(19)
(11)EP 3 096 546 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.11.2020 Bulletin 2020/45

(21)Application number: 14895282.3

(22)Date of filing:  19.06.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04B 7/06(2006.01)
H04B 7/155(2006.01)
H01Q 3/24(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2014/080336
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/192361 (23.12.2015 Gazette  2015/51)

(54)

BASE STATION AND BEAM COVERING METHOD

BASISSTATION UND STRAHLUMHÜLLUNGSVERFAHREN

STATION DE BASE ET PROCÉDÉ DE COUVERTURE DE FAISCEAU


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
23.11.2016 Bulletin 2016/47

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.
Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • HUANG, Guolong
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • CAI, Hua
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • YANG, Bo
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Goddar, Heinz J. 
Boehmert & Boehmert Anwaltspartnerschaft mbB Pettenkoferstrasse 22
80336 München
80336 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
CN-A- 101 895 897
CN-A- 102 751 592
US-A1- 2004 077 379
US-A1- 2014 073 337
CN-A- 102 142 614
CN-A- 103 812 546
US-A1- 2011 065 448
US-B1- 6 353 410
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] Embodiments of the present invention relate to the communications field, and in particular, to a base station and a beam coverage method.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] In 2G to 4G mobile communications systems, a cell is generally divided into three sectors or six sectors according to a hexagon, where each sector performs communications service transmission by using a broadcast beam or a narrow beam. The broadcast beam is generally a wide beam covering a whole sector, and is used to transmit a control signal, a voice signal, and the like at a low data rate. The narrow beam is used to perform transmission at a high data rate. In the 2G to 4G mobile communications systems, an antenna is an omni-directional antenna or a directional antenna, and a fixed zero-filling wide coverage beam or a narrow beam moving in a sector is used.

    [0003] To adapt to new requirements that mobile communication continuously raises for a data rate, a high frequency, high bandwidth, multiple antennas, and multi-cell division become a development trend of new-generation mobile communication.

    [0004] The prior art provides a multi-antenna beam coverage system applied to cellular communication and broadcasting. In this technology, a system antenna divides sectors according to 120 degrees, where three antenna beams exist in each sector. The three antenna beams include two broadcast beams (a multi-cell omni-directional coverage beam and a single-cell specific broadcast beam) and one narrow beam (a sectoral beam whose direction can be adjusted in a cell). In this technology, the system includes multiple antennas, a signal allocation network, and a control circuit. This technology uses a multi-carrier multi-antenna system, which is used to form the three antenna beams. Three antenna units include an omni-directional antenna, a directional wide beam antenna, and a narrow beam antenna with an adjustable directivity pattern, and the antenna units need to be independently designed according to different beam characteristics. The signal allocation network allocates multiple input signals to a corresponding antenna unit. In this technology, the narrow beam needs to scan in a whole sector, and multi-user same-type data shares one narrow beam, causing a service capacity of a communications system to be limited.
    US 2004/077379 A1 provides an antenna adapted to transmit a first channel on at least two adjacent fixed beams of a plurality of fixed beams defining a coverage area, with each pair of adjacent fixed beams of the plurality of fixed beams partially overlapping and having substantially orthogonal polarizations. The antenna has a respective transmitter adapted to transmit on each of the plurality of fixed beams a respective unique composite signal, each composite signal containing said first channel and a respective unique traffic channel.
    US 2011/065448 A1 discloses a method and system for supporting a beamfonming antenna system in a mobile broadband communication network with an improved beam pattern, beam sweep pattern, pilot channel design with feedback and reporting rules, and control signaling design. Specifically, the improved beam pattern includes a method of supporting wireless communications in a wireless network forming at least two spatial beams within a cell segment where the at least two spatial beams are associated with different power levels, and separately, where at least two spatial beams can be moved across the cell segment according to a unique sweep pattern. The pilot channel design improves network bandwidth performance and improve user mobility tracking.
    US 2014/073337 A1 provides a communication device using a millimeter-wave frequency band and a communication method using the millimeter-wave frequency band. The communication device includes a beam scheduling unit configured to schedule uplink and downlink beams corresponding to movement of a terminal, a core network interface unit configured to transmit data provided from the beam scheduling unit to a core network, and to provide data received from the core network to the beam scheduling unit, a mobility management unit configured to configure an uplink and downlink beam set based on inter-beam interference information provided from the beam scheduling unit, and an inter-base station interface unit configured to exchange a control message with another base station under control of the mobility management unit. Therefore, it is possible to efficiently build a cellular network using the millimeter-wave frequency band.

    SUMMARY



    [0005] Embodiments of the present invention provide a base station of claim 1, which can improve a service capacity of a communications system. Possible implementation manners are disclosed in the dependent claims.

    [0006] According to a first aspect, a base station is provided, including: an antenna and at least two data transmission paths, where a data converter and a beamformer are disposed on each data transmission path; the antenna includes a beam aggregation structure and at least one antenna bay, the beam aggregation structure includes at least one antenna aperture, one beamformer is correspondingly connected to one antenna bay, one antenna bay uses at least one antenna aperture in the beam aggregation structure to receive and send a beam, and a multiplexer is further disposed on the at least two data transmission paths;
    the data converters are configured to acquire a to-be-transmitted signal, convert the to-be-transmitted signal into a first analog signal, and send the first analog signal to the beamformers;
    the beamformers are configured to use a first preset beam direction to perform beamforming on the first analog signal, and transmit, by using the antenna bay, the first analog signal over at least one antenna aperture of the beam aggregation structure; or
    the beamformers are configured to receive, by using the antenna bay, a radiation signal in a second preset beam direction over at least one antenna aperture of the beam aggregation structure, demodulate the radiation signal to acquire a second analog signal, and send the second analog signal to the data converters;
    the data converters are configured to convert the second analog signal into a first digital signal; and
    the multiplexer is configured to set a data transmission path of the to-be-transmitted signal or the radiation signal;
    wherein the multiplexer is an analog multiplexer, and the multiplexer is disposed between the data converters and the beamformers on the at least two data transmission paths, each data converter (11) disposed on each data transmission path is connected to the multiplexer (12) and the multiplexer (12) is connected to each beamformer (13) disposed on each data transmission path; and
    that the multiplexer is configured to set a data transmission path of the to-be-transmitted signal or the radiation signal is specifically:
    the multiplexer selects one of the beamformers and the data converter, to make the beamformer and the data converter on the data transmission path of the to-be-transmitted signal or the radiation signal.

    [0007] With reference to the first aspect, in a first possible implementation manner, the base station further includes a beam controller, which is configured to estimate, according to the first preset beam direction or the second preset beam direction, a beam direction of an adjacent area of an area to which the first preset beam direction or the second preset beam direction belongs, and generate a first control signal; and
    send the first control signal to the multiplexer, so as to control adjustment of the data transmission path to another data transmission path, where the another data transmission path is a data transmission path on which the beam direction of the adjacent area is formed.

    [0008] With reference to the first aspect, in a second possible implementation manner, the base station further includes a beam controller, which is configured to estimate, according to the first preset beam direction or the second preset beam direction, a beam direction of an adjacent area of an area to which the first preset beam direction or the second preset beam direction belongs, and generate a first control signal; and
    if the adjacent area belongs to a cell controlled by another base station, the beam controller is specifically configured to send the first control signal to a multiplexer of the another base station, so as to control adjustment of a data transmission path of the another base station to a first data transmission path, where the first data transmission path is a data transmission path on which the beam direction of the adjacent area is formed.

    [0009] With reference to any one of the first aspect, or the first to the second possible implementation manners, in a fourth possible implementation manner, the antenna aperture is used for beam coverage of user terminal data transmission and beam coverage of inter-base station data backhaul.

    [0010] According to the base station and the beam coverage method that are provided above, a data transmission path of a to-be-transmitted signal or a received radiation signal can be set according to the to-be-transmitted signal or the received radiation signal. The base station in this application includes at least two data transmission paths, beamforming can be independently performed for each data transmission path, and it is unnecessary to share one narrow beam for receiving and sending multi-user same-type data. Therefore, a service capacity of a communications system can be improved. Further, because different single-user data can be allocated to different beams for receiving and sending, a transmission rate of the single-user data can be improved to some extent.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0011] To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, the following briefly describes the accompanying drawings required for describing the embodiments or the prior art. Apparently, the accompanying drawings in the following description show merely some embodiments of the present invention, and a person of ordinary skill in the art may still derive other drawings from these accompanying drawings without creative efforts.

    FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a base station according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a base station according to an example;

    FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of an antenna according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a multiplexer according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a multiplexer according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a multiplexer according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a base station according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a base station according to anexample;

    FIG. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of a beam aggregation structure according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of a beam aggregation structure according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 11 is a schematic diagram of beam distribution according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 12 is a schematic flowchart of a beam coverage method according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

    FIG. 13 is a schematic flowchart of a beam coverage method according to an embodiment of the present invention.


    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0012] Multiple embodiments are now described with reference to the accompanying drawings, and same components in this specification are indicated by a same reference numeral. In the following description, for ease of explanation, many specific details are provided to facilitate comprehensive understanding of one or more embodiments. However, apparently, the embodiments may not be implemented by using these specific details. In other examples, a well-known structure and device are shown in a form of a block diagram, to conveniently describe one or more embodiments.

    [0013] A base station provided in the embodiments of the present invention may be a WiFi AP (Access Point), or a BTS (Base Transceiver Station) in GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) or CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access); or may be an NB (NodeB) in WCDMA (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access); or may be an eNB or eNodeB (evolved NodeB) in LTE (Long Term Evolution), a relay station or an access point, a base station device in a future 5G network, or the like.

    [0014] As shown in FIG. 1, FIG. 2, and FIG. 3, an embodiment of the present invention provides a base station, including: an antenna 14 and at least two data transmission paths, where a data converter 11 and a beamformer 13 are disposed on each data transmission path. The antenna 14 includes a beam aggregation structure 142 and at least one antenna bay 141, the beam aggregation structure 142 includes at least one antenna aperture, one beamformer 13 is correspondingly connected to one antenna bay 141, one antenna bay 141 uses at least one antenna aperture of the beam aggregation structure 142 to receive and send a beam, and a multiplexer 12 is further disposed on the at least two data transmission paths.

    [0015] When the base station transmits a signal, the data converter 11 is configured to acquire a to-be-transmitted signal, convert the to-be-transmitted signal into a first analog signal, and send the first analog signal to the beamformer 13; and
    the beamformer 13 is configured to use a first preset beam direction to perform beamforming on the first analog signal, and transmit, by using the antenna bay, the first analog signal over at least one antenna aperture of the beam aggregation structure.

    [0016] When the base station receives a signal, the beamformer 13 is configured to receive, by using the antenna bay, a radiation signal in a second preset beam direction over at least one antenna aperture of the beam aggregation structure, demodulate the radiation signal to acquire a second analog signal, and send the second analog signal to the data converter 11; and
    the data converter 11 is configured to convert the radiation signal into a first digital signal.

    [0017] The multiplexer 12 is configured to set a data transmission path of the to-be-transmitted signal or the radiation signal.

    [0018] Optionally, as shown in FIG. 1, the multiplexer 12 is disposed between the data converter 11 and the beamformer 13 on the at least two data transmission paths; and that the multiplexer 12is configured to set a data transmission path of the to-be-transmitted signal or the radiation signal is specifically: the multiplexer 12 selects a beamformer 13 and the data converter 11, to make the beamformer 13 and the data converter 11 on the data transmission path of the to-be-transmitted signal or the radiation signal.

    [0019] The following describes a specific structure of the base station with reference to FIG. 1. The following embodiment gives a description by using an example in which a to-be-transmitted signal is downlink data on a data transmission path and a radiation signal is uplink data on a data transmission path.

    [0020] A data converter 11 (1-n) is connected to the multiplexer 12, the multiplexer 12 is connected to a beamformer 13 (1-n), and the beamformer 13 (1-n) is connected to one antenna bay of the antenna.

    [0021] The data converter 11 (1-n) may be a structure that has a DA/AD conversion function, where the data converter is a two-way component and includes two ports. When a first port is used for input, a second port is used for output; when the second port is used for input, the first port is used for output. In an example, when a to-be-transmitted signal 1 is input into a first port of a data converter 1, the to-be-transmitted signal 1 can be converted into an analog signal (that is, a first analog signal) by using a DAC digital-to-analog converter and output through a second port; when the second port receives an analog signal (that is, a second analog signal) sent by the multiplexer, the analog signal can be converted into a digital signal (that is, a first digital signal) by using an ADC analog-to-digital converter and output through the first port. The data converter (1-n) mainly completes analog-to-digital or digital-to-analog conversion of user data. Both the to-be-transmitted signal and the first digital signal are baseband digital signals. Exemplarily, the user data herein may be single-user data or multi-user data.

    [0022] The multiplexer is an analog multiplexer. In the base station shown in FIG. 1, the multiplexer is located in an analog signal domain between a data converter and a beamformer. In this case, the multiplexer is an analog multiplexer. Specifically, the multiplexer may be a switch matrix. As shown in FIG. 4, the multiplexer is also a two-way component. As shown in FIG. 4, a left side of the multiplexer includes N ports, and a right side of the multiplexer includes N ports, where any port of the N ports on the left side may be used as an input end or an output end, and any port of the N ports on the right side may be used as an input end or an output end. When any port on the left side is used for input, an input signal may be controlled, according to a control signal, to be output through any port on the right side. Likewise, when any port on the right side is used for input, an input signal may be controlled, according to a control signal, to be input through any port on the left side. As shown in FIG. 4, the multiplexer may be a single-pole double-throw switch array, or when an apparatus requires relatively few data transmission paths, a single-pole multi-throw switch array shown in FIG. 5 or a single-pole single-throw switch array shown in FIG. 6 may be used. The multiplexers shown in FIG. 4, FIG. 5, and FIG. 6 of the foregoing embodiments are all examples for four-way input and four-way output. It should be understood that the present invention is not limited to the foregoing forms, and other multiplexers that can implement the foregoing function are all applicable.

    [0023] The beamformer 13 (1-n) includes two transmission channels: a receive channel (an uplink data channel) and a transmit channel (a downlink data channel). In an example, the transmit channel of the beamformer 13 (1-n) is configured to receive a first analog signal, use a first preset beam direction to perform beamforming on the first analog signal, and send the first analog signal to a connected antenna bay for transmitting; or the receive channel of the beamformer 13 (1-n) receives, by using an antenna bay, a radiation signal in a second preset beam direction, demodulates the radiation signal to acquire a second analog signal, and sends the second analog signal to a data converter. According to the prior art, the beamformer 13 (1-n) specifically includes: a front-end circuit channel and an independent antenna feed of each channel. Further, the front-end circuit channel specifically includes an up- or down-frequency conversion circuit, an amplification circuit, a filter circuit, and a phase shift or delay circuit. It may be understood that the up-frequency conversion circuit is used for the transmit channel, the down-frequency conversion circuit is used for the receive channel, and the front-end circuit channel is configured to convert a downlink data analog signal (that is, a first analog signal) into a modulated signal of a corresponding frequency, or demodulate an uplink data modulated signal (that is, a radiation signal) into a baseband or intermediate frequency analog signal (that is, a second analog signal). The phase shift or delay circuit in the front-end circuit channel is implemented by an adjustable analog component, which can control, by means of voltage adjustment or digital adjustment, a beam directivity pattern of feed-in and feed-out of an antenna bay corresponding to each front-end circuit channel. The antenna feed and the antenna bay of the antenna are configured to feed in and feed out each data stream according to a required beam direction and a required beam angle.

    [0024] As shown in FIG. 3, the antenna 14 includes the beam aggregation structure 142 and at least one antenna bay 141, where the beam aggregation structure 142 includes at least one antenna aperture (three antenna apertures K1, K2, and K3 in a vertical direction are exemplarily shown in the figure), the antenna aperture refers to a shape and a size of the beam aggregation structure, and the beam aggregation structure 142 is located in the periphery of the antenna bay 141. The beam aggregation structure includes a beam aggregation function, which is used to aggregate a beam transmitted by the antenna bay. Each antenna bay may use at least one antenna bay. Preferably, in the prior art, one antenna bay generally transmits or receives a beam by using only one antenna aperture. Because the beam aggregation structure has the beam aggregation function, multiple antenna bays may share one antenna aperture. A design of the antenna aperture of the beam aggregation structure needs to meet a requirement that beams transmitted by the foregoing multiple antenna bays can be fed out according to a required direction. Further, the antenna aperture is used for beam coverage of user terminal data transmission and beam coverage of inter-base station data backhaul.

    [0025] Further, as shown in FIG. 7 or FIG. 8, the base station further includes a beam controller 15, which is configured to estimate, according to the first preset beam direction or the second preset beam direction, a beam direction of an adjacent area of an area to which the first preset beam direction or the second preset beam direction belongs, and generate a first control signal; and
    send the first control signal to the multiplexer 12, so as to control adjustment of the data transmission path to another data transmission path, where the another data transmission path is a data transmission path on which the beam direction of the adjacent area is formed.

    [0026] Specifically, in the prior art, when a system processes a to-be-transmitted signal received by the data converter 11 or a received digital signal generated by the data converter 11, beam direction information can be acquired. Specifically, that the beam controller 15 estimates, according to a beam direction of transmitting the first analog signal or receiving the radiation signal, the beam direction of the adjacent area of the area to which the first preset beam direction or the second preset beam direction belongs is: estimating, according to information about the first preset beam direction or the second preset beam direction and acquired in a baseband processing process, the beam direction of the adjacent area of the area to which the first preset beam direction or the second preset beam direction belongs. This feature can implement switching that is between different areas and of a beam of a same base station.

    [0027] Optionally, the base station further includes a beam controller 15, which is configured to estimate, according to the first preset beam direction or the second preset beam direction, a beam direction of an adjacent area of an area to which the first preset beam direction or the second preset beam direction belongs, and generate a first control signal; and
    if the adjacent area belongs to a cell controlled by another base station, the beam controller 15 is specifically configured to send the first control signal to a multiplexer of the another base station, so as to control adjustment of a data transmission path of the another base station to a first data transmission path, where the first data transmission path is a data transmission path on which the beam direction of the adjacent area is formed. This feature can implement switching that is between different areas and of beams that belong to different base stations. The foregoing two types of switching can implement beam coverage of different areas to which a user moves.

    [0028] As shown in FIG. 9, an embodiment of the present invention provides a beam aggregation structure. The beam aggregation structure includes six planes in a horizontal direction, includes two antenna apertures of a vertical plane and an inclined plane in a vertical direction, and further includes an antenna aperture that is solely horizontal-downward in the vertical direction. With reference to the embodiment shown in FIG. 1 or the example shown in FIG. 2, the beam coverage of user terminal data transmission is based on an outer-loop beam B2, a second-loop beam B3, and an inner-loop beam B4, and the beam coverage of inter-base station data backhaul is based on a backhaul beam B1. Certainly, an antenna aperture of another form may be used. As shown in FIG. 10, a shape of an aperture is a curved surface. All beams in a same vertical direction share one antenna aperture. There is an independent horizontal-downward antenna aperture, which is configured to radiate downward and receive a beam. Beam distribution formed by the foregoing antenna aperture meets: an area corresponding to any beam is greater than a 3 dB beamwidth of any beam in the area, and less than a maximum scanning angle of any beam in the area. An area corresponding to each beam includes at least one beam. According to the prior art, a beamformer may perform beamforming by using a phase shift or delay circuit in a front-end circuit, so as to adjust a shape of a single beam formed by the beamformer in an area range, thereby implementing beam scanning in the area range.

    [0029] Specifically, as shown in FIG. 11, a schematic diagram of beam distribution in a horizontal direction is provided. Specifically, each beam only covers a partial area of a whole cell covered by a base station, where a definition of the partial area is: the whole cell covered by the base station is divided into one or more annular areas in a radius direction (exemplarily, an optional manner is provided: as shown in FIG. 11, three annular areas are used as an example, where a quantity of annular areas depends on a quantity of antenna apertures of the beam aggregation structure in the vertical direction; specifically, corresponding to FIG. 8, three apertures are included: an aperture at which the beam B4 is located, an aperture at which the beam B3 is located, and an antenna aperture at which B1 and B2 are located; certainly, this is only an example, another division manner may be used); and each annular area is further divided into one or more partial areas (as shown in FIG. 11, a beam 3 and a beam 4 are located in a same annular area but different partial areas). An included angle between each partial area and a base station antenna meets: being greater than a 3 dB beamwidth of any beam in the partial area, and less than an allowed maximum scanning angle of any beam in the partial area. Each partial area is covered by one or more independent beams, which depends on user quantity distribution and user data capacity distribution of each partial area in a current cell. Dynamic resource configuration can be implemented by using a beamformer to adjust a partial area location formed in a whole cell and a quantity of beams in the partial area location. Transmission path control by a multiplexer enables each beam to be formed by one or more independent beamformers. Each beam scans in one partial area, and the partial area and an adjacent partial area in which user equipment uses the beam are tracked and recorded. In addition, a scanning range of each beam may include the adjacent partial area, that is, the scanning range of the beam has a coincident range in the adjacent area of the partial area, so as to ensure a seamless connection in the whole cell covered by the base station.

    [0030] The foregoing embodiments give descriptions by using an example in which the multiplexer is located in an analog signal domain, and specifically located between a data converter and a beamformer. In an example as shown in FIG. 2, the multiplexer 12 is disposed on a side that is of the at least two data transmission paths and on which the data converter 11 receives the to-be-transmitted signal or outputs the first digital signal; and that the multiplexer 12 is configured to set a data transmission path of the to-be-transmitted signal or the radiation signal is specifically: the multiplexer 12 selects, as the data transmission path of the to-be-transmitted signal or the radiation signal, a data transmission path on which the data converter 11 and the beamformer 13 are disposed. That is, the multiplexer is located in a baseband digital signal domain. In this case, the multiplexer is a digital multiplexer, where the digital multiplexer may be functional hardware that is implemented based on software control, for example, a circuit structure in a form such as a single-chip microcomputer or a processor that can implement a multiplexer function. A specific implementation manner is not described. For a function of each component in the example shown in FIG. 2, refer to the description of the foregoing embodiments.

    [0031] According to the base station provided above, a data transmission path of a to-be-transmitted signal or a received radiation signal can be set according to the to-be-transmitted signal or the received radiation signal. The base station in this application includes at least two data transmission paths, beamforming can be independently performed for each data transmission path, and it is unnecessary to share one narrow beam for receiving and sending multi-user same-type data. Therefore, a service capacity of a communications system can be improved. Further, because different single-user data can be allocated to different beams for receiving and sending, a transmission rate of the single-user data can be improved to some extent.

    [0032] An embodiment of the present invention further provides a beam coverage method, which is implemented by the foregoing base station. For downlink data, as shown in FIG. 12, the beam coverage method specifically includes the following steps:

    101. Set a data transmission path of a to-be-transmitted signal.

    102. Convert the to-be-transmitted signal into a first analog signal on the data transmission path.

    103. Use a first preset beam direction to perform beamforming on the first analog signal, and transmit, by using an antenna bay, the first analog signal over at least one antenna aperture of a beam aggregation structure.



    [0033] Optionally, this embodiment of the present invention further provides a switching manner of the data transmission path, including:

    104. Estimate, according to the first preset beam direction of transmission, a beam direction of an adjacent area of an area to which the first preset beam direction belongs, and generate a first control signal.

    105. Adjust the data transmission path of the to-be-transmitted signal to another data transmission path according to the first control signal.



    [0034] In step 105, the another data transmission path is a data transmission path on which the beam direction of the adjacent area is formed. Specifically, if the adjacent area belongs to a cell controlled by another base station, the method further includes:

    106. Send the first control signal to the another base station, where it can be learned from the foregoing apparatus embodiment that in step 106, the base station sends the first control signal on a backhaul beam (the beam B1 in FIG. 1 or FIG. 2) for communication with the another base station.

    107. The another base station adjusts, according to the first control signal, a data transmission path used by the another base station to transmit the to-be-transmitted signal, to a first data transmission path.



    [0035] In step 107, the first data transmission path is a data transmission path on which the beam direction of the adjacent area is formed.

    [0036] Optionally, an area corresponding to each beam is greater than a 3 dB beamwidth of any beam in the area, and less than a maximum scanning angle of any beam in the area. The area corresponding to each beam includes at least one beam. The antenna aperture is used for beam coverage of user terminal data transmission and beam coverage of inter-base station data backhaul.

    [0037] An embodiment of the present invention further provides a beam coverage method, which is implemented by the foregoing base station. For uplink data, as shown in FIG. 13, the beam coverage method specifically includes the following steps:

    201. Set a data transmission path of a received radiation signal.

    202. Receive, by using an antenna bay, a radiation signal in a second preset beam direction over at least one antenna aperture of a beam aggregation structure.

    203. Demodulate the radiation signal on the data transmission path to acquire a second analog signal.

    204. Convert the second analog signal into a first digital signal on the data transmission path.



    [0038] Optionally, this embodiment of the present invention further provides a switching manner of the data transmission path, including:

    205. Estimate, according to the second preset beam direction, a beam direction of an adjacent area of an area to which the second preset beam direction belongs, and generate a first control signal.

    206. Adjust the data transmission path of the radiation signal to another data transmission path according to the first control signal.



    [0039] In step 206, the another data transmission path is a data transmission path on which the beam direction of the adjacent area is formed.

    [0040] Optionally, if the adjacent area belongs to a cell controlled by another base station, the method further includes:

    207. Send the first control signal to the another base station, where it can be learned from the foregoing apparatus embodiment that in step 207, the base station sends the first control signal on a backhaul beam (the beam B1 in FIG. 1 or FIG. 2) for communication with the another base station.

    208. The another base station adjusts, according to the first control signal, a data transmission path used by the another base station to receive the radiation signal to a first data transmission path.



    [0041] In step 208, the first data transmission path is a data transmission path on which the beam direction of the adjacent area is formed.

    [0042] Optionally, an area corresponding to each beam is greater than a 3 dB beamwidth of any beam in the area, and less than a maximum scanning angle of any beam in the area. The area corresponding to each beam includes at least one beam. The antenna aperture is used for beam coverage of user terminal data transmission and beam coverage of inter-base station data backhaul.

    [0043] According to the beam coverage method provided above, a data transmission path of a to-be-transmitted signal or a received radiation signal can be set according to the to-be-transmitted signal or the received radiation signal. The base station in this application includes at least two data transmission paths, beamforming can be independently performed for each data transmission path, and it is unnecessary to share one narrow beam for receiving and sending multi-user same-type data. Therefore, a service capacity of a communications system can be improved. Further, because different single-user data can be allocated to different beams for receiving and sending, a transmission rate of the single-user data can be improved to some extent.

    [0044] The foregoing descriptions are merely specific implementation manners of the present invention, but are not intended to limit the protection scope of the present invention. Any variation or replacement readily figured out by a person skilled in the art within the technical scope disclosed in the present invention shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.


    Claims

    1. A base station, comprising: an antenna (14) and at least two data transmission paths, wherein a data converter (11) and a beamformer (13) are disposed on each data transmission path; the antenna (14) comprises a beam aggregation structure (142) and at least one antenna bay (141), the beam aggregation structure (142) comprises at least one antenna aperture, one beamformer (13) is correspondingly connected to one antenna bay (141), one antenna bay (141) uses at least one antenna aperture in the beam aggregation structure (142) to receive and send a beam, and a multiplexer (12) is further disposed on the at least two data transmission paths;
    the data converters (11) are configured to acquire a to-be-transmitted signal, convert the to-be-transmitted signal into a first analog signal, and send the first analog signal to the beamformers (13);
    the beamformers (13) are configured to use a first preset beam direction to perform beamforming on the first analog signal, and transmit, by using the antenna bay (141), the first analog signal over at least one antenna aperture of the beam aggregation structure (142); or
    the beamformers (13) are configured to receive, by using the antenna bay (141), a radiation signal in a second preset beam direction over at least one antenna aperture of the beam aggregation structure (142), demodulate the radiation signal to acquire a second analog signal, and send the second analog signal to the data converters (11);
    the data converters (11) are configured to convert the second analog signal into a first digital signal; and
    the multiplexer (12) is configured to set a data transmission path of the to-be-transmitted signal or the radiation signal;
    wherein the multiplexer (12) is an analog multiplexer, and the multiplexer (12) is disposed between the data converters (11) and the beamformers (13) on the at least two data transmission paths, each data converter (11) disposed on each data transmission path is connected to the multiplexer (12) and the multiplexer (12) is connected to each beamformer (13) disposed on each data transmission path; and
    that the multiplexer (12) is configured to set a data transmission path of the to-be-transmitted signal or the radiation signal is specifically:
    the multiplexer (12) selects one of the beamformers (13) and the data converter (11), to make the beamformer (13) and the data converter (11) on the data transmission path of the to-be-transmitted signal or the radiation signal.
     
    2. The base station according to claim 1, wherein beam distribution formed by the at least one antenna aperture meets: an area corresponding to any beam is greater than a 3 dB beamwidth of any beam in the area, and less than a maximum scanning angle of any beam in the area, an area corresponding to each beam includes at least one beam;
    wherein the base station further comprises a beam controller (15), which is configured to estimate, according to the first preset beam direction or the second preset beam direction, a beam direction of an adjacent area of an area to which the first preset beam direction or the second preset beam direction belongs, and generate a first control signal; and
    send the first control signal to the multiplexer, so as to control adjustment of the data transmission path to another data transmission path, wherein the another data transmission path is a data transmission path on which the beam direction of the adjacent area is formed.
     
    3. The base station according to claim 1, wherein beam distribution formed by the at least one antenna aperture meets: an area corresponding to any beam is greater than a 3 dB beamwidth of any beam in the area, and less than a maximum scanning angle of any beam in the area, an area corresponding to each beam includes at least one beam;
    wherein the base station further comprises a beam controller (15), which is configured to estimate, according to the first preset beam direction or the second preset beam direction, a beam direction of an adjacent area of an area to which the first preset beam direction or the second preset beam direction belongs, and generate a first control signal; and
    if the adjacent area belongs to a cell controlled by another base station, the beam controller (15) is specifically configured to send the first control signal to a multiplexer (12) of the another base station, so as to control adjustment of a data transmission path of the another base station to a first data transmission path, wherein the first data transmission path is a data transmission path on which the beam direction of the adjacent area is formed.
     
    4. The base station according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the antenna aperture is used for beam coverage of user terminal data transmission and beam coverage of inter-base station data backhaul.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Basisstation, die Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Antenne (14) und mindestens zwei Datenübertragungspfade, wobei ein Datenkonverter (11) und ein Beamformer (13) auf jedem Datenübertragungspfad angeordnet sind;

    die Antenne (14) eine Beamaggregationsstruktur (142) und mindestens einen Antennenschacht (141) umfasst, die Beamaggregationsstruktur (142) mindestens eine Antennenöffnung umfasst, ein Beamformer (13) entsprechend mit einem Antennenschacht (141) verbunden ist, ein Antennenschacht (141) mindestens eine Antennenapertur in der Beamaggregationsstruktur (142) verwendet, um einen Beam zu empfangen und zu senden, und ein Multiplexer (12) ferner auf den mindestens zwei Datenübertragungspfaden angeordnet ist;

    die Datenwandler (11) konfiguriert sind, um ein zu sendendes Signal zu erfassen, das zu sendende Signal in ein erstes analoges Signal umzuwandeln und das erste analoge Signal an die Beamformer (13) zu senden;

    die Beamformer (13) so konfiguriert sind, dass sie eine erste voreingestellte Beamrichtung verwenden, um eine Beamformung für das erste analoge Signal durchzuführen und unter Verwendung des Antennenschachts (141) das erste analoge Signal über mindestens eine Antennenapertur der Beamaggregationsstruktur zu übertragen (142); oder

    die Beamformer (13) konfiguriert sind, um unter Verwendung des Antennenschachts (141) ein Strahlungssignal in einer zweiten voreingestellten Beamrichtung über mindestens eine Antennenapertur der Beamaggregationsstruktur (142) zu empfangen und das Strahlungssignal zu demodulieren, um ein zweites analoges Signal zu erfassen, und das zweite analoge Signal an die Datenwandler (11) zu senden;

    die Datenwandler (11) konfiguriert sind, um das zweite analoge Signal in ein erstes digitales Signal umzuwandeln; und

    der Multiplexer (12) konfiguriert ist, um einen Datenübertragungspfad des zu übertragenden Signals oder des Strahlungssignals einzustellen;

    wobei der Multiplexer (12) ein analoger Multiplexer ist und der Multiplexer (12) zwischen den Datenkonvertern (11) und den Beamformern (13) auf den mindestens zwei Datenübertragungspfaden angeordnet ist, wobei jeder Datenkonverter (11), der auf jedem Datenübertragungspfad angeordnet ist, mit dem Multiplexer (12) verbunden ist, und der Multiplexer (12) mit jedem Beamformer (13) verbunden ist, der auf jedem Datenübertragungspfad angeordnet ist; und

    wobei, dass der Multiplexer (12) konfiguriert ist, um einen Datenübertragungspfad des zu sendenden Signals oder des Strahlungssignals einzustellen, spezifisch Folgendes ist:
    der Multiplexer (12) wählt einen der Beamformer (13) und den Datenkonverter (11) aus, um den Beamformer (13) und den Datenkonverter (11) auf dem Datenübertragungspfad des zu sendenden Signals oder des zu übertragen Strahlungssignal zu erzeugen.


     
    2. Basisstation nach Anspruch 1, wobei die durch die mindestens eine Antennenapertur gebildete Beamverteilung erfüllt:

    ein Bereich, der einem Beam entspricht, ist größer als eine Beambreite von 3 dB eines Beams in dem Bereich und kleiner als ein maximaler Abtastwinkel eines Beams in dem Bereich, und ein Bereich, der jedem Beam entspricht, enthält mindestens einen Beam;

    wobei die Basisstation ferner eine Beamsteuerung (15) umfasst, die konfiguriert ist, um, gemäß der ersten voreingestellten Beamrichtung oder der zweiten voreingestellten Beamrichtung, eine Beamrichtung eines benachbarten Bereichs eines Bereichs zu schätzen, zu dem die erste voreingestellte Beamrichtung oder die zweite voreingestellte Beamrichtung gehört, und ein erstes Steuersignal zu erzeugen; und

    Senden des ersten Steuersignals an den Multiplexer, um die Einstellung des Datenübertragungspfads auf einen anderen Datenübertragungspfad zu steuern, wobei der andere Datenübertragungspfad ein Datenübertragungspfad ist, auf dem die Beamrichtung des benachbarten Bereichs gebildet wird.


     
    3. Basisstation nach Anspruch 1, wobei die durch die mindestens eine Antennenapertur gebildete Beamverteilung erfüllt:

    ein Bereich, der einem Beam entspricht, ist größer als eine Beambreite von 3 dB eines Beams in dem Bereich und kleiner als ein maximaler Abtastwinkel eines Beams in dem Bereich, und ein Bereich, der jedem Beam entspricht, enthält mindestens einen Beam;

    wobei die Basisstation ferner eine Beamsteuerung (15) umfasst, die konfiguriert ist, um, gemäß der ersten voreingestellten Beamrichtung oder der zweiten voreingestellten Beamrichtung, eine Beamrichtung eines benachbarten Bereichs eines Bereichs zu schätzen, zu dem die erste voreingestellte Beamrichtung oder die zweite voreingestellte Beamrichtung gehört, und ein erstes Steuersignal zu erzeugen; und

    wenn der benachbarte Bereich zu einer Zelle gehört, die von einer anderen Basisstation gesteuert wird, die Beamsteuerung (15) speziell konfiguriert ist, um das erste Steuersignal an einen Multiplexer (12) der anderen Basisstation zu senden, um die Einstellung eines Datenübertragungspfades der anderen Basisstation zu einem ersten Datenübertragungspfad zu steuern, wobei der erste Datenübertragungspfad ein Datenübertragungspfad ist, auf dem die Beamrichtung des benachbarten Bereichs gebildet wird.


     
    4. Basisstation nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die Antennenapertur zur Beamabdeckung der Datenübertragung des Benutzerterminals und zur Beamabdeckung der Datenrückübertragung zwischen Basisstationen verwendet wird.
     


    Revendications

    1. Station de base, comprenant :

    une antenne (14) et au moins deux voies de transmission de données, un convertisseur de données (11) et un dispositif de formation de faisceaux (13) étant disposés sur chaque voie de transmission de données ;

    l'antenne (14) comprend une structure d'agrégation de faisceaux (142) et au moins une baie d'antennes (141), la structure d'agrégation de faisceaux (142) comprend au moins une ouverture d'antenne, un dispositif de formation de faisceaux (13) est connecté de manière correspondante à une baie d'antennes (141), une baie d'antennes (141) utilise au moins une ouverture d'antenne dans la structure d'agrégation de faisceaux (142) pour recevoir et pour envoyer un faisceau et un multiplexeur (12) est en outre disposé sur lesdites voies de transmission de données ;

    les convertisseurs de données (11) sont conçus pour acquérir un signal à transmettre, pour convertir le signal à transmettre en un premier signal analogique et pour envoyer le premier signal analogique aux dispositifs de formation de faisceaux (13) ;

    les dispositifs de formation de faisceaux (13) sont conçus pour utiliser une première direction prédéfinie de faisceau pour effectuer la formation de faisceaux sur le premier signal analogique et pour transmettre, en utilisant la baie d'antennes (141), le premier signal analogique sur au moins une ouverture d'antenne de la structure d'agrégation de faisceaux (142) ; ou

    les dispositifs de formation de faisceaux (13) sont conçus pour recevoir, en utilisant la baie d'antennes (141), un signal de rayonnement dans une seconde direction prédéfinie de faisceau sur au moins une ouverture d'antenne de la structure d'agrégation de faisceaux (142), pour démoduler le signal de rayonnement, pour acquérir un second signal analogique, et pour envoyer le second signal analogique aux convertisseurs de données (11) ;

    les convertisseurs de données (11) sont conçus pour convertir le second signal analogique en un premier signal numérique ; et

    le multiplexeur (12) est conçu pour définir une voie de transmission de données du signal à transmettre ou du signal de rayonnement ;

    le multiplexeur (12) étant un multiplexeur analogique et le multiplexeur (12) étant disposé entre les convertisseurs de données (11) et les dispositifs de formation de faisceaux (13) sur lesdites voies de transmission de données, chaque convertisseur de données (11) disposé sur chaque voie de transmission de données étant connecté au multiplexeur (12) et le multiplexeur (12) étant connecté à chaque dispositif de formation de faisceaux (13) disposé sur chaque voie de transmission de données ; et

    le fait que le multiplexeur (12) soit conçu pour définir une voie de transmission de données du signal à transmettre ou du signal de rayonnement tient spécifiquement au fait que :
    le multiplexeur (12) sélectionne l'un parmi les dispositifs de formation de faisceaux (13) et le convertisseur de données (11) pour placer le dispositif de formation de faisceaux (13) et le convertisseur de données (11) sur la voie de transmission de données du signal à transmettre ou du signal de rayonnement.


     
    2. Station de base selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la distribution de faisceaux formée par l'au moins une ouverture d'antenne vérifie les conditions suivantes :

    une zone correspondant à tout faisceau est supérieure à une largeur de faisceau de 3 dB de tout faisceau dans la zone et inférieure à un angle de balayage maximal de tout faisceau dans la zone, une zone correspondant à chaque faisceau comprend au moins un faisceau ;

    la station de base comprend en outre un dispositif de commande de faisceaux (15), qui est conçu pour estimer, selon la première direction prédéfinie de faisceau ou la seconde direction prédéfinie de faisceau, une direction de faisceau d'une zone adjacente d'une zone à laquelle appartient la première direction prédéfinie de faisceau ou la seconde direction prédéfinie de faisceau et pour générer un premier signal de commande ; et

    envoyer le premier signal de commande au multiplexeur, de manière à commander le réglage de la voie de transmission de données sur une autre voie de transmission de données, l'autre voie de transmission de données étant une voie de transmission de données sur laquelle est formée la direction de faisceau de la zone adjacente.


     
    3. Station de base selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la distribution de faisceaux formée par lesdites ouvertures d'antennes vérifie les conditions suivantes :

    une zone correspondant à tout faisceau est supérieure à une largeur de faisceau de 3 dB de tout faisceau dans la zone et inférieure à un angle de balayage maximal de tout faisceau dans la zone, une zone correspondant à chaque faisceau comprenant au moins un faisceau ;

    la station de base comprenant en outre un dispositif de commande de faisceaux (15), qui est conçu pour estimer, selon la première direction prédéfinie de faisceau ou la seconde direction prédéfinie de faisceau, une direction de faisceau d'une zone adjacente à une zone à laquelle appartient la première direction prédéfinie de faisceau ou la seconde direction prédéfinie de faisceau et pour générer un premier signal de commande ; et

    si la zone adjacente appartient à une cellule commandée par une autre station de base, le dispositif de commande de faisceaux (15) est spécifiquement conçu pour envoyer le premier signal de commande à un multiplexeur (12) de l'autre station de base, de manière à commander le réglage d'une voie de transmission de données de l'autre station de base sur une première voie de transmission de données, la première voie de transmission de données étant une voie de transmission de données sur laquelle est formée la direction de faisceau de la zone adjacente.


     
    4. Station de base selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans laquelle l'ouverture d'antenne est utilisée pour la couverture de faisceaux de la transmission de données de terminal d'utilisateur et pour la couverture de faisceaux de liaison secondaire de données de station inter-base.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description