(19)
(11)EP 3 075 322 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/49

(21)Application number: 14865996.4

(22)Date of filing:  28.03.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A61B 17/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2014/059262
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/079719 (04.06.2015 Gazette  2015/22)

(54)

RETRACTOR

RETRAKTOR

ÉCARTEUR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 26.11.2013 JP 2013243891

(43)Date of publication of application:
05.10.2016 Bulletin 2016/40

(73)Proprietors:
  • TOKUSEN KOGYO CO., LTD.
    Ono-shi Hyogo 675-1361 (JP)
  • Osaka University
    Suita-shi, Osaka 565-0871 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • NAKAJIMA, Kiyokazu
    Suita-shi Osaka 565-0871 (JP)
  • YAMASHITA, Hiroyuki
    Ono-shi Hyogo 675-1361 (JP)

(74)Representative: Vigand, Philippe et al
Novagraaf International SA Chemin de l'Echo 3
1213 Onex - Genève
1213 Onex - Genève (CH)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 260 772
KR-A- 20130 009 742
US-A1- 2007 005 093
US-A1- 2011 160 538
WO-A1-2012/114569
US-A- 5 275 610
US-A1- 2011 160 538
US-B1- 6 423 080
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to retractors, and more specifically, to a retractor that can be developed in a three-dimensional direction to be used to exclude an inside wall of a hollow organ or an organ in a body cavity.

    Background Art



    [0002] In a conventional laparotomy, the organ that inhibits the surgery can be manually spread, but it is known that the organ cannot be easily spread and that it is difficult to ensure a field of view optimum for the surgery under endoscopic surgery. For example, a method of injecting gas into the body cavity to ensure the field of view and the operation space is known, but such method requires full anesthesia and the invasiveness is not actually low.

    [0003] To alleviate the problem of field of view, and the like and to facilitate the endoscopic treatment, an instrument called a retractor that excludes or tugs an organ to be treated or an organ that inhibits the field of view during the treatment, and the like, has been developed. As a basic function, it is desired that an instrument can be inserted through a small opening passage such as a trocar (pallium tube) or a small incision that serves as an insertion passage when inserting the retractor into the body. Therefore, the retractor needs to have a small diameter (e.g., desirably smaller than or equal to 10 mm in the case of trocar, and smaller than or equal to 20 mm in the case of small incision) and to have a rod-like form at least at the time of insertion, whereas after the insertion into the body cavity, the retractor is demanded to be deformable to a shape an excluding section has a large area of a certain degree to widely and safely exclude the target.

    [0004] According to the conflicting demands described above, variously devised retractors are being proposed and are commercially available. For example, the retractor in which the excluding section opens to a fan shape has been provided (e.g., Patent Literature 1). At the time of insertion of the trocar into the abdominal cavity, a fan-shaped excluding section is folded and accommodated inside a rod-shaped tube, and is pushed out by the rod-shaped tube in the body cavity to be spread to a fan shape. A structure of opening the fan-shaped excluding section to an arbitrary size by manual operation and a structure in which an angle between the excluding section and a base section varies are known, where such structures are suited for excluding liver and intestine as the advantage thereof is that the organ can be excluded relatively widely. The shape is not limited to a fan shape, and various shapes such as a diamond shape, and the like have also been proposed.

    [0005] In particular, development of a retractor that more effectively excludes the organ and that excels in operability is desired.

    Citation List


    Patent Literature



    [0006] Patent Literature 1: JP 6-154152 A

    Summary of Invention


    Technical Problem



    [0007] The present invention aims to solve the problems described above, and the object thereof is to provide a retractor that can be inserted through an incision or by being directly perforated to exclude the inside wall of the hollow organ or the organ in the body cavity, the retractor being easy to handle in the surgery and being able to freely adjust the scale of exclusion.

    Solution to Problem



    [0008] The present invention is a retractor for excluding an inside wall of a hollow organ or an organ in a body cavity, and the retractor includes:

    a rigid perforation tube;

    a developing body that is configured to be accommodated and extended with respect to the perforation tube; and

    a grip connected to respective proximal ends of the perforation tube and the developing body, wherein

    the developing body includes

    an excluding section configured by a movable wire and a plurality of fixing wires arranged at a periphery of the movable wire, and

    an introducing tube extended from the excluding section, the movable wire being passed through the introducing tube; and

    a distal end of the movable wire and a distal end of the fixing wire are joined in the excluding section.



    [0009] In one embodiment, the grip includes a first grip portion, a second grip portion, and a third grip portion from a distal side;
    a proximal end of the perforation tube is connected to the first grip portion;
    a proximal end of the introducing tube of the excluding section is connected to the second grip portion; and
    a proximal end of the movable wire of the excluding section is connected to the third grip portion.

    [0010] In one embodiment, the perforation tube is a straight tube.

    [0011] In one embodiment, a cross-section of the movable wire has a substantially circular shape.

    [0012] In further embodiment, a cross-section of the fixing wire has a partial circular ring shape in which a part of the cross-section substantially coincides with one part of an outer periphery of the cross-section of the movable wire.

    [0013] In one embodiment, a curve of the fixing wire in the excluding section is controlled by pushing or pulling at least one of the second grip portion or the third grip portion with respect to the first grip portion.

    Advantageous Effects of Invention



    [0014] According to the present invention, a retractor that can freely exclude the organ can be provided. The retractor of the present invention can form a cocoon-shaped structure configured to an arbitrary size in an excluding section by pushing and pulling a grip separated into three portions. The cocoon-shaped structure enables the organ to be freely excluded.

    [0015] According to the present invention, the organ within a predetermined range can be excluded without injecting gas into the body cavity, and hence, a so-called gas-less surgery can be performed.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0016] 

    Fig. 1 is a view schematically showing one example of a retractor of the present invention, and is a perspective view of the retractor showing a state in which a developing body is opened.

    Figs. 2 (a) to 2 (c) are views showing the retractor of the present invention shown in Fig. 1, where Fig. 2 (a) is a schematic view of the retractor showing a state in which the developing body is accommodated in a perforation tube, Fig. 2(b) is a schematic view of the retractor showing a state in which the developing body is extended from the perforation tube to carry out a cocoon-shaped development in an excluding section of the developing body, and Fig. 2 (c) is a schematic view of the retractor showing a state in which a cocoon-shaped structure is developed in the excluding section of the developing body extended from the perforation tube.

    Figs. 3(a) and 3(b) are views schematically showing one example of the developing body configuring the retractor of the present invention, where Fig. 3(a) is a cross-sectional view in a longitudinal direction of a distal end portion of the retractor of the present invention showing a state in which the developing body is accommodated in the perforation tube, and Fig. 3(b) is a partially cutout cross-sectional view of the distal end portion of the retractor of the present invention showing the developing body extended from the perforation tube and in which the cocoon shape is developed.

    Fig. 4 is a view schematically showing one example of a cross-sectional view (cross-sectional view of movable wire and fixing wire) in a direction orthogonal to a long axis of the developing body configuring the retractor of the present invention.

    Figs. 5(a) to 5(c) are cross-sectional views of the wire schematically showing an example of a cross-section of a fixing wire of the developing body configuring the present invention.

    Fig. 6 is a schematic view seen from a distal end side of the retractor when the developing body is extended from the perforation tube and developed in the retractor of the present invention.

    Figs. 7(a) to 7(c) are schematic cross-sectional views of the retractor showing one example of the retractor of the present invention, where Fig. 7 (a) is a view showing a state in which the first grip portion, and the second grip portion and the third grip portion are separated when the developing body is accommodated in the perforation tube, Fig. 7(b) is a view showing a state in which the developing body is extended from the perforation tube, and the first grip portion and the second grip portion, and the second grip portion and the third grip portion are respectively brought into contact, and Fig. 7(c) is a view showing a state in which the developing body is extended from the perforation tube, and the first grip portion, and the second grip portion and the third grip portion are separated.


    Description of Embodiments



    [0017] The present invention will be described in detail using the drawings.

    [0018] Fig. 1 is a view schematically showing one example of a retractor of the present invention, and is a perspective view of the retractor showing a state in which a developing body is opened.

    [0019] A retractor 100 of the present invention includes a rigid or hard perforation tube 110, a developing body 120 that can be accommodated and extended with respect to the perforation tube 110, and a grip 160 connected to a respective proximal end of the perforation tube 110 and the developing body 120.

    [0020] Figs. 2 (a) to 2 (c) are side views of the retractor 100 of the present invention shown in Fig. 1. As shown in Fig. 2(a), the retractor 100 of the present invention has, for example, the developing body completely accommodated in the perforation tube 110 immediately before use. The proximal end of the perforation tube 110 is connected to a first grip portion 162 of the grip 160.

    [0021] The term "retractor" used in the present specification refers to a medical instrument for excluding, spreading, tugging, or elevating a target (e.g., organ) or anything that inhibits a field of view in a medical field, and for example, includes a trocar and a pallium tube. The operations of excluding, spreading, tugging, or elevating are sometimes collectively referred to as "retraction" or "retract". When simply referring to "exclusion" in the present specification, this may include not only the operation of exclusion but also operations of spreading, tugging, or elevating (i.e., refers to retraction). The retractor includes an excluding section, as will be hereinafter described, for example, and is required to have such excluding section deformable to a size of a certain extent after being inserted into the body.

    [0022] The term "distal" used in the present specification refers to a position far from the person operating the retractor, and the term "proximal" refers to a position close to the person operating the retractor as opposed to the term "distal". Thus, the term "distal end" represents an end farthest (i.e., at distant) from the operating person, and the term "proximal end" represents an end closest (i.e., at proximate) to the operating person when operating the retractor of the present invention.

    [0023] When referring again to Fig. 2(a), in one embodiment, the perforation tube 110 is, for example, configured from a straight tube cut such that the distal end side has a sharp pointed shape. The angle of a tip of the distal end of the perforation tube 110 is not particularly limited, but is processed to an angle (e.g., 20° to 50°) at which the perforation into the body is facilitated. The outer diameter of the perforation tube 110 is preferably 1.7 mm to 3.5 mm, and more preferably 2.2 mm to 3 mm. Furthermore, the inner diameter of the perforation tube 110 can be selected from a range of preferably 1.5 mm to 3 mm, and more preferably 1.6 mm to 2.2 mm with respect to the outer diameter. In the present invention, the shape of the tip of the distal end of the perforation tube 110 is not necessarily limited to the description made above, and for example, may have an arbitrary shape that can be adopted to the pallium tube or the trocar in the medical field.

    [0024] Such perforation tube 110 is preferably made from a rigid material, for example, metal such as stainless steel, tantalum, cobalt alloy, nitinol (nickel-titanium alloy), and the like. The stainless steel includes, for example, SUS304, SUS316, andSUS316L. The retractor 100 of the present invention can reliably perforate a desired position (e.g., abdominal cavity) without being concerned about deflection, bend, breakage, and the like of the perforation tube by using the perforation tube 110 made from such rigid material. Furthermore, as the perforation tube 110 is rigid, sufficient strength can be maintained even in the cocoon-shaped development in the excluding section, to be described later, and the retraction.

    [0025] The grip 160 is divided into three portions, a first grip portion 162, a second grip portion 164, and a third grip portion 166 in the order from the distal end side. The type of material configuring the grip 160 is not particularly limited. The grip 160 is made, for example, from resin such as ABS resin, polycarbonate resin, acryl resin, and the like, metal such as stainless steel, aluminum, and the like, and the combination thereof.

    [0026] Fig. 2(b) is a view schematically showing one example of the retractor 100 of the present invention, and is a schematic view of the retractor 100 showing a state in which the developing body 120 is extended from the perforation tube 110 to carry out the cocoon-shaped development in the excluding section of the developing body.

    [0027] In the present specification, the term "cocoon shape" is a shape formed by the curve of a plurality of fixing wires, to be described later, in the excluding section of the developing body, and for example, includes a shape of a cocoon-like or oval sphere (rugby ball, etc.).

    [0028] The retractor 100 of the present invention can take in and out the developing body 120 accommodated in the perforation tube 110 by pushing and pulling at least one of the second grip portion 164 and the third grip portion 166 in the grip 160 with respect to the first grip portion 162. The developing body 120 is designed to a size having an outer diameter of preferably 1.5 mm to 3 mm, and more preferably 1.6 mm to 2 mm, and so as to freely slide in the perforation tube 110 when accommodated in the perforation tube 110 (state in which development described later is not carried out). The entire length of the retractor of the present invention is not necessarily limited and, for example, a distance from the distal end to the proximal end of the perforation tube 110 (i.e., distance from distal end of the perforation tube 110 to distal end of the first grip portion 162) is preferably 100 mm to 300 mm.

    [0029] Fig. 2(c) is a view schematically showing one example of the retractor 100 of the present invention, and is a schematic view of the retractor 100 showing a state in which the cocoon-shaped structure is developed in the excluding section 122 of the developing body 120 extended from the perforation tube 110.

    [0030] The retractor 100 of the present invention can develop the developing body 120 by further pushing and pulling at least one of the second grip portion 164 or the third grip portion 166 in the grip 160 with respect to the first grip portion 162. The developing body 120 includes the excluding section 122 and an introducing tube 130 extended from the excluding section 122, where the excluding section 122 is configured by a movable wire 124 and a plurality of fixing wires 126 arranged at the periphery of the movable wire 124. Moreover, the introducing tube 130 has a tubular shape, and the movable wire 124 is slidably passed therethrough. The number of fixing wires 126 arranged at the periphery of the movable wire 124 is not particularly limited, and is, for example three to twelve, and preferably six to eight.

    [0031] An example of a material configuring the introducing tube 130, the movable wire 124, and the fixing wire 126 independently includes stainless steel such as SUS304, resin such as polyamide, PTFE, and the like, stainless steel on which resin is coated, and the like. In particular, the movable wire 124 preferably has a line strength sufficient to withstand load at the time of exclusion, for example, line strength of greater than or equal to 1850 MPa, and preferably greater than or equal to 2100 MPa.

    [0032] The movable wire 124 and the fixing wire 126 configuring the excluding section 122, as well as, the introducing tube 130 preferably have a smooth surface to prevent damage on the organ. Furthermore, a coating material having electrical insulating property may be applied on such surfaces to prevent generation of sparks with another instrument during the surgery. The coating material may be a material normally used for coating of a medical instrument. For example, the coating material may be porous polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) film, silicone film, polyurethane film, polyethylene terephthalate (Dacron (registered trademark)) film, and the like. The thickness of the coating layer formed by the coating material is not particularly limited, but is, for example, 4 µm to 16 µm, and preferably 8 µm to 12 µm.

    [0033] The length of the excluding section 122 accommodated (undeveloped) in the perforation tube 110 fluctuates according to the size, and the like of the designed retractor, and hence is not necessarily limited. In one embodiment, the length of the excluding section accommodated in the perforation tube 110 is, for example, 40 mm to 120 mm, and preferably 50 mm to 80 mm. Moreover, in one embodiment, the size of the outer diameter of the excluding section 122 accommodated in the perforation tube 110 is, for example, 1.5 mm to 3 mm, and preferably 1.6 mm to 2 mm.

    [0034] The length in the most developed state of the excluding section 122 and the maximum diameter of the cocoon shape formed when the fixing wire 126 of the excluding section 122 is developed fluctuate by the size of the designed retractor, and the like, and thus are not necessarily limited. In one embodiment, the length of the excluding section is, for example, 35 mm to 80 mm, and preferably, 45 mm to 65 mm. Furthermore, in one embodiment, the maximum diameter of the cocoon shape is, for example, 20 mm to 80 mm, and preferably, 35 mm to 60 mm.

    [0035] Figs. 3(a) and 3(b) are views schematically showing one example of the developing body 120 configuring the retractor of the present invention.

    [0036] As shown in Fig. 3 (a), the developing body 120 has the distal end of the movable wire 124 and the distal end of the fixing wire 126 joined at a cap 132 arranged at a tip of the distal end in the excluding section 122. The respective proximal ends of the fixing wires 126 are also fixed with the introducing tube 130, and the movable wire 124 is passed through the introducing tube 130. When the developing body 120 is accommodated in the perforation tube 110, for example, the distal end of the introducing tube 130 is located at the farthest position (i.e., more proximal side in the retractor 100) with respect to the ball shaped cap 132 made from SUS304, and the fixing wire 126 maintains a straightly extended state. Thus, the developing body 120 has a most deformed state in an axial direction of the perforation tube 110, and can freely slide in the perforation tube 110.

    [0037] As shown in Fig. 3(b), the developing body 120 can be extended from the perforation tube 110 so that the cocoon-shaped structure can be developed by the plurality of fixing wires 126. In such a state, each distal end of the movable wire 124 and the fixing wire 126 remains fixed to the cap 132, whereas the cap 132 and the distal end of the introducing tube 130 move closer and each fixing wire 126 causes deflection in a direction (radial direction) away from about the axis of the movable wire 124, and the cocoon-shaped structure by the entire plurality of fixing wires 126 can be built as the excluding section 122. The cocoon-shaped structure excludes the inside wall of the hollow organ or the organ in the body cavity, and can form a predetermined space in the hollow cavity or the body cavity.

    [0038] Fig. 4 is a schematic view showing one example of a cross-sectional view (cross-sectional view of movable wire and fixing wire) in a direction orthogonal to a long axis of the developing body 120 configuring the retractor 100 of the present invention, and is a cross-sectional view of the excluding section 122 of the accommodated (undeveloped) developing body 120.

    [0039] The diameter A of the movable wire 124 and the thickness B of the fixing wire 126 in Fig. 4 are such that a ratio (A/B) of lengths preferably satisfies, for example two to ten, and preferably three to seven from the standpoint of easiness in the development of the fixing wire 126 and providing sufficient strength to each wire 124, 126. In one embodiment, A is 1.2 mm and B is 0.25 mm (A/B is 4.8).

    [0040] In Fig. 4, the movable wire 124 configuring the excluding section 122 has a substantially circular cross-section, but is not necessarily limited to such cross-sectional shape. As the force applied when the fixing wire 126 is developed is uniformly dispersed, shapes such as circle, regular polygon (square, regular hexagon, regular octagon, etc.), and the like are preferred. The plurality of fixing wires 126 having substantially the same cross-sectional shape are arranged at the periphery of the movable wire 124. A surface where each fixing wire 126 makes contact with the movable wire 124 preferably has a shape that coincides with the outer diameter of the movable wire 124. This is because the entire capacity of the excluding section 122 during the accommodation can be made as small as possible while avoiding an unnecessary space from being formed between the fixing wire 126 and the movable wire 124.

    [0041]  More specifically, the cross-section of the fixing wire 126 has a partial circular ring shape in which a part of the cross-section, as shown in Figs. 5(a) to 5(c), substantially coincides with a part of the outer periphery of the cross-section of the movable wire 124. In other words, the cross-section of the fixing wire 126 may have a shape as if a part of an arc is cut out as is from the circular ring as shown in Fig. 5 (a), may have a blunt shape in which four corners in the partial circular ring shape shown in Fig. 5(a) are rounded to reduce the damage of the surrounding tissues at the time of exclusion as shown in Fig. 5(b), or may have a shape in which the respective cross-section is a crescent shape by having a portion corresponding to the outer edge side of the excluding section in the fixing wire 126 to a more rounded blunt shape as shown in Fig. 5(c). The cross-section of the plurality of fixing wires 126 is preferably the same with respect to each other to carry out a uniform development.

    [0042] Fig. 6 is a schematic view seen from a distal end side of the retractor when the developing body 120 is extended from the perforation tube 110 and developed in the retractor 100 of the present invention.

    [0043] As shown in Fig. 6, when the developing body 120 is developed, each fixing wire 126 preferably has a substantially equal developing angle (θ) with respect to each other with the movable wire 124 as a center. In other words, the developing angle (θ) can be set by the number of fixing wires 126 configuring the excluding section 122. If each fixing wire 126 is developed at substantially equal developing angle (θ) with respect to each other as shown in Fig. 6, the movable wire 124 can maintain a straight shape in the axial direction without causing warp.

    [0044] In the retractor 100 of the present invention, the extension of the developing body 120 from the perforation tube 110, the accommodation of the developing body 120 to the perforation tube 110, and the development or the accommodation of the excluding section 122 in the developing body 120 are controlled by the grip 160 provided at the proximal end side of the retractor 100.

    [0045] Figs. 7(a) to 7(c) are schematic cross-sectional views of the retractor showing one example of the retractor 100 of the present invention.

    [0046] As shown in Fig. 7(a), in the present invention, the proximal end of the perforation tube 110 is connected to the first grip portion 162, the proximal end of the introducing tube 130 of the excluding section 122 is connected to the second grip portion 164, and the proximal end of the movable wire 124 of the excluding section 122 is connected to the third grip portion 166. In the retractor 100 of the present invention, when the developing body 120 is accommodated in the perforation tube 110, the first grip portion 162, and the second grip portion 164 and the third grip portion 166 of the grip 160 are separated, as shown in Fig. 7(a). In this state, the retractor 100 of the present invention is inserted to the inside wall of the hollow organ or the organ in the body cavity through an incision or by being directly perforated from the tip of the distal end of the perforation tube 110.

    [0047] Next, the second grip portion 164 and the third grip portion 166 are respectively pushed in toward the distal end side, that is, the first grip portion 162 side with respect to the first grip portion 162. Thus, the introducing tube 130 and the movable wire 124 connected to the second grip portion 164 and the third grip portion 166, respectively, are pushed out toward the distal side, and the developing body 120 is extended from the perforation tube 110.

    [0048] Thereafter, the development of the fixing wire 126 is carried out from the excluding section 122 in the developing body 120. The development of the fixing wire 126 from the excluding section 122 is carried out, for example, in the following manner according to the respective lengths of the introducing tube 130 and the movable wire 124 with respect to the length of the perforation tube 110, the position relationship of the second grip portion 164 and the third grip portion 166 with respect to the first grip portion 162 when the developing body 120 is extended from the perforation tube 110, and the like.

    [0049] In other words, as shown in Fig. 7(b), when the proximal end of the first grip portion 162 is brought into contact with or is substantially brought into contact with the distal end of the second grip portion 164 under a state the developing body 120 is extended from the perforation tube 110, only the movable wire 124 is sled toward the proximal side with the introducing tube 130 fixed with respect to the perforation tube 110 by pulling out only the third grip portion 166 toward the proximal side (hand side) with respect to the first grip portion 162 and the second grip portion 164. Thus, the distal end of the fixing wire 126 joined with the movable wire 124 at the portion of the cap 132 is also sled toward the proximal side. On the other hand, the proximal end of the fixing wire 126 is joined to the distal end of the introducing tube 130 and is in a fixed state, so that the fixing wire 126 is curved toward the outer side. As a result, the plurality of fixing wires 126 is developed in the excluding section 122, thus expressing the cocoon shape. The cocoon-shaped expression achieves exclusion of the inserted hollow organ or the body cavity.

    [0050] Alternatively, as shown in Fig. 7(c), when the first grip portion 162 and the second grip portion 164 are separated under a state the developing body 120 is extended from the perforation tube 110, only the introducing tube 130 is sled toward the distal side with respect to the perforation tube 110 and the movable wire 124 by pushing out only the second grip portion 164 toward the distal side with respect to the first grip portion 162 and the third grip portion 166. Thus, only the proximal end of the fixing wire 126 joined to the distal end of the introducing tube 130 is sled toward the distal side and the fixing wire 126 is curved toward the outer side while maintaining the position relationship of the movable wire 124 and the fixing wire 126 at the portion of the cap 132. As a result, the plurality of fixing wires 126 is developed in the excluding section 122, and a cocoon-shaped structure is expressed. The cocoon-shaped expression achieves the exclusion of the inserted hollow organ or the body cavity.

    [0051] In Figs. 7(b) and 7(c), the length of pulling out or pushing out the third grip portion 166 and/or second grip portion 164 is fluctuated, so that the size of the cocoon-shaped structure expressed in the excluding section 122 can be freely changed.

    [0052] The retractor of the present invention is used to carry out exclusion in various surgeries in the hollow organs such as stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and vagina as well as the other organs such as liver, pancreas, kidney, gallbladder, spleen, uterus, lungs, and the like.

    [0053] For example, in the surgery of stomach and esophagus, the retractor of the present invention is inserted to the lower surface of the hepatic left lobe interfering with the operative field to elevate it toward the abdominal side, so that the surgery can be proceeded more safely and efficiently without the interference to the operative field. Similarly, in the operation at the pelvic floor, the surgical operation of the periphery of the rectum can be efficiently carried out by spreading the uterus using the retractor of the present invention.

    Industrial Applicability



    [0054] According to the present invention, a retractor that can freely exclude the organ can be provided. Furthermore, according to the present invention, the retractor is also useful in that gas-less surgery can be carried out, for example, as the field of view and the operation space can be ensured without injecting gas into the body cavity.

    Reference Signs List



    [0055] 
    100
    retractor
    110
    perforation tube
    120
    developing body
    122
    excluding section
    124
    movable wire
    126
    fixing wire
    130
    introducing tube
    132
    cap
    160
    grip
    162
    first grip portion
    164
    second grip portion
    166
    third grip portion



    Claims

    1. A retractor (100) for excluding an inside wall of a hollow organ or an organ in a body cavity, the retractor characterized by:

    a rigid perforation tube (110);

    a developing body (120) that is configured to be accommodated and extended with respect to the perforation tube; and

    a grip (160) connected to respective proximal ends of the perforation tube (110) and the developing body, wherein

    the developing body includes

    an excluding section (122) configured by a movable wire (124) and a plurality of fixing wires (126) arranged at a periphery of the movable wire, and

    an introducing tube (130) extended from the excluding section (122), the movable wire being passed through the introducing tube;

    a distal end of the movable wire (124) and a distal end of the fixing wire (126) are joined in the excluding section, and

    the grip (160) including a first grip portion (162), a second grip portion (164), and a third grip portion from (166) a distal side ;

    wherein

    the excluding section (122) is caused to extend from a tip of the perforation tube (110) by moving the second grip portion (164) and the third grip portion (166) toward the first grip portion in a state where the excluding section is closed and accommodated in the perforation tube, and

    the excluding section (122) is capable of being developed, by moving the third grip portion (166) toward the distal end without moving the second grip portion (164) in a state where the excluding section is closed and extended from the tip of the perforation tube.


     
    2. The retractor according to claim 1 wherein the perforation tube (110) is a straight tube.
     
    3. The retractor according to any one of claims 1 to 2, wherein a cross-section of the movable wire (124) has a substantially circular shape.
     
    4. The retractor according to claim 3, wherein a cross-section of the fixing wire (126) has a partial circular ring shape in which a part of the cross-section substantially coincides with one part of an outer periphery of the cross-section of the movable wire (124).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Retraktor (100) zum Ausschließen einer Innenwand eines hohlen Organs oder eines Organs in einem Körperhohlraum, wobei der Retraktor durch Folgendes gekennzeichnet ist:

    ein starres Perforationsrohr (110);

    einen Entwicklungskörper (120), der dazu ausgelegt ist, mit Bezug auf das Perforationsrohr aufgenommen und erstreckt zu sein; und

    einen Griff (160), der mit jeweiligen proximalen Enden des Perforationsrohrs (110) und des Entwicklungskörpers verbunden ist, wobei

    der Entwicklungskörper Folgendes beinhaltet

    einen Ausschließungsbereich (122), der durch einen bewegbaren Draht (124) und eine Vielzahl von Fixierungsdrähten (126), die an einer Peripherie des bewegbaren Drahts angeordnet sind, ausgelegt ist, und

    ein Einführungsrohr (130), das sich vom Ausschließungsbereich (122) erstreckt, wobei der bewegbare Draht durch das Einführungsrohr geführt wird;

    ein distales Ende des bewegbaren Drahts (124) und ein distales Ende des Fixierungsdrahts (126) im Ausschließungsbereich gekoppelt sind, und

    wobei der Griff (160) einen ersten Griffabschnitt (162), einen zweiten Griffabschnitt (164) und einen dritten Griffabschnitt (166) von einer distalen Seite beinhaltet;

    wobei

    in einem Zustand, in dem der Ausschließungsbereich geschlossen und im Perforationsrohr aufgenommen ist, durch Bewegen des zweiten Griffabschnitts (164) und des dritten Griffabschnitts (166) zum ersten Griffabschnitt hin bewirkt wird, dass sich der Ausschließungsbereich (122) von einer Spitze des Perforationsrohrs (110) erstreckt, und

    in einem Zustand, in dem der Ausschließungsbereich geschlossen ist und sich von der Spitze des Perforationsrohrs erstreckt, durch Bewegen des dritten Griffabschnitts (166) zum distalen Ende hin, ohne den zweiten Griffabschnitt (164) zu bewegen, der Ausschließungsbereich (122) in der Lage ist, sich zu entwickeln.


     
    2. Retraktor nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Perforationsrohr (110) ein gerades Rohr ist.
     
    3. Retraktor nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 2, wobei ein Querschnitt des bewegbaren Drahts (124) eine im Wesentlichen kreisförmige Form aufweist.
     
    4. Retraktor nach Anspruch 3, wobei ein Querschnitt des Fixierungsdrahts (126) eine teilweise kreisförmige Ringform aufweist, in der ein Teil des Querschnitts mit einem Teil einer äußeren Peripherie des Querschnitts des bewegbaren Drahts (124) im Wesentlichen zusammentrifft.
     


    Revendications

    1. Ecarteur (100) pour exclure une paroi intérieure d'un organe creux ou un organe dans une cavité corporelle, l'écarteur étant caractérisé par :

    un tube de perforation rigide (110) ;

    un corps de développement (120) qui est configuré pour être logé et étendu par rapport au tube de perforation ; et

    une poignée (160) raccordée aux extrémités proximales respectives du tube de perforation (110) et du corps de développement, dans lequel :
    le corps de développement comprend :

    une section d'exclusion (122) configurée par un fil mobile (124) et une pluralité de fils de fixation (126) agencés au niveau d'une périphérie du fil mobile, et

    un tube d'introduction (130) étendu à partir de la section d'exclusion (122), le fil mobile passant par le tube d'introduction ;

    une extrémité distale du fil mobile (124) et une extrémité distale du fil de fixation (126) sont assemblées dans la section d'exclusion, et

    la poignée (160) comprenant une première partie de préhension (162), une deuxième partie de préhension (164) et une troisième partie de préhension (166) à partir d'un côté distal ;

    dans lequel :

    la section d'exclusion (122) est amenée à s'étendre à partir d'une pointe du tube de perforation (110) en déplaçant la deuxième partie de préhension (164) et la troisième partie de préhension (166) vers la première partie de préhension dans un état dans lequel la section d'exclusion est fermée et logée dans le tube de perforation, et

    la section d'exclusion (122) peut être développée, en déplaçant la troisième partie de préhension (166) vers l'extrémité distale sans déplacer la deuxième partie de préhension (164) dans un état dans lequel la section d'exclusion est fermée et étendue à partir de la pointe du tube de perforation.


     
    2. Ecarteur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le tube de perforation (110) est un tube droit.
     
    3. Ecarteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 2, dans lequel une section transversale du fil mobile (124) a une forme sensiblement circulaire.
     
    4. Ecarteur selon la revendication 3, dans lequel une section transversale du fil de fixation (126) a une forme annulaire circulaire partielle dans laquelle une partie de la section transversale coïncide sensiblement avec une partie d'une périphérie externe de la section transversale du fil mobile (124).
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description