(19)
(11)EP 3 033 935 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
22.06.2016 Bulletin 2016/25

(21)Application number: 15199630.3

(22)Date of filing:  11.12.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A01D 34/76  (2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD

(30)Priority: 16.12.2014 IT MI20142155

(71)Applicant: GGP Italy S.p.A.
31033 Castelfranco Veneto (TV) (IT)

(72)Inventors:
  • DAL LAGO, Dario
    31039 RIESE PIO X TV (IT)
  • GAMBALONGA, Leonardo
    35010 MASSANZAGO PD (IT)
  • BASTASIN, Franco
    31100 TREVISO (IT)

(74)Representative: Mittler, Andrea et al
MITTLER & C. s.r.l. Viale Lombardia, 20
20131 Milano
20131 Milano (IT)

  


(54)LAWN MOWER WITH A QUICK CONNECTION APPARATUS FOR AN ACCESSORY OF THE LAWN MOWER


(57) A quick connection apparatus (2) is described for an accessory of a lawn mower (1) comprising a power take off (3) with four pulleys (31-34) which are connected in transmission by two belts (41-42), a second belt (42) being maintained taut by a second tensioner (37) which is adapted to pass from a first position to maintain the second belt (42) taut to a second position for relieving the tension on said second lever (42), said third lever (370) comprises a first extremity (371) engaged with a recall spring (47) and a second extremity (472) mounted with the support frame (20), said second extremity (375) of the third lever (370) engaging a wire (60) of a second leverages apparatus (6).




Description


[0001] The present invention relates to a quick connection apparatus for an accessory of a lawn mower.

[0002] In the prior art, connection apparatuses for frontal accessories of lawn mowers are known comprising power take offs of the lawn mower to transmit power to at least one accessory frontally connected to the lawn mower, wherein said accessory may be a further blade system of the lawn mower, as described in US-6651413-B2 for example, where removing the accessory is disadvantageously complicated and slow.

[0003] US-7363759-B2 describes a connection apparatus for a frontal accessory of the lawn mower comprising a power take off of the lawn mower which transmits power to the frontal accessory which is adapted to pass from a working position to a lifted position which is raised with respect to a working surface. Disadvantageously, changing the accessory by replacing it with another one is difficult and the accessory is difficult to replace.

[0004] US-3965657 describes a power take off of a lawn mower comprising a first pulley keyed onto a motor axis connected to a motor which transmits a rotary movement to said first pulley. The power take off further comprises a second and a third return pulleys keyed together on a return axis. Said first and second pulleys are connected by a first transmission belt of the power take off. Said first transmission belt is maintained taut by said first fixed tensioner. The power take off further comprises a fourth pulley keyed onto an axis of an accessory. Said third and fourth pulleys are connected in transmission by second transmission belt which is maintained taut by a second tensioner adapted to pass from a first position to maintain the second belt taut and allow the transmission of power to a second position, which does not allow the transmission of power. Said second tensioner passes from the first to the second position by means of leverages.

[0005] It is the object of the present invention to make a quick connection apparatus for an accessory of a lawn mower which is easy and quick to fit and to remove, quickly and easily interchangeable with other accessories of the lawn mower, is capable of rapidly and simply activating and deactivating the accessory without influencing the operation of the blades of the lawn mower, is capable of being safely, simply and rapidly transported, is of simple and rapid use and is maneuverable in simple and safe manner.

[0006] According to the invention, such an object is achieved by a lawn mower comprising a quick connection apparatus for an accessory of a lawn mower according to claim 1.

[0007] These and other features of the present invention will be more apparent from the following detailed description of a practical embodiment thereof, shown by way of non-limitative example in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 shows a perspective view of a quick connection apparatus of a lawn mower mounted on a base of a frame of the lawn mower in a working position;

Figure 2 shows a plan view from the side of the quick connection of the lawn mower mounted on the base of the frame in the working position;

Figure 3 shows a plan view from the side of the quick connection of the lawn mower mounted on the base of the frame in a transport position;

Figure 4 shows a plan view from the bottom of the quick connection of the lawn mower mounted on the base of the frame in the working position;

Figure 5 shows a plan view from the bottom of the quick connection of the lawn mower mounted on the base of the frame in the transport position;

Figure 6 shows a plan view from the bottom of the quick connection of the lawn mower mounted in the working position;

Figure 7 shows a plan view from the bottom of the quick connection of the lawn mower mounted in the transport position;

Figure 8 shows a plan view from the top of the quick connection of the lawn mower mounted in the working position;

Figure 9 shows a plan view from the top of the quick connection of the lawn mower mounted in the transport position;

Figure 10 shows a plan view from the side of the quick connection of the lawn mower mounted in the working position;

Figure 11 shows a plan view from the side of the quick connection of the lawn mower mounted in the transport position;

Figure 12 shows an enlargement C of Figure 10;

Figure 13 shows an enlargement D of Figure 11;

Figure 14 shows a plan view from the front of the quick connection of the lawn mower mounted in the working position;

Figure 15 shows a plan view from the front of the quick connection of the lawn mower mounted in the transport position;

Figure 16 shows an enlargement E of Figure 14;

Figure 17 shows an enlargement F of Figure 15;

Figure 18 shows a section view taken along lines XVIII-XVIII in Figure 12;

Figure 19 shows a section view taken along lines XIX-XIX in Figure 13;

Figure 20 shows an enlargement A of Figure 8;

Figure 21 shows an enlargement B of Figure 9;

Figure 22 shows a section view taken along lines XXII-XXII in Figure 14.



[0008] The figures listed above and in particular Figure 1 show a quick connection apparatus 2 for an accessory (not shown in the figures) of a lawn mower 1. The accessory of the lawn mower 1 may be comprised in a list shown by way of non-limiting example and comprising, for example, a brush, a shredder, a snowplough, a snow turbine, a further system of at least one blade of the lawn mower 1.

[0009] Said quick connection apparatus 2 is an interface of the lawn mower 1 for advantageously mounting said accessory in easily interchangeable and quick manner. Said quick connection apparatus 2 of the lawn mower 1 comprises a first lever 5, a second leverages apparatus 6, a power take off 3, a support frame 20, a lower interface frame 200, a hydraulic damper 7, a cam 9.

[0010] As shown in Figure 1-5, the support frame 20 of the quick connection apparatus 2 is mounted with a frontal portion of a base 11 of a frame 10 of the lawn mower 1 to facilitate the quick assembly of the frontal accessory of the lawn mower 2.

[0011] As shown in Figures 8-9, 14-21, said support frame 20 comprises a horizontal base portion 250, which is parallel to the ground (Figures 2-3, 10-13) to be mowed by means of the lawn mower 1 and defines a first longitudinal axis W, which is horizontal and parallel to the working surface.

[0012] As shown in Figure 2-3, 6-9, 11-12, 14-15, 22, said support frame 20 comprises two upper walls 201-202 which are lifted upwards in vertical direction starting from the horizontal base portion 250.

[0013] Each of said two upper walls 201, 202 respectively comprises an upper extremity 211, 212, which is mounted separately from the base 11 of the frame 10 of the lawn mower 1, as shown in Figures 2-3.

[0014] As shown in particular in Figures 10-13, said support frame 20 comprises two lower walls 221, 222 which descend downwards in vertical direction starting from the horizontal base portion 250. Each of said two lower walls 221, 222 comprises a pivotal housing 241, 242 to pivot a transversal bar 23 of said lower interface frame 200. Said pivotal housings 241, 242 define a transversal pivotal axis P (Figures 6-7). Said pivot axis P is perpendicular to the first longitudinal axis W. Said support frame 20 rotably mounts said lower interface frame 200 pivoting its transversal bar 23 thus allowing said lower interface frame 200 to rotate about the pivot axis P.

[0015] As shown in particular in Figures 12-13, a first lower wall 221 of said two lower walls 221 comprises a bond housing 25 in which a bond pin 955 is mounted in fixed manner (Figures 16-19).

[0016] As shown in particular in Figures 4-7, 22, said lower interface frame 200 comprises said transversal bar 23 and another transversal bar 24 which join the two engaging longitudinal bars 26, 27 maintaining them parallel to each other. The two transversal bars 23, 24 advantageously reinforce the structure of the lower interface frame 200 supporting the two engaging longitudinal bars 26, 27.

[0017] As shown in particular in Figures 1, 14-19, 22, each of the two engaging longitudinal bars 26, 27 reciprocally comprise a through hole 260, 270. The two through holes 260, 270 of the engaging longitudinal bars 26, 27 are adapted to have two extensions of the frontal accessory (not shown in the figures) pass through them.

[0018] Respective extremities of the two longitudinal bars 26, 27 each mount a knob pin 86, 87 (Figures 1-3, 6-19, 22) to separately mount said two extensions of the frontal accessory, quickly and easily in integral manner with the lower interface frame 200 of the quick connection apparatus 2. Said knob pins 86, 87 are easy to maneuver.

[0019] The longitudinal length of the two longitudinal bars 26, 27 defines a second longitudinal axis H which lays on the same geometric plane as the first horizontal longitudinal axis W. The first longitudinal axis W and the second longitudinal axis H form a first angle α is comprised between 0 and 90 sexagesimal degrees. Preferably, the first angle α is comprised between 0 and 45 sexagesimal degrees to lift the lower interface frame 200 from a working position to at least one lifting position with respect to the working surface.

[0020] As shown in particular in Figures 2-3, 10-13, said lower interface frame 200 mounting the frontal accessory, makes said frontal accessory pass from a working position to at least one lifting position. The working position of the lower interface frame 200 is a horizontal and parallel position to the working surface and to the first longitudinal axis W so that the first longitudinal axis W has the first angle α of 0° with respect to the second longitudinal axis H. Said at least one lifting position of the lower interface frame 200 is a position which lifts the frontal accessory by inclining it upwards so that the first angle α is comprised between 0° and 90° with respect to the working surface and to the first longitudinal axis W. A multiplicity of lifting positions of the lower interface frame 200 may be fixed by varying the angle α from 0 to 90 sexagesimal degrees by making the lower interface frame 200 rotate about the pivot axis P.

[0021] As shown in particular in Figures 12-13, said cam 9 mounts the lower interface frame 200 with the support frame 20 by bonding the lifting angle α by means of a bond through opening 95 through which the bond pin 955 passes. Said cam 9 comprises a first portion 91 and a second portion 92.

[0022] The first portion 91 comprises a lower through hole 96 for mounting an extremity of said transversal bar 24 of the lower interface frame 200 and an upper through hole 90 for mounting a locking pin 80 of the support frame 20 in a transporting position of the quick connection apparatus 2 which corresponds to one of said at least one lifting position of the lower interface frame 200 to the first angle α comprised between 1 and 45 sexagesimal degrees which defines a transport angle.

[0023] The second portion 92 is shaped as an arc of circumference and comprises the arc-of-circumference-shaped bond through opening 95. Said bond through opening 95 slidingly mounts the bond pin 955 and is adapted to bond the rotary movement of the lower interface frame 200 about the pivot axis P so that the lower interface frame 200 can rotate about the pivot axis P from the first angle α of 0° corresponding to a first starting position of the bond pin 955 in contact with an upper extremity 951 of the bond through opening 95, up to a first lifting angle α, e.g. of 45° corresponding to an arrival position of the bond pin 955 in contact with a lower extremity 952 of the bond through opening 95.

[0024] The cam 9 comprises a curvilinear upper extremity 93 which interposes itself facing a blocking housing 28 of the support frame 20. Said blocking seat 28 slidingly mounts said locking pin 80. Said upper extremity 93 is adapted to lock the sliding of the locking pin 80 out of the locking housing 28 towards the inside of the through hole 90 and is adapted to make said locking pin 80 pass inside the through hole 90 of the cam 9 only when the quick connection apparatus 2 is in the transport position. The curvilinear shape of the upper extremity 93 depends on the shape of the bond through opening 95 and on how much the first angle α can vary.

[0025] As shown in particular in Figures 1, 4-17, 22, the support frame 20 pivots said first lever 5 by means of two upper pivotal housings 21, 22.

[0026] As shown in particular in Figure 2-3, 11-12, 14-15, said first lever 5 comprises a first longitudinal maneuverable portion 51 of a length which defines a first longitudinal axis of the lever L, a second longitudinal portion 52 of a length which defines a second longitudinal axis of the lever G, a curvilinear joining portion 50 between the first portion 51 and the second portion 52 and a third transversal portion 53 (Figure 14-15). The third transversal portion 53 is pivoted with the upper pivotal housings 21, 22 of the support frame 2.

[0027] As shown in Figure 1-22 and in particular in Figure 22, said hydraulic damper 7 is a piston comprising a first extremity 71 and a second extremity 72. The first extremity 71 is mounted with the third portion 53 transversal to the first lever 5. The second extremity 72 is mounted with the first upper portion 211 of the support frame 20. The hydraulic damper 7 thus mounted advantageously reduces oscillations and vibrations which would otherwise extend to the first lever 5, and thus to the user handling it.

[0028] As shown in particular in Figures 10-11, the first lever 5 lifts the lower interface frame 200 making it rotate about the pivot axis P bonded by the pivot axis 955, making the lower interface frame 200 pass from the working position (Figure 10) to at least one lifted position, as for example the transport position of the quick connection apparatus 2 shown in Figure 11.

[0029] In the transporting position, the first portion 51 of the first lever 5 has the first longitudinal axis of the lever L parallel to the first longitudinal axis W so that the first longitudinal axis of the lever L forms a first lever angle λ of 0 sexagesimal degrees with respect to the first longitudinal axis W. The first lever angle λ is comprised between 0 and 80 sexagesimal degrees to allow easy use and increased handling ease of the first lever 5.

[0030] The second longitudinal axis of the lever G forms a second lever angle γ comprised between 10 and 90 sexagesimal degrees with respect to the first longitudinal axis W.

[0031] Advantageously, the transporting position of the quick connection apparatus 2 allows to transport it in the most compact manner possible by maintaining it locked in transport position.

[0032] As shown in particular in Figures 4-9, 22, said power take off 3 comprises a first pulley 31 keyed to a motor axis M and connected to a motor (not shown in the figures) which transmits a rotary movement to said first pulley 31. The power take off 3 further comprises a second pulley 32 and a third return pulley 33 keyed together on a return axis R. Said first 31 and second pulleys 32 are on a same first geometric plane and are connected by a first transmission belt 41 of said power take off 3. Said first transmission belt 41 is maintained taut by a first tensioner 36 which maintains a fixed position. Said fixed position of the first tensioner 36 can be calibrated by means of a first spring 46 connected by an extremity to the support frame 20. A fourth pulley 34 is keyed on an axis of the frontal accessory of the lawn mower 1. Said third 33 and fourth pulleys 34 are on a same second geometric plane and are connected in transmission by a second transmission belt 42 tensioned by a second tensioner 37. Said second tensioner 37 is adapted to pass from a first position to at least one second position. In said first position, the second tensioner 37 is adapted to maintain the second transmission belt 42 taut and to allow a transmission of power between the third pulley 33 and the fourth pulley 34 of the frontal accessory. In said at least one second position, the second tensioner 37 is adapted to loosen the tension of the second transmission belt 42 maintaining it sliding and is adapted not to allow the transmission of power between the third pulley 33 and the fourth pulley 34.

[0033] Said second tensioner 37 passes from said first to said at least one second position by means of the second leverages apparatus 6 moved by a second lever 62, as shown in Figures 2-22.

[0034] The second leverages apparatus 6 comprises said second lever 62 mounted over said first position 51 of the first lever 5 so as to be able to be maneuvered easily and safely by a user.

[0035] The second lever 62 is connected to a wire 60 and is adapted to pass from a first position to a second position. In said first position of the second lever 62, the second lever 62 pulls the wire 60 and corresponds to the first position of the second tensioner 37 to maintain said second belt 42 taut and allow the transmission of power from the third pulley 33 to the fourth pulley 34. In said second position of the second lever 62, the second lever 62 loosens the wire 60 and corresponds to said at least one second position of the second tensioner 37 to release the tension on said second belt 42 and not transmit power from the third 33 to the fourth pulley 34.

[0036] As shown in particular in Figures 16-22, said base portion 250 of the support frame 20 comprises a housing 257 in which to slidingly pass the wire 60 which joins the second lever 62 and a third lever 370.

[0037] Said third lever 370 comprises a horizontal flat portion comprising a first extremity 371, an intermediate portion 372 and a second extremity 375 opposite to the first extremity 371. Said third lever 370 comprises an upper wall 377 which is lifted upwards in vertical direction and a lower wall 378 which hangs downwards in vertical direction of the horizontal flat portion of the third lever 370.

[0038] The first extremity 371 of the horizontal flat portion of the third lever 370 rotably mounts the second tensioner 37 by means of a first pin 3711 arranged vertically.

[0039] The intermediate portion 372 of the horizontal flat portion of the third lever 370 is hinged by means of an intermediate pin 3722 arranged vertically in a through hole (not shown in the figures) of the base portion 250 of the support frame 20 and allows said third lever 370 to rotate about a pin axis Q identified by the intermediate pin 3722 so that the second tensioner 37 can pass from said first position to said at least one second position. The pin axis Q is vertical and perpendicular to the working surface, is perpendicular to the first longitudinal axis W and is perpendicular to the pivot axis P.

[0040] The second extremity 375 of the horizontal flat portion of the third lever 370 comprises a guide seat 3755 for slidingly mounting the wire 60 of the second leverages apparatus 6. The wire 60 is covered by a protection wire 65 which is mounted from the guide seat 3755 to the second lever 62. The protection wire 65 is mounted outside the first lever 5 and follows the profile thereof to decrease the dimensions and make safe the operation of the second leverages apparatus 6.

[0041] As shown in particular in Figure 16-19, the upper wall 377 of the first extremity 371 of the third lever 370 comprises a housing 3777 for mounting an extremity of a recall spring 47 adapted to recall the second tensioner 37 from the first position to said at least one second position. Said recall spring 47 comprises a first 471 and a second extremity 472. The first extremity 471 of the recall spring 47 is mounted with the seat 3777 of the upper wall 377 of the third lever 370. The second lever 472 of the recall spring 47 is mounted with the support frame 20 and is preferably mounted with the first upper wall 201 of the support frame 20.

[0042] The recall spring 47 goes from a first relaxing position, corresponding to the first position of the second tensioner 37, to a second working position of the recall spring 47, corresponding to the second position of the second tensioner 37.

[0043] The lower wall 378 of the second extremity 375 of the third lever 370 comprises a housing 3788 for mounting an inner extremity of a second portion 82 of said locking pin 80.

[0044] As shown in particular in Figure 18-19, said locking pin 80 is slidingly mounted in the blocking housing 28 of the support frame 20. Said locking pin 80 comprises a first portion 81 facing outwards and said second portion 82 facing towards the inside of the lawn mower 1.

[0045] The first portion 81 of the locking pin 80 comprises an oblique chamfer-shape external extremity comprising a chamfer oblique wall 810 facing downwards. Said chamfer oblique wall 810 is advantageously adapted to allow the release of the locking pin 80 from the through hole 90 of the cam 9 when the locking pin 80 passes from a locking position to an unlocking position. The locking position of the locking pin corresponds to the transport position of the quick connection apparatus 2 in which the locking pin 80 passes through the through hole 90 of the cam 9 to lock the first lever 5 and the second lever 62.

[0046] The second position 82 of the locking pin 80 mounts a counteracting spring 48 which pivots over said second portion 82 of the locking pin 80.

[0047] The first portion 81 of the locking pin 80 is slidingly mounted inside the blocking housing 28 of the support frame 20. The blocking housing 28 comprises two vertical stopping walls 281, 282 for said counteracting spring 48.

[0048] An inner extremity of the second portion 82 of the locking pin 80 e integrally mounted with the third lever 370 and in particular said second portion 82 is mounted with the housing 3788 of the third lever 370.

[0049] Said counteracting spring 48 mounted on the second portion 82 of the locking pin 80 is adapted to pass from a relaxing position to a compression position between the lower wall 378 of the third lever 370 and the vertical stopping walls 281, 282 of the blocking housing 28 of the support frame 20.

[0050] With regards to the operation of the quick connection apparatus 2, in a working position of the quick connection apparatus 2 the first lever 5 is in a lifted position and said second lever 62 is in the first position and pulls the wire 60 which pulls the second extremity 375 of the third lever 370 so that said third lever 370 rotates about the pin axis Q pushing the second tensioner 37 into the first position so as to maintain the second belt 42 taut and allow the transmission of power between the third pulley 33 and the fourth pulley 34, thus moving the frontal accessory. The recall spring 47 is in the first relaxing position. The locking pin 80 is maintained out of the through hole 90 of the cam 9 because the second extremity 82 of the locking pin 80 is pulled inwards, thus moving with the lower wall 378 of the third lever 370.

[0051] In a non-working position of the quick connection apparatus 2, the first lever 5 is in a lifted position and said second lever 62 is in the second position and releases the wire 60, which releases the second extremity 375 of the third lever 370 so that the third lever 370 rotates about the pin axis Q releasing the second tensioner in said at least one second position to not allow the transmission of power between the third pulley 33 and the fourth pulley 34, preventing the working of the frontal accessory, but allowing the movement of the first pulley 31 to continue mowing the grass. The recall spring 47 is in the second working position and pulls the upper wall 377 of the third lever 370 so that the third lever 370 rotates about the pin axis Q up to position the second tensioner 37 in said at least one second position. The lower wall 378 of the third lever 370 pushes the locking pin 80 into the blocking housing 28 of the support frame 20, but the locking pin 80 does not pass through the through hole 90 of the cam 9 as the upper extremity 93 blocks the passage of the locking pin 80. The counteracting spring 48 is in the working position against the lower wall 378 of the third lever 370 and against the vertical stopping walls 281, 282 of the blocking housing 28 of the support frame 20.

[0052] In the transport position of the quick connector apparatus 2, the first lever 5 is positioned so that the first portion 51 of the first lever 51 has the first longitudinal axis of the lever L parallel to the first longitudinal axis W and thus the first angle α is 0°. The first lever 5 rotates pivoted in the pin housings 21, 22 of the support frame 20 from the lifted position to the transporting position. The locking pin 80 is pushed by the counteracting spring 48 into the through hole 90 of the cam 9 and locks the first lever 5 and the second lever 62. The locking pin 80 locks the rotation of the third lever 370 because it maintains the lower wall 378 in a transport position. The recall spring 47 is in the second working position and maintains the upper wall 377 of the third lever 370 in transport position.

[0053] In order to pass from the transport position to either the working position or the non-working position, the first lever 5 is lifted into the lifting position and the chamfer oblique wall 810 of the locking pin 80 has a lead-in function and advantageously facilitates the release of the locking pin 80 from the through hole 90 of the cam 9. Said chamfer oblique wall 810 allows the sliding of inner walls of the through hole 90 of the cam 9 so that the locking pin 80 is stopped by the upper extremity 93 of the cam 9 in the non-working position or is extracted from the through hole 90 of the cam 9 passing in the working position.

[0054] The first lever 5 passes from the lifting position to the transporting position in advantageously damped manner by means of the hydraulic damper 7, so as to allow a sufficiently smooth and adequately slow sliding on the chamfer oblique wall 810 of the locking pin 80 in order to prevent jamming or failures between the locking pin 80 and the cam 9.

[0055] In order to mount a frontal accessory, it is sufficient and advantageously easy to insert two extensions of the frontal accessory in the respective two engaging longitudinal bars 26, 27 and to screw the respective knobs 86, 87, connect the second belt 42 onto the fourth pulley 34 and pass the second lever 62 from the second position to the first position to make the quick connection apparatus 2 pass from the non-working position to the working position, and vice versa.

[0056] Alternatively, it is possible to contemplate that the quick connection apparatus 2 is mounted on any position of the frame 10 comprised, for example, in a list of portions of frames 10 comprising a left portion, a right portion of a rear portion, a frontal portion of the frame 10 of the lawn mower 1.

[0057] Yet alternatively, the support frame 20 may be in one piece with the frame 10 of the lawn mower 1.

[0058] In one alternative, the bond through opening 95 of the cam 9 has a plurality of housings (not shown in the figures) to fix a plurality of lifting positions of the lower interface frame 200 by varying the first angle α from 0 to 90 sexagesimal degrees and making the lower interface frame 200 rotate about the pivot axis P and fixing the bond pin 955 with one of said plurality of housings.

[0059] According to an alternative, there are two hydraulic dampers 7 which mount the extremities of the transversal third portion 53 of the first lever 5 respectively with the first upper extremity 211 and with the second upper extremity 212 of the support frame 20.

[0060] Advantageously, the quick connection apparatus 2 for the frontal accessory of the lawn mower 1 can be easily and rapidly fitted and removed, rapidly and simply interchanged with other frontal accessories of the lawn mower, and is capable of rapidly and simply activating and deactivating the frontal accessory by means of the second lever 62 without influencing the operation of the first pulley 31 onto which the blades of the lawn mower 1 are keyed.

[0061] Advantageously, the frontal accessory of the lawn mower 2 can be simply and rapidly transported by means of the first lever 5, thus being simply and safely maneuverable without needing, each time, to disassemble the lawn mower 1 and the frontal accessory.


Claims

1. Lawn mower (1) comprising a quick connection apparatus (2) for an accessory of the lawn mower (1), said quick connection apparatus (2) comprises a power take off (3) comprising a first pulley (31), a second pulley (32), a third pulley (33), a first tensioner (36), a second tensioner (37), a first belt (41) and a second belt (42), said first pulley (31) is keyed with a motor axis (M), said second pulley (32) and said third pulley (33) are keyed together with a return axis (R), said first pulley (31) and said second pulley (32) being linked through said first transmission belt (41), tension of said first belt (41) is maintained by said first tensioner (36), said third pulley (33) and a fourth pulley (34) keyed with an accessory axis are linked through said second transmission belt (42), tension of said second belt (42) is maintained by said second tensioner (37), said second tensioner (37) is suitable for passing from a first position to at least one second position, in said first position said second tensioner (37) is suitable for maintaining the tension of the second belt (42) and for providing a power transmission between said third pulley (33) and said fourth pulley (34), in said at least one second position said second tensioner (37) is suitable for releasing the tension of said second belt (42) and for not providing the power transmission between said third pulley (33) and said fourth pulley (34), said second tensioner (37) is pivoted with a third lever (370) of the quick connection apparatus (2) linked to a second leverages apparatus (6), said third lever (370) is pivoted with a support frame (20), characterized in that said third lever (370) comprises a first extremity (371) and a second extremity (375), said first extremity (371) of the third lever (370) engages a first extremity (471) of a recall spring (47), a second extremity (472) of the recall spring (47) is mounted with the support frame (20), said recall spring (47) is suitable for passing from a first relaxing position corresponding to the first position of the second tensioner (37) to a second working position of the recall spring (47) corresponding to said at least one second position of the second tensioner (37), said second extremity (375) of the third lever (370) engages a wire (60) of said second leverages apparatus (6), said wire (60) is linked with a second lever (62) of said second leverages apparatus (6), said second lever (62) is suitable for passing from a first position to a second position, said first position of the second lever (62) provides that the second lever (62) pulls the wire (60) and corresponding to the first position of the second tensioner (37), said second position of the second lever (62) provides that the second lever (62) loosens the wire (60) and corresponding to said at least one second position of the second tensioner (37), said quick connection apparatus (2) comprises a lower interface frame (200) hinged with said support frame (20), said lower interface frame (200) is suitable for rotating about a pivot axis (P) being transversal and being identified by pivotal housings (241, 242) of the support frame (20), said lower interface frame (200) being its rotation bounded by a bond pin (955) mounted with said support frame (20), said lower interface frame (200) comprising at least two engaging longitudinal bars (26, 27) for engaging prolongations of said accessory, said quick connection apparatus (2) comprises a cam (9) which mounts said lower support frame (200) with the support frame (20), said cam (9) comprising an upper through hole (90) suitable for slidably mounting a locking pin (80) of the support frame (20) in said at least one lifting position of the lower interface frame (200), said third lever (370) comprises a lower wall (378) which hangs downward in the vertical direction, said lower wall (378) of the third lever (370) mounts an extremity of a second portion (82) of said locking pin (80).
 
2. Lawn mower (1) according to claim 1, characterized in that said lower interface frame (200) passes from a working position to at least one lifting position by means of a first lever (5) hinged with said support frame (20).
 
3. Lawn mower (1) according to any one of the claims 1 or 2, characterized in that said cam (9) comprises a bond through opening (95) which slidably mounts said bond pin (955), said lower interface frame (200) rotating about said pivot axis (P) from a first angle (α) of 0° corresponding to a first starting position of the bond pin (955) in contact with an upper extremity (951) of the bond through opening (95), to a first lifting angle (α) comprising between 0° and 90°, corresponding to an arrival position of the bond pin (955) in contact with a lower extremity (952) of the bond through opening (95), said first angle (α) is comprised between a first longitudinal axis (W) which lays on a working plane and a second longitudinal axis (H) which is identified by a longitudinal length of at least one of two engaging longitudinal bars (26, 27).
 
4. Lawn mower (1) according to any one of the claims 1-3, characterized in that said cam (9) comprises an upper extremity (93) being curvilinear which interposes itself facing a blocking housing (28) of the support frame (20), said blocking housing (28) slidably mounts said locking pin (80).
 
5. Lawn mower (1) according to any one of the claims 2 or 4, characterized in that the quick connection apparatus (2) comprises at least one hydraulic damper (7) comprising a first extremity (71) and a second extremity (72), said first extremity (71) is mounted with the first lever (5) and said second extremity (72) is mounted with the support frame (20).
 
6. Lawn mower (1) according to any one of the claims 1-5, characterized in that said locking pin (80) mounts a counteracting spring (48) which is suitable for passing from a relaxing position to a compression position between the lower wall (378) of the third lever (370) and stopping walls (281, 282) of the blocking housing (28) of the support frame (20).
 
7. Lawn mower (1) according to any one of the claims 1-6, characterized in that said locking pin (80) comprises an external extremity of chamfer-shape comprising a chamfer oblique wall (810) facing downward and suitable for providing the exit of the locking pin (80) from the through hole (90) of the cam (9) when the locking pin (80) passes from a locking position to an unlocking position.
 
8. Lawn mower (1) according to any one of the claims 1-7, characterized in that the first lever (51) comprises a first portion (51) being manageable and being of a longitudinal length which identify a first longitudinal axis of the lever (L), a second portion (52) being of longitudinal length which identify a second longitudinal axis of the lever (G), a third portion (53) being transversal hinged with said support frame (20), said first portion (51) of the first lever (5) forms a lever angle (λ) of 0° with respect to a first longitudinal axis (W) lying on a working plane, in said at least one lifting position of the lower interface frame (200) which corresponds to a transport position in which said locking pin (80) penetrates into the through hole (90) of the cam (9).
 
9. Lawn mower (1) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the quick connection apparatus (2) comprises said support frame (20) separably mounted with a frame (10) of the lawn mower (1).
 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description