(19)
(11)EP 3 078 805 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(21)Application number: 16163830.9

(22)Date of filing:  05.04.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F01D 5/14(2006.01)
F04D 29/54(2006.01)
F01D 25/30(2006.01)
F04D 29/68(2006.01)

(54)

GAS TURBINE DIFFUSER AND METHOD OF ASSEMBLING THE SAME

GASTURBINENDIFFUSOR UND MONTAGEVERFAHREN DAFÜR

DIFFUSEUR DE TURBINE À GAZ ET PROCÉDÉ D'ASSEMBLAGE DE CELUI-CI


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 08.04.2015 US 201514681441

(43)Date of publication of application:
12.10.2016 Bulletin 2016/41

(73)Proprietor: General Electric Company
Schenectady, NY 12345 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • SUBRAMANIYAN, Moorthi
    560066 Bangalore (IN)
  • CHENGAPPA, Manjunath Bangalore
    560066 Bangalore (IN)
  • PATEL, Pradeep
    560066 Bangalore (IN)

(74)Representative: BRP Renaud & Partner mbB Rechtsanwälte Patentanwälte Steuerberater 
Königstraße 28
70173 Stuttgart
70173 Stuttgart (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 1 112 928
WO-A2-02/38442
US-A- 2 866 313
US-A1- 2014 060 062
EP-A2- 1 780 378
JP-A- 2004 100 615
US-A1- 2004 088 989
US-A1- 2015 086 339
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND



    [0001] The field of this disclosure relates generally to gas turbines and, more particularly, to gas turbine diffusers.

    [0002] At least some known gas turbines include a compressor, a combustor, and a turbine. Ambient air flows into the compressor and is compressed. Compressed air is then discharged into the combustor wherein the compressed air is mixed with fuel and ignited to generate combustion gases. The combustion gases are channeled from the combustor through the turbine, thereby driving the turbine which, in turn, may power an electrical generator coupled to the turbine.

    [0003] A diffuser is often coupled downstream from the turbine to facilitate recovering static pressure and increasing the operating efficiency of the gas turbine. However, at least some known diffusers include support struts that extend across a flow path of the diffuser. Such support struts at least partially obstruct and may disrupt gas flow through the diffuser. For example, when the gas turbine is operating in partial load conditions, combustion gases discharged from the turbine may flow over the support struts at a greater angle of incidence (i.e., the combustion gases may be discharged from the turbine with a greater swirling action) than may occur when the gas turbine is operating during base load conditions. The increased swirling may cause the flow of combustion gases over the struts to separate, thus reducing the static pressure recovery capability of the diffuser. It would be useful, therefore, to provide a diffuser that facilitates causing less flow separation over the struts when the gas turbine is operating in partial load conditions.

    [0004] US 2015/086339 A1 discloses a diffuser for a gas turbine in which airfoil-shaped shields surrounding struts in the gas path have a trailing edge flap divided into first and second span-wise portions. WO 02/38442 A2 discloses a plurality of microtabs mounted at or near the trailing edge of aerodynamic lifting surfaces that can be deployed to alter the lift. EP 1 112 928 A2 discloses airfoils with a performance enhancing trailing edge. US 2014/060062 A1 discloses arrangements for controlling swirl of exhaust of gas in a gas turbine, by selectively deploying shape memory material to restrict the exhaust flow passage in lower load conditions. US 2866313 A relates to a means for cooling turbine-blades by liquid jets, having retractable flaps. JP 2004 100615 A discloses a two-part strut structure within the flow of operation fluid of an axial flow machine, where the angle of a front part is adapted to the direction of the axial flow.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION



    [0005] Embodiments of the invention are defined in the attached claims.

    [0006] In one aspect, a gas turbine diffuser as defined in claim 1 for use with a gas turbine power system is disclosed. The diffuser includes an annular inner wall and an annular outer wall circumscribing the inner wall such that a gas path is defined between the inner and outer walls. The diffuser further includes a plurality of circumferentially-spaced struts extending from the inner wall to the outer wall across the gas path. At least one of the struts has a flap.

    [0007] In another aspect, a gas turbine as defined in claim 7 is disclosed. The gas turbine includes a combustor, a turbine arranged in flow communication with the combustor, and a diffuser arranged in flow communication with the turbine. The diffuser includes an annular inner wall and an annular outer wall circumscribing the inner wall such that a gas path is defined between the inner and outer walls. The diffuser further includes a plurality of circumferentially-spaced struts extending from the inner wall to the outer wall across the gas path. At least one of the struts has a flap.

    [0008] In another aspect, a method of assembling a gas turbine diffuser as defined in claim 11 is disclosed. The method includes providing an annular inner wall and an annular outer wall that circumscribes the inner wall such that a gas path is defined between the inner and outer walls. The method also includes coupling a plurality of circumferentially-spaced struts between the inner and outer walls such that the struts extend from the inner wall to the outer wall across the gas path. The method further includes coupling a flap to at least one of the struts.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0009] 

    Figure 1 is a schematic view of an exemplary gas turbine;

    Figure 2 is a sectional view of an exemplary diffuser that may be used with the gas turbine shown in Figure 1 taken along plane 2-2 of Figure 1;

    Figure 3 is side view of an exemplary strut for use in the diffuser shown in Figure 2;

    Figure 4 is a rear view of the strut shown in Figure 3;

    Figure 5 is a sectional view of the strut shown in Figure 4 taken along plane 5-5 of Figure 4;

    Figure 6 is a side view of another exemplary strut for use in the diffuser shown in Figure 2;

    Figure 7 is a side view of yet another exemplary strut for use in the diffuser shown in Figure 2; and

    Figure 8 is a side view of yet another exemplary strut for use in the diffuser shown in Figure 2.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0010] The following detailed description illustrates a gas turbine diffuser and methods of assembling the same by way of example and not by way of limitation. The description should enable one of ordinary skill in the art to make and use the diffuser, and the description describes several embodiments of the diffuser. The diffuser is described herein as being coupled within a gas turbine power system. However, it is contemplated that the diffuser has general application to a broad range of systems in a variety of fields other than gas turbine systems.

    [0011] Figure 1 illustrates an exemplary gas turbine 100. In the exemplary embodiment, gas turbine 100 has a compressor 102, a combustor 104, a turbine 106, and a diffuser 108 coupled in flow communication with one another within a casing 110 and spaced along a centerline axis 112. Compressor 102 includes a plurality of rotor blades 114 and a plurality of stator vanes 116. Similarly, turbine 106 includes a plurality of rotor blades 118 and a plurality of stator vanes 120. In operation, air flows into compressor 102 and is compressed and channeled into combustor 104. The compressed air is mixed with fuel and ignited in combustor 104 to generate a flow of combustion gases that is channeled into turbine 106. The combustion gases drive rotor blades 118 of turbine 106 which, in turn, in the exemplary embodiment, drive an electrical generator (not shown) coupled to rotor blades 118 of turbine 106. The combustion gases are then discharged from turbine 106 into diffuser 108 before being exhausted into a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) (not shown) or to the ambient. As used herein, the term "air" refers to any gas or combination of gases that are suitable for use as a working fluid in a gas turbine, and is not limited to the particular combination of Earth's atmospheric gases commonly referred to as "air."

    [0012] Figure 2 illustrates a sectional view of an exemplary diffuser 200 that may be used in gas turbine 100 (shown in Figure 1). In the exemplary embodiment, diffuser 200 has an annular inner wall 202 and an annular outer wall 204 that circumscribes inner wall 202, wherein outer wall 204 is spaced a distance from inner wall 202 such that a portion of a gas path 206 is defined therebetween. In the exemplary embodiment, diffuser 200 includes a plurality of circumferentially-spaced struts 208 that extend generally radially outward from inner wall 202 to outer wall 204 and across gas path 206. Although five struts 208 are illustrated in the exemplary embodiment, in other embodiments, diffuser 200 may include any number of struts 208 that enables diffuser 200 to function as described herein.

    [0013] During operation of gas turbine 100, combustion gases discharged from turbine 106 are channeled through diffuser gas path 206 such that the combustion gases flow past struts 208. However, because struts 208 are static (i.e., non-moving) structures, the smoothness of the gas flow over struts 208 depends at least in part upon the swirl angle of the combustion gases discharged from turbine 106. As used herein, the gas flow over struts 208 is "smooth" if the gas flow experiences substantially no flow separation over struts 208. For example, if gas turbine 100 is operating at base load (i.e., at about 100% of rated load), the swirl angle of combustion gases discharged from turbine 106 may be lower than if gas turbine 100 is operated at partial load (i.e., at less than 100% of rated load). As such, the combustion gases tend to be discharged from turbine 106 in a more axial direction when gas turbine 100 is operating at base load as compared to combustion gases discharged from turbine 106 when gas turbine 100 is operated at partial load.

    [0014] In one example, if gas turbine 100 is operating at about 100% of rated load, combustion gases may be discharged from turbine 106 at an angle of incidence of about 5° relative to struts 208. By comparison, for example, combustion gases may be discharged from turbine 106 at an angle of incidence of about 45° relative to struts 208 when gas turbine 100 is operating at about 40% of rated load. Because of the increased swirling action, the combustion gases tend to flow less smoothly past struts 208 when gas turbine 100 is operating at partial load. For example, flow separation of the combustion gases over struts 208 tends to occur more frequently during partial load conditions, and thus tends to disrupt the flow of combustion gases through diffuser 200 by causing vortices or wakes to form downstream from struts 208. Such disruptions in the combustion gas flow through gas path 206 of diffuser 200 can adversely limit the static pressure recovery capability of diffuser 200, which can in turn detract from the overall operating efficiency of gas turbine 100.

    [0015] Figures 3 and 4 illustrate side and rear views, respectively, of an exemplary strut 300 that may be used in diffuser 200, and Figure 5 is a sectional view of strut 300. Strut 300 is shaped to facilitate creating less disruptions in the flow of combustion gases through diffuser 200, and thus facilitates increasing the static pressure recovery capability of diffuser 200 and the overall operating efficiency of gas turbine 100. In the exemplary embodiment, strut 300 extends from a root 302 to a tip 304 along a span 306, and is formed with a substantially airfoil-shaped skin 308 that defines a leading edge 310, a trailing edge 312, a suction side 314, and a pressure side 316. As such, strut 300 has a chord 318 extending from leading edge 310 to trailing edge 312. Additionally, although chord 318 continuously lengthens from root 302 to tip 304 along span 306 in the exemplary embodiment, chord 318 may vary in length in any other suitable manner in other embodiments. For example, in some embodiments, chord 318 may decrease in length, or remain substantially constant in length, from root 302 to tip 304.

    [0016] Strut 300 also includes a flap 320 on pressure side 316 near trailing edge 312. In one embodiment, flap 320 may be formed separately from, and coupled to, skin 308 and/or a suitable support structure beneath skin 308 in a manner that enables flap 320 to project from or through skin 308 (e.g., flap 320 may be welded to skin 308 and/or a suitable support structure beneath skin 308 in some embodiments). In another embodiment, flap 320 may be formed integrally with skin 308 and/or a suitable support structure beneath skin 308. Flap 320 includes a first plate 322 that is oriented substantially perpendicular to chord 318. Optionally, in some embodiments, flap 320 may also include a second plate 324 coupled to first plate 322 such that second plate 324 faces towards leading edge 310 to facilitate supporting first plate 322 in its orientation relative to chord 318 (e.g., second plate 324 may be coupled to first plate 322 such that first plate 322, second plate 324, and skin 308 collectively define a generally triangular shape). Alternatively, flap 320 may have any suitable structural configuration that enables flap 320 to function as described herein.

    [0017] In terms of the location of flap 320 relative to chord 318 in the exemplary embodiment, flap 320 is spaced from trailing edge 312 by about 1.5% to about 3.5% of chord 318 (e.g., by about 2% of chord 318 in one embodiment). Alternatively, flap 320 may be located at any suitable location along chord 318. In terms of the extension of flap 320 along span 306, flap 320 extends along less than the entire span 306 (e.g., along about half of span 306) in some embodiments. In the exemplary embodiment (shown in Figures 3 and 4), flap 320 extends along an inner segment of span 306 (i.e., from root 302 to a location at about 50% of span 306 from root 302). In another embodiment (shown in Figure 6), a strut 400 may have a flap 420 that extends along a middle segment of the span (i.e., from a location at about 25% of the span to a location at about 75% of the span). In yet another embodiment (shown in Figure 7), a strut 500 may have a flap 520 that extends along an outer segment of the span (i.e., from a location at about 50% of the span to the tip of strut 500). In yet another embodiment (shown in Figure 8), a strut 600 may have a flap 620 that extends along the entire span (i.e., along 100% of the span of strut 600, from the root to the tip). With exception to the spanwise extension of flaps 420, 520, and 620, struts 400, 500, and 600 (and flaps 420, 520, and 620) are configured in the same manner as strut 300 (and flap 320) set forth above. Alternatively, diffuser 200 may have a strut with a flap extending along any suitable span segment that facilitates enabling the strut to function as described herein (e.g., the flap may extend along less than half of the span in alternative embodiments).

    [0018] The first plate 322 is an immovable structure which may have a length 326 and a width 328 that is substantially constant (i.e., does not vary) along length 326. In other words, first plate 322 has a substantially rectangular profile in the exemplary embodiment. In one embodiment, width 328 is sized such that first plate 322 extends about 0.0125m (0.5 inches) from skin 308. In another embodiment, width 328 may vary along length 326. For example, in some embodiments, length 326 may be sized to enable flap 320 to extend almost the entire span 306, with width 328 remaining substantially constant along a first segment of span 306, and tapering along a second segment of span 306 toward tip 304..

    [0019] During operation of gas turbine 100 in partial load conditions, the swirl angle of combustion gases discharged from turbine 106 may increase by up to 40° in some instances. In that regard, it is desirable to facilitate minimizing any associated flow separation past struts 300, 400, 500, and 600 of diffuser 200 because such flow separation and increased swirl may reduce diffuser static pressure recovery by about 50 points (or approximately 5 MW), for example. Using flaps 320, 420, 520, and 620 facilitates controlling the circulation and reducing the swirl of the combustion gases in diffuser 200, which in turn facilitates reducing the flow separation in diffuser 200. In the manner set forth herein, flaps 320, 420, 520, and 620 may be placed such that flaps 320, 420, 520, and 620 improve diffuser static pressure recovery when the turbine exit absolute swirl angle is between about 20° to about 60° (e.g., when gas turbine 100 is operating between about 40% of rated load and about 70% of rated load). In some instances, for example, flaps 320, 420, 520, and 620 may yield a net gain of about 7 points in diffuser recovery at about 60% load, wherein the benefit is about a +1.0 MW gain at about 60% load with substantially no losses at base load operation. Such a benefit is appreciated considering that every 10 points corresponds to a 0.1 change in the diffuser static pressure recovery coefficient (Cp).

    [0020] The methods and systems described herein provide a diffuser having at least one strut with a flap that turns (or de-swirls) combustion gas discharged from a turbine in partial load operating conditions. As such, the methods and systems described herein facilitate reducing flow separation over the struts of the diffuser, and this facilitates reducing flow migration from the root to the tip of each strut. Thus, the methods and systems described herein facilitate optimizing the static pressure recovery capability of a gas turbine diffuser and, therefore, increasing the operating efficiency of the gas turbine.

    [0021] Exemplary embodiments of a gas turbine diffuser and methods of assembling the same are described above in detail. The methods and systems described herein are not limited to the specific embodiments described herein, but rather, components of the methods and systems may be utilized independently and separately from other components described herein. For example, the methods and systems described herein may have other applications not limited to practice with gas turbine power systems, as described herein. Rather, the methods and systems described herein can be implemented and utilized in connection with various other industries.

    [0022] While the invention has been described in terms of various specific embodiments, those skilled in the art will recognize that the invention can be practiced with modification within the scope of the claims.


    Claims

    1. A gas turbine diffuser (108) for use with a gas turbine power system, said diffuser comprising:

    an annular inner wall (202);

    an annular outer wall (204) circumscribing said inner wall such that a gas path (206) is defined between said inner and outer walls; and

    a plurality of circumferentially-spaced struts (208) extending from said inner wall to said outer wall across the gas path, wherein at least one of said struts comprises a flap (320, 420, 520, 620),

    wherein said at least one strut (208) comprises a substantially airfoil-shaped skin (308) that defines a leading edge (310), a trailing edge (312), a suction side (314), and a pressure side (316) and said strut (208) has a chord (318) extending from said leading edge (310) to said trailing edge (312),

    characterized in that said flap (320, 420, 520, 620) is coupled along said pressure side of said strut, near and spaced from said trailing edge, said flap comprising a first plate (322) which is an immovable structure oriented substantially perpendicular to the chord.


     
    2. A gas turbine diffuser (108) in accordance with claim 1, wherein said flap (320, 420, 520, 620) is disposed at between about 1.5% and about 3.5% of the chord from said trailing edge.
     
    3. A gas turbine diffuser (108) in accordance with claim 1, wherein said flap (320, 420, 520, 620) comprises a second plate (324) coupled to said first plate (322) such that said flap forms a generally triangular shape defined by said first plate, said second plate, and said skin (308).
     
    4. A gas turbine diffuser (108) in accordance with any preceding claim, wherein said at least one strut (208) comprises a root (302), a tip (304), and a span (306) extending from said root to said tip, said flap (320, 420, 520) extending along only a portion of the span.
     
    5. A gas turbine diffuser (108) in accordance with claim 4, wherein said flap (320, 420, 520) extends along about half of the span (306).
     
    6. A gas turbine diffuser (108) in accordance with any of claims 1 to 3, wherein said at least one strut (208) comprises a root (302), a tip (304), and a span (306) extending from said root to said tip, said flap (620) extending from said root to said tip along the span.
     
    7. A gas turbine (100) comprising:

    a combustor (104);

    a turbine (106) arranged in flow communication with said combustor; and

    a diffuser (108) as claimed in any preceding claim, the diffuser (108) arranged in flow communication with said turbine.


     
    8. A gas turbine (100) in accordance with claim 7, wherein said flap (320, 420, 520, 620) is coupled along said pressure side between about 1.5% and about 3.5% of the chord from said trailing edge.
     
    9. A gas turbine (100) in accordance with claim 7 or 8, wherein said at least one strut (208) comprises a root (302), a tip (304), and a span (306) extending from said root to said tip, said flap (620) extending from said root to said tip along the span.
     
    10. A gas turbine (100) in accordance with claim 7 or 8, wherein said at least one strut (208) comprises a root (302), a tip (304), and a span (306) extending from said root to said tip, said flap (320, 420, 520) extending along about half of the span.
     
    11. A method of assembling a gas turbine diffuser (108), said method comprising:

    providing an annular inner wall (202) and an annular outer wall (204) that circumscribes the inner wall such that a gas path (206) is defined between the inner and outer walls;

    coupling a plurality of circumferentially-spaced struts (208) between the inner and outer walls such that the struts extend from the inner wall to the outer wall across the gas path, comprising coupling at least one strut (208) having a substantially airfoil-shaped skin (308) that defines a leading edge (310), a trailing edge (312), a suction side (314), and a pressure side (316) to the inner and outer walls (202, 204), said at least one strut (208) having a chord (318) extending from said leading edge (310) to said trailing edge (312); and

    coupling a flap (320, 420, 520, 620) to at least one of the struts,

    characterized in that coupling the flap (320, 420, 520, 620) comprises coupling the flap (320, 420, 520, 620) along the pressure side of the strut near and spaced from the trailing edge, wherein said flap comprises a first plate (322) which is an immovable structure oriented substantially perpendicular to the chord.


     
    12. A method in accordance with Claim 11, further comprising:
    coupling the flap (320, 420, 520, 620) to the strut such that the flap is disposed between about 1.5% and about 3.5% of the chord from the trailing edge.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Gasturbinendiffusor (108) zur Verwendung mit einem Gasturbinenantriebssystem, wobei der Diffusor umfasst:

    eine ringförmige Innenwand (202);

    eine ringförmige Außenwand (204), die die Innenwand derart umschreibt, dass ein Gasweg (206) zwischen der Innen- und der Außenwand definiert wird; und

    eine Vielzahl von in Umfangsrichtung beabstandeten Streben (208), die sich von der Innenwand zur Außenwand über den Gasweg erstrecken, wobei mindestens eine der Streben eine Klappe (320, 420, 520, 620) umfasst,

    wobei die mindestens eine Strebe (208) eine im Wesentlichen schaufelblattförmige Außenhaut (308) umfasst, die eine Vorderkante (310), eine Hinterkante (312), eine Saugseite (314) und eine Druckseite (316) definiert und die Strebe (208) eine Flügeltiefe (318) aufweist, die sich von der Vorderkante (310) zur Hinterkante (312) erstreckt,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Klappe (320, 420, 520, 620) entlang der Druckseite der Strebe nahe der und in einem Abstand von der Hinterkante verbunden ist, wobei die Klappe eine erste Platte (322) umfasst, bei der es sich um eine unbewegliche Struktur handelt, die im Wesentlichen senkrecht zur Flügeltiefe ausgerichtet ist.


     
    2. Gasturbinendiffusor (108) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Klappe (320, 420, 520, 620) zwischen ca. 1,5 % und ca. 3,5 % der der Flügeltiefe von der Hinterkante entfernt angeordnet ist.
     
    3. Gasturbinendiffusor (108) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Klappe (320, 420, 520, 620) eine zweite Platte (324) umfasst, die mit der ersten Platte (322) verbunden ist, sodass die Klappe eine allgemein dreieckige Form bildet, die durch die erste Platte, die zweite Platte und die Außenhaut (308) definiert ist.
     
    4. Gasturbinendiffusor (108) nach einem beliebigen vorhergehenden Anspruch, wobei die mindestens eine Strebe (208) einen Fuß (302), eine Spitze (304) und eine Spannweite (306) umfasst, die sich vom Fuß zur Spitze erstreckt, wobei sich die Klappe (320, 420, 520) nur entlang eines Abschnitts der Spannweite erstreckt.
     
    5. Gasturbinendiffusor (108) nach Anspruch 4, wobei sich die Klappe (320, 420, 520) entlang ca. der Hälfte der Spannweite (306) erstreckt.
     
    6. Gasturbinendiffusor (108) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die mindestens eine Strebe (208) einen Fuß (302), eine Spitze (304) und eine Spannweite (306) umfasst, die sich vom Fuß zur Spitze erstreckt, wobei sich die Klappe (620) vom Fuß zur Spitze entlang der Spannweite erstreckt.
     
    7. Gasturbine (100), umfassend:

    eine Brennkammer (104);

    eine Turbine (106), die in Strömungsverbindung mit der Brennkammer angeordnet ist; und

    einen Diffusor (108) nach einem vorhergehenden Anspruch, wobei der Diffusor (108) in Strömungsverbindung mit der Turbine angeordnet ist.


     
    8. Gasturbine (100) nach Anspruch 7, wobei die Klappe (320, 420, 520, 620) entlang der Druckseite zwischen ca. 1,5 % und ca. 3,5 % der der Flügeltiefe von der Hinterkante entfernt angeordnet ist.
     
    9. Gasturbine (100) nach Anspruch 7 oder 8, wobei die mindestens eine Strebe (208) einen Fuß (302), eine Spitze (304) und eine Spannweite (306) umfasst, die sich vom Fuß zur Spitze erstreckt, wobei sich die Klappe (620) vom Fuß zur Spitze entlang der Spannweite erstreckt.
     
    10. Gasturbine (100) nach Anspruch 7 oder 8, wobei die mindestens eine Strebe (208) einen Fuß (302), eine Spitze (304) und eine Spannweite (306) umfasst, die sich vom Fuß zur Spitze erstreckt, wobei sich die Klappe (320, 420, 520) entlang ca. der Hälfte der Spannweite erstreckt.
     
    11. Verfahren zum Zusammensetzen eines Gasturbinendiffusors (108), wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    Bereitstellen einer ringförmigen Innenwand (202) und einer ringförmigen Außenwand (204), die die Innenwand derart umschreibt, dass ein Gasweg (206) zwischen der Innen- und der Außenwand definiert wird;

    Verbinden einer Vielzahl von in Umfangsrichtung beabstandeten Streben (208) zwischen der Innen- und der Außenwand, sodass sich die Streben von der Innenwand zur Außenwand über den Gasweg erstrecken, umfassend ein Verbinden mindestens einer Strebe (208), die eine im Wesentlichen schaufelblattförmige Außenhaut (308) aufweist, die eine Vorderkante (310), eine Hinterkante (312), eine Saugseite (314) und eine Druckseite (316) an der Innen- und Außenwand (202, 204) aufweist, wobei die mindestens eine Strebe (208) eine Flügeltiefe (318) aufweist, die sich von der Vorderkante (310) zur Hinterkante (312) erstreckt; und

    Verbinden der Klappe (320, 420, 520, 620) mit mindestens einer der Streben,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Verbinden der Klappe (320, 420, 520, 620) das Verbinden der Klappe (320, 420, 520, 620) entlang der Druckseite nahe und in einem Abstand von der Hinterkante umfasst, wobei die Klappe eine erste Platte (322) umfasst, bei der es sich um eine unbewegliche Struktur handelt, die im Wesentlichen senkrecht zur Flügeltiefe ausgerichtet ist.


     
    12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 11, ferner umfassend:
    Verbinden der Klappe (320, 420, 520, 620) mit der Strebe derart, dass die Klappe zwischen ca. 1,5 % und ca. 3,5 % der der Flügeltiefe von der Hinterkante entfernt angeordnet ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Diffuseur (108) de turbine à gaz destiné à être utilisé avec un système d'alimentation de turbine à gaz, ledit diffuseur comprenant :

    une paroi interne annulaire (202) ;

    une paroi externe annulaire (204) entourant ladite paroi interne de telle sorte qu'un trajet de gaz (206) est défini entre lesdites parois interne et externe ; et

    une pluralité d'entretoises (208) espacées de manière circonférentielle s'étendant de ladite paroi interne à ladite paroi externe à travers le trajet de gaz, dans lequel au moins l'une desdites entretoises comprend un rabat (320, 420, 520, 620),

    dans lequel ladite au moins une entretoise (208) comprend une peau sensiblement en forme de profil aérodynamique (308) qui définit un bord d'attaque (310), un bord de fuite (312), un côté d'aspiration (314), et un côté de pression (316) et ladite entretoise (208) a une corde (318) s'étendant dudit bord d'attaque (310) audit bord de fuite (312),

    caractérisé en ce que ledit rabat (320, 420, 520, 620) est couplé le long dudit côté de pression de ladite entretoise, près et espacé dudit bord de fuite, ledit rabat comprenant une première plaque (322) qui est une structure immobile orientée sensiblement perpendiculairement à la corde.


     
    2. Diffuseur de turbine à gaz (108) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit rabat (320, 420, 520, 620) est disposé entre environ 1,5 % et environ 3,5 % de la corde dudit bord de fuite.
     
    3. Diffuseur de turbine à gaz (108) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit rabat (320, 420, 520, 620) comprend une deuxième plaque (324) couplée à ladite première plaque (322) de telle sorte que ledit rabat forme une forme généralement triangulaire définie par ladite première plaque, ladite deuxième plaque, et ladite peau (308).
     
    4. Diffuseur de turbine à gaz (108) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel ladite au moins une entretoise (208) comprend une racine (302), une pointe (304), et une portée (306) s'étendant de ladite racine à ladite pointe, ledit rabat (320, 420, 520) s'étendant le long seulement d'une partie de la portée.
     
    5. Diffuseur de turbine à gaz (108) selon la revendication 4, dans lequel ledit rabat (320, 420, 520) s'étend le long d'environ la moitié de la portée (306).
     
    6. Diffuseur de turbine à gaz (108) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel ladite au moins une entretoise (208) comprend une racine (302), une pointe (304), et une portée (306) s'étendant de ladite racine à ladite pointe, ledit rabat (620) s'étendant de ladite racine à ladite pointe le long de la portée.
     
    7. Turbine à gaz (100) comprenant :

    une chambre de combustion (104) ;

    une turbine (106) agencée en communication fluidique avec ladite chambre de combustion ; et

    un diffuseur (108) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, le diffuseur (108) agencé en communication fluidique avec ladite turbine.


     
    8. Turbine à gaz (100) selon la revendication 7, dans laquelle ledit rabat (320, 420, 520, 620) est couplé le long dudit côté de pression entre environ 1,5 % et environ 3,5 % de la corde dudit bord de fuite.
     
    9. Turbine à gaz (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 7 ou 8, dans laquelle ladite au moins une entretoise (208) comprend une racine (302), une pointe (304), et une portée (306) s'étendant de ladite racine à ladite pointe, ledit rabat (620) s'étendant de ladite racine à ladite pointe le long de la portée.
     
    10. Turbine à gaz (100) selon la revendication 7 ou 8, dans laquelle ladite au moins une entretoise (208) comprend une racine (302), une pointe (304), et une portée (306) s'étendant de ladite racine à ladite pointe, ledit rabat (320, 420, 520) s'étendant le long d'environ la moitié de la portée.
     
    11. Procédé d'assemblage d'un diffuseur de turbine à gaz (108), ledit procédé comprenant :

    la fourniture d'une paroi interne annulaire (202) et d'une paroi externe annulaire (204) qui entoure la paroi interne de telle sorte qu'un trajet de gaz (206) est défini entre lesdites parois interne et externe ;

    le couplage d'une pluralité d'entretoises (208) espacées de manière circonférentielle entre les parois interne et externe de telle sorte que les entretoises s'étendent de la paroi interne à la paroi externe à travers le trajet de gaz, comprenant le couplage d'au moins une entretoise (208) ayant une peau sensiblement en forme de profil aérodynamique (308) qui définit un bord d'attaque (310), un bord de fuite (312), un côté d'aspiration (314), et un côté de pression (316) aux parois interne et externe (202, 204), ladite au moins une entretoise (208) ayant une corde (318) s'étendant dudit bord d'attaque (310) audit bord de fuite (312) ; et

    le couplage d'un rabat (320, 420, 520, 620) à au moins l'une des entretoises,

    caractérisé en ce que le couplage du rabat (320, 420, 520, 620) comprend le couplage du rabat (320, 420, 520, 620) le long du côté de pression de l'entretoise près et espacé du bord de fuite, dans lequel ledit rabat comprend une première plaque (322) qui est une structure immobile orientée sensiblement perpendiculairement à la corde.


     
    12. Procédé selon la revendication 11, comprenant en outre :
    le couplage du rabat (320, 420, 520, 620) à l'entretoise de telle sorte que le rabat est disposé entre environ 1,5 % et environ 3,5 % de la corde du bord de fuite.
     




    Drawing




















    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description