(19)
(11)EP 3 089 570 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.12.2019 Bulletin 2019/49

(21)Application number: 14873160.7

(22)Date of filing:  24.12.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H05K 7/20  (2006.01)
H02M 7/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2014/012858
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/099469 (02.07.2015 Gazette  2015/26)

(54)

MODULAR COOLING APPARATUS FOR HIGH-VOLTAGE DIRECT-CURRENT TRANSMISSION SYSTEM

MODULARE KÜHLVORRICHTUNG FÜR EIN HOCHSPANNUNGS-GLEICHSTROMÜBERTRAGUNGSSYSTEM

APPAREIL DE REFROIDISSEMENT MODULAIRE POUR UN SYSTÈME DE TRANSMISSION À COURANT CONTINU HAUTE TENSION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 26.12.2013 KR 20130163956

(43)Date of publication of application:
02.11.2016 Bulletin 2016/44

(73)Proprietor: Hyosung Heavy Industries Corporation
Seoul 04144 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • KIM, June SUNG
    Anyang-si Gyeonggi-do 431-836 (KR)
  • JUNG, Hong Ju
    Seoul 120-795 (KR)
  • CHOI, Jong Yun
    Hwaseong-si Gyeonggi-do 445-855 (KR)

(74)Representative: Viering, Jentschura & Partner mbB Patent- und Rechtsanwälte 
Am Brauhaus 8
01099 Dresden
01099 Dresden (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 1 484 954
CN-A- 103 036 452
JP-A- H06 204 674
JP-A- 2012 084 639
US-A1- 2009 052 134
WO-A2-2012/136467
JP-A- H 064 179
JP-A- H06 204 674
KR-B1- 100 465 088
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a modular cooling apparatus for a high-voltage direct-current transmission system and, more particularly, to a modular cooling apparatus for a high-voltage direct-current transmission system for discharging heat generated in a modular apparatus for a high-voltage direct-current transmission system.

    Background Art



    [0002] A High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) system supplies power by converting AC power from a power plant into DC power, transmitting the DC power, and then inverting the DC power into AC power at a power receiving point. The HVDC system has a loss of power less than an AC transmission type, so it has high power transmission efficiency. Further, the system can improve stability through line separation and has small inductive disturbance, so it is advantageous in long-distance power transmission.

    [0003] The HVDC system is installed in a structure called a converter module composed of a plurality of submodules stacked 10 meters high in a plurality of layers. The submodules generate a large amount of heat during operation. Accordingly, many studies on structures for discharging heat generated by a submodule to the outside have been conducted. In particular, it is required to separate all components including a cable and a cooling water hose connected to a submodule in order to take down a submodule from a high position for maintenance on the ground.

    [0004] However, cooling water that leaks while the cooling hose is separated from the submodule may flow into the submodule and may cause leakage of electricity or corrosion. This is because the cooling water hose extends into the submodule through the top of the submodule and water leaking from the cooling water hose can enter the submodule.

    [0005] Further, the cooling water hose should be separated from the submodule to maintain the submodule, but it cannot, so the submodule should be moved together with the cooling water hose.

    [0006] Furthermore, since the cooling water hose etc. are positioned over the submodule, it is difficult for a worker to work over the submodule.

    [0007] JP H06 204674 A discloses a small locker frame for a large computer. A surrounding frame is partly or wholly made up of line pipes. Each line pipe includes an opening, through which a coolant flows in and out freely, and a connecting mouth ring provided on one side near to an electronic module in accordance with a module mouth ring, in a pair.

    Disclosure


    Technical Problem



    [0008] An object of the present invention is to keep a cooling water hose for discharging heat generated from a module in a high-voltage direct-current transmission system under the module and to prevent water from entering the module even if water leaks.

    [0009] Another object of the present invention is to connect an internal connection pipe and a cooling water hose to each other using a coupler in a module for a high-voltage direct-current transmission system.

    [0010] Another object of the present invention is to discharge leaking water between a cooling water hose and a coupler to the outside by forming the outer side of a housing, which accommodates the coupler, at a predetermined angle to the gravitational direction.

    [0011] Another object of the present invention is to make smooth airflow between the outside and the inside of a module for a high-voltage direct-current transmission system.

    Technical Solution



    [0012] According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a modular cooling apparatus for a high-voltage direct-current transmission system, the apparatus including: a housing forming an external shape and having an internal space; external couplers disposed through an inclined surface, which is inclined downward at a lower portion of a front of the housing, and connected with cooling water houses; a heat sink disposed in the internal space, having a cooling water channel therein, and mounted with heat sources; and internal couplers disposed at an inlet and an outlet of the cooling water channel and connected to the external couplers through internal connection pipes.

    [0013] The heat sink is disposed on an outer side of a support plate erected in the internal space, and the inlet and the outlet of the cooling water channel are formed at a lower end of the heat sink close to a bottom of the internal space.

    [0014] The support plate divides the internal space into desired spaces and
    the heat sink is attached on an outer side of the support plate.

    [0015] The external couplers may have a function of allowing and preventing flow of cooling water flowing therein.

    [0016] The inclined surface may be formed by cutting off an edge between the front and a bottom of the housing.

    [0017] A hole may be formed through a side of the housing that faces the heat sink and a louver plate may be disposed over the hole. The louver plate may have a plurality of louvers so that air flows between the internal space and the outside.

    [0018] The hole and the louver plate may be applied to both sides of the housing.

    Advantageous Effects



    [0019] It is possible to achieve the following effects from the modular cooling apparatus for a high-voltage direct-current transmission system according to the present invention.

    [0020] According to the present invention, since the external couplers for connecting the internal pipes and the cooling water hoses in the module to discharge heat using cooling water are disposed at the lower end of the power unit housing that forms the external shape of the module, even if cooling water leaks, the cooling water cannot flow into the module.

    [0021] Further, since the internal connection pipes and the cooling water hoses are connected by the external couplers in the housing, when the cooling water hoses are separated from the external couplers, the module for a high-voltage direct-current transmission system can be moved, so it is possible to simply maintain the module.

    [0022] Further, since the external couplers are disposed through the inclined surface at the lower end of the front of the housing, even if water leaks between the external couplers and the cooling water hoses, it cannot flow inside the housing, so damage to the module is prevented.

    [0023] Further, since holes are formed through the sides of the power unit housing and are covered with louver plates having a plurality of louvers, air can smoothly flow between the internal space and the outside, so heat can be efficiently discharged.

    Description of Drawings



    [0024] 

    FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing the configuration of a module for a high-voltage direct-current transmission system equipped with a cooling apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 2 is a perspective view showing a main configuration of an embodiment of the present invention with a power housing and a louver plate removed.

    FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing a heat sink according to an embodiment of the present invention on a support plate in an internal space.

    FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing the configuration of an embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 5 is an enlarged perspective view showing a main part of the heat sink according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 6 is a view showing use of a submodule for a high-voltage direct-current transmission system according to an embodiment of the present invention in a structure.


    Mode for Invention



    [0025] An embodiment of a modular cooling apparatus for a high-voltage direct-current transmission system according to the present invention is described hereafter in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. A submodule of modules for a high-voltage direct-current transmission system is exemplified herein.

    [0026] As shown in the figures, a submodule 10 equipped with a cooling apparatus according to an embodiment is largely composed of a power unit 12 and a capacitor unit 13. Various power semiconductors and various boards are in the power unit 12. A power unit housing 14 forms the external shape of the power unit 12. An internal space 14' is defined in the power unit 12 by the power unit housing 14 and various components of the power unit 12 are disposed in the internal space 14'.

    [0027] In this embodiment, the power unit housing 14 has a substantially hexahedral shape. The front 15' of the power unit housing 14 is a flat surface with an inclined surface 16 at the lower end. The inclined surface 16 is formed by cutting off the edge between the front 15 and the bottom of the power unit housing 14. The inclined surface 16 faces at an angle the floor where the power unit 12 is located.

    [0028] A display unit 18 is on the inclined surface 16. The display unit 18 shows the state of the submodule 10. Obviously, signals are connected between the submodule 10 and a controller (not shown) through the display unit 18.

    [0029] External couplers 20 are disposed at a side on the inclined surface 16. The external couplers 20 are parts where cooling water hoses (not shown) are connected. Two external couplers 20 are arranged in a line on the inclined surface 16, one of which is an inlet for cooling water and other one is an outlet for cooling water that has circulated in the module. The external couplers 20 are disposed through the inclined surface 16 at the lower portion of the front 15 of the power unit housing 14. The external couplers 20 may be opened and closed. In this case, a work has only to remove cooling hoses without cooling water discharged after closing the external couplers.

    [0030] A hole 22 is formed through a side of the power unit housing 14. The hole 22 communicates the internal space 14' with the outside and is formed in a rectangle in the figures. It is possible to approach and maintain the components in the internal space 14' through the hole 22.

    [0031] A louver plate 24 is disposed over the hole 22. The hole 22 is covered with the louver plate 24. A plurality of louvers 26 is formed in rows through the louver plate 24. Air can flow between the internal space 14' and the outside through the louvers 26. The hole 22 and the louver plate 24 may be applied to the opposite side of the power unit housing 14.

    [0032] A support plate 28 is erected in the internal space 14', as shown in FIG. 3. The support plate 28 is disposed in the space defined by the power unit housing 14. The separation plate 28 divides the internal space 14' into desired spaces and is where a heat sink 30 to be described below is mounted.

    [0033] The heat sink 30 is mounted on the support plate 28. The heat sink 30 is made of metal having a high heat transfer rate. For example, the heat sink 30 may be made of aluminum.

    [0034] A cooling water channel 31 is formed in the heat sink 30, as shown in FIG. 5. The cooling water channel 31 is formed along several paths in the heat sink 30. The cooling water channel 31 is formed particularly in an area where heat sources 36 to be described below are mounted. The inlet and outlet of the cooling water channel 31 are exposed out of the heat sink 30 and are formed at the lowest portion in the gravitational direction in the heat sink 30. That is, the inlet and the outlet of the cooling water channel 31 are formed at the lower portion of the heat sink 30 close to the bottom of the internal space 14'. This is for preventing water leaking through the inlet and the outlet, that is, water leaking from internal couplers 32 (described below) at the inlet and the outlet from flowing to other components.

    [0035] The internal couplers 32 are disposed at the inlet and the outlet of the cooling water channel 31. The internal couplers 32 are disposed respectively at the inlet and the outlet of the cooling water channel 31 of the heat sink 30. The internal connection pipes 34 connect the internal couplers 32 and the external couplers 20. The internal connection pipes 34 delivers cooling water from the internal space 14' to the heat sink 30 and delivers the cooling water coming out after flowing in the heat sink 30 to the cooling water hose through the internal coupler 20. The internal connection pipes 34 may be made of a soft material or metal.

    [0036] The heat sink 30 is attached to the support plate 28 and the support place 28 is vertically erected, so the heat sink 30 is also vertically erected. The heat sources 36 are attached to the heat sink 30. Various devices, such as an IGBT, may be used for the heat sources 36.

    [0037] The submodule 10 according to an embodiment of the present invention is installed in a high-rise structure 40, as shown in FIG. 6. The structure 40 is about 10m high and has a plurality of floors, and the submodule 10 is installed on each floor. The submodule 10 is installed and used on each floor of the structure 40.

    [0038] Use of the modular cooling apparatus for a high-voltage direct-current transmission system according to the present invention having the configuration described above is described in detail hereafter.

    [0039] The submodule 10 is installed and used on each floor of the structure 40, as shown in FIG. 6. The power units 12 of the submodules 10 are connected to a controller on the ground where the structure 40 is constructed through cables. Control signals from the controller are transmitted to the control boards in the power units 12 of the submodules 10 through the cables. The control signals transmitted to the control board are transmitted to the components in the power units 12, thereby operating the submodules 10. The operational states of the submodules 10 or the operational states of the components in the submodules 10 are shown by the display units 18.

    [0040] The heat sources 36 generate a large amount of heat while the submodule 10 operates. Cooling water is supplied to remove the heat and transmits the heat to the outside while flowing through the cooling water channel 31 in the heat sink 30.

    [0041] That is, cooling water hoses are connected to the external couplers 20 to supply cooling water to the power unit 12 through one of the external couplers 20. Cooling water is supplied to the internal connection pipe 34 through the external coupler 20 and the cooling water passing through the internal connection pipe 34 flows into the cooling water channel 31 through the internal coupler 32 at the inlet of the cooling water channel 31.

    [0042] The cooling water flowing in the cooling water channel 31 takes the heat transmitted to the heat sink 30 from the heat sources 35 and the heat is transmitted to the internal connection pipe 34 through the internal coupler 32 at the outlet of the cooling water channel 32 while the cooling water circulates through the cooling water channel 31. The cooling water flows through the internal connection pipe 34 connected to the internal coupler 32 at the outlet of the cooling water channel 31, flows to the cooling water hose through the external coupler 20, and is then discharged out of the power unit 12. The cooling water flowing in the cooling water hose flows to another cooling structure in the structure 40 and discharges the heat to the outside. The cooling water that has discharged heat in the cooling structure can discharge heat again through the path described above.

    [0043] The submodules 10 need to be maintained. In order to take the submodule 10 out of the structure 40 and work with submodule 10 on the ground, it is required to separate the cable connected to the display unit 18 and the cooling water hoses connected to the external couplers 20.

    [0044] The cooling water hoses can be separated from the external couplers 20 after fully discharging the cooling water out of the submodule 10. Obviously, when the external couplers 20 can be opened and closed, the cooling water hoses can be separated from the external couplers 20 with all the two external couplers 20 closed. Accordingly, it is possible to take out the submodule from the structure 40 for repairs.

    [0045] Portions where cooling water may leak from the submodule 10 are the inlet and outlet of the cooling water channel 31 of the heat sink 30, the internal couplers 34 at the inlet and outlet, and the external couplers 20 protruding through the inclined surface 16 on the front 15 of the power unit housing 14.

    [0046] The inlet and outlet of the cooling water channel 31 of the heat sink 30 and the internal couplers 34 are all disposed close to the bottom of the internal space 14'. Accordingly, even if cooling water leaks at those places, the cooling water has little influence on other components in the internal space 14' .

    [0047] Further, the external couplers 20 are also disposed at the lower portion of the front 15, so even if there is leaking water, the leaking water does not cause a problem with other components. In particular, when water leaks at the portions where the external couplers 20 protrude out of the power unit housing 14, the water drops at the inclined ends of the external couplers 20, but it drops away from the power unit housing 14, so it does not cause a problem with the submodule 10.

    [0048] For reference, the internal connection pipes 34 are connected to the ends of the external couplers 20 in the internal space 14', the external couplers 20 and the internal connection pipes 34 are not separated once they are connected, and even if water leaks at these portions, it drops to the bottom of the internal space 14', so there is no problem.

    [0049] Further, the cooling hoses are connected/disconnected to/from the portions of the external couplers 20 protruding out of the power unit housing 14, so water may leak at these portions. However, the leaking water at these portions is fully sent to the outside of the power unit housing 14, so it does not influence the submodule 10.

    [0050] Further, the hole 22 formed through a side of the power unit housing 14 allows a worker to easily access the components, for example, the heat sink 30 in the internal space 14', so heat in the internal space 14' is discharged to the outside while air flows between the outside and the internal space 14'. To this end, the louver plate 24 having a plurality of louvers 26 is disposed over the hole 22.

    [0051] The above description is an example that explains the present invention and may be changed and modified in various ways without departing from the basic features of the present invention by those skilled in the art. Accordingly, the embodiment described
    herein are provided not to limit the present invention. The protective range of the present disclosure is defined by its claims.


    Claims

    1. A modular cooling apparatus for a high-voltage direct-current transmission system, the apparatus comprising:

    a housing (14) forming an external shape and having an internal space (14');

    external couplers (20) disposed through an inclined surface (16), which is inclined downward at a lower portion of a front (15) of the housing (14), and connected with cooling water hoses;

    a heat sink (30) disposed in the internal space (14'), having a cooling water channel (31) therein, and mounted with heat sources (36); and

    internal couplers (32) disposed at an inlet and an outlet of the cooling water channel (31) and connected to the external couplers (20) through internal connection pipes (34),

    wherein the heat sink (30) is attached on an outer side of a support plate (28) vertically erected in the internal space (14'), and the inlet and the outlet of the cooling water channel (31) are formed at a lower end of the heat sink (30) close to a bottom of the internal space (14'), and

    wherein the support plate (28) divides the internal space (14') into
    desired spaces.


     
    2. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the external couplers (20) have a function of allowing and preventing flow of cooling water flowing therein.
     
    3. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the inclined surface (16) is formed by cutting off an edge between the front (15) and a bottom of the housing (14).
     
    4. The apparatus of any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein a hole (22) is formed through a side of the housing (14) that faces the heat sink (30) and a louver plate (24) is disposed over the hole (22).
     
    5. The apparatus of claim 4, wherein the louver plate (24) has a plurality of louvers (26) so that air flows between the internal space (14') and the outside.
     
    6. The apparatus of claim 5, wherein the hole (22) and the louver plate (24) are applied to both sides of the housing (14).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Eine modulare Kühlvorrichtung für ein Hochspannungs-Gleichstromübertragungssystem, wobei die Vorrichtung aufweist:

    ein Gehäuse (14), das eine äußere Form ausbildet und einen Innenraum (14') aufweist,

    externe Verbindungsstücke (20), die durch eine Neigungsfläche (16) hindurch angeordnet sind, die an einem unteren Abschnitt einer Vorderseite (15) des Gehäuses (14) nach unten geneigt ist, und die mit Kühlwasserschläuchen verbunden sind,

    eine Wärmesenke (30), die im Innenraum (14') angeordnet ist, einen Kühlwasserkanal (31) darin aufweist und mit Wärmequellen (36) montiert ist, und

    interne Verbindungsstücke (32), die an einem Einlass und einem Auslass des Kühlwasserkanals (31) angeordnet sind und durch interne Verbindungsleitungen (34) mit den externen Verbindungsstücken (20) verbunden sind,

    wobei die Wärmesenke (30) an einer Außenseite einer Stützplatte (28), die vertikal im Innenraum (14') montiert ist, angebracht ist, und der Einlass und der Auslass des Kühlwasserkanals (31) an einem unteren Ende der Wärmesenke (30) nahe bei einem Boden des Innenraums (14') ausgebildet sind, und

    wobei die Stützplatte (28) den Innenraum (14') in gewünschte Räume unterteilt.


     
    2. Die Vorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei die externen Verbindungsstücke (20) eine Funktion haben, um den Fluss von Kühlwasser, das darin fließt, zuzulassen und zu verhindern.
     
    3. Die Vorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei die Neigungsfläche (16) durch Abschneiden einer Kante zwischen der Vorderseite (15) und einem Boden des Gehäuses (14) gebildet wird.
     
    4. Die Vorrichtung gemäß irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei ein Loch (22) durch eine der Wärmesenke (30) zugewandte Seite des Gehäuses (14) gebildet ist, und eine Lüftungsschlitzplatte (24) über dem Loch (22) angeordnet ist.
     
    5. Die Vorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 4, wobei die Lüftungsschlitzplatte (24) eine Mehrzahl von Lüftungsschlitzen (26) aufweist, so dass Luft zwischen dem Innenraum (14') und der Außenseite strömt.
     
    6. Die Vorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 5, wobei das Loch (22) und die Lüftungsschlitzplatte (24) auf beide Seiten des Gehäuses (14) aufgebracht sind.
     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil de refroidissement modulaire d'un système de transmission à courant continu à haute tension, l'appareil comprenant :

    un logement (14) formant une forme extérieure et présentant un espace intérieur (14') ;

    des coupleurs extérieurs (20) disposés sur une surface inclinée (16), qui est inclinée vers le bas au niveau d'une partie inférieure de l'avant (15) du logement (14), et qui sont connectés à des tuyaux flexibles d'eau de refroidissement ;

    un dissipateur thermique (30) disposé dans l'espace intérieur (14'), présentant à l'intérieur un canal d'eau de refroidissement (31), et monté sur des sources de chaleur (36) ; et

    des coupleurs intérieurs (32) disposés au niveau d'une entrée et d'une sortie du canal d'eau de refroidissement (31), et connectés aux coupleurs extérieurs (20) par l'intermédiaire de canalisations de connexion intérieures (34),

    où le dissipateur thermique (30) est fixé sur un côté extérieur d'une plaque de support (28) dressée verticalement dans l'espace intérieur (14'), et l'entrée et la sortie du canal d'eau de refroidissement (31) sont formées au niveau d'une extrémité inférieure du dissipateur thermique (30) à proximité du bas de l'espace intérieur (14'), et

    où la plaque de support (28) divise l'espace intérieur (14') en espaces souhaités.


     
    2. Appareil selon la revendication 1, où les coupleurs extérieurs (20) ont pour fonction de permettre et d'empêcher l'écoulement de l'eau de refroidissement circulant à l'intérieur.
     
    3. Appareil selon la revendication 1, où la surface inclinée (16) est formée en découpant un bord entre l'avant (15) et le bas du logement (14).
     
    4. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, où un trou (22) est formé à travers un côté du logement (14) qui fait face au dissipateur thermique (30), et une plaque à ouïes (24) est disposée au-dessus du trou (22).
     
    5. Appareil selon la revendication 4, où la plaque à ouïes (24) présente une pluralité d'ouïes (26) de telle sorte que l'air circule entre l'espace intérieur (14') et l'extérieur.
     
    6. Appareil selon la revendication 5, où le trou (22) et la plaque à ouïes (24) sont appliqués aux deux côtés du logement (14).
     




    Drawing





















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description