in the network node 2 and updated upon reception, from the wireless device 3, of a transmission on the channel.

[0047] In an embodiment, the method 100 comprises using the offset SINRoffset, i for determining the link adaptation parameter SINRLA,i in link adaptation of a following transmission from the wireless device 3.

[0048] In an embodiment, the approximating 120 of the post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRapprox, i comprises using an approximated post-equalizer signal power S, a noise and interference covariance matrix R, and a factor γ accounting for inter-stream interference.

[0049] In the above embodiment, the approximating 120 of the post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox, i, comprises using:

, where S is an approximation of the post-equalizer signal power, and R is a noise and interference covariance matrix for the channel, W is a precoding vector for the transmission and P is the transmit power of the transmission. That is, the approximating 120 of the post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox, i, comprises dividing Si,i with Ri,i and multiplying the result with the factor γ.

[0050] In another variation, the factor γ accounting for inter-stream interference is calculated according to:

, wherein

is equal to HHH.

[0051] That is, for rank equal to one, the factor γ is set equal to one, and for rank higher than 1, γ is determined by normalizing the determinant of the channel covariance matrix, since this is a measure of the number of spatial streams that the channel can support.

[0052] In an embodiment, the determining 130 of the offset SINRoffset, i comprises applying a filtering to the determined offset SINRoffset, i. That is, some kind of filtering or prediction is used. Such filtering could be realized in different ways, for example like a moving average or as a 1-tap immediate impulse response (IIR) filter according to:

, wherein α is a filter coefficient.

[0053] In a variation of the above embodiment, the method 100 comprises storing the filtered offset SINRoffsetFilt in the network node 2 and using the stored filtered offset SINRoffsetFilt the next time the wireless device 3 is being scheduled.

[0054] In an embodiment, the determining 110 of a channel covariance matrix HHH comprises receiving sounding reference signals or Demodulation Reference Symbols from the wireless device 3 and determining the channel covariance matrix HHH based thereon

[0055] In an embodiment, the approximating 120 of the post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRapprox. comprises also using the interference plus noise covariance matrix R.

[0056] In an embodiment, the link adaptation parameter SINRLA,i is used for determining one or more of: transmission rank, modulation and coding scheme, precoding matrix and allocation size. The link adaptation parameter SINRLA,i may thus be used to adapt e.g. the transmission rank used to the radio link conditions.

[0057] In an embodiment, the received signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRreceived is available in the network node 2 or is calculated using the channel matrix H and the interference plus noise covariance matrix R. That is, a received signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRreceived previously determined and stored in the network node 2 may be used, or it may be calculated upon reception of a transmission from the wireless device 3.

[0058] Figure 5 illustrates schematically a network node and means for implementing methods of the present teachings, in particular for implementing the various embodiments of the method 100 as described with reference to figure 4. The network node 2 comprises a processor 30 comprising any combination of one or more of a central processing unit (CPU), multiprocessor, microcontroller, digital signal processor (DSP), application specific integrated circuit etc. capable of executing software instructions stored in a memory 33, which can thus be a computer program product 33. The processor 30 can be configured to execute any of the various embodiments of the method as described e.g. in relation to figure 4.

[0059] In particular, a network node 2 of a communication system 1 is provided configured for determining a link adaptation parameter SINRLA,i for a wireless device 3. The network node 2 is configured to support a multi-antenna transmission mode comprising spatial multiplexing layers for transmission of data on a channel between the wireless device 3 and the network node 2. The network node 2 comprises a processor 30 and memory 33, the memory 33 containing instructions executable by the processor 30, whereby the network node 2 is operative to:
  • determine a channel covariance matrix HHH for the channel, wherein H is the channel matrix for the channel,
  • approximate a post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRapprox., i for a spatial multiplexing layer i using the channel covariance matrix HHH,
  • determine an offset SINRoffset, i to be the difference between a received signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRreceived and the approximated post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRapprox.,i and
  • determine the link adaptation parameter SINRLA,i to be the approximated post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox.,i. compensated by the determined offset SINRoffset.


[0060] In an embodiment, the network node 2 is configured to store and update the offset SINRoffset, i in the network node 2, upon reception, from the wireless device 3, of a transmission on the channel. The network node 2 may for example store the offset SINRoffset, i in any memory available to the processor 30, e.g. the memory 33.

[0061] In an embodiment, the network node 2 is configured to use the offset SINRoffset, i for determining the link adaptation parameter SINRLA,i in link adaptation of a following transmission from the wireless device 3.

[0062] In an embodiment, the network node 2 is configured to approximate of the post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRapprox, i by using an approximated post-equalizer signal power S, a noise and interference covariance matrix R, and a factor γ accounting for inter-stream interference.

[0063] In a variation of the above embodiment, the network node 2 is configured to approximate the post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRapprox, i by using:

, where S is an approximation of the post-equalizer signal power, and R is a noise and interference covariance matrix for the channel, W is a precoding vector for the transmission, and P is the transmit power of the transmission.

[0064] In another variation, the network node 2 is configured to calculate the factor γ accounting for inter-stream interference according to:

, wherein

is equal to HHH.

[0065] In an embodiment, the network node 2 is configured to determine the offset SINRoffset, i by applying a filtering to the determined offset SINRoffset, i according to:

, wherein α is a filter coefficient.

[0066] In an embodiment, the network node 2 is configured to store the filtered offset, SINRoffsetFilt, in the network node 2 and use the stored filtered offset, SINRoffsetFilt, the next time the wireless device 3 is being scheduled.

[0067] In an embodiment, the network node 2 is configured to determine a channel covariance matrix HHH by receiving sounding reference signals or Demodulation Reference Symbols from the wireless device 3 and determine the channel covariance matrix HHH based thereon.

[0068] In an embodiment, network node 2 is configured to use the interference plus noise covariance matrix R in the approximating 120 of the post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRapprox..

[0069] In an embodiment, the network node 2 is configured to use the link adaptation parameter for determining one or more of: transmission rank, modulation and coding scheme, precoding matrix and allocation size.

[0070] Still with reference to figure 5, the memory 33 can be any combination of read and write memory (RAM) and read only memory (ROM). The memory 33 also comprises persistent storage, which, for example, can be any single one or combination of magnetic memory, optical memory, solid state memory or even remotely mounted memory.

[0071] A data memory 34 may also be provided for reading and/or storing data during execution of software instructions in the processor 30. The data memory 34 can be any combination of read and write memory (RAM) and read only memory (ROM).

[0072] The network node 2 further comprises an input/output (I/O) device 31, embodied as one or more separate units or as a single unit. By means of such I/O device(s) 31, the network node 2 may receive data from the wireless device 3 using receiver circuitry 35 (via antennas, not illustrated) and from other network nodes (e.g. via interconnecting cables, not illustrated). The network node 2 may also transmit data to the wireless device 3 (via antennas, not illustrated) and to other network nodes 3 (e.g. via interconnecting cables, not illustrated) by means of such I/O device(s) 31 using transmitting circuitry 36. The I/O device(s) 31 is/ are operatively connected to the processor 30, which is thus able to transmit instructions and/or configuration parameters to the wireless device 3 (via antennas, not illustrated), e.g. based on information received from the wireless device 3. Examples of such configuration parameters comprise transmission rank, modulation and coding scheme, precoding matrix and allocation size. Other components of the network node 2 are omitted in order not to obscure the concepts presented herein.

[0073] The teachings of the present application also encompasses a computer program product 33 comprising a computer program 32 for implementing embodiments of the method as described earlier, and a computer readable means on which the computer program 32 is stored. The computer program product 33 may be any combination of read and write memory (RAM) or read only memory (ROM). The computer program product 33 may also comprise persistent storage, which for example can be any single one or combination of magnetic memory, optical memory or solid state memory.

[0074] The present teachings also comprise a computer program 32 for network node 2 for determining a link adaptation parameter, SINRLA,i, for a wireless device 3. The network node 2 is configured to support a multi-antenna transmission mode comprising spatial multiplexing layers for transmission of data on a channel between the wireless device 3 and the network node 2. The computer program 32 comprises computer program code, which, when run on the network node 2 causes the network node 2 to:
  • determine a channel covariance matrix HHH for the channel, wherein H is the channel matrix for the channel,
  • approximate a post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRapprox., i for a spatial multiplexing layer i using the channel covariance matrix HHH,
  • determine an offset SINRoffset, i to be the difference between a received signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRreceived and the approximated post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRapprox.,i and
  • determine the link adaptation parameter SINRLA,i to be the approximated post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRapprox.,i, compensated by the determined offset SINRoffset.


[0075] The computer program product 33, or the memory 33, thus comprises instructions executable by the processor 30. Such instructions may be comprised in a computer program, or in one or more software modules or function modules.

[0076] An example of an implementation using function modules/ software modules is illustrated in figure 6, in particular illustrating network node 2 comprising function modules for implementing methods of the present teachings. The network node 2 comprises means, in particular a first function module 40, for determining a channel covariance matrix, HHH, for the channel, wherein H is the channel matrix for the channel. The network node 2 comprises means, in particular a second function module 41, for approximating a post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRapprox., i for a spatial multiplexing layer i using the channel covariance matrix, HHH. The network node 2 comprises means, in particular a third function module 42, for determining an offset SINRoffset, i to be the difference between a received signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRreceived and the approximated post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRapprox.,i. The network node 2 comprises means, in particular a fourth function module 43, for determining the link adaptation parameter SINRLA,i to be the approximated post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio SINRapprox.,i compensated by the determined offset SINRoffset.

[0077] The first, second, third and fourth functional modules 40, 41, 42, 43 can be implemented using software instructions such as computer program executing in a processor and/or using hardware, such as application specific integrated circuits, field programmable gate arrays, discrete logical components etc.

[0078] Figure 7 illustrates in a graphic representation a performance comparison. The figure 7 illustrates the average throughput as a function of path gain, i.e. the average throughput is illustrated along the y-axis and the path gain along the x-axis. In particular, figure 7 provides a performance comparison between the present teachings (the graph indicated at A) and when using ideal SINR estimation (the graph indicated at B). The graph indicated at C is obtained when using only the expression (3), i.e. not using the feedback compensation. Comparing graph C with graph A illustrates the additional improvement of using the presented feedback compensation.

[0079] The present teachings have mainly been described herein with reference to a few embodiments. However, as is appreciated by a person skilled in the art, other embodiments than the particular ones disclosed herein are equally possible within the scope of the invention, as defined by the appended patent claims.


Claims

1. A method (100) performed in a network node (2) for determining a link adaptation parameter, SINRLA,i, for a wireless device (3), the network node (2) supporting a multi-antenna transmission mode comprising spatial multiplexing layers for transmission of data on a channel between the wireless device (3) and the network node (2), the method (100) comprising:

- determining (110) a channel covariance matrix, HHH, for the channel, wherein H is the channel matrix for the channel,

- approximating (120) a post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox., i, for a spatial multiplexing layer i using the channel covariance matrix, HHH, and characterized by

- determining (130) an offset, SINRoffset, i to be the difference between a received signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRreceived, and the approximated post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox.,i, and

- determining (140) the link adaptation parameter SINRLA,i to be the approximated post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox.,i, compensated by the determined offset SINRoffset, i.


 
2. The method (100) as claimed in claim 1, wherein the offset, SINRoffset, i, is stored in the network node (2) and updated upon reception, from the wireless device (3), of a transmission on the channel.
 
3. The method (100) as claimed in claim 1 or 2, comprising using the offset, SINRoffset, i, for determining the link adaptation parameter, SINRLA,i, in link adaptation of a following transmission from the wireless device (3).
 
4. The method (100) as claimed in claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein the approximating (120) of the post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox, i, comprises using an approximated post-equalizer signal power S, a noise and interference covariance matrix R, and a factor γ accounting for inter-stream interference.
 
5. The method (100) as claimed in claim 4, wherein the approximating (120) of the post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox, i, comprises using:

, where S is an approximation of the post-equalizer signal power, and R is a noise and interference covariance matrix for the channel, W is a precoding vector for the transmission, and P is the transmit power of the transmission.
 
6. The method (100) as claimed in claim 4 or 5, wherein the factor γ accounting for inter-stream interference is calculated according to:

, wherein

is equal to HHH.
 
7. The method (100) as claimed in any of the preceding claims, wherein the determining (130) of the offset, SINRoffset, i, comprises applying a filtering to the determined offset, SINRoffset, i.
according to:

, wherein α is a filter coefficient.
 
8. A network node (2) for determining a link adaptation parameter, SINRLA,i, for a wireless device (3), the network node (2) being configured to support a multi-antenna transmission mode comprising spatial multiplexing layers for transmission of data on a channel between the wireless device (3) and the network node (2), the network node (2) comprising a processor (30) and memory (33), the memory (33) containing instructions executable by the processor (30), whereby the network node (2) is operative to:

- determine a channel covariance matrix, HHH, for the channel, wherein H is the channel matrix for the channel,

- approximate a post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox., i, for a spatial multiplexing layer i using the channel covariance matrix, HHH, and is characterized by being operative to:

- determine an offset, SINRoffset, i, to be the difference between a received signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRreceived, and the approximated post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox.,i, and

- determine the link adaptation parameter SINRLA,i to be the approximated post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox.,i, compensated by the determined offset SINRoffset, i.


 
9. The network node (2) as claimed in claim 8, wherein the network node (2) is configured to store and update the offset, SINRoffset, i, in the network node (2), upon reception, from the wireless device (3), of a transmission on the channel.
 
10. The network node (2) as claimed in claim 8 or 9, wherein the network node (2) is configured to use the offset, SINRoffset, i, for determining the link adaptation parameter SINRLA,i in link adaptation of a following transmission from the wireless device (3).
 
11. The network node (2) as claimed in claim 8, 9 or 10, wherein the network node (2) is configured to approximate of the post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox, i, by using an approximated post-equalizer signal power S, a noise and interference covariance matrix R, and a factor γ accounting for inter-stream interference.
 
12. The network node (2) as claimed in claim 11, wherein the network node (2) is configured to approximate the post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox, i, by using:

, where S is an approximation of the post-equalizer signal power, and R is a noise and interference covariance matrix for the channel, W is a precoding vector for the transmission, and P is the transmit power of the transmission.
 
13. The network node (2) as claimed in claim 11 or 12, wherein network node (2) is configured to calculate the factor γ accounting for inter-stream interference according to:

, wherein

is equal to HHH.
 
14. The network node (2) as claimed in any of claims 8-13, wherein the network node (2) is configured to determine the offset, SINRoffset, i, by applying a filtering to the determined offset, SINRoffset, i, according to:

, wherein α is a filter coefficient.
 
15. A computer program (24) for network node (2) for determining a link adaptation parameter, SINRLA,i, for a wireless device (3), the network node (2) being configured to support a multi-antenna transmission mode comprising spatial multiplexing layers for transmission of data on a channel between the wireless device (3) and the network node (2), the computer program (32) comprising computer program code, which, when run on the network node (2) causes the network node (2) to:

- determine a channel covariance matrix, HHH, for the channel, wherein H is the channel matrix for the channel,

- approximate a post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox., i, for a spatial multiplexing layer i using the channel covariance matrix, HHH, and is characterized by causing the network node (2) to:

- determine an offset, SINRoffset, i, to be the difference between a received signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRreceived, and the approximated post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox.,i, and

- determine the link adaptation parameter SINRLA,i to be the approximated post-equalizer signal to interference plus noise ratio, SINRapprox.,i, compensated by the determined offset SINRoffset, i.


 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren (100), das in einem Netzwerkknoten (2) durchgeführt wird, zur Bestimmung eines Verbindungsanpassungsparameters, SINRLA,i, für eine drahtlose Vorrichtung (3), wobei der Netzwerkknoten (2) einen Mehrantennen-Übertragungsmodus unterstützt, der Raummultiplexschichten zur Übertragung von Daten auf einem Kanal zwischen der drahtlosen Vorrichtung (3) und dem Netzwerkknoten (2) umfasst, wobei das Verfahren (100) umfasst:

- Bestimmen (110) einer Kanalkovarianzmatrix, HHH, für den Kanal, wobei H die Kanalmatrix für den Kanal ist,

- Nähern (120) eines Nach-Entzerrer-Signal-zu-Störung-plus-Rausch-Verhältnisses, SINRapprox.,i, für eine Raummultiplexschicht i unter Verwendung der Kanalkovarianzmatrix, HHH,

und gekennzeichnet durch:

- Bestimmen (130), dass ein Offset, SINRoffset,i, die Differenz zwischen einem Empfangssignal-zu-Störung-plus-Rausch-Verhältnis, SINRreceived, und dem genäherten Nach-Entzerrer-Signal-zu-Störung-plus-Rausch-Verhältnis, SINRapprox.,i, ist, und

- Bestimmen (140), dass der Verbindungsanpassungsparameter, SINRLA,i, das genäherte Nach-Entzerrer-Signal-zu-Störung-plus-Rausch-Verhältnis, SINRapprox.,i, ist, das durch den bestimmten Offset, SINRoffset,i, kompensiert ist.


 
2. Verfahren (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Offset, SINRoffset,i, im Netzwerkknoten (2) gespeichert wird und bei Empfang einer Übertragung auf dem Kanal von der drahtlosen Vorrichtung (3) aktualisiert wird.
 
3. Verfahren (100) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, umfassend ein Verwenden des Offsets, SINRoffset,i, zum Bestimmen des Verbindungsanpassungsparameters, SINRLA,i, bei Verbindunganpassung einer folgenden Übertragung von der drahtlosen Vorrichtung (3).
 
4. Verfahren (100) nach Anspruch 1, 2 oder 3, wobei das Nähern (120) des Nach-Entzerrer-Signal-zu-Störung-plus-Rausch-Verhältnisses, SINRapprox.,i, ein Verwenden einer genäherten Nach-Entzerrer-Signalleistung S, einer Rausch- und Störungskovarianzmatrix R und eines Faktors γ umfasst, der Störung zwischen Strömen berücksichtigt.
 
5. Verfahren (100) nach Anspruch 4, wobei das Nähern (120) des Nach-Entzerrer-Signal-zu-Störung-plus-Rausch-Verhältnisses, SINRapprox.,i, ein Verwenden umfasst von:

wobei S eine Näherung der Nach-Entzerrer-Signalleistung ist, und R eine Rausch- und Störungskovarianzmatrix für den Kanal ist, W ein Vorcodierungsvektor für die Übertragung ist, und P die Sendeleistung der Übertragung ist.
 
6. Verfahren (100) nach Anspruch 4 oder 5, wobei der Faktor γ, der Störung zwischen Strömen berücksichtigt, berechnet wird gemäß:

wobei

HHH entspricht.
 
7. Verfahren (100) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Bestimmen (130) des Offsets, SINRoffset,i, ein Anwenden einer Filterung auf den bestimmten Offset, SINRoffset,i, umfasst
gemäß:

wobei α ein Filterkoeffizient ist.
 
8. Netzwerkknoten (2) zum Bestimmen eines Verbindungsanpassungsparameters, SINRLA,i, für eine drahtlose Vorrichtung (3), wobei der Netzwerkknoten (2) so konfiguriert ist, dass er einen Mehrantennen-Übertragungsmodus unterstützt, der Raummultiplexschichten zur Übertragung von Daten auf einem Kanal zwischen der drahtlosen Vorrichtung (3) und dem Netzwerkknoten (2) umfasst, wobei der Netzwerkknoten (2) einen Prozessor (30) und einen Speicher (33) umfasst, der Speicher (33) Anweisungen enthält, die vom Prozessor (30) ausgeführt werden können, wodurch der Netzwerkknoten (2) ausgelegt ist zum:

- Bestimmen einer Kanalkovarianzmatrix, HHH, für den Kanal, wobei H die Kanalmatrix für den Kanal ist,

- Nähern eines Nach-Entzerrer-Signal-zu-Störung-plus-Rausch-Verhältnisses, SINRapprox.,i, für eine Raummultiplexschicht i unter Verwendung der Kanalkovarianzmatrix, HHH, und dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass er ausgelegt ist zum:

- Bestimmen, dass ein Offset, SINRoffset,i, die Differenz zwischen einem Empfangssignal-zu-Störung-plus-Rausch-Verhältnis, SINRreceived, und dem genäherten Nach-Entzerrer-Signal-zu-Störung-plus-Rausch-Verhältnis, SINRapprox.,i, ist,

- Bestimmen, dass der Verbindungsanpassungsparameter, SINRLA,i, das genäherte Nach-Entzerrer-Signal-zu-Störung-plus-Rausch-Verhältnis, SINRapprox.,i, ist, das durch den bestimmten Offset, SINRoffset,i, kompensiert ist.


 
9. Netzwerkknoten (2) nach Anspruch 8, wobei der Netzwerkknoten (2) so konfiguriert ist, dass er den Offset, SINRoffset,i, im Netzwerkknoten (2) speichert und bei Empfang einer Übertragung auf dem Kanal von der drahtlosen Vorrichtung (3) aktualisiert.
 
10. Netzwerkknoten (2) nach Anspruch 8 oder 9, wobei der Netzwerkknoten (2) so konfiguriert ist, dass er den Offset, SINRoffset,i, zum Bestimmen des Verbindungsanpassungsparameters, SINRLA,i, bei Verbindunganpassung einer folgenden Übertragung von der drahtlosen Vorrichtung (3) verwendet.
 
11. Netzwerkknoten (2) nach Anspruch 8, 9 oder 10, wobei der Netzwerkknoten (2) so konfiguriert ist, dass er das Nach-Entzerrer-Signal-zu-Störung-plus-Rausch-Verhältnis, SINRapprox.,i, durch Verwenden einer genäherten Nach-Entzerrer-Signalleistung S, einer Rausch- und Störungskovarianzmatrix R und eines Faktors γ nähert, der Störung zwischen Strömen berücksichtigt.
 
12. Netzwerkknoten (2) nach Anspruch 11, wobei der Netzwerkknoten (2) so konfiguriert ist, dass er das genäherte Nach-Entzerrer-Signal-zu-Störung-plus-Rausch-Verhältnis, SINRapprox.,i, nähert durch Verwenden von:

wobei S eine Näherung der Nach-Entzerrer-Signalleistung ist, und R eine Rausch- und Störungskovarianzmatrix für den Kanal ist, W ein Vorcodierungsvektor für die Übertragung ist, und P die Sendeleistung der Übertragung ist.
 
13. Netzwerkknoten (2) nach Anspruch 11 oder 12, wobei der Netzwerkknoten (2) so konfiguriert ist, dass er den Faktor γ, der Störung zwischen Strömen berücksichtigt, berechnet gemäß:

wobei

HHH entspricht.
 
14. Netzwerkknoten (2) nach einem der Ansprüche 8 bis 13, wobei der Netzwerkknoten (2) so konfiguriert ist, dass er den Offset, SINRoffset,i, durch Anwenden einer Filterung auf den bestimmten Offset, SINRoffset,i, bestimmt gemäß:

wobei α ein Filterkoeffizient ist.
 
15. Computerprogramm (24) für einen Netzwerkknoten (2) zum Bestimmen eines Verbindungsanpassungsparameters, SINRLA,i, für eine drahtlose Vorrichtung (3), wobei der Netzwerkknoten (2) so konfiguriert ist, dass er einen Mehrantennen-Übertragungsmodus unterstützt, der Raummultiplexschichten zur Übertragung von Daten auf einem Kanal zwischen der drahtlosen Vorrichtung (3) und dem Netzwerkknoten (2) umfasst, wobei das Computerprogramm (32) Computerprogrammcode umfasst, der bei Ausführung auf dem Netzwerkknoten (2) den Netzwerkknoten (2) veranlasst zum:

- Bestimmen einer Kanalkovarianzmatrix, HHH, für den Kanal, wobei H die Kanalmatrix für den Kanal ist,

- Nähern eines Nach-Entzerrer-Signal-zu-Störung-plus-Rausch-Verhältnisses, SINRapprox.,i, für eine Raummultiplexschicht i unter Verwendung der Kanalkovarianzmatrix, HHH, und dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass er den Netzwerkknoten (2) veranlasst zum:

- Bestimmen, dass ein Offset, SINRoffset,i, die Differenz zwischen einem Empfangssignal-zu-Störung-plus-Rausch-Verhältnis, SINRreceived, und dem genäherten Nach-Entzerrer-Signal-zu-Störung-plus-Rausch-Verhältnis, SINRapprox.,i, ist,

- Bestimmen, dass der Verbindungsanpassungsparameter, SINRLA,i, das genäherte Nach-Entzerrer-Signal-zu-Störung-plus-Rausch-Verhältnis, SINRapprox.,i, ist, das durch den bestimmten Offset, SINRoffset,i, kompensiert ist.


 


Revendications

1. Procédé (100) effectué dans un noeud de réseau (2) pour déterminer un paramètre d'adaptation de liaison, SINRLA,i, pour un dispositif sans fil (3), le noeud de réseau (2) supportant un mode d'émission à multiples antennes comprenant des couches de multiplexage spatial pour l'émission de données sur un canal entre le dispositif sans fil (3) et le noeud de réseau (2), le procédé (100) comprenant :

- la détermination (110) d'une matrice de covariance de canal, HHH, pour le canal, dans laquelle H est la matrice de canal pour le canal,

- l'approximation (120) d'un rapport signal sur interférence plus bruit de post-égaliseur, SINRapprox.,i, pour une couche de multiplexage spatial i en utilisant la matrice de covariance de canal, HHH,

et caractérisé par

- la détermination (130) d'un décalage, SINRoffset,i, comme étant la différence entre un rapport reçu signal sur interférence plus bruit, SINRreceived et le rapport approché signal sur interférence plus bruit de post-égaliseur, SINRapprox.,i, et

- la détermination (140) du paramètre d'adaptation de liaison SINRLA,i comme étant le rapport approché signal sur interférence plus bruit de post-égaliseur, SINRapprox.,i, compensé par le décalage déterminé SINRoffset,i.


 
2. Procédé (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le décalage, SINRoffset,i, est stocké dans le noeud de réseau (2) et est mis à jour lors de la réception, en provenance du dispositif sans fil (3), d'une émission sur le canal.
 
3. Procédé (100) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, comprenant l'utilisation du décalage, SINRoffset,i, pour déterminer le paramètre d'adaptation de liaison, SINRLA,i, dans l'adaptation de liaison d'une émission suivante en provenance du dispositif sans fil (3).
 
4. Procédé (100) selon la revendication 1, 2 ou 3, dans lequel l'approximation (120) du rapport signal sur interférence plus bruit de post-égaliseur, SINRapprox,i, comprend l'utilisation d'une puissance de signal de post-égaliseur approchée S, d'une matrice de covariance de bruit et d'interférence R et d'un facteur γ représentant l'interférence interflot.
 
5. Procédé (100) selon la revendication 4, dans lequel l'approximation (120) du rapport signal sur interférence plus bruit de post-égaliseur, SINRapprox,i, comprend l'utilisation de :

où S est une approximation de la puissance de signal de post-égaliseur et R est une matrice de covariance de bruit et d'interférence pour le canal, W est un vecteur de précodage pour l'émission et P est la puissance d'émission de l'émission.
 
6. Procédé (100) selon la revendication 4 ou 5, dans lequel le facteur γ représentant l'interférence interflot est calculé par :

dans lequel

est égale à HHH.
 
7. Procédé (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la détermination (130) du décalage, SINRoffset,i, comprend l'application d'un filtrage au décalage déterminé, SINRoffset,i,
selon :

dans lequel α est un coefficient de filtre.
 
8. Noeud de réseau (2) pour déterminer un paramètre d'adaptation de liaison, SINRLA,i, pour un dispositif sans fil (3), le noeud de réseau (2) étant configuré pour supporter un mode d'émission à multiples antennes comprenant des couches de multiplexage spatial pour l'émission de données sur un canal entre le dispositif sans fil (3) et le noeud de réseau (2), le noeud de réseau (2) comprenant un processeur (30) et une mémoire (33), la mémoire (33) contenant des instructions pouvant être exécutées par le processeur (30), de sorte que le noeud de réseau (2) est opérationnel pour :

- déterminer une matrice de covariance de canal, HHH, pour le canal, dans laquelle H est la matrice de canal pour le canal,

- approcher un rapport signal sur interférence plus bruit de post-égaliseur, SINRapprox.,i, pour une couche de multiplexage spatial i en utilisant la matrice de covariance de canal, HHH,

et est caractérisé comme étant opérationnel pour :

- déterminer un décalage, SINRoffset,i, comme étant la différence entre un rapport reçu signal sur interférence plus bruit, SINRreceived et le rapport approché signal sur interférence plus bruit de post-égaliseur, SINRapprox.,i, et

- déterminer le paramètre d'adaptation de liaison SINRLA,i comme étant le rapport approché signal sur interférence plus bruit de post-égaliseur, SINRapprox.,i, compensé par le décalage déterminé SINRoffset,i.


 
9. Noeud de réseau (2) selon la revendication 8, dans lequel le noeud de réseau (2) est configuré pour stocker et mettre à jour le décalage, SINRoffset,i, dans le noeud de réseau (2), lors de la réception, en provenance du dispositif sans fil (3), d'une émission sur le canal.
 
10. Noeud de réseau (2) selon la revendication 8 ou 9, dans lequel le noeud de réseau (2) est configuré pour utiliser le décalage, SINRoffset,i, pour déterminer le paramètre d'adaptation de liaison SINRLA,i dans l'adaptation de liaison d'une émission suivante en provenance du dispositif sans fil (3).
 
11. Noeud de réseau (2) selon la revendication 8, 9 ou 10, dans lequel le noeud de réseau (2) est configuré pour approcher le rapport signal sur interférence plus bruit de post-égaliseur, SINRapprox,i, en utilisant une puissance de signal de post-égaliseur approchée S, une matrice de covariance de bruit et d'interférence R et un facteur γ représentant l'interférence interflot.
 
12. Noeud de réseau (2) selon la revendication 11, dans lequel le noeud de réseau (2) est configuré pour approcher le rapport signal sur interférence plus bruit de post-égaliseur, SINRapprox,i, en utilisant :

où S est une approximation de la puissance de signal de post-égaliseur et R est une matrice de covariance de bruit et d'interférence pour le canal, W est un vecteur de précodage pour l'émission et P est la puissance d'émission de l'émission.
 
13. Noeud de réseau (2) selon la revendication 11 ou 12, dans lequel le noeud de réseau (2) est configuré pour calculer le facteur γ représentant l'interférence interflot par :

dans lequel

est égale à HHH.
 
14. Noeud de réseau (2) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8 à 13, dans lequel le noeud de réseau (2) est configuré pour déterminer le décalage, SINRoffset,i, en appliquant un filtrage au décalage déterminé, SINRoffset,i, selon :

dans lequel α est un coefficient de filtre.
 
15. Programme informatique (24) pour noeud de réseau (2) pour déterminer un paramètre d'adaptation de liaison, SINRLA,i, pour un dispositif sans fil (3), le noeud de réseau (2) étant configuré pour supporter un mode d'émission à multiples antennes comprenant des couches de multiplexage spatial pour l'émission de données sur un canal entre le dispositif sans fil (3) et le noeud de réseau (2), le programme informatique (32) comprenant un code de programme informatique, qui, lorsqu'il est exécuté sur le noeud de réseau (2) amène le noeud de réseau (2) à :

- déterminer une matrice de covariance de canal, HHH, pour le canal, dans laquelle H est la matrice de canal pour le canal,

- approcher un rapport signal sur interférence plus bruit de post-égaliseur, SINRapprox.,i, pour une couche de multiplexage spatial i en utilisant la matrice de covariance de canal, HHH,

et est caractérisé par le fait d'amener le noeud de réseau (2) à :

- déterminer un décalage, SINRoffset,i, comme étant la différence entre un rapport reçu signal sur interférence plus bruit, SINRreceived et le rapport approché signal sur interférence plus bruit de post-égaliseur, SINRapprox.,i, et

- déterminer le paramètre d'adaptation de liaison SINRLA,i comme étant le rapport approché signal sur interférence plus bruit de post-égaliseur, SINRapprox.,i, compensé par le décalage déterminé SINRoffset,i.


 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description