(19)
(11)EP 3 051 653 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
18.11.2020 Bulletin 2020/47

(21)Application number: 14846869.7

(22)Date of filing:  25.09.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H02J 3/36  (2006.01)
H02J 13/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2014/087430
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/043482 (02.04.2015 Gazette  2015/13)

(54)

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING DIRECT-CURRENT VOLTAGE

VERFAHREN UND VORRICHTUNG ZUR STEUERUNG VON GLEICHSPANNUNG

PROCÉDÉ ET APPAREIL DE RÉGULATION DE TENSION EN COURANT CONTINU


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 26.09.2013 CN 201310446639

(43)Date of publication of application:
03.08.2016 Bulletin 2016/31

(73)Proprietors:
  • NR Electric Co., Ltd.
    Nanjing, Jiangsu 211102 (CN)
  • NR Engineering Co., Ltd
    Nanjing, Jiangsu 211102 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • DONG, Yunlong
    Nanjing Jiangsu 211102 (CN)
  • TIAN, Jie
    Nanjing Jiangsu 211102 (CN)
  • LI, Haiying
    Nanjing Jiangsu 211102 (CN)
  • CAO, Dongming
    Nanjing Jiangsu 211102 (CN)

(74)Representative: Engelhard, Markus 
Boehmert & Boehmert Anwaltspartnerschaft mbB Pettenkoferstrasse 22
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 069 666
WO-A1-2013/020581
CN-A- 102 969 733
CN-A- 103 178 539
GB-A- 2 002 974
US-A- 4 672 519
WO-A1-2012/044369
CN-A- 102 820 673
CN-A- 103 138 281
GB-A- 1 241 674
US-A- 4 578 743
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The present invention relates to a direct current (DC) voltage control technology, and in particular, to a DC voltage control method and apparatus in a multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system.

    DESCRIPTION OF RELATED ART



    [0002] With rapid development of voltage source converters (VSCs), a VSC-based DC transmission system becomes a main trend of the development of DC transmission systems. A multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system refers to a flexible DC transmission system including at least two VSCs under a same DC grid structure. The most outstanding feature of a multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system is that multiple power sources for supplying power and multiple drop points for receiving power can be achieved. As a more flexible and quick power transmission mode, multi-terminal flexible DC transmission has broad application prospects in fields such as connecting grids of new energies such as wind power, and constructing a city DC distribution network. Although a multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system, as compared with a two-terminal flexible DC transmission system, is more economical and flexible, coordinated control thereof is more complex. An important premise of a stable operation of a multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system is a stable DC voltage.

    [0003] Currently, the following several coordinated control schemes for multi-terminal flexible DC transmission are proposed in industry:
    1. (1) A single-point DC voltage control scheme,
      where only one converter controls a DC voltage, and the remaining converters select to control active power or control a frequency. Descriptions are made by using three-terminal flexible DC transmission as an example. FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a principle of a single-point DC voltage coordinated control scheme. In FIG. 1, the horizontal coordinate indicates a DC current; the vertical coordinate indicates a DC voltage; station 1 controls the DC voltage; and station 2 and station 3 are subjected to active power control or frequency control. As shown in FIG. 1, the single-point DC voltage coordinated control principle is also applicable to other multi-terminal flexible DC transmission systems. Station 1 controls the DC voltage, functions to stabilize the DC voltage, and functions as a power slack bus. The remaining converters are subjected to the active power control or the frequency control.
      An advantage of the single-point DC voltage control scheme is that a DC voltage is of good stability. A disadvantage of the single-point DC voltage control scheme is that when a DC voltage primary control station stops running, the whole multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system exits from running due to the instability of the DV voltage, and therefore, the multi-terminal DC transmission system is of poor reliability and availability.
    2. (2) A multi-point DC voltage coordinated control scheme based on DC voltage droop,
      where multiple converters with power adjustment capabilities that are connected to an alternating current (AC) power source run according to a droop-based DC voltage control scheme. Descriptions are made by using three-terminal flexible DC transmission as an example. FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a principle of a multi-point DC voltage coordinated control scheme based on DC voltage droop. In FIG. 2, the horizontal coordinate indicates a DC current; the vertical coordinate indicates a DC voltage; station 1 and station 2 adopt a droop-based DC voltage control scheme; and station 3 selects an active power control scheme or a frequency control scheme, as shown in FIG. 2. In FIG. 2, DC reference voltages of station 1 and station 2 are as shown in formula (1):

      where Uint is a rated value of a DC voltage of each of station 1 and station 2; k1 is voltage-current droop of station 1; k2 is voltage-current droop of station 2; Udc1_ref is a DC voltage reference value of station 1; Udc2_ref is a DC voltage reference value of station 2; Idc1 is a current reference value of station 1; and Idc2 is a current reference value of station 2. By means of control of a proportional relationship between droop k1 and droop k2, a ratio between active power absorbed or emitted by two converters with constant DC voltages is controlled.
      By means of adoption of a multi-point DC voltage control scheme based on DC voltage droop, the power adjustment capability and stability of the whole multi-terminal system are improved. However, DC voltage control quality of a multi-point DC voltage control scheme based on DC voltage droop is poor, the DC voltage is not constant, and a single converter participating in the DC voltage control is incapable of implementing constant active power control.
    3. (3) A multi-point DC voltage coordinated control scheme based on a DC voltage margin.
      Three-terminal flexible DC transmission is used as an example, and a principle of a multi-point DC voltage coordinated control scheme based on a DC voltage margin adopted by the three-terminal flexible DC transmission is as shown in FIG. 3. In FIG. 3, the horizontal coordinate indicates a DC current; the vertical coordinate indicates a DC voltage; station 1 adopts constant DC voltage control; station 2 adopts a power controller with a DC voltage margin; and station 3 adopts constant active power control or constant frequency control. During normal running, station 1 is designated as a DC voltage primary control station. When station 1 stops running, power of a DC network loses balance, and if power injected into the DC network is less than power emitted from the DC network, a DC voltage decreases. When station 2 detects that the DC voltage is less than a DC voltage constant Urefl, station 2 switches from a current control scheme to constant DC voltage control within a range allowed by capacity, so as to stabilize the DC voltage of the flexible DC transmission system. The multi-point DC voltage coordinated control scheme based on a DC voltage margin, with respect to the single-point DC voltage coordinated control scheme, improves the stability of a multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system. However, in a multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system, if a quantity of secondary stations adopting DC voltage margin control is relatively large, because DC voltage margin values are in ascending order, a DC voltage margin at the time when a secondary station of a last sequence of performing taking over performs taking over is large, which affects an insulation performance of the system; and if the margin values in ascending order are set to be relatively small, wrongful taking over easily occurs. Besides, a power vacancy resulted from that a primary control station exits from running may only be accommodated by a secondary station of a first sequence, and therefore, when the secondary station performs taking over, it is very likely to cause relatively severe oscillation of the system DC voltage, thereby causing a DC overvoltage fault or undervoltage fault.


    [0004] GB 2 002 974 a describes a d.c. power transmission system of the kind comprising rectifier and inverter stations each having a current regulator and a limit angle control device the current regulators being set with a current order with a certain margin deltaI between the rectifier and inverter sides, which current order comprises a first (main current controlling) order and a second order for modulating the current order in dependence on an operation magnitude in an a.c. network connected to a converter station, control signals being transmitted to at least one of the stations by a telecommunication link and further, in dependence on the limit angle control and said margin, one station determining the transmission voltage, whereas the remaining stations are individually current determining.; In the event of drop out of the telecommunication link, the station which is connected to the a.c. network which determines the second order is forced to become current determining by making another station voltage controlling by reduction of its maximum voltage while at the same time the current order is established in this station as the sum of a certain margin deltaI and a pre-planned current value.

    [0005] EP 1 069 666 A1 describes a high voltage direct current transmission system that has a first and a second converter station coupled to each other via a direct current link, each converter station with a voltage source converter. The first converter station has means for control of the voltage of the direct current link, at the first converter station, in dependence on a first voltage reference value. The second converter station has means for control of the active power flow through the second converter station. The means for control of the active power flow through the second converter station comprises voltage control means for control of the direct voltage of the second converter station in dependence on a second voltage reference value. The second voltage reference value is formed in dependence on a third voltage reference value and on a voltage reference correction signal formed in dependence on a quantity indicative of the active power flow through the second converter station and a reference value thereof.

    [0006] US 4 672 519 A describes an HVDC power transmission plant with a rectifier station and an inverter station interconnected by a d.c. power transmission line is disclosed. The plant has a communication link for transmitting control information between the stations, at least one of which having at least two parallel-connected converters. If protective blocking of a faulty converter is made in a faulty station during a period when the communication link is not available, the line voltage and line current are temporarily reduced to zero in the rectifier station. In the faultless station, this state is detected and the minimum value of the control angle of the converters of the faultless station is temporarily increased. After output from the rectifier station has been restored, the line current is measured and the current order in the faultless station is set at the measured value, taking account of the current margin. Thereafter, the minimum value of the control angle is reduced to its normal value.

    [0007] WO 2012/044369 A1 describes multi-terminal HVDC systems and control methods. Methods for controlling multi-terminal HVDC systems having a plurality of converter stations may include receiving a plurality of measurements from a plurality of measurement units disposed on the HVDC system, identifying from the measurements a disruption within the HVDC system, monitoring the measurements to identify a steady-state disrupted condition for the HVDC system, calculating a new set point for at least one of the plurality of converter stations, which new set point may be based on the steady-state disrupted condition and the measurements, and transmitting the new set point to the at least one of the plurality of converter stations. In some examples, the HVDC systems may include an HVDC grid interconnecting the plurality of converter stations and a controller communicatively linked to the plurality of measurement units and the plurality of converter stations.

    [0008] GB 1 241 674 A describes equipment for controlling a high-voltage direct-current distribution system with more than two converter stations and adapted for multi-point network operation with some of the converter stations as rectifiers and the others operating as inverters; which equipment includes current regulators in all of the converter stations to limit the direct current therein to a set maximum value, and voltage regulators in the converter stations operating as inverters, the equipment being arranged to provide the rectifying stations with a summated current-voltage characteristic in which the current increases with a small or zero drop in voltage up to or a little greater than a rated system current at which the voltage falls sharply, the maximum value of the output voltage of the Rectifying stations being equal to or greater than the nominal voltage of the direct current high voltage system, the equipment also providing the inverting stations with a summation current-voltage characteristic in which the current increases from zero with a negligible change in voltage to a point equal to or beyond the rated system current and at which the inverting stations voltage rises sharply, the maximum value of the input voltage of the inverting stations before said sharp voltage rise being equal to or smaller than the nominal system-voltage, the two characteristics intersecting one another always at one stable duty point, thereby determining the system-voltage and at which duty point the current delivered by the rectifying stations is equal to the current drawn by the inverter stations.

    [0009] US 4 578 743 A describes a converter control system for DC power transmission line performs the following operation. When the DC current flowing through an inverter decreases to a value being smaller than a rated current value by a value in excess of a predetermined value, a reference voltage value determining the DC voltage of the inverter decreases. The decrease of this reference voltage value is limited to a given extent, so that a partial constant current characteristic portion appears at the voltage decreased portion in the DC voltage/current characteristic of the inverter. Then, an automatic voltage regulator of the inverter is rendered always active.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION


    Technical Problem



    [0010] In view of the above, a main objective of embodiments of the present invention is to provide a DC voltage control method and apparatus in a multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system, so that when a DC voltage primary control station loses a DC voltage control function, a DC voltage secondary control station implements DC voltage control, and before the selected DC voltage secondary control station performs the DC voltage control, at least one DC voltage secondary control station enables an auxiliary control function to accommodate a current power vacancy.

    Technical Solution



    [0011] To achieve the foregoing objective, technical solutions of the present invention are defined by the independent claims. Implementations are as follows:

    [0012] A DC voltage control method is provided, which is applied to a multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system, where the multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system includes a DC voltage primary control station and at least one DC voltage secondary control station, and the method includes:

    determining, when it is determined that the DC voltage primary control station loses a DC voltage control function, whether the DC voltage primary control station can communicate with the DC voltage secondary control station, and if yes, sending, by the DC voltage primary control station, information about the DC voltage primary control station losing the DC voltage control function to the at least one DC voltage secondary control station and enabling a DC voltage control function of one DC voltage secondary control station, so as to adjust a DC voltage; before the DC voltage control function of the DC voltage secondary control station is enabled, if the DC voltage exceeds an operation range, enabling, by the at least one DC voltage secondary control station, a DC voltage auxiliary control function, so as to adjust emitted or absorbed active power; and

    when the DC voltage primary control station cannot communicate with all of or some of the at least one DC voltage secondary control stations, and if the DC voltage exceeds the operation range, enabling, by at least one DC voltage secondary control station, a DC voltage auxiliary control function, so as to adjust current emitted or absorbed active power, and determining, according to a policy, one DC voltage secondary control station to enable a DC voltage control function, so as to adjust the DC voltage.



    [0013] Preferably, the method further includes:
    after the adjusted DC voltage returns to the operation range, making the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage auxiliary control function enabled exit from the DC voltage auxiliary control function, and restoring an active power command value of the DC voltage secondary control station that exits from the DC voltage auxiliary control function to a value before the DC voltage auxiliary control function is enabled.

    [0014] After the enabling, by the at least one DC voltage secondary control station, a DC voltage auxiliary control function, the method further includes:
    counting, by the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage auxiliary control function enabled, times of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control function, or recording, by the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage auxiliary control function enabled, duration when the DC voltage auxiliary control function, is enabled, and determining, when a counted quantity or recorded duration exceeds a respective set threshold, one DC voltage secondary control station to enable a DC voltage control function, so as to adjust the DC voltage.

    [0015] Preferably, the method further includes:
    setting, for the DC voltage secondary control stations, counted quantity thresholds of enabling DC voltage auxiliary control functions, where the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are in ascending order according to a sequence of activating DC voltage control functions, or the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are exactly the same, or the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations differ from each other, or some of the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are the same.

    [0016] Preferably, the method further includes:

    setting, for the DC voltage secondary control stations, recorded duration thresholds for duration when DC voltage auxiliary control functions are activated,

    where in a case in which operation ranges of DC voltages of the DC voltage secondary control stations are set to be the same, recorded duration thresholds, for duration when DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are activated, are in ascending order according to a sequence of activating DC voltage control functions; and if operation ranges of DC voltages of all the DC voltage secondary control stations in the DC voltage secondary control stations are set to be in ascending order according to a sequence of activating DC voltage control functions, the setting of recorded duration thresholds, for duration when the DC voltage control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are activated, is not limited.



    [0017] Preferably, adjusting, by the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage control function enabled, the DC voltage includes:
    adjusting a DC voltage command value to a rated value.

    [0018] Preferably, the method further includes:
    using, after an original DC voltage primary control station restores a DC voltage control function, the original DC voltage primary control station as a new DC voltage secondary control station.

    [0019] A DC voltage control apparatus is provided, which is applied to the multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system, where the multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system includes a DC voltage primary control station and at least one DC voltage secondary control station, and the apparatus includes a first determining unit, a second determining unit, a sending unit, a first enabling unit, a third determining unit, a second enabling unit, a fourth determining unit, and a third enabling unit, where
    the first determining unit is configured to determine whether the DC voltage primary control station loses a DC voltage control function, and if yes, trigger the second determining unit;
    the second determining unit is configured to determine whether the DC voltage primary control station can communicate with the at least one DC voltage secondary control station, and if yes, trigger the sending unit; and if not, trigger the fourth determining unit;
    the sending unit is configured to send, by the DC voltage primary control station, information about the DC voltage primary control station losing the DC voltage control function to at least one DC voltage secondary control station;
    the first enabling unit is configured to enable a DC voltage control function of a DC voltage secondary control station, so that the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage control function enabled adjusts a DC voltage;
    the third determining unit is configured to determine, before the DC voltage control function of the DC voltage secondary control station is enabled, whether the DC voltage exceeds an operation range, and if yes, trigger the second enabling unit;
    the second enabling unit is configured to enable a DC voltage auxiliary control function of at least one DC voltage secondary control station, so that the at least one DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage auxiliary control function enabled adjusts emitted or absorbed active power;
    the fourth determining unit is configured to determine whether the DC voltage exceeds the operation range, and if yes, trigger the third enabling unit; and
    the third enabling unit is configured to enable the DC voltage auxiliary control function of at least one DC voltage secondary control station, so that the at least one DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage auxiliary control function enabled adjusts current emitted or absorbed active power, and determine, according to a policy, one DC voltage secondary control station to enable a DC voltage control function, so that the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage control function enabled adjusts the DC voltage.

    [0020] Preferably, the apparatus further includes a first detection unit and an exit unit, where
    the first detection unit is configured to detect whether the adjusted DC voltage returns to the operation range, and if yes, trigger the exit unit; and
    the exit unit is configured to enable the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage auxiliary control function enabled to exit from the DC voltage auxiliary control function, and restore an active power command value of the DC voltage secondary control station that exits from the DC voltage auxiliary control function to a value before the DC voltage auxiliary control function is enabled.

    [0021] The third enabling unit includes an accumulation subunit, a determining subunit, and an enabling subunit, where
    the accumulation subunit is configured to count times of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control function, or record duration when the DC voltage auxiliary control function is enabled;
    the determining subunit is configured to determine whether a counted quantity or recorded duration exceeds a respective set threshold, and if yes, trigger the enabling subunit; and
    the enabling subunit is configured to determine one DC voltage secondary control station to enable a DC voltage control function, so that the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage control function enabled adjusts the DC voltage.

    [0022] Preferably, the apparatus further includes:
    a first setting unit, configured to set, for the DC voltage secondary control stations, counted quantity thresholds of enabling DC voltage auxiliary control functions, where the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are in ascending order according to a sequence of activating DC voltage control functions, or the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are exactly the same, or the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations differ from each other, or some of the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are the same.

    [0023] Preferably, the apparatus further includes:

    a second setting unit, configured to set, for the DC voltage secondary control stations, the recorded duration thresholds for duration when the DC voltage auxiliary control functions are activated,

    where in a case in which operation ranges of DC voltages of the DC voltage secondary control stations are set to be the same, recorded duration thresholds, for duration when DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are activated, are in ascending order according to a sequence of activating DC voltage control functions; and if operation ranges of DC voltages of all the DC voltage secondary control stations in the DC voltage secondary control stations are set to be in ascending order according to a sequence of activating DC voltage control functions, the setting of recorded duration thresholds, for duration when DC voltage control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are activated, is not limited.



    [0024] Preferably, the apparatus further includes a second detection unit and a control unit, where
    the second detection unit is configured to detect whether an original DC primary control station restores a DC voltage control function, and if yes, trigger the control unit; and
    the control unit is configured to use the original DC voltage primary control station as a new DC voltage secondary control station.

    Advantageous Effect



    [0025] The embodiments of the present invention are applied to a multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system, and disclose: determining, when it is determined that a DC voltage primary control station loses a DC voltage control function, whether the DC voltage primary control station can communicate with at least one DC voltage secondary control station, and if yes, sending, by the DC voltage primary control station, information about the DC voltage primary control station losing the DC voltage control function to at least one DC voltage secondary control station and enabling a DC voltage control function of a DC voltage secondary control station of a first sequence, so as to adjust a DC voltage; before the DC voltage control function of the DC voltage secondary control station of the first sequence is enabled, if the DC voltage exceeds an operation range, enabling, by at least one DC voltage secondary control station, a DC voltage auxiliary control function, so as to adjust emitted or absorbed active power; and when the DC voltage primary control station cannot communicate with all of or some of the at least one DC voltage secondary control station, and if the DC voltage exceeds the operation range, enabling, by at least one DC voltage secondary control station, a DC voltage auxiliary control function, so as to adjust current emitted or absorbed active power, and determining, according to a policy, one DC voltage secondary control station to enable a DC voltage control function, so as to adjust the DC voltage. By means of adoption of the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, a DC voltage may be effectively controlled, and after a DC voltage primary control station loses a DC voltage control capability, a DC voltage secondary control station may rapidly accommodate a power vacancy resulted from the exit of the primary control station, so as to reduce DC voltage oscillation of the system. In addition, a selected secondary station takes over control of the DC voltage, so as to maintain continuous running of a multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0026] 

    FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a principle of a single-point direct current (DC) voltage coordinated control scheme;

    FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a principle of a multi-point DC voltage coordinated control scheme based on DC voltage droop;

    FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a principle of a multi-point DC voltage coordinated control scheme based on a DC voltage margin;

    FIG. 4 is a schematic flowchart of a DC voltage control method of an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 5 is a schematic flowchart of a DC voltage control method of another embodiment of the present invention; and

    FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of compositions of a DC voltage control apparatus of an embodiment of the present invention.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0027] To make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, the following describes the present invention in detail by illustrating embodiments and referring to accompanying drawings.

    [0028] FIG. 4 is a schematic flowchart of a DC voltage control method of an embodiment of the present invention. The DC voltage control method of the embodiment of the present invention is applied to a multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system. The multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system includes a DC voltage primary control station and at least one DC voltage secondary control station. As shown in FIG. 4, the DC voltage control method of the embodiment of the present invention includes the following steps:
    Step 401: Determine whether a DC voltage primary control station loses a DC voltage control function.

    [0029] In a multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system, a DC voltage primary control station executes a DC voltage control function. However, the DC voltage primary control station may stop running due to various reasons, or the DC voltage control function thereof may suddenly fail. Moreover, the multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system necessarily requires DC voltage control. Therefore, the DC voltage control function of the DC voltage primary control station needs to be detected, so as to ensure the effectiveness of the DC voltage control function of the DC voltage primary control station. When the DC voltage primary control station fails, a DC voltage control function of a DC voltage secondary control station needs to be activated immediately, so as to ensure the DC voltage control function in the multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system, prevent the DC voltage from exceeding a set range, and prevent unnecessary damages from being caused.

    [0030] Step 402: Enable a DC voltage control function of one DC voltage secondary control station, and if the DC voltage exceeds a threshold, enable a DC voltage auxiliary control function of at least one DC voltage secondary control station.

    [0031] Specifically, when it is determined that the DC voltage primary control station loses a DC voltage control function, whether the DC voltage primary control station can communicate with the at least one DC voltage secondary control station is determined, and if yes, the DC voltage primary control station sends information about the DC voltage primary control station losing the DC voltage control function to a specific DC voltage secondary control station in the at least one DC voltage secondary control station, and a DC voltage control function of the DC voltage secondary control station is enabled. Before the DC voltage control function of the DC voltage secondary control station is enabled, if the DC voltage exceeds an operation range, at least one DC voltage secondary control station enables a DC voltage auxiliary control function, so as to adjust emitted or absorbed active power. When the DC voltage primary control station cannot communicate with all of or some of the at least one DC voltage secondary control station, and if the DC voltage exceeds the operation range, at least one DC voltage secondary control station enables a DC voltage auxiliary control function, so as to adjust current emitted or absorbed active power, and one DC voltage secondary control station to enable a DC voltage control function is determined according to a policy, so as to adjust the current emitted or absorbed active power of the DC voltage.
    Specifically, duration, determined by the DC voltage secondary control station, of enabling the DC voltage control function may be set according to a requirement for DC voltage control, or may be any duration, which is not limited in the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0032] On the basis of the earlier descriptions, the method of the embodiment of the present invention further includes:

    after the adjusted DC voltage returns to the operation range, making the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage auxiliary control function enabled exit from the DC voltage auxiliary control function, and restoring an active power command value of the DC voltage secondary control station that exits from the DC voltage auxiliary control function to a value before the DC voltage auxiliary control function is enabled; and

    counting, by the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage auxiliary control function enabled, times of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control function, or recording, by the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage auxiliary control function enabled, duration when the DC voltage auxiliary control function, is enabled, and determining, when a counted quantity or recorded duration exceeds a respective set threshold, one DC voltage secondary control station to enable a DC voltage control function, so as to adjust the DC voltage.



    [0033] On the basis of the earlier descriptions, the method of the embodiment of the present invention further includes:
    setting, for the DC voltage secondary control stations, counted quantity thresholds of enabling DC voltage auxiliary control functions, where the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are in ascending order according to a sequence of activating DC voltage control functions, or the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are exactly the same, or the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations differ from each other, or some of the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are the same.

    [0034] On the basis of the earlier descriptions, the method of the embodiment of the present invention further includes:

    setting, for the DC voltage secondary control stations, recorded duration thresholds for duration when a DC voltage auxiliary control function is activated,

    where in a case in which operation ranges of DC voltages of the DC voltage secondary control stations are set to be the same, recorded duration thresholds, for duration when DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are activated, are in ascending order according to a sequence of activating DC voltage control functions; and if operation ranges of DC voltages of all the DC voltage secondary control stations in the DC voltage secondary control stations are set to be in ascending order according to a sequence of activating DC voltage control functions, the setting of recorded duration thresholds, for duration when the DC voltage control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are activated, is not limited.



    [0035] In the embodiment of the present invention, a DC voltage command value of the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage control function enabled is a rated value.

    [0036] On the basis of the earlier descriptions, the method of the embodiment of the present invention further includes:
    using, after an original DC voltage primary control station restores a DC voltage control function, the original DC voltage primary control station as a new DC voltage secondary control station.

    [0037] The essence of the technical solution of the embodiment of the present invention is further illustrated below with reference to specific examples.

    [0038] With the DC voltage control method for a multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system provided in the present invention, a DC voltage may be effectively controlled, and after a DC voltage primary control station loses a DC voltage control capability, another DC voltage secondary control station may rapidly accommodate a power vacancy resulted from the exit of the primary control station, so as to reduce DC voltage oscillation of the system. Meanwhile, a secondary station of a first sequence takes over control of the DC voltage, so as to maintain continuous running of the multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system.

    [0039] The multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system includes a DC voltage primary control station and at least one DC voltage secondary control station. The DC voltage primary control station controls a DC voltage of the whole system, and all the remaining converters select active power control or frequency control. A DC voltage auxiliary control function is added to a DC voltage secondary control station. When the DC voltage primary control station loses a DC voltage control function, and if a resulted DC voltage exceeds a set operation range, the at least one DC voltage secondary control station rapidly adjusts emitted or absorbed active power, so as to jointly accommodate a power vacancy resulted from that the DC voltage primary control station loses the DC voltage control function. After the adjusted DC voltage returns to the operation range, the secondary station exits from the DC voltage auxiliary control function. At this time, if the power vacancy still exists, the DC voltage will exceed the operation range again, and a secondary station will launch DC voltage auxiliary control again. A specific taking over step includes the following two situations:

    [0040] (1) In a case in which inter-station communication is effective, a DC voltage primary control station sends information about losing the DC voltage control to a DC voltage secondary control station, and after receiving the information, a secondary station of a first sequence of performing taking over rapidly takes over a DC voltage. Before the taking over succeeds, if the DC voltage exceeds an operation range, the DC voltage secondary control stations launch DC voltage auxiliary control functions. Other converters than the primary control station and the secondary stations maintain original control schemes unchanged.

    [0041] (2) In a case in which inter-station communication is ineffective, a DC voltage secondary control station performs sequential taking over according to a quantity of times of launching an added DC voltage auxiliary control function, or performs sequential taking over after a delay counting from a first time of launching DC voltage auxiliary control. Other converters than the primary control station and the secondary stations maintain original control schemes unchanged.

    [0042] After the adjusted DC voltage returns to the operation range, the secondary station exits from the DC voltage auxiliary control function, and the active power command value of the secondary station is restored to a value before the DC voltage auxiliary control is launched.

    [0043] Constant values of DC voltage operation ranges of the DC voltage secondary control stations may be set to be the same, or may be set to be in ascending order according to a sequence of performing taking over. If the constant values of the DC voltage operation ranges are set to be the same, when the DC voltage operation ranges exceed the constant value, all the secondary stations launch DC voltage auxiliary control at the same time, and count quantities of times of the launch. It is supposed that a secondary station of a first sequence performs DC voltage taking over when the counted quantity is N_1, a secondary station of a second sequence performs DC voltage taking over when the counted quantity is N_2, ... , and a secondary station of an nth sequence performs DC voltage taking over when the counted number is N_n, where N_1 < N_2 < ... < N_n. Constant values of DC voltage operation ranges may also be in ascending order according to a sequence of performing taking over by the secondary stations.

    [0044] In the DC voltage control method of the embodiment of the present invention, taking over may also be performed by using a delay method. When time is counted from the first time when DC voltage auxiliary control is launched by a secondary station, in a case in which the DC voltage operation ranges are set to be the same, delays of secondary stations are set to be in ascending order according to a sequence of performing taking over. If the DC voltage operation ranges are set to be in ascending order, a delay may be independently set by each secondary station.

    [0045] After a DC voltage secondary control station takes over control of a DC voltage, a DC voltage command value thereof is a rated value.

    [0046] After a DC voltage secondary control station takes over control of a DC voltage, if an original DC voltage primary control station is restored to normal running, the original DC voltage primary control station is used as a new DC voltage secondary control station.

    [0047] A specific implementation manner of DC voltage control for a multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system provided in the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to FIG. 5 (it is supposed that constant values of DC voltage operation ranges of all the secondary stations are set to be the same).

    [0048] FIG. 5 is a schematic flowchart of a DC voltage control method of another embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 5, the DC voltage control method of this example includes the following steps:
    Step 501: Detect a stop of running of a DC voltage primary control station.

    [0049] When the primary control station stops running, a power vacancy occurs in a multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system due to the exit of the DC voltage primary control station. At this time, the DC voltage primary control station loses a DC voltage control capability, and therefore, a DC voltage increases or decreases. All the DC voltage secondary control stations perform real-time monitoring on the DC voltage.

    [0050] Step 502: Determine whether communication between the DC voltage primary control station and a DC voltage secondary control station is effective, and if yes, perform Step 509: Directly implement, after a DC voltage secondary control station monitors, through inter-station communication, that the DC voltage primary control station loses a DC voltage control capability, taking over of control of the DC voltage; and if the inter-station communication is ineffective, perform Step 503.

    [0051] Step 503: Determine whether the DC voltage exceeds an operation range. and if yes, perform Step 504; and if not, continue executing the DC voltage detection.

    [0052] Step 504: Launch, after all the DC voltage secondary control stations monitor that the DC voltage exceeds the operation range, DC voltage auxiliary control, rapidly adjust respective emitted or absorbed active power, accommodate a power vacancy resulted from the exit of the DC voltage primary control station, and maintain the stability of the DC voltage.

    [0053] In this embodiment, descriptions are made by using an example that all the DC voltage secondary control stations activate DC voltage auxiliary control functions before a DC voltage control function of a DC voltage secondary control station is enabled. In practice, the method may be implemented as long as at least one DC voltage secondary control station activates a DC voltage auxiliary control function. Certainly, a DC voltage secondary control station for activating a DC voltage auxiliary control function may be set in advance, and after it is monitored that a DC voltage exceeds an operation range, the DC voltage secondary control station that is set in advance activates the DC voltage auxiliary control function.

    [0054] Specifically, when it is determined that the DC voltage primary control station loses a DC voltage control function, whether the DC voltage primary control station can communicate with at least one DC voltage secondary control station is further determined, and if yes, the DC voltage primary control station sends information about the DC voltage primary control station losing the DC voltage control function to a specific DC voltage secondary control station in the at least one DC voltage secondary control station, and a DC voltage control function of the DC voltage secondary control station is enabled. Before the DC voltage control function of the DC voltage secondary control station is enabled, if the DC voltage exceeds the operation range, at least one DC voltage secondary control station enables a DC voltage auxiliary control function, so as to adjust emitted or absorbed active power. When the DC voltage primary control station cannot communicate with all of or some of the DC voltage secondary control stations, and if the DC voltage exceeds the operation range, at least one DC voltage secondary control station enables a DC voltage auxiliary control function, so as to adjust current emitted or absorbed active power, and one DC voltage secondary control station to enable a DC voltage control function is determined according to a policy, so as to adjust the current emitted or absorbed active power of the DC voltage.

    [0055] Step 505: Determine whether the DC voltage returns to the operation range. and if yes, perform Step 506; and if not, go back to continue executing the DC voltage control function.

    [0056] Step 506: All the DC voltage secondary control stations exit from the DC voltage auxiliary control.

    [0057] When enabling, by means of power adjustment, the DC voltage returns to the operation range, all the DC voltage secondary control stations exit from the DC voltage auxiliary control.

    [0058] Step 507: A quantity of times of launching the DC voltage auxiliary control by a DC voltage secondary control station is added by one. After the DC voltage secondary control stations exit from the DC voltage auxiliary control, the DC voltage will increase or decrease again because the power vacancy of the multi-terminal DC transmission system still exists. When the DC voltage exceeds the operation range again, all the DC voltage secondary control stations launch the DC voltage auxiliary control functions again, and a quantity of the times of the launch of each of all the DC voltage secondary control stations is added by one again.

    [0059] Step 508: Determine whether a quantity of times of executing the DC voltage auxiliary function by a DC voltage secondary control station exceeds a set value N_1.

    [0060] The steps are performed repeatedly. When a quantity of times of launching DC voltage auxiliary control by a DC voltage secondary control station of a first sequence of performing taking over achieves the set value N_1, the secondary station of the first sequence performs taking over of control of the DC voltage, and maintains continuous stable running of the whole multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system, and if it does not achieve the set value N_1, continue executing the DC voltage auxiliary control function.

    [0061] Step 509: The DC voltage secondary control station of the first sequence performs taking over, so as to implement taking over of control of the DC voltage.

    [0062] FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of compositions of a DC voltage control apparatus of an embodiment of the present invention. The DC voltage control apparatus is applied to the multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system. The multi-terminal flexible DC transmission system includes a DC voltage primary control station and at least one DC voltage secondary control station. As shown in FIG. 6, the DC voltage control apparatus of the embodiment of the present invention includes a first determining unit 60, a second determining unit 61, a sending unit 62, a first enabling unit 63, a third determining unit 64, a second enabling unit 65, a fourth determining unit 66, and a third enabling unit 67, where
    the first determining unit 60 is configured to determine whether the DC voltage primary control station loses a DC voltage control function, and if yes, trigger the second determining unit 61;
    the second determining unit 61 is configured to determine whether the DC voltage primary control station can communicate with the at least one DC voltage secondary control station, and if yes, trigger the sending unit 62; and if not, trigger the fourth determining unit 67;
    the sending unit 62 is configured to send, by the DC voltage primary control station, information about the DC voltage primary control station losing the DC voltage control function to at least one DC voltage secondary control station, where the at least one DC voltage secondary control station may be a set DC voltage secondary control station of a first sequence;
    the first enabling unit 63 is configured to enable a DC voltage control function of a DC voltage secondary control station, so that the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage control function enabled adjusts a DC voltage;
    the third determining unit 64 is configured to determine, before the DC voltage control function of the DC voltage secondary control station is enabled, whether the DC voltage exceeds an operation range, and if yes, trigger the second enabling unit 65;
    the second enabling unit 65 is configured to enable a DC voltage auxiliary control function of at least one DC voltage secondary control station, so that the at least one DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage auxiliary control function enabled adjusts emitted or absorbed active power;
    the fourth determining unit 66 is configured to determine whether the DC voltage exceeds the operation range, and if yes, trigger the third enabling unit; and
    the third enabling unit 67 is configured to enable the DC voltage auxiliary control function of at least one DC voltage secondary control station, so that the at least one DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage auxiliary control function enabled adjusts current emitted or absorbed active power, and determine, according to a policy, one DC voltage secondary control station to enable a DC voltage control function, so that the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage control function enabled adjusts the DC voltage.

    [0063] Adjusting, by the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage control function enabled, the DC voltage includes: adjusting a DC voltage command value to a rated value.

    [0064] Adjusting the DC voltage indicates adjusting current emitted or absorbed active power of the DC voltage so as to accommodate a current power vacancy.

    [0065] On the basis of the DC voltage control apparatus shown in FIG. 6, the DC voltage control apparatus of the embodiment of the present invention further includes: a first detection unit (not shown in FIG. 6) and an exit unit (not shown in FIG. 6), where
    the first detection unit is configured to detect whether the adjusted DC voltage returns to the operation range, and if yes, trigger the exit unit; and
    the exit unit is configured to enable the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage auxiliary control function enabled to exit from the DC voltage auxiliary control function, and restore an active power command value of the DC voltage secondary control station that exits from the DC voltage auxiliary control function to a value before the DC voltage auxiliary control function is enabled.

    [0066] The foregoing third enabling unit 67 specifically includes an accumulation subunit (not shown in the figure), a determining subunit (not shown in the figure), and an enabling subunit (not shown in the figure), where
    the accumulation subunit is configured to count times of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control function, or record duration when the DC voltage auxiliary control function is enabled;
    the determining subunit is configured to determine whether a counted quantity or recorded duration exceeds a respective set threshold, and if yes, trigger the enabling subunit; and
    the enabling subunit is configured to determine one DC voltage secondary control station to enable a DC voltage control function, so that the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage control function enabled adjusts the DC voltage.

    [0067] On the basis of the DC voltage control apparatus shown in FIG. 6, the DC voltage control apparatus of the embodiment of the present invention further includes: a first setting unit (not shown in FIG. 6), configured to set, for the DC voltage secondary control stations, counted quantity thresholds of enabling DC voltage auxiliary control functions, where the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are in ascending order according to a sequence of activating DC voltage control functions, or the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are exactly the same, or the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations differ from each other, or some of the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are the same. On the basis of the DC voltage control apparatus shown in FIG. 6, the DC voltage control apparatus of the embodiment of the present invention further includes: a second setting unit (not shown in FIG. 6), configured to set, for the DC voltage secondary control stations, the recorded duration thresholds for duration when the DC voltage auxiliary control functions are activated,
    where in a case in which operation ranges of DC voltages of the DC voltage secondary control stations are set to be the same, recorded duration thresholds, for duration when DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are activated, are in ascending order according to a sequence of activating DC voltage control functions; and if operation ranges of DC voltages of all the DC voltage secondary control stations in the DC voltage secondary control stations are set to be in ascending order according to a sequence of activating DC voltage control functions, the setting of recorded duration thresholds, for duration when the DC voltage control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are activated, is not limited.

    [0068] On the basis of the DC voltage control apparatus shown in FIG. 6, the DC voltage control apparatus of the embodiment of the present invention further includes:

    a second detection unit (not shown in FIG. 6) and a control unit (not shown in FIG. 6), where

    the second detection unit is configured to detect whether an original DC primary control station restores a DC voltage control function, and if yes, trigger the control unit; and

    the control unit is configured to use the original DC voltage primary control station as a new DC voltage secondary control station.



    [0069] A person skilled in the art should understand that functions of processing units in a DC voltage control apparatus of the embodiments of the present invention may be understood with reference to relevant descriptions of the foregoing DC voltage control method, and processing units in an intelligent device of the embodiments of the present invention may be implemented by using an analog circuit for implementing the functions of the embodiments of the present invention, or may be implemented by running, in an intelligent device, software for executing the functions of the embodiments of the present invention.

    [0070] The technical solutions described in the embodiments of the present invention may be combined arbitrarily on the premise of not conflicting with each other.

    [0071] In the several embodiments provided in the present invention, it should be understood that the disclosed method and intelligent device may be implemented in other manners. The described device embodiments are merely exemplary. For example, the unit division is merely logical function division and may be other division in actual implementation. For example, multiple units or components may be combined or integrated into another system, or some features may be ignored or not executed. In addition, the displayed or discussed mutual couplings or direct couplings or communication connections between components may be implemented through some interfaces. The indirect couplings or communication connections between the devices or units may be implemented in electronic, mechanical, or other forms.

    [0072] The units described as separate parts may or may not be physically separate, and the parts displayed as units may or may not be physical units, may be located in one position, or may be distributed on multiple network units. A part of or all of the units may be selected according to actual needs to achieve the objectives of the solutions of the embodiments.

    [0073] In addition, functional units in the embodiments of the present invention may be integrated into one processing unit, or each of the units may function as one unit separately, or two or more units may be integrated into one unit. The integrated unit may be implemented in the form of hardware, or may be implemented in the form of a combination of hardware and software functional units.

    [0074] A person of ordinary skill in the art may understand that: all or some of the steps of the foregoing method embodiments may be implemented by a program instructing relevant hardware; the program may be stored in a computer readable storage medium; when the program is executed, the steps of the foregoing method embodiments are executed; and the foregoing storage medium includes: any medium that can store program code, such as a portable storage device, a read-only memory (ROM, Read-Only Memory), a random access memory (RAM, Random Access Memory), a magnetic disk, or an optical disc.

    [0075] Alternatively, when the foregoing integrated units in the embodiments of the present invention are implemented in a form of a software functional module and sold or used as an independent product, the units may be stored in a computer-readable storage medium. Based on such an understanding, the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention essentially, or the part contributing to the prior art may be implemented in a form of a software product. The computer software product is stored in a storage medium and includes several instructions for instructing a computer device (which may be a personal computer, a server, a network device, or the like) to perform all or a part of the methods described in the embodiments of the present invention. The foregoing storage medium includes: any medium that can store program code, such as a portable storage device, a read-only memory (ROM, Read-Only Memory), a random access memory (RAM, Random Access Memory), a magnetic disk, or an optical disc.

    [0076] The foregoing descriptions are merely specific implementation manners of the present invention, but are not intended to limit the protection scope of the present invention, which is defined by the independent claims.


    Claims

    1. A direct current (DC) voltage control method, applied to a multi-terminal DC transmission system, wherein the multi-terminal DC transmission system comprises a DC voltage primary control station and at least one DC voltage secondary control station, and the method comprises:

    determining (401), when it is determined that the DC voltage primary control station loses a DC voltage control function, whether the DC voltage primary control station can communicate with the DC voltage secondary control station, and if yes, sending, by the DC voltage primary control station, information about the DC voltage primary control station losing the DC voltage control function to the at least one DC voltage secondary control station and enabling (402) a DC voltage control function of one of the at least one DC voltage secondary control station, so as to adjust the DC voltage;

    before the DC voltage control function of the one of the at least one DC voltage secondary control station is enabled, if the DC voltage exceeds an operation range, enabling, by the at least one DC voltage secondary control station, a DC voltage auxiliary control function, so as to adjust emitted or absorbed active power; and

    when the DC voltage primary control station cannot communicate with all of or some of the at least one DC voltage secondary control station, and if the DC voltage exceeds the operation range, enabling, by the at least one DC voltage secondary control station, a DC voltage auxiliary control function, so as to adjust current emitted or absorbed active power, and determining, according to a policy, one DC voltage secondary control station to enable a DC voltage control function, so as to adjust the DC voltage;

    characterized in that

    after the enabling, by the at least one DC voltage secondary control station, a DC voltage auxiliary control function, the method further comprises:
    counting, by the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage auxiliary control function enabled, times of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control function, and determining, when a counted quantity exceeds a respective set threshold, one DC voltage secondary control station to enable a DC voltage control function, so as to adjust the DC voltage.


     
    2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the method further comprises:
    after the adjusted DC voltage returns to the operation range, making the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage auxiliary control function enabled exit from the DC voltage auxiliary control function, and restoring an active power command value of the DC voltage secondary control station that exits from the DC voltage auxiliary control function to a value before the DC voltage auxiliary control function is enabled.
     
    3. The method according to claim 1, wherein the method further comprises:
    setting, for the DC voltage secondary control stations, counted quantity thresholds of enabling DC voltage auxiliary control functions, wherein the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are in ascending order according to a sequence of activating DC voltage control functions, or the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are exactly the same, or the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations differ from each other, or some of the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are the same.
     
    4. The method according to claim 1, wherein the method further comprises:

    setting, for the DC voltage secondary control stations, recorded duration thresholds for duration when DC voltage auxiliary control functions are activated,

    wherein in a case in which operation ranges of DC voltages of the DC voltage secondary control stations are set to be the same, recorded duration thresholds, for duration when DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are activated, are in ascending order according to a sequence of activating DC voltage control functions; and if operation ranges of DC voltages of all the DC voltage secondary control stations in the DC voltage secondary control stations are set to be in ascending order according to a sequence of activating DC voltage control functions, the setting of recorded duration thresholds, for duration when the DC voltage control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are activated, is not limited.


     
    5. The method according to claim 1, wherein adjusting, by the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage control function enabled, the DC voltage comprises:
    adjusting a DC voltage command value to a rated value.
     
    6. The method according to claim 1, wherein the method further comprises:
    using, after an original DC voltage primary control station restores a DC voltage control function, the original DC voltage primary control station as a new DC voltage secondary control station.
     
    7. A direct current (DC) voltage control apparatus, applied to the multi-terminal DC transmission system, wherein the multi-terminal DC transmission system comprises a DC voltage primary control station and at least one DC voltage secondary control station, and the apparatus comprises a first determining unit (60), a second determining unit (62), a sending unit (63), a first enabling unit (64), a third determining unit (64), a second enabling unit (65), a fourth determining unit (66), and a third enabling unit (67), wherein
    the first determining unit (60) is configured to determine whether the DC voltage primary control station loses a DC voltage control function, and if yes, trigger the second determining unit (62);
    the second determining unit (62) is configured to determine whether the DC voltage primary control station can communicate with the at least one DC voltage secondary control station, and if yes, trigger the sending unit (63); and if not, trigger the fourth determining unit (66);
    the sending unit (63) is configured to send, by the DC voltage primary control station, information about the DC voltage primary control station losing the DC voltage control function to at least one DC voltage secondary control station;
    the first enabling unit (64) is configured to enable a DC voltage control function of a DC voltage secondary control station, so that the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage control function enabled adjusts a DC voltage;
    the third determining unit (64) is configured to determine, before the DC voltage control function of the DC voltage secondary control station is enabled, whether the DC voltage exceeds an operation range, and if yes, trigger the second enabling unit;
    the second enabling unit (65) is configured to enable a DC voltage auxiliary control function of at least one DC voltage secondary control station, so that the at least one DC voltage secondary control stations that has the DC voltage auxiliary control function enabled adjusts emitted or absorbed active power;
    the fourth determining unit (66) is configured to determine whether the DC voltage exceeds the operation range, and if yes, trigger the third enabling unit (67); and
    the third enabling unit (67) is configured to enable the DC voltage auxiliary control function of at least one DC voltage secondary control station, so that the at least one DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage auxiliary control function enabled adjusts current emitted or absorbed active power, and determine, according to a policy, one DC voltage secondary control station to enable a DC voltage control function, so that the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage control function enabled adjusts the DC voltage.
    characterized in that
    the third enabling unit (67) comprises an accumulation subunit, a determining subunit, and an enabling subunit, wherein
    the accumulation subunit is configured to count times of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control function;
    the determining subunit is configured to determine whether a counted quantity exceeds a respective set threshold, and if yes, trigger the enabling subunit; and
    the enabling subunit is configured to determine one DC voltage secondary control station to enable a DC voltage control function, so that the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage control function enabled adjusts the DC voltage.
     
    8. The apparatus according to claim 7, wherein the apparatus further comprises: a first detection unit and an exit unit, wherein
    the first detection unit is configured to detect whether the adjusted DC voltage returns to the operation range, and if yes, trigger the exit unit; and
    the exit unit is configured to enable the DC voltage secondary control station that has the DC voltage auxiliary control function enabled to exit from the DC voltage auxiliary control function, and restore an active power command value of the DC voltage secondary control station that exits from the DC voltage auxiliary control function to a value before the DC voltage auxiliary control function is enabled.
     
    9. The apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the apparatus further comprises:
    a first setting unit, configured to set, for the DC voltage secondary control stations, counted quantity thresholds of enabling DC voltage auxiliary control functions, wherein the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are in ascending order according to a sequence of activating DC voltage control functions, or the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are exactly the same, or the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations differ from each other, or some of the counted quantity thresholds of enabling the DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are the same.
     
    10. The apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the apparatus further comprises:

    a second setting unit, configured to set, for the DC voltage secondary control stations, the recorded duration thresholds for duration when the DC voltage auxiliary control functions are activated,

    wherein in a case in which operation ranges of DC voltages of the DC voltage secondary control stations are set to be the same, recorded duration thresholds, for duration when DC voltage auxiliary control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are activated, are in ascending order according to a sequence of activating DC voltage control functions; and if operation ranges of DC voltages of all the DC voltage secondary control stations in the DC voltage secondary control stations are set to be in ascending order according to a sequence of activating DC voltage control functions, the setting of recorded duration thresholds, for duration when DC voltage control functions of the DC voltage secondary control stations are activated, is not limited.


     
    11. The apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the apparatus further comprises: a second detection unit and a control unit, wherein
    the second detection unit is configured to detect whether an original DC primary control station restores a DC voltage control function, and if yes, trigger the control unit; and the control unit is configured to use the original DC voltage primary control station as a new DC voltage secondary control station.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zum Steuern von Gleichspannung (DC), das auf ein Gleichstromübertragungssystem mit mehreren Anschlüssen angewendet wird, wobei das Gleichstromübertragungssystem mit mehreren Anschlüssen eine primäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation und mindestens eine sekundäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation umfasst, und wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    Bestimmen (401), wenn bestimmt wird, dass die primäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation eine Gleichspannungssteuerfunktion verliert, ob die primäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation mit der sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstation kommunizieren kann, und wenn ja, Senden von Informationen durch die primäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation über den Verlust der Gleichspannungssteuerfunktion durch die primäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation an die mindestens eine sekundäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation und Aktivieren (402) einer Gleichspannungssteuerfunktion von einer der mindestens einen sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstation, um die Gleichspannung einzustellen;

    bevor die Gleichspannungssteuerfunktion der einen der mindestens einen sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstation aktiviert wird, wenn die Gleichspannung einen Betriebsbereich überschreitet, Aktivieren einer Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktion durch die mindestens eine sekundäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation, um die abgegebene oder aufgenommene Wirkleistung einzustellen; und

    wenn die primäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation nicht mit der gesamten oder einem Teil der mindestens einen sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstation kommunizieren kann und wenn die Gleichspannung den Betriebsbereich überschreitet, Aktivieren, durch die mindestens eine sekundäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation, einer Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktion, um die abgegebene oder aufgenommene Wirkleistung einzustellen, und gemäß einer Richtlinie Bestimmen einer sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstation, um eine Gleichspannungssteuerfunktion zu aktivieren, um die Gleichspannung einzustellen;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    nach dem Aktivieren einer Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktion durch die mindestens eine sekundäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation das Verfahren ferner umfasst:
    Zählen, durch die sekundäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation, bei der die Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktion aktiviert ist, der Häufigkeit der Aktivierung der Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktion, und, wenn eine Zählmenge einen entsprechenden festgelegten Schwellenwert überschreitet, Bestimmen einer sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstation zum Aktivieren einer Gleichspannungssteuerfunktion, um die Gleichspannung einzustellen.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Verfahren ferner umfasst:
    nachdem die eingestellte Gleichspannung in den Betriebsbereich zurückkehrt, Veranlassen, dass die sekundäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation, bei der die Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktion aktiviert ist, aus der Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktion austritt, und Wiederherstellen eines Wirkleistung-Sollwerts der sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstation, die aus der Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktion austritt, auf einen Wert, bevor die Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktion aktiviert wird.
     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Verfahren ferner umfasst:
    Einstellen, für die sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstationen, von Zählmengenschwellenwerten der Aktivierung von Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktionen, wobei die Zählmengenschwellenwerte der Aktivierung der Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktionen der sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstationen in aufsteigender Reihenfolge gemäß einer Sequenz von aktivierenden Gleichspannungssteuerfunktionen sind, oder die Zählmengenschwellenwerte der Aktivierung der Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktionen der sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstationen genau gleich sind, oder sich die Zählmengenschwellenwerte der Aktivierung der Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktionen der sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstationen voneinander unterscheiden, oder einige der Zählmengenschwellenwerte der Aktivierung der Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktionen der sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstationen gleich sind.
     
    4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Verfahren ferner umfasst:

    Einstellen, für die sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstationen, aufgezeichneter Zeitdauer-Schwellenwerte für die Dauer, wenn Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktionen aktiviert sind,

    wobei in einem Fall, in dem Betriebsbereiche der Gleichspannungen der sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstationen gleich eingestellt sind, aufgezeichnete Zeitdauer-Schwellenwerte für die Dauer, wenn Gleichspannung-Hilfsfunktionen der sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstationen aktiviert sind, in aufsteigender Reihenfolge gemäß einer Sequenz von aktivierenden Gleichspannungssteuerfunktionen sind; und wenn Betriebsbereiche von Gleichspannungen aller sekundärer Gleichspannungssteuerstationen in den sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstationen in aufsteigender Reihenfolge gemäß einer Sequenz von aktivierenden Gleichspannungssteuerfunktionen eingestellt sind, die Einstellung der Aufzeichnungsdauer-Schwellenwerte für die Dauer, während der die Gleichspannungssteuerfunktionen der sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstationen aktiviert sind, nicht begrenzt ist.


     
    5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Einstellen der Gleichspannung durch die sekundäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation, bei der die Gleichspannungssteuerfunktion aktiviert ist, umfasst:
    Einstellen eines Gleichspannung-Sollwerts auf einen Nennwert.
     
    6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Verfahren ferner umfasst:
    Verwenden, nachdem eine ursprüngliche primäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation eine Gleichspannungssteuerfunktion wiederherstellt, der ursprünglichen primären Gleichspannungssteuerstation als eine neue sekundäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation.
     
    7. Vorrichtung zur Steuerung von Gleichspannung (DC), die an das Gleichstromübertragungssystem mit mehreren Anschlüssen angelegt wird, wobei das Gleichstromübertragungssystem mit mehreren Anschlüssen eine primäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation und mindestens eine sekundäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation umfasst, und wobei die Vorrichtung eine erste Bestimmungseinheit (60), eine zweite Bestimmungseinheit (62), eine Sendeeinheit (63), eine erste Aktivierungseinheit (64), eine dritte Bestimmungseinheit (64), eine zweite Aktivierungseinheit (65), eine vierte Bestimmungseinheit (66), und eine dritte Aktivierungseinheit (67) umfasst, wobei
    die erste Bestimmungseinheit (60) konfiguriert ist, um zu bestimmen, ob die primäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation eine Gleichspannungssteuerfunktion verliert, und wenn ja, die zweite Bestimmungseinheit (62) auszulösen;
    die zweite Bestimmungseinheit (62) konfiguriert ist, um zu bestimmen, ob die primäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation mit der mindestens einen sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstation kommunizieren kann, und wenn ja, die Sendeeinheit (63) auszulösen; und wenn nicht, die vierte Bestimmungseinheit (66) auszulösen;
    die Sendeeinheit (63) konfiguriert ist, um durch die primäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation an mindestens eine sekundäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation Informationen darüber zu senden, dass die primäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation die Gleichspannungssteuerfunktion verliert;
    die erste Aktivierungseinheit (64) konfiguriert ist, um eine Gleichspannungssteuerfunktion einer sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstation zu aktivieren, so dass die sekundäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation, bei der die Gleichspannungssteuerfunktion aktiviert ist, eine Gleichspannung einstellt;
    die dritte Bestimmungseinheit (64) konfiguriert ist, um, bevor die Gleichspannungssteuerfunktion der sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstation aktiviert ist, zu bestimmen, ob die Gleichspannung einen Betriebsbereich überschreitet, und wenn ja, die zweite Aktivierungseinheit auszulösen;
    die zweite Aktivierungseinheit (65) konfiguriert ist, um eine Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktion von mindestens einer sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstation zu aktivieren, so dass die mindestens eine sekundäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation, bei der die Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktion aktiviert ist, die abgegebene oder aufgenommene Wirkleistung einstellt;
    die vierte Bestimmungseinheit (66) konfiguriert ist, um zu bestimmen, ob die Gleichspannung den Betriebsbereich überschreitet, und wenn ja, die dritte Aktivierungseinheit (67) auszulösen; und
    die dritte Aktivierungseinheit (67) konfiguriert ist, um die Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktion von mindestens einer sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstation zu aktivieren, so dass die mindestens eine sekundäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation, bei der die Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktion aktiviert ist, die abgegebene oder aufgenommene Wirkleistung einstellt, und gemäß einer Richtlinie eine sekundäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation bestimmt, um eine Gleichspannungssteuerfunktion zu aktiveren, so dass die sekundäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation, bei der die Gleichspannungssteuerfunktion aktiviert ist, die Gleichspannung einstellt,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    die dritte Aktivierungseinheit (67) eine Akkumulationsuntereinheit, eine Bestimmungsuntereinheit und eine Aktivierungsuntereinheit umfasst, wobei
    die Akkumulationsuntereinheit konfiguriert ist, um die Häufigkeit der Aktivierung der Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktion zu zählen;
    die Bestimmungsuntereinheit konfiguriert ist, um zu bestimmen, ob eine Zählmenge einen entsprechenden festgelegten Schwellenwert überschreitet, und wenn ja, die Aktivierungsuntereinheit auszulösen; und
    die Aktivierungsuntereinheit konfiguriert ist, um eine sekundäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation zu bestimmen, um eine Gleichspannungssteuerfunktion zu aktivieren, so dass die sekundäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation, bei der die Gleichspannungssteuerfunktion aktiviert ist, die Gleichspannung einstellt.
     
    8. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 7, wobei die Vorrichtung ferner umfasst: eine erste Erfassungseinheit und eine Ausgangseinheit, wobei
    die erste Erfassungseinheit konfiguriert ist, um zu erfassen, ob die eingestellte Gleichspannung in den Betriebsbereich zurückkehrt, und wenn ja, die Ausgangseinheit auszulösen; und
    die Ausgangseinheit konfiguriert ist, um die sekundäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation, bei der die Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktion aktiviert ist, zu aktivieren, um aus der Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktion auszutreten, und einen Wirkleistung-Sollwert der sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstation, die aus der Hilfssteuerfunktion für die Gleichspannung austritt, auf einen Wert vor dem Aktivieren der Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktion zurückzusetzen.
     
    9. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 8, wobei die Vorrichtung ferner umfasst:
    eine erste Einstelleinheit, die konfiguriert ist, um für die sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstationen Zählmengenschwellenwerte der Aktivierung von Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktionen einzustellen, wobei die Zählmengenschwellenwerte der Aktivierung der Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktionen der sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstationen in aufsteigender Reihenfolge gemäß einer Sequenz von aktivierenden Gleichspannungssteuerfunktionen sind, oder die Zählmengenschwellenwerte der Aktivierung der Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktionen der sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstationen genau gleich sind, oder sich die Zählmengenschwellenwerte der Aktivierung der Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktionen der sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstationen voneinander unterscheiden oder einige der Zählmengenschwellenwerte der Aktivierung der Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktionen der sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstationen gleich sind.
     
    10. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 8, wobei die Vorrichtung ferner umfasst:

    eine zweite Einstelleinheit, die konfiguriert ist, um für die sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstationen die aufgezeichneten Zeitdauer-Schwellenwerte für die Dauer der Aktivierung der Gleichspannung-Hilfssteuerfunktionen einzustellen,

    wobei in einem Fall, in dem Betriebsbereiche der Gleichspannungen der sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstationen gleich eingestellt sind, aufgezeichnete Zeitdauer-Schwellenwerte für die Dauer, wenn Gleichspannung-Hilfsfunktionen der sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstationen aktiviert sind, in aufsteigender Reihenfolge gemäß einer Sequenz von aktivierenden Gleichspannungssteuerfunktionen sind; und wenn Betriebsbereiche von Gleichspannungen aller sekundärer Gleichspannungssteuerstationen in den sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstationen in aufsteigender Reihenfolge gemäß einer Sequenz von aktivierenden Gleichspannungssteuerfunktionen eingestellt sind, die Einstellung der Aufzeichnungsdauer-Schwellenwerte für die Dauer, während der Gleichspannungssteuerfunktionen der sekundären Gleichspannungssteuerstationen aktiviert sind, nicht begrenzt ist.


     
    11. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 8, wobei die Vorrichtung ferner umfasst:

    eine zweite Erfassungseinheit und eine Steuereinheit, wobei

    die zweite Erfassungseinheit konfiguriert ist, um zu erfassen, ob eine ursprüngliche primäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation eine Gleichspannungssteuerfunktion wiederherstellt, und wenn ja, die Steuereinheit auszulösen; und

    die Steuereinheit konfiguriert ist, um die ursprüngliche primäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation als eine neue sekundäre Gleichspannungssteuerstation zu verwenden.


     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de régulation de tension en courant continu (DC), appliqué à un système de transmission de courant continu à bornes multiples, dans lequel le système de transmission de courant continu à bornes multiples comprend une station de régulation primaire de tension en courant continu et au moins une station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu, et dans lequel le procédé comprend les étapes ci-dessous consistant à :

    déterminer (401), lorsqu'il est déterminé que la station de régulation primaire de tension en courant continu perd une fonction de régulation de tension en courant continu, si la station de régulation primaire de tension en courant continu peut communiquer avec la station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu, et le cas échéant, envoyer, par le biais de la station de régulation primaire de tension en courant continu, des informations concernant la perte, par la station de régulation primaire de tension en courant continu, de la fonction de régulation de tension en courant continu, à ladite au moins une station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu, et activer (402) une fonction de régulation de tension en courant continu d'une station parmi ladite au moins une station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu, de manière à ajuster la tension en courant continu ;

    avant que la fonction de régulation de tension en courant continu de ladite une station parmi ladite au moins une station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu ne soit activée, si la tension en courant continu dépasse une plage de fonctionnement, activer, par le biais de ladite au moins une station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu, une fonction de régulation auxiliaire de tension en courant continu, de manière à ajuster une puissance active émise ou absorbée ; et

    lorsque la station de régulation primaire de tension en courant continu ne peut pas communiquer avec tout ou partie de ladite au moins une station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu, et si la tension en courant continu dépasse la plage de fonctionnement, activer, par le biais de ladite au moins un station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu, une fonction de régulation auxiliaire de tension en courant continu, de manière à ajuster une puissance active émise ou absorbée en cours, et déterminer, selon une politique, une station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu pour activer une fonction de régulation de tension en courant continu, de manière à ajuster la tension en courant continu ;

    caractérisé en ce que :
    suite à l'étape d'activation, par le biais de ladite au moins une station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu, d'une fonction de régulation auxiliaire de tension en courant continu, le procédé comprend en outre les étapes ci-dessous consistant à :
    compter, par le biais de la station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu dont la fonction de régulation auxiliaire de tension en courant continu est activée, des temps d'activation de la fonction de régulation auxiliaire de tension en courant continu, et déterminer, lorsqu'une quantité comptée dépasse un seuil défini respectif, une station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu pour activer une fonction de régulation de tension en courant continu, de manière à ajuster la tension en courant continu.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le procédé comprend en outre les étapes ci-dessous consistant à :
    dès lors que la tension en courant continu ajustée revient dans la plage de fonctionnement, faire sortir la station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu qui présente la fonction de régulation auxiliaire de tension en courant continu activée, de la fonction de régulation auxiliaire de tension en courant continu, et rétablir une valeur de régulation de puissance active de la station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu sortie de la fonction de régulation auxiliaire de tension en courant continu à une valeur qui existait avant que la fonction de régulation auxiliaire de tension en courant continu ne soit activée.
     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le procédé comprend en outre l'étape ci-dessous consistant à :
    définir, pour les stations de régulation secondaires de tension en courant continu, des seuils de quantité comptés d'activation de fonctions de régulation auxiliaires de tension en courant continu, dans lequel les seuils de quantité comptés d'activation de fonctions de régulation auxiliaires de tension en courant continu des stations de régulation secondaires de tension en courant continu sont en ordre croissant selon une séquence d'activation de fonctions de régulation de tension en courant continu, ou dans lequel les seuils de quantité comptés d'activation de fonctions de régulation auxiliaires de tension en courant continu des stations de régulation secondaires de tension en courant continu sont exactement les mêmes, ou dans lequel les seuils de quantité comptés d'activation de fonctions de régulation auxiliaires de tension en courant continu des stations de régulation secondaires de tension en courant continu diffèrent les uns des autres, ou dans lequel certains des seuils de quantité comptés d'activation de fonctions de régulation auxiliaires de tension en courant continu des stations de régulation secondaires de tension en courant continu sont les mêmes.
     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le procédé comprend en outre l'étape ci-dessous consistant à :

    définir, pour les stations de régulation secondaires de tension en courant continu, des seuils de durée enregistrés pour une durée pour laquelle des fonctions de régulation auxiliaires de tension en courant continu sont activées ;

    dans lequel, dans le cas où des plages de fonctionnement de tensions en courant continu des stations de régulation secondaires de tension en courant continu sont définies de manière à être les mêmes, des seuils de durée enregistrés, pour une durée pour laquelle des fonctions de régulation auxiliaires de tension en courant continu des stations de régulation secondaires de tension en courant continu sont activées, sont en ordre croissant selon une séquence d'activation de fonctions de régulation de tension en courant continu ; et si des plages de fonctionnement de tensions en courant continu de toutes les stations de régulation secondaires de tension en courant continu parmi les stations de régulation secondaires de tension en courant continu sont définies de manière à être en ordre croissant selon une séquence d'activation de fonctions de régulation de tension en courant continu, la définition de seuils de durée enregistrés, pour une durée pour laquelle les fonctions de régulation de tension en courant continu des stations de régulation secondaires de tension en courant continu sont activées, n'est pas limitée.


     
    5. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'étape d'ajustement, par le biais de la station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu dont la fonction de régulation de tension en courant continu est activée, de la tension en courant continu, comprend l'étape ci-dessous consistant à :
    ajuster une valeur de régulation de tension en courant continu à une valeur nominale.
     
    6. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le procédé comprend en outre l'étape ci-dessous consistant à :
    utiliser, après qu'une station de régulation primaire de tension en courant continu d'origine a rétabli une fonction de régulation de tension en courant continu, la station de régulation primaire de tension en courant continu d'origine en tant qu'une nouvelle station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu.
     
    7. Appareil de régulation de tension en courant continu (DC), appliqué au système de transmission de courant continu à bornes multiples, dans lequel le système de transmission de courant continu à bornes multiples comprend une station de régulation primaire de tension en courant continu et au moins une station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu, et l'appareil comprend une première unité de détermination (60), une deuxième unité de détermination (62), une unité d'envoi (63), une première unité d'activation (64), une troisième unité de détermination (64), une deuxième unité d'activation (65), une quatrième unité de détermination (66) et une troisième unité d'activation (67), dans lequel :

    la première unité de détermination (60) est configurée de manière à déterminer si la station de régulation primaire de tension en courant continu perd une fonction de régulation de tension en courant continu et, le cas échéant, à déclencher la deuxième unité de détermination (62) ;

    la deuxième unité de détermination (62) est configurée de manière à déterminer si la station de régulation primaire de tension en courant continu peut communiquer avec ladite au moins une station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu, et le cas échéant, à déclencher l'unité d'envoi (63) ; et si tel n'est pas le cas, à déclencher la quatrième unité de détermination (66) ;

    l'unité d'envoi (63) est configurée de manière à envoyer, par le biais de la station de régulation primaire de tension en courant continu, des informations concernant la perte, par la station de régulation primaire de tension en courant continu, de la fonction de régulation de tension en courant continu, à au moins une station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu ;

    la première unité d'activation (64) est configurée de manière à activer une fonction de régulation de tension en courant continu d'une station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu, de sorte que la station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu dont la fonction de régulation de tension en courant continu est activée ajuste une tension en courant continu ;

    la troisième unité de détermination (64) est configurée de manière à déterminer, avant que la fonction de régulation de tension en courant continu de la station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu ne soit activée, si la tension en courant continu dépasse une plage de fonctionnement et, le cas échéant, à déclencher la deuxième unité d'activation ;

    la deuxième unité d'activation (65) est configurée de manière à activer une fonction de régulation auxiliaire de tension en courant continu d'au moins une station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu, de sorte que ladite au moins une station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu dont la fonction de régulation auxiliaire de tension en courant continu est activée ajuste une puissance active émise ou absorbée ;

    la quatrième unité de détermination (66) est configurée de manière à déterminer si la tension en courant continu dépasse la plage de fonctionnement et, le cas échéant, à déclencher la troisième unité d'activation (67) ; et

    la troisième unité d'activation (67) est configurée de manière à activer la fonction de régulation auxiliaire de tension en courant continu d'au moins une station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu, de sorte que ladite au moins une station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu dont la fonction de régulation auxiliaire de tension en courant continu est activée ajuste la puissance active émise ou absorbée en cours, et à déterminer, selon une politique, une station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu pour activer une fonction de régulation de tension en courant continu, de sorte que la station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu dont la fonction de régulation de tension en courant continu est activée ajuste la tension en courant continu ;

    caractérisé en ce que :
    la troisième unité d'activation (67) comprend une sous-unité d'accumulation, une sous-unité de détermination et une sous-unité d'activation, dans lesquelles :

    la sous-unité d'accumulation est configurée de manière à compter des temps d'activation de la fonction de régulation auxiliaire de tension en courant continu ;

    la sous-unité de détermination est configurée de manière à déterminer si une quantité comptée dépasse un seuil défini respectif et, le cas échéant, à déclencher la sous-unité d'activation ; et

    la sous-unité d'activation est configurée de manière à déterminer une station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu pour activer une fonction de régulation de tension en courant continu, de sorte que la station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu dont la fonction de régulation de tension en courant continu est activée ajuste la tension en courant continu.


     
    8. Appareil selon la revendication 7, dans lequel l'appareil comprend en outre :
    une première unité de détection et une unité de sortie, dans lesquelles :

    la première unité de détection est configurée de manière à détecter si la tension en courant continu ajustée revient dans la plage de fonctionnement et, le cas échéant, à déclencher l'unité de sortie ; et

    l'unité de sortie est configurée de manière à permettre, à la station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu dont la fonction de régulation auxiliaire de tension en courant continu est activée, de sortir de la fonction de régulation auxiliaire de tension en courant continu, et à rétablir une valeur de régulation de puissance active, de la station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu qui sort de la fonction de régulation auxiliaire de tension en courant continu, à une valeur qui existait avant que la fonction de régulation auxiliaire de tension en courant continu ne soit activée.


     
    9. Appareil selon la revendication 8, dans lequel l'appareil comprend en outre :
    une première unité de définition, configurée de manière à définir, pour les stations de régulation secondaires de tension en courant continu, des seuils de quantité comptés d'activation de fonctions de régulation auxiliaires de tension en courant continu, dans lequel les seuils de quantité comptés d'activation de fonctions de régulation auxiliaires de tension en courant continu des stations de régulation secondaires de tension en courant continu sont en ordre croissant selon une séquence d'activation de fonctions de régulation de tension en courant continu, ou dans lequel les seuils de quantité comptés d'activation de fonctions de régulation auxiliaires de tension en courant continu des stations de régulation secondaires de tension en courant continu sont exactement les mêmes, ou dans lequel les seuils de quantité comptés d'activation de fonctions de régulation auxiliaires de tension en courant continu des stations de régulation secondaires de tension en courant continu diffèrent les uns des autres, ou dans lequel certains des seuils de quantité comptés d'activation de fonctions de régulation auxiliaires de tension en courant continu des stations de régulation secondaires de tension en courant continu sont les mêmes.
     
    10. Appareil selon la revendication 8, dans lequel l'appareil comprend en outre :

    une seconde unité de définition, configurée de manière à définir, pour les stations de régulation secondaires de tension en courant continu, les seuils de durée enregistrés pour une durée pour laquelle les fonctions de régulation auxiliaires de tension en courant continu sont activées ;

    dans lequel, dans le cas où des plages de fonctionnement de tensions en courant continu des stations de régulation secondaires de tension en courant continu sont définies de manière à être les mêmes, des seuils de durée enregistrés, pour une durée pour laquelle des fonctions de régulation auxiliaires de tension en courant continu des stations de régulation secondaires de tension en courant continu sont activées, sont en ordre croissant selon une séquence d'activation de fonctions de régulation de tension en courant continu ; et si des plages de fonctionnement de tensions en courant continu de toutes les stations de régulation secondaires de tension en courant continu parmi les stations de régulation secondaires de tension en courant continu sont définies de manière à être en ordre croissant selon une séquence d'activation de fonctions de régulation de tension en courant continu, la définition de seuils de durée enregistrés, pour une durée pour laquelle des fonctions de régulation de tension en courant continu des stations de régulation secondaires de tension en courant continu sont activées, n'est pas limitée.


     
    11. Appareil selon la revendication 8, dans lequel l'appareil comprend en outre :
    une seconde unité de détection et une unité de régulation, dans lesquelles :
    la seconde unité de détection est configurée de manière à détecter si une station de régulation primaire de tension en courant continu d'origine rétablit une fonction de régulation de tension en courant continu et, le cas échéant, à déclencher l'unité de régulation ; et l'unité de régulation est configurée de manière à utiliser la station de régulation primaire de tension en courant continu d'origine en tant qu'une nouvelle station de régulation secondaire de tension en courant continu.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description