(19)
(11)EP 3 099 932 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
20.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/21

(21)Application number: 15702253.4

(22)Date of filing:  31.01.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F04B 1/12  (2020.01)
F04B 1/34  (2006.01)
F03C 1/40  (2006.01)
F04B 1/18  (2020.01)
F04B 49/22  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2015/052024
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/114124 (06.08.2015 Gazette  2015/31)

(54)

A HYDRAULIC PUMP ASSEMBLY FOR A VEHICLE

HYDRAULIKPUMPENANORDNUNG FÜR EIN FAHRZEUG

ENSEMBLE POMPE HYDRAULIQUE POUR UN VÉHICULE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 31.01.2014 SE 1450111

(43)Date of publication of application:
07.12.2016 Bulletin 2016/49

(73)Proprietor: BorgWarner Sweden AB
261 24 Landskrona (SE)

(72)Inventor:
  • LUNDSTRÖM, Bo
    S-261 62 Glumslöv (SE)

(74)Representative: Ström & Gulliksson AB 
P O Box 4188
203 13 Malmö
203 13 Malmö (SE)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- H05 104 974
US-A- 5 791 128
JP-A- 2010 158 975
US-A1- 2012 244 023
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a hydraulic actuator for a vehicle. More particularly, the present invention relates to a reversible hydraulic pump assembly for torque control in hydraulic vehicle systems.

    Background



    [0002] Hydraulic actuators are normally used in vehicles for actuating various types of systems, such as AWD couplings and gear shifts, see for example US2012/244023 A1, disclosing a device according to the prior art.

    [0003] In EP2310709 an electrical axial piston pump is described, having a centrifugal valve device that allows it to control the pressure output. This device can control one system, for example an AWD coupling, with lower hysteresis than if the same coupling should be controlled with proportional solenoid valves. Further, the centrifugal valve device does not require a micro filter. For applications involving two couplings or one coupling and one gear shift the described axial piston pump must be provided with additional electrical shift valves.

    [0004] In order to reduce complexity, weight and costs it would be desired to provide an improved hydraulic pump assembly for use in vehicle applications, and preferably such applications having two couplings or one coupling and one gear shift.

    Summary



    [0005] An object of the present invention is to provide a hydraulic pump assembly in combination with a bidirectional control.

    [0006] According to various aspects of the present invention, a hydraulic pump assembly is provided in accordance with the features set forth in the independent claim. Preferred embodiments are defined by the appended dependent claims.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0007] Embodiments of the invention will be described in the following; reference being made it the appended drawings which illustrate non-limiting examples of how the inventive concept can be reduced into practice.

    Fig. 1 shows a hydraulic scheme for a pump assembly according to an embodiment;

    Figs. 2 and 3 illustrate a hydraulic pump assembly according to an embodiment; and

    Figs. 4 and 5 show hydraulic schemes for two different hydraulic actuators according to different embodiments.


    Detailed Description



    [0008] Fig. 1 shows a hydraulic scheme for a pump assembly 100 which may be applicable for various hydraulic actuators in a vehicle. The pump assembly 100 comprises a motor 102 and a hydraulic pump 104, as well as a centrifugal regulator 106 in connection with a pressure overflow valve 108. The pump assembly 100 may e.g. be based on the same principle as described in EP2310709 or in EP2486279, both by the same applicant as the present application. The pump assembly 100 is preferably provided with bidirectional control whereby a simple and safe solution is achieved by using positive or negative voltage.

    [0009] By adding two input check valves 110, 112 and two output check valves 114, 116 the direction of the flow is dependant on the motor direction of rotation. As can be seen in Fig. 1, a first port 118 may be connected to a first actuator (not shown), such as a hydraulically operated coupling or a hydraulically operated gear shift, and a second port 120 may be connected to a second actuator (not shown), such as a hydraulically operated coupling or a hydraulically operated gear shift.

    [0010] When the motor 102 is rotating in a first direction, hydraulic fluid will be drawn from the reservoir 122 via the first input check valve 110, through the pump 104, to the second port 120. The first output check valve 114 is in fluid connection with the overflow valve 108.

    [0011] When the motor 102 is rotating in the opposite direction, hydraulic fluid will be drawn from the reservoir 122 via the second input check valve 112, through the pump 104, to the first port 118. The second output check valve 116 is in fluid connection with the overflow valve 108.

    [0012] A third port 124 may also be provided. The third port 124 could be used in combination with one of the first port 118 or second port 120 or together with both the first and second ports 118, 120. Pressure from the third port 124 will be independent of direction of rotation of the motor 102.

    [0013] Now turning to Figs. 2 and 3 an embodiment of a pump assembly 100 is shown in more details. The pump assembly comprises a motor 102 and a hydraulic pump 104, as well as a centrifugal regulator 106 in connection with a pressure overflow valve 108. The pump assembly 100 may e.g. be based on the same principle as described in EP2310709 or in EP2486279, both by the same applicant as the present application. However, a pump lid 130 is provided with an extra pump plate 132 accommodating the input and output check valves 110, 112, 114, 116.

    [0014] Action is preferably also taken to make the first and second ports 118, 120 more symmetrical in a washer plate of the pump assembly 100.

    [0015] An alternative use could be to use the third port 124 in combination with one of the first or second port 118, 120, or together with both the first and second port 118, 120. Pressure from the third port 124 will be independent of direction of rotation.

    [0016] Fig. 4 shows an embodiment of a hydraulic actuator 200 comprising two hydraulically actuated clutches or couplings 202, 204. The couplings 202, 204 are actuated by means of reversible pump assembly 100 being identical to what has been described with reference to Fig. 1. Hence, the first coupling 202 will be actuated when the motor 102 is driven in a first direction, while the second coupling 204 will be actuated when the motor 102 is driven in the opposite direction.

    [0017] Fig. 5 shows an embodiment of a hydraulic actuator 200 comprising one hydraulically actuated piston 206. The piston 206 may e.g. be a shifting piston for changing between low range gear and high range gear in a transfer case, while an additional coupling (not shown) may be provided to change between two wheel drive mode and four wheel drive mode. The pump assembly 100 for actuating the piston 206 is based on the pump assembly of EP2486279 but includes the check valves 110, 112, 114, 116 for providing the reversibility in accordance with the description of Fig. 1. The first and the second ports 118, 120 are connected to opposite sides of the piston 206 whereby it is possible to control the direction of movement of the piston 206 by controlling the rotational direction of the motor 102 of the pump assembly 100.

    [0018] It will be appreciated that the embodiments described in the foregoing may be combined without departing from the scope as defined by the appended patent claims.

    [0019] Although the present invention has been described above with reference to specific embodiments, it is not intended to be limited to the specific form set forth herein. Rather, the invention is limited only by the accompanying claims and, other embodiments than the specific above are equally possible within the scope of these appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A hydraulic pump assembly for a vehicle, comprising
    an electrical motor (102), a hydraulic pump (104) driven by the electrical motor (102), and a centrifugal regulator (106) in connection with a pressure overflow valve (108) connected to the oil outlet of the hydraulic pump (104),
    characterized in that the pump assembly (100) further comprises at least two input check valves (110, 112) and at least two output check valves (114, 116) arranged such that a first pressure outlet port (118) is formed when the motor is rotating in a first direction, and a second pressure outlet port (120) is formed when the motor is rotating in an opposite direction, wherein the first pressure outlet port (118) departs from a position on a first hydraulic line (126) being pressurized by the hydraulic pump (104) when the motor (102) rotates in the first direction, the position being located between one input check valve (110) and one output check valve (116), and wherein the second pressure outlet port (120) departs from a position on a second hydraulic line (128) being pressurized by the hydraulic pump (104) when the motor (102) rotates in the second direction located between another input check valve (112) and another output check valve (114).
     
    2. The hydraulic pump assembly according to claim 1, wherein an output check valve (114, 116) is arranged between each pressure outlet port (118, 120) and the pressure overflow valve (108).
     
    3. The hydraulic pump assembly according to claim 1 or 2, wherein one of the input check valves (110, 112) is arranged on a first suction side of the pump (104) when the motor (102) is rotating in a first direction, and wherein the other input check (110, 112) valve is arranged on the other suction side of the pump (104) when the motor (102) is rotating in an opposite direction.
     
    4. A hydraulic actuator (200), comprising a hydraulic pump assembly (100) according to any one of the preceding claims, and a first coupling (202) connected to the first pressure outlet port (118), and a second coupling (204) connected to the second pressure outlet port (120).
     
    5. A hydraulic actuator (200), comprising a hydraulic pump assembly (100) according to any one of claims 1-3, and a piston (206), wherein a first side of the piston (206) is connected to the first pressure outlet port (118), and a second side of the piston (206) is connected to the second pressure outlet port (120).
     
    6. A four wheeled vehicle, comprising a hydraulic actuator according to claim 4 or claim 5.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Eine hydraulische Pumpenanordnung für ein Fahrzeug, die Folgendes aufweist:

    einen Elektromotor (102), eine vom Elektromotor (102) angetriebene Hydraulikpumpe (104), und einen Zentrifugalregler (106) in Verbindung mit einem Drucküberströmventil (108), das mit dem Ölauslass der Hydraulikpumpe (104) verbunden ist,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die Pumpenanordnung (100) weiterhin Folgendes aufweist:
    mindestens zwei Eingangsrückschlagventile (110, 112) und mindestens zwei Ausgangsrückschlagventile (114, 116), die so angeordnet sind, dass ein erster Druckauslassanschluss (118) gebildet wird, wenn der Motor in eine erste Richtung dreht, und dass ein zweiter Druckauslassanschluss (120) gebildet wird, wenn der Motor in eine entgegengesetzte Richtung dreht, wobei der erste Druckauslassanschluss (118) von einer Position auf einer ersten Hydraulikleitung (126) abweicht, die von der Hydraulikpumpe (104) mit Druck beaufschlagt wird, wenn der Motor (102) in die erste Richtung dreht, wobei sich die Position zwischen einem Eingangsrückschlagventil (110) und einem Ausgangsrückschlagventil (116) befindet, und wobei der zweite Druckauslassanschluss (120) von einer Position auf einer zweiten Hydraulikleitung (128) abweicht, die von der Hydraulikpumpe (104) mit Druck beaufschlagt wird, wenn der Motor (102) in die zweite Richtung dreht, die sich zwischen einem anderen Eingangsrückschlagventil (112) und einem anderen Ausgangsrückschlagventil (114) befindet.


     
    2. Die hydraulische Pumpenanordnung nach Anspruch 1, wobei ein Ausgangsrückschlagventil (114, 116) zwischen jedem Druckauslassanschluss (118, 120) und dem Drucküberströmventil (108) angeordnet ist.
     
    3. Die hydraulische Pumpenanordnung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei eines der Eingangsrückschlagventile (110, 112) auf einer ersten Saugseite der Pumpe (104) angeordnet ist, wenn der Motor (102) in eine erste Richtung dreht, und wobei das andere Eingangsrückschlagventil (110, 112) auf der anderen Saugseite der Pumpe (104) angeordnet ist, wenn der Motor (102) in eine entgegengesetzte Richtung dreht.
     
    4. Ein hydraulischer Aktor (200), der eine hydraulische Pumpenanordnung (100) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, und eine erste Kupplung (202), die mit dem ersten Druckauslassanschluss (118) verbunden ist, und eine zweite Kupplung (204), die mit dem zweiten Druckauslassanschluss (120) verbunden ist, aufweist.
     
    5. Ein hydraulischer Aktor (200), der eine hydraulische Pumpenanordnung (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1-3, und einen Kolben (206) aufweist, wobei eine erste Seite des Kolbens (206) mit dem ersten Druckauslassanschluss (118) verbunden ist, und wobei eine zweite Seite des Kolbens (206) mit dem zweiten Druckauslassanschluss (120) verbunden ist.
     
    6. Ein Fahrzeug mit vier Rädern, das einen hydraulischen Aktor nach Anspruch 4 oder Anspruch 5.
     


    Revendications

    1. Ensemble pompe hydraulique destiné à un véhicule, comprenant
    un moteur électrique (102), une pompe hydraulique (104) entraînée par le moteur électrique (102), et un régulateur centrifuge (106) raccordé à une soupape de décharge de pression (108) raccordée à une sortie d'huile de la pompe hydraulique (104),
    caractérisé en ce que l'ensemble pompe (100) comprend en outre au moins deux clapets antiretour d'entrée (110, 112) et au moins deux clapets antiretour de sortie (114, 116) conçus de façon à former un premier orifice de sortie de pression (118) lorsque le moteur tourne dans un premier sens, et à former un second orifice de sortie de pression (120) lorsque le moteur tourne dans un sens contraire, dans lequel le premier orifice de sortie de pression (118) part d'une position située sur une première conduite hydraulique (126) qui est mise en pression par la pompe hydraulique (104) lorsque le moteur (102) tourne dans le premier sens, la position étant située entre un clapet antiretour d'entrée (110) et un clapet antiretour de sortie (116), et dans lequel le second orifice de sortie de pression (120) part d'une position située sur une seconde conduite hydraulique (128) qui est mise en pression par la pompe hydraulique (104) lorsque le moteur (102) tourne dans le second sens, située entre un autre clapet antiretour d'entrée (112) et un autre clapet antiretour de sortie (114).
     
    2. Ensemble pompe hydraulique selon la revendication 1, dans lequel un clapet antiretour de sortie (114, 116) est disposé entre chaque orifice de sortie de pression (118, 120) et la soupape de décharge de pression (108).
     
    3. Ensemble pompe hydraulique selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel l'un des clapets antiretour d'entrée (110, 112) est disposé d'un premier côté aspiration de la pompe (104) lorsque le moteur (102) tourne dans un premier sens, et dans lequel l'autre clapet antiretour d'entrée (110, 112) est disposé de l'autre côté aspiration de la pompe (104) lorsque le moteur (102) tourne dans un sens contraire.
     
    4. Actionneur hydraulique (200), comprenant un ensemble pompe hydraulique (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, et un premier raccord (202) raccordé au premier orifice de sortie de pression (118), et un second raccord (204) raccordé au second orifice de sortie de pression (120).
     
    5. Actionneur hydraulique (200), comprenant un ensemble pompe hydraulique (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, et un piston (206), dans lequel un premier côté du piston (206) est raccordé au premier orifice de sortie de pression (118), et un second côté du piston (206) est raccordé au second orifice de sortie de pression (120).
     
    6. Véhicule à quatre roues motrices, comprenant un actionneur hydraulique selon la revendication 4 ou la revendication 5.
     




    Drawing












    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description