(19)
(11)EP 3 075 615 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
11.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/50

(21)Application number: 16160388.1

(22)Date of filing:  15.03.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B60T 7/04(2006.01)
B60T 11/18(2006.01)
B60T 7/06(2006.01)
G05G 1/36(2008.04)

(54)

MOUNTING STRUCTURE FOR PEDAL DEVICE

MONTAGESTRUKTUR FÜR PEDALVORRICHTUNG

STRUCTURE DE MONTAGE POUR DISPOSITIF À PÉDALE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 20.03.2015 JP 2015057643

(43)Date of publication of application:
05.10.2016 Bulletin 2016/40

(73)Proprietor: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
Toyota-shi, Aichi 471-8571 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • KAWAZU, Toshihiro
    Aichi-Ken, Aichi 471-8571 (JP)
  • UCHIDA, Satoshi
    Aichi-Ken, Aichi 471-8571 (JP)
  • KONDO, Takaomi
    Aichi-Ken, Aichi 471-8571 (JP)
  • YAMAMOTO, Naruki
    Aichi-Ken, Aichi 471-8571 (JP)
  • NOGUCHI, Yasutoshi
    Aichi-Ken, Aichi 471-8571 (JP)

(74)Representative: D Young & Co LLP 
120 Holborn
London EC1N 2DY
London EC1N 2DY (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 282 251
EP-A2- 1 375 277
WO-A1-2007/063657
JP-A- 2000 259 271
JP-A- 2010 067 138
JP-A- 2013 112 248
EP-A1- 2 777 997
EP-A2- 1 813 488
DE-A1- 4 105 679
JP-A- 2009 073 305
JP-A- 2011 215 869
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a structure for mounting, on a dash panel, a pedal device having a pedal configured to be stepped on in a vehicle brake system.

    Description of the Related Art



    [0002] As described in the following Patent Literature, a pedal device including a pedal and a bracket that pivotally holds the pedal is mounted on a dash panel such that the bracket and a master cylinder device sandwich the dash panel therebetween. The surface of the dash panel is covered with a sound insulator. Thus, a plurality of collars through which fastening rods, such as bolts, respectively extend, are interposed between the dash panel and the bracket for spacing the dash panel and the bracket apart from each other, as described in the following Patent Literature. JP 2000 259271 A relates to a mounting structure of a pedal.

    [0003] Patent Literature 1: JP-A-2009-073305

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0004] In general, the dash panel is formed of a steel sheet having a comparatively small thickness, and there is a possibility that the dash panel is deformed locally at a portion thereof on which the pedal device is mounted when the pedal is stepped on. For preventing the local deformation of the dash panel, the Patent Literature described above proposes a technique of superposing a reinforcing steel sheet on the portion of the dash panel on which the pedal device is mounted. The present invention has been developed in view of such situations. It is therefore an object of the invention to provide a mounting structure for a pedal device in which a novel reinforcing means is applied to a portion of a dash panel on which a pedal device is mounted.

    [0005] To achieve the object indicated above, the present invention provides a mounting structure for a pedal device which includes a plurality of collars interposed between a dash panel and a bracket of the pedal device for spacing the dash panel and the bracket apart from each other and in which the plurality of collars include a pair of collars, one of which has an extending portion that extends along the dash panel in a direction away from the other of the pair of collars.

    [0006] According to the mounting structure for the pedal device described above, the extending portion functions as a reinforcing member like a rib provided on the dash panel. It is thus possible to prevent or reduce deformation of the dash panel caused when the pedal is stepped on, without employing the above-indicated technique of superposing the reinforcing steel sheet.

    FORMS OF THE INVENTION



    [0007] There will be exemplified and explained various forms of an invention that is considered claimable. (The invention will be hereinafter referred to as "claimable invention" where appropriate). Each of the forms is numbered like the appended claims and depends from the other form or forms, where appropriate. This is for easier understanding of the claimable invention, and it is to be understood that combinations of constituent elements that constitute the invention are not limited to those described in the following forms. That is, it is to be understood that the claimable invention shall be construed in the light of the following description of various forms and embodiments. It is to be further understood that, as long as the claimable invention is construed in this way, any form in which one or more constituent elements is/are added to or deleted from any one of the following forms may be considered as one form of the claimable invention.

    [0008] In the following forms, the forms (1)-(7) respectively correspond to claims 1-7.
    1. (1) A mounting structure for a pedal device including a pedal and a bracket that pivotally holds the pedal, the mounting structure being configured to mount the pedal device on a dash panel such that the dash panel is sandwiched by and between the bracket and a master cylinder device, the mounting structure comprising:

      a plurality of fastening rods that respectively extend through a plurality of holes formed in the dash panel for fastening the bracket and the master cylinder device to each other; and

      a plurality of collars interposed between the dash panel and the bracket for spacing the dash panel and the bracket apart from each other, the plurality of fastening rods respectively extending through the plurality of collars,

      wherein the plurality of collars include a pair of collars, and

      wherein one of the pair of collars has an extending portion that extends along the dash panel in a direction away from the other of the pair of collars, the extending portion functioning as a reinforcing member for reducing deformation of the dash panel caused when the pedal is stepped on.


      As later explained in detail, the pedal device is typically mounted on the dash panel by a plurality of fastening rods. The collars are intervening members through which the fastening rods extend. In other words, the fastening rods penetrate the respective collars. Each fastening rod is like a bolt that extends from the master cylinder device, for instance. The fastening rods are disposed so as to enclose a link rod configured to activate the master cylinder device. The distal end of the link rod is coupled to the pedal at a position between a stepping surface of the pedal and a portion of the pedal at which the pedal is rotatably supported by the bracket. Consequently, when the pedal is stepped on, a force to deform an area of the dash panel enclosed by the fastening rods (hereinafter referred to as "enclosed area" where appropriate) is not generated, but a force to pivot or rotate the enclosed area as a whole is generated, and the force acts on the dash panel. As a result, the dash panel is deformed at its portion surrounding the enclosed area.
      Among the plurality of collars through which the plurality of fastening rods extend, two of the collars that form a pair is defined as a pair of collars. In the mounting structure for the pedal device (hereinafter simply referred to as "mounting structure" where appropriate), one of the pair of collars is provided with the extending portion that extends along the dash panel in a direction away from the other of the pair of collars. That is, the extending portion extends along the dash panel outside the enclosed area described above. In a state in which the extending portion is in contact with the dash panel, the extending portion functions as a reinforcing member like a rib provided on the dash panel. According to the mounting structure of this form, it is possible to effectively reduce the deformation of the dash panel caused when the pedal is stepped on.
      Each of "the plurality of collars" in this form is configured to have a predetermined length and to surround the fastening rod. The collar need not be formed of a single member. For instance, the collar may be formed by two or more members that are joined to each other by bonding or the like. Further, the plurality of collars need not be independent of each other. For instance, two or more of the plurality of collars may be coupled integrally to each other.
      As "the pair of collars" in this form, a suitable two of the plurality of collars may be selected depending upon a direction in which a force to deform the dash panel acts when the pedal is stepped on. Specifically, in an instance where the dash panel is deformed such that its portions that are distant from each other in an up-down direction are displaced relative to each other in a front-rear direction, two collars arranged in the up-down direction may be regarded as the pair of collars. In an instance where the dash panel is deformed such that its portions that are distant from each other in a right-left direction are displaced relative to each other in the front-rear direction, two collars arranged in the right-left direction may be regarded as the pair of collars. In the mounting structure, only one pair of collars may be provided or a plurality of pairs of collars may be provided. That is, the plurality of collars may form a plurality of pairs (e.g., two pairs).
      The direction of extension of the "extending portion" in this form is not limited to a direction in which a line connecting the pair of collars extends, but may be inclined with respect to the direction of extension of the line. In an instance where the extending portion presses the dash panel when the pedal is stepped on, the extending portion and the dash panel need not be necessarily bonded to each other. On the contrary, in an instance where the extending portion is moved away from the dash panel when the pedal is stepped on, the extending portion and the dash panel need to be bonded to each other. This form does not exclude a configuration in which the other of the pair of collars is also provided with the extending portion that extends along the dash panel in a direction away from the one of the pair of collars.
      In terms of the function as the reinforcing member, it is desirable that the thickness of the extending portion, namely, the dimension of the extending portion in a direction perpendicular to the dash panel, be relatively large. If the thickness of the extending portion is made equal to the length of the collar, namely, if the thickness of the extending portion is made equal to or substantially equal to a distance between the bracket and the dash panel in a state in which the pedal device is mounted, it is possible to reduce the deformation of the dash panel to a considerably high extent. Specifically, the effect of reducing the deformation of the dash panel becomes high by increasing the thickness of the extending portion to a certain extent, as compared with a case in which the steel sheet is superposed on the dash panel for reinforcement.
    2. (2) The mounting structure for the pedal device according to the form (1),
      wherein the pedal device is mounted on the dash panel such that the pedal is held at a proximal portion thereof by the bracket so as to be pivotable about a pivot axis extending in a lateral direction and such that the pivot axis is located above the plurality of fastening rods while a stepping surface provided at a distal portion of the pedal is located below the plurality of fastening rods, and
      wherein the pair of collars consist of two of the plurality of collars that are distant from each other in an up-down direction, and the extending portion extends upward or downward.
      The mounting structure according to this form is suitable for an ordinary pedal device. When the pedal of the pedal device constructed as described is stepped on, the dash panel is deformed such that an area of the dash panel above the enclosed area (i.e., upper area) and an area of the dash panel below the enclosed area (i.e., lower area) are displaced relative to each other. Specifically, the upper area of the dash panel is displaced toward an operator of the pedal (hereinafter referred to as "pedal operator" where appropriate), and the lower area is displaced away from the pedal operator. In view of this, two of the plurality of collars that are distant from each other in the up-down direction are regarded as the pair of collars, and an upper one of the two collars is provided with the extending portion that extends upward or a lower one of the two collars is provided with the extending portion that extends downward. Consequently, the dash panel, on which the ordinary pedal device is mounted, is effectively prevented from being deformed when the pedal is stepped on. The direction of extension of the extending portion, i.e., "upward" or "downward", does not necessarily mean only "directly above" or "directly below". Therefore, even in an instance where the extending portion extends in a direction inclined with respect to the directly above direction or the directly below direction, e.g., where the extending portion extends obliquely upward or obliquely downward, it is to be construed that the extending portion extends upward or downward.
    3. (3) The mounting structure for the pedal device according to the form (2), wherein the one of the pair of collars that has the extending portion is located below the other of the pair of collars, and the extending portion extends downward.
    4. (4) The mounting structure for the pedal device according to the form (2), wherein the one of the pair of collars that has the extending portion is located above the other of the pair of collars, and the extending portion extends upward.
      In the above two forms, the collar on which the extending portion is provided is specifically limited, relative to the preceding form. Further, the direction of extension of the extending portion is specifically limited in the above two forms, relative to the preceding form. In the former one of the two forms, the extending portion reinforces the lower area of the dash panel located below the enclosed area. In the latter one of the two forms, the extending portion reinforces the upper area of the dash panel located above the enclosed area. Either form is effective for reducing the deformation of the dash panel caused when the pedal is stepped on. In the former form, the extending portion need not necessarily be bonded to the dash panel. In the latter form, however, the extending portion needs to be bonded to the dash panel. It is noted that the above two forms and the preceding form do not exclude a configuration in which the extending portion is provided on each of one and the other of the pair of collars.
    5. (5) The mounting structure for the pedal device according to any one of the forms (2)-(4),
      wherein the pedal device is configured such that the distal portion of the pedal is shifted with respect to the proximal portion of the pedal in the lateral direction, and
      wherein the extending portion extends so as to be inclined in the lateral direction.
      In most ordinary pedal devices, the stepping surface of the pedal is shifted leftward or rightward. In an instance where such a pedal device is mounted on the dash panel, the dash panel is not only deformed as described above, but also deformed such that an area of the dash panel located on the left side of the enclosed area (i.e., left area) and an area of the dash panel located on the right side of the enclosed area (i.e., right area) are displaced relative to each other. Specifically, one of the left area and the right area is displaced toward the pedal operator while the other of the left area and the right area is displaced away from the pedal operator. In short, the dash panel is deformed not only in the up-down direction but also in the right-left direction. According to this form, the extending portion extends so as to be inclined rightward or leftward. It is thus possible to effectively reduce the deformation of the dash panel in the right-left direction caused in the pedal device in which the stepping surface of the pedal is shifted rightward or leftward.
    6. (6) The mounting structure for the pedal device according to any one of the forms (2)-(5), wherein the plurality of collars include two pairs of collars each of which functions as the pair of collars, the two pairs of collars being distant from each other in the lateral direction and located at the same position in the up-down direction.
      The ordinary pedal device is mounted on the dash panel through the four fastening rods disposed such that two of the four fastening rods are located above or below the other two of the four fastening rods and such that two of the four fastening rods are located rightward or leftward of the other two of the four fastening rods. In such a pedal device, a left-side two collars are regarded as the pair of collars, and a right-side two collars are regarded as the pair of collars. In this case, if the extending portion is provided on one of the two collars in each pair, the deformation of the dash panel can be more effectively prevented.
    7. (7) The mounting structure for the pedal device according to any one of the forms (1)-(6), wherein the pair of collars are connected to each other.


    [0009] The pair of collars connected integrally to each other contribute to a reduction in the number of components of the mounting structure. In view of the mounting work for mounting the pedal device on the dash panel, the plurality of collars is desirably fixed to the dash panel in advance. The pair of collars connected integrally to each other allows simplification of work for fixing the pair of collars to the dash panel.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0010] The objects, features, advantages, and technical and industrial significance of the claimable invention will be better understood by reading the following detailed description of embodiments of the claimable invention, when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:

    Fig. 1A is a side view showing a state in which a pedal device is mounted by a mounting structure for the pedal device according to one embodiment and Fig. 1B is a front view showing the state of Fig. 1A;

    Fig. 2 is a perspective view of spacers that constitute the mounting structure for the pedal device according to the embodiment;

    Fig. 3A is a side view showing a state in which the pedal device is mounted by a conventional mounting structure, Fig. 3B is a front view showing the state of Fig. 3A, Fig. 3C is a side view schematically showing a state in which the pedal of the pedal device is stepped on in the state of Figs. 3A and 3B, and Fig. 3D is a side view schematically showing a state in which the pedal is stepped on in an instance where the pedal device is mounted by the mounting structure for the pedal device according to the embodiment;

    Figs. 4A and 4B are front views each showing a state in which the pedal device is mounted by a mounting structure for the pedal device according to another embodiment;

    Figs. 5A and 5B are front views each showing a state in which the pedal device is mounted by a mounting structure for the pedal device according to still another embodiment; and

    Figs. 6A and 6B are front views each showing a state in which the pedal device is mounted by a mounting structure for the pedal device according to yet another embodiment.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS



    [0011] Referring to the drawings, there will be explained below in detail a mounting structure for a pedal device (hereinafter simply referred to as "mounting structure" where appropriate) according to one embodiment of the claimable invention and mounting structures according to modified embodiments. It is to be understood that the claimable invention is not limited to the details of the following embodiments and the forms described in Forms of the Invention, but may be embodied with other changes and modifications based on the knowledge of those skilled in the art.

    Embodiment


    Configuration of pedal device



    [0012] As shown in Figs. 1A and 1B, a pedal device 10 mounted by a mounting structure according to one embodiment constitutes a hydraulic brake system and includes a pedal 12 and a bracket 14 that pivotally holds the pedal 12. (The bracket 14 may be referred to as "pedal support".) The pedal 12 is held, at its proximal portion (upper end portion), by the bracket 14 so as to be pivotable about a pivot axis L extending in a lateral direction, specifically, extending horizontally in a right-left direction. The pedal 12 has, at its distal portion (lower end portion), a stepping portion 18 having one surface functioning as a stepping surface 16. In the following explanation, the up-down direction in Figs. 1A and 1B will be referred to as "up-down direction", the right-left direction in Fig. 1B will be referred to as "right-left direction", and the right-left direction in Fig. 1A will be referred to as "front-rear direction". Specifically, the forward side of the vehicle, i.e., the leftward side in Fig. 1A, will be referred to as "forward side" and the rearward side of the vehicle, i.e., the rightward side in Fig. 1A, will be referred to as "rearward side".

    [0013] The bracket 14 includes: a pair of side wall members 20R, 20L that respectively constitute right and left side walls; a connecting member 22 that connects the side wall members 20R, 20L; and a shaft 24 that extends between distal portions of the respective side wall members 20R, 20L. The shaft 24 defines the pivot axis L indicated above. The shaft 24 extends through the proximal portion of the pedal 12 so as to pivotally support the pedal 12. The side wall members 20R, 20L are bent at respective proximal portions thereof, so that flanges 26R, 26L are formed.

    Mounting structure for pedal device according to present embodiment



    [0014] As shown in Fig. 1A, the pedal device 10 is mounted onto the dash panel 32 such that the dash panel 32 is sandwiched by and between the bracket 14 and the master cylinder device 30. The master cylinder device 30 includes a master cylinder 34 and a negative-pressure booster 36. Four bolts 38 each functioning as a fastening rod are fixed to the negative-pressure booster 36. The four bolts 38 extend rearward.

    [0015] The dash panel 32 has four holes through which the respective four bolts 38 extend. In other words, the four bolts 38 penetrate the respective four holes. Two holes 40 are formed in each of the flanges 26R, 26L of the bracket 14. In other words, the bracket 14 has four holes 40. The pedal device 10 and the master cylinder device 30 are disposed such that the four bolts 38 extend through the respective four holes of the dash panel 32 and the respective four holes 40 of the bracket 14. The pedal device 10 and the master cylinder device 30 are fastened to each other so as to sandwich the dash panel 32 therebetween by screwing a nut (not shown) onto an external thread formed at a rear end of each of the four bolts 38. The pedal device 10 is thus mounted onto the dash panel 32.

    [0016] The link rod 42 (which may be referred to as "piston rod") and a dust boot 44 of the master cylinder device 30 extend rearward through a hole 46 formed in the dash panel 32, so as to be enclosed or surrounded by the four bolts 38. The link rod 42 is coupled, at its rear end, to an intermediate portion of the pedal 12 between the proximal portion and the distal portion such that the link rod 42 is pivotable relative to the pedal 12. (In Fig. 1B, the link rod 42 and the dust boot 44 are not illustrated.)

    [0017] In a state in which the pedal device 10 is mounted on the dash panel 32, the proximal portion of the pedal 12, namely, the pivot axis L, is located above the four bolts 38 while the distal portion of the pedal 12, namely, the stepping surface 16 of the pedal 12, is located below the four bolts 38.

    [0018] In a vehicle on which the pedal device 10 is mounted, one of opposite surfaces of the dash panel 32 located nearer to the rear side of the vehicle is covered with a sound insulator 48, as shown in Fig. 1A. The sound insulator 48 is formed of fabric having a relatively large thickness and is bonded to substantially the entirety of the one surface of the dash panel 32. It is thus necessary to provide, between the bracket 14 of the pedal device 10 and the dash panel 32, a space larger than the thickness of the sound insulator 48. In the present mounting structure, a pair of spacers 50R, 50L are disposed for spacing the bracket 14 and the dash panel 32 apart from each other in a state in which the pedal device 10 is mounted on the dash panel 32. Specifically, the spacer 50R is interposed between the flange 26R of the side wall member 20R and the dash panel 32 while the spacer 50L is interposed between the flange 26L of the side wall member 20L and the dash panel 32.

    [0019] As shown in Fig. 2, the spacers 50R, 50L are symmetrical in shape. Each of the pair of spacers 50R, 50L is formed by bending one steel sheet. As apparent from Figs. 1A and 1B, each spacer 50R, 50L is disposed such that its lower right portion in Fig. 2 is located at a lower position and its upper left portion in Fig. 2 is located at an upper position.

    [0020] Each of the spacers 50R, 50L has: a pair of collar portions 52 through each of which a bolt 38 extends: an extending portion 54a that extends from the lower collar portion 52 along the dash panel 32 in the downward direction, namely, in the vertically downward direction in the present mounting structure; and a connecting portion 56 that connects the pair of collar portions 52. The extending portion 54a has two attachment pieces 58 that respectively extend rightward and leftward along the dash panel 32. The connecting portion 56 of the spacer 50R has one attachment piece 58 that extends rightward along the dash panel 32 while the connecting portion 56 of the spacer 50L has one attachment piece 58 that extends leftward along the dash panel 32. The attachment pieces 58 are bonded to the dash panel 32 by spot welding, so that the spacers 50R, 50L are fixed to the dash panel 32.

    [0021] In each of the thus constructed spacers 50R, 50L, the pair of collar portions 52 (hereinafter referred to as "collars 52" where appropriate) may be regarded as an integral unit connected to each other by the connecting portion 56. Specifically, as apparent from Figs. 1A and 1B, two of the four collars 52 arranged in the up-down direction serve as the pair of collars 52. Thus, two pairs of collars 52 that are spaced apart from each other in the lateral direction are provided in the present mounting structure. The two pairs of collars 52 are disposed at the same position in the up-down direction. Two collars in one pair are integral with each other so as to serve as the spacer 50R, and two collars in another pair are integral with each other so as to serve as the spacer 50L.

    [0022] One of the pair of collars 52 has the extending portion 54a formed integrally therewith so as to extend along the dash panel 32 in a direction away from the other of the pair of collars 52. As apparent from Figs. 1A and 1B, the extending portion 54a extends from the lower one of the pair of collars 52 in each of the spacers 50R, 50L straightly in the downward direction (in the vertically downward direction in a strict sense).

    [0023] The pair of collars 52 connected to each other contribute to a reduction in the number of components of the present mounting structure and also contribute to the simplification of fixing work for fixing the pair of collars 52 to the dash panel 32.

    Conventional mounting structure and disadvantages thereof



    [0024] As shown in Fig. 3A, the pedal device 10 is conventionally mounted without the above-indicated spacers interposed between the dash panel 32 and the bracket 14. In this case, when the pedal 12 is stepped on, the dash panel 32 is deformed as shown in Fig. 3C. Specifically, though an enclosed area R1 that is enclosed with the four collar portions 52 is not deformed, the dash panel 32 is bent at an area R2 above the enclosed area R1 and at an area R3 below the enclosed area R1, so that the dash panel 32 is deformed with the upper area R2 and the lower area R3 bent as shown in Fig. 3C. In other words, the dash panel 32 is deformed such that the upper area R2 is displaced toward the pedal operator and the lower area R3 is displaced away from the pedal operator. In view of the configuration of the pedal device 10 and the positional relationship of the pedal device 10 that is mounted, namely, in view of the positional relationship in which the pivot axis L of the pedal 12 is located above the four bolts 38 and the stepping surface 16 of the pedal 12 is located below the four bolts 38 in a state in which the pedal device 10 is mounted on the dash panel 32, bending of the dash panel 32 at the lower area R3 is considerably larger than bending of the dash panel 32 at the upper area R2.

    [0025] For reducing the deformation of the dash panel 32, it can be considered that a reinforcing plate 60 is bonded to the region of the dash panel 32 on which the pedal device 10 is mounted and its surrounding region, as shown in Fig. 3B. In Figs. 3A and 3C, the reinforcing plate 60 is indicated by the broken line for the sake of convenience.

    [0026] In an instance where the reinforcing plate 60 has a relatively small thickness, however, the effect of reducing the deformation of the dash panel 32 is not so high even if the reinforcing plate 60 is bonded. The thickness of the reinforcing plate 60 needs to be increased for enhancing the effect of reducing the deformation. The increased thickness of the reinforcing plate 60 increases the weight of the reinforcing plate 60, which in turn increases the weight of the vehicle body.

    Effect of reducing deformation of a dash panel by a mounting structure for a pedal device according to embodiment



    [0027] In the present mounting structure, the spacers 50R, 50L shown in Fig. 2 are interposed between the bracket 14 of the pedal device 10 and the dash panel 32, as shown in Figs. 1A and 1B. Consequently, the extending portion 54a of each of the spacers 50R, 50L, namely, the extending portion 54a provided on the lower one of the pair of collar portions 52 (the collars 52), is held in contact with the lower area R3, as shown in Fig. 3D. Owing to the extending portions 54a, the bending of the dash panel 32 at the lower area R3 is prevented when the pedal 12 is stepped on, so that the deformation of the dash panel 32 is reduced. That is, the deformation of the dash panel 32 is reduced by the mechanism explained above.

    [0028] The thickness d of the extending portion 54a, namely, the dimension d of the extending portion 54a in a direction perpendicular to the dash panel 32, is equal to the length of the collar portion 52, namely, equal to the distance between the dash panel 32 and the bracket 14 of the pedal device 10. Thus, the thickness (dimension) d of the extending portion 54a can be made considerably larger than the thickness of the reinforcing plate 60. The thickness d ensures a high degree of reducing the deformation without involving an increase in the weight of the vehicle even though the extending portion 54a is formed of a relatively thin steel sheet. The extending portion 54a provides the effect of reducing the deformation similar to that obtained when the rib is provided on the dash panel 32 and functions as a reinforcing member for reducing the deformation of the dash panel 32 caused when the pedal 12 is stepped on. In this respect, the bending at the upper area R2 is prevented by preventing the bending at the lower area R3.

    Modified embodiments



    [0029] There will be explained some modified embodiments of the mounting structure. Specifically, some modified embodiments of the spacer will be explained below.

    [0030] In the mounting structure shown in Fig. 4A, spacers 70R, 70L are employed in place of the spacers 50R, 50L of the illustrated embodiment. The spacers 70R, 70L differ from the spacers 50R, 50L in that each spacer 70R, 70L does not have the connecting portion 56. That is, the extending portion 54a is provided on one of the pair of collars 52 which are disposed independently of each other. The mounting structure shown in Fig. 4A also ensures the effect of reducing the deformation of the dash panel 32 equal to that obtained in the mounting structure of the illustrated embodiment.

    [0031] In the mounting structure shown in Fig. 4B, spacers 72R, 72L are employed in place of the spacers 50R, 50L of the illustrated embodiment. Each of the spacers 72R, 72L has an extending portion 54b that extends by an amount larger than an amount by which the extending portion 54a of each spacer 50R, 50L extends. The effect of reducing the deformation of the dash panel 32 can be increased with an increase in the amount of extension of the extending portion.

    [0032] In the mounting structure shown in Fig. 5A, spacers 74R, 74L are employed in place of the spacers 50R, 50L of the illustrated embodiment. Each of the spacers 74R, 74L has an extending portion 54c in place of the extending portion 54a of each spacer 50R, 50L, namely, in place of the extending portion 54a that extends downward from the lower one of the pair of collar portions 52. The extending portion 54c extends from the upper one of the pair of collar portions 52 in the upward direction (in the vertically upward direction, in a strict sense) by an amount equal to the amount of extension of the extending portion 54a. The thus formed extending portions 54c prevent the bending of the dash panel 32 at the upper area R2 shown in Fig. 3C, so that the deformation of the dash panel 32 is reduced.

    [0033] In the mounting structure shown in Fig. 5B, spacers 76R, 76L are employed in place of the spacers 50R, 50L of the illustrated embodiment. It may be regarded that each spacer 76R, 76L is formed by adding the extending portion 54c described above to each spacer 50R, 50L. That is, each of the pair of collar portions 52 is provided with the extending portion that extends upward or downward. According to the mounting structure, both of the upper area R2 and the lower area R3 shown in Fig. 3C can be prevented from being bent, so that a higher effect of reducing the deformation of the dash panel 32 can be obtained.

    [0034] The pedal device 10 is disposed such that the distal portion is shifted in the lateral direction relative to the proximal portion. Specifically, the stepping surface 16 is shifted rightward by a shift amount D relative to the proximal portion, as shown in Figs. 6A and 6B. Consequently, when the pedal 12 is stepped on, the dash panel 32 is deformed in the right-left direction, in addition to the up-down direction. That is, the dash panel 32 is deformed such that a portion located on the left side of the enclosed area R1 is displaced toward the pedal operator while a portion located on the right side of the enclosed area R1 is displaced away from the pedal operator.

    [0035] In view of the deformation of the dash panel 32 in the right-left direction, spacers 78R, 78L are employed in the mounting structure shown in Fig. 6A, in place of the spacers 50R, 50L of the illustrated embodiment. Each of the spacers 78R, 78L is provided with an extending portion 54d, in place of the extending portion 54a of each spacer 50R, 50L. The extending portion 54d obliquely extends, namely, the extending portion 54d extends so as to be inclined in the lateral direction. Specifically, the spacer 78R is provided with the extending portion 54d that extends downward so as to be inclined in the rightward direction while the spacer 78L is provided with the extending portion 54d that extends downward so as to be inclined in the leftward direction. In other words, the spacer 78R has the extending portion 54d that extends to the lower right while the spacer 78L is provided with the extending portion 54d that extends to the lower left. The mounting structure that employs the spacers 78R, 78L having the thus constructed extending portions 54d ensures not only the effect of reducing the deformation of the dash panel 32 in the up-down direction, but also the effect of reducing the deformation of the dash panel 32 in the right-left direction owing to a mechanism similar to that explained above.

    [0036] In the mounting structure shown in Fig. 6B, spacers 80R, 80L are employed in place of the spacers 50R, 50L of the illustrated embodiment, in view of the deformation of the dash panel 32 in the right-left direction. It may be regarded that each spacer 80R, 80L is formed by adding the extending portion 54e described above to each spacer 50R, 50L. The extending portion 54e of the spacer 80R extends rightward from an upper one of the pair of collar portions 52 while the extending portion 54e of the spacer 80L extends leftward from an upper one of the pair of collar portions 52. The mounting structure that employs the spacers 80R, 80L having the thus constructed extending portions 54e ensures effective reduction of the deformation of the dash panel 32 in the right-left direction owing to a mechanism similar to that explained above.

    [0037] In the mounting structure having the spacers 80R, 80L shown in Fig. 6B, it may be considered that the upper one of the pair of collar portions 52 of the spacer 80R and the upper one of the pair of collar portions 52 of the spacer 80L constitute a pair of collars 52. In this case, the extending portion 54e may be regarded as an extending portion that extends from one of the pair of collars 52 in a direction away from the other of the pair of collars 52 along the dash panel 32.


    Claims

    1. A mounting structure for a pedal device (10) including a pedal (12) and a bracket (14) that pivotally holds the pedal, the mounting structure being configured to mount the pedal device on a dash panel (32) such that the dash panel is sandwiched by and between the bracket and a master cylinder device (30), the mounting structure comprising:

    a plurality of fastening rods (38) that respectively extend through a plurality of holes (40) formed in the dash panel for fastening the bracket and the master cylinder device to each other; and

    a plurality of collars (52) interposed between the dash panel and the bracket for spacing the dash panel and the bracket apart from each other, the plurality of fastening rods respectively extending through the plurality of collars,

    wherein the plurality of collars include a pair of collars, and

    wherein one of the pair of collars has an extending portion (54a; 54b; 54c; 54d; 54e) that extends along the dash panel in a direction away from the other of the pair of collars, the extending portion functioning as a reinforcing member for reducing deformation of the dash panel caused when the pedal is stepped on.


     
    2. The mounting structure for the pedal device (10) according to claim 1,

    wherein the pedal device is mounted on the dash panel (32) such that the pedal (12) is held at a proximal portion thereof by the bracket (14) so as to be pivotable about a pivot axis (L) extending in a lateral direction and such that the pivot axis is located above the plurality of fastening rods (38) while a stepping surface (16) provided at a distal portion of the pedal is located below the plurality of fastening rods, and

    wherein the pair of collars consist of two of the plurality of collars (52) that are distant from each other in an up-down direction, and the extending portion (54a; 54b; 54c; 54d) extends upward or downward.


     
    3. The mounting structure for the pedal device (10) according to claim 2, wherein the one of the pair of collars that has the extending portion is located below the other of the pair of collars, and the extending portion (54a; 54b; 54d) extends downward.
     
    4. The mounting structure for the pedal device (10) according to claim 2, wherein the one of the pair of collars that has the extending portion is located above the other of the pair of collars, and the extending portion (54c) extends upward.
     
    5. The mounting structure for the pedal device (10) according to any one of claims 2-4,

    wherein the pedal device is configured such that the distal portion of the pedal (12) is shifted with respect to the proximal portion of the pedal in the lateral direction, and

    wherein the extending portion (54d) extends so as to be inclined in the lateral direction.


     
    6. The mounting structure for the pedal device (10) according to any one of claims 2-5, wherein the plurality of collars (52) include two pairs of collars each of which functions as the pair of collars, the two pairs of collars being distant from each other in the lateral direction and located at the same position in the up-down direction.
     
    7. The mounting structure for the pedal device (10) according to any one of claims 1-6, wherein the pair of collars are connected to each other.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Montagestruktur für eine Pedalvorrichtung (10), beinhaltend ein Pedal (12) und eine Halterung (14), die das Pedal drehbar hält, wobei die Montagestruktur dazu gestaltet ist, die Pedalvorrichtung an einer Trennwand (32) zu montieren, sodass die Trennwand durch die Halterung und eine Hauptzylindervorrichtung (30) und zwischen selbigen eingeschlossen ist, wobei die Montagestruktur Folgendes umfasst:

    mehrere Befestigungsstangen (38), die sich jeweils durch mehrere in der Trennwand ausgebildete Löcher (40) erstrecken, um die Halterung und den Hauptzylindervorrichtung aneinander zu befestigen, und

    mehrere Manschetten (52), die zwischen der Trennwand und der Halterung angeordnet sind, um die Trennwand und die Halterung voneinander zu beabstanden, wobei sich die mehreren Befestigungsstangen jeweils durch die mehreren Manschetten erstrecken,

    wobei die mehreren Manschetten ein Paar von Manschetten beinhalten und

    wobei eine des Paars von Manschetten einen Erstreckungsabschnitt (54a; 54b; 54c; 54d; 54e) aufweist, der sich entlang der Trennwand in einer Richtung weg von der anderen des Paars von Manschetten erstreckt, wobei der Erstreckungsabschnitt als ein Verstärkungselement fungiert, um eine Verformung der Trennwand, die hervorgerufen wird, wenn das Pedal getreten wird, zu reduzieren.


     
    2. Montagestruktur für die Pedalvorrichtung (10) nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei die Pedalvorrichtung so an der Trennwand (32) montiert ist, dass das Pedal (12) an einem proximalen Abschnitt desselben durch die Halterung (14) gehalten wird, um um eine Drehachse (L), die sich in einer lateralen Richtung erstreckt, drehbar zu sein, und so, dass sich die Drehachse über den mehreren Befestigungsstangen (38) befindet, während sich eine Trittfläche (16), die an einem distalen Abschnitt des Pedals bereitgestellt ist, unter den mehreren Befestigungsstangen befindet, und wobei das Manschettenpaar aus zwei der mehreren Manschetten (52) besteht, die in einer Richtung nach unten und nach oben voneinander beabstandet sind und wobei sich der Erstreckungsabschnitt (54a; 54b; 54c; 54d) nach oben oder nach unten erstreckt.
     
    3. Montagestruktur für die Pedalvorrichtung (10) nach Anspruch 2, wobei sich die eine des Paars von Manschetten, die den Erstreckungsabschnitt aufweist, unter der anderen des Paars von Manschetten befindet und wobei sich der Erstreckungsabschnitt (54a; 54b; 54d) nach unten erstreckt.
     
    4. Montagestruktur für die Pedalvorrichtung (10) nach Anspruch 2, wobei sich die eine des Paars von Manschetten, die den Erstreckungsabschnitt aufweist, über der anderen des Paars von Manschetten erstreckt und wobei sich der Erstreckungsabschnitt (54c) nach oben erstreckt.
     
    5. Montagestruktur für die Pedalvorrichtung (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 2 - 4,
    wobei die Pedalvorrichtung so gestaltet ist, dass der distale Abschnitt des Pedals (12) in Bezug auf den proximalen Abschnitt des Pedals in der lateralen Richtung versetzt ist und
    wobei sich der Erstreckungsabschnitt (54d) so erstreckt, dass er in der lateralen Richtung geneigt ist.
     
    6. Montagestruktur für die Pedalvorrichtung (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 2 - 5, wobei die mehreren Manschetten (52) zwei Manschettenpaare beinhalten, wovon jedes als das Manschettenpaar fungiert, wobei die beiden Manschettenpaare in der lateralen Richtung voneinander beabstandet sind und sich in der Richtung nach oben und nach unten an derselben Position befinden.
     
    7. Montagestruktur für die Pedalvorrichtung (10) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 - 6, wobei die Manschetten des Manschettenpaars miteinander verbunden sind.
     


    Revendications

    1. Structure de montage pour un dispositif à pédale (10) incluant une pédale (12) et un support (14) qui retient la pédale de façon pivotante, la structure de montage étant conçue pour monter le dispositif à pédale sur un tablier (32) de sorte que le tablier soit pris en sandwich par et entre le support et un dispositif cylindre maître (30), la structure de montage comprenant :

    une pluralité de tiges de fixation (38) qui s'étendent respectivement à travers une pluralité de trous (40) formés dans le tablier pour fixer le support et le dispositif cylindre maître l'un à l'autre ; et

    une pluralité de colliers (52) interposés entre le tablier et le support pour espacer le tablier et le support l'un de l'autre, la pluralité de tiges de fixation s'étendant respectivement à travers la pluralité de colliers,

    dans laquelle la pluralité de colliers incluent une paire de colliers, et

    dans laquelle un collier de la paire de colliers comporte une partie en extension (54a ; 54b ; 54c ; 54d ; 54e) qui s'étend le long du tablier dans une direction opposée à l'autre collier de la paire de colliers, la partie en extension fonctionnant comme organe de renforcement pour réduire la déformation du tablier causée lorsque la pédale est pressée.


     
    2. Structure de montage pour dispositif à pédale (10) selon la revendication 1,
    dans laquelle le dispositif à pédale est monté sur le tablier (32) de sorte que la pédale (12) soit maintenue au niveau de sa partie proximale par le support (14) de façon à pouvoir pivoter autour d'un axe de pivot (L) s'étendant dans une direction latérale et de sorte que l'axe de pivot soit situé au-dessus de la pluralité de tiges de fixation (38) tandis qu'une surface d'appui (16) placée au niveau d'une partie distale de la pédale est située sous la pluralité de tiges de fixation, et
    dans laquelle la paire de colliers est constituée de deux colliers de la pluralité de colliers (52) qui sont distants l'un de l'autre dans une direction verticale, et la partie en extension (54a ; 54b ; 54c ; 54d) s'étend vers le haut ou vers le bas.
     
    3. Structure de montage pour dispositif à pédale (10) selon la revendication 2, dans laquelle le collier de la paire de colliers qui possède la partie en extension est situé sous l'autre collier de la paire de colliers, et la partie en extension (54a ; 54b ; 54d) s'étend vers le bas.
     
    4. Structure de montage pour dispositif à pédale (10) selon la revendication 2, dans laquelle le collier de la paire de colliers qui possède la partie en extension est situé au-dessus de l'autre collier de la paire de colliers, et la partie en extension (54c) s'étend vers le haut.
     
    5. Structure de montage pour dispositif à pédale (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 2 à 4,
    dans laquelle le dispositif à pédale est conçu de sorte que la partie distale de la pédale (12) soit décalée par rapport à la partie proximale de la pédale dans la direction latérale, et
    dans laquelle la partie en extension (54d) s'étend de façon à être inclinée dans la direction latérale.
     
    6. Structure de montage pour dispositif à pédale (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 2 à 5, dans laquelle la pluralité de colliers (52) incluent deux paires de colliers dont chacune fonctionne comme la paire de colliers, les deux paires de colliers étant distantes l'une de l'autre dans la direction latérale et situées à la même position dans la direction verticale.
     
    7. Structure de montage pour dispositif à pédale (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans laquelle les paires de colliers sont raccordées l'une à l'autre.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description