(19)
(11)EP 3 054 510 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
21.11.2018 Bulletin 2018/47

(21)Application number: 14846841.6

(22)Date of filing:  29.09.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H01M 4/13  (2010.01)
H01M 4/1391  (2010.01)
H01M 10/0525  (2010.01)
H01M 4/04  (2006.01)
H01M 4/48  (2010.01)
H01M 4/131  (2010.01)
H01M 4/485  (2010.01)
H01M 4/02  (2006.01)
H01M 4/36  (2006.01)
H01M 4/62  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2014/075908
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/046517 (02.04.2015 Gazette  2015/13)

(54)

ELECTRODE FOR SECONDARY BATTERIES, AND SECONDARY BATTERY

ELEKTRODE FÜR SEKUNDÄRBATTERIEN UND SEKUNDÄRBATTERIE

ÉLECTRODE POUR ACCUMULATEURS, ET ACCUMULATEUR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 30.09.2013 JP 2013204568

(43)Date of publication of application:
10.08.2016 Bulletin 2016/32

(73)Proprietor: Toppan Printing Co., Ltd.
Tokyo 110-0016 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • KURIHARA Hitoshi
    Tokyo 110-0016 (JP)

(74)Representative: TBK 
Bavariaring 4-6
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2011/140150
WO-A1-2014/189923
JP-A- 2005 293 942
JP-A- 2011 049 046
JP-A- 2013 145 669
WO-A1-2013/087780
JP-A- 2005 293 942
JP-A- 2011 011 928
JP-A- 2013 145 669
JP-A- 2013 197 055
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to an electrode for a secondary battery, and a secondary battery using the same, and more particularly, to a cathode electrode for a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery capable of improving cycle characteristics.

    [0002] Priority is claimed on Japanese Patent Application No. 2013-204568, filed September 30, 2013.

    BACKGROUND ART



    [0003] Recently, as a secondary battery capable of being repetitively charged and discharged, a lithium (Li) ion secondary battery has attracted attention for a reduction in the amount of petroleum used or a greenhouse effect gas, and additional diversification or optimization of energy infrastructures. Particularly, development of usage in an electric vehicle, a hybrid electric vehicle, and a fuel battery vehicle has been expected. In the electric vehicle, an improvement in travel distance is demanded, and an improvement in energy density of a secondary battery will be further demanded in the future.

    [0004] As to a cathode electrode of the lithium ion secondary battery, a graphite electrode is typically used. A theoretical capacity of graphite is 372 mAhg (active material)-1. In contrast, as an active material that exhibits a capacity greater than that of graphite, recently, silicon (Si) and tin (Sn) have attracted attention. A theoretical capacity of Si is 4200 mAhg (active material)-1, and a theoretical capacity of Sn is 990 mAhg (active material)-1. On the other hand, Si has a capacity that is approximately 11 times that of graphite, and thus a volume change in accordance with lithiation and delithiation of Li also increases. The volume increases approximately 4 times due to occlusion of Li.

    [0005] In the electrode using the active material having a large capacity in comparison to graphite, due to a large volume change in accordance with charge and discharge, there are concerns such as a disconnection in a conduction path of the electrode, detachment from the electrode in accordance with pulverization, separation of a current collector and an active material layer, and the like. These may become a cause of deterioration of the cycle characteristics of a secondary battery.

    [0006] In addition, as a main cause of deterioration of cycle characteristics, consumption of Li in accordance with formation of a solid electrolyte interface (SEI) (a film that is generated in a case of using ethylene carbonate, and inactivates and stabilizes a surface of an active material so as to insert lithium therethrough) can be exemplified. Particularly, in a case of using a Si-based active material, in which a large volume variation in accordance with charge and discharge occurs, as an electrode, consumption of Li in accordance with formation of SEI is also negligible when considering that breakage and generation of SEI may be repeated.

    [0007] For example, PTL 1 discloses an invention relating to formation of a stable SEI. Here, an electrode is processed with a silane coupling agent and the like so as to have LUMO of 1.0 eV or greater (LUMO; Lowest Unoccupied Molecular Orbital; a molecular orbital that is not occupied with electrons and has the lowest energy, the lowest unoccupied orbital). In PTL 1, a stable SEI is formed, but there is a concern that an increase in electrode interfacial resistance is also caused, and thus a decrease in capacity may occur.

    [0008] In addition, for example, PTL 2 describes that a binder and an active material are covalently bonded to each other as means for preventing the active material from being detached from an electrode. According to this, it is possible to suppress deterioration of the cycle characteristics. However, if the coupling is cut out once, the covalent coupling between the binder and the active material is not recovered. Accordingly, although it can be said that an improvement in characteristics is exhibited, an additional improvement in the cycle characteristics is demanded.

    [0009] In addition, for example, PTL 3 describes that sodium alginate is used as the binder. The active material and the binder are bound to each other due to an electrostatic mutual operation, and coupling is maintained in a self-recovery manner. Accordingly, it is considered that the cycle characteristics can be improved.

    PRIOR ART DOCUMENTS


    PATENT DOCUMENTS



    [0010] 

    [PTL 1] Japanese Unexamined Patent Application, First Publication No. H11-354104

    [PTL 2] Japanese Unexamined Patent Application, First Publication No. 2011-49046

    [PTL 3] PCT International Publication No. WO 2011/140150


    DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION


    PROBLEMS TO BE SOLVED BY THE INVENTION



    [0011] However, in the inventions described in PTL 1 to PTL 3, an effect of improving the cycle characteristics of the secondary battery is low, and thus an additional improvement in the cycle characteristics is demanded.

    [0012] The invention has been made in consideration of the above-described problems, and an object thereof is to provide an electrode for a secondary battery capable of improving cycle characteristics, and a secondary battery. This invention is defined in the claims.

    MEANS FOR SOLVING THE PROBLEMS



    [0013] The present inventors have extensively studied to additionally improve the cycle characteristics of the secondary battery, and as a result, they found that when changing a polarity on a surface of an active material, binding properties due to an electrostatic mutual operation with a binder are improved, and thus the cycle characteristics are greatly improved.

    [0014] An electrode for a secondary battery according to a first aspect of the invention, includes a current collector, an active material layer being formed on a surface of the current collector, and containing an active material and a binder, in which the active material contains SiOx, a surface of SiOx is modified with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of an aniline group and an imidazole group, and the binder is constituted by a water-soluble polymer having a sugar chain structure that contains a carboxyl group.

    [0015] In the first aspect, the active material may contain SiOx in which x is 1.5 or less.

    [0016] In the first aspect, the binder is an alginate.

    [0017] In the first aspect, a used amount of the silane coupling agent may be 0.1% by weight to 20% by weight with regard to the weight of the active material.

    [0018] In the first aspect, a particle size (median size: D50) of SiOx may be 0.5 µm to 10 µm.

    [0019] In the first aspect, a weight ratio of the binder in the active material layer may be 3% by weight to 20% by weight with regard to the weight of the active material.

    [0020] A secondary battery according to a second aspect of the invention, includes the electrode for a secondary battery according to the first aspect.

    EFFECTS OF THE INVENTION



    [0021] According to the aspects of the invention, it is possible to provide an electrode for a secondary battery which is excellent in cycle characteristics, and a secondary battery that uses the electrode for a secondary battery and is excellent in cycle characteristics.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0022] 

    FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a secondary battery according to an embodiment of the invention.

    FIG. 2 is a graph illustrating a Verification Example 1.

    FIG. 3 is a graph illustrating a Verification Example 2.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0023] Hereinafter, an electrode for a secondary battery, and a secondary battery according to an embodiment of the invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings.

    [0024] In addition, this embodiment will be described in detail for easy understanding of the gist of the invention, but does not limit the invention unless otherwise stated. In addition, for convenience, the drawings used in the following description may illustrate main portions in an enlarged manner for easy understanding of characteristics of this embodiment, but actual dimensional ratios and the like of respective constituent elements are not limited thereto.

    [0025] In this embodiment, a lithium ion secondary battery is illustrated as the secondary battery of the invention, and description will be given of an example in which the electrode for a secondary battery is applied to a cathode electrode of the lithium ion secondary battery.

    [0026] FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a secondary battery including the electrode for a secondary battery of this embodiment.

    [0027] A lithium ion secondary battery (secondary battery) 10 includes an electrolyte layer 11, and a positive electrode 12 and a cathode electrode (electrode for a secondary battery) 13 which are disposed on one surface (first surface) and the other surface (second surface) of the electrolyte layer 11, respectively.

    [0028] A laminated body, which is constituted by the electrolyte layer 11, the positive electrode 12, and the cathode electrode 13, may be accommodated in an external packaging body (not illustrated) such as a metal.

    [0029] The positive electrode 12 includes a current collector 15, and a positive electrode active material layer 16 that is formed on one surface (first surface) of the current collector 15. The current collector 15 may appropriately employ a material that is used in the related art as a positive electrode current collector material for a secondary battery. Examples thereof include aluminum, nickel, copper, iron, stainless steel (SUS), titanium, and the like. Aluminum is particularly preferable from the viewpoints of electron conductivity and battery operation potential. A typical thickness of the current collector 15 is approximately 10 µm to 30 µm.

    [0030] A positive electrode active material, which constitutes the positive electrode active material layer 16, is not limited as long as the positive electrode active material is capable of lithiating and delithiating lithium. A positive electrode active material, which is typically used in the lithium ion secondary battery, can be appropriately employed. Specific examples thereof include a lithium-manganese composite oxide (such as LiMn2O4), a lithium-nickel composite oxide (such as LiNiO2), a lithium-cobalt composite oxide (such as LiCoO2), a lithium-iron composite oxide (such as LiFeO2), a lithium-nickel-manganese composite oxide (such as LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2), a lithium-nickel-cobalt composite oxide (such as LiNi0.8Co0.2O2), a lithium-transition metal phosphate compound (such as LiFePO4), and a lithium-transition metal sulfate compound (such as LixFe2(SO4)3). These positive electrode active materials may be configured alone, or in a mixed material type of two or more kinds thereof.

    [0031] The cathode electrode (electrode for a secondary battery) 13 includes a current collector 17, and a cathode active material layer 18 that is formed on one surface (first surface) of the current collector 17. The current collector 17 may appropriately employ a material that is used in the related art as a cathode electrode current collector material for a secondary battery. Examples thereof include aluminum, nickel, copper, iron, stainless steel (SUS), titanium, and the like. Copper is particularly preferable from the viewpoints of electron conductivity and battery operation potential. A typical thickness of the current collector 17 is approximately 10 µm to 30 µm.

    [0032] The cathode active material layer 18 contains a cathode active material (active material), a binder, and a conductive agent. The cathode active material that is used in this embodiment is not particularly limited as long as the cathode active material is capable of reversibly lithiating and delithiating Li, and a known material can be used. As the cathode active material, it is preferable to use a material that forms an alloy with Li. Particularly, when a material having a capacity greater than that of graphite is used, an effect of the invention is significantly obtained.

    [0033] As the material that forms an alloy with Li, one or more alloys selected from the group consisting of Si, Ge, Sn, Pb, Al, Ag, Zn, Hg, and Au can be used. As an alloy, SiOx is preferable, and the SiOx in which x is 1.5 or less is more preferable. When x is greater than 1.5, it is difficult to sufficiently secure lithiate and delithiate amount of Li. In addition to the active material, graphite may be added as an active material.

    [0034] In a surface of the active material, a surface polarity is changed with a silane coupling agent. The silane coupling agent is expressed by the following Formula (1), and is constituted by an alkoxy group (X) and an organic functional group (Y). In addition to the silane coupling agent expressed by Formula (1), the material that changes the surface polarity of the active material may be siloxane in which dehydration condensation occurs between silane coupling agents.

            X3-Si-Y ...     (1)



    [0035] Here, X represents a methoxy group, an ethoxy group, or a propyloxy group.

    [0036] Y is expressed by -(CH2)n-Y', n is 0 to 10, and Y' represents -NH(C6H5) or -2-imidazolin-1-yl.

    [0037] An amount of the silane coupling agent added on the basis of the weight of the active material is 0.1% by weight to 20% by weight, and preferably 0.9% by weight to 8% by weight. When the amount is less than 0.1% by weight, the effect of changing the surface polarity is not obtained. When the amount is greater than 20% by weight, interface resistance of the active material increases, and thus a capacity that is obtained
    decreases.

    [0038] For a particle size of the active material, it is preferable that D50 (median size: a particle size in which an integrated value is 50%, and represents an average particle size) be 0.5 µm to 10 µm. In a case where D50 of the active material is greater than 10 µm, a current per total surface area of the active material increases, and thus electrode resistance increases and a capacity decreases. On the other hand, in a case where D50 is less than 0.5 µm, in a process of preparing electrode slurry, the active material is likely to aggregate, and thus it is difficult to obtain slurry in which the active material is uniformly dispersed. As a result, the electrode resistance increases, and the capacity decreases.

    [0039] The binder is a polymer that is formed from a sugar chain structure that contains a carboxyl group. In addition, it is preferable that a hydroxyl group contained in the sugar chain structure be partially substituted with a carboxyl group for water solubility. The binder is a sodium alginate. The sodium alginate is bound to a functional group on a surface of the active material by a hydrogen bond. Accordingly, cycle characteristics vary due to the surface polarity of the active material. In addition, it is preferable that the amount of the binder be 3% by weight to 20% by weight with regard to the weight of the active material. When the amount of the binder is less than 3% by weight, sufficient binding is not obtained. When the amount of the binder is greater than 20% by weight, a capacity per electrode volume greatly decreases.

    [0040] As the conductive agent, carbon black, natural graphite, artificial graphite, a metal oxide such as titanium oxide and ruthenium oxide, metal fiber, and the like can be used. Among these, carbon black, which exhibits a structure construction, is preferable, and furnace black, ketjen black, or acetylene black (AB), which is a kind of carbon black, is more preferably used. A mixed system of the carbon black and other conductive agents such as vapor-grown carbon fiber is also preferably used.

    [0041] Examples of an electrolytic solvent that constitutes the electrolyte layer 11 include chain carbonic acid ester having low viscosity such as dimethyl carbonate, and diethyl carbonate, cyclic carbonic acid ester having high dielectric constant such as ethylene carbonate, propylene carbonate, and butylene carbonate, γ-butyrolactone, 1,2-dimethoxyethane, tetrahydrofuran, 2-methyl tetrahydrofuran, 1,3-dioxolane, methyl acetate, methyl propionate, vinylene carbonate, dimethylformamide, sulfolane, mixed solvents thereof, and the like.

    [0042] The electrolyte that is contained in the electrolytic solvent is not particularly limited, and examples thereof include LiClO4, LiBF4, LiAsF6, LiPF6, LiCF3SO3, LiN(CF3SO2)2, LiI, LiAlCl4, mixtures thereof, and the like. A lithium salt obtained by mixing one or more kinds of LiBF4 and LiPF6 is preferable.

    Examples



    [0043] Hereinafter, the invention will be described in more detail with reference to Examples, but the invention is not limited by Examples.

    (Example 1)



    [0044] The polarity of the surface of the active material was changed in the following order. 6.00 g of SiO (manufactured by OSAKA Titanium Technologies Co., Ltd.) having D50 of 6.6 µm was added to 30.00 g of 2-isopropyl alcohol. Next, 0.09 g of N-[3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl]aniline was added to the mixture and the resultant mixture was stirred. Next, 0.60 g of water was added dropwise to the mixture and the resultant mixture was stirred for one night. Then, the resultant mixture was subjected to a filtering treatment while being washed with 2-isopropyl alcohol. A powder that was obtained was dried under reduced pressure at 80°C for 3 hours.

    [0045] 4.46 g of active material that was obtained, 0.89 g of acetylene black, 0.89 g of vapor-grown carbon fiber, and 0.89 g of sodium alginate were added to 52.86 g of water, and the resultant mixed solvent was preliminary dispersed with a dispersion device and subjected to main dispersion with a Filmix, thereby obtaining cathode electrode slurry.

    [0046] The cathode electrode slurry obtained was applied to a current collector. As the current collector, copper foil having a thickness of 12 µm was used.

    [0047] The cathode electrode slurry was applied to the current collector with a doctor blade to be a target amount of 2.8 mg/cm2. Subsequently, preliminary drying was performed at 80°C for 30 minutes. Pressing was performed to attain a density of 1.0 g/cm3, and drying under reduced pressure was performed at 105°C for 5 hours, thereby obtaining a cathode electrode.

    (Example 2)



    [0048] The polarity of the surface of the active material was changed in the following order. 6.06 g of SiO (manufactured by OSAKA Titanium Technologies Co., Ltd.) having D50 of 6.6 µm was added to 30.04 g of 2-isopropyl alcohol. Next, 0.09 g of triethoxy-3-(2-imidazolin-1-yl) propylsilane was added to the mixture and the resultant mixture was stirred. Next, 0.61 g of water was added dropwise to the mixture and the resultant mixture was stirred for one night. Then, the resultant mixture was subjected to a filtering treatment while being washed with 2-isopropyl alcohol. The powder obtained was dried under reduced pressure at 80°C for 3 hours. Then, cathode electrode slurry was obtained by subjecting a mixed solvent to main dispersion with a Filmix in the same manner as in Example 1. The cathode electrode slurry was applied to the current collector and pressing was performed after drying, thereby obtaining a cathode electrode.

    (Reference Example 3)



    [0049] The polarity of the surface of the active material was changed in the following order. 6.03 g of SiO (manufactured by OSAKA Titanium Technologies Co., Ltd.) having D50 of 6.6 µm was added to 30.03 g of 2-isopropyl alcohol. Next, 0.06 g of 3-aminopropyl trimethoxy silane was added to the mixture and the resultant mixture was stirred. Next, 0.62 g of water was added dropwise to the mixture and the resultant mixture was stirred for one night. Then, the resultant mixture was subjected to a filtering treatment while being washed with 2-isopropyl alcohol. The powder obtained was dried under reduced pressure at 80°C for 3 hours. Then, cathode electrode slurry was obtained by subjecting a mixed solvent to main dispersion with a Filmix in the same manner as in Example 1. The cathode electrode slurry was applied to the current collector and pressing was performed after drying, thereby obtaining a cathode electrode.

    (Reference Example 4)



    [0050] The polarity of the surface of the active material was changed in the following order. 6.02 g of SiO (manufactured by OSAKA Titanium Technologies Co., Ltd.) having D50 of 6.6 µm was added to 30.45 g of 2-isopropyl alcohol. Next, 0.21 g of 3-aminopropyl trimethoxy silane was added to the mixture and the resultant mixture was stirred. Next, 0.64 g of water was added dropwise to the mixture and the resultant mixture was stirred for one night. Then, the resultant mixture was subjected to a filtering treatment while being washed with 2-isopropyl alcohol. The powder obtained was dried under reduced pressure at 80°C for 3 hours. Then, cathode electrode slurry was obtained by subjecting a mixed solvent to main dispersion with a Filmix in the same manner as in Example 1. The cathode electrode slurry was applied to the current collector and pressing was performed after drying, thereby obtaining a cathode electrode.

    (Reference Example 5)



    [0051] The polarity of the surface of the active material was changed in the following order. 6.05 g of SiO (manufactured by OSAKA Titanium Technologies Co., Ltd.) having D50 of 6.6 µm was added to 30.14 g of 2-isopropyl alcohol. Next, 0.40 g of 3-aminopropyl trimethoxy silane was added to the mixture and the resultant mixture was stirred. Next, 0.61 g of water was added dropwise to the mixture and the resultant mixture was stirred for one night. Then, the resultant mixture was subjected to a filtering treatment while being washed with 2-isopropyl alcohol. The powder obtained was dried under reduced pressure at 80°C for 3 hours. Then, cathode electrode slurry was obtained by subjecting a mixed solvent to main dispersion with a Filmix in the same manner as in Example 1. The cathode electrode slurry was applied to the current collector and pressing was performed after drying, thereby obtaining a cathode electrode.

    (Reference Example 6)



    [0052] The polarity of the surface of the active material was changed in the following order. 6.00 g of SiO (manufactured by OSAKA Titanium Technologies Co., Ltd.) having D50 of 6.6 µm was added to 30.04 g of 2-isopropyl alcohol. Next, 0.99 g of 3-aminopropyl trimethoxy silane was added to the mixture and the resultant mixture was stirred. Next, 0.62 g of water was added dropwise to the mixture and the resultant mixture was stirred for one night. Then, the resultant mixture was subjected to a filtering treatment while being washed with 2-isopropyl alcohol. The powder obtained was dried under reduced pressure at 80°C for 3 hours. Then, cathode electrode slurry was obtained by subjecting a mixed solvent to main dispersion with a Filmix in the same manner as in Example 1. The cathode electrode slurry was applied to the current collector and pressing was performed after drying, thereby obtaining a cathode electrode.

    (Reference Example 7)



    [0053] The polarity of the surface of the active material was changed in the following order. 6.01 g of SiO (manufactured by OSAKA Titanium Technologies Co., Ltd.) having D50 of 6.6 µm was added to 31.27 g of 2-isopropyl alcohol. Next, 2.02 g of 3-aminopropyl trimethoxy silane was added to the mixture and the resultant mixture was stirred. Next, 0.64 g of water was added dropwise to the mixture and the resultant mixture was stirred for one night. Then, the resultant mixture was subjected to a filtering treatment while being washed with 2-isopropyl alcohol. The powder obtained was dried under reduced pressure at 80°C for 3 hours. Then, cathode electrode slurry was obtained by subjecting a mixed solvent to main dispersion with a Filmix in the same manner as in Example 1. The cathode electrode slurry was applied to the current collector and pressing was performed after drying, thereby obtaining a cathode electrode.

    (Comparative Example 1)



    [0054] A cathode electrode was prepared in the following order without changing the polarity of the surface of the active material. 4.50 g of SiO (manufactured by OSAKA Titanium Technologies Co., Ltd.) having D50 of 6.6 µm, 0.89 g of acetylene black, 0.87 g of vapor-grown carbon fiber, and 0.89 g of sodium alginate were added to 52.94 g of water, and the resultant mixed solvent was subjected pre-dispersion with a dispersion device. Then, the mixed solvent was subjected to main dispersion with a Filmix, thereby obtaining cathode electrode slurry.

    [0055] The cathode electrode slurry was applied to a current collector. As the current collector, copper foil having a thickness of 12 µm was used.

    [0056] The cathode electrode slurry was applied to the current collector with a doctor blade to be a target amount of 2.8 mg/cm2. Subsequently, preliminary drying was performed at 80°C for 30 minutes. Pressing was performed to attain a density of 1.0 g/cm3, and drying under reduced pressure was performed at 105°C for 5 hours, thereby obtaining a cathode electrode.

    (Preparation of Cell, and Evaluation)



    [0057] A coin cell including the obtained cathode electrode and Li foil as a counter electrode was prepared, and charge and discharge evaluation was performed. The coin cell had the following configuration. With regard to the cathode electrode, a disk having a diameter of 15 mm was punched, and with regard to the Li foil, a disk having a diameter of 16 mm was punched, and then evaluation was performed. The thickness of the Li foil was set to 300 µm. As a basic configuration, the coin cell included the Li foil, the cathode electrode, and a separator (identification number 2200, manufactured by Celgard LLC.). An electrolytic solvent, which was obtained by adding LiPF6 in a mixed solvent of ethylene carbonate (EC) and diethylene carbonate (DMC) (a mixing ratio was set to 3:7 (v/v)) to be 1 M, was used. 113 cycles of charge and discharge were performed at 0.01 V to 1.5 V. At a first cycle, 0.05 C CC charge and 0.05 C CC discharge were performed. At a second cycle, 0.1 C CC charge and 0.1 C CC discharge were performed. At a third cycle, 0.2 C CC charge and 0.2 C CC discharge were performed. At a fourth cycle and the subsequent cycles, 0.2 C CC charge and 1.0 C CC discharge were performed.

    [0058] A graph of a relationship between the discharge capacity and the cycles in Examples 1 and 2, Reference Example 3, and Comparative Example 1 is illustrated in FIG. 2 as a Verification Example 1.

    [0059] Next, a graph of a relationship between the discharge capacity and the cycles of Reference Examples 3 to 7 and Comparative Example 1 is illustrated in FIG. 3 as Verification Example 2.

    INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY



    [0060] The electrode for a secondary battery obtained according to the invention can be used as an electrode of a power supply of various portable electronic apparatuses, a storage battery for drive of an electric vehicle in which a high energy density is demanded, a storage device of various kinds of energy such as solar energy and wind power generation, a power storage source of a household electric apparatus, and the like.

    DESCRIPTION OF REFERENCE NUMERAL



    [0061]  10: Lithium ion secondary battery (Secondary battery) 11: Electrolyte layer 12: Positive electrode 13: Cathode electrode 18: Cathode active material layer (Active material layer)


    Claims

    1. An electrode for a secondary battery, comprising:

    a current collector; and

    an active material layer being formed on a surface of the current collector, and containing an active material and a binder, wherein

    the active material contains SiOx, and a surface of SiOx is modified with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of an aniline group and an imidazole group by using a silane coupling agent expressed by the following Formula (1),

    the binder is constituted by a water-soluble polymer having a sugar chain structure that contains a carboxyl group,the binder is an alginate, and the carboxyl group of the alginate is bound to the aniline group or the imidazole group on the SiOx surface of the active material.

            X3-Si-Y ...     (1)

    (X represents a methoxy group, an ethoxy group, or a propyloxy group, and Y is expressed by -(CH2)n-Y', n is 0 to 10, and Y' represents-NH(C6H5), or -2-imidazolin-1-yl.)


     
    2. The electrode for a secondary battery according to Claim 1, wherein
    the active material contains SiOx in which x is 1.5 or less.
     
    3. The electrode for a secondary battery according to Claim 1, wherein
    a used amount of the silane coupling agent is 0.1% by weight to 20% by weight with regard to the weight of the active material.
     
    4. The electrode for a secondary battery according to any one of Claims 1 to 3, wherein
    a particle size (median size: D50) of SiOx is 0.5 µm to 10 µm.
     
    5. The electrode for a secondary battery according to any one of Claims 1 to 4, wherein
    a weight ratio of the binder in the active material layer is 3% by weight to 20% by weight with regard to the weight of the active material.
     
    6. A secondary battery, comprising:

    the electrode for a secondary battery according to any one of Claims 1 to 5.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Elektrode für eine Sekundärbatterie umfassend:

    einen Stromabnehmer; und

    eine Aktivmaterialschicht, die an einer Oberfläche des Stromabnehmers gebildet ist und ein Aktivmaterial und ein Bindemittel enthält, wobei

    das Aktivmaterial SiOx enthält, und eine Oberfläche von SiOx mit ein oder mehreren Gruppen ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einer Anilingruppe und einer Imidazolgruppe durch Verwendung eines durch die folgende Formel (1) ausgedrückten Silankupplungsreagenzes modifiziert ist,

    das Bindemittel aus einem wasserlöslichen Polymer mit einer Zuckerkettenstruktur besteht, die eine Carboxylgruppe enthält, das Bindemittel ein Alginat ist, und die Carboxylgruppe des Alginats an die Anilingruppe oder die Imidazolgruppe an der SiOx-Oberfläche des Aktivmaterials gebunden ist.

            X3-Si-Y ...     (1)

    (X stellt eine Methoxygruppe, eine Ethoxygruppe, oder eine Propyloxygruppe dar und Y ist ausgedrückt durch -(CH2)n-Y', n ist 0 bis 10, und Y' stellt -NH(C6H5), oder -2-Imidazolin-1-yl dar).


     
    2. Elektrode für eine Sekundärbatterie nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Aktivmaterial SiOx, in welchem x 1,5 oder weniger ist, enthält.
     
    3. Elektrode für eine Sekundärbatterie nach Anspruch 1, wobei die verwendete Menge des Silankupplungsreagenzes 0,1 Gew.-% bis 20 Gew.-% in Bezug auf das Gewicht des Aktivmaterials ist.
     
    4. Elektrode für eine Sekundärbatterie nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei
    eine Teilchengröße (mittlere Größe: D50) von SiOx 0,5 µm bis 10 µm ist.
     
    5. Elektrode für eine Sekundärbatterie nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei
    ein Gewichtsverhältnis des Bindemittels in der Aktivmaterialschicht 3 Gew.-% bis 20 Gew.-% in Bezug auf das Gewicht des Aktivmaterials ist.
     
    6. Sekundärbatterie umfassend:

    die Elektrode für eine Sekundärbatterie nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5.


     


    Revendications

    1. Électrode destinée à un accumulateur, comprenant :

    un collecteur de courant ; et

    une couche de matière active étant formée sur une surface du collecteur de courant, et contenant une matière active et un liant, dans laquelle :

    la matière active contient SiOx et une surface de SiOx est modifiée au moyen d'un ou de plusieurs groupe(s) choisi(s) dans le groupe composé d'un groupe aniline et d'un groupe imidazole, à l'aide d'un agent de couplage en silane exprimé par la formule (1) suivante,

    le liant est constitué d'un polymère soluble dans l'eau possédant une structure de chaîne de sucres qui contient un groupe carboxyle, le liant est un alginate, et le groupe carboxyle de l'alginate est lié au groupe aniline ou au groupe imidazole de la surface de SiOx de la matière active.

            X3-Si-Y ...     (1)

    (X représente un groupe méthoxy, un groupe éthoxy ou un groupe propyloxy, et Y est exprimé par -(CH2)n-Y', n vaut 0 à 10, et Y' représente -NH(C6H5) ou 2-imidazolin-1-yle.)


     
    2. Électrode destinée à un accumulateur selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la matière active contient SiOx, où x vaut 1,5 ou moins.
     
    3. Électrode destinée à un accumulateur selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle :

    une quantité utilisée de l'agent de couplage en silane est de 0,1 % en poids à 20 % en poids par rapport au poids de la matière active.


     
    4. Électrode destinée à un accumulateur selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans laquelle :

    une taille de particules (taille médiane : D50) de SiOx est de 0,5 µm à 10 µm.


     
    5. Électrode destinée à un accumulateur selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans laquelle :

    un rapport pondéral du liant dans la couche de matière active est de 3 % en poids à 20 % en poids par rapport au poids de la matière active.


     
    6. Accumulateur comprenant :

    l'électrode destinée à un accumulateur selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5.


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description