(19)
(11)EP 3 093 946 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 16169196.9

(22)Date of filing:  11.05.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H02J 7/00(2006.01)
H02J 9/00(2006.01)
H02J 7/34(2006.01)
H02J 9/06(2006.01)

(54)

ELECTRIC TRANSFER APPARATUS AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

ELEKTRISCHE ÜBERTRAGUNGSVORRICHTUNG UND STEUERUNGSVERFAHREN DAFÜR

APPAREIL ÉLECTRIQUE DE TRANSFERT ET SON PROCÉDÉ DE COMMANDE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 11.05.2015 KR 20150065555

(43)Date of publication of application:
16.11.2016 Bulletin 2016/46

(73)Proprietor: Samsung SDI Co., Ltd.
Giheung-gu Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 17084 (KR)

(72)Inventor:
  • RO, Hun Tae
    Gyeonggi-do 17084 (KR)

(74)Representative: Taor, Simon Edward William et al
Venner Shipley LLP 200 Aldersgate
London EC1A 4HD
London EC1A 4HD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 518 774
EP-A2- 1 557 927
US-A1- 2012 126 751
EP-A2- 1 077 520
EP-A2- 1 748 530
US-A1- 2012 322 431
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] One or more embodiments described herein relate to an electric transfer device and a method for controlling an electric transfer device.

    [0002] Systems for storing and efficiently using power continues to be of interest, along with the formation of new or improved renewable energy sources that not pollute the environment. Part of this effort involves the design and use of rechargeable batteries for powering portable electronic devices (e.g., cellular phones, notebook computers, camcorders, and personal digital assistants) and electric transfer apparatuses (e.g., electric bicycles, electric motorcycles, and electric vehicles).

    [0003] Various types of rechargeable batteries have been developed and have been connected to form a battery pack to meet the power requirements of a host device. One type of battery pack is used to power electric transfer apparatuses such as previously described. The battery pack can be charged and discharged and outputs power to a load, e.g., a motor or other driver of the apparatus. The battery pack used is managed by a controller and is connected to a user interface, e.g., an electronic dashboard on an electric bicycle. The user interface receives a voltage from the battery pack and displays corresponding information. One example is US2012/0322431.

    [0004] When a contact failure of the battery pack occurs, connection between the battery pack and the load (e.g., motor or driver) and/or the user interface may be cut off. Such a contact failure may occur, for example, when the electric bicycle travels along an uneven road surface. The vibration and impact caused by the uneven road surface may cause the battery pack to separate from the electric bicycle. In this case, power from the battery pack to the load and dashboard is disrupted.

    [0005] When a contact failure occurs, the motor may still be driven by an accelerator pedal or bicycle pedal. When the contact failure is repaired (or stops occurring), the battery pack may resume supplying power to the driver. However, when power to the user interface is stopped even once, the user interface may not work until a power switch of the user interface is manually pressed again.

    [0006] According to the invention, there is provided a controller as set out in claim 1. Preferred features are set out in claims 2 to 8.

    [0007] According to the invention, there is provided an electric transfer apparatus as set out in claim 9. Preferred features are set out in claims 10 to 13.

    [0008] According to the invention, there is provided method as set out in claim 14.

    [0009] In accordance with the embodiment, an electric transfer apparatus includes a battery pack; a driver connected to the battery pack; a user interface connected to the battery pack; an auxiliary storage connected to the user interface; a switch connected between the auxiliary storage and the driver; and a controller to control the battery pack and the switch, wherein the controller is to control the switch to be turned off when a contact failure of the battery pack occurs.

    [0010] The controller determines whether the contact failure of the battery pack has occurred based on whether a difference between a voltage between a positive terminal and a negative terminal of the battery pack at a first point of time and a voltage between the positive terminal and the negative terminal of the battery pack at a second point of time is equal to or greater than a predetermined first magnitude. The controller may control the switch to be turned on when the contact failure of the battery pack is eliminated. The controller may determine whether the contact failure of the battery pack has been eliminated based on whether a difference between a voltage between the positive terminal and the negative terminal of the battery pack at a third point of time and a voltage between the positive terminal and the negative terminal of the battery pack at a fourth point of time is equal to or greater than a predetermined second magnitude.

    [0011] The controller and the user interface receive power from the auxiliary storage when the contact failure of the battery pack occurs. The auxiliary storage may include a capacitor. The auxiliary storage may remove noise of the driver when the contact failure of the battery pack does not exist. The user interface may include an electronic dashboard. The electric transfer apparatus may be an electric bicycle, an electric motorcycle, or an electric vehicle.

    [0012] In accordance with the embodiment, a method for controlling an electric transfer apparatus includes determining whether a contact failure of a battery pack has occurred; when the contact failure of the battery pack has occurred, turning off a switch connected between an auxiliary storage and a driver; determining whether the contact failure of the battery pack has been eliminated; and when the contact failure of the battery pack has been eliminated, turning on the switch.

    [0013] In accordance with the embodiment, a controller for an electric transfer apparatus includes an interface; and control logic to maintain a supply of power to a user interface of the apparatus during a contact failure of a battery pack of the apparatus, wherein power from the battery pack to a driver of the electric transfer apparatus is disrupted during the contact failure, and the control logic is to output at least one control signal through the interface, the at least control signal to control output of power from an auxiliary storage to the user interface during the contact failure.

    [0014] The control logic may control storage of power in the auxiliary storage when the contact failure does not exist. The control logic may output at least one first control signal through the interface to isolate the user interface from the driver and to allow the auxiliary storage to be the sole source of power to the user interface during the contact failure, and output at least one second control signal through the interface to operatively connect the driver to the user interface while the auxiliary storage is connected to the user interface, the at least one second control signal to allow the auxiliary storage to operate as a noise reducer when the contact failure does not exist. The at least one control signal may control a state of a switch between the user interface and the driver.

    [0015] The auxiliary storage may include a capacitor to store a voltage to be supplied to the user interface during the contact failure. The electric transfer apparatus may be an electric vehicle. The user interface may include an electronic dashboard.

    [0016] In accordance with the embodiment, a controller is provided for an electric transfer apparatus that includes a battery pack, a driver arranged to drive the electric transfer apparatus and that is electrically connected to the battery pack, a user interface electrically connected to the battery pack, and an auxiliary power storage electrically connected to the user interface; wherein the controller is arranged to maintain a supply of power to the user interface during a contact failure of the battery pack by shutting off an electrical connection between the auxiliary power storage and the driver during the contact failure so that the auxiliary power storage powers the user interface but not the driver.

    [0017] In accordance with the embodiment, an electric transfer apparatus comprises a battery pack; a driver arranged to drive the electric transfer apparatus; a user interface electrically connected to the battery pack; an auxiliary power storage electrically connected to the user interface; a controller arranged to control output of power from the auxiliary power storage to the user interface during the contact failure. In some embodiments, the controller disconnects power from the auxiliary power storage to the driver during the contact failure so that the auxiliary power storage powers the user interface but not the driver. The auxiliary power storage may be connected between the user interface and the driver and may reduce noise in normal conditions.

    [0018] In accordance with the embodiment, an electric transfer apparatus comprises a battery pack; a driver arranged to drive the electric transfer apparatus; a user interface electrically connected to the battery pack; an auxiliary power storage electrically connected to the user interface; a switch electrically connected between the auxiliary storage and the driver; and a controller is arranged to control the switch, wherein the controller is arranged to control the switch to be turned off when a contact failure of the battery pack occurs. The auxiliary power storage may be electrically connected between the battery pack and the driver.

    [0019] Features will become apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art by describing in detail exemplary embodiments with reference to the attached drawings in which:

    FIG. 1 illustrates one type of an electric transfer apparatus;

    FIG. 2 illustrates an embodiment of an electric transfer apparatus;

    FIG. 3 illustrates another embodiment of an electric transfer apparatus; and

    FIG. 4 illustrates a method for controlling an electric transfer apparatus.



    [0020] Example embodiments are described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings; however, they may be embodied in different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. Rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will fully convey exemplary implementations to those skilled in the art. The embodiments may be combined to form additional embodiments.

    [0021] It will also be understood that when a layer or element is referred to as being "on" another layer or substrate, it can be directly on the other layer or substrate, or intervening layers may also be present. Further, it will be understood that when a layer is referred to as being "under" another layer, it can be directly under, and one or more intervening layers may also be present. In addition, it will also be understood that when a layer is referred to as being "between" two layers, it can be the only layer between the two layers, or one or more intervening layers may also be present. Like reference numerals refer to like elements throughout.

    [0022] When an element is referred to as being "connected" or "coupled" to another element, it can be directly connected or coupled to the another element or be indirectly connected or coupled to the another element with one or more intervening elements interposed therebetween. In addition, when an element is referred to as "including" a component, this indicates that the element may further include another component instead of excluding another component unless there is different disclosure.

    [0023] FIG. 1 illustrates one type of an electric transfer apparatus which includes a battery pack 110 which may be charged/discharged, a load 160 driven by power from the battery pack 110, a user interface 120 driven by power from the battery pack 110, and a controller 150 for controlling overall operations of the electric transfer apparatus.

    [0024] The load 160 may include a driver, e.g., a motor or another type of driver. The user interface 120 includes an electronic dashboard or other type of display. The electronic dashboard 120 may display previously set information on a display unit based on user information and/or a previously set condition. The user interface 120 may be, for example, a human machine interface (HMI).

    [0025] The load 160 and the user interface 120 receive power from the battery pack 110 and operate according to a previously set condition. For example, the load 160 may drive the electric transfer apparatus at a predetermined speed by driving the motor according to power from the battery pack 110. The user interface 120 may display predetermined information on the display unit using power from the battery pack 110. The user may set an operation of the electric transfer apparatus through an input unit of the user interface 120 and/or may set information to be displayed on the display unit.

    [0026] The controller 150 controls operations of the electric transfer apparatus. For example, the controller 150 may calculate the voltage for the driver 160 according to a speed of the electric transfer apparatus, and may control the battery pack 110 to output the calculated voltage to the driver 160.

    [0027] The electric transfer apparatus may include one or more sensors 170 for sensing various operations and conditions of the electric transfer apparatus. The controller 150 controls the electric transfer apparatus based on the sensed information. For example, the sensor(s) 170 may sense information on an inclination angle where the electric transfer apparatus is currently being driven. When the inclination angle exceeds a predetermined value, the controller 150 may control the battery pack 110 to output a higher voltage to the driver 160 to increase speed/acceleration. (The controller 150 may be referred to as a motor controller because the controller 150 controls operations of the electric transfer apparatus). A field effect transistor (FET) gate driver 155 may be included in or provided separately from the controller 150.

    [0028] The battery pack 110 includes a battery cell 111, an analog front end (AFE) 113, a micro controller (micom) 115, and battery pack switches 118 and 119. The battery cell 111 may include one or two or more battery cells and various rechargeable secondary batteries may be used as the battery cells. For example, the secondary batteries may be, for example, nickel-cadmium batteries, lead storage batteries, nickel metal hydride batteries, lithium-ion batteries, or lithium polymer batteries.

    [0029] The AFE 113 is connected to the battery cell 111 and controls charging and discharging of the battery cell 111. In performing these operations, the AFE 113 monitors the charge/discharge state of the battery cell 110, e.g., current flow state, a voltage, a current, a temperature, a remaining power amount, a lifespan, a state of charge (SOC), etc. The AFE 113 transmits data obtained by sensing the state of the battery cell 111 to the micro controller 115. The sensed data may include, for example, temperature data, voltage data, and/or current data.

    [0030] The AFE 113 operates based on the voltage of the battery cell 111. For example, the AFE 113 receives a command signal from the micro controller 115 and generates a charge control signal or a discharge control signal according to the received command signal, to thereby control the on/off states of the battery pack switches 118 and 119. A plurality of AFE 113 may be included and connected in series. Alternatively, the AFE 113 may be included in a single IC.

    [0031] The micro controller 115 controls operations of the battery pack 110. For example, the micro controller 115 controls operation of the AFE 113 and collects monitoring data from the AFE 113. The micro controller 115 may control other components connected thereto. For example, when a variation occurs between voltages of cells in the battery cell 111, the micro controller 115 may control a cell balancing operation in the AFE 113, for example, to set the voltages of the cells to be constant or to correspond to various levels. When the battery cell 111 is in an overcharge or overdischarge state, the micro controller 115 may stop the charge or discharge operation of the battery cell 111.

    [0032] The charge switch 119 and the discharge switch 118 are connected in series on a high current path between the battery cell 111 and an external terminal P+. These switches control the flow of charge current and discharge current. The charge switch 119 cuts off charge current and the discharge switch 118 cuts off discharge current. Each of the charge switch 119 and the discharge switch 118 may include a field effect transistor (FET). The charge switch 119 and the discharge switch 118 may be controlled by the micro controller 115. Each of the charge switch 119 and the discharge switch 118 may include a parasitic diode. For convenience of illustration, the charge switch 119 may be referred to as a charge FET (C-FET), and the discharge switch 118 may be referred to as a discharge FET (D-FET).

    [0033] A terminal P of the battery pack 110 may be connected to a charger for charging the battery cell 111 or an external device. The external device may be, for example, a load which consumes electrical energy stored in the battery cell 111. In the electric transfer apparatus, the driver 160 may be the external device.

    [0034] The terminal P includes a positive electrode terminal P+ and a negative electrode terminal P-. The battery cell 111 is charged when the charger is connected to the terminal P. During charging, current flows to the battery cell 111 through the positive electrode terminal P+, and current flows out from the battery cell 111 through the negative electrode terminal P-. The battery cell 111 discharges when a load or external device is connected to the terminal P. During discharging, current flows out from the battery cell 111 through the positive electrode terminal P+, and current flows in the battery cell 111 through the negative electrode terminal P-. As shown in FIG. 1, the battery pack 110 may further include a shunt resistor 117.

    [0035] The electric transfer apparatus may include a noise remover 130 connected in parallel to each of the battery pack 110 and the load 160. For example, the noise remover 130 may be connected between the positive electrode terminal P+ and the negative electrode terminal P- of the terminal P of the battery pack 110. The noise remover 130 removes noise generated in the motor of the driver 160 and may be implemented, for example, as a large-capacity capacitor.

    [0036] The electric transfer apparatus may be, for example, an electric bicycle, an electric motorcycle, or an electric vehicle.

    [0037] In operation, a contact failure of the battery pack 110 may occur in the electric transfer apparatus. The contact failure may occur when connection between the battery pack 110 and the load 160 and/or the user interface 120 is cut off. The connection may be cut off, for example, based on vibration and impact forces that occur when the electric transfer apparatus travels along an uneven road surface. When this occurs, the battery pack 110 may be separated from the electric transfer apparatus and supply of power from the battery pack 110 to the load 160 and the user interface 120 may be stopped or otherwise disrupted.

    [0038] When a contact failure of the battery pack 110 in the electric transfer apparatus occurs, the driver 160 (e.g., motor) may be driven using, for example, an accelerator pedal (accelerator) or a bicycle pedal. When the contact failure of the battery pack 110 is repaired, supply of power to the driver 160 may resume. However, when the supply of power to the user interface 120 is stopped even once, the user interface 120 may not receive power again until the user again presses a power switch. For example, when the supply of power to the user interface 120 (e.g., a dashboard) is disrupted, the user interface 120 may operate again only after the user manually presses the power switch.

    [0039] FIG. 2 illustrates an embodiment of an electric transfer apparatus which includes a battery pack 210 which may be charged/discharged, a load 260 driven by power from the battery pack 210, a user interface 220 driven by power from the battery pack 210, an auxiliary storage 230 connected to the user interface 220, a switch 240 connected between the auxiliary storage 230 and the load 260, and a controller 250 for controlling operations of the electric transfer apparatus. The electric transfer means may be, for example, an electric bicycle, an electric motorcycle, or an electric vehicle. The electric transfer apparatus in FIG. 2 may have common features with the apparatus in FIG. 1, except, for example, as indicated below.

    [0040] The load 260 may be a driver, e.g., a motor. The user interface 220 may include an electronic dashboard or other type of display. The electronic dashboard 220 displays previously set information on a display unit according to user information and/or a previously set condition. The user interface 220 may be an HMI.

    [0041] When a contact failure of the battery pack 210 does not occur, the load 160 and the user interface 120 receive power from the battery pack 210 and to operate according to a previously set condition. For example, the load 260 may drive the electric transfer apparatus at a predetermined speed by driving the motor according to power from the battery pack 210. In addition, the user interface 120 may display predetermined information on the display unit using power from the battery pack 210. For example, a user may set an operation of the electric transfer apparatus through an input unit of the user interface 220 and/or may set information displayed on the display unit.

    [0042] The controller 250 controls operations of the electric transfer apparatus. For example, the controller 250 calculates a voltage required in the driver 260 according to the speed of the electric transfer apparatus. The controller 250 controls the battery pack 210 to output the calculated voltage to the driver 260.

    [0043] The electric transfer apparatus may further include one or more sensors 270, and the controller 250 may include an FET gate driver 255.

    [0044] The battery pack 210 includes a battery cell 211, an AFE 213, a micro controller 215, and battery pack switches 218 and 219. The battery cell 211 includes one or two or more battery cells, and various types of rechargeable secondary batteries may be used as the battery cells. The AFE 213 is connected to the battery cell 211 and controls charging and discharging of the battery cell 211. The AFE 213 monitors the charge/discharge state of the battery cell 210, such as a current flow inside the battery pack 110, voltage, current, temperature, remaining amount of power, lifespan, state of charge (SOC), etc. The AFE 213 transmits data obtained by sensing the state of the battery cell 211 to the micro controller 215. The AFE 213 generates a charge control signal or a discharge control signal according to a command signal from the micro controller 215, to thereby control on/off states of the battery pack switches 218 and 219.

    [0045] The micro controller 215 controls operations of the battery pack 210. For example, the micro controller 215 controls operation of the AFE 213 and collects monitoring data from the AFE 213. The micro controller 215 may control other components connected thereto.

    [0046] The charge switch 219 and the discharge switch 218 are connected in series on a high current path between the battery cell 211 and an external terminal P+, to control the flow of charge current and discharge current. The charge switch 219 cuts off charge current, and the discharge switch 218 cuts off discharge current. Each of the charge switch 219 and the discharge switch 218 may include an FET. The charge switch 219 and the discharge switch 218 may be controlled by the micro controller 215 as described above.

    [0047] A terminal P of the battery pack 210 may be connected to a charger for charging the battery cell 211 or an external device. The external device, as described in relation to FIG. 1, refers to a load which consumes electric energy stored in the battery cell 111. In the electric transfer apparatus of the present embodiment, the driver 260 may be the external device. The terminal P includes a positive electrode terminal P+ and a negative electrode terminal P-. The battery cell 211 is charged when the charger is connected to the terminal P and discharged when the external device is connected to the terminal.

    [0048] As illustrated in FIG. 2, the battery pack 210 may include a shunt resistor 217.

    [0049] The electric transfer apparatus may further include an auxiliary storage 230 for supplying an auxiliary voltage to the user interface 220 when a contact failure of the battery pack 210 occurs in the electric transfer apparatus.

    [0050] For example, when impact forces are applied to the electric transfer apparatus, a contact failure may occur which separates electrical connection of the battery pack 210. The controller 250 determines whether the contact failure of the battery pack 210 has occurred and controls the auxiliary storage 230 to supply auxiliary voltage to the user interface 220. The controller 250 may transmit a message or signal including information that directs the auxiliary storage 230 to supply the auxiliary voltage to the user interface 220 when the contact failure of the battery pack 210 occurs.

    [0051] The battery pack may include a battery pack voltage monitor 251 within or separate from the controller 250. For example, the controller 250 may determine whether a contact failure of the positive electrode terminal P+ and/or the negative electrode terminal P- of the battery pack 210 has occurred based on a measured voltage of the battery pack 210. In one embodiment, the battery pack voltage monitor 251 monitors the voltage between the positive electrode terminal P+ and the negative electrode terminal P- of the battery pack 210 periodically or when a previously set condition is satisfied. When the difference between a voltage of the terminal P of the battery pack 210 at a first point of time and a voltage of the terminal P of the battery pack 210 at a second point of time is equal to or greater than a predetermined first magnitude (ΔV1), the battery pack voltage monitor 251 determines that the contact failure of the battery pack 210 has occurred. For example, when the voltage of the terminal P of the battery pack 210 is 15V at the first point of time, but the difference in voltage becomes 15V because the voltage of the terminal P of the battery pack 210 at the second point of time drops to 0V due to the occurrence of a voltage drop, the battery pack voltage monitor 251 may determine that a contact failure of the battery pack 210 has occurred.

    [0052] When a contact failure occurs, the battery pack voltage monitor 251 controls (e.g., opens) the switch 240 to provide a charging voltage only to the user interface 220. For example, the auxiliary storage 230 may be connected to the user interface 220. The switch 240 may be positioned between the auxiliary storage 230 and the load 260. When the controller 250 determines that a contact failure of the battery pack 210 has occurred, the controller 250 prevents a voltage of the auxiliary storage 230 from flowing into the load 260 by turning off the switch 240.

    [0053] When power to the load (driver) 260 has been disrupted, the load (driver) 260 may still be driven using an accelerator pedal or a bicycle pedal. However, power to the user interface 220 is maintained through the supply of an auxiliary voltage from the auxiliary storage, and this occurs even though power to the battery pack 210 has been disrupted. The switch 240 may include a D-FET and also a parasitic diode.

    [0054] The auxiliary storage 230 may be connected in parallel to the battery pack 210, and may receive and store a voltage from the battery pack 210. The auxiliary storage 230 may supply power to the user interface 220 using the stored voltage, even when a contact failure of the battery pack 210 occurs.

    [0055] The auxiliary storage 230 may be operate as a noise remover when a contact failure of the battery pack 210 does not exist. For example, the auxiliary storage 230 may be connected in parallel to each of the battery pack 210 and the load 260, e.g., the auxiliary storage 230 may be connected between the positive electrode terminal P+ and the negative electrode terminal P- of the terminal P of the battery pack 210. In this case, the auxiliary storage 230 may be or include a (e.g., large-capacity) capacitor to remove noise generated in the motor of the driver 260. Thus, the auxiliary storage 230 operates as the noise remover when a contact failure of the battery pack 210 does not exist and as an auxiliary power source of the user interface 220 when a contact failure of the battery pack 210 does exist.

    [0056] After a contact failure of the battery pack 210 has occurred, the controller 250 may determine whether the contact failure of the battery pack 210 has been eliminated or repaired. For example, after the battery pack 210 has separated (e.g., due to impact, vibration, or other forces or defects), a user may reconnect the battery pack 210 to repair or eliminate the contact failure.

    [0057] When it is determined that the contact failure of the battery pack 210 has been eliminated or repaired, the controller 250 may stop the auxiliary storage 230 from being the sole source of power to the user interface 220 and control the battery pack 210 to supply power to the user interface 220. The controller 250 may determine whether the contact failure of the positive electrode terminal P+ and/or the negative electrode terminal P- of the battery pack 210 has been eliminated by measuring a voltage of the battery pack 210. The battery pack voltage monitor 251 may monitor a voltage between the positive electrode terminal P+ and the negative electrode terminal P- of the battery pack 210 periodically or when a previously set condition is satisfied.

    [0058] When the difference between a voltage of the terminal P of the battery pack 210 at a third point of time and a voltage of the terminal P of the battery pack 210 at a fourth point of time is equal to or greater than a predetermined second magnitude (ΔV2), the battery pack voltage monitor 251 may determine that the contact failure of the battery pack 210 has been eliminated. For example, when the voltage of the terminal P of the battery pack 210 was 0V at the third point of time, but the difference in voltage becomes 15V because the voltage of the terminal P of the battery pack 210 at the fourth point of time rises to 15V due to occurrence of a voltage rise, the battery pack voltage monitor 251 may determine that the contact failure of the battery pack 210 has been eliminated.

    [0059] The first magnitude (ΔV1) of the difference in voltage for determining that the contact failure of the battery pack 210 has occurred may be equal to or different from the second magnitude (ΔV2) of the difference in voltage for determining that the contact failure of the battery pack 210 has been eliminated. For example, the first magnitude (ΔV1) may be greater than the second magnitude (ΔV2) to lower the reference when the contact failure of the battery pack 210 has occurred. In another embodiment, the first magnitude (ΔV1) may be smaller than the second magnitude (ΔV2).

    [0060] When it is determined that the contact failure of the battery pack 210 has been eliminated, the controller 250 may control the switch 240 to prevent the auxiliary storage 230 from being the sole source of voltage to the user interface 220. For example, the controller 250 may turn on the switch 240 between the auxiliary storage 230 and the driver 260. In this case, the auxiliary storage 230 operates as the noise remover based on its parallel connection to each of the battery pack 210 and the driver 260. The capacitor 230 may also be recharged during this time.

    [0061] The controller 250 may be driven by the voltage stored in the auxiliary storage 230. In this case, the controller 250 may operate when a contact failure of the battery pack 210 occurs.

    [0062] As illustrated in FIG. 2, the controller 250 may include the battery pack voltage monitor 251, a motor controller 253 for controlling operations of the electric transfer apparatus, and the FET gate driver 255. In another embodiment, the controller 250 may correspond to fewer than all or even one of the battery pack voltage monitor 251, the motor controller 253, and the FET gate driver 255. Also, only one controller (e.g., logic) may be used to perform all the operations of the battery pack voltage monitor 251, the motor controller 253, and the FET gate driver 255.

    [0063] FIG. 3 illustrates another embodiment of an electric transfer apparatus which includes a battery pack 310, a user interface 320, an auxiliary storage 330, a switch 340, a controller 350, and a load/driver 360. Operations of these components have been described in detail with reference to FIG. 2.

    [0064] The battery pack 310 supplies power to the load 360 and the user interface 320. The auxiliary storage 330 is connected to the battery pack 310 and stores an auxiliary voltage during normal operation (e.g., when no contact failure exists) of the battery pack 310. Also, the auxiliary storage 330 is connected to the load/driver 360 to operate as a noise remover for removing noise of a motor. The auxiliary storage 330 may be implemented, for example, by a (e.g., large-capacity) capacitor.

    [0065] When a contact failure of the battery pack 310 occurs, the controller 350 senses the contact failure and control the switch 340 to allow the auxiliary storage 330 to supply an auxiliary voltage to the user interface 320. For example, the controller 350 may turn off the switch 340 to prevent the voltage of the auxiliary storage 330 from being provided to the load/driver 360, as described above.

    [0066] Subsequently, the controller 350 determines whether the contact failure of the battery pack 310 has been eliminated or repaired. When the contact failure of the battery pack 310 has been eliminated or repaired, the controller 350 turns on the switch 340 to allow voltage of the battery pack 310 to be provided to the load/driver 360, as previously described.

    [0067] FIG. 4 illustrates an embodiment of a method for controlling an electric transfer apparatus, which, for example, may be the electric transfer apparatus according to the aforementioned embodiments.

    [0068] Referring to FIG. 4, in operation 410, a controller determines whether a contact failure of a battery pack has occurred. For example, the controller may measure a voltage between a positive electrode terminal P+ and a negative electrode terminal P- of a terminal P of the battery pack at a first point of time and a voltage between the positive electrode terminal P+ and the negative electrode terminal P- of the terminal P of the battery pack at a second point of time. The controller determines whether a contact failure has occurred based on whether the difference between the measured voltages is equal to or greater than a predetermined value.

    [0069] When it is determined that the contact failure of the battery pack has occurred, in operation 420, the controller may turn off a switch between an auxiliary storage and a load/driver. Thus, a voltage of the auxiliary storage is supplied to a user interface. The voltage of the auxiliary storage is maintained to a predetermined level or more to prevent power of the user interface from being turned off.

    [0070] Subsequently, in operation 430, the controller determines whether the contact failure of the battery pack has been eliminated or repaired. For example, the controller may measure a voltage between the positive electrode terminal P+ and the negative electrode terminal P- of the terminal P of the battery pack at a third point of time and a voltage between the positive electrode terminal P+ and the negative electrode terminal P-of the terminal P of the battery pack at a fourth point of time. The controller may determine whether the contact failure of the battery pack has been eliminated or repaired, based on whether the difference between the measured voltages is equal to or greater than a predetermined value.

    [0071] When it is determined that the contact failure of the battery pack has been eliminated or repaired, the controller turns off the switch between the auxiliary storage and the load/driver. Thus, supply of voltage of the auxiliary storage to the user interface is stopped, and power of the battery pack is supplied to the load/driver and the user interface. In addition, the auxiliary storage may operate as a noise remover.

    [0072] As discussed, embodiments of the invention can provide a controller for an electric transfer apparatus that includes a battery pack, a driver arranged to drive the electric transfer apparatus and electrically connected to the battery pack, a user interface electrically connected to the battery pack, an auxiliary power storage electrically connected to the user interface; wherein the controller is arranged to maintain a supply of power to the user interface during a contact failure of the battery pack, wherein power from the battery pack to the driver of the electric transfer apparatus is disrupted during the contact failure, and wherein the controller is arranged control output of power from the auxiliary power storage to the user interface during the contact failure.

    [0073] In some embodiments, the controller may shut off an electrical connection between the auxiliary power storage and the driver during the contact failure so that the auxiliary power storage powers the user interface but not the driver. The electric transfer apparatus may comprise a switch electrically connected between the auxiliary storage and the driver, wherein the controller is arranged to control the switch to be turned off when a contact failure of the battery pack occurs. The auxiliary power storage may be electrically connected between the battery pack and the driver. The auxiliary power storage may be connected between the user interface and the driver and may reduce noise in normal conditions.

    [0074] Embodiments of the invention can also provide an electric transfer apparatus, comprising: a battery pack; a driver arranged to drive the electric transfer apparatus; a user interface electrically connected to the battery pack; an auxiliary power storage electrically connected to the user interface; a controller according to any one of the discussed embodiments.

    [0075] The methods, processes, and/or operations described herein may be performed by code or instructions to be executed by a computer, processor, controller, or other signal processing device. The computer, processor, controller, or other signal processing device may be those described herein or one in addition to the elements described herein. Because the algorithms that form the basis of the methods (or operations of the computer, processor, controller, or other signal processing device) are described in detail, the code or instructions for implementing the operations of the method embodiments may transform the computer, processor, controller, or other signal processing device into a special-purpose processor for performing the methods described herein.

    [0076] The controller of the embodiments described herein may be implemented in logic which, for example, may include hardware, software, or both. When implemented at least partially in hardware, the controller may be, for example, any one of a variety of integrated circuits including but not limited to an application-specific integrated circuit, a field-programmable gate array, a combination of logic gates, a system-on-chip, a microprocessor, or another type of processing or control circuit.

    [0077] When implemented in at least partially in software, the controller may include, for example, a memory or other storage device for storing code or instructions to be executed, for example, by a computer, processor, microprocessor, controller, or other signal processing device. The computer, processor, microprocessor, controller, or other signal processing device may be those described herein or one in addition to the elements described herein. Because the algorithms that form the basis of the methods (or operations of the computer, processor, microprocessor, controller, or other signal processing device) are described in detail, the code or instructions for implementing the operations of the method embodiments may transform the computer, processor, controller, or other signal processing device into a special-purpose processor for performing the methods described herein.

    [0078] Also, another embodiment may include a computer-readable medium, e.g., a non-transitory computer-readable medium, for storing the code or instructions described above. The computer-readable medium may be a volatile or non-volatile memory or other storage device, which may be removably or fixedly coupled to the computer, processor, controller, or other signal processing device which is to execute the code or instructions for performing the method embodiments described herein.

    [0079] In accordance with another embodiment, a controller for an electric transfer apparatus includes an interface and control logic. The controller maintains a supply of power to a user interface of the apparatus during a contact failure of a battery pack of the apparatus. Power from the battery pack to a driver of the electric transfer apparatus is disrupted during the contact failure. The control logic is to output at least one control signal through the interface to control output of power from an auxiliary storage to the user interface during the contact failure.

    [0080] The control logic controls storage of power in the auxiliary storage when the contact failure does not exist. The control logic outputs at least one first control signal through the interface to isolate the user interface from the driver and to allow the auxiliary storage to be the sole source of power to the user interface during the contact failure. The control logic outputs at least one second control signal through the interface to operatively connect the driver to the user interface while the auxiliary storage is connected to the user interface, the at least one second control signal to allow the auxiliary storage to operate as a noise reducer when the contact failure does not exist. The at least one control signal may control a state of a switch between the user interface and the driver.

    [0081] The controller may correspond to controller 250 and/or may perform operations that correspond to the method embodiments disclosed herein. The auxiliary storage may include a capacitor to store a voltage to be supplied to the user interface during the contact failure. The user interface may include an electronic dashboard. The electric transfer apparatus may be an electric vehicle or any of the other types of apparatuses previously described.

    [0082] The interface may take various forms. For example, when the control logic is embodied within an integrated circuit chip, the output may be one or more output terminals, leads, wires, ports, signal lines, or other type of interface without, within, or coupled to the control logic.


    Claims

    1. A controller for an electric transfer apparatus that includes a battery pack (210, 310), a driver (260, 360) arranged to drive the electric transfer apparatus and that is electrically connected to the battery pack, a user interface (220, 320) electrically connected to the battery pack (210, 310) and an auxiliary power storage (230, 330) electrically connected to the user interface;
    wherein the controller is arranged to maintain a supply of power to the user interface during a contact failure of the battery pack (210, 310) wherein power from the battery pack to the driver of the electric transfer apparatus is disrupted during the contact failure, and wherein the controller is arranged to control output of power from the auxiliary power storage (230, 330) to the user interface during the contact failure; characterised in that the electric transfer apparatus further comprises a switch (240, 340) electrically connected between the auxiliary power storage (230, 330) and the driver, wherein the controller is arranged to control the switch to be turned off when a contact failure of the battery pack (210, 310) occurs.
     
    2. The controller as claimed in claim 1, wherein the controller is arranged to determine whether the contact failure of the battery pack has occurred based on whether a difference between a voltage between a positive terminal and a negative terminal of the battery pack at a first point of time and a voltage between the positive terminal and the negative terminal of the battery pack at a second point of time is equal to or greater than a predetermined first magnitude.
     
    3. The controller as claimed in claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the controller is arranged to control the switch to be turned on when the contact failure of the battery pack is eliminated.
     
    4. The controller as claimed in claim 3, wherein the controller is arranged to determine whether the contact failure of the battery pack has been eliminated based on
    whether a difference between a voltage between the positive terminal and the negative terminal of the battery pack at a third point of time and a voltage between the positive terminal and the negative terminal of the battery pack at a fourth point of time is equal to or greater than a predetermined second magnitude.
     
    5. The controller as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 4, further comprising:

    an interface; and

    control logic arranged to maintain the supply of power to the user interface during the contact failure, wherein the control logic is arranged to output at least one control signal through the interface, the at least one control signal being arranged to control output of power from the auxiliary power storage to the user interface during the contact failure.


     
    6. The controller as claimed in claim 5, wherein the control logic is arranged to control storage of power in the auxiliary power storage when the contact failure does not exist.
     
    7. The controller as claimed in claim 5 or 6, wherein the control logic is arranged to:

    output at least one first control signal through the interface to isolate the user interface from the driver and to allow the auxiliary power storage to be the sole source of power to the user interface during the contact failure, and

    output at least one second control signal through the interface to operatively connect the driver to the user interface while the auxiliary power storage is connected to the user interface, the at least one second control signal arranged to allow the auxiliary storage to operate as a noise reducer when the contact failure does not exist.


     
    8. The controller as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the at least one control signal is arranged to control a state of the switch.
     
    9. An electric transfer apparatus, comprising:

    a battery pack (210, 310);

    a driver (260, 260) arranged to drive the electric transfer apparatus;

    a user interface (220, 320) electrically connected to the battery pack;

    an auxiliary power storage (230, 330) electrically connected to the user interface;

    a controller (250, 350) according to any one of claims 1 to 8.


     
    10. The electric transfer apparatus of claim 9, further comprising:

    a switch (240) electrically connected between the auxiliary storage and the driver; and

    wherein the controller is arranged to control the switch, wherein the controller is arranged to control the switch to be turned off when a contact failure of the battery pack occurs.


     
    11. The apparatus as claimed in claims 9 or 10, wherein the controller and the user interface are arranged to receive power from the auxiliary power storage when the contact failure of the battery pack occurs.
     
    12. The apparatus as claimed in any one of claims 9 to 11, wherein the power auxiliary storage includes a capacitor;
    optionally wherein the auxiliary power storage is arranged to remove noise of the driver when the contact failure of the battery pack does not exist.
     
    13. The apparatus as claimed in any one of claims 9 to 12, wherein the user interface includes an electronic dashboard; and/or
    wherein the electric transfer apparatus is an electric bicycle, an electric motorcycle, or an electric vehicle.
     
    14. A method for controlling an electric transfer apparatus that includes a battery pack (210, 310), a driver (260, 360) arranged to drive the electric transfer apparatus and that is electrically connected to the battery pack, a user interface (220, 320) electrically connected to the battery pack, and an auxiliary power storage (230, 330) electrically connected to the user interface, the method comprising:

    determining whether a contact failure of the battery pack has occurred;

    maintaining a supply of power to the user interface during the contact failure of the battery pack, wherein power from the battery pack to the driver of the electric transfer apparatus is disrupted during the contact failure, and controlling output of power from the auxiliary power storage to the user interface during the contact failure;

    characterised in that the electric transfer apparatus further comprises a switch (240, 340) electrically connected between the auxiliary storage and the driver, and the method comprises controlling the switch to be turned off when the contact failure of the battery pack occurs;

    determining whether the contact failure of the battery pack has been eliminated; and

    when the contact failure of the battery pack has been eliminated, turning on the switch.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Steuerung für eine elektrische Übertragungsvorrichtung, die ein Batteriepack (210, 310), einen Treiber (260, 360), der zum Antreiben der elektrischen Übertragungsvorrichtung eingerichtet und elektrisch mit dem Batteriepack verbunden ist, eine Benutzerschnittstelle (220, 320), die elektrisch mit dem Batteriepack (210, 310) verbunden ist, und einen Hilfsstromspeicher (230, 330), der elektrisch mit der Benutzerschnittstelle verbunden ist, umfasst;
    wobei die Steuerung dazu eingerichtet ist, während eines Kontaktausfalls des Batteriepacks (210, 310), wobei während des Kontaktausfalls der Strom von dem Batteriepack zu dem Treiber der elektrischen Übertragungsvorrichtung unterbrochen ist, eine Zufuhr von Strom zu der Benutzerschnittstelle aufrechtzuerhalten, und wobei die Steuerung dazu eingerichtet ist, während des Kontaktausfalls die Abgabe von Strom aus dem Hilfsstromspeicher (230, 330) an die Benutzerschnittstelle zu steuern;
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die elektrische Übertragungsvorrichtung ferner einen Schalter (240, 340) umfasst, der elektrisch zwischen dem Hilfsstromspeicher (230, 330) und dem Treiber geschaltet ist, wobei die Steuerung dazu eingerichtet ist, den Schalter so zu steuern, dass er ausgeschaltet wird, wenn ein Kontaktausfall des Batteriepacks (210, 310) auftritt.
     
    2. Steuerung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Steuerung dazu eingerichtet ist zu bestimmen, ob der Kontaktausfall des Batteriepacks aufgetreten ist, basierend darauf, ob ein Unterschied zwischen einer Spannung zwischen einem positiven Anschluss und einem negativen Anschluss des Batteriepacks zu einem ersten Zeitpunkt und einer Spannung zwischen dem positiven Anschluss und dem negativen Anschluss des Batteriepacks zu einem zweiten Zeitpunkt gleich oder größer als eine(r) vorgegebene(n) erste(n) Größenordnung ist.
     
    3. Steuerung nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2, wobei die Steuerung dazu eingerichtet ist, den Schalter so zu steuern, dass er eingeschaltet wird, wenn der Kontaktausfall des Batteriepacks behoben wird.
     
    4. Steuerung nach Anspruch 3, wobei die Steuerung dazu eingerichtet ist zu bestimmen, ob der Kontaktausfall des Batteriepacks behoben wurde, basierend darauf
    ob ein Unterschied zwischen einer Spannung zwischen dem positiven Anschluss und dem negativen Anschluss des Batteriepacks zu einem dritten Zeitpunkt und einer Spannung zwischen dem positiven Anschluss und dem negativen Anschluss des Batteriepacks zu einem vierten Zeitpunkt gleich oder größer als eine(r) vorgegebene(n) zweite(n) Größenordnung ist.
     
    5. Steuerung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, ferner umfassend:

    eine Schnittstelle; und

    Steuerlogik, die dazu eingerichtet ist, während des Kontaktausfalls die Zufuhr von Strom zu der Benutzerschnittstelle aufrechtzuerhalten, wobei die Steuerlogik dazu eingerichtet ist, über die Schnittstelle wenigstens ein Steuersignal auszugeben, wobei das wenigstens eine Steuersignal dazu eingerichtet ist, während des Kontaktausfalls die Abgabe von Strom aus dem Hilfsstromspeicher an die Benutzerschnittstelle zu steuern.


     
    6. Steuerung nach Anspruch 5, wobei die Steuerlogik dazu eingerichtet ist, die Speicherung von Strom in dem Hilfsstromspeicher zu steuern, wenn der Kontaktausfall nicht vorliegt.
     
    7. Steuerung nach Anspruch 5 oder 6, wobei die Steuerlogik für Folgendes eingerichtet ist:

    Ausgeben wenigstens eines ersten Steuersignals über die Schnittstelle, um die Benutzerschnittstelle von dem Treiber zu isolieren und zu gestatten, dass während des Kontaktausfalls der Hilfsstromspeicher die alleinige Quelle von Strom für die Benutzerschnittstelle ist, und

    Ausgeben wenigstens eines zweiten Steuersignals über die Schnittstelle, um den Treiber mit der Benutzerschnittstelle wirkzuverbinden, während der Hilfsstromspeicher mit der Benutzerschnittstelle verbunden ist, wobei das wenigstens eine zweite Steuersignal dazu eingerichtet ist zu gestatten, dass der Hilfsspeicher als Schalldämpfer arbeitet, wenn der Kontaktausfall nicht vorliegt.


     
    8. Steuerung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, wobei das wenigstens eine Steuersignal dazu eingerichtet ist, einen Zustand des Schalters zu steuern.
     
    9. Elektrische Übertragungsvorrichtung, umfassend:

    ein Batteriepack (210, 310);

    einen Treiber (260, 260), der dazu eingerichtet ist, die elektrische Übertragungsvorrichtung anzutreiben;

    eine Benutzerschnittstelle (220, 320), die elektrisch mit dem Batteriepack verbunden ist;

    einen Hilfsstromspeicher (230, 330), der elektrisch mit der Benutzerschnittstelle verbunden ist;

    eine Steuerung (250, 350) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8.


     
    10. Elektrische Übertragungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 9, ferner umfassend:

    einen Schalter (240), der elektrisch zwischen dem Hilfsspeicher und dem Treiber geschaltet ist; und

    wobei die Steuerung dazu eingerichtet ist, den Schalter zu steuern, wobei die Steuerung dazu eingerichtet ist, den Schalter so zu steuern, dass er ausgeschaltet wird, wenn ein Kontaktausfall des Batteriepacks auftritt.


     
    11. Vorrichtung nach den Ansprüchen 9 oder 10, wobei die Steuerung und die Benutzerschnittstelle dazu eingerichtet sind, Strom aus dem Hilfsstromspeicher zu erhalten, wenn der Kontaktausfall des Batteriepacks auftritt.
     
    12. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 9 bis 11, wobei der Hilfsstromspeicher einen Kondensator umfasst;
    wobei optional der Hilfsstromspeicher dazu eingerichtet ist, Geräusche des Treibers zu unterdrücken, wenn der Kontaktausfall des Batteriepacks nicht vorliegt.
     
    13. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 9 bis 12, wobei die Benutzerschnittstelle ein elektronisches Armaturenbrett umfasst; und/oder
    wobei die elektrische Übertragungsvorrichtung ein Elektrofahrrad, ein Elektromotorrad oder ein Elektrofahrzeug ist.
     
    14. Verfahren zur Steuerung einer elektrischen Übertragungsvorrichtung, die ein Batteriepack (210, 310), einen Treiber (260, 360), der zum Antreiben der elektrischen Übertragungsvorrichtung eingerichtet und elektrisch mit dem Batteriepack verbunden ist, eine Benutzerschnittstelle (220, 320), die elektrisch mit dem Batteriepack verbunden ist, und einen Hilfsstromspeicher (230, 330), der elektrisch mit der Benutzerschnittstelle verbunden ist, umfasst, wobei das Verfahren umfasst
    Bestimmen, ob ein Kontaktausfall des Batteriepacks aufgetreten ist;
    Aufrechterhalten einer Zufuhr von Strom zu der Benutzerschnittstelle während des Kontaktausfalls des Batteriepacks, wobei während des Kontaktausfalls der Strom von dem Batteriepack zu dem Treiber der elektrischen Übertragungsvorrichtung unterbrochen ist, und Steuern der Abgabe von Strom aus dem Hilfsstromspeicher an die Benutzerschnittstelle während des Kontaktausfalls;
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die elektrische Übertragungsvorrichtung ferner einen Schalter (240, 340) umfasst, der elektrisch zwischen dem Hilfsspeicher und dem Treiber geschaltet ist, und das Verfahren ein Steuern des Schalters umfasst, so dass er ausgeschaltet wird, wenn der Kontaktausfall des Batteriepacks auftritt;
    Bestimmen, ob der Kontaktausfall des Batteriepacks behoben wurde; und
    wenn der Kontaktausfall des Batteriepacks behoben wurde, Einschalten des Schalters.
     


    Revendications

    1. Contrôleur pour un appareil électrique de transfert qui inclut un bloc-batterie (210, 310), un pilote (260, 360) conçu pour attaquer l'appareil électrique de transfert et qui est connecté électriquement au bloc-batterie, une interface utilisateur (220, 320) connectée électriquement au bloc-batterie (210, 310), et un stockage d'énergie auxiliaire (230, 330) connecté électriquement à l'interface utilisateur ;
    où le contrôleur est conçu pour maintenir une fourniture d'énergie à l'interface utilisateur pendant une défaillance de contact du bloc-batterie (210, 310), où la fourniture d'énergie, du bloc-batterie au pilote de l'appareil électrique de transfert, est interrompue pendant la défaillance de contact, et où le contrôleur est conçu pour commander une fourniture en sortie d'énergie, du stockage d'énergie auxiliaire (230, 330) à l'interface utilisateur, au cours de la défaillance de contact ;
    caractérisé en ce que l'appareil électrique de transfert comprend en outre un commutateur (240, 340) connecté électriquement entre le stockage d'énergie auxiliaire (230, 330) et le pilote, où le contrôleur est conçu pour commander la mise à l'état non passant du commutateur lorsqu'une défaillance de contact du bloc-batterie (210, 310) se produit.
     
    2. Contrôleur selon la revendication 1, où le contrôleur est conçu pour déterminer si la défaillance de contact du bloc-batterie s'est produite selon qu'une différence entre une tension, entre une borne positive et une borne négative du bloc-batterie à un premier instant, et une tension, entre la borne positive et la borne négative du bloc-batterie à un deuxième instant, est égale ou supérieure à une première grandeur prédéterminée.
     
    3. Contrôleur selon la revendication 1 ou 2, où le contrôleur est conçu pour commander la mise à l'état passant du commutateur lorsque la défaillance de contact du bloc-batterie est éliminée.
     
    4. Contrôleur selon la revendication 3, où le contrôleur est conçu pour déterminer si la défaillance de contact du bloc-batterie a été éliminée selon qu'une différence entre une tension, entre la borne positive et la borne négative du bloc-batterie à un troisième instant, et une tension, entre la borne positive et la borne négative du bloc-batterie à un quatrième instant, est égale ou supérieure à une seconde grandeur prédéterminée.
     
    5. Contrôleur selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, comprenant en outre :

    une interface ; et

    une logique de commande conçue pour maintenir la fourniture d'énergie à l'interface utilisateur pendant la défaillance de contact, où la logique de commande est conçue pour fournir en sortie au moins un signal de commande par l'intermédiaire de l'interface, l'au moins un signal de commande étant conçu pour commander la fourniture en sortie d'énergie, du stockage d'énergie auxiliaire à l'interface utilisateur, pendant la défaillance de contact.


     
    6. Contrôleur selon la revendication 5, dans lequel la logique de commande est conçue pour commander un stockage d'énergie dans le stockage d'énergie auxiliaire lorsque la défaillance de contact n'existe pas.
     
    7. Contrôleur selon la revendication 5 ou 6, dans lequel la logique de commande est conçue pour :

    fournir en sortie au moins un premier signal de commande par l'intermédiaire de l'interface pour isoler l'interface utilisateur du pilote et pour permettre au stockage d'énergie auxiliaire d'être la seule source d'énergie vers l'interface utilisateur pendant la défaillance de contact ; et

    fournir en sortie au moins un second signal de commande par l'intermédiaire de l'interface pour connecter de manière opérationnelle le pilote à l'interface utilisateur tandis que le stockage d'énergie auxiliaire est connecté à l'interface utilisateur, l'au moins un second signal de commande étant conçu pour permettre au stockage auxiliaire de fonctionner en tant que réducteur de bruit lorsque la défaillance de contact n'existe pas.


     
    8. Contrôleur selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, dans lequel l'au moins un signal de commande est conçu pour commander un état du commutateur.
     
    9. Appareil électrique de transfert, comprenant :

    un bloc-batterie (210, 310) ;

    un pilote (260, 260) conçu pour attaquer l'appareil électrique de transfert ;

    une interface utilisateur (220, 320) connectée électriquement au bloc-batterie ;

    un stockage d'énergie auxiliaire (230, 330) connecté électriquement à l'interface utilisateur ;

    un contrôleur (250, 350) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8.


     
    10. Appareil électrique de transfert selon la revendication 9, comprenant en outre :

    un commutateur (240) connecté électriquement entre le stockage auxiliaire et le pilote ; et

    dans lequel le contrôleur est conçu pour commander le commutateur, où le contrôleur est conçu pour commander la mise à l'état non passant du commutateur lorsqu'une défaillance de contact du bloc-batterie se produit.


     
    11. Appareil selon la revendication 9 ou 10, dans lequel le contrôleur et l'interface utilisateur sont conçus pour recevoir de l'énergie en provenance du stockage d'énergie auxiliaire lorsque la défaillance de contact du bloc-batterie se produit.
     
    12. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 à 11, dans lequel le stockage d'énergie auxiliaire inclut un condensateur ;
    facultativement, dans lequel le stockage d'énergie auxiliaire est conçu pour éliminer tout bruit du pilote lorsque la défaillance de contact du bloc-batterie n'existe pas.
     
    13. Appareil selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 à 12, dans lequel l'interface utilisateur inclut un tableau de bord électronique ; et/ou
    où l'appareil électrique de transfert est une bicyclette électrique, une motocyclette électrique ou un véhicule électrique.
     
    14. Procédé de commande d'un appareil électrique de transfert qui inclut un bloc-batterie (210, 310), un pilote (260, 360) conçu pour attaquer l'appareil électrique de transfert et qui est connecté électriquement au bloc-batterie, une interface utilisateur (220, 320) connectée électriquement au bloc-batterie, et un stockage d'énergie auxiliaire (230, 330) connecté électriquement à l'interface utilisateur, le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à :

    déterminer si une défaillance de contact du bloc-batterie s'est produite ;

    maintenir une fourniture d'énergie à l'interface utilisateur pendant la défaillance de contact du bloc-batterie, où la fourniture d'énergie, du bloc-batterie au pilote de l'appareil électrique de transfert, est interrompue pendant la défaillance de contact, et commander une fourniture en sortie d'énergie, du stockage d'énergie auxiliaire à l'interface utilisateur, pendant la défaillance de contact ;

    caractérisé en ce que l'appareil électrique de transfert comprend en outre un commutateur (240, 340) connecté électriquement entre le stockage auxiliaire et le pilote, et le procédé comprenant l'étape consistant à commander la mise à l'état non passant du commutateur lorsque la défaillance de contact du bloc-batterie se produit ;

    déterminer si la défaillance de contact du bloc-batterie a été éliminée ; et

    lorsque la défaillance de contact du bloc-batterie a été éliminée, mettre à l'état passant le commutateur.


     




    Drawing











    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description