(19)
(11)EP 3 101 766 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
17.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/25

(21)Application number: 14880925.4

(22)Date of filing:  12.05.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H02J 7/02  (2016.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2014/077284
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/113341 (06.08.2015 Gazette  2015/31)

(54)

CHARGING APPARATUS FOR ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND POWER ADAPTER FOR ELECTRONIC DEVICE

LADEVORRICHTUNG FÜR ELEKTRONISCHE VORRICHTUNG UND LEISTUNGSADAPTER FÜR ELEKTRONISCHE VORRICHTUNG

APPAREIL DE CHARGE POUR DISPOSITIF ÉLECTRONIQUE ET ADAPTATEUR D'ALIMENTATION POUR DISPOSITIF ÉLECTRONIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 28.01.2014 CN 201410043062

(43)Date of publication of application:
07.12.2016 Bulletin 2016/49

(73)Proprietor: GUANGDONG OPPO MOBILE TELECOMMUNICATIONS CORP., LTD.
Wusha, Chang'an Dongguan, Guangdong 523860 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • ZHANG, Jialiang
    Dongguan Guangdong 523841 (CN)
  • WU, Kewei
    Dongguan Guangdong 523841 (CN)
  • ZHANG, Jun
    Dongguan Guangdong 523841 (CN)
  • LIAO, Fuchun
    Dongguan Guangdong 523841 (CN)
  • HU, Yuanxiang
    Dongguan Guangdong 523841 (CN)

(74)Representative: Hoffmann Eitle 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartmbB Arabellastraße 30
81925 München
81925 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2009/086567
CN-A- 1 525 619
CN-A- 1 801 570
US-A1- 2010 188 238
CN-A- 1 388 620
CN-A- 1 538 587
US-A1- 2005 174 094
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] This disclosure relates to charging technical field, and particularly relates to a power adapter, an electronic device and a charging apparatus for an electronic device.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Currently, a battery in an electronic device is charged through a power adapter of the electronic device. A constant-voltage output is usually used by the power adapter for charging the battery. However, for a battery with large capacity, it will result in too long charging time by charging the battery with the constant-voltage output, and above mentioned charging way cannot realize quick charging for the battery and thus cannot shorten the charging time.

    [0003] The technical teaching of WO 2009/086567 A1 has been found to represent relevant technological background to the present invention. However, the benefits and advantages of the present invention are not obtained by this technical teaching.

    SUMMARY



    [0004] An objective of this disclosure is to provide a power adapter to solve the problem in the related art that quick charging for the battery cannot be realized and the charging time cannot be shortened.

    [0005] The mentioned problems are solved by the subject-matter of the independent claims. Further preferred embodiments are defined in the dependent claims.

    [0006] The present disclosure is realized as follows. A power adapter is provided. The power adapter is coupled to a communication interface of the electronic device via a communication interface thereof and charges a battery in the electronic device. The power adapter is configured to:

    switch off direct current output thereof and detect an output voltage thereof, after being powered on or reset;

    if the output voltage is greater than a voltage threshold, continue to judge the output voltage thereof;

    if the output voltage is not greater than the voltage threshold, switch on the direct current output, set the output voltage as a conventional output voltage, and detect an output current thereof;

    if the output current is within a conventional current range for a preset time period, perform a quick charge inquiry communication with the electronic device;

    adjust the output voltage according to battery voltage information fed back by the electronic device, after receiving a quick charge command sent by the electronic device; and

    if the output voltage meets a voltage requirement for quick charge predefined by the electronic device, adjust the output voltage and the output current for outputting direct current according to a quick charge voltage value and a quick charge current value.



    [0007] Another objective of this disclosure is to provide an electronic device. The electronic device comprises a communication interface, a charging control module and a battery. Each of the charging control module and the battery is coupled to a communication interface of a power adapter via the communication interface of the electronic device, such that the power adapter communicates with the charging control module and charges the battery. The charging control module is further coupled to an electrode of the battery and configured to detect a voltage of the battery. The charging control module is further configured to determine whether the battery meets a quick charge condition after receiving a quick charge inquiry message from the power adapter, and to feed back a quick charge command and battery voltage information to the power adapter if the battery meets the quick charge condition. The charging control module is further configured to receive output voltage information sent by the power adapter, to determine whether an output voltage of the power adapter meets a preset voltage requirement for quick charge according to the output voltage information, and to send a command for starting a quick charge to the power adapter if the output voltage of the power adapter meets the preset voltage requirement for quick charge.

    [0008] Yet another objective of this disclosure is to provide a charging apparatus for an electronic device, in which the charging apparatus comprises a power adapter and a charging control module. The power adapter is coupled to a communication interface of the electronic device via a communication interface thereof and charges a battery in the electronic device. The charging control module is coupled to the power adapter via the communication interface of the electronic device. After the power adapter is powered on or reset, the power adapter switches off direct current output thereof and detects an output voltage thereof. If the output voltage of the power adapter is greater than a voltage threshold, the power adapter continues to judge the output voltage thereof. If the output voltage of the power adapter is not greater than the voltage threshold, the power adapter switches on the direct current output thereof, sets the output voltage thereof as a conventional output voltage, and detects an output current thereof. If the output current of the power adapter is within a conventional current range for a preset time period, the power adapter performs a quick charge inquiry communication with the charging control module; after the charging control module sends a quick charge command to the power adapter, the power adapter adjusts the output voltage thereof according to battery voltage information fed back by the charging control module; and if the output voltage of the power adapter meets a voltage requirement for quick charge predefined by the charging control module, the power adapter adjusts the output voltage and the output current thereof so as to output the direct current according to a quick charge voltage value and a quick charge current value.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0009] 

    Fig. 1 is a schematic block diagram of a power adapter provided by an exemplary embodiment of this disclosure.

    Fig. 2 shows an exemplary circuit of the power adapter shown in Fig. 1;

    Fig. 3 is a schematic block diagram of a charging apparatus and an electronic device provided by an exemplary embodiment of this disclosure.

    Fig. 4 shows an exemplary circuit of a charging control module shown in Fig. 3.

    Fig. 5 shows another exemplary circuit of a charging control module shown in Fig. 3.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0010] In order to make the objectives, the technical solutions and the advantages of the present disclosure more clear, further explanations on this disclosure are given below in details with reference to figures and exemplary embodiments. It is to be understood that, the exemplary embodiments described herein are merely used to explain the disclosure, rather than to limit this disclosure.

    [0011] Fig. 1 shows a modular structure of a power adapter provided by an exemplary embodiment of this disclosure. For description, only parts related to the exemplary embodiment of this disclosure are shown, and detailed description thereof is as follows:
    The power adapter 100 provided by the exemplary embodiment of this disclosure is coupled to the communication interface 20 of the electronic device 200 via the communication interface 10 thereof, and charges the battery 201 in the electronic device 200.

    [0012] The power adapter 100 comprises an EMI filter circuit 101, a high-voltage rectifier and filter circuit 102, an isolation transformer 103, an output filter circuit 104 and a voltage tracking and control circuit 105. The mains supply, after the electromagnetic interference filter by the EMI filter circuit 101, is rectified and filtered by the high-voltage rectifier and filter circuit 102 to output a high-voltage direct current. The high-voltage direct current after electric isolation through the isolation transformer 103 is output to the output filter circuit 104 for filtering processing, and then charges the battery. The voltage tracking and control circuit 105 adjusts an output voltage of the isolation transformer 103 according to an output voltage of the output filter circuit 104.

    [0013] The power adapter 100 further comprises a power module 106, a main control module 107, a potential regulation module 108, a current detection module 109, a voltage detection module 110 and an output switch module 111.

    [0014] An input terminal of the power module 106 is coupled to a secondary terminal of the isolation transformer 103. A power terminal of the main control module 107, a power terminal of the potential regulation module 108, and a power terminal of the current detection module 109 are jointly coupled to an output terminal of the power module 106. A high-potential terminal of the main control module 107 and a high-potential terminal of the potential regulation module 108 are both coupled to a positive output terminal of the output filter circuit 104. A potential regulation terminal of the potential regulation module 108 is coupled to the voltage tracking and control circuit 105. A direct current input terminal of the current detection module 109 is coupled to the positive output terminal of the output filter circuit 104. A current detection feedback terminal of the current detection module 109 is coupled to a current detection terminal of the main control module 107. A clock output terminal and a data output terminal of the main control module 107 are coupled to a clock input terminal and a data input terminal of potential regulation module 108. A first detection terminal and a second detection terminal of the voltage detection module 110 are coupled to a direct current output terminal of the current detection module 109 and a negative output terminal of output filter circuit 104 respectively. A first output terminal and a second output terminal of the voltage detection module 110 are coupled to a first voltage detection terminal and a second voltage detection terminal of the main control module 107 respectively. An input terminal of the output switch module 111 is coupled to the direct current output terminal of the current detection module 109. An output terminal of the output switch module 111 and the negative output terminal of output filter circuit 104 are coupled with the communication interface 10. The output terminal of the output switch module 111 is also coupled to a third detection terminal of the voltage detection module 110. A ground terminal of output switch module 111 is coupled to the negative output terminal of the output filter circuit 104. A controlled terminal and the power terminal of the output switch module 111 are coupled to a switch control terminal of the main control module 107 and the secondary terminal of isolation transformer 103 respectively. The negative output terminal of the output filter circuit 104, the output terminal of output switch module 111, the first communication terminal and the second communication terminal of the main control module 107 are all coupled to the communication interface 10 of power adapter 100.

    [0015] When the power adapter 100 is charging the battery 201 after it is powered on or reset, the main control module 107 controls the output switch module 111 to switch off a direct current output of the power adapter 100, the voltage detection module 110 detects an output voltage of the power adapter 100 and feeds back a voltage detection signal to main control module 107, and the main control module 107 determines whether the output voltage of the power adapter 100 is greater than a voltage threshold (e.g., 2V) according to the voltage detection signal. If the output voltage of the power adapter 100 is greater than the voltage threshold, the main control module 107 continues to judge the output voltage of power adapter 100; if the output voltage of the power adapter 100 is not greater than the voltage threshold, the main control module 107 controls the output switch module 111 to switch on the direct current output of the power adapter 100, and drives the voltage tracking and control circuit 105 through the potential regulation module 108 to set the output voltage of isolation transformer 103 as a conventional output voltage (e.g., 5.1V); the current detection module 109 detects an output current of the power adapter 100 and feeds back a current detection signal to the main control module 107. When the main control module 107 determines, according to the current detection signal, that the output current of the power adapter 100 is within a conventional current range for a preset time interval, the main control module 107 performs a quick charge inquiry communication with the electronic device 200. After the electronic device 200 sends a quick charge command to the main control module 107, the main control module 107, according to the battery voltage information fed back by electronic device 200, drives the voltage tracking and control circuit 105 through potential regulation module 108 to adjust the output voltage of the isolation transformer 103. If the output voltage of the power adapter 100 meets the voltage requirement for quick charge predefined by electronic device 200, the main control module 107 drives the voltage tracking and control circuit 105 through potential regulation module 108 to adjust the output voltage of isolation transformer 103, so that the power adapter 100 outputs direct current according to a quick charge current value (4A) and a quick charge voltage value (3.4V∼4.8V).

    [0016] Specifically, when the power adapter 100 is charging the battery 201 after it is powered on or reset, the current detection module 109 continues to detect the output current of the power adapter 100 and feed back the current detection signal to the main control module 107 if the output current value of the power adapter 100 is less than a lower current limit (e.g., 1A); the main control module 107 controls the output switch module 111 to switch off the direct current output of the power adapter 100 for short-circuit protection if the output current value of power adapter 100 is greater than an upper current limit (e.g., 4A).

    [0017] During the above-mentioned quick charge inquiry communication between the main control module 107 and the electronic device 200, the main control module 107 sends a quick charge inquiry command to the electronic device 200, the electronic device 200 judges whether the voltage of battery 201 reaches the quick charge voltage value according to the quick charge inquiry command, if yes, feeds back the quick charge command to the main control module 107, and if no, feeds back a quick charge rejecting command to the main control module 107.

    [0018] In the above mentioned process in which the main control module 107, according to the battery voltage information fed back by electronic device 200, drives the voltage tracking and control circuit 105 through the potential regulation module 108 to adjust the output voltage of the isolation transformer 103, the main control module 107 sends a request for obtaining a battery voltage to the electronic device 200 according to the quick charge command sent by electronic device 200, the electronic device 200 feeds back the battery voltage information to the main control module 107 according to the request for obtaining the battery voltage. According to the battery voltage information, the main control module 107 drives the voltage tracking and control circuit 105 through the potential regulation module 108 to adjust the output voltage of the isolation transformer 103 to the above predefined quick charge voltage.

    [0019] If the output voltage of power adapter 100 meets the voltage requirement for quick charge predefined by the electronic device 200 (i.e., falls in a rated range of quick charge voltage or equal to a rated quick charge voltage), the main control module 107 drives the voltage tracking and control circuit 105 through the potential regulation module 108 to adjust the output voltage of the isolation transformer 103 as follows, so that the power adapter 100 outputs direct current according to the quick charge current value and the quick charge voltage value.

    [0020] The main control module 107 performs the quick charge inquiry communication with the electronic device 200. The main control module 107 feeds back the output voltage information to the electronic device 200; when the output voltage of power adapter 100 falls in the rated range of quick charge voltage or equals to the rated quick charge voltage, the electronic device 200 determines that the output voltage of power adapter 100 meets the voltage requirement for quick charge predefined by the electronic device 200, and feeds back a command for starting the quick charge mode to the main control module 107; according to the command for starting the quick charge mode, the main control module 107 drives the voltage tracking and control circuit 105 through the potential regulation module 108 to adjust the output voltage of the isolation transformer 103, so that the power adapter 100 outputs direct current according to the quick charge current value and the quick charge voltage value. Further, when the output voltage of power adapter 100 does not meet the voltage requirement for quick charge predefined by the charging control module 2 (i.e., falls out of the rated range of quick charge voltage or not equal to the rated quick charge voltage), the electronic device 200 sends a voltage bias feedback signal to the main control module 107; according to the voltage bias feedback signal, the main control module 107 drives the voltage tracking and control circuit 105 through the potential regulation module 108 to adjust the output voltage of the isolation transformer 103, and then continues to perform the quick charge inquiry communication with the electronic device 200. Specifically, the voltage bias feedback signal includes a low-voltage feedback signal and a high-voltage feedback signal. If the voltage is lower, the main control module 107, according to the low-voltage feedback signal, drives the voltage tracking and control circuit 105 through the potential regulation module 108 to raise the output voltage of the isolation transformer 103; if the voltage is higher, the main control module 107, according to the high-voltage feedback signal, drives the voltage tracking and control circuit 105 through the potential regulation module 108 to lower the output voltage of the isolation transformer 103.

    [0021] Further, as mentioned above, according to the command for starting the quick charge mode, the main control module 107 drives the voltage tracking and control circuit 105 through the potential regulation module 108 to adjust the output voltage of the isolation transformer 103, so that the power adapter 100 outputs direct current according to the quick charge current value and the quick charge voltage value. The detailed process is as follows.

    [0022] The main control module 107 drives the voltage tracking and control circuit 105 through the potential regulation module 108 to adjust the output voltage of the isolation transformer 103, such that the output current and the output voltage of power adapter 100 are adjusted to the quick charge current value (e.g., 4A) and the quick charge voltage value (e.g., any value ranging from 3.4V to 4.8V) respectively. The main control module 107 obtains the battery voltage information from the electronic device 200, and determines, according to the voltage detection signal fed back by the voltage detection module 110, whether the difference between the output voltage of the power adapter 100 and the battery voltage exceeds a voltage difference threshold (e.g., 0.8V), if yes, it indicates that the line impedance between the power adapter 100 and the electronic device 200 or between the power adapter 100 and the battery 201 is abnormal, and the main control module 107 controls the output switch module 111 to switch off the direct current output of adapter 100; if no, the main control module 107, according to the battery voltage information, drives the voltage tracking and control circuit 105 through the potential regulation module 108 to adjust the output voltage of the isolation transformer 103, so as to adjust the output current of the power adapter 100, and continues to obtain the battery voltage information from the charging control module 300 so as to make cyclical adjustment to the output current of power adapter 100 during quick charge to the battery 201. In this way, the process of quick charge to the battery 201 can be optimized and the charging time is reduced.

    [0023] Moreover, the main control module 107 drives the voltage tracking and control circuit 105 through the potential regulation module 108 to adjust the output voltage of the isolation transformer 103 so that the power adapter 100 outputs direct current according to the quick charge current value and the quick charge voltage value, meanwhile, the electronic device 200 detects the voltage of the battery 201. If the voltage of the battery 201 is greater than a quick charge voltage threshold (e.g., 4.35V), the electronic device 200 stops introducing direct current from the power adapter 100 for charging the battery 201, and feeds back a quick charge stop command to the main control module 107, and the main control module 107, according to the quick charge stop command, quits the quick charge mode and returns to the conventional charge mode.

    [0024] Fig. 2 shows an exemplary circuit of the above-mentioned power adapter 100. For description, it only shows the parts related to the exemplary embodiment of this disclosure, which is detailed as follows.

    [0025] The power module 106 includes: a first capacitor C1, a voltage stabilizing chip U1, a second capacitor C2, a first inductor L1, a second inductor L2, a first diode D1, a second diode D2, a third capacitor C3, a first resistor R1 and a second resistor R2.

    [0026] A junction of a first terminal of the first capacitor C1, and an input power pin Vin and an enable pin EN of the voltage stabilizing chip U1 is configured as the input terminal of the power module 106, a second terminal of the first capacitor C1 and a ground pin GND of the voltage stabilizing chip U1 are jointly grounded, a switch pin SW of the voltage stabilizing chip U1 and a first terminal of the second capacitor C2 are jointly coupled to a first terminal of first inductor L1, an internal switch pin BOOST of the voltage stabilizing chip U1 and a second terminal of the second capacitor C2 are jointly coupled to a cathode of the first diode D1, an voltage feedback pin FB of the voltage stabilizing chip U1 is coupled to a first terminal of the first resistor R1 and a first terminal of the second resistor R2, a second terminal of the first inductor L1 and a cathode of the second diode D2 are jointly coupled to a first terminal of the second inductor L2, a junction of a second terminal of the second inductor L2, an anode of the first diode D1, the second terminal of the first resistor R1 and a first terminal of the third capacitor C3 is configured as the output terminal of the power module 106, an anode of the second diode D2, a second terminal of the second resistor R2 and a second terminal of the third capacitor C3 are jointly grounded. Specifically, the power module 106 performs the voltage conversion processing on the voltage at the secondary terminal of the isolation transformer 103 by using voltage stabilizing chip U1 as the core, and outputs +3.3V voltage to the main control module 107, the potential regulation module 108 and the current detection module 109. The voltage stabilizing chip U1 may specifically be an MCP16301 buck DC/DC converter.

    [0027] The main control module 107 includes: a main control chip U2, a third resistor R3, a reference voltage chip U3, a fourth resistor R4, a fifth resistor R5, a fourth capacitor C4, a sixth resistor R6, a seventh resistor R7, a first NMOS transistor Q1, an eighth resistor R8, a ninth resistor R9, a tenth resistor R10, an eleventh resistor R11, a twelfth resistor R12, a thirteenth resistor R13 and a fourteenth resistor R14.

    [0028] A power pin VDD of the main control chip U3 is configured as the power terminal of the main control module 107, a ground pin VSS of the main control chip U3 is grounded, a first input/output pin RA0 of the main control chip U3 is suspended, a first terminal of the third resistor R3 is coupled to the power pin VDD of the main control chip U3, a second terminal of the third resistor R3 and a first terminal of the fourth resistor R4 are jointly coupled to a cathode CATHODE of the reference voltage chip U3, an anode ANODE of the reference voltage chip U3 is grounded, a vacant pin NC of the reference voltage chip U3 is suspended, a second terminal of the fourth resistor R4 is coupled to a second input/output pin RA1 of the main control chip U2, a third input/output pin RA2 of the main control chip U2 is configured as the current detection terminal of the main control module 107, a fourth input/output pin RA3 of the main control chip U2 is coupled to a first terminal of fifth resistor R5, a second terminal of the fifth resistor R5 and a first terminal of the fourth capacitor C4 are jointly coupled to the power pin VDD of the main control chip U2. A second terminal of the fourth capacitor C4 is grounded. A fifth input/output pin RA4 of the main control chip U2 is configured as the switch control terminal of the main control module 107. A sixth input/output pin RA5 of the main control chip U2 is coupled to a first terminal of the sixth resistor R6. A second terminal of the sixth resistor R6 and a gate electrode of the first NMOS transistor Q1 are jointly coupled to a first terminal of seventh resistor R7. A second terminal of the seventh resistor R7 and a source electrode of a first NMOS transistor Q1 are jointly grounded. A drain electrode of the first NMOS transistor Q1 is coupled to a first terminal of the eighth resistor R8. A second terminal of the eighth resistor R8 is configured as the high-potential terminal of the main control module 107. A seventh input/output pin RC0 and an eighth input/output pin RC1 of the main control chip U2 are configured as the clock output terminal and the data output terminal of the main control module 107 respectively. A tenth input/output pin RC3 and a ninth input/output pin RC2 of the main control chip U2 are configured as the first voltage detection terminal and the second voltage detection terminal of the main control module 107 respectively. An eleventh input/output pin RC4 and a twelfth input/output pin RC5 of the main control chip U2 are coupled to a first terminal of the ninth resistor R9 and a first terminal of the tenth resistor RIO respectively. A first terminal of an eleventh resistor R11 and a first terminal of the twelfth resistor R12 are coupled to a second terminal of the ninth resistor R9 and a second terminal of the tenth resistor RIO respectively. A second terminal of the eleventh resistor R11 and a second terminal of the twelfth resistor R12 are jointly grounded. A first terminal of the thirteenth resistor R13 and a first terminal of the fourteenth resistor R14 are coupled to a second terminal of the ninth resistor R9 and the second terminal of tenth resistor RIO respectively. A second terminal of the thirteenth resistor R13 and a second terminal of the fourteenth resistor R14 are jointly coupled to the power pin VDD of the main control chip U2. The second terminal of ninth resistor R9 and the second terminal of the tenth resistor RIO are configured as the first communication terminal and the second communication terminal of the main control module 107 respectively. In particular, the main control chip U2 may be a PIC12LF1822, PIC12F1822, PIC16LF1823 or PIC16F1823 single chip microcomputer, and reference voltage chip U3 may be an LM4040 voltage reference device.

    [0029] The potential regulation module 108 includes: a fifteenth resistor R15, a sixteenth resistor R16, a digital potentiometer U4, a seventeenth resistor R17, an eighteenth resistor R18, a fifth capacitor C5, a sixth capacitor C6 and a nineteenth resistor R19.

    [0030] A junction of a first terminal of fifteenth resistor R15, a first terminal of sixteenth resistor R16, a power pin VDD of the digital potentiometer U4 and a first terminal of the fifth capacitor C5 is configured as the power terminal of the potential regulation module 108. A second terminal of the fifth capacitor C5, a first terminal of the sixth capacitor C6, a ground pin VSS of the digital potentiometer U4 and a first terminal of the seventeenth resistor R17 are jointly grounded. A second terminal of the sixth capacitor C6 is coupled to the power pin VDD of the digital potentiometer U4. A junction of a second terminal of the fifteenth resistor R15 and a serial data pin SDA of the digital potentiometer U4 is configured as the data input terminal of the potential regulation module 108. A junction of a second terminal of the sixteenth resistor R16 and a clock input pin SCL of the digital potentiometer U4 is configured as the clock input terminal of the potential regulation module 108. An address zero pin A0 of the digital potentiometer U4 is grounded. A first potential wiring pin P0A of the digital potentiometer U4 and a first terminal of eighteenth resistor R18 are jointly coupled to a second terminal of the seventeenth resistor R17. A second terminal of the eighteenth resistor R18 and a second potential wiring pin P0B of the digital potentiometer U4 are jointly coupled to a first terminal of nineteenth resistor R19. A second terminal of the nineteenth resistor R19 is configured as the high-potential terminal of the potential regulation module 108. A potential tap pin P0W of digital potentiometer U4 is configured as the potential regulation terminal of the potential regulation module 108. Specifically, the digital potentiometer U4 adjusts an internal slide rheostat according to the clock signal and the data signal output from the main control chip U2 so as to change the potential at the tap terminal of the internal slide rheostat (i.e., the potential tap pin P0W of the digital potentiometer U4), such that the voltage tracking and control circuit 104 adjusts the output voltage of the isolation transformer 103 by following the potential change. The digital potentiometer U4 may specifically be an MCP45X1 digital potentiometer.

    [0031] The current detection module 109 includes: a twentieth resistor R20, a twenty-first resistor R21, a twenty-second resistor R22, a seventh capacitor C7, an eighth capacitor C8, a current detection chip U5, a twenty-third resistor R23, a ninth capacitor C9, a tenth capacitor C10 and a twenty-fourth resistor R24.

    [0032] A first terminal and a second terminal of twentieth resistor R20 are configured as the direct current input terminal and the direct current output terminal of current detection module 109 respectively, a first terminal of the twenty-first resistor R21 and a first terminal of the twenty-second resistor R22 are coupled to the first terminal and the second terminal of twentieth resistor R20 respectively, a second terminal of the twenty-first resistor R21 and a first terminal of seventh capacitor C7 are jointly coupled to a positive input pin IN+ of the current detection chip U5, a second terminal of the twenty-second resistor R22 and a first terminal of the eighth capacitor C8 are jointly coupled to a negative input pin IN- of the current detection chip U5, a junction of a power pin V+ of the current detection chip U5 and a first terminal of the ninth capacitor C9 is configured as the power terminal of the current detection module 109, a vacant pin NC of the current detection chip U5 is suspended, an output pin OUT of the current detection chip U5 is coupled to a first terminal of the twenty-third resistor R23, a second terminal of the twenty-third resistor R23 is configured as the current detection feedback terminal of the current detection module 109, a first terminal of the tenth capacitor C10 and a first terminal of the twenty-fourth resistor R24 are jointly coupled to the second terminal of the twenty-third resistor R23, a second terminal of the seventh capacitor C7, a second terminal of the eighth capacitor C8, a second terminal of the ninth capacitor C9, a second terminal of the tenth capacitor C10, a second terminal of the twenty-fourth resistor R24, and a ground pin GND, a first reference voltage pin REF1 and a second reference voltage pin REF2 of the current detection chip U5 are jointly grounded. The twentieth resistor R20, as a current detection resistor, samples the output current of the output filter circuit 104 (i.e., the output current of the power adapter 100). Then, the current detection chip U5 outputs a current detection signal to the main control chip U2 according to the voltage across two terminals of the twentieth resistor R20, in which the current detection chip U5 may specifically be an INA286 current shunt monitor.

    [0033] The voltage detection module 110 includes: a twenty-fifth resistor R25, a twenty-sixth resistor R26, an eleventh capacitor C11, a twelfth capacitor C12, a twenty-seventh resistor R27 and a twenty-eighth resistor R28.

    [0034] A first terminal of the twenty-fifth resistor R25 is configured as the first detection terminal of the voltage detection module 110, a junction of a second terminal of the twenty-fifth resistor R25, a first terminal of the twenty-sixth resistor R26 and a first terminal of the eleventh capacitor C11 is configured as the second output terminal of the voltage detection module 110, a second terminal of the twenty-sixth resistor R26 is configured as the second detection terminal of the voltage detection module 110, a second terminal of eleventh capacitor C11, a first terminal of the twelfth capacitor C12 and a first terminal of the twenty-seventh resistor R27 are jointly coupled to a second terminal of the twenty-sixth resistor R26, a junction of a second terminal of the twelfth capacitor C12, a second terminal of the twenty-seventh resistor R27 and a first terminal of the twenty-eighth resistor R28 is configured as the first output terminal of the voltage detection module 110, and a second terminal of the twenty-eighth resistor R28 is configured as the third detection terminal of voltage detection module 110.

    [0035] The output switch module 111 includes: a twenty-ninth resistor R29, a thirtieth resistor R30, a thirteenth capacitor C13, a thirty-first resistor R31, a first NPN triode N1, a thirty-second resistor R32, a second NPN triode N2, a third diode D3, a voltage stabilizing diode ZD, a thirty-third resistor R33, a thirty-fourth resistor R34, a thirty-fifth resistor R35, a second NMOS transistor Q2 and a third NMOS transistor Q3.

    [0036] A first terminal of the twenty-ninth resistor R29 is configured as the controlled terminal of the output switch module 111, a second terminal of the twenty-ninth resistor R29 and a first terminal of the thirtieth resistor R30 are jointly coupled to a base electrode of the first NPN triode N1, a first terminal of the thirteenth capacitor C13, a first terminal of the thirty-first resistor R31 and a first terminal of the thirty-second resistor R32 are jointly coupled to a cathode of the third diode D3, an anode of the third diode D3 is configured as the power terminal of the output switch module 111, a second terminal of the thirty-first resistor R31 and a base electrode of the second NPN triode N2 are jointly coupled to a collector electrode of the first NPN triode N1, a second terminal of the thirty-second resistor R32, a cathode of the voltage stabilizing diode ZD and a first terminal of the thirty-third resistor R33 are jointly coupled to a collector electrode of the second NPN triode N2, a second terminal of the thirtieth resistor R30, a second terminal of the thirteenth capacitor C13, an emitter electrode of the first NPN triode N1, an emitter electrode of the second NPN triode N2 and an anode of the voltage stabilizing diode ZD are jointly grounded, a second terminal of the thirty-third resistor R33, a first terminal of the thirty-fourth resistor R34, a first terminal of the thirty-fifth resistor R35, a gate electrode of the second NMOS transistor Q2 and a gate electrode of the third NMOS transistor Q3 are jointly coupled, a second terminal of thirty-fourth resistor R34 is configured as the ground terminal of output switch module 111, a drain electrode of the second NMOS transistor Q2 is configured as the input terminal of the output switch module 111, and a source electrode of the second NMOS transistor Q2 and a second terminal of the thirty-fifth resistor R35 are jointly coupled to a source electrode of the third NMOS transistor Q3, a drain electrode of third NMOS transistor Q3 is the output terminal of output switch module 111. Specifically, the second NMOS transistor Q2 and the third NMOS transistor Q3 are simultaneously switched on or off so as to switch on or off the direct current output of the power adapter 100.

    [0037] Fig. 3 shows a schematic block diagram of a charging apparatus for an electronic device provided by an exemplary embodiment of this disclosure. For illustration, it only shows parts related to the exemplary embodiment of this disclosure, which is detailed as follows.

    [0038] The charging apparatus for the electronic device provided by the exemplary embodiment of this disclosure includes a power adapter 1 and a charging control module 2. The power adapter 1 is coupled to a communication interface 20 of the electronic device 3 via a communication interface 10, and charges a battery 31 in the electronic device. The charging control module 2 is built in the electronic device 3, and is coupled to the power adapter 1 via the communication interface 20 of the electronic device 3. The structure of the power adapter 1 is the same as that of the power adapter 100 as shown in Figs. 1-2, and thus will not be elaborated herein.

    [0039] When the power adapter 1 is charging the battery 31 after it is powered on or reset, the main control module 107 controls the output switch module 111 to switch off the direct current output of the power adapter 1, the voltage detection module 110 detects the output voltage of the power adapter 1 and feeds back a voltage detection signal to the main control module 107, and the main control module 107 judges whether the output voltage of the power adapter 1 is greater than the voltage threshold (e.g., 2V) according to the voltage detection signal. If the output voltage of the power adapter 1 is greater than the voltage threshold, the main control module 107 continues to judge the output voltage of the power adapter 1. If the output voltage of the power adapter 1 is not greater than the voltage threshold, the main control module 107 controls the output switch module 111 to switch on the direct current output of the power adapter 1, and drives the voltage tracking and control circuit 105 through the potential regulation module 108 to set the output voltage of isolation transformer 103 as the conventional output voltage (e.g., 5.1V). The current detection module 109 detects the output current of the power adapter 100, and feeds back a current detection signal to the main control module 107. When the main control module 107 determines according to the above current detection signal that the output current of the power adapter 1 falls in the conventional current range for a preset time interval, the main control module 107 performs quick charge inquiry communication with the charging control module 2. After the electronic device 200 sends a quick charge command to the main control module 107, the main control module 107, according to the battery voltage information fed back by the charging control module 2, drives the voltage tracking and control circuit 105 through the potential regulation module 108 to adjust the output voltage of the isolation transformer 103, and if the output voltage of the power adapter 1 meets the voltage requirement for quick charge predefined by the charging control module 2, the main control module 107 drives the voltage tracking and control circuit 105 through the potential regulation module 108 to adjust the output voltage of the isolation transformer 103, so that the power adapter 100 outputs direct current according to the quick charge current value (4A) and the quick charge voltage value (3.4V∼4.8V). In the meantime, the charging control module 2 introduces direct current from the power adapter 1 through the communication interface 20 of the electronic device 3 to charge the battery 31.

    [0040] Fig. 4 shows an exemplary circuit of the above-mentioned charging control module 2. For illustration, it only shows parts related to the exemplary embodiment of this disclosure, which is detailed as follows.

    [0041] The charging control module 2 includes: a battery connector J1, a main controller U6, a thirteenth capacitor C13, a thirty-sixth resistor R36, a thirty-seventh resistor R37, a fourteenth capacitor C14, a first Schottky diode SD1, a second Schottky diode SD2, a fifteenth capacitor C15, a thirty-eighth resistor R38, a thirty-ninth resistor R39, a fortieth resistor R40, a third NPN triode N3, a fourth NMOS transistor Q4 and a fifth NMOS transistor Q5.

    [0042] The battery connector J1 is coupled to multiple electrodes of the battery 300, a first pin 5A-1 and a second pin 5A-2 of the battery connector J1 are jointly grounded, a first ground pin GND1 and a second ground pin GND2 of the battery connector J1 are jointly grounded, a first input/output pin RA0 of the main controller U6 is coupled to a seventh pin 5A-3 and an eighth pin 5A-4 of the battery connector J1, a second input/output pin RA1, a seventh input/output pin RC0, an eighth input/output pin RC1 and a ninth input/output pin RC2 of the main controller U6 are coupled to a sixth pin 2A-4, a fifth pin 2A-3, a fourth pin 2A-2 and a third pin 2A-1 of the battery connector J1 respectively, an analog ground pin VSS and a ground pin GND of the main controller U6 are both grounded, a first vacant pin NC0 and a second vacant pin NC1 of the main controller U6 are suspended, a power pin VDD of the main controller U6 and a first terminal of thirteenth capacitor C13 are both coupled to the seventh pin 5A-3 and the eighth pin 5A-4 of the battery connector J1, a fourth input/output pin RA3 and an eleventh input/output pin RC4 of the main controller U6 are configured to perform data communication with the electronic device, the thirty-sixth resistor R36 is coupled between the fourth input/output pin RA3 and the power pin VDD of the main controller U6, a sixth input/output pin RA5 and a twelfth input/output pin RC5 of the main controller U6 are coupled to the first communication terminal and the second communication terminal of the main control module 107 in power adapter 100 respectively, a first terminal of the thirty-seventh resistor R37 and a first terminal of the thirty-eighth resistor R38 are jointly coupled to a tenth input/output terminal RC3 of the main controller U6, a second terminal of the thirty-seventh resistor R37 is coupled to the power pin VDD of the main controller U6, a second terminal of the thirty-eighth resistor R38 is coupled to a base electrode of the third NPN triode N3, a fifth input/output terminal RA4 of the main controller U6 is coupled to a first terminal of the fourteenth capacitor C14, a second terminal of the fourteenth capacitor C14 and a cathode of the first Schottky diode SD1 are jointly coupled to an anode of the second Schottky diode SD2, a first terminal of the thirty-ninth resistor R39 and a first terminal of the fifteenth capacitor C15 are jointly coupled to a cathode of the second Schottky diode SD2, each of a second terminal of the thirty-ninth resistor R39, a first terminal of the fortieth resistor R40 and a collector electrode of third NPN triode N3 is coupled to a gate electrode of the fourth NMOS transistor Q4 and a gate electrode of the fifth NMOS transistor Q5, a second terminal of fortieth resistor R40 and a second terminal of the fifteenth capacitor C15 are jointly grounded, a source electrode of the fourth NMOS transistor Q4 is coupled to an anode of first Schottky diode SD1 and is also coupled to the seventh pin 5A-3 and the eighth pin 5A-4 of the battery connector J1, a drain electrode of the fourth NMOS transistor Q4 is coupled to a drain electrode of the fifth NMOS transistor Q5, a source electrode of the fifth NMOS transistor Q5 is coupled to the communication interface 20 of the electronic device 3, an emitter electrode of the third NPN triode N3 is coupled to an anode of third Schottky diode SD3, and a cathode of the third Schottky diode SD3 is grounded. The main controller U6 may specifically be a PIC12LF1501, PIC12F1501, PIC16LF1503, PIC16F1503, PIC16LF1507, PIC16F1507, PIC16LF1508, PIC16F1508, PIC16LF1509 or PIC16F1509 single chip microcomputer.

    [0043] As mentioned above, the charging control module 2 introduces direct current from the power adapter 1 through the communication interface 20 of the electronic device 3 to charge the battery 31, which is realized as follows. The main controller U6 outputs a control signal through its fifth input/output pin RA4 for controlling the fourth NMOS transistor Q4 and the fifth NMOS transistor Q5 to switch on, and controls the third NPN triode N3 to switch off through its tenth input/output pin RC3, so as to introduce direct current from the communication interface 10 of the power adapter 1 through a data cable for charging the battery 31. As the battery 31 itself already obtains direct current from the power adapter 100 through the communication interface 20 of the electronic device 3, the direct current introduced by the charging control module 2 can further increase the current charging the battery 31, thus enabling the quick charge to the battery 31. In contrast, when a conventional charge is needed for battery 31, the main controller U6 controls the fourth NMOS transistor Q4 and the fifth NMOS transistor Q5 to turn off by outputting a low level through its fifth input/output pin RA4, and controls the third NPN triode N3 to turn on by outputting a high level through its tenth input/output pin RC3.

    [0044] The main controller U6 performs the data communication with the electronic device through its fourth input/output Pin RA3 and eleventh input/output Pin RC4. When the electronic device is powered by the battery 31, the main controller U6 can transmit the voltage and electric quantity information of the battery 31 to the electronic device (e.g., mobile phone), and can also determine whether the quick charge process for the battery 31 has been completed according to the voltage of battery 31. If the quick charge process for the battery 31 has been completed, the main controller U6 may feed back a quick charge stop command to inform the electronic device to switch to the conventional charge mode from the quick charge mode. During the process of charging the battery 31 by the power adapter 1, if the power adapter 1 is discoupled suddenly from the battery 31, the main controller U6 detects the voltage of the battery 31 through the battery connector J1, and feeds back a charge stop command to inform the electronic device 3 to switch off the communication interface 20, so as to terminate the charge process for the battery 31. In addition, if the electronic device 3 can detect the temperature of the battery 31, the electronic device 3 may, in the case of abnormal temperature, inform the main controller U6 to switch off the fourth NMOS transistor Q4 and the fifth NMOS transistor Q5 for stopping the quick charge to the battery 31, and meanwhile the electronic device 3 may switch to the conventional charge mode from the quick charge mode.

    [0045] Further, during the process in which the power adapter 1 works in the quick charge mode and the charging control module 2 introduces direct current from the power adapter 1 to charge the battery 31, if the power line VBUS and the ground line GND of the communication interface 10 of the power adapter 1 are coupled to the ground line GND and the power line VBUS of the communication interface 20 of the electronic device 3 respectively (i.e., the power line VBUS and the ground line GND of the communication interface 10 of power adapter 1 are coupled to the ground terminal of the charging control module 2 and the source electrode of the fifth NMOS transistor Q5 respectively), which means that the communication interface 10 of the power adapter 1 is reversely coupled to the communication interface 20 of the electronic device 3, direct current is coupled to the ground terminal of charging control module 2, and the source electrode of fifth NMOS transistor Q5 is grounded. In order to prevent any damage to the components, as shown in Fig. 5, the charging control module 2 may further include a sixth NMOS transistor Q6, a seventh NMOS transistor Q7 and a forty-first resistor R41. A source electrode of the sixth NMOS transistor Q6 is coupled to a source electrode of the fifth NMOS transistor Q5. A drain electrode of the sixth NMOS transistor Q6 is coupled to a drain electrode of the seventh NMOS transistor Q7. A source electrode of the seventh NMOS transistor Q7 is coupled to the collector electrode of the third NPN triode N3. A gate electrode of the sixth NMOS transistor Q6 and a gate electrode of the seventh NMOS transistor Q7 are jointly coupled to a first terminal of the forty-first resistor R41. A second terminal of the forty-first resistor R41 is grounded.

    [0046] In the case of the above reverse connection, the second terminal of the forty-first resistor R41 is coupled to direct current via the ground for driving the sixth NMOS transistor Q6 and the seventh NMOS transistor Q7 to switch off, which prevents the direct current that flows into the charging control module 2 from the ground from forming a loop, thereby protecting components in the charging control module 2 from any damage.

    [0047] In summary, by adopting the power adapter including the power module, the main control module, the potential regulation module, the current detection module, the voltage detection module and the output switch module, if the output current value of the power adapter falls within the conventional current range for the preset time interval during the process in which the power adapter charges the battery in the conventional charge mode after the power adapter is powered on or reset, the power adapter performs the quick charge inquiry communication with the electronic device, and after the electronic device sends the quick charge command to the power adapter, the power adapter adjusts the output voltage according to the battery voltage information fed back by the electronic device, and if this output voltage meets the voltage requirements for quick charge predefined by the electronic device, the power adapter adjusts its output current and output voltage according to the quick charge mode for charging the battery, such that the quick charge to the battery is realized, thereby shortening the charging time.

    [0048] The above descriptions are merely preferred exemplary embodiments of the disclosure, and not intended to limit the scope of the disclosure, which is only given by the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A power adapter (100), configured to be coupled to a communication interface (20) of an electronic device (200) via a communication interface (10) thereof and to charge a battery (201) in the electronic device (200), the power adapter (100) comprising an EMI filter circuit (101), a high-voltage rectifier and filter circuit (102), an isolation transformer (103), an output filter circuit (104), and a voltage tracking and control circuit (105), characterized in that the power adapter (100) further comprises:

    - a power module (106) with an input terminal being coupled to a secondary terminal of the isolation transformer (103);

    - a main control module (107),

    - a potential regulation module (108) with a potential regulation terminal being coupled to the voltage tracking and control circuit (105) for potential regulation and with high-potential terminal being coupled to a high-potential terminal of the main control module (107) and a positive output terminal of the output filter circuit (104),

    - a current detection module (109) with a direct current input terminal and being coupled to a positive output terminal of the output filter circuit (104) for inputting a direct current input and with a current detection feedback terminal being coupled to the main control module (107) for detecting and feeding back of a current,

    - a voltage detection module (110) being coupled to a direct current output terminal of the current detection module (109) via a first detection terminal, to a negative output terminal of the output filter circuit (104) via a second detection terminal, and to the main control module (107) via a first and second voltage detection terminal, and

    - an output switch module (111) with an input terminal being coupled to the direct current output terminal of the current detection module (109), with an output terminal being coupled to a third detection terminal of the voltage detection module (110), with a ground terminal being coupled to a negative output terminal of the output filter circuit (104), and with a power terminal being coupled to the secondary terminal of the isolation transformer (103);

    wherein a switch control terminal of the main control module (107) being coupled to a controlled terminal of the output switch module (111), wherein power terminals of the main control module (107), of the potential regulation module (108) and of the current detection module (109) are coupled to an output terminal of the power module (106), wherein each of a negative output terminal of the output filter circuit (104), the output terminal of the output switch module (111), and a first communication terminal and a second communication terminal of the main control module (107) are coupled to the communication interface (10) of the power adapter, and
    wherein the main control module (107) is configured,

    - for charging the battery (201) after the power adapter (100) is powered on or reset, to control the voltage detection module (110) to detect the output voltage of the power adapter and to feed back a voltage detection signal to the main control module (107), to determine whether the output voltage of the power adapter is greater than a voltage threshold according to the voltage detection signal; and

    - if the output voltage of the power adapter (100) is greater than the voltage threshold, to continue to judge the output voltage of the power adapter (100);

    - if the output voltage of the power adapter (100) is not greater than the voltage threshold, to control the output switch module (111) to switch on the direct current output of the power adapter (100), and to drive the voltage tracking and control circuit (105) through the potential regulation module (108) to set an output voltage of the isolation transformer (103) as a conventional output voltage, wherein the current detection module (109) is configured to detect the output current of the power adapter (100), and to feed back a current detection signal to the main control module (107);

    - when the main control module (107) determines according to the current detection signal that the output current of the power adapter is within a conventional current range for a preset time interval, to perform a quick charge inquiry communication with the electronic device (200), and after the electronic device (200) sends a quick charge command to the main control module (107), to drive the voltage tracking and control circuit (105) through the potential regulation module (108) to adjust the output voltage of the isolation transformer (103) according to battery voltage information fed back by the electronic device (200);

    - when the output voltage of the power adapter (100) meets a voltage requirement for quick charge predefined by the electronic device (200), to drive the voltage tracking and control circuit (105) through the potential regulation module (108) to adjust the output voltage of the isolation transformer (103), so that the power adapter (100) outputs direct current according to a quick charge current value and a quick charge voltage value.


     
    2. The power adapter (100) of claim 1, wherein, during the quick charge inquiry communication, the main control module (107) is configured to send a quick charge inquiry command to the electronic device (200), such that the electronic device (200) determines whether a voltage of the battery reaches the quick charge voltage value according to the quick charge inquiry command, feeds back the quick charge command to the main control module (107) if the voltage of the battery reaches the quick charge voltage value, and feeds back a quick charge rejecting command to the main control module (107) if the voltage of the battery does not reach the quick charge voltage value.
     
    3. The power adapter (100) of claim 2, wherein, when the electronic device (200) determines that the output voltage of the power adapter (100) does not meet the voltage requirement for quick charge, the electronic device (200) is configured to send a voltage bias feedback signal to the main control module (107), and the main control module (107) is configured to drive the voltage tracking and control circuit through the potential regulation module (108) to adjust the output voltage of the isolation transformer (103) and continues to perform the quick charge inquiry communication with the electronic device (200).
     
    4. The power adapter (100) of any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein after receiving the command for starting the quick charge mode, the main control module (107) is configured to drive the voltage tracking and control circuit (105) through the potential regulation module (108) to adjust the output voltage of the isolation transformer, such that the output voltage and the output current of the power adapter are adjusted to the quick charge voltage value and the quick charge current value respectively;
    the main control module (107) is configured to obtain the battery voltage information from the electronic device (200) in real time, and to determine according to a voltage feedback signal fed back by the voltage detection module in real time, whether a voltage difference between the voltage of the battery and the output voltage of the power adapter is greater than a voltage difference threshold;
    if the voltage difference between the voltage of the battery (201) and the output voltage of the power adapter (100) is greater than the voltage difference threshold, the main control module (107) is configured to control the output switch module (104) to switch off the direct current output of the power adapter (100); and
    if the voltage difference between the voltage of the battery (201) and the output voltage of the power adapter (100) is less than or equal to the voltage difference threshold, the main control module (107) is configured to drive the voltage tracking and control circuit (105) through the potential regulation module (108) to adjust the output voltage of the isolation transformer (103) according to the battery voltage information, so as to adjust the output current of the power adapter.
     
    5. The power adapter (100) of any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the quick charge current value is 4 A, and the quick charge voltage value is any value selected from 3.4 V to 4.8 V.
     
    6. The power adapter (100) of any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein during the power adapter charges the battery according to the quick charge voltage value and the quick charge current value, the electronic device (200) is configured to stop introducing direct current from the power adapter (100) and to feed back a quick charge stop command to the main control module (107) if the voltage of the battery (201) is greater than a quick charge voltage threshold, and the main control module (107) is configured to control the power adapter (100) to switch from a quick charge mode to a conventional charge mode according to the quick charge stop command.
     
    7. A charging apparatus for an electronic device (3), comprising a power adapter (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 6 and a charging control module (2) being built in the electronic device (3) and being coupled to the power adapter (3) via the communication interface (20) of the electronic device (3).
     
    8. A system comprising
    an electronic device (3), comprising a communication interface (20), a charging control module (2) and a battery (31), wherein:

    - each of the charging control module (2) and the battery (31) is coupled to a communication interface (10) of a power adapter (1) via the communication interface of the electronic device (20), such that the power adapter (1) communicates with the charging control module (2) and charges the battery (31);

    - the charging control module (2) is further coupled to an electrode of the battery (31) and configured to detect a voltage of the battery (31);

    - the charging control module (2) is further configured to determine whether the battery meets a quick charge condition after receiving a quick charge inquiry message from the power adapter, and to feed back a quick charge command and battery voltage information to the power adapter (1) if the battery (31) meets the quick charge condition;

    - the charging control module (2) is further configured to receive output voltage information sent by the power adapter (1), to determine whether an output voltage of the power adapter meets a preset voltage requirement for quick charge according to the output voltage information, and to send a command for starting a quick charge to the power adapter if the output voltage of the power adapter (1) meets the preset voltage requirement for quick charge, and

    a power adapter (100) according to any one of claims 1 to 6.
     
    9. The system of claim 8, wherein the charging control module (2) is further configured to stop introducing direct current from the power adapter (1) and send a quick charge stop command to the power adapter (1) for switching from a quick charge mode to a convention charge mode, if the voltage of the battery (31) is greater than a quick charge voltage threshold.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Stromversorgungsadapter (100), der dafür ausgelegt ist, mit einer Kommunikationsschnittstelle (20) einer Elektronikvorrichtung (200) über eine
    Kommunikationsschnittstelle (10) davon verbunden zu werden und eine Batterie (201) in der Elektronikvorrichtung (200) zu laden, wobei der Stromversorgungsadapter (100) eine EMV-Filterschaltung (101), eine Hochspannungsgleichrichterund -filterschaltung (102), einen Isolationstransformator (103), eine Ausgangsfilterschaltung (104) und eine Spannungsverfolgungs- und -steuerschaltung (105) umfasst, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Stromversorgungsadapter (100) ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    - ein Leistungsmodul (106) mit einem Eingangsanschluss, der mit einem Sekundäranschluss des Isolationstransformators (103) gekoppelt ist;

    - ein Hauptsteuermodul (107),

    - ein Potentialregelungsmodul (108) mit einem Potentialregelungsanschluss, der mit der Spannungsverfolgungs- und -steuerschaltung (105) zwecks Potentialregelung gekoppelt ist, und mit
    einem Hochpotentialanschluss, der mit einem Hochpotentialanschluss des Hauptsteuermoduls (107) und einem positiven Ausgangsanschluss der Ausgangsfilterschaltung (104) gekoppelt ist,

    - ein Stromdetektionsmodul (109) mit einem Gleichstromeingangsanschluss und gekoppelt mit einem positiven Ausgangsanschluss der Ausgangsfilterschaltung (104) zum Eingeben einer Gleichstromeingabe und mit einem Stromdetektionsrückkopplungsanschluss, der mit dem Hauptsteuermodul (107) zum Detektieren und Rückkoppeln eines Stroms gekoppelt ist,

    - ein Spannungsdetektionsmodul (110), das mit einem Gleichstromausgangsanschluss des Stromdetektionsmoduls (109) über einen ersten Detektionsanschluss, mit einem negativen Ausgangsanschluss der Ausgangsfilterschaltung (104) über einen zweiten Detektionsanschluss und mit dem Hauptsteuermodul (107) über einen ersten und einen zweiten Spannungsdetektionsanschluss gekoppelt ist, und

    - ein Ausgangsschaltmodul (111) mit einem Eingangsanschluss, der mit dem Gleichstromausgangsanschluss des Stromdetektionsmoduls (109) gekoppelt ist, mit einem Ausgangsanschluss, der mit einem dritten Detektionsanschluss des Spannungsdetektionsmoduls (110) gekoppelt ist, mit einem Masseanschluss, der
    mit einem negativen Ausgangsanschluss der Ausgangsfilterschaltung (104) gekoppelt ist, und mit einem Leistungsanschluss, der mit dem Sekundäranschluss des Isolationstransformators (103) gekoppelt ist;

    wobei ein Schaltsteueranschluss des Hauptsteuermoduls (107) mit einem gesteuerten Anschluss des Ausgangsschaltmoduls (111) gekoppelt ist, wobei Leistungsanschlüsse des Hauptsteuermoduls (107), des Potentialregelungsmoduls (108) und des Stromdetektionsmoduls (109) mit einem Ausgangsanschluss des Leistungsmoduls (106) gekoppelt sind, wobei jeder von einem negativen Ausgangsanschluss der Ausgangsfilterschaltung (104), dem Ausgangsanschluss des Ausgangsschaltmoduls (111) und eines ersten Kommunikationsanschlusses und eines zweiten Kommunikationsanschlusses des Hauptsteuermoduls (107) mit der Kommunikationsschnittstelle (10) des Stromversorgungsadapters gekoppelt sind, und
    wobei das Hauptsteuermodul (107) ausgelegt ist zum

    - Laden der Batterie (201), nachdem der Stromversorgungsadapter (100) eingeschaltet oder zurückgesetzt wurde, um das Spannungsdetektionsmodul (110) zu steuern, die Ausgangsspannung des Stromversorgungsadapters zu detektieren und ein Spannungsdetektionssignal an das Hauptsteuermodul (107) zurück zu koppeln, um zu bestimmen, ob die Ausgangsspannung des Stromversorgungsadapters größer als eine Spannungsschwelle ist gemäß dem Spannungsdetektionssignal; und

    - wenn die Ausgangsspannung des Stromversorgungsadapters (100) größer als die Spannungsschwelle ist, Fortsetzen des Beurteilens der Ausgangsspannung des Stromversorgungsadapters (100);

    - wenn die Ausgangsspannung des Stromversorgungsadapters (100) nicht größer als die Spannungsschwelle ist, Steuern des Ausgangsschaltmoduls (111), den Gleichstromausgang des Stromversorgungsadapters (100) einzuschalten und zum Ansteuern der Spannungsverfolgungs- und -steuerschaltung (105) durch das Potentialregelungsmodul (108), eine Ausgangsspannung des Isolationstransformators (103) als eine herkömmliche Ausgangsspannung einzustellen, wobei das Stromdetektionsmodul (109) ausgelegt ist zum Detektieren des Ausgangsstroms des Stromversorgungsadapters (100), und zum Rückkoppeln eines Stromdetektionssignals an das Hauptsteuermodul (107) ;

    - wenn das Hauptsteuermodul (107) bestimmt, gemäß dem Stromdetektionssignal, dass der Ausgangsstrom des Stromversorgungsadapters für ein voreingestelltes Zeitintervall innerhalb eines herkömmlichen Strombereichs liegt, Durchführen einer Schnellladung-Anfragekommunikation mit der Elektronikvorrichtung (200); und, nachdem die Elektronikvorrichtung (200) einen Schnellladungsbefehl an das Hauptsteuermodul (107) gesendet hat, Ansteuern der Spannungsverfolgungs- und -steuerschaltung (105) durch das Potentialregelungsmodul (108) zum Einstellen der Ausgangsspannung des Isolationstransformators (103) gemäß Batteriespannungsinformationen, die von der Elektronikvorrichtung (200) zurückgemeldet wurden;

    - wenn die Ausgangsspannung des Stromversorgungsadapters (100) eine durch die Elektronikvorrichtung (200) definierte Spannungsanforderung für Schnellladung erfüllt, Ansteuern der Spannungsverfolgungsund - steuerschaltung (105) durch das Potentialregelungsmodul (108) zum Einstellen der Ausgangsspannung des Isolationstranformators (103), so dass der Stromversorgungsadapter (100) gemäß einem Schnellladungsstromwert und einem Schnellladungsspannungswert Gleichstrom ausgibt.


     
    2. Stromversorgungsadapter (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei, während der Schnellladung-Anfragekommunikation, das Hauptsteuermodul (107) ausgelegt ist zum Senden eines Schnellladung-Anfragebefehls an die Elektronikvorrichtung (200), so dass die Elektronikvorrichtung (200) bestimmt, ob eine Spannung der Batterie den Schnellladung-Spannungswert gemäß dem Schnellladung-Anfragebefehl erreicht, den Schnellladungsbefehl an das Hauptsteuermodul (107) zurückmeldet, wenn die Spannung der Batterie den Schnellladung-Spannungswert erreicht, und einen Schnellladung-Ablehnungsbefehl an das Hauptsteuermodul (107) zurückmeldet, wenn die Spannung der Batterie den Schnellladung-Spannungswert nicht erreicht.
     
    3. Stromversorgungsadapter (100) nach Anspruch 2, wobei, wenn die Elektronikvorrichtung (200) bestimmt, dass die Ausgangsspannung des Stromversorgungsadapters (100) die Spannungsanforderung für Schnellladung nicht erfüllt, die Elektronikvorrichtung (200) ausgelegt ist zum Senden eines Vorspannungsrückmeldesignals an das Hauptsteuermodul (107), und das Hauptsteuermodul (107) ausgelegt ist zum Ansteuern der Spannungsverfolgungsund -steuerschaltung durch das Potentialregelungsmodul (108), die Ausgangsspannung des Isolationstransformators (103) einzustellen und Durchführen der Schnellladung-Anfragekommunikation mit der Elektronikvorrichtung (200) fortzuführen.
     
    4. Stromversorgungsadapter (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei, nach dem Empfangen des Befehls zum Starten des Schnellladungsmodus, das Hauptsteuermodul (107) ausgelegt ist zum Ansteuern der Spannungsverfolgungs- und -steuerschaltung (105) durch das Potentialregelungsmodul (108), die Ausgangsspannung des Isolationstransformators derart einzustellen, dass die Ausgangsspannung und der Ausgangsstrom des Stromversorgungsadapters jeweils auf den SchnellladungSpannungswert und den Schnellladung-Stromwert eingestellt sind;
    das Hauptsteuermodul (107) ausgelegt ist zum Erhalten der Batteriespannungsinformationen von der Elektronikvorrichtung (200) in Echtzeit und zum Bestimmen, gemäß einem durch das Spannungsdetektionsmodul in Echtzeit zurückgekoppelten Spannungsrückkopplungssignal, ob eine Spannungsdifferenz zwischen der Spannung der Batterie und der Ausgangsspannung des Stromversorgungsadapters größer als eine Spannungsdifferenzschwelle ist;
    wenn die Spannungsdifferenz zwischen der Spannung der Batterie (201) und der Ausgangsspannung des Stromversorgungsadapters (100) größer als die Spannungsdifferenzschwelle ist, ist das Hauptsteuermodul (107) ausgelegt zum Steuern des Ausgangsschaltmoduls (104), die Gleichstromausgabe des Stromversorgungsadapters (100) auszuschalten; und,
    wenn die Spannungsdifferenz zwischen der Spannung der Batterie (201) und der Ausgangsspannung des Stromversorgungsadapters (100) kleiner oder gleich der Spannungsdifferenzschwelle ist, ist das Hauptsteuermodul (107) ausgelegt zum Steuern der Spannungsverfolgungs- und -steuerschaltung (105) durch das Potentialregelungsmodul (108), die Ausgangsspannung des Isolationstransformators (103) gemäß den Batteriespannungsinformationen einzustellen, um somit den Ausgangsstrom des Stromversorgungsadapters einzustellen.
     
    5. Stromversorgungsadapter (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei der Schnellladung-Stromwert 4 A beträgt und der Schnellladung-Spannungswert ein beliebiger zwischen 3,4 V und 4,8 V ausgewählter Wert ist.
     
    6. Stromversorgungsadapter (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei, während der Stromversorgungsadapter die Batterie gemäß dem Schnellladung-Spannungswert und dem SchnellladungStromwert lädt, die Elektronikvorrichtung (200) dafür ausgelegt ist, Einspeisen von Gleichstrom von dem Stromversorgungsadapter (100) zu stoppen und einen Schnellladung-Stoppbefehl an das Hauptsteuermodul (107) zurückzumelden, wenn die Spannung der Batterie (201) größer als eine Schnellladung-Spannungsschwelle ist, und das Hauptsteuermodul (107) ausgelegt ist zum Steuern des Stromversorgungsadapters (100), gemäß dem Schnellladung-Stoppbefehl, von einem Schnellladungsmodus in einen herkömmlichen Ladungsmodus zu schalten.
     
    7. Ladeeinrichtung für eine Elektronikvorrichtung (3), umfassend einen Stromversorgungsadapter (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6 und ein Ladesteuerungsmodul (2), das in die Elektronikvorrichtung (3) eingebaut ist und mit dem Stromversorgungsadapter (3) über die Kommunikationsschnittstelle (20) der Elektronikvorrichtung (3) gekoppelt ist.
     
    8. System, umfassend
    eine Elektronikvorrichtung (3), die eine Kommunikationsschnittstelle (20), ein Ladesteuerungsmodul (2) und eine Batterie (31) umfasst,
    wobei:

    - jedes des Ladesteuerungsmoduls (2) und der Batterie (31) mit einer Kommunikationsschnittstelle (10) eines Stromversorgungsadapters (1) über die Kommunikationsschnittstelle (20) der Elektronikvorrichtung gekoppelt ist, so dass der Stromversorgungsadapter (1) mit dem Ladesteuerungsmodul (2) kommuniziert und die Batterie (31) lädt;

    - das Ladesteuerungsmodul (2) ferner an eine Elektrode der Batterie (31) gekoppelt ist und ausgelegt ist zum Detektieren einer Spannung der Batterie (31);

    - das Ladesteuerungsmodul (2) ferner ausgelegt ist zum Bestimmen, ob die Batterie eine Schnellladebedingung erfüllt, nachdem eine Schnellladung-Anfragenachricht von dem Stromversorgungsadapter empfangen wurde, und zum Rückmelden eines Schnellladebefehls und von Batteriespannungsinformationen an den Stromversorgungsadapter (1), wenn die Batterie (31) die Schnellladebedingung erfüllt;

    - das Ladesteuerungsmodul (2) ferner ausgelegt ist zum Empfangen von durch den Stromversorgungsadapter (1) gesendeten Ausgangsspannungsinformationen, um zu bestimmen, ob eine Ausgangsspannung des Stromversorgungsadapters eine voreingestellte Spannungsanforderung für Schnellladung gemäß den Ausgangsspannungsinformationen erfüllt, und zum Senden eines Befehls zum Starten einer Schnellladung an den Stromversorgungsadapter, wenn die Ausgangsspannung des Stromversorgungsadapters (1) die voreigenstellte Spannungsanforderung für Schnellladung erfüllt, und einen Stromversorgungsadapter (100) nach einem der 20 Ansprüche 1 bis 6.


     
    9. System nach Anspruch 8, wobei das Ladesteuerungsmodul (2) ferner ausgelegt ist zum Stoppen des Einspeisens von Gleichstrom von dem Stromversorgungsadapter (1) und zum Senden eines Schnellladung-Stoppbefehls an den Stromversorgungsadapter (1) zum Umschalten aus einem Schnelllademodus in einen herkömmlichen Lademodus, wenn die Spannung der Batterie (31) größer als eine 30 Schnellladung-Spannungsschwelle ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Adaptateur d'alimentation (100) configuré pour être couplé à une interface de communication (20) d'un dispositif électronique (200) par l'intermédiaire d'une
    interface de communication (10) de celui-ci et pour charger une batterie (201) dans le dispositif électronique (200), l'adaptateur d'alimentation (100) comprenant un circuit de filtre EMI (101), un circuit de redresseur haute tension et de filtre (102), un
    transformateur de séparation (103), un circuit de filtre de sortie (104) et un circuit de suivi et de commande de tension (105), caractérisé en ce que l'adaptateur d'alimentation (100) comprend en outre :

    - un module d'alimentation (106) présentant une borne d'entrée couplée à une borne secondaire du transformateur de séparation (103) ;

    - un module principal de commande (107),

    - un module de régulation de potentiel (108) présentant une borne de régulation de potentiel couplée au circuit de suivi et de commande de tension (105) pour une régulation de potentiel et présentant une borne de potentiel élevé couplée à une borne de potentiel élevé du module principal de commande (107) et une borne de sortie positive du circuit de filtre de sortie (104)

    - un module de détection de courant (109) présentant une borne d'entrée de courant continu et couplé à une borne de sortie positive du circuit de filtre de sortie (104) pour l'entrée d'une entrée de courant continu et présentant une borne de renvoi de détection de courant couplée au module principal de commande (107) pour la détection et le renvoi d'un courant,

    - un module de détection de tension (110) couplé à une borne de sortie de courant continu du module de détection de courant (109) par l'intermédiaire d'une première borne de détection, à une borne de sortie négative du circuit de filtre de sortie (104) par l'intermédiaire d'une deuxième borne de détection, et au module principal de commande (107) par l'intermédiaire d'une première et d'une deuxième borne de détection de tension, et

    - un module de commutation de sortie (111) présentant une borne d'entrée couplée à la borne de sortie de courant continu du module de détection de courant (109), présentant une borne de sortie couplée à une troisième borne de détection du module de détection de tension (110), présentant une borne de masse couplée à une borne de sortie négative du circuit de filtre de sortie (104), et présentant une borne d'alimentation couplée à la borne secondaire du transformateur de séparation (103) ;

    dans lequel une borne de commande de commutation du module principal de commande (107) est couplée à une borne commandée du module de commutation de sortie (111), dans lequel des bornes d'alimentation du module principal de commande (107), du module de régulation de potentiel (108) et du module de détection de courant (109) sont couplées à une borne de sortie du module d'alimentation (106), dans lequel chacune d'une borne de sortie négative du circuit de filtre de sortie (104), de la borne de sortie du module de commutation de sortie (111), et d'une première borne de communication et d'une seconde borne de communication du module principal de commande (107) sont couplées à l'interface de communication (10) de l'adaptateur d'alimentation, et dans lequel le module principal de commande (107) est configuré,

    - pour charger la batterie (201) après la mise sous tension ou réinitialisation de l'adaptateur d'alimentation (100), pour commander le module de détection de tension (110) pour détecter la tension de sortie de l'adaptateur d'alimentation et renvoyer un signal de détection de tension au module principal de commande (107), pour déterminer si la tension de sortie de l'adaptateur d'alimentation est supérieure ou non à un seuil de tension conformément au signal de détection de tension ; et

    - si la tension de sortie de l'adaptateur d'alimentation (100) est supérieure au seuil de tension, pour continuer de juger la tension de sortie de l'adaptateur d'alimentation (100) ;

    - si la tension de sortie de l'adaptateur d'alimentation (100) n'est pas supérieure au seuil de tension, pour commander le module de commutation de sortie (111) pour activer la sortie de courant continu de l'adaptateur d'alimentation (100), et exciter le circuit de suivi et de commande de tension (105) par le biais du module de régulation de potentiel (108) afin de régler une tension de sortie du transformateur de séparation (103) en tant que tension de sortie conventionnelle, le module de détection de courant (109) étant configuré pour détecter le courant de sortie de l'adaptateur d'alimentation (100), et pour renvoyer un signal de détection de courant au module principal de commande (107) ;

    - quand le module principal de commande (107) détermine conformément au signal de détection de courant que le courant de sortie de l'adaptateur d'alimentation est compris dans une plage de courant conventionnelle pendant un intervalle de temps préétabli, pour exécuter une communication d'interrogation de charge rapide avec le dispositif électronique (200), et après que le dispositif électronique (200) envoie une commande de charge rapide au module principal de commande (107) pour exciter le circuit de suivi et de commande de tension (105) par le biais du module de régulation de potentiel (108) pour ajuster la tension de sortie du transformateur de séparation (103) conformément à des informations de tension de batterie renvoyées par le dispositif 10 électronique (200) ;

    - quand la tension de sortie de l'adaptateur d'alimentation (100) satisfait à un besoin de tension pour une charge rapide prédéfinie par le dispositif électronique (200), pour exciter le circuit de suivi et de commande de tension (105) par le biais du module de régulation de potentiel (108) afin d'ajuster la tension de sortie du transformateur de séparation (103), de telle sorte que l'adaptateur d'alimentation (100) produise en sortie un courant continu conformément à une valeur de courant de charge rapide et une valeur de tension de charge rapide.


     
    2. Adaptateur d'alimentation (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel, durant la communication d'interrogation de charge rapide, le module principal de commande (107) est configuré pour envoyer une commande d'interrogation de charge rapide au dispositif électronique (200), de telle sorte que le dispositif électronique (200) détermine si une tension de la batterie atteint ou non la valeur de tension de charge rapide conformément à la commande d'interrogation de charge rapide, renvoie la commande de charge rapide au module principal de commande (107) si la tension de la batterie atteint la valeur de tension de charge rapide, et renvoie une commande de rejet de charge rapide au module principal de commande (107) si la tension de la batterie n'atteint pas la valeur de tension de charge rapide.
     
    3. Adaptateur d'alimentation (100) selon la revendication 2, dans lequel, quand le dispositif électronique (200) détermine que la tension de sortie de l'adaptateur d'alimentation (100) ne satisfait pas au besoin de tension pour une charge rapide, le dispositif électronique (200) est configuré pour envoyer un signal de renvoi de polarisation de tension au module principal de commande (107), et le module principal de commande (107) est configuré pour exciter le circuit de suivi et de commande de tension par le biais du module de régulation de potentiel (108) pour régler la tension de sortie du transformateur de séparation (103) et continue de réaliser la communication d'interrogation de charge rapide avec le dispositif électronique (200).
     
    4. Adaptateur d'alimentation (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel après la réception de la commande de démarrage du mode de charge rapide, le module principal de commande (107) est configuré pour exciter le circuit de suivi et de commande de tension (105) par le biais du module de régulation de potentiel (108) pour ajuster la tension de sortie du transformateur de séparation, de telle sorte que la tension de sortie et le courant de sortie de l'adaptateur d'alimentation soient ajustés respectivement sur la valeur de tension de charge rapide et la valeur de courant de charge rapide ;
    le module principal de commande (107) est configuré pour obtenir les informations de tension de batterie auprès du dispositif électronique (200) en temps réel, et déterminer conformément à un signal de renvoi de tension renvoyé par le module de détection de tension en temps réel, si une différence de tension entre la tension de la batterie et la tension de sortie de l'adaptateur d'alimentation est supérieure ou non à un seuil de différence de tension ;
    si la différence de tension entre la tension de la batterie (201) et la tension de sortie de l'adaptateur d'alimentation (100) est supérieure au seuil de différence de tension, le module principal de commande (107) est configuré pour commander le module de commutation de sortie (104) afin de couper la sortie de courant continu de l'adaptateur d'alimentation (100) ; et si la différence de tension entre la tension de la batterie (201) et la tension de sortie de l'adaptateur d'alimentation (100) est inférieure ou égale au seuil de différence de tension, le module principal de commande (107) est configuré pour exciter le circuit de suivi et de commande de tension (105) par le biais du module de régulation de potentiel (108) pour ajuster la tension de sortie du transformateur de séparation (103) conformément aux informations de tension de batterie, de manière à ajuter le courant de sortie de l'adaptateur d'alimentation.
     
    5. Adaptateur d'alimentation (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel la valeur de courant de charge rapide est de 4 A, et la valeur de tension de charge rapide est n'importe quelle 25 valeur sélectionnée de 3,4 V à 4,8 V.
     
    6. Adaptateur d'alimentation (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel pendant que l'adaptateur d'alimentation charge la batterie conformément à la valeur de tension de charge rapide et la valeur de courant de charge rapide, le dispositif électronique (200) est configuré pour arrêter d'introduire un courant continu provenant de l'adaptateur d'alimentation (100) et renvoyer une commande d'arrêt de charge rapide au module principal de commande (107) si la tension de la batterie (201) est supérieure à un seuil de tension de charge rapide, et le module principal de commande (107) est configuré pour commander l'adaptateur d'alimentation (100) afin de commuter d'un mode de charge rapide sur un mode de charge conventionnelle conformément à la commande d'arrêt de charge rapide.
     
    7. Appareil de charge pour un dispositif électronique (3), comprenant un adaptateur d'alimentation (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6 et un module de commande de charge (2) construit dans le dispositif électronique (3) et couplé à l'adaptateur d'alimentation (3) par l'intermédiaire de l'interface de communication (20) du dispositif électronique (3).
     
    8. Système comprenant un dispositif électronique (3), comprenant une interface de communication (20), un module de commande de charge (2) et une batterie (31), dans lequel :

    - chacun du module de commande de charge (2) et de la batterie (31) est couplé à une interface de communication (10) d'un adaptateur d'alimentation (1) par l'intermédiaire de l'interface de communication du dispositif électronique (20), de telle sorte que l'adaptateur d'alimentation (1) communique avec le module de commande de charge (2) et charge la batterie 25 (31) ;

    - le module de commande de charge (2) est couplé en outre à une électrode de la batterie (31) et configuré pour détecter une tension de la batterie (31) ;

    - le module de commande de charge (2) est configuré en outre pour déterminer si la batterie satisfait ou non à une condition de charge rapide après la réception d'un message d'interrogation de charge rapide en provenance de l'adaptateur d'alimentation, et renvoyer une commande de charge rapide et des informations de tension de batterie à l'adaptateur d'alimentation (1) si la batterie (31) satisfait à la condition de charge rapide ;

    - le module de commande de charge (2) est configuré en outre pour recevoir des informations de tension de sortie envoyées par l'adaptateur d'alimentation (1), pour déterminer si une tension de sortie de l'adaptateur d'alimentation satisfait ou non à un besoin de tension préétabli pour une charge rapide conformément aux informations de tension de sortie, et envoyer une commande de démarrage d'une charge rapide à l'adaptateur d'alimentation si la tension de sortie de l'adaptateur d'alimentation (1) satisfait au besoin de tension préétabli pour une charge rapide, et un adaptateur d'alimentation (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6.


     
    9. Système selon la revendication 8, dans lequel le module de commande de charge (2) est configuré en outre pour arrêter d'introduire un courant continu provenant de l'adaptateur d'alimentation (1) et envoyer une commande d'arrêt de charge rapide à l'adaptateur d'alimentation (1) pour commuter d'un mode de charge rapide sur un mode de charge conventionnelle, si la tension de la batterie (31) est supérieure à un seuil de tension de charge rapide.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description