(19)
(11)EP 3 073 539 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 16158880.1

(22)Date of filing:  07.03.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01L 33/38(2010.01)
H01L 33/42(2010.01)
H01L 33/44(2010.01)
H01L 33/40(2010.01)
H01L 33/00(2010.01)

(54)

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE AND LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE PACKAGE INCLUDING THE SAME

LICHTEMITTIERENDE VORRICHTUNG UND GEHÄUSE FÜR LICHTEMITTIERENDES VORRICHTUNG DAMIT

DISPOSITIF ELECTROLUMINESCENT ET BOÎTIER DE DISPOSITIF ELECTROLUMINESCENT DOTE DE CELUI-CI


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 26.03.2015 KR 20150042660

(43)Date of publication of application:
28.09.2016 Bulletin 2016/39

(73)Proprietor: LG Innotek Co., Ltd.
Seoul, 04637 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • SEO, Jae Won
    04637 Seoul (KR)
  • LEE, Sang Youl
    04637 Seoul (KR)
  • JUNG, Sung Ho
    04637 Seoul (KR)
  • CHOI, Jin Kyung
    04637 Seoul (KR)

(74)Representative: Zardi, Marco 
M. Zardi & Co. SA Via Pioda 6
6900 Lugano
6900 Lugano (CH)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 2 835 885
US-A1- 2014 034 981
TW-B- I 478 387
US-A1- 2014 159 083
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present application relates to a light emitting device and a light emitting device package including the same.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] A light emitting diode (LED) is a type of a semiconductor device which exchanges signals by converting electricity into infrared light or light or is used as a light source using characteristics of a compound semiconductor.

    [0003] Group III-V nitride semiconductors have been spotlighted as core elements of light emitting devices such as an LED, a laser diode (LD), and the like due to physical and chemical characteristics thereof.

    [0004] Such an LED has excellent eco-friendly properties because the LED does not include environmentally hazardous materials such as mercury (Hg) used in general lighting apparatuses, e.g., light bulbs, fluorescent lamps, etc., and are replacing the a general light sources due to possessing characteristics of a long lifetime, low power consumption, etc.

    [0005] In the case of a general light emitting device package having a flip chip bonding structure, a width of a reflective layer disposed under a p-GaN layer for reflecting light emitted from an active layer is small, and thus the efficiency of luminous flux is not improved significantly.

    [0006] Further examples of light emitting devices and light emitting device packages according to the prior art are known from US 2014/034981 , EP 2 835 885 A2 and US 2014/159083 A1.

    SUMMARY



    [0007] According to the present invention there are provided a light emitting device as claimed in claim 1, along with a light emitting device package as claimed in claim 9.

    [0008] An embodiment as disclosed provides a light emitting device having an improved luminous flux and a light emitting device package including the same.

    [0009] According to the embodiment as disclosed, there is provided a light emitting device including: a substrate; a light emitting structure disposed under the substrate and including a first conductive semiconductor layer, an active layer, and a second conductive semiconductor layer; a first insulating layer configured to expose the second conductive semiconductor layer and disposed at a lower edge of the light emitting structure; a first light permeable electrode layer disposed under the second conductive semiconductor layer exposed by the first insulating layer; a second light permeable electrode layer disposed under the first insulating layer and the first light permeable electrode layer; and a reflective layer disposed under the second light permeable electrode layer.

    [0010] The reflective layer may be disposed to be separated from the first insulating layer by the second light permeable electrode layer.

    [0011] The second light permeable electrode layer may include a first surface configured to face the light emitting structure, and a second surface opposite the first surface, wherein the entire reflective layer may be disposed under the second surface.

    [0012] At least parts of the first insulating layer, the second light permeable electrode layer, or the reflective layer overlap with each other in a thickness direction of the light emitting structure. A width of the first insulating layer disposed on the lower edge of the light emitting structure is in a range of 10 µm to 40 µm. An overlapping width by which the first insulating layer, the second light permeable electrode layer, and the reflective layer overlap in the thickness direction is 5 µm.

    [0013] A thickness of each of the first and second light permeable electrode layers is in a range of several nanometers to several tens of nanometers. The second light permeable electrode layer may be disposed to cover a boundary between the first light permeable electrode layer and the first insulating layer. In a first direction which intersects a thickness direction of the light emitting structure, a first width of the reflective layer may be equal to or less than a second width of the second light permeable electrode layer. The first insulating layer may include SiO2, and the reflective layer may include silver (Ag).

    [0014] The light emitting device may further include a first electrode disposed under the first conductive semiconductor layer exposed at a through-hole which passes through the second conductive semiconductor layer and the active layer with exposing the first conductive semiconductor layer. The first insulating layer may be disposed to extend from the lower edge of the light emitting structure to a side of the light emitting structure exposed at the through-hole.

    [0015] The first and second light permeable electrode layers may have the same material as or have materials different from each other.

    [0016] According to the embodiment as disclosed, there is provided a light emitting device package including: the light emitting device; a first bonding pad connected to the first conductive semiconductor layer; a second bonding pad separated from the first bonding pad and connected to the second conductive semiconductor layer; and a second insulating layer disposed between the first bonding pad and the second light permeable electrode layer and between the first bonding pad and the reflective layer.

    [0017] The light emitting device package may further include first and second lead frames respectively and electrically connected to the first and second bonding pads, and a molding member configured to surround the light emitting device.

    [0018] According to the embodiment as disclosed, there is provided a light emitting device including: a substrate; a light emitting structure disposed under the substrate and including a first conductive semiconductor layer, an active layer, and a second conductive semiconductor layer; a first insulating layer configured to expose the second conductive semiconductor layer and disposed under the light emitting structure; a plurality of light permeable electrode layers disposed under the exposed second conductive semiconductor layer with overlapping the second conductive semiconductor layer in a thickness direction of the light emitting structure; and a reflective layer separated from the first insulating layer by at least one of the plurality of light permeable electrode layers and disposed under the plurality of light permeable electrode layers.

    [0019] The plurality of light permeable electrode layers include a first light permeable electrode layer disposed in contact with the exposed second conductive semiconductor layer, and a second light permeable electrode layer disposed under the first light permeable electrode layer and under the first insulating layer to separate the first insulating layer from the reflective layer. A thickness of the first light permeable electrode layer may be smaller than a thickness of the first insulating layer. At least parts of the second light permeable electrode layer, the first electrode layer, and the reflective layer may overlap with each other in the thickness direction of the light emitting structure.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0020] Arrangements and embodiments may be described in detail with reference to the following drawings in which like reference numerals refer to like elements and wherein:

    FIG. 1 is a plan view illustrating a light emitting device according to one embodiment;

    FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a light emitting device package according to one embodiment;

    FIG. 3 is an enlarged cross-sectional view illustrating a portion 'A' shown in FIG. 2;

    FIGS. 4A to 4H are process cross-sectional views for describing a method of manufacturing the light emitting device package shown in FIG. 2 according to one embodiment;

    FIGS. 5A to 5G are process plan views for describing the method of manufacturing the light emitting device package shown in FIG. 2 according to one embodiment;

    FIGS. 6A to 6G are process cross-sectional views for describing a method of manufacturing a first insulating layer and a second electrode shown in FIGS. 4C to 4E according to one embodiment;

    FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view partially illustrating a light emitting device according to a first comparative example;

    FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view partially illustrating a light emitting device according to a second comparative example; and

    FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view partially illustrating a light emitting device according to a third comparative example.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS



    [0021] Hereinafter, embodiments of this disclosure will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings to help understanding this disclosure. However, the embodiments according to this disclosure may have different forms and should not be construed as being limited to the descriptions set forth herein. The embodiments of this disclosure are provided so that this disclosure is thorough and complete and fully conveys the concept of this disclosure to those of ordinary skill in the art.

    [0022] In the description of embodiments, it should be understood that when an element is referred to as being "on or under" another element, the term "on or under" refers to either a direct connection between two elements or an indirect connection between two elements having one or more elements formed therebetween. In addition, when the term "on or under" is used, it may refer to a downward direction as well as an upward direction with respect to an element.

    [0023] Further, the relational terms such as "first" and "second," "over/upper portion/above," and "below/lower portion/under" do not necessarily require or include any physical or logical relationship or sequence between devices or elements and may also be used to distinguish one device or element from another device or element.

    [0024] Thicknesses of layers and areas in the drawings may be omitted or schematically described for a convenient and precise description. In addition, the size of each component does not fully match the actual size thereof.

    [0025] FIG. 1 is a plan view illustrating a light emitting device 100 according to one embodiment, FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a light emitting device package 200 according to one embodiment, and FIG. 3 is an enlarged cross-sectional view illustrating a portion 'A' shown in FIG. 2.

    [0026] The light emitting device 100 included in the light emitting device package 200 shown in FIG. 2 corresponds to a cross-sectional view taken along line I-I' of the light emitting device 100 shown in FIG. 1. Further, for convenience of description, a second insulating layer 134 and a second bonding pad 164 shown in FIG. 1 are omitted in FIG. 3.

    [0027] Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, the light emitting device 100 according to the embodiment may include a substrate 110, a light emitting structure 120, a first insulating layer 132, a first electrode 150, and a second electrode 140.

    [0028] The light emitting structure 120 is disposed under the substrate 110. The substrate 110 may include a conductive material or non-conductive material. For example, the substrate 110 may include at least one of sapphire (Al203), GaN, SiC, ZnO, GaP, InP, Ga203, GaAs, or Si. Further, although the substrate 110 may be, for example, a patterned sapphire substrate (PSS) having a pattern 112 to assist light emitted from an active layer 124 exit from the light emitting device 100, the embodiment is not limited thereto.

    [0029] To improve a difference between coefficients of thermal expansion of the substrate 110 and the light emitting structure 120 and lattice mismatching, a buffer layer or transition layer (not shown) may be further disposed between the substrate 110 and the light emitting structure 120. The buffer layer may include, for example, at least one material selected from group consisting of Al, In, N, and Ga, but is not limited thereto. Further, the buffer layer may have a single layer or multilayer structure.

    [0030] The light emitting structure 120 includes a first conductive semiconductor layer 122, the active layer 124, and a second conductive semiconductor layer 126 which are sequentially disposed under the substrate 110.

    [0031] The first conductive semiconductor layer 122 may be implemented as a compound semiconductor included in group III-V, group II-VI, or the like doped with a first conductive dopant. When the first conductive semiconductor layer 122 is an n-type semiconductor layer, the first conductive dopant is an n-type dopant and may include Si, Ge, Sn, Se, or Te, but is not limited thereto.

    [0032] For example, the first conductive semiconductor layer 122 may include a semiconductor material having a compositional formula AlxlnyGa(1-x-y)N (0 ≤ x ≤ 1, 0 ≤ y ≤ 1, 0 ≤ x+y ≤ 1). The first conductive semiconductor layer 122 may include at least one of GaN, InN, AlN, InGaN, AlGaN, InAlGaN, AlInN, AlGaAs, InGaAs, AlInGaAs, GaP, AlGaP, InGaP, AlInGaP, or InP.

    [0033] The active layer 124 is disposed between the first conductive semiconductor layer 122 and the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 and is a layer in which electrons (or holes) injected through the first conductive semiconductor layer 122 meet holes (or electrons) injected through the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 to emit light having an energy determined by an inherent energy band of a material forming the active layer 124. The active layer 124 may be formed with at least one of a single well structure, a multi well structure, a single quantum well structure, a multi quantum well (MQW) structure, a quantum-wire structure, or a quantum-dot structure.

    [0034] A well layer/barrier layer of the active layer 124 may be formed with one or more pair structures such as an InGaN/GaN structure, an InGaN/InGaN structure, a GaN/AIGaN structure, an InAIGaN/GaN structure, a GaAs(InGaAs)/AlGaAs structure, and a GaP(lnGaP)/AlGaP structure, but is not limited thereto. The well layer may be formed of a material having a bandgap energy lower than the bandgap energy of the barrier layer.

    [0035] A conductive clad layer (not shown) may be formed above and/or under the active layer 124. The conductive clad layer may be formed of a semiconductor having a bandgap energy higher than the bandgap energy of the barrier layer of the active layer 124. For example, the conductive clad layer may include a GaN structure, an AIGaN structure, an InAIGaN structure, a superlattice structure, etc. Further, the conductive clad layer may be doped to be n-type or p-type.

    [0036] The second conductive semiconductor layer 126 may be disposed under the active layer 124 and may be formed of a compound semiconductor. The second conductive semiconductor layer 126 may be implemented as a compound semiconductor included in group III-V, group II-VI, etc. For example, the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 may include a semiconductor material having an empirical formula InxAlyGa(1-x-y)N (0 ≤ x ≤ 1, 0 ≤ y ≤ 1, 0 ≤ x+y ≤ 1). The second conductive semiconductor layer 126 may be doped with a second conductive dopant. When the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 is a p-type semiconductor layer, the second conductive dopant is a p-type dopant and may include Mg, Zn, Ca, Sr, Ba, etc.

    [0037] The first conductive semiconductor layer 122 may be implemented as an n-type semiconductor layer, and the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 may be implemented as a p-type semiconductor layer. Alternatively, the first conductive semiconductor layer 122 may be implemented as a p-type semiconductor layer, and the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 may also be implemented as an n-type semiconductor layer.

    [0038] The light emitting structure 120 may be implemented as any one structure of an n-p junction structure, a p-n junction structure, an n-p-n junction structure, and a p-n-p junction structure.

    [0039] Since the light emitting device package 200 shown in FIG. 2 has a flip chip bonding structure, light emitted from the active layer 124 exits through the substrate 110 and the first conductive semiconductor layer 122. To this end, the substrate 110 and the first conductive semiconductor layer 122 are formed of a material having light permeableness (or, light transmissibility), and the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 and the second electrode 140 may be formed of a material either having light permeableness or light inpermeableness.

    [0040] The first electrode 150 is disposed under the first conductive semiconductor layer 122 exposed at a through-hole TH which passes through the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 and the active layer 124 to expose the first conductive semiconductor layer 122 and may be electrically connected to the first conductive semiconductor layer 122. Here, the through-hole TH will be described in detail with reference to FIG. 4B. For a better understanding, the first electrode 150 covered by the first bonding pad 162 is illustrated with dotted lines, and the first electrode 150 and the second electrode 140 covered by the second bonding pad 164 are also illustrated with dotted lines.

    [0041] The first electrode 150 may include an ohmic-contact material serving an ohmic function and thus may not need an additional ohmic layer (not shown) to be disposed, or an additional ohmic layer may also be disposed between the first electrode 150 and the first conductive semiconductor layer 122.

    [0042] Further, the first electrode 150 may not absorb light emitted from the active layer 124 and reflect or transmit the light, and may be formed of any material which may be grown in a good quality on the first conductive semiconductor layer 122. For example, the first electrode 150 may be formed of a metal and formed of Ag, Ni, Ti, Al, Rh, Pd, Ir, Ru, Mg, Zn, Pt, Au, Hf, Cr, or a selective combination thereof. For example, the first electrode 150 may be formed of Cr/Ni/Au, but the embodiment is not limited thereto.

    [0043] The first insulating layer 132 exposes the bottom of the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 and is disposed on an inner sidewall, an outer sidewall, and a lower edge 120-1 of the light emitting structure 120. That is, the first insulating layer 132 may be disposed to extend from the lower edge 120-1 of the light emitting structure 120 to the inner sidewall (or a side) of the light emitting structure 120 exposed at the through-hole TH. Further, the first insulating layer 132 may be disposed on sides of the second conductive semiconductor layer 126, of the active layer 124, and of the first conductive semiconductor layer 122 in an outer sidewall shown in FIG. 4B. Here, the outer sidewall is a portion SP shown in FIG. 4B.

    [0044] The first insulating layer 132 may perform a function of a current blocking layer (CBL). Further, as described with reference to FIGS. 4C to 4F below, the first insulating layer 132 may perform a function of protecting the light emitting structure 120.

    [0045] The first insulating layer 132 may include at least one of SiO2, TiO2, ZrO2, Si3N4, Al2O3, or MgF2.

    [0046] The second electrode 140 is disposed under the light emitting structure 120 and is electrically connected to the second conductive semiconductor layer 126. The second electrode 140 includes a plurality of light permeable electrode layers (or, light transmissible electrode layers) and reflective layers 146.

    [0047] The plurality of light permeable electrode layers are disposed under the exposed second conductive semiconductor layer 126. Here, the light permeable electrode layers overlap each other in a thickness direction (x-axis direction) of the light emitting structure 120. Also, the light permeable electrode layers overlap with the exposed second conductive semiconductor layer 126. The plurality of light permeable electrode layers includes first and second light permeable electrode layers 142 and 144. That is, the number of the plurality of light permeable electrode layers may be two or more.

    [0048] The first light permeable electrode layer 142 is disposed under the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 exposed by the first insulating layer 132 and may perform a function of an ohmic layer. A first thickness T1 of the first light permeable electrode layer 142 is equal to or less than a second thickness T2 of the first insulating layer 132, but the embodiment is not limited thereto. For example, the second thickness T2 may be several hundreds of nanometers, and the first thickness T1 may be several nanometers, but the embodiment is not limited thereto.

    [0049] Further, the second light permeable electrode layer 144 is disposed under each of first insulating layer 132 and the first light permeable electrode layer 142. The second light permeable electrode layer 144 may include a first surface 144-1 and a second surface 144-2. The first surface 144-1 is a surface facing the light emitting structure 120 and may have a cross-sectional shape of a step. That is, one part of the first surface 144-1 is in contact with the first light permeable electrode layer 142, and the other part of the first surface 144-1 may be in contact with the first insulating layer 132.

    [0050] The second surface 144-2 is a surface opposite the first surface 144-1 and may have a cross-sectional shape of a step. Further, the entire reflective layer 146 may be disposed under the second surface 144-2.

    [0051] The first and second light permeable electrode layers 142 and 144 may include materials which are the same as or different from each other, but the embodiment is not limited thereto.

    [0052] Each of the first and second light permeable electrode layers 142 and 144 may also be formed of transparent conductive oxide (TCO). For example, each of the first and second light permeable electrode layers 142 and 144 may include at least one of indium tin oxide (ITO), indium zinc oxide (IZO), indium zinc tin oxide (IZTO), indium aluminum zinc oxide (IAZO), indium gallium zinc oxide (IGZO), indium gallium tin oxide (IGTO), aluminum zinc oxide (AZO), antimony tin oxide (ATO), gallium zinc oxide (GZO), IrOx, RuOx, RuOx/ITO, Ni/IrOx/Au, or Ni/IrOx/Au/ITO but is not limited to the above materials.

    [0053] The reflective layer 146 is disposed under the plurality of light permeable electrode layers. For example, referring to FIGS. 2 and 3, the reflective layer 146 may be disposed under the second light permeable electrode layer 144.

    [0054] Further, the reflective layer 146 may be separated from the first insulating layer 132 by at least one of the plurality of light permeable electrode layers. For example, referring to FIGS. 2 and 3, the reflective layer 146 may be separated from the first insulating layer 132 by the second light permeable electrode layer 144. As described above, the second light permeable electrode layer 144 may perform a function of separating the first insulating layer 132 from the reflective layer 146. Accordingly, as long as a third thickness T3 of the second light permeable electrode layer 144 is sufficient to separate the first insulating layer 132 from the reflective layer 146, and thus the thickness T3 may not need to be large.

    [0055] The reflective layer 146 may be formed with a metal layer formed of aluminum (Al), gold (Au), silver (Ag), nickel (Ni), platinum (Pt), rhodium (Rh), titanium (Ti), chrome (Cr), or an alloy including Al, Ag, Pt, or Rh. For example, the reflective layer 146 may be formed of Ag/Ni/Ti, but the embodiment is not limited thereto.

    [0056] Further, the second light permeable electrode layer 144 may be disposed to cover a boundary B between the first light permeable electrode layer 142 and the first insulating layer 132. Further, a first width W1 of the reflective layer 146 may be equal to or less than a second width W2 of the second light permeable electrode layer 144 in a first direction perpendicular to a thickness direction (for example, x-axis direction) of the light emitting structure 120. Accordingly, a width difference value (W2-W1, that is, ΔW1 + ΔW2) between the first width W1 and the second width W2 may be zero or more.

    [0057] As described above, in case that the first surface 144-1 of the second light permeable electrode layer 144 covers the boundary B and the second width W2 is large, the first width W1 of the reflective layer 146 is increased, and thus an amount of light reflected can be increased.

    [0058] When the first insulating layer 132 includes SiO2, the reflective layer 146 includes silver (Ag), and the first insulating layer 132 is disposed not to be separated from the reflective layer 146 and instead be in contact therewith, the first insulating layer 132 and the reflective layer 146 may become delaminated from each other. However, in the case of the light emitting device 100 according to the embodiment, the second light permeable electrode layer 144 is disposed between the first insulating layer 132 and the reflective layer 146, and thus the first insulating layer 132 and the reflective layer 146 are separated from each other, so the delamination concern may be eliminated.

    [0059] Further, at least a part of the first insulating layer 132, at least a part of the second light permeable electrode layer 144, and at least a part of the reflective layer 146 are disposed to overlap each other by third widths W31 and W32 in a thickness direction (x-axis direction) of the light emitting structure 120. As a fourth width W4 of the first insulating layer 132 disposed on the lower edge 120-1 of the light emitting structure 120 increases, the third width W31 may increase. When the fourth width W4 is smaller than 10 µm , manufacturing the first insulating layer 132 may be difficult when a process margin is considered. Further, when the fourth width W4 is greater than 40 µm, a forward operating voltage of the light emitting device 100 is increased, and luminous flux may also be decreased. The fourth width W4 is thus in a range of 10 µm to 40 µm, for example, 10 µm. In this case, the third width W31 is 5 µm.

    [0060] Meanwhile, the light emitting device package 200 shown in FIG. 2 may include a light emitting device 100, a second insulating layer 134, first and second bonding pads 162 and 164, first and second soldering portions 172 and 174, first and second lead frames 182 and 184, an insulator 186, a package body 188, and a molding member 190.

    [0061] The first bonding pad 162 may pass through the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 and the active layer 124, may be buried in the through-hole TH which exposes the first conductive semiconductor layer 122, and may be electrically connected to the first conductive semiconductor layer 122 by the first electrode 150. Or, as shown in FIG. 2, the first bonding pad 162 may be electrically connected to the first conductive semiconductor layer 122 by the first electrode 150, without passing through the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 and the active layer 124 and without being buried in the through-hole TH which exposes the first conductive semiconductor layer 122.

    [0062] The second bonding pad 164 may be electrically connected to the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 by the second electrode 140.

    [0063] The second bonding pad 164 and the first bonding pad 162 may be separated from each other in a direction which intersects a thickness direction of the light emitting structure 120. For example, the second bonding pad 164 and the first bonding pad 162 may be separated from each other in a direction perpendicular to a thickness direction of the light emitting structure 120. In the case of FIG. 2, although the second bonding pad 164 is illustrated as divided into two, referring to FIG. 1, it may be understood that the second bonding pad 164 is one body.

    [0064] Each of the first and second bonding pads 162 and 164 may include a metal material having electrical conductivity and may include a material the same as or different from a material of each of the first and second electrodes 150 and 140. Each of the first and second bonding pads 162 and 164 may include at least one of Ti, Ni, Au, or Sn, but the embodiment is not limited thereto. For example, each of the first and second bonding pads 162, 164 may be formed of Ti/Ni/Au/Sn/Au.

    [0065] The second insulating layer 134 may be disposed between the first bonding pad 162 and the second electrode 140 and thus may perform a function of electrically separating the second electrode 140 from the first bonding pad 162. That is, the second insulating layer 134 may also be disposed between the first bonding pad 162 and the second light permeable electrode layer 144 and may also be disposed between the first bonding pad 162 and the reflective layer 146.

    [0066] Further, the second insulating layer 134 may be disposed between the second bonding pad 164 and the first electrode 150 and thus may perform a function of electrically separating the first electrode 150 from the second bonding pad 164.

    [0067] The second insulating layer 134 may include at least one of SiO2, TiO2, ZrO2, Si3N4, Al2O3, or MgF2. The first and second insulating layers 132 and 134 may have the same material or different materials from each other.

    [0068] The first soldering portion 172 may be disposed between the first bonding pad 162 and the first lead frame 182 and thus serve to electrically connect the first bonding pad 162 to the first lead frame 182. The second soldering portion 174 may be disposed between the second bonding pad 164 and the second lead frame 184 and thus serve to electrically connect the second bonding pad 164 to the second lead frame 184.

    [0069] Each of the first and second soldering portions 172 and 174 may be solder paste or solder balls, but the embodiment is not limited thereto.

    [0070] The above-described first soldering portion 172 electrically connects the first conductive semiconductor layer 122 to the first lead frame 182 by the first bonding pad 162, the second soldering portion 174 electrically connects the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 to the second lead frame 184 by the second bonding pad 164, and thus the need for wires may be eliminated. However, according to another embodiment, the first and second conductive semiconductor layers 122 and 126 may be respectively connected to the first and second lead frames 182 and 184 using wires.

    [0071] Further, the first soldering portion 172 and the second soldering portion 174 may be omitted. In this case, the first bonding pad 162 may perform a function of the first soldering portion 172, and the second bonding pad 164 may perform a function of the second soldering portion 174. That is, when the first soldering portion 172 and the second soldering portion 174 are omitted, the first bonding pad 162 may be directly connected to the first lead frame 182, and the second bonding pad 164 may be directly connected to the second lead frame 184.

    [0072] The first lead frame 182 may be electrically connected to the first bonding pad 162 by the first soldering portion 172, and the second lead frame 184 may be electrically connected to the second bonding pad 164 by the second soldering portion 174. The first and second lead frames 182 and 184 may be electrically separated from each other by the insulator 186. Each of the first and second lead frames 182 and 184 may be formed of a conductive material, for example, a metal, but the embodiment is not limited to those materials for each of the first and second lead frames 182 and 184.

    [0073] The insulator 186 is disposed between the first and second lead frames 182 and 184 to electrically insulate the first lead frame 182 from the second lead frame 184. To this end, the insulator 186 may include at least one of SiO2, TiO2, ZrO2, Si3N4, Al2O3, or MgF2, but the embodiment is not limited thereto.

    [0074] Further, the package body 188 together with the first and second lead frames 182 and 184 may form a cavity C, but the embodiment is not limited thereto. According to another embodiment, the cavity C may be formed with the package body 188 only. Alternatively, a barrier wall (not shown) may be disposed on a planar upper surface of the package body 188, and the cavity may be defined by the barrier wall and the upper surface of the package body 188.

    [0075] The light emitting device 100 may be disposed in the cavity C as shown in FIG. 2.

    [0076] The package body 188 may be formed of silicone, a synthetic resin, or a metal. When the package body 188 is formed of a conductive material, for example, a metal material, the first and second lead frames 182 and 184 may be a part of the package body 188. Also, in this case, the first and second lead frames 182 and 184 forming the package body 188 may be electrically separated from each other by the insulator 186.

    [0077] Further, the molding member 190 may be disposed to surround and protect the light emitting device 100 disposed in the cavity C. The molding member 190 may be implemented as, for example, silicone (Si), and by including a phosphor (or, fluorescent substance), a wavelength of light emitted from the light emitting device 100 may be changed. The phosphor may include any one of wavelength converting phosphor materials of a YAG type, a TAG type, a silicate type, a sulfide type, and a nitride type capable of converting light generated from the light emitting device 100 into white light, but the embodiment is not limited to the type of the phosphor.

    [0078] One selected from (Y, Tb, Lu, Sc, La, Gd, Sm)3(AI, Ga, In, Si, Fe)5(0, S)12:Ce may be used as phosphors of YAG and TAG types, and one selected from (Sr, Ba, Ca, Mg)2SiO4:(Eu, F, CI) may be used as a phosphor of the silicate type.

    [0079] Further, one selected from (Ca, Sr)S:Eu and (Sr,Ca, Ba)(AI, Ga)2S4:Eu may be used as a phosphor of the sulfide type, at least one selected from phosphor components of (Sr, Ca, Si, Al, O)N:Eu (e.g., CaAlSiN4:Eu or β-SiAlON:Eu) and (Cax, My)(Si, Al)12(O, N)16 of a Ca-αSiAlON:Eu type (here, M is one material of Eu, Tb, Yb, or Er, and 0.05 < (x+y) < 0.3, 0.02 < x < 0.27 and 0.03 < y < 0.3) may be used as a phosphor of the nitride type.

    [0080] As a red phosphor, a phosphor of the nitride type including N (e.g., CaAlSiN3:Eu) may be used. Such a red phosphor of the nitride type has a low risk of color change as well as excellent reliability with respect to external conditions including heat, moisture, and the like when compared to the phosphors of the sulfide type.

    [0081] Hereinafter, a method of manufacturing the light emitting device package 200 shown in FIG. 2 will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings below. However, the light emitting device package 200 shown in FIG. 2 may obviously be manufactured by a different manufacturing method.

    [0082] FIGS. 4A to 4H are process cross-sectional views for describing a method of manufacturing the light emitting device package 200 shown in FIG. 2 according to one embodiment.

    [0083] FIGS. 5A to 5G are process plan views for describing the method of manufacturing the light emitting device package 200 shown in FIG. 2 according to one embodiment. For a better understanding, a lower layer obscured by an upper layer is displayed using dotted lines in each drawing.

    [0084] Referring to FIG. 4A, a light emitting structure 120 is formed on a substrate 110. The substrate 110 may include a conductive material or non-conductive material. For example, the substrate 110 may include at least one of sapphire (Al203), GaN, SiC, ZnO, GaP, InP, Ga203, GaAs, or Si.

    [0085] The light emitting structure 120 may be formed by sequentially stacking a first conductive semiconductor layer 122, an active layer 124, and a second conductive semiconductor layer 126 on the substrate 110.

    [0086] The first conductive semiconductor layer 122 may be formed using a compound semiconductor included in group III-V, group II-VI, or the like doped with a first conductive dopant. When the first conductive semiconductor layer 122 is an n-type semiconductor layer, the first conductive dopant is an n-type dopant and may include Si, Ge, Sn, Se, or Te but is not limited thereto.

    [0087] For example, the first conductive semiconductor layer 122 may be formed using a semiconductor material having a compositional formula AlxInyGa(1-x-y)N (0 ≤ x ≤ 1, 0 ≤ y ≤ 1, 0 ≤ x+y ≤ 1). The first conductive semiconductor layer 122 may be formed using at least one of GaN, InN, AIN, InGaN, AIGaN, InAIGaN, AllnN, AIGaAs, InGaAs, AlInGaAs, GaP, AlGaP, InGaP, AllnGaP, or InP.

    [0088] The active layer 124 may be formed with at least one of a single well structure, a multi well structure, a single quantum well structure, an MQW structure, a quantum-wire structure, or a quantum-dot structure.

    [0089] A well layer/barrier layer of the active layer 124 may be formed with one or more pair structures among InGaN/GaN, InGaN/InGaN, GaN/AIGaN, InAIGaN/GaN, GaAs(InGaAs)/AlGaAs, and GaP(InGaP)/AlGaP but is not limited thereto. The well layer may be formed of a material having a bandgap energy lower than the bandgap energy of the barrier layer.

    [0090] A conductive clad layer (not shown) may be formed on and/or under the active layer 124. The conductive clad layer may be formed of a semiconductor having a bandgap energy higher than the bandgap energy of the barrier layer of the active layer 124. For example, the conductive clad layer may include GaN, AIGaN, InAIGaN, superlattice structure, etc. Further, the conductive clad layer may be doped to be n-type or p-type.

    [0091] The second conductive semiconductor layer 126 may be formed of a semiconductor compound and may be formed using a compound semiconductor included in group III-V, group II-VI, etc. For example, the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 may include a semiconductor material having a compositional formula InxAlyGa(1-x-y)N (0 ≤ x ≤ 1, 0 ≤ y ≤ 1, 0 ≤ x+y ≤ 1). The second conductive semiconductor layer 126 may be doped with a second conductive dopant. When the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 is a p-type semiconductor layer, the second conductive dopant is a p-type dopant and may include Mg, Zn, Ca, Sr, Ba, etc.

    [0092] Then, referring to FIGS. 4B and 5A, a through-hole TH which exposes the first conductive semiconductor layer 122 may be formed by mesa-etching parts of the second conductive semiconductor layer 126, the active layer 124, and the first conductive semiconductor layer 122 in the light emitting structure 120. As the through-hole TH is formed, sides of the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 and the active layer 124 of the light emitting structure 120 may be exposed at the through-hole TH.

    [0093] Then, referring to FIGS. 4C and 5B, a first insulating layer 132 is formed on the sides of the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 and active layer 124 exposed at the through-hole TH and an outer sidewall SP of the light emitting structure 120. The reason for forming the first insulating layer 132 is to protect the light emitting structure 120, particularly the active layer 124, during performing a subsequent process shown in FIGS. 4D to 4F. For example, when a reflective layer 146 is formed of silver (Ag), the light emitting structure 120 may be protected from a migration of the silver or from foreign materials (or impurities) by the first insulating layer 132.

    [0094] Then, referring to FIGS. 4C and 5C, a first light permeable electrode layer 142 may be formed on the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 not covered by the first insulating layer 132.

    [0095] Then, referring to FIGS. 4D and 5D, a second light permeable electrode layer 144 may be formed on a part of the first insulating layer 132 disposed on the light emitting structure 120 and on the first light permeable electrode layer 142. At this point, the second light permeable electrode layer 144 may be formed to cover a boundary between the first insulating layer 132 and the first light permeable electrode layer 142 while maximizing the area of the second light permeable electrode layer 144 as much as possible. This is for maximizing the size of a reflective region of the reflective layer 146 to be disposed on the second light permeable electrode layer 144 with separating the reflective layer 146 from the first insulating layer 132.

    [0096] As described above, since the first light permeable electrode layer 142 has a thickness smaller than that of the first insulating layer 132, the second light permeable electrode layer 144 disposed on the first light permeable electrode layer 142 and on the first insulating layer 132 may have a step.

    [0097] Then, referring to FIGS. 4E and 5E, the reflective layer 146 may be formed on the second light permeable electrode layer 144. At this point, since the second light permeable electrode layer 144 has a step, the reflective layer 146 disposed on the second light permeable electrode layer 144 may also have a step, but the embodiment is not limited thereto.

    [0098] As a result, as described above, a second electrode 140 including the first light permeable electrode layer 142, the second light permeable electrode layer 144, and the reflective layer 146 may be formed.

    [0099] Hereinafter, one detailed embodiment of the method of manufacturing the first insulating layer 132 and the second electrode 140 shown in FIGS. 4C to 4E will be described with reference to the accompanying FIGS. 6A to 6G, but the embodiment is not limited thereto. That is, the first insulating layer 132 and the second electrode 140 may obviously be manufactured by a method other than the method shown in FIGS. 6A to 6G.

    [0100] FIGS. 6A to 6G are process cross-sectional views for describing a method of manufacturing a first insulating layer 132 and a second electrode 140 shown in FIGS. 4C to 4E according to one embodiment.

    [0101] After the through-hole TH is formed as shown in FIG. 4B, referring to FIG. 6A, an insulator 132A for forming the first insulating layer 132 on the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 is deposited. Here, the insulator 132A may include at least one of SiO2, TiO2, ZrO2, Si3N4, Al2O3, or MgF2, but the embodiment is not limited thereto.

    [0102] Then, with exposing a first light transmissible electrode region 132-1 of the insulator 132A in which the first light permeable electrode layer 142 is disposed, a first mask pattern M1 is formed on the insulator 132A. Here, the first mask pattern M1 may be a photoresist mask.

    [0103] Then, referring to FIG. 6B, the insulator 132A is etched using the first mask pattern M1 as an etching mask so that the first insulating layer 132 is completed to expose the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 in a first light transmissible electrode region 132-1. At this point, as shown in FIG. 4B, the first insulating layer 132 may be simultaneously formed on the outer sidewall SP of the light emitting structure 120 and on sides of the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 and the active layer 124 which are exposed at the through-hole TH.

    [0104] Then, referring to FIG. 6C, a first electrode material 142A for forming the first light permeable electrode layer 142 is deposited on the first mask pattern M1 and on the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 exposed at the first light transmissible electrode region 132-1.

    [0105] Then, referring to FIG. 6D, the first electrode material 142A and the first mask pattern M1 deposited on the first mask pattern M1 are simultaneously lifted off and removed, and thus the first light permeable electrode layer 142 is formed in the first light transmissible electrode region 132-1. Then, a thermal process is performed on the first light permeable electrode layer 142, and thus the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 may ohmic-contact the first light permeable electrode layer 142.

    [0106] Then, referring to FIG. 6E, a second mask pattern M2 which exposes a second light transmissible electrode region 132-2 in which the second light permeable electrode layer 144 may be formed is formed on the first insulating layer 132. Here, the second mask pattern M2 may be a photoresist (PR) mask.

    [0107] Then, referring to FIG. 6F, a second electrode material 144A for forming the second light permeable electrode layer 144 and a reflective material 146A for forming the reflective layer 146 are sequentially deposited and formed on the first light permeable electrode layer 142 and the first insulating layer 132 in the second light transmissible electrode region 132-2 and the second mask pattern M2.

    [0108] Each of the first and second electrode materials 142A and 144A may be TCO. For example, each of the first and second electrode materials 142A and 144A may include at least one of ITO, IZO, IZTO, IAZO, IGZO, IGTO, AZO, ATO, GZO, IrOx, RuOx, RuOx/ITO, Ni/IrOx/Au, or Ni/IrOx/Au/ITO but is not limited to the above materials.

    [0109] The reflective material 146A may include a metal of aluminum (Al), gold (Au), silver (Ag), nickel (Ni), platinum (Pt), rhodium (Rh), titanium (Ti), chrome (Cr), or a metal including an alloy having Al, Ag, Pt, or Rh.

    [0110] Then, continuing to refer to FIG. 6F, the second electrode material 144A and the reflective material 146A disposed on the second mask pattern M2 and the second mask pattern M2 are simultaneously lifted off and removed, and thus, as shown in FIG. 6G, the second light permeable electrode layer 144 and the reflective layer 146 are formed. When the second light permeable electrode layer 144 and the reflective layer 146 are formed by the above-described lift-off manner, as shown in the drawing, the first width W1 of the reflective layer 146 may become the same as the second width W2 of the second light permeable electrode layer 144. Further, since the reflective layer 146 is formed on the second light permeable electrode layer 144, the reflective layer 146 may be separated from the first insulating layer 132.

    [0111] Generally, a thermal process is performed on the first light permeable electrode layer 142 at a high temperature of about 600 °C or more so that the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 may ohmic-contact the first light permeable electrode layer 142. At this point, when silver (Ag) may be used for the reflective material 146A, the silver (Ag) may agglomerate at the high temperature. The reason is that silver (Ag) agglomerates at a high temperature of 400 °C or higher. Therefore, an additional mask pattern is used for separating a process of manufacturing the first light permeable electrode layer 142 from a process of manufacturing the reflective layer 146.

    [0112] However, according to the embodiment, after the first insulating layer 132 is formed by using one mask pattern M, the first mask pattern M1 may not be removed to form a first light permeable electrode layer 142 using the first mask pattern M. Thus, the first insulating layer 132 and the first light permeable electrode layer 142 may be formed by only one mask pattern M. Further, the second light permeable electrode layer 144 and the reflective layer 146 may be simultaneously formed using the second mask pattern M2 without requiring an additional mask pattern for forming the reflective layer 146. Accordingly, in the case of the method of manufacturing the light emitting device package according to the embodiment, the number of mask patterns can be decreased and a process time can be shortened.

    [0113] Meanwhile, as shown in FIG. 4E, after the second electrode 140 is formed, referring to FIGS. 4F and 5F, the first electrode 150 is formed on the first conductive semiconductor layer 122 exposed at the through-hole TH. Here, the first electrode 150 may be formed of a metal and may also be formed of Ag, Ni, Ti, Al, Rh, Pd, Ir, Ru, Mg, Zn, Pt, Au, Hf, Cr, or a selective combination thereof.

    [0114] Then, referring to FIGS. 4G and 5G, a second insulating layer 134 is formed. The second insulating layer 134 may be formed on sides and an upper surface of the first insulating layer 132 deposited on the outer sidewall SP of the light emitting structure 120. Further, the second insulating layer 134 is formed to surround sides and upper surfaces of each of the second light permeable electrode layer 144 and the reflective layer 146. At this point, the second insulating layer 134 may be formed on the reflective layer 146 with exposing a portion to be electrically connected to the second bonding pad 164.

    [0115] Further, the second insulating layer 134 may be buried in the through-hole TH, with surrounding sides of the first electrode 150 and with exposing an upper portion of the first electrode 150 buried in the through-hole TH.

    [0116] Here, each of the insulator 132A forming the first insulating layer 132 or the second insulating layer 134 may include at least one of SiO2, TiO2, Zr02, Si3N4, Al2O3, or MgF2. The first and second insulating layers 132 and 134 may be formed to have the same material as or materials different from each other.

    [0117] Then, referring to FIG. 4H, a first bonding pad 162 is formed on the first electrode 150 exposed without being covered by the second insulating layer 134, and a second bonding pad 164 is formed on the reflective layer 146 exposed without being covered by the second insulating layer 134.

    [0118] Each of the first and second bonding pads 162 and 164 may be formed using a metal material having an electrical conductivity. For example, each of the first and second bonding pads 162 and 164 may be formed using at least one of Ti, Ni, Au, or Sn.

    [0119] Hereinafter, the light emitting device 100 according to the embodiment shown in FIG. 3 and the light emitting devices according to comparative examples will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings below.

    [0120] FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view partially illustrating a light emitting device according to a first comparative example.

    [0121] A light emitting device according to a first comparative example shown in FIG. 7 includes a light emitting structure 120, a first insulating layer 132, and a second electrode 310A. Here, since the light emitting structure 120 and the first insulating layer 132 are the same as the light emitting structure 120 and the first insulating layer 132 shown in FIG. 3 respectively, the same reference numbers have been used, and repeated descriptions are omitted. That is, except a different cross-sectional shape of the second electrode 310A, the light emitting device according to the first comparative example shown in FIG. 7 is the same as the light emitting device according to the embodiment shown in FIG. 3.

    [0122] A second electrode 310A shown in FIG. 7 includes a first light permeable electrode layer 312A and a reflective layer 314A. The first light permeable electrode layer 312A and the reflective layer 314A perform the same functions as the first light permeable electrode layer 142 and the reflective layer 146 shown in FIG. 3 respectively.

    [0123] The first light permeable electrode layer 312A shown in FIG. 7 may be disposed to extend from the second conductive semiconductor layer 126 exposed by the first insulating layer 132 to a lower portion of the first insulating layer 132. Further, the reflective layer 314A may have a fifth width W5. As described above, when the reflective layer 314A does not overlap the first insulating layer 132, although the first light permeable electrode layer 312A overlaps the reflective layer 314A in a thickness direction of the light emitting structure 120, since the fifth width W5 of the reflective layer 314A is small, a light reflection function of the reflective layer 314A may become diminished.

    [0124] Otherwise, in the case of the light emitting device 100 shown in FIG. 3, the first insulating layer 132, the first light permeable electrode layer 142, and the reflective layer 146 overlap each other in a thickness direction of the light emitting structure 120. Thus, the first width W1 of the reflective layer 146 increases to be more than the fifth width W5 of the reflective layer 314A according to the first comparative example shown in FIG. 7. As described above, in the case of the light emitting device 100 according to the embodiment, since the first width W1 of the reflective layer 146 is greater than the first comparative example, a light reflection function of the reflective layer 146 is relatively enhanced more than that of the example, and thus luminous flux can be increased.

    [0125] FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view partially illustrating a light emitting device according to a second comparative example.

    [0126] The light emitting device according to the second comparative example shown in FIG. 8 includes a light emitting structure 120, a first insulating layer 132, and a second electrode 310B. Here, since the light emitting structure 120 and the first insulating layer 132 are the same as the light emitting structure 120 and the first insulating layer 132 shown in FIG. 3 respectively, the same reference numbers have been used, and repeated descriptions are omitted. That is, except a different cross-sectional shape of the second electrode 310B, the light emitting device according to the second comparative example shown in FIG. 8 is the same as the light emitting device according to the embodiment shown in FIG. 3.

    [0127] The second electrode 310B shown in FIG. 8 includes a first light permeable electrode layer 312B and a reflective layer 314B. The first light permeable electrode layer 312B and the reflective layer 314B perform the same functions as the first light permeable electrode layer 142 and the reflective layer 146 shown in FIG. 3, respectively.

    [0128] FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view partially illustrating a light emitting device according to a third comparative example.

    [0129] The light emitting device according to the third comparative example shown in FIG. 9 includes a light emitting structure 120, a first insulating layer 132, and a second electrode 310C. Here, since the light emitting structure 120 and first insulating layer 132 are the same as the light emitting structure 120 and the first insulating layer 132 shown in FIG. 3, respectively, the same reference numbers have been used, and repeated descriptions are omitted. That is, except a different cross-sectional shape of the second electrode 310C, the light emitting device according to the third comparative example shown in FIG. 9 is the same as the light emitting device according to the embodiment shown in FIG. 3.

    [0130] The second electrode 310C shown in FIG. 9 includes a first light permeable electrode layer 312C and a reflective layer 314C. The first light permeable electrode layer 312C and the reflective layer 314C perform the same functions as the first light permeable electrode layer 142 and the reflective layer 146 shown in FIG. 3, respectively.

    [0131] To eliminate a disadvantage of the light emitting device according to the first comparative example shown in FIG. 7, i.e., the smallness of the fifth width W5 of the reflective layer 314A, the reflective layers 314B and 314C according to the second and third comparative examples shown in FIGS. 8 and 9 have seventh and tenth widths W7 and W10 respectively greater than sixth and ninth widths W6 and W9 of the first light permeable electrode layers 312B and 312C. In this case, since the seventh and tenth widths W7 and W10 of the reflective layers 314B and 314C are increased compared to the fifth width W5 shown in FIG. 7, an improvement of the luminous flux can be expected. However, in the case of the light emitting device according to the second and third comparative examples shown in FIGS. 8 and 9, the reflective layers 314B and 314C are in direct contacts with the first insulating layer 132 by eighth and eleventh widths W8 and W11. When the reflective layers 314B and 314C are implemented as silver and the first insulating layer 132 is implemented as SiO2, since the reflective layers 314B and 314C are in direct contact with the first insulating layer 132, a delamination therebetween can occur.

    [0132] Otherwise, in the case of the light emitting device according to the embodiment shown in FIG. 3, the reflective layer 146 is not in direct contact with the first insulating layer 132 and disposed to be separated from the first insulating layer 132. To this end, in the case of the light emitting device according to the embodiment, the second light permeable electrode layer 144 is interposed between the first light permeable electrode layer 142 and the reflective layer 146, and the reflective layer 146 having the first width W1 equal to or less than the second width W2 of the second light permeable electrode layer 144 is disposed under the second light permeable electrode layer 144. Accordingly, since the reflective layer 146 is separated from the first insulating layer 132, a concern for a delamination between the first insulating layer 132 and the reflective layer 146 as shown in the above described second and third comparative examples may be eliminated. Further, since the second light permeable electrode layer 144 is interposed between the reflective layer 146 and the first light permeable electrode layer 142, the width of the reflective layer 146 may be increased by an amount expressed by the following Expression 1.



    [0133] Here, the sum of ΔW1 and ΔW2 refers to the difference value between the first width W1 and the second width W2, and W31 as aforementioned and W32 refer to the above described third width.

    [0134] As a result, in the case of the light emitting device according to the embodiment, the width of the reflective layer 146 is increased, thus an amount of light reflected from the reflective layer 146 is further increased, and the luminous flux can be improved.

    [0135] For example, in the case of the light emitting device according to the first comparative example shown in FIG. 7 which did not include the second light permeable electrode layer 144, the area of the reflective layer 314A may be 730,557 µm2, whereas, in the case of the light emitting device shown in FIG. 3 which included the second light permeable electrode layer 144, the area of the reflective layer 146 is 771,839 µm2 and thus may be increased by about 5.6 % compared to the first comparative example.

    [0136] Further, when the sum of the first thickness T1 of the first light permeable electrode layer 142 and the third thickness T3 of the second light permeable electrode layer 144 is large, the spreading of the second conductive carrier is improved, thereby decreasing a forward operating voltage Vf. However, when the sum of the first thickness T1 and the third thickness T3 is too large, the luminous flux may be decreased. In consideration of this, each of the first and third thicknesses T1 and T3 may be in a range of several nanometers to several tens of nanometers, e.g., in a range of 3 nm to 10 nm.

    [0137] A plurality of light emitting device packages according to the embodiment may be arrayed on a substrate, and optical members including a light guide plate, a prism sheet, a diffusion sheet, and the like may be disposed on a path of light of the light emitting device package. The light emitting device package, the substrate, and the optical members may serve as a backlight unit.

    [0138] Further, the light emitting device package according to the embodiment may be applied to display devices, indicator devices, or lighting apparatuses.

    [0139] Here, the display device may include a bottom cover, a reflective plate disposed on the bottom cover, a light emitting module which emits light, a light guide plate disposed in front of the reflective plate and configured to guide light emitted from the light emitting module in a forward direction, an optical sheet including prism sheets disposed in front of the light guide plate, a display panel disposed in front of the optical sheet, an image signal output circuit connected to the display panel and configured to supply an image signal to the display panel, and a color filter disposed in front of the display panel. Here the bottom cover, the reflective plate, the light emitting module, the light guide plate, and the optical sheet may form a backlight unit.

    [0140] Further, the lighting apparatus may include a substrate, a light source module including the light emitting device package according to the embodiment, a heat dissipater which dissipates heat of the light source module, and a power supply which processes or converts an electrical signal provided from the outside and provides the processed or converted electrical signal to the light source module. For example, the lighting apparatus may include a lamp, a head lamp, or a street lamp.

    [0141] The head lamp may include a light emitting module including light emitting device packages disposed on a substrate, a reflector which reflects light emitted from the light emitting module in a predetermined direction, e.g., in a forward direction, a lens which refracts light reflected from the reflector in a forward direction, and a shade which blocks or reflects a part of the light which is reflected from the reflector and directs to a lens, so that a light distribution pattern desired by a designer is formed.

    [0142] In the light emitting device and the light emitting device package according to the embodiment, the reflective layer and the first insulating layer disposed under the light emitting structure are separated from each other, thus there is no concern for delamination, and since the number of mask patterns is decreased, a process time is shortened and a manufacturing cost can be reduced. In addition, by increasing the width of the above described reflective layer, the luminous flux is improved, and by improving the spreading of the second conductive carrier, the forward operating voltage is decreased.

    [0143] Although the present invention have been clarified with reference to a number of illustrative embodiments as depicted in the drawings, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A light emitting device, comprising:

    a substrate (110);

    a light emitting structure (120) disposed under the substrate 8110) and including a first conductive semiconductor layer (122), an active layer (124), and a second conductive semiconductor layer (126);

    a first insulating layer (132) configured to expose the second conductive semiconductor layer (126) and disposed on a lower edge of the light emitting structure (120);

    a first light permeable electrode layer (142) disposed under the second conductive semiconductor layer (126) exposed by the first insulating layer (132);

    a second light permeable electrode layer (144) disposed under the first insulating layer (132) and the first light permeable electrode layer (142); and

    a reflective layer (146) disposed under the second light permeable electrode layer (144),

    characterised in that a width (W4) in a first direction of the first insulating layer (132) disposed under the lower edge of the light emitting structure (120) is in a range of 10 µm to 40 µm the first direction being perpendicular to a thickness direction of the light emitting structure,

    wherein an overlapping width (W31, W32) by which the first insulating layer (132), the second light permeable electrode layer (144), and the reflective layer (146) overlap in the thickness direction is 5 µm,

    and wherein a thickness of each of the first and second light permeable electrode layers (142, 144) is in a range of several nanometers to several tens of nanometers.


     
    2. The light emitting device of claim 1, wherein the reflective layer (146) is disposed to be separated from the first insulating layer (132) by the second light permeable electrode layer (144).
     
    3. The light emitting device of claim 1 or 2, wherein the second light permeable electrode layer (144) includes:

    a first surface (144-1) configured to face the light emitting structure (120); and

    a second surface (144-2) opposite the first surface (144-1),

    wherein the entire reflective layer (146) is disposed under the second surface (144-2).


     
    4. The light emitting device of any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the second light permeable electrode layer (144) is disposed to cover a boundary between the first light permeable electrode layer (142) and the first insulating layer (132).
     
    5. The light emitting device of any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein, in the first direction, a first width (W1) of the reflective layer (146) is equal to or less than a second width (W2) of the second light permeable electrode layer (144).
     
    6. The light emitting device of any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the first insulating layer (132) includes SiO2, and the reflective layer (146) includes silver (Ag).
     
    7. The light emitting device of any one of claims 1 to 6, further comprising a first electrode (150) disposed under the first conductive semiconductor layer (122) exposed at a through-hole which passes through the second conductive semiconductor layer (126) and the active layer (124) with exposing the first conductive semiconductor layer (122).
     
    8. The light emitting device of claim 7, wherein the first insulating layer (132) is disposed to extend from the lower edge of the light emitting structure (120) to a side of the light emitting structure (120) exposed at the through-hole.
     
    9. A light emitting device package, comprising;
    the light emitting device of any one of claims 1 to 8;
    a first bonding pad (162) connected to the first conductive semiconductor layer (122);
    a second bonding pad (164) separated from the first bonding pad (162) and connected to the second conductive semiconductor layer (126); and
    a second insulating layer (134) disposed between the first bonding pad (162) and the second light permeable electrode layer (144) and between the first bonding pad (162) and the reflective layer (146).
     
    10. The light emitting device package of claim 9, wherein the light emitting device package further includes:

    first and second lead frames (182, 184) respectively and electrically connected to the first and second bonding pads (162, 164); and

    a molding member (190) configured to surround the light emitting device.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Lichtemittierungsvorrichtung, umfassend:

    ein Substrat (110);

    eine Lichtemittierungsstruktur (120), die unter dem Substrat (110) angeordnet ist und eine Halbleiterschicht einer ersten Leitfähigkeit (122), eine aktive Schicht (124) und eine Halbleiterschicht einer zweiten Leitfähigkeit (126) umfasst;

    eine erste Isolierschicht (132), die dazu konfiguriert ist, die Halbleiterschicht der zweiten Leitfähigkeit (126) zu exponieren, und auf einer unteren Kante der Lichtemittierungsstruktur (120) angeordnet ist;

    eine erste lichtdurchlässige Elektrodenschicht (142), die unter der durch die erste Isolierschicht (132) exponierten Halbleiterschicht der zweiten Leitfähigkeit (126) angeordnet ist;

    eine zweite lichtdurchlässige Elektrodenschicht (144), die unter der ersten Isolierschicht (132) und der ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elektrodenschicht (142) angeordnet ist; und

    eine reflektierende Schicht (146), die unter der zweiten lichtdurchlässigen Elektrodenschicht (144) angeordnet ist,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    eine Breite (W4) in einer ersten Richtung der ersten Isolierschicht (132), die unter der unteren Kante der Lichtemittierungsstruktur (120) angeordnet ist, in einem Bereich von 10 µm bis 40 µm ist, wobei die erste Richtung senkrecht zu einer Dickenrichtung der Lichtemittierungsstruktur ist,

    wobei eine überlappende Breite (W31, W32), um welche die erste Isolierschicht (132), die zweite lichtdurchlässige Elektrodenschicht (144) und die reflektierende Schicht (146) in der Dickenrichtung überlappen, 5µm ist,

    und wobei eine Dicke von jeder der ersten und und der zweiten lichtdurchlässigen Elektrodenschichten (142, 144) in einem Bereich von einigen Nanometern bis mehreren zehn Nanometern ist.


     
    2. Lichtemittierungsvorrichung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die reflektierende Schicht (146) dazu angeordnet ist, von der ersten Isolierschicht (132) durch die zweite lichtdurchlässige Elektrodenschicht (144) getrennt zu sein.
     
    3. Lichtemittierungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die zweite lichtdurchlässige Elektrodenschicht (144) umfasst:

    eine erste Oberfläche (144-1), die dazu konfiguriert ist, der Lichtemittierungsstruktur (120) zugewandt zu sein; und

    eine zweite Oberfläche (144-2) gegenüber der ersten Oberfläche (144-1),

    wobei die gesamte reflektierende Schicht (146) unter der zweiten Oberfläche (144-2) angeordnet ist.


     
    4. Lichtemittierungsvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die zweite lichtdurchlässige Elektrodenschicht (144) dazu angeordnet ist, eine Grenze zwischen der ersten lichtdurchlässigen Elektrodenschicht (142) und der ersten Isolierschicht (132) abzudecken.
     
    5. Lichtemittierungsvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei, in der ersten Richtung, eine erste Breite (W1) der reflektierenden Schicht (146) gleich einer zweiten Breite (W2) der zweiten lichtdurchlässigen Elektrodenschicht (144) oder geringer als diese ist.
     
    6. Lichtemittierungsvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei die erste Isolierschicht (132) SiO2 umfasst, und die reflektierende Schicht (146) Silber (Ag) umfasst.
     
    7. Lichtemittierungsvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, ferner umfassend eine erste Elektrode (150), die unter der Halbleiterschicht der ersten Leitfähigkeit (122) angeordnet ist, die an einem Durchgangsloch exponiert ist, das durch die Halbleiterschicht der zweiten Leitfähigkeit (126) und die aktive Schicht (124) mit Exponieren der Halbleiterschicht der ersten Leitfähigkeit hindurchgeht.
     
    8. Lichtemittierungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 7, wobei die erste Isolierschicht (132) dazu angeordnet ist, sich von der unteren Kante der Lichtemittierungsstruktur (120) zu einer Seite der Lichtemittierungsstruktur (120) zu erstrecken, die an dem Durchgangsloch exponiert ist.
     
    9. Lichtemittierungsvorrichtungsbaugruppe, umfassend:

    die Lichtemittierungsvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8;

    ein erstes Bondpad (162), das mit der Halbleiterschicht der ersten Leitfähigkeit (122) verbunden ist;

    ein zweites Bondpad (164), das von dem ersten Bondpad (162) getrennt und mit der Halbleiterschicht der zweiten Leitfähigkeit (126) verbunden ist; und

    eine zweite Isolierschicht (134), die zwischen dem ersten Bondpad (162) und der zweiten lichtdurchlässigen Elektrodenschicht (144) und zwischen dem ersten Bondpad (162) und der reflektierenden Schicht (146) angeordnet ist.


     
    10. Lichtemittierungsvorrichtungsbaugruppe nach Anspruch 9, wobei die Lichtemittierungsvorrichtungsbaugruppe ferner umfasst:

    einen ersten und einen zweiten Leiterrahmen (182, 184), die mit dem ersten bzw. dem zweiten Bondpad (162, 164) elektrisch verbunden sind; und

    ein Formelement (190), das dazu konfiguriert ist, die Lichtemittierungsvorrichtung zu umgeben.


     


    Revendications

    1. Un dispositif d'émission de lumière, comprenant :

    un substrat (110) ;

    une structure (120) d'émission de lumière disposée sous le substrat (8110) et comprenant une première couche semi-conductrice conductrice (122), une couche active (124) et une deuxième couche semi-conductrice conductrice (126) ;

    une première couche isolante (132) configurée pour exposer la deuxième couche semi-conductrice conductrice (126) et disposée sur un bord inférieur de la structure (120) d'émission de lumière ;

    une première couche formant électrode (142) perméable à la lumière disposée sous la deuxième couche semi-conductrice conductrice (126) exposée par la première couche isolante (132) ;

    une deuxième couche formant électrode (144) perméable à la lumière disposée sous la première couche isolante (132) et la première couche formant électrode (142) perméable à la lumière ; et

    une couche réfléchissante (146) disposée sous la deuxième couche formant électrode (144) perméable à la lumière,

    caractérisé en ce qu'une largeur (W4) dans une première direction de la première couche isolante (132) disposée sous le bord inférieur de la structure (120) d'émission de lumière est dans une gamme allant de 10 µm à 40 µm, la première direction étant perpendiculaire à une direction de l'épaisseur de la structure d'émission de lumière,

    une largeur de chevauchement (W31, W32) par laquelle la première couche isolante (132), la deuxième couche formant électrode (144) perméable à la lumière et la couche réfléchissante (146) se chevauchent dans le sens de l'épaisseur étant de 5 µm,

    et une épaisseur de chacune parmi les première et deuxième couches formant électrode (142, 144) perméables à la lumière se situant dans une gamme allant de plusieurs nanomètres à plusieurs dizaines de nanomètres.


     
    2. Le dispositif d'émission de lumière selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la couche réfléchissante (146) est disposée de manière à être séparée de la première couche isolante (132) par la deuxième couche formant électrode (144) perméable à la lumière.
     
    3. Le dispositif d'émission de lumière selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, dans lequel la deuxième couche formant électrode (144) perméable à la lumière comprend :

    une première surface (144-1) configurée pour faire face à la structure (120) d'émission de lumière ; et

    une deuxième surface (144-2) opposée à la première surface (144-1),

    l'ensemble de la couche réfléchissante (146) étant disposée sous la deuxième surface (144-2).


     
    4. Le dispositif d'émission de lumière selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel la deuxième couche formant électrode (144) perméable à la lumière est disposée de manière à recouvrir une limite entre la première couche formant électrode (142) perméable à la lumière et la première couche isolante (132).
     
    5. Le dispositif d'émission de lumière selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel, dans la première direction, une première largeur (W1) de la couche réfléchissante (146) est égale ou inférieure à une deuxième largeur (W2) de la deuxième couche formant électrode (144) perméable à la lumière.
     
    6. Le dispositif d'émission de lumière selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel la première couche isolante (132) comprend du SiO2, et la couche réfléchissante (146) comprend de l'argent (Ag).
     
    7. Le dispositif d'émission de lumière selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, comprenant en outre une première électrode (150) disposée sous la première couche semi-conductrice conductrice (122) exposée au niveau d'un trou traversant qui traverse la deuxième couche semi-conductrice conductrice (126) et la couche active (124) en exposant la première couche semi-conductrice conductrice (122).
     
    8. Le dispositif d'émission de lumière selon la revendication 7, dans lequel la première couche isolante (132) est disposée de manière à s'étendre depuis le bord inférieur de la structure (120) d'émission de lumière jusqu'à un côté de la structure (120) d'émission de lumière exposée au niveau du trou traversant.
     
    9. Un ensemble formant dispositif d'émission de lumière, comprenant :

    le dispositif d'émission de lumière selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8;

    un premier coussinet de liaison (162) connecté à la première couche semi-conductrice conductrice (122) ;

    un deuxième coussinet de connexion (164) séparé du premier coussinet de connexion (162) et connecté à la deuxième couche semi-conductrice conductrice (126) ; et

    une deuxième couche isolante (134) disposée entre le premier coussinet de liaison (162) et la deuxième couche formant électrode (144) perméable à la lumière et entre le premier coussinet de liaison (162) et la couche réfléchissante (146).


     
    10. L'ensemble formant dispositif d'émission de lumière selon la revendication 9, dans lequel l'ensemble formant dispositif d'émission de lumière comprend en outre :

    des premier et deuxième châssis de connexion (182, 184) respectivement et connectés électriquement aux premier et deuxième coussinets de liaison (162, 164) ; et

    un élément moulé (190) configuré pour entourer le dispositif d'émission de lumière.


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description