(19)
(11)EP 3 078 502 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 16162408.5

(22)Date of filing:  24.03.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B42D 5/00  (2006.01)
B42B 5/00  (2006.01)
B42D 3/18  (2006.01)
B42B 5/12  (2006.01)

(54)

NOTEBOOK

NOTIZBUCH

ORDINATEUR BLOC-NOTES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA MD

(30)Priority: 27.03.2015 US 201562139303 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
12.10.2016 Bulletin 2016/41

(73)Proprietor: Polyconcept North America
New Kensington, PA 15068 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • Canner, Gary Charles
    Pittsburgh, PA 15218 (US)
  • Yu, Luo Xian
    Shanghai (CN)

(74)Representative: V.O. 
P.O. Box 87930 Carnegieplein 5
2508 DH Den Haag
2508 DH Den Haag (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 0 238 777
US-A- 4 832 372
GB-A- 191 306 792
US-A1- 2003 042 728
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] This disclosure generally relates to notebooks and notebook covers.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] Notebooks may generally comprise a plurality of sheets of paper between a cover and connected by a binding mechanism. Notebook covers may comprise rigid, i.e., not flexible, natural and/or synthetic materials. Notebooks may be convenient for writing and reading when placed on a flat surface. However, notebooks and notebook covers may be difficult to open and manipulate when held in a user's hands because of the rigid cover. The back notebook cover may support the sheets of paper for writing and reading purposes, but may be subjected to greater wear relative to the front notebook cover when opened and manipulated by the user. Therefore, more efficient notebooks and notebook covers are desirable.

    [0003] GB 06792 A.D.1913 discloses a notebook according to the preamble of independent claim 1, whereas EP 0238777 A2 discloses another conventional notebook having a foldable front cover panel.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0004] The invention provides a notebook according to independent claim 1. Preferable embodiments of the invention are provided by dependent claims 2-12.

    [0005] In various embodiments, more efficient notebooks and notebook covers are described.

    [0006] A notebook may generally comprise a plurality of sheets of paper, a binding mechanism binding the plurality of sheets together, and a cover bound to the plurality of sheets of paper disposed therebetween, the cover comprising first and second opposed covers, the first cover including a first portion and a second portion and having a hinge line extending therebetween, wherein the second portion is pivotable about the hinge line between a closed position and an open position.

    [0007] A notebook cover may generally comprises first and second opposed covers, the first cover including a first portion and a second portion and having a hinge line extending therebetween, wherein the second portion is pivotable about the hinge line between a closed position and an open position.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0008] The various embodiments described herein may be better understood by considering the following description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

    FIG. 1 includes a front view of a notebook including a notebook cover.

    FIG. 2 includes a back view of the notebook of FIG. 1.

    FIGS. 3-5 include back perspective views of the notebook of FIG. 1.

    FIGS. 6-7 include perspective views of the notebook of FIG. 1.


    DESCRIPTION



    [0009] All numerical quantities stated herein are approximate, unless indicated otherwise, and are to be understood as being prefaced and modified in all instances by the term "about". The numerical quantities disclosed herein are to be understood as not being strictly limited to the exact numerical values recited. Instead, unless indicated otherwise, each numerical value included in the present disclosure is intended to mean both the recited value and a functionally equivalent range surrounding that value.

    [0010] All numerical ranges recited herein include all sub-ranges subsumed therein. For example, a range of "1 to 10" is intended to include all sub-ranges between (and including) the recited minimum value of 1 and the recited maximum value of 10, that is, having a minimum value equal to or greater than 1 and a maximum value equal to or less than 10.

    [0011] As generally used herein, the articles "one", "a", "an", and "the" refer to include "at least one" or "one or more" of what is claimed or described, unless indicated otherwise. For example, "a component" means one or more components, and thus, possibly, more than one component is contemplated and may be employed or used in an implementation of the described embodiments.

    [0012] As generally used herein, the terms "include", "includes", and "including" are meant to be non-limiting.

    [0013] As generally used herein, the terms "have", "has", and "having" are meant to be non-limiting.

    [0014] As generally used herein, the term "notebook" refers to articles comprising one sheet or a plurality of sheets of paper or other sheets coupled and/or bound together and enclosed by a cover. The notebook and notebook cover described herein may be usable for notebooks, journals, sketch books, diaries, planners, calendars, address books, memo books, books, booklets, pamphlets, and binders, for example.

    [0015] The sheets of paper may include a plurality of writing guide formats located thereon, including, but not limited to, lined, dated, blank, graph, or any combinations thereof. The writing guide formats may include a dated calendar, an undated planner, an expense log, or an address book, for example. The writing guide formats may be present on one or both sides of each sheet. The sheets may include a tear line extending along the inner longitudinal edge of the sheets adjacent to the spine and/or binding mechanism such that each sheet may be torn along the tear line and thereby be separated from the notebook.

    [0016] The notebook may comprise a binding mechanism to bind a plurality of sheets of paper together and/or the notebook cover and one sheet or the plurality of sheets of paper. The notebook cover may include a binding mechanism on an inner surface of the front cover, back cover, and/or spine. The binding mechanism may be a wire (e.g., coil or spiral) binding mechanism, an adhesive binding mechanism, one-, two-, or three-ring binders, prong binding systems, case binding mechanisms, perfect binding mechanisms, stitched binding mechanisms and/or other binding mechanism. The binding mechanism may comprise, for example, saddle stich binding mechanisms and casewrap binding mechanisms.

    [0017] Referring to FIGS. 1-5, a notebook 10 may comprise one sheet or a plurality of sheets of paper 20 disposed between a notebook cover 30. The notebook cover 30 may generally comprise a front cover 40, a back cover 50, and a spine 60 between the front 40 and back 50 covers. Each of the covers 40, 50 and spine 60 may comprise a relatively rigid material and/or not flexible material, such as plastic, cardboard, paperboard, leather, metal, and combinations thereof. The rigid material may be covered by printed or embossed paper, plastic, or cloth to provide the notebook cover with a more attractive appearance. The plastic materials may include polyurethane and polyvinyl chloride, for example. The cover 30 may comprise cardboard wrapped in polyurethane, polyvinyl chloride, and/or faux leather paper.

    [0018] The covers 40, 50 and spine 60 may comprise one sheet of material or a plurality of sheets of material cooperatively coupled and/or bound to form the notebook cover. The spine 60 may comprise a pair of opposed outer edges and each of the covers 40, 50 may be pivotally coupled to one of the edges, respectively. The notebook cover may lack a spine but comprise a front cover and a back cover cooperatively coupled by a binding mechanism to form the notebook cover. Each cover 40, 50 may include a binding edge adjacent to the spine 60 and/or binding mechanism and a free edge on a generally opposite side thereof.

    [0019] Referring to FIG. 2, the back cover 50 may comprise a hinge line 52 between the binding edge and free edge and dividing the back cover into an inner panel 54 and an outer panel 56. The outer panel 56 may comprise the same or different material, dimensions, and/or stiffness as the inner panel 54, front cover 40, and/or spine 60. The hinge line 52 may comprise a score line, fold line, or crease. The outer panel 56 may be integrally formed with the inner panel 54 or comprise a separate piece of material coupled to the inner panel 54 by a binding mechanism. For example, the hinge line 52 may be debossed or flexed such that the outer panel 56 is integrally formed with the inner panel 54.

    [0020] The hinge line 52 may extend longitudinally from a top edge to a bottom edge of the back cover 50. The hinge line 52 may be centrally disposed between the binding edge and free edge of the back cover 50. The hinge line may be disposed between a central axis extending longitudinally from a top edge to a bottom edge of the back cover and the free edge of the back cover. The hinge line may be disposed between a central axis extending longitudinally from a top edge to a bottom edge of the back cover and the binding edge of the back cover. The hinge line may extend diagonally from one of the top edge and bottom edge to one of the binding edge and free edge of the back cover. For example, the hinge line may extend diagonally from the top edge to the binding edge of the back cover. The back cover may comprise more than one hinge line as described herein, such as a hinge line extending longitudinally and a hinge line extending diagonally in a direction generally and to the binding edge. Rather than being located on the back cover 50, the hinge line 52 may be instead or in addition be disposed on the front cover 40. The inner panel may comprise a similar hinge line dividing the inner panel into multiple sections.

    [0021] Referring to FIGS. 3-5, the outer panel 56 may pivot along the hinge line 52 in a forward direction (e.g., an angle less than 0°) and a backward direction (e.g., an angle greater than 0°) relative to a plane including the inner panel 54. The inner panel 54 may pivot along the binding edge in a backward direction (e.g., an angle greater than 0°) relative to a plane including the front cover 40. The outer panel 56 may pivot along the hinge line 52 from an angle α of -90° to 270°, and the inner panel 54 may pivot along the binding edge from an angle β of 0° to 270°. The angles α and β are measured from an axis extending from the binding edge to the free edge.

    [0022] The outer panel 56 may pivot along the hinge line 52 from a minimum angle α of -90°, -10°, or 0° when in a closed position to a maximum angle α of 180° or 270° when in an open position. The outer panel 56 may pivot along the hinge line 52 from an angle α -90° to 180°, -10° to 180°, 0° to 180°, 0° to 135°, 0° to 120°, 0° to 90°, 0° to 45°, 0° to 30°, and 0° to 15°. The open position of the outer panel 56 may comprise an angle α greater than 0°. The inner panel 54 may pivot along the binding edge from a minimum angle β of 0° when in a closed position to a maximum angle β of 270° when in an open position. The inner panel 54 may pivot along the binding edge from an angle β 0° to 270°, 0° to 240, 0° to 225°, 0° to 210°, 0° to 180°, 0° to 120°, 0° to 90°, 0° to 45°, 0° to 30°, and 0° to 15°. The open position of the inner panel 54 may comprise an angle β greater than 0°. The outer panel 56 may pivot along the hinge line 52 from an angle α -90° to 180°, -10° to 180°, 0° to 180°, 0° to 135°, 0° to 120°, 0° to 90°, 0° to 45°, 0° to 30°, and 0° to 15°, and the inner panel 54 may pivot along the binding edge from an angle β 0° to 270°, 0° to 240, 0° to 225°, 0° to 210°, 0° to 180°, 0° to 120°, 0° to 90°, 0° to 45°, 0° to 30°, and 0° to 15°.

    [0023] The angles of the inner panel β and outer panel α when in the closed position may be the same and the angles of the inner panel β and outer panel α when in the open position may be the same or different. The angle of the inner portion β may be less than the angle of the outer portion α when in the open position. The angle of the inner portion β may be greater than the angle of the outer portion α when in the open position.

    [0024] The outer panel 56 may comprise a corner portion that pivots about a second hinge line in a forward direction (e.g., an angle less than 0°) and a backward direction (e.g., an angle greater than 0°) relative to a plane including the outer panel 56. The second hinge line may extend from a top edge to the free edge of the outer panel 56. The corner portion may be pivotable about the second hinge line between a closed position and an open position from an angle γ of 0° to 270°. The corner portion may pivot along the second hinge line from a minimum angle γ of -90°, -10°, or 0° when in a closed position to a maximum angle γ of 180° or 270° when in an open position. The corner portion may pivot along the second hinge line from an angle γ -90° to 180°, -10° to 180°, 0° to 180°, 0° to 135°, 0° to 120°, 0° to 90°, 0° to 45°, 0° to 30°, and 0° to 15°. The outer panel 56 may pivot along the hinge line 52 from an angle α -90° to 180°, -10° to 180°, 0° to 180°, 0° to 135°, 0° to 120°, 0° to 90°, 0° to 45°, 0° to 30°, and 0° to 15°, the corner portion may pivot along the second hinge line from an angle γ -90° to 180°, -10° to 180°, 0° to 180°, 0° to 135°, 0° to 120°, 0° to 90°, 0° to 45°, 0° to 30°, and 0° to 15°, and the inner panel 54 may pivot along the binding edge from an angle β 0° to 270°, 0° to 240, 0° to 225°, 0° to 210°, 0° to 180°, 0° to 120°, 0° to 90°, 0° to 45°, 0° to 30°, and 0° to 15°.

    [0025] Each cover 40, 50 may comprise a variety of shapes and dimensions and rigidness greater than the sheets 20 therein to provide protection and/or support to such sheets 20. For example, each of the covers 40, 50 may have a width (i.e., extending generally perpendicular to the binding edge) of between 2 to 12 inches and a height (i.e., extending generally parallel to the binding edge) of between 2 to 14 inches. Each of the covers 40, 50 may comprise a thickness from 0.01 to 0.5 inches. The notebook cover 30 may be effectively sized to generally support and closely receive various paper sizes, e.g., index cards, letter size paper, legal size paper, A4 size paper, and ledger size paper. The covers 40, 50 may be effectively sized to generally support and closely receive 2 by 2 inch to 12 by 14 inch sheets of paper therein. The covers 40, 50 may be effectively sized to generally support and closely receive 3 by 5 inch to 8.5 by 11 inch sheets of paper therein. Each of the front cover 40, back cover 50, and spine 60 may independently comprise a generally flat and planar and generally rectangular shape or generally square shape in front view.

    [0026] Referring to FIG. 2, when the notebook 10 is in its fully closed position and the back cover 50 is in its closed position, the inner surface of the inner 54 and outer 56 panels may abut against, face, or may be located adjacent to, the free inner sheet 20 or front cover 40. Thus, in this manner, the inner 54 and outer 56 panels may act as a back cover 50 for the notebook 10 to protect and/or support the sheets 20 therein. When the notebook 10 is in its fully opened position and the back cover 50 is in its open position, the inner surface of the inner 54 and outer 56 panels may not abut against, face, or may not be located adjacent to, the free inner sheet 20 or front cover 40.

    [0027] When the notebook 10 is in a partially opened position, the inner surface of the inner panel 54 may abut against, face, or may be located adjacent to, the free inner sheet 20 and/ or front cover 40, and the inner surface of the outer panel 56 may not abut against, face, or may not be located adjacent to, the free inner sheet 20 and/or front cover 40, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, or the inner surface of the outer panel 56 may abut against, face, or be located adjacent to, the free inner sheet 20 and may not abut against, face, or not be located adjacent to the front cover 40, as shown in FIG. 5. When the notebook 10 is in a partially opened position, the inner surface of the inner 54 and outer 56 panels may abut against, face, or be located adjacent to the free inner sheet 20 and may not abut against, face, or not be located adjacent to the front cover 40. When the notebook 10 is in a partially opened position, the inner surface of the inner 54 and outer 56 panels may abut against, face, or be located adjacent to at least one free inner sheet 20 and may not abut against, face, or not be located adjacent to at least one other free inner sheet 20. As shown in FIGS. 3-5, the binding mechanism may not include the free inner sheet 20. The partially opened position is between the notebook's fully opened and fully closed positions.

    [0028] The inner panel 54 may pivot outwardly about the spine 60 away from the inner sheet 20 and/ or front cover 40 and the outer panel 56 may pivot outwardly about the hinge line 52 away from the free inner sheet 20 and/or front cover 40 so that the back cover 50 may be opened. When the back cover 50 is opened, the outer panel 56 may be bent outward along the hinge line 52 to an angle α greater than 0° to expose and/or provide access to the sheets 20 therein, and the binding edge of the back cover 50 may pivot about the spine 60 to an angle β greater than 0°. The inner panel 54 and outer panel 56 may be adjacent and coupled to each other but not in a common plane when in an open position. The inner panel 54 may be at an angle β as described above and the outer panel 56 may be at an angle α as described above. For example, the inner panel 54 may be at an angle β between 0° to less than 15° and the outer panel 56 may be at an angle α between 15° and 90°. The inner panel 54 may not pivot about the spine 60 and the outer panel 56 may pivot outwardly about the hinge line 52 so that the back cover 50 may be opened. When the back cover is opened, the outer panel 56 may be bent outward along the hinge line 52 to an angle α greater than 0° to expose and/or provide access to the sheets 20 therein, and the inner panel 54 may remain at an angle β of 0° in the closed position.

    [0029] Referring to FIG. 1, the notebook 10 may comprise a closing mechanism 70 to selectively circumscribe the notebook 10 (e.g., the front 40 and/or back 50 covers and sheet(s) 20 of paper) to secure the notebook 10 in a closed position. The closing mechanism 70 may comprise an elastic strap that may be expanded and passed around the front 40 and back 50 covers and sheet(s) 20 of paper to secure the notebook 10 in its closed position. The elastic strap may comprise a generally stretchable solid material that may be extended when stretching forces are applied, and may sustain this extended shape while securing the notebook 10 in its closed position, but recover its general original shape when the stretching forces are removed. The elastic strap may comprise natural and/or synthetic materials, such as rubber, plastic, and fabric, for example. The closing mechanism 70 may be coupled and/or secured to the notebook cover 30 at any of a variety of locations, such as, but not limited to, the front cover 40, back cover 50, spine 60 and/or binding mechanism. The closing mechanism 70 may be located adjacent to a free edge of the back cover 50. The elastic strap may be connected to the front 40 or back 50 covers by stitching, hook-and-loop fastening material (such as VELCRO), buttons, or similar fasteners.

    [0030] Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, the notebook cover 30 may comprise a retaining mechanism 80 to retain a writing implement. The retaining mechanism 80 may comprise a snap in or strap in or slide in type holder. The retaining mechanism 80 may be coupled and/or secured the notebook cover 30 at the front cover 40, back cover 50, spine 60 and/or binding mechanism. The retaining mechanism 80 may be located adjacent to a free edge of the back cover 50. The retaining mechanism 80 may comprise an elastic loop comprising natural and/or synthetic materials, such as rubber, plastic, and fabric. The retaining mechanism 80 may be a groove set in the front cover 40, back cover 50, or spine 60 to securely couple the writing instrument to the cover 30.

    [0031] A user may manipulate and open the outer panel 56 of the back cover 50 using a one- or two-hand operation of the outer panel 56. A method for using the notebook 10 or notebook cover 30 may comprise: (1) un-circumscribing the closing mechanism 70 from the front 40 and back 50 covers using at least one hand; (2) bending the back cover 50 along the spine 60 using the same hand; and (3) bending the outer panel 56 of the back cover 50 along the hinge line 52 from an angle α of 0° when in a closed position and an angle α greater than 0° when in open position using the same hand. The user may simultaneously bend an outer portion of the inner sheet 20 that may abut against, face, or be located adjacent to the outer panel 56 and may not abut against, face, or not be located adjacent to the front cover 40 when bending the outer panel 56. The user may not simultaneously bend an inner portion of the free inner sheet 20 that may abut against, face, or be located adjacent to the inner panel 54 and/or front cover 40 when bending the outer panel 56.

    [0032] A method of making a notebook cover 30 may comprise simultaneously cutting, e.g., die-cutting, a unitary blank of material and scoring or creasing or binding the blank to form a cover 30 comprising first 40 and second 50 opposed covers, the first 40 cover including a first portion 54, a second portion 56, and a hinge line 52 extending therebetween, wherein the second portion 56 is pivotable about the hinge line 52 between a closed position and an open position. The method may comprise binding one sheet or a plurality of sheets 20 between the first 40 and second 50 opposed covers to form a notebook 10.

    [0033] While particular embodiments have been illustrated and described, it would be obvious to those skilled in the art that various other changes and modifications may be made without departing from the scope of the present disclosure. It is therefore intended to cover in the appended claims all such changes and modifications that are within the scope of this disclosure.


    Claims

    1. A notebook comprising:

    a plurality of sheets (20) of paper;

    a binding mechanism binding the plurality of sheets together; and

    a cover (40, 50, 60) bound to the plurality of sheets of paper disposed therebetween, the cover comprising first and second opposed covers (50, 40), the first cover (50) including a first portion (54) and a second portion (56) and having a hinge line (52) extending therebetween;

    wherein the second portion (56) is pivotable about the hinge line (52) between a closed position and an open position;

    wherein the notebook (10) further comprises a closing mechanism (70) coupled to at least one of the opposed covers (50, 40) to retain the cover (40, 50, 60) in a closed position;

    wherein the first cover (50) comprises:

    first and second opposed edges along a first axis; and

    third and fourth opposed edges along a second axis perpendicular to the first axis,

    wherein the hinge line (52) extends from the first edge to the second edge, and

    wherein the first cover (50) comprises a second hinge line that extends from the first edge to the third edge; characterised in that

    the second portion (56) pivots about the hinge line (52) from an angle α of-90° to 270°, and in that the first cover (50) comprises a third portion pivotable about the second hinge line between a closed position and an open position from an angle γ of 0° to 270°.


     
    2. The notebook of claim 1, wherein the hinge line (52) extends longitudinally from a top edge of the first cover to a bottom edge of the first cover.
     
    3. The notebook of claim 2, wherein the notebook comprises a spine (60) located between and coupled to the first and second opposed covers, and wherein the first and second covers each comprise a binding edge adjacent to the spine and a free edge on a generally opposite side thereof, and wherein the hinge line (52) does not extend laterally from the binding edge to the free edge of the first cover.
     
    4. The notebook of claim 3, wherein the second portion (56) pivots about the hinge line (52) from an angle α of -90° to 270°, and the first portion (54) is pivotable about the binding edge between a closed position and an open position from an angle β of 0° to 270°.
     
    5. The notebook of claim 4, wherein the angles α and β are the same when the first and second portions (54, 56) are in the closed positions, and the angles α and β are different when the first and second portions (54, 56) are in the open positions.
     
    6. The notebook of claim 5, wherein the angle β is less than the angle α when the first and second portions (54, 56) are in the open positions.
     
    7. The notebook of claim 4, wherein the first and second portions (54, 56) facially abut against a sheet of the plurality of sheets (20) of paper when the notebook (10) is in a closed position, and wherein the first portion (54) facially abuts against the sheet of the plurality of sheets (20) of paper and the second portion (56) does not facially abut against the sheet of the plurality of sheets (20) of paper when the notebook (10) is in a partially open position.
     
    8. The notebook of claim 4, wherein the first portion (54) facially abuts against a sheet of the plurality of sheets (20) of paper when in a closed position and the first portion (54) pivots about the hinge line (52) away from the second cover (40) when in an open position.
     
    9. The notebook of claim 2, wherein the cover (40, 50, 60) is bound to the plurality of sheets (20) of paper by the binding mechanism, and wherein the binding mechanism is located on an inner surface of at least one of one of the first cover (50), second cover (40), and spine (60).
     
    10. The notebook of claim 1, wherein the opposed covers (50, 40) are directly coupled together.
     
    11. The notebook of claim 1, wherein the opposed covers (50,40) are made from a single, unitary sheet of material.
     
    12. The notebook of claim 1 comprising a retaining mechanism (80) comprising a loop of elastic material.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Notizbuch bestehend aus:

    mehreren Papierblättern (20);

    einem Bindemechanismus, der die mehreren Blätter miteinander verbindet; und

    einer Abdeckung (40, 50, 60), die an mehrere dazwischen angeordnete Papierblätter gebunden ist, wobei die Abdeckung eine erste und eine zweite gegenüberliegende Abdeckung (50,40) umfasst, wobei die erste Abdeckung (50) einen ersten Abschnitt (54) und einen zweiten Abschnitt (56) mit einer dazwischen verlaufenden Scharnierlinie (52) umfasst;

    wobei der zweite Abschnitt (56) um die Scharnierlinie (52) zwischen einer geschlossenen Position und einer offenen Position schwenkbar ist;

    wobei das Notizbuch (10) ferner einen Schließmechanismus (70) umfasst, der mit wenigstens einer der gegenüberliegenden Abdeckungen (50,40) gekoppelt ist, um die Abdeckung (40, 50, 60) in einer geschlossenen Position zu halten;

    wobei die erste Abdeckung (50) Folgendes umfasst:

    erste und zweite gegenüberliegende Kanten entlang einer ersten Achse; und

    dritte und vierte gegenüberliegende Kanten entlang einer zweiten Achse senkrecht zur ersten Achse, wobei die Scharnierlinie (52) von der ersten Kante zur zweiten Kante verläuft, und

    wobei die erste Abdeckung (50) eine zweite Scharnierlinie umfasst, die von der ersten Kante zur dritten Kante verläuft; dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der zweite Abschnitt (56) um die Scharnierlinie (52) unter einem Winkel α von -90° bis 270° schwenkt, und dass die erste Abdeckung (50) einen dritten Abschnitt umfasst, der um die zweite Scharnierlinie zwischen einer geschlossenen Position und einer offenen Position aus einem Winkel γ von 0° bis 270° schwenkbar ist.


     
    2. Notizbuch nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Scharnierlinie (52) in Längsrichtung von einer Oberkante der ersten Abdeckung zu einer Unterkante der ersten Abdeckung verläuft.
     
    3. Notizbuch nach Anspruch 2, wobei das Notizbuch einen Rücken (60) umfasst, der zwischen der ersten und der zweiten gegenüberliegenden Abdeckung angeordnet und mit dieser gekoppelt ist, und wobei die erste und die zweite Abdeckung jeweils eine Bindekante neben dem Rücken und eine freie Kante an einer im Allgemeinen gegenüberliegende Seite davon umfasst, und wobei die Scharnierlinie (52) nicht seitlich von der Bindekante zur freien Kante der ersten Abdeckung verläuft.
     
    4. Notizbuch nach Anspruch 3, wobei der zweite Abschnitt (56) um die Scharnierlinie (52) unter einem Winkel α von -90° bis 270° schwenkt, und der erste Abschnitt (54) um die Bindekante zwischen einer geschlossenen Position und einer offenen Position von einem Winkel β von 0° bis 270° schwenkbar ist.
     
    5. Notizbuch nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Winkel α und β gleich sind, wenn sich der erste und der zweite Abschnitt (54, 56) in der geschlossenen Position befinden, und die Winkel α und β unterschiedlich sind, wenn sich der erste und der zweite Abschnitt (54, 56) in den offenen Positionen befinden.
     
    6. Notizbuch nach Anspruch 5, wobei der Winkel β kleiner als der Winkel α ist, wenn sich der erste und der zweite Abschnitt (54, 56) in den offenen Positionen befinden.
     
    7. Notizbuch nach Anspruch 4, wobei der erste und der zweite Abschnitt (54, 56) mit der Fläche an einem Blatt von mehreren Papierblättern (20) anliegen, wenn sich das Notizbuch (10) in einer geschlossenen Position befindet, und wobei der erste Abschnitt (54) mit der Fläche an dem Blatt von mehreren Papierblättern (20) anliegt und der zweite Abschnitt (56) nicht mit der Fläche an dem Blatt von mehreren Papierblättern (20) anliegt, wenn sich das Notizbuch (10) in einer teilweise geöffneten Position befindet.
     
    8. Notizbuch nach Anspruch 4, wobei der erste Abschnitt (54) mit der Fläche an ein Blatt von mehreren Papierblättern (20) anliegt, wenn es sich in einer geschlossenen Position befindet und der erste Abschnitt (54) um die Scharnierlinie (52) weg von der zweiten Abdeckung (40) schwenkt, wenn er sich in einer offenen Position befindet.
     
    9. Notizbuch nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Abdeckung (40, 50, 60) durch den Bindemechanismus an mehrere Papierblätter (20) gebunden ist und wobei der Bindemechanismus an einer Innenfläche von wenigstens einem von der ersten Abdeckung (50), der zweiten Abdeckung (40) und des Rückens (60) angeordnet ist.
     
    10. Notizbuch nach Anspruch 1, wobei die gegenüberliegenden Abdeckungen (50, 40) direkt miteinander gekoppelt sind.
     
    11. Notizbuch nach Anspruch 1, wobei die gegenüberliegenden Abdeckungen (50, 40) aus einem einzelnen einheitlichen Materialblatt hergestellt sind.
     
    12. Notizbuch nach Anspruch 1, umfassend einen Haltemechanismus (80), umfassend eine Schleife aus elastischem Material.
     


    Revendications

    1. Carnet comprenant :

    une pluralité de feuilles de papier (20) ;

    un mécanisme de reliure qui relie ensemble la pluralité de feuilles ; et

    une couverture (40, 50, 60) reliée sur la pluralité de feuilles de papier disposées dans celle-ci, la couverture comprenant des première et seconde couvertures opposées (50, 40), la première couverture (50) comprenant une première partie (54) et une deuxième partie (56) et présentant un axe d'articulation (52) s'étendant entre celles-ci ;

    où la deuxième partie (56) peut pivoter autour de l'axe d'articulation (52) entre une position fermée et une position ouverte ;

    où le carnet (10) comprend en outre un mécanisme de fermeture (70) accouplé à l'une au moins des couvertures opposées (50, 40) afin de maintenir la couverture (40, 50, 60) dans une position fermée ;

    où la première couverture (50) comprend :

    des premier et deuxième bords opposés le long d'un premier axe ; et

    des troisième et quatrième bords opposés le long d'un second axe perpendiculaire au premier axe,

    où l'axe d'articulation (52) s'étend à partir du premier bord vers le deuxième bord, et

    où la première couverture (50) comprend un second axe d'articulation qui s'étend à partir du premier bord vers le troisième bord ;

    caractérisé en ce que la deuxième partie (56) pivote autour de l'axe d'articulation (52) sous un angle α compris entre - 90° et 270°, et

    en ce que la première couverture (50) comprend une troisième partie qui peut pivoter autour du second axe d'articulation entre une position fermée et une position ouverte sous un angle γ compris entre 0° et 270°.


     
    2. Carnet selon la revendication 1, où l'axe d'articulation (52) s'étend longitudinalement à partir du bord supérieur de la première couverture vers le bord inférieur de la première couverture.
     
    3. Carnet selon la revendication 2, où le carnet comprend un dos (60) situé entre les première et seconde couvertures opposées et accouplé à celles-ci, et où les première et seconde couvertures comprennent chacune un bord reliure adjacent au dos, et un bord libre situé en général sur un côté opposé de celui-ci, et où l'axe d'articulation (52) ne s'étend pas latéralement à partir du bord reliure vers le bord libre de la première couverture.
     
    4. Carnet selon la revendication 3, où la deuxième partie (56) pivote autour de l'axe d'articulation (52) sous un angle α compris entre - 90° et 270°, et la première partie (54) peut pivoter autour du bord reliure entre une position fermée et une position ouverte sous un angle β compris entre 0° et 270°.
     
    5. Carnet selon la revendication 4, où les angles α et β sont identiques lorsque les première et deuxième parties (54, 56) sont en positions fermée, et les angles α et β sont différents lorsque les première et deuxième parties (54, 56) sont en position ouverte.
     
    6. Carnet selon la revendication 5, où l'angle β est inférieur à l'angle α lorsque les première et deuxième parties (54, 56) sont en position ouverte.
     
    7. Carnet selon la revendication 4, où les première et deuxième parties (54, 56) viennent en butée de manière faciale contre une feuille de la pluralité de feuilles de papier (20) lorsque le carnet (10) est en position fermée, et où la première partie (54) vient en butée de manière faciale contre la feuille de la pluralité de feuilles de papier (20), et la deuxième partie (56) ne vient pas en butée de manière faciale contre la feuille de la pluralité de feuilles de papier (20), lorsque le carnet (10) est en position en partie ouverte.
     
    8. Carnet selon la revendication 4, où la première partie (54) vient en butée de manière faciale contre une feuille de la pluralité de feuilles de papier (20) en position fermée, et la première partie (54) pivote autour de l'axe d'articulation (52) en s'éloignant de la seconde couverture (40) en position ouverte.
     
    9. Carnet selon la revendication 2, où la couverture (40, 50, 60) est reliée sur la pluralité de feuilles de papier (20) par le mécanisme de reliure, et où le mécanisme de reliure se situe sur une surface intérieure de l'un au moins de la première couverture (50), de la seconde couverture (40), et du dos (60).
     
    10. Carnet selon la revendication 1, où les couvertures opposées (50, 40) sont directement accouplées ensemble.
     
    11. Carnet selon la revendication 1, où les couvertures opposées (50, 40) sont réalisées à partir d'une seule feuille unitaire de matériau.
     
    12. Carnet selon la revendication 1 comprenant un mécanisme de retenue (80) comprenant une boucle de matériau élastique.
     




    Drawing












    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description