(19)
(11)EP 3 064 523 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
01.01.2020 Bulletin 2020/01

(21)Application number: 15840982.1

(22)Date of filing:  16.11.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C08G 64/38  (2006.01)
C08G 77/448  (2006.01)
C08G 64/18  (2006.01)
C08J 5/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2015/012292
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/089025 (09.06.2016 Gazette  2016/23)

(54)

COPOLYCARBONATE AND COMPOSITION COMPRISING SAME

COPOLYCARBONAT UND ZUSAMMENSETZUNG DAMIT

COPOLYCARBONATE ET COMPOSITION LE COMPRENANT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 04.12.2014 KR 20140173005
27.07.2015 KR 20150106021
13.11.2015 KR 20150159657

(43)Date of publication of application:
07.09.2016 Bulletin 2016/36

(73)Proprietor: LG Chem, Ltd.
Seoul 07336 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • PARK, Jung Jun
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • BAHN, Hyong Min
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • HWANG, Young Young
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • HONG, Moo Ho
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • LEE, Ki Jae
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • SON, Young Wook
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • CHUN, Byoung Kyu
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)
  • KO, Un
    Daejeon 34122 (KR)

(74)Representative: Goddar, Heinz J. 
Boehmert & Boehmert Anwaltspartnerschaft mbB Pettenkoferstrasse 22
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 3 050 908
WO-A1-2013/066000
KR-A- 20130 090 359
KR-A- 20140 116 921
US-A1- 2014 206 802
EP-B1- 2 032 624
JP-A- 2013 234 298
KR-A- 20140 027 199
US-A1- 2008 081 895
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    [TECHNICAL FIELD]



    [0001] The present invention relates to a polycarbonate composition.

    [BACKGROUND OF ART]



    [0002] Polycarbonate resins are prepared by condensation-polymerization of an aromatic diol such as bisphenol A with a carbonate precursor such as a phosgene and have excellent impact strength, dimensional stability, heat resistance and transparency. Thus, the polycarbonate resins have application in a wide range of uses, such as exterior materials of electrical and electronic products, automobile parts, building materials, and optical components.

    [0003] Recently, in order to apply these polycarbonate resins to more various fields, many studies have been made to obtain desired physical properties by copolymerizing two or more aromatic diol compounds having different structures from each other and introducing units having different structures in a main chain of the polycarbonate.

    [0004] Especially, studies for introducing a polysiloxane structure in a main chain of the polycarbonate have been undergone, but most of these technologies have disadvantages in that production costs are high, and when chemical resistance or impact strength, particularly impact strength at low-temperature is increased, a melt index or the like is lowered.

    [0005] Given the above circumstances, the present inventors have conducted intensive studies to overcome the above-mentioned disadvantages encountered with the prior arts and develop a copolycarbonate having small difference between an impact strength at room temperature and an impact strength at low-temperature, and thus exhibiting an excellent impact resistance, and found that a copolycarbonate in which a specific siloxane compound is introduced in a main chain of the polycarbonate as described below satisfies the above-described properties. The present invention has been completed on the basis of such a finding.

    [0006] WO 2013/066000 A1 discloses a polycarbonate resin composition and a method of manufacturing the same. The polycarbonate resin composition comprises a polysiloxane-polycarbonate copolymer with high siloxane content and a polycarbonate in an appropriate mixing ratio to improve low-temperature impact resistance, flowability and heat resistance.

    [DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION]


    [Technical Problem]



    [0007] It is an object of the present invention to provide a polycarbonate composition containing a copolycarbonate having small difference between an impact strength at room temperature and an impact strength at low-temperature, thereby exhibiting an excellent impact resistance.

    [Technical Solution]



    [0008] In order to achieve these objects, the present invention provides a polycarbonate composition comprising a copolycarbonate comprising: an aromatic polycarbonate-based first repeating unit; and one or more aromatic polycarbonate-based second repeating units having siloxane bonds,
    wherein the ratio of an impact strength at room temperature and an impact strength at low-temperature (impact strength at room temperature/ impact strength at low-temperature) as measured at 23°C and -30°C, respectively, in accordance with ASTM D256 (1/8 inch,Notched Izod) is 1.01 to 1.30, and the impact strength at room temperature is 840 to 1000 J/m, and
    wherein the second repeating unit comprises a repeating unit represented by the following Chemical Formula 2 and a repeating unit represented by the following Chemical Formula 3:

    in the above Formula 2,

    each of X1 is independently C1-10 alkylene,

    each of R5 is independently hydrogen; C1-15 alkyl unsubstituted or substituted with oxiranyl, oxiranyl-substituted C1-10 alkoxy, or C6-20 aryl; halogen; C1-10 alkoxy; allyl; C1-10 haloalkyl; or C6-20 aryl, and

    n is an integer of 10 to 200,



    in the above Formula 3,

    each of X2 is independently C1-10 alkylene,

    each of Y1 is independently hydrogen, C1-6 alkyl, halogen, hydroxy, C1-6 alkoxy, or C6-20 aryl,

    each of R6 is independently hydrogen; or C1-15 alkyl unsubstituted or substituted with oxiranyl, oxiranyl-substituted C1-10 alkoxy, or C6-20 aryl; halogen; C1-10 alkoxy; allyl; C1-10 haloalkyl; or C6-20 aryl, and

    m is an integer of 10 to 200;

    and a polycarbonate.

    [0009] As described above, the copolycarbonate has characterisitics in that it has small difference between an impact strength at room temperature and an impact strength at low-temperature and thus exhibits an excellent impact resistance. Preferably, the ratio of an impact strength at room temperature and an impact strength at low-temperature (impact strength at room temperature/impact strength at low-temperature) is not more than 1.29, not more than 1.28, not more than 1.27, not more than 1.26, not more than 1.25, not more than 1.24, not more than 1.23, not more than 1.22, not more than 1.21, not more than 1.20, not more than 1.19, not more than 1.18, not more than 1.17, not more than 1.16, not more than 1.15, not more than 1.14, not more than 1.13, not more than 1.12, not more than 1.11, not more than 1.10, not more than 1.09, or not more than 1.08; and not less than 1.02, not less than 1.03, or not less than 1.04.

    [0010] Preferably, the impact strength at low-temperature is not less than 650 J/m, not less than 700 J/m, not less than 750 J/m, not less than 800 J/m, not less than 850 J/m, or not less than 900 J/m. In addition, the impact strength at low-temperature is excellent when the value is high, and thus it is not limited to any upper limit value. As one example, however, it may be not more than 990 J/m, not more than 980 J/m, not more than 970 J/m, not more than 960 J/m or not more than 950 J/m.

    [0011] Further, preferably the impact strength at room temperature is not less than 850 J/m, not less than 860 J/m, not less than 870 J/m, not less than 880 J/m, not less than 890 J/m, not less than 900 J/m, not less than 910 J/m, not less than 920 J/m, not less than 930 J/m, not less than 940 J/m, not less than 950 J/m, or not less than 960 J/m. Further, the impact strength at room temperature is excellent when the value is higher, and thus it is not limited to any upper limit value. As one example, however, it may be not more than 1000 J/m, not more than 990 J/m, not more than 980 J/m, or not more than 970 J/m.

    [0012] Further, preferably, the copolycarbonate has a melt index of 3 to 20 g/10 min as measured in accordance with ASTM D1238 (300°C, 1.2 kg conditions).

    [0013] Further, preferably, the copolycarbonate has YI (yellow index) of 2 to 6.5 as measured in accordance with ASTM D1925. Preferably, YI (yellow index) is not less than 2; and not more than 6.0, not more than 5.5, not more than 5.0, not more than 4.5, not more than 4.0, not more than 3.5, not more than 3.0, or not more than 2.5.

    [0014] Further, the copolycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of 1,000 to 100,000 g/mol and preferably 15,000 to 35,000 g/mol. More preferably, the above weight average molecular weight is not less than 20,000 g/mol, not less than 21,000 g/mol, not less than 22,000 g/mol, not less than 23,000 g/mol, not less than 24,000 g/mol, not less than 25,000 g/mol, not less than 26,000 g/mol, not less than 27,000 g/mol, or not less than 28,000 g/mol. Further, the above weight average molecular weight is not more than 34,000 g/mol, not more than 33,000 g/mol, or not more than 32,000 g/mol.

    [0015] Further, the mole ratio of the aromatic polycarbonate-based first repeating unit and one or more aromatic polycarbonate-based second repeating units having siloxane bonds is preferably 1 : 0.004-0.006, and the weight ratio thereof is preferably 1 : 0.04-0.07.

    [0016] In particular, the aromatic polycarbonate-based first repeating unit is formed by reacting an aromatic diol compound and a carbonate precursor, and it is preferably represented by the following Chemical Formula 1:

    in the above Chemical Formula 1,

    R1, R2, R3 and R4 are each independently hydrogen, C1-10 alkyl, C1-10 alkoxy, or halogen,

    Z is C1-10 alkylene unsubstituted or substituted with phenyl, C3-15 cycloalkylene unsubstituted or substituted with C1-10 alkyl, O, S, SO, SO2, or CO.



    [0017] Preferably, R1, R2, R3 and R4 are each independently hydrogen, methyl, chloro, or bromo.

    [0018] Further, Z is preferably a linear or branched C1-10 alkylene unsubstituted or substituted with phenyl, and more preferably methylene, ethane-1,1-diyl, propane-2,2-diyl, butane-2,2-diyl, 1-phenylethane-1,1-diyl or diphenylmethylene. Further, preferably, Z is cyclohexane-1,1-diyl, O, S, SO, SO2, or CO.

    [0019] Preferably, the repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 1 may be derived from one or more aromatic diol compounds selected from the group consisting of bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)methane, bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)ether, bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfone, bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfoxide, bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfide, bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)ketone, 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethane, bisphenol A, 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)butane, 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)cyclohexane, 2,2-bis(4-hydroxy-3,5-dibromophenyl)propane, 2,2-bis(4-hydroxy-3,5-dichlorophenyl)propane, 2,2-bis(4-hydroxy-3-bromophenyl)propane, 2,2-bis(4-hydroxy-3-chlorophenyl) propane, 2,2-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methylphenyl)propane, 2,2-bis(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethylphenyl)propane, 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-phenyl ethane, bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)diphenylmethane, and α,ω-bis[3-(o-hydroxyphenyl)propyl]polydimethylsiloxane.

    [0020] As used herein, 'derived from aromatic diol compounds' means that a hydroxy group of the aromatic diol compound and a carbonate precursor are reacted to form the repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 1.

    [0021] For example, when bisphenol A which is an aromatic diol compound, and triphosgene which is a carbonate precursor, are polymerized, the repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 1 is represented by the following Chemical Formula 1-1:



    [0022] The carbonate precursor used herein may include one or more selected from the group consisting of dimethyl carbonate, diethyl carbonate, dibutyl carbonate, dicyclohexyl carbonate, diphenyl carbonate, ditolyl carbonate, bis(chlorophenyl)carbonate, di-m-cresyl carbonate, dinaphthyl carbonate, bis(diphenyl)carbonate, phosgene, triphosgene, diphosgene, bromo phosgene and bishalo formate. Preferably, triphosgene or phosgene may be used.

    [0023] In Chemical Formula 2, each of X1 is independently preferably C2-10 alkylene, more preferably C2-4 alkylene and most preferably propane-1,3-diyl.

    [0024] Also, preferably, each of R5 is independently hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, propyl, 3-phenylpropyl, 2-phenylpropyl, 3-(oxiranylmethoxy)propyl, fluoro, chloro, bromo, iodo, methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, allyl, 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl, 3,3,3-trifluoropropyl, phenyl, or naphthyl. In addition, each of R5 is independently preferably C1-10 alkyl, more preferably C1-6 alkyl, still more preferably C1-3 alkyl and most preferably methyl.

    [0025] Further, preferably, n is an integer of not less than 10, not less than 15, not less than 20, not less than 25, not less than 30, not less than 31, or not less than 32; and not more than 50, not more than 45, not more than 40, not more than 39, not more than 38, or not more than 37.

    [0026] In Chemical Formula 3, each of X2 is independently preferably C2-10 alkylene, more preferably C2-6 alkylene and most preferably isobutylene.

    [0027] Further, preferably, Y1 is hydrogen.

    [0028] Further, preferably, each of R6 is independently hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, propyl, 3-phenylpropyl, 2-phenylpropyl, 3-(oxiranylmethoxy)propyl, fluoro, chloro, bromo, iodo, methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, allyl, 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl, 3,3,3-trifluoropropyl, phenyl, or naphthyl. Further, preferably, each of R6 is independently C1-10 alkyl, more preferably C1-6 alkyl, still more preferably C1-3 alkyl, and most preferably methyl.

    [0029] Preferably, m is not less than 40, not less than 45, not less than 50, not less than 55, not less than 56, not less than 57, or not less than 58; and not more than 80, not more than 75, not more than 70, not more than 65, not more than 64, not more than 63, or not more than 62.

    [0030] The repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 2 and the repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 3 are, respectively, derived from a siloxane compound represented by the following Chemical Formula 2-1 and a siloxane compound represented by the following Chemical Formula 3-1:

    in the above Chemical Formula 2-1, X1, R5 and n are the same as previously defined.

    in the above Chemical Formula 3-1, X2, Y1, R6 and m are the same as previously defined.

    [0031] As used herein, 'derived from a siloxane compound' means that a hydroxy group of the respective siloxane compound and a carbonate precursor are reacted to form the repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 2 and the repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 3. Further, the carbonate precursors that can be used for the formation of the repeating units represented by Chemical Formulae 2 and 3 are the same as those described for the carbonate precursor that can be used for the formation of the repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 1 described above.

    [0032] The methods for preparing the siloxane compound represented by Chemical Formula 2-1 and the siloxane compound represented by Chemical Formula 3-1 are represented by the following Reaction Schemes 1 and 2:

    in the above Reaction Scheme 1,

    X1' is C2-10 alkenyl, and

    X1, R5 and n are the same as previously defined.





    in the above Reaction Scheme 2,

    X2' is C2-10 alkenyl, and

    X2, Y1, R6 and m are the same as previously defined.



    [0033] In Reaction Scheme 1 and Reaction Scheme 2, the reaction is preferably conducted in the presence of a metal catalyst. As the metal catalyst, a Pt catalyst is preferably used. The Pt catalyst used herein may include one or more selected from the group consisting of Ashby catalyst, Karstedt catalyst, Lamoreaux catalyst, Speier catalyst, PtCl2(COD), PtCl2(benzonitrile)2 and H2PtBr6. The metal catalyst may be used in an amount of not less than 0.001 parts by weight, not less than 0.005 parts by weight, or not less than 0.01 parts by weight; and not more than 1 part by weight, not more than 0.1 part by weight, or not more than 0.05 part by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of the compounds represented by the Chemical Formulae 7 or 9.

    [0034] Further, the above reaction temperature is preferably 80 to 100°C. Further the above reaction time is preferably 1 to 5 hours.

    [0035] In addition, the compounds represented by Chemical Formulae 7 or 9 can be prepared by reacting an organodisiloxane and an organocyclosiloxane in the presence of an acid catalyst, and n and m may be adjusted by adjusting the amount of the reactants used.

    [0036] The reaction temperature is preferably 50 to 70°C. Also, the reaction time is preferably 1 to 6 hours.

    [0037] The above organodisiloxane may include one or more selected from the group consisting of tetramethyldisiloxane, tetraphenyldisiloxane, hexamethyldisiloxane and hexaphenyldisiloxane. In addition, the above organocyclosiloxane may include, for example, organocyclotetrasiloxane. As one example thereof, octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane and octaphenylcyclotetrasiloxane and the like can be included.

    [0038] The above organodisiloxane can be used in an amount of not less than 0.1 parts by weight, or not less than 2 parts by weight; and not more than 10 parts by weight, or not more than 8 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of the organocyclosiloxane.

    [0039] The above acid catalyst that may be used herein includes one or more selected from the group consisting of H2SO4, HClO4, AlCl3, SbCl5, SnCl4 and acid clay (fuller's earth). Further, the acid catalyst may be used in an amount of not less than 0.1 parts by weight, not less than 0.5 parts by weight, or not less than 1 part by weight; and not more than 10 parts by weight, not more than 5 parts by weight, or not more than 3 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of the organocyclosiloxane.

    [0040] In particular, by adjusting the content of the repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 2 and the repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 3, the impact resistance at low-temperature and the melt index of the copolycarbonate can be improved simultaneously. Preferably, the weight ratio between the repeating units may be from 1 : 99 to 99 : 1. Preferably, the weight ratio is from 3:97 to 97:3, from 5:95 to 95:5, from 10:90 to 90:10, or from 15:85 to 85:15, and more preferably from 20:80 to 80:20. The weight ratio of the above repeating units corresponds to the weight ratio of siloxane compounds, for example the siloxane compound represented by Chemical Formula 2-1 and the siloxane compound represented by Chemical Formula 3-1

    [0041] Preferably, the repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 2 is represented by the following Chemical Formula 2-2:

    in the above Chemical Formula 2-2, R5 and n are the same as previously defined. Preferably, R5 is methyl.

    [0042] Also, preferably, the repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 3 is represented by the following Chemical Formula 3-2:

    in the above Chemical Formula 3-2, R6 and m are the same as previously defined. Preferably, R6 is methyl.

    [0043] Further, preferably, the copolycarbonate comprises all of the repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 1-1, the repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 2-2, and the repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 3-2.

    [0044] Further, provided is a method for preparing a copolycarbonate comprising a step of polymerizing the aromatic diol compound, the carbonate precursor and one or more siloxane compounds.

    [0045] The aromatic diol compound, the carbonate precursor and the one or more siloxane compounds are the same as previously described.

    [0046] During the polymerization, the one or more siloxane compounds can be used in an amount of not less than 0.1% by weight, not less than 0.5% by weight, not less than 1% by weight, or not less than 1.5% by weight; and not more than 20% by weight, not more than 10% by weight, not more than 7% by weight, not more than 5% by weight, not more than 4% by weight, not more than 3% by weight, or not more than 2% by weight, based on 100% by weight in total of the aromatic diol compound, the carbonate precursor and the one or more siloxane compounds. Also, the above aromatic diol compound can be used in an amount of not less than 40% by weight, not less than 50% by weight, or not less than 55% by weight; and not more than 80% by weight, not more than 70% by weight, or not more than 65% by weight, based on 100% by weight in total of the aromatic diol compound, the carbonate precursor and the one or more siloxane compounds. The above carbonate precursor can be used in an amount of not less than 10% by weight, not less than 20% by weight, or not less than 30% by weight; and not more than 60% by weight, not more than 50% by weight, or not more than 40 by weight, based on 100% by weight in total of the aromatic diol compound, the carbonate precursor and the one or more siloxane compounds.

    [0047] Further, as the polymerization method, an interfacial polymerization method can be used as one example. In this case, there is an effect in that the polymerization reaction is possible at a low temperature under an atmospheric pressure, and the molecular weight is easily controlled. The above interfacial polymerization is preferably conducted in the presence of an acid binder and an organic solvent. Furthermore, the above interfacial polymerization may comprise, for example, the steps of conducting pre-polymerization, then adding a coupling agent and again conducting polymerization. In this case, the copolycarbonate having a high molecular weight can be obtained.

    [0048] The materials used in the interfacial polymerization are not particularly limited as long as they can be used in the polymerization of polycarbonates. The used amount thereof may be controlled as required.

    [0049] The acid binding agent may include, for example, alkali metal hydroxides such as sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide, or amine compounds such as pyridine.

    [0050] The organic solvent is not particularly limited as long as it is a solvent that can be usually used in the polymerization of polycarbonate. As one example, halogenated hydrocarbon such as methylene chloride or chlorobenzene can be used.

    [0051] Further, during the interfacial polymerization, a reaction accelerator, for example, a tertiary amine compound such as triethylamine, tetra-n-butyl ammonium bromide and tetra-n-butylphosphonium bromide or a quaternary ammonium compound or a quaternary phosphonium compound may be further used for accelerating the reaction.

    [0052] In the interfacial polymerization, the reaction temperature is preferably from 0 to 40°C and the reaction time is preferably from 10 minutes to 5 hours. Further, during the interfacial polymerization reaction, pH is preferably maintained at 9 or more, or 11 or more.

    [0053] In addition, the interfacial polymerization may be conducted by further including a molecular weight modifier. The molecular weight modifier may be added before the initiation of polymerization, during the initiation of polymerization, or after the initiation of polymerization.

    [0054] As the above molecular weight modifier, mono-alkylphenol may be used. As one example, the mono-alkylphenol is one or more selected from the group consisting of p-tert-butylphenol, p-cumyl phenol, decyl phenol, dodecyl phenol, tetradecyl phenol, hexadecyl phenol, octadecyl phenol, eicosyl phenol, docosyl phenol and triacontyl phenol, and preferably p-tert-butylphenol. In this case, the effect of adjusting the molecular weight control is great.

    [0055] The above molecular weight modifier is contained, for example, in an amount of not less than 0.01 parts by weight, not less than 0.1 parts by weight, or not less than 1 part by weight; and not more than 10 parts by weight, not more than 6 parts by weight, or not more than 5 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of the aromatic diol compound. Within this range, the required molecular weight can be obtained.

    [0056] The copolycarbonate is used together with the polycarbonate as needed to thereby control the physical properties of the copolycarbonate.

    [0057] The above polycarbonate is distinguished from the copolycarbonate in that a polysiloxane structure is not introduced in a main chain of the polycarbonate.

    [0058] Preferably, the above polycarbonate comprises a repeating unit represented by the following Chemical Formula 4:

    in the above Chemical Formula 4,

    R'1, R'2, R'3 and R'4 are each independently hydrogen, C1-10 alkyl, C1-10 alkoxy, or halogen,

    Z' is C1-10 alkylene unsubstituted or substituted with phenyl, C3-15 cycloalkylene unsubstituted or substituted with C1-10 alkyl, O, S, SO, SO2 or CO.



    [0059] Further, preferably, the above polycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of 15,000 to 35,000 g/mol. More preferably, the above weight average molecular weight (g/mol) is not less than 20,000, not less than 21,000, not less than 22,000, not less than 23,000, not less than 24,000, not less than 25,000, not less than 26,000, not less than 27,000, or not less than 28,000. Further, the above weight average molecular weight (g/mol) is not more than 34,000, not more than 33,000, or not more than 32,000.

    [0060] The repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 4 is formed by reacting the aromatic diol compound and the carbonate precursor. The aromatic diol compound and the carbonate precursor that can be used herein are the same as previously described for the repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 1.

    [0061] Preferably, R'1, R'2, R'3, R'4 and Z' in Chemical Formula 4 are the same as previously described for R1, R2, R3, R4 and Z in Chemical Formula 1 respectively.

    [0062] Further, preferably, the repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 4 is represented by the following Chemical Formula 4-1:



    [0063] In the polycarbonate composition, the weight ratio of the copolycarbonate and the polycarbonate is preferably from 99 : 1 to 1 : 99, more preferably from 90:10 to 50:50, and most preferably from 80 : 20 to 60 : 40.

    [0064] In addition, provided is an article comprising the polycarbonate composition.

    [0065] Preferably, the above article is an injection molded article. In addition, the article may further comprise, for example, one or more selected from the group consisting of antioxidants, heat stabilizers, light stabilizers, plasticizers, antistatic agents, nucleating agents, flame retardants, lubricants, impact reinforcing agents, fluorescent brightening agents, ultraviolet absorbers, pigments and dyes.

    [0066] The method for preparing the article may comprise the steps of mixing the polycarbonate composition and additives such as antioxidants using a mixer, extrusion-molding the mixture with an extruder to produce a pellet, drying the pellet and then injecting the dried pellet with an injection molding machine.

    [ADVANTAGEOUS EFFECTS]



    [0067] As set forth above, the copolycarbonate in which a specific siloxane compound is introduced in a main chain of the polycarbonate has small difference between an impact strength at room temperature and an impact strength at low-temperature and thus exhibits an excellent impact resistance.

    [DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS]



    [0068] Below, preferred embodiments will be provided in order to assist in the understanding of the present disclosure. However, these examples are provided only for illustration of the present invention, and should not be construed as limiting the present invention by the examples.

    Preparation Example 1: Preparation of AP-PDMS(n=34)



    [0069] 



    [0070] 47.60 g (160 mmol) of octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane and 2.40 g (17.8 mmol) of tetramethyldisiloxane were mixed. The mixture was then placed in 3L flask together with 1 part by weight of an acid clay (DC-A3) compared to 100 parts by weight of octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane, and reacted at 60°C for 4 hours.

    [0071] After completion of the reaction, the reaction product was diluted with ethyl acetate and quickly filtered using a celite. The repeating unit(n) of the terminal-unmodified polyorganosiloxane thus prepared was 34 when confirmed through 1H NMR.

    [0072] To the resulting terminal-unmodified polyorganosiloxane, 4.81 g (35.9 mmol) of 2-allylphenol and 0.01g (50 ppm) of Karstedt's platinum catalyst were added and reacted at 90°C for 3 hours. After completion of the reaction, the unreacted siloxane was removed by conducting evaporation under the conditions of 120°C and 1 torr. The terminal-modified polyorganosiloxane thus prepared was designated as AP-PDMS (n = 34). AP-PDMS was a pale yellow oil and the repeating unit (n) was 34 when confirmed through 1H NMR using a Varian 500MHz, and further purification was not required.

    Preparation Example 2: Preparation of MBHB-PDMS(m=58)



    [0073] 



    [0074] 47.60 g (160 mmol) of octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane and 1.5 g (11 mmol) of tetramethyldisiloxane were mixed. The mixture was then introduced in 3L flask together with 1 part by weight of an acid clay (DC-A3) compared to 100 parts by weight of octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane, and reacted at 60°C for 4 hours. After completion of the reaction, the reaction product was diluted with ethyl acetate and quickly filtered using a celite. The repeating unit (m) of the terminal-unmodified polyorganosiloxane thus prepared was 58 when confirmed through 1H NMR.

    [0075] To the resulting terminal-unmodified polyorganosiloxane, 6.13 g (29.7 mmol) of 3-methylbut-3-enyl 4-hydroxybenzoate and 0.01 g (50 ppm) of Karstedt's platinum catalyst were added and reacted at 90°C for 3 hours. After completion of the reaction, the unreacted siloxane was removed by conducting evaporation under the conditions of 120°C and 1 torr. The terminal-modified polyorganosiloxane thus prepared was designated as MBHB-PDMS (m=58). MBHB-PDMS was a pale yellow oil and the repeating unit (m) was 58 when confirmed through 1H NMR using a Varian 500MHz, and further purification was not required.

    Preparation Example 3: Eugenol-PDMS



    [0076] 



    [0077] 47.60 g (160 mmol) of octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane and 1.7 g (13 mmol) of tetramethyldisiloxane were mixed. The mixture was then placed in 3L flask together with 1 part by weigth of an acid clay (DC-A3) compared to 100 parts by weight of octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane, and reacted at 60°C for 4 hours. After completion of the reaction, the reaction product was diluted with ethyl acetate and quickly filtered using a celite. The repeating unit (n) of the terminal-unmodified polyorganosiloxane thus prepared was 50 when confirmed through 1H NMR.

    [0078] To the resulting terminal-unmodified polyorganosiloxane, 6.13 g (29.7 mmol) of Eugenol and 0.01 g (50 ppm) of Karstedt's platinum catalyst were added and reacted at 90°C for 3 hours. After completion of the reaction, the unreacted siloxane was removed by conducting evaporation under the conditions of 120°C and 1 torr. The terminal-modified polyorganosiloxane thus prepared was designated as Eugenol-PDMS. Eugenol-PDMS was a pale yellow oil and the repeating unit (n) was 50 when confirmed through 1H NMR using a Varian 500MHz, and further purification was not required.

    Example 1



    [0079] 1784 g of water, 385 g of NaOH and 232 g of BPA (bisphenol A) were added to a polymerization reactor, and dissolved with mixing under a N2 atmosphere. 4.3 g of PTBP (para-tert butylphenol) and the mixed solution (weight ratio of 90:10) of 5.91 g of AP-PDMS (n=34) prepared in Preparation Example 1 and 0.66 g of MBHB-PDMS (m=58) prepared in Preparation Example 2 were dissolved in MC(methylene chloride) and added thereto. Subsequently, 128 g of TPG (triphosgene) was dissolved in MC and a dissolved TPG solution added thereto and reacted for 1 hour while maintaining pH of the TPG solution at 11 or more. After 10 minutes, 46 g of TEA (triethylamine) was added thereto to conduct a coupling reaction. After a total reaction time of 1 hour and 20 minutes, pH was lowered to 4 to remove TEA, and pH of a produced polymer was adjusted to neutral pH of 6 to 7 by washing three times with distilled water. The polymer thus obtained was re-precipitated in a mixed solution of methanol and hexane, and then dried at 120°C to give a final copolycarbonate.

    Example 2



    [0080] The copolycarbonate was prepared in the same method as in Example 1, except that the weight ratio of AP-PDMS (n=34) and MBHB-PDMS (m=58) was 95:5.

    Example 3



    [0081] The copolycarbonate was prepared in the same method as in Example 1 except that the weight ratio of AP-PDMS (n=34) and MBHB-PDMS (m=58) was 97:3.

    Example 4



    [0082] The copolycarbonate was prepared in the same method as in Example 1 except that the weight ratio of AP-PDMS (n=34) and MBHB-PDMS (m=58) was 99:1.

    Example 5



    [0083] The copolycarbonate was prepared in the same method as in Example 1, except that the weight ratio of AP-PDMS (n=34) and MBHB-PDMS (m=58) was 95:5 and the addition amount of the molecular weight modifier PTBP (para-tert butylphenol) was adjusted.

    Comparative Example 1



    [0084] 1784 g of water, 385 g of NaOH and 232 g of BPA (bisphenol A) were added to a polymerization reacotor, and dissolved with mixing under a N2 atmosphere. 4.3 g of PTBP (para-tert butylphenol) and 6.57 g of Eugenol-PDMS prepared in Preparation Example 3 were dissolved in MC(methylene chloride) and added thereto. Subsequently, 128 g of TPG (triphosgene) was dissolved in MC and a dissolved TPG solution added thereto and reacted for 1 hour while maintaining pH of the TPG solution at 11 or more. After 10 minutes, 46 g of TEA (triethylamine) was added thereto to conduct a coupling reaction. After a total reaction time of 1 hour and 20 minutes, pH was lowered to 4 to remove TEA, and pH of a produced polymer was adjusted to neutral pH of 6 to 7 by washing three times with distilled water. The polymer thus obtained was re-precipitated in a mixed solution of methanol and hexane, and then dried at 120°C to give a final copolycarbonate.

    Comparative Example 2



    [0085] The copolycarbonate was prepared by the same method as in Comparative Example 1, except that AP-PDMS was used instead of Eugenol-PDMS.

    Experimental Example: Confirmation of characteristics of copolycarbonate



    [0086] The weight average molecular weight of the copolycarobate prepared in the Examples and Comparative Examples were measured by GPC using PC Standard with Agilent 1200 series.

    [0087] In addition, with respect to 1 part by weight of the respective copolycarbonate prepared in the Examples and Comparative Examples, 0.050 parts by weight of tris(2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl)phosphite, 0.010 parts by weight of octadecyl-3-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate, and 0.030 parts by weight of pentaerythritol tetrastearate were added thereto, and the resulting mixture was pelletized using a Φ30 mm twin-screw extruder provided with a vent, and was injection-molded at a cylinder temperature of 300°C and a mold temperature of 80°C using the N-20C injection molding machine of JSW Co., Ltd to prepare a desired specimen.

    [0088] The characteristics of the above specimens were measured in the following manner and the results were shown in Table 1 below.
    1. 1) Impact strength at room temperature: measured at 23°C in accordance with ASTM D256 (1/8 inch, Notched Izod).
    2. 2) Impact strength at low-temperature: measured at -30°C in accordance with ASTM D256 (1/8 inch, Notched Izod).
    3. 3) YI (yellow index): Specimen (width/length/thickness = 60 mm/ 40 mm/ 3 mm) was injection-molded at 300°C, and then YI (yellow index) was measured under the following conditions by using Color-Eye 7000A (X-rite Inc.) in accordance with ASTM D1925.
      • Measurement temperature: room temperature (23°C)
      • Aperture size: Large area of view
      • Measurement method: transmittance was measured in a spiral range (360 nm to 750 nm)
    [Table 1]
     Ex.1Ex.2Ex.3Ex.4Ex.5Com. Ex.1Com. Ex.2
    Weight average molecular weight (g/mol) 31,000 31,000 31,000 31,000 28,100 26,100 25,000
    Impact strength at room temperature(J/m) 963 940 880 850 845 802 650
    Impact strength at low-temperature (J/m) 902 840 750 700 678 678 533
    Impact strength at room temperature/Impact strength at low-temperature 1.06 1.12 1.17 1.21 1.25 1.18 1.22
    YI (Yellow Index) 6.27 5.55 5.21 4.21 2.43 6.74 3.71


    [0089] As shown in Table 1 above, the copolycarbonate had superior impact strength at low-temperature and impact strength at room temperature as compared with Comparative Examples 1 and 2. In particular, the copolycarbonate had small difference between an impact strength at room temperature and an impact strength at low-temperature and thereby exhibited excellent impact resistance.


    Claims

    1. A polycarbonate composition comprising a copolycarbonate comprising: an aromatic polycarbonate-based first repeating unit; and one or more aromatic polycarbonate-based second repeating units having siloxane bonds,
    wherein the ratio of an impact strength at room temperature and an impact strength at low-temperature (impact strength at room temperature/ impact strength at low-temperature) as measured at 23°C and -30°C, respectively, in accordance with ASTM D256 (1/8 inch,Notched Izod) is 1.01 to 1.30, and the impact strength at room temperature is 840 to 1000 J/m, and
    wherein the second repeating unit comprises a repeating unit represented by the following Chemical Formula 2 and a repeating unit represented by the following Chemical Formula 3:

    in the above Formula 2,

    each of X1 is independently C1-10 alkylene,

    each of R5 is independently hydrogen; C1-15 alkyl unsubstituted or substituted with oxiranyl, oxiranyl-substituted C1-10 alkoxy, or C6-20 aryl; halogen; C1-10 alkoxy; allyl; C1-10 haloalkyl; or C6-20 aryl, and

    n is an integer of 10 to 200,



    in the above Formula 3,

    each of X2 is independently C1-10 alkylene,

    each of Y1 is independently hydrogen, C1-6 alkyl, halogen, hydroxy, C1-6 alkoxy, or C6-20 aryl,

    each of R6 is independently hydrogen; or C1-15 alkyl unsubstituted or substituted with oxiranyl, oxiranyl-substituted C1-10 alkoxy, or C6-20 aryl; halogen; C1-10 alkoxy; allyl; C1-10 haloalkyl; or C6-20 aryl, and

    m is an integer of 10 to 200;

    and a polycarbonate.
     
    2. The polycarbonate composition of claim 1 wherein
    a polysiloxane structure is not introduced in a main chain of the polycarbonate.
     
    3. The polycarbonate composition of claim 1 wherein
    the polycarbonate comprises a repeating unit represented by the following Chemical Formula 4:

    in the above Chemical Formula 4,

    R'1, R'2, R'3 and R'4 are each independently hydrogen, C1-10 alkyl, C1-10 alkoxy or halogen, and

    Z' is C1-10 alkylene unsubstituted or substituted with phenyl, C3-15 cycloalkylene unsubstituted or substituted with C1-10 alkyl, O, S, SO, SO2 or CO.


     
    4. The polycarbonate composition of claim 1 wherein
    the impact strength at low-temperature is 650 to 950 J/m.
     
    5. The polycarbonate composition of claim 1 wherein
    the melt index as measured in accordance with ASTM D1238 (300°C, 1.2 kg conditions) is 3 to 20 g/10 min.
     
    6. The polycarbonate composition of claim 1 wherein
    the copolycarbonate has a weight average molecular weight of 1,000 to 100,000 g/mol measured by GPC using PC Standard.
     
    7. The polycarbonate composition of claim 1 wherein
    the first repeating unit is represented by the following Chemical Formula 1:

    in the above Formula 1,

    R1, R2, R3 and R4 are each independently hydrogen, C1-10 alkyl, C1-10 alkoxy, or halogen, and

    Z is C1-10 alkylene unsubstituted or substituted with phenyl, C3-15 cycloalkylene unsubstituted or substituted with C1-10 alkyl, O, S, SO, SO2, or CO.


     
    8. The polycarbonate composition of claim 7 wherein
    the repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 1 is derived from one or more aromatic diol compounds selected from the group consisting of bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)methane, bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)ether, bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfone, bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfoxide, bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfide, bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)ketone, 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethane, bisphenol A, 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)butane, 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)cyclohexane, 2,2-bis(4-hydroxy-3,5-dibromophenyl)propane, 2,2-bis(4-hydroxy-3,5-dichlorophenyl)propane, 2,2-bis(4-hydroxy-3-bromophenyl)propane, 2,2-bis(4-hydroxy-3-chlorophenyl) propane, 2,2-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methylphenyl)propane, 2,2-bis(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethylphenyl)propane, 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-phenyl ethane, and bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)diphenylmethane.
     
    9. The polycarbonate composition of claim 7 wherein
    the Chemical Formula 1 is represented by the following Chemical Formula 1-1:


     
    10. The polycarbonate composition of claim 1 wherein
    the weight ratio of the repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 2 and the repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 3 is 99:1 to 1:99.
     
    11. The polycarbonate composition of claim 1 wherein
    the repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 2 is represented by the following Chemical Formula 2-2:


     
    12. The polycarbonate composition of claim 1 wherein
    the repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 3 is represented by the following Chemical Formula 3-2:


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Polycarbonatzusammensetzung umfassend ein Copolycarbonat, umfassend:

    eine erste Wiederholungseinheit auf Basis von aromatischem Polycarbonat; und eine oder mehrere zweite Wiederholungseinheiten auf Basis von aromatischem Polycarbonat mit Siloxanbindungen,

    wobei das Verhältnis einer Schlagfestigkeit bei Raumtemperatur und einer Schlagfestigkeit bei niederer Temperatur (Schlagfestigkeit bei Raumtemperatur/Schlagfestigkeit bei niederer Temperatur), gemessen bei 23°C bzw. -30°C, gemäß ASTM D 256 (1/8 inch, Notched Izod) 1,01 bis 1,30 ist, und die Schlagfestigkeit bei Raumtemperatur 840 bis 1000 J/m ist, und

    wobei die zweite Wiederholungseinheit eine Wiederholungseinheit, die durch die folgende chemische Formel 2 dargestellt ist, und eine Wiederholungseinheit, die durch die folgende chemische Formel 3 dargestellt ist, umfasst:

    wobei in der obigen Formel 2

    jedes X1 unabhängig C1-10-Alkylen ist,

    jedes R5 unabhängig Wasserstoff; C1-15-Alkyl, unsubstituiert oder substituiert mit Oxiranyl, Oxiranyl-substituiertem C1-10-Alkoxy oder C6-20-Aryl; Halogen; C1-10-Alkoxy; Allyl; C1-10-Halogenalkyl; oder C6-20-Aryl ist, und

    n eine ganze Zahl von 10 bis 200 ist,



    wobei in der obigen Formel 3

    jedes X2 unabhängig C1-10-Alkylen ist,

    jedes Y1 unabhängig Wasserstoff, C1-6-Alkyl, Halogen, Hydroxy, C1-6-Alkoxy oder C6-20-Aryl ist,

    jedes R6 unabhängig Wasserstoff; oder C1-15-Alkyl, unsubstituiert oder substituiert mit Oxiranyl, Oxiranyl-substituiertem C1-10-Alkoxy oder C6-20-Aryl; Halogen; C1-10-Alkoxy; Allyl; C1-10-Halogenalkyl; oder C6-20-Aryl ist, und

    m eine ganze Zahl von 10 bis 200 ist;

    und ein Polycarbonat.


     
    2. Polycarbonatzusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, wobei eine Polysiloxanstruktur nicht in einer Hauptkette des Polycarbonats eingeführt ist.
     
    3. Polycarbonatzusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Polycarbonat eine Wiederholungseinheit umfasst, die durch die folgende chemische Formel 4 dargestellt ist:

    wobei in der chemischen Formel 4

    R'1, R'2, R'3 und R'4 jeweils unabhängig Wasserstoff; C1-10-Alkyl, C1-10-Alkoxy oder Halogen sind, und

    Z' C1-10-Alkylen, unsubstituiert oder substituiert mit Phenyl, C3-15-Cycloalkylen, unsubstituiert oder substituiert mit C1-10-Alkyl, O, S, SO, SO2 oder CO ist.


     
    4. Polycarbonatzusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Schlagfestigkeit bei niederer Temperatur 650 bis 950 J/m ist.
     
    5. Polycarbonatzusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Schmelzindex, gemessen gemäß ASTM D1238 (Bedingungen von 300°C, 1,2 kg) 3 bis 20 g/10 min ist.
     
    6. Polycarbonatzusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Copolycarbonat ein Gewichtsmittelmolekulargewicht von 1.000 bis 100.000 g/mol, gemessen mittels GPC unter Verwendung von PC-Standard, aufweist.
     
    7. Polycarbonatzusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die erste Wiederholungseinheit durch die folgende chemische Formel 1 dargestellt ist:

    wobei in der obigen Formel 1

    R1, R2, R3 und R4 jeweils unabhängig Wasserstoff, C1-10-Alkyl, C1-10-Alkoxy oder Halogen sind, und

    Z C1-10-Alkylen, unsubstituiert oder substituiert mit Phenyl, C3-15-Cycloalkylen, unsubstituiert oder substituiert mit C1-10-Alkyl, O, S, SO, SO2 oder CO ist.


     
    8. Polycarbonatzusammensetzung nach Anspruch 7, wobei die durch chemische Formel 1 dargestellte Wiederholungseinheit abgeleitet ist aus einer oder mehreren aromatischen Diolverbindungen, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)methan, Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)ether, Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfon, Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfoxid, Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)sulfid, Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)keton, 1,1-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethan, Bisphenol A, 2,2-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)butan, 1,1-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-cyclohexan, 2,2-Bis(4-hydroxy-3,5-dibromphenyl)propan, 2,2-Bis(4-hydroxy-3,5-dichlorphenyl)propan, 2,2-Bis(4-hydroxy-3-bromphenyl)propan, 2,2-Bis(4-hydroxy-3-chlorphenyl)propan, 2,2-Bis(4-hydroxy-3-methylphenyl)-propan, 2,2-Bis(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethylphenyl)propan, 1,1-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-i-phenylethan und Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)diphenylmethan.
     
    9. Polycarbonatzusammensetzung nach Anspruch 7, wobei die chemische Formel 1 durch die folgende chemische Formel 1-1 dargestellt ist:


     
    10. Polycarbonatzusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Gewichtsverhältnis der durch chemische Formel 2 dargestellten Wiederholungseinheit und der durch chemische Formel 3 dargestellten Wiederholungseinheit 99:1 bis 1:99 ist.
     
    11. Polycarbonatzusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die durch chemische Formel 2 dargestellte Wiederholungseinheit durch die folgende chemische Formel 2-2 dargestellt ist:


     
    12. Polycarbonatzusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die durch chemische Formel 3 dargestellte Wiederholungseinheit durch die folgende chemische Formel 3-2 dargestellt ist:


     


    Revendications

    1. Composition de polycarbonate comprenant un copolycarbonate qui renferme : un premier motif récurrent à base de polycarbonate aromatique ; et un ou plusieurs deuxième(s) motif(s) récurrent(s) aromatique(s) ayant des liaisons siloxane,
    dans laquelle le rapport d'une résistance aux chocs à température ambiante et d'une résistance aux chocs à basse température (résistance aux chocs à température ambiante/résistance aux chocs à basse température) telle que mesurée à 23°C et -30°C, respectivement, conformément à la norme D256 de l'ASTM (1/8ième de pouce, sur barreau entaillé ) est de 1,01 à 1,30, et la résistance aux chocs à température ambiante est de 840 à 1000 J/m, et
    dans laquelle le deuxième motif récurrent comprend un motif récurrent représenté par la formule chimique 2 suivante et un motif récurrent représenté par la formule chimique 3 suivante :

    dans la formule 2 ci-dessus,

    chacun des X1 représente indépendamment un alkylène en C1-10,

    chacun des R5 représente indépendamment l'hydrogène ; un alkyle en C1-15 non substitué ou substitué par l'oxiranyle, un alcoxy en C1-10 substitué par l'oxiranyle, ou un aryle en C6-20 ; un halogène ; un alcoxy en C1-10 ; un allyle ; un haloalkyle en C1-10 ; ou un aryle en C6-20 , et

    n représente un nombre entier valant de 10 à 200,



    dans la formule 3 ci-dessus,

    chacun des X2 représente indépendamment un alkylène en C1-10,

    chacun des Y1 représente indépendamment l'hydrogène, un alkyle en C1-6, un halogène, un hydroxy, un alcoxy en C1-6 ou un aryle en C6-20,

    chacun des R6 représente indépendamment l'hydrogène ; ou un alkyle en C1-15 non substitué ou substitué par un oxiranyle, un alcoxy en C1-10 substitué par un oxiranyle, ou un aryle en C6-20 ; un halogène ; un alcoxy en C1-10 ; un allyle ; un haloalkyle en C1-10 ; ou un aryle en C6-20, et

    m représente un nombre entier valant de 10 à 200 ;

    et un polycarbonate.
     
    2. Composition de polycarbonate selon la revendication 1 dans laquelle
    une structure de polysiloxane n'est pas introduite dans une chaîne principale du polycarbonate.
     
    3. Composition de polycarbonate selon la revendication 1 dans laquelle
    le polycarbonate comprend un motif récurrent représenté par la formule chimique 4 suivante :

    dans la formule chimique 4 ci-dessus ,

    R'1, R'2, R'3 et R'4 représentent chacun indépendamment l'hydrogène, un alkyle en C1-10, un alcoxy en C1-10 ou un halogène, et

    Z' représente un alkylène en C1-10 non substitué ou substitué par un phényle, un cycloalkylène en C3-15 non substitué ou substitué par un alkyle en C1-10, O, S, SO, SO2 ou CO.


     
    4. Composition de polycarbonate selon la revendication 1, la résistance aux chocs à basse température étant de 650 to 950 J/m.
     
    5. Composition de polycarbonate selon la revendication 1,
    l'indice de fluidité comme mesuré conformément à la norme D1238 de l'ASTM (Conditions de 300°C, 1,2 kg) étant 3 de 20 g/10 minutes.
     
    6. Composition de polycarbonate selon la revendication 1,
    le copolycarbonate ayant un poids moléculaire moyen en poids de 1.000 à 100.000 g/mol mesuré par chromatographie par perméation sur gel (CPG) en utilisant un étalonnage PC.
     
    7. Composition de polycarbonate selon la revendication 1,
    le premier motif récurrent étant représenté par la formule chimique 1 suivante :

    dans la formule 1 ci-dessus,

    R1, R2, R3 et R4 représentent chacun indépendamment l'hydrogène, un alkyle en C1-10, un alcoxy en C1-10, ou un halogène, et

    Z représente un alkylène en C1-10 non substitué ou substitué par un phényle, un cycloalkylène en C3-15 non substitué ou substitué par un alkyle en C1-10, O, S, SO, SO2 ou CO.


     
    8. Composition de polycarbonate selon la revendication 7 dans laquelle
    le motif récurrent représenté par la formule chimique 1 est dérivé d'un ou de plusieurs composés diol aromatiques sélectionnés dans le groupe constitué de bis(4-hydroxyphényl)méthane, de bis(4-hydroxyphényl)éther, de bis(4-hydroxyphényl)sulfone, de bis(4-hydroxyphényl)sulfoxyde, de bis(4-hydroxyphényl)sulfure, de bis(4-hydroxyphényl)cétone, 1,1 -bis(4-hydroxyphényl)éthane, de bisphénol A, de 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphényl)butane, de 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphényl)cyclohexane, de 2,2-bis(4-hydroxy-3,5-dibromophényl)propane, de 2,2-bis(4-hydroxy-3,5-dichlorophényl)propane, de 2,2-bis(4-hydroxy-3-bromophényl)propane, de 2,2-bis(4-hydroxy-3-chlorophényl)propane, de 2,2-bis(4-hydroxy-3-méthylphényl)propane, de 2,2-bis(4-hydroxy-3,5-diméthylphényl)propane, de 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphényl)-1-phényl éthane et de bis(4-hydroxyphényl)diphénylméthane
     
    9. Composition de polycarbonate selon la revendication 7 dans laquelle la formule chimique 1 est représentée par la formule chimique 1-1 suivante :


     
    10. Composition de polycarbonate selon la revendication 1 dans laquelle
    le rapport pondéral du motif récurrent représenté par la formule chimique 2 et du motif récurrent représenté par la formule chimique 3 est de 99 : 1 à 1 : 99.
     
    11. Composition de polycarbonate selon la revendication 1 dans laquelle
    le motif récurrent représenté par la formule chimique 2 est représenté par la formule chimique 2-2 suivante :


     
    12. Composition de polycarbonate selon la revendication 1 dans laquelle
    le motif récurrent représenté par la formule chimique 3 est représenté par la formule chimique 3-2 suivante :


     




    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description