(19)
(11)EP 3 099 876 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
22.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/30

(21)Application number: 15710877.0

(22)Date of filing:  27.01.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
E05F 1/10(2006.01)
E05F 3/10(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IB2015/050602
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/111026 (30.07.2015 Gazette  2015/30)

(54)

LOW-BULKINESS HINGE

SCHARNIER MIT GERINGER SPERRIGKEIT

CHARNIÈRE À FAIBLE ENCOMBREMENT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 27.01.2014 IT VI20140016
27.01.2014 IT VI20140018
27.01.2014 IT VI20140020

(43)Date of publication of application:
07.12.2016 Bulletin 2016/49

(60)Divisional application:
20179665.3

(73)Proprietor: In & Tec S.r.l.
25128 Brescia (IT)

(72)Inventor:
  • BACCHETTI, Luciano
    I-25075 Nave (BS) (IT)

(74)Representative: Autuori, Angelo et al
Autuori & Partners Via Monte Cengio, 32
36100 Vicenza (VI)
36100 Vicenza (VI) (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 0 244 506
FR-A1- 2 320 409
DE-A1- 3 641 214
FR-A5- 2 062 699
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of the invention



    [0001] The present invention is generally applicable to the technical field of closing and/or checking hinges, and particularly relates to a low-bulkiness hinge.

    Background of the Invention



    [0002] As known, the hinges generally comprise a movable element, usually fixed to a door, a shutter or the like, pivoted upon a fixed element, generally fixed to the support frame thereof.

    [0003] Particularly, hinges usually used for cold rooms or glass shutters are high-bulkiness, unaesthetic and with low performances.

    [0004] From documents US7305797, US2004/206007 and EP1997994 hinges are known in which the action of the closing means that ensure the return of the shutter in the closed position is not counteracted. Consequently, there is the risk of the crashing of the shutter against the support frame, the shutter getting damaged.

    [0005] From documents EP0407150 and FR2320409 door closers are known including hydraulic damping means to damp the action of the closing means. These known devices are extremely high-bulkiness and, consequently, they necessarily need to be fixed on the floor.

    [0006] Therefore, the installation of such devices necessarily requires expensive and difficult break-in working on the floor, such works being to be made by specialized operators.

    [0007] As a consequence, it is clear that such door closers are not susceptible to be assembled on the stationary support structure or on the shutter of cold rooms.

    [0008] From the German patent DE3641214 an automatic closing device for window shutters is known designed to be mounted on the outer side thereof.

    [0009] From the European application EP0244506 a door closer is known.

    Summary of the Invention



    [0010] Object of the present invention is to overcome at least partially the above mentioned drawbacks, by providing an hinge having high performances, simple construction and low cost.

    [0011] Another object of the invention is to provide an extremely low-bulkiness hinge.

    [0012] Another object of the invention is to provide a hinge that can be inserted between the shutter and the stationary support frame of a cold room.

    [0013] Another object of the invention is to provide a hinge ensuring the automatic closing of the door from the open door position.

    [0014] Another object of the invention is to provide a hinge ensuring the controlled movement of the door to which it is coupled, in the open and/or closed position.

    [0015] Another object of the invention is to provide a hinge suitable to support even heavy doors and shutters, without varying the behavior and with no need of maintenance.

    [0016] Another object of the invention is to provide a hinge with a minimum number of constructing parts.

    [0017] Another object of the invention is to provide a hinge capable to maintain the exact closed position overtime.

    [0018] Another object of the invention is to provide an extremely safe hinge, which does not oppose resistance if pulled.

    [0019] Another object of the invention is to provide a hinge that is extremely easy to install.

    [0020] These objects, as well as other which will appear hereafter, are fulfilled by a hinge having one or more of the features of claim 1.

    [0021] Advantageous embodiments of the invention are defined in accordance with the dependent claims.

    Brief description of the drawings



    [0022] Further features and advantages of the invention will appear more evident reading the detailed description of some preferred not-exclusive embodiments of a hinge 1, which are shown as a non-limiting examples with the help of the annexed drawings, wherein:

    FIG. 1a is an axonometric view of the hinge 1;

    FIGs. 1b and 1c are axonometric views of an exemplary embodiment of the hinge 1 coupled to a cold room including a stationary support structure S and a shutter A, in which the latter is respectively in the closed and the open position;

    FIG. 2 is an exploded view of a first embodiment of the hinge 1;

    FIGs. 3a and 3b are views of the first embodiment of the hinge 1 of FIG. 2 sectioned along a plane π-π shown in FIG. 1, the slider 31 being respectively in the distal and proximal position;

    FIG. 4 is an exploded view of a second embodiment of the hinge 1;

    FIGs. 5a and 5b are views of the second embodiment of the hinge 1 of FIG. 4 sectioned along a plane π - π shown in FIG. 1, the slider 31 being respectively in the distal and proximal position;

    FIG. 6 is an exploded view of a third embodiment of the hinge 1;

    FIGs. 7a and 7b are views of the third embodiment of the hinge 1 shown in FIG. 6 sectioned along a plane π - π shown in FIG. 1, the slider 31 being respectively in the distal and proximal position;

    FIG. 8 is an exploded view of a fourth embodiment of the hinge 1;

    FIGs. 9a and 9b are views of the fourth embodiment of the hinge 1 of FIG. 8 sectioned along a plane π - π shown in FIG. 1, the slider 31 being respectively in the distal and proximal position;

    FIG. 10 is an exploded view of a fifth embodiment of the hinge 1;

    FIGs. 11a and 11b are views of the fifth embodiment of the hinge 1 of FIG. 10 sectioned along a plane π - π shown in FIG. 1, the slider 31 being respectively in the distal and proximal position;

    FIGs. 12a and 12b are respectively a front view and a view sectioned along a plane XIIb - XIIb of the obstructing element 64 of the fifth embodiment of hinge 1 of FIG. 1;

    FIGs. 13a and 13b are enlarged details of the sections shown in FIGs. 11a and 11b;

    FIG. 14 is an exploded view of a sixth embodiment of the hinge 1;

    FIG. 15 is a front view of the obstructing element 64 of the sixth embodiment of the hinge 1 of FIG. 14;

    FIGs. 16a and 16b are views of the sixth embodiment of the hinge 1 of FIG. 14 sectioned along a plane π - π shown in FIG. 1, the slider 31 being respectively in the distal and proximal position;

    FIGs. 17a to 17g are schematic views of some positions that the cam element 21 assumes during its rotation around the axis X;

    FIG. 18 is an exploded view of a further embodiment of the assembly plunger element 30 - hydraulic damping means - counteracting elastic means 40;

    FIGs. 19a and 19b are partial sectioned views of a further embodiment of the hinge 1 which includes the assembly of FIG. 18, the slider 31 being respectively in the distal and proximal position;

    FIGs. 20a and 20b are partially sectioned views of a further embodiment of the hinge 1 including the assembly of FIG. 18, the slider 31 being respectively in the distal and proximal position, FIG. 20c showing some enlarged details thereof;

    FIGs. 21a and 21b are sectioned views of a further embodiment of the hinge 1.


    Detailed description of some preferred embodiments



    [0023] With reference to the above figures, the hinge according to the invention, generally indicated 1, has a low bulkiness, and therefore is useful where there is a limited space to install the hinge or where it is desirable to use a low-bulkiness hinge for aesthetic purposes.

    [0024] As an example, the hinge 1 may be used for cold rooms, or may be integrated in the tubular frame thereto. As a further example, hinge 1 may be used for glass shutters, such as those of a shop window or a showcase.

    [0025] In general, hinge 1 is susceptible to rotatably couple a stationary support structure, such as a tubular frame S, and a shutter A, rotatably movable between an open position, shown as an example in FIG. 1c, and a closed position, shown in FIG. 1b, about a rotation axis X.

    [0026] The hinge 1, that may include a movable element and a fixed element rotatably coupled with each other to rotate around the rotation axis X, may be for instance interposed between the frame S and the shutter A, as shown in FIGs. 1b and 1c.

    [0027] Suitably, the hinge 1 includes a hinge body 10 with a substantially plate-like shape defining a plane π' and a pivot 20 defining the rotation axis X.

    [0028] In a first embodiment, the hinge body 10 may be anchored to the base B of the frame S, while the pivot 20 may be anchored to the shutter A. In such a case, the fixed element includes the hinge body 10, while the movable element may include the pivot 20.

    [0029] Conversely, the hinge body 10 may be anchored to the shutter A and the pivot 20 may be anchored to the frame S. In such a case, the fixed element includes the pivot 20, while the movable element includes the hinge body 10.

    [0030] Advantageously, the hinge body 10 and the pivot 20 are reciprocally coupled with each other to rotate around the axis X between the open and the closed positions of the shutter A.

    [0031] Suitably, the pivot 20 includes a cam element 21 unitary thereto interacting with a plunger element 30 sliding along an axis Y.

    [0032] According to the configuration of the hinge 1, the sliding axis Y of the plunger element 30 may be substantially perpendicular to the axis X, for instance as shown in FIGs. from 1a to 19b, or it may be substantially parallel or coincident thereto, as shown in FIGs. 20a and 20b.

    [0033] According to the configuration of the hinge 1 the rotation axis X of the shutter A may be substantially perpendicular to plane π' defined by the hinge body 10, for instance as shown in FIGs. from 1 to 17g, or substantially parallel to the same plane π' or adjacent thereto, as shown in FIGs. 19a and 19b.

    [0034] In any case, the plunger element 30, that may include, respectively may consist of, a slider 31, may slide in a working chamber 11 internal to the hinge body 10 between a retracted end-stroke position proximal to the bottom wall 12 of the working chamber 11, shown for example in FIGs. 3b, 5b, 7b, 9b, 11b, 16b, 19b and 20b, and an extended end-stroke position distal thereto, shown as an example in FIGs. 3a, 5a, 7a, 9a, 11a, 16a, 19a and 20a.

    [0035] Suitably, such retracted and extended end-stroke positions may be whichever, and therefore these positions don't necessarily correspond to the maximum distal and/or proximal positions of the plunger element 20.

    [0036] In a preferred but not exclusive embodiment of the invention, the working chamber 11 may include counteracting elastic means acting on the slider 31 to move it between the proximal and the distal positions.

    [0037] In a preferred but not exclusive embodiment of the invention, the counteracting elastic means may include, respectively may consist of, a coil spring 40 with a predetermined diameter.

    [0038] According to the configuration, the counteracting elastic means 40 may be thrusting or restoring elastic means.

    [0039] In the case of thrusting counteracting elastic means, their force will be such to automatically return the shutter A from the open or the closed position reached when the slider 31 is in the proximal position to the other of the open or closed position reached when the slider 31 is in the distal position.

    [0040] In this case, whether if the position achieved by the shutter A when the slider 31 is in proximal position is the open or the closed position, the hinge 1 is an opening hinge or a closing hinge, the latter being also called door closing hinge.

    [0041] On the other side, in case of restoring counteracting elastic means, their force will not be able to return the shutter A from the open or closed position reached when the slider 31 is in the proximal position to the other of the open or closed position reached when the slider 31 is in the distal position. In such a case, the shutter A has to be moved manually or anyway by with actuator means which do not belong to the hinge 1, for instance a small motor.

    [0042] However, the force of the restoring counteracting elastic means is such to bring back the slider 31 from the proximal position to the distal one.

    [0043] In this case, whether if the position reached by the shutter A when the slider 31 is in proximal position is the open or the closed one, the hinge 1 is an opening or closing check hinge.

    [0044] Apparently, the closing or opening hinge also acts as a opening or closing check hinge, while the opposite is not true.

    [0045] It is understood that even if in the attached figures a closing hinge is shown, the same hinge may be a closing hinge or an opening hinge, as well as a check opening or closing hinge without exceeding the scope of protection defined by the appended claims.

    [0046] Advantageously, the slider 31 may be substantially plate-like to define a plane π" substantially coincident with plane π" defined by the hinge body 10.

    [0047] Suitably, the slider 31 may be guided by the walls of the working camber 11 during its sliding along the axis Y.

    [0048] Preferably, the slider 31 may have a substantially parallelepiped shape with an operative face 32 faced to the front wall 13 of the working chamber 11, the bottom face 33 faced to the bottom wall 12 of the working chamber 11 and side walls 34', 34" faced and preferably in contact engage with the side walls 14', 14" of the same chamber 11. In this manner, the latter acts as guiding means for the slider 31.

    [0049] Preferably, the working chamber 11 may further have a pair of faced shaped walls 140', 140" interacting with a respective pair of opposite countershaped walls 340', 340" of the slider 31. Suitably, the faced walls 140', 140" may be defined by the internal face of the protective cover of the hinge 1, for instance by protective carters 82, 83.

    [0050] Preferably, the faced shaped walls 140', 140" may have a plate-like shape, as well as the opposite walls 340', 340", and may preferably be in contact engage with the latter so as to guide them during the sliding of the slider 31 along the axis Y.

    [0051] In a preferred but not exclusive embodiment, the walls 14', 14" and 34', 34" may be substantially parallel to each other, as well as the walls 140', 140" and 340', 340". Preferably, the walls 14', 14" and 34', 34" may further be substantially perpendicular to the plane π' defined by the hinge body 10, while the walls 140', 140" and 340', 340" may be substantially parallel to the plane π' defined by the hinge body 10.

    [0052] The cam element 21 includes an elongated appendix 22 extending outwardly from the pivot 20 in a substantially transversal direction with respect to the axis X so that its working face 23 comes in contact engage with the operative face 32 of the slider 31, so as to reciprocally interact.

    [0053] In a preferred but not exclusive embodiment, the working face 23 may have a first portion 24' having a substantially concentric curvilinear shape with respect to the axis X and a second portion 24" consecutive to the first one having a substantially plate-like shape which is substantially parallel to the axis X. Suitably, the operative face 32 of the slider 31 may furthermore have a substantially plate-like shape substantially parallel to the axis X.

    [0054] Such embodiment is particularly advantageous both in reliability over time and in the safety of the hinge 1.

    [0055] Advantageously, the portion 24' having substantially curvilinear shape may indeed be configured to come in contact engage with the operative face 32 of the slider 31 in a contact point CP substantially central thereto.

    [0056] Particularly, the contact point CP may have a minimum distance d from a median plane πM substantially perpendicular to the plane π during all the rotation of the shutter A between the open and closed position. On the other hand, in case the axis Y lies on the median plane πM, for instance as shown in the attached figures, the distance d may be interpreted as the distance between the point CP and the axis Y.

    [0057] Practically, the first portion 24' of the working face 23 and the operative face 32 of the slider 31 may be reciprocally configured so as the latter is tangent to the curve defining the portion 24' in the point CP.

    [0058] Suitably, the distance d may be comprised between 0,4 mm and 4 mm. More preferably, the distance d may be increasing and comprised between 1 mm and 4 mm for a shutter A opening or closing angle α of 0° to 60°, while it may be decreasing for an angle α greater than 60°, in particular of 60° to 90°. The distance d may be minimal in correspondence to the opening or closing rest position of the shutter A.

    [0059] In FIGs. 17a to 17g the distances d are shown between the point CP and the axis Y, that is from the point CP and the median plane πM for angles α comprised between 0° (FIG. 17a) and 90° (FIG. 17g).

    [0060] In particular, when the angle α is of 0° (FIG. 17a) the distance d is of 1,1 mm; when the angle α is of 15° (FIG. 17b) the distance d is of 1,7 mm; when the angle α is of 30° (FIG. 17c) the distance d is of 2,9 mm; when the angle α is of 30° (FIG. 17c) the distance d is of 2,9 mm; when the angle α is of 45° (FIG. 17d) the distance d is of 3,6 mm; when the angle α is of 60° (FIG. 17e) the distance d is of 3,8 mm; when the angle α is of 75° (FIG. 17f) the distance d is of 3,4 mm; when the angle α is of 90° (FIG. 17g) the distance d is of 0,4 mm.

    [0061] This ensures that the interaction between the cam element 21 and the plunger element 30 always occurs in a substantially central position, so as to maximize the performance of the counteracting elastic means 40, to avoid misalignments of the slider 31 and to minimize the side frictions.

    [0062] On the other hand, the second portion 24" is susceptible to reciprocally engage with the operative face 32 of the slider 31 to maintain the shutter A in the open or closed position, that is basically to define the rest position of the latter.

    [0063] Advantageously, such reciprocal engagement may occur when the axis Z defined by the elongated appendix 22 which transversally extend from the pivot 20 perpendicularly to the axis X and parallel to the axis Y passes the centre line of the hinge 1 defined by the axis Y.

    [0064] This ensures the maintenance of the rest position of the shutter A over time, which is also advantageous in terms of safety. The reaction of the counteracting elastic means 40 tends indeed to maintain the rest position even in case of impact with the shutter A, till a rotation sufficient to release the second portion 24" of the working face 23 of the cam element 21 and the operative face 32 of the slider 31.

    [0065] It is understood that the rotation of the axis Z is relative to the hinge body 11. In other words, in the embodiments in which the pivot 20 is stationary and the hinge body 11 rotates around the axis X, the axis Z rotates with respect to the hinge body 11 and the shutter A, although it is in practice stationary with respect to the stationary support structure S.

    [0066] In order to low the cost of the hinge, the slider 31 my include an insert 31' to which the operative face 32 belongs. The slider 31 may be made of a first metal material, such as aluminum, while the inset 31' may be made of a second metal material harder than the first one, such as steel. In this manner, only the part actually in contact engage with the cam element 21 is made of a harder and more expensive material, while the remaining part of the slider 31 may be manufactured with a cheaper material.

    [0067] To ensure the maximal stroke of the slider 31, the pivot 20 may be placed at one of the side walls 14', 14" of the working chamber 11.

    [0068] In this case, the axis Z rotates around the axis X eccentrically with respect to the median plane πM between a rest position, shown for instance in FIGs. 3a, 5a, 7a, 9a, 11a e 16a, where the slider 31 is in the distal position and a working position, shown for instance in FIGs. 3b, 5b, 7b, 9b, 11b e 16b, where the slider 31 is in the proximal position.

    [0069] In this case, the suitable dimensioning of the cam element 21 allows to impart the maxim stroke to the slider 31, which is advantageous in terms of precharge force of the counteracting elastic means 40.

    [0070] The cam element 21 is removably insertable in the pivot 20 through an opening 15 passing through the hinge body 10, the passing-through opening being preferably made at the side wall 14' opposite to the one 14" where the pivot 20 is placed.

    [0071] In this case, a user may access the pivot 20 through the passing-through opening 15 to insert the cam element 21, which is advantageous in terms of speed and easy to assembling the hinge 1.

    [0072] The cam element 21 includes a pin 25 extending outwardly from the elongated appendix 22 to define the transversal axis Z. The pin 25 is removably insertable in a countershaped seat 26 of the pivot 20. To minimize the vertical dimensions, the pin 25 may have a substantially oval section.

    [0073] Suitably, the passing-through opening 15 and the cam element 21 may be reciprocally configured so that the former houses at least one portion of the latter when the third axis Z is in the rest position. This allows to maximize the precharge force of the counteracting elastic means 40, thus minimizing the horizontal bulkiness.

    [0074] In a preferred but not exclusive embodiment, the working chamber 11 may include a rod 16 defining the axis Y. In this case, the counteracting elastic means may include, or may consist of, a coil spring 40 fitted over the rod 16, the latter acting as guide for the former.

    [0075] Possibly, the spring 40 may be guided by the side walls of the working chamber 11 during its sliding along the axis Y, with or without the guiding rod 16.

    [0076] Preferably, the counteracting elastic means may consist of a single coil spring 40, that may be a thrust or restore spring. In other words, the coil spring 40, may be the only counteracting means of the hinge.

    [0077] As soon as the coil spring 40 is fitted over the rod 16, the spring 40 remains interposed between the bottom wall 12 of the chamber 11 and the bottom face 22 of the slider 31, the latter acting as abutment face for the same spring 40.

    [0078] The hinge 1 may have very low vertical and horizontal bulkiness. The spring 40 may have an outer diameter Øe equal to or slightly less than the thickness h of the hinge body 10.

    [0079] Suitably, this thickness h may be substantially equal to or slightly more than the thickness of the slider 31. Approximately, said thickness h may be less than 30 mm, and preferably less than 25 mm.

    [0080] Furthermore, the spring 40 may have an internal diameter Øi substantially equal to or slightly more than the diameter of the supporting rod 16 on which it is fitted.

    [0081] Advantageously, the slider 31 may include an axial blind hole 35 susceptible to house the rod 16, so that the former slides along the axis Y with respect to the latter between the distal and the proximal positions.

    [0082] More particularly, the rod 16 may comprise a first end 17' operatively coupled with the bottom wall 12 of the chamber 11, for instance by screw means 18, and a second end 17" inserted within the axial blind hole 35 to remain faced to the bottom wall 36 of the latter.

    [0083] Thanks to such configuration, the hinge 1 is extremely easy and fast to be assembled. In fact, as soon as the spring 40 is fitted over the rod 16 and the latter is inserted within the axial blind hole 35 of the slider 31, it is sufficient to insert said assembly in the working chamber 11, screwing the rod 16 on the bottom wall 12 through the screw means 18 and subsequently inserting the cam element 21 through the opening 15.

    [0084] In a preferred but not exclusive embodiment, the screw means 18 may be susceptible to be directly screwed to the rod 16 through an abutment plate 18' of the spring 40. This maximally simplifies the assembly of the hinge. In fact, as soon as the spring 40 is fitted over the rod 16, the spring 40 is blocked by the plate 18' and this assembly is inserted in the chamber 11 from the top side thereof.

    [0085] In any case, to complete the assembly of the hinge 1 it is sufficient to insert on the pivot 20 the bearing 80 and the bushing 81 and assembling on the hinge body 10 the protective covers 82, 83.

    [0086] In a preferred but not exclusive embodiment, the bottom wall 36 of the axial blind hole 35 may comprise shock-absorbing elastomeric means 41 susceptible to interact with the second end 17" of the rod 16 when the slider 31 is in the proximal position.

    [0087] On the other hand, the shock-absorbing elastomeric means 41 may be coupled to the second end 17" of the rod 16 to interact with the bottom wall 36 of the axial blind hole 35.

    [0088] In this way, it is possible to elastically shock-absorb the opening and/or closing movement of the shutter A.

    [0089] The effect of the elastic shock-absorbing action depends on the type of elastomer material which is used and/or on its chemical-physical characteristics, and particularly on its hardness.

    [0090] Advantageously, the shock-absorbing elastomeric means 41 may be made of a compacted polyurethanic elastomer, for instance Vulkollan®. Suitably, the elastomer may have a hardness Shore A of 50 ShA to 95 ShA, preferably of 70 ShA to 90 ShA. More preferably, the shock-absorbing elastomeric means 41 may have a Shore A hardeness of 80 ShA.

    [0091] The use of the elastomer allows to obtain an efficient shock-absorbing action in a very reduced space. The stroke of the shock-absorbing elastomeric means 41 along the axis Y may in fact be in the order of some millimeters, for instance 2 to 4 mm.

    [0092] Furthermore, the shock-absorbing elastomeric means 41 allows to obtain a braking effect of great performance in a purely mechanic hinge, without the use of oil or any kind of hydraulic damping means. However, the shock-absorbing elastomeric means 41 may be used in cooperation with the hydraulic damping means without exceeding the scope of protection defined by the appended claims.

    [0093] In a preferred but not exclusive embodiment, the hinge body 10 may comprise a stationary element susceptible to act as an abutment for the slider 31 in the proximal position.

    [0094] Suitably, said stationary element may be defined by the portions 110', 110" of the hinge body 10.

    [0095] In light of the above disclosure, the hinge 1 may be of mechanic type, as for instance shown in FIGs. 2 to 9b, or it may include hydraulic damping means, as for instance shown in FIGs. 10 to 20c, which hydraulic damping means acting upon the plunger element 31 to hydraulically damp the sliding thereof along the axis Y.

    [0096] On the other side, the mechanic hinge 1 may include the rod 16, as for instance shown in FIGs. from 4 to 16b, or not, as for instance shown in FIGs. from 2 to 3b.

    [0097] Suitably, the hydraulic damping means may include, respectively may consist of, a working fluid, for instance oil, entirely contained in a hydraulic circuit 50 internal to the slider 31. To this end, the hydraulic circuit 50 may include the blind hole 35.

    [0098] This maximally simplifies the structure of the hinge 1, thus minimizing the costs thereof. All the hydraulic system of the hinge is in fact contained within the slider 31, the remaining parts remaining dry and therefore being easier to manufacture and maintain.

    [0099] Suitably, the second end 17" of the rod 16 may divide the blind hole 35 in a first and a second variable volume compartment 51', 51" fluidly communicating and adjacent with each other.

    [0100] This aim, the second end 17" of the rod 16 may include a cylindrical separation element 60 for separating the variable volume compartments 51', 51".

    [0101] In a first preferred but not exclusive embodiment, shown for instance in FIGs. 13a and 13b, the cylindrical separation element 60 may be an open cylinder to be fitted over the second end 17" of the rod 16.

    [0102] In an alternative preferred but not exclusive embodiment, shown in FIGs. 19a to 20c, the cylindrical separation element 60 may be a closed cylindrical element to be screwed onto the end 17" of the rod 16.

    [0103] In any case, the separation element 60 may include an internal chamber 65 with a bottom wall 19', a side wall 63 and a front wall 61.

    [0104] The latter may have a front face 62' faced to the bottom wall 36 of the blind hole 35 and a bottom face 62" faced to the bottom wall 19' of an axial blind hole 19 made at the second end 17" of the rod 16.

    [0105] In the first embodiment shown for instance in FIGS. 13a and 13b, the cylindrical separation element 60 may have the cylindrical wall 63 interposed between the side wall 19" of the second end 17" of the rod 16 and the side wall 37 of the blind hole 35 of the slider to act as spacer between them. In this way, the same side walls 19", 37 defines a tubular air gap 52.

    [0106] In said embodiment, the first compartment 51' may be defined by the bottom wall 36 of the axial blind hole 35, by the side wall 37 of the axial blind hole 35 and by the front face 62' of the front wall 61, while the second compartment 51" may be defined by the axial hole 19 of the rod 16 and by the tubular air-lock 52, being fluidly communicating with each other through the passage 59.

    [0107] Particularly, as far as the second compartment 51" is concerned the axial blind hole 19 has a stable volume, while the tubular air gap 52 varies its volume when the slider 31 passes from the distal to the proximal position and vice-versa.

    [0108] As particularly shown in FIG. 20c, in the other embodiment the first compartment 51' may be defined by the bottom wall 36 of the axial blind hole 35, by the side wall 37 of the axial blind hole 35 and by the front face 62' of the front wall 61, while the second compartment 51" may be defined by the interspace between the cylindrical separation element 60 and an oil seal 600 faced thereto and coupled to the slider 31 to close the axial blind hole 35.

    [0109] The working fluid passes between the compartments 51', 51" through a chamber internal to the cylindrical separation element 60, the latter having a specific passage 59'.

    [0110] Suitably, the compartments 51', 51" may be configured to have in correspondence to the closed position of the shutter A respectively the maximum and the minimum volume.

    [0111] To allow the fluid communication between the two compartments 51', 51", controlling means for controlling the flow of the working fluid may be provided to allow its passage from the first compartment 51' to the second compartment 51" during one of the opening or the closing movement of the shutter A and to allow its passage from the second compartment 51" to the first compartment 51' during the other of the opening or closing movement of the shutter A.

    [0112] In a preferred but not exclusive embodiment, the means for controlling the flow of the working fluid may comprise an opening 53 passing through the separation element 60 in correspondence to the wall 61 and valve means to allow the controlled passage of the working fluid between the two compartments 51', 51".

    [0113] Suitably, the valve means may comprise an obstructing element 64 movable in a seat 65 defined by the internal chamber of the cylindrical separation element 60. The valve seat 65 may be interposed between the passing-through opening 53 and the blind hole 19 of the end 17" of the rod 16 and allows the obstructing element 64 to move between a first working position, shown for instance in FIGs. 11a, 13a and 16a in which the obstructing element 64 is in contact engage with the passing-through opening 53 and a second working position, shown for instance in FIGs. 11b, 13b and 16b in which the same obstructing element 64 is spaced apart therefrom.

    [0114] In a first embodiment, shown for instance in FIGs. 10 to 13b, the obstructing element 64 may include a calibrated opening 54, preferably in a central position, to allow the passage of the working fluid between the two compartments 51', 52" through the passing-through opening 53 when the same obstructing element 64 is in the first working position.

    [0115] The calibrated opening 54 may have a diameter less than 1 mm, and preferably less than 0,5 mm. Approximately, said calibrated opening 54 may have a diameter of 1 to 3 tenths of millimeter.

    [0116] Therefore, when the obstructing element 64 is in the first working position, corresponding to the distal position of the slider 31 and to the rest position of the axis Z, the working fluid exclusively passes through the calibrated opening 54, while when said obstructing element 64 is in the second working position, corresponding to the proximal position of the slider 31 and to the working position of the axis Z, the working fluid passes both through the calibrated opening 54 and through a plurality of peripheral passages 55 thereto. In this embodiment, the hydraulic circuit 50 may therefore be entirely contained internally to the blind hole 35 of the slider 31.

    [0117] In a preferred but not exclusive embodiment, the valve seat 65 may include a pin 650 passing through a hole 640 of the obstructing element 64.

    [0118] In this case, the calibrated opening 54 may be defined by the interspace between the hole 640 of the obstructing element 64 and the passing-through pin 650.

    [0119] In any case, the calibrated opening 54 may have a flow section less than 2 mm2, preferably less than 1 mm2, still more preferably less than 0,5 mm2 and ideally less than 0,35 mm2.

    [0120] Advantageously, the pin 650 may be inserted through a hole 610 of the front wall 61 of the chamber 65.

    [0121] In this case, the passing-through opening 53 may be defined by the interspace between the hole 610 of the front wall 61 of the chamber 65 and the passing-trough pin 650.

    [0122] Suitably, the pin 650 may be inserted through the obstructing element 64 and the front wall 61 of the chamber 65 to freely move along the axis Y.

    [0123] This aim, the bottom wall 19' of the chamber 65 may include a seat for the pin 650, which seat may be defined by the axial blind hole 19.

    [0124] Suitably, the pin 650 and the axial blind hole 19 may be reciprocally dimensioned so as in the distal position of the slider 31 the pin 650 retracts in its seat 19 upon the interaction with the bottom wall 36 of the blind hole 35, and in the proximal position of said slider 31 the pin 650 telescopically projects from the seat 19 by partially remaining inserted therein, so as not to slip.

    [0125] Thanks to the above features, the free sliding of the pin 650 during the sliding of the slider 31 maintains the passing-through opening 53 and the calibrated opening 54 free from any dirt and/or foreign bodies, both openings having reduced dimensions.

    [0126] In a second embodiment, shown for instance in FIGs. from 14 to 16b, the obstructing element 64 does not have the calibrated central hole 54. Therefore, when the obstructing element 64 is in the first working position the working fluid does not pass through the passing-through opening 53 of the cylindrical separation element 60.

    [0127] To allow the fluid communication between the compartments 51', 51", when the obstructing element 64 is in the first working position, the hydraulic circuit 55 may include a branch 56 external to the blind hole 35 of the slider 31. In this case, the hydraulic circuit 50 may furthermore include a first opening 57 passing through the bottom wall 36 of the axial blind hole 35 to put in fluid communication the first variable volume compartment 51' and the branch 56 and a second opening 58 passing through the side wall 37 of said axial blind hole 36 to put in fluid communication the branch 56 and the tubular air gap 52. From here the working fluid passes in the axial blind hole 19 through the radial passage 59.

    [0128] Suitably, the means for controlling the flow of the working fluid may comprise a adjusting element 70, for instance an adjusting screw, transversally inserted in the slider 31 to throttle the flow section of the first passing-through opening 57 of the circuit 50.

    [0129] To allow an user to access the adjusting element 70, an opening 15' passing through the hinge body 10 may be provided, the former being suitably placed so as to allow the adjusting when the slider 31 is in distal position.

    [0130] In this way, it is possible to regulate the hydraulic damping action of the hinge 1, and in particular the rotation speed of the shutter A.

    [0131] In the embodiments herein shown the distal position of the slider 31, corresponding to the rest position of the axis Z, corresponds in turn to the closed position of the shutter A, while the proximal position of the slider 31, corresponding to the working position of the axis Z, corresponds in turn to the open position of the shutter A.

    [0132] However, it is clear that the opposite is possible, that is the distal position of the slider 31 corresponds to the open position of the shutter A and the proximal position of the slider 31 corresponds to the closed position of the shutter A, without exceeding the scope of protection defined by the appended claims.

    [0133] The hydraulic damping action of said embodiments allows to have a controlled movement of the shutter A both during the opening and the closing movement. However, while in the embodiment shown in FIGs. 14 to 16b this action may be regulated through the adjusting screw 70, in the embodiment shown in FIGs. 10 to 13b the regulation of the damping is not possible.

    [0134] In a further embodiment, shown for instance in FIGs. 21a and 21b, the obstructing element 64 may not have the calibrated opening 54, the latter being defined by the air gap between the pin 650 and the relative seat 651 in which it is slidably inserted. Suitably, the seat 651 may pass through the cylindrical separation element 60, for instance in a peripheral position with respect to its centre.

    [0135] The pin 650 and the seat 651 may be reciprocally configured so that the former freely moves through the latter. To this end, the pin 650 may for instance have a length less than that of the seat 651.

    [0136] In this way, the sliding movement of the pin maintains the calibrated opening 54 free from any dirt and/or foreign bodies.

    [0137] Suitably, anti-slipping means can be provided to avoid the slipping of the pin 650 from the seat 651 during the sliding. For instance, the seat 651 may have caulkings at the ends, acting as abutments for the pin 650.

    [0138] It is clear that said embodiment may apply to any hinge, not necessarily to those shown in FIGs. 1 to 20c, without exceeding the scope of protection defined by the appended claims. For instance, said embodiment may apply to the hinge according to the international patent application WO2012/156949.

    [0139] From the above description, it is apparent that the hinge fulfils the intended objects.

    [0140] The hinge according to the invention is susceptible to numerous modifications and variants within the inventive concept expressed in the appended claims. All particulars may be replaced by other technically equivalent elements, and the materials may be different according to the needs, without exceeding the scope of protection defined by the appended claims.

    [0141] Even though the hinge has been shown with particular reference to the appended figures, the numbers of reference used in the description and in the claims are used to ameliorate the intelligence of the invention and do not constitute a limit to the scope of protection claimed.


    Claims

    1. A low-bulkiness hinge for rotatably moving and/or controlling a closing element (A), such as a door, a shutter or the like, anchored to a stationary support structure (S), such as a wall or a frame, between an open position and a closed position, the hinge comprising:

    - a hinge body (10) anchorable to one of the stationary support structure (5) and the closing element (A), said hinge body (10) having a substantially plate-like shape to define a first plane (π'), said hinge body (10) internally comprising a working chamber (11) with a front wall (13) and a bottom wall (12) faced thereto;

    - a pivot (20) defining a first longitudinal axis (X) anchorable to the other of the stationary support structure (S) and the closing element (A), said pivot (20) and said hinge body (10) being reciprocally coupled to each other to rotate around said first axis (X) between the open position and the closed position of the closing element (A);

    - a slider (31) slidably movable within said working chamber (11) along a second axis (Y) between a position distal from said bottom wall (12) and a position proximal thereto;

    wherein said pivot (20) further includes a cam element (21) unitary rotatably therewith, said slider (31) comprising an operative face (32) interacting with said cam element (21) so that the rotation of the closing element (A) around said first axis (X) corresponds to the at least partial sliding of said slider (31) along said second axis (Y);
    wherein said hinge body (10) includes a passing-through opening (15) to allow a user to access to said pivot (20),
    characterized in that said cam element (21) is removably insertable into said pivot (20) through said opening (15);
    wherein said cam element (21) includes an elongated appendix (22) outwardly extending from said pivot (20) in a direction substantially transverse to said first axis (X), the elongated appendix (22) including a working face (23) to contact engage the operative face (32) of said slider (31);
    wherein said cam element (21) further includes a shaped pin (25) outwardly extending from said elongated appendix (22) which is removably insertable into a countershaped seat (26) of said pivot (20).
     
    2. Hinge according to the preceding claim, wherein said passing-through opening (15) is formed in one of the side walls (14") of said working chamber (11) to allow the lateral access to said pivot (20) by the user.
     
    3. Hinge according to the preceding claim, wherein said pivot (20) is placed at one of said side walls (14') of said working chamber (11), said passing-through opening (15) being formed in the opposite side wall (14").
     
    4. Hinge according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein said opening (15) and said cam element (21) are reciprocally configured so as the former houses at least one portion of the latter when said slider (31) is in the distal position.
     
    5. Hinge according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein said elongated appendix (22) defines a third longitudinal axis (Z) substantially perpendicular to said first axis (X) and parallel to said second axis (Y) susceptible to reciprocally rotate with respect to said hinge body (10) between a rest position wherein said slider (31) is in said distal position and a working position wherein said slider (31) is in said proximal position.
     
    6. Hinge according to the preceding claim, wherein said pivot (20) is placed at one of said side walls (14', 14") of said working chamber (11) in such a manner that said third axis (Z) rotates around said first axis (X) eccentrically with respect to a second median plane (πM) substantially perpendicular to said first plane (π) passing through said second axis (Y).
     
    7. Hinge according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein said pin (25) has a substantially oval section to minimize the vertical bulkiness.
     
    8. Hinge according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein said working face (23) has at least one first portion (24') having a substantially curvilinear shape with respect to said first axis (X).
     
    9. Hinge according to the preceding claim, wherein said substantially curvilinear shaped first portion (24') has a working face (23) which is configured to contact engage the operative face (32) of said slider (31) in a contact point (CP) that is substantially central with respect to the latter during the rotation of said closing element (A) between the open and closed positions, so as to avoid any misalignment of the slider (31) during its sliding along said second axis (Y).
     
    10. Hinge according to the preceding claim, wherein said contact point (CP) has a distance (d) from said median plane (πM) of 0,4 mm to 4 mm.
     
    11. Hinge according to the preceding claim, wherein said distance (d) increases for a closing element (A) opening or closing angle (α) of 0° to 60°, said distance (d) decreasing for a closing element (A) opening or closing angle greater than 60°.
     
    12. Hinge according to the preceding claim, wherein said increasing distance (d) is of 1 mm to 4 mm, said decreasing distance (d) being of 4 mm to 0,4 mm.
     
    13. Hinge according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein said distance (d) minimizes at the stop position upon opening or closing of the closing element (A).
     
    14. Hinge according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein said working face (23) has a second portion (24") consecutive with respect to said first portion (24') susceptible to reciprocally engage with the operative face (32) of said slider (31) to maintain the closing element (A) in the open or closed position.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Scharnier mit geringer Sperrigkeit zum drehbaren Bewegen und/oder Steuern eines Schließelements (A), wie einer Tür, eines Verschlusses oder dergleichen, verankert an einer stationären Stützstruktur (S), wie einer Wand oder einem Rahmen, zwischen einer offenen Position und einer geschlossenen Position, wobei das Scharnier umfasst:

    einen Scharnierkörper (10) verankerbar an einem von der stationären Stützstruktur (S) und dem Schließelement (A), wobei der Scharnierkörper (10) eine im Wesentlichen plattenförmige Form aufweist, um eine erste Ebene (π') zu definieren, wobei der Scharnierkörper (10) innen eine Arbeitskammer (11) mit einer Vorderwand (13) und eine gegenüberliegende Grundplatte (12) umfasst;

    einen Drehzapfen (20), der eine Längsachse (X) definiert, verankerbar an dem anderen von der stationären Stützstruktur (S) und dem Schließelement (A), wobei der Drehzapfen (20) und der Scharnierkörper (10) gegenseitig miteinander gekoppelt sind, um sich um eine erste Achse (X) zwischen der offenen Position und der geschlossenen Position des Schließelements (A) zu drehen;

    einen Schieber (31) gleitend bewegbar in der Arbeitskammer (11) entlang einer zweiten Achse (Y) zwischen einer distalen Position zu der Grundplatte (12) und einer proximalen Position dazu;

    wobei der Drehzapfen (20) ferner ein gemeinsam damit drehendes Nockenelement (21) aufweist, wobei der Schieber (31) eine Wirkfläche (32) umfasst die mit dem Nockenelement (21) interagiert, so dass eine Drehung des Schließelements (A) um die erste Achse (X) einem wenigstens teilweisen Gleiten des Schiebers (31) entlang der zweiten Achse (Y) entspricht;

    wobei der Scharnierkörper (10) eine Durchgangsöffnung (15) aufweist, um einem Benutzer einen Zugang zu dem Drehzapfen (20) zu ermöglichen,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    das Nockenelement (21) entfernbar durch die Öffnung (15) in dem Drehzapfen (20) einsetzbar ist;

    wobei das Nockenelement (21) einen länglichen Fortsatz (22) aufweist der sich nach außen von dem Drehzapfen (20) erstreckt, im Wesentlichen quer zu der ersten Achse (X), wobei der längliche Fortsatz (22) eine Wirkfläche (23) aufweist, um wirkend die Wirkfläche (32) des Schiebers (31) zu berühren;

    wobei das Nockenelement (21) ferner einen geformten Stift (25) aufweist, der sich nach außen von dem länglichen Fortsatz (22) erstreckt, welcher entfernbar in einen gegengeformten Sitz (26) des Drehzapfens (20) einführbar ist.


     
    2. Scharnier nach dem vorherigen Anspruch, wobei die Durchgangsöffnung (15) in einer der Seitenwände (14") der Arbeitskammer (11) geformt ist, um dem Benutzer einen seitlichen Zugang zu dem Drehzapfen (20) zu ermöglichen.
     
    3. Scharnier nach dem vorherigen Anspruch, wobei der Drehzapfen (20) an einer der Seitenwände (14') der Arbeitskammer (11) angeordnet ist, wobei die Durchgangsöffnung (15) in der gegenüberliegenden Seitenwand (14") geformt ist.
     
    4. Scharnier nach einem oder mehreren der vorherigen Ansprüche, wobei die Öffnung (15) und das Nockenelement (21) gegenseitig so ausgebildet sind, dass ersteres wenigstens einen Teil des letzteren beherbergt, wenn der Schieber (31) in der distalen Position ist.
     
    5. Scharnier nach einem oder mehreren der vorherigen Ansprüche, wobei der längliche Fortsatz (22) eine dritte Achse (Z) definiert, rechtwinklig zu der ersten Achse (X) und parallel zu der zweiten Achse (Y), ausgebildet um sich wechselseitig bezüglich des Scharnierkörpers (10) zwischen einer Ruheposition in welcher der Schieber (31) in der distalen Position ist und einer Arbeitsposition in welcher der Schieber (31) in der proximalen Position ist zu drehen.
     
    6. Scharnier nach dem vorherigen Anspruch, wobei der Drehzapfen (20) derart an einer der Seitenwände (14', 14") der Arbeitskammer (11) angeordnet ist, dass sich die dritte Achse (Z) um die erste Achse (X) dreht, exzentrisch bezüglich zu einer zweiten Medianebene (πM) im Wesentlichen rechtwinklig zu der ersten Ebene (π) durchschneidend die zweite Achse (Y).
     
    7. Scharnier nach einem oder mehreren der vorherigen Ansprüche, wobei der Stift (25) einen im Wesentlichen ovalen Abschnitt aufweist, um die vertikale Sperrigkeit zu minimieren.
     
    8. Scharnier nach einem oder mehreren der vorherigen Ansprüche, wobei die Wirkfläche (23) wenigstens einen ersten Abschnitt (24') aufweist, mit einer im Wesentlichen gekrümmten Form relativ zu der ersten Achse (X).
     
    9. Scharnier nach dem vorherigen Anspruch, wobei der im Wesentlichen gekrümmt geformte erste Abschnitt (24') eine Wirkfläche (23) aufweist, die ausgebildet ist wirkend die Wirkfläche (32) des Schiebers (31) in einem Kontaktpunkt (CP) zu berühren, der im Wesentlichen zentral mit letzterem ist, während des Drehens des Schließelements (A) zwischen der offen und geschlossenen Position, um eine Falschausrichtung des Schiebers (31) während des Gleitens entlang der zweiten Achse (Y) zu verhindern.
     
    10. Scharnier nach dem vorherigen Anspruch, wobei der Kontaktpunkt (CP) einen Abstand (d) von 0,4 mm bis 4 mm von der Medianebene (πM) hat.
     
    11. Scharnier nach dem vorherigen Anspruch, wobei der Abstand (d) für ein Schließelement (A) mit einem Öffnungs- oder Schließwinkel (α) von 0° bis 60° zunimmt, wobei der Abstand (d) für ein Schließelement (A) mit einem Öffnungs- oder Schließwinkel größer als 60° abnimmt.
     
    12. Scharnier nach dem vorherigen Anspruch, wobei der zunehmende Abstand (d) zwischen 1mm und 4 mm ist, wobei der abnehmende Abstand (d) zwischen 4 mm und 0,4 mm ist.
     
    13. Scharnier nach einem oder mehreren der vorherigen Ansprüche, wobei der Abstand (d) in der Endposition beim Öffnen oder Schließen des Schließelements (A) minimiert.
     
    14. Scharnier nach einem oder mehreren der vorherigen Ansprüche, wobei die Wirkfläche (23) einen zweiten Abschnitt (24") aufweist, nachfolgend zu dem ersten Abschnitt (24'), der ausgebildet ist wirkend mit der Wirkfläche (32) des Schiebers (31) einzugreifen, um das Schließelement (A) in der offenen oder geschlossenen Position zu halten.
     


    Revendications

    1. Charnière à faible encombrement pour déplacer et/ou commander en rotation un élément de fermeture (A), tel qu'une porte, un volet ou similaire, ancré à une structure de support fixe (S), telle qu'un mur ou un cadre, entre une position ouverte et une position fermée, la charnière comprenant :

    - un corps de charnière (10) pouvant être ancré à l'un de la structure de support fixe (5) et de l'élément de fermeture (A), ledit corps de charnière (10) ayant une forme sensiblement similaire à une plaque pour définir un premier plan (π'), ledit corps de charnière (10) comprenant intérieurement une chambre de travail (11) avec une paroi avant (13) et une paroi inférieure (12) lui faisant face ;

    - un pivot (20) définissant un premier axe longitudinal (X) pouvant être ancré à l'autre de la structure de support fixe (S) et de l'élément de fermeture (A), ledit pivot (20) et ledit corps de charnière (10) étant couplés de manière réciproque l'un à l'autre pour tourner autour dudit premier axe (X) entre la position ouverte et la position fermée de l'élément de fermeture (A) ;

    - un coulisseau (31) mobile de manière coulissante à l'intérieur de ladite chambre de travail (11) le long d'un deuxième axe (Y) entre une position distale par rapport à ladite paroi inférieure (12) et une position proximale par rapport à celle-ci ;

    dans laquelle ledit pivot (20) inclut en outre un élément de came (21) pouvant tourner de manière unitaire avec celui-ci, ledit coulisseau (31) comprenant une face opérationnelle (32) interagissant avec ledit élément de came (21) de telle manière que la rotation de l'élément de fermeture (A) autour dudit premier axe (X) correspond au coulissement au moins partiel dudit coulisseau (31) le long dudit deuxième axe (Y) ;
    dans laquelle ledit corps de charnière (10) inclut une ouverture traversante (15) pour permettre à un utilisateur d'accéder audit pivot (20), caractérisée en ce que ledit élément de came (21) peut être inséré de manière amovible dans ledit pivot (20) à travers ladite ouverture (15) ;
    dans laquelle ledit élément de came (21) inclut un appendice allongé (22) s'étendant vers l'extérieur à partir dudit pivot (20) dans une direction sensiblement transversale audit premier axe (X), l'appendice allongé (22) incluant une face de travail (23) pour venir au contact et en prise avec la face opérationnelle (32) dudit coulisseau (31) ;
    dans laquelle ledit élément de came (21) inclut en outre une broche profilée (25) s'étendant vers l'extérieur à partir dudit appendice allongé (22) qui peut être insérée de manière amovible dans un siège à contre-forme (26) dudit pivot (20).
     
    2. Charnière selon la revendication précédente, dans laquelle ladite ouverture traversante (15) est formée dans l'une des parois latérales (14") de ladite chambre de travail (11) pour permettre l'accès latéral audit pivot (20) par l'utilisateur.
     
    3. Charnière selon la revendication précédente, dans laquelle ledit pivot (20) est placé au niveau de l'une desdites parois latérales (14') de ladite chambre de travail (11), ladite ouverture traversante (15) étant formée dans la paroi latérale opposée (14").
     
    4. Charnière selon une ou plusieurs des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle ladite ouverture (15) et ledit élément de came (21) sont configurés réciproquement de sorte que le premier loge au moins une partie du dernier lorsque ledit coulisseau (31) est dans la position distale.
     
    5. Charnière selon une ou plusieurs des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle ledit appendice allongé (22) définit un troisième axe longitudinal (Z) sensiblement perpendiculaire audit premier axe (X) et parallèle audit deuxième axe (Y) susceptible de tourner réciproquement par rapport audit corps de charnière (10) entre une position de repos dans laquelle ledit coulisseau (31) est dans ladite position distale et une position de travail dans laquelle ledit coulisseau (31) est dans ladite position proximale.
     
    6. Charnière selon la revendication précédente, dans laquelle ledit pivot (20) est placé au niveau de l'une desdites parois latérales (14', 14") de ladite chambre de travail (11) de telle manière que ledit troisième axe (Z) tourne autour dudit premier axe (X) de manière excentrée par rapport à un second plan médian (πM) sensiblement perpendiculaire audit premier plan (π) passant par ledit deuxième axe (Y).
     
    7. Charnière selon une ou plusieurs des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle ladite broche (25) a une section sensiblement ovale pour minimiser l'encombrement vertical.
     
    8. Charnière selon une ou plusieurs des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle ladite face de travail (23) a au moins une première partie (24') ayant une forme sensiblement curviligne par rapport audit premier axe (X).
     
    9. Charnière selon la revendication précédente, dans laquelle ladite première partie de forme sensiblement curviligne (24') a une face de travail (23) qui est configurée pour venir en contact et en prise avec la face opérationnelle (32) dudit coulisseau (31) dans un point de contact (CP) qui est sensiblement central par rapport à ce dernier lors de la rotation dudit élément de fermeture (A) entre les positions ouverte et fermée, de manière à éviter un quelconque défaut d'alignement du coulisseau (31) lors de son coulissement le long dudit deuxième axe (Y).
     
    10. Charnière selon la revendication précédente, dans laquelle ledit point de contact (CP) a une distance (d) à partir dudit plan médian (πM) de 0,4 mm à 4 mm.
     
    11. Charnière selon la revendication précédente, dans laquelle ladite distance (d) augmente pour un angle d'ouverture ou de fermeture (α) d'élément de fermeture (A) de 0° à 60°, ladite distance (d) diminuant pour un angle d'ouverture ou de fermeture d'élément de fermeture (A) supérieur à 60°.
     
    12. Charnière selon la revendication précédente, dans laquelle ladite distance croissante (d) est de 1 mm à 4 mm, ladite distance décroissante (d) étant de 4 mm à 0,4 mm.
     
    13. Charnière selon une ou plusieurs des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle ladite distance (d) est minimisée dans la position d'arrêt lors de l'ouverture ou de la fermeture de l'élément de fermeture (A).
     
    14. Charnière selon une ou plusieurs des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle ladite face de travail (23) a une seconde partie (24") consécutive par rapport à ladite première partie (24') susceptible de venir en prise réciproquement avec la face opérationnelle (32) dudit coulisseau (31) pour maintenir l'élément de fermeture (A) dans la position ouverte ou fermée.
     




    Drawing

































































    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description