(19)
(11)EP 3 080 235 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
17.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/25

(21)Application number: 13899248.2

(22)Date of filing:  11.12.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C11D 1/29  (2006.01)
C11D 1/83  (2006.01)
C11D 3/39  (2006.01)
D06L 1/12  (2006.01)
C11D 1/722  (2006.01)
C11D 3/04  (2006.01)
C11D 11/00  (2006.01)
D06L 4/12  (2017.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2013/089063
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/085509 (18.06.2015 Gazette  2015/24)

(54)

APE-FREE SURFACTANT COMPOSITIONS AND USE THEREOF IN TEXTILE APPLICATIONS

APE-FREIE TENSIDZUSAMMENSETZUNGEN UND VERWENDUNG DAVON IN TEXTILANWENDUNGEN

COMPOSITIONS DE TENSIOACTIFS SANS APE ET LEUR UTILISATION DANS DES APPLICATIONS TEXTILES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
19.10.2016 Bulletin 2016/42

(73)Proprietor: Dow Global Technologies LLC
Midland, MI 48674 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • SHEN, Cheng
    Shanghai 200051 (CN)
  • JI, Jing
    Shanghai 200433 (CN)
  • MU, Jianhai
    Shanghai 201102 (CN)
  • WANG, Xiaohua
    Shanghai 201100 (CN)

(74)Representative: Beck Greener LLP 
Fulwood House 12 Fulwood Place
London WC1V 6HR
London WC1V 6HR (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2008/114225
WO-A1-2012/147915
US-A1- 2012 066 840
WO-A1-2010/072029
CN-A- 101 775 339
US-A1- 2012 115 769
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD



    [0001] This invention relates to a process of scouring textile materials using an alkylphenol ethoxylate (APE)-free surfactant composition. The surfactant composition includes an alkyl alkoxylate sulfate of the chemical structure described below.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] With increasing awareness on environmental impact, eco-friendly surfactants or surfactant compositions are becoming widely used in different applications, for example, scouring. Scouring is used to remove waxes and oils, such as pectin, mineral oil, animal oil, and vegetable oil, from textiles materials such as fabric, yarn, or any other woven material comprising a network of natural or artificial fibers. Scouring is usually performed on raw materials, such as sheep's wool or artificial fibers from a manufacturing plant. For example, certain textile materials, such cotton fabrics, need to be thoroughly cleaned before they can be dyed. Other commercial surfactant compositions may be used for scouring textile materials, such as C12 alcohol ethoxysulfate and secondary alkane sulphonates. However, C12 alcohol ethoxysulfate exhibits poor wetting and high foam and certain aqueous solutions of secondary alkane sulphonates are hazy at a high pH, indicating low solubility. Thus, there is still a need for environmentally friendly surfactant compositions that exhibit better foaming and wetting properties in alkaline water solution (scouring is usually performed under alkaline conditions) and thus better scouring performance than the present compositions.

    [0003] US 2012/066840 A1 discloses a surfactant system which includes extended anionic surfactants, linker surfactants, and a multiply charged cation component. This system is said to form emulsions with, and remove greasy and oily stains, even those comprised of non-trans fats. In another embodiment, anionic surfactants are combined with a solvent and an amine oxide to remove sunscreen stains.

    BRIEF SUMMARY



    [0004] In one aspect, a process of removing wax or oil from a textile material is provided. The process comprises contacting the textile material with a composition comprising:

    an alkyl alkoxylate sulfate of formula I:

            R1O-(CH2CH(R2)-O)x-(CH2CH2O)y-SO3M     (I);

    a nonionic alkyl alkoxylate of formula II:

            R1O-(CH2CH(R2)-O)x-(CH2CH2O)y-H     (II);

    and

    water

    wherein R1 is linear or branched C4-C10 alkyl;

    R2 is CH3 or CH3CH2;

    x is a real number from 1 to 11;

    y is a real number from 1 to 20; and

    M is an alkali metal or NH4, and

    wherein R1, R2, x, and y in formula I and formula II may be the same or different.

    [0005] The composition may also comprise sodium hydroxide and/or hydrogen peroxide. The amount of the alkyl alkoxylate sulfate of formula I may be from 20 to 70% by weight, the amount of the nonionic alkyl alkoxylate of formula II may be from 0.1 to 30% by weight, the amount of water is from 25 to 75% by weight, the amount of the sodium hydroxide may be from 0 to 5% by weight, and the amount of the hydrogen peroxide may be 0 to 5% by weight, based on the total weight of the anionic alkyl alkoxylate sulfate of formula I, the nonionic alkyl alkoxylate of formula II, the water, the sodium hydroxide, and the hydrogen peroxide.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0006] As discussed above, scouring is used to remove waxes and oils, such as pectin, mineral oil, animal oil, and vegetable oil, from textiles materials such as fabric, yarn, or any other woven material comprising a network of natural or artificial fibers. Scouring is used for the pretreatment of fabric in textile processing. Surfactants are used as scouring agents in order to remove waxes and oils from the textile materials. In order to obtain good scouring performance (i.e., effective removal of waxes and oils), the surfactant composition should have comparable or better wetting/emulsification/dispersion performance, surface tension, foaming properties (foam height and foam collapse), and stability in alkaline solution to commercial surfactants such as secondary alkane sulphonates. These properties allow the surfactant to penetrate the textile material, surround the wax or oil and remove them.

    [0007] The surfactant composition of the present invention has such properties, which makes it a good wetting/emulsifying agent, and thus a good scouring agent. During scouring by wetting/ emulsification, the wax or oil may be suspended in water, allowing it to be removed. The surfactant composition of the present invention is also environmentally friendly.

    [0008] The present disclosure provides a process for scouring such textile materials by contacting the textile with a surfactant composition. The composition may comprise an alkyl alkoxylate sulfate, a nonionic alkyl alkoxylate, and water. The composition may further comprise sodium hydroxide and hydrogen peroxide. Hydrogen peroxide may be used for additional whitening.

    [0009] Unless otherwise indicated, numeric ranges, for instance as in "from 2 to 10," are inclusive of the numbers defining the range (e.g., 2 and 10).

    [0010] Unless otherwise indicated, ratios, percentages, parts, and the like are by weight.

    [0011] As noted above, the invention provides a process for scouring textile materials using a surfactant composition comprising an alkyl alkoxylate sulfate of formula I. The surfactant composition exhibits several useful properties, including one or more of good surface tension reduction, low foam and quick foam collapse, rapid wetting, and calcium ion stability. The advantageous properties render the surfactant composition suitable as a scouring agent for textile materials.

    [0012] The inventors have found that the alkyl alkoxylate sulfate surfactant exhibits a synergistic effect during scouring when combined with a nonionic alkyl alkoxylate surfactant. Thus, the alkyl alkoxylate sulfate surfactant combined with a nonionic alkyl alkoxylate surfactant exhibits better scouring performance than the alkyl alkoxylate sulfate surfactant alone.

    [0013] The alkyl alkoxylate sulfate is of the following formula I:

            R1O-(CH2CH(R2)-O)x-(CH2CH2O)y-SO3M     (I)

    wherein R1 is linear or branched C4-C10 alkyl; R2 is CH3 or CH3CH2; x is a real number from 1 to 11; y is a real number from 1 to 20; and M is an alkali metal or NH4.

    [0014] R1 in formula I can be a linear or branched C6-C10 alkyl, alternatively linear or branched C8-C10 alkyl, preferably a linear or branched C8 alkyl. R1 is 2-ethylhexyl (CH3CH2CH2CH2CH(CH2CH3)CH2-). R1 can be 2-propylheptyl (CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH(CH2CH2CH3)CH2-).

    [0015] R2 in formula I is desirably selected from CH3 and CH3CH2.

    [0016] x in formula I is from 4 to 6, preferably 5.

    [0017] y in formula I is from 1 to 11, alternatively from 3 to 11, preferably 3.

    [0018] M in formula I is sodium, potassium, or ammonium. M is preferably sodium or ammonium.

    [0019] It is preferred that, in addition to the alkyl alkoxylate sulfate of formula I, the surfactant composition also comprises a nonionic alkyl alkoxylate of formula II:

            R1O-(CH2CH(R2)-O)x-(CH2CH2O)y-H     (II)

    wherein R1 is linear or branched C4-C10 alkyl; R2 is CH3 or CH3CH2; x is a real number from 1 to 11; and y is a real number from 1 to 20.

    [0020] R1 in formula II is linear or branched C6-C10 alkyl, alternatively linear or branched C8-C10 alkyl. R1 is desirably selected from 2-ethylhexyl (CH3CH2CH2CH2CH(CH2CH3)CH2-) or 2-propylheptyl (CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH(CH2CH2CH3)CH2-).

    [0021] R2 in formula II is desirably selected from CH3 and CH3CH2.

    [0022] x in formula II is from 4 to 6.

    [0023] y in formula II is from 1 to 11, alternatively from 3 to 11.

    [0024] When the nonionic alkyl alkoxylate of formula II is present in the surfactant composition, the groups R1, R2, x, and y in formula I and formula II may be the same or different. The groups R1, R2, x, and y in formula I and formula II can be the same.

    [0025] The surfactant composition of the invention may comprise an alkyl alkoxylate sulfate of formula I and a nonionic alkyl alkoxylate of formula II, wherein the weight ratio of the alkyl alkoxylate sulfate of formula I to the nonionic alkyl alkoxylate of formula II is from 99:1 to 10:90, from 95:5 to 50:50, or from 90:10 to 70:30.

    [0026] The surfactant composition of the invention may further comprise water.

    [0027] The surfactant composition of the invention may comprise an alkyl alkoxylate sulfate of formula I, a nonionic alkyl alkoxylate of formula II, and water. The amount of the alkyl alkoxylate sulfate of formula I may be from 20 to 70 % by weight, preferably from 30 to 60 % by weight; the amount of the alkoxylate of formula II may be from 0.1 to 30 % by weight, preferably from 0.1 to 10 % by weight; and the amount of water may be from 25 to 75 % by weight, preferably from 40 to 70% by weight, based on the total weight of the alkyl alkoxylate sulfate of formula I, the nonionic alkyl alkoxylate of formula II, and the water.

    [0028] The surfactant composition of the invention may comprise additional additives, such as other surfactants/emulsifiers. The surfactant composition of the invention further may comprise a nonionic surfactant of the formula III: R3O-(AO)z-H (III), wherein R3 is linear or branched C6-C24 alkyl, AO at each occurrence is ethyleneoxy, propyleneoxy, butyleneoxy, or random or block mixtures thereof, and z is from 1 to 50. Preferably, the surfactant composition does not include a cationic surfactant.

    [0029] The surfactant compositions of the invention exhibit properties that are similar or better than commercial surfactants, such as good surface tension reduction, low foam and quick foam collapse, and rapid wetting, and they provide formulation stability properties, including good Ca2+ stability. Ca2+ stability may be understood as the tolerance of divalent electrolytes present in hard water.

    [0030] Nonionic alkyl alkoxylates of formula II as described above may be purchased from commercial vendors or they may be prepared by those skilled in the art using literature techniques (see for instance United States Patent publication number 2011/0098492). In a typical procedure, a suitable alcohol or fatty acid is alkoxylated with alkylene oxide compounds. Alkoxylation processes may, for instance, be carried out in the presence of acidic or alkaline catalysts, or by using metal cyanide catalysts. Alkaline catalysts may include, for instance, hydroxides or alcoholates of sodium or potassium, including NaOH, KOH, sodium methoxide, potassium methoxide, sodium ethoxide and potassium ethoxide. Base catalysts are normally used in a concentration of from 0.05 percent to about 5 percent by weight, preferably about 0.1 percent to about 1 percent by weight based on starting material.

    [0031] The addition of alkylene oxides may, for instance, be carried out in an autoclave under pressures from about 10 psig (6.9 x 104 Pascal) to about 200 psig (1.4 x 106 Pascal), preferably from about 60 psig (4.1 x 105 Pascal) to about 100 psig (6.9 x 105 Pascal). The temperature of alkoxylation may range from about 30 °C to about 200 °C, preferably from about 100 °C to about 160 °C. After completion of oxide feeds, the product is typically allowed to react until the residual oxide is less than about 10 parts per million (ppm) relative to the final product. After cooling the reactor to an appropriate temperature ranging from about 20 °C to 130 °C, the residual catalyst may be left unneutralized, or neutralized with organic acids, such as acetic, propionic, or citric acid. Alternatively, the product may be neutralized with inorganic acids, such as phosphoric acid or carbon dioxide. Residual catalyst may also be removed using ion exchange or an adsorption media, such as diatomaceous earth.

    [0032] Alkyl alkoxylates sulfate of formula I may be prepared by the sulfation of nonionic alkyl alkoxylates of formula II. For instance, the Chemithon® sulfation process via sulfur trioxide is a sulfation process well known to those skilled in the art. Typically, pre-heated nonionic alkyl alkoxylate (40 °C) may be firstly contacted with an air-diluted sulfur trioxide in a continuous thin-film reactor, resulting is a quick and exothermic reaction. The crude sulfuric ester acid may be collected at about 55 °C. A prompt neutralization by NaOH or NH4OH to transform sulfuric ester acid to sulfate salt is advantageous to avoid dark color formation and to reduce formation of impurities. Precise control of the molar ratio of SO3 to nonionic alkyl alkoxylate is preferred in order to produce high quality alkyl alkoxylate sulfate.

    EXAMPLES



    [0033] Materials used in the examples include the following:

    "Alkyl alkoxylate sulfate" means 2-ethylhexyl-O-(CH2CH(CH3)-O)5.5-(CH2CH2O)3-SO3Na.

    "Nonionic alkyl alkoxylate" means 2-ethylhexyl-O-(CH2CH(CH3)-O)5.5-(CH2CH2O)3-H.


    1. Comparison of Surfactant Properties



    [0034] To evaluate the scouring performance of the composition used in the present invention, comparative studies are carried out with commercially available surfactants, C12 alcohol ethoxysulfate and the C10-14 secondary alkane sulphonate.
    Table 1.
    Surfactant Properties of alkyl alkoxylate sulfate, C12 alcohol ethoxysulfate and the C10-14 secondary alkane sulphonate
    PropertiesAlkyl Alkoxylate SulfateC12 alcohol ethoxysulfateC10-14 Secondary Alkane Sulphonate
    Active content (%) 30 30-32 60
    Appearance (20°C) clear, pale yellow liquid clear, pale yellow Yellow soft paste
    Surface Tension at CMC (mN/m, 20°C) 35 42 33
    CMC (ppm) 3000 125 1800
    Foam Height (mm, Ross Miles, 0/5 min at 0.2%) 108/24 113/112 83/73
    Ca2+ stability (CaCl2, 1% Surfactant) 10-15% wt ≈ 15% wt. < 0.5% wt.
    Anti-alkaline (NaOH, 1% surfactant) 5-10% wt 10-15% wt. < 2% wt.
    As shown in Table 1, the alkyl alkoxylate sulfate has better surfactant properties than the C12 alcohol ethoxysulfate and the C10-14 secondary alkane sulphonate. For example, it has lower surface tension than the C12 alcohol ethoxysulfate and better resistance to Ca2+ than the C10-14 secondary alkane sulphonate. In addition, the solution remains clear (i.e., soluble) in a higher alkaline concentration than the C10-14 secondary alkane sulphonate. It also has low foaming and quick collapse foam property, while the comparative surfactants have almost no foam collapse property.

    2. Evaluation of wetting performance in alkaline solution



    [0035] Comparative evaluation of the wetting performance of alkyl alkoxylate sulfate, the C12 alcohol ethoxysulfate, the C10-14 secondary alkane sulphonate (all blended with the nonionic alkyl alkoxylate) is carried out according to the Draves wetting test in an alkaline aqueous solution.

    Draves wetting test in alkaline solution



    [0036] 
    1. 1. 1 liter of NaOH aqueous solutions are prepared at concentration of 2%, 5%, and 8% wt., then, surfactant is added into the NaOH aqueous soluiton at 0.1% wt. of active content.
    2. 2. A commercially available canvas (textile material) with homogeneous round size (diameter 25 mm) is put in the surfactant aqueous solution.
    3. 3. The wetting time and penetration time are recorded.


    [0037] The test is repeated twelve times (in order to delete the maximum and minimum data), and the average wetting time is calculated. Comparative results of the wetting performance are shown in Table 2.
    Table 2.
    Comparative wetting performance of alkyl alkoxylate sulfate, C12 alcohol ethoxysulfate and C10-14 secondary alkane sulphonate blended with nonionic alkyl alkoxylate
    NaOH [C], %Nonionic alkyl alkoxylate, % in blendInventive example 1Comparative example 2Comparative example 3
    alkyl alkoxylate sulfate*C12 alcohol ethoxysulfateC10-14 secondary alkane sulphonate
    Wetting (s)Penetrating (s)Wetting (s)Penetrating (s)Wetting (s)Penetrating (s)
    2% 10% 124.2+/-9.92 Same (as penetrating) > 300 > 300 11.6+/-0.79 13.5+/-1.40
    20% 62.0+/-3.07 Same > 300 > 300 8.8+/-0.30 10.7+/-0.77
    5% 10% 115.9+/-4.76 Same > 300 > 300 60.6+/-11.84 287.5+/-51.35
    20% 47.0+/-2.04 Same 163.5+/-6.75 Same 17.1+/-0.57 20.2+/-1.73
    8% 10% 83.4+/-5.68 Same 141.1+/-31.65 Same 76.4+/-7.05 > 300
    20% 85.2+/-3.81 Same > 300 > 300 31.6+/-5.79 135.2+/-18.89
    * Surfactant aqueous solution with active [C] = 0.1% wt.


    [0038] As shown in Table 2, once the concentration of NaOH increases to 8% wt., the alkyl alkoxylate sulfate shows similar wetting performance as the C10-14 secondary alkane sulphonate when blended with 10% nonionic alkyl alkoxylate.

    3. Evaluation of Scouring Performance



    [0039] The scouring performance of the formulations in Table 3 are evaluated.

    Scouring test method



    [0040] 
    1. 1. Formulation in scouring: H2O2, NaOH, surfactant.
    2. 2. Scouring condition: 98-100°C for 40 minutes.
    3. 3. Post-scouring rinsing with water (90°C/60°C/40°C/R.T.).
    4. 4. Drying: 120°C for 2 min, then, with setting machine.
    5. 5. Whiteness test is needed for the cloth before and after scouring.
    6. 6. Cloth: knitted fabric.
    7. 7. Cloth size: length (20-30 cm); width (∼ 5 cm).

    Capillary effect measurement



    [0041] A cleaned cloth is sized to 3 pieces for length in the range of 20 - 30 cm and width about 5 cm; the piece of cloth is hung with about 1 cm of depth immersed in DI water. After 5 minutes, the wetting height is recorded. Scouring formulations (in grams) are shown in Table 3 and scouring results are shown in Table 4.
    Table 3. Scouring formulations
    Scouring formulation (unit: grams)Inventive example 4Comparative example 5Comparative example 6Blank (no surfactant)
    alkyl alkoxylate sulfateC12 alcohol ethoxysulfateC10-14 secondary alkane sulphonate 
    NaOH 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
    H2O2 (35%)* 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
    alkyl alkoxylate sulfate (30.4% active)* 0.99 0.89 0.79 - - - - - - -
    C12 alcohol ethoxysulfate (30% active)* - - - 1.00 0.90 0.80 - - - -
    C10-14 secondary alkane sulphonate (60% active)* - - - - - - 0.5 0.45 0.4 -
    Nonionic alkyl alkoxylate 0 0.03 0.06 0 0.03 0.06 0 0.03 0.06 -
    Water 198.3 198.4 198.4 198.3 198.4 198.4 198.8 198.8 198.8 199.3
    *The non-active portion is water.


    Table 5. Wetting performance
    Wetting Evaluation Inventive example 4Comparative example 5Comparative example 6Blank (no surfactant)
     alkyl alkoxylate sulfateC12 alcohol ethoxysulfateC10-14 secondary alkane sulphonate 
    + % wt. of Nonionic alkyl alkoxylate   0% 10% 20% 0% 10% 20% 0% 10% 20% -
    Capillary effect (cm/5 min)   8.5 9.5 9.9 8.0 8.3 9.7 11.3 11.3 11.0 0
      8.7 9.4 9.9 8.1 8.2 9.7 11.5 11.3 11.2 0
      8.8 9.3 9.8 8.1 8.3 9.8 11.3 11.2 11.0 0
    Av. 8.7 9.4 9.9 8.1 8.3 9.7 11.4 11.3 11.1 0
    Std. 0.15 0.10 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.12 0.06 0.12 -


    [0042] As shown in Table 4, the whiteness of alkyl alkoxylate sulfate improves in the presence of the nonionic alkyl alkoxylate. The whiteness values of the two comparative surfactants remain the same after the addition of the nonionic alkyl alkoxylate.

    [0043] As for the capillary effect shown in Table 5, both the alkyl alkoxylate sulfate and the C12 alcohol ethoxysulfate show improvement on capillary effect performance after the addition of 10-20% wt. of the nonionic alkyl alkoxylate. There is no increased capillary effect for C10-14 secondary alkane sulphonate in the presence of the nonionic alkyl alkoxylate. Thus, the wetting performance of the alkyl alkoxylate sulfate improves in the presence of the nonionic alkyl alkoxylate and with increase of the alkaline concentration (NaOH).

    [0044] In the scouring performance evaluation, the blend with nonionic alkyl alkoxylate helps the alkyl alkoxylate sulfate achieve similar performance as the C10-14 secondary alkane sulphonate and better performance than the C12 alcohol ethoxysulfate on whiteness improvement; while, no synergic effect is observed when the nonionic alkyl alkoxylate is added to the C10-14 secondary alkane sulphonate.

    [0045] The description of the invention above can be modified within the scope of this disclosure, as defined by the claims. This application is therefore intended to cover any variations, uses, or adaptations of the invention using the general principles disclosed herein. Further, the application is intended to cover such departures from the present disclosure as come within the known or customary practice in the art to which this invention pertains and which fall within the limits of the following claims.


    Claims

    1. A process of removing wax or oil from a textile material, comprising contacting the textile material with a composition comprising:

    an alkyl alkoxylate sulfate of formula I:

            R1O-(CH2CH(R2)-O)x-(CH2CH2O)y-SO3M     (I);

    a nonionic alkyl alkoxylate of formula II:

            R1O-(CH2CH(R2)-O)x-(CH2CH2O)y-H     (II);

    and

    water

    wherein

    R1 is linear or branched C4-C10 alkyl;

    R2 is CH3 or CH3CH2;

    x is a real number from 1 to 11;

    y is a real number from 1 to 20; and

    M is an alkali metal or NH4, and

    wherein R1, R2, x, and y in formula I and formula II may be the same or different.
     
    2. The process of claim 1, wherein the composition further comprises sodium hydroxide.
     
    3. The process of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the composition further comprises hydrogen peroxide.
     
    4. The process of any one of claims 1-3, wherein the amount of the alkyl alkoxylate sulfate of formula I is from 20 to 70% by weight, the amount of the nonionic alkyl alkoxylate of formula II is from 0.1 to 30% by weight, the amount of water is from 25 to 75% by weight, the amount of the sodium hydroxide is from 0 to 5% by weight, and the amount of the hydrogen peroxide is 0 to 5% by weight, based on the total weight of the anionic alkoxylate of formula I, the nonionic alkyl alkoxylate of formula II, the water, the sodium hydroxide, and the hydrogen peroxide.
     
    5. The process of any one of claims 1-4 wherein R1 in formula I and formula II is independently linear or branched C6-C10 alkyl.
     
    6. The process of any one of claims 1-5, wherein R1 in formula I is linear or branched C8 alkyl.
     
    7. The process of any one of claims 1-4, wherein R1 in formula I and formula II is independently 2-ethylhexyl or 2-propylheptyl.
     
    8. The process of any one of claims 1-7, wherein y in formula I and formula II is independently from 1 to 11.
     
    9. The process of any one of claims 1-8, wherein x in formula I and formula II is independently from 4 to 6.
     
    10. The process of any one of claims 1-9, wherein x in formula I is 5.
     
    11. The process of any one of claims 1-10, wherein y in formula I is 3.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Ein Verfahren zum Entfernen von Wachs oder Öl von einem Textilmaterial, das das In-Kontakt-Bringen des Textilmaterials mit einer Zusammensetzung beinhaltet, die Folgendes beinhaltet:

    ein Alkylalkoxylatsulfat der Formel I:

            R1O-(CH2CH(R2)-O)x(CH2CH2O)y-SO3M     (I);

    ein nichtionisches Alkylalkoxylat der Formel II:

            R'O-(CH2CH(R2)-O)x-(CH2CH2O)y-H     (II);

    und

    Wasser

    wobei R1 lineares oder verzweigtes C4-C10-Alkyl ist;

    R2CH3 oder CH3CH2 ist;

    x eine reelle Zahl von 1 bis 11 ist;

    y eine reelle Zahl von 1 bis 20 ist; und

    M ein Alkalimetall oder NH4 ist und

    wobei R1, R2, x und y in Formel I und Formel II gleich oder unterschiedlich sein können.
     
    2. Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei die Zusammensetzung ferner Natriumhydroxid beinhaltet.
     
    3. Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2, wobei die Zusammensetzung ferner Wasserstoffperoxid beinhaltet.
     
    4. Verfahren gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1-3, wobei, bezogen auf das Gesamtgewicht des anionischen Alkoxylats der Formel I, des nichtionischen Alkylalkoxylats der Formel II, des Wassers, des Natriumhydroxids und des Wasserstoffperoxids, die Menge des Alkylalkoxylatsulfats der Formel I 20 bis 70 Gewichts-% beträgt, die Menge des nichtionischen Alkylalkoxylats der Formel II 0,1 bis 30 Gewichts-% beträgt, die Wassermenge 25 bis 75 Gewichts-% beträgt, die Menge des Natriumhydroxids 0 bis 5 Gewichts-% beträgt und die Menge des Wasserstoffperoxids 0 bis 5 Gewichts-% beträgt.
     
    5. Verfahren gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1-4, wobei R1 in Formel I und Formel II unabhängig lineares oder verzweigtes C6-C10-Alkyl ist.
     
    6. Verfahren gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1-5, wobei R1 in Formel I lineares oder verzweigtes C8-Alkyl ist.
     
    7. Verfahren gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1-4, wobei R1 in Formel I und Formel II unabhängig 2-Ethylhexyl oder 2-Propylheptyl ist.
     
    8. Verfahren gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1-7, wobei y in Formel I und Formel II unabhängig 1 bis 11 beträgt.
     
    9. Verfahren gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1-8, wobei x in Formel I und Formel II unabhängig 4 bis 6 beträgt.
     
    10. Verfahren gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1-9, wobei x in Formel I 5 ist.
     
    11. Verfahren gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1-10, wobei y in Formel I 3 ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Un procédé pour enlever de la cire ou de l'huile sur une matière textile, comprenant la mise en contact de la matière textile avec une composition comprenant :

    un sulfate d'alkylalcoxylate de formule I :

            R1O-(CH2CH(R2)-O)x-(CH2CH2O)y-SO3M     (I) ;

    un alkylalcoxylate non ionique de formule II :

            R1O-(CH2CH(R2)-O)x-C-(CH2CH2O)y-H     (II) ;

    et

    de l'eau

    où R1 est un alkyle en C4-C10 linéaire ou ramifié ;

    R2 est CH3 ou CH3CH2 ;

    x est un nombre réel valant de 1 à 11 ;

    y est un nombre réel valant de 1 à 20 ; et

    M est un métal alcalin ou NH4, et

    où R1, R2, x, et y dans la formule I et la formule II peuvent être soit les mêmes, soit différents.


     
    2. Le procédé de la revendication 1, où la composition comprend en sus de l'hydroxyde de sodium.
     
    3. Le procédé de la revendication 1 ou de la revendication 2, où la composition comprend en sus du peroxyde d'hydrogène.
     
    4. Le procédé de l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, où la quantité du sulfate d'alkylalcoxylate de formule I va de 20 à 70 % en poids, la quantité de l'alkylalcoxylate non ionique de formule II va de 0,1 à 30 % en poids, la quantité d'eau va de 25 à 75 % en poids, la quantité de l'hydroxyde de sodium va de 0 à 5 % en poids, et la quantité du peroxyde d'hydrogène va de 0 à 5 % en poids, rapporté au poids total de l'alcoxylate anionique de formule I, de l'alkylalcoxylate non ionique de formule II, de l'eau, de l'hydroxyde de sodium, et du peroxyde d'hydrogène.
     
    5. Le procédé de l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, où R1 dans la formule I et la formule II est indépendamment un alkyle en C6-C10 linéaire ou ramifié.
     
    6. Le procédé de l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, où R1 dans la formule I est un alkyle en C8 linéaire ou ramifié.
     
    7. Le procédé de l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, où R1 dans la formule I et la formule II est indépendamment le 2-éthylhexyle ou le 2-propylheptyle.
     
    8. Le procédé de l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, où y dans la formule I et la formule II vaut indépendamment de 1 à 11.
     
    9. Le procédé de l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8, où x dans la formule I et la formule II vaut indépendamment de 4 à 6.
     
    10. Le procédé de l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9, où x dans la formule I vaut 5.
     
    11. Le procédé de l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10, où y dans la formule I vaut 3.
     




    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description