(19)
(11)EP 3 049 766 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/26

(21)Application number: 14772342.3

(22)Date of filing:  24.09.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A47B 97/00(2006.01)
F25D 29/00(2006.01)
G01D 11/24(2006.01)
F16M 13/02(2006.01)
G01D 11/30(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2014/070396
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/044219 (02.04.2015 Gazette  2015/13)

(54)

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MOUNTING A SENSOR AND FOR SEALING A CABINET

VORRICHTUNG UND VERFAHREN ZUM BEFESTIGEN EINES SENSORS UND ZUM VERSCHLIESSEN EINES SCHRANKS

DISPOSITIF ET PROCÉDÉ DE MONTAGE D'UN CAPTEUR ET DE FERMETURE ÉTANCHE D'UN COFFRET


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 25.09.2013 CN 201310441909
25.09.2013 CN 201320594217 U
14.03.2014 US 201461953509 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
03.08.2016 Bulletin 2016/31

(73)Proprietors:
  • CommScope Connectivity Belgium BVBA
    3010 Kessel-Lo (BE)
  • ADC Czech Republic s.r.o.
    627 00 Brno (CZ)
  • ADC Telecommunications (Shanghai) Distribution Co., Ltd.
    Shanghai (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • VASTMANS, Kristof
    B-3370 Boutersem (BE)
  • BOMBERA, Mojmir
    56944 Jaromerice (CZ)
  • TONG, Zhaoyang (Carlson)
    Shanghai (CN)
  • LIN, Lin
    Shanghai 200233 (CN)

(74)Representative: Murgitroyd & Company 
Scotland House 165-169 Scotland Street
Glasgow G5 8PL
Glasgow G5 8PL (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 030 330
GB-A- 2 387 443
US-A1- 2011 016 907
EP-A1- 1 741 658
US-A- 4 077 518
US-A1- 2012 167 646
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a device for mounting a sensor and for sealing a cabinet.

    Description of the Related Art



    [0002] In the prior art, a contact sensor is often rigidly fixed on a stationary frame, and the contact sensor is not movable relative to the stationary frame. Thereby, the contact sensor must be mounted in a high position accuracy to ensure an external action displacement applied on a sensing contact of the sensor within a maximum stroke (a safe stroke) of the sensing contact. Furthermore, the contact sensor must have an enough mechanical strength to bear an overlarge external action force applied on the sensor by a triggering action (for example, a contact triggering action or a close triggering action).

    [0003] For some fine sensors, for example, a micro electromechanical sensor or a fiber optic sensor, an overlarge external action force may cause the internal structure of the sensor to collapse and fail. Further, if the sensor is mounted in poor position accuracy, the external action displacement applied on a sensing contact of the sensor may be beyond the maximum stroke of the sensing contact, and the sensor may be ruined.

    [0004] Providing an indication that the sensor is sensing a correct condition, such as a door being closed, or a door sealing against a seal is also a concern.

    [0005] Further related prior art documents are EP 1 741 658 A1, US 4,077,518 and US 2011/0016907 A1.

    Summary



    [0006] The present invention has been made to overcome or alleviate at least one aspect of the above mentioned disadvantages and concerns.

    [0007] Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a device for mounting a sensor, which does not require the sensor to be mounted in high position accuracy.

    [0008] Accordingly, it is another object of the present invention to provide a device for mounting a sensor, which ensures that the sensor can still work normally under an overlarge external action force or an overlarge external action displacement.

    [0009] The present invention is defined by independent claim 1.

    [0010] In an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, wherein the elastic element is configured that:
    1. (i) the elastic element exerts an initial deformation force F0 on the sensor when there is no an external action force F1 exerted on the sensor, the initial deformation force F0 is set to be slightly larger than a first external action force F1' under which a sensing contact of the sensor is moved to a position flush with the housing and less than a maximum external action force Fmax allowed to be exerted on the sensor; and
    2. (ii) the initial deformation force F0 is exerted on the sensor in a direction opposite to a direction in which the external action force F1 is exerted on the sensor,
    wherein when the external action force F1 exerted on the sensor is less than or equal to the initial deformation force F0, the housing of the sensor is not moved, and the elastic element is not moved and deformed by the housing; and
    wherein when the external action force F1 exerted on the sensor is increased to be larger than the initial deformation force F0, the housing of the sensor begins to be moved against the elastic element, and a portion of the external action force F1 beyond the initial deformation force F0 is converted into a deformation force of the elastic element to ensure that the sensor works normally under an overlarge external action force or an overlarge external action displacement.

    [0011] In another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, an opening is formed in the bracket; and at least a portion of the housing of the sensor is received in the opening and movable in the opening.

    [0012] In another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the device comprises a plurality of support rods, and the plurality of support rods pass through respective mounting holes in the housing and respective guide holes in the bracket.

    [0013] In another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the support rod has a first end and a second end opposite to the first end; and the first end of the support rod is positioned at one of the sensor and the bracket, and the second end of the support rod is positioned at the other of the sensor and the bracket.

    [0014] In another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, a radial slot is formed in the first end of the support rod, and a stop piece is provided in the radial slot to position the first end of the support rod at one of the sensor and the bracket; and a radial protrusion portion is formed on the second end of the support rod to position the second end of the support rod at the other of the sensor and the bracket.

    [0015] In another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the opening is opened at a side edge of the bracket and has a substantially U-shape.

    [0016] In another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, two elastic elements are disposed at both sides of the support rod relative to the bracket, respectively.

    [0017] In another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, one elastic element is disposed at only one side of the support rod relative to the bracket.

    [0018] In another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the bracket comprises: a first portion on which the sensor is mounted; and a second portion perpendicular to the first portion and fixed to a stationary body.

    [0019] In another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the bracket is formed by folding a strip of plate material; and the first portion is configured to be a rectangle frame formed by folding the strip of plate material.

    [0020] In another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the bracket comprises: a first wall on which the sensor is mounted; a second wall perpendicular to the first wall and fixed to a stationary body; and a third wall connected between the first and second walls, so that the bracket exists a triangle shape.

    [0021] In another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the bracket is made by molding or machining.

    [0022] In another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the sensor is configured to be a contact sensor.

    [0023] In another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the sensor is configured to be a micro electromechanical sensor or a fiber optic sensor.

    [0024] In the various embodiments of the present invention, when an overlarge external action force beyond the initial deformation force (that is, a protection force for the sensor) F0 or an overlarge external action displacement beyond the maximum stroke of the sensing contact is applied on the sensor, the sensor is moved relative to the bracket along the support rod against the elastic element. Since the elastic element can provide an elastic buffer distance for the sensor, it reduces the request for the initial mounting position accuracy of the sensor, and ensures that the sensor can still work normally under the overlarge external action force or the overlarge external action displacement.

    [0025] In another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the sensor is configured to be a contact sensor to sense when a door of a cabinet is properly closed and a seal is properly engaged.

    Description of the Drawings



    [0026] The above and other features of the present invention will become more apparent by describing in detail exemplary embodiments thereof with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

    Fig.1 is an illustrative perspective view of a device for mounting a sensor according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

    Fig.2 is an illustrative perspective view of a bracket of the device of Fig.1;

    Fig.3 is an illustrative perspective view of a support rod of the device of Fig.1; and

    Fig.4 is an illustrative perspective view of a device for mounting a sensor according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

    Figs. 5-19 are illustrative of a sensor mounting device and method for use in detecting a closed door against a seal of a cabinet.


    Detailed Description



    [0027] Exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure will be described hereinafter in detail with reference to the attached drawings, wherein the like reference numerals refer to the like elements. The present disclosure may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as being limited to the embodiment set forth herein; rather, these embodiments are provided so that the present disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will fully convey the concept of the disclosure to those skilled in the art.

    [0028] Fig.1 is an illustrative perspective view of a device for mounting a sensor 30 according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention; Fig.2 is an illustrative perspective view of a bracket 10 of the device of Fig.1; Fig.3 is an illustrative perspective view of a support rod 20 of the device of Fig.1.

    [0029] As shown in Figs. 1-3, in an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a device for mounting a sensor 30, comprising: a bracket 10 formed with at least one guide hole 13 therein; at least one support rod 20 each passing through a mounting hole in a housing 31 of the sensor 30 and the guide hole 13 in the bracket 10 and mounted on the housing 31 of the sensor 30 and the bracket 10; and at least one elastic element 50 each disposed on the support rod 20, so that the sensor 30 is movable relative to the bracket 10 along the support rod 20 against the elastic element 50.

    [0030] As shown in Figs. 1-3, the bracket 10 mainly comprises a first portion 11 and a second portion 12. The sensor 30 is mounted on the first portion 11. The second portion 12 is perpendicular to the first portion 11 and fixed to a stationary body (not shown).

    [0031] As shown in Fig.2, a plurality of elongated through holes 15 are formed in the second portion 12. Fasteners, for example, screws or bolts, may be inserted through the holes 15 and secured to the stationary body.

    [0032] Referring to Figs. 1-3, in the illustrated embodiment, the bracket 10 is formed by folding, cutting, and punching a strip of plate, and the first portion 11 is configured to be a rectangle frame formed by folding the strip of plate.

    [0033] As shown in Figs. 1-2, an opening 14 is formed in the bracket 10. The opening 14 is opened at a side edge of the bracket 10 and has a substantially U-shape. In this way, the sensor 30 can be easily mounted in the opening 14. As shown in Fig.1, at least a portion of the housing 31 of the sensor 30 is received in the opening 14 and movable in the opening 14.

    [0034] Please refer to Figs.1-3 again, the device comprises a pair of support rods 20. One of the support rods 20 passes through an upper mounting hole in the housing 31 and an upper guide hole 13 in the bracket 10 above the opening 14, and the other of the support rods 20 passes through a lower mounting hole in the housing 31 and a lower guide hole 13 in the bracket 10 below the opening 14. Please note that the present invention is not limited to the illustrated embodiment, the device may comprise one, three or more support rod(s) 20.

    [0035] As shown in Figs.1-3, the support rod 20 has a first end (right end in Fig.3) and a second end (left end in Fig.3) opposite to the first end. The first end of the support rod 20 passes through the mounting hole in a housing 31 of the sensor 30 and the guide hole 13 in the bracket 10.

    [0036] Referring to Figs. 1-3, in an exemplary embodiment, a radial ring slot 22 is formed in the first end of the support rod 20, and a stop piece 40 is provided in the radial ring slot 22 to position the first end of the support rod 20 at the bracket 10. A radial protrusion portion 21 is formed on the second end of the support rod 20 to position the second end of the support rod 20 on the housing 31 of the sensor 30.

    [0037] With this configuration, the support rod 20 can be mounted on the housing 31 of the sensor 30 and the bracket 10 by the stop piece 40 at the first end and the radial protrusion portion 21 at the second end, respectively. Further, the support rod 20 cannot be disengaged from the housing 31 of the sensor 30 and the bracket 10 under the limit of the stop piece 40 and the radial protrusion portion 21.

    [0038] But the present invention is not limited to the illustrated embodiment, the first end of the support rod 20 having the radial slot 22 may be positioned on the housing 31 of the sensor 30, and the second end of the support rod 20 having the radial protrusion portion 21 may be positioned at the bracket 10.

    [0039] Alternatively, the first end and the second end of the support rod 20 each may be formed with the radial slot 22, and the first end and the second end of the support rod 20 may be positioned at the bracket 10 and the sensor 30, respectively, by inserting the stop pieces 40 into the radial slots 22.

    [0040] As shown in Figs.1-3, two elastic elements 50 are disposed at both sides of the support rod 20 relative to the bracket 10. The elastic element 50 may be a spring or other suitable elastic piece. At one side of the support rod 20 distal to the sensor 30, a first elastic element 50 is mounted on the support rod 20 with one end elastically engaged to (or contact) the stop piece 40 and the other end elastically engaged to (or contact) the bracket 10. At the other side of the support rod 20 proximal to the sensor 30, a second elastic element 50 is mounted on the support rod 20 with one end being elastically engaged to (or contact) a washer 60 (sleeved on the support rod 20 and abutted against the housing 31 of the sensor 30, for example, an elastic washer) and the other end elastically engaged to (or contact) the bracket 10.

    [0041] It should be noted that the washer 60 is not necessary in the present invention, the washer 60 may be eliminated, and the second elastic element 50 may be directly and elastically engaged to (or contact) the housing 31 of the sensor 30.

    [0042] In the illustrated embodiment, the sensor 30 is configured to be a contact sensor. For example, the sensor 30 may be configured to be a micro electromechanical sensor or a fiber optic sensor.

    [0043] As shown in Fig.1, in an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the elastic element 50 is configured that:
    1. (i) the elastic element 50 exerts an initial deformation force F0 on the sensor 30 when there is no an external action force F1 exerted on the sensor 30, the initial deformation force F0 is set to be slightly larger than a first external action force F1' under which a sensing contact 32 of the sensor 30 is moved to a position flush with the housing 31 and less than a maximum external action force Fmax allowed to be exerted on the sensor 30; and
    2. (ii) the initial deformation force F0 is exerted on the sensor 30 in a direction opposite to a direction in which the external action force F1 is exerted on the sensor 30.


    [0044] With this configuration, when the external action force F1 exerted on the sensor 30 is less than or equal to the initial deformation force F0, the housing 31 of the sensor 30 is not moved, and the elastic element 50 is not moved and deformed by the housing 31. When the external action force F1 exerted on the sensor 30 is increased to be larger than the initial deformation force F0, the housing 31 of the sensor 30 begins to be moved against the elastic element 50, and a portion of the external action force F1 beyond the initial deformation force F0 is converted into a deformation force of the elastic element 50 to ensure that the sensor 30 works normally under an overlarge external action force or an overlarge external action displacement.

    [0045] Furthermore, with the above configuration, when the external action force F1 exerted on the sensor 30 is increased to be larger than a force Fa under which the sensing contact 32 is triggered and less than the first external action force Fl', the sensor 30 is triggered and sends a signal.

    [0046] Furthermore, with the above configuration, when the external action force F1 exerted on the sensor 30 is increased to be equal to the first external action force F1', the sensing contact 32 is moved to the position flush with the housing 31.

    [0047] Furthermore, with the above configuration, when the external action force F1 exerted on the sensor 30 is increased to be larger than the first external action force F1' and less than the initial deformation force F0, a portion of the external action force F1 beyond the first external action force F1' is directly exerted on the housing 31 of the sensor 30. As a result, the effective action force on the sensing contact 32 is kept to be less than the maximum external action force Fmax.

    [0048] The above mentioned forces Fa, Fl', F0, Fmax satisfy the following expression (1):



    [0049] The forces Fa, Fl', F0, Fmax each is a constant, and the external action force F1 is a variable and can be gradually increased from zero. When the external action force F1 is increased to the force Fa, the sensor is trigged and sends the signal. When the external action force F1 is increased to the force Fl', the sensing contact 32 is moved to the position flush with the housing 31, at this time, the sensing contact 32 reaches the maximum stroke thereof. When the external action force F1 is increased to be larger than the F1' and less than the force F0, the sensing contact 32 and the housing 31 are not moved and are kept in a stationary state. When the external action force F1 exerted on the sensor 30 is increased to be larger than the initial deformation force F0, the housing 31 of the sensor 30 begins to be moved against the elastic element 50.

    [0050] In the present invention, the elastic element 50 is compressed or stretched during mounting the sensor 30 to generate the initial deformation force F0. The initial deformation force F0 is served as the protection force for the sensor 30 and may be adjusted as necessary. For example, the initial deformation force F0 of the elastic element 50 may be adjusted by changing the initial compressed or stretched amount, the material, or the size of the elastic element 50.

    [0051] Although it is not shown, an adjusting means for adjusting the initial compressed or stretched amount of the elastic element 50 may be provided on the support rod 20. For example, the adjusting means may comprise a nut screwed on the support rod 20. In this case, the initial compressed or stretched amount of the elastic element 50 can be changed by screwing the nut on the support rod 20.

    [0052] In an alternatively embodiment, the adjusting means may comprise a plurality of radial slots 22 formed at different axial positions of the support rod 20. In this case, the initial compressed or stretched amount of the elastic element 50 may be changed by inserting the stop piece into different radial slots 22.

    [0053] In an exemplary embodiment, the initial deformation force F0 of the elastic element 50 may be changed by adjusting the length of the elastic element 50, the elasticity coefficient of the elastic element 50, the thickness of the stop piece 40 or the washer 60.

    [0054] As shown in Fig.1, the sensing contact 32 extends out of the housing 31 of the sensor 30 and can be moved by a safe stroke (the maximum stroke) relative to the housing 31. When the external action displacement is larger than the safe stroke, the external action force is directly exerted on the housing 31 of the sensor 30. Since the housing 31 is moveably mounted on the support rod 20, the housing 31 can be moved by a distance (this distance can be adjusted by changing the number of the coils of the elastic element 50 and the position of the radial slot 22 on the support rod 20) relative to the bracket 10 along the support rod 20 against the deformation force of the elastic element 50 when the overlarge external action force is exerted on the housing 31.

    [0055] Generally, the external action displacement is within the safe stroke of the sensing contact 32 if the sensor 30 is accurately mounted in position. However, if the sensor 30 is mounted in poor position accuracy, the external action displacement may exceed the safe stroke of the sensing contact 32. In the prior art, since the sensor is rigidly fixed to a stationary frame and cannot be moved, the sensor may be ruined when the external action displacement exceeds the safe stroke of the sensing contact. Therefore, in the prior art, the sensor must be mounted in high position accuracy to prevent the external action displacement from exceeding the safe stroke of the sensing contact.

    [0056] In the present invention, the support rod(s) and the elastic element(s) function as a bumper which can absorb the external action displacement exceeding the safe stroke of the sensing contact. Even if the sensor 30 is mounted in poor position accuracy and the external action displacement exceeds the safe stroke of the sensing contact 32, the sensor 30 can still work normally. Accordingly, the present invention reduces the request for the initial mounting position accuracy of the sensor 30.

    [0057] Fig.4 is an illustrative perspective view of a device for mounting a sensor 30 according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

    [0058] As shown in Fig.4, an elastic element 50 is disposed at only one side of the support rod 20 proximal to the sensor 30, and there is not disposed the elastic element 50 at the other side of the support rod 20 distal to the sensor 30. But the present invention is not limited to the illustrated embodiment, in an alternative embodiment, the elastic element 50 may be disposed at only one side of the support rod 20 distal to the sensor 30, and there is not disposed the elastic element 50 at the other side of the support rod 20 proximal to the sensor 30.

    [0059] In the embodiment shown in Fig.4, the bracket 100 mainly comprises: a first wall 110 on which the sensor 30 is mounted; a second wall 120 perpendicular to the first wall 110 and fixed to a stationary body; and a third wall 130 connected between the first and second walls 110, 120, so that the bracket 100 exists a triangle shape.

    [0060] As shown in Fig.4, an opening 114 is formed in the first wall 110. At least a portion of the housing 31 of the sensor 30 is received in the opening 114 and movable in the opening 114. A plurality of elongated through holes 115 are formed in the second wall 120. Fasteners, for example, screws or bolts, may be inserted through the holes 115 and secured to a stationary body (not shown).

    [0061] In an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the bracket 100 may be made by molding or machining.

    [0062] The use of the sensor and the calculation of spring position with reference to a seal of an enclosure or cabinet is shown in Figs. 5-19.

    [0063] The sensor 200 is mounted with a spring 1, that has to move over a distance Δx1 to be activated to send a signal.

    [0064] The sensor is mounted on two additional springs 2 that are fixed in the cabinet. When the sensor is activated, the door edge 300 needs to just touch the seal 400. The springs 2 will then have moved over a distance Δx2. Once the door touches the seal, the seal may be further compressed against cabinet body 450 during closing. When the seal is fully compressed by the door the sensor has to be activated.

    [0065] There are defined spring constants k1 for the spring 1 and k2 for each of the springs 2.

    [0066] As the springs are mounted in series, the total force is the same, assuming no preloading of the springs.

    [0067] Taking as reference 0, when the spring is in the rest position:





    [0068] As there are two springs 2:







    [0069] When the sensor is activated:



    [0070] At that moment springs 2 have moved: at least Δx2+ΔxTolerance. Therefore:



    [0071] During the mounting of the door sensor in the cabinet the sensor will be positioned to guarantee that:
    1. 1. When the sensor is activated, the door is touching the seal. To guarantee this, the maximum outward position of the top of the sensor (out of the cabinet wall) may be:
      Δx1 + Δx2 + Dseal_uncompressed (see Fig. 5 - Maximum outward position of the sensor).


    [0072] In this mounting position, spring 1 will be fully compressed just when the door touches the seal. When the door is closed further and the seal is compressed, only the springs 2 will be further compressed.
    2. When the seal is fully compressed, the sensor is activated. To guarantee this, the minimum outward position of the top of the sensor (out of the cabinet wall) may be:
    Δx1 + Δx2 + Dseal_compressed (see Fig. 6 minimum outward position of the sensor).

    [0073] The positioning of the sensor will be between the extremes. This creates some tolerance for possible deformations of the cabinet during transport or mounting.

    [0074] In the example implementation there may be a small preloading of the springs 2. However this preloading in one implementation is not so large that springs 2 do not move before spring 1 is bottomed out. In principle the preloading of springs 2 can indeed be so large that first spring 1 bottoms out before springs 2 move. It is also possible to have no preloading. In that case the total movement will be larger.

    [0075] The purpose of the design is that the sensor indicates that sealing is achieved. If the door is not closed completely, the springs will push the door open again. The installer or technician will notice this and the sensor will be deactivated. The sensor also indicates closure of the door at the end of the installation or intervention in the cabinet.

    [0076] As noted, without preloading both springs 1 and 2 will move simultaneously until spring 1 bottoms out.

    [0077] If there is preloading, then spring 1 would move and later springs 2 would move, once the force on spring 1 reaches the preloading force on springs 2.

    [0078] Spring 1 moves to a sensing and signaling position, and then springs 2 moves, when the force in spring 1 reaches the preloading force in springs 2.

    [0079] Bracket 500 holds sensor 200 in position so that sensor 200 will signal when door 300 is properly closed and sealed against seal 400. As shown in Figs. 5-19 seal 400 is positioned between cabinet body 450 and door 300, which in the example is hinged to cabinet body 450. Sensor 200 senses when the door is closed and the seal is compressed as in Figs. 10 and 11. Brackets 500, 500a, 500b, 500c (see Figs. 5-9) are adjustably mounted with fasteners and slots to cabinet body 450 at or between the maximum position of Fig. 5 and the minimum position of Fig. 6. Figs. 12-15 show an improperly closed and unsealed condition. Figs. 16-19 show the spring loaded sensor 200 and the mounting springs 2, which together allow for the desired sensing of the sealed condition of the cabinet.

    [0080] During initial set up, and maybe during later adjustment, the bracket 500 is adjusted so that sensor 200 sends a proper signal when the door is both closed and sealed. Once installed, the sensor 200 will activate and send a closed and sealed signal to the technician each time the door is properly closed and sealed.

    [0081] It should be appreciated for those skilled in this art that the above embodiments are intended to be illustrated, and not restrictive. For example, many modifications may be made to the above embodiments by those skilled in this art, and various features described in different embodiments may be freely combined with each other without conflicting in configuration or principle, so that more kinds of devices can be achieved with overcoming the technical problem of the present invention.

    [0082] As used herein, an element recited in the singular and proceeded with the word "a" or "an" should be understood as not excluding plural of said elements or steps, unless such exclusion is explicitly stated. Furthermore, references to "one embodiment" of the present invention are not intended to be interpreted as excluding the existence of additional embodiments that also incorporate the recited features. Moreover, unless explicitly stated to the contrary, embodiments "comprising" or "having" an element or a plurality of elements having a particular property may include additional such elements not having that property.


    Claims

    1. A system comprising:

    a sensor (30, 200), and

    a device for mounting said sensor, comprising:

    a bracket (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) holding the sensor (30, 200), the bracket adjustably mountable to a cabinet body (450), the bracket formed with at least one guide hole (13) therein;

    at least one support rod (20) each passing through a mounting hole in a housing (31) of the sensor (30, 200) and the guide hole (13) in the bracket (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) and supported by the housing (31) of the sensor (30, 200) and the bracket (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c); and

    at least one elastic element (50) each disposed on the support rod (20), so that the sensor (30, 200) is movable relative to the bracket (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) along the support rod (20) against the elastic element (50),

    wherein the sensor (30, 200) includes a sensing contact (32) extending from the housing (31) of the sensor (30, 200) and configured to contact a movable door (300), the sensing contact (32) being movable relative to the housing (31) of the sensor (30, 200) as the movable door (300) contacts the sensing contact (32).


     
    2. The system according to claim 1, wherein the elastic element (50) is configured such that:

    (i) the elastic element (50) exerts an initial deformation force F0 on the sensor (30, 200) when there is no an external action force F1 exerted on the sensor (30, 200), the initial deformation force F0 is set to be slightly larger than a first external action force F1' under which a sensing contact (32) of the sensor (30, 200) is moved to a position flush with the housing (31) and less than a maximum external action force Fmax allowed to be exerted on the sensor (30, 200); and

    (ii) the initial deformation force F0 is exerted on the sensor (30, 200) in a direction opposite to a direction in which the external action force F1 is exerted on the sensor (30, 200), wherein when the external action force F1 exerted on the sensor (30, 200) is less than or equal to the initial deformation force F0, the housing (31) of the sensor (30, 200) is not moved, and the elastic element (50) is not moved and deformed by the housing (31); and

    wherein when the external action force F1 exerted on the sensor (30, 200) is increased to be larger than the initial deformation force F0, the housing (31) of the sensor (30, 200) begins to be moved against the elastic element (50), and a portion of the external action force F1 beyond the initial deformation force F0 is converted into a deformation force of the elastic element (50) to ensure that the sensor (30, 200) works normally under an overlarge external action force or an overlarge external action displacement.
     
    3. The system according to claim 2, wherein an opening (14, 114) is formed in the bracket (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c); and
    wherein at least a portion of the housing (31) of the sensor (30, 200) is received in the opening (14) and movable in the opening (14).
     
    4. The system according to claim 3, wherein the device comprises a plurality of support rods (20), and the plurality of support rods (20) pass through respective mounting holes in the housing (31) and respective guide holes (13) in the bracket (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c).
     
    5. The system according to claim 4, wherein the support rod (20) has a first end and a second end opposite to the first end; and
    wherein the first end of the support rod (20) is positioned at one of the sensor (30, 200) and the bracket (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c), and the second end of the support rod (20) is positioned at the other of the sensor (30, 200) and the bracket (10).
     
    6. The system according to claim 5, wherein a radial slot (22) is formed in the first end of the support rod (20), and a stop piece (40) is provided in the radial slot (22) to position the first end of the support rod (20) at one of the sensor (30, 200) and the bracket (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c); and
    wherein an radial protrusion portion (21) is formed on the second end of the support rod (20) to position the second end of the support rod (20) at the other of the sensor (30, 200) and the bracket (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c).
     
    7. The system according to claim 6, wherein two elastic elements (50) are disposed at both sides of the support rod (20) relative to the bracket (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c),
    respectively.
     
    8. The system according to claim 7, wherein the bracket (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) comprises:

    a first portion (11, 110) on which the sensor (30, 200) is mounted; and

    a second portion (12, 120) perpendicular to the first portion (11, 110) and fixed to a stationary body.


     
    9. The system according to claim 8, wherein the bracket (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) comprises:
    a third wall (130) connected between the first and second portions (110, 120), so that the bracket (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) has a triangle shape.
     
    10. The system according to claim 1, wherein the sensor (30, 200) is configured to be a contact sensor.
     
    11. The system according to claim 1, wherein the sensor (30, 200) is configured to be a micro electromechanical sensor or a fiber optic sensor.
     
    12. A cabinet comprising:

    a cabinet body (450);

    a moveable door (300);

    a seal (400) between the door and the cabinet body; and

    the system according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the sensor (30, 200) configured to sense when the door is closed and the seal is engaged between the door and the cabinet body.


     
    13. The cabinet according to claim 12, wherein the sensor (30, 200) is mounted to the bracket (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) of the device, the bracket (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) mounted to the cabinet body (450).
     
    14. The cabinet according to claim 13, wherein the bracket (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) includes mounting slots for adjustably mounting the bracket (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) and the sensor (30, 200) in a selectable position relative to the door (300) in the closed position.
     
    15. The cabinet according to claim 12, wherein the sensor (30, 200) is spring loaded with a first spring (Spring 1), and wherein a second spring (50, Spring 2) mounts the sensor (30, 200) to the bracket (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Ein System, beinhaltend:

    einen Sensor (30, 200) und

    eine Vorrichtung zum Befestigen des Sensors, beinhaltend:

    eine den Sensor (30, 200) haltende Klammer (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c), wobei die Klammer verstellbar an einem Schrankkörper (450) befestigbar ist, wobei die Klammer mit mindestens einem Führungsloch (13) darin gebildet ist;

    mindestens eine Stützstange (20), die jeweils durch ein Befestigungsloch in einem Gehäuse (31) des Sensors (30, 200) und das Führungsloch (13) in der Klammer (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) führen und von dem Gehäuse (31) des Sensors (30, 200) und der Klammer (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) gestützt werden; und

    mindestens ein elastisches Element (50), die jeweils auf der Stützstange (20) angeordnet sind, sodass der Sensor (30, 200) relativ zu der Klammer (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) entlang der Stützstange (20) gegen das elastische Element (50) bewegbar ist,

    wobei der Sensor (30, 200) einen Erfassungskontakt (32) umfasst, der sich von dem Gehäuse (31) des Sensors (30, 200) erstreckt und konfiguriert ist, um eine bewegbare Tür (300) zu berühren, wobei der Erfassungskontakt (32) relativ zu dem Gehäuse (31) des Sensors (30, 200) bewegbar ist, wenn die bewegbare Tür (300) den Erfassungskontakt (32) berührt.


     
    2. System gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei das elastische Element (50) so konfiguriert ist, dass:

    (i) das elastische Element (50) eine anfängliche Verformungskraft F0 auf den Sensor (30, 200) ausübt, wenn keine externe Aktionskraft F1 auf den Sensor (30, 200) ausgeübt wird, wobei die anfängliche Verformungskraft F0 eingestellt ist, um geringfügig größer als eine erste externe Aktionskraft F1' zu sein, unter der ein Erfassungskontakt (32) des Sensors (30, 200) in eine mit dem Gehäuse (31) bündige Position bewegt wird, und kleiner als eine maximale externe Aktionskraft Fmax zu sein, die auf den Sensor (30, 200) ausgeübt werden darf; und

    (ii) die anfängliche Verformungskraft F0 auf den Sensor (30, 200) in einer Richtung ausgeübt wird, die entgegengesetzt einer Richtung ist, in der die externe Aktionskraft F1 auf den Sensor (30, 200) ausgeübt wird, wobei, wenn die auf den Sensor (30, 200) ausgeübte externe Aktionskraft F1 kleiner als oder gleich der anfänglichen Verformungskraft F0 ist, das Gehäuse (31) des Sensors (30, 200) nicht bewegt wird und das elastische Element (50) durch das Gehäuse (31) nicht bewegt und verformt wird; und

    wobei, wenn die auf den Sensor (30, 200) ausgeübte externe Aktionskraft F1 erhöht wird, um größer als die anfängliche Verformungskraft F0 zu sein, das Gehäuse (31) des Sensors (30, 200) anfängt, gegen das elastische Element (50) bewegt zu werden, und ein Teil der externen Aktionskraft F1 über der anfänglichen Verformungskraft F0 in eine Verformungskraft des elastischen Elements (50) umgewandelt wird, um sicherzustellen, dass der Sensor (30, 200) unter einer übergroßen externen Aktionskraft oder einer übergroßen externen Aktionsversetzung normal arbeitet.
     
    3. System gemäß Anspruch 2, wobei in der Klammer (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) eine Öffnung (14, 114) gebildet ist; und
    wobei mindestens ein Teil des Gehäuses (31) des Sensors (30, 200) in der Öffnung (14) aufgenommen wird und in der Öffnung (14) bewegbar ist.
     
    4. System gemäß Anspruch 3, wobei die Vorrichtung eine Vielzahl von Stützstangen (20) beinhaltet und die Vielzahl von Stützstangen (20) durch entsprechende Befestigungslöcher in dem Gehäuse (31) und entsprechende Führungslöcher (13) in der Klammer (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) führt.
     
    5. System gemäß Anspruch 4, wobei die Stützstange (20) ein erstes Ende und ein dem ersten Ende gegenüberliegendes zweites Ende aufweist; und
    wobei das erste Ende der Stützstange (20) an einem von dem Sensor (30, 200) und der Klammer (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) positioniert ist und das zweite Ende der Stützstange (20) an dem anderen von dem Sensor (30, 200) und der Klammer (10) positioniert ist.
     
    6. System gemäß Anspruch 5, wobei in dem ersten Ende der Stützstange (20) eine radiale Aussparung (22) gebildet ist und in der radialen Aussparung (22) ein Stoppstück (40) bereitgestellt ist, um das erste Ende der Stützstange (20) an einem von dem Sensor (30, 200) und der Klammer (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) zu positionieren; und
    wobei auf dem zweiten Ende der Stützstange (20) ein radialer Vorsprungsteil (21) gebildet ist, um das zweite Ende der Stützstange (20) an dem anderen von dem Sensor (30, 200) und der Klammer (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) zu positionieren.
     
    7. System gemäß Anspruch 6, wobei zwei elastische Elemente (50) an beiden Seiten der Stützstange (20) jeweils relativ zu der Klammer (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) angeordnet sind.
     
    8. System gemäß Anspruch 7, wobei die Klammer (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) Folgendes beinhaltet:

    einen ersten Teil (11, 110), an dem der Sensor (30, 200) befestigt ist; und

    einen zweiten Teil (12, 120), der zu dem ersten Teil (11, 110) senkrecht ist und an einem stationären Körper fixiert ist.


     
    9. System gemäß Anspruch 8, wobei die Klammer (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) Folgendes beinhaltet:
    eine dritte Wand (130), die zwischen dem ersten und zweiten Teil (110, 120) angeschlossen ist, sodass die Klammer (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) eine Dreiecksform aufweist.
     
    10. System gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei der Sensor (30, 200) konfiguriert ist, um ein Kontaktsensor zu sein.
     
    11. System gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei der Sensor (30, 200) konfiguriert ist, um ein mikroelektromechanischer Sensor oder ein faseroptischer Sensor zu sein.
     
    12. Ein Schrank, beinhaltend:

    einen Schrankkörper (450);

    eine bewegbare Tür (300);

    eine Abdichtung (400) zwischen der Tür und dem Schrankkörper;

    das System gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Sensor konfiguriert ist, um zu erfassen, wenn die Tür geschlossen ist und die Abdichtung zwischen der Tür und dem Schrankkörper eingegriffen ist.


     
    13. Schrank gemäß Anspruch 12, wobei der Sensor (30, 200) an der Klammer (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) der Vorrichtung befestigt ist, die Klammer (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) an dem Schrankkörper (450) befestigt ist.
     
    14. Schrank gemäß Anspruch 13, wobei die Klammer (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) Befestigungsaussparungen zum verstellbaren Befestigen der Klammer (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) und des Sensors (30, 200) in einer auswählbaren Position relativ zu der Tür (300) in der geschlossenen Position umfasst.
     
    15. Schrank gemäß Anspruch 12, wobei der Sensor (30, 200) mit einer ersten Feder (Feder 1) federbelastet ist und wobei eine zweite Feder (50, Feder 2) den Sensor (30, 200) an der Klammer (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) befestigt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Un système comprenant :

    un capteur (30, 200), et

    un dispositif de montage dudit capteur, comprenant :

    un support (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) tenant le capteur (30, 200), le support étant montable de façon ajustable sur un corps d'armoire (450), le support étant formé avec au moins un trou de guidage (13) en son sein ;

    au moins une tige de soutien (20) dont chacune passe par un trou de montage dans un boîtier (31) du capteur (30, 200) et le trou de guidage (13) dans le support (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) et est soutenue par le boîtier (31) du capteur (30, 200) et le support (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) ; et

    au moins un élément élastique (50) dont chacun est disposé sur la tige de soutien (20), de manière que le capteur (30, 200) soit mobile par rapport au support (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) le long de la tige de soutien (20) à l'encontre de l'élément élastique (50),

    dans lequel le capteur (30, 200) inclut un contact de détection (32) s'étendant à partir du boîtier (31) du capteur (30, 200) et configuré pour entrer en contact avec une porte mobile (300), le contact de détection (32) étant mobile par rapport au boîtier (31) du capteur (30, 200) lorsque la porte mobile (300) entre en contact avec le contact de détection (32).


     
    2. Le système selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'élément élastique (50) est configuré de façon que :

    (i) l'élément élastique (50) exerce une force de déformation initiale F0 sur le capteur (30, 200) quand aucune force d'action externe F1 n'est exercée sur le capteur (30, 200), la force de déformation initiale F0 étant réglée pour être légèrement supérieure à une première force d'action externe F1' sous laquelle un contact de détection (32) du capteur (30, 200) est déplacé jusqu'à une position affleurant le boîtier (31) et inférieure à une force d'action externe maximale Fmax autorisée à être exercée sur le capteur (30, 200) ; et

    (ii) la force de déformation initiale F0 soit exercée sur le capteur (30, 200) dans un sens opposé à un sens dans lequel la force d'action externe F1 est exercée sur le capteur (30, 200),
    dans lequel quand la force d'action externe F1 exercée sur le capteur (30, 200) est inférieure ou égale à la force de déformation initiale F0, le boîtier (31) du capteur (30, 200) n'est pas déplacé, et l'élément élastique (50) n'est pas déplacé et déformé par le boîtier (31) ; et

    dans lequel quand la force d'action externe F1 exercée sur le capteur (30, 200) est augmentée jusqu'à être supérieure à la force de déformation initiale F0, le boîtier (31) du capteur (30, 200) commence à être déplacé à l'encontre de l'élément élastique (50), et une partie de la force d'action externe F1 au-delà de la force de déformation initiale F0 est convertie en une force de déformation de l'élément élastique (50) afin de garantir que le capteur (30, 200) fonctionne normalement sous une force d'action externe excessivement grande ou un déplacement d'action externe excessivement grand.
     
    3. Le système selon la revendication 2, dans lequel une ouverture (14, 114) est formée dans le support (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) ; et
    dans lequel au moins une partie du boîtier (31) du capteur (30, 200) est reçue dans l'ouverture (14) et mobile dans l'ouverture (14).
     
    4. Le système selon la revendication 3, dans lequel le dispositif comprend une pluralité de tiges de soutien (20), et la pluralité de tiges de soutien (20) passent par des trous de montage respectifs dans le boîtier (31) et des trous de guidage respectifs (13) dans le support (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c).
     
    5. Le système selon la revendication 4, dans lequel la tige de soutien (20) a une première extrémité et une deuxième extrémité opposée à la première extrémité ; et
    dans lequel la première extrémité de la tige de soutien (20) est positionnée au niveau d'un élément parmi le capteur (30, 200) et le support (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c), et la deuxième extrémité de la tige de soutien (20) est positionnée au niveau de l'autre élément parmi le capteur (30, 200) et le support (10).
     
    6. Le système selon la revendication 5, dans lequel une fente radiale (22) est formée dans la première extrémité de la tige de soutien (20), et une pièce d'arrêt (40) est placée dans la fente radiale (22) afin de positionner la première extrémité de la tige de soutien (20) au niveau d'un élément parmi le capteur (30, 200) et le support (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) ; et
    dans lequel une partie saillie radiale (21) est formée sur la deuxième extrémité de la tige de soutien (20) afin de positionner la deuxième extrémité de la tige de soutien (20) au niveau de l'autre élément parmi le capteur (30, 200) et le support (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c).
     
    7. Le système selon la revendication 6, dans lequel deux éléments élastiques (50) sont disposés des deux côtés de la tige de soutien (20) par rapport au support (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c), respectivement.
     
    8. Le système selon la revendication 7, dans lequel le support (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) comprend :

    une première partie (11, 110) sur laquelle le capteur (30, 200) est monté ; et

    une deuxième partie (12, 120) perpendiculaire à la première partie (11, 110) et fixée à un corps fixe.


     
    9. Le système selon la revendication 8, dans lequel le support (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) comprend :
    une troisième paroi (130) reliée entre les première et deuxième parties (110, 120), de manière que le support (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) ait une forme triangulaire.
     
    10. Le système selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le capteur (30, 200) est configuré pour être un capteur de contact.
     
    11. Le système selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le capteur (30, 200) est configuré pour être un capteur microélectromécanique ou un capteur à fibre optique.
     
    12. Une armoire comprenant :

    un corps d'armoire (450) ;

    une porte mobile (300) ;

    un joint d'étanchéité (400) entre la porte et le corps d'armoire ;

    le système selon n'importe lesquelles des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le capteur est configuré pour détecter quand la porte est fermée et le joint d'étanchéité est mis en prise entre la porte et le corps d'armoire.


     
    13. L'armoire selon la revendication 12, dans laquelle le capteur (30, 200) est monté sur le support (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) du dispositif, le support (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) étant monté sur le corps d'armoire (450).
     
    14. L'armoire selon la revendication 13, dans laquelle le support (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) inclut des fentes de montage pour le montage ajustable du support (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c) et du capteur (30, 200) dans une position sélectionnable par rapport à la porte (300) dans la position fermée.
     
    15. L'armoire selon la revendication 12, dans laquelle le capteur (30, 200) est sollicité par ressort avec un premier ressort (Ressort 1), et dans laquelle un deuxième ressort (50, Ressort 2) monte le capteur (30, 200) sur le support (10, 100, 500, 500a, 500b, 500c).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description