(19)
(11)EP 3 096 328 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 16164655.9

(22)Date of filing:  11.04.2016
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H01B 1/02  (2006.01)
C23C 18/44  (2006.01)
C22C 47/14  (2006.01)
C23C 18/16  (2006.01)
C22C 49/14  (2006.01)
C22C 1/04  (2006.01)
C22C 47/04  (2006.01)
H01B 1/04  (2006.01)
B22F 9/24  (2006.01)
C22C 49/02  (2006.01)
C23C 18/18  (2006.01)
H01H 1/027  (2006.01)
C22C 5/06  (2006.01)

(54)

METHOD FOR PREPARING ELECTRICAL CONTACT MATERIALS INCLUDING AG PLATED CNTS

VERFAHREN ZUR HERSTELLUNG ELEKTRISCHER KONTAKTMATERIALIEN MIT AG-PLATTIERTEN CNTS

PROCÉDÉ DE PRÉPARATION DE MATÉRIAUX DE CONTACT ÉLECTRIQUE COMPRENANT DES CNT PLAQUÉS AG


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 22.05.2015 KR 20150071929

(43)Date of publication of application:
23.11.2016 Bulletin 2016/47

(73)Proprietors:
  • LSIS Co., Ltd.
    Gyeonggi-Do 14119 (KR)
  • Research & Business Foundation Sungkyunkwan University
    Gyeonggi-do 16419 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • CHO, Wookdong
    14118 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • MOON, Chuldong
    14118 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • CHOI, Hyeonjeong
    14118 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • KIM, Wonyoung
    14118 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • BAIK, Seunghyun
    06095 Gangnam-gu (KR)
  • LEE, Dongmok
    16547 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • SIM, Jeonghyun
    18441 Gyeonggi-do (KR)

(74)Representative: K&L Gates LLP 
Karolinen Karree Karlstraße 12
80333 München
80333 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2014/173793
US-A1- 2003 054 094
US-A1- 2014 030 532
WO-A2-2008/048705
US-A1- 2009 114 425
  
  • S. CHANTARAMANEE ET AL: "Development of a lead-free composite solder from Sn-Ag-Cu and Ag-coated carbon nanotubes", JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE. MATERIALS IN ELECTRONICS., vol. 24, no. 10, 31 May 2013 (2013-05-31), pages 3707-3715, XP055307067, GB ISSN: 0957-4522, DOI: 10.1007/s10854-013-1307-y
  • FENG Y ET AL: "Electroless plating of carbon nanotubes with silver", JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBLISHERS, DORDRECHT, vol. 39, 31 December 2004 (2004-12-31), pages 3241-3243, XP002454712, ISSN: 0022-2461, DOI: 10.1023/B:JMSC.0000025869.05546.94
  • NAYAN, N., NARAYANA M., SHARMA, S.C., SREEKUMAR, K., SINHA, P.P.: "Electroless coating of Silver on Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes", MATERIALS SCIENCE FORUM, vol. 710, 24 January 2012 (2012-01-24), pages 774-779, XP002762604, ISSN: 1662-9752, DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.710.774
 
Remarks:
The file contains technical information submitted after the application was filed and not included in this specification
 
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


1. Field of the Invention



[0001] The present invention relates to a method for preparing electrical contact materials including silver (Ag) plated carbon nanotubes (CNTs), and more particularly, to a method for preparing electrical contact materials including Ag plated CNTs, which allows the materials to have excellent properties while reducing the content of silver.

2. Background of the Invention



[0002] In general, electrical contact materials are contact elements for electrical conduction used at a portion contacted when an electric circuit is opened or closed in an electric device such as a circuit breaker or a switch, and are applied to motor switches, switch gears, MCBs, compact motors and lamps, automobiles, electric home appliances, and the like.

[0003] Further, the electrical contact materials require various properties such as high melting point, excellent electrical conductivity and thermal conductivity, low contact resistance, excellent welding resistance, smooth opening and closing, high hardness related to abrasion resistance, and small deformation in a contact surface.

[0004] The electrical contact materials may be divided into contact materials for low current (1 A or less), contact materials for intermediate current (1 A to 600 A), and contact materials for high current (600 A or more).

[0005] In general, materials having excellent electrical conductivity are used as the electrical contact materials for low current, materials having excellent electrical conductivity, high abrasion resistance, high melting point, and the like are used as the electrical contact materials for intermediate current, and materials having high melting point are used as the electrical contact materials for high current.

[0006] Further, the electrical contact materials may also be divided into tungsten based electrical contact materials, silver-oxide based electrical contact materials, and precious metal based electrical contact materials.

[0007] Among them, as illustrated in FIG. 1, when electrical contact materials are prepared using a silver-nickel alloy, silver with a content of about 8 wt% or more has been currently used when silver-nickel based electrical contact materials are used for low current and intermediate current.

[0008] Recently, an electrical contact material prepared by adding a carbon based compound to a metal has been proposed in order to improve abrasion resistance, electrical properties and the like of the electrical contact material, and Chinese Patents Nos. 102324335, 001624175 and 001256450 have disclosed electrical contact materials including Ag powder and carbon nanotubes.

[0009] "Development of a lead-free composite solder from Sn-Ag-CU and Ag-coated carbon nanotubes", by S.CHANTARAMANEE ET AL, JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE. MATERIALS IN ELECTRONICS., vol. 24, no 10, 31 May 2013 ("013-05-31), pages 3707-3715, ISSN:0957-4522, DOI:10.1007/s10854-013-1307-y, discloses prior art in forming composites with Ag-coated single-walled carbon nano tubes.

[0010] However, the electrical contact materials in the related art as described above include CNTs to improve electrical characteristics of the electrical contact materials, but still have high contents of silver (Ag) so that there are problems in that preparation costs are increased and preparation processes are complicated.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0011] Therefore, an aspect of the detailed description is to provide a method for preparing electrical contact materials including silver, Ag, plated carbon nanotubes, which allows the materials to have excellent properties while reducing the content of silver.

[0012] To achieve these and other advantages and in accordance with the purpose of this specification, as embodied and broadly described herein, a method according to the invention is defined in claim 1
Further, the metals constituting the alloy mixed with the carbon nanotubes in step (f) are characterized to have a conductivity of 14.3 MS/m or more.

[0013] In addition, the alloy is composed of one or more metals selected from the group consisting of copper, nickel and gold
Furthermore, the method further includes, after step (f), subjecting the powder mixture to ultrasonic dispersion, and vacuum drying the powder mixture; and (h) sintering the vacuum-dried powder mixture.

[0014] Further, step (b) is characterized in that the carbon nanotubes are washed until being reached at pH 7
Furthermore, the aqueous glyoxylic acid solution and the aqueous sodium hydroxide solution are characterized to be washed with deionized water until being reached at pH 7

[0015] Further, step (a) is characterized in that the carbon nanotubes are subjected to ultrasonic dispersion for 5 minutes and to acid treatment for 2 hours.

[0016] Furthermore, step (h) is characterized to be performed by a spark plasma sintering method.

[0017] To achieve these and other advantages and in accordance with the purpose of the present invention, as embodied and broadly described herein, there is also provided a method for preparing electrical contact materials including Ag plated carbon nanotubes, the method including: (a) subjecting carbon nanotubes to ultrasonic dispersion and acid treatment, and then binding tin and palladium to surfaces of the carbon nanotubes; (b) mixing an aqueous glyoxylic acid solution with an aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and then mixing the carbon nanotubes prepared in step (a) with the solution; and (c) preparing Ag plated carbon nanotubes by mixing an aqueous glyoxylic acid solution with an aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, and then preparing a powder mixture by mixing the Ag plated carbon nanotubes with an alloy where the metals are mixed.

[0018] As described above, the method for preparing electrical contact materials including Ag plated carbon nanotubes, which is the present invention, has an effect of uniformly dispersing carbon nanotubes in the material by including Ag in the carbon nanotubes to suppress the aggregation of carbon nanotubes when the electrical contacts are prepared.

[0019] Furthermore, there is an effect of reducing the overall preparation costs by reducing the content of Ag used for the electrical contact materials.

[0020] Further, there is an effect of greatly improving the functions of a circuit breaker and the like in which the electrical contact materials are used by allowing the electrical contact materials to have excellent properties while using a small amount of Ag in the carbon nanotubes.

[0021] Further scope of applicability of the present application will become more apparent from the detailed description given hereinafter. However, it should be understood that the detailed description and specific examples, while indicating preferred embodiments of the invention, are given by way of illustration only, since various changes and modifications within the spirit and scope of the invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the detailed description.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0022] The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate exemplary embodiments and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention.

[0023] In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a configuration view illustrating a silver-nickel based electrical contact material in the related art;

FIG. 2 is a configuration view illustrating the state where the electrical contact material according to the present invention includes Ag plated carbon nanotubes;

FIG. 3 is a SEM image illustrating carbon nanotubes included in the electrical contacts according to the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a SEM image illustrating Ag plated carbon nanotubes included in the electrical contacts according to the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a SEM image illustrating Ag plated carbon nanotubes included in the electrical contacts according to the present invention;

FIG. 6 is a TEM image illustrating Ag plated carbon nanotubes included in the electrical contacts according to the present invention;

FIG. 7 is an EDS analysis of Ag plated carbon nanotubes included in the electrical contacts according to the present invention;

FIG. 8 is a flowchart illustrating the process of preparing the electrical contact material according to the present invention; and

FIG. 9 is a flowchart illustrating the process of preparing the Ag plated carbon nanotubes according to the present invention.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



[0024] Hereinafter, a method for preparing electrical contact materials including Ag plated carbon nanotubes according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

[0025] FIG. 2 is a configuration view illustrating the state where the electrical contact material according to the present invention includes Ag plated carbon nanotubes, FIG. 3 is a SEM image illustrating carbon nanotubes included in the electrical contacts according to the present invention, FIG. 4 is a SEM image illustrating Ag plated carbon nanotubes included in the electrical contacts according to the present invention, and FIG. 5 is a SEM image illustrating Ag plated carbon nanotubes included in the electrical contacts according to the present invention.

[0026] Further, FIG. 6 is a TEM image illustrating Ag plated carbon nanotubes included in the electrical contacts according to the present invention, FIG. 7 is an EDS analysis of Ag plated carbon nanotubes included in the electrical contacts according to the present invention, FIG. 8 is a flowchart illustrating the process of preparing the electrical contact material according to the present invention, and FIG. 9 is a flowchart illustrating the process of preparing the Ag plated carbon nanotubes according to the present invention.

[0027] As illustrated in FIG. 2, the electrical contact material prepared by the preparation method according to the present invention includes Ag plated carbon nanotubes 10.

[0028] In this case, the electrical contact material is composed so as to include one or more metals selected from the group consisting of silver (Ag), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), and gold (Au), and the silver (Ag), the copper (Cu), the nickel (Ni), and the gold (Au) may improve the density, electrical conductivity, hardness, thermal conductivity, elongation ratio, and electrical lifetime of an electrical contact material to be described below by using those having a conductivity of 63 MS/m, 59 MS/m, 14.3 MS/m, and 45.2 MS/m or more, respectively.

[0029] Silver (Ag) has excellent electrical conductivity and thermal conductivity, and low contact resistance, and thus is frequently used as a base material of electrical contact materials, and nickel (Ni) has lower electrical conductivity and thermal conductivity than those of silver (Ag), but has high mechanical strength, and thus is used as an electrical contact material along with silver (Ag).

[0030] In this case, it is preferred that the metal particles have a size of 1 µm to 10 µm.

[0031] Further, the content of silver (Ag) in a silver-nickel based alloy is not particularly limited, but is preferably 55 wt% to 65 wt%. When the content is less than 55 wt%, the silver-nickel based alloy may not be used as an electrical contact material due to the low electrical conductivity, and when the content is more than 65 wt%, the abrasion resistance and consumption resistance deteriorate and the preparation costs are greatly increased.

[0032] Accordingly, the content of nickel (Ni) is preferably 35 wt% to 45 wt%. The carbon nanotube (CNT) is a new material in which carbon atoms are connected to one another through sp2 bonding to form a hexagonal honeycomb structure and have a tubular shape, and the diameter of the CNT is approximately in the range of several to several tens nanometers (nm).

[0033] The CNT has excellent electrical, mechanical and thermal properties, and thus may be used as a reinforcing material of a composite material, and serves as an electrical bridge, and thus may improve electrical and mechanical properties of the electrical contact material.

[0034] In spite of the advantages described above, the CNT has problems including difficulty in dispersion, and the like when bonded to metal.

[0035] That is, when carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are used in an electrical contact material, there is a problem in that it is difficult to uniformly disperse carbon nanotubes in the material due to aggregate between the carbon nanotubes, and there is a problem in that the material properties are affected by the non-uniform dispersion.

[0036] Therefore, the present invention allows carbon nanotubes to be uniformly dispersed in an electrical contact material by preparing the material using silver (Ag) plated carbon nanotubes.

[0037] That is, as illustrated in FIG. 2, when silver (Ag) plated carbon nanotubes are used, the carbon nanotubes are uniformly dispersed at the interface between the materials, and thus improve the thermal conductivity and abrasion resistance required at the electrical contacts.

[0038] As illustrated in FIGS. 3 to 7, the state of the carbon nanotube (CNT) or the carbon nanotube (CNT) including silver (Ag) is confirmed by using a transmission electron microscope (TEM) or a scanning electron microscope (SEM), and as illustrated in FIG. 7, the intensity is clearly shown when each component is detected.

[0039] Hereinafter, the process of preparing Ag plated carbon nanotubes will be described in detail with reference to FIGS. 8 and 9.

[0040] First, a powder mixture is prepared by mixing Ag plated carbon nanotubes with an alloy including silver and nickel (S101).

[0041] In this case, for the Ag plated carbon nanotubes, 0.04 g of carbon nanotubes are put into a 7 M nitric acid solution, and subjected to ultrasonic dispersion and acid treatment for 5 minutes and 2 hours, respectively (S201).

[0042] Thereafter, the ultrasonically dispersed and acid-treated carbon nanotubes through step (S201) are washed with deionized water until being reached at pH 7 by using vacuum filtration (S203).

[0043] Thereafter, the washed carbon nanotubes through step (S203) are sequentially mixed with a mixed solution of tin chloride (SnCl2) and hydrochloric acid (HCI) and a mixed solution of palladium chloride (PdCl2) and hydrochloric acid (HCI), and ultrasonic wave is applied thereto, thereby binding tin (Sn2+) and palladium (Pd2+) to surfaces of the carbon nanotubes (S205).

[0044] Thereafter, a 0.3 M aqueous silver nitrate (AgNO3) solution and an aqueous ammonia solution are put into a container and mixed until the solution becomes colorless, and then are mixed with the carbon nanotubes produced in step (S205) (S207).

[0045] Thereafter, a 0.1 M aqueous glyoxylic acid solution is mixed with a 0.5 M sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution until being reached at pH 9, and then the mixed solution is reacted at 90°C for 1 hour, and then vacuum filtration is used to wash the carbon nanotubes with deionized water until being reached at pH 7, thereby preparing Ag plated carbon nanotubes (S209).

[0046] Thereafter, the Ag plated carbon nanotubes are mixed with the alloy, thereby preparing a powder mixture (S211).

[0047] Thereafter, the powder mixture prepared in step (S211) is subjected to ultrasonic dispersion and vacuum dried (S103), and then the vacuum-dried powder mixture is sintered (S105).

[0048] In this case, the powder mixture is sintered at a temperature of 750°C to 830°C for 1 minute while maintaining the temperature, and as the sintering method, a spark plasma sintering (SPS) method is used.

[0049] The spark plasma sintering method is a sintering method which uses spark plasma generated between raw material particles as a main heat source by directly applying pulse current to the raw material particles while being compressed in a graphite mold.

[0050] By the method, high energy of the spark plasma may be effectively applied to heat diffusion, action of electric fields, and the like.

[0051] Further, since a sudden increase in temperature is possible at a relatively low temperature for a short period of time through the spark plasma sintering method, the growth of particles may be controlled, a dense composite may be obtained for a short period of time, and even a material which is difficult to sinter (sintering-difficult material) may be easily sintered.

<Experimental Example>



[0052] 
[Table]
 Type of contactDensityElectrical conductivityHardnessThermal conductivityElongation ratioElectrical lifetime
Comparative Example Ag65Ni35 9.72 57 130 216.616 4 87,927
Example Ag65Ni35 including Ag plated carbon nanotubes 9.737 59.2 140 227.772 7 169,266


[0053] As shown in the Table, it is shown that in the electrical contact material including Ag plated carbon nanotubes prepared by the preparation method according to the present invention, the density, electrical conductivity, electrical lifetime, and the like are greatly improved.

[0054] Therefore, in the present invention, carbon nanotubes are uniformly dispersed in a material by including Ag in the carbon nanotubes to suppress the aggregation of carbon nanotubes when the electrical contacts are prepared.

[0055] In addition, the overall preparation costs are reduced by reducing the content of Ag used in the electrical contact materials.

[0056] Furthermore, there are greatly improved the functions of a circuit breaker and the like in which the electrical contact materials are used by allowing the electrical contact materials to have excellent properties while using a small amount of Ag in the carbon nanotubes. As the present features may be embodied in several forms without departing from the characteristics thereof, it should also be understood that the above-described embodiments are not limited by any of the details of the foregoing description, unless otherwise specified, but rather should be construed broadly within its scope as defined in the appended claims.


Claims

1. A method for preparing electrical contact materials comprising Ag plated carbon nanotubes, characterized in that the method comprises:

(a) subjecting carbon nanotubes to ultrasonic dispersion and acid treatment;

(b) washing the carbon nanotubes subjected to the ultrasonic dispersion and the acid treatment in step (a);

(c) binding tin and palladium to surfaces of the carbon nanotubes by subsequently mixing the washed carbon nanotubes with a mixed solution of tin chloride and hydrochloric acid and a mixed solution of palladium chloride and hydrochloric acid, and then each applying ultrasonic wave thereto;

(d) putting an aqueous silver nitrate solution and an aqueous ammonia solution into a container and mixing the resulting solution until the solution becomes colorless, and then mixing the carbon nanotubes prepared in step (c) with the solution;

(e) preparing Ag plated carbon nanotubes by mixing an aqueous glyoxylic acid solution and an aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, with the mixed solution prepared in the step (d) until pH 9 is reached and reacting the mixed solution at 90° for 1 hour, and then washing the resulting nanotubes with deionized water; and

(f) preparing a powder mixture by mixing the Ag plated carbon nanotubes with an alloy where the metals are mixed.


 
2. The method of claim 1, wherein the metals constituting the alloy mixed with the carbon nanotubes in step (f) have a conductivity of 14.3 MS/m or more.
 
3. The method of claim 1, wherein the alloy is composed of one or more metals selected from the group consisting of copper, nickel and gold.
 
4. The method of claim 1, further comprising:

(g) subjecting the powder mixture to ultrasonic dispersion, and vacuum drying the powder mixture; and

(h) sintering the vacuum-dried powder mixture.


 
5. The method of claim 1, wherein in step (b), the carbon nanotubes are washed until being reached at pH 7.
 
6. The method of any of the preceding claims, wherein the aqueous glyoxylic acid solution and the aqueous sodium hydroxide solution are washed with deionized water until being reached at pH 7.
 
7. The method of claim 1, wherein in step (a), the carbon nanotubes are subjected to the ultrasonic dispersion for 5 minutes and to the acid treatment for 2 hours.
 
8. The method of claim 4, wherein step (h) is performed by a spark plasma sintering method.
 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren zur Herstellung von elektrischen Kontaktmaterialien mit Ag-beschichteten Kohlenstoff-Nanoröhren, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Verfahren umfasst:

(a) Unterziehen der Kohlenstoff-Nanoröhren einer Ultraschall-Dispersion und Säurebehandlung;

(b) Waschen der Kohlenstoff-Nanoröhren, die der Ultraschall-Dispersion und der Säurebehandlung in Schritt (a) unterzogen wurden;

(c) Binden von Zinn und Palladium an die Oberflächen der Kohlenstoff-Nanoröhren durch anschließendes Mischen der gewaschenen Kohlenstoff-Nanoröhren mit einer gemischten Lösung aus Zinnchlorid und Salzsäure und einer gemischten Lösung aus Palladiumchlorid und Salzsäure und anschließender Anwendung von jeweils einer Ultraschallwelle darauf;

(d) Geben einer wässrigen Silbernitratlösung und einer wässrigen Ammoniaklösung in einen Behälter und Mischen der resultierenden Lösung, bis die Lösung farblos wird, und anschließendes Mischen der in Schritt (c) hergestellten Kohlenstoff-Nanoröhren mit der Lösung;

(e) Herstellen von Ag-beschichteten Kohlenstoff-Nanoröhren durch Mischen einer wässrigen Glyoxylsäurelösung und einer wässrigen Natriumhydroxidlösung mit der in Schritt (d) hergestellten gemischten Lösung, bis der pH-Wert 9 erreicht ist, und Umsetzen der gemischten Lösung bei 90° für 1 Stunde und anschließendes Waschen der resultierenden Nanoröhren mit entionisiertem Wasser; und

(f) Herstellen einer Pulvermischung durch Mischen der Ag-beschichteten Kohlenstoff-Nanoröhren mit einer Legierung, in der die Metalle gemischt werden.


 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Metalle, aus denen die Legierung besteht, gemischt mit den Kohlenstoff-Nanoröhren in Schritt (f) eine Leitfähigkeit von 14,3 MS/m oder mehr aufweisen.
 
3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Legierung aus einem oder mehreren Metallen, ausgewählt aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Kupfer, Nickel und Gold, besteht.
 
4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend:

(g) Unterziehen der Pulvermischung einer Ultraschall-Dispersion und Vakuumtrocknen der Pulvermischung; und

(h) Sintern der vakuumgetrockneten Pulvermischung.


 
5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei in Schritt (b) die Kohlenstoff-Nanoröhren gewaschen werden, bis sie einen pH-Wert von 7 erreichen.
 
6. Verfahren nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, bei dem die wässrige Glyoxylsäurelösung und die wässrige Natriumhydroxidlösung mit entionisiertem Wasser gewaschen werden, bis sie einen pH-Wert von 7 erreichen.
 
7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei in Schritt (a) die Kohlenstoff-Nanoröhren 5 Minuten lang der Ultraschall-Dispersion und 2 Stunden lang der Säurebehandlung ausgesetzt werden.
 
8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei Schritt (h) durch ein Funkenplasma-Sinterverfahren durchgeführt wird.
 


Revendications

1. Procédé de préparation de matériaux de contact électrique comprenant des nanotubes de carbone plaqués en Ag, caractérisé en ce que le procédé comprend :

(a) la soumission de nanotubes de carbone à une dispersion à ultrasons et à un traitement à l'acide ;

(b) le lavage des nanotubes de carbone soumis à la dispersion à ultrasons et au traitement à l'acide à l'étape (a) ;

(c) la liaison d'étain et de palladium aux surfaces des nanotubes de carbone par mélange successif des nanotubes de carbone lavés avec une solution mélangée de chlorure d'étain et d'acide chlorhydrique et une solution mélangée de chlorure de palladium et d'acide chlorhydrique, puis l'application d'ondes ultrasonores à chacune d'elles ;

(d) le placement d'une solution aqueuse de nitrate d'argent et d'une solution aqueuse d'ammoniac dans un récipient et le mélange de la solution résultante jusqu'à ce que la solution devienne incolore, puis le mélange des nanotubes de carbone préparés à l'étape (c) avec la solution ;

(e) la préparation de nanotubes de carbone plaqués en Ag par mélange d'une solution aqueuse d'acide glyoxylique et d'une solution aqueuse d'hydroxyde de sodium, avec la solution mélangée préparée à l'étape (d) jusqu'à ce que le pH atteigne 9 et réaction de la solution mélangée à 90 ° pendant 1 heure, puis le lavage des nanotubes résultants avec de l'eau désionisée ; et

(f) la préparation d'un mélange en poudre par mélange des nanotubes de carbone plaqués en Ag avec un alliage où les métaux sont mélangés.


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les métaux constituant l'alliage mélangé avec les nanotubes de carbone à l'étape (f) ont une conductivité de 14,3 MS/m ou plus.
 
3. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'alliage est composé d'un ou plusieurs métaux sélectionnés dans le groupe constitué par le cuivre, le nickel et l'or.
 
4. Procédé selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :

(g) la soumission du mélange en poudre à une dispersion à ultrasons, et le séchage sous vide du mélange en poudre ; et

(h) le frittage du mélange en poudre séché sous vide.


 
5. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel à l'étape (b), les nanotubes de carbone sont lavés jusqu'à atteindre le pH 7.
 
6. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la solution aqueuse d'acide glyoxylique et la solution aqueuse d'hydroxyde de sodium sont lavées avec de l'eau désionisée jusqu'à atteindre le pH 7.
 
7. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel à l'étape (a), les nanotubes de carbone sont soumis à la dispersion à ultrasons pendant 5 minutes et au traitement à l'acide pendant 2 heures.
 
8. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel l'étape (h) est réalisée par un procédé de frittage flash.
 




Drawing


















REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description