(19)
(11)EP 3 089 440 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/49

(21)Application number: 15862127.6

(22)Date of filing:  30.10.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H04N 5/20  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2015/093401
(87)International publication number:
WO 2016/112729 (21.07.2016 Gazette  2016/29)

(54)

IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD, APPARATUS AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

BILDVERARBEITUNGSVERFAHREN, VORRICHTUNG UND ELEKTRONISCHE VORRICHTUNG

PROCÉDÉ, APPAREIL ET DISPOSITIF ÉLECTRONIQUE DE TRAITEMENT D'IMAGES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 13.01.2015 CN 201510017636

(43)Date of publication of application:
02.11.2016 Bulletin 2016/44

(73)Proprietor: Xiaomi Inc.
Beijing 100085 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • LIU, Anyu
    Beijing 100085 (CN)
  • LI, Guosheng
    Beijing 100085 (CN)
  • DU, Hui
    Beijing 100085 (CN)

(74)Representative: Delumeau, François Guy et al
Cabinet Beau de Loménie 158, rue de l'Université
75340 Paris Cedex 07
75340 Paris Cedex 07 (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 0 620 675
CN-A- 101 567 965
CN-A- 103 854 586
US-A1- 2006 197 993
CN-A- 101 051 449
CN-A- 102 087 841
CN-A- 104 618 701
US-A1- 2009 040 246
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to the field of image processing technology, and more particularly to an image processing method, an image processing device and an electronic device.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] With the development of image processing technology, a user may watch static images or videos such as others' photography works, or have a video chat with a family member, on screens of various electronic devices like a TV, a computer and a cell phone.

    [0003] When an electronic device displays a static image or a frame image in a video, the static image or the frame image actually consists of a number of pixels. Then, by controlling a display color of each of the pixels, a complete image may be displayed on the screen of the electronic device.

    [0004] Specifically, each pixel may be divided to a plurality of sub pixels, for example, for the electronic device using a RGB sub-pixel mode, each pixel of which contains a sub pixel of a red channel (Red, "R" in "RGB"), a sub pixel of a green channel (Green, "G" in "RGB") and a sub pixel of a blue channel (Blue, "B" in "RGB"). Then, by controlling a color gradation value of each sub pixel, multiple combinations may be obtained from the three sub pixels, thus obtaining multiple pixel colors.

    [0005] US2009/0040246A and US2006/0197993 disclose gradation interpolation by bit extension for improving image quality.

    SUMMARY



    [0006] In order to solve problems in the related art, the present disclosure provides an image processing method according to claim 1 and an image processing device according to claim 4.

    [0007] According to embodiments of a first aspect of the present disclosure, an image processing method is provided, and the method comprises:

    choosing content-associated sub pixels in an image to be processed;

    obtaining an initial color gradation value of each of the content-associated sub pixels in the image to be processed;

    adding at least one digit at an end of the initial color gradation value, and assigning a preset value to each added digit, so as to obtain a processed color gradation value; and

    replacing the initial color gradation value with the processed color gradation value.



    [0008] Alternatively, choosing content-associated sub pixels in the image to be processed comprises:

    choosing adjacent sub pixels in the image to be processed; and

    determining that the adjacent sub pixels are content-associated sub pixels, if there is a difference between the initial color gradation values of the adjacent sub pixels, and the difference is less than or equal to a preset value.



    [0009] Alternatively, choosing content-associated sub pixels in the image to be processed comprises:

    choosing adjacent pixels in the image to be processed; and

    determining that the sub pixels in a same color channel of the adjacent pixels are content-associated sub pixels, if there is a difference between the initial color gradation values of sub pixels in the same color channel of the adjacent pixels, and the difference is less than or equal to a preset value.



    [0010] Alternatively, the preset value has an inverse correlation with a pixel density of a display for the image to be processed.

    [0011] Alternatively, assigning a preset value to each added digit so as to obtain the processed color gradation value comprises:
    assigning a random number to each added digit, so as to obtain the processed color gradation value.

    [0012] Alternatively, assigning a preset value to each added digit so as to obtain the processed color gradation value comprises:

    determining associated sub pixels in a preset association area of each content-associated sub pixel;

    adding at least one digit at the end of the initial color gradation value of each associated sub pixel, and assigning 0 to each added digit, so as to obtain an initially processed color gradation value, in which each associated sub pixel is added with a same number of digits; and

    determining the processed color gradation value of the content-associated sub pixel according to a value range corresponding to the initially processed color gradation values of the associated sub pixel, in which the processed color gradation value is in the value range.



    [0013] Alternatively, the associated sub pixels comprise all sub pixels in the preset association area; or
    the associated sub pixels comprise sub pixels in the preset association area and belonging to a same color channel as the content-associated sub pixel.

    [0014] Alternatively, determining the processed color gradation value of the content-associated sub pixel according to a value range corresponding to the initially processed color gradation values of the associated sub pixels comprises:
    computing an average value of the initially processed color gradation values corresponding to the associated sub pixels, in which the average value is the processed color gradation value of the content-associated sub pixel.

    [0015] According to embodiments of a second aspect of the present disclosure, an image processing device is provided, and the device comprises:

    a choosing unit, configured to choose content-associated sub pixels in an image to be processed;

    an obtaining unit, configured to obtain an initial color gradation value of each of the content-associated sub pixels in the image to be processed;

    an adding unit, configured to add at least one digit at an end of the initial color gradation value, and assign a preset value to each added digit, so as to obtain a processed color gradation value; and

    a replacing unit, configured to replace the initial color gradation value with the processed color gradation value.



    [0016] Alternatively, the choosing unit comprises:

    a first choosing sub-unit, configured to choose adjacent sub pixels in the image to be processed; and

    a first determining sub-unit, configured to determine that the adjacent sub pixels are content-associated sub pixels, if there is a difference between the initial color gradation values of the adjacent sub pixels, and the difference is less than or equal to a preset value.



    [0017] Alternatively, the choosing unit comprises:

    a second choosing sub-unit, configured to choose adjacent pixels in the image to be processed; and

    a second determining sub-unit, configured to determine that the sub pixel in a same color channel of the adjacent sub pixels are content-associated sub pixels, if there is a difference between the initial color gradation values of sub pixel in the same color channel of the adjacent pixels, and the difference is less than or equal to a preset value.



    [0018] Alternatively, the preset value has an inverse correlation with a pixel density of a display for the image to be processed.

    [0019] Alternatively, the adding unit comprises:
    an assigning sub-unit, configured to assign a random number to each added digit, so as to obtain the processed color gradation value.

    [0020] Alternatively, the adding unit comprises:

    a sub pixel determining sub-unit, configured to determine associated sub pixels in a preset association area of each content-associated sub pixel;

    a digit adding sub-unit, configured to add at least one digit at the end of the initial color gradation value of each associated sub pixel, and assign 0 to each added digit, so as to obtain an initially processed color gradation value, in which each associated sub pixel is added with a same number of digits; and

    a color gradation determining sub-unit, configured to determine the processed color gradation value of the content-associated sub pixel according to a value range corresponding to the initially processed color gradation values of the associated sub pixels, in which the processed color gradation value is in the value range.



    [0021] Alternatively, the associated sub pixels comprise all sub pixels in the preset association area; or
    the associated sub pixels comprise sub pixels in the preset association area and belonging to a same color channel.

    [0022] Alternatively, the color gradation determining sub-unit comprises:
    a computing module, configured to compute an average value of the initially processed color gradation values corresponding to the associated sub pixels, in which the average value is the processed color gradation value of the content-associated sub pixel.

    [0023] According to embodiments of a third aspect of the present disclosure, an electronic device is provided, and the electronic device comprises:

    a processor; and

    a memory, configured to store instructions executable by the processor;

    in which, the processor is configured to:

    choose content-associated sub pixels in an image to be processed;

    obtain an initial color gradation value of each of the content-associated sub pixels in the image to be processed;

    add at least one digit at an end of the initial color gradation value, and assign a preset value to each added digit, so as to obtain a processed color gradation value; and

    replace the initial color gradation value with the processed color gradation value.



    [0024] The technical solutions provided in the present disclosure may have the following beneficial effects.

    [0025] In the present disclosure, by adding at least one digit for each content-associated pixel, the digits of the color gradation values for these sub pixels are increased, for example, from 6 bits to 8 bits, such that a variation between the color gradation values of adjacent content-associated sub pixels is smaller, thus relieving an image color stratification caused by drastic variability of the color gradation value, which facilitates improving the display effect of the image.

    [0026] It should be understood that, the above general description and following detail description are exemplary and explanatory, and shall not be construed to limit the present disclosure.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0027] The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments consistent with the invention and, together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the invention.

    Fig. 1 is a flow chart of an image processing method according to an example embodiment.

    Figs. 2- 4 are schematic diagrams for arranging pixels and choosing sub pixels according to example embodiments.

    Fig. 5 is a schematic diagram of an image to be processed and an image after processing based on a technique solution of the present disclosure according to an example embodiment.

    Figs. 6- 11 are block diagrams of image processing devices according to example embodiments.

    Fig. 12 is a schematic diagram of a device for processing images according to an example embodiment.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0028] Reference will now be made in detail to exemplary embodiments, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings. The following description refers to the accompanying drawings in which the same numbers in different drawings represent the same or similar elements unless otherwise represented. The implementations set forth in the following description of exemplary embodiments do not represent all implementations consistent with the invention. Instead, they are merely examples of apparatuses and methods consistent with aspects related to the invention as recited in the appended claims.

    [0029] Fig. 1 is a flow chart of an image processing method according to an example embodiment. As shown in Fig. 1, the method is applied in a terminal and comprises the following steps.

    [0030] In step 102, content-associated sub pixels are chosen in an image to be processed.

    [0031] In the present disclosure, "content-associated sub pixels" are sub pixels having content association in the image to be processed. It may be determined whether the sub pixels are content-associated according to conditions such as a spacing distance between sub pixels or a difference between color gradation values.

    [0032] In an example embodiment, any adjacent sub pixels may be chosen in the image to be processed; and if there is a difference between the initial color gradation values of the adjacent sub pixels, and the difference is less than or equal to a preset value, the adjacent sub pixels are determined as content-associated sub pixels.

    [0033] In another example embodiment, any adjacent pixels may be chosen in the image to be processed; and if there is a difference between the initial color gradation values of sub pixels in a same color channel of the adjacent pixels, and the difference is less than or equal to a preset value, the sub pixels in the same color channel of the adjacent pixels are determined as content-associated sub pixels.

    [0034] The "preset value" used to compare with the difference between initial color gradation values may be a fixed value, and may also be determined according to an actual situation, for example, the preset value has an inverse correlation with a pixel density of a display for the image to be processed.

    [0035] In step 104, the initial color gradation value of each of the content-associated sub pixels in the image to be processed is obtained.

    [0036] In step 106, at least one digit is added at an end of the initial color gradation value, and a preset value is assigned to each added digit, so as to obtain a processed color gradation value.

    [0037] In the present disclosure, via adding digits, i.e. a "supplement" process, the number of color gradations expressible by the chosen sub pixels is increased. In other words, although the color gradation values of the content-associated sub pixels do not change much, the variation between the color gradation values of the adjacent content-associated sub pixels becomes smaller, thus smoothing the color change of the image, and eliminating the color stratification.

    [0038] In an example embodiment, a random number may be assigned to each added digit, so as to obtain the processed color gradation value. In the present embodiment, the image color stratification may be eliminated conveniently with a small computation and a quick processing speed.

    [0039] In another example embodiment, associated sub pixels in a preset association area of each content-associated sub pixel may be determined, in which the associated sub pixels comprise all sub pixels in the preset association area, or comprise sub pixels in the preset association area and belonging to a same color channel as the content-associated sub pixel. At least one digit is added at the end of the initial color gradation value of each associated sub pixel, and 0 is assigned to each added digit, so as to obtain an initially processed color gradation value, in which each associated sub pixel is added with a same number of digits. Then, the processed color gradation value of the content-associated sub pixel is determined according to a value range corresponding to the initially processed color gradation values of the associated sub pixels, in which the processed color gradation value is in the value range. In the present embodiment, the image color stratification may be eliminated accurately and effectively.

    [0040] Specifically, an average value of the initially processed color gradation values corresponding to the associated sub pixels may be computed, in which the average value is the processed color gradation value of the content-associated sub pixel.

    [0041] In step 108, the initial color gradation value is replaced with the processed color gradation value.

    [0042] It can be seen from above embodiments that, in the present disclosure, by adding at least one digit for each content-associated pixel, the digits of the color gradation values for these sub pixels are increased, for example, from 6 bits to 8 bits, such that a variation between the color gradation values of adjacent content-associated sub pixels is smaller, thus relieving an image color stratification caused by drastic variability of the color gradation value, which facilitates improving the display effect of the image..

    [0043] Referring to the schematic diagrams for arranging pixels and choosing sub pixels shown in Figs. 2-5, the technique solution of the present disclosure is further described.

    1. Content-associated sub pixels


    1) Without distinguishing color channels



    [0044] In an example embodiment, when choosing the content-associated sub pixels, all the sub pixels are treated equally, without distinguishing the color channels to which the sub pixels belong.

    [0045] Assuming pixels on a screen of a terminal are arranged in a RGB arrangement manner, as shown in Fig. 2. When determining content-associated sub pixels of a sub pixel in a red channel of pixel 22, any sub pixel adjacent to the sub pixel in the red channel of the pixel 22 may be chosen, without distinguishing the color channel, and then the content-associated sub pixels are chosen from the adjacent sub pixels.

    [0046] As shown in Fig. 2, it may for example, first choose the adjacent sub pixels above and down the sub pixel in the red channel of the pixel 22 and on a left and right side of the sub pixel in the red channel of the pixel 22, comprising: a sub pixel in a green channel of a pixel 21, a sub pixel in a blue channel of the pixel 22, a sub pixel in a red channel of a pixel 12 and a sub pixel in a red channel of a pixel 32. Then, by comparing the color gradation value of the adjacent sub pixel with the color gradation value of the current sub pixel, the content-associated sub pixels may be determined.
    Table 1
    adjacent sub pixelscolor gradation values of the adjacent sub pixelscolor gradation value of current sub pixeldifference
    21-G 5 5 0
    22-B 6 1
    12-R 8 3
    32-R 2 3


    [0047] For example, the initial color gradation values of the five sub pixels are as shown in Table 1. If there is a difference between the initial color gradation value of the sub pixel in the red channel of the pixel 22 and the initial color gradation value of a certain adjacent sub pixel, and the difference is less than or equal to a preset value, the adjacent sub pixel and the sub-pixel in the red channel of the pixel 22 are determined as the content-associated sub pixels. Specifically, the "preset value" may be a fixed value, or may be determined according to a pixel density of the screen of the terminal and has an inverse correlation with the pixel density, for example, when the pixel density is PPI (Pixels Per Inch) ≈400, the preset value may be 1, and when the pixel density is PPI≈200, the preset value may be 4.

    [0048] If the PPI of the screen of the terminal is 442, i.e., the preset value is 1, then the sub pixel in the red channel of the pixel 22 is content-associated with sub pixel (22-B) in the blue channel of the pixel 22, and thus both of them are content-associated sub pixels to each other.

    2) Distinguishing color channels



    [0049] In another example embodiment, when choosing the content-associated sub pixels, the color channels of the sub pixels are distinguished, i.e., sub pixels in each color channel are compared separately.

    [0050] As shown in Fig. 3 (a), the pixels are still arranged in a RGB arrangement manner shown in Fig. 2. When determining content-associated sub pixels of the sub pixel in the red channel of the pixel 22, it needs to choose pixels adjacent to the pixel 22, and compare the sub pixels in the red channel of these adjacent pixels with the sub-pixel in the red channel of the pixel 22.

    [0051] For example, as shown in Fig. 3 (a), it may first choose the adjacent pixels above and down the pixel 22 and on the left and right side of the pixel 22, comprising a pixel 21, a pixel 23, a pixel 12, and a pixel 32, and then choose the sub pixels in the red channel of these adjacent pixels, and compare the sub pixels in the red channel of these adjacent pixels respectively with the sub pixel in the red channel of the pixel 22, such that the content-associated sub pixels may be determined.
    Table 2
    adjacent sub pixelscolor gradation values of the adjacent sub pixelscolor gradation value of current sub pixeldifference
    21-R 6 5 1
    22-R 7 2
    12-R 8 3
    32-R 2 3


    [0052] For example, the initial color gradation values of the five sub pixels are as shown in Table 2. If there is a difference between the initial color gradation value of the sub pixel in the red channel of the pixel 22 and the initial color gradation value of a certain adjacent sub pixel, and the difference is less than or equal to a preset value, the adjacent sub pixel and the sub pixel in the red channel of the pixel 22 are determined as the content-associated sub pixels.

    [0053] If the PPI of the screen of the terminal is 442, i.e., the preset value is 1, then the sub pixel in the red channel of the pixel 22 is content-associated with the sub pixel (21-R) in the red channel of the pixel 21, and thus they are content-associated sub pixels to each other.

    [0054] It should be noted that, the "adjacent sub pixels" in Fig. 2 and the "adjacent pixels" in Fig. 3(a) are both illustrated by taking "above, down, left, right" as examples. However, the "adjacent" status obviously may comprise other situations, which should not be limited in the present disclosure. For example, as shown in Fig. 3(b), the "adjacent" relationship may comprise both "above, down, left, right" and "upper left, upper right, lower left, lower right". Then, according to the example embodiments in which "Distinguishing color channels" is implemented, when choosing the content-associated sub pixels of the sub pixel in the blue channel of the pixel 22, the pixel 11, the pixel 12, the pixel 13, the pixel 21, the pixel 23, the pixel 31, the pixel 32 and the pixel 33 may be chosen as the adjacent pixels of the pixel 22.

    2. Initial color gradation values



    [0055] The color gradation value of each sub pixel in the screen is controlled by a display control chip. Specifically, each color gradation value is expressed as a corresponding binary data in the display control chip. The binary data with different digit lengths may be used by the display control chip to express the color gradation value. For example, when the digit length of the color gradation value is 6 bit, each sub pixel has 26 color gradation values, and then (26) 3=262144 colors may be realized when three sub pixels of the pixel are combined, thus representing 262144 colors by each pixel. When the digit length of the color gradation value is 8 bit, each sub pixel has 28 color gradation values, and then (28) 3=16777216 colors may be realized when three sub pixels of the pixel are combined, thus representing 16777216colors by each pixel.

    [0056] The initial color gradation value refers to the color gradation value of each sub pixel in an image to be processed. According to choosing the content-associated sub pixels, it may need to correct the initial color gradation values of the chosen sub pixels, so as to eliminate the image color stratification, and to realize a better image display effect.

    [0057] Taking the initial color gradation values of sub pixels shown in Fig. 2 as an example, when the image to be processed records the color gradation values using 8 bit, the corresponding binary values are as shown in Table 3.
    Table 3
    adjacent sub pixelscolor gradation values of the adjacent sub pixelsbinary value
    21-G 5 00000101
    22-B 6 00000110
    12-R 8 00001000
    32-R 2 00000010

    3. Supplement process



    [0058] For the content-associated sub pixels, it needs to add at least one digit at an end of the initial color gradation value, and assign a preset value to each added digit, so as to realize the supplement process, thus realizing an accurate process on the image to be displayed.

    [0059] Taking Table 3 as an example, if it needs to perform the supplement process on the sub pixel 22-B, then the 8 bit binary value "00000110"corresponding to the initial color gradation value is used as the first 8 digits of the n-bit binary value, and the following n-8 digits of the n-bit binary value are assigned with values. For example, if n=10, then the obtained color gradation value with 10 bits is "00000110*#", in which, "*" and "#" are the added digits.

    1) Random number supplement



    [0060] In an example embodiment, a random number may be assigned to each added digit, so as to obtain the processed color gradation value.

    [0061] For example, when changing a 8bit color gradation value to a 10bit color gradation color, two added digits "*#" may have four possibilities: 00, 01, 10, and 11, and the effect of the supplement process may be realized by assigning a random number to each added digit.

    2) Supplement Based on initial color gradation values of surrounding sub pixels



    [0062] In another example embodiment, the value assigned to each added digit may be computed according to the initial color gradation values of the associated sub pixels in a preset association area of each content-associated sub pixel, so as to realize a more accurate assignment and a better image display effect. The process is illustrated as follows.
    (1) The associated sub pixels in a preset association area of each content-associated sub pixel are determined.
    The size of the preset association area may be determined according to an actual requirement. For example, if there is no need to distinguish the color channels, the size of the preset association area may be smaller, as shown in Fig. 4(a), and associated sub pixels corresponding to the currently chosen sub pixel 22-R (i.e. the sub pixel in the red channel of the pixel 22) comprise: a sub pixel 11-G, a sub pixel 12-R, a sub pixel 12-B, a sub pixel 21-G, a sub pixel 22-B, a sub pixel 31-G, a sub pixel 32-R, and a sub pixel 32-B.
    If there is a need to distinguish the color channels, the size of the preset association area may be larger, as shown in Fig. 4(b), the associated sub pixels corresponding to the currently chosen sub pixel 22-R comprise: the sub pixel 11-R, the sub pixel 12-R, a sub pixel 13-R, a sub pixel 21-R, a sub pixel 23-R, a sub pixel 31-R, the sub pixel 32-R, and a sub pixel 33-R.
    (2) At least one digit is added at the end of the initial color gradation value of each associated sub pixel, and 0 is assigned to each added digit, so as to obtain an initially processed color gradation value, in which each associated sub pixel is added with a same number of digits.
    Taking the chosen sub pixel 22-R as an example, if the associated sub pixels are the sub pixel 21-G and the sub pixel 22-B as shown in Table 1, the binary value with 8bit is shown in Table 4. Then, by adding two digits to each binary value and assigning 0 to the added two digits, initially processed color gradation values may be obtained as shown in Table 5.
    Table 4
    21-G 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
    22-R 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
    22-B 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
    Table 5
    21-G 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
    22-R 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
    22-B 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0

    (3) The processed color gradation value of the content-associated sub pixel is determined according to a value range corresponding to the initially processed color gradation values of the associated sub pixels, in which the processed color gradation value is in the value range.

    [0063] As shown in Table 5, if the initially processed color gradation values corresponding to the sub pixel 21-G, the sub pixel 22-R and the sub-pixel 22-B are respectively 20, 20 and 24 in decimal format, the value range is 20∼24, and thus the processed color gradation value corresponding to the sub pixel 22-R may be set as any value in the value range of 20∼24.

    [0064] In an example embodiment, an average value of the initially processed color gradation values corresponding to the associated sub pixels may be computed, in which the average value is the processed color gradation value of the content-associated sub pixel. Then, the average value of the initially processed color gradation values corresponding to the sub pixel 21-G and the sub pixel 22-B is (20+24) /2=22, and the processed color gradation values corresponding to respective sub pixels are shown in Table 6. Obviously, except for the average value, other values such as a weighted average value may also be used in computing the processed color gradation value of each content-associated sub pixel, which should not be limited in the present disclosure.
    Table 6
    21-G 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
    22-R 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0
    22-B 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0
    It should be noted that, in the present technique solution, by adding digits to the color gradation value with shorter bits for obtaining the color gradation value with longer bits, the image color may be smooth and the color stratification may be eliminated, because the number of colors expressible by the color gradation value with the increased binary digit number is increased, and thus the variation between color gradation values of adjacent sub pixels is reduced, which is expressed as the smooth transition of color.

    [0065] For example, for the three sub pixels shown in Table 4 and Table 6, if the color gradation values are 5, 5, and 6, change ratios between adjacent sub pixels are 0% and 20% respectively; and if the color gradation values are 20, 22, and 24, change ratios between adjacent sub pixels are 10% and 9% respectively. Obviously, the processed color gradation values change gently, thus avoiding the drastic variability of the color gradation value and avoiding the image color stratification.

    [0066] Meanwhile, if the color gradation value is changed from 8bit to 10bit, the maximum number of variable colors corresponding to each sub pixel is changed from 26 to 28. Then, taking the sub pixel 21-G as an example, relative color gradation values are 5/28 and 20/210 respectively, which does not change actually. Thus, the supplement process does not have a bad effect on the sub pixels which are not processed with the supplement operation.

    [0067] For example, Fig. 5 is a schematic diagram of an image to be processed and an image after processing based on a technique solution of the present disclosure according to an example embodiment. As shown in Fig. 5, "black" is used for both a left diagram and a right diagram for illustration purpose, in which, the left diagram shows an image to be processed using the 8bit color gradation value, and the right diagram shows a processed image with the 10bit color gradation value. It is clear in Fig. 5 that, the left diagram with the 8bit color gradation value has an obvious color stratification when representing the color transition from a dark color to a light color (from top to bottom), forming a lot of horizontal banded stripes; but in the right processed image with the 10bit color gradation value, by performing the supplement process on the content-associated sub pixels, a display optimization is performed on adjacent banded stripes in the left diagram, thus eliminating the image color stratification visually, and obtaining a more nature and harmonious color transition effect.

    [0068] Corresponding to the above-described example embodiments of the image processing method, example embodiments of an image processing device are also provided in the present disclosure.

    [0069] Fig. 6 is a block diagram of an image processing device according to an example embodiment. Referring to Fig. 6, the image processing device comprises a choosing unit 61, an obtaining unit 62, an adding unit 63, and a replacing unit 64.

    [0070] The choosing unit 61 is configured to choose content-associated sub pixels in an image to be processed.

    [0071] The obtaining unit 62 is configured to obtain an initial color gradation value of each of the content-associated sub pixels in the image to be processed.

    [0072] The adding unit 63 is configured to add at least one digit at an end of the initial color gradation value, and assign a preset value to each added digit, so as to obtain a processed color gradation value.

    [0073] The replacing unit 64 is configured to replace the initial color gradation value with the processed color gradation value.

    [0074] Fig. 7 is a block diagram of an image processing device according to another example embodiment. As shown in Fig. 7, based on the example embodiment shown in Fig. 6, the choosing unit 61 may comprise a first choosing sub-unit 611 and a first determining sub-unit 612.

    [0075] The first choosing sub-unit 611 is configured to choose adjacent sub pixels in the image to be processed.

    [0076] The first determining sub-unit is configured to determine that the adjacent sub pixels are content-associated sub pixels, if there is a difference between the initial color gradation values of the arbitrary adjacent sub pixels, and the difference is less than or equal to a preset value.

    [0077] Fig. 8 is a block diagram of another image processing device according to an example embodiment. As shown in Fig. 8, based on the example embodiment shown in Fig. 6, the choosing unit 61 may comprise a second choosing sub-unit 613 and a second determining sub-unit 614.

    [0078] The second choosing sub-unit 613 is configured to choose adjacent pixels in the image to be processed.

    [0079] The second determining sub-unit 614 is configured to determine that the sub pixels in the same color channel of the adjacent sub pixels are content-associated sub pixels, if there is a difference between the initial color gradation values of sub pixels in a same color channel of the adjacent pixels, and the difference is less than or equal to a preset value.

    [0080] Alternatively, in the example embodiments in Fig. 7 or Fig. 8, the preset value has an inverse correlation with a pixel density of a display for the image to be processed.

    [0081] Fig. 9 is a block diagram of another image processing device according to an example embodiment. As shown in Fig. 9, based on the example embodiment shown in Fig. 6, the adding unit 63 may comprise an assigning sub-unit 631.

    [0082] The assigning sub-unit 631 is configured to assign a random number to each added digit, so as to obtain the processed color gradation value.

    [0083] It should be noted that, the structure of the assigning sub-unit 631 in the device embodiment shown in Fig. 9 may also be contained in the device embodiment shown in Fig. 7 or Fig. 8, which should not be limited in the present disclosure.

    [0084] Fig. 10 is a block diagram of another image processing device according to an example embodiment. As shown in Fig. 10, based on the example embodiment shown in Fig. 6, the adding unit 63 may comprise a sub pixel determining sub-unit 632, a digit adding sub-unit 633, and a color gradation determining sub-unit 634.

    [0085] The sub pixel determining sub-unit 632 is configured to determine associated sub pixels in a preset association area of each content-associated sub pixel.

    [0086] The digit adding sub-unit 633 is configured to add at least one digit at the end of the initial color gradation value of each associated sub pixel, and assign 0 to each added digit, so as to obtain an initially processed color gradation value, in which each associated sub pixel is added with a same number of digits.

    [0087] The color gradation determining sub-unit 634 is configured to determine the processed color gradation value of the content-associated sub pixel according to a value range corresponding to the initially processed color gradation values of the associated sub pixels, in which the processed color gradation value is in the value range.

    [0088] It should be noted that, the structure of the assigning sub-unit 631 in the device embodiment shown in Fig. 9 may also be contained in the device embodiment shown in Fig. 7 or Fig. 8, which should not be limited in the present disclosure.

    [0089] Alternatively, the associated sub pixels comprise all sub pixels in the preset association area; or the associated sub pixels comprise sub pixels in the preset association area and belonging to a same color channel.

    [0090] Fig. 11 is a block diagram of another image processing device according to an example embodiment. As shown in Fig. 11, based on the example embodiment shown in Fig. 10, the color gradation determining sub-unit 634 may comprise a computing module 634A.

    [0091] The computing module 634A is configured to compute an average value of the initially processed color gradation values corresponding to the associated sub pixels, in which the average value is the processed color gradation value of the content-associated sub pixel.

    [0092] With respect to the devices in the above embodiments, the specific operation modes of individual modules therein have been described in detail in the embodiments regarding the image processing method, which will not be elaborated herein.

    [0093] With respect to the device embodiments, relevant content may refer to explanation in the method embodiments, since the device embodiments are basically corresponding to the method embodiments. The device embodiments described above are merely exemplary, in which the units illustrated as separate components may be or may not be physically separated, the components illustrated as units may be or may not be physical units, i.e., may be located at one place, or may be distributed on multiple network units. The objectives of the present disclosure may be realized by selecting some or all of the modules according to actual demands. It may be understood and implemented by those skilled in the art without creative labor.

    [0094] Accordingly, the present disclosure further provides an electronic device, comprising: a processor; and a memory, configured to store instructions executable by the processor, in which, the processor is configured to: choose content-associated sub pixels in an image to be processed; obtain an initial color gradation value of each of the content-associated sub pixels in the image to be processed; add at least one digit at an end of the initial color gradation value, and assign a preset value to each added digit, so as to obtain a processed color gradation value; and replace the initial color gradation value with the processed color gradation value.

    [0095] Accordingly, the present disclosure further provides a terminal, comprising a memory and one or more programs, in which, the one or more program is stored in the memory, and is configured to be executed by one or more processor so as to perform following instructions: choosing content-associated sub pixels in an image to be processed; obtaining an initial color gradation value of each of the content-associated sub pixels in the image to be processed; adding at least one digit at an end of the initial color gradation value, and assigning a preset value to each added digit, so as to obtain a processed color gradation value; and replacing the initial color gradation value with the processed color gradation value.

    [0096] Fig. 12 is a schematic diagram of a device 1200 for processing images according to an example embodiment. For example, the device 1200 may be a mobile phone, a computer, a digital broadcasting terminal, a messaging device, a game console, a tablet device, a fitness equipment, a Personal Digital Assistant PDA, etc.

    [0097] Referring to Fig. 12, the device 1200 may comprise the following one or more components: a processing component 1202, a memory 1204, a power component 1206, a multimedia component 1208, an audio component 1210, an Input/Output (I/O) interface 1212, a sensor component 1214, and a communication component 1216.

    [0098] The processing component 1202 typically controls overall operations of the device 1200, such as the operations associated with display, telephone calls, data communications, camera operations, and recording operations. The processing component 1202 may comprise one or more processors 1220 to execute instructions to perform all or part of the steps in the above described methods. Moreover, the processing component 1202 may comprise one or more modules which facilitate the interaction between the processing component 1202 and other components. For instance, the processing component 1202 may comprise a multimedia module to facilitate the interaction between the multimedia component 1208 and the processing component 1202.

    [0099] The memory 1204 is configured to store various types of data to support the operation of the device 1200. Examples of such data comprise instructions for any applications or methods operated on the device 1200, contact data, phonebook data, messages, pictures, video, etc. The memory 1204 may be implemented using any type of volatile or non-volatile memory devices, or a combination thereof, such as a static random access memory (SRAM), an electrically erasable programmable read-only memory (EEPROM), an erasable programmable read-only memory (EPROM), a programmable read-only memory (PROM), a read-only memory (ROM), a magnetic memory, a flash memory, a magnetic or optical disk.

    [0100] The power component 1206 provides power to various components of the device 1200. The power component 1206 may comprise a power management system, one or more power sources, and any other components associated with the generation, management, and distribution of power in the device 1200.

    [0101] The multimedia component 1208 comprises a screen providing an output interface between the device 1200 and the user. In some embodiments, the screen may comprise a liquid crystal display (LCD) and a touch panel (TP). If the screen comprises the touch panel, the screen may be implemented as a touch screen to receive input signals from the user. The touch panel comprises one or more touch sensors to sense touches, swipes, and other gestures on the touch panel. The touch sensors may not only sense a boundary of a touch or swipe action, but also sense a duration time and a pressure associated with the touch or swipe action. In some embodiments, the multimedia component 1208 comprises a front camera and/or a rear camera. The front camera and the rear camera may receive external multimedia data while the device 1200 is in an operation mode, such as a photographing mode or a video mode. Each of the front camera and the rear camera may be a fixed optical lens system or have focus and optical zoom capability.

    [0102] The audio component 1210 is configured to output and/or input audio signals. For example, the audio component 1210 comprises a microphone (MIC) configured to receive an external audio signal when the intelligent device 1200 is in an operation mode, such as a call mode, a recording mode, and a voice recognition mode. The received audio signal may be further stored in the memory 1204 or transmitted via the communication component 1216. In some embodiments, the audio component 1210 further comprises a speaker to output audio signals.

    [0103] The I/O interface 1212 provides an interface for the processing component 1202 and peripheral interface modules, such as a keyboard, a click wheel, buttons, and the like. The buttons may comprise, but are not limited to, a home button, a volume button, a starting button, and a locking button.

    [0104] The sensor component 1214 comprises one or more sensors to provide status assessments of various aspects of the device 1200. For instance, the sensor component 1214 may detect an open/closed status of the device 1200 and relative positioning of components (e.g. the display and the keypad of the device 1200). The sensor component 1214 may also detect a change in position of the device 1200 or of a component in the device 1200, a presence or absence of user contact with the device 1200, an orientation or an acceleration/deceleration of the device 1200, and a change in temperature of the device 1200. The sensor component 1214 may comprise a proximity sensor configured to detect the presence of nearby objects without any physical contact. The sensor component 1214 may also comprise a light sensor, such as a CMOS or CCD image sensor, for use in imaging applications. In some embodiments, the sensor component 1214 may also comprise an accelerometer sensor, a gyroscope sensor, a magnetic sensor, a pressure sensor, or a temperature sensor.

    [0105] The communication component 1216 is configured to facilitate wired or wireless communication between the device 1200 and other devices. The device 1200 can access a wireless network based on a communication standard, such as WIFI, 2G, or 3G, or a combination thereof. In one exemplary embodiment, the communication component 1216 receives a broadcast signal or broadcast associated information from an external broadcast management system via a broadcast channel. In one exemplary embodiment, the communication component 1216 further comprises a near field communication (NFC) module to facilitate short-range communications. For example, the NFC module may be implemented based on a radio frequency identification (RFID) technology, an infrared data association (IrDA) technology, an ultra-wideband (UWB) technology, a Bluetooth (BT) technology, and other technologies.

    [0106] In example embodiments, the device 1200 may be implemented with one or more application specific integrated circuits (ASICs), digital signal processors (DSPs), digital signal processing devices (DSPDs), programmable logic devices (PLDs), field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), controllers, micro-controllers, microprocessors, or other electronic components, for performing the above described methods.

    [0107] In example embodiments, there is also provided a non-transitory computer readable storage medium comprising instructions, such as the memory 1204 comprising instructions. The above instructions are executable by the processor 1220 in the device 1200, for performing the above-described methods. For example, the non-transitory computer-readable storage medium may be a ROM, a RAM, a CD-ROM, a magnetic tape, a floppy disc, an optical data storage device, and the like.

    [0108] Other embodiments of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art from consideration of the specification and practice of the invention disclosed here. This application is intended to cover any variations, uses, or adaptations of the invention following the general principles thereof and comprising such departures from the present disclosure as come within known or customary practice in the art.


    Claims

    1. An image processing method, comprising:

    choosing (102) content-associated sub pixels in an image to be processed;

    obtaining (104) an initial color gradation value of each of the content-associated sub pixels in the image to be processed;

    adding (106) at least one digit at an end of the initial color gradation value, and assigning a first preset value to each added digit, so as to obtain a processed color gradation value; and

    replacing (108) the initial color gradation value with the processed color gradation value,

    wherein,

    choosing (102) content-associated sub pixels in the image to be processed comprises:

    choosing adjacent sub pixels in the image to be processed; and

    determining that the sub pixels in a same color channel of the adjacent pixels are content-associated sub pixels, if there is a difference between the initial color gradation values of sub pixels in the same color channel of the adjacent pixels, and the difference is less than or equal to a second preset value;

    assigning a first preset value to each added digit so as to obtain the processed color gradation value comprises:

    determining associated sub pixels in a preset association area of each content-associated sub pixel, in which the associated sub pixels comprise all sub pixels in the preset association area or comprise sub pixels in the preset association area and belonging to a same color channel as the content-associated sub pixel;

    adding at least one digit at the end of the initial color gradation value of each associated sub pixel, and assigning 0 to each added digit, so as to obtain an initially processed color gradation value, in which each associated sub pixel is added with a same number of digits; and

    determining the processed color gradation value of the content-associated sub pixel according to a value range corresponding to the initially processed color gradation values of the associated sub pixels, in which the processed color gradation value is in the value range.


     
    2. The image processing method according to claim 1, wherein, the second preset value has an inverse correlation with a pixel density of a display for the image to be processed.
     
    3. The image processing method according to claim 1, wherein, determining the processed color gradation value of the content-associated sub pixel according to a value range corresponding to the initially processed color gradation values of the associated sub pixels comprises:
    computing an average value of the initially processed color gradation values corresponding to the associated sub pixels, in which the average value is the processed color gradation value of the content-associated sub pixel.
     
    4. An image processing device, comprising:

    a choosing unit (61), configured to choose content-associated sub pixels in an image to be processed;

    an obtaining unit (62), configured to obtain an initial color gradation value of each of the content-associated sub pixels in the image to be processed;

    an adding unit (63), configured to add at least one digit at an end of the initial color gradation value, and assign a first preset value to each added digit, so as to obtain a processed color gradation value; and

    a replacing unit (64), configured to replace the initial color gradation value with the processed color gradation value,

    wherein,

    the choosing unit (61) comprises:

    a second choosing sub-unit (613), configured to choose adjacent pixels in the image to be processed; and

    a second determining sub-unit (614), configured to determine that the sub pixels in a same color channel of the adjacent pixels are content-associated sub pixels, if there is a difference between the initial color gradation values of sub pixels in the same color channel of the adjacent pixels, and the difference is less than or equal to a second preset value;

    the adding unit (63) comprises:

    a sub pixel determining sub-unit (632), configured to determine associated sub pixels in a preset association area of each content-associated sub pixel, in which the associated sub pixels comprise all sub pixels in the preset association area or comprise sub pixels in the preset association area and belonging to a same color channel as the content-associated sub pixel;

    a digit adding sub-unit (633), configured to add at least one digit at the end of the initial color gradation value of each associated sub pixel, and assign 0 to each added digit, so as to obtain an initially processed color gradation value, in which each associated sub pixel is added with a same number of digits; and

    a color gradation determining sub-unit (634), configured to determine the processed color gradation value of the content-associated sub pixel according to a value range corresponding to the initially processed color gradation values of the associated sub pixels, in which the processed color gradation value is in the value range.


     
    5. The image processing device according to claim 4, wherein, the second preset value has an inverse correlation with a pixel density of a display for the image to be processed.
     
    6. The image processing device according to claim 4, wherein, the color gradation determining sub-unit (634) comprises:
    a computing module (634A), configured to compute an average value of the initially processed color gradation values corresponding to the associated sub pixels, in which the average value is the processed color gradation value of the content-associated sub pixel.
     
    7. An electronic device, comprising:

    a processor; and

    a memory, configured to store instructions executable by the processor for implementing the steps of the method of claim 1.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Bildverarbeitungsverfahren, umfassend:

    Auswählen (102) von inhaltsbezogenen Subpixeln in einem zu verarbeitenden Bild,

    Erlangen (104) eines anfänglichen Farbabstufungswerts von jedem der inhaltsbezogenen Subpixel in dem zu verarbeitenden Bild,

    Hinzufügen (106) mindestens einer Ziffer an einem Ende des anfänglichen Farbabstufungswerts und Zuordnen eines ersten voreingestellten Werts zu jeder hinzugefügten Ziffer, um einen verarbeiteten Farbabstufungswert zu erlangen, und

    Ersetzen (108) des anfänglichen Farbabstufungswerts durch den verarbeiteten Farbabstufungswert,

    wobei das Auswählen (102) von inhaltsbezogenen Subpixeln in dem zu verarbeitenden Bild umfasst:

    Auswählen von benachbarten Subpixeln in dem zu verarbeitenden Bild und

    Bestimmen, dass die Subpixel in einem gleichen Farbkanal der benachbarten Pixel inhaltsbezogene Subpixel sind, wenn es eine Differenz zwischen den anfänglichen Farbabstufungswerten von Subpixeln in demselben Farbkanal der benachbarten Pixel gibt und die Differenz geringer als oder gleich einem zweiten voreingestellten Wert ist,

    wobei das Zuordnen eines ersten voreingestellten Werts zu jeder hinzugefügten Ziffer, um den verarbeiteten Farbabstufungswert zu erlangen, umfasst:

    Bestimmen von zugeordneten Subpixeln in einem voreingestellten Zuordnungsbereich jedes inhaltsbezogenen Subpixels, in dem die zugeordneten Subpixel alle Subpixel in dem voreingestellten Zuordnungsbereich umfassen oder Subpixel in dem voreingestellten Zuordnungsbereich umfassen, die zu demselben Farbkanal wie das inhaltsbezogene Subpixel gehören,

    Hinzufügen von mindestens einer Ziffer an dem Ende des anfänglichen Farbabstufungswerts jedes zugeordneten Subpixels und Zuordnen von 0 zu jeder hinzugefügten Ziffer, um einen anfänglich verarbeiteten Farbabstufungswert zu erlangen, wobei jedem zugeordneten Subpixel dieselbe Anzahl von Ziffern hinzugefügt wird, und

    Bestimmen des verarbeiteten Farbabstufungswerts des inhaltsbezogenen Subpixels gemäß einem Wertebereich, der den anfänglich verarbeiteten Farbabstufungswerten der zugeordneten Subpixel entspricht, wobei der verarbeitete Farbabstufungswert in dem Wertebereich liegt.


     
    2. Bildverarbeitungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der zweite voreingestellte Wert eine inverse Korrelation mit einer Pixeldichte einer Anzeige für das zu verarbeitende Bild aufweist.
     
    3. Bildverarbeitungsverfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Bestimmen des verarbeiteten Farbabstufungswerts des inhaltsbezogenen Subpixels gemäß einem Wertebereich, der den anfänglich verarbeiteten Farbabstufungswerten der zugeordneten Subpixel entspricht, umfasst:
    Berechnen eines Durchschnittswerts der anfänglich verarbeiteten Farbabstufungswerte entsprechend den zugeordneten Subpixeln, wobei der Durchschnittswert der verarbeitete Farbabstufungswert des inhaltsbezogenen Subpixels ist.
     
    4. Bildverarbeitungsvorrichtung, umfassend:

    eine Auswahleinheit (61), die dazu ausgestaltet ist, inhaltsbezogene Subpixel in einem zu verarbeitenden Bild auszuwählen,

    eine Erlangungseinheit (62), die dazu ausgestaltet ist, einen anfänglichen Farbabstufungswert von jedem der inhaltsbezogenen Subpixel in dem zu verarbeitenden Bild zu erlangen,

    eine Hinzufügungseinheit (63), die dazu ausgestaltet ist, mindestens eine Ziffer an einem Ende des anfänglichen Farbabstufungswerts hinzuzufügen und einen ersten voreingestellten Wert zu jeder hinzugefügten Ziffer zuzuordnen, um einen verarbeiteten Farbabstufungswert zu erlangen, und

    eine Ersetzungseinheit (64), die dazu ausgestaltet ist, den anfänglichen Farbabstufungswert durch den verarbeiteten Farbabstufungswert zu ersetzen,

    wobei, die Auswahleinheit (61) umfasst:

    eine zweite Auswahluntereinheit (613), die dazu ausgestaltet ist, benachbarte Pixel in dem zu verarbeitenden Bild auszuwählen, und

    eine zweite Bestimmungsuntereinheit (614), die dazu ausgestaltet ist, zu bestimmen, dass die Subpixel in einem gleichen Farbkanal der benachbarten Pixel inhaltsbezogene Subpixel sind, wenn es eine Differenz zwischen den anfänglichen Farbabstufungswerten von Subpixeln in demselben Farbkanal der benachbarten Pixel gibt, und die Differenz geringer als oder gleich einem zweiten voreingestellten Wert ist,

    wobei die Hinzufügungseinheit (63) umfasst:

    eine Subpixel-Bestimmungsuntereinheit (632), die dazu ausgestaltet ist, zugeordnete Subpixel in einem voreingestellten Zuordnungsbereich jedes inhaltsbezogenen Subpixels zu bestimmen, in dem die zugeordneten Subpixel alle Subpixel in dem voreingestellten Zuordnungsbereich umfassen oder Subpixel in dem voreingestellten Zuordnungsbereich umfassen, die zu demselben Farbkanal wie das inhaltsbezogene Subpixel gehören,

    eine Ziffer-Hinzufügungsuntereinheit (633), die dazu ausgestaltet ist, mindestens eine Ziffer an dem Ende des anfänglichen Farbabstufungswerts jedes zugeordneten Subpixels hinzuzufügen und jeder hinzugefügten Ziffer 0 zuzuordnen, um einen anfänglich verarbeiteten Farbabstufungswert zu erlangen, wobei jedem zugeordneten Subpixel eine gleiche Anzahl von Ziffern hinzugefügt wird, und

    eine Farbabstufungs-Bestimmungsuntereinheit (634), die dazu ausgestaltet ist, den verarbeiteten Farbabstufungswert des inhaltsbezogenen Subpixels gemäß einem Wertebereich zu bestimmen, der den anfänglich verarbeiteten Farbabstufungswerten der zugeordneten Subpixel entspricht, bei denen der verarbeitete Farbabstufungswert in dem Wertebereich liegt.


     
    5. Bildverarbeitungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 4, wobei der zweite voreingestellte Wert eine inverse Korrelation mit einer Pixeldichte einer Anzeige für das zu verarbeitende Bild aufweist.
     
    6. Bildverarbeitungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Farbabstufungs-Bestimmungsuntereinheit (634) umfasst:
    ein Rechenmodul (634A), das dazu ausgestaltet ist, einen Durchschnittswert der anfänglich verarbeiteten Farbabstufungswerte zu berechnen, die den zugeordneten Subpixeln entsprechen, wobei der Durchschnittswert der verarbeitete Farbabstufungswert des inhaltsbezogenen Subpixels ist.
     
    7. Elektronische Vorrichtung, umfassend:

    einen Prozessor und

    einen Speicher, der dazu ausgestaltet ist, Anweisungen zu speichern, die von dem Prozessor zum Implementieren der Schritte des Verfahrens nach Anspruch 1 ausführbar sind.


     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de traitement d'image, comprenant :

    le choix (102) de sous-pixels associés à un contenu dans une image à traiter ;

    l'obtention (104) d'une valeur de gradation de couleur initiale de chacun des sous-pixels associés à un contenu dans l'image à traiter ;

    l'ajout (106) d'au moins un chiffre à une extrémité de la valeur de gradation de couleur initiale, et l'attribution d'une première valeur prédéterminée à chaque chiffre ajouté, de manière à obtenir une valeur de gradation de couleur traitée ; et

    le remplacement (108) de la valeur de gradation de couleur initiale par la valeur de gradation de couleur traitée,

    dans lequel,

    le choix (102) de sous-pixels associés à un contenu dans l'image à traiter comprend :

    le choix de sous-pixels adjacents dans l'image à traiter ; et

    la détermination que les sous-pixels dans un même canal de couleur des pixels adjacents sont des sous-pixels associés à un contenu, s'il y a une différence entre les valeurs de gradation de couleur initiales des sous-pixels dans le même canal de couleur des pixels adjacents, et si la différence est inférieure ou égale à une deuxième valeur prédéterminée ;

    l'attribution d'une première valeur prédéterminée à chaque chiffre ajouté de manière à obtenir la valeur de gradation de couleur traitée comprend :

    la détermination des sous-pixels associés dans une zone d'association prédéterminée de chaque sous-pixel associé à un contenu, dans lequel les sous-pixels associés comprennent tous les sous-pixels dans la zone d'association prédéterminée ou comprennent des sous-pixels dans la zone d'association prédéterminée et appartenant à un même canal de couleur que le sous-pixel associé à un contenu ;

    l'ajout d'au moins un chiffre à l'extrémité de la valeur de gradation de couleur initiale de chaque sous-pixel associé, et l'attribution de 0 à chaque chiffre ajouté, de manière à obtenir une valeur de gradation de couleur traitée initialement, dans lequel un même nombre de chiffres est ajouté à chaque sous-pixel associé ; et

    la détermination de la valeur de gradation de couleur traitée du sous-pixel associé à un contenu conformément à une plage de valeurs correspondant aux valeurs de gradation de couleur traitées initialement des sous-pixels associés, dans lequel la valeur de gradation de couleur traitée est dans la plage de valeurs.


     
    2. Procédé de traitement d'image selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la deuxième valeur prédéterminée a une corrélation inverse avec une densité de pixels d'un affichage pour l'image à traiter.
     
    3. Procédé de traitement d'image selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la détermination de la valeur de gradation de couleur traitée du sous-pixel associé à un contenu conformément à une plage de valeurs correspondant aux valeurs de gradation de couleur traitées initialement des sous-pixels associés comprend :
    le calcul d'une valeur moyenne des valeurs de gradation de couleur traitées initialement correspondant aux sous-pixels associés, dans lequel la valeur moyenne est la valeur de gradation de couleur traitée du sous-pixel associé à un contenu.
     
    4. Dispositif de traitement d'image, comprenant :

    une unité de choix (61), configurée pour choisir des sous-pixels associés à un contenu dans une image à traiter ;

    une unité d'obtention (62), configurée pour obtenir une valeur de gradation de couleur initiale de chacun des sous-pixels associés à un contenu dans l'image à traiter ;

    une unité d'ajout (63), configurée pour ajouter au moins un chiffre à une extrémité de la valeur de gradation de couleur initiale, et attribuer une première valeur prédéterminée à chaque chiffre ajouté, de manière à obtenir une valeur de gradation de couleur traitée ; et

    une unité de remplacement (64), configurée pour remplacer la valeur de gradation de couleur initiale par la valeur de gradation de couleur traitée,

    dans lequel,

    l'unité de choix (61) comprend :

    une deuxième sous-unité de choix (613), configurée pour choisir des pixels adjacents dans l'image à traiter ; et

    une deuxième sous-unité de détermination (614), configurée pour déterminer que les sous-pixels dans un même canal de couleur des pixels adjacents sont des sous-pixels associés à un contenu, s'il y a une différence entre les valeurs de gradation de couleur initiales des sous-pixels dans le même canal de couleur des pixels adjacents, et si la différence est inférieure ou égale à une deuxième valeur prédéterminée ;

    l'unité d'ajout (63) comprend :

    une sous-unité de détermination de sous-pixels (632), configurée pour déterminer des sous-pixels associés dans une zone d'association prédéterminée de chaque sous-pixel associé à un contenu, dans lequel les sous-pixels associés comprennent tous les sous-pixels dans la zone d'association prédéterminée ou comprennent des sous-pixels dans la zone d'association prédéterminée et appartenant à un même canal de couleur que le sous-pixel associé à un contenu ;

    une sous-unité d'ajout de chiffres (633), configurée pour ajouter au moins un chiffre à l'extrémité de la valeur de gradation de couleur initiale de chaque sous-pixel associé, et attribuer 0 à chaque chiffre ajouté, de manière à obtenir une valeur de gradation de couleur traitée initialement, dans lequel un même nombre de chiffres est ajouté à chaque sous-pixel associé ; et

    une sous-unité de détermination de gradation de couleur (634), configurée pour déterminer la valeur de gradation de couleur traitée du sous-pixel associé à un contenu conformément à une plage de valeurs correspondant aux valeurs de gradation de couleur traitées initialement des sous-pixels associés, dans lequel la valeur de gradation de couleur traitée est dans la plage de valeurs.


     
    5. Dispositif de traitement d'image selon la revendication 4, dans lequel la deuxième valeur prédéterminée a une corrélation inverse avec une densité de pixels d'un affichage pour l'image à traiter.
     
    6. Dispositif de traitement d'image selon la revendication 4, dans lequel, la sous-unité de détermination de gradation de couleur (634) comprend :
    un module informatique (634A), configuré pour calculer une valeur moyenne des valeurs de gradation de couleur traitées initialement correspondant aux sous-pixels associés, dans lequel la valeur moyenne est la valeur de gradation de couleur traitée du sous-pixel associé à un contenu.
     
    7. Dispositif électronique, comprenant :

    un processeur ; et

    une mémoire, configurée pour mémoriser des instructions exécutables par le processeur pour mettre en Ĺ“uvre les étapes du procédé de la revendication 1.


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description