(19)
(11)EP 3 081 401 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
17.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/25

(21)Application number: 14868770.0

(22)Date of filing:  09.12.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B60C 19/00(2006.01)
B60C 17/04(2006.01)
B29D 30/00(2006.01)
B60C 5/00(2006.01)
B60C 23/04(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2014/082563
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/087879 (18.06.2015 Gazette  2015/24)

(54)

PNEUMATIC TIRE

LUFTREIFEN

PNEUMATIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 13.12.2013 JP 2013257640

(43)Date of publication of application:
19.10.2016 Bulletin 2016/42

(73)Proprietor: The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.
Minato-ku Tokyo 105-8685 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • TANNO, Atsushi
    Hiratsuka-shi Kanagawa 254-8601 (JP)
  • SAKAMOTO, Hayato
    Hiratsuka-shi Kanagawa 254-8601 (JP)

(74)Representative: Dilg, Haeusler, Schindelmann Patentanwaltsgesellschaft mbH 
Leonrodstraße 58
80636 München
80636 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-01/38111
DE-A1-102012 208 154
JP-A- 2007 301 165
JP-A- 2007 326 536
US-A1- 2012 024 439
WO-A1-2013/098712
JP-A- S53 125 146
JP-A- 2007 326 536
JP-A- 2012 025 318
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a pneumatic tire.

    [0002] More specifically, the present invention relates to a pneumatic tire configured such that one of a pair of mechanical fastener members for attaching an object having a specific function is disposed on an inside surface of the pneumatic tire, the other being disposed on the side of the object having the specific function. The pair of mechanical fastener members engage with each other so as to install the object having the specific function on the inside surface of the pneumatic tire. In particular, the engagement of the pair of mechanical fastener members is not readily removed, so that the object having the specific function can be stably and strongly held on the tire inner surface.

    Background Art



    [0003] In recent years, various research into disposing objects having various functions on the inner circumferential surface of a pneumatic tire has been conducted.

    [0004] For example, an attachment method has been proposed in which tire tags (radio frequency identification tags), chips, or the like are attached to an inner liner or the like of a green tire using a surface fastener such as a hook and loop fastener, a hook and hook fastener, or the like (Patent Document 1).

    [0005] Additionally, a pneumatic tire has been proposed in which a surface fastener is vulcanization bonded to a region of the tire inner surface corresponding to the tread portion, and a noise absorbing member is attached to the tire inner surface via the surface fastener (Patent Document 2).

    [0006] The surface fasteners proposed in Patent Documents 1 and 2 have preferable configurations in that a relatively strong engagement force is realized when attaching, and surface engagement can be achieved without causing problems of slight misalignments when attaching.

    [0007] However, with surface fasteners, the state in which the individual engaging elements of the surface fastener are engaged with one another is not ideal due to the inner circumferential surface of the pneumatic tire being an annular, curved surface. With surface fasteners, portions of the edges and center portions become raised, and the amount of engagement force obtained varies (positional variation within the tire and variation from tire to tire). As a result, in some cases, the expected engagement force has not been obtained.

    [0008] Additionally, after starting to use the tires for driving, partial physical deterioration occurs as a result of repetitive deformation and compaction of the entire tire over an extended period of time caused by rotation at high speeds in a state of relatively elevated temperatures, accompanied by deterioration and reduction over time of the engagement force over the entire surface fastener. This has led to difficulty in maintaining the desired engagement force over an extended period of time.

    [0009] In addition, it is said that surface fasteners are desirable because they are capable of realizing surface engagement without problems such as slight positional misalignments. However, when the attached functional object is, for example, a measuring device, more reliable and accurate attachment of the object to a position has been demanded. Because of this lack of reliable and precise attachment, there are functional objects not suited to being attached with a surface fastener.

    [0010] Also, the present inventors have previously proposed a pneumatic tire whereby the desired engagement force can be maintained over an extended period of time, with minimal physical deterioration or decline over time of the engagement force due to extreme usage conditions, including repetitive deformation and compaction over an extended period of time caused by tire rotation at high speeds in a state of relatively elevated temperatures. The obtained engagement force is large and is essentially free of variation in strength (positional variation within the tire and variation from tire to tire). Specifically, a pneumatic tire is proposed in which various types of objects with desired functions are attached by bonding mechanical fasteners, known as hooks or snaps, to a tire inner surface (see Patent Documents 3, 4, 5, and the like).

    [0011] Specifically, as a typical example, a pneumatic tire has been proposed having on the tire inner surface one of a pair of mechanical fasteners such as hook or snap or the like and that can be separated into two, as described in the Claims of Patent Document 3 (Scope of the Patent Claims of Patent Document 3 (Claim 1)). More specifically a pneumatic tire has been proposed in which the one fastener is configured including at least two components, and the two components are fixed sandwiching a tire member or a tire reinforcing member (Scope of the Patent Claims of Patent Document 3 (Claim 2)).

    Citation List


    Patent Literature



    [0012] 

    Patent Document 1: Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication (Translation of PCT Application) No. 2005-517581A

    Patent Document 2: Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2006-44503A

    Patent Document 3: Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2012-25318A

    Patent Document 4: Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2012-25319A

    Patent Document 5: Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2012-240465A

    Patent Document 6 : JP 2007 326536 A

    Patent Document 7 : US 2012/024439 A1

    Patent Document 8 : DE 10 2012 208154 A1

    Patent Document 9 : WO 01/38111 A1


    Summary of Invention


    Technical Problem



    [0013] According to the methods of attaching a desired object by bonding a mechanical fastener (hook or snap) to the tire inner surface described in Patent Documents 3 to 5, an object can be engaged and attached to the tire inner surface via the mechanical fastener. Normally the engagement force obtained is large, and there is no variation (positional variation within the tire and variation from tire to tire) in the magnitude of the engagement force. In addition, a superior pneumatic tire is achieved that enables installation in the prescribed position with good accuracy, the desired engagement force can be maintained over an extended period of time, with minimal deterioration or decline over time of the engagement force due to repetitive extreme usage conditions over an extended period of time.

    [0014] In particular, by using as the first mechanical fastener attached to the tire inner surface a fastener that includes at least two components, the two components being fixed together by sandwiching a tire member or a tire reinforcing member, a superior mechanical fastener with increased fixing strength and good durability is achieved.

    [0015] However, even with this format, when the object installed is a large object or a heavy object, depending on the road surface on which the tire is driven, the engagement between the mechanical fasteners can be released, and the object with a specific function falls off. In particular, when a comparatively large and heavy object with a specific function is installed by engaging the pair of mechanical fastener members together, the engagement between them can be easily released by high speed rotational movement of the tire, and after being released, the mechanical engagement force can be reduced by deformation or the like, so it may be considered that a sufficiently large engagement force cannot be obtained if they are engaged again.

    [0016] In light of the foregoing, it is an object of the present invention to provide a pneumatic tire configured such that one of a pair of mechanical fastener members for attaching an object having a specific function is disposed on the inner surface of the pneumatic tire, the other being disposed on the side of the object having the specific function, the pair of mechanical faster members being engaged with each other so as to install the object having the specific function on the inner surface of the pneumatic tire, and in particular, the engagement of the pair of mechanical fastener members is not readily removed, so that the object having the specific function can be stably and strongly held on the tire inner surface.

    Solution to Problem



    [0017] A pneumatic tire of the present invention that achieves the aforementioned object has the configuration described in (1) below. (1) A pneumatic tire, comprising: one or more mechanical fastener members A disposed on the tire inner surface, which is one member of a pair of mechanical fasteners that can be separated into two members A, B and the members A, B can be engaged with each other, and which is secured to the tire cavity side. The mechanical fastener members A, B include a lock mechanism for locking the engagement.

    [0018] The pneumatic tire according to the present invention is preferably configured as described in any of (2) to (9) below.

    (2) The pneumatic tire according to (1) above, wherein of the pair of mechanical fastener members, the mechanical fastener member A that is fixed to the tire cavity side includes a base part having a small diameter projecting column and a flat plate-like base portion, and a cover part having an insert hole whose internal diameter is larger than the diameter of the projecting column, the base part is embedded in the tire, the cover part is exposed on the tire inner surface, the base part and the cover part sandwich a tire member and are fixed to each other to configure the mechanical fastener member A.

    (3) The pneumatic tire according to (1) or (2) above, wherein, upon the mechanical fastener member B that forms the pair with the mechanical fastener member A fixed to the tire cavity side engaging with the mechanical fastener member A fixed to the tire cavity side, the mechanical fastener member A contacts the mechanical fastener member B and presses the mechanical fastener member B, and a claw protrudes from the mechanical fastener member B to fit into a groove in the side surface of the mechanical fastener member A, so that the mechanical fastener members A, B engages with each other and configure the lock mechanism.

    (4) The pneumatic tire according to (2) above, wherein the small diameter projecting column that forms the base part from which the mechanical fastener member A is configured has a cylindrical column shape, a central hole of the cylindrical column shape does not pass through the cylindrical column shape, and the flat plate-like base portion has a circular flat plate shape.

    (5) The pneumatic tire according to (2) above, wherein the base part and the cover part sandwich a reinforcing member, which is the tire member, and are fixed together, to configure the mechanical fastener member A.

    (6) The pneumatic tire according to (5) above, wherein the reinforcing member includes a rubber coated reinforcing fiber layer.

    (7) The pneumatic tire according to any of (1) to (6) above, wherein the fixing strength of the mechanical fastener member A to the tire inner surface is greater than the engagement strength of the mechanical fastener members A, B when engaged and locked.

    (8) The pneumatic tire according to any of (1) to (7) above, wherein the fixing strength of the mechanical fastener member A to the tire inner surface is from 0.5 to 100 N/mm2, and the engagement strength of the mechanical fastener members A, B when engaged and locked is from 0.2 to 50 N/mm2.

    (9) The pneumatic tire according to (8) above, wherein the fixing strength of the mechanical fastener member A to the tire inner surface is from 1.0 to 80 N/mm2, and the engagement strength of the mechanical fastener members A, B when engaged and locked is from 0.5 to 30 N/mm2.


    Advantageous Effects of Invention



    [0019] The pneumatic tire of the present invention as described in claim 1 is a pneumatic tire configured such that one of a pair of mechanical fastener members for attaching an object having a specific function is disposed on an inside surface of the pneumatic tire, the other being disposed on the side of the object having the specific function. The two mechanical fastener members are engaged with each other so as to install the object having the specific function on the inside surface of the pneumatic tire. In particular the engagement of the pair of mechanical fastener members is not readily released, so that the object having the specific function can be stably and strongly held on the tire inner surface.

    [0020] Each of the pneumatic tires of the present invention described in claims 2 to 5 can exhibit the effect obtained from the pneumatic tire of the present invention as described in Claim 1 more reliably. In particular, undoing of the mutual engagement of the pair of mechanical fastener members can be reliably minimized, and as a result the attached object does not fall off, so the object can exhibit its function stably for a long period of time.

    [0021] Each of the pneumatic tires of the present invention described in claims 6 to 9 has the effect obtained from the pneumatic tire of the present invention as described in Claim 1, as well as the effect of the present invention as described in each of claims 2 to 5. In addition, in particular, the mechanical fastener member A is more strongly fixed to the tire inner surface, and as a result the attached object falls off extremely rarely, so a pneumatic tire is provided for which the function of the object can be exhibited stably over a long period of time.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0022] 

    FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional perspective view partially cut of an embodiment of the pneumatic tire of the present invention, illustrating the main portion around the mechanical fastener member provided on the tire inner surface;

    FIG. 2 is an exploded view illustrating an example of the structure of a pair of mechanical fasteners that can be used in the pneumatic tire of the present invention, that can be separated into two members A and B, and the members A and B can be engaged together;

    FIG. 3 is an exploded view illustrating an example of the structure of the mechanical fastener member A that can be used in the pneumatic tire of the present invention, and is the same as the mechanical fastener member A illustrated in FIG. 2;

    FIG. 4 is an exploded view illustrating an example of the structure of the pair of mechanical fastener members A, B that can be used in the pneumatic tire of the present invention, and is the same as the mechanical fastener members A, B illustrated in FIG. 2, but the base part of the mechanical fastener member A is not illustrated;

    FIG. 5 is an exploded view illustrating another example of the structure of the mechanical fastener member A that can be used in the pneumatic tire of the present invention, the point of difference from the mechanical fastener member A illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 3 is that it is illustrated as fixed to the tire inner surface via a reinforcing member;

    FIG. 6 is another example of the structure of a pair of mechanical fasteners that can be used in the pneumatic tire of the present invention, that can be separated into two members A and B, and the members A and B can be engaged together, and is an exploded view the same as for FIGS. 2 and 4;

    FIGS. 7A and 7B are perspective views for explaining the method of measuring the fixing strength of any of the mechanical fastener members employed in the present invention;

    FIGS. 8A and 8B are schematic views for explaining the method of measuring the fixing strength of any of the mechanical fastener members employed in the present invention. A method in which a shaft shaped jig for a tensile test is engaged with the mechanical fastener member is illustrated;

    FIG. 9 is a schematic view for explaining the method of measuring the fixing strength of the mechanical fastener member employed in the present invention. An example of the structure of the shaft shaped jig for a tensile test engaged with the mechanical fastener member is schematically illustrated; and

    FIG. 10 is a tire meridian direction cross-sectional view schematically illustrating the fixing position of the mechanical fastener member employed in the working examples.


    Description of Embodiments



    [0023] A detailed explanation of the pneumatic tire of the present invention will be given below.

    [0024] As illustrated in FIG. 1, a pneumatic tire 1 of the present invention comprises a member 3, which is the first member of a pair of mechanical fasteners separable into two members A and B and the members A and B can be engaged together, on a tire inner surface 2. There is one or more mechanical fastener members A fixed to the tire cavity side, and there is a locking mechanism for locking the mutual engagement of the mechanical fastener members A, B. In FIG. 1, 4 denotes a tread portion; 5 denotes a sidewall portion; and 6 denotes a bead portion.

    [0025] In the present invention, "mechanical fastener" is configured from a pair of fastener members configured so that the mechanical fastener can be separated into the two fastener members and can be physically re-engaged, and this engaging and separating can be freely repeated. The mechanism of engagement itself is basically the same as that described in Patent Documents 3 to 5 as mentioned previously.

    [0026] Exemplary types of such a mechanical fastener are those known as "hooks" or "snaps". Specific examples of products in the clothing industry that are generally included as mechanical fasteners are snap buttons, ring snaps, ring hooks, American snaps, American hooks, eyelet hooks, spring hooks, and jumper hooks. Such mechanical fasteners differ from surface fasteners in that while the area of the engaging part of a surface fastener is unlimited in the entire area, the area of the engaging part of a mechanical fastener is small (e.g. preferably from about 1 to 115 mm2 and more preferably from about 4 to 90 mm2). Such mechanical fasteners are, so to speak, point fasteners. In other words, even when engaged at a small area of from about 1 to 115 mm2 for example, due to a mechanical male-female structure or the like, strong engaging is achieved. Thus, a conventional structure for the mechanical fastener may be used. The mechanical fastener can be formed from materials such as metals, synthetic resins, hard rubbers, and the like.

    [0027] In the present invention, the mechanical fastener members A, B have a lock mechanism that locks the mutually engaged mechanical fastener members A, B. In other words, besides the engaging mechanism, there is a lock mechanism. By having this lock mechanism, undoing the mutual engagement of the mechanical fastener members A, B is minimized, so it is possible to prevent the object with a specific function that is installed within the tire cavity via the mechanical fastener members from falling off or dropping, and the object can be securely maintained within the tire cavity.

    [0028] In the present invention, "the mechanical fastener members A, B have a lock mechanism that locks the mutually engaged mechanical fastener members A, B" includes mechanisms that satisfy all of the following requirements (a) to (c).
    The mechanical fastener members have a structure such that (a) when engaging the mechanical fastener members A, B a force is applied in the direction that brings A and B close together to engage them,

    (b) when disengaging the mechanical fastener members A, B, a force is applied in the direction that separates A and B to disengage them, and

    (c) there is a mechanism that functions by applying a force in a direction that is different from the direction in (b) above at the stage before disengaging, and after this function is activated the operation in (b) above is enabled.



    [0029] Of the requirements (a) to (c), it is important to have a structure that realizes requirement (c) in particular, and the engagement is locked means "the state of being engaged while requirement (c) is realized".

    [0030] In order to form the state in which the engagement is locked, there are two methods, a method in which after engaging as described in (a) above further force is applied, and a method in which the state is formed simultaneously with engaging as described in (a) above, and the present invention may be used with either method.

    [0031] In the present invention, of the pair of mechanical fastener members A, B, an example of a typical structure of the mechanical fastener member A that is fixed to the tire cavity side, as illustrated in FIG. 2, includes a base part 13 having a projecting column 11 with a small diameter and a flat plate-like base portion 12, and a cover part 15 having an insert hole 14 whose internal diameter is larger than the diameter of the projecting column 11. Preferably the mechanical fastener member A is configured by embedding the base part 13 in the tire interior (not illustrated) with the cover part 15 exposed on the tire interior surface, the base part 13 and the cover part 15 sandwiching a tire member (not illustrated). According to the discovery of the inventors, this combination structure can fix the mechanical fastener member A to the tire inner surface with the strongest fixing strength of the mechanical fastener member A.

    [0032] Also, although not particularly limited to that illustrated only, one example of a structure having a lock mechanism that locks the mutually engaged mechanical fastener members A, B is preferably configured so that when the mechanical fastener member B, which forms a pair with the mechanical fastener member A that is fixed within the tire cavity, is engaged with the mechanical fastener member A that is fixed within the tire cavity, the mechanical fastener member A contacts the mechanical fastener member B and presses the mechanical fastener member B, and a claw 17 protrudes from the mechanical fastener member B to fit into a groove 16 in the side surface of the mechanical fastener member A, so that the mechanical fastener members A, B engages with each other and configure the lock mechanism, as schematically illustrated in FIG. 2. In this form, a portion 18 of the mechanical fastener member B that is pressed on contact with the mechanical fastener member A has a spring characteristic such that when pressed it becomes depressed to the opposite side (in the drawing, the upper side), and at the same time that it is depressed to the opposite side the claw 17 protrudes towards the central axis thereof. As the state of engagement of the two members A, B progresses, the protruding claw 17 fits into the groove of the member A, and the state of engagement of the two members becomes locked. This locking mechanism has a comparatively simple configuration, and its operation is reliable, so it is preferred. In the present invention, by employing the lock mechanism for engagement of the mechanical fastener members A, B, release of the engagement (fitting) of the mechanical fastener due to external forces (centrifugal force or excessive road surface input) is eliminated.

    [0033] Note that the spring characteristic that becomes depressed in the pressing direction when pressed is a characteristic that has been used for a long time for metal lids of square cans and the like for containing paint or the like. To release the lock the top of the mechanical fastener member B is pressed downward and depressed, so the protruding claw 17 opens to its original state, separates from the groove 16, and the lock is released.

    [0034] FIG. 6 is another example of the structure of a pair of mechanical fasteners that can be used in the pneumatic tire of the present invention, and is an exploded view the same as for FIGS. 2 and 4. The point of difference from the examples illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 4 is that the cross-sectional edge lines in the axial direction of the cover part 15 of the fastener member A have a circular arc shape forming a convex portion bulging to the outer peripheral side. The fastener member B is also made in a shape so that it can fit onto the cover part 15. Because it has the bulging shape, once the claw 17 has protruded and fit into the groove 16, the locking effect is extremely large.

    [0035] In the present invention, the small diameter projecting column 11 that forms the base part 13 from which the mechanical fastener member A is configured has a cylindrical column shape, a central hole does not pass through the cylindrical column shape, and the flat plate-like base portion has a circular flat plate shape. If a central hole passes through the cylindrical column shape, unvulcanized rubber that passes through the hole during vulcanization molding of the tire could flow to the cover part 15 side (tire cavity side), and the tire would not be properly formed at this part, which is undesirable. Forming a non-penetrating central hole in the cylindrical column shape may be carried out by applying a sealing member such as a plate shape to the flat plate (base of the column), or placing a stopper on the column shape.

    [0036] Also, the flat plate-like base portion is formed in a circular plate shape, so the fixing strength of the mechanical fastener member A is more uniform in all directions, which is desirable. The diameter of the flat plate-like base portion 12 is larger than the external form of the maximum diameter part of the cover part 15, and this is desirable in terms of increasing the fixing strength of the mechanical fastener member A.

    [0037] Also, as illustrated in FIG. 5, the mechanical fastener member A includes the base part 13 and the cover part 15. The base part 13 is embedded within the tire, and the cover part 15 is exposed on the tire inner surface. The base part 13 and the cover part 15 sandwich a reinforcing member 19, which is the tire member, and are fixed together to configure the mechanical fastener member A. The fixing strength of the mechanical fastener member A is preferably in the range of 0.5 to 100 N/mm2.

    [0038] Making the fixing strength of the mechanical fastener member A to the tire inner surface greater than the engagement strength when the mechanical fastener members A, B are engaged and locked is desirable for fixing the mechanical fastener member A to the tire inner surface or forming the engagement structure of the mechanical fastener members A, B. The reason is because if the state of engagement gradually fails due to, for example, the mass of the object installed by engaging with the tire inner surface after starting to tires for driving, it is desirable that the engaged and locked state of the mechanical fastener members A, B fails before the fixing state of the mechanical fastener member A to the tire inner surface fails since the damage to the tire main body side will be smaller.

    [0039] However, it is of course necessary that the engagement strength of the mechanical fastener members A, B when engaged and locked is a certain level or higher, and according to the knowledge of the present inventors preferably the engagement strength is from 0.2 to 50 N/mm2.

    [0040] Therefore, in the overall configuration preferably the fixing strength of the mechanical fastener member A to the tire inner surface is greater than the engagement strength of the mechanical fastener members A, B when engaged and locked, and the fixing strength of the mechanical fastener member A to the tire inner surface is from 0.5 to 100 N/mm2, and the engagement strength of the mechanical fastener members A, B when engaged and locked is from 0.2 to 50 N/mm2.

    [0041] By satisfying these conditions overall, the functional characteristics of the object installed by engaging onto the tire inner surface can be exhibited over a long period of time until failure of the engagement and locked state of the mechanical fastener members A, B, while reliably maintaining the fixing state of the mechanical fastener member A to the tire inner surface. A fixing strength of the mechanical fastener member A to the tire inner surface in the range of 1.0 to 80 N/mm2 is more preferable for the normal mass of the installed objects. Also, more preferably the engagement strength of the mechanical fastener members A, B when engaged and locked is from 0.5 to 30 N/mm2.

    [0042] In the present invention, the attachment position of the mechanical fastener member 3(A) may, for example, be in the vicinity of the tire equator of the tire inner surface as illustrated in FIG. 1, but is not particularly limited thereto. The mechanical fastener member 3 may also be disposed on the tire inner surface in the vicinity of the bead portion 6 or the sidewall portion 5, where centrifugal forces due to tire rotation and repeated deformation of the tire inner surface accompanying tire rolling motion have a smaller impact than the impact on the tread portion 4. A plurality of mechanical fastener members 3(A) may also be provided dispersed in multiple locations. This is because if one becomes unusable, another can be used.

    [0043] The present inventors believe that a fixing strength in the above range (0.5 to 100 N/mm2) is sufficient for a mechanical fastener member 3 to be applied to the majority of cases of attachment-fixing of an object to be attached inside a tire cavity. A mechanical fastener member 3 with a fixing strength of less than 0.5 N/mm2 cannot be applied to the attachment of a heavy object. Also, a mechanical fastener member 3 with a fixing strength of greater than 100 N/mm2 would require increasing stiffness. If the stiffness at the portion of the tire structure where it is fixed was increased, the stiffness in the circumferential direction of the tire becomes uneven and consequently uniformity would decrease. Alternatively, if the stiffness all around the tire was increased, manufacturing cost would increase unnecessarily. Both cases are not preferable.

    [0044] Here, "tire member" refers to a component of the tire made of rubber, resin, or the like, and specifically refers to an inner liner, a carcass, or the like. Alternatively, a reinforcing layer, such as a rubber layer, a rubber coated reinforcing fiber layer, a resin layer, or a laminated layer of a plurality of these layers, that is used for this purpose sandwiched between the base part 13 and the cover part 15 of the fastener member A may be additionally disposed on the tire inner surface as the reinforcing member 19. Such a configuration is preferable because, generally, the air barrier properties of the tire are enhanced.

    [0045] The object having a specific function installed on the inside surface of the pneumatic tire may be selected based on desired functionality and is not particularly limited. Preferable examples thereof include one or a combination of (a) an electronic circuit including a sensor, (b) a balance weight, (c) a run-flat core, (d) an object on which an oxygen scavenger, a drying agent, and/or an ultraviolet light detecting color fixing agent is applied or mounted, and (e) a noise absorbing member.

    [0046] The pneumatic tire of the present invention is in practice preferably a tire for construction vehicles with a tire external diameter of 0.8 m or greater, or for industrial vehicles, or for heavy duty tires. This is because, although air pressure meters are often mounted on these tires to monitor and check air pressure inside the tire cavity and the like, the wheels used therefor normally have a shape that is difficult to attach air pressure meters to, so normally they are attached on the tire inner surface.

    Examples



    [0047] The pneumatic tire of the present invention is described below based on working examples.

    [0048] Note that in the present invention, the fixing strength of the mechanical fastener member A and the engagement strength of the mechanical fastener members A, B when engaged and locked is measured by the following methods.

    (A) Method of Measuring the Fixing Strength of the Mechanical Fastener Member A



    [0049] A green tire in which the mechanical fastener member 3 is disposed is vulcanized to manufacture a tire according to the present invention. Then, a portion of the tire around the mechanical fastener member 3 is cut out, to provide a test sample S (see FIG. 7A). A pair of holes 20 (see FIG. 8A) is opened in the mechanical fastener member 3 in the test sample and a rod shaped piercing jig 22 is passed through the pair of holes 20. A shaft shaped jig for a tensile test 23 is attached to the test sample via the piercing jig 22 (see FIG. 8B). The shaft shaped jig for a tensile test 23 has the configuration illustrated in the schematic diagram of FIG. 9 and includes the pair of holes 21 located in the vicinity of the cylindrical end portion.

    [0050] When pulling out the mechanical fastener member 3 via the shaft shaped jig for a tensile test 23 is performed, a fixing board 24 is disposed on the tire inner surface 2 around the mechanical fastener member 3, as illustrated in FIGS. 7B and 8B, and the breaking force is obtained when the mechanical fastener member 3 is pulled out in the vertical direction in respect to the fixing board 24. The pulling speed is 500±50 mm/min.

    [0051] Note that the fixing board 24 thus used has a hole with a diameter DE of from 1.30 to 1.35 times the diameter d of the protruding portion of the mechanical fastener 3. When pulling out the mechanical fastener member 3 is performed as described above, the fixing board 24 is firmly fixed so as to not rise. In such a manner, the shaft shaped jig for a tensile test 22 is pulled vertically, and the maximum value of the tensile force at the time the mechanical fastener 3 separates from the tire structure is taken to be the breaking force.

    [0052] The obtained value of the breaking force is divided by the maximum cross-sectional area of the mechanical fastener member 3 to give the value per unit cross-sectional area (N/mm2). The same test is performed on three test samples, and the average value is taken as the fixing strength (N/mm2).

    [0053] Note that the method of measuring described above is merely a detailed example of a method of measuring. As long as the above-described tensile testing method is used as the basis, the method may be changed more suitable according to the shape of the mechanical fastener and the like.

    [0054] (B) Method of Measuring the Engagement Strength of the Mechanical Fastener Members A, B when Engaged and Locked A tensile test in the axial direction of the mechanical fastener members A, B that are engaged and locked (tension speed 500 ±50 mm/minute. Basically the same tension speed as the test method for the fixing strength of the mechanical fastener member A described in (A) above) is carried out, the load obtained is divided by the area of the engaged and locked part (if the engaged and locked part is ring shaped, include also the area of the enclosed inner portion), to obtain the engagement strength (N/mm2) of the mechanical fastener members A, B when engaged and locked. The same test is carried out on three test samples, and their average value is taken to be the engagement strength (N/mm2).

    Working Example 1 and Comparative Example 1



    [0055] Pneumatic tires of the present invention were manufactured with the members A and B capable of being engaged and locked by the mechanisms illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 4 as the mechanical fastener members.

    [0056] Fixing the mechanical fastener members was carried out by sandwiching a rubber coated reinforcing fiber layer (a fabric woven using nylon fiber thread in the warp and woof, filled with rubber) 19 between the member A and the member B, as illustrated in FIG. 5, and carrying out the vulcanization molding process.

    [0057] In other words, the pneumatic tire was a tire for an industrial vehicle (diameter: about 2,670 mm), with one mechanical fastener member 3 provided at the equator of the inner circumferential surface of the tread portion as illustrated in FIG. 10, vulcanization bonded by the tire vulcanization process (Working Example 1).

    [0058] On the other hand, pneumatic tires having a mechanical fastener member that was the exact same as for Working Example 1 as described above except that a special lock mechanism was not provided for the engagement of the two members A and B were manufactured (Comparative Example 1).

    [0059] For each of the test tires obtained the fixing strength of the mechanical fastener member and the engagement strength of the mechanical fastener members A, B were compared.

    [0060] The results were as shown in Table 1, from which it can be seen that the engagement strength of the mechanical fastener members A, B of Working Example 1 of the present invention was clearly superior compared with that of Comparative Example 1.

    [0061] In both test tires, an air pressure sensor (with a transmitter) was fixed using the respective mechanical fastener members.

    [0062] When both test tires were subjected to a forced rotation test (30 km/h), in the case of Comparative Example 1, after 20 hours the fixing of the air pressure sensor (with transmitter) to the tire inner surface was undone due to the engagement of the two mechanical fastener members A and B being released. In contrast, in the case of Working Example 1 of the present invention there was no problem either with the fixing state of the mechanical fastener member or the state of engagement of the mechanical fastener members A, B even after 100 hours.
    [Table 1]
     Working Example 1Comparative Example 1
    Fixing strength of the mechanical fastener member A to the tire inner surface (N/mm2) 12 12
    Engagement strength of the mechanical fastener members A, B (N/mm2) 2.0 0.1
    Forced durability test Excellent (no fault with the mechanical fixing members or their surroundings 100 hours after start of the forced test) Normal (at 20 hours after start of the forced test, the engagement state became undone)

    Reference Signs List



    [0063] 
    1
    Pneumatic tire
    2
    Tire inner surface
    3
    Mechanical fastener member
    4
    Tread portion
    5
    Sidewall portion
    6
    Bead portion
    11
    Projecting column
    12
    Flat plate-like base portion
    13
    Base part
    14
    Insert hole
    15
    Cover part
    16
    Groove
    17
    Claw
    18
    Part contacted and pressed by the mechanical fastener member A
    19
    Reinforcing member
    20
    Pair of holes provided in test sample mechanical fastener member
    21
    Pair of holes of Shaft shaped jig for a tensile test
    22
    Piercing jig
    23
    Shaft shaped jig for a tensile test
    24
    Fixing board
    A
    Mechanical fastener member fixed to tire inner surface side
    B
    Mechanical fastener member constituting a pair with the mechanical fastener member A



    Claims

    1. A pneumatic tire (1), comprising:

    one or more mechanical fastener members (A) disposed on a tire inner surface (2), each mechanical fastener member (A) being one member of a pair of mechanical fasteners that can be separated into two members (A), (B) and the members (A), (B) can be engaged with each other, and each mechanical fastener member (A) being secured to a tire cavity side; the mechanical fastener members (A), (B) including a lock mechanism for locking the engagement, wherein
    of the pair of mechanical fastener members, the mechanical fastener member (A) that is fixed to the tire cavity side includes

    a base part (13) having

    a small diameter projecting column (11) and

    a flat plate-like base portion (12), and

    a cover part (15) having an insert hole (14) whose internal diameter is larger than the diameter of the projecting column (11), wherein

    the small diameter projecting column (11) that forms the base part (13) from which the mechanical fastener member (A) is configured has a cylindrical column shape and a central hole, wherein the central hole does not pass through the cylindrical column shape, and the flat plate-like base portion (12) has a circular flat plate shape.
     
    2. The pneumatic tire (1) according to claim 1, wherein
    the base part (13) is embedded in the tire, the cover part (15) is exposed on the tire inner surface (2), the base part (13) and the cover part (15) sandwich a tire member and are fixed to each other to configure the mechanical fastener member (A).
     
    3. The pneumatic tire (1) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein
    when the mechanical fastener member (B) which forms a pair with the mechanical fastener member (A) that is fixed within the tire cavity, is engaged with the mechanical fastener member (A) that is fixed within the tire cavity, the mechanical fastener member (A) contacts the mechanical fastener member (B) and presses the mechanical fastener member (B), and a claw (17) protrudes from the mechanical fastener member (B) to fit into a groove (16) in a side surface of the mechanical fastener member (A), so that the mechanical fastener members (A), (B) engages with each other and configure the lock mechanism.
     
    4. The pneumatic tire (1) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein
    the base part (13) and the cover part (15) sandwich a reinforcing member (19), which is the tire member, and are fixed together, to configure the mechanical fastener member (A).
     
    5. The pneumatic tire (1) according to claim 4, wherein
    the reinforcing member (19) includes a rubber coated reinforcing fiber layer.
     
    6. The pneumatic tire (1) according to any of claims 1 to 5, wherein
    the fixing strength of the mechanical fastener member (A) to the tire inner surface (2) is greater than the engagement strength of the mechanical fastener members (A), (B), upon the mechanical fastener members (A), (B) being engaged and locked.
     
    7. The pneumatic tire (1) according to any of claims 1 to 6, wherein
    the fixing strength of the mechanical fastener member (A) to the tire inner surface (2) is from 0.5 to 100 N/mm2, and the engagement strength of the mechanical fastener members (A), (B), upon the mechanical fastener member (A), (B) being engaged and locked, is from 0.2 to 50 N/mm2.
     
    8. The pneumatic tire (1) according to claim 7, wherein
    the fixing strength of the mechanical fastener member (A) to the tire inner surface (2) is from 1.0 to 80 N/mm2, and the engagement strength of the mechanical fastener members (A), (B) upon the mechanical fastener members (A), (B) being engaged and locked is from 0.5 to 30 N/mm2.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Luftreifen (1), umfassend:

    ein oder mehrere mechanische Befestigungselemente (A), die auf einer Reifeninnenoberfläche (2) angeordnet sind, wobei jedes mechanische Befestigungselement (A) ein Element von einem Paar mechanischer Befestiger ist, das in zwei Elemente (A), (B) aufgeteilt werden kann, und wobei die Elemente (A), (B) miteinander in Eingriff gebracht werden können und wobei jedes mechanische Befestigungselement (A) an einer Reifenhohlraumseite befestigt ist; wobei die mechanischen Befestigungselemente (A), (B) einen Verriegelungsmechanismus zum Verriegeln des Eingriffs einschließen, wobei

    von dem Paar mechanischer Befestigungselemente das mechanische Befestigungselement (A), das an die Reifenhohlraumseite befestigt ist,

    einen Basisteil (13) mit

    einer vorstehenden Säule (11) mit kleinem Durchmesser und

    einen flachen plattenartigen Basisabschnitt (12) und

    einen Deckelteil (15) mit einer Einführöffnung (14) einschließt, dessen Innendurchmesser größer ist als der Durchmesser der vorstehenden Säule (11), wobei die vorstehenden Säule (11) mit kleinem Durchmesser, die den Basisteil (13) bildet, von dem das mechanische Befestigungselement (A) konfiguriert ist, eine zylindrische Säulenform und ein zentrales Loch aufweist, wobei das zentrale Loch nicht durch die zylindrische Säulenform führt und der flache plattenartige Basisabschnitt (12) eine kreisförmige flache Plattenform aufweist.


     
    2. Luftreifen (1) gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei
    der Basisteil (13) in dem Reifen eingebettet ist, der Deckelteil (15) auf der Reifeninnenoberfläche (2) freiliegt, der Basisteil (13) und der Deckelteil (15) ein Reifenglied zwischen sich einschließen und aneinander befestigt sind, um das mechanische Befestigungselement (A) zu konfigurieren.
     
    3. Luftreifen (1) gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei,
    wenn das mechanische Befestigungselement (B), das mit dem mechanischen Befestigungselement (A), das innerhalb des Reifenhohlraums befestigt ist, ein Paar bildet, mit dem mechanischen Befestigungselement (A), das innerhalb des Reifenhohlraums befestigt ist, in Eingriff steht, das mechanische Befestigungselement (A) das mechanische Befestigungselement (B) berührt und gegen es drückt, und eine Klaue (17) aus dem mechanischen Befestigungselement (B) herausragt, um in eine Nut (16) in einer Seitenoberfläche des mechanischen Befestigungselements (A) zu passen, so dass die mechanischen Befestigungselemente (A), (B) miteinander in Eingriff stehen und den Verriegelungsmechanismus konfigurieren.
     
    4. Luftreifen (1) gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei
    der Basisteil (13) und der Deckelteil (15) ein Verstärkungselement (19) zwischen sich einschließen, das das Reifenelement ist, und aneinander befestigt sind, um das mechanische Befestigungselement (A) zu konfigurieren.
     
    5. Luftreifen (1) gemäß Anspruch 4, wobei
    das Verstärkungselement (19) eine gummibeschichtete Verstärkungsfaserschicht einschließt.
     
    6. Luftreifen (1) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei
    die Befestigungskraft des mechanischen Befestigungselements (A) an der Reifeninnenoberfläche (2) größer ist als die Eingriffskraft der mechanischen Befestigungselemente (A), (B), wenn die mechanischen Befestigungselemente (A), (B) in Eingriff stehen und verriegelt sind.
     
    7. Luftreifen (1) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei
    die Befestigungskraft des mechanischen Befestigungselements (A) an der Reifeninnenoberfläche (2) von 0,5 bis 100 N/mm2 beträgt und die Eingriffskraft der mechanischen Befestigungselemente (A), (B), wenn die mechanischen Befestigungselemente (A), (B) in Eingriff stehen und verriegelt sind, von 0,2 bis 50 N/mm2 beträgt.
     
    8. Luftreifen (1) gemäß Anspruch 7, wobei
    die Befestigungskraft des mechanischen Befestigungselements (A) an der Reifeninnenoberfläche (2) von 1,0 bis 80 N/mm2 beträgt und die Eingriffskraft der mechanischen Befestigungselemente (A), (B), wenn die mechanischen Befestigungselemente (A), (B) in Eingriff stehen und verriegelt sind, von 0,5 bis 30 N/mm2 beträgt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Pneumatique (1), comprenant :

    un ou plusieurs éléments de fixation mécanique (A) disposés sur une surface intérieure de pneu (2), chaque élément de fixation mécanique (A) étant un élément d'une paire de fixations mécaniques qui peuvent être séparées en deux éléments (A), (B) et les éléments (A), (B) peuvent être mis en prise l'un avec l'autre, et chaque élément de fixation mécanique (A) étant fixé à un côté cavité de pneu ; les éléments de fixation mécanique (A), (B) incluant un mécanisme de verrouillage destiné à verrouiller la mise en prise, dans lequel

    parmi la paire d'éléments de fixation mécanique, l'élément de fixation mécanique (A) qui est fixé au côté cavité de pneu inclut

    une partie base (13) ayant

    une colonne en saillie de petit diamètre (11) et

    une partie base de type plaque plate (12), et

    une partie couverture (15) comportant un trou d'insertion (14) dont le diamètre interne est plus grand que le diamètre de la colonne en saillie (11), dans lequel la colonne en saillie de petit diamètre (11) qui forme la partie base (13) depuis laquelle l'élément de fixation mécanique (A) est conçu a une forme colonnaire cylindrique et un trou central, dans lequel le trou central ne passe pas à travers la forme colonnaire cylindrique, et la partie base de type plaque plate (12) a une forme de plaque plate circulaire.


     
    2. Pneumatique (1) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    la partie base (13) est incorporée dans le pneu, la partie couverture (15) est exposée sur la surface intérieure de pneu (2), la partie base (13) et la partie couverture (15) prennent en sandwich un élément de pneu et sont fixées l'une à l'autre pour former l'élément de fixation mécanique (A).
     
    3. Pneumatique (1) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel
    lorsque l'élément de fixation mécanique (B) lequel forme une paire avec l'élément de fixation mécanique (A) qui est fixé à l'intérieur de la cavité de pneu, vient en prise avec l'élément de fixation mécanique (A) qui est fixé à l'intérieur de la cavité de pneu, l'élément de fixation mécanique (A) vient en contact avec l'élément de fixation mécanique (B) et presse l'élément de fixation mécanique (B), et une griffe (17) fait saillie depuis l'élément de fixation mécanique (B) pour s'ajuster dans une rainure (16) dans une surface latérale de l'élément de fixation mécanique (A), de telle sorte que les éléments de fixation mécanique (A), (B) viennent en prise l'un avec l'autre et forment le mécanisme de verrouillage.
     
    4. Pneumatique (1) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel
    la partie base (13) et la partie couverture (15) prennent en sandwich un élément de renfort (19), qui est l'élément de pneu, et sont fixées ensemble, pour configurer l'élément de fixation mécanique (A).
     
    5. Pneumatique (1) selon la revendication 4, dans lequel
    l'élément de renfort (19) inclut une couche de fibre de renfort revêtue de caoutchouc.
     
    6. Pneumatique (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel
    la résistance de fixation de l'élément de fixation mécanique (A) à la surface intérieure de pneu (2) est supérieure à la force de mise en prise des éléments de fixation mécanique (A), (B), lorsque les éléments de fixation mécanique (A), (B) sont mis en prise et verrouillés.
     
    7. Pneumatique (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel
    la résistance de fixation de l'élément de fixation mécanique (A) à la surface interne de pneu (2) va de 0,5 à 100 N/mm2, et la résistance de mise en prise des éléments de fixation mécanique (A), (B), lorsque l'élément de fixation mécanique (A), (B) est mis en prise et verrouillé, va de 0,2 à 50 N/mm2.
     
    8. Pneumatique (1) selon la revendication 7, dans lequel
    la résistance de fixation de l'élément de fixation mécanique (A) à la surface interne de pneu (2) va de 1,0 à 80 N/mm2, et la résistance de mise en prise des éléments de fixation mécanique (A), (B), lorsque les éléments de fixation mécanique (A), (B) sont mis en prise et verrouillés, va de 0,5 à 30 N/mm2.
     




    Drawing





























    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description