(19)
(11)EP 3 062 480 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 14866110.1

(22)Date of filing:  18.11.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04L 29/08  (2006.01)
H04L 29/06  (2006.01)
G06F 9/50  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2014/091333
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/078320 (04.06.2015 Gazette  2015/22)

(54)

NETWORK SERVICE PROCESSING METHOD AND APPARATUS

NETZWERKDIENSTVERARBEITUNGSVERFAHREN UND -VORRICHTUNG

PROCÉDÉ ET APPAREIL DE TRAITEMENT DE SERVICES EN RÉSEAU


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 26.11.2013 CN 201310613801
04.05.2014 CN 201410185366

(43)Date of publication of application:
31.08.2016 Bulletin 2016/35

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • HU, Xinyu
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • ZHAO, Yuping
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Goddar, Heinz J. 
Boehmert & Boehmert Anwaltspartnerschaft mbB Pettenkoferstrasse 22
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
CN-A- 101 119 276
US-A1- 2005 169 309
US-A1- 2010 333 101
CN-A- 103 051 529
US-A1- 2009 031 063
US-B1- 6 847 620
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to the field of communications technologies, and in particular, to a network service processing method and apparatus.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] With rapid growth of computing capabilities of servers in a communications system, an increasing quantity of network services (such as a firewall service) need to be urgently migrated from conventional dedicated device platforms to servers. Currently, as a main trend of development of a next generation communication network, a network virtualization technology gradually implements various network service functions by using three types of general devices: a server, a switch, and a storage device. A network service function is implemented in the foregoing manner, which can implement flexible and convenient deployment of services and reduce development costs.

    [0003] To meet flexible and convenient deployment of services, a virtualization technology is generally used on a server. Currently, a virtual machine manager (hypervisor software) runs on the server to virtualize one physical server into multiple servers, so that multiple different pieces of network service processing software that do not affect each other are conveniently deployed on a same server.

    [0004] However, a solution to implementing network service processing in the prior art has the following disadvantages: After a server uses hypervisor software, upon receiving a packet, a network interface card of the server needs to transmit the packet to a virtual switch (vswitch) by using the hypervisor software; a processor in the server identifies the packet in the vswitch, and the vswitch distributes the packet, so as to correctly deliver the packet to a different virtual machine (VM); and upon receiving the packet, the VM performs service processing on the packet. However, when there are a relatively large quantity of packets, the vswitch can deliver the packets to correct VMs only after the processor identifies each received packet, which greatly increases workload of the processor, and reduces distribution efficiency in processing a packet by the processor.

    [0005] In addition, it also shows that efficiency in processing a packet by the processor is greatly decreased compared with that before virtualization.

    [0006] US 20050169309A1 relates to a method for processing packets through a plurality of protocol layers comprising accessing a packet associated with a connection and processing the packet through the plurality of protocol layers using a single thread wherein connection state information used by the plurality of protocol layers is preserved by mutual exclusion of other threads processing packets for the connection through the plurality of protocol layers.

    SUMMARY



    [0007] Embodiments of the present invention provide a network service processing method and apparatus, so as to solve a problem of low efficiency in processing a packet by a server in the prior art.

    [0008] The present invention is defined in the independent claims. Preferred embodiments are defined in the dependent claims.

    [0009] According to the network service processing method and apparatus provided in the embodiments of the present invention, service configuration is performed, according to a configuration instruction, on multiple mutually isolated service processing resources into which an FPGA or an NP is partitioned, so that the service processing resource performs service processing on a to-be-processed service packet; and a forwarding rule used when service forwarding is to be performed on the to-be-processed service packet is received, so that the to-be-processed service packet is distributed to the service processing resource according to the forwarding rule, and the service processing resource performs service processing on the to-be-processed service packet. Fast and flexible distribution of a service packet is implemented, a problem in the prior art that distribution efficiency in processing a packet by a processor is reduced because the processor needs to identify and distribute each received packet when there are a relatively large quantity of packets is avoided, and efficiency in processing a packet by a server is improved. In addition, the service processing resource may further have a different service function according to a different configuration, so that a function of the service processing resource can be changed at any time, and the service processing resource can be reconfigured, which improves efficiency in processing a service packet by each service processing resource.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0010] 

    FIG. 1 is a flowchart of a network service processing method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a network service processing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 3 is a signaling diagram of a process in which a single service processing resource implements network service processing according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 4A and FIG. 4B are a signaling diagram of a process in which multiple service processing resources implement network service processing according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

    FIG. 5A and FIG. 5B are another signaling diagram of a process in which multiple service processing resources implement network service processing according to an embodiment of the present invention.


    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0011] To make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the following describes the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. Apparently, the described embodiments are some but not all of the embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without creative efforts shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

    [0012] To provide a thorough understanding of the present invention, the following uses specific embodiments to provide further explanation with reference to the accompanying drawings, and the embodiments do not constitute a limitation on the present invention.

    Embodiment 1



    [0013] The following uses FIG. 1 as an example to describe in detail a network service processing method provided in an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 1 is a flowchart of the network service processing method according to this embodiment of the present invention. In this embodiment of the present invention, the following steps are executed by a network service processing apparatus that executes the network service processing method. As shown in FIG. 1, this embodiment specifically includes the following steps:
    Step 110: Partition a field-programmable gate array FPGA or a network processor NP into multiple mutually isolated service processing resources.

    [0014] Specifically, the network service processing apparatus involved in this embodiment of the present invention includes a processor and the field-programmable gate array (FPGA); or the network service processing apparatus includes a processor and the network processor (NP).

    [0015] The processor partitions the FPGA or the NP into the multiple mutually isolated service processing resources.

    [0016] As an example instead of a limitation, a method for the isolation specifically includes: if the apparatus includes the FPGA, partitioning, by using a PR/PRR partitioning technology in one FPGA, the FPGA into multiple mutually isolated wiring partitions; or if the apparatus includes the NP, grouping different quantities of processor cores into different groups by using a processor core grouping method in the NP, so as to obtain the multiple service processing resources by means of partitioning.

    [0017] Step 120: Receive a first configuration instruction, where the first configuration instruction includes a first service configuration execution file.

    [0018] Specifically, in an example, the network service processing apparatus receives a first configuration instruction sent by a network server, where the first configuration instruction includes a first service configuration execution file. The first service configuration execution file includes a service configuration file and a service execution file, where the service configuration file is specifically a programming file related to service configuration, and the like; and the service execution file is specifically a programming file related to implementing a service function by a service processing resource, and the like.

    [0019] The network service processing apparatus may receive a first configuration instruction sent by another device except the network server. In this embodiment of the present invention, an example in which the network service processing apparatus receives the first configuration instruction sent by the network server is used for description.

    [0020] Further, the first configuration instruction further includes identification information of a service processing resource. The service processing apparatus determines, by using the identification information, a service processing resource on which service configuration is to be performed. The identification information may be carried in the service configuration file or the identification information is separately carried in the first configuration instruction.

    [0021] As an example instead of a limitation, the network service processing apparatus performs service function configuration on the service processing resource according to the first service configuration execution file, so that the service processing resource has a function for implementing processing of a service (for example, a network address translation (NAT) service, a Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE) service, or a deep packet inspection (DPI) service, so as to perform service processing on a to-be-processed service packet.

    [0022] Step 130: Perform service configuration on a service processing resource according to the first service configuration execution file, so that the service processing resource performs service processing on the to-be-processed service packet.

    [0023] Specifically, the network service processing apparatus performs service configuration on the service processing resource according to the first service configuration execution file, so that the service processing resource performs service processing on the to-be-processed service packet according to a configured service.

    [0024] It may be understood that, when service configuration is performed on the service processing resource, multiple service processing resources may also be configured for a same service.

    [0025] Step 140: Receive a forwarding rule used when service forwarding is to be performed on the to-be-processed service packet.

    [0026] Specifically, in an example, the network service processing apparatus receives a forwarding rule that is configured by the network server and used when service forwarding is to be performed on the to-be-processed service packet. Further, the network server configures the forwarding rule on the FPGA or the NP.

    [0027] The network service processing apparatus may receive a forwarding rule configured by another device except the network server. In this embodiment of the present invention, an example in which the network service processing apparatus receives the forwarding rule configured by the network server is used for description.

    [0028] Further, a rule characteristic used when service forwarding is to be performed on each service packet for which service processing needs to be executed, identification information of a service processing resource matched with the rule characteristic, and address information of the service processing resource are stored in the forwarding rule. That is, only a service packet that meets the rule characteristic can be forwarded to the matched service processing resource by using the address information of the service processing resource, and service processing is performed by the service processing resource; otherwise, discarding processing is performed on a service packet that does not meet the rule characteristic. As an example instead of a limitation, the rule is specifically IP address information, port number information, or a VLANID identifier of a packet for which service processing needs to be executed, where the IP address information may be a source IP address information or a destination IP address information, which is not limited thereto.

    [0029] In an example, a rule characteristic included in the forwarding rule includes multiple IP address ranges of a service packet for which service processing needs to be executed, and identification information of a service processing resource matched with each IP address range, and address information of the service processing resource. It may be understood that the forwarding rule may be presented in a form of a table. For example, a service packet with a first IP address range matches an identifier of a first service processing resource; in other words, when an IP address of a to-be-processed service packet received by the network service processing apparatus falls within the first IP address range, the network service processing apparatus transmits, according to the address information of the service processing resource, the to-be-processed service packet to the first service processing resource that matches the first IP address range.

    [0030] In this embodiment of the present invention, a time sequence relationship may not be limited among step 120, step 130, and step 140.

    [0031] Step 150: Receive the to-be-processed service packet sent by a user terminal, and distribute the to-be-processed service packet to the service processing resource by using the forwarding rule, so that the service processing resource performs service processing on the to-be-processed service packet.

    [0032] Specifically, after executing the foregoing step 110 to step 140, the network service processing apparatus receives, after performing multiple configurations, the to-be-processed service packet sent by the user terminal.

    [0033] The network service processing apparatus distributes the to-be-processed service packet by using the forwarding rule, and transmits the to-be-processed service packet to a corresponding service processing resource, and the service processing resource performs corresponding service processing on the received to-be-processed service packet, so as to improve efficiency of processing a service packet.

    [0034] Further, the distributing the to-be-processed service packet to the service processing resource by using the forwarding rule specifically includes:
    determining, by the network service processing apparatus by using the forwarding rule, a quantity of service processing resources that are to perform service processing on the to-be-processed service packet.

    [0035] The determining a quantity of service processing resources that are to perform service processing on the to-be-processed service packet is specifically: determining that the to-be-processed service packet needs only a single service processing resource to implement corresponding service processing or needs multiple service processing resources to jointly implement corresponding service processing.

    [0036] The distributing the to-be-processed service packet to the service processing resource specifically includes:
    when the network service processing apparatus determines that one service processing resource is to perform service processing on the to-be-processed service packet, the network service processing apparatus acquires address information of the service processing resource from the forwarding rule, and directly distributes the to-be-processed service packet to the determined service processing resource according to the address information of the service processing resource; or when the network service processing apparatus determines that multiple service processing resources are to perform service processing on the to-be-processed service packet, the network service processing apparatus determines a processing sequence for the service processing resources to process the to-be-processed service packet, acquires, according to the determined processing sequence, address information of the multiple service processing resources from the forwarding rule, and distributes the to-be-processed service packet to the first service processing resource according to address information of the first service processing resource in the processing sequence.

    [0037] According to the network service processing method provided in this embodiment of the present invention, service configuration is performed, according to a configuration instruction, on multiple mutually isolated service processing resources into which an FPGA or an NP is partitioned, so that the service processing resource performs service processing on a to-be-processed service packet; and a forwarding rule used when service forwarding is to be performed on the to-be-processed service packet is received, so that the to-be-processed service packet is distributed to the service processing resource according to the forwarding rule, and the service processing resource performs service processing on the to-be-processed service packet. Fast and flexible distribution of a service packet is implemented, a problem in the prior art that distribution efficiency in processing a packet by a processor is reduced because the processor needs to identify and distribute each received packet when there are a relatively large quantity of packets is avoided, and efficiency in processing a packet by a server is improved. In addition, the service processing resource may further have a different service function according to a different configuration, so that a function of the service processing resource can be changed at any time, and the service processing resource can be reconfigured, which improves efficiency in processing a service packet by each service processing resource.

    [0038] Optionally, in this embodiment of the present invention, at the same time when the service processing resource performs service processing on the to-be-processed service packet, a step of collecting statistics about a service performance parameter is included, where the service performance parameter is used for performing performance monitoring on the service processing resource. By performing performance monitoring on the service processing resource, a network operator to which the network server belongs can perform real-time monitoring on performance of each service processing resource, and meanwhile can further perform function adjustment on each service processing resource, to appropriately allocate network resources. Specific steps are as follows:

    when the service processing resource performs service processing on the to-be-processed service packet, collecting, by the FPGA or the NP, statistics about a service performance parameter used for performing performance monitoring on the service processing resource; and

    sending, by the FPGA or the NP, the service performance parameter to the network server, where the service performance parameter is used as a basis for the network server to adjust service load for the service processing resource.



    [0039] Specifically, when each service processing resource performs corresponding service processing on the to-be-processed service packet, the FPGA or the NP collects, according to a service configuration of each service processing resource, statistics about a service performance parameter used for performing performance monitoring on each service processing resource. As an example instead of a limitation, the service performance parameter specifically includes service traffic and a service performance status of each service processing resource. The service performance status specifically refers to a remaining service packet processing capability after each service processing resource processes a service packet.

    [0040] In this embodiment of the present invention, because services configured for service processing resources are different, the FPGA or the NP collects statistics about service performance parameters corresponding to the service processing resources. For example, statistics about density of service packets received by each service processing resource, or sizes of service packets received by each service processing resource, or access density for accessing an on-chip/off-chip memory, or an accessed data volume is collected according to a service configured for the service processing resource.

    [0041] After the service performance parameter of each service processing resource is determined, the FPGA or the NP sends the service performance parameter to the network server, where the service performance parameter is used as a basis for the network server to adjust service load for the service processing resource.

    [0042] Further, the network server determines, according to the service performance parameter, whether the service processing resource needs to be changed, and when the service processing resource needs to be changed, according to the service performance parameter, the network server performs capacity expansion processing on the service processing resource or performs service reconfiguration processing on the service processing resource. In this way, the network operator to which the network server belongs can perform real-time monitoring on performance of each service processing resource, and meanwhile can further perform function adjustment on each service processing resource, to appropriately allocate network resources.

    [0043] Optionally, in this embodiment of the present invention, the network server may further execute a step of performing reconfiguration on the service processing resource, so that a function of the service processing resource can be changed at any time, and the service processing resource can be reconfigured, which improves efficiency in processing a service packet by each service processing resource. Specific steps are as follows:

    when the service processing resource needs to have a different service function, receiving a second configuration instruction, where the second configuration instruction includes a second service configuration execution file; and

    performing service reconfiguration on the service processing resource according to the second service configuration execution file.



    [0044] Specifically, in an example, the network server may perform function adjustment on each service processing resource according to a service performance parameter, so as to achieve an objective of appropriately allocating network resources.

    [0045] When the service processing resource needs to have a different service function, the network service processing apparatus receives a second configuration instruction delivered by the network server, where the second configuration instruction includes a second service configuration execution file. The network service processing apparatus performs, according to the second service configuration execution file, service reconfiguration on a service processing resource that has a service function, so as to change a function of the service processing resource and improve efficiency in processing a service packet by each service processing resource.

    [0046] The network service processing apparatus may further receive a second configuration instruction sent by another device except the network server. In this embodiment of the present invention, an example in which the network service processing apparatus receives the second configuration instruction sent by the network server is used for description.

    [0047] It may be understood that the second service configuration execution file included in the second configuration instruction and the first service configuration execution file included in the first configuration instruction are used for implementing different service functions, so that the service processing resource has different service functions.

    [0048] The second service configuration execution file included in the second configuration instruction includes a service configuration file and a service execution file, where the service configuration file is specifically a programming file related to service configuration, and the like; and the service execution file is specifically a programming file related to implementing a service function by a service processing resource, and the like.

    [0049] The second configuration instruction further includes identification information of a service processing resource. The service processing apparatus determines, by using the identification information, a service processing resource on which service reconfiguration is to be performed. The identification information may be carried in the service configuration file or the identification information is separately carried in the second configuration instruction.

    [0050] In step 110 in this embodiment of the present invention, the multiple mutually isolated service processing resources obtained by means of partitioning are specifically blank service processing resources that do not have a service processing function or blank service processing resources that have a service processing function.

    [0051] In one implementation manner, when a service processing resource obtained by means of partitioning is a blank service processing resource, service configuration is performed on the blank service processing resource according to step 120 to step 130, and service reconfiguration may be performed on the service processing resource according to these steps.

    [0052] In another implementation manner, when a service processing resource obtained by means of partitioning is a non-blank service processing resource, service reconfiguration is performed on the non-blank service processing resource according to step 120 to step 130, and service reconfiguration may be performed again on the service processing resource according to these steps.

    Embodiment 2



    [0053] Accordingly, an embodiment of the present invention further provides a network service processing apparatus. An implementation structure of the apparatus is shown in FIG. 2, and the apparatus is configured to implement the network service processing method in Embodiment 1 of the present invention in the foregoing. The apparatus includes a processor 10, and an FPGA20 or an NP20.

    [0054] The processor 10 is configured to partition the FPGA or the NP into multiple mutually isolated service processing resources 202.

    [0055] The processor 10 is further configured to: receive a first configuration instruction, where the first configuration instruction includes a first service configuration execution file; and perform service configuration on a service processing resource according to the first service configuration execution file, so that the service processing resource performs service processing on a to-be-processed service packet.

    [0056] The FPGA20 or the NP20 is configured to receive a forwarding rule used when service forwarding is to be performed on the to-be-processed service packet.

    [0057] The FPGA20 or the NP20 is further configured to: receive the to-be-processed service packet sent by a user terminal, and distribute the to-be-processed service packet to the service processing resource by using the forwarding rule, so that the service processing resource performs service processing on the to-be-processed service packet.

    [0058] The processor 10 is further configured to: when the service processing resource needs to have a different service function, receive a second configuration instruction, where the second configuration instruction includes a second service configuration execution file; and
    perform service reconfiguration on the service processing resource according to the second service configuration execution file.

    [0059] The processor 10 includes: a service adaptation module 101; and the FPGA20 or the NP20 includes: a receiving classification module 201 and the service processing resource.

    [0060] The service adaptation module 101 is specifically configured to: perform service configuration on the service processing resource according to the first service configuration execution file, and perform service reconfiguration on the service processing resource according to the second service configuration execution file.

    [0061] The receiving classification module 201 is specifically configured to set the forwarding rule on the receiving classification module.

    [0062] The service processing resource 202 is specifically configured to set the forwarding rule on the service processing resource.

    [0063] The receiving classification module 201 is specifically configured to: determine, according to the forwarding rule, a quantity of service processing resources that are to perform service processing on the to-be-processed service packet; and

    when it is determined that one service processing resource is to perform service processing on the to-be-processed service packet, distribute the to-be-processed service packet to the determined one service processing resource; or

    when it is determined that multiple service processing resources are to perform service processing on the to-be-processed service packet, determine a processing sequence for the service processing resources to process the to-be-processed service packet, and distribute, according to the determined processing sequence, the to-be-processed service packet to the first service processing resource in the processing sequence.



    [0064] The service processing resource 202 is further configured to: receive the to-be-processed service packet transmitted by the receiving classification module;

    perform corresponding service processing on the to-be-processed service packet;

    determine, according to the forwarding rule, a next-level service processing resource that is to perform service processing on the to-be-processed service packet; and

    transmit a processed service packet to the next-level service processing resource.



    [0065] The FPGA20 or the NP20 further includes: a statistics collecting module 203.

    [0066] The statistics collecting module 203 is configured to: when the service processing resource performs service processing on the to-be-processed service packet, collect statistics about a service performance parameter used for performing performance monitoring on the service processing resource, and send the service performance parameter to the service adaptation module.

    [0067] The service adaptation module 101 is further configured to send the service performance parameter to a network server, where the service performance parameter is used as a basis for the network server to adjust service load for the service processing resource.

    [0068] The FPGA20 or the NP20 further includes: a sending and transmitting module 204, configured to: receive a service packet processed by the service processing resource, and output the service packet; and
    a forwarding module 205, configured to forward the service packet between the receiving classification module and the service processing resource; and further configured to forward the service packet between the multiple service processing resources.

    [0069] The processor 10 further includes: a driver module 102, configured to provide a uniform interface for the service adaptation module.

    [0070] In this embodiment of the present invention, the service adaptation module 101 may be disposed in another entity instead of being disposed in the processor.

    [0071] The FPGA20 or the NP20 further includes: an off-chip storage controller 206, configured to: manage multiple off-chip memories and provide an access interface of a uniform standard;

    a packet transceiving interface 207, configured to receive a service packet sent by an external device, or send a service packet to an external device; and

    an instruction transmitting interface 208, configured to receive an instruction sent by the network server, or receive an instruction transmitted by the driver module or the service adaptation module located in the processor.



    [0072] It should be noted that each service processing resource 202 included in the FPGA20 or the NP20 is in a one-to-one correspondence with each service adaptation module 101 included in the processor 10, that is, one service adaptation module 101 performs configuration and processing on one service processing resource 202. Certainly, in an actual application, multiple service processing resources 202 may be corresponding to one service adaptation module 101. When the network service processing apparatus includes at least one service processing resource 202, the network server delivers at least one first configuration instruction to at least one service adaptation module 101, and each first configuration instruction includes a first service configuration execution file. Each service adaptation module 101 performs service configuration on a corresponding service processing resource 202. When performing service configuration, the service adaptation module 101 configures only one service for the service processing resource 202, so that when receiving a service packet, each service processing resource 202 processes only one service for the to-be-processed service packet. In addition, a configuration of the service processing resource 202 may be changed according to a different configuration instruction sent by the network server, for example, the second configuration instruction that is sent by the network server and involved in the foregoing embodiment. The second configuration instruction includes a second service configuration execution file, so that a service function of the service processing resource 202 can be changed at any time, and the service processing resource 202 can be reconfigured, which improves processing efficiency of each service processing resource 202, and prevents function changelessness.

    [0073] According to the network service processing apparatus provided in this embodiment of the present invention, service configuration is performed, according to a configuration instruction, on multiple mutually isolated service processing resources into which an FPGA or an NP is partitioned, so that the service processing resource performs service processing on a to-be-processed service packet; and a forwarding rule used when service forwarding is to be performed on the to-be-processed service packet is received, so that the to-be-processed service packet is distributed to the service processing resource according to the forwarding rule, and the service processing resource performs service processing on the to-be-processed service packet. Fast and flexible distribution of a service packet is implemented, a problem in the prior art that distribution efficiency in processing a packet by a processor is reduced because the processor needs to identify and distribute each received packet when there are a relatively large quantity of packets is avoided, and efficiency in processing a packet by a server is improved. In addition, the service processing resource may further have a different service function according to a different configuration, so that a function of the service processing resource can be changed at any time, and the service processing resource can be reconfigured, which improves efficiency in processing a service packet by each service processing resource.

    Embodiment 3



    [0074] To help understand this embodiment of the present invention, the following uses a specific embodiment to provide further explanation with reference to the accompanying drawings, and this embodiment does not constitute a limitation on this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0075] The following is described in detail according to FIG. 3. FIG. 3 is a signaling diagram of a process in which a single service processing resource implements network service processing according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0076] Specifically, as shown in FIG. 3, an example in which one service processing resource performs service processing on a service packet is used for description. According to the description in step 110 to step 140 in the embodiment of the present invention, corresponding configuration is performed on the service processing resource and a receiving classification module. After the configuration is completed, when a user terminal accesses a network, the receiving classification module receives a first service packet sent by the user terminal, and identifies whether a characteristic attribute (for example, IP address information, port number information, and a VLANID identifier of a service packet, where the IP address information herein specifically includes but is not limited to source IP address information and destination IP address information) of the first service packet matches a service characteristic (for example, IP address information, port number information, and a VLANID identifier of a packet for which a NAT service needs to be executed) of a service (for example, the NAT service) in a forwarding rule. If the characteristic attribute of the first service packet matches the service characteristic of the service in the forwarding rule, the receiving classification module determines, according to the forwarding rule, a service processing resource (for example, a NAT service processing resource) that is to perform service processing on the first service packet, that is, distribution processing is performed on the first service packet. That is, it is determined that the first service packet needs only a single service processing resource to implement corresponding service processing.

    [0077] When it is determined that one service processing resource is to perform service processing on the first service packet, address information of the NAT service processing resource is acquired from the forwarding rule. The receiving classification module performs encapsulation processing (the encapsulation processing is specifically encapsulating identification information of the NAT service processing resource and address information of the NAT service processing resource into a header of the first service packet) on the first service packet to obtain a second service packet, where the second service packet includes the identification information of the NAT service processing resource and the address information of the NAT service processing resource. The receiving classification module sends the second service packet to a forwarding module, and the forwarding module sends the second service packet to the NAT service processing resource according to the identification information and the address information. The NAT service processing resource receives the second service packet, performs corresponding NAT service processing on the second service packet, and outputs a processed second service packet.

    [0078] At the same time when the NAT service processing resource performs service processing on the second service packet, a statistics collecting module collects statistics about a service performance parameter for the NAT service processing resource, and sends the service performance parameter to a service adaptation module. The service adaptation module sends the service performance parameter to a network server, where the service performance parameter is used as a basis for the network server to adjust service load for the NAT service processing resource. When the NAT service processing resource needs to be changed, according to the service performance parameter, the network server performs capacity expansion processing on the NAT service processing resource or performs service reconfiguration processing on the NAT service processing resource.

    Embodiment 4



    [0079] To help understand this embodiment of the present invention, the following uses a specific embodiment to provide further explanation with reference to the accompanying drawings, and this embodiment does not constitute a limitation on this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0080] The following is described in detail according to FIG. 4A and FIG. 4B. FIG. 4A and FIG. 4B are a signaling diagram of a process in which multiple service processing resources implement network service processing according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0081] Specifically, as shown in FIG. 4A and FIG. 4B, an example in which two service processing resources perform service processing on a service packet is used for description. According to the description in step 110 to step 140 in the embodiment of the present invention, corresponding configuration is performed on the service processing resources and a receiving classification module. After the configuration is completed, when a user terminal accesses a network, the receiving classification module receives a first service packet sent by the user terminal, and identifies whether a characteristic attribute (for example, IP address information, port number information, and a VLANID identifier of a service packet, where the IP address information herein specifically includes but is not limited to source IP address information and destination IP address information) of the first service packet matches a service characteristic (for example, IP address information, port number information, and a VLANID identifier of a packet for which a PPPoE service and a DPI service need to be executed) of several services (for example, the PPPoE service and the DPI service) in a forwarding rule. If the characteristic attribute of the first service packet matches the service characteristic of the several services in the forwarding rule, the receiving classification module determines, according to the forwarding rule, service processing resources (for example, a PPPoE service processing resource and a DPI service processing resource) that are to perform service processing on the first service packet, that is, distribution processing is performed on the first service packet. That is, it is determined that the first service packet needs multiple service processing resources to implement corresponding service processing.

    [0082] When it is determined that two service processing resources are to process two services of the first service packet, a processing sequence of the PPPoE service processing resource and the DPI service processing resource is further determined, and address information of the PPPoE service processing resource and address information of the DPI service processing resource are acquired from the forwarding rule according to the processing sequence of the PPPoE service processing resource and the DPI service processing resource. The receiving classification module performs encapsulation processing (the encapsulation processing is specifically encapsulating, into a header of the first service packet, identification information of the PPPoE service processing resource and identification information of the DPI service processing resource, address information of the service processing resources, and sequence information for processing services by the service processing resources) on the first service packet to obtain a second service packet, where the second service packet includes the PPPoE service processing resource, the address information of the service processing resources, the identification information of the DPI service processing resource, and the sequence information for processing services by the service processing resources. The receiving classification module sends the second service packet to a forwarding module, and the forwarding module sends, according to the identification information, the address information, and the sequence information, the second service packet to the first service processing resource (for example, the PPPoE service processing resource) indicated by the sequence information. The PPPoE service processing resource receives the second service packet, and performs corresponding PPPoE service processing on the second service packet. In addition, the PPPoE service processing resource determines, according to the sequence information, that DPI service processing needs to be further performed on the second service packet; then, the PPPoE service processing resource performs encapsulation processing (the encapsulation processing is specifically encapsulating the identification information of the DPI service processing resource, the address information of the DPI service processing resource, and the sequence information into a header of the second service packet) on the second service packet to obtain a third service packet. The third service packet includes the identification information of the DPI service processing resource, the address information of the DPI service processing resource, and the sequence information. The PPPoE service processing resource sends the third service packet to the forwarding module, and the forwarding module sends, according to the identification information and the address information, the third service packet to the DPI service processing resource indicated by the identification information. The DPI service processing resource receives the third service packet, performs corresponding DPI service processing on the third service packet, and outputs a processed third service packet.

    [0083] At the same time when the PPPoE service processing resource and the DPI service processing resource respectively perform service processing on the second service packet and the third service packet, a statistics collecting module separately collects statistics about a service performance parameter for the PPPoE/DPI service processing resource, and separately sends each service performance parameter to a corresponding service adaptation module. Each service adaptation module separately sends the service performance parameter to a network server, where the service performance parameter is used as a basis for the network server to adjust service load for the PPPoE/DPI service processing resource. When the PPPoE/DPI service processing resource needs to be changed, according to the service performance parameter, the network server performs capacity expansion processing on the PPPoE/DPI service processing resource or performs service reconfiguration processing on the PPPoE/DPI service processing resource.

    [0084] It may be understood that, because the sequence information in the second service packet includes a sequence of only two service processing resources, and one service of the second service packet has already been processed, the DPI service processing resource directly outputs the processed third service packet. In an actual application, if a service packet needs to be processed by at least two service processing resources, a processing process is similar to the foregoing process, and details are not described herein again.

    Embodiment 5



    [0085] To help understand this embodiment of the present invention, the following uses a specific embodiment to provide further explanation with reference to the accompanying drawings, and this embodiment does not constitute a limitation on this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0086] The following is described in detail according to FIG. 5A and FIG. 5B. FIG. 5A and FIG. 5B are another signaling diagram of a process in which multiple service processing resources implement network service processing according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    [0087] In Embodiment 4, when performing encapsulation processing on the first service packet, the receiving classification module encapsulates identification information of multiple service processing resources and sequence information of the multiple service processing resources in the header of the first service packet to obtain the second service packet, so that the header of the second service packet is too large, which hinders packet transmission.

    [0088] In this embodiment of the present invention, the header of the first service packet is simplified to facilitate packet transmission.

    [0089] Specifically, as shown in FIG. 5A and FIG. 5B, an example in which two service processing resources perform service processing on a service packet is used for description. According to the description in step 110 to step 140 in the embodiment of the present invention, corresponding configuration is performed on the service processing resources and a receiving classification module. After the configuration is completed, when a user terminal accesses a network, the receiving classification module receives a first service packet sent by the user terminal, and identifies whether a characteristic attribute (for example, IP address information, port number information, and a VLANID identifier of a service packet, where the IP address information herein specifically includes but is not limited to source IP address information and destination IP address information) of the first service packet matches a service characteristic (for example, IP address information, port number information, and a VLANID identifier of a packet for which a PPPoE service and a DPI service need to be executed) of several services (for example, the PPPoE service and the DPI service) in a forwarding rule. If the characteristic attribute of the first service packet matches the service characteristic of the several services in the forwarding rule, the receiving classification module determines, according to the forwarding rule, service processing resources (for example, a PPPoE service processing resource and a DPI service processing resource) that are to perform service processing on the first service packet, that is, distribution processing is performed on the first service packet. That is, it is determined that the first service packet needs multiple service processing resources to implement corresponding service processing.

    [0090] When it is determined that two service processing resources are to process two services of the first service packet, a processing sequence of the PPPoE service processing resource and the DPI service processing resource is further determined, and address information of the PPPoE service processing resource and address information of the DPI service processing resource are acquired from the forwarding rule according to the processing sequence of the PPPoE service processing resource and the DPI service processing resource. The receiving classification module performs encapsulation processing (the encapsulation processing is specifically encapsulating, into a header of the first service packet according to the service processing sequence of the two service processing resources, identification information and address information of the first service processing resource in the service processing sequence, for example, identification information and the address information of the PPPoE service processing resource) on the first service packet to obtain a second service packet. The second service packet includes the identification information and the address information of the PPPoE service processing resource. The receiving classification module sends the second service packet to a forwarding module, and the forwarding module forwards the second service packet to the PPPoE service processing resource. The PPPoE service processing resource performs corresponding PPPoE service processing on the second service packet, and identifies whether a characteristic attribute of the second service packet matches a service characteristic of several services (for example, the DPI service) in a service forwarding rule table. If the characteristic attribute of the second service packet matches the service characteristic of the several services in the service forwarding rule table, the PPPoE service processing resource determines a service processing resource (for example, the DPI service processing resource) that further needs to perform service processing on the second service packet, and the DPI service processing resource acquires identification information and the address information of the DPI service processing resource from the forwarding rule. If the characteristic attribute of the second service packet does not match the service characteristic of the several services in the service forwarding rule table, the second service packet is output. The PPPoE service processing resource performs encapsulation processing (the encapsulation processing is specifically encapsulating the identification information and the address information of the DPI service processing resource into a header of the second service packet) on the second service packet to obtain a third service packet, where the third service packet includes the identification information and the address information of the DPI service processing resource. The PPPoE service processing resource sends the third service packet to the forwarding module, and the forwarding module sends, according to the identification information and the address information, the third service packet to the DPI service processing resource indicated by the identification information. The DPI service processing resource receives the third service packet, and the DPI service processing resource performs corresponding DPI service processing on the third service packet, and identifies whether a characteristic attribute of the third service packet matches the service characteristic of the several services in the service forwarding rule table. If the characteristic attribute of the third service packet matches the service characteristic of the several services in the service forwarding rule table, the DPI service processing resource determines a service processing resource that further needs to perform service processing on the third service packet. If the characteristic attribute of the third service packet does not match the service characteristic of the several services in the service forwarding rule table, a processed third service packet is output.

    [0091] At the same time when the PPPoE service processing resource and the DPI service processing resource respectively perform service processing on the second service packet and the third service packet, a statistics collecting module separately collects statistics about a service performance parameter for the PPPoE/DPI service processing resource, and separately sends each service performance parameter to a corresponding service adaptation module. Each service adaptation module sends the service performance parameter to a network server, where the service performance parameter is used as a basis for the network server to adjust service load for the PPPoE/DPI service processing resource. When the PPPoE/DPI service processing resource needs to be changed, according to the service performance parameter, the network server performs capacity expansion processing on the PPPoE/DPI service processing resource or performs service reconfiguration processing on the PPPoE/DPI service processing resource.

    [0092] It may be understood that, because a forwarding rule is separately configured on each service processing resource, each service processing resource determines a service processing resource that subsequently processes a service packet, which reduces bytes of a header of the service packet, facilitates flexible transmission of the service packet, and improves processing efficiency of each service processing resource.

    [0093] In an actual application, if a service packet needs to be processed by at least two service processing resources, a processing process is similar to the foregoing process, and details are not described herein again.

    [0094] A person in the art may be further aware that, in combination with the examples described in the embodiments disclosed in this specification, units and algorithm steps may be implemented by electronic hardware, computer software, or a combination thereof. To clearly describe the interchangeability between the hardware and the software, the foregoing has generally described compositions and steps of each example according to functions. Whether the functions are performed by hardware or software depends on particular applications and design constraint conditions of the technical solutions. A person skilled in the art may use different methods to implement the described functions for each particular application, but it should not be considered that such implementation goes beyond the scope of the present invention.

    [0095] Steps of methods or algorithms described in the embodiments disclosed in this specification may be implemented by hardware, a software module executed by a processor, or a combination thereof. The software module may reside in a random access memory (RAM), a memory, a read-only memory (ROM), an electrically programmable ROM, an electrically erasable programmable ROM, a register, a hard disk, a removable disk, a CD-ROM, or any other form of storage medium known in the art.

    [0096] In the foregoing specific implementation manners, the objective, technical solutions, and benefit effects of the present invention are further described in detail. It should be understood that the foregoing descriptions are merely specific implementation manners of the present invention, but are not intended to limit the protection scope of the present invention. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made without departing from the principle of the present invention shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.


    Claims

    1. A network service processing method, wherein the method comprises:

    Partitioning (110) a field-programmable gate array, FPGA, or a network processor, NP, into multiple mutually isolated service processing resources;

    receiving (120) a first configuration instruction, wherein the first configuration instruction comprises a first service configuration execution file;

    performing (130) service configuration on a service processing resource according to the first service configuration execution file, so that the service processing resource performs service processing on a to-be-processed service packet; wherein the first configuration instruction further comprises identification information of the service processing resource, and the identification information is used to determine the service processing resource on which the service configuration is to be performed receiving (140) a forwarding rule used when service forwarding is to be performed on the to-be-processed service packet; and

    receiving (150) the to-be-processed service packet sent by a user terminal, and distributing (150) the to-be-processed service packet to the service processing resource by using the forwarding rule, so that the service processing resource performs service processing on the to-be-processed service packet.


     
    2. The network service processing method according to claim 1, wherein the distributing the to-be-processed service packet to the service processing resource by using the forwarding rule specifically comprises:

    determining, by using the forwarding rule, a quantity of service processing resources that are to perform service processing on the to-be-processed service packet; and

    when it is determined that one service processing resource is to perform service processing on the to-be-processed service packet, distributing the to-be-processed service packet to the determined one service processing resource; or when it is determined that multiple service processing resources are to perform service processing on the to-be-processed service packet, determining a processing sequence for the service processing resources to process the to-be-processed service packet, and distributing, according to the determined processing sequence, the to-be-processed service packet to the first service processing resource in the processing sequence.


     
    3. The network service processing method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the method further comprises:

    when the service processing resource performs service processing on the to-be-processed service packet, collecting, by the FPGA or the NP, statistics about a service performance parameter used for performing performance monitoring on the service processing resource; and

    sending, by the FPGA or the NP, the service performance parameter to a network server, wherein the service performance parameter is used as a basis for the network server to adjust service load for the service processing resource.


     
    4. The network service processing method according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the method further comprises:

    when the service processing resource needs to have a different service function, receiving a second configuration instruction, wherein the second configuration instruction comprises a second service configuration execution file; and

    performing service reconfiguration on the service processing resource according to the second service configuration execution file.


     
    5. A network service processing apparatus, wherein the apparatus comprises: a processor (10), and a field-programmable gate array (20), FPGA, or a network processor (20), NP, wherein
    the processor is configured to partition the FPGA or the NP into multiple mutually isolated service processing resources;
    the processor is further configured to: receive a first configuration instruction, wherein the first configuration instruction comprises a first service configuration execution file; and perform service configuration on a service processing resource according to the first service configuration execution file, so that the service processing resource performs service processing on a to-be-processed service packet; wherein the first configuration instruction further comprises identification information of the service processing resource, and the identification information is used to determine the service processing resource on which the service configuration is to be performed
    the FPGA or the NP is configured to receive a forwarding rule used when service forwarding is to be performed on the to-be-processed service packet; and the FPGA or the NP is further configured to: receive the to-be-processed service packet sent by a user terminal, and distribute the to-be-processed service packet to the service processing resource by using the forwarding rule, so that the service processing resource performs service processing on the to-be-processed service packet.
     
    6. The network service processing apparatus according to claim 5, wherein the processor is further configured to: when the service processing resource needs to have a different service function, receive a second configuration instruction, wherein the second configuration instruction comprises a second service configuration execution file; and
    perform service reconfiguration on the service processing resource according to the second service configuration execution file.
     
    7. The network service processing apparatus according to claim 5 or 6, wherein the processor comprises: a service adaptation module (101); and the FPGA or the NP comprises: a receiving classification module (201) and the service processing resource (202); wherein
    the service adaptation module is specifically configured to: perform service configuration on the service processing resource according to the first service configuration execution file, and perform service reconfiguration on the service processing resource according to the second service configuration execution file; the receiving classification module is specifically configured to set the forwarding rule on the receiving classification module; and
    the service processing resource is specifically configured to set the forwarding rule on the service processing resource.
     
    8. The network service processing apparatus according to claim 7, wherein the receiving classification module is specifically configured to: determine, according to the forwarding rule, a quantity of service processing resources that are to perform service processing on the to-be-processed service packet; and when it is determined that one service processing resource is to perform service processing on the to-be-processed service packet, distribute the to-be-processed service packet to the determined one service processing resource; or
    when it is determined that multiple service processing resources are to perform service processing on the to-be-processed service packet, determine a processing sequence for the service processing resources to process the to-be-processed service packet, and distribute, according to the determined processing sequence, the to-be-processed service packet to the first service processing resource in the processing sequence.
     
    9. The network service processing apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the service processing resource is further configured to:

    receive the to-be-processed service packet transmitted by the receiving classification module;

    perform corresponding service processing on the to-be-processed service packet;

    determine, according to the forwarding rule, a next-level service processing resource that is to perform service processing on the to-be-processed service packet; and

    transmit a processed service packet to the next-level service processing resource.


     
    10. The network service processing apparatus according to any one of claims 7 to 9, wherein the FPGA or the NP further comprises: a statistics collecting module (203); wherein
    the statistics collecting module is configured to: when the service processing resource performs service processing on the to-be-processed service packet, collect statistics about a service performance parameter used for performing performance monitoring on the service processing resource, and send the service performance parameter to the service adaptation module; and
    the service adaptation module is further configured to send the service performance parameter to a network server, wherein the service performance parameter is used as a basis for the network server to adjust service load for the service processing resource.
     
    11. The network service processing apparatus according to any one of claims 7 to 10, wherein the FPGA or the NP further comprises:

    a sending and transmitting module (204), configured to: receive a service packet processed by the service processing resource, and output the service packet; and

    a forwarding module (205), configured to forward the service packet between the receiving classification module and the service processing resource; and

    further configured to forward the service packet between the multiple service processing resources.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Netzwerkdienstverarbeitungsverfahren, wobei das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst:

    Partitionieren (110) eines feldprogrammierbaren Gatearrays (FPGA) oder eines Netzwerkprozessors (NP) in mehrere voneinander isolierte Dienstverarbeitungsressou rcen;

    Empfangen (120) einer ersten Konfigurationsanweisung, wobei die erste Konfigurationsanweisung eine erste Dienstkonfigurationsausführungsdatei umfasst;

    Durchführen (130) einer Dienstkonfiguration auf einer Dienstverarbeitungsressource gemäß der ersten Dienstkonfigurationsausführungsdatei, so dass die Dienstverarbeitungsressource eine Dienstverarbeitung an einem zu verarbeitenden Dienstpaket durchführt;

    wobei die erste Konfigurationsanweisung ferner Identifikationsinformationen der Dienstverarbeitungsressource umfasst und die Identifikationsinformationen verwendet werden, um die Dienstverarbeitungsressource zu bestimmen, auf der die Dienstkonfiguration durchgeführt werden soll; Empfangen (140) einer Weiterleitungsregel, die verwendet wird, wenn eine Dienstweiterleitung auf dem zu verarbeitenden Dienstpaket durchgeführt werden soll; und

    Empfangen (150) des von einem Benutzerendgerät gesendeten zu verarbeitenden Dienstpakets und Verteilen (150) des zu verarbeitenden Dienstpakets an die Dienstverarbeitungsressource unter Verwendung der Weiterleitungsregel, so dass die Dienstverarbeitungsressource die Dienstverarbeitung auf dem zu verarbeitenden Dienstpaket durchführt.


     
    2. Netzwerkdienstverarbeitungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Verteilen des zu verarbeitenden Dienstpakets an die Dienstverarbeitungsressource durch Verwenden der Weiterleitungsregel speziell Folgendes umfasst:

    Bestimmen einer Menge von Dienstverarbeitungsressourcen, die die Dienstverarbeitung auf dem zu verarbeitenden Dienstpaket durchführen sollen, unter Verwendung der Weiterleitungsregel; und,

    wenn bestimmt wird, dass eine Dienstverarbeitungsressource die Dienstverarbeitung auf dem zu verarbeitenden Dienstpaket durchführen soll, Verteilen des zu verarbeitenden Dienstpakets an die bestimmte eine Dienstverarbeitungsressource; oder,

    wenn bestimmt wird, dass mehrere Dienstverarbeitungsressourcen die Dienstverarbeitung auf dem zu verarbeitenden Dienstpaket durchführen sollen, Bestimmen einer Verarbeitungssequenz für die Dienstverarbeitungsressourcen, um das zu verarbeitende Dienstpaket zu verarbeiten, und Verteilen gemäß der bestimmten Verarbeitungssequenz des zu verarbeitenden Dienstpakets an die erste Dienstverarbeitungsressource in der Verarbeitungssequenz.


     
    3. Netzwerkdienstverarbeitungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei das Verfahren ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    wenn die Dienstverarbeitungsressource die Dienstverarbeitung auf dem zu verarbeitenden Dienstpaket durchführt, Sammeln von Statistiken über einen Dienstleistungsparameter, der zum Durchführen einer Leistungsüberwachung auf der Dienstverarbeitungsressource verwendet wird, durch das FPGA oder den NP; und

    Senden des Dienstleistungsparameters durch den FPGA oder den NP an einen Netzwerkserver, wobei der Dienstleistungsparameter als eine Grundlage für den Netzwerkserver verwendet wird, um die Dienstlast für die Dienstverarbeitungsressource anzupassen.


     
    4. Netzwerkdienstverarbeitungsverfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei das Verfahren ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    wenn die Dienstverarbeitungsressource eine andere Dienstfunktion aufweisen muss, Empfangen einer zweiten Konfigurationsanweisung, wobei die zweite Konfigurationsanweisung eine zweite Dienstkonfigurationsausführungsdatei umfasst; und

    Durchführen einer Dienstneukonfiguration auf der Dienstverarbeitungsressource gemäß der zweiten Dienstkonfigurationsausführungsdatei.


     
    5. Netzwerkdienstverarbeitungseinrichtung, wobei die Einrichtung Folgendes umfasst:

    einen Prozessor (10) und ein feldprogrammierbares Gatearray (20) (FPGA) oder einen Netzwerkprozessor (20) (NP), wobei der Prozessor konfiguriert ist, um das FPGA oder den NP in mehrere voneinander isolierte Dienstverarbeitungsressourcen zu partitionieren;

    wobei der Prozessor ferner für Folgendes konfiguriert ist:

    Empfangen einer ersten Konfigurationsanweisung, wobei die erste Konfigurationsanweisung eine erste Dienstkonfigurationsausführungsdatei umfasst; und

    Durchführen der Dienstkonfiguration auf einer Dienstverarbeitungsressource gemäß der ersten Dienstkonfigurationsausführungsdatei, so dass die Dienstverarbeitungsressource die Dienstverarbeitung für ein zu verarbeitendes Dienstpaket durchführt;

    wobei die erste Konfigurationsanweisung ferner Identifikationsinformationen der Dienstverarbeitungsressource umfasst und die Identifikationsinformationen verwendet werden, um die Dienstverarbeitungsressource zu bestimmen, auf der die Dienstkonfiguration durchgeführt werden soll, wobei das FPGA oder das NP konfiguriert ist, um eine Weiterleitungsregel zu empfangen, die verwendet wird, wenn das Dienstweiterleiten auf dem zu verarbeitenden Dienstpaket durchgeführt werden soll; und

    wobei das FPGA oder der NP ferner für Folgendes konfiguriert ist:
    Empfangen des von einem Benutzerendgerät gesendeten zu verarbeitenden Dienstpakets und Verteilen des zu verarbeitenden Dienstpakets an die Dienstverarbeitungsressource unter Verwendung der Weiterleitungsregel, so dass die Dienstverarbeitungsressource die Dienstverarbeitung auf dem zu verarbeitenden Dienstpaket durchführt.


     
    6. Netzwerkdienstverarbeitungseinrichtung nach Anspruch 5, wobei der Prozessor ferner für Folgendes konfiguriert ist:

    wenn die Dienstverarbeitungsressource eine andere Dienstfunktion aufweisen muss, Empfangen einer zweiten Konfigurationsanweisung, wobei die zweite Konfigurationsanweisung eine zweite Dienstkonfigurationsausführungsdatei umfasst; und

    Durchführen der Dienstneukonfiguration auf der Dienstverarbeitungsressource gemäß der zweiten Dienstkonfigurationsausführungsdatei.


     
    7. Netzwerkdienstverarbeitungseinrichtung nach Anspruch 5 oder 6, wobei der Prozessor Folgendes umfasst:

    ein Dienstanpassungsmodul (101);

    wobei das FPGA oder der NP Folgendes umfasst:

    ein Empfangsklassifizierungsmodul (201) und die Dienstverarbeitungsressource (202);

    wobei das Dienstanpassungsmodul speziell für Folgendes konfiguriert ist:

    Durchführen der Dienstkonfiguration auf der Dienstverarbeitungsressource gemäß der ersten Dienstkonfigurationsausführungsdatei und Durchführen der Dienstneukonfiguration auf der Dienstverarbeitungsressource gemäß der zweiten Dienstkonfigurationsausführungsdatei;

    wobei das Empfangsklassifizierungsmodul speziell konfiguriert ist, um die Weiterleitungsregel auf dem Empfangsklassifizierungsmodul einzustellen; und

    die Dienstverarbeitungsressource speziell konfiguriert ist, um die Weiterleitungsregel auf der Dienstweiterleitungsressource einzustellen.


     
    8. Netzwerkdienstverarbeitungseinrichtung nach Anspruch 7, wobei das Empfangsklassifizierungsmodul speziell für Folgendes konfiguriert ist:

    Bestimmen einer Menge von Dienstverarbeitungsressourcen, die die Dienstverarbeitung auf dem zu verarbeitenden Dienstpaket durchführen sollen, gemäß der Weiterleitungsregel; und,

    wenn bestimmt wird, dass eine Dienstverarbeitungsressource die Dienstverarbeitung auf dem zu verarbeitenden Dienstpaket durchführen soll, Verteilen des zu verarbeitenden Dienstpakets an die bestimmte eine Dienstverarbeitungsressource; oder,

    wenn bestimmt wird, dass mehrere Dienstverarbeitungsressourcen die Dienstverarbeitung auf dem zu verarbeitenden Dienstpaket durchführen sollen, Bestimmen einer Verarbeitungssequenz für die Dienstverarbeitungsressourcen, um das zu verarbeitende Dienstpaket zu verarbeiten, und Verteilen gemäß der bestimmten Verarbeitungssequenz des zu verarbeitenden Dienstpakets auf der ersten Dienstverarbeitungsressource in der Verarbeitungssequenz.


     
    9. Netzwerkdienstverarbeitungseinrichtung gemäß Anspruch 8, wobei die Dienstverarbeitungsressource ferner für Folgendes konfiguriert ist:

    Empfangen des zu verarbeitenden Dienstpakets, das von dem Empfangsklassifizierungsmodul übertragen wird;

    Durchführen der entsprechenden Dienstverarbeitung auf dem zu verarbeitenden Dienstpaket;

    Bestimmen einer Dienstverarbeitungsressource der nächsten Ebene, die die Dienstverarbeitung auf dem zu verarbeitenden Dienstpaket durchführen soll, gemäß der Weiterleitungsregel; und

    Übertragen eines verarbeiteten Dienstpakets an die Dienstverarbeitungsressource der nächsten Ebene.


     
    10. Netzwerkdienstverarbeitungseinrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 7 bis 9, wobei das FPGA oder der NP ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    ein Statistiksammelmodul (203);

    wobei das Statistiksammelmodul für Folgendes konfiguriert ist:

    wenn die Dienstverarbeitungsressource die Dienstverarbeitung auf dem zu verarbeitenden Dienstpaket durchführt, Sammeln von Statistiken über einen Dienstleistungsparameter, der zum Durchführen der Leistungsüberwachung auf der Dienstverarbeitungsressource verwendet wird, und Senden der Dienstleistungsparameter an das Dienstanpassungsmodul; und

    wobei das Dienstanpassungsmodul ferner konfiguriert ist, um den Dienstleistungsparameter an einen Netzwerkserver zu senden, wobei der Dienstleistungsparameter als eine Grundlage für den Netzwerkserver verwendet wird, um die Dienstlast für die Dienstverarbeitungsressource anzupassen.


     
    11. Netzwerkdienstverarbeitungseinrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 7 bis 10, wobei das FPGA oder der NP ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    ein Sendungs- und Übertragungsmodul (204), das für Folgendes konfiguriert ist:

    Empfangen eines von der Dienstverarbeitungsressource verarbeiteten Dienstpakets und Ausgeben des Dienstpakets; und

    ein Weiterleitungsmodul (205), das konfiguriert ist, um das Dienstpaket zwischen dem Empfangsklassifizierungsmodul und der Dienstverarbeitungsressource weiterzuleiten; und

    ferner konfiguriert ist, um das Dienstpaket zwischen den mehreren Dienstverarbeitungsressourcen weiterzuleiten.


     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de traitement de service de réseau, le procédé comprenant :

    la partition (110) d'un circuit intégré prédiffusé programmable, FPGA, ou d'un processeur de réseau, NP, en plusieurs ressources de traitement de service isolées les unes les autres ;

    la réception (120) d'une première instruction de configuration, la première instruction de configuration comprenant un premier fichier d'exécution de configuration de service ;

    la réalisation (130) de la configuration de service sur une ressource de traitement de service selon le premier fichier d'exécution de configuration de service, pour que la ressource de traitement de service réalise le traitement de service sur un paquet de service à traiter ;

    la première instruction de configuration comprenant en outre des informations d'identification de la ressource de traitement de service et les informations d'identification servant à déterminer la ressource de traitement de service sur laquelle la configuration de service doit être réalisée ; la réception (140) d'une règle de transfert utilisée lorsque le transfert de service doit être réalisé sur le paquet de service à traiter ; et

    la réception (150) du paquet de service à traiter envoyé par un terminal d'utilisateur et la distribution (150) du paquet de service à traiter à la ressource de traitement de service à l'aide de la règle de transfert, pour que la ressource de traitement de service réalise le traitement de service sur le paquet de service à traiter.


     
    2. Procédé de traitement de service de réseau selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la distribution du paquet de service à traiter à la ressource de traitement de service à l'aide de la règle de transfert comprend spécifiquement :

    la détermination, à l'aide de la règle de transfert, d'une quantité de ressources de traitement de service devant réaliser le traitement de service sur le paquet de service à traiter ; et

    lorsqu'il est déterminé qu'une ressource de traitement de service doit réaliser le traitement de service sur le paquet de service à traiter, la distribution du paquet de service à traiter à la ressource de traitement de service définie ; ou

    lorsqu'il est déterminé que plusieurs ressources de traitement de service doivent réaliser le traitement de service sur le paquet de service à traiter, la détermination d'une séquence de traitement pour le traitement par les ressources de traitement du paquet de service à traiter et la distribution, en fonction de la séquence de traitement déterminée, du paquet de service à traiter à la première ressource de traitement de service de la séquence de traitement.


     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le procédé comprend en outre :

    lorsque la ressource de traitement de service réalise le traitement de service sur le paquet de service à traiter, la collecte, par le FPGA ou par le NP, de statistiques relatives à un paramètre de réalisation de service utilisé pour réaliser un contrôle de réalisation sur la ressource de traitement de service ; et

    l'envoi, par le FPGA ou par le NP, du paramètre de réalisation de service à un serveur de réseau, le paramètre de réalisation de service servant de base au serveur de réseau pour régler la charge de service pour la ressource de traitement de service.


     
    4. Procédé de traitement de service de réseau selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, le procédé comprenant en outre :

    lorsque la ressource de traitement de service doit avoir une fonction de service différente, la réception d'une seconde instruction de configuration, la seconde instruction de configuration comprenant un second fichier d'exécution de configuration de service ; et

    la réalisation d'une reconfiguration de service sur la ressource de traitement de service selon le second fichier d'exécution de configuration de service.


     
    5. Appareil de traitement de service de réseau, dans lequel l'appareil comprend :

    un processeur (10) et un circuit intégré prédiffusé programmable (20), FPGA ou un processeur de réseau (20), NP, le processeur étant configuré pour partitionner le FPGA ou le NP en plusieurs ressources de traitement de service isolées les unes des autres ;

    le processeur étant en outre configuré pour :

    recevoir une première instruction de configuration, la première instruction de configuration comprenant un premier fichier d'exécution de configuration de service ; et

    réaliser la configuration de service sur une ressource de traitement de service selon le premier fichier d'exécution de configuration de service, pour que la ressource de traitement de service réalise le traitement de service sur un paquet de service à traiter ;

    la première instruction de configuration comprenant en outre des informations d'identification de la ressource de traitement de service et les informations d'identification servant à déterminer la ressource de traitement de service sur laquelle doit être réalisée la configuration de service ; le FPGA ou le NP étant configuré pour recevoir une règle de transfert utilisée lorsque le transfert de service doit être réalisé sur le paquet de service à traiter ; et

    le FPGA ou le NP étant en outre configuré pour :
    recevoir le paquet de service à traiter envoyé par un terminal d'utilisateur et pour distribuer le paquet de service à traiter à la ressource de traitement de service à l'aide de la règle de transfert, pour que la ressource de traitement de service réalise le traitement de service sur le paquet de service à traiter.


     
    6. Appareil de traitement de service de réseau selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le processeur est en outre configuré pour :

    lorsque la ressource de traitement de service doit avoir une fonction de service différente, recevoir une seconde instruction de configuration, la seconde instruction de configuration comprenant un second fichier d'exécution de configuration de service ; et

    pour réaliser une reconfiguration de service sur la ressource de traitement de service, selon le second fichier d'exécution de configuration de service.


     
    7. Appareil de traitement de service de réseau selon la revendication 5 ou 6, dans lequel le processeur comprend :

    un module d'adaptation de service (101) ; et

    le FPGA ou le NP comprend :

    un module de classification receveur (201) et la ressource de traitement de service (202) ;

    le module d'adaptation de service étant spécifiquement configuré pour :

    réaliser la configuration de service sur la ressource de traitement de service selon le premier fichier d'exécution de configuration de service et pour réaliser une reconfiguration de service sur la ressource de traitement de service selon le second fichier d'exécution de configuration de service ;

    le module de classification receveur étant spécifiquement configuré pour établir la règle de transfert sur le module de classification receveur ; et

    la ressource de traitement de service étant spécifiquement configurée pour établir la règle de transfert sur la ressource de traitement de service.


     
    8. Appareil de traitement de service de réseau selon la revendication 7, dans lequel le module de classification receveur est spécifiquement configuré pour :

    déterminer, en fonction de la règle de transfert, une quantité de ressources de traitement de service devant réaliser le traitement de service sur le paquet de service à traiter ; et

    lorsqu'il est déterminé qu'une ressource de traitement de service doit réaliser le traitement de service sur le paquet de service à traiter, distribuer le paquet de service à traiter à la ressource de traitement de service déterminée ; ou

    lorsqu'il est déterminé que plusieurs ressources de traitement de service doivent réaliser le traitement de service sur le paquet de service à traiter, déterminer une séquence de traitement pour le traitement par les ressources de traitement de service du paquet de service à traiter et distribuer, selon la séquence de traitement déterminée, le paquet de service à traiter à la première ressource de traitement de service de la séquence de traitement.


     
    9. Appareil de traitement de service de réseau selon la revendication 8, dans lequel la ressource de traitement de service est en outre configurée pour :

    recevoir le paquet de service à traiter transmis par le module de classification receveur ;

    réaliser le traitement de service correspondant sur le paquet de service à traiter ;

    déterminer, en fonction de la règle de transfert, une ressource de traitement de service de niveau suivant devant réaliser le traitement de service sur le paquet de service à traiter ; et

    transmettre un paquet de service traité à la ressource de traitement de service de niveau suivant.


     
    10. Appareil de traitement de service de réseau selon l'une quelconque des revendications 7 à 9, dans lequel le FPGA ou le NP comprend en outre :

    un module de collecte de statistiques (203) ;

    le module de collecte de statistiques étant configuré pour :

    lorsque la ressource de traitement de service réalise le traitement de service sur le paquet de service à traiter, collecter des statistiques sur un paramètre de réalisation de service utilisé pour réaliser un contrôle de réalisation sur la ressource de traitement de service et pour envoyer le paramètre de réalisation de service au module d'adaptation de service ; et

    le module d'adaptation de service étant en outre configuré pour envoyer le paramètre de réalisation de service à un serveur de réseau, le paramètre de réalisation de service étant utilisé comme base au serveur de réseau pour régler la charge de service de la ressource de traitement de service.


     
    11. Appareil de traitement de service de réseau selon l'une quelconque des revendications 7 à 10, dans lequel le FPGA ou le NP comprend en outre :

    un module d'envoi et de transmission (204), configuré pour :

    recevoir un paquet de service, traité par la ressource de traitement de service, et pour produire le paquet de service ; et

    un module de transfert (205), configuré pour transférer le paquet de service entre le module de classification receveur et la ressource de traitement de service ; et

    configuré en outre pour transférer le paquet de service entre les multiples ressources de traitement de service.


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description