(19)
(11)EP 3 039 839 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 13892456.8

(22)Date of filing:  29.08.2013
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04L 29/06(2006.01)
H04N 21/426(2011.01)
H04N 21/61(2011.01)
H04L 12/28(2006.01)
H04N 7/22(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2013/082519
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/027418 (05.03.2015 Gazette  2015/09)

(54)

CABLE MODEM

KABELMODEM

MODEM POUR CÂBLE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
06.07.2016 Bulletin 2016/27

(73)Proprietor: InterDigital CE Patent Holdings
75017 Paris (FR)

(72)Inventors:
  • ZHUANG, Zujian
    Beijing 100192 (CN)
  • YU, Jinfei
    Beijing 100192 (CN)

(74)Representative: Vidon Brevets & Stratégie 
16B, rue de Jouanet BP 90333
35703 Rennes Cedex 7
35703 Rennes Cedex 7 (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
CN-A- 102 255 719
US-A1- 2009 103 557
US-A1- 2012 110 631
US-A1- 2012 291 084
US-A1- 2007 206 600
US-A1- 2012 023 535
US-A1- 2012 213 259
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to a cable modem for DOCSIS(Data Over Cable Service Interface Specification) based network.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] DOCSIS standard permits the addition of high-speed data transfer to an existing cable TV (CATV) system. Many cable television operators apply DOCSIS to provide internet access over their existing hybrid fiber-coaxial (HFC) network infrastructure.

    [0003] A cable modem (CM) is a type of network device that provides bi-directional data communication via radio frequency channels on the HFC network. The cable modem will work with a cable modem terminal system (CMTS) in the network, which is a headend device of the cable television operator used to forward digital IP packets to and from the cable modem to provide high speed data services to cable subscribers.

    [0004] Conventionally a cable modem of DOCSIS based network can only work with one CMTS at a certain time. The cable modem will firstly search for the available downstream and upstream channels broadcasted by the CMTS at initialization. After channel locked, the cable modem will complete a ranging phase and an IP initialization phase, then reach agreement with the CMTS on the channel bonding set and service flow contracts. From then on, the cable modem works as layer 2 bridge to forward packets between the cable interface and CPE interface.

    [0005] Figure 1 is an exemplary diagram showing a conventional network architecture for DVB live TV distribution. As shown in Figure 1, a CMTS exchanges IP packets with an IP backbone network over Ethernet cable 101. Downstream RF (Radio Frequency) signals 102 from the CMTS of IP backbone network and a DVB service platform are mixed by a RF mixer. It can be appreciated that the RF mixer is a passive component for mixing the RF signals from various incoming paths to one outgoing path. The mixed RF signal is transmitted to a fiber node over HFC fiber 103, which will exchanges signals with a cable modem over RF cable 104. The fiber node also transmits feedback signals to the CMTS over a HFC fiber 103. The cable modem can exchange data packets with one or more CPEs (Customer Premise Equipments). For example, as shown in Figure 1, the cable modem can provide bi-directional communications with a PC over Ethernet cable 101 or with a STB (Set-Top-Box) over Ethernet cable 101 or RF cable 104. Feedback signal from the cable modem over cable is converted to a fiber signal at the fiber node and transmitted to the CMTS headend directly over a return path 105. So the bi-directional data communication between CMTS and cable modem actually is splitted into different paths for downstream and upstream respectively.

    [0006] US 2012/213259 patent application discloses measurement-capable cable modems for cable networks. In this patent application, idle receivers and transmitters of a cable modem are used to perform upstream and downstream measurements on digital and analog TV channels without disrupting customer services. Measurements are communicated to a central measurement controller, for example located at the headend, which collects measurements from a plurality of cable modems and the upstream measurement system. The resulting monitoring system performs cable network wide monitoring using existing cable modems without requiring additional monitoring devices.

    [0007] Currently many chips used in cable modems have full band capability to tune to multiple RF channels at the same time. However, such band capability was not fully used.

    SUMMARY



    [0008] In view of the above problem in the conventional technologies, the invention proposes to take advantages of the full band capability of a cable modem to work with multiple CMTSs at the same time. The full band capture capability of the cable modem is divided to multiple RF channel sets both for upstream and downstream and each RF channel set is dedicated for DOCSIS communication with one CMTS. In this sense, a physical cable modem appears to be multiple virtual cable modems.

    [0009] According to one aspect of the invention, a cable modem for a network is provided. The cable modem comprises: a radio frequency resource manager unit for allocating a radio frequency resource to a plurality of cable modem terminal systems; and an interface manager unit for establishing radio frequency interfaces respectively with the

    [0010] plurality of cable modem terminal systems according to the radio frequency resource allocation of the radio frequency resource manager unit, wherein the cable modem transmits a table of the radio frequency resource allocation to the plurality of cable modem terminal systems for notification of the frequency resource allocation.

    [0011] According to one aspect of the invention, a network system is provided. The network system comprises: a service platform for providing IP data and live TV services; a first cable modem terminal system for performing a communication of IP data with the service platform; a second cable modem terminal system for performing a communication of live TV signals with the service platform; and a cable modem for performing communications with the first cable modem terminal system and the second cable modem terminal system with allocated radio frequency resource and providing the IP data and live TV signals to respective Customer Premise Equipments.

    [0012] It is to be understood that more aspects and advantages of the invention will be found in the following detailed description of the present invention.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0013] The accompanying drawings are included to provide further understanding of the embodiments of the invention together with the description which serves to explain the principle of the embodiments. The invention is not limited to the embodiments.

    [0014] In the drawings:

    Figure 1 is an exemplary diagram showing a conventional network architecture for DVB live TV distribution;

    Figure 2 is an exemplary diagram showing a network architecture for live TV distribution according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

    Figure 3 is a block diagram showing the structure of cable modem according to an embodiment of the present invention.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0015] An embodiment of the present invention will now be described in detail in conjunction with the drawings. In the following description, some detailed descriptions of known functions and configurations may be omitted for conciseness.

    [0016] In traditional DVB-C network as shown in Figure 1, live digital TV signals are encapsulated in TS (Transport Stream) format and broadcasted to all STBs by QAM modulation over cable. The digital program stream is secured by CA (Conditional Access) system to prevent service theft.

    [0017] With the emergence of triple play and convergence of telecom and TV domains, telecom operators are now entering the live TV market by IPTV service and broadband IP connection.

    [0018] Cable operators also seek to move to full IP solution to embrace triple play era since IP (Internet Protocol) technology is now de-factor the transmission standard for almost all technology areas. In order to reduce operational burden, the full IP solution for both TV, internet and voice service is very attractive for cable operators. However, it is not an optimal option for the cable network to simply adopt the same IPTV technology as telecom. The main reason is that such solution will need the construction of heavy internet infrastructures to carry huge IPTV traffic, which also may result in a waste of the cable bandwidth.

    [0019] In view of the above disadvantages, a new network architecture is proposed for a cable operator to keep the internet network dedicated for the HSI (high speed internet) service while the cable resource is used for live TV broadcasting. This can also achieve the goal for cable operators to move to IP solution for TV distribution.

    [0020] Figure 2 is an exemplary diagram showing a network architecture for live TV distribution according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0021] The system shown in Figure 2 comprises a service platform 201 to support services to subscribers. According to the specific application context, the service platform 201 may comprises multiple servers for multiple services. In this embodiment, the service platform 201 can provide IP data service via an IP data plane 202 and live TV service via a live TV plane 203.

    [0022] The service platform 201 can exchange IP data with a first CMTS 204 via a IP backbone network. Traditional IP communication process can be used between the service platform 201 and the first CMTS 204 and no further details will be provided.

    [0023] With regards to the live TV service, at the service platform 201, a live TV program is encoded into digital format and packets of the single program are encapsulated in UDP/IP format. Then the IP packets for live TV stream are constantly transmitted to a second CMTS 205 via the IP backbone network. It can be appreciated that both unicast and multicast can be used for the transmission. For simplicity , the multicast transmission will be described since the live TV stream must be delivered to a cable modem on cable in multicast way too, with each single program stream occupy one dedicated multicast group address.

    [0024] At the CMTS 205, the received IP streams of live TV signal are simply forwarded to the cable interface by the same MAC encapsulation as how a normal CMTS delivers downstream broadcast IP packets, with the only difference being that the destination is multicast IP address and the transmitted RF channel is fixed by configuration for each multicast IP address. The CMTS 205 reserves some dedicated Docsis downstream channels but has no need for any other CMTS MAC functionalities. It can just multiplex the received live TV IP streams and modulate them to one or more Docsis downstream RF channels with the same DOCSIS downstream MAC((Media Access Control) format and PHY(Physical Layer) characters. In this embodiment, the Docsis 2.0 downstream MAC format and PHY character is preferred as it does not have Docsis MAC management feature to implement complex Docsis 3.0 features such as channel bonding. So there is no channel bonding requirement for such devices.

    [0025] IP data from the CMTS 204 and IP packets of live TV from the CMTS 205 are both transmitted to the cable modem 206.

    [0026] The cable modem 206 has the capability to tune to minimum two Docsis MAC domains at the same time. In this sense, the physical cable modem 206 is implemented as two virtual cable modems 2061 and 2062 respectively for the IP data and the live TV services. The downstream channels working simultaneously that the cable modem supports are divided to 2 sets, with one channel set being used by cable modem 206 to work with CMTS 204 normally in the IP data plane 202, while the other channel set being used for receiving multicast IP packets of live TV from the CMTS 205 in the live TV plane 203. In this embodiment, the IP data plane 202 is bi-directional communication channel but the live TV plane 203 is only one-way downstream broadcasting channel.

    [0027] It can be appreciated that cable modem 206 can exchange data with corresponding CPEs, for example, PC 207 and STB 208 in Figure 2.

    [0028] Figure 3 is a block diagram showing the structure of a cable modem for the implementation of live TV distribution in the network architecture shown in Figure 2 according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0029] As shown in Figure 3, the cable modem 206 comprises a RF resource manager unit 3001 for managing RF resource allocation of the cable modem 206. Detailed process will be described later.

    [0030] The cable modem 206 further comprises an interface manager unit 3002 for establishing multiple virtual RF interfaces with multiple CMTS according to the RF resource allocation of the RF resource manager 3001. The interface manager 3002 will manage all the LAN interfaces, RF interface as well as virtual interfaces. In this embodiment, two virtual RF interfaces are shown to be respectively for the CMTSs 204 and 205. The interface manager unit 3002 can also manage the LAN interfaces for CPE site (three LAN interfaces are shown in Figure 3).

    [0031] The cable modem 206 further comprises a packets classifier unit 3003 for classifying packets into different service flows towards different upstream CMTS.

    [0032] The cable modem 206 maintains a forwarding policy 3004 which defines the packets forwarding rules between each interface.

    [0033] The cable modem 206 further comprises a packets forwarder unit 3005 which is an engine to switch packets between multiple CMTSs and respective CPEs.

    [0034] Next, the process of the RF resource manager unit 3001 to allocate RF resource to CMTS 204 and 205 will be described in details.

    [0035] In this embodiment, suppose the RF resource manager unit 3001 of the cable modem 206 has full band capability to capture 8 downstream RF channels and 4 upstream channels at the same time and two virtual cable modems will be implemented in this physical cable modem 206. However, it can be appreciated that more channels and virtual cable modems is applicable within the band capability of the chip of the cable modem.

    [0036] To complete Docsis communication, each virtual cable modem needs to have both upstream channels and downstream channels. The combination of upstream and downstream channels for each virtual cable modem can be defined as a "service channel group".

    [0037] For example, service channel group A consists of upstream channel 1, 2 and downstream channel 1,2,3,4 and service channel group B consists of upstream channel 3, 4 and downstream channel 5,6,7,8.

    [0038] In this embodiment, there are two CMTSs deployed in the same cable plant without overlapped upstream or downstream channel planning. Therefore, there is a need for the RF channel planning to avoid confliction. Any appropriate planning scheme can be used. No further details will be provided in this respect.

    [0039] The service channel group division can be statically hard copy in the physical cable modem 206 or dynamically decided by the physical cable modem 206 during operation phase.

    [0040] In case of static configuration of service channel group division, the channels which can be used to work with one CMTS are restricted by the configuration. In dynamic case, the division can be very flexible. Anyway, the operation flow in physical cable modem 206 is almost same.

    [0041] The following table shows the channel occupation of the CMTSs 204 and 205 in this embodiment.
    Table-1: Channel occupation for CMTS
    channel idfrequency(MHz)bandwidth(MHz)CMTS id
    1 500 8 1
    2 600 8 2
    3      
    4      


    [0042] The RF resource manager unit 3001 of the cable modem 206 needs to maintain the above table both for upstream and downstream to balance the channel distribution for the two virtual cable modems. In case of static service channel group configuration, these tables are almost the same as the static configuration. While in case of dynamic service channel group situation, these tables need to be dynamically updated according to the channel sync status and the Dynamic Channel Change operation as well as the Dynamic Bonding Change operation.

    [0043] After the cable modem 206 is power on, the RF resource manager unit 3001 starts to scan all downstream channels to synchronise with DOCSIS primary downstream channel with any CMTS by looking after SYNC, MAP and UCD (Uplink Channel Descriptor) messages. Once the primary downstream channel is locked for the first CMTS, for example, the CMTS 204, the cable modem 206 starts a normal Docsis MAC establishment with the CMTS 204, the available upstream and downstream channels are decided by the MAC messages from CMTS 204 and the local service channel group division restriction. Then the reserved channels for this CMTS are recorded in the above illustrated table.

    [0044] After the RF resource manager unit 3001 complete the MAC establishment with the CMTS 204, it can be understood that the first virtual cable modem is created. Then the free upstream and downstream channels can be used to establish Docsis MAC connection with the second CMTS, which is the CMTS 205 in this case. The same normal Docsis MAC establishment operation runs between the CMTS 205 and the free channel resources. The channels used for the CMTS 205 are also updated in the above illustrated table.

    [0045] In case of working channel changes for any of the CMTS 204 and 205 either by Dynamic Channel Change message or Dynamic Bonding Change message, the RF resource manager unit 3001 needs to make sure that there is no RF resource confliction for the CMTS according to the record table and update the table accordingly.

    [0046] It should be noted that the data communication of the cable modem 206 with the first CMTS 204 and the corresponding CPEs is by conventional process, similar to the process described with reference to Figure 1. No further details will be provided in this respect.

    [0047] As described above, one physical cable modem 206 can establish two Docsis MAC connections with two CMTS 204 and 205. The cable modem 206 can decide which CPE will be served by which Docsis MAC connection. It can also take advantage of these 2 Docsis MAC connection to implement dynamic load balancing or backup link for CPEs.

    [0048] Next, a process of live TV distribution in the network architecture shown in Figure 2 will be described.

    [0049] The following three tables will be used by the service platform 201, the CMTS 204, 204, the cable modem 206 and the IP mode STB 208.
    Table-2: TV program address assignment
    multicast group addressprogram idprogram nameauthentication url
    239.1.1.1 1 TV 1 http: //server/example1
    239.1.1.2 2 TV 2  
    239.1.1.3 3 TV 3  
    239.1.1.4 4 TV 4  
    Table-3: Group-to-channel map
    multicast group addressRF channel
    239.1.1.1 1
    239.1.1.2 1
    239.1.1.3 2
    239.1.1.4 2
    Table-4: TV RF channel configuration
    RF channelfrequencymodulation profileother RF parameters
    1      
    2      
    3      


    [0050] Firstly, the service platform 201 will constantly multicast the live TV program in IP packets to the second CMTS 205.

    [0051] Then the CMTS 205 will statically forward all the TV packets to all available downstream RF channels according to the configurations in tablet-3 and tablet-4.

    [0052] During this process, the cable modem 206 will establish an IP connection with CMTS 204 as normally.

    [0053] The IP mode STB 208 will get the EPG information and information on TV program address assignment from table-2 information after it establishes the IP connection with service platform 201.

    [0054] When the STB 208 starts to render certain live TV program, it may use the authentication URL to communicate with the service platform 201 to check if it is authorized to watch the program. If for example DRM (Digital Rights Management) is used to protect the program, the STB 208 may use digital certificate or username/password account to handshake with the service platform 201. If it is authorized, then the proper decryption information is delivered to STB 208.

    [0055] After the STB 208 passes the authentication, it will issue the IGMP (Internet Group Management Protocol) Join Report to notify the cable modem 206 of the multicast group address in which it is interested.

    [0056] Then the cable modem 206 will tune to proper downstream RF channel to demodulate the IP multicast streams and filter out the desired stream with the corresponding multicast group address according to the table-3 and table-4.

    [0057] Finally the STB 206 can receive the multicast IP stream from the cable modem 206 and start to render the stream to TV set (not shown) after appropriate DRM decryption, if needed.

    [0058] It can be seen that during the above process the cable modem 206 is totally transparent to the bi-directional IP communication between the STB 208 and the service platform 201. This is mainly used for demodulating the live TV packets to take advantage of the fact the cable plant has plenty of RF channel resources. And thus the cable modem 206 can keep the whole Docsis IP channel bandwidth for end subscribers for high speed internet service and other services.

    [0059] It is to be further understood that, because some of the constituent system components and method steps depicted in the accompanying figures are preferably implemented in software, the actual connections between the system components (or the process steps) may differ depending upon the manner in which the present invention is programmed. Given the teachings herein, one of ordinary skill in the related art will be able to contemplate these and similar implementations or configurations of the present invention.


    Claims

    1. A cable modem (206) for a network, comprising a radio frequency resource manager unit (3001) for allocating a radio frequency resource to a plurality of cable modem terminal systems (204, 205); and an interface manager unit (3002) for establishing radio frequency interfaces respectively with the plurality of cable modem terminal systems (204, 205) according to the radio frequency resource allocation of the radio frequency resource manager unit (3001), wherein the cable modem transmits a table of the radio frequency resource allocation to the plurality of cable modem terminal systems (204, 205) for notification of the frequency resource allocation.
     
    2. The cable modem according to claim 1, further comprising a packets classifier unit (3003) for classifying packets into respective service flows towards the plurality of cable modem terminal systems (204, 205).
     
    3. The cable modem according to claim 1, further comprising a packets forwarder unit (3005) for switching packets between the plurality of cable modem terminal systems (204, 205) and respective Customer Premise Equipment according to a forwarding policy (3004).
     
    4. The cable modem according to claim 1, wherein the plurality of cable modem terminal systems comprise a cable modem terminal system for IP data transmission and a cable modem terminal system for live TV signal transmission.
     
    5. A network system, comprising a service platform (201) for providing IP data and live TV services; a first cable modem terminal system (204) for performing a communication of IP data with the service platform (201); a second cable modem terminal system (205) for performing a communication of live TV signals with the service platform (201); and a cable modem (206) according to claim 1 for performing communications with the first cable modem terminal system (204) and the second cable modem terminal system (205) with allocated radio frequency resource and providing the IP data and live TV signals to respective Customer Premise Equipment.
     
    6. The network system according to claim 5, wherein the first cable modem terminal system (204) performs a bi-directional communication of IP data with the service platform (201).
     
    7. The network system according to claim 5, wherein the second cable modem terminal system (205) receives multicast live TV signals from the service platform (201).
     
    8. The network system according to claim 5, wherein the service platform (201) encodes the live TV signals into IP packets and transmits the IP packets to the second cable modem terminal system (205).
     
    9. The network system according to claim 5, wherein the Customer Premise Equipment is a personal computer for IP data.
     
    10. The network system according to claim 5, wherein the Customer Premise Equipment is a Set-Top-Box for live TV signals.
     
    11. The network system according to claim 5, wherein the network system is a Data Over Cable Service Interface Specification, DOCSIS, based network.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Ein Kabelmodem (206) für ein Netzwerk, umfassend eine Hochfrequenz-Ressourcenverwaltungseinheit (3001) zum Zuweisen einer Hochfrequenz-Ressource an mehrere Kabelmodem-Endgerätesysteme (204, 205); und eine Schnittstellenverwaltungseinheit (3002) zum Einrichten von Hochfrequenzschnittstellen jeweils mit den mehreren Kabelmodem-Endgerätesystemen (204, 205) gemäß der Hochfrequenz-Ressourcenzuweisung der Hochfrequenz-Ressourcenverwaltungseinheit (3001), wobei das Kabelmodem eine Tabelle der Hochfrequenz-Ressourcenzuweisung an die mehreren Kabelmodem-Endgerätesysteme (204, 205) zur Benachrichtigung über die Frequenz-Ressourcenzuweisung überträgt.
     
    2. Kabelmodem nach Anspruch 1, das ferner eine Paketklassifizierungseinheit (3003) zur Klassifizierung von Paketen in die jeweiligen Dienstströme zu den mehreren Kabelmodem-Endgerätesystemen (204, 205) umfasst.
     
    3. Kabelmodem nach Anspruch 1, das ferner eine Paketweiterleitungseinheit (3005) zur Vermittlung von Paketen zwischen den mehreren Kabelmodem-Endgeräten (204, 205) und den jeweiligen Kundengeräten gemäß einer Weiterleitungsrichtlinie (3004) umfasst.
     
    4. Kabelmodem nach Anspruch 1, wobei die mehreren Kabelmodem-Endgerätesysteme ein Kabelmodem-Endgerätesystem für die IP-Datenübertragung und ein Kabelmodem-Endgerätesystem für die Live-TV-Signalübertragung umfasst.
     
    5. Netzwerksystem, umfassend eine Dienstplattform (201) zum Bereitstellen von IP-Daten und Live-TV-Diensten; ein erstes Kabelmodem-Endgerätesystem (204) zum Durchführen einer Kommunikation von IP-Daten mit der Dienstplattform (201); ein zweites Kabelmodem-Endgerätesystem (205) zum Durchführen einer Kommunikation von Live-TV-Signalen mit der Dienstplattform (201); und ein Kabelmodem (206) nach Anspruch 1 zum Durchführen von Kommunikationen mit dem ersten Kabelmodem-Endgerätesystem (204) und dem zweiten Kabelmodem-Endgerätesystem (205) mit zugewiesenen Hochfrequenz-Ressourcen und zum Bereitstellen der IP-Daten und Live-TV-Signale für das jeweilige Kundengerät.
     
    6. Netzwerksystem nach Anspruch 5, wobei das erste Kabelmodem-Endgerätesystem (204) eine bidirektionale Kommunikation von IP-Daten mit der Dienstplattform (201) durchführt.
     
    7. Netzwerksystem nach Anspruch 5, wobei das zweite Kabelmodem-Endgerätesystem (205) Multicast-Live-TV-Signale von der Dienstplattform (201) empfängt.
     
    8. Netzwerksystem nach Anspruch 5, wobei die Dienstplattform (201) die Live-TV-Signale in IP-Pakete kodiert und die IP-Pakete an das zweite Kabelmodem-Endgerätesystem (205) überträgt.
     
    9. Netzwerksystem nach Anspruch 5, wobei das Kundengerät ein Personalcomputer für IP-Daten ist.
     
    10. Netzwerksystem nach Anspruch 5, wobei das Kundengerät eine Set-Top-Box für Live-TV-Signale ist.
     
    11. Netzwerksystem nach Anspruch 5, wobei das Netzwerksystem ein auf Data Over Cable Service Interface Specification, DOCSIS, basierendes Netzwerk ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Modem câble (206) pour un réseau, comprenant une unité de gestion de ressources radiofréquence (3001) pour allouer une ressource radiofréquence à une pluralité de systèmes de terminaison de modem câble (204, 205) ; et une unité de gestion d'interfaces (3002) pour établir respectivement des interfaces radiofréquence avec la pluralité de systèmes de terminaison de modem câble (204, 205) selon l'allocation de la ressource radiofréquence par l'unité de gestion de ressources radiofréquence (3001), dans lequel le modem câble transmet une table de l'allocation de ressources en radiofréquence à la pluralité de systèmes de terminaison de modem câble (204, 205) pour la notification de l'allocation de ressources radiofréquence.
     
    2. Modem câble selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre une unité de classification de paquets (3003) pour classifier des paquets dans des flux de service respectifs vers la pluralité de systèmes de terminaison de modem câble (204, 205).
     
    3. Modem câble selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre une unité de transfert de paquets (3005) pour faire passer des paquets entre la pluralité de systèmes de terminaison de modem câble (204, 205) et l'équipement de site client respectif selon une politique de transfert (3004).
     
    4. Modem câble selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la pluralité de systèmes de terminaison de modem câble comprend un système de terminaison de modem câble pour la transmission de données IP et un système de terminaison de modem câble pour la transmission d'un signal de télévision en direct.
     
    5. Système réseau, comprenant une plateforme de service (201) pour fournir des données IP et des services de télévision en direct ; un premier système de terminaison de modem câble (204) pour assurer la communication des données IP avec la plateforme de service (201), un deuxième système de terminaison de modem câble (205) pour assurer la communication des signaux de télévision en direct avec la plateforme de service (201) ; et un modem câble (206) selon la revendication 1 pour assurer la communication du premier système de terminaison de modem câble (204) et du deuxième système de terminaison de modem câble (205) avec la ressource radiofréquence allouée et fournir les données IP et les signaux de télévision en direct à l'équipement de site client respectif.
     
    6. Système réseau selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le premier système de terminaison de modem câble (204) assure une communication bidirectionnelle des données IP avec la plateforme de service (201).
     
    7. Système réseau selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le deuxième système de terminaison de modem câble (205) reçoit des signaux de télévision en direct multidiffusion de la plateforme de service (201).
     
    8. Système réseau selon la revendication 5, dans lequel la plateforme de service (201) code les signaux de télévision en direct en paquets IP et transmet les paquets IP au deuxième système de terminaison de modem câble (205).
     
    9. Système réseau selon la revendication 5, dans lequel l'équipement de site client est un ordinateur personnel pour les données IP.
     
    10. Système réseau selon la revendication 5, dans lequel l'équipement de site client est un décodeur de signaux de télévision en direct.
     
    11. Système réseau selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le système réseau est un réseau basé sur DOCSIS (Data Over Cable Service Interface Spécification).
     




    Drawing














    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description