(19)
(11)EP 3 037 735 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
16.05.2018 Bulletin 2018/20

(21)Application number: 14838243.5

(22)Date of filing:  17.07.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F24D 19/00  (2006.01)
F24D 19/10  (2006.01)
F24H 1/18  (2006.01)
F24D 11/00  (2006.01)
F24D 19/08  (2006.01)
F24H 9/16  (2006.01)
F24H 9/20  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2014/006474
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/026063 (26.02.2015 Gazette  2015/08)

(54)

SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING EXHAUST HEAT RECOVERY TEMPERATURE USING MIXING VALVE AND METHOD THEREFOR

SYSTEM ZUR REGELUNG EINER ABGASWÄRMERÜCKGEWINNUNGSTEMPERATUR MITHILFE EINES MISCHVENTILS UND VERFAHREN DAFÜR

SYSTÈME DE RÉGULATION DE LA TEMPÉRATURE DE RÉCUPÉRATION DE CHALEUR D'ÉCHAPPEMENT EN UTILISANT UN ROBINET MÉLANGEUR ET PROCÉDÉ ASSOCIÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 23.08.2013 KR 20130100709

(43)Date of publication of application:
29.06.2016 Bulletin 2016/26

(73)Proprietor: Kyungdong Navien Co., Ltd.
Pyeongtaek-si, Gyeonggi-do 451-852 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • PARK, Woo Sung
    Osan-si Gyeonggi-do 447-210 (KR)
  • PARK, Dae Woong
    Incheon 405-222 (KR)

(74)Representative: reuteler & cie SA 
Chemin de la Vuarpillière 29
1260 Nyon
1260 Nyon (CH)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 482 254
EP-A1- 2 241 827
WO-A1-2008/016216
JP-A- H08 296 874
JP-A- 2006 207 914
KR-B1- 100 740 542
US-A1- 2006 147 772
EP-A1- 2 224 529
EP-A2- 1 511 107
WO-A1-2011/074293
JP-A- 2002 267 264
KR-B1- 100 734 562
KR-B1- 101 046 540
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    [Technical Field]



    [0001] The present invention relates to a system for controlling exhaust heat recovery temperature using a mixing valve and a method therefor, and more particularly, to a system for controlling exhaust heat recovery temperature using a mixing valve and a method therefor, which may reduce time required for raising the temperature to a normal temperature of a generating part during an initial operation and which may provide a stable operation depending on a temperature change of direct water during a use of hot water.

    [Background Art]



    [0002] Generally, an exhaust heat recovery system is a system which may supply heating or hot water by recycling exhaust heat which is generally discharged and discarded from exhaust heat sources, such as exhaust heat from a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), exhaust heat from an internal combustion engine (ICE), surplus heat, waste incinerating heat, drainage heat, and heat generation of a substation.

    [0003] For example, the polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) which is an environmentally-friendly power generation system which directly converts chemical energy generated from oxidation into electric energy generates a large amount of exhaust heat used as cooling water during an operation of the system. However, the PEMFC generally discharges the exhaust heat to the outside through an exhaust port almost without using the exhaust heat and therefore has not actively used heat discharged as the exhaust heat from the system.

    [0004] JP2002267264 discloses an apparatus suitable for an exhaust heat recovery system for recovering exhaust heat by circulating a solution heated by exhaust heat of a heat source such as a gas engine or the like and discloses the preamble of claim 1.

    [0005] WO2008016216 discloses a fuel cell system, and a cooling control method of the fuel cell system.

    [0006] An exhaust heat recovery system capable of easily recovering and recycling exhaust heat generated from a fuel cell system while using the existing boiler apparatus already installed in the home, etc., as it is has been developed.

    [0007] As illustrated in FIG. 1, the existing exhaust heat recovery system 10 primarily heats water stored in a hot water tank 11 using an exhaust heat exchanger 11-1 of an exhaust heat source 1 and secondarily heats the primarily heated water using a boiler 12 if necessary to supply heating and hot water to a user, and as a result, may obtain an effect of more saving energy than a boiler directly using direct water having a relatively lower temperature.

    [0008] In detail, the existing exhaust heat recovery system 10 uses the hot water of the hot water tank 11 as it is if the temperature of the hot water tank 11 is higher than a hot water setting temperature of the boiler 12 and additionally operates the boiler 12 to satisfy the hot water setting temperature if the temperature of the hot water tank 11 is low, when the user uses the hot water.

    [0009] Further, a heat exchanger 15-1 is disposed between the generating part circuit including the exhaust heat source 1, an exhaust heat pump 15-5, etc., and the exhaust heat recovery system 10 circuit including the hot water tank 11, an expansion tank 15-2, an exhaust heat pump 15-4, an automatic supplement valve 15-3, etc., to exchange heat heated by the generating part circuit with the exhaust heat recovery system 10 and allow pumps of each circuit to control the exhaust heat recovery temperature.

    [0010] However, the circuit for allowing the heat heated by the power with the exhaust heat recovery system 10 in the middle is complicated, and as a result there is a problem of control difficulty and an increase in manufacturing costs.

    [Disclosure]


    [Technical Problem]



    [0011] An object of the present invention is to provide a system for controlling exhaust heat recovery temperature using a mixing valve and a method therefor, which may control an opening of a mixing valve depending on a temperature of a hot water tank of the exhaust heat recovery system and appropriately control the opening of the mixing valve depending on a change in temperature in response to an introduction of direct water due to hot water to make an operation condition normal.

    [Technical Solution]



    [0012] According to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a system for controlling exhaust heat recovery temperature including a hot water tank including an exhaust heat exchanger for recovering exhaust heat from an exhaust heat source and a heating heat exchanger for exchanging heat for heating using hot water, and an auxiliary boiler configured to heat the hot water heat exchanged from the exhaust heat exchanger and the heating heat exchanger to satisfy temperature set by a user and supplying the hot water to a heating space and a hot water supply space, the system for controlling exhaust heat recovery temperature including; an automatic supplement valve automatically supplementing direct water; an expansion tank connected to the automatic supplement valve to adjust expansion pressure depending on the temperature change of the direct water; an exhaust heat pump connected to the expansion tank for internal circulation in an exhaust heat line connecting the exhaust heat source and the hot water tank; and a mixing valve extending between a first hot water (1H) line for receiving the exhaust heat of the exhaust heat source and a second hot water (2H) line positioned after passing again through the exhaust heat exchanger of the hot water tank, to mix the first hot water (1H) with the second hot water (2H), in which the opening of the mixing valve may be adjusted depending on the temperature of the exhaust heat exchanger or depending on the exhaust heat supply temperature and the exhaust heat recovery temperature changed in response to an introduction of direct water due to the hot water supply.

    [0013] The system may further include: an exhaust heat supply temperature sensor T1 measuring the temperature of the first hot water (1H) to measure the exhaust heat supply temperature, and an exhaust heat recovery temperature sensor T2 measuring the second hot water (2H) temperature to measure the exhaust heat recovery temperature, in which upon introduction of direct water, the exhaust heat supply temperature and the exhaust heat recovery temperature which are lowered are re-measured and the opening of the mixing valve is adjusted according to a temperature difference thereto.

    [0014] According to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a method for controlling exhaust heat recovery temperature including a hot water tank including the steps of: measuring an exhaust heat supply temperature and an exhaust heat recovery temperature; adjusting an opening of a mixing valve depending on the measured temperature; introducing direct water due to hot water supply; and adjusting again the opening of the mixing valve to correspond to a change in temperature in response to the direct water.

    [0015] The step of measuring the exhaust heat supply temperature and the exhaust heat recovery temperature may further include calculating average information of temperatures measured by a temperature sensor of the hot water tank.

    [Advantageous Effects]



    [0016] According to the exemplary embodiments of the present invention, it is possible to reduce the initial operation time by applying the mixing valve and reduce the impact of the generating part due to the rapid cooling of the exhaust heat recovery temperature by reducing the temperature of direct water upon the use of hot water.

    [0017] According to the exemplary embodiments of the present invention, it is possible to more improve the efficiency and the durability of the gas engine and the fuel cell, compared to the existing heat exchanger.

    [Description of Drawings]



    [0018] 

    FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating the overall configuration of a system for controlling exhaust heat recovery temperature according to a related art.

    FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating the overall configuration of a system for controlling exhaust heat recovery temperature using a mixing valve according to the present invention.


    [Best Mode]



    [0019] Exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings in order to sufficiently understand the present invention. The embodiments of the present invention may be modified in many different forms and the scope of the invention should not be limited to the embodiments set forth herein. Rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will fully convey the concept of the invention to those skilled in the art. It is to be noted that the same reference numerals will be used to designate the same components in each drawing. In the drawings, the shapes and dimensions may be exaggerated for clarity, and the same reference numerals will be used throughout to designate the same or like components.

    [0020] First, as illustrated in FIG. 2, an exhaust heat recovery system 100 according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention includes: a hot water tank 110 including a exhaust heat exchanger 111 configured to recover exhaust heat from an exhaust heat source 10 to store hot water and a heating heat exchanger 112 configured to use the hot water to exchange heat for heating; and a boiler 120 configured to heat the hot water heat-exchanged from the exhaust heat exchanger 111 and the heating heat exchanger 112 to satisfy temperature set by a user and supply the heated hot water to a heating space 130 and a hot water supply space 140.

    [0021] In this case, the exhaust heat recovery system is formed to have a circulation structure in which the direct water for cooling the exhaust heat source 10 is heated with the exhaust heat generated the exhaust heat source 10 and the direct water heated by the exhaust heat source 10 is introduced into the exhaust heat exchanger 111, and the direct water stored inside the hot water tank 110 is heated by the exhaust heat exchanger 111 to generate hot water and then allow the hot water to again return to the exhaust heat source 10 by the pump (not illustrated).

    [0022] The "direct water" used in the present specification means generally used tap water or ground water and the "hot water" means the direct water heated by the exhaust heat exchanger 111.

    [0023] A lower portion of the hot water tank 110 is attached with a pressure reducing valve to control an internal pressure of the hot water tank 110 to be constant and an upper portion, a middle portion, and the lower portion of the hot-water tank 110 is provided with sensors (not illustrated) for sensing a pressure of the hot-water tank 110 to control the introduction of direct water into the hot-water tank 110 through the pressure reducing valve.

    [0024] The hot water tank 110 store the hot water by sufficiently insulating heat using the exhaust heat exchanger 111, and as a result the hot water supply space 140 and the heating space 130 may use hot water.

    [0025] When the hot water stored in the hot water tank 110 is a high temperature exceeding a basic setting temperature for cooling the exhaust heat source 10, the hot water of the hot water tank 110 may be discharged to efficiently cool the exhaust heat source 10 and new direct water may be introduced to continuously cool the exhaust heat source 10 by the heat exchange of the exhaust heat exchanger 111.

    [0026] The heating heat exchanger 112 is installed in the hot water tank 110 to recover the exhaust heat of the exhaust heat source 10and recycle the recovered exhaust heat for heating. In this case, a working fluid which is useful for heat exchange is circulated in the heating heat exchanger 112, introduced into the boiler 120, heated to the setting temperature required for heating in the boiler 120, and then supplied to the heating space 130 to heat the heating space 130. Next, the heating heat exchanger 112 has a circulation structure in which it is connected to a drainage line from the heating space 130 to again perform heat exchange.

    [0027] Meanwhile, the system 100 for controlling exhaust heat recovery temperature according to the exemplary embodiment of the present invention is configured to include an automatic supplement valve 153, an expansion tank 152, an exhaust heat pump 154, and a mixing valve 151.

    [0028] The automatic supplement valve 153 is a valve of automatically supplementing direct water and is supplied with the direct water from the outside and supplies the direct water to the expansion tank 152.

    [0029] The expansion tank 152 is a tank which is connected to the automatic supplement valve 153 to control an expansion pressure in response to the temperature change of the direct water and the exhaust heat pump 154 is a pump which is connected to the expansion tank 152 to circuit heat in the exhaust heat line (closed circuit).

    [0030] The mixing valve 151 is extendedly formed between a first hot water (1H) line receiving the exhaust heat of the exhaust heat source 10 and a second hot water (2H) line having passed through the exhaust heat exchanger 111 of the hot water tank 110 to mix the first hot water (1H) with the second hot water (2H).

    [0031] Accordingly, according to the exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the opening of the mixing valve 151 is adjusted depending on the heat exchange temperature of the exhaust heat exchanger 111 to bypass the hot water.

    [0032] For example, the opening of the mixing valve 151 is adjusted depending on the exhaust heat supply temperature and the exhaust heat recovery temperature or the opening of the mixing valve 151 is adjusted depending on the exhaust heat supply temperature and the exhaust heat recovery temperature changed in response to the introduction of direct water due to the hot water.

    [0033] Further, according to the exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the system 100 for controlling exhaust heat recovery temperature may be configured to include an exhaust heat supply temperature sensor T1 and an exhaust heat recovery temperature sensor T2.

    [0034] Here, the exhaust heat supply temperature sensor T1 is a sensor for measuring the temperature of the first hot water (1H) to measure the exhaust heat supply temperature and the exhaust heat supply temperature sensor T2 is a sensor for measuring the temperature of the second hot water (2H) to measure the exhaust heat recovery temperature.

    [0035] Therefore, the system 100 for controlling exhaust heat recovery temperature may control the opening of the mixing valve 151 to correspond to a temperature difference by re-measuring the exhaust heat supply temperature and the exhaust heat recovery temperature which are lowered upon the introduction of direct water.

    [0036] Hereinafter, a method for controlling exhaust heat recovery temperature using a mixing valve according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail.

    [0037] First, the exhaust heat supply temperature and the exhaust heat recovery temperature are measured. Further, the opening of the mixing valve is adjusted depending on the measured temperature.

    [0038] Meanwhile, after the introducing of direct water due to the hot water, the exhaust heat supply temperature and the exhaust heat recovery temperature are measured to correspond to the temperature change depending on the direct water and the opening of the mixing valve is adjusted again.

    [0039] Further, the temperature of the hot water is indirectly measured by measuring the exhaust heat supply temperature and the exhaust heat recovery temperature.

    [0040] Further, the opening of the mixing valve may be additionally adjusted by calculating average information of the temperatures measured by the temperature sensors of the temperature tank.

    [0041] The exemplary embodiments of the system for controlling exhaust heat recovery temperature using a mixing valve as described above are only the example. Therefore, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that various modifications and equivalent other embodiments are possible from the present invention.

    [Detailed Description of Main Elements]



    [0042] 

    10: Exhaust heat source 100: System for controlling exhaust heat recovery temperature

    110: Hot water tank 111: Exhaust heat exchanger

    112: Heating heat exchanger 120: Auxiliary boiler

    130: Heating space 140: Hot water supply space

    151: Mixing valve 152: Expansion tank

    153: Automatic supplement valve 154: Exhaust heat pump tank

    153: Automatic supplement valve 154: Exhaust heat pump




    Claims

    1. A system for controlling exhaust heat recovery temperature comprising
    a hot water tank (110) including an exhaust heat exchanger (111) for recovering exhaust heat from an exhaust heat source (10) and a heating heat exchanger (112) for exchanging heat for heating using hot water;
    an auxiliary boiler (120) configured to heat the hot water heat exchanged from the exhaust heat exchanger (111) and the heating heat exchanger (112) to satisfy temperature set by a user, and to supply hot water to a heating space (130) and a hot water supply space (140);
    an automatic supplement valve (153) automatically supplementing direct water;
    an expansion tank (152) connected to the automatic supplement valve (153) to adjust expansion pressure depending on the temperature change of the direct water;
    an exhaust heat pump (154) connected to the expansion tank (152) for internal circulation in an exhaust heat line connecting the exhaust heat source and the hot water tank (110) ;
    a first hot water (1H) line for receiving the exhaust heat of the exhaust heat source (10) and;
    a second hot water (2H) line positioned after passing again through the exhaust heat exchanger (111) of the hot water tank (110),
    characterized in that the system further comprises:

    a mixing valve (151) extending from the first to the second hot water line to mix the first hot water (1H) with the second hot water (2H);

    an exhaust heat supply temperature sensor (T1) for measuring the temperature of the first hot water (1H) to measure an exhaust heat supply temperature; and

    an exhaust heat recovery temperature sensor (T2) for measuring the temperature of the second hot water (2H) to measure an exhaust heat recovery temperature,

    wherein an opening of the mixing valve (151) is adjusted depending on the temperature of the exhaust heat exchanger or according to a difference between the exhaust heat supply temperature measured by the exhaust heat supply temperature sensor (T1) and the exhaust heat recovery temperature measured by the exhaust heat recovery temperature sensor (T2), which are changed in response to an introduction of direct water due to the hot water supply.


     
    2. The system of claim 1,
    wherein upon introduction of direct water into the hot water tank (110), the exhaust heat supply temperature and the exhaust heat recovery temperature, which are lowered, are re-measured and the opening of the mixing valve is adjusted according to a temperature difference between the measured exhaust heat supply temperature and the measured exhaust heat recovery temperature.
     
    3. A method for controlling exhaust heat recovery temperature using
    a system for controlling exhaust heat recovery temperature comprising a hot water tank (110) including an exhaust heat exchanger (111) for recovering exhaust heat from an exhaust heat source (10) and a heating heat exchanger (112) for exchanging heat for heating using hot water, an auxiliary boiler (120) configured to heat the hot water heat exchanged from the exhaust heat exchanger (111) and the heating heat exchanger (112) to satisfy temperature set by a user, and to supply hot water to a heating space (130) and a hot water supply space (140), an automatic supplement valve (153) automatically supplementing direct water, an expansion tank (152) connected to the automatic supplement valve (153) to adjust expansion pressure depending on the temperature change of the direct water, an exhaust heat pump (154) connected to the expansion tank (152) for internal circulation in an exhaust heat line connecting the exhaust heat source (10) and the hot water tank (110), a mixing valve (151) extending between a first hot water (1H) line for receiving the exhaust heat of the exhaust heat source (10) and a second hot water (2H) line positioned after passing again through the exhaust heat exchanger (111) of the hot water tank (110), to mix the first hot water (1H) with the second hot water (2H), an exhaust heat supply temperature sensor (T1) for measuring the temperature of the first hot water (1H) to measure an exhaust heat supply temperature, and an exhaust heat recovery temperature sensor (T2) for measuring the second hot water temperature (2H) to measure an exhaust heat recovery temperature,
    the method comprising the steps of:

    measuring the exhaust heat supply temperature by the exhaust heat supply temperature sensor (T1) and the exhaust heat recovery temperature by the exhaust heat recovery temperature sensor (T2);

    adjusting an opening of the mixing valve according to a difference between the measured exhaust heat supply temperature and the measured exhaust heat recovery temperature;

    introducing direct water into the hot water tank (110) due to hot water supply; and

    re-measuring the exhaust heat supply temperature and the exhaust heat recovery temperature which are lowered upon the introduction of direct water and adjusting again the opening of the mixing valve (151) according to a difference between the measured exhaust heat supply temperature and the measured heat recovery temperature.


     
    4. The method of claim 3, wherein the step of measuring the exhaust heat supply temperature and the exhaust heat recovery temperature further includes, calculating average information of temperatures measured by a temperature sensor of the hot water tank.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. System zum Regeln einer Abwärmerückgewinnungstemperatur, umfassend
    einen Heißwassertank (110), aufweisend einen Abwärmewärmetauscher (111) zum Rückgewinnen von Abwärme von einer Abwärmequelle (10), und einen Heizwärmetauscher (112) zum Austauschen von Wärme zum Erhitzen unter Verwendung von Heißwasser;
    einen Hilfskessel (120), der konfiguriert ist zum Erhitzen der vom Abwärmewärmetauscher (111) und dem Heizungswärmetauscher (112) ausgetauschten Heißwasserwärme, um die von einem Benutzer eingestellte Temperatur zu erreichen und das Heißwasser einem Heizraum (130) und einem Heißwasserzufuhrraum (140) zuzuführen;
    ein automatisches Ergänzungsventil (153), das automatisch direktes Wasser ergänzt;
    ein Ausdehnungstank (152), verbunden mit dem automatischen Ergänzungsventil (153), zum Einstellen des Expansionsdrucks in Abhängigkeit von der Temperaturänderung des direkten Wassers;
    eine Abwärmepumpe (154), verbunden mit dem Ausdehnungstank (152), für inneren Kreislauf in einer Abwärmeleitung, die die Abwärmequelle mit dem Heißwassertank (110) verbindet;
    eine erste Heißwasserleitung (1H) zum Aufnehmen der Abwärme der Abwärmequelle (10) und;
    eine zweite Heißwasserleitung (2H), die nach erneutem Durchströmen des Abwärmewärmetauschers (111) des Heißwassertanks (110) angeordnet ist,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das System ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    ein Mischventil (151), das sich von der ersten bis zur zweiten Heißwasserleitung erstreckt, um das erste Heißwasser (1H) mit dem zweiten Heißwasser (2H) zu vermischen;

    einen Abwärmezufuhrtemperatursensor (T1) zum Messen der Temperatur des ersten Heißwassers (1H) zum Messen einer Abwärmezufuhrtemperatur; und

    einen Abwärmerückgewinnungstemperatursensor (T2) zum Messen der Temperatur des zweiten Heißwassers (2H) zum Messen einer Abwärmerückgewinnungstemperatur,

    wobei eine Öffnung des Mischventils (151) abhängig von der Temperatur des Abwärmewärmetauschers oder entsprechend einer Differenz zwischen der vom Abwärmezufuhrtemperatursensor (T1) gemessenen Abwärmezufuhrtemperatur und der vom Abwärmerückgewinnungstemperatursensor (T2) gemessenen Abwärmerückgewinnungstemperatur, die sich als Reaktion auf ein Einführen von Direktwasser aufgrund der Heißwasserzufuhr ändern, eingestellt wird.


     
    2. System nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei, nach dem Einführen von Direktwasser in den Heißwassertank (110), die Abwärmezufuhrtemperatur und die Abwärmerückgewinnungstemperatur, die abgesenkt sind, erneut gemessen werden und die Öffnung des Mischventils gemäß einer Temperaturdifferenz zwischen der gemessenen Abwärmezufuhrtemperatur und der gemessenen Abwärmerückgewinnungstemperatur eingestellt wird.
     
    3. Verfahren zum Regeln einer Abwärmerückgewinnungstemperatur unter Verwendung
    eines Systems zum Regeln einer Abwärmerückgewinnungstemperatur, umfassend einen Heißwassertank (110), aufweisend einen Abwärmewärmetauscher (111) zum Rückgewinnen von Abwärme von einer Abwärmequelle (10), und einen Heizwärmetauscher (112) zum Austauschen von Wärme zum Erhitzen unter Verwendung von Heißwasser, einen Hilfskessel (120), der konfiguriert ist zum Erhitzen der vom Abwärmewärmetauscher (111) und dem Heizungswärmetauscher (112) ausgetauschten Heißwasserwärme, um die von einem Benutzer eingestellte Temperatur zu erreichen, und um das Heißwasser einem Heizraum (130) und einem Heißwasserzufuhrraum (140) zuzuführen, ein automatisches Ergänzungsventil (153), das automatisch direktes Wasser ergänzt, ein Ausdehnungstank (152), verbunden mit dem automatischen Ergänzungsventil (153) zum Einstellen des Expansionsdrucks in Abhängigkeit von der Temperaturänderung des direkten Wassers, eine Abwärmepumpe (154), verbunden mit dem Ausdehnungstank (152), für inneren Kreislauf in einer Abwärmeleitung, die die Abwärmequelle (10) mit dem Heißwassertank (110) verbindet, ein Mischventil (151), das sich zwischen einer ersten Heißwasserleitung (1H) zum Empfangen der Abwärme von der Abwärmequelle (10) und einer zweiten Heißwasserleitung (2H) erstreckt, die nach erneutem Durchströmen des Abwärmewärmetauschers (111) des Heißwassertanks (110) angeordnet ist, um das erste Heißwasser (1H) mit dem zweiten Heißwasser (2H) zu vermischen, einen Abwärmezufuhrtemperatursensor (T1) zum Messen der Temperatur des ersten Heißwassers (1H) zum Messen einer Abwärmezufuhrtemperatur, und einen Abwärmerückgewinnungstemperatursensor (T2) zum Messen der Temperatur des zweiten Heißwassers (2H) zum Messen einer Abwärmerückgewinnungstemperatur,
    wobei das Verfahren die folgenden Schritte umfasst:

    Messen der Abwärmezufuhrtemperatur durch den Abwärmezufuhrtemperatursensor (T1) und der Abwärmerückgewinnungstemperatur durch den Abwärmerückgewinnungstemperatursensor (T2);

    Einstellen einer Öffnung des Mischventils entsprechend einer Differenz zwischen der gemessenen Abwärmezufuhrtemperatur und der gemessenen Abwärmerückgewinnungstemperatur;

    Einführen von Direktwasser in den Heißwassertank (110) aufgrund der Heißwasserzufuhr; und

    erneutes Messen der Abwärmezufuhrtemperatur und der Abwärmerückgewinnungstemperatur, die abgesenkt sind, nach dem Einführen von Direktwasser und erneutes Einstellen der Öffnung des Mischventils (151) entsprechend einer Differenz zwischen der gemessenen Abwärmezufuhrtemperatur und der gemessenen Abwärmerückgewinnungstemperatur.


     
    4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 3, wobei der Schritt des Messens der Abwärmezufuhrtemperatur und der Abwärmerückgewinnungstemperatur ferner Berechnen von Durchschnittsinformationen von Temperaturen umfasst, die von einem Temperatursensor des Heißwassertanks gemessen werden.
     


    Revendications

    1. Système pour réguler une température de chaleur d'évacuation récupérée comprenant :

    un réservoir d'eau chaude (110) comprenant un échangeur de chaleur d'évacuation (111) pour récupérer la chaleur d'évacuation d'une source de chaleur d'évacuation (10) et un échangeur de chaleur chauffant (112) pour échanger la chaleur chauffant en utilisant l'eau chaude ;

    une chaudière auxiliaire (120) configurée pour chauffer avec la chaleur d'eau chaude échangée de l'échangeur de chaleur d'évacuation (111) et de l'échangeur de chaleur chauffant (112), pour obtenir la température fixée par un utilisateur, et pour fournir l'eau chaude à un espace chauffant (130) et à un espace de fourniture d'eau chaude (140) ;

    une vanne d'ajout automatique (153) ajoutant automatiquement de l'eau directe ;

    un réservoir d'expansion (152) relié à la vanne d'ajout automatique (153) pour ajuster la pression d'expansion en fonction du changement de température de l'eau directe ;

    une pompe à chaleur d'évacuation (154) reliée au réservoir d'expansion (152) pour la circulation interne dans une conduite de chaleur d'évacuation reliant la source de chaleur d'évacuation et le réservoir d'eau chaude (110) ;

    une première conduite d'eau chaude (1H) pour recevoir la chaleur d'évacuation de la source de chaleur d'évacuation (10) et ;

    une deuxième conduite d'eau chaude (2H) positionnée après le passage de nouveau à travers l'échangeur de chaleur d'évacuation (111) du réservoir d'eau chaude (110),

    caractérisé en ce que le système comprend en outre :

    une vanne de mélange (151) s'étendant de la première à la deuxième conduite d'eau chaude pour mélanger la première eau chaude (1H) avec la deuxième eau chaude (2H) ;

    un capteur de température de chaleur d'évacuation fournie (T1) pour mesurer la température de la première eau chaude (1H) afin de mesurer une température de chaleur d'évacuation fournie; et

    un capteur de température de chaleur d'évacuation récupérée (T2) pour mesurer la température de la deuxième eau chaude (2H) afin de mesurer une température de chaleur d'évacuation récupérée,

    dans lequel une ouverture de la vanne de mélange (151) est ajustée en fonction de la température de l'échangeur de chaleur d'évacuation ou conformément à une différence entre la température de chaleur d'évacuation fournie mesurée par le capteur de température de chaleur d'évacuation fournie (T1) et la température de chaleur d'évacuation récupérée mesurée par le capteur de température de chaleur d'évacuation récupérée (T2), qui sont changées en réponse à l'introduction d'eau directe du fait de la fourniture d'eau chaude.


     
    2. Système selon la revendication 1,
    dans lequel, lors de l'introduction d'eau directe dans le réservoir d'eau chaude (110), la température de fourniture de chaleur d'évacuation et la température de chaleur d'évacuation récupérée, qui sont abaissées, sont mesurées de nouveau et l'ouverture de la vanne de mélange est ajustée conformément à une différence de température entre la température de chaleur d'évacuation fournie mesurée et la température de chaleur d'évacuation récupérée mesurée.
     
    3. Procédé pour réguler une température de chaleur d'évacuation récupérée en utilisant
    un système pour réguler une température de chaleur d'évacuation récupérée comprenant un réservoir d'eau chaude (110) comprenant un échangeur de chaleur d'évacuation (111) pour récupérer la chaleur d'évacuation d'une source de chaleur d'évacuation (10) et un échangeur de chaleur chauffant (112) pour échanger la chaleur chauffant en utilisant l'eau chaude, une chaudière auxiliaire (120) configurée pour chauffer la chaleur d'eau chaude échangée de l'échangeur de chaleur d'évacuation (111) et de l'échangeur de chaleur chauffant (112) pour obtenir la température fixée par un utilisateur, et pour fournir l'eau chaude à un espace chauffant (130) et à un espace de fourniture d'eau chaude (140), une vanne d'ajout automatique (153) ajoutant automatiquement de l'eau directe, un réservoir d'expansion (152) relié à la vanne d'ajout automatique (153) pour ajuster la pression d'expansion en fonction du changement de température de l'eau directe, une pompe à chaleur d'évacuation (154) reliée au réservoir d'expansion (152) pour la circulation interne dans une conduite de chaleur d'évacuation reliant la source de chaleur d'évacuation (10) et le réservoir d'eau chaude (110), une vanne de mélange (151) s'étendant entre une première conduite d'eau chaude (1H) pour recevoir la chaleur d'évacuation de la source de chaleur d'évacuation (10) et une deuxième conduite d'eau chaude (2H) positionnée après le passage de nouveau à travers l'échangeur de chaleur d'évacuation (111) du réservoir d'eau chaude (110), pour mélanger la première eau chaude (1H) avec la deuxième eau chaude (2H), un capteur de température de chaleur d'évacuation fournie (T1) pour mesurer la température de la première eau chaude (1H) afin de mesurer une température de fourniture de chaleur d'évacuation, et un capteur de température de chaleur d'évacuation récupérée (T2) pour mesurer la deuxième température d'eau chaude (2H) afin de mesurer une température de chaleur d'évacuation récupérée,
    le procédé comprenant les étapes :

    de mesure de la température de chaleur d'évacuation fournie par le capteur de température de fourniture de chaleur d'évacuation (T1) et de la température de chaleur d'évacuation récupérée par le capteur de température de chaleur d'évacuation récupérée (T2) ;

    d'ajustement d'une ouverture de la vanne de mélange conformément à une différence entre la température de chaleur d'évacuation fournie mesurée et la température de chaleur d'évacuation récupérée mesurée ;

    d'introduction d'eau directe dans le réservoir d'eau chaude (110) du fait de la fourniture d'eau chaude ; et

    de mesure de nouveau de la température de chaleur d'évacuation fournie et de la température de chaleur d'évacuation récupérée qui sont abaissées lors de l'introduction d'eau directe et d'ajustement de nouveau de l'ouverture de la vanne de mélange (151) conformément à une différence entre la température de chaleur d'évacuation fournie mesurée et la température de chaleur récupérée mesurée.


     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication 3, dans lequel l'étape de mesure de la température de chaleur d'évacuation fournie et de la température de chaleur d'évacuation récupérée comprend, en outre, le calcul d'informations moyennes des températures mesurées par un capteur de température du réservoir d'eau chaude.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description