(19)
(11)EP 3 058 794 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.08.2018 Bulletin 2018/35

(21)Application number: 14793310.5

(22)Date of filing:  14.10.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H05B 33/08  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IB2014/065290
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/056161 (23.04.2015 Gazette  2015/16)

(54)

DRIVE UNIT FOR A LIGHTING ELEMENT AND OPERATING METHOD THEREFOR

ANSTEUERUNGSSCHALTUNG UND VERFAHREN ZUR STEUERUNG EINES BELEUCHTUNGSELEMENTS

DISPOSITIF DE COMMANDE ET PROCÉDÉ POUR COMMANDER UN ÉLÉMENT D'ÉCLAIRAGE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 15.10.2013 WO PCT/CN2013/001252

(43)Date of publication of application:
24.08.2016 Bulletin 2016/34

(73)Proprietor: Philips Lighting Holding B.V.
5656 AE Eindhoven (NL)

(72)Inventors:
  • LIU, Junhu
    NL-5656 AE Eindhoven (NL)
  • RADERMACHER, Harald Josef Günther
    NL-5656 AE Eindhoven (NL)
  • FU, Jie
    NL-5656 AE Eindhoven (NL)
  • SUN, Xiao
    NL-5656 AE Eindhoven (NL)

(74)Representative: Verweij, Petronella Daniëlle 
Philips Lighting B.V. Philips Lighting Intellectual Property High Tech Campus 45
5656 AE Eindhoven
5656 AE Eindhoven (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2011/087684
US-A1- 2011 080 110
US-A1- 2013 147 269
US-A1- 2011 043 133
US-A1- 2011 095 730
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The invention relates to a drive unit for a lighting element and an operating method therefor and a lighting element including such drive unit. More specifically, the invention relates to a drive unit for lighting element including at least one light emitting diode and having an operation mode and a standby mode and to a method of operating such drive unit for such lighting element.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] In many areas, lighting elements including one or more light emitting diodes (LED) are developed as a replacement for incandescent lamps, in particular as a replacement of halogen lamps.

    [0003] In addition to the simple ON/OFF states of conventional lamps provided for by controlling the power supply, lighting elements (including LEDs) may now provide more sophisticated options including communication (i.e. remote control of specific lighting elements), in particular as to dimming, wherein this makes it necessary that the a control unit of the lighting element is supplied with power even if the optical engine is off. Such mode in which the lighting element is ready to communicate and to be controlled while there is no lighting provided is called standby mode.

    [0004] Preferably, during standby mode, the power consumption of the lighting element in total should be low. For example, in the context of a MR 16 bulb, the CLEMA (Federation of National Manufactures Association for Luminaire and Electrotechnical Components for Luminaire in the European Union) has a 0.5-Watt standby power requirement.

    [0005] Achieving a desired power efficiency and standby power consumption poses difficulties in that the means conventionally employed for such end are in contrast to other constraints on the design, like the available space and cost consideration.

    [0006] US 2011/0043133 discloses a power supply for powering one or more loads including a boost circuit with power factor correction that provides an operating voltage from an electrical power source, and a dimmer detection circuit that determines a dimming level applied to the electrical power source, and generates a pulse width modulated signal based upon the dimming level. The power supply also includes one or more current control circuits, each current control circuit being associated with each of the one or more loads, and coupled in series with the operating voltage, its associated load, and a ground of the power supply, so as to control a current through its associated load in response to the PWM signal.

    [0007] US 2011/0095730 discloses a power supply including a PFC stage and an SMPS stage. The power supply can operate in a normal mode in which the PFC stage supplies a voltage to the SMPS stage. In a standby mode, the PFC stage operates in bursts to supply a lower voltage to the SMPS stage that is high enough that the SMPS stage can rapidly respond when it needs to supply a load.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0008] It is an object of the present invention to provide a drive unit for a lighting element, an operating method for a drive unit and a lighting element including such drive unit which allow for a better power efficiency and standby power consumption under space and cost constraints on the design of the lighting element.

    [0009] In a first aspect of the present invention a drive unit according to claim 1 is presented. In a second aspect of the present invention a lighting element according to claim 12 is presented. The present invention is based on the insight that by selectively providing power to the control unit using different voltages at different stages of the overall lighting element, there is an additional degree of freedom which may be used for improving power efficiency, in particular for reducing standby power consumption, while still meeting specific space and cost constraints.

    [0010] The predefined current waveshape may take a variety of forms depending of the circumstances and the particular implementation. Examples of such predefined current waveshape may be defined as indicated in the following list: a predefined portion of a cycle (in particular one or more parts of the cycle, e.g. the first x % of the cycle, the peak input current power being higher than an average power or in a predefined relation to the root means square input voltage times a factor, or the like).

    [0011] It is noted that the predefined current waveshape (or predefined load) may preferably and beneficially be provided to allow the lighting element to be powered by a conventional arrangement including an electronic transformer, which needs a particular load to operate.

    [0012] According to the present invention, even in standby mode, the first power converter is operating and drawing power according to a predefined regime (even though the regime for standby mode may be different from that for operation mode), such that the lighting element may be used in the context of electronic transformers providing an input voltage.

    [0013] In standby mode, however, it is not strictly necessary for the predefined current waveshape (or load) to be provided continuously: if the load provided is sufficient during cyclic portions of the standby mode, enough energy may be taken from the input and stored (e.g. in a capacitance) for the control unit to maintain operation (e.g. being supported by the capacitance until the next such cycle).

    [0014] Advantageously, even during standby mode the load presented by the lighting element may be sufficiently high for an electronic transformer to operate, such that also a plurality of lighting element may be supplied by one electronic transformer, regardless of one or more of the plurality of lighting element may be in standby mode. According to the invention, in the drive unit or in the lighting element the input of the second power converter is coupled to the first power converter via a switching circuitry, the switching circuitry also coupling the input of the second power converter to a further voltage provided within the drive unit or the lighting element. According to the invention, the switching circuitry is arranged for providing, to the second power converter, the bus voltage during the standby mode and the further voltage during the operation mode.

    [0015] As an additional option, there might be provided a third power converter outputting the LED voltage for powering the at least one light emitting diode, the input of the third power converter being coupled at least to the bus voltage, wherein the further voltage is the LED voltage or another voltage provided by the third power converter.

    [0016] The power supply to the control unit is not limited to drawing power directly from the bus voltage, but also other voltages provided during operation of the lighting element may be used for powering the control unit. If during the operation mode the second power converter powering the control unit is supplied with the LED voltage being lower than the bus voltage, a power loss due to the conversion in the second power converter is reduced, thereby reducing particularly the overall heat generation inside the lighting element.

    [0017] In another modification of the above embodiment, during operation mode and standby mode, the switching circuitry is arranged such that the input of the second power converter is electrically connected to the further voltage when the bus voltage is above a predetermined threshold level and is electrically connected to the output of the first power converter when the bus voltage is below the predetermined threshold level.

    [0018] Advantageously, by means of such threshold value for the bus voltage, simple circuitry may be used for switching between the bus voltage and the LED voltage upon switching between the operation mode and the standby mode, wherein furthermore the control of the bus voltage may result also in a selection of the voltage used for powering the control unit.

    [0019] It is to be noted that the two modifications as discussed above may coincide to a certain degree: except for transition periods (like startup or the change between operation mode and standby mode) the threshold approach may indeed be used for ensuring that during standby mode the (reduced) bus voltage and during operation mode the further voltage (e.g. the LED voltage) is used for powering the control unit.

    [0020] It is further to be noted that the control of the bus voltage may include further options, even though preferably there are at least two levels provided for the bus voltage, one level for the operation mode and another level for the standby mode.

    [0021] It may be foreseen that the bus voltage is controllable continuously in a given range, e.g. such that the provided bus voltage is proportional to a reference value like a reference voltage.

    [0022] In a preferred embodiment the first power converter is arranged for outputting, during the operation mode and/or the standby mode, the bus voltage being higher than the input voltage, wherein in a preferred modification of the this embodiment the first power converter comprises a boost circuitry.

    [0023] In a preferred embodiment the second power converter comprises a linear voltage regulator, preferably a low dropout regulator.

    [0024] A low dropout regulator (LDO) may be less efficient for higher voltage drops in comparison to other regulators (like a switched mode conversion). However, in comparison to such other DC-DC circuits, the costs may be lower by a factor of 2.5 to 3, wherein the higher complexly of such DC-DC circuits may furthermore not be affordable if space is a severe constraint.

    [0025] In a preferred embodiment the drive unit is arranged for providing the LED voltage being lower than the bus voltage, wherein in a preferred modification of this embodiment the third power converter (see above) comprises a buck circuitry.

    [0026] In a preferred embodiment the input voltage is 12 V of alternating current, wherein the first power converter includes a bridge rectifier.

    [0027] The provision of 12 V of alternating current allows the lighting element to replace conventional light sources such as halogen bulbs designed for such voltage.

    [0028] In a preferred modification of the above embodiment the bus voltage is in the range of 20 to 28 V of direct current and the LED voltage is, at least during operation mode, in the range of 8 to 16 V of direct current.

    [0029] In the context of using, for example, a boost converter for converting the input voltage to the bus voltage and buck converter for converting the bus voltage into the LED voltage, energy is drawn by the buck converter from a capacitance of the boost converter, wherein it is necessary that the capacitance stores enough energy to sustain the buck converter operation. By providing a sufficiently high voltage, the capacitance may be small enough to meet space constraints in an implementation, e.g. in the case of a multifaceted reflector light bulb known as MR16.

    [0030] In a preferred embodiment the lighting element is a multifaceted reflector light bulb having a diameter of approximately 51 mm.

    [0031] In a preferred embodiment the control unit is adapted to receive instructions and to control the lighting element in accordance to the instructions.

    [0032] The control unit may have additional functions beyond the ON/OFF or dimming control of the lighting element.

    [0033] It shall be understood that the drive unit of claim 1, the lighting element of claim 14 and the operating method of claim 15 have similar and/or identical preferred embodiments, in particular, as defined in the dependent claims.

    [0034] It shall be understood that a preferred embodiment of the invention can also be any combination of the dependent claims or above embodiments with the respective independent claim.

    [0035] These and other aspects of the invention will be apparent from and elucidated with reference to the embodiments described hereinafter.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0036] In the following drawings:

    Fig. 1 shows a first portion of a circuit of a lighting element in accordance with an embodiment of the invention,

    Fig. 2 shows a second portion of the circuit of the lighting element in accordance with the embodiment of Fig. 1,

    Fig. 3 shows a third portion of the circuit of the lighting element in accordance with the embodiment of Figs. 1 and 2,

    Fig. 4 shows a fourth portion of the circuit of the lighting element in accordance with the embodiment of Figs. 1 to 3,

    Fig. 5 illustrates values of a bus voltage and an LED voltage in accordance with the embodiment of Fig. 1 to 4, and

    Fig. 6 shows a schematic flow diagram illustrating an operating method in accordance with an embodiment of the invention.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0037] Fig. 1 shows a first portion of a circuit of a lighting element including a drive unit in accordance with an embodiment of the invention.

    [0038] The present embodiment is directed to a multifaceted reflector (MR) light bulb in which LEDs are employed as light source and which is provided with a control unit for communication and control.

    [0039] A MR light bulb is a wide spread format for halogen bulbs, wherein specifically the type MR16 (sixteen eights of an inch, i.e. 2 inch, or approximately 51 mm in diameter) is one of the most widely used bulbs in the lighting industry.

    [0040] In a traditional MR16 application scenario the system includes a wall-mount TRIAC working as dimmer with 110/220VAC 50∼60Hz feed from mains and phase cutting the mains sinusoidal waveform as per the dimmer setting, and an Electronic Transformer (ET) receiving phase cut power from the TRIAC and converting it to 12VAC at a frequency of about 30KHz. One or a group of MR16 bulbs (normally halogen) are connected to the ET and generate light to the user. Here, the TRIAC works as bulbs ON/OFF and dimmer control, wherein the conventional MR16 bulb functions as a light source with zero power consumption when the bulb is required to be turned off.

    [0041] With the LED technology rapidly growing up, light emitting diodes (LED) are replacing halogen in MR16 light sources. As LEDs may easily be controlled, more and more sophisticated control mechanisms may be implemented with the LED based MR16 bulb. Here, typically the control is shifted from the TRIAC dimmer to the MR16 bulb.

    [0042] For a conventional controllable MR16 bulb based on LEDs, a typical architecture might include a microcontroller unit (MCU) covering communication, optics ON/OFF and dimming control (e.g. interpreting digital commands into PWM signal) and an electronic power driver converting PWM signal into constant current to drive the LED optical engine. Given the control unit (or communication unit, i.e. MCU and associated circuit) is located in the bulb, a control request (e.g. control system, control panel, RF controller etc.) may only be received when the control unit (and therefore the bulb in total) is powered, even if the optics are turned off (e.g. during standby). A state in which the bulb's communication and control circuit is on, and the optical engine is off (i.e. the LEDs do not output light) may be called standby mode.

    [0043] As indicated above, power efficiency and standby power consumption are critical to implementations of MR16 bulbs. For example, the CLEMA (Federation of National Manufactures Association for Luminaire and Electrotechnical Components for Luminaire in the European Union) has a solid 0.5 W standby power requirement.

    [0044] Conventionally, in order to meet such requirement, controllable MR16 bulbs employ a DC-DC converter as an auxiliary power supply. The use of a circuitry such as an electronic switch mode converter, however, involves comparatively high costs and it is also a serious challenge to meet the space constraints involved in MR 16 bulbs. If, on the other side, a comparatively cheap converter like a low dropout converter (LDO) is used, which requires also less space, it is difficult to meet the standby power requirement of 0.5 W: with a bus voltage of typically 20∼28VDC converted to 3.3 VDC and a current requirement of 30 mA for the control unit, the power consumption is about 0.72 W (0.03 mA x (20+28)/2 V), exceeding the desired 0.5 W.

    [0045] The first portion of the circuit of the lighting element shown in Fig. 1 is connected to a conventional power supply 101 in the form of an AC mains to which a TRIAC 103 and an electronic transformer 105 are connected. The electronic transformer 105 supplies 12VAC at a frequency of about 30KHz to the first portion of the circuit of the lighting element.

    [0046] To be more specific, the electronic transformer 105 is connected to a bridge rectifier 107 which in turn is connected to a boost converter 109 including inductance LI, switch SW1, diode D1, operational amplifier OP2, resistances R9 and RS, and capacitance C1. The current through the inductance L1 is set by value of the resistance RS and a current reference voltage applied to the non-inverting input 119 of the operational amplifier OP2. The current reference voltage can be set as an hysteresis value for easy control.

    [0047] The boost converter 109 provides a bus voltage for a buck converter 111 for driving the plural light emitting diodes 113 (only one shown for simplicity). The buck converter 111 includes a buck IC 115, inductance L2, diode D2, capacitance C2, switch SW2 and resistance R5 and regulates the bus voltage to a constant current to drive the LEDs 113.

    [0048] The boost converter 109 (and the overall lighting element) is arranged for drawing power from the electronic transformer 105 in a predetermined way, thus ensuring that there is a sufficient load to the electronic transformer 105 to operate. As the skilled person is familiar with the requirements posed by such electronic transformer 105, a detailed discussion thereof is not necessary here.

    [0049] There is further provided a control circuitry 117 including four resistances R1 to R4, an operational amplifier OP1 and a diode D3, wherein the control circuitry 117 is connected to the inverting input of operational amplifier OP2 (the non-inverting input 119 of OP2 being provided in operation with the current reference voltage). A first input 121 of the control circuitry 117 is provided with the bus voltage and a second input 123 (being the inverting input 123 of the operational amplifier OP1) of the control circuitry 117 is provided with a bus reference voltage.

    [0050] The control circuitry 117 is provided for setting the value of bus voltage. In the present embodiment, there is provided a bus voltage value for operation mode in the range of 20 VDC to 28 VDC (20VDC ≤ VBus ≤ 28VDC) and a bus voltage value for standby mode in the range of 10 VDC to 18 VDC (10VDC ≤ VBus ≤ 18VDC). The upper and lower range limit for the respective bus voltage value can be obtained via a hysteresis control loop. For this instance, the resistances R1, R2, and R3 determine the threshold range. By setting the bus reference voltage, switching between the ranges for the bus voltage is achieved.

    [0051] Fig. 2 shows a second portion of the circuit of the lighting element in accordance with the embodiment of Fig. 1. The second portion of the circuit of the lighting element is a switching circuitry 201 consisting of transistors T1, T2, Zener diodes ZD1, ZD2, resistances R6 to R8 and capacitance C3. The circuitry is provided with two inputs 203, 205, wherein in operation the bus voltage (see Fig. 1 above) is provided to the first input 203, while the second input 205 is provided with the cathode voltage of the LED (see Fig. 1 above). The circuitry selectively enables transistor T1 or transistor T2 to supply the respective voltage applied to the input 203 or 205 to an output 207 of the switching circuitry 201. With suitable parameter selection of the values of ZD1, ZD2, R8, R6, and R7, according to the present embodiment, it is possible to have the transistor T1 operating and the transistor T2 being turned off, when the bus voltage provided to the input 203 is equal to or smaller than 18V. In case the bus voltage provided to the input 203 is equal to or larger than 20V, the transistor T1 is turned off while the transistor T2 is operating, thereby providing the input of the cathode voltage of the LED to the output 207.

    [0052] Fig. 3 shows a third portion of the circuit of the lighting element in accordance with the embodiment of Figs. 1 and 2. The third portion of the circuit includes a low dropout regulator 301 and two capacitances C4 and C5. The low dropout regulator converts an input voltage (see output 207 of Fig. 2) provided at an input 303 to an output voltage supplied to the output 305.

    [0053] Fig. 4 shows a fourth portion of the circuit of the lighting element in accordance with the embodiment of Figs. 1 to 3. The fourth portion includes the control unit 401 having several inputs and outputs. The control unit 401 is powered (input 403) by the output 305 of the low dropout regulator 301 of Fig. 3. The control unit 401 is arranged for communication with the outside of the lighting element, e.g. to a controller of the overall lighting arrangement in which the lighting element is included (illustrated by arrow 405). The control unit 401 also provides the bus reference voltage (indicated by reference number 407) used for setting the bus voltage (see Fig. 2 above). Further, the control unit 401 provides additional control signals or voltages (illustrated by reference number 409).

    [0054] The control unit 401 is in this embodiment an MCU, which communicates to a control system or monitors local button to perform the lighting element ON/OFF and dimming control. For an ON and/or dimming command, the control is interpreted as directed to the operation mode and accordingly the bus reference voltage is set to a value for the normal bus voltage for operation of the lighting element. An OFF command is interpreted directed to the standby mode and accordingly, the bus reference voltage is set to a value for the bus voltage being reduced to a standby bus voltage.

    [0055] The present embodiment provides a mechanism of reducing standby power as follows: the low dropout regulator 301 is coupled via the switching circuitry 201 of Fig. 2 to the bus voltage and the cathode voltage of the light emitting diodes 113. In the operation mode, the control unit 401 is powered by means of the cathode voltage of the light emitting diodes 113, which are driven by means of the bus voltage. When the lighting element is switched from the operation mode to the standby mode, the bus voltage is lowered by means of the control circuitry 117 controlled by the control unit 401, wherein furthermore the input 303 of the low dropout regulator 301 is provided with the lowered bus voltage instead of the cathode voltage of the light emitting diodes 113. This allows for a reduction of the standby power consumed, wherein further the thermal performance is also improved with less power consumption on the driver board.

    [0056] When the light emitting diodes 113 are turned off in standby mode, the low dropout regulator 301 cannot source input power from the cathode voltage of the light emitting diodes 113, as otherwise there would be a leakage current flowing through the light emitting diode string, resulting in an LED blinking issue. In the present invention, this is avoided by switching from using the cathode voltage to the bus voltage upon switching from operation mode to standby mode.

    [0057] On the other hand, when the low dropout regulator input is switched from the cathode voltage to the bus voltage for the standby mode, the power loss would be high if the bus voltage were still maintained at operating level, namely, at 20-28VDC. By reducing the level of the bus voltage for the standby mode, this is avoided: by changing the bus voltage from 20-28VDC to 10-18VDC, the power loss on the low dropout regulator 301 can be reduced by up to 40%.

    [0058] Depending on the value of the reference bus voltage provided to the inverting input 123 of the operational amplifier OP1, the bus voltage outputted by the boost converter 109 is either in the range of 20 to 28 VDC for the operation mode or in the range of 10 to 18 VDC for the standby mode. In the operation mode, the output of the buck converter 111 (namely the cathode voltage) corresponds to the difference between the bus voltage and a forward voltage and is therefore in the range of 8 to 16 VDC.

    [0059] By means of suitable setting of the parameters for the resistances R6 to R7 and the Zener diodes ZD1 and ZD2, it is achieved that the gate voltage of transistor T1 is larger than the gate voltage of transistor T2 if the bus voltage (provided to input 203) is equal to or smaller than 18 VDC, whereas the gate voltage of transistor T1 is larger than the gate voltage of transistor T1 if the bus voltage (provided to input 203) is equal to or larger than 20 VDC. In the case that the gate voltage of transistor T1 is larger than that of transistor T2, the transistor T1 overrides the transistor T2 and draws power from the bus voltage (input 203) to the output 207 (connected to the low dropout regulator of Fig. 3). In the case that the gate voltage of transistor T2 is larger than that of transistor T1, the transistor T2 overrides the transistor T1 and draws power from the cathode voltage (input 205) to the output 207 (connected to the low dropout regulator of Fig. 3).

    [0060] By means of the present embodiment including the control unit 401, the boost logic (including the boost converter 109 and the control circuitry 117), the buck logic (including the boost converter 111), and the switching circuitry 201, the input of low dropout converter can be kept at a low voltage level, wherein furthermore the power loss in both operating and standby mode due to the low dropout regulator is reduced. This is extremely useful to a controllable lamp, for which it is desired to meet the 0.5Watt standby power requirement from CLEMA, for example.

    [0061] Fig. 5 illustrates values of a bus voltage and an LED voltage in accordance with the embodiment of Fig. 1 to 4.

    [0062] During the first powering up of the lighting element, before the control unit 401 has an operating voltage for setting the bus reference voltage, the electronic transformer 105 charges the bus voltage 501 directly (before point A). The low dropout regulator 301 draws its input from the bus voltage via the transistor T1. As soon as the bus voltage 501 rises up and exceeds a threshold value 503 (20 VDC in this case), the transistor T2 overrides the transistor T1 in order to provide power to the low dropout regulator 301 from the cathode voltage 505 of the light emitting diodes 113 (point A). During the operation mode (up to time t1), the low dropout regulator 301 and thus the control unit 401 is powered by means of the cathode voltage 505. At time t1, a user provides an instruction to the control unit 401 (see arrow 405 illustrating the communication in Fig. 4) to switch to standby mode and accordingly, the control unit 401 changes the outputted bus reference voltage such that the bus voltage 501' is reduced (together with controlling the light emitting diodes 113 to be turned OFF) (point B). The switching circuitry 201 provides that the low dropout regulator 301 is powered by the reduced standby bus voltage 505' (point C). In accordance with the reduced bus voltage, there is also a corresponding shift in the cathode voltage of the buck converter 111.

    [0063] In case an electronic transformer is used it is considered to be necessary that there is at least a predetermined load is provided by the lighting element (as otherwise the electronic transformer would no longer be able to function). In view thereof, it is not possible to just stop the operation of the boost converter 109 in order to obtain a bus voltage somewhat corresponding to the rectified input voltage. If, however, the application of the lighting element does not have the above constraint (e.g. the input voltage is provided by means of a battery), the reduction of the bus voltage may also be achieved by shutting down the operation of the boost controller.

    [0064] Fig. 6 shows a schematic flow diagram illustrating an operating method in accordance with an embodiment of the invention.

    [0065] In an operating step (601), the lighting element is operated in the operation mode, wherein an input voltage is received (603) and converted for outputting (605) a bus voltage. Furthermore, the bus voltage is converted and an LED voltage for driving the at least one light emitting diode is outputted (607), such that the lighting element provides light. The LED voltage is further used for powering (609) the control unit. The actions 603-609 mentioned above are provided basically simultaneously during the operating step 601.

    [0066] In a first reception step 611, an instruction for switching the mode from operation to standby mode is received, followed by a control in a first control step 613 by the control unit for such switch, including the reduction of the bus voltage provided by changing a bus reference voltage.

    [0067] During an standby step 615, the lighting element is operated in the standby mode, wherein the input voltage is still received (617) and converted for outputting (619) the bus voltage, which is reduced. However, the light emitting diodes are no longer driven and no light is insofar outputted by the lighting element. The reduced bus voltage is used for powering (621) the control unit. The actions 617-621 mentioned above are provided basically simultaneously during the standby step 615.

    [0068] In a second reception step 623, an instruction for switching the mode from standby to operation mode is received, followed by a control in a second control step 625 by the control unit for such switch, including the increasing of the bus voltage provided by changing the bus reference voltage.

    [0069] The flow then returns to the operation mode of operating step 601.

    [0070] While the invention has been illustrated and described in detail in the drawings and foregoing description, such illustration and description are to be considered illustrative or exemplary and not restrictive; the invention is not limited to the disclosed embodiments.


    Claims

    1. A drive unit for a lighting element, the lighting element comprising at least one light source comprising at least one light emitting diode (113), the drive unit comprising:

    a first power converter (109) arranged for receiving input power by drawing at least a part of a predefined current waveshape and for outputting a bus voltage (203),

    a control unit (401) arranged for controlling the drive unit,

    a second power converter (301) for providing power to the control unit (401), characterized in that the input of the second power converter (301) is coupled via a switching circuitry (201) to the bus voltage (203), the switching circuitry (201) also coupling the input of the second power converter (301) to a further voltage (205) provided within the drive unit,

    wherein the drive unit has, under the control of the control unit (401), an operation mode in which by means of the bus voltage (203) an LED voltage is provided for operating the at least one light emitting diode and a standby mode in which the LED voltage for operating the at least one light emitting diode (113) is not provided while power is provided to the control unit (401),

    wherein the control unit (401) is arranged for adjusting a level of the bus voltage (203) outputted by the first power converter (109) from an operation level in the operation mode to a standby level in the standby mode and vice versa,

    wherein the switching circuitry (201) is arranged for providing, to the second power converter (301), the bus voltage (203) during the standby mode and the further voltage during the operation mode.


     
    2. The lighting element according to claim 1, further comprising a third power converter (111) outputting the LED voltage for powering the at least one light emitting diode (113), the input of the third power converter (111) being coupled at least to the bus voltage (203), wherein the further voltage is the LED voltage or another voltage provided by the third power converter (111).
     
    3. The drive unit according to claim 1, wherein, during operation mode and standby mode, the switching circuitry (201) is arranged such that the input of the second power converter (301) is electrically connected to the further voltage when the bus voltage (203) is above a predetermined threshold level and is electrically connected to the output of the first power converter (109) when the bus voltage (203) is below the predetermined threshold level.
     
    4. The drive unit according to claim 1, wherein the first power converter (109) is arranged for outputting, during the operation mode and/or the standby mode, the bus voltage (203) being higher than the input voltage.
     
    5. The drive unit according to claim 4, wherein the first power converter (109) comprises a boost circuitry.
     
    6. The drive unit according to claim 1, wherein the second power converter (301) comprises a linear voltage regulator (301), preferably a low dropout regulator (301).
     
    7. The drive unit according to claim 1, wherein drive unit is arranged for providing the LED voltage being lower than the bus voltage (203).
     
    8. The drive unit according to claim 2, wherein the third power converter (111) comprises a buck circuitry.
     
    9. The drive unit according to claim 1, wherein the input voltage is 12 V of alternating current, wherein the first power converter (109) includes a bridge rectifier (107).
     
    10. The drive unit according to claim 9, wherein, at least during operation mode, the bus voltage (203) is in the range of 20 to 28 V of direct current and the LED voltage is in the range of 8 to 16 V of direct current.
     
    11. The drive unit according to claim 1, wherein the control unit (401) is adapted to receive instructions and to control the lighting element in accordance to the instructions.
     
    12. A lighting element, in particular a multifaceted reflector light bulb having a diameter of approximately 51 mm, comprising:

    at least one light source comprising at least one light emitting diode (113), and

    a drive unit according to claim 1 for driving the at least one light source.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Antriebseinheit für ein Beleuchtungselement, wobei das Beleuchtungselement wenigstens eine Lichtquelle umfasst, umfassend wenigstens eine Leuchtdiode (113), wobei die Antriebseinheit Folgendes umfasst:

    einen ersten Stromrichter (109), der zum Empfang einer Eingangsleistung durch Aufnahme wenigstens eines Teils einer vordefinierten Stromwellenform und zur Ausgabe einer Busspannung (203) angeordnet ist,

    eine Steuereinheit (401), die zum Steuern der Antriebseinheit angeordnet ist,

    einen zweiten Stromrichter (301) zum Bereitstellen von Strom an die Antriebseinheit (401), dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Eingabe des zweiten Stromrichters (301) über einen Schaltkreis (201) an die Busspannung (203) gekoppelt ist, wobei der Schaltkreis (201) ebenfalls die Eingabe des zweiten Stromrichters (301) an eine weitere Spannung (205), die innerhalb der Antriebseinheit bereitgestellt ist, koppelt,

    wobei die Antriebseinheit unter der Steuerung der Steuereinheit (401) einen Betriebsmodus aufweist, in dem mittels der Busspannung (203) eine LED-Spannung für den Betrieb der wenigstens einen Leuchtdiode bereitgestellt ist, und einen Bereitschaftsmodus, in dem die LED-Spannung für den Betrieb der wenigstens einen Leuchtdiode (113) nicht bereitgestellt ist, während Strom an die Antriebseinheit (401) bereitgestellt wird,

    wobei die Steuereinheit (401) zum Anpassen eines Werts der Busspannung (203), die von dem ersten Stromrichter (109) von einem Betriebswert in dem Betriebsmodus an einen Bereitschaftswert in dem Bereitschaftsmodus und umgekehrt ausgegeben wird,

    wobei der Schaltkreis (201) zum Bereitstellen der Busspannung (203) während dem Bereitschaftsmodus und der weiteren Spannung während dem Betriebsmodus an den zweiten Stromrichter (301), angeordnet ist.


     
    2. Beleuchtungselement nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend einen dritten Stromrichter (111), der die LED-Spannung zum Antreiben der wenigstens einen Leuchtdiode (113) ausgibt, wobei die Eingabe des dritten Stromrichters (111) wenigstens an die Busspannung (203) gekoppelt ist, wobei die weitere Spannung die LED-Spannung oder eine weitere Spannung ist, die von dem dritten Stromrichter (111) bereitgestellt wird.
     
    3. Antriebseinheit nach Anspruch 1, wobei, während dem Betriebsmodus und dem Bereitschaftsmodus, der Schaltkreis (201) derart angeordnet ist, dass die Eingabe des zweiten Stromrichters (301) elektrisch an der weiteren Spannung angeschlossen ist, wenn die Busspannung (203) oberhalb eines vorbestimmten Grenzwerts liegt, und elektrisch an die Ausgabe des ersten Stromrichters (109) angeschlossen ist, wenn die Busspannung (203) unterhalb des vorbestimmten Grenzwerts liegt.
     
    4. Antriebseinheit nach Anspruch 1, wobei der erste Stromrichter (109) während dem Betriebsmodus und/oder dem Bereitschaftsmodus zur Ausgabe der Busspannung (203) angeordnete ist, die höher liegt als die Eingabespannung.
     
    5. Antriebseinheit nach Anspruch 4, wobei der erste Stromrichter (109) einen Verstärkungsschaltkreis umfasst.
     
    6. Antriebseinheit nach Anspruch 1, wobei der zweite Stromrichter (301) einen Linearspannungsregler (301) umfasst, bevorzugt einen Niedrigausfallregler (301).
     
    7. Antriebseinheit nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Antriebseinheit zum Bereitstellen der LED-Spannung angeordnet ist, die niedriger liegt als die Busspannung (203).
     
    8. Antriebseinheit nach Anspruch 2, wobei der dritte Stromrichter (111) einen Abwärtsschaltkreis umfasst.
     
    9. Antriebseinheit nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Eingabespannung 12 V Wechselstrom beträgt, wobei der erste Stromrichter (109) einen Brückengleichrichter (107) beinhaltet.
     
    10. Antriebseinheit nach Anspruch 9, wobei wenigstens während dem Betriebsmodus die Busspannung (203) im Bereich von 20 bis 28 V Gleichspannung, und die LED-Spannung im Bereich von 8 bis 16 V Gleichspannung liegt.
     
    11. Antriebseinheit nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Antriebseinheit (401) derart angepasst ist, um Anweisungen zu empfangen und das Beleuchtungselement gemäß den Anweisungen zu steuern.
     
    12. Beleuchtungselement, insbesondere eine facettenreiche Reflektorglühlampe ist, die einen Durchmesser von ungefähr 51 mm aufweist, umfassend:

    wenigstens eine Lichtquelle, umfassend wenigstens eine Leuchtdiode (113), und

    eine Antriebseinheit nach Anspruch 1 zum Antreiben der wenigstens einen Lichtquelle.


     


    Revendications

    1. Unité de pilotage pour un élément d'éclairage, l'élément d'éclairage comprenant au moins une source de lumière comprenant au moins une diode électroluminescente (113), l'unité de pilotage comprenant :

    un premier convertisseur d'énergie (109) agencé pour recevoir de l'énergie d'entrée en tirant au moins une partie d'une forme d'onde de courant prédéfinie et pour faire sortir une tension de bus (203),

    une unité de commande (401) agencée pour commander l'unité de pilotage,

    un deuxième convertisseur d'énergie (301) permettant de fournir de l'énergie à l'unité de commande (401), caractérisée en ce que l'entrée du deuxième convertisseur d'énergie (301) est couplée via un ensemble de circuits de commutation (201) à la tension de bus (203), l'ensemble de circuits de commutation (201) couplant également l'entrée du deuxième convertisseur d'énergie (301) à une tension supplémentaire (205) fournie dans l'unité de pilotage,

    dans laquelle l'unité de pilotage a, sous la commande de l'unité de commande (401), un mode de fonctionnement dans lequel au moyen de la tension de bus (203) une tension de LED est fournie pour faire fonctionner l'au moins une diode électroluminescente et un mode de veille dans lequel la tension de LED permettant de faire fonctionner l'au moins une diode électroluminescente (113) n'est pas fournie tandis que de l'énergie est fournie à l'unité de commande (401),

    dans laquelle l'unité de commande (401) est agencée pour ajuster un niveau de la tension de bus (203) que le premier convertisseur d'énergie (109) fait sortir à partir d'un niveau de fonctionnement dans le mode de fonctionnement jusqu'à un niveau de veille dans le mode de veille et vice versa,

    dans laquelle l'ensemble de circuits de commutation (201) est agencé pour fournir, au deuxième convertisseur d'énergie (301), la tension de bus (203) pendant le mode de veille et la tension supplémentaire pendant le mode de fonctionnement.


     
    2. Élément d'éclairage selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre un troisième convertisseur d'énergie (111) faisant sortir la tension de LED pour alimenter l'au moins une diode électroluminescente (113), l'entrée du troisième convertisseur d'énergie (111) étant couplée au moins à la tension de bus (203), dans lequel la tension supplémentaire est la tension de LED ou une autre tension fournie par le troisième convertisseur d'énergie (111).
     
    3. Unité de pilotage selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle, pendant le mode de fonctionnement et le mode de veille, l'ensemble de circuits de commutation (201) est agencé de sorte que l'entrée du deuxième convertisseur d'énergie (301) soit connectée électriquement à la tension supplémentaire lorsque la tension de bus (203) est au-dessus d'un niveau seuil prédéterminé et soit connectée électriquement à la sortie du premier convertisseur d'énergie (109) lorsque la tension de bus (203) est au-dessous du niveau seuil prédéterminé.
     
    4. Unité de pilotage selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le premier convertisseur d'énergie (109) est agencé pour faire sortir, pendant le mode de fonctionnement et/ou le mode de veille, la tension de bus (203) qui est supérieure à la tension d'entrée.
     
    5. Unité de pilotage selon la revendication 4, dans laquelle le premier convertisseur d'énergie (109) comprend un ensemble de circuits élévateurs.
     
    6. Unité de pilotage selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le deuxième convertisseur d'énergie (301) comprend un régulateur linéaire de tension (301), de préférence un régulateur à faible chute (301).
     
    7. Unité de pilotage selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle l'unité de pilotage est agencée pour fournir la tension de LED qui est inférieure à la tension de bus (203).
     
    8. Unité de pilotage selon la revendication 2, dans laquelle le troisième convertisseur d'énergie (111) comprend un ensemble de circuits abaisseurs.
     
    9. Unité de pilotage selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la tension d'entrée est 12 V de courant alternatif, dans laquelle le premier convertisseur d'énergie (109) inclut un pont redresseur (107).
     
    10. Unité de pilotage selon la revendication 9, dans laquelle au moins pendant le mode de fonctionnement, la tension de bus (203) est dans la plage de 20 à 28 V de courant continu et la tension de LED est dans la plage de 8 à 16 V de courant continu.
     
    11. Unité de pilotage selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle l'unité de commande (401) est adaptée pour recevoir des instructions et pour commander l'élément d'éclairage conformément aux instructions.
     
    12. Élément d'éclairage, en particulier une ampoule-réflecteur à facettes ayant un diamètre d'environ 51 mm, comprenant :

    au moins une source de lumière comprenant au moins une diode électroluminescente (113), et

    une unité de pilotage selon la revendication 1 permettant de piloter l'au moins une source de lumière.


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description