(19)
(11)EP 3 081 695 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.05.2019 Bulletin 2019/22

(21)Application number: 16165139.3

(22)Date of filing:  13.04.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
E01F 9/635  (2016.01)

(54)

UTILITY POLE WITH SHEAR OFF COUPLING ASSEMBLY

STROMMAST MIT ABSCHERENDER KUPPLUNGSANORDNUNG

POTEAU DE SERVICES PUBLICS AVEC ENSEMBLE DE COUPLAGE À CISAILLEMENT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 13.04.2015 NL 1041270

(43)Date of publication of application:
19.10.2016 Bulletin 2016/42

(73)Proprietor: Nedal Aluminium B.V.
3528 BG Utrecht (NL)

(72)Inventors:
  • DEN BAKKER, Andrew
    3008 AB Rotterdam (NL)
  • HAAKMAT, John
    3008 AB Rotterdam (NL)

(74)Representative: J A Kemp 
14 South Square Gray's Inn
London WC1R 5JJ
London WC1R 5JJ (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 014 850
US-A1- 2006 024 131
US-A- 5 481 835
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Utility pole with shear off coupling assembly



    [0001] The present invention relates to a utility pole that comprises a base for mounting into the ground, a column for carrying a utility member such as a lamp, a traffic sign, a traffic light, a camera or the like, and a coupling assembly for connecting the column to the base in a separable manner.

    Background of the invention



    [0002] Such utility poles are known. The coupling assembly allows the column to become separated from the base when lateral forces on the utility pole exceed a certain threshold value such as during an impact with a vehicle.

    [0003] The coupling assemblies can be divided into two types:
    • frangible coupling assemblies that make use of frangible and/or brittle components that break when subjected to sufficiently high lateral forces, and
    • shear-off coupling assemblies that make use of detachable components that become dislodged or disengaged from each other, when subjected to sufficiently high lateral forces.


    [0004] An example of a frangible coupling assembly is disclosed in EP2400060 of applicant. Base and column of the utility pole are connected to each other via a breakaway sleeve that is made of a brittle material designed to break when lateral impact forces on the utility pole exceed a certain value. Another example is disclosed in EP1741832 wherein a stiff, hard and/or sharp accessory is provided inside or around a lower portion of the pole. When subject to lateral impact forces, this accessory cuts into the pole, causing it to become severed.

    [0005] An advantage of these frangible coupling assemblies is that they usually comprise relatively few components that are easy to assemble. A disadvantage, however, is that their breaking behavior depends strongly on the material properties of the frangible components. These material properties may vary in different directions and often cannot be controlled accurately enough to make the pole break in a reliable, predictable manner. This may prove in particular critical with impacts occurring at low velocities, where the kinetic energy transferred to the pole may simply not be sufficient to cause the coupling to break. Shear-off coupling assemblies tend to perform better in this respect, as the impact forces only need to overcome frictional force between the various detachable components, which can be more readily controlled.

    [0006] An example of a shear-off coupling is disclosed in GB1087073, featuring a pole with a base and a column that are each provided with an external flange. These flanges are secured to each other via bolt connections that extend through recesses in the flanges. The recesses are open in a radially outward direction, allowing the bolt connections to release from the recesses when the lateral forces on the pole exceed the frictional forces between the flanges and bolt connections. A disadvantage of this known coupling assembly is that the flanges an bolt connections project from the pole and may therefore cause damage or injury to the environment. Moreover, the flanges and bolt connections lie exposed to weather, dirt and other abrasive conditions, which may affect their shear-off properties, especially their reliability.

    [0007] EP2014850 therefore propose to reverse the radial orientation of the flanges and recess openings so as to extend radially inward into the pole. This brings the advantage that the bolt connections can be located inside the pole, protected against external influences. However, with the reversal of the radial orientation, the release direction of the bolts is reversed as well. This is a problem, since the radial inward release directions of adjacent bolts converge, i.e. intersect, causing the bolts to collide or worse, to block each other's release. Therefore, additional measures are needed to ensure proper release. For instance, the contact surfaces between flanges and adjacent bolts need to be spaced apart in vertical direction. Also, spacers are needed to keep adjacent bolts sufficiently apart in circumferential direction. Furthermore, special arrangements are needed to stabilize the bolts in radial and circumferential direction.

    [0008] A further disadvantage of both prior art shear-off coupling assemblies is that they comprise a large number of components. For instance, each bolt connection already comprises a bolt, a nut and two washers, which all need to be assembled together, making these known coupling assemblies cumbersome and expensive to manufacture and susceptible for failures, such as assembly errors.

    [0009] It is an object of the present invention to provide a utility pole with a coupling assembly of the shear-off type, in which at least one of the above mentioned disadvantages of the known coupling assemblies is overcome or mitigated.

    [0010] It is a further object of the present invention to provide a utility pole with a coupling assembly of the shear-off type, presenting reliable shear-off behavior, yet without compromising the utility pole's other mechanical properties, notably its bending stiffness and torsional stiffness.

    [0011] It is a further object of the present invention to provide a utility pole that complies with European Standard EN12767, more preferably with the NE levels cited in this standard, even more preferably with the levels wherein at the specified speed class, the ASI is at most 0.6, and the THIV is at most 11 km/h.

    [0012] European Standard EN12767 defines impact classifications and a number of impact tests, that take into account different safety levels for occupants of a vehicle, in particular the Acceleration Severity Index (ASI), i.e. the accelerations of the body of a vehicle occupant during the impact, and the Theoretical Head Impact Value (THIV), i.e. the calculated velocity with which the head of the occupant would hit the windscreen. The European Standard considers three categories of light poles: high energy absorbing (HE), meaning that most energy of the impact will be transferred from the vehicle to the pole and the velocity of the vehicle will be largely reduced if not zero after the impact, low energy absorbing (LE) and non-energy absorbing (NE).

    Summary of the invention



    [0013] The utility pole according to the present invention as defined by claim 1 comprises a base, a column and a coupling assembly of the shear-off type. The coupling assembly comprises a first end portion provided at an upper end of the base, a second end portion provided at a lower end of the column and a plurality of holding elements for coupling the first and second end portion to each other. The first and second end portion are each provided with one or more recesses, extending in circumferential direction and having their open side facing in radial outward direction. Each holding element comprises a first formation, a second formation and an interconnecting base part. The first and second formation are configured to fit into a recess of the first and second end portion respectively. The recesses of the first and second end portion are arranged and dimensioned to extend within the contour of the base and column, in radial direction.

    [0014] Thanks to the specific configuration of the first and second end portion, especially their respective first and second recesses, the holding elements can release or disengage therefrom in radial outward direction. Yet at the same time, the holding elements, or at least the first and second formation thereof, can lie within the radial contour of the utility pole, safely enclosed by the base and column, shielded from external influences. Also, since the holding elements may be largely or entirely accommodated within the radial contour of the pole, the coupling assembly may form less of a hazard to the outside world.

    [0015] Release of the holding elements in radial outward direction is advantageous because the release directions of adjacent holding elements will automatically diverge, so therefore there is no need for additional provisions to prevent holding elements blocking each other's release. Also, there is no need to space the holding elements apart in circumferential direction. On the contrary, the holding elements may advantageously be mounted side by side, in abutting relationship with one another, which may help to stabilize them in circumferential and radial direction without the need for separate provisions. Accordingly, a simple yet effective coupling assembly may be obtained with a minimum of components that can be easily assembled. Moreover, said components do not or hardly project from the pole in assembled condition and therefore will have no or little exposure to external influences.

    [0016] According to an aspect of the invention, the first end portion may have a single first recess, extending around the entire outer circumference or a substantial part thereof. In the first case, the single recess may for instance be ring shaped, in the second case be ring segment shaped. Such a single recess is easy to manufacture and provides ease of assembly, especially if it spans the entire circumference, as there will be no need to align said recess during assembly with a second recess of the second end portion. The first formations of the holding elements can be mounted at any desired location along the first recess. Also, the ring shape will not have any obstructions in radial outward direction so is ideal for the first formations to release from.

    [0017] Alternatively, the first end portion may comprise a plurality of first recesses. These first recesses may for instance have the shape of ring segments. They may confine movement of the first formations in circumferential direction and thus help to prevent rotation of the column relative to the tube, therewith enhancing the torsional resistance of the pole. Preferably, the first recesses are arranged at regularly or evenly spaced intervals along the outer circumference. In such case, the shear-off coupling assembly can perform well in every radial direction, regardless of the impact direction.

    [0018] Similar considerations as cited above for the at least one first recess apply mutatis mutandis to the at least one second recess of the second end portion. Furthermore, all combinations are possible, i.e. the first and second end portion may both be provided with a single recess, or both be provided with a plurality of recesses, or one may be provided with a single recess and the other one with a plurality of recesses.

    [0019] According to an aspect of the invention, the first formations may be ring segment shaped. Such shape offers good releasability in radial outward direction. Also, it allows a number of first formations to be mounted in abutting, side by side relationship in circumferential direction. This may add to the stability of the assembly in circumferential direction, as the first formations will prevent each other from shifting in circumferential direction. It may also contribute to ease of assembly as installation may be done in an intuitive, foolproof manner. Also, the radially outward facing surfaces of the first formations may together form a cover, closing off the or each recess in which they are mounted, thus shielding their radial inward located portions and in particularly their contact surfaces against external influences such as ingress of dirt. The ring segmented first formations may for instance extend over an angle of about 15° to 180°, corresponding to a maximum of 24, respectively 2 first formations per utility pole. In general, the releasability of the first formations is served by increasing their number in circumferential direction, i.e. by reducing their ring segment angle. The number of holding elements may be varied, depending on for instance the dimensions of the pole, the expected external condition to which the pole will be exposed, as well as the expected impact conditions.

    [0020] According to an aspect of the invention, the second formations may be ring segment shaped. The same considerations as listed above for the first formations apply mutatis mutandis for such ring segment shaped second formations.

    [0021] According to an aspect of the invention, the base part may be ring segment shaped. The same considerations as listed above for the first formations apply mutatis mutandis for such ring segment shaped base parts.

    [0022] According to an aspect of the invention, only the first or second formations may be ring segment shaped. The other ones may have a different shape, e.g. a disc shape.

    [0023] According to an aspect of the invention, both the first and second formations may be ring segment shaped. The base part may be ring segment shaped as well. Alternatively, the base part may for instance be shaped as one or more rods having one end connected to the first formation and an opposite end connected to the second formation. Such rod or rods could then also form part of an anti-rotation provision, in cooperation with a suitable recess or slot in a mating surface of the first and/or second end portion, as will be described in further detail below.
    According to an aspect of the invention, the first formation, second formation and base part may be integrally formed together to form a one-piece holding element, or be preassembled prior to its mounting such that the holding element can be mounted as a one-piece component. In other words, the first formation, second formation and base part may be integrally formed together so as to form a one-piece holding element, or are preassembled prior to the mounting of the holding element in a first and second recess.

    [0024] Contrary to the teachings of the known shear-off assemblies, applicant has found that no clamping forces are needed to connect the column to the base. Instead, the holding elements only need to prevent separation of the column and base in longitudinal direction, which may for instance occur under influence of bending moments acting on the pole. The weight of the column itself will in most cases be sufficient to generate sufficient frictional forces between the first and second end portion to withstand lateral and torsional loads that under normal (non-impact) conditions may act on the pole. Accordingly, applicant has recognized that the holding elements do not have to be configured as clamping means, such as the complex prior art bolt connections, but instead can be configured as one-piece holding element of fixed dimensions, designed to block separation of the first and second end portion in longitudinal direction. It will be clear that with these one-piece holding elements, assembly will be much easier. Thanks to the absence of clamping forces, the coupling assembly may also perform better at low velocity impacts. This is because the impact forces will only need to overcome the frictional forces generated between the first and second end portion by the weight of the column, no frictional forces generated by an additional clamping force.

    [0025] According to an aspect of the invention, the holding element may have a substantially C-shaped cross section, with the first and second formations forming the legs of the C. Such holding element is easy to manufacture and easy to install. The holding element can simply with its first and second formation be inserted into a first and second recess of the first and second end portion respectively, with the rear side of the base part facing radially outward, forming a protective cover that closes off the recesses and shields the first and second formation against external influences.

    [0026] According to an aspect of the invention, adjacent holding elements may abut each other in circumferential direction with their respective first formations, second formations and/or base parts. This may help prevent shifting of the holding elements in circumferential direction. The radial outward facing surfaces of the holding elements may together form a protective surface that shields the more inward located portions against external influences.

    [0027] According to an aspect of the invention, the first formations, second formations and/or base parts of the holding elements may together span the entire circumference of the first and second end portion so as to form a closed or substantially closed ring in assembled condition. Apart from the aforementioned advantages, this may help to ensure that the shear-off assembly may perform properly in every direction, regardless of the impact direction on the pole.

    [0028] According to an aspect of the invention, the first end portion may extend within the contour of the base in radial direction and the second end portion may extend within the contour of the column in radial direction. The first and second end portion may together define an annular cavity for accommodating the holding elements, wherein the holding elements do not project beyond the contour of the base and column in radial direction and preferably have a radial outer surface that lies flush with the outer surface of the base and column in assembled condition. In other words, in assembled condition, a radially outward facing surface of the holding elements may lie flush with the outer surface of the base and/or the column. Accordingly, the pole can have a smooth outer surface, free from potentially hazardous projections. Thus, there is less risk of a person or object getting injured/ damaged and less risk of a holding element being released prematurely by an object or person getting caught behind a projecting portion of the coupling assembly.

    [0029] According to an aspect of the invention, an anti-rotation provision may be provided between contact surfaces of at least one of the holding elements and the first and/or second end portion, to prevent displacement of the holding element in circumferential direction. This in turn may help to prevent rotation of the column with regard to the base and may thus enhance the pole's torsion stiffness.

    [0030] The anti-rotation provision may have a main dimension that is much larger than its other dimensions, i.e. its directions orthogonal to said main direction. The anti-rotation provision may for instance comprise two mating profiles, such as a key and slot. The anti-rotation provision may be provided between a radial inward facing surface of the holding element and a radial outward facing surface of the first and/or second end portion. In such case, the anti-rotation provision preferably has a main direction extending in longitudinal direction of the utility pole. As mentioned above, such an anti-rotation provision may be formed by the base part itself, which may be received in a recess, slot or notch provided in a mating surface of the first and/or second end portion, more particularly in an edge portion thereof that extends between the respective first and second recesses and the free edges of the end portions.

    [0031] Additionally or alternatively, the anti-rotation provision may be provided between a downward facing surface of the holding element and an upward facing surface of the first end portion, and/or between an upward facing surface of the holding element and a downward facing surface of the second end portion. In such case, the anti-rotation provision preferably has a main direction extending in radial direction. Thanks to aforementioned main directions of the anti-rotation provision, the torsional stiffness of the pole can be enhanced without compromising the releasability of the holding element in radial direction.

    [0032] According to an aspect of the invention, an additional or alternative anti-rotation provision may be provided between contacting end surfaces of the first and second end portion, to prevent rotation of said portions relative to each other and enhance the torsional stiffness of the pole. Preferably, the anti-rotation provision has a main direction extending in radial direction so as not to compromise radial movement of the second end portion with respect to the first end portion. The anti-rotation provision may extend radially outward so as to extend between adjacent holding elements. Thus, circumferential movement of the holding element, first and second end portion can be prevented with a single provision.

    [0033] According to an aspect of the invention, retention means may be provided to help retaining the holding elements in radial direction. Thus, accidental disengagement of the holding elements may be prevented. The retention means may for instance comprise an adhesive or an adhesive tape, arranged between mating surfaces of the holding element and the first and/or second end portion.

    [0034] Alternatively or additionally, the retention means may comprise an elongated flexible element such as for instance a string or wire, extending around the outer surface of the holding elements. In such case, the holding elements may be provided with an indentation, extending in circumferential direction along their outer surface. Such indentation may advantageously accommodate the retention means, and may for instance prevent it from being tampered with or from becoming inadvertently released, or from shifting up or downward, or from projecting radially beyond the outer contour of the pole. The indentation may extend near an upper and/or lower edge of said outer surface. In such case, the elongated retention element may be made of rubber, silicon or a similar material, so that it can additionally serve as a sealing element, to protect the interior of the pole and coupling assembly against moisture, dirt and the like that could otherwise could cause for instance corrosion and other damage to said interior. Of course, it is also possible to have one or two separate sealing elements, in addition to a retention element. These separate sealing element or elements may be mounted near the upper and/or lower outer edge of the holding element.

    [0035] The properties of the retention means may be selected such that their retention strength is high enough to keep the holding elements in assembled condition, but weak enough to be broken by the impact forces. Alternatively, the retention means may serve to control, more particularly increase the threshold values at which the holding elements and pole disintegrate.

    [0036] According to an aspect of the invention, the coupling assembly may comprise an even number of holding elements. This allows pairs of holding elements to be arranged at diametrically opposed positions, resulting in a symmetric force distribution on the respective holding elements during an impact which is believed to result in optimal release behavior.

    [0037] According to an aspect of the invention, the first end portion may form integral part of the base. Alternatively, the first end portion may be part of a separate interface member, that can be secured to said base, for instance in an open end thereof. The latter option has the advantage that the base and end portion can be made from different wall thicknesses and/or different materials with different material properties, adapted to the respective tasks of said components in the utility pole. The first end portion and interface member may for instance be made of metal or a metal alloy. Also, the end portion may be easier to manufacture when provided on a separate interface member.

    [0038] Similar consideration apply to the second end portion mutatis mutandis, i.e. the second end portion may be part of a second interface member that in assembled condition is secured to the column, for instance in an open end thereof.

    [0039] The first and second interface members may for instance be secured to the base and column respectively by means of an adhesive or epoxy, adhesive tape, welding, mechanical fastening means or any other suitable securing means, preferably strong enough to prevent movement of the interface members in longitudinal and circumferential direction of the base and column respectively.

    [0040] According to an aspect of the invention, the first and second interface member may each be provided with a collar. Such collar may help to determine and/or limit the installation depth of the interface member with regard to the base and column respectively. Also, in assembled condition, the collar of the first interface member may rest on an upper edge of the base and the collar of the second interface member may support a lower edge of the column. As such, the gravitational forces of the column can to a large extend be guided directly into the base via the collars, thus bypassing the adhesive or other securing means between the interface members and the column and base respectively, which may add to their lifetime.

    [0041] The first and second interface members may be made of metal or a metal alloy.

    [0042] According to an aspect of the invention, the holding elements may be made of metal, a metal alloy or any suitable plastic.

    [0043] According to an aspect of the invention, the first and second end portion, and more preferably the first and second interface member may be identical, thereby reducing the number of different components and making assembly more foolproof and easier.

    [0044] According to an aspect of the invention, a separation surface of the coupling assembly may be located at a certain distance H above ground level (G). This may help the pole to disintegrate more readily and predictable. Preferably, the separation surface is located slightly below the expected impact level so as to allow the separation process to take place predominantly by purely lateral impact forces, rather than by bending forces that would be acting on the coupling assembly were the impact to take place at a much higher location than said separation surface.

    Brief description of the drawings



    [0045] Below, the invention will be explained with reference to some drawings, which are intended for illustration purposes only and not to limit the scope of protection as defined in the accompanying claims.

    Figure 1 illustrates, in longitudinal cross sectional view, an embodiment of a utility pole of the invention showing a portion of the pole indicating the position of the shear-off coupling assembly in relation to the column, the base and the ground in which the pole is placed;

    Figure 2a illustrates a detailed view of the region around the separation location of the utility pole's shear-off coupling assembly according to the embodiment of figure 1;

    Figure 2b illustrates a detailed view of a holding element according to the embodiment of figure 1;

    Figure 3a illustrates a perspective view of a first or second interface member with a first or second end portion according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    Figure 3b illustrates a perspective view a holding element according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    Figure 4 illustrates a cut-away, perspective view of a first end portion and several holding elements in connected state in the recess of the end portion according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

    Figure 5 illustrates a perspective view of an embodiment of the shear-off coupling assembly according to the invention, showing a number of holding elements in connected state.


    Detailed description



    [0046] Figure 1 shows an embodiment of a utility pole 1 according to the invention, in longitudinal cross-sectional view. The pole has a longitudinal direction X and a lateral or radial direction R. The pole 1 comprises a base 3 (for instance a cylinder) with an outer contour B, a column 4 (for instance a cylinder) with an outer contour C, and a shear-off coupling assembly 10 for coupling the column 4 to the base 3 in a separable manner.

    [0047] The base 3 is with one end inserted in the ground, so as to provide stability to the column 4 and withstand lateral loads, for instance wind load or the like. The other end of the base 3 may lie flush with ground level G but preferably projects over a limited distance h, as illustrated, so as to be visible and readily accessible for connecting column 4. To prevent sway of the utility pole, the projecting distance h of the base 3 may be limited, for instance to about 500 mm.

    [0048] Figure 2a shows a more detailed view of the coupling assembly 10 of Figure 1. It comprises a first end portion 18 provided at an upper end of the base 3 and a second end portion 19 provided at the lower end of the column 4. The first and second end portions 18, 19 may be integrally formed with the base 3 and column 4 respectively. Alternatively, as best seen in Figure 1, the first and second end portions 18, 19 may be part of a separate first and second interface member 11, 12. These interface members 11, 12 may be secured to the base 3 and column 4 respectively with any suitable securing means, such as adhesive, welding, mechanical locking means, etc. The first and second interface member 11, 12 may be provided with a first, respectively second collar 8, 9 as best seen in Figures 2A and B. These collars 8, 9 may help to limit the installation depth of the first and second interface members 11, 12 into the base 3 and column 4 respectively. In assembled condition, the first collar 8 may rest upon the upper edge 5 of the base 3, and the second collar 9 may support the lower edge 6 of the column 4 so as to provide for a stable configuration. Preferably, the outer diameter of the first collar 8 does not extend beyond the contour B of the base, more preferably has an outer diameter that is equal to that of the base 3. Similar for the outer diameter of the second collar 9: it preferably does not extend beyond the contour C of the column, more preferably is equal to the outer contour of the column 4.

    [0049] The first and second end portion 18, 19 each comprise a free edge 15, 16 that in connected condition are in abutment with each other. The first end portion 18 further comprises at least one first recess 17A, extending in circumferential direction in its outer surface, at a distance from the free edge 15. The recess 17A may at its lower side be bordered by aforementioned first collar 8, as illustrated. The second end portion 19 may have an identical configuration, that is, it may comprise a second recess 17B, extending in circumferential direction in its outer surface, at a distance from its free edge 16. The second recess 17B may at its upper side be bordered by the second collar 9, as illustrated in Figures 2a and 2b.

    [0050] In the illustrated embodiment, the first and second recess 17A, B extend around the entire circumference of the first and second end portion 18, 19. In an alternative embodiment (not shown) the single recesses 17A,B could be replaced by a plurality of shorter recesses, distributed along the circumference of the first and second end portion 18, 19, preferably at regularly space intervals.

    [0051] The first and second recesses 17A,B are arranged to receive a plurality of holding elements 20, that is at least two holding elements 20, for connecting the end portions 18, 19 together. One possible embodiment of such a holding element 20 according to the invention is shown in Figures 2b and 3b, in cross sectional view and perspective view respectively. In this embodiment, the holding element 20 has the shape of a ring segment with a substantially C-shaped cross section. More particularly, the holding element 20 includes a base part 21 that along its upper and lower edge is provided with a first and second formation 22, 23, each extending substantially perpendicular from the base part 21 thus forming the legs of the C. The holding element 20 can be made of any suitable material such as metal, a metal alloy or a suitable plastic material.

    [0052] The first and second formations 22, 23 are designed to fit in the aforementioned first and second recesses 17A,B of the first and second end portion 18, 19, as shown in Figure 2b. In use, a plurality of such holding elements 20 may be assembled into said recesses 17A,B, as shown in Figures 4 and 5. The holding elements 20 may together surround the outer circumference of the end portions 18, 19, wherein adjacent ends of the holding elements 20 may abut each other in circumferential direction. The number of holding elements 20 may depend on the angle over which the individual holding elements 20 extend in circumferential direction. This angle may for instance vary between about 15° and 180°. Accordingly, the number of holding elements 20 may for instance vary from 24 to 2. Of course other quantities are possible.

    [0053] In operation, when the utility pole 1 is exposed to an impact and the associated impact forces exceed the frictional forces between the abutting free edges 15, 16 of the first and second end portion 18, 19, the second end portion 19 and column 4 will shift in lateral direction. Holding elements 20 arranged near the leading edge of the second end portion 19 will be entailed along and exit the recesses 17A,B in radial outward direction. Holding elements 20 arranged near the trailing edge of the second end portion 19 may remain with their first formation 22 engaged in the first recess 17A. However, their second formation 23 may disengage from the second recess 17B as the trailing edge of the second end portion moves away therefrom, in radial direction.

    [0054] As best seen in Figures 2b and 3b, the holding element 20 may at its rear side, i.e. the side that in assembled condition faces radially outward, be provided with at least one indentations 29. This indentation 29 may for instance extend along an upper edge of said rear side. A second indentation 29 may extend along a lower edge of said rear side. In assembled condition, the or each indentation 29 may together with the respective collars 8, 9 enclose a groove for accommodating a retention element and/or a sealing element 31. To facilitate access to said groove, the faces of the collars 8, 9 that border said groove may be chamfered, as shown in Figures 2a and 2b. The chamfer angle may for instance be about 20°.

    [0055] The retention element 31 may for instance comprise a wire that may extend around the holding elements 20 so as to help retaining them in assembled condition. The sealing element 31 may for instance be made of rubber, silicone, plastic or the like and may help prevent ingress of moisture, dirt, etc. in the interior of the coupling assembly 10 and utility pole 1. Like the retention element 31, the sealing element 31 may extend around the entire circumference of the assembly. In an advantageous embodiment the retention element 31 and the sealing element 31 can be embodied in a single annular component that fulfils both tasks, i.e. retentions and sealing. Alternatively, the sealing element 31 and retention element 31 may be provided as separate components. In such case, the sealing element 31 may for instance be accommodated in one of the upper and lower grooves defined by the indentations 29 and the retention element 31 may be accommodated in the other groove. The retention element does not need to be accommodated in a groove. In an alternative embodiments (not shown) it may for instance include an adhesive tape, wound around the outer circumference of the holding elements 20 at some distance from the or each indentation 29.

    [0056] The holding elements 20 and first and/or second end portion 18, 19 may further comprise one or more anti-rotation provisions to prevent displacement of the holding elements 20 and/or the end portions 18, 19 in circumferential direction and thus help increasing the torsion stiffness of the pole 1. The anti-rotation provision may comprise mating profiles between contact surfaces of at least one holding element 20 and at least one of the end portions 18, 19 and/or between the free edges 15, 16 of said end portions 18, 19.

    [0057] According to one embodiment, the mating profiles may for instance include a rod 30 as shown in Figure 3b, extending between the first and second formations 22, 23 of the holding element 20, substantially parallel to its base part 21. The mating profiles may further include a longitudinal slot 28 extending in an edge portion 13, 14 of the first and/or second end portions 18, 19, between the recesses 17A,B and free edges 15, 16, as shown in figures 3a and 4. In assembled condition, the rod 30 will be received in the slot 28 and thus prevent displacement of the holding element 20 in circumferential direction of the end portion. As a result, rotation of the base and columns 3, 4 relative to each other may be prevented as well. Thanks to the rod 30 and slot 28 having a main direction extending in longitudinal direction X of the pole 1, the anti-rotation provision will not affect the displacement freedom of the holding element 20 in radial outward direction, and thus will not compromise the shear-off performance of the coupling assembly 10.

    [0058] The mating profiles may additionally or alternatively comprise one or more radial notches 32 provided in at least one of the free edges 15, 16 of the first and second end portion 18, 19, as shown in Figures 3a and 4. If several radial notches 32 are provided, these may for instance be arranged at regularly spaced intervals in circumferential direction. The mating profiles may further comprise a blocking member 33, designed to be received in the notch(es) 32. The blocking member 33 may extend beyond the outer circumference of the end portion 18, 19 into a slit or gap 34 between adjacent holding elements 20, as seen in figure 4. As a result, displacement of the holding elements 20 in circumferential direction is prevented. Alternatively or additionally, both end portions 18, 19 may be provided with one or more notches 32 in their free edges 15, 16 which may be aligned in assembled condition such that a blocking element 33 can be received in two opposed notches 32, thus preventing rotational movement of the first and second end portion 18, 19 relative to each other. This may add to the torsional stiffness of the shear-off assembly 10 and the utility pole 1.

    [0059] The skilled person will appreciate that the number of holding elements 20 that can be used for connecting the first and second end portion 18, 19 may vary and may for instance range from 2 to 24, more preferably from 5 to 15, and most preferably from 7 to 13.

    [0060] The holding elements 20 may but need not be of similar dimensions. The holding elements 20 may for instance extend over an angle between 15° and 180°, more preferably between 20° and 120° and most preferably between 30° and 90°.

    [0061] The interface members 11, 12 and the holding elements 20 may be formed from the same material. This material may for example be an aluminum alloy having an Rp0,2 strength value of about 100-500 Mpa.

    [0062] Selection of a suitable material may help to bring the overall strength of the utility pole I to a desired value. The strength of the various components may alternatively or additionally be controlled by proper dimensioning of the diameter and/or wall thickness.

    [0063] The utility pole 1 may have a uniform strength in column 4, coupling assembly 10 and base 3. Alternatively the coupling assembly 10 can be designed to be stronger than the column and/or base of the pole. This may be desirable in order for the complete utility pole to comply with normal use requirements, i.e. resistance to wind loads or the like.

    [0064] Thus, the invention has been described by reference to the embodiments discussed above. It will be recognized that these embodiments are susceptible to various modifications and alternative forms well known to those of skill in the art without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the claims. Accordingly, although specific embodiments have been described, these are examples only and are not limiting upon the scope of the invention as defined by the claims.


    Claims

    1. Utility pole, having a longitudinal direction (X) and a radial direction (R) perpendicular to said longitudinal direction, the utility pole comprising:

    - a base (3) for insertion into the ground, the base having a contour (B),

    - a column (4) for carrying a utility member, the column having a contour (C),

    - a coupling assembly (10) for connecting the column (4) to the base (3) in a separable manner, the coupling assembly comprising:

    - a first end portion (18) provided at an upper end of said base (3) and provided with a free edge (15) and at least one first recess (17A) extending in circumferential direction in its outer surface;

    - a second end portion (19) provided at a lower end of said column (4) and provided with a free edge (16) and at least one second recess (17B) extending in circumferential direction in its outer surface;

    - a plurality of holding elements (20) for coupling the first and second end portions (18, 19) to each other with their free edges (15, 16) abutting each other, each holding element (20) comprising a first formation (22) arranged to fit into the at least one first recess (17A) and to be releasable therefrom in radial outward direction (R), a second formation (23) arranged to fit into the at least one second recess (17B) and to be releasable therefrom in radial outward direction (R) and a base part (21) arranged to interconnect the first and second formation (22, 23) in the longitudinal direction (X) and wherein the first and second recesses (17A, 17B) are dimensioned and arranged to extend within the contour (B, C) of the base (3) and column (4) in radial direction (R).


     
    2. Utility pole according to claim 1, wherein the at least one first recess (17A) extends along substantially the entire outer circumference of the first end portion (18).
     
    3. Utility pole according to claim 1, wherein the at least one first recess (17A) is one of a plurality of first recesses arranged at regularly, preferably evenly spaced intervals along the outer circumference of the first end portion (18).
     
    4. Utility pole according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the at least one second recess (17B) extends along the entire outer circumference of the second end portion (19) or is one of a plurality of second recesses arranged at regularly, preferably evenly spaced intervals along the outer circumference of the second end portion (19).
     
    5. Utility pole according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the at least one first recess (17A) and/or the at least one second recesses (17B) is ring or ring segment shaped.
     
    6. Utility pole according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein at least one of the first and second formations (22, 23) of the holding element (20) is ring segment shaped, wherein the ring segment may extend over an angle between 15° and 180°.
     
    7. Utility pole according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein in assembled condition adjacent holding elements (20) abut each other in circumferential direction with their first formation, second formation and/or base part.
     
    8. Utility pole according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the first formations (22), second formations (23) and/or base parts (21) of the holding elements (20) together span the entire circumference of the first and second end portion (18, 19) so as to form a closed or substantially closed ring in assembled condition.
     
    9. Utility pole according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein at least one of: the first end portion (18) extends within a contour (B) of the base (3) in radial direction (R); and the second end portion (19) extends within a contour (C) of the column (4) in radial direction (R).
     
    10. Utility pole according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein an anti-rotation provision is provided between contact surfaces of at least one of the holding elements (20) and at least one of the first and second end portion (18, 19), wherein the anti-rotation provision may comprise one of: two mating profiles, such as a key (30) and slot (28), having their main direction extending in radial or longitudinal direction; and one or more notches (32) in the free edge (15, 16) of the first and/or second end portion (18, 19), and a blocking member (33) received in said notch (32) and extending radially outward, in-between two adjacent holding elements (20).
     
    11. Utility pole according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein retention means are provided to help retaining the holding elements (20) in radial direction, wherein the retention means may comprise one of: an adhesive or an adhesive tape, arranged between mating surfaces of the holding elements (20) and the first and second end portions (18, 19); and an elongated flexible element such as a string or wire, extending around the outer surface of the holding elements (20).
     
    12. Utility pole according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the holding elements (20) are provided with an indentation (29) extending in circumferential direction along an outer surface of the holding elements, wherein the indentation (29) may extend near an upper edge, a lower edge or both edges of said outer surface.
     
    13. Utility pole according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein in assembled condition the holding elements (20) are arranged at diametrically opposed positions along the circumference of the first and second end portion (18, 19).
     
    14. Utility pole according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein at least one of: the first end portion (18) is part of a first interface member (11) that in assembled condition is secured to the base (3), for instance in an open end thereof; and the second end portion (19) is part of a second interface member (12) that in assembled condition is secured to the column (4), for instance in an open end thereof; wherein the first and second interface member (11, 12) may be secured to the base (3) and column (4) respectively by means of an adhesive or epoxy, and/or may be provided with a first and second collar (8, 9) respectively, which, in assembled condition, respectively may rest on an upper edge of the base (3) and support a lower edge of the column (4).
     
    15. Utility pole according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the first and second end portion (18, 19), and more preferably the first and second interface members (11, 12) are identical.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Strommast mit einer Längsrichtung (X) und einer Radialrichtung (R), die senkrecht zur Längsrichtung verläuft, wobei der Strommast Folgendes umfasst:

    - einen Sockel (3) zum Einsetzen in den Boden, wobei der Sockel eine Kontur (B) aufweist,

    - eine Säule (4) zum Tragen eines Stromglieds, wobei die Säule eine Kontur (C) aufweist,

    - eine Kopplungsanordnung (10) zum Verbinden der Säule (4) mit dem Sockel (3) in einer trennbaren Weise, wobei die Kopplungsanordnung Folgendes umfasst:

    - einen ersten Endabschnitt (18), der an einem oberen Ende des Sockels (3) bereitgestellt und mit einer freien Kante (15) und mindestens einer ersten Ausnehmung (17A), die sich in seiner Außenfläche in eine Umfangsrichtung erstreckt, versehen ist;

    - einen zweiten Endabschnitt (19), der an einem unteren Ende der Säule (4) bereitgestellt und mit einer freien Kante (16) und mindestens einer zweiten Ausnehmung (17B), die sich in seiner Außenfläche in eine Umfangsrichtung erstreckt, versehen ist;

    - eine Vielzahl von Halteelementen (20) zum Aneinanderkoppeln des ersten und des zweiten Endabschnitts (18, 19), derart, dass deren freie Kanten (15, 16) aneinanderstoßen, wobei jedes Halteelement (20) eine erste Formation (22), die angeordnet ist, in der mindestens einen ersten Ausnehmung (17A) zu sitzen und in eine radiale Auswärtsrichtung (R) daraus lösbar zu sein, eine zweite Formation (23), die angeordnet ist, in der mindestens einen zweiten Ausnehmung (17B) zu sitzen und in eine radiale Auswärtsrichtung (R) daraus lösbar zu sein, und einen Sockelteil (21), der angeordnet ist, die erste und die zweite Formation (22, 23) in die Längsrichtung (X) zu verbinden, umfasst und wobei die erste und die zweite Ausnehmung (17A, 17B) dimensioniert und angeordnet sind, sich in eine Radialrichtung (R) in der Kontur (B, C) des Sockels (3) und der Säule (4) zu erstrecken.


     
    2. Strommast nach Anspruch 1, wobei sich die mindestens eine erste Ausnehmung (17A) im Wesentlichen entlang des gesamten Außenumfangs des ersten Endabschnitts (18) erstreckt.
     
    3. Strommast nach Anspruch 1, wobei die mindestens eine erste Ausnehmung (17A) eine von einer Vielzahl von ersten Ausnehmungen ist, die in regelmäßigen, vorzugsweise gleichmäßig beabstandeten Intervallen entlang des Außenumfangs des ersten Endabschnitts (18) angeordnet sind.
     
    4. Strommast nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei sich die mindestens eine zweite Ausnehmung (17B) entlang des gesamten Außenumfangs des zweiten Endabschnitts (19) erstreckt oder eine von einer Vielzahl von zweiten Ausnehmungen ist, die in regelmäßigen, vorzugsweise gleichmäßig beabstandeten Intervallen entlang des Außenumfangs des zweiten Endabschnitts (19) angeordnet sind.
     
    5. Strommast nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die mindestens eine erste Ausnehmung (17A) und/oder die mindestens eine zweite Ausnehmung (17B) ring- oder ringsegmentförmig ist.
     
    6. Strommast nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die mindestens eine der ersten und der zweiten Formation (22, 23) des Halteelements (20) ringsegmentförmig ist, wobei sich das Ringsegment über einen Winkel zwischen 15° und 180° erstrecken kann.
     
    7. Strommast nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei benachbarte Halteelemente (20) im montierten Zustand in einer Umfangsrichtung mit ihrer ersten Formation, ihrer zweiten Formation und/oder ihrem Sockelteil aneinanderstoßen.
     
    8. Strommast nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die ersten Formationen (22), die zweiten Formationen (23) und/oder die Sockelteile (21) der Halteelemente (20) zusammen den gesamten Umfang des ersten und des zweiten Endabschnitts (18, 19) umspannen, um im montierten Zustand einen geschlossenen oder einen im Wesentlichen geschlossenen Ring zu bilden.
     
    9. Strommast nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei mindestens eines von Folgendem gilt: der erste Endabschnitt (18) erstreckt sich in einer Kontur (B) des Sockels (3) in eine Radialrichtung (R) und der zweite Endabschnitt (19) erstreckt sich in einer Kontur (C) der Säule (4) in eine Radialrichtung (R).
     
    10. Strommast nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei zwischen Kontaktflächen von mindestens einem der Halteelemente (20) und mindestens einem des ersten und des zweiten Endabschnitts (18, 19) eine Antirotationseinrichtung bereitgestellt ist, wobei die Antirotationseinrichtung eines von Folgendem umfassen kann: zwei Passprofile, wie etwa einen Keil (30) und einen Schlitz (28), deren Hauptrichtung sich in eine Radial- oder eine Längsrichtung erstreckt; und eine oder mehrere Kerben (32) in der freien Kante (15, 16) des ersten und/oder des zweiten Endabschnitts (18, 19) und ein Blockierglied (33), das in die Kerbe (32) aufgenommen ist und sich zwischen zwei benachbarten Halteelementen (20) radial nach außen erstreckt.
     
    11. Strommast nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei ein Rückhaltemittel bereitgestellt sind, um das Rückhalten der Halteelemente (20) in eine Radialrichtung zu unterstützen, wobei das Rückhaltemittel eines von Folgendem umfassen kann: einen Kleber oder ein Klebeband, der bzw. das zwischen Passflächen der Halteelemente (20) und dem ersten und dem zweiten Endabschnitt (18, 19) angeordnet ist; und ein längliches flexibles Element, wie etwa ein Band oder einen Draht, das bzw. der sich um die Außenfläche der Halteelemente (20) erstreckt.
     
    12. Strommast nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Halteelemente (20) mit einer Vertiefung (29) versehen sind, die sich in Umfangsrichtung entlang einer Außenfläche der Halteelemente erstreckt, wobei sich die Vertiefung (29) nahe einer Oberkante, einer Unterkante oder beiden Kanten der Außenfläche erstrecken kann.
     
    13. Strommast nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Halteelemente (20) im montierten Zustand in diametral gegenüberliegenden Positionen entlang des Umfangs des ersten und des zweiten Endabschnitts (18, 19) angeordnet sind.
     
    14. Strommast nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei mindestens eines von Folgendem gilt: der erste Endabschnitt (18) ist Teil eines ersten Schnittstellenglieds (11), das im montierten Zustand am Sockel (3) gesichert ist, beispielsweise in einem offenen Ende davon; und der zweite Endabschnitt (19) ist Teil eines zweiten Schnittstellenglieds (12), das im montierten Zustand an der Säule (4) gesichert ist, beispielsweise in einem offenen Ende davon; wobei das erste und das zweite Schnittstellenglied (11, 12) mittels eines Klebers oder eines Epoxids am Sockel (3) bzw. an der Säule (4) gesichert sein können und/oder mit einem ersten bzw. zweiten Bund (8, 9) versehen sein können, die im montierten Zustand auf einer Oberkante des Sockels (3) ruhen und eine Unterkante der Säule (4) stützen können.
     
    15. Strommast nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der erste und der zweite Endabschnitt (18, 19) und bevorzugter das erste und das zweite Schnittstellenglied (11, 12) identisch sind.
     


    Revendications

    1. Poteau électrique, ayant une direction longitudinale (X) et une direction radiale (R) perpendiculaire à ladite direction longitudinale, le poteau électrique comprenant :

    - une base (3) pour une insertion dans le sol, la base ayant un contour (B),

    - une colonne (4) destinée à porter un élément électrique, la colonne ayant un contour (C),

    - un ensemble de couplage (10) destiné à raccorder la colonne (4) à la base (3) de manière séparable, l'ensemble de couplage comprenant :

    - une première partie d'extrémité (18) prévue au niveau d'une extrémité supérieure de ladite base (3) et munie d'un bord libre (15) et d'au moins un premier évidement (17A) s'étendant dans une direction circonférentielle dans sa surface externe ;

    - une deuxième partie d'extrémité (19) prévue au niveau d'une extrémité inférieure de ladite colonne (4) et munie d'un bord libre (16) et d'au moins un deuxième évidement (17B) s'étendant dans une direction circonférentielle dans sa surface externe ;

    - une pluralité d'éléments de maintien (20) destinés à coupler les première et deuxième parties (18, 19) l'une à l'autre avec leurs bords libres (15, 16) en butée l'un contre l'autre, chaque élément de maintien (20) comprenant une première formation (22) agencée pour s'adapter dans l'au moins un premier évidement (17A) et pour pouvoir être libérée de celui-ci dans une direction radiale vers l'extérieur (R), une deuxième formation (23) agencée pour s'adapter dans l'au moins un deuxième évidement (17B) et pour pouvoir être libérée de celui-ci dans une direction radiale vers l'extérieur (R) et une partie de base (21) agencée pour raccorder entre elles les première et deuxième formations (22, 23) dans la direction longitudinale (X) et les premier et deuxième évidements (17A, 17B) étant dimensionnés et agencés pour s'étendre dans le contour (B, C) de la base (3) et de la colonne (4) dans la direction radiale (R).


     
    2. Poteau électrique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'au moins un premier évidement (17A) s'étend le long de sensiblement toute la circonférence externe de la première partie d'extrémité (18).
     
    3. Poteau électrique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'au moins un premier évidement (17A) est l'un d'une pluralité de premiers évidements agencés à intervalles réguliers, de préférence espacés uniformément, le long de la circonférence externe de la première partie d'extrémité (18).
     
    4. Poteau électrique selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel l'au moins un deuxième évidements (17B) s'étend le long de toute la circonférence externe de la deuxième partie d'extrémité (19) ou est l'un d'une pluralité de deuxièmes évidements agencés à intervalles réguliers, de préférence espacés uniformément, le long de la circonférence externe de la deuxième partie d'extrémité (19).
     
    5. Poteau électrique selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'au moins un premier évidement (17A) et/ou l'au moins un deuxième évidement (17B) est en forme d'anneau ou de segment d'anneau.
     
    6. Poteau électrique selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel au moins l'une des première et deuxième formations (22, 23) de l'élément de maintien (20) est en forme de segment d'anneau, le segment d'anneau pouvant s'étendre sur un angle compris entre 15° et 180°.
     
    7. Poteau électrique selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel dans un état assemblé, des éléments de maintien (20) adjacents butent l'un contre l'autre dans la direction circonférentielle avec leur première formation, deuxième formation et/ou partie de base.
     
    8. Poteau électrique selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les premières formations (22), deuxièmes formations (23) et/ou parties de base (21) des éléments de maintien (20) couvrent ensemble toute la circonférence des première et deuxième parties d'extrémité (18, 19) de façon à former un anneau fermé ou sensiblement fermé dans un état assemblé.
     
    9. Poteau électrique selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant au moins un des éléments suivants : la première partie d'extrémité (18) s'étend dans un contour (B) de la base (3) dans la direction radiale (R) ; et la deuxième partie d'extrémité (19) s'étend dans un contour (C) de la colonne (4) dans la direction radiale (R).
     
    10. Poteau électrique selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel un élément anti-rotation est prévu entre des surfaces de contact d'au moins l'un des éléments de maintien (20) et d'au moins l'une des première et deuxième parties d'extrémité (18, 19), l'élément anti-rotation pouvant comprendre l'un des éléments suivants : deux profil appariés, tels qu'une clé (30) et une fente (28), ayant leur direction principal en extension dans la direction radiale ou longitudinale ; et au moins une encoche (32) dans le bord libre (15, 16) de la première et/ou la deuxième partie (18, 19), et un élément de blocage (33) reçu dans ladite encoche (32) et s'étendant radialement vers l'extérieur, entre deux éléments de maintien (20) adjacents.
     
    11. Poteau électrique selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel des moyens de retenue sont prévus pour faciliter la retenue des éléments de maintien (20) dans la direction radiale, les moyens de retenue pouvant comprendre l'un des éléments suivants : un adhésif ou un ruban adhésif, agencé entre des surfaces appariées des éléments de maintien (20) et des première et deuxième parties d'extrémité (18, 19) ; et un élément souple allongé tel qu'une ficelle ou un fil, s'étendant autour de la surface externe des éléments de maintien (20).
     
    12. Poteau électrique selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les éléments de maintien (20) sont munis d'une indentation (29) s'étendant dans la direction circonférentielle le long d'une surface externe des éléments de maintien, l'indentation (29) pouvant s'étendre à proximité d'un bord supérieur, d'un bord inférieur ou des deux bords de ladite surface externe.
     
    13. Poteau électrique selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel dans un état assemblé, les éléments de maintien (20) sont agencés à des positions diamétralement opposée le long de la circonférence des première et deuxième parties d'extrémité (18, 19).
     
    14. Poteau électrique selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant au moins l'un des éléments suivants : la première partie d'extrémité (18) fait partie d'un premier élément d'interface (11) qui, dans un état assemblé, est arrimé à la base (3), par exemple dans une extrémité ouverte de celle-ci ; et la deuxième partie d'extrémité (19) fait partie d'un deuxième élément d'interface (12) qui, dans un état assemblé, est arrimé à la colonne (4), par exemple dans une extrémité ouverte de celle-ci ; les premier et deuxième éléments d'interface (11, 12) pouvant être arrimés à la base (3) et à la colonne (4) respectivement au moyen d'un adhésif ou époxy, et/ou pouvant être munis de premier et deuxième colliers (8, 9) respectivement, qui, dans un état assemblé, peuvent respectivement reposer sur un bord supérieur de la base (3) et supporter un bord inférieur de la colonne (4).
     
    15. Poteau électrique selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les première et deuxième parties d'extrémité (18, 19), et de manière davantage préférée les premier et deuxième éléments d'interface (11, 12) sont identiques.
     




    Drawing


















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description