(19)
(11)EP 3 043 379 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
05.08.2020 Bulletin 2020/32

(21)Application number: 14888193.1

(22)Date of filing:  01.04.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H01L 23/28  (2006.01)
H01L 25/18  (2006.01)
H01L 23/498  (2006.01)
H01L 23/24  (2006.01)
H01L 23/373  (2006.01)
H01L 25/07  (2006.01)
H01L 23/40  (2006.01)
H01L 23/538  (2006.01)
H01L 23/00  (2006.01)
H01L 23/053  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2014/059679
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/151235 (08.10.2015 Gazette  2015/40)

(54)

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

HALBLEITERBAUELEMENT

DISPOSITIF À SEMI-CONDUCTEUR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
13.07.2016 Bulletin 2016/28

(73)Proprietor: Fuji Electric Co., Ltd.
Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa 210-9530 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • NAKAMURA, Hideyo
    Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa 210-9530 (JP)

(74)Representative: MERH-IP Matias Erny Reichl Hoffmann Patentanwälte PartG mbB 
Paul-Heyse-Strasse 29
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2013/089211
WO-A1-2013/136895
JP-A- H06 140 548
JP-A- 2003 243 598
US-A- 5 726 493
WO-A1-2013/118415
JP-A- H0 778 921
JP-A- H11 191 605
JP-A- 2007 311 441
US-A1- 2007 267 739
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to a semiconductor device such as a power semiconductor module.

    BACKGROUND ART



    [0002] In a power semiconductor module of which a semiconductor element is mounted on an insulating substrate, an electrode of the semiconductor element is connected electrically to a circuit plate of the insulating substrate with a bonding wire. Recently, a power semiconductor module employing a conductive post instead of the bonding wire is known as disclosed in Patent Literatures 1 and 2. In the power semiconductor module employing the conductive post, one end of the conductive post is connected to the electrode of the semiconductor element, and another end of another conductive post is also connected to the circuit plate of the insulating substrate. Further, the other ends of these conductive posts are connected to wiring film of a printed circuit board which is set so as to be opposed to the insulating substrate on which the semiconductor element is fixed. Then this results in an electrical connection between the semiconductor element and the circuit plate of the insulating substrate. The power semiconductor module comprising such a constitution can be miniaturized in comparison with the power semiconductor module having the bonding wire, having advantages of small wiring inductance and high speed switching capability.

    [0003] Moreover, a resin case in which the semiconductor element and the insulating substrate are accommodated has been filled and sealed with silicone gel for the power semiconductor module. Furthermore, it is recently known that the semiconductor element and the insulating substrate are sealed with insulating thermosetting resin molded by transfer molding in the power semiconductor module. As described above, when sealed with the transfer molded resin, various members such as the semiconductor element and a printed circuit board located inside can be fixed with the resin. Then this leads the power semiconductor module to attain high reliability against power cycle when it is in use.

    [0004] Patent Literature 3 discloses a resin-sealed semiconductor device which is provided with an insulating substrate with conductive pattern, conductive blocks fixed on the conductive patterns of the insulating substrate, a semiconductor chip fixed on the conductive block, a print substrate having conductive posts fixed on the semiconductor chip, and a resin which seals these. The average volume of the conductive film per unit surface area of the conductive pattern around the position where the conductive block is fixed decreases outwards from the conductive block.

    [0005] Patent Literature 4 describes a power semiconductor module and an inverter apparatus in which a device or a joining part is not mechanically damaged even when the temperature in use becomes a high temperature in the range of 175 to 250°C. Low thermal expansion ceramic substrates are disposed above and below the device. A material having a coefficient of thermal expansion of 10 ppm/K or less is disposed between the ceramic substrates. In addition, an inorganic material having a coefficient of thermal expansion in the range of 2 to 6 ppm/K or less is disposed around the device.

    CITATION LIST


    PATENT LITERATURE



    [0006] 

    Patent Literature 1: Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2012-129336

    Patent Literature 2: WO 2013/118415 A1

    Patent Literature 3: WO 2013/136895 A1

    Patent Literature 4: US 2007/267739 A1


    DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION


    PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED BY THE INVENTION



    [0007] However, there is a problem that the power semiconductor module, which is molded and then has structure sealed with resin, will warp in its external form so that a heat dissipating surface where an insulating substrate is placed becomes convex at normal temperature. The reason of the problem is that the linear expansion coefficient of the sealing resin is different from the linear expansion coefficient of a ceramic insulating plate which is a part of an insulating substrate. Namely, the reason presumably comes from that the resin is forced to become flat in a mold during molding and then the molded resin shrinks more largely than the insulating substrate after molding.

    [0008] With a large amount of warpage, stress is applied to the direction to which the heat dissipating surface is corrected to become flat in the power semiconductor module when the heat dissipating surface of the power semiconductor module is screwed to a flat mounting surface of equipment. The stress is not preferable in view of reliability. Further, when some additional processing is performed to make the heat dissipating surface of the power semiconductor module flat, the stress described above is not applied when the power semiconductor module is mounted. However, even in this case, the heat dissipating surface of the power semiconductor module will deform repeatedly because of the package temperature change coming from heat generated repeatedly from the semiconductor element during operation of the power semiconductor module. As a result, a grease-like compound, which is formed between the mounting surface of the equipment and the heat dissipating surface of the power semiconductor module to improve thermal conductivity, will be squeezed outward. Then it is liable that heat dissipation could not be assured sufficiently during long term operation of the power semiconductor module.

    [0009] The deformation reduction for managing that the heat dissipating surface warps in the module may be achieved so that the sealing resin is reduced in linear expansion coefficient by increasing a quantity of filler added to the resin and increased in thickness to improve its rigidity. However, it is difficult that the resin employed in the power semiconductor module has the same linear expansion coefficient as the insulating plate made of ceramic even though the filler is increased in quantity. Furthermore, there is a limit to increase the resin thickness because it is against the demand for package miniaturization. Therefore, warping normally occurs in extent of several tens to 100 µm.

    [0010] If the compound or a heat dissipation sheet having a thickness of equal to or more than 100 µm is formed between the mounting surface of the equipment and the heat dissipating surface of the power semiconductor module, problems which come from warping of the heat dissipating surface are solved to a certain extent. However, when the compound or the heat dissipation sheet becomes thick, heat dissipation capability will decrease. As the power semiconductor module miniaturized has a smaller heat dissipating area in the heat dissipating surface, it cannot achieve sufficient heat dissipation if the compound or the heat dissipation sheet does not become as thin as 25 to 50 µm in thickness. Then there are also some cases in which the semiconductor element temperature cannot be kept to be equivalent to that of a large power semiconductor module fabricated using bonding wires.

    [0011] It may be considered that the insulating plate made of ceramic can be changed to that made of resin for the insulating substrate. However, the use of the insulating plate made of resin results in insulating performance deterioration and also causes thermal resistance to increase by several times in comparison with that made of ceramic.

    [0012] In view of circumstances described above, it is an object of the present invention to provide a semiconductor device including an insulating substrate in which the semiconductor device enables: to suppress a small size semiconductor device having sealing structure molded with resin from warping and deforming thermally; to improve reliability of the mounted semiconductor device; to prevent a compound from being squeezed outward; to reduce thermal resistance of whole cooling system by thinning the compound.

    MEANS FOR SOLVING PROBLEMS



    [0013] In order to attain the object of the present invention, there is provided a semiconductor device in accordance with claim 1. Preferred embodiments are defined in the dependent claims.

    EFFECT OF THE INVENTION



    [0014] According to the present invention, there is provided the ceramic plate which is set so as to be opposed to the main face of the insulating plate and to be located at a distant place from the main face of the insulating plate more than from the printed circuit board. Then this can prevent the heat dissipating surface of the power semiconductor module from warping and deforming thermally. Consequently this can improve reliability of the power semiconductor device, reducing thermal resistance of the whole cooling system.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0015] 

    FIG. 1 shows perspective views of a power semiconductor module according to one embodiment of the semiconductor device of the present invention.

    FIG. 2 is a cross section view cut along the line II-II of the power semiconductor module shown in FIG. 1.

    FIG. 3 is a perspective view illustrating internal members of the power semiconductor module according to the one embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 4 shows explanatory drawings of instances of external connection terminals.

    FIG. 5 is a perspective view illustrating internal members of the power semiconductor module according to another embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 6 is a perspective view illustrating internal members of the power semiconductor module according to still another embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 7 shows schematic cross section views of examples 1 to 3 and a comparative example of the power semiconductor modules.

    FIG. 8 shows schematic cross section views of examples 4 to 6 of the power semiconductor modules.

    FIG. 9 is a graph illustrating a relationship between warpage and the position where the ceramic plate is set in the power semiconductor module in the examples 1 to 6 and the comparative example.

    FIG. 10 is a cross section view of a conventional power semiconductor module.


    MODES FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION



    [0016] Embodiments according to a semiconductor device of the present invention will be described concretely using figures. FIG. 1 shows perspective views of a power semiconductor module 1 according to one embodiment of the semiconductor device of the present invention. FIG. 1a is a perspective view illustrating a side where an external connection terminal 12 of the power semiconductor module 1 protrudes. FIG. 1b is a perspective view illustrating a heat dissipating surface side. The power semiconductor module 1 shown in the figures has an approximately cuboid shape. And then two insulating substrates 11 are set in a first face (heat dissipating surface) 10a of a resin 10 so that metal plates 11b thereof are exposed. The power semiconductor module 1 is lightweight and inexpensive because it does not include a copper plate used for thermal diffusion separately in the first face 10a of the resin 10.

    [0017] Moreover, each part of the plurality of external connection terminals 12 is set so as to protrude from the inside of the resin 10 to a second face 10b which is approximately parallel to the first face 10a of the resin 10. An instance shown in figures illustrates a 2-in-1 power semiconductor module.

    [0018] Screw holes 10c for screwing the module to a mounting surface of equipment are formed on the both longitudinal edges of the power semiconductor module 1. Furthermore, insulating walls 10d, which have a preferable shape to ensure a creeping distance sufficiently against the screw hole, are formed around the screw holes 10 on the second face 10b of the power semiconductor module 1.

    [0019] FIG. 2 is a cross section view cut along the line II-II of the power semiconductor module 1. The insulating substrate 11 is set in substantially the same plane with the first face 10a of the resin 10. The insulating substrate 11 includes an insulating plate 11a formed of ceramics, a metal plate 11b, and a circuit plate 11c. The circuit plate 11c is fixed to the main face of the insulating plate 11a. The metal plate 11b is fixed to the face on the opposite side of the main face of the insulating plate 11a, being exposed from the first face 10a of the resin 10.

    [0020] The insulating plate 11a is formed of ceramics such as Al2O3, AlN, and Si3N4 having relatively high thermal conductivity.

    [0021] An active metal brazed copper (AMB) substrate is formed so that the insulating plate 11a is brazed with copper plates which are material of the metal plate 11b and the circuit plate 11c, the copper plates being patterned by etching. The AMB substrate can be employed as the insulating substrate 11. Further the insulating substrate 11 may be a direct copper bond (DCB) substrate in which the insulating plate 11a is bonded directly to the copper plates composing the metal plate 11b and the circuit plate 11c. The metal plate 11b and the circuit plate 11c in the insulating substrate 11 are preferably equal to or more than 0.5 mm in thickness by considering thermal diffusion and terminal matching. In the AMB substrate, one way to thicken the copper plate may be achieved so that a thicker copper plate is connected directly to the insulating plate 11a and then can be etched. Furthermore another way may be achieved so that a thinner copper plate, which is connected to the insulating plate 11a firstly and then etched, is bonded to a copper block together afterward by diffusion bonding or sintering.

    [0022] A semiconductor element 13 is fixed to the circuit plate 11c disposed on the main face of the insulating plate 11a with a conductive bonding material such as solder (not shown). The semiconductor element 13 is a switching element such as an insulating gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) and a power MOSFET or a diode such as a free-wheeling diode (FWD) . Such a combination of the switching element and the diode can form a so-called 2-in-1 power semiconductor module. A plurality of switching elements and diodes are also mounted behind the semiconductor element 13 in the circuit plate 11c but not depicted in FIG. 2.

    [0023] The external connection terminal 12 is fixed to the circuit plate 11c disposed on the main face of the insulating plate 11a with the conductive bonding material such as solder (not shown). It is preferable that a convex portion and/or a recessed portion are formed on a part of the surface of the external connection terminal 12 in order to increase strength against pulling-out force, creating anchoring effect to the resin 10. The bonding material for fixing the external connection terminal 12 and the semiconductor element 13 to the circuit plate 11c is not limited to solder and may be a metal sintering material or the like.

    [0024] One edge of a conductive post 14 is fixed with the bonding material such as solder to an electrode of the semiconductor element 13 in which the electrode is set to the face on the opposite side of the surface joined to the circuit plate 11c, resulting in an electrical connection. Further, another edge of another conductive post 14 is fixed to the circuit plate 11c with the bonding material such as solder, resulting in an electrical connection. The other edges of these conductive posts are connected electrically and mechanically to wiring film of a printed circuit board 15 described later. The conductive post 14 is composed of a conductive material such as copper. It is more preferable for supplying a large current to set a plurality of conductive posts 14 per one electrode of the semiconductor element 13 than one conductive post per one electrode.

    [0025] The printed circuit board 15 is set so as to be opposed to the main face of the insulating plate 11a to which the circuit plate 11c is fixed. , The other edges of the conductive posts 14 described above are fixed to the wiring film of the printed circuit board 15 with the bonding material such as solder, resulting in an electrical connection. Wiring by using the conductive post 14 and the printed circuit board 15 is employed instead of that by using bonding wires conventionally. Then the power semiconductor module 1 according to the present embodiment can be miniaturized in comparison with the module employing conventional wire bonding. In addition, as it can be reduced more in wire inductance than a conventional one, it is adaptive to high speed switching operation.

    [0026] The conductive post 14, which is in a state of piercing through a through-hole of the printed circuit board 15, is connected to the printed circuit board electrically and mechanically by joining with solder or by re-melting a surface of the post. Then it is preferable that the printed circuit board having the conductive post is formed before the power semiconductor module 1 is assembled. Furthermore the printed circuit board 15 is not limited in particular if it is easily available and has a wiring film thickness of several tens to 100 µm. However, if temperature during bonding, high temperature use after shipment, and formability and temperature during molding are taken into consideration, a flexible printed circuit board (FPC) composed of a polyimide-resin or the like is preferably employed because its material has high heat resistance and a thin insulating portion.

    [0027] A ceramic plate 16, which is located at a distant place from the main face of the insulating plate 11a more than from the printed circuit board 15, is set so as to be opposed to the main face of the insulating plate 11a to which the circuit plate 11c is fixed.

    [0028] Moreover, the resin 10 is placed to cover the circuit plate 11c, the semiconductor 13, the printed circuit board 15, and the ceramic plate 16. The resin 10 has the first face 10a which forms almost the same plane as the insulating substrate 11 and the second face 10b which is almost parallel to the first face 10a as described earlier. A thermosetting resin composed of such as an epoxy-resin, a polyimide-resin, a silicone-resin, a phenol-resin, and an amino-resin can be employed as the resin 10.

    [0029] And then, the first face 10a portion of the resin 10 can have almost the same linear expansion coefficient as the second face 10b portion because the ceramic plate 16 is set at the position nearer to the second face 10b of the resin 10. Then, during manufacturing the power semiconductor module 1, when the resin 10 shrinks thermally after molding, the thermal shrinkage in the first face 10a portion becomes equivalent to that in the second face 10b portion. Then this suppresses the first face 10a from warping in a curved surface shape. Then stress, which is applied to the direction to which warpage is corrected, can be reduced even though the power semiconductor module 1 is screwed on the mounting flat surface of the equipment. Thus the power semiconductor module 1 can attain high reliability.

    [0030] Further, even though the semiconductor element 13 generates heat repeatedly during the use of the power semiconductor module 1, thermal expansion and shrinkage are similarly applied to both the first face 10a portion and the second face 10b portion. Then this can suppress stress created by power cycle from acting to the inside part of the module. Namely, since heat deformation can be suppressed in the resin 10, the power semiconductor module 1 attains high reliability also in this regard. Moreover, a compound, which is set between the mounting face of the equipment and the power semiconductor module 1, can be suppressed from being pushed out by the heat deformation in use. Then the power semiconductor module 1 can attain high reliability also in this regard.

    [0031] As described above, warpage can be suppressed in the first face 10a of the resin 10 both after manufacturing the power semiconductor module 1 and when it is in use. Then it is not necessary to perform scraping process on the first face 10a. Furthermore, as there is no restriction on the presence or absence of filler and on the filler quantity added when choosing the resin 10, the resin can be selected more suitably. Further, as there is no need to increase rigidity by thickening the resin 10 in order to prevent it from warping, this does not inhibit the resin 10 from being miniaturized. In addition, as the compound and a heat dissipation sheet can be reduced in thickness, this allows heat dissipation to improve when the power semiconductor module 1 is mounted.

    [0032] Furthermore, the use of the ceramic plate 16 leads the resin to eliminate warp. Then there is no need to alter the insulating plate 11a of the insulating substrate 11 to an insulating plate composed of resin. Then this avoids decreasing in insulation resistance and increasing in thermal resistance which would occur in the case of using the insulating plate composed of resin.

    [0033] Material of the ceramic plate 16 is not specially limited, and then there is no obstacle particularly if the ceramic plate 16 has closer linear expansion coefficient to the material of the insulating plate 11a than the resin 10 and is made of material resistant to bending and stress. Moreover, it is more preferably made of the same material as the insulating plate 11a to secure the same linear expansion coefficient. Further, as described later, according to the present embodiment, as the ceramic plate 16 is supported with the external connection terminal 12 or fixed therewith, it is preferable that the ceramic plate 16 has insulation property. In addition, the ceramic plate 16 may be a ceramic single body. It may be also the AMB substrate or the DBC substrate which has a conductive layer on either one surface or both surfaces.

    [0034] During manufacturing the power semiconductor module 1 according to the present embodiment, there needs a measure in molding process to retain the position of the ceramic plate 16 in spite of resin flow. According to the present embodiment, the ceramic plate 16 is retained by using the external connection terminal 12 as the measure described above. That is, according to the present embodiment, the external connection terminal 12 is employed as a supporting member that fixes the position of the ceramic plate 16.

    [0035] FIG. 3 shows a perspective view illustrating internal members of the power semiconductor module 1 without the resin 10 according to the present embodiment. According to an aspect of the present embodiment shown in FIG. 3, two sheets of the ceramic plates 16 are set so that they correspond to respective two insulating substrates 11. Each ceramic plate 16 has substantially rectangular plane shape and has almost the same size and thickness as the insulating plate 11a of the insulating substrate 11. In the periphery of the respective ceramic plates 16, a plurality of through-holes 16a are formed so that the through-holes are placed to the respective positions where the external connection terminals 12 are disposed. A diameter of the through-hole 16a has a size capable to thread the external connection terminal 12 through.

    [0036] FIG. 4 shows instances in the external connection terminal 12 which works as the supporting member fixing the ceramic plate 16 according to the present embodiment. An external connection terminal 12A shown in FIG. 4a has a protrusion 12Aa at a predetermined position. The protrusion 12Aa has a cross-shaped cross section as illustrated in a cross section view in which the cross section is perpendicular to the principal axis of the external connection terminal 12A in FIG. 4c. The maximum protrusion length of the external connection terminal 12 at the protrusion 12Aa in diameter direction is greater than the diameter of the through-hole 16a formed in the ceramic plate 16. Therefore, when the through-hole 16a of the ceramic plate 16 is threaded with one edge of the external connection terminal 12A, the ceramic plate 16 is locked at the position of the protrusion 12Aa of the external connection terminal 12A. Then this allows the position of the ceramic plate 16 to be fixed.

    [0037] It should be also considered that the supporting member is fixed not to the insulating substrate 11 as described in the present embodiment but to the printed circuit board 15 when fixing the position of the ceramic plate 16. However, as the printed circuit board 15 has a lower rigidity than the insulating substrate 11, it cannot fix the ceramic plate 16 firmly. Then the ceramic plate 16 will move when resin is injected into a mold during molding. Then this might cause the ceramic plate 16 to vary in position. On the other hand, according to the present embodiment, the problem described above does not occur because the position of the ceramic plate 16 is fixed by using the insulating substrate 11 with high rigidity. Then the power semiconductor module 1 with high reliability can be manufactured steadily. Further as described above, by employing the external connection terminal 12 as the supporting member, manufacturing cost can be reduced because there is no need to prepare another supporting member separately.

    [0038] Furthermore, instead of employing the external connection terminal 12, specific members having structures shown in FIG. 4 can be employed as the supporting member. In addition, in an example not falling under the claimed invention, the supporting member can be fixed not to the circuit plate 11c but to the main face of the insulating plate 11a. In these cases, the supporting member can be placed independently from the external connection terminal. Then this raises freedom in internal structure for the power semiconductor module 1.

    [0039] The protrusion 12Aa of the external connection terminal 12A shown in FIGS. 4a and 4c can be formed so that drawing is performed, for example, to a specific position of the external connection terminal 12A. Further, the protrusion 12Aa can be also formed by adhering a locking member, which is prepared separately, to the external connection terminal 12. The protrusion 12Aa of the external connection terminal 12A is not limited to the cross-shape shown in FIG. 4c. The protrusion 12Aa has an arbitrary shape in the cross section perpendicular to the principal axis. The point is that the maximum protrusion length in diameter direction just needs to be greater than the diameter of the through-hole 16a of the ceramic plate 16.

    [0040] An external connection terminal 12B shown in FIG. 4b illustrates another instance of the external connection terminal 12. The external connection terminal 12B is different from the external connection terminal 12A in the shape of the protrusion 12Ba. The protrusion 12Ba, which is formed at a specific position in the total length of the external connection terminal 12B, has a cross-shape in the cross section perpendicular to the principal axis. And then, the maximum protrusion length of the protrusion 12Ba of the external connection terminal 12 in diameter direction is slightly greater than the diameter of the through-hole 16a formed in the ceramic plate 16. Concretely, the protrusion 12Ba has a size capable to be press-fitted into the through-hole 16a or another size capable to be locked to the ceramic plate 16 under friction force with the through-hole 16a by being pressed to the through-hole 16a. Therefore, the through-hole 16a of the ceramic plate 16 is threaded with the external connection terminal 12B from one edge thereof and then press-fitted into the protrusion 12Ba or pressed thereto. Then the ceramic plate 16 is locked in the protrusion 12Ba at the position thereof in the external connection terminal 12B. Thus this can fix the position of the ceramic plate 16.

    [0041] In a case of using a high viscosity resin as the resin 10, if there is concern over position fluctuation of the ceramic plate 16 owing to the resin flow in the mold, the external connection terminal 12B shown in FIG. 4b is employed advantageously.

    [0042] The protrusion 12Ba of the external connection terminal 12B can be formed so that the drawing is performed to a specific position of the external terminal 12B in a similar manner that the protrusion 12Aa of the external connection terminal 12A is formed described earlier. Further, the protrusion 12Ba can be formed by adhering another locking member, which is prepared separately, to the external connection terminal 12. The protrusion 12Ba of the external connection terminal 12B is not limited to a shape with a cross . The protrusion 12Ba has an arbitrary shape in the cross section perpendicular to the principal axis. The point is that the maximum protrusion length in diameter direction just need to be slightly greater than the diameter of the through-hole 16a and to have a size capable to be press-fitted into the through-hole 16a or another size capable to generate friction force by being pressed.

    [0043] A copper material is preferably employed for the external connection terminals 12, 12A, and 12B to reduce electric resistance, being also plated with conductive plating as necessary. The copper material is soft relatively and then can be deformed plastically. Then the drawing is easily performed to the protrusions 12Aa and 12Ba. Moreover, the ceramic plate 16 is also locked in the protrusion easily so as to be press-fitted into the through-hole 16a or to be pressed thereto.

    [0044] Further, another material except the copper material may be used when a special member except the external connection terminal 12 is employed as the supporting member. It is preferable to use the material which can be easily deformed plastically also in this case.

    [0045] The position where the ceramic plate 16 is fixed with the supporting member (the external connection terminal 12 according to the present embodiment) is preferably determined so that the ratio of the distance from the first face 10a of the resin 10 to the center of the insulating plate 11a of the insulating substrate 11 in thickness direction to the distance from the second face 10b of the resin 10 to the center of the ceramic plate 16 in thickness direction is in the range of 1 to 5. The reason comes from that the numerical range allows the linear expansion coefficient of the first face 10a portion in the resin 10 to approach that of the second face 10b portion and then suppresses the resin from warping certainly. More preferably, the ratio described above is in the range of 1 to 4. Further preferably, the ratio described above is approximately 1. The fact that the ratio described above is 1 indicates that the distance from the first face 10a of the resin 10 to the insulating plate 11a is similar to that from the second face 10b of the resin 10 to the ceramic plate 16. Proper adjustment of the ratio described above and parameters concerning the ceramic plate 16 such as material, planar shape, planar size, and thickness can suppress the first face 10a of the resin 10 from warping more suitably. In particular, it is preferable to adjust the parameters described above when the insulating plate 11a is different from the ceramic plate 16 in material, thickness, and shape.

    [0046] According to the present embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, two sheets of ceramic plates 16 are set so as to correspond to the respective two insulating substrates 11. On the other hand, the ceramic plate 16 may be a single plate having a size which can cover the two insulating substrates 11. The ceramic plate 16 can be improved in rigidity when using the single plate of the ceramic plate 16 further than when using the two sheets of plates. Then this can suppress the first face 10a of the resin 10 from warping more effectively.

    [0047] The power semiconductor module 1 according to the present embodiment has a so-called full-mold type structure. As the respective members are fixed with the sealing resin, stress applied to the bonding material which bonds the respective members is suppressed. Then this leads it to have extremely high reliability against power cycle and the like.

    [0048] Another semiconductor device according to another embodiment of the present invention will be described by using FIG. 5. FIG. 5 is a perspective view corresponding to FIG. 3 which illustrates the semiconductor device according to the embodiment described earlier. Further, in FIG. 5, the same reference numerals are given to the respective identical members as those described earlier and redundant descriptions are omitted. The ceramic plate 16A shown in FIG. 5 is different from the ceramic plate 16 shown in FIG. 3 in planar shape. Otherwise FIG. 5 has the same constitution as FIG. 3.

    [0049] The ceramic plate 16A shown in FIG. 5 has a planar shape in which an area where the external connection terminal 12 is positioned has been cut off so as to avoid colliding with the external connection terminal 12. The position of ceramic plate 16A can be fixed with the protrusion 12Aa of the external connection terminal 12A shown in FIG. 4 or with the protrusion 12Ba of the external connection terminal 12B. The ceramic plate 16A shown in FIG. 5 has the same effect as the ceramic plate 16 shown in FIG. 3 according to the previous embodiment.

    [0050] This embodiment is particularly effective when a ceramic material that is difficult to form a hole-shape is employed as the ceramic plate 16.

    [0051] Still another semiconductor device according to still another embodiment of the present invention will be described using FIG. 6. FIG. 6 is a perspective view corresponding to FIG. 3 illustrating the semiconductor device according to the embodiment described above. Further, the same reference numerals are given to the respective identical members as those described earlier and redundant descriptions are omitted in FIG. 6. The ceramic plate 16B shown in FIG. 6 is different from the ceramic plate 16 shown in FIG. 3 in planar shape. Otherwise, FIG. 6 has the same constitution as FIG. 3.

    [0052] The ceramic plate 16B shown in FIG. 6 has a resin-flowing-hole 16b at the center thereof. The resin-flowing-hole 16b is useful for resin to flow to the place between the respective members which are located between the ceramic plate 16 and the insulating substrate 11 during molding when manufacturing the power semiconductor module 1. Moreover, it is effective to improve adhesion strength between the ceramic plate 16 and the resin. The resin-flowing-hole 16b can be determined properly in size, position, number, and the like by taking rigidity which is demand for the ceramic plate 16B into consideration.

    [0053] Next, a method for manufacturing the power semiconductor module 1 will be described.

    [0054] The semiconductor element 13 is fixed with the bonding material to the circuit plate 11c placed on the main face of the insulating plate 11a. Next, the printed circuit board 15 with conductive posts 14 is prepared in advance, and the conductive posts 14 are aligned to the electrode of the semiconductor element 13 and the circuit plate 11c of the insulating substrate 11 to be fixed with the bonding material. The connection between the printed circuit board 15 with conductive posts 14 and both the semiconductor element 13 and the circuit plate 11c may be performed either simultaneously or separately with the connection between the semiconductor element 13 and the insulating substrate 11.

    [0055] Next, the external connection terminal 12 is fixed with the bonding material to the circuit plate 11c placed on the main face of the insulating plate 11a. Next, the ceramic plate 16 is locked to the external connection terminal 12, resulting in fixation at the position leaving from the printed circuit board 15. This can provide assembly of the respective members shown in FIG. 3. The assembly is set into a mold, and then the resin 10, which is the thermosetting resin, is filled in the mold to be cured. The curing temperature is, for example, around 150 to 250°C.

    [0056] For comparison, a conventional power semiconductor module 100 is shown in FIG. 10 illustrating a cross section view which corresponds to that according to the embodiment of the present invention as shown in FIG. 2. In FIG. 10, the same reference numerals are given to the respective identical members as those shown in FIG. 2 and redundant descriptions are omitted. Furthermore, a reference numeral b indicates a bolt for screwing the power semiconductor module 100 up.

    [0057] The power semiconductor module 100 shown in FIG. 10 is different from the power semiconductor module 1 shown in FIG. 2 in that the ceramic plate 16 is absent. Since it does not include the ceramic plate 16, the first face 10a of the resin 10 warps easily, and then the constitution has warpage largely.

    EXAMPLES



    [0058] In the power semiconductor module 1 having a constitution shown in FIG. 2, warpage is examined by preparing three kinds of power semiconductor modules 1A to 1C, in which the respective distances from the second face 10b of the resin 10 to the ceramic plate 16 are altered. Further warpage is examined by using the ceramic plate 16 being the single plate having the size which can cover two insulating substrates 11 and by preparing three kinds of power semiconductor modules 1D to 1F, in which the respective distances from the second face 10b of the resin 10 to the ceramic plate 16 are altered. In addition, warpage is examined by preparing the conventional power semiconductor module 100, which do not have the ceramic plate 16.

    [0059] The power semiconductor module 100, which is a comparative example, is shown in FIG. 7a illustrating a schematic cross section as a case that the ceramic plate 16 is absent.

    Example 1 shown by a schematic cross section in FIG. 7b illustrates a power semiconductor module 1A as a case that the distance from the second face 10b of the resin 10 to the ceramic plate 16 is large.

    Example 2 shown by a schematic cross section in FIG. 7c illustrates a power semiconductor module 1B as a case that the distance from the second face 10b of the resin 10 to the ceramic plate 16 is medium.

    Example 3 shown by a schematic cross section in FIG. 7d illustrates a power semiconductor module 1C as a case that the distance from the second face 10b of the resin 10 to the ceramic plate 16 is small.

    Example 4 shown by a schematic cross section in FIG. 8a illustrates a power semiconductor module 1D as a case that the ceramic plate 16 is the single plate having the size which can cover the two insulating substrate 11, and also the distance from the second face 10b of the resin 10 to the ceramic plate 16 is large.

    Example 5 shown by a schematic cross section in FIG. 8b illustrates a power semiconductor module IE as a case that the ceramic plate 16 is the single plate having the size which can cover the two insulating substrates 11, and also the distance from the second face 10b of the resin 10 to the ceramic plate 16 is medium.

    Example 6 shown by a schematic cross section in FIG. 8c illustrates a power semiconductor module 1F as a case that the ceramic plate 16 is the single plate having the size which can cover the two insulating substrates 11, and also the distance from the second face 10b of the resin 10 to the ceramic plate 16 is small.



    [0060] When each of the power semiconductor modules 1A to 1F and 100, which are the respective examples and the comparative example, respectively, is placed on the flat surface at normal temperature, warpage is evaluated based on the distance from the flat surface to the position where one edge of the resin 10 leaves from the flat surface in longitudinal direction.

    [0061] As a result, when comparing among examples 1 to 3, a warpage L2 of the power semiconductor module 1B in example 2 is smaller than a warpage L1 of the power semiconductor module 1A in example 1. And then a warpage L3 of the power semiconductor module 1C in example 3 is smaller than the warpage L2. Further when comparing among examples 4 to 6, a warpage L5 of the power semiconductor module 1E in example 5 is smaller than a warpage L4 of the power semiconductor module 1D in example 4. And then a warpage L6 of the power semiconductor module 1F in example 6 is smaller than the warpage L5. In addition, the power semiconductor module 1F of example 6 has warpage reverse to the other power semiconductor modules 1A to IE. A warpage L0 of the power semiconductor module 100, which is the comparative example, is larger than each of the power semiconductor modules 1B, 1C, 1E, and 1F which are examples 2, 3, 5, and 6, respectively.

    [0062] FIG. 9 shows a result plotted for the examples 1 to 6 and the comparative example of the power semiconductor modules on a graph. The horizontal axis indicates the ratio of the distance from the second face 10b of the resin 10 to the ceramic plate to the distance from the first face 10a of the resin 10 to the insulating plate 11a of the insulating substrate 11, and the vertical axis indicates the warpage. In addition, the vertical axis indicates relative numerical value in warpage among the power semiconductor modules.

    [0063] The semiconductor device according to the present invention is described using the respective embodiments and the figures as above. The semiconductor device according to the present invention is not limited to these embodiments and figures. It is possible to modify variously, provided that it does not exceed the gist thereof.

    EXPLANATIONS OF LETTERS OR NUMERALS



    [0064] 

    1: power semiconductor module

    10: resin

    10a: first face

    10b: second face

    11: insulating substrate

    11a: insulating plate

    11b: metal plate

    11c: circuit plate

    12, 12A, 12B: external connection terminal

    12Aa, 12Ba: protrusion

    13: semiconductor element

    14: conductive post

    15: printed circuit board

    16, 16A, 16B: ceramic plate




    Claims

    1. A semiconductor device comprising:

    an insulating substrate (11) including an insulating plate (11a) formed of ceramics and a circuit plate (11c) fixed on the main face of the insulating plate (11a);

    a semiconductor element (13) fixed on the circuit plate (11c); and

    a printed circuit board (15) set so as to be opposed to the main face of the insulating plate (11a); characterized in that the semiconductor device further comprises:

    a ceramic plate (16) set so as to be opposed to the main face of the insulating plate (11a), wherein the ceramic plate (16) is set further away from the main face of the insulating plate (11a) than from the printed circuit board (15);

    an external connection terminal (12) with a protrusion (12Aa, 12Ba) fixing a position of the ceramic plate (16), wherein the external connection terminal (12) is fixed to the circuit plate (11c); and

    a resin (10) which covers the circuit plate (11c), the semiconductor element (13), the printed circuit board (15), and the ceramic plate (16).


     
    2. The semiconductor device according to claim 1, wherein the resin (10) has a first face (10a) forming substantially the same plane with the insulating substrate (11), and the resin (10) has a second face (10b) being in parallel to the first face (10a), wherein a ratio of a distance from the first face (10a) of the resin (10) to the center of the insulating plate (11a) of the insulating substrate (11) in thickness direction to a distance from the second face (10b) of the resin (10) to the center of the ceramic plate (16) in thickness direction is in the range of 1 to 5.
     
    3. The semiconductor device according to claim 1, wherein the ceramic plate (16) is composed of a material having the same linear expansion coefficient as the insulating plate (11a).
     
    4. The semiconductor device according to claim 1, wherein the resin (10) is a thermosetting resin which is composed of at least one type selected from a group including an epoxy-resin, a polyimide-resin, a silicone-resin, a phenol-resin, and an amino-resin.
     
    5. The semiconductor device according to claim 1, wherein the semiconductor device includes a conductive post (14) which is connected electrically and mechanically to the semiconductor element (13) and the printed circuit board (15).
     
    6. The semiconductor device according to claim 1, wherein the ceramic plate (16B) includes a hole (16b) in which the resin (10) flows.
     
    7. The semiconductor device according to claim 1, wherein the ceramic plate (16) includes a conductive layer on either one surface or both surfaces.
     
    8. The semiconductor device according to claim 1, wherein the ceramic plate (16) is a single plate.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Halbleitervorrichtung umfassend:

    ein Isoliersubstrat (11) einschließlich einer Isolierplatte (11a), die aus Keramik gebildet ist, und einer Schaltungsplatte (11c), die auf der Hauptfläche der Isolierplatte (11a) befestigt ist;

    ein Halbleiterelement (13), das auf der Schaltungsplatte (11c) befestigt ist; und

    eine Leiterplatte (15), die derart angeordnet ist, dass sie der Hauptfläche der Isolierplatte (11a) gegenüberliegt;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Halbleitervorrichtung ferner umfasst:

    eine Keramikplatte (16), die derart angeordnet ist, dass sie der Hauptfläche der Isolierplatte (11a) gegenüberliegt, wobei die Keramikplatte (16) weiter entfernt von der Hauptfläche der Isolierplatte (11a) als von der Leiterplatte (15) angeordnet ist;

    ein externer Verbindungsanschluss (12) mit einem Vorsprung (12Aa, 12Ba), der eine Position der Keramikplatte (16) fixiert, wobei der externe Verbindungsanschluss (12) an der Schaltungsplatte (11c) befestigt ist; und

    ein Harz (10), das die Schaltungsplatte (11c), das Halbleiterelement (13), die Leiterplatte (15) und die Keramikplatte (16) abdeckt.


     
    2. Halbleitervorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Harz (10) eine erste Fläche (10a) aufweist, die im Wesentlichen die gleiche Ebene mit dem Isoliersubstrat (11) bildet, und das Harz (10) eine zweite Fläche (10b) aufweist, die parallel zu der ersten Fläche (10a) ist, wobei ein Verhältnis eines Abstands von der ersten Fläche (10a) des Harzes (10) zu der Mitte der Isolierplatte (11a) des Isoliersubstrats (11) in Dickenrichtung zu einem Abstand von der zweiten Fläche (10b) des Harzes (10) zu der Mitte der Keramikplatte (16) in Dickenrichtung im Bereich von 1 bis 5 liegt.
     
    3. Halbleitervorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Keramikplatte (16) aus einem Material mit dem gleichen linearen Ausdehnungskoeffizienten wie die Isolierplatte (11a) besteht.
     
    4. Halbleitervorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Harz (10) ein wärmehärtbares Harz ist, das aus mindestens einem Typ zusammengesetzt ist, der ausgewählt ist aus einer Gruppe umfassend ein Epoxidharz, ein Polyimidharz, ein Silikonharz, ein Phenolharz und ein Aminoharz.
     
    5. Halbleitervorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Halbleitervorrichtung eine leitende Säule (14) aufweist, die mit dem Halbleiterelement (13) und der Leiterplatte (15) elektrisch und mechanisch verbunden ist.
     
    6. Halbleitervorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Keramikplatte (16B) ein Loch (16b) umfasst, in dem das Harz (10) fließt.
     
    7. Halbleitervorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Keramikplatte (16) eine leitende Schicht auf einer oder beiden Flächen umfasst.
     
    8. Halbleitervorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Keramikplatte (16) eine einzelne Platte ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif à semi-conducteur comprenant:

    un substrat isolant (11) comprenant une plaque isolante (11a) formée par des céramiques et une plaque de circuit (11c) fixée sur la surface principale de la plaque isolante (11a) ;

    un élément semi-conducteur (13) fixé sur la plaque de circuit (11c) ; et

    une carte de circuit imprimé (15) placée de manière à être opposée à la surface principale de la plaque isolante (11a) ; caractérisé en ce que le dispositif à semi-conducteur comprend en outre:

    une plaque en céramique (16) placée de manière à être opposée à la surface principale de la plaque isolante (11a), dans lequel la plaque en céramique (16) est placée plus loin de la surface principale de la plaque isolante (11a) que de la carte de circuit imprimé (15);

    une borne de connexion externe (12) avec une saillie (12Aa, 12Ba) fixant une position de la plaque en céramique (16), dans lequel la borne de connexion externe (12) est fixée sur la plaque de circuit (11c) ; et

    une résine (10) qui recouvre la plaque de circuit (11c), l'élément semi-conducteur (13), la carte de circuit imprimé (15), et la plaque de céramique (16).


     
    2. Dispositif à semi-conducteur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la résine (10) a une première surface (10a) formant sensiblement le même plan avec le substrat isolant (11), et la résine (10) a une deuxième surface (10b) parallèle à la première surface (10a), dans lequel un rapport entre une distance de la première surface (10a) de la résine (10) par rapport au centre de la plaque isolante (11a) du substrat isolant (11) dans le sens de l'épaisseur et une distance de la deuxième surface (10b) de la résine (10) par rapport au centre de la plaque en céramique (16) dans le sens de l'épaisseur est dans la plage de 1 à 5.
     
    3. Dispositif à semi-conducteur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la plaque en céramique (16) se compose d'un matériau ayant le même coefficient de dilatation linéaire que la plaque isolante (11a).
     
    4. Dispositif à semi-conducteur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la résine (10) est une résine thermodurcissable qui se compose au moins d'un type sélectionné dans un groupe comprenant une résine époxy, une résine polyimide, une résine de silicone, une résine phénolique, et une résine aminique.
     
    5. Dispositif à semi-conducteur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le dispositif à semi-conducteur comprend une borne conductrice (14) raccordée électriquement et mécaniquement à l'élément semi-conducteur (13) et la carte de circuit imprimé (15).
     
    6. Dispositif à semi-conducteur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la plaque en céramique (16B) comprend un trou (16b) dans lequel s'écoule de la résine (10) .
     
    7. Dispositif à semi-conducteur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la plaque en céramique (16) comprend une couche conductrice sur l'une ou l'autre surface ou les deux surfaces.
     
    8. Dispositif à semi-conducteur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la plaque en céramique (16) est une plaque unique.
     




    Drawing
























    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description