(19)
(11)EP 3 064 336 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/49

(21)Application number: 14856870.2

(22)Date of filing:  08.08.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B29C 51/16  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2014/004150
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/063983 (07.05.2015 Gazette  2015/18)

(54)

BLOW MOLDING DEVICE

BLASFORMVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF DE MOULAGE PAR SOUFFLAGE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 31.10.2013 JP 2013226661

(43)Date of publication of application:
07.09.2016 Bulletin 2016/36

(73)Proprietor: Discma AG
8050 Zürich (CH)

(72)Inventors:
  • TABATA, Shinichi
    Isehara-shi Kanagawa 259-1103 (JP)
  • MORIKAMI, Shigeki
    Isehara-shi Kanagawa 259-1103 (JP)
  • SHIOKAWA, Mitsuru
    Isehara-shi Kanagawa 259-1103 (JP)

(74)Representative: Lavoix 
2, place d'Estienne d'Orves
75441 Paris Cedex 09
75441 Paris Cedex 09 (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2012/010460
WO-A1-2013/099120
JP-A- H06 234 153
JP-A- 2013 208 839
WO-A1-2013/099120
DE-A1-102011 012 664
JP-A- H10 250 701
JP-U- H 072 036
  
  • DATABASE WPI Week 199834 Thomson Scientific, London, GB; AN 1998-392320 XP002767839, -& JP H10 156932 A (JAPAN STEEL WORKS LTD) 16 June 1998 (1998-06-16)
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present disclosure relates to a blow molding device that blow molds a bottomed tubular preform into a bottle, especially, to such a blow molding device that uses a liquid as a pressurized fluid used for blow molding.

BACKGROUND



[0002] Resin bottles, representatives of which are Oriented Polypropylene (OPP) bottles and Poly-Ethylene Terephthalate (PET) bottles, are used in various fields, such as beverages, foods, cosmetics, and so forth. Such a bottle is generally formed in a predetermined shape by biaxially stretch blow molding a resin preform by using a blow molding device. The resin preform has been formed in a bottomed tubular shape by, for example, injection molding.

[0003] One example of such a blow molding device is the one that uses a pressurized liquid, instead of pressurized air, as the pressurized fluid that is filled into the preform. In this case, by using a content liquid, such as a beverage, a cosmetic product, a pharmaceutical product, or the like, that is to be filled in a final product as the liquid, the process of filling the content liquid to the bottle may be omitted, and the production process and the configuration of the blow molding device may be simplified.

[0004] JP2013208834A describes a blow molding device including a blow molding mold to which a preform, after heated to a temperature at which the preform is stretchable, is fitted, a blow nozzle that is fitted to a mouth tubular portion of the preform fitted to the mold, a pressurized liquid supply unit configured to supply a pressurized liquid to the blow nozzle, and a stretching rod that is freely displaceable in upward and downward directions. By stretching the preform in the longitudinal (axial) direction by the stretching rod and by filling the pressurized liquid into the preform through the blow nozzle, the preform is stretched in the lateral (radial) direction into a shape conforming to a cavity of the mold.

[0005] WO2012010460 and DE102011012664 disclose devices in accordance with the preamble.

SUMMARY


(Technical Problems)



[0006] However, the configuration in which a liquid is used as the pressurized fluid and in which the preform is stretched in the longitudinal direction by using the stretching rod, as in the conventional blow molding device, poses the following problems. One problem is that the liquid adhered to the stretching rod during blow molding might drip from a tip of the stretching rod into a cavity of the mold after blow molding, and another problem is that insertion of the stretching rod might narrow a flow path for the liquid to be fed through the blow nozzle and eventually limit the amount of the liquid to be fed, thereby preventing the shortening of molding cycle.

[0007] One possible way to address this is to stretch the preform in both the longitudinal (axial) and the lateral (radial) directions by the pressurized liquid to be filled into the preform without using the stretching rod. Nevertheless, it is difficult to stretch the preform in the longitudinal direction straightly simply by way of pressurization by filling the liquid, and reliable blow molding of the preform fails due to, for example, occurrence of core misalignment and rapture.

[0008] The present disclosure has been conceived in view of these problems, and the present disclosure is to provide a blow molding device that allows reliable blow molding of the preform by filling the liquid without using the stretching rod.

(Solution to Problems)



[0009] One of aspects of the present disclosure resides in a blow molding device in accordance with claim 1.

[0010] In a preferred embodiment of the blow molding device according to the present disclosure, the plurality of peripheral holes is arranged at an equal interval in a circumferential direction about the central hole.

[0011] In another preferred embodiment of the blow molding device according to the present disclosure, the plurality of peripheral holes is arranged in a plurality of layers located at different distances from a center of the central hole, and in each layer, the corresponding peripheral holes are arranged at an equal interval in the circumferential direction about the central hole.

[0012] In yet another preferred embodiment of the blow molding device according to the present disclosure, the blow nozzle is configured to have a length that allows a tip of the blow nozzle to align with a border area between the mouth tubular portion and a main body portion of the preform.

[0013] In yet another preferred embodiment of the blow molding device according to the present disclosure, the blow nozzle is configured to have a length that allows a tip of the blow nozzle to protrude into a main body portion of the preform.

[0014] In yet another preferred embodiment of the blow molding device according to the present disclosure, the mold includes a receiving member that is displaceable along an axis of the preform from a predetermined position in the cavity to a bottom surface of the mold.

(Advantageous Effect)



[0015] According to the blow molding device of the present disclosure, the liquid fed through the plurality of peripheral holes, which each is configured to have an inner diameter smaller than an inner diameter of the central hole, prevents diffusion of the liquid fed through the central hole of the blow nozzle, thereby improving straightness in the liquid fed into the preform through the blow nozzle. Accordingly, the preform is stretched in the longitudinal (axial) direction straightly by the liquid filled though the blow nozzle without using the stretching rod. Thus, without using the stretching rod, the preform is blow molded reliably by the liquid filled through the blow nozzle. Furthermore, since the preform may be blow molded without using the stretching rod, the flow path for the liquid to be fed through the blow nozzle is not narrowed by the stretching rod, and consequently, the amount of the liquid to be fed is increased, and molding cycle of the blow molding device is improved.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0016] In the accompanying drawings:

FIG. 1 schematically illustrates a blow molding device according to one of embodiments of the present disclosure;

FIG. 2A is a bottom view of a blow nozzle illustrated in FIG. 1, and FIG. 2B is a sectional view taken along a line A-A in FIG. 2A;

FIG. 3 is a sectional view illustrating the state of the blow molding device illustrated in FIG. 1 in which a preform is blow molded;

FIG. 4 is a bottom view illustrating, as a modification of a blow nozzle illustrated in FIG. 2, an example in which 24 peripheral holes are arranged in 2 layers located at different distances from the center of a central hole;

FIG. 5 is a bottom view illustrating, as a modification of a blow nozzle illustrated in FIG. 2, an example in which 36 peripheral holes are arranged in 4 layers located at different distances from the center of a central hole;

FIG. 6 is a bottom view illustrating, as a modification of a blow nozzle illustrated in FIG. 2, an example in which 40 peripheral holes are arranged in 5 layers located at different distances from the center of a central hole;

FIG. 7 is a bottom view illustrating, as a modification of a blow nozzle illustrated in FIG. 2, an example in which 45 peripheral holes are arranged in 5 layers located at different distances from the center of a central hole;

FIG. 8 is a bottom view illustrating, as a modification of a blow nozzle illustrated in FIG. 2, an example in which 48 peripheral holes are arranged in 5 layers located at different distances from the center of a central hole;

FIGs. 9A and 9B illustrate a modification in which the linear dimension of a blow nozzle illustrated in FIG. 5 is increased, and FIG. 9A is a bottom view thereof, and FIG. 9B is a sectional view taken along a line B-B in FIG. 9A;

FIG. 10 is a bottom view illustrating, as a modification of a blow nozzle illustrated in FIG. 9, an example in which 24 peripheral holes are arranged in 2 layers located at different distances from the center of a central hole; and

FIG. 11 is a bottom view illustrating, as a modification of a blow nozzle illustrated in FIG. 9, an example in which 45 peripheral holes are arranged in 5 layers located at different distances from the center of a central hole.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0017] A preferred embodiment of the present disclosure will be described for illustration in detail below with reference to the drawings.

[0018] As illustrated in FIG. 1, a blow molding device according to one of embodiments of the present disclosure includes a blow molding mold 1. The mold 1 has a bottle-shaped cavity 2, and the mold 1 is open upward on an upper surface thereof. Although not illustrated in detail, the mold 1 may be opened into right and left mold halves, and a molded product may be removed from the mold 1 by opening the mold 1.

[0019] The mold 1 includes a receiving member 3. The receiving member 3 is configured in a disc shape having a conical sectional shape with a recessed portion 3a provided in the middle of an upper surface thereof, and the receiving member 3 is disposed in the cavity 2 of the mold 1 while being supported by a supporting shaft 4 protruding from a central position of a bottom surface 1a of the mold 1. The supporting shaft 4 is supported by the mold 1 in a manner such that the supporting shaft 4 is freely displaceable in upward and downward directions. Accordingly, the receiving member 3 may be displaced along the axis of the cavity 2 from a predetermined position in the cavity 2 to a position in which the receiving member 3 abuts against the bottom surface 1a.

[0020] To the mold 1, a preform PF, which is to be blow molded into a bottle by the blow molding device, is fitted. Examples of the preform PF include the one which is generally formed in a bottomed cylindrical shape by using a resin material, such as PolyPropylene (PP), which includes a cylindrical mouth tubular portion PFb provided integrally in an upper end of a main body portion PFa having a test tube shape, and which includes a neck ring PFc provided integrally in a lower end portion of the mouth tubular portion PFb. The preform PF is fitted to the mold 1, with the main body portion PFa being disposed within the cavity 2 of the mold 1 along the axis of the cavity 2, with the neck ring PFc abutting against the upper surface of the mold 1, and with the mouth tubular portion PFb protruding to the outside (upward in FIG. 1) of the mold 1. When the preform PF is fitted to the mold 1, the receiving member 3 is located in a position adjacent to a lower end of the main body portion PFa of the preform PF or in a position in abutment with the lower end of the main body portion PFa of the preform PF. When the preform PF is stretched in the longitudinal (axial) direction by blow molding, the lower end of the main body portion PFa of the preform PF is fitted in the recessed portion 3a, and the receiving member 3 may be displaced toward the bottom surface 1a of the mold 1 in conjunction with stretching of the preform PF.

[0021] On an upper side of the mold 1, a nozzle unit 10 is provided in a manner such that the nozzle unit 10 is freely displaceable in upward and downward directions relative to the mold 1. The nozzle unit 10 includes a holding member 11, a supply tubular portion 12, and a blow nozzle 13.

[0022] The holding member 11 is formed in a block shape provided in the middle thereof with a through hole 11a extending vertically, and a guide member 11b is fitted on the inner side of the through hole 11a. When the nozzle unit 10 is displaced downward to the lower end, the mouth tubular portion PFb of the preform PF fitted to the mold 1 is located inside the guide member 11b, and the neck ring PFc is sandwiched between the lower end of the guide member 11b and the upper surface of the mold 1, and thus, the preform PF is held in a fitted position that is perpendicular to the mold 1.

[0023] Between an outer circumferential surface of the mouth tubular portion PFb of the preform PF fitted to the mold 1 and an inner circumferential surface of the guide member 11b, space S surrounding these members is defined and formed.

[0024] The supply tubular portion 12 is formed as a cylindrical member provided inside thereof with a supply path Fs extending vertically. The supply tubular portion 12 is fixed to an upper end of the holding member 11, and the supply tubular portion 12, together with the holding member 11, is displaceable upward and downward relative to the mold 1. The supply tubular portion 12 is provided on an upper end side thereof with an introduction port 12a communicating with the supply path Fs and is also provided on a lower end side thereof with a discharge port 12b communicating with the supply path Fs. Furthermore, the supply tubular portion 12 is provided, in a lower end of an inner surface thereof that forms the supply path Fs, with a seal surface 12c having a conical surface shape inclined with a diameter reducing downward. In the axis of the seal surface 12c, a supply hole 12d, through which the supply path Fs opens downward, is also provided.

[0025] In the supply path Fs, an opening-closing body 14, configured to open and close the supply hole 12d, is disposed. The opening-closing body 14 is formed in a short cylindrical shape and provided, in an outer peripheral portion of a lower end surface thereof, with a tapered abutment surface 14a. The abutment surface 14a has the same inclination angle as that of the seal surface 12c, so that the abutment surface 14a may closely contact the seal surface 12c. In the supply path Fs, a shaft body 15 with a long and narrow cylindrical rod shape is disposed along the axis of the supply path Fs. The shaft body 15 is supported by a supporting body 16 provided on an upper end of the supply tubular portion 12 in a manner such that the shaft body 15 is freely displaceable in upward and downward directions in a liquid-tight fashion. The opening-closing body 14 is coaxially fixed to a lower end of the shaft body 15, and the opening-closing body 14, together with the shaft body 15, is freely displaceable upward and downward within the supply path Fs. When the shaft body 15 is displaced to the lowermost stroke limit, the abutment surface 14a of the opening-closing body 14 abuts against the seal surface 12c provided in the lower end portion of the supply tubular portion 12. Thus, the supply hole 12d is closed by the opening-closing body 14. On the other hand, when the opening-closing body 14, together with the shaft body 15, is displaced upward and when the abutment surface 14a of the opening-closing body 14 comes off the seal surface 12c provided in the supply tubular portion 12, the supply hole 12d is opened.

[0026] A pressurizing device 21, a pressurized liquid supply unit 22, and a liquid circulation unit 23 are connected to the nozzle unit 10.

[0027] The pressurizing device 21 is configured, for example, by a pressurizing pump, a compressor, and the like, and the pressurizing device 21 is connected to the pressurized liquid supply unit 22 through a pipe P1. The pressurized liquid supply unit 22 may be configured, for example, by a plunger pump, a piston-cylinder mechanism, or the like, and the pressurized liquid supply unit 22 is operated by a pressurized fluid Fp supplied from the pressurizing device 21 and configured to supply the pressurized liquid L from the introduction port 12a provided in the supply tubular portion 12 into the supply path Fs through a pipe P2.

[0028] The liquid circulation unit 23 has the functions of regulating the liquid L to a predetermined temperature and supplying the liquid L to the pressurized liquid supply unit 22 through the pipe R2 while requesting a replenishment of additional liquid L through the pipe R1 and of circulating the liquid L between the pressurized liquid supply unit 22 and the supply path Fs while regulating the liquid L to a predetermined temperature. That is to say, the liquid L may be circulated around a circulation path CR formed along the supply path Fs → discharge port 12b → pipe R3 → liquid circulation unit 23 → pipe R2 → pressurized liquid supply unit 22 → pipe P2 → introduction port 12a → supply path Fs, as needed.

[0029] Three electromagnetic valves VI, V2, and V3 are disposed in the circulation path CR, and the predetermined flow paths are opened and closed by the corresponding valves VI, V2, and V3 in accordance with processes in blow molding.

[0030] The blow nozzle 13 is attached to a lower end of the supply tubular portion 12, and when the opening-closing body 14 is displaced upward to open the supply hole 12d, the pressurized liquid L is supplied from the pressurized liquid supply unit 22 to the blow nozzle 13 via the supply path Fs. The supplied liquid L is filled into the preform PF through the blow nozzle 13, and the preform PF is molded into a shape conforming to the cavity 2 of the mold 1.

[0031] As illustrated in FIG. 2, the blow nozzle 13 is formed as a single piece made of a metallic material such as steel and including a fitted portion 13a, a flange portion 13b, and a nozzle portion 13c each having a circular sectional shape. As illustrated in FIG. 1, the blow nozzle 13 is fixed to the lower end of the supply tubular portion 12, with the fitted portion 13a, on an upper side of the blow nozzle 13, being fitted in the supply hole 12d, and with the flange portion 13b being sandwiched between the guide member 11b and the supply tubular portion 12. In the state where the nozzle unit 10 is displaced downward to its lower end position, the nozzle portion 13c, on the lower end side of the blow nozzle 13, is fitted inside the mouth tubular portion PFb of the preform PF fitted to the mold 1. This brings the supply path Fs into communication with the inside of the preform PF via the supply hole 12d and the blow nozzle 13. The nozzle portion 13c of the blow nozzle 13 is configured to have a linear dimension that allows the tip thereof to align with a border area between the mouth tubular portion PFb and the main body portion PFa of the preform PF when the nozzle portion 13c is fitted inside the mouth tubular portion PFb of the preform PF.

[0032] As illustrated in FIG. 2, the blow nozzle 13 is provided with a single central hole 13d and a plurality of peripheral holes 13e to feed the liquid L supplied from the supply path Fs into the preform PF. The central hole 13d, in its section, has a circular shape and extends straight through the blow nozzle 13 along the axis of the blow nozzle 13. Each of the plurality of peripheral holes 13e, in its section, has a circular shape having an inner diameter that is smaller than an inner diameter of the central hole 13d and extends straight through the blow nozzle 13 in a direction parallel with the axis of the blow nozzle 13. The plurality of peripheral holes 13e is arranged about the central hole 13d side by side to surround the central hole 13d. In the illustrated example, 12 peripheral holes 13e are arranged at an equal interval on an outer circumferential side of the central hole 13d along the circumferential direction of the central hole 13d. Note that in FIG. 2A only a single peripheral hole 13e is assigned with reference numeral for convenience.

[0033] When the pressurized liquid L is supplied from the pressurized liquid supply unit 22 to the blow nozzle 13, the supplied liquid L is fed into the preform PF through the central hole 13d and the plurality of peripheral holes 13e. At this time, since the blow nozzle 13 is provided with the central hole 13d and the plurality of peripheral holes, which has an inner diameter smaller than an inner diameter of the central hole 13d and which is arranged circumferentially to surround the central hole 13d, the central hole 13d and the plurality of peripheral holes 13e help secure a flow path area equivalent to a flow path area that would be achieved in cases where only a single hole is provided in the blow nozzle, and moreover, the liquid L fed with high straightness from the peripheral holes 13e with a smaller diameter prevents the liquid L fed from the central hole 13d from being diffused in the radial direction. Consequently, a sufficient amount of liquid L is fed from the blow nozzle 13, and moreover, straightness of the liquid L fed into the preform PF is improved compared with cases where only a single hole is provided in the blow nozzle.

[0034] Additionally, in the present embodiment, the inner diameter of the central hole 13d is 6.3 mm, and the inner diameter of each peripheral hole 13e is 1.0 mm, and a total sectional area of the central hole 13d and the 12 peripheral holes 13e, namely, an effective sectional area of the blow nozzle 13, is 40.6 mm2. The plurality of peripheral holes 13e each has a central point aligned on a circumference that has a radius of 9.5 mm and that extends concentrically with the central hole 13d.

[0035] The supply tubular portion 12 is provided with a connection port 12e communicating with the blow nozzle 13 via the supply hole 12d. To the connection port 12e, a deaeration mechanism configured to suck out air that is present within the preform PF prior to blow molding, a puff blow mechanism configured to dispel the liquid remaining within the connection port 12e by supplying low-pressure air into the connection port 12e momentarily, a suck back mechanism configured to prevent liquid dripping from the blow nozzle 13 after blow molding, or the like may be connected.

[0036] In the following, a brief description is given of a procedure for blow molding the preform PF into a bottle by using the blow molding device.

[0037] Firstly, the preform PF which, except for the mouth tubular portion PFb, is heated to a temperature suitable for blow molding is fitted to the blow molding mold 1, with the mouth tubular portion PFb being protruded upward, and mold closing is performed.

[0038] Subsequently, the nozzle unit 10 is displaced downward so that the neck ring PFc is sandwiched between the guide member 11b and the upper surface of the mold 1 and that the preform PF is held to the mold 1, and the receiving member 3 is located in a position adjacent to the lower end of the main body portion PFa of the preform PF. Thus, the state illustrated in FIG. 1 is achieved. At this time, the supply hole 12d is in its closed state by the opening-closing body 14, and each of the valves VI, V2, and V3 disposed in the circulation path CR is in its opened state, and the liquid L is circulated around the circulation path CR while being regulated to a predetermined temperature by the liquid circulation unit 23.

[0039] Subsequently, the valves V1 and V3 are closed to stop the circulation of the liquid L around the circulation path CR, and as illustrated in FIG. 3, the opening-closing body 14, together with the shaft body 15, is displaced upward to open the supply hole 12d. By doing so, the liquid L pressurized by the pressurized liquid supply unit 22 is supplied from the supply hole 12d into the preform PF through the blow nozzle 13 for blow molding the preform PF. This blow molding process expands and stretches the preform PF biaxially, i.e., in the longitudinal (axial) and lateral (radial) directions, by pressure of the liquid L supplied from the blow nozzle 13, and thus, a bottle having a shape conforming to the cavity 2 of the mold 1 is obtained.

[0040] At this time, since in the blow molding device of the present disclosure the blow nozzle 13 is provided with the central hole 13d and the plurality of peripheral holes 13e, which has an inner diameter smaller than an inner diameter of the central hole 13d, during the blow molding process, the liquid L fed with high straightness from the plurality of peripheral holes 13e with a smaller diameter prevents the liquid L fed from the central hole 13d provided in the blow nozzle 13 from being diffused in the radial direction. Consequently, straightness of the liquid L fed from the blow nozzle 13 into the preform PF is improved, and the liquid L fed with high straightness from the blow nozzle 13 serves to stretch the preform PF straightly in the longitudinal (axial) direction. This allows reliable blow molding by stretching the preform PF stably in both the longitudinal and lateral directions by the liquid L fed from the blow nozzle 13 without using the stretching rod. Furthermore, the fact that the blow molding device of the present disclosure allows blow molding of the preform PF without using the stretching rod prevents the flow path for the liquid to be fed through the blow nozzle 13, namely, the effective sectional area of the blow nozzle 13, from being narrowed by the stretching rod. The result is that the amount of the liquid L to be fed through the blow nozzle 13 is increased, and molding cycle of containers using the blow molding device is improved.

[0041] Moreover, since in the blow molding device of the present disclosure the mold 1 includes the receiving member 3 that is displaceable along the axial direction of the preform PF to allow the lower end of the main body portion PFa of the preform PF to be fitted in and supported by the recessed portion 3a of the receiving member 3, when the preform PF is stretched in the longitudinal direction by the liquid L fed through the blow nozzle 13, the lower end of the main body portion PFa of the preform PF, together with the receiving member 3, is displaced along the axis of the preform PF, and occurrence of core misalignment in the blow molded preform PF is prevented. Accordingly, providing the receiving member 3 allows the preform PF to be stretched in the longitudinal direction more reliably by the liquid L fed through the blow nozzle 13 without using the stretching rod in the blow molding process. Especially, with the configuration including the receiving member 3 provided with the recessed portion 3a in which the lower end of the main body portion PFa of the preform PF is to be fitted, it is further ensured that the lower end of the main body portion PFa of the preform PF may be held by the receiving member 3 and that core misalignment of the preform PF may be prevented.

[0042] Additionally, in cases where the mouth tubular portion PFb undergoes diameter increase and deformation due to pressure of the liquid L, pressurized air may be supplied to space S defined between the guide member 11b and the mouth tubular portion PFb through a pressurizing flow path which is not illustrated. By doing so, the diameter increase and deformation are prevented effectively.

[0043] Once blow molding is completed, a suck back process is performed as needed to regulate the amount of the liquid L to be filled, and subsequently, the supply hole 12d is closed by displacing the opening-closing body 14, together with the shaft body 15, downward, and each of the valves VI, V2, and V3 is brought into its opened state to restart the circulation of the liquid L around the circulation path CR.

[0044] After the above processes are completed, the mouth tubular portion PFb of the bottle is removed from the blow nozzle 13, the mold 1 is opened, and the bottle filled with the liquid L is removed. Then, the mouth tubular portion PFb is sealed with a cap, and thus, the final product is achieved.

[0045] Although in the above embodiment the blow nozzle 13 is provided with the central hole 13d and the 12 peripheral holes 13e arranged at an equal interval in the circumferential direction about the central hole 13d, the inner diameter of the central hole 13d and the inner diameter, the number, the arrangement, or the like of the peripheral holes 13e may be changed in various ways.

[0046] By way of illustration, FIG. 4 illustrates an example in which 24 peripheral holes 13e are arranged in 2 layers located at different distances from the center of the central hole 13d, and in each layer, the corresponding peripheral holes 13e are arranged at an equal interval in the circumferential direction about the central hole 13d. In this example, 12 peripheral holes 13e are arranged circumferentially at an equal interval on an outer circumferential side of the central hole 13d, and the other 12 peripheral holes 13e are arranged circumferentially at an equal interval on a further outer side in the circumferential direction with a phase shift of 15 degrees with respect to the peripheral holes 13e arranged on the inner side in the circumferential direction. The inner diameter of the central hole 13d is 5.2 mm, and the inner diameter of each peripheral hole 13e is 1.0 mm, and the total sectional area of the central hole 13d and the 24 peripheral holes 13e, namely, the effective sectional area of the blow nozzle 13, is 40.1mm2, which is equivalent to the effective sectional area achieved in the example of FIG. 3. The 12 peripheral holes 13e arranged on the inner side in the circumferential direction each have a central point aligned on a circumference that has a radius of 7.5 mm and that extends concentrically with the central hole 13d, and the other 12 peripheral holes 13e arranged on the outer side in the circumferential direction each have a central point aligned on a circumference that has a radius of 9.5 mm and that extends concentrically with the central hole 13d.

[0047] With the above configuration in which the plurality of peripheral holes 13e is arranged in the 2 layers about the central hole 13d, the equivalent effective sectional area of blow nozzle 13 is achieved, and moreover, diffusion of the liquid L fed from the central hole 13d in the radial direction is prevented even more effectively by the liquid L fed from the plurality of peripheral holes 13e arranged in the 2 layers.
This further improves straightness of the liquid L fed through the blow nozzle 13 and allows the preform PF to be stretched in the longitudinal direction even more reliably by the liquid L fed through the blow nozzle 13.

[0048] Although in the example of FIG. 4 the plurality of peripheral holes 13e is arranged in the 2 layers located at different distances from the central hole 13d, the plurality of peripheral holes 13e may be arranged in a larger number of layers.

[0049] By way of illustration, as illustrated in FIG. 5, 36 peripheral holes 13e may be arranged in 4 layers located at different distances from the central hole 13d. In this example, 9 peripheral holes 13e are arranged circumferentially at an equal interval on an outer circumferential side of the central hole 13d, other 9 peripheral holes 13e are arranged circumferentially at an equal interval on a further outer side in the circumferential direction with a phase shift of 20 degrees with respect to the peripheral holes 13e arranged on the inner side in the circumferential direction, yet other 9 peripheral holes 13e are arranged circumferentially at an equal interval on an even further outer side in the circumferential direction with a phase shift of 20 degrees with respect to the peripheral holes 13e arranged on the inner side in the circumferential direction, and yet other 9 peripheral holes 13e are arranged circumferentially at an equal interval on an even further outer side in the circumferential direction with a phase shift of 20 degrees with respect to the peripheral holes 13e arranged on the inner side in the circumferential direction. The inner diameter of the central hole 13d is 2.5 mm, and the inner diameter of each peripheral hole 13e is 1.0 mm, and the total sectional area of the central hole 13d and the 36 peripheral holes 13e, namely, the effective sectional area of the blow nozzle 13, is 33.3 mm2. The respective layers of the peripheral holes 13e are located at distances of 5.5 mm, 7.5 mm, 9.5 mm, and 11.5 mm from the central hole 13d.

[0050] By way of another illustration, as illustrated in FIG. 6, 40 peripheral holes 13e may be arranged in 5 layers located at different distances from the central hole 13d. In this example, 9 peripheral holes 13e are arranged circumferentially at an equal interval on an outer circumferential side of the central hole 13d, other 9 peripheral holes 13e are arranged circumferentially at an equal interval on a further outer side in the circumferential direction with a phase shift of 20 degrees with respect to the peripheral holes 13e arranged on the inner side in the circumferential direction, yet other 9 peripheral holes 13e are arranged circumferentially at an equal interval on an even further outer side in the circumferential direction with a phase shift of 20 degrees with respect to the peripheral holes 13e arranged on the inner side in the circumferential direction, yet other 9 peripheral holes 13e are arranged circumferentially at an equal interval on an even further outer side in the circumferential direction with a phase shift of 20 degrees with respect to the peripheral holes 13e arranged on the inner side in the circumferential direction, and yet other 4 peripheral holes 13e are arranged on an even further outer side in the circumferential direction. The inner diameter of the central hole 13d is 2.5 mm, and the inner diameter of each peripheral hole 13e is 1.0 mm, and the total sectional area of the central hole 13d and the 40 peripheral holes 13e, namely, the effective sectional area of the blow nozzle 13, is 36.3 mm2. The respective layers of the peripheral holes 13e are located at distances of 5.5 mm, 7.5 mm, 9.5 mm, 11.5 mm, and 13.5 mm from the central hole 13d.

[0051] By way of yet another illustration, as illustrated in FIG. 7, 45 peripheral holes 13e may be arranged in 5 layers located at different distances from the central hole 13d. In this example, 9 peripheral holes 13e are arranged circumferentially at an equal interval on an outer circumferential side of the central hole 13d, other 9 peripheral holes 13e are arranged circumferentially at an equal interval on a further outer side in the circumferential direction with a phase shift of 20 degrees with respect to the peripheral holes 13e arranged on the inner side in the circumferential direction, yet other 9 peripheral holes 13e are arranged circumferentially at an equal interval on an even further outer side in the circumferential direction with a phase shift of 20 degrees with respect to the peripheral holes 13e arranged on the inner side in the circumferential direction, yet other 9 peripheral holes 13e are arranged circumferentially at an equal interval on an even further outer side in the circumferential direction with a phase shift of 20 degrees with respect to the peripheral holes 13e arranged on the inner side in the circumferential direction, and yet other 9 peripheral holes 13e are arranged circumferentially at an equal interval on an even further outer side in the circumferential direction with a phase shift of 20 degrees with respect to the peripheral holes 13e arranged on the inner side in the circumferential direction. The inner diameter of the central hole 13d is 2.5 mm, and the inner diameter of each peripheral hole 13e is 1.0 mm, and the total sectional area of the central hole 13d and the 45 peripheral holes 13e, namely, the effective sectional area of the blow nozzle 13, is 40.3 mm2, which is equivalent to the effective sectional area achieved in the example of FIG. 3. The respective layers of the peripheral holes 13e are located at distances of 5.5 mm, 7.5 mm, 9.5 mm, 11.5 mm, and 13.5 mm from the central hole 13d.

[0052] By way of yet another illustration, as illustrated in FIG. 8, 48 peripheral holes 13e may be arranged in 5 layers located at different distances from the central hole 13d. In this example, 9 peripheral holes 13e are arranged circumferentially at an equal interval on an outer circumferential side of the central hole 13d, other 9 peripheral holes 13e are arranged circumferentially at an equal interval on a further outer side in the circumferential direction with a phase shift of 20 degrees with respect to the peripheral holes 13e arranged on the inner side in the circumferential direction, yet other 9 peripheral holes 13e are arranged circumferentially at an equal interval on an even further outer side in the circumferential direction with a phase shift of 20 degrees with respect to the peripheral holes 13e arranged on the inner side in the circumferential direction, yet other 9 peripheral holes 13e are arranged circumferentially at an equal interval on an even further outer side in the circumferential direction with a phase shift of 20 degrees with respect to the peripheral holes 13e arranged on the inner side in the circumferential direction, and yet other 12 peripheral holes 13e are arranged on an even further outer side in the circumferential direction. The inner diameter of the central hole 13d is 2.5 mm, and the inner diameter of each peripheral hole 13e is 1.0 mm, and the total sectional area of the central hole 13d and the 48 peripheral holes 13e, namely, the effective sectional area of the blow nozzle 13, is 42.6 mm2, which is equivalent to the effective sectional area achieved in the example of FIG. 3. The respective layers of the peripheral holes 13e are located at distances of 5.5 mm, 7.5 mm, 9.5 mm, 11.5 mm, and 13.5 mm from the central hole 13d.

[0053] Although in the examples of FIGs. 2 and 4 to 8 the nozzle portion 13c of the blow nozzle 13 is configured to have a linear dimension that allows the tip thereof to align with the border area between the mouth tubular portion PFb and the main body portion PFa of the preform PF when the nozzle portion 13c is fitted inside the mouth tubular portion PFb of the preform PF, the present disclosure is not limited to these examples. For example, as in the blow nozzle 13 of FIG. 9, the nozzle portion 13c of the blow nozzle 13 may also be configured to have a linear dimension that allows the tip thereof to extend beyond the mouth tubular portion PFb of the preform PF and protrude into the main body portion PFa when the nozzle portion 13c is fitted inside the mouth tubular portion PFb of the preform PF. In the blow nozzle 13 of FIG. 9, the central hole 13d and the peripheral holes 13e are arranged in the same way as in the blow nozzle 13 of FIG. 5, and only the linear dimension of the nozzle portion 13c is increased than the example of FIG. 5.

[0054] By thus configuring the nozzle portion 13c of the blow nozzle 13 to have a linear dimension that allows the tip thereof to protrude into the main body portion PFa when the nozzle portion 13c is fitted inside the mouth tubular portion PFb of the preform PF, the liquid L fed through the blow nozzle 13 is prevented from hitting a lower portion of the neck ring PFc of the preform PF during blow molding, and it is further ensured that occurrence of core misalignment of the preform PF may be prevented during blow molding. Furthermore, by changing a length by which the tip of the blow nozzle 13 protrudes into the main body portion PFa in various ways, the thickness of the lower portion of the neck ring PFc may be adjusted to a desired thickness easily.

[0055] Even when the linear dimension of the blow nozzle 13 is increased as illustrated in FIG. 9, the arrangement of the central hole 13d and the peripheral holes 13e may be changed in various ways. For example, the arrangement may be the same as that in the example of FIG. 4 as illustrated in FIG. 10 or may be the same as that in the example of FIG. 7 as illustrated in FIG. 11.

[0056] Note that in FIGs. 4 to 11 only a single peripheral hole 13e is assigned with reference numeral for convenience.

[0057] A container (bottle) having an inner diameter of the mouth of 15.5 mm (an inner diameter sectional area of 188.6 mm2), a bottle weight of 9.0 g, a prescribed capacity of 500 ml was blow molded by using a blow molding device according to the present disclosure including the blow nozzle 13 illustrated in FIG. 2. Blow molding was performed reliably without occurrence of core misalignment and rapture in the container. Similar blow molding was performed by using blow molding devices according to the present disclosure including the blow nozzles 13 of the modifications illustrated in FIGs. 4 to 11, and again, blow molding was performed reliably without occurrence of core misalignment and rapture in the container. Furthermore, similar blow molding was performed by using various blow nozzles 13 having different effective sectional areas (total sectional areas of the central hole 13d and the peripheral holes 13e) of the blow nozzles 13, and it has been found that a container may be blow molded most reliably especially when the ratio of the effective sectional area of the blow nozzle 13, with respect to the inner diameter of the mouth of the container to be blow molded, is 21.2 %.

[0058] On the other hand, as Comparative Example, a container with a similar shape was attempted to be blow molded by using a blow nozzle that includes only the central hole having a diameter of 7.2 mm and that does not include any peripheral holes. During blow molding, rapture of the container occurred, and molding of the container into a predetermined shape failed.

[0059] For example, although in the above embodiment the liquid L is circulated around the circulation path CR, the present disclosure is not limited to this embodiment, and the liquid L does not need to be circulated as long as the pressurized liquid L may be supplied from the pressurized liquid supply unit 22 into the preform PF through the blow nozzle 13.

[0060] Furthermore, although in the above embodiment the mold 1 includes the receiving member 3, the present disclosure is not limited to this embodiment, and the receiving member 3 may be omitted. In this case, the preform PF may be biaxially stretched solely by pressure caused by filling of the liquid L.

[0061] Moreover, the inner diameters of the central hole 13d and the plurality of peripheral holes 13e provided in the blow nozzle 13, the numbers and the arrangements of the plurality of peripheral holes 13e, and the total sectional areas of the central hole 13d and the plurality of peripheral holes 13e are not limited to those in the aforementioned examples and may be changed in various ways as long as the plurality of peripheral holes 13e, having an inner diameter smaller than an inner diameter of the central hole 13d, is arranged to surround the central hole 13d. For example, the inner diameter of the central hole 13d is preferably set to be 5.0 mm or less, and the total sectional area of the central hole 13d and the plurality of peripheral holes 13e, namely, the effective sectional area of the blow nozzle 13, is preferably set to be from 36.0 mm2 to 42.0 mm2.

[0062] Moreover, as the preform PF, the one with a shape including the main body portion PFa and the mouth tubular portion PFb and not including the neck ring PFc may also be used. Moreover, the material of the preform PF is not limited to polypropylene, and any other resin material, such as Poly-Ethylene Terephthalate (PET), may be used. The preform PF may also be a laminated structure in which a plurality of types of resin materials, including polypropylene or polyethylene terephthalate, is laminated.

REFERENCE SIGNS LIST



[0063] 
1
Mold
1a
Bottom surface
2
Cavity
3
Receiving member
3a
Recessed portion
4
Supporting shaft
10
Nozzle unit
11
Holding member
11a
Through hole
11b
Guide member
12
Supply tubular portion
12a
Introduction port
12b
Discharge port
12c
Seal surface
12d
Supply hole
12e
Connection port
13
Blow nozzle
13a
Fitted portion
13b
Flange portion
13c
Nozzle portion
13d
Central hole
13e
Peripheral hole
14
Opening-closing body
14a
Abutment surface
15
Shaft body
16
Supporting body
21
Pressurizing device
22
Pressurized liquid supply unit
23
Liquid circulation unit
PF
Preform
PFa
Main body portion
PFb
Mouth tubular portion
PFc
Neck ring
S
Space
Fs
Supply path
P1, P2
Pgipe
Fp
Pressurized fluid
L
Liquid
R1 to R3
Pipe
CR
Circulation path
V1 to V3
Valve



Claims

1. A blow molding device, including

- a blow molding mold (1) adapted to be fitted with a bottomed tubular preform (PF),

- a blow nozzle (13) that is adapted to be fitted to a mouth tubular portion (PFb) of the preform (PF) fitted to the mold (1), and

- a pressurized liquid supply unit (22) configured to supply a pressurized liquid (L) to the blow nozzle (13),

- the device being adapted for molding the preform (PF) into a shape conforming to a cavity (2) of the mold (1) by filling the liquid (L) into the preform (PF) through the blow nozzle (13), wherein

- the blow nozzle (13) includes a central hole (13d) arranged on an axis of the blow nozzle (13), the device being characterized in comprising

- a plurality of peripheral holes (13e) extending straight through the blow nozzle (13) in a direction parallel with the axis of the blow nozzle (13) and having an inner diameter smaller than an inner diameter of the central hole (13d) and arranged to surround the central hole (13d),

- the device being adapted for filling the liquid (L) into the preform (PF) through the central hole (13d) and the plurality of peripheral holes (13e).


 
2. The blow molding device of claim 1, wherein the plurality of peripheral holes (13e) is arranged at an equal interval in a circumferential direction about the central hole (13d).
 
3. The blow molding device of claim 2, wherein the plurality of peripheral holes (13e) is arranged in a plurality of layers located at different distances from a center of the central hole (13d), and in each layer, the corresponding peripheral holes (13e) are arranged at an equal interval in the circumferential direction about the central hole (13d).
 
4. The blow molding device of any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the blow nozzle (13) is configured to have a length that allows a tip of the blow nozzle (13) to align with a border area between the mouth tubular portion (PFb) and a main body portion (PFa) of the preform (PF).
 
5. The blow molding device of any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the blow nozzle (13) is configured to have a length that allows a tip of the blow nozzle (13) to protrude into a main body portion (PFa) of the preform (PF).
 
6. The blow molding device of any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the mold (1) includes a receiving member (3) that is displaceable along an axis of the preform (PF) from a predetermined position in the cavity (2) to a bottom surface (1a) of the mold (1).
 


Ansprüche

1. Blasformvorrichtung, umfassend

- eine Blasformungsform (1), die ausgelegt ist, um mit einer mit einem Boden versehenen rohrförmigen Vorform (PF) ausgestattet zu sein,

- eine Blasdüse (13), die ausgelegt ist, um an einen rohrförmigen Mundabschnitt (PFb) der Vorform (PF), die an die Form (1) angepasst ist, angepasst zu sein,

- eine unter Druck gesetzte Flüssigkeitsversorgungseinheit (22), die konfiguriert ist, um eine unter Druck gesetzte Flüssigkeit (L) an die Blasdüse (13) zu liefern,

- wobei die Vorrichtung ausgelegt ist, um die Vorform (PF) in eine Gestalt, die einem Hohlraum (2) der Form (1) entspricht, durch Füllen der Flüssigkeit (L) in die Vorform (PF) durch die Blasdüse (13) zu formen, wobei

- die Blasdüse (13) ein zentrales Loch (13d) umfasst, das auf einer Achse der Blasdüse (13) angeordnet ist, wobei die Vorrichtung dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass sie Folgendes umfasst:

- eine Vielzahl von peripheren Löchern (13e), die sich gerade durch die Blasdüse (13) in eine Richtung parallel zur Achse der Blasdüse (13) erstreckt und einen inneren Durchmesser aufweist, der kleiner als ein innerer Durchmesser des zentralen Lochs (13d) ist, und angeordnet ist, um das zentrale Loch (13d) zu umgeben,

- wobei die Vorrichtung ausgelegt ist, um die Flüssigkeit (L) in die Vorform (PF) durch das zentrale Loch (13) und die Vielzahl von peripheren Löchern (13e) zu füllen.


 
2. Blasformvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei eine Vielzahl von peripheren Löchern (13e), in einem gleichen Intervall in einer Umfangsrichtung um das zentrale Loch (13d) angeordnet ist.
 
3. Blasformvorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Vielzahl von peripheren Löchern (13e) in einer Vielzahl von Schichten angeordnet ist, die in verschiedenen Abständen von einer Mitte des zentralen Lochs (13d) angeordnet ist, und in jeder Schicht die entsprechenden peripheren Löcher (13e) in einem gleichen Intervall in einer Umfangsrichtung um das zentrale Loch (13d) angeordnet sind.
 
4. Blasformvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die Blasdüse (13) konfiguriert ist, um eine Länge aufzuweisen, die ermöglicht, dass sich eine Spitze der Blasdüse (13) mit einem Grenzbereich zwischen dem rohrförmigen Mundabschnitt (PFb) und einem Hauptkörperabschnitt (PFa) der Vorform (PF) ausfluchtet.
 
5. Blasformvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die Blasdüse (13) konfiguriert ist, um eine Länge aufzuweisen, die einer Spitze der Blasdüse (13) ermöglicht, in einen Hauptkörperabschnitt (PFa) der Vorform (PF) vorzuspringen.
 
6. Blasformvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei die Form (1) ein Aufnahmelement (3) einschließt, das entlang einer Achse der Vorform (PF) aus einer vorbestimmten Position im Hohlraum (2) zu einer unteren Fläche (1a) der Form (1) verschoben werden kann.
 


Revendications

1. Dispositif de moulage par soufflage comprenant :

un moule de moulage par soufflage (1) adapté pour être monté avec une préforme tubulaire à fond (PF),

une buse de soufflage (13) qui est adaptée pour être montée sur une partie tubulaire d'embouchure (PFb) de la préforme (FP) montée sur le moule (1), et

une unité d'alimentation en fluide sous pression (22) configurée pour fournir un liquide sous pression (L) à la buse de soufflage (13),

le dispositif étant adapté pour mouler la préforme (PF) dans une forme se conformant à une cavité (2) du moule (1) en versant le liquide (L) dans la préforme (PF) à travers la buse de soufflage (13),

dans lequel :
la buse de soufflage (13) comprend un trou central (13d) agencé sur un axe de la buse de soufflage (13), le dispositif étant caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend :

une pluralité de trous périphériques (13e) s'étendant tout droit à travers la buse de soufflage (13) dans une direction parallèle à l'axe de la buse de soufflage (13), et ayant un diamètre interne inférieur à un diamètre interne du trou central (13d) et agencé pour entourer le trou central (13d),

le dispositif étant adapté pour verser le liquide (L) dans la préforme (PF) à travers le trou central (13d) et la pluralité de trous périphériques (13e).


 
2. Dispositif de moulage par soufflage selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la pluralité de trous périphériques (13e) est agencée à un intervalle égal dans une direction circonférentielle autour du trou central (13d).
 
3. Dispositif de moulage par soufflage selon la revendication 2, dans lequel la pluralité de trous périphériques (13e) est agencée dans une pluralité de couches positionnées à différentes distances d'un centre du trou central (13d), et dans chaque couche, les trous périphériques (13e) correspondants sont agencés à un intervalle égal dans la direction circonférentielle autour du trou central (13d).
 
4. Dispositif de moulage par soufflage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel la buse de soufflage (13) est configurée pour avoir une longueur qui permet à une pointe de la buse de soufflage (13) de s'aligner avec une zone de bordure entre la partie tubulaire d'embouchure (PFb) et une partie de corps principale (PFa) de la préforme (PF).
 
5. Dispositif de moulage par soufflage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel la buse de soufflage (13) est configurée pour avoir une longueur qui permet à une pointe de la buse de soufflage (13) de faire saillie dans une partie de corps principal (PFa) de la préforme (PF).
 
6. Dispositif de moulage par soufflage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel le moule (1) comprend un élément de réception (3) qui peut être déplacé le long d'un axe de la préforme (PF) à partir d'une position prédéterminée dans la cavité (2) jusqu'à une surface inférieure (1a) du moule (1).
 




Drawing



























REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description