(19)
(11)EP 3 083 171 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
03.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/23

(21)Application number: 14872480.0

(22)Date of filing:  10.12.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B27B 5/29(2006.01)
B23D 45/04(2006.01)
B27B 5/36(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2014/069538
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/094853 (25.06.2015 Gazette  2015/25)

(54)

BEVEL LOCKING MECHANISM FOR A POWER TOOL AND POWER TOOL

GEHRUNGSWINKELARRETIERUNGSMECHANISMUS FÜR ELEKTROWERKZEUG UND ELEKTROWERKZEUG

MÉCANISME D'ARRÊT D'ANGLE DE BISEAU POUR OUTIL ÉLECTRIQUE ET OUTIL ÉLECTRIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 16.12.2013 US 201361916354 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
26.10.2016 Bulletin 2016/43

(73)Proprietor: Robert Bosch GmbH
70442 Stuttgart (DE)

(72)Inventors:
  • GONZALEZ, Arturo
    Arlington Heights, IL 60005 (US)
  • MARINOV, Plamen
    Mount Prospect, IL 60056 (US)
  • WINTERNITZ, Daniel
    Chicago, IL 60614 (US)

(74)Representative: Isarpatent 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Behnisch Barth Charles Hassa Peckmann & Partner mbB Postfach 44 01 51
80750 München
80750 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A1- 2002 144 582
US-A1- 2004 089 125
US-A1- 2007 022 853
US-A1- 2007 175 305
US-A1- 2008 210 073
US-A1- 2012 160 073
US-A1- 2003 150 311
US-A1- 2004 112 190
US-A1- 2007 175 305
US-A1- 2008 060 495
US-A1- 2011 314 988
US-B2- 8 176 823
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD



    [0001] This disclosure relates generally to the field of powered saws, and more particularly to a bevel locking mechanism according to the preamble of claim 1 and to a power tool according to the preamble of claim 5.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Such a bevel locking mechanism and such power tool are known from US8176823B2. Miter saws are used for cutting many different types of material, including lumber of different types and synthetic materials. The typical miter saw includes a base or a platform on which a turntable is positioned. The turntable includes a workpiece support surface to support a workpiece to be cut by the miter saw. A support assembly is coupled to the turntable and functions to support a cutting assembly that is operable to perform a cutting operation on the work piece. The support assembly includes adjustable components which enable the cutting assembly to move away from or toward the support surface in order to cut the workpiece. The support assembly also typically includes other adjustable components configured to pivot the cutting assembly about an angle inclined with respect to a plane of the support surface along the direction of a saw blade slot in order to produce beveled or angled cuts on the work piece.

    [0003] In many, if not all powered miter saws, the miter saw includes a lock system to lock or to hold the saw blade at a desired inclined cutting angle established by a user. Since the inclined cutting angle often displaces at least some of the components from a location of balance, the lock system must provide reliable and repeatable fixed locations, each of which remains stationary during a cutting operation.

    [0004] Different types of bevel lock systems are known and used on miter saws and are typically characterized by complex, heavy, and expensive components. Such designs are described in the following patents and patent application: US7,311,028B2; US7,703,366B2; US7,127,977B2; US2009/0249933A1; US2012/0160073, US6,758,123B2; US7,631,587B2; and US8,176,823B2. In particular, a front accessible bevel lock system including steel cams and connecting arms is illustrated in US 7,631,587B2. In another of the above referenced patents, US8,176,823B2, a bevel lock system includes two brake pads clamping on a sheet metal plate. In addition, commercially available miter saws having locking systems are available from Robert Bosch LLC of Farmington Hills, Michigan USA. Such miter saws include the Bosch CM12 miter saw equipped with a brake pad style bevel lock and the Bosch GCM12SD miter saw equipped with a front accessible bevel lock system.

    [0005] As can be seen in the above references, the locking systems include a large number of components which are arranged in complex fashion. Not only do the locking systems require accurately formed components to achieve a locking function, the number and complexity of components increases the amount of time necessary to assemble a locking system for a miter saw. Therefore, there is a need for a powered miter saw having an adjustable saw blade which can be fixed in position using a locking system having a reduced footprint, reduced complexity, and reduced assembly time.

    [0006] US 8176823 B2 disclosures a miter saw with a bevel lock arrangement comprises a base with a bevel arm configured to rotate about a first axis that is substantially parallel to a support surface provided on the base.

    SUMMARY



    [0007] In one embodiment, there is provided a bevel locking mechanism having the features of claim 1 and a power tool having the features of claim 5, the power tool having a front accessible bevel lock which is relatively uncomplicated to assemble, which provides a cost-effective design, and is relatively simple to repair if the bevel lock mechanism becomes defective. The bevel lock mechanism includes a user accessible control for activating the lock at the front of a power tool.

    [0008] The bevel lock activation mechanism includes a wire, rope or cable. The need for complex cams and steel connecting arms found in other designs is eliminated. In one or more embodiments, the bevel locking system and the power tool incorporating the bevel locking system provide a reduced cost and assembly time when compared to existing systems. Other advantages include providing for easier user activation when compared to over-center cam mechanisms having spring-loaded levers. Overall power tool and locking system weight is reduced by replacing steel components with a wire cable in one embodiment. In addition, the number and complexity of individual components and sub-assemblies is reduced.

    [0009] In accordance with one embodiment of the disclosure, there is provided a power tool including a front accessible bevel locking system that includes a steel cable, cam and lever arms to momentarily disengage the bevel lock in order to adjust the saw's bevel angle.

    [0010] In accordance with another embodiment of the disclosure, there is provided a power tool and bevel lock system including two primary assemblies, a bevel locking assembly and a bevel actuation lever assembly.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0011] 

    FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a miter saw with a front accessible bevel lock system.

    FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view a portion of a bevel lock assembly for a miter saw including a rotor and a table.

    FIG. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional side view of a portion of a bevel lock assembly for a miter saw.

    FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of a portion of a bevel lock assembly for a miter saw including an actuation lever assembly.

    FIG. 5 is a schematic perspective view of a portion of a bevel lock assembly for a miter saw including an activation handle and a mounting bracket.

    FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective bottom view of an accessible bevel lock system including cam arm components.

    FIG. 7 is a schematic elevational side view of a miter saw including a bevel lock system in a rest, closed, or locked position.

    FIG. 8 is a schematic elevation side view of the bevel lock system of FIG. 7.

    FIG. 9 is a schematic elevational side view of a miter saw including a bevel lock system in an activated, open, or unlocked position.

    FIG. 10 is a schematic elevation side view of the bevel lock system of FIG. 9.


    DESCRIPTION



    [0012] For the purposes of promoting an understanding of the principles of the embodiments disclosed herein, reference is now made to the drawings and descriptions in the following written specification. No limitation to the scope of the subject matter is intended by the references.

    [0013] FIG. 1 is a schematic elevational side view of a saw device such as a miter saw 100 including a turntable 102 supported by a base 104. Other saw devices include a table saw, a planar, a compound saw, a floor saw, a bevel saw, or a device having a saw blade and base supporting the blade. The turntable 102 is rotatably adjustable on the base 104 about a pivot axis extending generally perpendicular to a plane defined by a support surface 108 of the turntable 102, and includes a support arm 140.

    [0014] The miter saw 100 includes a support assembly 110. The support assembly 110 is configured to support a saw blade (not shown) located within a blade guard 112, and includes a bevel post 120, and one or more support bars 130. A guide fence 116 is mounted on the turntable 102. The saw blade is configured to cut a workpiece supported on one side by the support surface 108 and on another side by the guide fence 116. A pivot mechanism 134 is rotatably coupled to the saw blade

    [0015] The guide fence 116 includes a workpiece guide surface 118 upon which the workpiece is positioned for a cutting operation. The guide fence 116, as illustrated, is generally perpendicularly aligned with the turntable surface 108. In other embodiments, the guide fence 116 is adjustable such that the workpiece guide surface 118 is inclined with respect to the turntable surface 108.

    [0016] The bevel post 120 is rotatably supported on the turntable 102 about an axis 122 (See FIGS. 2 and 3) that may be generally parallel to the turntable surface and aligned with a cutting plane of the blade. The bevel post 120 rotates about the axis 122 to provide angle cuts to the workpiece. The one or more support bars 130 are configured to support a portion 132 of the bevel arm 120 for sliding movement. One end of the bar(s) 130 extend(s) toward the saw blade and terminates where. The saw blade is rotatably positionable around a pivot of the pivot mechanism 134, the position of which is fixed and released by a handle 135. Since the support bars 130 slide within the portion 132, the saw blade is positionable in a direction of and along a cutting slot 136 of the turntable 102. In addition, the saw blade 122 is adjustable about an arc defined by the pivot mechanism 134.

    [0017] The support arm 140 extends from the turntable 102 and provides an additional support surface for supporting a workpiece if necessary. A turntable lock 142 located at a terminating end of the support arm 140 locks and unlocks the turntable 102 at a location determined by a user.

    [0018] A bevel lock handle 150 is located on one side of the support arm 140. In other embodiments, the bevel lock handle 150 may be located on other sides or portions of the support arm 140. In addition, the bevel lock handle 150 in other embodiments may include a pushbutton or other levers to lock and unlock the bevel lock post 120. The bevel lock handle 150 is one component of a bevel lock assembly described herein and includes a locked position, as illustrated in FIGS. 1, 7 and 8, and an unlocked position illustrated in FIGS. 9 and 10. The bevel lock handle 150 is positionable to lock the bevel post 120 at a selected location and to unlock the bevel post 120 for movement and locking at a new location selected by a user. Other examples of bevel lock handle 150 such as an electronic button other than a mechanical button are possible.

    [0019] Alternatively, the bevel lock handle 150 can be replaced by a touch sensor lock, a GMR sensor lock, a motion sensor lock, a pressure sensor lock, a bolometer lock, a transducer lock, or the like to lock and unlock the bevel post 120 for the same purpose. The lock handle 150 can be controlled via a user by directly locking or unlocking the lock handle, or indirectly via an electronic control connected to the saw device 100, or another electronic device such as cellular phone, smart phone, tablet, Ptablet, console, remote control, or the like through wired or wireless communication protocol (WiFi, NFC, Bluetooth, UWB, Internet, or the like).

    [0020] FIGS. 2 and 3 illustrate one of two primary assemblies comprising the bevel lock assembly. A first bevel lock assembly 160 includes a clamp arm 162 having a first end which is pivotably connected to the bevel post 120 at a pivot connection 164 by way of a pivot pin 166 about which the clamp arm 162 pivots at a first pivot. The pivot pin 166 may extend through a boss, formed in the bevel post 120, and a hole, formed at a first end of the clamp arm 162.

    [0021] In addition to being pivotably located at the bevel post 120, the clamp arm 162 rotates about a second pivot 168 defined by a rod or post 170 fixedly attached to the bevel post 120 as further illustrated in FIG. 3. The second pivot 168 may be substantially perpendicular to the pivot axis of the pivot pin 166. The post 170 extends through an aperture of the clamp arm 162 such that the clamp arm 162 rotates about the second pivot 168. An extended lug or projection 171 is located at a second end of the clamp arm 162 and is configured in the shape of an arc. The arc generally follows a radius of curvature defined by the rotation of a second end of the arm 162 about the second pivot 168.

    [0022] The clamp arm 162 further includes a pad pivot 172 to which a pad support 174 is pivotably coupled. The pad pivot 172 defines a pivot axis that may be generally parallel to the pivot axis defined by the pivot pin 166. The pad support 174 includes an outer brake pad 176 (see FIG. 3) which is configured to contact a rotor 178 fixedly attached to the turntable 102. In one embodiment, the rotor is made of a sheet metal. An inner brake pad 180 is fixedly attached to the bevel post 120 such that forced contact of the pad support 174 to the rotor 178 engages the rotor 178 with the inner brake pad 180 to lock the bevel post 120 in position. The pad pivot 172 allows the brake pad 176 to pivot to insure flush contact with the rotor 178.

    [0023] As illustrated in FIG. 3, the post 170 extends through an aperture of the clamp arm 166 and extends through a resilient member such as a spring 182. While a helical spring 182 is illustrated, in other embodiments other types of springs including a leaf spring and a flat spring may be included. The spring 182 may be retained on the post 170 by a washer 184 and a nut 186, although other mechanisms for retaining the spring 182 on the post 170 are contemplated. The spring 182 located on the rod 170 is in a loaded condition such that the locations of the washer 184 and nut 186 prestress the spring 182. In the prestressed condition, the clamp arm 162 is forced toward the bevel post 120 about the pivot 166 such that the outer brake pad 176 is forced into contact with the rotor 178 as long as a force is not applied at the extended lug 171 in a direction away from the turntable 102. Consequently, as long as no force or a minimal force is applied at the second end of the arm 162, the bevel post 120 remains in a locked position.

    [0024] To unlock the first bevel lock assembly 160, a force is applied in a direction 190 with a cam arm 192 which contacts an interior surface of the extended lug 171 to move the second end of the clamp arm 162 away from the turntable 102. The cam arm 192 is a component of a second bevel lock assembly described later herein. In response to the force, the clamp arm 162 rotates about the pivot 166 and the outer brake pad 176 moves away from the rotor 178 to unlock the first bevel lock assembly 160. Once the outer brake pad 176 is sufficiently distanced from the rotor 178, the bevel post 120 is free to move about the pivot 122 to another location which alters the inclined angle of the cutting plane of the saw blade with the plane of the support surface 108 of the turntable 102. Movement of the cam arm 192 in the direction 190 compresses the spring 182 an additional amount. Once the cam arm is released, the spring returns the arm and the brake pad to the locked position.

    [0025] As further illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5, a second bevel lock assembly, also called a bevel actuation lever assembly, includes the bevel lock handle or activation handle 150 which locks or unlocks the first bevel lock assembly 160. The activation handle 150 is coupled to a wire, cable, rope or string 194 which is coupled to the cam arm 192 as seen in FIG. 2. In different embodiments, the cable 194 is a solid material, a threaded material or a braided material formed of a metal or other material, such as a polymer. The bevel actuation assembly includes a rod 196, which is fixed to the support arm 140. The rod 196 acts as a pivot shaft for the activation handle 150, both of which are supported by a mounting bracket 198 through which the rod 196 is inserted. In one embodiment, the bracket 198 is formed of a sheet metal bent in the shape of a "U" and located within the support arm 140. A collar 200 is fixedly located on the rod 196 and includes an extended lug 201 which captures one end of the cable 194. Movement of the handle 150 and the rod 196 (which form a pivot arm 199), thereby pulls the cable 194 toward the terminating end of the support arm 140 or moves the terminating end of cable 194 of FIG. 4 away from the terminating end of the support arm 140.

    [0026] FIG. 6 illustrates a bottom plan view of the cam arm 192 which is also seen in FIGS. 2 and 3. The cam arm 192 is pivotally connected to the turntable 102 at a pivot connection 202. A second end of the cable 194 is fixed to a first end 204 of the cam arm 192 which thereby responds to movement of the activation handle 150. The cam arm 192 includes a second end 206 which includes a contact portion 208 configured to contact the extending lug 171 of the clamp arm 162. When the cable 194 is placed under tension by the activation handle 150, the contact portion 208 engages the extending lug 171 which is forced in direction 190 and which compresses the spring 182. Compression of the spring 182 unlocks the locking mechanism and the bevel post 120 is free to move.

    [0027] As previously described in FIG. 2, the extending lug 171, in one embodiment, may be formed along the line of an arc. Since the clamp arm 162 is fixed to the bevel post 120 at the pivot pin 166, the arc shaped portion of the extending portion 171 moves along a path which is accessible for contact by the cam arm 192. In other embodiments, the extending portion 171 is rectangular, but includes a sufficient contact area such that cam arm 192 contacts the extending portion 171 in all positions of the bevel post 120.

    [0028] FIG. 7 is a schematic elevational side view of a portion of the miter saw including a bevel lock system in a rest, closed, or locked position. In FIGS. 7 and 8, the activation handle 150 is positioned to be substantially parallel with the support surface of the table. In this position, the cable is in a released position having a tension insufficient to move the cam arm 192 into contact with the clamp arm 162. In this position, the outer brake pad 176 contacts the rotor 178 to lock the bevel post 120 in position.

    [0029] As further illustrated in FIGS. 9 and 10, the activation handle 150 is depressed or moved by a user to a position where the activation handle 150 is inclined with respect to the support surface of the table. In this position, the user disengages the bevel lock by applying a tension to the cable 194 which causes the cam arm 192 to move into contact with the clamp arm 162 such that the brake pad 176 moves away from the rotor 180 to thereby unlock the bevel post for free rotation. In one embodiment, the bevel lock assembly includes a ratchet assembly such that the handle 150 includes a continuous or fine adjustment such that a sufficient amount of tension is applied by the cable 194 to vary the force applied by the brake pad 176 to the rotor 180.

    [0030] With the described embodiments, the bevel lock system is locked when in the rest position, i.e. no tension is applied by the handle 150 to the cable 194. By rotating the activation handle 150, the user momentarily disengages the bevel lock thereby permitting movement of the bevel post 120. Once the activation handle is released, i.e. returned to the illustrated horizontal position of FIG. 7, the locking system is automatically returned to the locked position due to the compression spring in the bevel lock assembly. In other embodiments, other positions of the activation handle 150 for locking and unlocking the bevel lock system are possible.

    [0031] It will be appreciated that variants of the above-disclosed and other features and functions, or alternatives thereof, may be desirably combined into many other different systems falling within the scope of the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A bevel locking mechanism for a power tool (100) having a bevel post (120) that is pivotable about a first pivot axis between a first angular position and a second angular position, the bevel locking mechanism comprising:

    a locking assembly (160) movably attachable to the power tool (100) at a first location so as to move with respect to the bevel post (120) between a locked and an unlocked position, the locking assembly (160) configured to:

    retain the bevel post (120) at any one of a plurality of angular positions with respect to the first pivot axis between and including the first and second angular positions when in the locked position;

    enable the bevel post (120) to pivot with respect to the first pivot axis when in the unlocked position; and
    an actuator assembly that includes:
    an activation member (150) movably attachable to the power tool (100) at a second location for movement between a first and second position; and

    a connecting member that extends between the first location and the second location, and connects the activation member (150) and the locking assembly (160) such that movement of the activation member (150) to the first position causes the locking assembly (160) to move to the locked position, and movement of the activation member (150) to the second position causes the locking assembly (160) to move to the unlocked position, the locking assembly (160) further including:

    a clamping arm movably attachable to the power tool (100) for movement between the locked and unlocked positions;

    a first brake member (176) configured to apply a braking force to the bevel post (120) when the clamping arm is in the locked position, and release the braking force from the bevel post (120) when the clamping arm is in the unlocked position, the locking assembly further including:

    a biasing member configured to apply a biasing force to the clamping arm that biases the clamping arm towards the locked position and causes the first brake member (176) to apply the braking force,

    the actuation assembly further including a cam arm (192) movably attached to the power tool (100) proximate to the first location and operatively connected to the actuation member via the connecting member such that, when the activation member (150) is moved to the second position, the cam arm (192) moves the clamping arm to the unlocked position, wherein the cam arm (192) is configured to apply a release force to the clamping arm in opposition to the biasing force, the release force being greater than the biasing force, characterized in that the connecting member includes a cable (194):

    the activation member (150) is operatively connected to the cable (194) such that movement of the activation member (150) to the second position causes the activation member (150) to pull the cable (194); and

    the cable (194) is operatively connected to the cam arm (192) and configured to move the cam arm (192) to apply the release force in response to being pulled by the activation member (150), wherein the cam arm (192) is pivotally connected to the turntable (102) at a pivot connection (202), a second end of the cable (194) is fixed to a first end (204) of the cam arm (192) which thereby responds to movement of the activation member (150), wherein the cam arm (192) includes a second end (206) which includes a contact portion (208) configured to contact an extending lug (171) of a clamp arm (162), wherein when the cable (194) is placed under tension by the activation member (150), the contact portion (208) is configured to engage the extending lug (171) which is forced in direction (190) which compresses a spring (182) to unlock the locking mechanism and free the bevel post (120);

    and wherein the locking assembly (160) further comprises:

    a rotor (178) attachable to the power tool (100) and interposed between the first brake member (176) and the bevel post (120); and

    a second brake member (180) secured to the bevel post (120) on an opposite side of the rotor (178) from the first brake member (176);

    wherein when the first brake member (176) applies the braking force, the first brake member (176) presses the rotor (178) against the second brake member (180).


     
    2. The bevel locking mechanism of claim 1, the activation member (150) having:
    a handle (150) that enables a user to manually move the activation member (150) between the first and second positions.
     
    3. The bevel locking mechanism of claim 1, wherein the clamping arm is pivotably attached to the bevel post (120).
     
    4. The bevel locking mechanism of claim 1, wherein the second location is locatable on a side of the power tool (100) opposite the clamping arm.
     
    5. A power tool (100), comprising:

    a support surface configured to support a workpiece;

    a bevel post (120) connected to the support surface such that the bevel post (120) is pivotable about a first pivot axis;

    a work tool connected to the bevel post (120); and

    a locking mechanism that includes:
    a locking assembly (160) movably attached to the power tool (100) at a first location so as to move with respect to the bevel post (120) between a locked and an unlocked position, the locking assembly (160) configured to:

    retain the bevel post (120) at any one of a plurality of angular positions with respect to the first pivot axis between and including the first and second angular positions when in the locked position;

    enable the bevel post (120) to pivot with respect to the first pivot axis when in the unlocked position; and
    an actuator assembly that includes:
    an activation member (150) movably attached to the power tool (100) at a second location for movement between a first and second position; and

    a connecting member that extends between the first location and the second location, and connects the activation member (150) and the locking assembly (160) such that movement of the activation member (150) to the first position causes the locking assembly (160) to move to the locked position, and movement of the activation member (150) to the second position causes the locking assembly (160) to move to the unlocked position, the locking assembly (160) further including:

    a clamping arm movably attached to the power tool (100) for movement between the locked and unlocked positions;

    a first brake member (176) configured to apply a braking force to the bevel post (120) when the clamping arm is in the locked position, and release the braking force from the bevel post (120) when the clamping arm is in the unlocked position, the locking assembly (160) further including:

    a biasing member configured to apply a biasing force to the clamping arm that biases the clamping arm towards the locked position and causes the first brake member (176) to apply the braking force,
    wherein the actuation assembly further includes a cam arm (192) movably attached to the power tool (100) proximate to the first location and operatively connected to the actuation member via the connecting member such that, when the activation member (150) is moved to the second position, the cam arm (192) moves the clamping arm to the unlocked position;

    the cam arm (192) being configured to apply a release force to the clamping arm in opposition to the biasing force, the release force being greater than the biasing force, characterized in that
    the connecting member includes a cable,

    the activation member (150) is operatively connected to the cable (194) such that movement of the activation member (150) to the second position causes the activation member (150) to pull the cable (194); and

    the cable (194) is operatively connected to the cam arm (192) and configured to move the cam arm (192) to apply the release force in response to being pulled by the activation member (150), wherein the cam arm (192) is pivotally connected to the turntable (102) at a pivot connection (202), a second end of the cable (194) is fixed to a first end (204) of the cam arm (192) which thereby responds to movement of the activation member (150), wherein the cam arm (192) includes a second end (206) which includes a contact portion (208) configured to contact an extending lug (171) of a clamp arm (162), wherein when the cable (194) is placed under tension by the activation member (150), the contact portion (208) is configured to engage the extending lug (171) which is forced in direction (190) which compresses a spring (182) to unlock the locking mechanism and free the bevel post (120);

    and wherein the locking assembly (160) further comprises:

    a rotor (178) attached to the power tool (100) and interposed between the brake member and the bevel post (120); and

    a second brake member (180) secured to the bevel post (120) on an opposite side of the rotor (178) from the first brake member (176);

    wherein when the first brake member (176) applies the braking force, the first brake member (176) presses the rotor (178) against the second brake member (180).


     
    6. The power tool of claim 5, wherein the power tool (100) is a miter saw.
     
    7. The power tool of claim 5, the activation member (150) having:
    a handle that enables a user to manually move the activation member (150) between the first and second positions.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Gehrungswinkelarretierungsmechanismus für ein Elektrowerkzeug (100) mit einem Gehrungswinkelständer (120), der um eine erste Drehachse zwischen einer ersten Winkelposition und einer zweiten Winkelposition schwenkbar ist, wobei der Gehrungswinkelarretierungsmechanismus Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Arretierungsanordnung (160), bewegbar an dem Elektrowerkzeug (100) an einer ersten Position befestigbar, um sich bezüglich des Gehrungswinkelständers (120) zwischen einer arretierten und einer nicht arretierten Position zu bewegen, wobei die Arretierungsanordnung (160) ausgelegt ist zum:

    Halten des Gehrungswinkelständers (120) an einer beliebigen von mehreren Winkelpositionen bezüglich der ersten Drehachse zwischen und einschließlich der ersten und der zweiten Winkelposition, wenn in der arretierten Position;

    Ermöglichen, dass der Gehrungswinkelständer (120) bezüglich der ersten Drehachse geschwenkt werden kann, wenn in der nicht arretierten Position; und

    eine Aktuatoranordnung, die Folgendes umfasst:

    ein Aktivierungselement (150), bewegbar am Elektrowerkzeug (100) an einer zweiten Position für Bewegung zwischen einer ersten und einer zweiten Position befestigbar; und

    ein Verbindungselement, das sich zwischen der ersten Position und der zweiten Position erstreckt und das Aktivierungselement (150) und die Arretierungsanordnung (160) so verbindet, dass Bewegung des Aktivierungselements (150) in die erste Position die Arretierungsanordnung (160) veranlasst, sich in die arretierte Position zu bewegen, und dass Bewegung des Aktivierungselements (150) in die zweite Position die Arretierungsanordnung (160) veranlasst, sich in die nicht arretierte Position zu bewegen, wobei die Arretierungsanordnung (160) ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    einen Klemmarm, bewegbar an dem Elektrowerkzeug (100) befestigbar zur Bewegung zwischen der arretierten und der nicht arretierten Position;

    ein erstes Bremselement (176), ausgelegt zum Anwenden einer Bremskraft auf den Gehrungswinkelständer (120), wenn der Klemmarm in der arretierten Position ist, und Lösen der Bremskraft vom Gehrungswinkelständer (120), wenn der Klemmarm in der nicht arretierten Position ist, wobei die Arretierungsanordnung ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    ein Vorspannelement, ausgelegt zum Anwenden einer Vorspannkraft auf den Klemmarm, das den Klemmarm in Richtung der arretierten Position vorspannt und das erste Bremselement (176) veranlasst, die erste Bremskraft anzuwenden,

    die Betätigungsanordnung, ferner umfassend einen Nockenarm (192), bewegbar an dem Elektrowerkzeug (100) nahe der ersten Position befestigt und über ein Verbindungselement mit dem Betätigungselement wirkverbunden, sodass, wenn das Aktivierungselement (150) in die zweite Position bewegt wird, der Nockenarm (192) den Klemmarm in die nicht arretierte Position bewegt, wobei der Nockenarm (192) ausgelegt ist zum Anwenden einer Lösekraft auf den Klemmarm entgegen der Vorspannkraft, wobei die Lösekraft größer als die Vorspannkraft ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Verbindungselement ein Kabel (194) umfasst:

    wobei das Aktivierungselement (150) mit dem Kabel (194) wirkverbunden ist, sodass Bewegung des Aktivierungselements (150) in die zweite Position das Aktivierungselement (150) veranlasst, das Kabel (194) zu ziehen; und

    wobei das Kabel (194) mit dem Nockenarm (192) wirkverbunden und ausgelegt ist zum Bewegen des Nockenarms (192) zum Anwenden der Lösekraft in Reaktion darauf, von dem Aktivierungselement (150) gezogen zu werden, wobei der Nockenarm (192) schwenkbar an einer Drehverbindung (202) mit der Drehplatte (102) verbunden ist, wobei ein zweites Ende des Kabels (194) an einem ersten Ende (204) des Nockenarms (192) befestigt ist, der dadurch auf Bewegung des Aktivierungselements (150) reagiert, wobei der Nockenarm (192) ein zweites Ende (206) umfasst, das einen Kontaktteil (208) umfasst, der dazu ausgelegt ist, mit einem verlängerten Ansatz (171) eines Klemmarms (162) in Kontakt zu kommen, wobei, wenn das Kabel (194) durch das Aktivierungselement (150) unter Spannung gesetzt wird, der Kontaktteil (208) dazu ausgelegt ist, mit dem verlängerten Ansatz (171) in Eingriff zu kommen, der in eine Richtung (190) gezwungen wird, die eine Feder (182) zusammendrückt, um den Arretierungsmechanismus zu lösen und den Gehrungswinkelständer (120) freizugeben; und

    wobei die Arretierungsanordnung (160) ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    einen Rotor (178), an dem Elektrowerkzeug (100) befestigbar und zwischen dem ersten Bremselement (176) und dem Gehrungswinkelständer (120) positioniert; und

    ein zweites Bremselement (180), gesichert am Gehrungswinkelständer (120) an einer dem ersten Bremselement (176) gegenüberliegenden Seite des Rotors (178);

    wobei, wenn das erste Bremselement (176) die Bremskraft anwendet, das erste Bremselement (176) den Rotor (178) gegen das zweite Bremselement (180) drückt.


     
    2. Gehrungswinkelarretierungsmechanismus nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Aktivierungselement (150) Folgendes aufweist:
    einen Griff (150), der einem Benutzer ermöglicht, das Aktivierungselement (150) manuell zwischen der ersten und der zweiten Position zu bewegen.
     
    3. Gehrungswinkelarretierungsmechanismus nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Klemmarm schwenkbar am Gehrungswinkelständer (120) befestigt ist.
     
    4. Gehrungswinkelarretierungsmechanismus nach Anspruch 1, wobei die zweite Position auf einer dem Klemmarm gegenüberliegenden Seite des Elektrowerkzeugs (100) lokalisiert ist.
     
    5. Elektrowerkzeug (100), das Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Stützoberfläche, ausgelegt zum Stützen eines Werkstücks;

    einen Gehrungswinkelständer (120), verbunden mit der Stützoberfläche, sodass der Gehrungswinkelständer (120) um eine erste Drehachse schwenkbar ist;

    ein Arbeitswerkzeug, verbunden mit dem Gehrungswinkelständer (120); und

    einen Arretierungsmechanismus, der Folgendes umfasst:
    eine Arretierungsanordnung (160), bewegbar an dem Elektrowerkzeug (100) an einer ersten Position befestigt, um sich bezüglich des Gehrungswinkelständers (120) zwischen einer arretierten und einer nicht arretierten Position zu bewegen, wobei die Arretierungsanordnung (160) ausgelegt ist zum:

    Halten des Gehrungswinkelständers (120) an einer beliebigen von mehreren Winkelpositionen bezüglich der ersten Drehachse zwischen und einschließlich der ersten und der zweiten Winkelposition, wenn in der arretierten Position;

    Ermöglichen, dass der Gehrungswinkelständer (120) bezüglich der ersten Drehachse geschwenkt werden kann, wenn in der nicht arretierten Position; und eine Aktuatoranordnung, die Folgendes umfasst:

    ein Aktivierungselement (150), bewegbar am Elektrowerkzeug (100) an einer zweiten Position für Bewegung zwischen einer ersten und einer zweiten Position befestigt; und

    ein Verbindungselement, das sich zwischen der ersten Position und der zweiten Position erstreckt und das Aktivierungselement (150) und die Arretierungsanordnung (160) so verbindet, dass Bewegung des Aktivierungselements (150) in die erste Position die Arretierungsanordnung (160) veranlasst, sich in die arretierte Position zu bewegen, und dass Bewegung des Aktivierungselements (150) in die zweite Position die Arretierungsanordnung (160) veranlasst, sich in die nicht arretierte Position zu bewegen, wobei die Arretierungsanordnung (160) ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    einen Klemmarm, bewegbar an dem Elektrowerkzeug (100) befestigt zur Bewegung zwischen der arretierten und der nicht arretierten Position;

    ein erstes Bremselement (176), ausgelegt zum Anwenden einer Bremskraft auf den Gehrungswinkelständer (120), wenn der Klemmarm in der arretierten Position ist, und Lösen der Bremskraft vom Gehrungswinkelständer (120), wenn der Klemmarm in der nicht arretierten Position ist, wobei die Arretierungsanordnung (160) ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    ein Vorspannelement, ausgelegt zum Anwenden einer Vorspannkraft auf den Klemmarm, das den Klemmarm in Richtung der arretierten Position vorspannt und das erste Bremselement (176) veranlasst, die erste Bremskraft anzuwenden,

    wobei die Betätigungsanordnung ferner einen Nockenarm (192) umfasst, der bewegbar am Elektrowerkzeug (100) in Nähe der ersten Position befestigt ist und über das Verbindungselement mit dem Betätigungselement wirkverbunden ist, sodass, wenn das Aktivierungselement (150) in die zweite Position bewegt wird, der Nockenarm (192) den Klemmarm in die nicht arretierte Position bewegt;

    wobei der Nockenarm (192) ausgelegt ist zum Anwenden einer Lösekraft auf den Klemmarm entgegen der Vorspannkraft, wobei die Lösekraft größer als die Vorspannkraft ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Verbindungselement ein Kabel umfasst,

    wobei das Aktivierungselement (150) mit dem Kabel (194) wirkverbunden ist, sodass Bewegung des Aktivierungselements (150) in die zweite Position das Aktivierungselement (150) veranlasst, das Kabel (194) zu ziehen; und

    wobei das Kabel (194) mit dem Nockenarm (192) wirkverbunden und ausgelegt ist zum Bewegen des Nockenarms (192) zum Anwenden der Lösekraft in Reaktion darauf, von dem Aktivierungselement (150) gezogen zu werden, wobei der Nockenarm (192) schwenkbar an einer Drehverbindung (202) mit der Drehplatte (102) verbunden ist, wobei ein zweites Ende des Kabels (194) an einem ersten Ende (204) des Nockenarms (192) befestigt ist, der dadurch auf Bewegung des Aktivierungselements (150) reagiert, wobei der Nockenarm (192) ein zweites Ende (206) umfasst, das einen Kontaktteil (208) umfasst, der dazu ausgelegt ist, mit einem verlängerten Ansatz (171) eines Klemmarms (162) in Kontakt zu kommen, wobei, wenn das Kabel (194) durch das Aktivierungselement (150) unter Spannung gesetzt wird, der Kontaktteil (208) dazu ausgelegt ist, mit dem verlängerten Ansatz (171) in Eingriff zu kommen, der in eine Richtung (190) gezwungen wird, die eine Feder (182) zusammendrückt, um den Arretierungsmechanismus zu lösen und den Gehrungswinkelständer (120) freizugeben; und

    wobei die Arretierungsanordnung (160) ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    einen Rotor (178), an dem Elektrowerkzeug (100) befestigt und zwischen dem Bremselement und dem Gehrungswinkelständer (120) positioniert; und

    ein zweites Bremselement (180), gesichert am Gehrungswinkelständer (120) an einer dem ersten Bremselement (176) gegenüberliegenden Seite des Rotors (178);

    wobei, wenn das erste Bremselement (176) die Bremskraft anwendet, das erste Bremselement (176) den Rotor (178) gegen das zweite Bremselement (180) drückt.


     
    6. Elektrowerkzeug nach Anspruch 5, wobei das Elektrowerkzeug (100) eine Gehrungssäge ist.
     
    7. Elektrowerkzeug nach Anspruch 5, wobei das Aktivierungselement (150) Folgendes aufweist:
    einen Griff, der einem Benutzer ermöglicht, das Aktivierungselement (150) manuell zwischen der ersten und der zweiten Position zu bewegen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Mécanisme de blocage de biseau pour un outil électrique (100) ayant un support de biseau (120) qui peut pivoter autour d'un premier axe de pivotement entre une première position angulaire et une deuxième position angulaire, le mécanisme de blocage de biseau comprenant :

    un ensemble de blocage (160) pouvant être fixé de manière mobile à l'outil électrique (100) à un premier emplacement de manière à se déplacer par rapport au support de biseau (120) entre une position bloquée et une position débloquée, l'ensemble de blocage (160) étant configuré pour :

    retenir le support de biseau (120) à une position quelconque parmi une pluralité de positions angulaires par rapport au premier axe de pivotement entre les première et deuxième positions angulaires et incluant celles-ci lorsqu'il est dans la position bloquée ;

    permettre au support de biseau (120) de pivoter par rapport au premier axe de pivotement lorsqu'il est dans la position débloquée ; et

    un ensemble actionneur qui comporte :
    un organe d'activation (150) pouvant être fixé de manière mobile à l'outil électrique (100) à un deuxième emplacement pour un déplacement entre une première et une deuxième position ; et

    un organe de liaison qui s'étend entre le premier emplacement et le deuxième emplacement, et relie l'organe d'activation (150) et l'ensemble de blocage (160) de telle sorte que le déplacement de l'organe d'activation (150) jusqu'à la première position amène l'ensemble de blocage (160) à se déplacer jusqu'à la position bloquée, et que le déplacement de l'organe d'activation (150) jusqu'à la deuxième position amène l'ensemble de blocage (160) à se déplacer jusqu'à la position débloquée, l'ensemble de blocage (160) comportant en outre :

    un bras de serrage pouvant être fixé de manière mobile à l'outil électrique (100) pour un déplacement entre les positions bloquée et débloquée ;

    un premier organe de frein (176) configuré pour appliquer une force de freinage au support de biseau (120) lorsque le bras de serrage est dans la position bloquée, et relâcher la force de freinage du support de biseau (120) lorsque le bras de serrage est dans la position débloquée, l'ensemble de blocage comportant en outre :

    un organe de sollicitation configuré pour appliquer une force de sollicitation au bras de serrage qui sollicite le bras de serrage vers la position bloquée et amène le premier organe de frein (176) à appliquer la force de freinage,

    l'ensemble d'actionnement comportant en outre un bras de came (192) fixé de manière mobile à l'outil électrique (100) près du premier emplacement et relié fonctionnellement à l'organe d'actionnement par le biais de l'organe de liaison de telle sorte que, lorsque l'organe d'activation (150) est déplacé jusqu'à la deuxième position, le bras de came (192) déplace le bras de serrage jusqu'à la position débloquée, dans lequel le bras de came (192) est configuré pour appliquer une force de relâchement au bras de serrage en opposition à la force de sollicitation, la force de relâchement étant supérieure à la force de sollicitation, caractérisé en ce que

    l'organe de liaison comporte un câble (194) ;

    l'organe d'activation (150) est relié fonctionnellement au câble (194) de telle sorte que le déplacement de l'organe d'activation (150) jusqu'à la deuxième position amène l'organe d'activation (150) à tirer le câble (194) ; et

    le câble (194) est relié fonctionnellement au bras de came (192) et configuré pour déplacer le bras de came (192) pour appliquer la force de relâchement en réponse à une traction par l'organe d'activation (150), le bras de came (192) étant relié de manière pivotante à la table tournante (102) au niveau d'une liaison pivot (202), une deuxième extrémité du câble (194) étant fixée à une première extrémité (204) du bras de came (192) qui réagit ainsi au déplacement de l'organe d'activation (150), le bras de came (192) comportant une deuxième extrémité (206) qui comporte une portion de contact (208) configurée pour venir en contact avec une patte de prolongement (171) d'un bras de serrage (162), et lorsque le câble (194) est mis sous tension par l'organe d'activation (150), la portion de contact (208) étant configurée pour venir en prise avec la patte de prolongement (171) qui est forcée dans le sens (190) qui comprime un ressort (182) pour débloquer le mécanisme de blocage et libérer le support de biseau (120) ;

    et l'ensemble de blocage (160) comportant en outre :

    un rotor (178) pouvant être fixé à l'outil électrique (100) et intercalé entre le premier organe de frein (176) et le support de biseau (120) ; et

    un deuxième organe de frein (180) fixé au support de biseau (120) sur un côté du rotor (178) opposé au premier organe de frein (176) ;

    lorsque le premier organe de frein (176) applique la force de freinage, le premier organe de frein (176) pressant le rotor (178) contre le deuxième organe de frein (180).


     
    2. Mécanisme de blocage de biseau selon la revendication 1, l'organe d'activation (150) ayant :
    une poignée (150) qui permet à un utilisateur de déplacer manuellement l'organe d'activation (150) entre les première et deuxième positions.
     
    3. Mécanisme de blocage de biseau selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le bras de serrage est fixé de manière pivotante au support de biseau (120).
     
    4. Mécanisme de blocage de biseau selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le deuxième emplacement peut être situé sur un côté de l'outil électrique (100) opposé au bras de serrage.
     
    5. Outil électrique (100), comprenant :

    une surface de support configurée pour supporter une pièce à travailler ;

    un support de biseau (120) relié à la surface de support de telle sorte que le support de biseau (120) puisse pivoter autour d'un premier axe de pivotement ;

    un outil de travail relié au support de biseau (120) ; et

    un mécanisme de blocage qui comporte :

    un ensemble de blocage (160) fixé de manière mobile à l'outil électrique (100) à un premier emplacement de manière à se déplacer par rapport au support de biseau (120) entre une position bloquée et une position débloquée, l'ensemble de blocage (160) étant configuré pour :

    retenir le support de biseau (120) à une position quelconque parmi une pluralité de positions angulaires par rapport au premier axe de pivotement entre les première et deuxième positions angulaires et incluant celles-ci lorsqu'il est dans la position bloquée ;

    permettre au support de biseau (120) de pivoter par rapport au premier axe de pivotement lorsqu'il est dans la position débloquée ; et

    un ensemble actionneur qui comporte :
    un organe d'activation (150) fixé de manière mobile à l'outil électrique (100) à un deuxième emplacement pour un déplacement entre une première et une deuxième position ; et

    un organe de liaison qui s'étend entre le premier emplacement et le deuxième emplacement, et relie l'organe d'activation (150) et l'ensemble de blocage (160) de telle sorte que le déplacement de l'organe d'activation (150) jusqu'à la première position amène l'ensemble de blocage (160) à se déplacer jusqu'à la position bloquée, et que le déplacement de l'organe d'activation (150) jusqu'à la deuxième position amène l'ensemble de blocage (160) à se déplacer jusqu'à la position débloquée, l'ensemble de blocage (160) comportant en outre :

    un bras de serrage fixé de manière mobile à l'outil électrique (100) pour un déplacement entre les positions bloquée et débloquée ;

    un premier organe de frein (176) configuré pour appliquer une force de freinage au support de biseau (120) lorsque le bras de serrage est dans la position bloquée, et relâcher la force de freinage du support de biseau (120) lorsque le bras de serrage est dans la position débloquée, l'ensemble de blocage (160) comportant en outre :

    un organe de sollicitation configuré pour appliquer une force de sollicitation au bras de serrage qui sollicite le bras de serrage vers la position bloquée et amène le premier organe de frein (176) à appliquer la force de freinage,

    l'ensemble d'actionnement comportant en outre un bras de came (192) fixé de manière mobile à l'outil électrique (100) près du premier emplacement et relié fonctionnellement à l'organe d'actionnement par le biais de l'organe de liaison de telle sorte que, lorsque l'organe d'activation (150) est déplacé jusqu'à la deuxième position, le bras de came (192) déplace le bras de serrage jusqu'à la position débloquée ;

    le bras de came (192) étant configuré pour appliquer une force de relâchement au bras de serrage en opposition à la force de sollicitation, la force de relâchement étant supérieure à la force de sollicitation, caractérisé en ce que

    l'organe de liaison comporte un câble,

    l'organe d'activation (150) est relié fonctionnellement au câble (194) de telle sorte que le déplacement de l'organe d'activation (150) jusqu'à la deuxième position amène l'organe d'activation (150) à tirer le câble (194) ; et

    le câble (194) est relié fonctionnellement au bras de came (192) et configuré pour déplacer le bras de came (192) pour appliquer la force de relâchement en réponse à une traction par l'organe d'activation (150), le bras de came (192) étant relié de manière pivotante à la table tournante (102) au niveau d'une liaison pivot (202), une deuxième extrémité du câble (194) étant fixée à une première extrémité (204) du bras de came (192) qui réagit ainsi au déplacement de l'organe d'activation (150), le bras de came (192) comportant une deuxième extrémité (206) qui comporte une portion de contact (208) configurée pour venir en contact avec une patte de prolongement (171) d'un bras de serrage (162), et lorsque le câble (194) est mis sous tension par l'organe d'activation (150), la portion de contact (208) étant configurée pour venir en prise avec la patte de prolongement (171) qui est forcée dans le sens (190) qui comprime un ressort (182) pour débloquer le mécanisme de blocage et libérer le support de biseau (120) ;

    et l'ensemble de blocage (160) comportant en outre :

    un rotor (178) fixé à l'outil électrique (100) et intercalé entre l'organe de frein et le support de biseau (120) ; et

    un deuxième organe de frein (180) fixé au support de biseau (120) sur un côté du rotor (178) opposé au premier organe de frein (176) ;

    lorsque le premier organe de frein (176) applique la force de freinage, le premier organe de frein (176) pressant le rotor (178) contre le deuxième organe de frein (180).


     
    6. Outil électrique selon la revendication 5, l'outil électrique (100) étant une scie à onglet.
     
    7. Outil électrique selon la revendication 5, l'organe d'activation (150) ayant :
    une poignée qui permet à un utilisateur de déplacer manuellement l'organe d'activation (150) entre les première et deuxième positions.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description