(19)
(11)EP 3 062 964 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 14858792.6

(22)Date of filing:  22.09.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B25B 13/50  (2006.01)
B25G 1/04  (2006.01)
B25B 23/16  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2014/087026
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/062375 (07.05.2015 Gazette  2015/18)

(54)

PIPE WRENCH

ROHRZANGE

CLÉ À TUBE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 30.10.2013 CN 201320681507 U

(43)Date of publication of application:
07.09.2016 Bulletin 2016/36

(73)Proprietor: Shanghai Kunjek Handtools And Hardware Co., Ltd
Shaghai 201108 (CN)

(72)Inventor:
  • TIAN, Yeqing
    Shanghai 201108 (CN)

(74)Representative: London IP Ltd 
100 High street Milford on Sea
Lymington, Hampshire SO41 0QE
Lymington, Hampshire SO41 0QE (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
CA-A1- 2 635 425
DE-U1- 20 021 696
GB-A- 2 370 802
US-A- 5 361 655
US-A1- 2003 015 068
US-A1- 2010 236 364
US-B1- 6 327 941
CN-U- 203 579 497
GB-A- 2 370 802
US-A- 5 361 655
US-A- 6 155 143
US-A1- 2005 034 573
US-A1- 2013 234 458
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to hand tools. More particularly, the present disclosure relates to pipe wrenches.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Pipe wrenches are designed to install fasteners on elongated components, such as pipes or electric cables. For example, pipe wrenches may be used to install forged screws on pipes for fuels or liquefied gas, to secure pipes on to metrology devices on fuel injection systems, or to fasten hydraulic valves or hydraulic breaks onto hydraulic devices.

    [0003] However, existing pipe wrenches typically have a fixed length handle which is inconvenient.

    [0004] DE20021696 discloses a telescopic socket wrench.

    SUMMARY



    [0005] The present disclosure provides a wrench pipe having a handle portion that is adjustable within a predetermined range to solve the problem of inconvenience to use caused a handle with a fixed length.

    [0006] The technical solution of the present disclosure is disclosed in the independent claim.

    [0007] One embodiment provides a pipe wrench including jaws and a handle portion. The handle portion includes an outer shell disposed at the exterior and an extension body encircled by the outer shell. A first end of the extension body extends into interior of the outer shell. A second end of the extension body is connected to the jaws. The outer shell and the extension body are not rotatable relative to each other. The handle portion further includes a locking element encircling the second end of the extension body. The locking element is connected to the outer shell. The extension body is not rotatable relative to the locking element.

    [0008] The extension body is extendable out of the outer shell but not retractable back to the outer shell when the locking element is in a locked position.

    [0009] The extension body is extendable out of the outer shell and retractable back to the outer shell when the locking element is in a unlock position.

    [0010] The locking element is a locking plate having a loop portion configured to encircle the extension body and a plate portion configured to fixedly attach to the outer shell.

    [0011] The locking plate is in the locked position when the loop portion of the locking plate is tilted relative to the extension body.

    [0012] The locking plate is in the unlock position when the loop portion of the locking plate is perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to the extension body. The locking element may have a shape other than a plate.

    [0013] The pipe wrench further includes a push button disposed on the outer shell. The push button is configured to unlock the locking plate. The push button is coupled to an outer side surface of the outer shell through a first spring element. A first end of the push button is connected to the plate portion of the locking plate. A second end of the push button is pushable. The plate portion of the locking plate is moved to be perpendicular to or substantially perpendicular to the extension body by pushing the second end of the push button. The locking element may be released by other suitable mechanism.

    [0014] The outer shell includes a protruding portion extending from one side. The protruding portion has a through hole. The plate portion of the locking plate is threaded through the through hole to connect with the first end of the push button in a fixed manner.

    [0015] In another embodiment, the pipe wrench further includes a second spring element disposed between the outer shell and the extension body. The extension body has a retaining hole for retaining the second spring element. A first end of the second spring element is secured to the outer shell at an end distal from the jaws. A second end of the second spring element is connected to a bottom of the retaining hole. In one embodiment, the second spring element is a tension spring. The configuration of the tension spring enables the extension body to automatically retract back into the outer shell when the locking member is at the unlock position, thus, making the pipe wrench convenient to use.

    [0016] In one embodiment, the outer shell and the extension body are columns having squared cross sections. The structure of square shaped columns ensures that the extension body and the outer shell do not rotate relative to each other. The square shaped columns are easy to manufacture. Pipe wrenches having square shaped handles are proven to lock and release smoothly in use.

    [0017] In one embodiment, the first end of the push button has a slot. The plate portion of the locking plate is inserted into the slot and secured to the slot to prevent the locking plate from falling out of the slot. In one embodiment, the secure connection is made by interference fit or a structure with a ratchet tooth.

    [0018] In another embodiment, the pipe wrench further includes an energy saving handle disposed through the outer shell at a distal end from the jaws. A first end of the tension spring is attached to the energy saving handle. A pin is disposed at the bottom of the retaining hole in the extension body. A second end of the tension spring encircles the pin. The energy saving handle makes it easier for a user to use the pipe wrench. Additionally, the energy saving handle also provides a structure to secure the first end of the tension spring. The above configuration of connecting the first and second ends of the tension spring is only one example. Embodiments of the present disclosure include other methods for securing the first and second ends of the tension spring.

    [0019] In another embodiment, the pipe wrench further includes a stopper element disposed near the second end of the extension body. The stopper element is disposed in an inner side of the locking element to limit movement of the extension body to prevent the extension body from falling off the outer shell.

    [0020] Compared to the existing pipe wrench, pipe wrenches of the present disclosure have the following advantages:

    [0021] The wrench pipe according to the present disclosure has an adjustable handle portion. Particularly, length of the handle portion is adjustable within a predetermined range, making the pipe wrench convenience to use.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0022] So that the manner in which the above recited features of the present disclosure can be understood in detail, a more particular description of the various aspects, briefly summarized above, may be had by reference to embodiments, some of which are illustrated in the appended drawings. It is to be noted, however, that the appended drawings illustrate only typical embodiments of this disclosure and are therefore not to be considered limiting of its scope, for the disclosure may admit to other equally effective embodiments.

    [0023] Figure 1 is a perspective view of a pipe wrench according to the present disclosure.

    [0024] Figure 2 is an exploded view of the pipe wrench according to the present disclosure.

    [0025] Figures 3 and 4 schematically illustrate the pipe wrench in a normal position.

    [0026] Figures 5 and 6 schematically illustrate the pipe wrench with its handle portion at the longest length.

    [0027] Figures 7 and 8 schematically illustrate the pipe wrench in a unlock position.

    [0028] To facilitate understanding, identical reference numerals have been used, where possible, to designate identical elements that are common to the figures. It is contemplated that elements disclosed in one embodiment may be beneficially utilized on other embodiments without specific recitation. The drawings referred to here should not be understood as being drawn to scale unless specifically noted. Also, the drawings are often simplified and details or components omitted for clarity of presentation and explanation. The drawings and discussion serve to explain principles discussed below, where like designations denote like elements.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0029] The present disclosure provides a pipe wrench having a handle portion with its length adjustable within a predetermined range. The pipe wrench of the present disclosure is described in detail below in association with the drawings.

    EXAMPLE



    [0030] Figure 1 and Figure 2 illustrate a pipe wrench according to one embodiment. The pipe wrench includes a handle portion 1 and jaws 2. The jaws 2 may include an inner jaw 4 and an outer jaw 7 joined together by a joint 6. During operation, a work piece is held between the inner jaw 4 and the outer jaw 7. The relative position of the inner jaw 4 and outer jaw 7 may be adjusted by well known technology. The present disclosure only illustrates one configuration of the jaws 2. It should be noted that any suitable configuration of jaws for a pipe wrench may be used with the handle portion 1 according to embodiments of the present disclosure.

    [0031] The handle portion 1 includes an outer shell 11 that forms the exterior and an extension body 12 encircled by the outer shell 11. A first end 121 of the extension body 12 extends into the interior of the outer shell 11. A second end 122 of the extension body 12 is coupled to the jaws 2. As shown in Figure 2, the second end 122 of the extension body 12 may fixedly coupled to the inner jaw 5. The extension body 12 may slide along a longitudinal axis 15 of the outer shell 11. The outer shell 11 and the extension body 12 cannot rotate relative to each other so that a force applied to the outer shell 11 by a user may be transferred to the jaws 2 through the extension body 12. The outer shell 11 and the extension body 12 may have any non-circular cross sections to prevent relative rotations. The interior volume of the outer shell 11 may be shaped to receive the extension body 12 therein permitting relative movement along the longitudinal axis 5 but prohibiting relative rotation about the longitudinal axis 5. Alternatively, rotation preventing structures may be formed in the outer shell 11 and the extension body 12 to prevent rotation. In one embodiment, the outer shell 11 and the extension body 12 are columns with squared cross section to prevent rotation relative to each other. In another embodiment, a groove and a matching protrusion may be formed between the outer shell 11 and the extension body 12 to prevent relative rotation.

    [0032] The handle portion 1 also includes a locking element 13 encircling side surfaces outside the second end 122 of the extension body 12. The locking element 13 is also connected to the outer shell 11. The extension body 12 cannot rotate relative to the locking element 13. In one embodiment, the locking element 13 is a locking plate having a loop portion 131 configured to encircle the extension body 12 and a plate portion 132 configured to secure to the outer shell 11. The loop portion 131 and the plate portion 132 may be formed in a unitary body. When the locking element 13 is tilted relative to the extension body 12, the locking element 13 is in a locked position. At the locked position, the extension body 12 may extend out of the outer shell 11 to adjust the length of the handle portion 1 while the extension body 12 cannot retract back to the outer shell 11. When the locking element 13 is perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to the extension body 12, the locking element 13 is in a unlock position. At the unlock position, the extension body 12 can extend out of or retract back into the outer shell 11. Since the extension body 12 can also extend out of the outer shell 11 at the locked position, the unlock position is mainly used to allow the extension 12 retract back to the outer shell 11. It should be noted that the locking element 13 may have other suitable shape.

    [0033] In one embodiment, as shown in Figure and Figure 4, the locking element 13 may be unlocked by operating a push button 14 disposed on the outer shell 11. A central portion of the push button 14 is coupled to a side surface of the outer shell 11 through a first spring element 15. A first end 141 of the bush button 14 is connected to the plate portion 132 of the locking element 13. A second end 142 of the push button 14 is be pressed down. Pressing the second end 142 moves the plate portion 132 of the locking element 13 resulting in the locking element 13 to be perpendicular to or substantially perpendicular to the extension body 12. In one embodiment, the first spring element 15 is a compression spring. However, embodiments of the present disclosure are not limited to the unlocking/locking mechanism described above. Anything suitable locking/unlocking mechanism may be used.

    [0034] In one embodiment, the push button 14, the outer shell 11 and the locking element 13 may be connected as follows: a protruding portion 110 may extend from one side of the outer shell 11; the protruding portion 110 includes a through hole 111, the plate portion 132 of the locking element 13 threads through the through hole 111 to connect with the first end 141 of the push button 14. The push button 14 and the locking element 13 may be connected as follows: the first end 141 of the push button 14 has a slot 140 (recess opening); the plate portion 132 of the locking element 13 is inserted into the slot 140; the plate portion 132 may be fixedly secured in the slot 140 to prevent the socking element 13 from falling out of the slot 140, as shown in Figure 4. In one embodiment, the plate portion 132 is secured to the slot 140 by interference fit. Alternatively, other mechanisms for a secure joint, such as ratchet pawl, may be used. However, the connection of the push button 14, the outer shell 11 and the locking element 13 is not limited to the mechanism described above. The scope of the present disclosure encompasses any modifications that may be made by persons skilled in the art according to the present disclosure to achieve the same functions.

    [0035] In one embodiment, a second spring element 16 may be disposed between the outer shell 11 and the extension body 12. The second spring element 16 may be used to allow the extension body 12 to automatically retract back into the outer shell 11 when the locking element 13 is in the unlocked position. In one embodiment, the second spring element 16 may be a tension spring. The extension body 12 may have a retaining hole 123 formed therein, as shown Figures 2, 4 and 6. A first end 161 of the second spring element 16 is secured to the end of the outer shell 11 that is opposite to the end connected to the jaws 2. A second end 162 of the second spring element 16 is connected to the extension body 12 at a bottom of the retaining hole 123. In one embodiment, a pin 17 may be disposed near the bottom of the retaining hole 123. The pin 17 may be positioned cross the retaining hole 123. The second end 162 of the second spring element 16 encircles the pin 17. An energy saving handle 18 may be positioned (through openings 113) on the end of the outer shell 11 that is opposite to the jaws 2. The first end 161 of the spring element 16 may encircle the energy saving handle 18 as shown in Figures 4 and 6. Alternatively, the second spring element 16 may be secured to the end of the outer shell 11 that is opposite to the jaws 2 by other mechanisms. Embodiments of the present disclosure are not limited to the example described above. The advantages of using the spring element 16, such as a tension spring, is to enable the extension body 12 to automatically retract back into the outer shell 11 when the locking element 13 is at the unlock position, therefore, making the pipe wrench convenient to use.

    [0036] In one embodiment, a stopper element 19 may be disposed near the second end (first end 121) of the extension body 12, as shown in Figure 4. The stopper element 19 is disposed at an inner side of the locking element 13 to limit the movement of the extension body 12 so that the extension body 12 does not extend completely out of the outer shell 11. In one embodiment, the stopper element 19 includes a bolt 191 and a nut 192 matching the bolt 191, as shown in Figure 2. When the extension body 12 is pulled to out from the outer shell 11 to a position that the nut 192 attaches the locking element 13, the nut 192 stops the extension body 12 from extending any farther and the extension body 12 reaches its farthest position and the handle portion 1 of the pipe wrench reaches its maximal length, as shown in Figure 6.

    [0037] When the pipe wrench is at a normal position, as shown in Figure 3, the locking element 13 is at the lock position where the locking element 13 is tilted relative to the extension body 12. Figure 4 schematically illustrates a sectional view of the normal position. If there is a need to lengthen the handle pull the extension body 12 towards the left so that the extension body 12 gradually extends out of the outer shell 11. When the nut 192 of the stopper element 19 touches an inner side of the locking element 13, the extension body 12 is pulled to the limit and the handle of the pipe wrench reaches the maximal length as shown in Figure 5. Figure 6 is a schematic sectional view of the pipe wrench at its maximal handle length. After finish using the pipe wrench, press the second end 142 of the push button 14 causing the spring 15 to compress. As the second end 142 of the push button 14 moves downward, the existence of the compression spring 15 causing the first end 141 of the push button 14 to move backwards, thus moving the plate portion 132 of the locking element 13 backward along with the loop portion 131. As a result, the entire locking element 13 pivots to be perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to the extension body 12, as shown in Figures 7 and 8. At this position, the locking element 13 releases its lock on the extension body 12, the extension body 12 retracts automatically back to the outer shell 11 under the tension of the second spring element 16 and back to the normal position shown in Figures 3 and 4.

    [0038] The wrench pipe according to the present disclosure has an adjustable handle portion. Particularly, length of the handle portion is adjustable within a predetermined range and may be maintained in any position within the predetermined range, making the pipe wrench convenience to use.

    [0039] While the foregoing is directed to embodiments of the present disclosure, other and further embodiments may be devised without departing from the basic scope thereof, and the scope thereof is determined by the claims that follow.


    Claims

    1. A pipe wrench comprising:

    jaws (2); and

    a handle portion (1), wherein the handle portion comprising:

    an outer shell (11) disposed outside;

    an extension body (12) encircled by the outer shell, wherein a first end (121) of the extension body extends into interior of the outer shell, a second end (122) of the extension body is connected to the jaws, and the outer shell and the extension body are not rotatable relative to each other,

    a locking element (13) encircling the second end of the extension body, wherein the locking element is also connected to the outer shell, and the extension body is not rotatable relative to the locking element,

    wherein the extension body is extendable out of the outer shell but not retractable back to the outer shell when the locking element is in a locked position, and the extension body is extendable out of the outer shell and retractable back to the outer shell when the locking element is in a unlock position; characterized in that:

    the locking element is a locking plate having a loop portion (131) configured to encircle the extension body and a plate portion (132) configured to fixedly attach to the outer shell, wherein the locking plate is in the locked position when the loop portion of the locking plate is tilted relative to the extension body, and the locking plate is in the unlock position when the loop portion of the locking plate is perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to the extension body; the pipe wrench further comprising:

    a push button (14) disposed on the outer shell, wherein the push button is configured to unlock the locking plate, the push button is coupled to an outer side surface of the outer shell through a first spring element (15), a first end (141) of the push button is connected to the plate portion of the locking plate, a second end (142) of the push button is pushable, the plate portion of the locking plate is moved to be perpendicular to or substantially perpendicular to the extension body by pushing the second end of the push button; and wherein

    the outer shell comprises a protruding portion (110) extending from one side, the protruding portion has a through hole (111), and the plate portion of the locking plate is threaded through the through hole to connect with the first end of the push button.


     
    2. The pipe wrench of claim 1 further comprising a second spring element (16) disposed between the outer shell and the extension body, wherein the extension body has a retaining hole (123) for retaining the second spring element, a first end (161) of the second spring element is secured to the outer shell at an end distal from the jaws, and a second end (162) of the second spring element is connected to a bottom of the retaining hole.
     
    3. The pipe wrench of claim 2, wherein the second spring element is a tension spring.
     
    4. The pipe wrench of claim 3, further comprising an energy saving handle (18) disposed through the outer shell at a distal end from the jaws, wherein a first end (161) of the tension spring is attached to the energy saving handle, a bolt (pin) (17) is disposed at the bottom of the retaining hole in the extension body, and a second end (162) of the tension spring encircles the bolt.
     
    5. The pipe wrench of any preceding claim further comprising a stopper element (19) disposed near the second end of the extension body, wherein the stopper element is disposed in an inner side of the locking element to limit movement of the extension body to prevent the extension body from falling off the outer shell.
     
    6. The pipe wrench of any preceding claim wherein the first end of the push button has a slot (140), the plate portion of the locking plate is inserted into the slot and secured to the slot to prevent the locking plate from falling out of the slot.
     
    7. The pipe wrench of any preceding claim wherein the outer shell and the extension body are columns having squared cross sections.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Eine Rohrzange umfassend:

    Einspannbacken (2); und

    einen Stielabschnitt (1), wobei der Stielabschnitt Folgendes umfasst:
    Eine äußere Hülse (11), die an der Außenseite angeordnet ist;

    ein Verlängerungsgehäuse (12), das von der äußeren Hülse umgeben ist, wobei sich ein erstes Ende (121) des Verlängerungsgehäuses in das Innere der äußeren Hülse erstreckt, ein zweites Ende (122) des Verlängerungsgehäuses ist mit den Einspannbacken verbunden, und die äußere Hülse und das Verlängerungsgehäuse sind zu einander nicht drehbar,

    ein Verriegelungselement (13), das das zweite Ende des Verlängerungsgehäuses umgibt, wobei das Verriegelungselement ebenfalls mit der äußeren Hülse verbunden ist, und das Verlängerungsgehäuse nicht drehbar im Verhältnis zum Verriegelungselement ist,

    wobei das Verlängerungsgehäuse aus der äußeren Hülse ausziehbar ist, aber nicht zurückschiebbar in die äußere Hülse, wenn sich das Verriegelungselement in der verriegelten Position befindet, und das Verlängerungsgehäuse ist ausziehbar aus der äußeren Hülse und wieder zurückschiebbar in die äußere Hülse, wenn sich das Verriegelungselement in einer entriegelten Position befindet; gekennzeichnet dadurch, dass:
    das Verriegelungselement eine Verriegelungsplatte mit einem Lochabschnitt (131) ist, der so konfiguriert ist, dass er das Verlängerungsgehäuse umgibt, und einen Plattenabschnitt (132), der so konfiguriert ist, dass er fest an der äußeren Hülse befestigt ist, wobei die Verriegelungsplatte in der verriegelten Position ist, wenn der Lochabschnitt der Verriegelungsplatte im Verhältnis zum Verlängerungsgehäuse verkantet wird, und die Verriegelungsplatte in der entriegelten Position ist, wenn der Lochabschnitt der Verriegelungsplatte senkrecht oder im Wesentlichen senkrecht zum Verlängerungsgehäuse steht; die Rohrzange ferner umfassend:
    Eine Drucktaste (14), die an der äußeren Hülse angebracht ist, wobei die Drucktaste so konfiguriert ist, dass sie die Verriegelungsplatte entriegelt, die Drucktaste ist mit der Außenfläche der äußeren Hülse über ein erstes Federelement (15) gekoppelt, ein erstes Ende (141) der Drucktaste ist mit dem Plattenabschnitt der Verriegelungsplatte verbunden, ein zweites Ende (142) der Drucktaste ist drückbar, der Plattenabschnitt der Verriegelungsplatte wird so bewegt, dass er senkrecht oder im Wesentlichen senkrecht zum Verlängerungsgehäuse steht, indem auf das zweite Ende der Drucktaste gedrückt wird; und wobei

    die äußere Hülse einen vorstehenden Abschnitt (110) umfasst, der sich von einer Seite erstreckt, der vorstehende Abschnitt hat eine Durchgangsbohrung (111), und der Plattenabschnitt der Verriegelungsplatte ist durch die Durchgangsbohrung gezogen, um sich mit dem ersten Ende der Drucktaste zu verbinden.


     
    2. Die Rohrzange nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend ein zweites Federelement (16), das zwischen der äußeren Hülse und dem Verlängerungsgehäuse angeordnet ist, wobei das Verlängerungsgehäuse eine Aufnahmebohrung (123) hat, um das zweite Federelement aufzunehmen, ein erstes Ende (161) des zweiten Federelements ist an der äußeren Hülse an einem Ende befestigt, das sich distal von den Einspannbacken befindet, und ein zweites Ende (162) des zweiten Federelements ist an einer Unterseite der Aufnahmebohrung befestigt.
     
    3. Die Rohrzange nach Anspruch 2, wobei das zweite Federelement eine Spannfeder ist.
     
    4. Die Rohrzange nach Anspruch 3, ferner umfassend einen kraftsparenden Griff (18), der durch die äußere Hülse an einem distalen Ende zu den Einspannbacken angebracht ist, wobei ein erstes Ende (161) der Spannfeder an dem kraftsparenden Griff befestigt ist, ein Bolzen (Stift) (17) ist an der Unterseite der Aufnahmebohrung im Verlängerungsgehäuse eingesetzt, und ein zweites Ende (162) der Spannfeder umgibt den Bolzen.
     
    5. Die Rohrzange nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend ein Stopperelement (19), angeordnet nahe des zweiten Endes des Verlängerungsgehäuses, wobei das Stopperelement an einer Innenseite des Verriegelungselements angeordnet ist, um die Bewegung des Verlängerungsgehäuses zu beschränken und zu verhindern, dass das Verlängerungsgehäuse aus der äußeren Hülse fallen kann.
     
    6. Die Rohrzange nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das erste Ende der Drucktaste eine Nut (140) aufweist, der Plattenabschnitt der Verriegelungsplatte ist in die Nut eingesetzt und an der Nut befestigt, um zu verhindern, dass die Verriegelungsplatte aus der Nut rutschen kann.
     
    7. Die Rohrzange nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die äußere Hülse und das Verlängerungsgehäuse Rohre mit quadratischem Querschnitt sind.
     


    Revendications

    1. Clé à molette comprenant :

    des mâchoires (2) ; et

    une partie poignée (1), dans laquelle la partie poignée comprend :

    une coque extérieure (11) située à l'extérieur ;

    un corps d'extension (12) encerclé par la coque extérieure, dans laquelle une première extrémité (121) du corps d'extension s'étend à l'intérieur de la coque extérieure, une seconde extrémité (122) du corps d'extension est reliée aux mâchoires et la coque extérieure et le corps d'extension ne peut pas tourner l'un par rapport à l'autre,

    un élément de verrouillage (13) entourant la seconde extrémité du corps d'extension, dans laquelle l'élément de verrouillage est également relié à la coque extérieure et le corps d'extension ne peut pas tourner par rapport à l'élément de verrouillage,

    dans laquelle le corps d'extension est extensible hors de la coque extérieure mais n'est pas rétractable vers la coque extérieure lorsque l'élément de verrouillage est en position verrouillée et le corps d'extension est extensible hors de la coque extérieure et rétractable vers la coque extérieure lorsque l'élément de verrouillage est en position déverrouillée ; caractérisé par ce qui suit :
    l'élément de verrouillage est une plaque de verrouillage présentant une partie boucle (131) conçue pour encercler le corps d'extension et une partie plaque (132) conçue pour être fixée à demeure à la coque extérieure, dans laquelle la plaque de verrouillage est en position verrouillée lorsque la partie boucle de la plaque de verrouillage est inclinée par rapport au corps d'extension et la plaque de verrouillage est en position déverrouillée lorsque la partie boucle de la plaque de verrouillage est perpendiculaire ou sensiblement perpendiculaire au corps d'extension ; la clé à molette comprenant en outre :
    un bouton-poussoir (14) situé sur la coque extérieure, dans laquelle le bouton-poussoir est conçu pour déverrouiller la plaque de verrouillage, le bouton-poussoir est accouplé à une surface latérale extérieure de la coque extérieure au moyen d'un premier élément de ressort (15), une première extrémité (141) du bouton-poussoir est reliée à la partie plaque de la plaque de verrouillage, une seconde extrémité (142) du bouton-poussoir peut être appuyée, la partie plaque de la plaque de verrouillage est déplacée de manière à être perpendiculaire ou sensiblement perpendiculaire au corps d'extension en appuyant sur la seconde extrémité du bouton-poussoir ; et dans laquelle,

    la coque extérieure comprend une partie en saillie (110) s'étendant à partir d'un côté, la partie en saillie présente un trou traversant (111) et la partie plaque de la plaque de verrouillage est filetée à travers le trou traversant pour se relier à la première extrémité du bouton-poussoir.


     
    2. Clé à molette selon la revendication 1 comprenant en outre un second élément de ressort (16) situé entre la coque extérieure et le corps d'extension, dans laquelle le corps d'extension présente un trou de retenue (123) destiné à retenir le second élément de ressort, une première extrémité (161) du second élément de ressort est solidement fixée à la coque extérieure à une extrémité distale à partir des mâchoires et une seconde extrémité (162) du second élément de ressort est reliée à un fond du trou de retenue.
     
    3. Clé à molette selon la revendication 2, dans laquelle le second élément de ressort est un ressort de tension.
     
    4. Clé à molette selon la revendication 3, comprenant en outre une poignée pour économiser l'énergie (18) située à travers la coque extérieure à une extrémité distale à partir des mâchoires, dans laquelle une première extrémité (161) du ressort de tension est fixée à la poignée pour économiser l'énergie, un boulon (axe) (17) est situé au fond du trou de retenue dans le corps d'extension et une seconde extrémité (162) du ressort de tension encercle le boulon.
     
    5. Clé à molette selon une quelconque revendication précédente comprenant en outre un élément de butée (19) situé près de la seconde extrémité du corps d'extension, dans laquelle l'élément de butée est situé dans un côté intérieur de l'élément de verrouillage pour limiter le mouvement du corps d'extension afin d'empêcher le corps d'extension de tomber hors de la coque extérieure.
     
    6. Clé à molette selon une quelconque revendication précédente dans laquelle la première extrémité du bouton-poussoir présente une encoche (140), la partie plaque de la plaque de verrouillage est insérée dans l'encoche et solidement fixée à l'encoche afin d'empêcher la plaque de verrouillage de tomber hors de l'encoche.
     
    7. Clé à molette selon une quelconque revendication précédente dans laquelle la coque extérieure et le corps d'extension sont des colonnes présentant des sections transversales carrées.
     




    Drawing












    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description