(19)
(11)EP 3 080 386 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
30.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/40

(21)Application number: 14808567.3

(22)Date of filing:  28.11.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
E21B 34/00  (2006.01)
E21B 7/20  (2006.01)
E21B 17/10  (2006.01)
E21B 33/127  (2006.01)
E21B 17/08  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2014/075892
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/079003 (04.06.2015 Gazette  2015/22)

(54)

A DOWNHOLE PRODUCTION CASING STRING

BOHRLOCHFÖRDERROHRSTRANG

COLONNE DE TUBAGE DE PRODUCTION DE FOND


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 29.11.2013 EP 13195030

(43)Date of publication of application:
19.10.2016 Bulletin 2016/42

(73)Proprietor: Welltec Oilfield Solutions AG
6300 Zug (CH)

(72)Inventors:
  • VASQUES, Ricardo Reves
    DK-3450 Allerød (DK)
  • KUMAR, Satish
    DK-2700 Brønshøj (DK)
  • BERGMANN, Line
    2850 Nærum (DK)

(74)Representative: Hoffmann Dragsted A/S 
Rådhuspladsen 16
1550 Copenhagen V
1550 Copenhagen V (DK)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 466 065
WO-A1-93/25794
CA-A1- 2 533 563
US-A1- 2012 152 523
US-A1- 2013 233 620
WO-A1-02/04781
WO-A2-2009/115829
US-A1- 2003 127 227
US-A1- 2012 292 043
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of the invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a downhole production casing string for insertion in a borehole in a reservoir. Furthermore, the invention relates to a downhole production casing string system for completing a well downhole and to a method of implementing a production casing string according to the invention.

    Background art



    [0002] Oil and gas wells may have a variety of completion designs depending on the reservoir conditions. Most of the wells have a metal tubing, e.g. known from EP2466065. Such tubing may also be called a casing, which is entered into a drilled borehole, and in some implementations the casing gets stuck, or the packer or annular barriers are not forming a tight zone isolation when set. This sometimes occurs due to the fact that the drilling operation results in a borehole having a plurality of projections which prevent free passage of the casing.

    Summary of the invention



    [0003] It is an object of the present invention to wholly or partly overcome the above disadvantages and drawbacks of the prior art. More specifically, it is an object to provide an improved casing string which is easier to implement in a borehole, also when the production casing string has annular barriers.

    [0004] The above objects, together with numerous other objects, advantages and features, which will become evident from the below description, are accomplished by a solution in accordance with the present invention by a downhole production casing string for insertion in a borehole in a reservoir, the downhole production casing string having a first end nearest a top of the borehole and a second end furthest away from the top, the downhole production casing string extending along a longitudinal axis and comprising:
    • at least one opening which during production allows hydrocarbon-containing fluid from the reservoir into the downhole production casing string,
    • a plurality of casing parts having end sections and a base section between the end sections, the base section having an outer diameter, and
    • at least one annular projecting element having an outer face and at least one helical groove arranged in or on the outer face and having an overall outer diameter which is larger than the outer diameter of the base section.


    [0005] The annular projecting element may be a casing collar connecting the casing parts.

    [0006] The downhole production casing string as described above may further comprise at least one annular barrier.

    [0007] Moreover, the annular projecting element may be arranged between two annular barriers.

    [0008] Also, the annular projecting element may be part of an annular barrier.

    [0009] The annular barrier may comprise a casing part, an expandable sleeve surrounding the casing part and having an inner sleeve face facing the casing part and an outer sleeve face facing the borehole, each end of the expandable sleeve being connected with the casing part in two connections, and an annular space between the inner sleeve face of the expandable sleeve and the casing part, and wherein the annular projecting element may be arranged on an outer casing face adjacent at least the connection closest to the second end of the production casing string.

    [0010] The annular barrier may further comprise a casing part, an expandable sleeve surrounding the casing part and having an inner sleeve face facing the casing part and an outer sleeve face facing the borehole, each end of the expandable sleeve being connected with the casing part in two connections, and an annular space between the inner sleeve face of the expandable sleeve and the casing part, and wherein the annular projecting element at least may constitue the one connection arranged closest to the second end of the production casing string.

    [0011] Moreover, the annular projecting element may be arranged in each end of the expandable sleeve for connecting the sleeve to the casing part.

    [0012] Additionally, the annular projecting element may constitute a connection part overlapping the ends of the sleeve so that the sleeve is sandwiched between the annular projecting element and the casing part.

    [0013] Furthermore, the opening may have an angle in relation to a radial direction transverse to the longitudinal axis so that the hydrocarbon-containing fluid is guided into the production casing string in the angle different from 90°.

    [0014] In this way, when entering the production casing string, the fluid may not be jetted directly into the wall opposite the opening, and therefore wear on the wall may be significantly reduced.

    [0015] Also, the helical groove may have a cutting edge.

    [0016] Further, the annular projecting element may comprise several grooves forming a helix about the longitudinal extension.

    [0017] The annular projecting element described above may taper towards the second end of the production casing string.

    [0018] The outer diameter of the annular projecting element may be the overall outer diameter of the production casing string.

    [0019] Also, the opening may be arranged in the groove for letting fluid from the reservoir into the production casing string.

    [0020] Furthermore, the production casing string may have an inner face along which a sliding sleeve may be slidably arranged for sliding between a closed position, in which the sliding sleeve may block the opening, and an open position, in which the fluid may be allowed to flow through the opening and into the production casing string.

    [0021] The opening may be arranged closer to the first end of the production casing string than to the second end of the production casing string, or closer to the second end of the production casing string than to the first end of the production casing string.

    [0022] Moreover, the groove may have an angle in relation to the longitudinal axis, wherein the angle may be 10-80°, preferably 25-75°, more preferably 35-55°.

    [0023] Also, the groove may taper towards the first and/or second end of the production casing string.

    [0024] Furthermore, the annular projecting element may have threads for being connected to the casing parts.

    [0025] The invention also relates to a downhole production casing string system for completing a well downhole, comprising:
    • a production casing string according to any of the preceding claims, and
    • a rotation equipment for rotating the production casing string along the helical groove as the production casing string is inserted into the borehole.


    [0026] Finally, the present invention relates to a method of implementing a production casing string according to the invention in a borehole downhole, comprising the following steps:
    • connecting casing parts and at least one annular projecting element for forming the production casing string,
    • entering the production casing string into the borehole as the casing parts are assembled, and
    • rotating the production casing string along the helical groove as the production casing string enters the borehole.


    [0027] Said method may further comprise the step of detaching part of a wall of the borehole from the wall by cutting in or hitting against the borehole wall by means of the annular projecting element.

    [0028] Moreover, the method as described above may comprise the step of allowing fluid to flow from the borehole, in through an opening in the annular projecting element, and into the downhole production casing string.

    [0029] The method may further comprise the step of increasing an inner diameter of the borehole as the edge of the groove hits against the borehole wall.

    Brief description of the drawings



    [0030] The invention and its many advantages will be described in more detail below with reference to the accompanying schematic drawings, which for the purpose of illustration show some non-limiting embodiments and in which:

    Fig. 1 shows a downhole production casing string system for completing a well downhole having a production casing string,

    Fig. 2 shows an annular projection element as part of a casing collar,

    Fig. 3 shows a cross-sectional view of the production casing string of Fig. 2 transverse to a longitudinal extension,

    Fig. 4a shows a cross-sectional view of the production casing string of Fig. 2 along the longitudinal extension,

    Fig. 4b shows a cross-sectional view of the production casing string along its longitudinal extension,

    Fig. 5 shows a production casing string having an annular barrier,

    Fig. 6 shows a cross-sectional view of the production casing string having an annular barrier,

    Fig. 7 shows a cross-sectional view of another annular barrier having an annular projection element,

    Fig. 8 shows a cross-sectional view of an annular barrier having another annular projection element,

    Fig. 9 shows a cross-sectional view of an annular barrier having another annular projection element, and

    Fig. 10 shows a production casing string having two annular barriers.



    [0031] All the figures are highly schematic and not necessarily to scale, and they show only those parts which are necessary in order to elucidate the invention, other parts being omitted or merely suggested.

    Detailed description of the invention



    [0032] Fig. 1 shows a downhole production casing string 1 during insertion in a borehole 2 in a reservoir 3. The borehole has been drilled and the drill string pulled out of the well before the downhole production casing string 1 is inserted. The downhole production casing string has a first end 4 nearest a top of the borehole and a second end 5 furthest away from the top. The downhole production casing string extends along a longitudinal axis 6 which is substantially coincident with the longitudinal axis of the borehole. The downhole production casing string extends all the way to the top of the well, but the first end 4 of the production casing string may also be connected with a drill pipe or another tubular for insertion of the production casing string into the borehole.

    [0033] The downhole production casing string 1 comprises an opening 7 through which hydrocarbon-containing fluid is let into the downhole production casing string from the reservoir in order to produce oil or gas. The downhole production casing string is mounted from a plurality of casing parts 8. The casing parts have end sections 9 and a base section 10 between the end sections forming one pipe section. An annular projecting element 11 is arranged between the casing parts 8 connecting two adjacent casing parts. Each annular projecting element 11 has an outer face 12 and at least one helical groove 14a arranged in the outer face. The base section has an outer diameter Do, and each annular projecting element 11 has an overall outer diameter Doo which is larger than the outer diameter of the base section, so that when the production casing string is inserted in the borehole, the annular projecting elements 11 are the elements hitting against the wall of the borehole. The string is rotated as indicated by the arrows, and since each annular projecting element 11 has helical grooves, the annular projecting elements 11 function as a screw easing the implementation of the production casing string in the borehole. When drilling a borehole, the wall has a lot of rock projections which may prevent free passage of known production casing strings. By having annular projecting elements 11 with a helical groove, the production casing string can easily be screwed past these borehole projections, and thus the risk of the production casing string getting stuck in the borehole during insertion is substantially reduced. Furthermore, when inserting the production casing string, the annular projecting elements 11 may hit against the borehole projections and in this way release the tip of the borehole projection from the remaining part, easing the passage of the production casing string further down the borehole. In this way, the annular projecting elements function to even out some of the irregularities of the borehole during the insertion of the downhole production casing string. As the production casing string is inserted and the annular projecting elements hit against the rock projections, the annular projecting elements 11 of the production casing string also protect other completion components in the production casing string by clearing the path.

    [0034] The downhole production casing string system 100 shown in Fig. 1 comprises the aforementioned production casing string and a rotation equipment 50 for rotating the production casing string along the helical groove as the production casing string is inserted into the borehole. The rotation equipment 50 is arranged on a derrick but may also be arranged on any suitable rig or vessel. The casing parts are assembled with the annular projecting elements 11 above the rotation equipment 50 and subsequently inserted in the borehole, and new casing parts are mounted onto the production casing string 1.

    [0035] In Figs. 1 and 2, the annular projecting elements 11 are casing collars connecting the casing parts 8. The annular projecting elements 11 have helical grooves as shown in Fig. 2, where each groove extends partly around the outer face 12 of the annular projecting element 11 covering the whole circumference of the outer face 12 of the annular projecting element 11 as shown in cross-section in Fig. 3. As shown in Fig. 2, the base section of the casing parts has an outer diameter Do, and the annular projecting element 11 has an outer diameter which is the overall outer diameter Doo of the production casing string, and which is larger than the outer diameter of the base section of the casing parts.

    [0036] As can be seen in Fig. 4a, the casing parts have end sections 9 and a base section 10 between the end sections 9, and the end sections 9 are connected to the annular projecting elements 11 by a threaded connection. In one of the grooves, an opening is arranged for letting well fluid into the production casing string during production, or for jetting fracturing fluid out of the production casing string in order to fracture the formation. When the opening is used for production, the well fluid is allowed to flow along the groove, and the groove thus provides a fluid channel in the event that the annular projecting element 11 abuts the wall of the borehole. If the opening is used for letting out fracturing fluid and into the formation, the grooves are used for distribution of the fracturing fluid all the way around the circumference of the annular projecting element 11. As shown in Fig. 2, the groove tapers towards the first end and the second end of the production casing string, so that fluid can always flow into the groove.

    [0037] The annular projecting element 11 has an internal groove 31 in which a sliding sleeve 32 is arranged, as shown in Fig. 4a. The sliding sleeve has indentations for matching a key tool in order to open and close the sleeve by sliding the sliding sleeve back and forth to cover and uncover the opening.

    [0038] In Fig. 4a, the opening has an angle in relation to the longitudinal axis, shown as the opening having an angle β in relation to a radial direction transverse to the longitudinal axis, so that the hydrocarbon-containing fluid is guided into the production casing string in the angle different from 90°. The angle is approximately 45° in Fig. 4a, but in another embodiment, the angle may be 10-80°, preferably 25-75°, more preferably 35-55°. In this way, when entering the production casing string, the fluid is not jetted directly into the wall opposite the opening, and therefore wear on the wall is significantly reduced.

    [0039] The angled opening may also be part of an insert 51 which is inserted in an opening in the annular projecting element 11 as shown in Fig 4b. The insert may be made of ceramic material or tungsten carbide. The annular projecting element 11 further has indentations 53, matching dogs 52 or similar elements which are forced outwards by a spring, so that when the dogs of the sliding sleeve are arranged opposite an indentation 53, the dogs engage the indentation.

    [0040] As can be seen in Fig. 1, the annular projecting element 11 tapers towards the first end 4 and the second end 5 of the production casing string. Thus, as shown in the cross-sectional view in Figs. 4a and 4b, the annular projecting element 11 has a decreasing thickness towards the casing parts and in the area where the annular projecting element 11 and the casing parts engage by the threaded connection 33. The helical groove arranged closest to the second and bottom end of the production casing string is provided with a cutting edge 34, so that when the edge 35 of the groove hits against a projection in the borehole wall that projection is cut off. Thus, while inserting the production casing string having annular projecting elements 11, the inner diameter of the borehole is evened out. By being able to even out the borehole, packers or annular barriers being part of the production casing string can more easily be successfully set later on, as they are to abut the wall of the borehole to provide the zone isolation.

    [0041] In Fig. 5, the annular projecting element 11 is part of an annular barrier. As shown in Fig. 6, the annular barrier comprises a casing part 8, an expandable sleeve 15 surrounding the casing part and having an inner sleeve face 16 facing the casing part and an outer sleeve face 17 facing the borehole. Each end 18, 19 of the expandable sleeve is connected with the casing part in two connections 22 defining an annular space 20 between the inner sleeve face of the expandable sleeve and the casing part. The annular projecting element 11 is arranged on an outer casing face 23 and constitutes one of the connections 22, namely the one connection closest to the second end of the production casing string and thus in front of the annular barrier, when inserted into the borehole. In Fig. 5, an annular projecting element 11 is arranged in each end of the expandable sleeve 15 for connecting the sleeve 15 to the casing part 8. As shown in Fig. 6, the annular projecting element 11 constitutes a connection part 22 overlapping the ends 18, 19 of the sleeve, so that the sleeve is sandwiched between the annular projecting element 11 and the casing part 8. The outer diameter of the annular projecting element 11 is larger than the outer diameter Do of the connections in the area overlapping the sleeve. Sealing means 24 are arranged on the outer face 17 of the sleeve 15 for providing a good seal against the borehole when the expandable sleeve is expanded by letting fluid into the space through the expansion opening 21 as indicated by the dotted line. The annular projecting element 11 of Fig. 6 has thus no opening in connection with the groove.

    [0042] In Fig. 7, the annular projecting element 11 is also part of the connection part 22 connecting the expandable sleeve to the casing part 8. Furthermore, openings 7 are arranged in each groove 14a. The openings are joined in a common flow channel in fluid communication with the inside of the production casing string if the sliding sleeve is in its open position. The sliding sleeve is shown in its open position in Fig. 7.

    [0043] The annular projecting element 11 and the connection 22 or connection part 22 may also be two separate elements as shown in Figs. 8 and 9. The thickness t1 of the annular projecting element 11 is larger than the thickness t2 of the connection or connection part 22. In Fig. 9, the annular projecting element 11 is a separate component easily mounted on the outer face of the casing part in connection with an annular barrier in order to protect the annular barrier while the production casing string is inserted into the borehole. The annular projecting element 11 comprises a plurality of openings for jetting fracturing fluid or letting well fluid flow into the production casing string.

    [0044] Fig. 10 shows a production casing string having two annular barriers and three annular projecting elements 11 arranged between them. The number of annular projecting elements 11 depends on the length of each annular barrier, and thus the production casing string can be mounted to fit a variety of boreholes and completion designs.

    [0045] As shown in the right side of Fig. 10, the opening 7 is arranged closer to the second end of the production casing string than to the first end of the production casing string. The openings may also be arranged closer to the first end of the production casing string than to the second end of the production casing string, as shown in the left side of Fig. 10. By having the openings arranged closer to the first end of the production casing string than to the second end of the production casing string, the openings are not filled with particles during insertion of the production casing string. By arranging the openings at a distance from the centre of the annular projecting element 11, the fluid may flow more easily into the production casing string.

    [0046] By fluid or well fluid is meant any kind of fluid that may be present in oil or gas wells downhole, such as natural gas, oil, oil mud, crude oil, water, etc. By gas is meant any kind of gas composition present in a well, completion, or open hole, and by oil is meant any kind of oil composition, such as crude oil, an oil-containing fluid, etc. Gas, oil, and water fluids may thus all comprise other elements or substances than gas, oil, and/or water, respectively.

    [0047] By a casing is meant any kind of pipe, tubing, tubular, liner, string etc. used downhole in relation to oil or natural gas production.

    [0048] Although the invention has been described in the above in connection with preferred embodiments of the invention, it will be evident for a person skilled in the art that several modifications are conceivable without departing from the invention as defined by the following claims.


    Claims

    1. A downhole production casing string (1) for insertion in a borehole (2) in a reservoir (3), the downhole production casing string having a first end (4) nearest a top of the borehole and a second end (5) furthest away from the top, the downhole production casing string extending along a longitudinal axis (6) and comprising:

    - at least one opening (7) which during production allows hydrocarbon-containing fluid from the reservoir into the downhole production casing string,

    - a plurality of casing parts (8) having end sections (9) and a base section (10) between the end sections, the base section having an outer diameter (Do), and

    - at least one annular barrier (24),

    wherein the annular barrier comprises a casing part (8), an expandable sleeve (15) surrounding the casing part and having an inner sleeve face (16) facing the casing part and an outer sleeve face (17) facing the borehole, each end (18, 19) of the expandable sleeve being connected with the casing part in two connections (22), and an annular space (20) between the inner sleeve face of the expandable sleeve and the casing part,
    characterised in that the downhole production casing string further comprises:

    - at least one annular projecting element (11) having an outer face (12) and at least one helical groove (14a) arranged in or on the outer face and having an overall outer diameter (Doo) which is larger than the outer diameter of the connections (22) in the area overlapping the sleeve, and wherein the annular projecting element is arranged on an outer casing face (23) of the casing part adjacent or constituting the connection closest to the second end (5) of the production casing string.


     
    2. A downhole production casing string (1) according to claim 1, wherein the annular projecting element is a casing collar connecting the casing parts.
     
    3. A downhole production casing string (1) according to claim 1, wherein the annular projecting element is arranged between two annular barriers.
     
    4. A downhole production casing string (1) according to claim 1, wherein the annular projecting element is part of the annular barrier (24).
     
    5. A downhole production casing string (1) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the opening has an angle (β) in relation to a radial direction transverse to the longitudinal axis so that the hydrocarbon-containing fluid is guided into the production casing string in the angle different from 90°.
     
    6. A downhole production casing string (1) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the helical groove has a cutting edge (34).
     
    7. A downhole production casing string (1) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the annular projecting element comprises several grooves forming a helix about the longitudinal extension.
     
    8. A downhole production casing string (1) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the annular projecting element tapers towards the second end of the production casing string.
     
    9. A downhole production casing string (1) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the outer diameter of the annular projecting element is the overall outer diameter of the production casing string.
     
    10. A downhole production casing string (1) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the opening is arranged in the groove for letting fluid from the reservoir into the production casing string.
     
    11. A downhole production casing string system (100) for completing a well downhole, comprising:

    - a production casing string (1) according to any of the preceding claims, and

    - a rotation equipment (50) for rotating the production casing string along the helical groove as the production casing string is inserted into the borehole.


     
    12. A method of implementing a production casing string (1) according to any of claims 1-10 in a borehole downhole, comprising the following steps:

    - connecting casing parts (8) and at least one annular projecting element (11) for forming the production casing string,

    - entering the production casing string into the borehole as the casing parts are assembled, and

    - rotating the production casing string along the helical groove as the production casing string enters the borehole.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Eine Bohrlochherstellungseinfassungsleine (1) zum Einführen in ein Bohrloch (2) in einem Reservoir (3), wobei die Bohrlochherstellungseinfassungsleine ein erstes Ende (4) am nächsten zu einem oberen Ende des Bohrlochs und ein zweites Ende (5) aufweist, das von dem oberen Ende am weitesten entfernt ist, wobei die Bohrlochherstellungseinfassungsleine sich entlang einer Längsachse (6) erstreckt und Folgendes aufweist:

    - wenigstens eine Öffnung (7), die es während der Herstellung erlaubt, dass kohlenwasserstoffhaltiges Fluid von dem Reservoir in die Bohrlochherstellungseinfassungsleine gelangt,

    - eine Mehrzahl von Einfassungsteilen (8), die Endbereiche (9) aufweisen, und einen Basisbereich (10) zwischen den Endbereichen, wobei der Basisbereich einen äußeren Durchmesser (D0) aufweist, und

    - wenigstens eine ringförmige Barriere (24),

    wobei die ringförmige Barriere ein Einfassungsteil (8) aufweist, eine ausziehbare Hülse (15), die das Einfassungsteil umgibt und eine innere Hülsenfläche (16) aufweist, die dem Einfassungsteil zugewandt ist, und eine äußere Hülsenfläche (17), die dem Bohrloch zugewandt ist, wobei jedes Ende (18, 19) der ausziehbaren Hülse mit dem Einfassungsteil an zwei Verbindungen (22) verbunden ist und ein ringförmiger Raum (20) zwischen der inneren Hülsenfläche und der ausziehbaren Hülse und dem Einfassungsteil vorgesehen ist,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Bohrlochherstellungseinfassungsleine ferner Folgendes aufweist:

    - ein ringförmiges hervorstehendes Element (11), das eine Außenfläche (12) und wenigstens eine schraubenförmige Nut (14a) aufweist, die in oder auf der Außenfläche angeordnet ist und einen äußeren Gesamtdurchmesser (D00) aufweist, der größer als der äußere Durchmesser der Verbindungen (22) in dem Bereich ist, der die Hülse überlappt, und wobei das ringförmige hervorstehende Element an einer äußeren Einfassungsfläche (23) des Einfassungsteils angrenzend angeordnet ist oder die Verbindung darstellt, die dem zweiten Ende (5) der Herstellungseinfassungsleine am nächsten ist.


     
    2. Eine Bohrlochherstellungseinfassungsleine (1) nach Anspruch 1, bei der das ringförmige hervorstehende Element ein Einfassungskragen ist, der die Einfassungsteile verbindet.
     
    3. Eine Bohrlochherstellungseinfassungsleine (1) nach Anspruch 1, bei der das ringförmige hervorstehende Element zwischen zwei ringförmigen Barrieren angeordnet ist.
     
    4. Eine Bohrlochherstellungseinfassungsleine (1) nach Anspruch 1, bei der das ringförmige hervorstehende Element ein Teil der ringförmigen Barriere (24) ist.
     
    5. Eine Bohrlochherstellungseinfassungsleine (1) nach irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, bei der die Öffnung einen Winkel (β) in Bezug auf eine radiale Richtung quer zu der Längsachse hat, so dass das kohlenwasserstoffhaltige Fluid in die Bohrlocheinfassungsleine in einem Winkel geleitet wird, der von 90° abweicht.
     
    6. Eine Bohrlochherstellungseinfassungsleine (1) nach irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, bei der die schraubenförmige Nut eine Schneidkante (34) aufweist.
     
    7. Eine Bohrlochherstellungseinfassungsleine (1) nach irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, bei der das ringförmige hervorstehende Element mehrere Nuten aufweist, die eine Spirale um die Längsrichtung bilden.
     
    8. Eine Bohrlochherstellungseinfassungsleine (1) nach irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, bei der das ringförmige hervorstehende Element sich zu dem zweiten Ende der Herstellungseinfassungsleine hin verjüngt.
     
    9. Eine Bohrlochherstellungseinfassungsleine (1) nach irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, bei der der äußere Durchmesser des ringförmigen hervorstehenden Elements der gesamte äußere Durchmesser der Herstellungseinfassungsleine ist.
     
    10. Eine Bohrlochherstellungseinfassungsleine (1) nach irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, bei der die Öffnung in der Nut angeordnet ist, um Fluid aus dem Reservoir in die Herstellungseinfassungsleine einzulassen.
     
    11. Ein Bohrlochherstellungseinfassungsleinensystem (100) zum Vervollständigen eines Bohrlochs, mit:

    - einer Herstellungseinfassungsleine (1) nach irgendeinem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, und

    - einer Dreheinrichtung (50) zum Drehen der Herstellungseinfassungsleine entlang der schraubenförmigen Nut, wenn die Herstellungseinfassungsleine in das Bohrloch eingeführt wird.


     
    12. Ein Verfahren zum Einsetzen einer Herstellungseinfassungsleine (1) nach irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1-10 in ein Bohrloch, mit den folgenden Schritten:

    - Verbinden von Einfassungsteilen (8) und wenigstens einem ringförmigen hervorstehenden Element (11), um die Herstellungseinfassungsleine zu bilden,

    - Einführen der Herstellungseinfassungsleine in das Bohrloch, während die Einfassungsteile zusammengesetzt werden, und

    - Drehen der Herstellungseinfassungsleine entlang der schraubenförmigen Nut, während die Herstellungseinfassungsleine in das Bohrloch gelangt.


     


    Revendications

    1. Colonne de tubage de production de fond (1) pour l'insertion dans un trou de forage (2) dans un réservoir (3), la colonne de tubage de production de fond présentant une première extrémité (4) le plus près d'une partie supérieure du trou de forage et une seconde extrémité (5) le plus loin de la partie supérieure, la colonne de tubage de production de fond s'étendant le long d'un axe longitudinal (6) et comprenant :

    - au moins une ouverture (7) qui, durant la production, permet le passage d'un fluide contenant des hydrocarbures depuis le réservoir dans la colonne de tubage de production de fond,

    - une pluralité de parties de tubage (8) présentant des sections d'extrémité (9) et une section de base (10) entre les sections d'extrémité, la section de base présentant un diamètre extérieur (Do), et

    - au moins une barrière annulaire (24),

    dans laquelle la barrière annulaire comprend une partie de tubage (8), un manchon extensible (15) entourant la partie de tubage et présentant une face de manchon intérieure (16) orientée vers la partie de tubage et une face de manchon extérieure (17) orientée vers le trou de forage, chaque extrémité (18, 19) du manchon extensible étant raccordée à la partie de tubage en deux raccordements (22), et un espace annulaire (20) entre la face de manchon intérieure du manchon extensible et la partie de tubage,
    caractérisée en ce que la colonne de tubage de production de fond comprend en outre :

    - au moins un élément faisant saillie annulaire (11) présentant une face extérieure (12) et au moins une rainure hélicoïdale (14a) agencée dans ou sur la face extérieure et présentant un diamètre extérieur total (Doo) qui est supérieur au diamètre extérieur des raccordements (22) dans la région chevauchant le manchon, et dans laquelle l'élément faisant saillie annulaire est agencé sur une face de tubage extérieure (23) de la partie de tubage adjacente ou constituant le raccordement le plus près de la seconde extrémité (5) de la colonne de tubage de production.


     
    2. Colonne de tubage de production de fond (1) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle l'élément faisant saillie annulaire est un collier de tubage raccordant les parties de tubage.
     
    3. Colonne de tubage de production de fond (1) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle l'élément faisant saillie annulaire est agencé entre deux barrières annulaires.
     
    4. Colonne de tubage de production de fond (1) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle l'élément faisant saillie annulaire fait partie de la barrière annulaire (24).
     
    5. Colonne de tubage de production de fond (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle l'ouverture présente un angle (β) par rapport à une direction radiale transversale à l'axe longitudinal de sorte que le fluide contenant des hydrocarbures soit guidé dans la colonne de tubage de production selon l'angle différent de 90°.
     
    6. Colonne de tubage de production de fond (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle la rainure hélicoïdale présente un bord de coupe (34).
     
    7. Colonne de tubage de production de fond (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle l'élément faisant saillie annulaire comprend plusieurs rainures formant une hélice autour de l'extension longitudinale.
     
    8. Colonne de tubage de production de fond (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle l'élément faisant saillie annulaire est effilé vers la seconde extrémité de la colonne de tubage de production.
     
    9. Colonne de tubage de production de fond (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le diamètre extérieur de l'élément faisant saillie annulaire est le diamètre extérieur total de la colonne de tubage de production.
     
    10. Colonne de tubage de production de fond (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle l'ouverture est agencée dans la rainure pour laisser un fluide passer depuis le réservoir dans la colonne de tubage de production.
     
    11. Système de colonne de tubage de production de fond (100) pour achever un fond de puits, comprenant :

    - une colonne de tubage de production (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, et

    - un équipement de rotation (50) pour faire pivoter la colonne de tubage de production le long de la rainure hélicoïdale tandis que la colonne de tubage de production est insérée dans le trou de forage.


     
    12. Procédé de mise en œuvre d'une colonne de tubage de production (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10 dans un fond de trou de forage, comprenant les étapes suivantes consistant à :

    - raccorder des parties de tubage (8) et au moins un élément faisant saillie annulaire (11) pour former la colonne de tubage de production,

    - faire entrer la colonne de tubage de production dans le trou de forage tandis que les parties de tubage sont assemblées, et

    - faire pivoter la colonne de tubage de production le long de la rainure hélicoïdale tandis que la colonne de tubage de production entre dans le trou de forage.


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description