(19)
(11)EP 3 049 480 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/49

(21)Application number: 14783707.4

(22)Date of filing:  19.09.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C08L 69/00  (2006.01)
C08K 7/06  (2006.01)
C08K 5/523  (2006.01)
C08L 83/10  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2014/056434
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/065611 (07.05.2015 Gazette  2015/18)

(54)

REINFORCED FLAME RETARDANT POLYCARBONATE COMPOSITION AND MOLDED ARTICLE COMPRISING SAME

VERSTÄRKTE FLAMMHEMMENDE POLYCARBONATZUSAMMENSETZUNG UND FORMARTIKEL DAMIT

COMPOSITION DE POLYCARBONATE À FORT POUVOIR IGNIFUGE ET ARTICLE MOULÉ EN COMPRENANT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 01.11.2013 US 201361898803 P
01.11.2013 US 201361899094 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
03.08.2016 Bulletin 2016/31

(73)Proprietor: SABIC Global Technologies B.V.
4612 PX Bergen op Zoom (NL)

(72)Inventors:
  • ATKINSON, Paul Michael
    West Chester, Pennsylvania 19382 (US)
  • SUN, Xiaoyu
    Downington, Pennsylvania 19335 (US)
  • LI, Ying
    Shanghai 201319 (CN)
  • SUN, Pei
    Shanghai 201319 (CN)
  • SHEN, Dake
    Shanghai 201319 (CN)
  • WANG, Huanbing
    Shanghai 201319 (CN)
  • SHI, Hongtao
    Shanghai 201319 (CN)

(74)Representative: Elzaburu S.L.P. 
Miguel Angel 21, 2nd floor
28010 Madrid
28010 Madrid (ES)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2011/014778
US-A1- 2005 182 165
WO-A2-2013/175445
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND



    [0001] The development of improved thermoplastic compositions, e.g., reinforced polycarbonate compositions, with robust flame-retardant properties presents significant technical challenges in discovering compositions that maintain the appropriate balance of modulus, ductility, flow, thin wall flame retardancy and heat resistance. For example, the modulus can be improved with the addition of inorganic fillers, however, the impact toughness will significantly drop compared to unfilled compositions (for example WO 2011/014778). The use of blended thermoplastic compositions in the application of electrical and electronic fields, especially the consumer electronics industry, increasingly requires compositions able to the meet the stringent requirements pertaining to modulus, flow, appearance, flame retardance, and heat resistance as these compositions are being utilized in applications with thin wall design. In particular, the industry has a strong need for compositions capable of high modulus and high ductility, together with good processability, flawless cosmetics, and thin wall flame retardancy.

    [0002] Thus, there remains a need for compositions that better manage the appropriate balance of stiffness and ductility while retaining a balanced profile of other properties. Accordingly, it would be beneficial to provide blended thermoplastic resin compositions that have high modulus and high ductility while retaining appropriate balance of other properties such as good processability, good appearance, and thin wall flame retardancy.

    SUMMARY



    [0003] A polymer composition comprises: a polycarbonate polymer in accordance with the claims.

    [0004] A method in accordance with the claims.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0005] Before the present methods and systems are disclosed and described, it is to be understood that the methods and systems are not limited to specific synthetic methods, specific components, or to particular compositions. It is also to be understood that the terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting.

    [0006] Various combinations of elements of this disclosure are encompassed by this invention, e.g., combinations of elements from dependent claims that depend upon the same independent claim.

    [0007] Moreover, it is to be understood that unless otherwise expressly stated, it is in no way intended that any method set forth herein be construed as requiring that its steps be performed in a specific order. Accordingly, where a method claim does not actually recite an order to be followed by its steps or it is not otherwise specifically stated in the claims or descriptions that the steps are to be limited to a specific order, it is no way intended that an order be inferred, in any respect. This holds for any possible non-express basis for interpretation, including: matters of logic with respect to arrangement of steps or operational flow; plain meaning derived from grammatical organization or punctuation; and the number or type of aspects described in the specification.

    [0008] It is also to be understood that the terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular aspects only and is not intended to be limiting. As used in the specification and in the claims, the term "comprising" may include the aspects "consisting of' and "consisting essentially of." Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs.

    [0009] As used in the specification and the appended claims, the singular forms "a," "an" and "the" include plural referents unless the context clearly dictates otherwise. Thus, for example, reference to "a polycarbonate" includes mixtures of two or more such polycarbonates. Furthermore, for example, reference to a filler includes mixtures of two or more such fillers.

    [0010] Ranges can be expressed herein as from "about" one particular value, and/or to "about" another particular value. When such a range is expressed, another aspect includes from the one particular value and/or to the other particular value. Similarly, when values are expressed as approximations, by use of the antecedent "about," it will be understood that the particular value forms another aspect. A value modified by a term or terms, such as "about" and "substantially," is intended to include the degree of error associated with measurement of the particular quantity based upon the equipment available at the time of filing this application. It will be further understood that the endpoints of each of the ranges are significant both in relation to the other endpoint, and independently of the other endpoint. It is also understood that there are a number of values disclosed herein, and that each value is also herein disclosed as "about" that particular value in addition to the value itself. For example, if the value "10" is disclosed, then "about 10" is also disclosed. It is also understood that each unit between two particular units are also disclosed. For example, if 10 and 15 are disclosed, then 11, 12, 13, and 14 are also disclosed.

    [0011] As used herein, the terms "optional" or "optionally" mean that the subsequently described event, condition, component, or circumstance may or may not occur, and that the description includes instances where said event or circumstance occurs and instances where it does not.

    [0012] Unless otherwise specified herein, any reference to standards, regulations, testing methods and the like, such as ASTM D256, ASTM D638, ASTM D790, ASTM D1238, ASTM D 4812, ASTM 4935, and UL94 refer to the standard, regulation, guidance or method that is in force at the time of filing of the present application.

    [0013] Disclosed are component materials to be used to prepare disclosed compositions of the invention as well as the compositions themselves to be used within methods disclosed herein. These and other materials are disclosed herein, and it is understood that when combinations, subsets, interactions, groups, etc. of these materials are disclosed that while specific reference of each various individual and collective combinations and permutation of these compounds cannot be explicitly disclosed, each is specifically contemplated and described herein. For example, if a particular compound is disclosed and discussed and a number of modifications that can be made to a number of molecules including the compounds are discussed, specifically contemplated is each and every combination and permutation of the compound and the modifications that are possible unless specifically indicated to the contrary. Thus, if a class of molecules A, B, and C are disclosed as well as a class of molecules D, E, and F and an example of a combination molecule, A-D is disclosed, then even if each is not individually recited each is individually and collectively contemplated meaning combinations, A-E, A-F, B-D, B-E, B-F, C-D, C-E, and C-F are considered disclosed. Likewise, any subset or combination of these is also disclosed. Thus, for example, the sub-group of A-E, B-F, and C-E would be considered disclosed. This concept applies to all aspects of this application including, but not limited to, steps in methods of making and using the compositions of the invention. Thus, if there are a variety of additional steps that can be performed it is understood that each of these additional steps can be performed with any specific aspect or combination of aspects of the methods of the invention.

    [0014] References in the specification and concluding claims to parts by weight, of a particular element or component in a composition or article denotes the weight relationship between the element or component and any other elements or components in the composition or article for which a part by weight is expressed. Thus, in a composition containing 2 parts by weight of component X and 5 parts by weight component Y, X and Y are present at a weight ratio of 2:5, and are present in such ratio regardless of whether additional components are contained in the compound.

    [0015] A weight percent of a component, unless specifically stated to the contrary, is based on the total weight of the formulation or composition in which the component is included.

    [0016] Compounds disclosed herein are described using standard nomenclature. For example, any position not substituted by any indicated group is understood to have its valency filled by a bond as indicated, or a hydrogen atom. A dash ("-") that is not between two letters or symbols is used to indicate a point of attachment for a substituent. For example, -CHO is attached through carbon of the carbonyl group. Unless defined otherwise, technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as is commonly understood by one of skill in the art to which this invention belongs.

    [0017] As used herein, the terms "number average molecular weight" or "Mn" can be used interchangeably, and refer to the statistical average molecular weight of all the polymer chains in the sample and is defined by the formula:

    where Mi is the molecular weight of a chain and Ni is the number of chains of that molecular weight. Mn can be determined for polymers, such as polycarbonate polymers or polycarbonate-PMMA copolymers, by methods well known to a person having ordinary skill in the art.

    [0018] As used herein, the terms "weight average molecular weight" or "Mw" can be used interchangeably, and are defined by the formula:

    where Mi is the molecular weight of a chain and Ni is the number of chains of that molecular weight. Compared to Mn, Mw takes into account the molecular weight of a given chain in determining contributions to the molecular weight average. Thus, the greater the molecular weight of a given chain, the more the chain contributes to the Mw. It is to be understood that as used herein, Mw is measured gel permeation chromatography. In some cases, Mw is measured gel permeation chromatography and calibrated with polycarbonate standards.

    [0019] The terms "polycarbonate" or "polycarbonates" as used herein includes copolycarbonates, homopolycarbonates and (co)polyester carbonates.

    [0020] The term polycarbonate can be further defined as compositions have repeating structural units of the formula (1):

    in which at least 60 percent of the total number of R1 groups are aromatic organic radicals and the balance thereof are aliphatic, alicyclic, or aromatic radicals. In a further aspect, each R1 is an aromatic organic radical and, more preferably, a radical of the formula (2):

            -A1-Y-A2-     (2),

    wherein each of A1 and A2 is a monocyclic divalent aryl radical and Y1 is a bridging radical having one or two atoms that separate A1 from A2. In various aspects, one atom separates A1 from A2. For example, radicals of this type include, but are not limited to, radicals such as -O-, -S-, -S(O)-, -S(O2)-, -C(O)-, methylene, cyclohexyl-methylene, 2-[2.2.1]-bicycloheptylidene, ethylidene, isopropylidene, neopentylidene, cyclohexylidene, cyclopentadecylidene, cyclododecylidene, and adamantylidene. The bridging radical Y1 is preferably a hydrocarbon group or a saturated hydrocarbon group such as methylene, cyclohexylidene, or isopropylidene. Polycarbonate materials include materials disclosed and described in U.S. Patent No. 7,786,246.

    [0021] As used herein, the term "polycarbonate-polysiloxane copolymer" is equivalent to polysiloxane-polycarbonate copolymer, polycarbonate-polysiloxane polymer, or polysiloxane-polycarbonate polymer. In various aspects, the polycarbonate-polysiloxane copolymer can be a block copolymer comprising one or more polycarbonate blocks and one or more polysiloxane blocks. The polysiloxane-polycarbonate copolymer comprises polydiorganosiloxane blocks comprising structural units of the general formula (13) below:

    wherein the polydiorganosiloxane block length (E) is about 20 to about 60; wherein each R group can be the same or different, and is selected from a C1-13 monovalent organic group; wherein each M can be the same or different, and is selected from a halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C8 alkylthio, C1-C8 alkyl, C1-C8 alkoxy, C2-C8 alkenyl, C2-C8 alkenyloxy group, C3-C8 cycloalkyl, C3-C8 cycloalkoxy, C6-C10 aryl, C6-C10 aryloxy, C7-C12 aralkyl, C7-C12aralkoxy, C7-C12 alkylaryl, or C7-C12 alkylaryloxy, and where each n is independently 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4. The polysiloxane-polycarbonate copolymer also comprises polycarbonate blocks comprising structural units of the general formula (14) below:

    wherein at least 60 percent of the total number of R1 groups comprise aromatic moieties and the balance thereof comprise aliphatic, alicyclic, or aromatic moieties. Polysiloxane-polycarbonates materials include materials disclosed and described in U.S. Patent No. 7,786,246.

    [0022] Additional components can include an impact modifier, flow modifier, filler (e.g., a particulate polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), glass, carbon, mineral, or metal), reinforcing agent (e.g., glass fibers), antioxidant, heat stabilizer, light stabilizer, ultraviolet (UV) light stabilizer, UV absorbing additive, plasticizer, lubricant, release agent (such as a mold release agent), antistatic agent, anti-fog agent, antimicrobial agent, chain extender, colorant (e.g, a dye or pigment), de-molding agents, flow promoter, flow modifier, surface effect additive, radiation stabilizer, flame retardant, anti-drip agent (e.g., a PTFE-encapsulated styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer (TSAN)), or a combination comprising one or more of the foregoing.

    [0023] In some embodiments, additives such as fillers (including reinforcing fillers), flame retardants, and surface enhancers can be added to the compositions disclosed herein. Exemplary fillers and flame retardants are discussed in U.S. Patent No. 7,786,246.

    [0024] Filler components can include glass beads, glass fiber, glass flakes, mica, talc, clay, wollastonite, zinc sulfide, zinc oxide, carbon fiber (including standard carbon fiber, a performance carbon fiber, or a long carbon fiber), ceramic-coated graphite, titanium dioxide, or combinations thereof. Certain fillers are discussed in US 2014/0107266. Certain embodiments comprise carbon fiber and/or blends with carbon fiber, and optionally other fibers.

    [0025] Flame retardants include phosphorus-containing flame retardants. Examples include phosphazene, aryl phosphate, bisphenol A disphosphate, resorcinol bis-diphenylphosphate, bisphenol A diphenyl phosphate, or resorcinol diphosphate, or a combination thereof. Certain flame retardants are discussed in US 2014/0107266.

    [0026] Impact modifiers include acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) polymer component, methyl methacrylate-butadiene-styrene (MBS) polymer component, bulk polymerized ABS (BABS) polymer, polyolefin elastomer (POE) polymer component, and silicone rubber impact modifier (SAIM) polymer component, and combinations thereof. Certain impact modifiers are discussed in US20140179817.

    [0027] Surface enhancer components include polyesters, a styrenic polymers (such as acrylonitrile butadiene styrene and polystyrene), polysiloxane, organomodified siloxane polymers, polyester, and maleic anhydride grafted ethylene propylene diene monomer (MAH-g-EPDM).

    EXAMPLES



    [0028] The following examples are put forth so as to provide those of ordinary skill in the art with a complete disclosure and description of how the methods, devices, and systems disclosed and claimed herein are made and evaluated, and are intended to be purely exemplary and are not intended to limit the disclosure. Efforts have been made to ensure accuracy with respect to numbers (e.g., amounts, temperature, etc.), but some errors and deviations should be accounted for. Unless indicated otherwise, parts are parts by weight, temperature is in degrees Celsius (°C) or is at ambient temperature, and pressure is at or near atmospheric.

    [0029] Molded articles were prepared for analysis using conventional compounding and molding techniques. The molded articles were compounded at a temperature of 500°F to 580°F (260°C to 304°C).

    [0030] A notched Izod impact ("NII") test was carried out on 63.5mm x 12.7mm x 3.18mm molded samples (bars) according to ASTM D 256 at 23 °C. Test samples were conditioned in ASTM standard conditions of 23 °C and 55% relative humidity for 48 hours and then were evaluated. NII was determined using a Ceast Impact Tester.

    [0031] An unnotched Izod impact test was carried out on molded parts (bars) according to ASTM D 4812 at 23 °C. Test specimen was conditioned at ASTM standard conditions of 23 °C and 55% relative humidity for 48 hours and then evaluated. Flexural properties (modulus and strength) were measured using 3.2 mm bars in accordance with ASTM D 790. Flexural strength (in units of MPa) and flexural modulus (in units of MPa) are reported at yield. Tensile properties (modulus, strength, and strength at yield) were measured on 3.2 mm bars in accordance with ASTM D 638. Tensile strength (for either at break or at yield, in units of MPa), tensile modulus (in units of MPa), and tensile elongation (%) are reported at break. Flame retardant properties were measured in accordance with UL94 flammability. Specific gravity properties were measured using ASTM D792.

    EXAMPLES 1-6



    [0032] As a non-limiting example, sample compositions were prepared from the components described in Table 1. The performance of the sample compositions of polycarbonate (bisphenol-A polycarbonate), polycarbonate-siloxane copolymer (polycarbonate-siloxane block copolymer with 20 % siloxane content), and carbon fibers were tested with and without the addition of resorcinol diphosphate as a flame retardant comprising phosphorus. The performance of the sample compositions were also tested with and without the addition of talc. The samples also included a drip suppressant concentrate comprising polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). The sample compositions were produced through extrusion compounding, with the carbon fiber provided as chopped feedstock. The sample compositions demonstrated acceptable ductility and strength as measured by the flexural strength and the flexural modulus. Specific gravity was measured to characterize the sample.

    [0033] Table 1 provides a performance comparison of comparative examples 1-3 and inventive examples 4-6. The flame retardant properties were measured using the UL94 flammability test with a sample width of 1.0 mm. A rating of V-0 demonstrates that the sample passed the UL94 test protocol; whereas a rating of NR demonstrates that the sample did not pass the UL94 test protocol by achieving any of the ratings allowed for by the UL94 test protocol.
    Table 1
    Sample characteristicsUnits123456
    Polycarbonate % 53.9 61.6 53.9 50 48 50
    PC-siloxane copolymer % 15.6 17.8 15.5 14.4 13.9 14.4
    Carbon fiber, performance % 20 20 30 20 20 20
    Sulfonate salt %   0.3 0.3      
    Resorcinol diphosphate % 10     12.5 12.5 15
    Talc %       2.5 5  
    Drip suppressant concentrate % 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.6
    Specific gravity - 1.3 1.262 1.31 1.32 1.34 1.31
    Flexural strength MPa 237 263 286 275 278 262
    Flexural modulus MPa 18400 16200 21100 19300 20000 17000
    UL94 flammability @ 1.0mm   NR NR NR V-0 V-0 V-0

    EXAMPLES 7-11



    [0034] As a non-limiting example, sample compositions were prepared from the components described in Table 2. The performance of the sample compositions of polycarbonate (bisphenol-A polycarbonate), polycarbonate-siloxane copolymer (polycarbonate-siloxane block copolymer with 20 % siloxane content), resorcinol diphosphate as the flame retardant comprising phosphorus, and talc were tested with performance carbon fibers or standard carbon fibers. The sample composition also included a pentaerythritol tetrastearate, a mold release agent. The sample compositions were produced through extrusion compounding, with the carbon fiber provided as chopped feedstock. The sample compositions demonstrated acceptable ductility and strength as measured by the flexural strength and the flexural modulus. Specific gravity was measured to characterize the sample.

    [0035] Table 2 provides a performance comparison of inventive examples 7-11. The flame retardant properties were measured using the UL94 flammability test with a sample width of 0.8 mm. A rating of V-0 demonstrates that the sample passed the UL94 test protocol.
    Table 2
    Sample characteristicsUnits7891011
    Polycarbonate % 52.3 52.3 54.4 53.4 52.4
    PC-siloxane copolymer % 11.1 11.1 12 12 12
    Carbon fiber, performance % 20   20 20 20
    Carbon fiber, standard %   20      
    Resorcinol diphosphate % 13 13 10 11 12
    Talc % 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.7
    Drip suppressant concentrate % 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
    Pentaerythritol tetrastearate % 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
    Specific gravity - 1.33 1.31 1.32 1.32 1.32
    Flexural strength MPa 287 227 258 266 261
    Flexural modulus MPa 19000 14000 18500 18700 18500
    UL94 flammability @ 0.8mm   V-0 V-0 V-0 V-0 V-0

    EXAMPLES 12-13



    [0036] As a non-limiting example, sample compositions were prepared from the components described in Table 3. The performance of the sample compositions of polycarbonate (bisphenol-A polycarbonate), polycarbonate-siloxane copolymer (polycarbonate-siloxane block copolymer with 20 % siloxane content), resorcinol diphosphate as the flame retardant comprising phosphorus, and talc were tested with long, roving, performance carbon fibers. The sample compositions were produced through pultrusion compounding, with the carbon fiber provided as continuous feedstock. The carbon fiber length prior to injection molding was equal to the length of the chopped pellet. These samples were molded into 6 inch by 8 inch (15.24 centimeters (cm) to 20.32) plaques of 0.8 mm thickness. The sample compositions demonstrated acceptable ductility and strength as measured by the flexural strength and the flexural modulus. Specific gravity was measured to characterize the sample.

    [0037] Table 3 provides a performance comparison of inventive examples 12-13. The flame retardant properties were measured using the UL94 flammability test with a sample width of 0.8 mm. A rating of V-0 demonstrates that the sample passed the UL94 test protocol.
    Table 3
    Sample characteristicsUnits1213
    Polycarbonate % 52.6 55
    PC-siloxane copolymer % 10.8 9.9
    Carbon fiber, performance, roving % 20 20
    Resorcinol diphosphate % 13 11.5
    Talc % 2.7 2.7
    Drip suppressant concentrate % 0.6 0.6
    Pentaerythritol tetrastearate % 0.3 0.3
    Specific gravity - 1.31 1.31
    Flexural strength MPa 256 244
    Flexural modulus MPa 17800 18200
    UL94 flammability @ 0.8mm   V-0 V-0

    EXAMPLES 14-17



    [0038] As a non-limiting example, sample compositions were prepared from the components described in Table 4. The performance of the sample compositions of polycarbonate (bisphenol-A polycarbonate), , performance carbon fibers, resorcinol diphosphate as the flame retardant comprising phosphorus, and talc were tested with and without the addition of polycarbonate-siloxane copolymer (polycarbonate-siloxane block copolymer with 20 % siloxane content). The sample composition also included hindered phenol stabilizer (antioxidant), phosphite stabilizer (heat stabilizer), and PC-black concentrate (colorant). The sample compositions were produced through extrusion compounding, with the carbon fiber provided as a chopped fiber. The sample compositions demonstrated acceptable ductility and strength as measured by the tensile strength, the flexural strength, and the flexural modulus. Specific gravity was measured to characterize the sample.

    [0039] Table 4 provides a performance comparison of inventive example 14 to comparative example 15 and inventive example 16 to comparative example 17. The flame retardant properties were measured using the UL94 flammability test with a sample width of 0.8 mm. A rating of V-0 demonstrates that the sample passed the UL94 test protocol. The addition of the polycarbonate-siloxane copolymer demonstrated improved impact strength as measured by notched Izod impact and unnotched Izod impact when comparing inventive example 14 to comparative example 15 and inventive example 16 to comparative example 17.
    Table 4
    Sample characteristicsUnits14151617
    Polycarbonate % 52.4 64.4 44.4 54.4
    PC-siloxane copolymer % 12   10  
    Carbon fiber, performance % 20 20 30 30
    Resorcinol diphosphate % 11 11 11 11
    Talc % 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
    Drip suppressant concentrate % 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
    Pentaerythritol tetrastearate % 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
    Hindered phenol stabilizer % 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
    Phosphite stabilizer % 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
    PC-black concentrate % 1 1 1 1
    Specific gravity - 1.32 1.327 1.369 1.376
    Tensile strength MPa 189 193 192 189
    Flexural strength MPa 262 256 270 258
    Flexural modulus MPa 18300 18300 24600 25700
    Notched Izod impact J/m 72.7 56.9 66.8 50.6
    Unnotched Izod impact J/m 577 568 509 475
    UL94 flammability @ 0.8mm - V-0 V-0 V-0 V-0

    EXAMPLES 18-19



    [0040] As a non-limiting example, sample compositions were prepared from the components described in Table 5. The performance of the sample compositions of polycarbonate (bisphenol-A polycarbonate), polycarbonate-siloxane copolymer (polycarbonate-siloxane block copolymer with 20 % siloxane content), performance carbon fibers, and talc were tested with phosphazine as the flame retardant comprising phosphorus. The sample compositions were produced through extrusion compounding, with the carbon fiber provided as a chopped fiber. The sample compositions demonstrated acceptable ductility and strength as measured by the tensile strength, the flexural strength, the flexural modulus, and the notched and unnotched izod impact tests. Specific gravity was measured to characterize the sample.

    [0041] Table 5 provides a performance comparison of inventive examples 18-19. The flame retardant properties were measured using the UL94 flammability test with a sample width of 0.8 mm. A rating of V-0 demonstrates that the sample passed the UL94 test protocol.
    Table 5
    Sample characteristicsUnits1819
    Polycarbonate % 56.4 51.4
    PC-siloxane copolymer % 10 15
    Carbon fiber, performance % 20 20
    Phosphazene % 8 8
    Talc % 2.5 2.5
    Drip suppressant concentrate % 0.6 0.6
    PETS % 0.3 0.3
    Hindered phenol stabilizer % 0.1 0.1
    Phosphite stabilizer % 0.1 0.1
    PC-black concentrate % 2 2
    Specific Gravity-Avg - 1.3 1.299
    Tensile strength MPa 162 156
    Flexural strength MPa 241 230
    Flexural modulus MPa 16000 16100
    Notched Izod impact J/m 79.5 74.9
    Unnotched Izod impact J/m 624 559
    UL94 flammability @ 0.8mm - V-0 V-0

    EXAMPLES 20-22



    [0042] As a non-limiting example, sample compositions were prepared from the components described in Table 6. The performance of the sample compositions of polycarbonate, performance carbon fibers or standard carbon fibers, resorcinol diphosphate as the flame retardant comprising phosphorus, and talc were tested at various sample thicknesses and with and without the addition of polycarbonate-siloxane copolymer (polycarbonate-siloxane block copolymer with 20 % siloxane content). The sample compositions were produced through extrusion compounding, with the carbon fiber provided as a chopped fiber. The sample compositions demonstrated acceptable tensile strength, flexural strength, flexural modulus, and impact strength as shown by the notched and unnotched Izod impact tests. Specific gravity was measured to characterize the sample.

    [0043] Table 6 provides a performance comparison of inventive example 20 with comparative examples 21 and 22. The flame retardant properties were measured using the UL94 flammability test with a sample width of 1.0 mm or 0.8 mm. A rating of V-0 demonstrates that the sample passed the UL94 test protocol. A rating of V-1 or V-2 demonstrates inferior fire retardant properties.
    Table 6
    Sample characteristicsUnits202122
    PC-sebacic acid copolymer % 46.4 63.4 63.4
    PC-siloxane copolymer % 16    
    Carbon fiber, performance % 20 20  
    Carbon fiber, standard       20
    Resorcinol diphosphate % 13 13 13
    Talc % 2.7 2.7 2.7
    Drip suppressant concentrate % 0.6 0.6 0.6
    PETS % 0.3 0.3 0.3
    PC-black concentrate % 1    
    Specific gravity - 1.317 1.323 1.327
    Tensile strength MPa 168 188 151
    Flexural strength MPa 232 262 219
    Flexural modulus MPa 18100 18400 14200
    Notched Izod impact J/m 61.1 66.4 46.1
    Unnotched Izod impact J/m 443 567 452
    UL94 flammability @ 1.0mm - V-0 V-0 V-2
    UL94 flammability @ 0.8mm - V-0 V-1 V-2

    EXAMPLES 23-30



    [0044] As a non-limiting example, sample compositions were prepared from the components described in Table 7. The performance of the sample compositions of polycarbonate-siloxane copolymer (polycarbonate-siloxane block copolymer with 20 % siloxane content), performance carbon fibers, and talc were tested with phosphazine or aryl phosphate as the flame retardant comprising phosphorus. The samples were also tested with polycarbonate (bisphenol-A polycarbonate), branched polycarbonate, or polycarbonate-sebacic acid copolymer or a combination thereof. The sample compositions include a chain extender comprising a low molecular weight styrene-acrylate-epoxy. Various widths of the samples were used when testing the flame retardant properties as measured by UL94 flammability test. The sample compositions were produced through extrusion compounding, with the carbon fiber provided as a chopped fiber. The sample compositions demonstrated acceptable ductility and strength as measured by the tensile strength, the flexural strength, the flexural modulus, and the notched and unnotched Izod impact tests. Specific gravity was measured to characterize the sample.

    [0045] Table 7 provides a performance comparison of inventive examples 23-30. The flame retardant properties were measured using the UL94 flammability test with a sample width of 1.0 mm, 0.8 mm, 0.6 mm, and 0.4 mm. A rating of V-0 demonstrates that the sample passed the UL94 test protocol.
    Table 7
    Sample characteristicsUnits2324252627282930
    PC-sebacic acid copolymer % 46.95 25 25 25 25 15 37.2 34.7
    Polycarbonate %   21.2 21.5 11.7 13.7 23.7    
    PC-siloxane copolymer % 15 17 17 17 15 15 17 17
    Branched polycarbonate %       10 10 10 10 10
    Carbon fiber, performance % 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25
    Phosphazene %   8 8 8 8 8    
    Aryl phosphate % 10           10 10
    Talc % 2 3 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.5   2.5
    PETS % 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
    Chain extender % 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
    Drip suppressant concentrate % 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
    Phosphite stabilizer % 0.1              
    Hindered phenol stabilizer % 0.15              
    Specific gravity - 1.32 1.32 1.3 1.31 1.31 1.31 1.3 1.32
    Tensile strength MPa 184 189 159 163 165 164 176 172
    Flexural strength MPa 263 276 238 246 253 251 262 262
    Flexural modulus MPa 19700 19600 18900 19200 19700 19400 19500 20100
    Notched Izod impact J/m 72 82.9 74.1 82.5 80.6 77.6 74 73.4
    Unnotched Izod impact J/m 458 531 503 470 508 472 507 538
    UL94 flammability @ 1.0mm - V-0 V-0 V-0 V-0 V-0 V-0 V-0 V-0
    UL94 flammability @ 0.8mm - V-0 V-0 V-0 V-0 V-0 V-0 V-0 V-0
    UL94 flammability @ 0.6mm - - V-0 V-0 V-0 V-0 V-0 V-0 V-0
    UL94 flammability @ 0.4mm - - V-0 V-0 V-0 V-0 V-0 V-0 V-0

    Example 31



    [0046] The materials shown in Table 8 were used to prepare the compositions described in Tables 10 and 12, and evaluated herein.
    Table 8
    ComponentChemical descriptionSource
    PC1 BPA polycarbonate resin made by an interfacial process with MVR at 300 °C/1.2 kg of about 5 to about 7 mL/10 min. SABIC Innovative Plastics ("SABIC I.P.")
    PC2 Optical quality (OQ) BPA polycarbonate resin (with phenol endcap), MVR at 300 °C/1.2 kg of about 60 to about 80 mL/10 min; Mw of about 17700. SABIC I.P.
    PC3 Branched BPA polycarbonate resin made by the interfacial process having a weight average molecular weight (Mw) of 37700 and MVR at 300 °C/1.2 kg of about 1 to about 4 mL/10 min. SABIC I.P.
    MET Methyl methacrylate polymer with butyl acrylate and dimethylsiloxane (CAS 143106-82-5); available under the trade name Metablen S-2001. Mitsubishi Corp. (HK), Ltd.
    TALC Surface-modified talc (magnesium silicate hydrate) with a mean particle size of 1.8 microns; available under the trade name Luzenac® R7. Imerys
    WOLL Wollastonite with median fiber diameter of about 4.5 µm and length of about 50 µm; available under the trade name Nyglos® 4W 10992. Nyco Minerals, Inc.
    GLF Chopped E-glass fiber with an average length of 4.5 mm and an average diameter of 13 microns; available under the trade name ECS03T-120/PL. Nippon Electric Glass Co., Ltd.
    FR1 Aromatic cyclic phosphazene-containing flame retardant with chemical formula (C12H10NPO2)n, wherein n is about 3 to about 6; commercially available under the trade name Rabitle FP-110. Fushimi Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
    FR2 Bisphenol A bis(diphenylphosphate), CAS Reg. No. 181028-79-5; available under the trade name CR-41. Daihachi Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.
    FR3 Oligomeric solid phosphate ester flame retardant with a melting point of about 101-108 °C; available under the trade name Fyrolflex SOL-DP. ICL Industrial Products
    ABS Bulk acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene comprising about 16-17 wt% butadiene content. SABIC I.P.
    PET Polyester homopolymer with I.V. of about 0.800 dl/g when determined at 25 °C in a mixed solvent of phenol/tetrachloroethane (1:1 by weight); available under the trade name BG-03-80. Foshan Honghua Polyester Chip Co., Ltd.
    PS Polystyrene (CAS 9003-53-6) with a melt flow rate (MFR) of about 8.5 when tested in accordance with ASTM D1238 at 200 °C under a 5 kg load; available under the trade name Styron 680A. Styron (Hong Kong) Limited
    SO Organomodified siloxane comprising a polycaprolactone-polydimethylsiloxane-polycaprolactone triblock copolymer having a Mw of about 22,000 AMU and a polydimethylsiloxane content of about 44 wt%; commercially available under the trade name Tegomer H-Si 6440P. Evonik Goldschmidt Gmbh
    TSAN Styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer encapsulated polytetrafluoroethylene. SABIC I.P.
    AO1 Hindered phenol, Irganox 1076. CIBA SPECIALITY CHEMICALS
    AO2 Tris(2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl)phosphite, stabilizer. EVERSPRING CHEMICAL CO LTD


    [0047] All samples were prepared by melt extrusion on a Toshiba Twin screw extruder, using a nominal melt temperature of 260 °C and operated at 400 revolutions per minute (rpm). Melt Volume Rate ("MVR") was determined at 260 °C under a 2.16 kg load, over 10 minutes, in accordance with ASTM D1238. Each reported value is an average value of three tested specimens. Results are reported in cubic centimeters cm3) per 10 minutes. Notched Izod Impact Strength ("NII") was used to compare the impact resistances of plastic materials and was determined in accordance with ASTM D256 at 23 °C with a 5.5 Joule hammer using 3.2 mm thick notched Izod bars The ASTM results are defined as the impact energy in joules used to break the test specimen, divided by the specimen area at the notch. Results are reported in J/m. Flexural testing was carried out at 1.27 millimeters per minute (mm/min) in accordance with ASTM D790.

    [0048] Flammability tests following the procedure of Underwriter's Laboratory Bulletin 94 (UL94) classified results as either UL94 V0, UL94 V1, or UL94 V2 on the basis of the test results obtained for five samples. Multiple specimens (either 5 or 10) are tested per thickness. Some specimens are tested after conditioning for 48 hours at 23 °C, 50% relative humidity. The other specimens are tested after conditioning for 168 hours at 70 °C. The bar is mounted with the long axis vertical for flammability testing. The specimen is supported such that its lower end is 9.5 mm above the Bunsen burner tube. A blue 19 mm high flame is applied to the center of the lower edge of the specimen for 10 seconds. The time until the flaming of the bar ceases is recorded (T1). If burning ceases, the flame is re-applied for an additional 10 seconds. Again, the time until the flaming of the bar ceases is recorded (T2). If the specimen drips particles, these shall be allowed to fall onto a layer of untreated surgical cotton placed 305 mm below the specimen.

    [0049] V0: In a sample placed so that its long axis is 180 degrees to the flame, the maximum period of flaming and/or smoldering after removing the igniting flame does not exceed 10 seconds and none of the vertically placed samples produces drips of burning particles that ignite absorbent cotton, and no specimen burns up to the holding clamp after flame or after glow.

    [0050] The data were also analyzed by calculating the average flame out time, standard deviation of the flame out time and the total number of drips, and by using statistical methods to convert that data to a prediction of the probability of first time pass, or "p(FTP)", that a particular sample formulation would achieve a "pass" rating in the conventional UL94 V0 or V1 testing of 5 bars. The probability of a first time pass on a first submission (pFTP) may be determined according to the formula:

    where Pt1>mbt, n = 0 is the probability that no first burn time exceeds a maximum burn time value, Pt2>mbt, n =0 is the probability that no second burn time exceeds a maximum burn time value, Ptotal<=mtbt is the probability that the sum of the burn times is less than or equal to a maximum total burn time value, and Pdrip, n =0 is the probability that no specimen exhibits dripping during the flame test. First and second burn time refer to burn times after a first and second application of the flame, respectively.

    [0051] The probability that no first burn time exceeds a maximum burn time value, Pt1>mbt, n = 0, may be determined the formula:

    where Pt1>mbt is the area under the log normal distribution curve for t1 > mbt, and where the exponent "5" relates to the number of bars tested. The probability that no second burn time exceeds a maximum burn time value may be determined from the formula:

    where Pt2>mbt is the area under the normal distribution curve for t2>mbt. As above, the mean and standard deviation of the burn time data set are used to calculate the normal distribution curve. For the UL-94 V0 rating, the maximum burn time is 10 seconds. For a V1 or V2 rating the maximum burn time is 30 seconds. The probability Pdrip, n =0 that no specimen exhibits dripping during the flame test is an attribute function, estimated by:

    where Pdrip = (the number of bars that drip/the number of bars tested).

    [0052] The probability Ptotal<=mtbt that the sum of the burn times is less than or equal to a maximum total burn time value may be determined from a normal distribution curve of simulated 5-bar total burn times. The distribution may be generated from a Monte Carlo simulation of 1000 sets of five bars using the distribution for the burn time data determined above. Techniques for Monte Carlo simulation are well known in the art. A normal distribution curve for 5-bar total burn times may be generated using the mean and standard deviation of the simulated 1000 sets. Therefore, Ptotal<=mtbt may be determined from the area under a log normal distribution curve of a set of 1000 Monte Carlo simulated 5-bar total burn time for total ≤ maximum total burn time. For the UL-94 V0 rating, the maximum total burn time is 50 seconds. For a VI or V2 rating, the maximum total burn time is 250 seconds. Surface appearance was checked using the molding conditions shown in Table 9.
    Table 9
    ConditionUnits 
    Pre-drying time hrs 4
    Pre-drying temp °C 85
    Zone 1 temp °C 260
    Zone 2 temp °C 270
    Zone 3 temp °C 270
    Nozzle temp °C 265
    Mold temp °C 70


    [0053] Exemplary formulations were prepared as described in Table 10 using the materials described in Table 1, wherein all amounts are given in wt%. Data for performance of the formulations in various tests are shown in Table 11. The data show that compositions comprising 15 wt% wollastonite, 10 wt% talc and 3 wt% glass fiber had very distinct performance results depending upon the nature of the filler, e.g. compare FR2 and FR3 individually vs. compositions comprising both FR1 and FR2 or FR2 and FR3. As can be seen from Sample #1 and #2 comprising, respectively, FR2 and FR3 with different loading, but comparable phosphor content, FR3 was superior in both impact strength and flame retardance efficiency compared to FR2. Moreover, the combination of FR2 and FR1 or FR2 and FR3 provided a synergistic effect, i.e. see Sample #3 and #4, with robust impact and flame retardance abilities provided by these combinations.
    Table 10
    Component#1#2#3#4
    PC1 20.24 21.64 21.64 21.64
    PC2 15 15 15 15
    PC3 15 15 15 15
    MET 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
    TALC 10 10 10 10
    WOLL 15 15 15 15
    GLF 3 3 3 3
    FR1 -- -- -- 6
    FR2 10.4 -- 3 3
    FR3 -- 9 6 --
    ABS 5 5 5 5
    Table 11
     Units#1#2#3#4
    Flexural Modulus MPa 6860 6650 6720 6680
    Modulus of Elasticity MPa 6190 6044 6060 6212
    Tensile Stress MPa 56 55 55 54
    Notched Impact Strench, 23 °C J/m 65 76 70 82
    MFR, 260 °C, 2.16 Kg g/10 min 8.2 6.9 7.6 6.3
    App. Viscosity, 270 °C, 1500 s-1 Pa*s 158 177 157 179
    Flame retardancy (UL 94, thickness 1.2 mm) -- None V1 V1 V0


    [0054] Additional formulations were prepared and tested (see Table 12 for formulation information and Table 13 for data obtained for formulations of Table 12). The additional formulations further depicted the performance of such reinforced polycarbonate compositions with the addition of various surface enhancers. As can be seen, compared to Samples #5 and #7, which contained no surface enhancer, ABS, PET, PS and organomodified siloxane, all manifested the function of improved surface appearance such as gate splay and glass floating, which are very important aspects for customer judgment on the appearance of molded part with highly filled materials. At the same time, there is still a good balance of material properties, for example, high modulus (7000-8000 MPa) and good notched impact strength to meet the target application needs.
    Table 12
    Component#5#6#7#8#9#10
    PC1 23.64 18.64 24.64 19.64 19.64 24.14
    PC2 15 15 15 15 15 15
    PC3 15 15 15 15 15 15
    MET 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
    TALC 10 10 -- -- -- --
    WOLL 15 15 15 15 15 15
    GLF 6 6 15 15 15 15
    FR1 6 6 6 6 6 6
    FR2 3 3 3 3 3 3
    ABS -- 5 -- -- -- --
    PET -- -- -- 5 -- --
    PS -- -- -- -- 5 --
    SO -- -- - -- -- 0.5
    Table 13
     Unit#5#6#7#8#9#10
    Flexural Modulus MPa 7370 7310 7530 7660 7890 7420
    Modulus of Elasticity MPa 6884 6683 7303 7972 7782 6981
    Tensile Stress MPa 64 62 78 81 82 75
    Notched Impact Strench, 23 °C J/m 71 65 99 81 83 99
    MFR, 260 °C, 2.16 kg g/10 min 8.6 7.9 9.2 10.8 11.8 10.3
    App. Viscosity, 270 °C, 1500 s-1 Pa*s 179 151 223 219 127 196
    Flame retardancy (UL94, thickness 1.2 mm) -- V0 V1 V0 V0 V0 V0
    Surface Appearance -- Severe splay Obvious decreased splay Severe splay and glass floating Decreased glass floating Notably decreased splay and glass floating Obvious decreased splay and glass floating


    [0055] The disclosed formulations described hereinabove provide high ductility in terms of notched Izod impact strength (≥ 80 J/m), high flexural modulus (≥ 7400 MPa), good flow (MFR ≥ 9 g/10 min at 260 °C under a 2.16 kg load), and outstanding thin wall flame retardance performance (V0 ≤ 1.2 mm wall thickness). The demonstrated characteristics of the disclosed formulations make them well-suited for using articles of manufacture in the electric and electronic markets.


    Claims

    1. A polymer composition comprising:

    a polycarbonate polymer present in an amount of 20 weight % to 80 weight % relative to the total weight of the polymer composition;

    a polycarbonate-siloxane copolymer present in an amount of 1 weight % to 20 weight % relative to the total weight of the polymer composition;

    a reinforcing filler comprising carbon fiber, the reinforcing filler present in an amount of 15 weight % to 35 weight % relative to the total weight of the polymer composition; and

    a flame retardant present in an amount of 4 weight % to 20 weight % relative to the total weight of the polymer composition, wherein the flame retardant comprises phosphorus,

    a drip suppressant concentrate comprising polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE),

    wherein the combined weight percent value of all components does not exceed 100 wt%; and

    wherein the polymer composition demonstrates a flexural modulus in an amount equal to or greater than 10 GPa. measured according to the relevant method detailed in the description.


     
    2. The polymer composition claim 1, wherein the polycarbonate polymer comprises an aromatic polycarbonate, a polycarbonate-sebacic acid copolymer, or a branched polycarbonate, or a combination thereof, in an amount of 5 weight % to 30 weight % relative to the total weight of the polymer composition.
     
    3. The polymer composition of claim 1 or 2, wherein the reinforcing filler comprises a standard carbon fiber, a performance carbon fiber, or a long carbon fiber, or a combination thereof.
     
    4. The polymer composition of any of claims 1-3, wherein the flame retardant comprises phosphazene, aryl phosphate, bisphenol A disphosphate, resorcinol bis-diphenylphosphate, bisphenol A diphenyl phosphate, or resorcinol diphosphate, or a combination thereof.
     
    5. The polymer composition of any of claims 1-4, further comprising talc present in an amount of 0.1 weight % to 5 weight % relative to the total weight of the polymer composition.
     
    6. The polymer composition of any of claims 1-5, wherein the polymer composition demonstrates a flexural modulus in an amount equal to or greater than 14 GPa. measured according to the relevant method detailed in the description.
     
    7. The polymer composition of any of claims 1-6, having a notched Izod impact strength of greater than or equal to 60 J/m. measured according to the relevant method detailed in the description.
     
    8. The polymer composition of any of claims 1-7, being capable of achieving UL94 V0 rating at a thickness of 0.8 mm to 1.0 mm.
     
    9. A method comprising:

    forming a polymer composition, wherein the polymer composition comprises:

    a polycarbonate polymer present in an amount of 20 weight % to 80 weight % relative to the total weight of the polymer composition;

    a polycarbonate-siloxane copolymer present in an amount of 1 weight % to 20 weight % relative to the total weight of the polymer composition;

    a reinforcing filler comprising carbon fiber, the reinforcing filler present in an amount of 15 weight % to 35 weight % relative to the total weight of the polymer composition; and

    a flame retardant present in an amount of 4 weight % to 20 weight % relative to the total weight of the polymer composition, wherein the flame retardant comprises phosphorus,

    a drip suppressant concentrate comprising polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE),

    wherein the combined weight percent value of all components does not exceed 100 wt%; and

    wherein the polymer composition demonstrates a flexural modulus in an amount equal to or greater than 10 GPa. measured according to the relevant method detailed in the description.


     
    10. The method of claim 9, wherein the polycarbonate polymer comprises an aromatic polycarbonate, a polycarbonate-sebacic acid copolymer, or a branched polycarbonate, or a combination thereof, in an amount of 5 weight % to 30 weight % relative to the total weight of the polymer composition.
     
    11. The method of claim 9 or 10, wherein the reinforcing filler comprises a standard carbon fiber, a performance carbon fiber, or a long carbon fiber, or a combination thereof.
     
    12. The method of any of claims 9-11, wherein the flame retardant comprises phosphazene, aryl phosphate, bisphenol A disphosphate, resorcinol bis-diphenylphosphate, bisphenol A diphenyl phosphate, or resorcinol diphosphate, or a combination thereof.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Polymerzusammensetzung, umfassend:

    ein Polycarbonatpolymer, das in einer Menge von 20 Gew.-% bis 80 Gew.-% in Bezug auf das Gesamtgewicht der Polymerzusammensetzung vorliegt;

    ein Polycarbonatsiloxan-Copolymer, das in einer Menge von 1 Gew.-% bis 20 Gew.-% in Bezug auf das Gesamtgewicht der Polymerzusammensetzung vorliegt;

    einen Verstärkerfüllstoff, der Kohlenstofffaser umfasst, wobei der Verstärkerfüllstoff in einer Menge von 15 Gew.-% bis 35 Gew.-% in Bezug auf das Gesamtgewicht der Polymerzusammensetzung vorliegt; und

    ein Flammschutzmittel, das in einer Menge von 4 Gew.-% bis 20 Gew.-% in Bezug auf das Gesamtgewicht der Polymerzusammensetzung vorliegt, wobei das Flammschutzmittel Phosphor umfasst,

    ein Antitropfmittel-Konzentrat, das Polytetrafluorethylen (PTFE) umfasst,
    wobei der kombinierte Gewichtsprozentwert aller Komponenten 100 Gew.-% nicht überschreitet; und

    wobei die Polymerzusammensetzung ein Biegemodul, gemessen gemäß der in der Beschreibung aufgezeigten maßgeblichen Methode, von größer oder gleich 10 GPa aufweist.


     
    2. Polymerzusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Polycarbonatpolymer ein aromatisches Polycarbonat, ein Polycarbonat-Sebacinsäure-Copolymer oder ein verzweigtes Polycarbonat oder eine Kombination davon in einer Menge von 5 Gew.-% bis 30 Gew.-% in Bezug auf das Gesamtgewicht der Polymerzusammensetzung umfasst.
     
    3. Polymerzusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei der Verstärkerfüllstoff eine Standardkohlenstofffaser, eine Hochleistungskohlenstofffaser oder eine lange Kohlenstofffaser oder eine Kombination davon umfasst.
     
    4. Polymerzusammensetzung nach einem der Ansprüche 1-3, wobei das Flammschutzmittel Phosphazen, Arylphosphat, Bisphenol-A-diphosphat, Resorcin-bis-diphenylphosphat, Bisphenol-A-diphenylphosphat oder Resorcindiphosphat oder eine Kombination davon umfasst.
     
    5. Polymerzusammensetzung nach einem der Ansprüche 1-4, die ferner Talk umfasst, der in einer Menge von 0,1 Gew.-% bis 5 Gew.-% in Bezug auf das Gesamtgewicht der Polymerzusammensetzung vorliegt.
     
    6. Polymerzusammensetzung nach einem der Ansprüche 1-5, wobei die Polymerzusammensetzung ein Biegemodul, gemessen gemäß der in der Beschreibung aufgezeigten maßgeblichen Methode, von größer oder gleich 14 GPa aufweist.
     
    7. Polymerzusammensetzung nach einem der Ansprüche 1-6, die eine Izod-Kerbschlagzähigkeit, gemessen gemäß der in der Beschreibung aufgezeigten maßgeblichen Methode, von größer oder gleich 60 J/m aufweist.
     
    8. Polymerzusammensetzung nach einem der Ansprüche 1-7, die in der Lage ist, eine UL94-VO-Bewertung bei einer Dicke von 0,8 mm bis 1,0 mm zu erreichen.
     
    9. Verfahren, umfassend:

    Herstellen einer Polymerzusammensetzung, wobei die Polymerzusammensetzung folgendes umfasst:

    ein Polycarbonatpolymer, das in einer Menge von 20 Gew.-% bis 80 Gew.-% in Bezug auf das Gesamtgewicht der Polymerzusammensetzung vorliegt;

    ein Polycarbonatsiloxan-Copolymer, das in einer Menge von 1 Gew.-% bis 20 Gew.-% in Bezug auf das Gesamtgewicht der Polymerzusammensetzung vorliegt;

    einen Verstärkerfüllstoff, der Kohlenstofffaser umfasst, wobei der Verstärkerfüllstoff in einer Menge von 15 Gew.-% bis 35 Gew.-% in Bezug auf das Gesamtgewicht der Polymerzusammensetzung vorliegt; und

    ein Flammschutzmittel, das in einer Menge von 4 Gew.-% bis 20 Gew.-% in Bezug auf das Gesamtgewicht der Polymerzusammensetzung vorliegt, wobei das Flammschutzmittel Phosphor umfasst,

    ein Antitropfmittel-Konzentrat, das Polytetrafluorethylen (PTFE) umfasst,
    wobei der kombinierte Gewichtsprozentwert aller Komponenten 100 Gew.-% nicht überschreitet; und

    wobei die Polymerzusammensetzung ein Biegemodul, gemessen gemäß der in der Beschreibung aufgezeigten maßgeblichen Methode, von größer oder gleich 10 GPa aufweist.


     
    10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 9, wobei das Polycarbonatpolymer ein aromatisches Polycarbonat, ein Polycarbonat-Sebacinsäure-Copolymer oder ein verzweigtes Polycarbonat oder eine Kombination davon in einer Menge von 5 Gew.-% bis 30Gew.-% in Bezug auf das Gesamtgewicht der Polymerzusammensetzung umfasst.
     
    11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 9 oder 10, wobei der Verstärkerfüllstoff eine Standardkohlenstofffaser, eine Hochleistungskohlenstofffaser oder eine lange Kohlenstofffaser oder eine Kombination davon umfasst.
     
    12. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 9-11, wobei das Flammschutzmittel Phosphazen, Arylphosphat, Bisphenol-A-diphosphat, Resorcin-bis-diphenylphosphat, Bisphenol-A-diphenylphosphat oder Resorcindiphosphat oder eine Kombination davon umfasst.
     


    Revendications

    1. Une composition de polymère comprenant :

    un polymère de polycarbonate présent en une quantité de 20 % en poids à 80 % en poids par rapport au poids total de la composition de polymère ;

    un copolymère polycarbonate-siloxane présent en une quantité de 1 % en poids à 20 % en poids par rapport au poids total de la composition polymère ;

    une charge renforçante comprenant une fibre de carbone, la charge renforçante étant présente en une quantité de 15 % en poids à 35 % en poids par rapport au poids total de la composition de polymère ; et

    un retardateur de flamme présent en une quantité de 4 % en poids à 20 % en poids par rapport au poids total de la composition de polymère, dans laquelle le retardateur de flamme comprend du phosphore,

    un concentré anti-goutte comprenant du polytétrafluoroéthylène (PTFE),

    dans laquelle la valeur combinée en pourcentage en poids de tous les composants ne dépasse pas 100 % en poids ; et

    dans laquelle la composition de polymère présente un module de flexion en une quantité égale ou supérieure à 10 GPa, mesurée selon la méthode pertinente décrite dans la description.


     
    2. La composition de polymère de la revendication 1, dans laquelle le polymère de polycarbonate comprend un polycarbonate aromatique, un copolymère de polycarbonate-acide sébacique, ou un polycarbonate ramifié, ou une combinaison de ceux-ci, en une quantité de 5 % en poids à 30 % en poids par rapport au poids total de la composition polymère.
     
    3. La composition de polymère de la revendication 1 ou 2, dans laquelle la charge renforçante comprend une fibre de carbone standard, une fibre de carbone de performance, ou une fibre de carbone longue, ou une combinaison de ceux-ci.
     
    4. La composition de polymère de l'une des revendications 1-3, dans laquelle le retardateur de flamme comprend du phosphazène, du phosphate d'aryle, du diphosphate de bisphénol A, du bis-diphénylphosphate de résorcinol, du diphényl phosphate de bisphénol A, ou du diphosphate de résorcinol ou une combinaison de ceux-ci.
     
    5. La composition de polymère de l'une des revendications 1-4, comprenant en outre du talc présent en une quantité de 0,1 % en poids à 5 % en poids par rapport au poids total de la composition de polymère.
     
    6. La composition de polymère de l'une des revendications 1-5, dans laquelle la composition de polymère présente un module de flexion en une quantité égale ou supérieure à 14 GPa, mesurée selon la méthode pertinente décrite dans la description.
     
    7. La composition de polymère de l'une des revendications 1-6, ayant une résistance au choc Izod entaillé supérieure ou égale à 60 J/m, mesurée selon la méthode pertinente décrite dans la description.
     
    8. La composition de polymère de l'une des revendications 1-7, étant capable d'atteindre la norme UL94 VO à une épaisseur de 0,8 mm à 1,0 mm.
     
    9. Une méthode comprenant :

    la formation d'une composition de polymère, dans laquelle la composition de polymère comprend :

    un polymère de polycarbonate présent en une quantité de 20 % en poids à 80 % en poids par rapport au poids total de la composition de polymère ;

    un copolymère polycarbonate-siloxane présent en une quantité de 1 % en poids à 20 % en poids par rapport au poids total de la composition polymère ;

    une charge renforçante comprenant une fibre de carbone, la charge renforçante étant présente en une quantité de 15 % en poids à 35 % en poids par rapport au poids total de la composition de polymère ; et

    un retardateur de flamme présent en une quantité de 4 % en poids à 20 % en poids par rapport au poids total de la composition de polymère, dans laquelle le retardateur de flamme comprend du phosphore,

    un concentré anti-goutte comprenant du polytétrafluoroéthylène (PTFE),

    dans laquelle la valeur combinée en pourcentage en poids de tous les composants ne dépasse pas 100 % en poids ; et

    dans laquelle la composition de polymère présente un module de flexion en une quantité égale ou supérieure à 10 GPa, mesurée selon la méthode pertinente décrite dans la description.


     
    10. La méthode de la revendication 9, dans laquelle le polymère de polycarbonate comprend un polycarbonate aromatique, un copolymère de polycarbonate-acide sébacique, ou un polycarbonate ramifié, ou une combinaison de ceux-ci, en une quantité de 5 % en poids à 30 % en poids par rapport au poids total de la composition polymère.
     
    11. La méthode des revendications 9 ou 10, dans laquelle la charge renforçante comprend une fibre de carbone standard, une fibre de carbone de performance, ou une fibre de carbone longue, ou une combinaison de ceux-ci.
     
    12. La méthode de l'une des revendications 9-11, dans laquelle le retardateur de flamme comprend du phosphazène, du phosphate d'aryle, du diphosphate de bisphénol A, du bis-diphénylphosphate de résorcinol, du diphényl phosphate de bisphénol A, ou du diphosphate de résorcinol ou une combinaison de ceux-ci.
     




    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description




    Non-patent literature cited in the description