(19)
(11)EP 3 066 268 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
09.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/37

(21)Application number: 14800167.0

(22)Date of filing:  10.11.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
E03C 1/02(2006.01)
B29C 33/30(2006.01)
B29C 45/37(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/NL2014/050776
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/069114 (14.05.2015 Gazette  2015/19)

(54)

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR LIMITING OR KEEPING CONSTANT A FLOWING QUANTITY OF LIQUID

VORRICHTUNG UND VERFAHREN ZUR BEGRENZUNG ODER KONSTANTHALTUNG EINER STRÖMENDEN FLÜSSIGKEITSMENGE

DISPOSITIF ET PROCÉDÉ PERMETTANT DE LIMITER OU DE GARDER CONSTANTE UNE QUANTITÉ DE LIQUIDE EN ÉCOULEMENT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 08.11.2013 NL 2011765

(43)Date of publication of application:
14.09.2016 Bulletin 2016/37

(60)Divisional application:
20187021.9

(73)Proprietor: Vitaplus Nederland B.V.
1273 NA Huizen (NL)

(72)Inventor:
  • Van der Upwich, Stijn
    1273 NA HUIZEN (NL)

(74)Representative: Land, Addick Adrianus Gosling et al
Arnold & Siedsma Bezuidenhoutseweg 57
2594 AC Den Haag
2594 AC Den Haag (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A2-2012/059817
DE-U1-202011 108 603
DE-A1- 19 821 648
US-A- 5 512 221
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The invention relates to a method for producing one or more injection-moulded products, and a mould.

    [0002] Clean drinking water is a scarce resource in many regions of the world. In the Western world a great deal of water is wasted by individuals in taking a bath or shower. Despite the fact that many measures have been taken in Western countries, the amount of energy involved in a shower or bath has continued to increase relatively.

    [0003] Pressure-independent flow limiters are marketed very successfully by applicant, particularly in the United Kingdom and other countries. Such flow limiters are described in EP 1.131.687 A and the Netherlands patent application no. 1010592.

    [0004] Compared to flow limiters of other manufacturers, which usually make use of rubber brings and the like, a considerable improvement is obtained with these known flow limiters, this being due to the ability of these known flow limiters of applicant to provide over a period of years an accurate flow rate of for instance 7.8 (+/- 0.1) litres per minute within a (dynamic) pressure interval of 2.5-10 bar. Existing flow limiters of other manufacturers appear in practice to generate a much less constant and accurate flow rate, particularly in the case of pressure loss (pressure drop), this being particularly undesirable in the case of showers and the like and with the aim of comfortable use of water.

    [0005] There is also a need in hotels, cruise ships and in (the petrochemical) industry for flow limiters in order to limit and/or keep constant the force of a flow of liquid. Owing to the flow limiters of applicant water utility companies can determine more precisely the capacity of the required installations when such flow limiters are arranged in hotels, office buildings, private residences and the like at many locations in the area which they supply. Savings in the costs of installations are hereby considerable.

    [0006] An essential element of the flow limiter of applicant is manufactured by means of injection moulding. It is important for the operation of many injection-moulded products that the dimensioning of these manufactured products corresponds to the required specifications. Particularly in the case of flow limiters which aim to be pressure-independent, the dimensioning of different components is found to be critical in obtaining effective operation.

    [0007] A first object of the present invention is to further improve and make known flow limiters available over a wide range of flow rates.

    [0008] A second object of the present invention is to manufacture injection-moulded products in large numbers with a very high precision, in particular flow limiters with an accurate flow rate. US 5512221 A discloses a method and a mould for injection moulding of thermoplastic optical lenses.

    [0009] The present invention provides a method and a mould for producing one or more injection-moulded products according to claims 1 and 6.

    [0010] Using the method and the mould of the present invention a device can be produced for

    [0011] limiting a quantity of fluid flowing therethrough, comprising a housing which comprises a front chamber and a rear chamber; a partition arranged in the housing and provided with two or more openings; and a flow limiting element arranged in one or both openings.

    [0012] It becomes possible with this device to determine more precisely the peak load of the water use in for instance a large city or industrial zone, the more so in that the device can be arranged at many locations in a mains system. A very large amount of money can be saved by determining this peak load, as disproportionately high costs are involved in managing and supply of peak requirements.

    [0013] The partition is disc-shaped and provided with two, three, four, five and preferably six or seven openings. Many more openings can also be envisaged in other applications, for instance 10-20, 20-30, 30-40, 40-50 and so on. Arranged in a least one of these openings is a flow limiting element which preferably comprises a resilient part for the purpose of limiting the flow rate when pressure increases, wherein the resilient part is preferably embodied in plastic or metal.

    [0014] The housing is preferably constructed from four parts with sealing rings therebetween so that it is easy to disassemble using screw bolts and one or more openings for a flow limiter can be sealed with a (releasable) plug or blind plate and subsequently reassembled. The flow rate can be adapted as desired by providing or sealing one or more openings of a flow limiting element. It is thus possible to utilize the device in many fields of application.

    [0015] In a further preferred embodiment the flow limiting element comprises a housing provided with an inlet, an outlet and a throughflow opening; and a resilient plate-like valve element which is mounted in the housing and which can substantially close the throughflow opening by resilient movement in the direction of a valve seat arranged in the housing adjacently of the throughflow opening, wherein the valve element is fixed on one side (by the liquid flow) and the valve element (resilient element) can move resiliently on the opposite side in the direction of the valve seat, wherein at least a part of the surface of the valve seat extends on the side remote from the fixed side of the valve element such that the distance between the valve seat and the valve element is greater at the position of the outer peripheral edge of the valve seat than at the position of the inner peripheral edge of the valve seat.

    [0016] Said part of the surface of the valve seat preferably extends obliquely.

    [0017] Because said part of the surface of the valve seat extends in this way, a pressure with an upstream component is realized on the downstream side of the valve element so that the valve element does not close the throughflow opening even at very high pressure and, in the case of a sudden pressure decrease at the inlet of the housing, instantaneously enlarges the throughflow opening in order to maintain the most constant possible flow rate at the outlet.

    [0018] According to a further preferred embodiment, the distance between the outer and inner diameter of said part of the valve seat amounts to 5% to 40%, preferably 10% to 20% of the distance between the fixed side of the resilient part of the valve element and the resiliently movable outer end of the valve element.

    [0019] This ratio determines the above stated upstream counter- pressure on the downstream side of the valve element and is therefore crucial to a correct operation of the flow limiting element.

    [0020] In a further preferred embodiment the surface of the valve seat is curved such that the distance between the valve seat and the freely moving part of the valve element is greater at the end of the resiliently movable part of the valve element than at the fixation point.

    [0021] In a further preferred embodiment the valve seat comprises cam parts for limiting the stroke of at least a part of the freely moving part of the valve element.

    [0022] These cam parts ensure that the valve element sags progressively relative to the longitudinal axis of the resilient part of the valve element, whereby the flow rate at the outlet of the housing is kept constant in even more accurate manner. It is thus possible for the valve element to operate optimally at both low and high pressures.

    [0023] In a further preferred embodiment the valve seat has between said part of the valve seat and the fixation point of the valve element at least one recess which locally increases the distance between the valve element and the valve seat.

    [0024] This recess provides for a swirling flow on the downstream side of the valve element and has the advantage that the direction of the liquid flow at the outlet is substantially the same as the direction of the liquid flow at the inlet, wherein a good throughflow is moreover provided.

    [0025] In further preferred embodiments the valve element is of sheet steel and/or mounted releasably in the housing and/or supported on a support point in the housing by means of an eccentric hole in the valve element.

    [0026] More preferably applied is spring steel, i.e. hardened sheet steel.

    [0027] According to a further preferred embodiment, the housing comprises a cushion part which, together with the support point, determines the degree of clamping of the valve element at the end of the fixed part of the valve element. The degree to which the valve element opens can hereby be determined.

    [0028] The present disclosure also relates to a flow limiting element for limiting the force of the flow of a fluid flowing therethrough, comprising: a housing provided with an inlet, an outlet and a throughflow opening; and a resilient plate-like valve element which is arranged in the housing and which can substantially close the throughflow opening by resilient movement in the direction of a valve seat arranged adjacency of the throughflow opening in the housing, wherein the valve element is fixed on one side and the valve element can move resiliently on the opposite side in the direction of the valve seat, wherein at least a part of the surface of the valve seat extends on the side remote from the fixed side of the valve element such that the distance between the valve seat and the valve element is greater at the position of the outer peripheral edge of the valve seat than at the position of the inner peripheral edge of the valve seat.

    [0029] Because said part of the surface of the valve seat extends in this way, the valve element does not close the throughflow opening even at very high pressure and, in the case of a sudden pressure decrease at the inlet of the housing, instantaneously enlarges the throughflow opening in order to maintain the most constant possible flow rate at the outlet.

    [0030] The present disclosure also relates to a method for limiting or keeping constant a quantity of flowing fluid, wherein the fluid is mixed in a front chamber in a housing, flows through openings in a partition arranged in the housing and provided with flow limiters and/or plugs and comes together again in a rear chamber arranged behind the partition in the housing, wherein the flow rate of the fluid is limited in at least one opening.

    [0031] According to a preferred embodiment of the method, the flow rate is dependent on one or more openings with flow limiting elements and one or more openings which are covered.

    [0032] The flow rate can be adapted as desired by providing one or more openings with a flow limiting element or by covering one or more openings. It is thus possible to utilize the device in many fields of application.

    [0033] The present disclosure also relates to a method for spraying clean facades, walls, ships, aircraft, cars, trucks and the like wherein the flow rate is determined by the flow rate of one flow limiting element multiplied by the number of openings in which the flow limiting elements are arranged.

    [0034] According to a second aspect, the invention provides a mould for producing one or more injection-moulded products, wherein at least a part of the mould is movable and adjustable such that the size and/or the shape of the mould cavity is adjustable.

    [0035] The one or more movable parts of the mould are adjustable from the outer side of the mould.

    [0036] The mould need hereby neither cool nor be opened in order to change the shape of the mould cavity. Because the mould cavity can be changed during the injection moulding process, the dimensioning or design of the product can be efficiently modified as desired without appreciable interruptions in the injection moulding process.

    [0037] An injection moulding process must in this context preferably be understood to mean the manufacture of a series of products by injection moulding. The modification or changing of the mould for the purpose of modifying the product to be manufactured then preferably takes place between two successive production cycles, wherein a cycle can be understood to mean either the manufacture of one product or a plurality of products simultaneously. It is then particularly advantageous that the mould can be changed without the mould having to cool and/or be disassembled.

    [0038] The injection-moulded product is the housing of a flow limiting element for limiting the force of the flow of a fluid flowing therethrough, comprising: said housing provided with an inlet, an outlet and a throughflow opening; and a resilient plate-like valve element which is mounted in the housing and which can substantially close the throughflow opening by resilient movement in the direction of a valve seat arranged adjacency of the throughflow opening in the housing, wherein the valve element is fixed on one side and the valve element can move resiliently on the opposite side in the direction of the valve seat.

    [0039] The dimensioning of the different components is particularly important in the case of flow limiting elements which aim to be pressure-independent. The precision of the dimensioning of these components determines the accuracy with which a constant flow rate can be maintained at the outlet.

    [0040] According to further preferred embodiments, the movable part is adjustable for the purpose of adapting the dimensions, the shape and/or the location of the valve seat which determines the width and length of a gap between the valve element and the valve seat; protruding cam elements on the valve seat which limit the stroke of at least a part of the freely moving part of the valve element; the location of the cam parts relative to the valve seat; and the mounting means for the valve element (or resilient element).

    [0041] Because the dimensions, the shape and/or the location of the valve seat, the cam parts and the mounting means can be adapted, optionally relative to each other, the stroke, the degree of clamping and the supporting of the valve element and the gap dimensions can be influenced, and an accurate constant flow rate can be realized at the outlet of the flow limiting element at both relatively high and relatively low pressure. It is particularly advantageous for the cam parts to be situated on the valve seat and for the height of the cam parts to be adjustable relative to the valve seat. This ensures that the gap dimensions, determined by the stroke of the valve element on the one hand and the height and/or width of the valve seat on the other, can be optimized.

    [0042] According to a preferred embodiment, the movable part is adjustable by means of adjusting screws and/or adjusting means which taper and push against the movable part such as to provide for a continuously variable adjustment of the movable part.

    [0043] The movable part can hereby be adjusted with great precision in order to obtain an extremely precise dimensioning of the injection-moulded product.

    [0044] In a further preferred embodiment a resilient element is provided for the purpose of pushing the movable part outward relative to the mould cavity during the movement of the adjusting screw and/or the adjusting means to the outer side of the adjustable mould.

    [0045] This resilient element also contributes in particular toward a precise adjustment in a controlled manner of the movable mould cavity shape-defining part.

    [0046] According to a further preferred embodiment, at least a part of the mould is moved such that the size and/or the shape of the mould is adjusted without disassembling the mould.

    [0047] The mould need hereby neither cool nor be disassembled in order to change the shape of the mould cavity. Because the mould cavity can be changed during the injection moulding process, the dimensioning or design of the product can be modified efficiently as desired without appreciable interruptions in the injection moulding process.

    [0048] According to yet another preferred embodiment, the movable part is adjusted subject to a variation in thickness and/or composition of the valve element.

    [0049] This is particularly advantageous so as to be able to correct for a variation in thickness and/or precise composition of the material of the resilient valve element between manufacture of different series of valve elements. Even within one roll of spring steel the properties of the sheet steel can already vary such that adjustment of the mould is desirable, e.g. after a considerable part of the roll has been unrolled. The dimensioning of the different components of the injection-moulded product can be modified subject to for instance tests between production cycles.

    [0050] Further advantages, features and details of a first and second aspect of the present invention are elucidated on the basis of the following description of preferred embodiments thereof with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

    Fig. 1 is a partially cut-away perspective view of a preferred embodiment of a device produced by the present invention;

    Fig. 2 shows the perspective view of the device of Fig. 1 with a greater flow rate;

    Fig. 3 is an exploded view of the device according to Fig.1 and 2;

    Fig. 4 is a view in partial cross-section along the line IV-IV in Fig. 2;

    Fig. 5 is a view in partial cross-section along the line V-V in Fig. 1;

    Fig. 6 is a partially cut-away view of another preferred embodiment;

    Fig. 7 shows a longitudinal section through the embodiment of Fig. 6; and

    Fig. 8 shows a cross-section through the embodiment of Fig. 6;

    Fig. 9 shows a cross-section through a preferred embodiment of the flow limiting element under an inlet pressure less than or equal to 3 bar;

    Fig. 10 is an enlarged view of a part of the cross-section of the flow limiting element as shown in Fig. 9;

    Fig. 11 shows a cross-section of the flow limiting element under an inlet pressure of 4 bar;

    Fig. 12 is an enlarged view of a part of the cross-section of the flow limiting element as shown in Fig. 11;

    Fig. 13 shows a cross-section of the flow limiting element under an inlet pressure of 5 bar;

    Fig. 14 is an enlarged view of a part of the cross-section of the flow limiting element as shown in Fig. 13;

    Fig. 15 is a top view of the housing of the flow limiting element;

    Fig. 16 is a side view of the housing of the flow limiting element;

    Fig. 17 is a perspective view of a preferred embodiment of the adjustable mould;

    Fig. 18 is a side view of the adjustable mould;

    Fig. 19 shows an overview of the movable parts of the mould;

    Fig. 20 shows the movable component of the mould with which the height of a cushion part of the housing of the flow limiting element can he defined;

    Fig. 21 is a side view of the movable component of the mould with which the height of a cushion part of the housing of the flow limiting element can be defined;

    Fig. 22 shows the movable component of the mould with which the height of a valve seat of the flow limiting element can be defined;

    Fig. 23 shows the movable component of the mould with which the height of cam parts of the housing of the flow limiting element can be defined;

    Fig. 24 shows the movable component of the mould with which the height of a support part of the housing of the flow limiting element can be defined.



    [0051] A preferred embodiment of a device 10 (Fig. 1 produced by the present invention comprises a housing 11 in which is received a central partition 12 with six openings 13, 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18, of which three, 14, 16 and 18, are covered with cover plates 19. An inlet tube 21 and an outlet tube 22 are connected to the housing. Inlet tube 21 debouches in a front chamber 23 which is shown in broken lines and is situated opposite outlet tube 22 in rear chamber 24. In Fig. 2 the cover plates 19 are removed so that device 10 according to Fig. 2 allows six times the quantity of liquid to pass through within a determined pressure range of for instance 6 x 5.0 litres per minute or 6 x 7.8 litres per minute, this is in contrast to the embodiment shown in Fig. 1 where only three times this flow rate can flow through.

    [0052] It will be apparent that the preferred embodiment has a wide variation in possible flow rates, i.e. from 1 x 5.0 litres to 6 x 7.8 litres and all flow rates between, for instance 2 x 5.0 litres and 3 x 7.8 litres.

    [0053] Flow limiting elements 31 (Fig. 3) are easily exchangeable from a disc-shape central part 32. The foremost part 23 of the housing encloses a gasket 37 which on the one hand is tightened fixedly against and seals on disc 35 using screw bolts 33, while further seals 36 and 37 realize the sealing between respectively disc 35 and central part 32 and rear part 24 and disc 32.

    [0054] In Fig. 4 screw bolts 33 protrude from rear housing part 24 through holes in central part 32 and are screwed fixedly into front housing part 23, wherein disc 35 holds throughflow elements 31 in their place.

    [0055] Cover plates 19 (Fig. 5) cover the flow limiting elements 31 which comprise a resilient part with limited stroke as well as distributor 51 and an outlet part 52.

    [0056] A liquid can flow through such an element 31 at an extremely constant flow rate within a dynamic pressure range of 2.5-10 bar.

    [0057] As will be apparent from the above, a preferred embodiment of the device can be made suitable for many applications, wherein six (or more or fewer) flow limiting elements with differing flow rates, for instance 5 litres per minute or 7.8 litres per minute, can be applied in varied manner. Because of the chambers on the inflow and outflow side the liquid flows are properly mixed while the product is easy to disassemble and can be reassembled for an application wherein a higher or lower flow rate is desired. A user can exchange the different flow limiting elements in simple manner and optionally provide them with a cover plate. A relatively large front chamber offers little resistance, can easily mix hot and cold liquid and causes substantially no unnecessary sound or noise.

    [0058] The front and rear chambers can be made wholly dome-shaped, which in all likelihood provides an even better operation than the truncated cone shape as shown and described.

    [0059] In a further embodiment (Fig. 6, 7 and 8) two dome-shaped housing parts 61, 62 are screwed fixedly to each other. Following unscrewing a partition-like component is left clear so that one or more of the limiting elements can be exchanged.

    [0060] Fig. 9 shows a cross-section of a preferred embodiment of the flow limiting element consisting of a cylindrical housing 101 provided with an inlet 102 and an outlet 103 for a liquid flow and a plate-like resilient valve element 104 for limiting the liquid flow. The plate-like resilient valve element 104 is supported on a support part 105 in the central downstream part of housing 101, wherein said support part 105 and a cushion part 106 in the peripheral upstream part of housing 101 hold in place a fixed part 107 of valve element 104. This fixation is brought about as follows. The resilient valve element 104 in principle lies unattached in housing 101 and is supported on one side over the whole width by support part 105 and held in place by a pin on support part 105 which fits loosely in a hole arranged in resilient element 104. Both sides, the smaller fixed part 107 and the larger resilient part 108 of the resilient element are exposed to the water pressure and a force is therefore exerted on both sides. The outer end of part 107 on the opposite side of resilient element 104 rests against cushion 106, whereby the valve element is fixed in its position by the flow of the liquid. The size of the throughflow opening can be adjusted in the rest state of valve element 104 by adjusting the thickness of cushion 106. The resilient part 108 of valve element 104 determines, together with a valve seat 109 with thickness 110 inclining downward to the outer end of resilient part 108, the width and length of a narrowing gap 111, wherein said gap 111, together with the space 112 lying on the liquid outlet side of resilient element 104, realizes a pressure drop such that the liquid flow rate at the outlet is constant. In housing 101 protruding parts 113 and 114 are also arranged on valve seat 109 such that under the influence of the inlet pressure they limit the stroke of resilient element 104. Each pair of cams 113, 114 is arranged asymmetrically, i.e. the distance of the two cams 113, 114 from the fixation point differs to some extent. This creates bias in the resilient valve element 104, whereby vibrations of valve element 104 are prevented. Also arranged in valve seat 109 are recesses 115 which influence the liquid flow in the flow limiting element such that the direction of the outgoing liquid flow is substantially the same as the direction of the ingoing liquid flow. A filter 116 is also situated at inlet 102 and a distributor 117 at outlet 103.

    [0061] Fig. 10 shows an enlarged view of a part of Fig. 9, wherein the position of resilient element 104 is shown under an inlet pressure of 3 bar. Fig. 10 also shows an enlarged view of support part 105 and cushion part 106, valve seat 109 with thickness 110, gap 111, cam parts 113 and 114 and recesses 115.

    [0062] Fig. 11 and 13 show cross-sections of the preferred embodiment of the flow limiting element as described in the description of Fig. 9 under an inlet pressure of respectively 4 and 5 bar.

    [0063] Fig. 12 and 14 show enlarged views of respectively Fig. 11 and 13, wherein the stroke of resilient element 104 limited by cam parts 113 and 114 is shown at an inlet pressure of respectively 4 and 5 bar. Shown is that at an inlet pressure of 4 bar the flexible part 108 of resilient element 104 rests on cam part 113 and that at an inlet pressure of 5 bar the flexible part 108 of resilient element 104 rests on cam parts 113 and 114.

    [0064] Fig. 15 is a top view of housing 101 of a preferred embodiment of the flow limiting element which shows support part 105, valve seat 109 with thickness 110, cam parts 113 and 114 arranged on valve seat 109 and recesses 115 arranged in valve seat 109.

    [0065] Fig. 16 is a side view of housing 101 of a preferred embodiment of the flow limiting element which, in addition to the parts stated in Fig. 15, shows cushion part 106 and the inclination of valve seat 109.

    [0066] Fig. 17 is a perspective view of a preferred embodiment of an adjustable mould 118 according to the present invention, wherein mould 118 is constructed from a plurality of composite and separate (steel) components. The mould can be divided into a front mould 150 and rear mould 160. Mounted on both the front mould 150 and rear mould 160 are tensioning plates, here the shown front plate 133 and rear plate 134 which hold together the (intermediate) components of mould 118. A centering ring 135 and a sprue bush 136 are arranged in front plate 133. Front mould 150 consists of an injection nozzle 151 and a shaping plate 152 which comprises a cavity which defines the dimensions and shape of the injection-moulded product. Rear mould 160 consists of a shaping plate 161, an adjusting plate 162 for adjusting the movable components of the mould, a support plate 163 and an ejector mechanism. The ejector mechanism comprises an ejector 137, an ejection plate 138, an ejection cover plate 139 and ejector pins for releasing the injection-moulded products from mould 118 following cooling of mould 118, which pins must engage on the greatest possible surface area of the product in order to prevent denting in the injection-moulded product. The shape of the mould cavity also determines how smoothly the injection-moulded product can be ejected. Cooling channels for cooling are situated around the cavity. A correct position of these channels is crucial in preventing the occurrence of temperature differences which can result in deformation of the injection-moulded product.

    [0067] In known moulds so-called inserts, i.e. metal plates of differing form, are necessary to enable shaping of the product, for instance when the product has a specific protrusion. When the two halves of the mould move apart, the inserts can be displaced with different pin constructions so that the shape of the product can be changed. The adjustable mould 118 has the great advantage that these inserts are adjustable from outside when the mould is still warm. As a result the mould does not need to first cool or be disassembled in order to modify the shape and dimensioning of the injection-moulded product between the manufacture of two products. Mould 118 is typically manufactured from steel or aluminium, also because of the heat-exchanging property required for cooling purposes.

    [0068] Fig. 17 also shows adjusting screws 119 to 122 which can be turned via openings in cover plates 142 and 143 for adjusting movable parts in mould 118 for the purpose of modifying the dimensions and shape of the injection-moulded product, wherein by means of the front view of the adjustable mould 118 shown in Fig. 18 is shown that mould 118 comprises a so-called multiple mould and is suitable for producing a plurality of injection-moulded products simultaneously - in the shown preferred embodiment four products 128 to 131 - wherein the dimensions of injection-moulded products 128 to 131 can be changed independently of each other and during the injection moulding process by means of the adjusting screws 119 to 122.

    [0069] Fig. 19 is a perspective view of mould components 132 of a preferred embodiment of mould 118 which defines the counter-mould for one of the plurality of injection-moulded products 128 to 131, wherein the dimensions of the above stated support part 105, valve seat 109 and cam parts 113 and 114 can be changed by adjusting parts movable in the mould by means of the respective adjusting screws 119, 121 and 122 which are located in adjusting plate 162 and can be operated through openings in cover plate 142, and cushion part 106 by means of adjusting screw 120 which is situated in front plate 133 and can be operated through an opening in cover plate 143. Fig. 19 also shows one of the four ejector pins 127 for releasing one of the plurality of stated injection-moulded products 128 to 131 from mould 118 following cooling of mould 118.

    [0070] Fig. 20 is a perspective view of mould components 132 of a preferred embodiment of mould 118 which define the counter-mould for one of the plurality of injection-moulded products 128 to 131, wherein the adjustable mould component 123 is shown for changing the dimensions of cushion part 106 along the longitudinal axis of the mould by means of turning the adjusting screw 120 situated in front plate 133. A cross-section of this adjusting screw 120 and the movable cavity shape-defining mould component 123 with recess 106' is shown together with a cross-section of housing 101 of the flow limiting element in Fig. 21 by way of illustrating the operation of recess 106' in this movable component 123 on cushion part 106 of housing 101. The cross-section of Fig. 21 also shows the operation of the adjusting screw on the cavity shape-defining component 123, and clarifies how the adjusting means or adjusting screw 120 moves and tapers due to adjustment, this providing for a continuously variable adjustment of component 123. Fig. 21 also shows a resilient element 141 for moving component 123 outward relative to the cavity when the adjusting screw is turned toward the outer side of adjustable mould 118.

    [0071] Fig. 22 to 24 are perspective views of mould components 132 of a preferred embodiment of mould 118 which define the counter-mould for one of the plurality of injection-moulded products 128 to 131, wherein the respective mould components 124, 125 and 126 adjustable along the longitudinal axis of the mould are shown for changing the dimensions, shape and/or sizes of respectively the valve seat 109, cam parts 113 and 114 and support part 105 by means of turning respective adjusting screws or adjusting means 121, 122 and 119. These are also adjusting means which move in a channel which tapers due to the shape and the position of the movable component determined by the resilient elements (such as resilient element 141 as shown in Fig. 21), this providing for a continuously variable adjustment of the cavity shape-defining components.

    [0072] The present invention is not limited to the above described preferred embodiments but only by the scope of the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. Method for producing one or more injection-moulded products, wherein the injection-moulded product is manufactured in a mould (118) for producing one or more injection-moulded products, wherein at least a part of the mould (118) is movable and adjustable such that the size and/or the shape of the mould (118) cavity is adjustable, wherein between the manufacture of two injection-moulded products at least a part of the mould (118) is moved such that the size and/or shape of the mould cavity is adjusted,
    wherein the movable part of the mould is adjusted from the outer side of the mould (118),
    wherein at least a part of the mould is moved such that the size and/or the shape of the mould cavity is adjusted without disassembling the mould (118),
    characterized in that the injection-moulded product is the housing (101) of a flow limiter (31) for limiting the flow of a fluid flowing through said flow limiter (31), comprising:

    - said housing (101) provided with an inlet (102), an outlet (103) and a throughflow opening; and

    - a resilient plate-like valve element (104) which is mounted in the housing (101) and which can substantially close the throughflow opening by resilient movement in the direction of a valve seat (109) arranged adjacency of the throughflow opening in the housing (101), wherein the valve element (104) is fixed on one side and the valve element (104) can move resiliently on the opposite side in the direction of the valve seat (109),

    wherein the movable part is adjusted subject to a variation in thickness and/or composition of the valve element (104).
     
    2. Method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the movable part is adjusted for the purpose of adapting the dimensions, the shape and/or the location of the valve seat (109) which determines the width and length of a gap (111) between the valve element (104) and the valve seat (109).
     
    3. Method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the movable part is adjusted for the purpose of adapting the dimensions, the shape and/or the location of protruding cam parts (113, 114) on the valve seat (109) which limit the stroke of at least a part of the freely moving part of the valve element (104),
    wherein the cam parts (113, 114) are preferably situated on the valve seat (109) and the movable part is adjusted for the purpose of adapting the dimensions, the shape and/or the location of the cam (113, 114) parts relative to the valve seat (109).
     
    4. Method as claimed in any of the claims 1-3, wherein the movable part is adjusted for the purpose of adapting the dimensions, the shape and/or the location of the mounting means for the valve element (104),
    preferably by means of adjusting screws (119-122) and/or adjusting means,
    wherein the adjusting screw and/or adjusting means taper and push against the movable part such as to provide for a continuously variable adjustment of the movable part.
     
    5. Method as claimed in claim 4, wherein a resilient element of the mould pushes the movable part outward relative to the mould cavity during the movement of the adjusting screw and/or the adjusting means to the outer side of the adjustable mould.
     
    6. Mould (118) for producing one or more injection-moulded products, wherein at least a part of the mould is movable and adjustable such that the size and/or the shape of the mould cavity is adjustable, wherein the movable part of the mould (118) is adjustable from the outer side of the mould, characterized in that the injection-moulded product is the housing (101) of a flow limiter (31) for limiting the flow of a fluid flowing through said flow limiter (31), comprising: said housing (101) provided with an inlet (102), an outlet (103) and a throughflow opening; and
    a resilient plate-like valve element (104) which is mounted in the housing (101) and which can substantially close the throughflow opening by resilient movement in the direction of a valve seat (109) arranged adjacency of the throughflow opening in the housing (101), wherein the valve element (104) is fixed on one side and the valve element (104) can move resiliently on the opposite side in the direction of the valve seat (109).
     
    7. Mould (118) as claimed in claim 6, wherein the movable part is adjustable for the purpose of adapting the dimensions, the shape and/or the location of the valve seat which determines the width and length of a gap between the valve element (104) and the valve seat (109).
     
    8. Mould (118) as claimed in claim 6 or 7, wherein the movable part is adjustable for the purpose of adapting the dimensions, the shape and/or the location of protruding cam parts (113, 114) on the valve seat (109) which limit the stroke of at least a part of the freely moving part of the valve element (104).
     
    9. Mould (118) as claimed in claim 8, wherein the cam parts (113, 114) are situated on the valve seat (109) and the movable part is adjustable for the purpose of adapting the dimensions, the shape and/or the location of the cam parts (113, 114) relative to the valve seat (109).
     
    10. Mould (118) as claimed in any of the claims 6-9, wherein the movable part is adjustable for the purpose of adapting the dimensions, the shape and/or the location of the mounting means for the valve element (104).
     
    11. Mould (118) as claimed in any of the claims 6-10, wherein the movable part is adjustable by means of adjusting screws (119-122) and/or adjusting means.
     
    12. Mould (118) as claimed in any of the claims 6-11, wherein the movable part is adjustable for subject to a variation in thickness and/or composition of the valve element (104).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zum Herstellen von einem oder mehreren spritzgegossenen Produkten, wobei das spritzgegossene Produkt in einer Gussform (118) zum Herstellen eines oder mehrerer spritzgegossener Produkte hergestellt wird, wobei wenigsten ein Teil der Gussform (118) beweglich und anpassbar ist, sodass die Größe und/oder die Form des Hohlraums der Gussform (118) anpassbar ist, wobei zwischen der Herstellung von zwei spritzgegossenen Produkten wenigstens ein Teil der Gussform (118) bewegt wird, sodass die Größe und/oder die Form des Gussform-Hohlraums angepasst wird,
    wobei der bewegliche Teil der Gussform von der Außenseite der Gussform (118) angepasst wird,
    wobei wenigstens ein Teil der Gussform bewegt wird, sodass die Größe und/oder die Form des Gussform-Hohlraums angepasst wird, ohne die Gussform (118) auseinanderzunehmen,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    das spritzgegossene Produkt das Gehäuse (101) eines Strömungsbegrenzers (31) zum Begrenzen der Strömung eines Fluids ist, das durch den Strömungsbegrenzer (31) strömt, aufweisend:

    - das Gehäuse (101), das mit einem Einlass (102), einem Auslass (103) und einer Durchströmungsöffnung vorgesehen ist;
    und

    - ein elastisches plattenartiges Ventilelement (104), das im Gehäuse (101) angebracht ist und das im Wesentlichen die Durchströmungsöffnung durch eine elastische Bewegung in der Richtung einer Ventilaufnahme (109) schließen kann, die benachbart zur Durchströmungsöffnung im Gehäuse (101) angeordnet ist, wobei das Ventilelement (104) an einer Seite befestigt ist und das Ventilelement (104) sich elastisch an der gegenüberliegenden Seite in Richtung der Ventilaufnahme (109) bewegen kann,

    wobei das bewegliche Teil gemäß einer Variation in der Dicke und/oder Zusammensetzung des Ventilelements (104) angepasst wird.
     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das bewegliche Teil zum Zweck der Anpassung der Abmessungen, der Form und/oder der Position der Ventilaufnahme (109) angepasst wird, was die Breite und Länge eines Abstands (111) zwischen dem Ventilelement 104) und der Ventilaufnahme (109) bestimmt.
     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das bewegliche Teil zum Zweck der Anpassung der Abmessungen, der Form und/oder der Position der hervorstehenden Nockenteile (113, 114) an der Ventilaufnahme (109) angepasst wird, was den Hub von wenigstens einem Teil des frei beweglichen Teils des Ventilelements (104) begrenzt,
    wobei die Nockenteile (113, 114) vorzugsweise an der Ventilaufnahme (109) angeordnet sind, und das bewegliche Teil zum Zweck der Anpassung der Abmessungen, der Form und/oder der Position der Nockenteile (113, 114) bezüglich der Ventilaufnahme (109) angepasst wird.
     
    4. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei das bewegliche Teil zum Zweck des Anpassens der Abmessungen, der Form und/oder der Position der Befestigungsmittel für das Ventilelement (104) angepasst wird,
    vorzugsweise mittels Einstellschrauben (119-122) und/oder Einstellmittel,
    wobei die Einstellschraube und/oder das Einstellmittel sich verjüngen und gegen das bewegliche Teil drücken, um so eine fortlaufend variable Einstellung des beweglichen Teils vorzusehen.
     
    5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei ein elastisches Element der Gussform das bewegliche Teil bezüglich dem Gussform-Hohlraum während der Bewegung der Einstellschraube und/oder des Einstellmittels nach außen zur Außenseite der anpassbaren Gussform drückt.
     
    6. Gussform (118) zum Herstellen von einem oder mehreren spritzgegossenen Produkten, wobei wenigstens ein Teil der Gussform beweglich und anpassbar ist, sodass die Größe und/oder die Form des Gussform-Hohlraums anpassbar ist, wobei das bewegliche Teil der Gussform (118) von der Außenseite der Gussform anpassbar ist,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    das spritzgegossene Produkt das Gehäuse (101) eines Strömungsbegrenzers (31) ist, um die Strömung eines Fluids, das durch einen Strömungsbegrenzer (31) fließt, zu begrenzen, aufweisend:

    das Gehäuse (101), das mit einem Einlass (102), einem Auslass (103) und einer Durchströmungsöffnung vorgesehen ist; und

    ein elastisches plattenartiges Ventilelement (104), das im Gehäuse (101) angebracht ist und das im Wesentlichen die Durchströmungsöffnung durch eine elastische Bewegung in der Richtung einer Ventilaufnahme (109) schließen kann, die benachbart zur Durchströmungsöffnung im Gehäuse (101) angeordnet ist, wobei das Ventilelement (104) an einer Seite befestigt ist und das Ventilelement (104) sich elastisch an der gegenüberliegenden Seite in Richtung der Ventilaufnahme (109) bewegen kann.


     
    7. Gussform (118) nach Anspruch 6, wobei das bewegliche Teil zum Zweck der Anpassung der Abmessungen, der Form und/oder der Position der Ventilaufnahme (109) anpassbar ist, was die Breite und Länge eines Abstands (111) zwischen dem Ventilelement (104) und der Ventilaufnahme (109) bestimmt.
     
    8. Gussform (118) nach Anspruch 6 oder 7, wobei das bewegliche Teil zu dem Zweck der Anpassung der Abmessungen, der Form und/oder der Position der hervorstehenden Nockenteile (113, 114) auf der Ventilaufnahme (109) anpassbar ist, was den Hub von wenigstens einem Teil des frei beweglichen Teils des Ventilelements (104) begrenzt.
     
    9. Gussform (118) nach Anspruch 8, wobei die Nockenteile (113, 114) vorzugsweise an der Ventilaufnahme (109) angeordnet sind, und das bewegliche Teil zu dem Zweck der Anpassung der Abmessungen, der Form und/oder der Position der Teile der Nocken (113, 114) bezüglich der Ventilaufnahme (109) anpassbar ist.
     
    10. Gussform (118) nach einem der Ansprüche 6 bis 9, wobei das bewegliche Teil für den Zweck des Anpassung der Abmessungen, der Form und/oder der Position der Befestigungsmittel für das Ventilelement (104) anpassbar ist.
     
    11. Gussform (118) nach einem der Ansprüche 6 bis 10, wobei das bewegliche Teil mittels Einstellschrauben (119-122) und/oder Einstellmittel anpassbar ist.
     
    12. Gussform (118) nach einem der Ansprüche 6 bis 11, wobei das bewegliche Teil gemäß einer Variation in der Dicke und/oder einer Zusammensetzung des Ventilelements (104) anpassbar ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de production d'un ou plusieurs produits moulés par injection, dans lequel le produit moulé par injection est fabriqué dans un moule (118) afin de produire un ou plusieurs produits moulés par injection, dans lequel au moins une partie du moule (118) peut être déplacée et réglée de telle sorte que la taille et/ou la forme de la cavité du moule (118) peuvent être réglées, dans lequel entre la fabrication de deux produits moulés par injection, au moins une partie du moule (118) est déplacée de telle sorte que la taille et/ou la forme de la cavité de moule est réglée,
    dans lequel la partie mobile du moule est réglée à partir du côté externe du moule (118),
    dans lequel au moins une partie du moule est déplacée de telle sorte que la taille et/ou la forme de la cavité de moule est réglée sans démonter le moule (118),
    caractérisé en ce que le produit moulé par injection est le boîtier (101) d'un limiteur de débit (31) destiné à limiter le débit d'un fluide s'écoulant à travers ledit limiteur de débit (31), comprenant :

    ledit boîtier (101) comportant un orifice d'entrée (102), un orifice de sortie (103) et une ouverture traversante ; et

    un élément formant clapet en forme de plaque élastique (104) qui est monté dans le boîtier (101) et qui peut obturer sensiblement l'ouverture traversante par un mouvement élastique dans la direction d'un siège de vanne (109) agencé de manière adjacente à l'ouverture traversante dans le boîtier (101), dans lequel l'élément formant clapet (104) est fixé sur un premier côté et l'élément formant clapet (104) peut se déplacer de manière élastique sur le côté opposé suivant la direction du siège de vanne (109),

    dans lequel la partie mobile est réglée en fonction d'une variation de l'épaisseur et/ou de la composition de l'élément formant clapet (104).


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la partie mobile est réglée dans le but de s'adapter aux dimensions, à la forme et/ou à l'emplacement du siège de vanne (109) qui détermine les largeur et longueur d'un espace (111) entre l'élément formant clapet (104) et le siège de vanne (109).
     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la partie mobile est réglée dans le but de s'adapter aux dimensions, à la forme et/ou à l'emplacement de parties de came en saillie (113, 114) sur le siège de vanne (109) qui limitent la course d'au moins une partie de la partie pouvant se déplacer librement de l'élément formant clapet (104),
    dans lequel les parties de came (113, 114) sont, de préférence, situées sur le siège de vanne (109) et la partie mobile est réglée dans le but de s'adapter aux dimensions, à la forme et/ou à l'emplacement des parties de came (113, 114) par rapport au siège de vanne (109).
     
    4. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel la partie mobile est réglée dans le but de s'adapter aux dimensions, à la forme et/ou à l'emplacement du moyen de montage de l'élément formant clapet (104),
    de préférence, au moyen de vis de réglage (119 à 122) et/ou de moyens de réglage,
    dans lequel la vis de réglage et/ou le moyen de réglage sont inclinés et appliqués contre la partie mobile de manière à assurer un réglage variable en continu de la partie mobile.
     
    5. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel un élément élastique du moule pousse la partie mobile vers l'extérieur par rapport à la cavité de moule au cours du déplacement de la vis de réglage et/ou du moyen de réglage vers le côté externe du moule réglable.
     
    6. Moule (118) destiné à produire un ou plusieurs produits moulés par injection, dans lequel au moins une partie du moule peut être déplacée et réglée de telle sorte que la taille et/ou la forme de la cavité de moule peut être réglée, dans lequel la partie mobile du moule (118) peut être réglée à partir du côté externe du moule, caractérisé en ce que le produit moulé par injection est le boîtier (101) d'un limiteur de débit (31) destiné à limiter le débit d'un fluide s'écoulant à travers ledit limiteur de débit (31), comprenant :

    ledit boîtier (101) comportant un orifice d'entrée (102), un orifice de sortie (103) et une ouverture traversante ;et

    un élément formant clapet en forme de plaque élastique (104) qui est monté sur le boîtier (101) et qui peut obturer sensiblement l'ouverture traversante par un mouvement élastique dans la direction d'un siège de vanne (109) agencé de manière adjacente à l'ouverture traversante sur le boîtier (101), dans lequel l'élément formant clapet (104) est fixé sur un premier côté et l'élément formant clapet (104) peut se déplacer de manière élastique sur le côté opposé dans la direction du siège de vanne (109).


     
    7. Moule (118) selon la revendication 6, dans lequel la partie mobile peut être réglée dans le but de s'adapter aux dimensions, à la forme et/ou à l'emplacement du siège de vanne qui détermine les largeur et longueur d'un espace entre l'élément formant clapet (104) et le siège de vanne (109).
     
    8. Moule (118) selon la revendication 6 ou 7, dans lequel la partie mobile peut être réglée dans le but de s'adapter aux dimensions, à la forme et/ou à l'emplacement de parties de came en saillie (113, 114) sur le siège de vanne (109) qui limitent la course d'au moins une partie de la partie se déplaçant librement de l'élément formant clapet (104).
     
    9. Moule (118) selon la revendication 8, dans lequel les parties de came (113, 114) sont situées sur le siège de vanne (109) et la partie mobile peut être réglée dans le but de s'adapter aux dimensions, à la forme et/ou à l'emplacement des parties de came (113, 114) par rapport au siège de vanne (109).
     
    10. Moule (118) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 6 à 9, dans lequel la partie mobile peut être réglée dans le but de s'adapter aux dimensions, à la forme et/ou à l'emplacement des moyens de montage de l'élément formant clapet (104).
     
    11. Moule (118) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 6 à 10, dans lequel la partie mobile peut être réglée au moyen de vis de réglage (119 à 122) et/ou de moyens de réglage.
     
    12. Moule (118) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 6 à 11, dans lequel la partie mobile peut être réglée en fonction d'une variation de l'épaisseur et/ou de la composition de l'élément formant clapet (104).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description