(19)
(11)EP 3 102 371 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
30.12.2020 Bulletin 2020/53

(21)Application number: 15744041.3

(22)Date of filing:  02.02.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B26B 1/02  (2006.01)
B26B 1/04  (2006.01)
B26B 11/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2015/014126
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/117090 (06.08.2015 Gazette  2015/31)

(54)

KNIFE WITH REMOVABLE SCALES AND BOTTLE OPENER

MESSER MIT ABNEHMBAREN BACKEN UND FLASCHENÖFFNER

COUTEAU AVEC RÈGLES GRADUÉES AMOVIBLES ET DÉCAPSULEUR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 03.02.2014 US 201461935086 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
14.12.2016 Bulletin 2016/50

(73)Proprietor: Fiskars Brands, Inc.
Middleton, WI 53562 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • LANGENWALTER, Keith
    Ridgefield, Washington 98642 (US)
  • KEENAN, Jason
    Lake Oswego, Oregon 97035 (US)

(74)Representative: Potter Clarkson 
The Belgrave Centre Talbot Street
Nottingham NG1 5GG
Nottingham NG1 5GG (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-86/04010
US-A- 4 730 393
US-A- 5 857 268
US-A1- 2012 017 442
US-A1- 2013 139 324
FR-A1- 2 760 955
US-A- 5 320 004
US-A1- 2006 277 762
US-A1- 2013 097 786
US-B2- 8 109 002
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND



    [0001] Bicyclists may carry tools to make various repairs to the bicycle when riding. A common issue is a flat tire, which may require the use of tire levers to remove the tire from the rim and access the inner tube to repair a leak or replace the inner tube. Bicyclists also may carry small pocket knives to be used as general purpose tools to fix various problems which require cutting, prying, and twisting. For example, a knife may be used to remove an object that is embedded in the tire.

    [0002] Bottle openers have been added to knives in the past, but the bottle opener has typically been provided as a notched handle, as a separate component that folds out of the handle, or as a notched blade. In knives including a notched handle intended to act as a bottle opener, the comfort and safety of the grip on the knife may be compromised. In knives including a bottle opener as a separate component, the bottle opener must be opened before use, such as by unfolding the bottle opener from the handle. This requires additional time and movement before the bottle opener may be used, which may compromise the convenience of the bottle opener. In knives including a notched blade intended to act as a bottle opener, the strength of the blade may be compromised.

    [0003] FR 2 760 955 discloses a tool having a folding knife, a spoon and a form that are stored against the lateral surfaces of the handle. Each surface has a groove made in the thickness of the handle, and the handles of the cutlery slide into these. The other ends of the cutlery are held in hollows in the other end of the handle. The cutlery is held in the grooves by projecting stops at one end of the handle and by the front edges of the groove that shoulders on the cutlery rest against.

    SUMMARY



    [0004] One embodiment of the invention relates to a knife including a knife body and two scales. The knife body includes two liners and a blade positioned between the two liners. The blade is rotatably coupled to the two liners proximate a first end of the two liners. A lock back catch is positioned between the two liners, and a spring spacer is positioned between the two liners proximate a second end of the two liners. Each scale is removably coupled to one of the two liners. Each scale is configured for use as a tool separate from the knife body when removed from the knife body. A bottle opener is formed by the combination of the lock back catch and the spring spacer.

    [0005] Alternative exemplary embodiments relate to other features and combinations of features as may be generally recited in the claims.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION



    [0006] The invention will become more fully understood from the following detailed description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference numerals refer to like elements.

    FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a knife in an open configuration, according to an exemplary embodiment.

    FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the knife of FIG. 1 in a closed configuration.

    FIG. 3 is an exploded view of the knife of FIG. 1.

    FIG. 4 is a perspective view of a central portion of the knife of FIG. 1 with the scales removed.

    FIG. 5 is an exploded view of the central portion of the knife of FIG. 1.

    FIG. 6 is cross-section view of the knife of FIG. 1.

    FIG. 7 is a cross-section view of the knife of FIG. 2, showing a bottle opener feature in use.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0007] Before turning to the figures, which illustrate the exemplary embodiments in detail, it should be understood that the application is not limited to the details or methodology set forth in the description or illustrated in the figures. It should also be understood that the terminology is for the purpose of description only and should not be regarded as limiting.

    [0008] Referring in general to FIGS. 1-7, a knife 10 is shown according to an exemplary embodiment to include a blade 12 that is rotatably coupled to a handle 14. The blade 12 can be rotated relative to the handle 14 from an open configuration (FIG. 1) to a closed configuration (FIG. 2). In the open configuration, the blade 12 is locked into a position extending away from the handle 14 with a liner lock feature through the interaction of the blade 12 with a lock back catch 16 and a spring spacer 18. In the closed configuration, the blade 12 is folded into the handle 14 such that the sharp edge of the blade 12 is concealed within the handle 14. A longitudinal axis 13 extends along the length of the knife and a transverse, lateral axis 15 extends orthogonally to the longitudinal axis 13. In alternative embodiments, the knife may be a fixed blade knife with the blade non-rotatably coupled to the handle in one of various configurations known in the art.

    [0009] The knife 10 is configured to include additional tools, such as a tire lever or a bottle opener. The additional tools are integrally formed with components of the knife 10 and are configured to not interfere with the normal use of the blade 12. By integrating tools such as a tire lever or a bottle opener into the existing components of the knife 10, the knife 10 can provide the functionality of multiple tools without the additional space and weight requirements needed for multiple, separate tools.

    [0010] Referring to FIG. 3, an exploded view of the knife 10 is shown, with the blade 12 folded into the handle 14 in the closed position. The handle 14 includes a central, inner portion 20 and outer portions or scales 22 that are removably coupled to the inner portion 20. The inner portion 20 and the blade 12 together form a knife body. The scales 22 are configured to be usable as tire levers to separate the beads of a bicycle tire from the wheel rim in order to remove the tire from the rim. The scales 22 include a first end 24 configured to engage the tire bead and a second end 26 configured to engage a spoke of the wheel. According to an exemplary embodiment, the first end 24 is a tapered body that curves slightly outward. The shape of the first end 24 facilitates the insertion of the first end 24 between the rim and the bead. The second end 26 includes one or more grooves 28 configured to receive the wheel spoke. Cutouts 27 and 29 are formed in the scale proximate to the second end 26. The cutouts 27 and 29 extend inward from the bottom and top sides of the scale 22, respectively, to provide passages through which the wheel spokes may pass from the back of the scale 22 to the front of the scale 22.

    [0011] A user may insert the first end 24 of one of the scales 22 between the bead and the rim, hook the bead with the first end 24, pivot the scale 22 on the rim, pass a wheel spoke through the cutout 27 or 29, and then hook the spoke with the second end 26 to keep the bead of the tire separated from the rim. The process may be then repeated with the second scale 22 a short distance away from the first scale 22. The user may work the scales 22 around the circumference of the wheel, repeating the process to remove the tire.

    [0012] According to an exemplary embodiment, the scales 22 are magnetically coupled to the inner portion 20, allowing for the easy removal of the scales 22 from the inner portion 20 by the user. In one embodiment, the inner portion 20 is formed of a ferromagnetic metal or alloy, such as steel. The scales 22 each include an embedded magnet 30. The scales 22 may be formed of a metal or alloy or of a non-ferromagnetic material, such as a polymer. In another embodiment, either the inner portion 20 and/or the scales 22 may be magnetized and may be magnetically coupled to the other component without an embedded magnet. In another embodiment, both the inner portion 20 and the scales 22 may be formed from non-ferromagnetic materials and the magnetic coupling may be achieved via magnets and ferromagnetic metals or alloys embedded in the non-ferromagnetic materials.

    [0013] Rotation between the inner portion 20 and the scales 22 is limited by the engagement of protrusions 32 (e.g., bosses, tabs, projections, etc.) and corresponding recesses 34 (e.g., hollows, apertures, etc.). According to an exemplary embodiment, the scales 22 include a first inwardly extending protrusion 32a proximate the middle of the scale and a second inwardly extending protrusion 32b proximate the second end 26. Either side of the inner portion 20 includes a first recess 34a and a second recess 34b that are sized and shaped to receive the protrusions 32a and 32b. In other embodiments, the protrusions and the corresponding recesses may be otherwise shaped. For example, the protrusions may be generally cylindrical pegs, rectangular bosses, etc. In other embodiments, the positions of the protrusions and the recesses may be reversed, with protrusions extending outward from the inner portion 20 to be received in recesses formed in the scales 22.

    [0014] Referring now to FIG. 4, the inner portion 20 of the knife 10 is shown. The inner portion 20 includes a pair of liners 40 (e.g., walls, body members, frame members, etc.) surrounding the blade 12, the lock back catch 16, and the spring spacer 18. The knife body formed by the inner portion 20 and the blade 12 may be used independently of the scales 22, with the blade 12 being lockable in the open position and being able to be folded into and concealed between the liners 40 in the closed position.

    [0015] Referring to FIG. 5, an exploded view of the inner portion 20 is shown. The liners 40 are coupled together with mechanical fasteners such as rivets 42 passing through apertures 44 in the liners 40, the blade 12, the lock back catch 16, and the spring spacer 18. One of the rivets 42 passes through the blade 12 and provides a pivot point 45 about which the blade 12 can rotate between the open position and the closed position relative to the liners 40. In one embodiment, the recesses 34a and 34b are through-holes. In other embodiments, the recesses 34a and 34b may be depressions in the surface of the liners 40 that are deep enough to receive the protrusions 32a and 32b of the scales 22. According to an exemplary embodiment, the liners 40 are formed of a ferromagnetic metal or alloy such as steel, allowing the scales 22 to be magnetically coupled to the liners 40 via the embedded magnets 30.

    [0016] The liners 40 include a multitude of cutouts that provide various functionality for the knife 10, both when the scales 22 are coupled to the inner portion 20 and when the scales 22 are removed from the inner portion 20. A first cutout 46 proximate to the lower front portion of the knife 10 provides a contour for receiving a portion of the user's hand (e.g., the index finger) when the inner portion 20 is used independently of the scales 22. A second cutout 48 proximate to the lower rear portion of the knife 10 provides access to the blade 12 when the blade 12 is in the folded position. The second cutout 48 may be aligned with the cutout 27 in the scale 22 when the scale 22 is coupled to the inner portion 20. A user may grasp the blade 12 through the second cutout 48 to rotate the blade from the closed position to the open position, as shown in FIG. 2 and 4. A third cutout 50 proximate to the upper rear portion of the knife 10 provides access to the lock back catch 16, allowing the user to unlock the blade 12 from the unfolded position. The third cutout 50 may be aligned with the cutout 29 in the scale 22 when the scale 22 is coupled to the inner portion 20.

    [0017] The lock back catch 16 is a lever that engages the blade 12 to lock the blade 12 in the unfolded position. The lock back catch 16 is coupled to the liners 40 at a pivot point 52 provided by a rivet 42 passing through the liners 40 and through the lock back catch 16. A forward end 54 of the lock back catch 16 includes a head 56 that is received in a corresponding notch 57 in the blade 12. The rearward end 58 of the lock back catch 16 extends into the third cutout 50. By pressing down on the rearward end 58, a user can rotate the lock back catch 16 about the pivot point 52.

    [0018] The spring spacer 18 includes a base 60 that is coupled between the liners 40 at the rear portion of the knife 10 (e.g., with rivets 42) and a spring arm 62 extending forward from the base 60. The distal end 64 of the spring arm 62 contacts the lock back catch 16 between the pivot point 52 and the rearward end 58. The spring arm 62 further serves as a guard, preventing contact with the sharp edge of the blade 12 through the third cutout 50 when the blade 12 is in the closed position.

    [0019] From the closed position, a user may grasp the back edge of the blade 12 through the second cutout 48. As the blade 12 is rotated about the pivot point 45, the head 56 of the lock back catch 16 rides along a curved contact surface 66 of the blade 12. Referring to FIG. 6, when the blade 12 is in the open position, the head 56 is forced into the notch 57 by the biasing force of the spring arm 62. With the head 56 received in the notch 57, the rotational movement of the blade 12 is restricted. In this way, the knife 10 can be safely rigidly or fixedly secured in the open position for use by the user. In order to close the blade 12, the user must press in on the rearward end 58 of the lock back catch 16 with a force sufficient to overcome the biasing force of the spring arm 62 to disengage the head 56 from the notch 57 in the blade 12. The blade 12 may then be rotated back to the closed position.

    [0020] Referring now to FIG. 7, the knife 10 is shown engaging a bottle cap 70 with a bottle opener feature provided in the third cutout 50. The rearward end 58 of the lock back catch 16 includes a hook 72 that is configured to engage the lip 74 of the bottle cap 70 when the bottle cap 70 is inserted into the third cutout 50. The base 60 of the spring spacer 18 includes a protrusion 76. The top surface 78 of the bottle cap 70 contacts the protrusion 76 when the bottle cap 70 is inserted into the third cutout 50 to provide a rotation point, about which the knife 10 may be rotated. In other embodiments, the rotation point can be provided by another component of the knife 10, such as by one or both of the scales 22 of by one or both of the liners 40. In embodiments where the knife is a fixed blade knife, the lock back catch 16 and spring spacer 18 would not be necessary to provide the functions associated with locking and unlocking a rotatable blade into the open position, but similar components may still be included having structural features similar to the hook 72 and protrusion 76 in order to provide for the bottle cap removing function.

    [0021] To use the bottle opener feature, a user inserts the bottle cap 70 into the third cutout 50 and hooks the lip 74 of the bottle cap 70 with the hook 72. The knife 10 may then be rotated upward about the rotation point between the protrusion 76 and the top surface 78 of the bottle cap 70 to lift off or peel the lip 74 of the bottle cap 70 away from the rim of a bottle.

    [0022] The bottle opener feature can be used with the blade 12 in the closed position with the sharpened edge concealed within the handle 14. The bottle opener feature (e.g., the lock back catch 16 and the spring spacer 18) is recessed into the handle 14 and below the surface of the scales 22. That is, the bottle opener feature does not extend outward along the lateral axis 15 to interrupt the smooth outermost contour of the scales 22. The handle 14 therefore lacks protruding components related to the bottle opener feature and the comfort of the handle 14 is maintained. The bottle opener feature is available at all times and does not require any component to be folded out of the handle 14 to use. The bottle opener feature does not include altering the blade 12, maintaining the strength of the blade 12.

    [0023] While the integrated tools are described as tire levers and a bottle opener, the knife 10 may be configured to include a wide variety of tools. For example, the removable scales 22 may be configured as one or more camping tools, such as a solar charger, a scraper/squeegee, an eating utensil (e.g., spork, knife, fork, spoon, etc.), a dispenser (e.g., insect repellant dispenser, sun block dispenser, etc.), a floatation device, or a storage compartment for a fishing kit. In other embodiments, the removable scales 22 may be configured as one or more everyday carry tools, such as a clock, a microflask, a tweezer, a tooth pick, lip balm, a key holder, a key (e.g., for a bike lock), a key fob, scissors, a cell phone attachment, a zip cord/lanyard, a writing implement, a USB storage drive, or a money clip. In other embodiments, the removable scales 22 may be configured as one or more industrial tools, such as a level, a screw driver, a bit driver, a storage compartment for screw driver bits, a circuit tester, TSA compliant solid state tools, a wire stripper, or a prybar. In other embodiments, the removable scales 22 may be configured as storage for medicine, a first aid kit, or a medical ID. In other embodiments, the removable scales 22 may be configured as one or more survival tools, such as a compass, a hand warmer, a magnifying glass, an antenna, a water filter, a straw, a sharpener, a signaling mirror, a personal locater beacon, a whistle, an edible substance, a light/illumination device, a fire starter, a lighter, or a reflector. In other embodiments, the removable scales 22 may be configured as one or more other tools, such as a storage compartment for food, a fan, a credit card reader, a compartment for hand sanitizer, a laser pointer, a camera, a shoe horn, a personal breathalyzer, a handle extender, a cord carrier, an attachment for connecting the knife 10 to a webbing system (e.g., a Molle attachment), or a tire pressure gauge. In some embodiments, the two scales 22 may be configured to be combined to form a tool (e.g., are coupled together to form a tool). In some embodiments, the scale 22 may be configured with a pocket clip or include a pocket clip in addition to another tool, allowing the user to clip the scale 22 or the knife 10 to which the scale 22 is attached to a pocket, belt or other article. In some embodiments, the scale 22 including the pocket clip is permanently secured to the inner portion 20 of the handle 14 with the other scale 22 removable by the user for use as a separate tool.

    [0024] The terms "coupled," "connected," and the like as used herein mean the joining of two members directly or indirectly to one another. Such joining may be stationary (e.g., permanent) or moveable (e.g., removable or releasable). Such joining may be achieved with the two members or the two members and any additional intermediate members being integrally formed as a single unitary body with one another or with the two members or the two members and any additional intermediate members being attached to one another.

    [0025] The construction and arrangement of the elements of the mounting system as shown in the exemplary embodiments are illustrative only. Although only a few embodiments of the present disclosure have been described in detail, those skilled in the art who review this disclosure will readily appreciate that many modifications are possible (e.g., variations in sizes, dimensions, structures, shapes and proportions of the various elements, values of parameters, mounting arrangements, use of materials, colors, orientations, etc.) without materially departing from the novel teachings and advantages of the subject matter recited. For example, elements shown as integrally formed may be constructed of multiple parts or elements. The scales may be otherwise removably coupled to the inner portion of the handle, such as with a non-ferromagnetic, purely mechanical mechanism. Some like components have been described in the present disclosure using the same reference numerals in different figures. This should not be construed as an implication that these components are identical in all embodiments; various modifications may be made in various different embodiments. It should be noted that the elements and/or assemblies of the enclosure may be constructed from any of a wide variety of materials that provide sufficient strength or durability, in any of a wide variety of colors, textures, and combinations. Furthermore, other substitutions, modifications, changes, and omissions may be made in the design, operating conditions, and arrangements of the exemplary embodiments without departing from the scope of the invention as expressed in the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A knife (10), comprising:

    a knife body, comprising:

    two liners (40);

    a blade (12) positioned between the two liners (40) and rotatably coupled to the two liners (40) proximate a first end of the two liners (40); and

    two scales (22), each scale (22) removably coupled to one of the two liners (40);

    wherein each scale (22) is configured for use as a tool separate from the knife body when removed from the knife body,

    the knife (10) being characterized in that it further comprises:

    a lock back catch (16) positioned between the two liners (40); and

    a spring spacer (18) positioned between the two liners (40) proximate a second end of the two liners (40),

    wherein a bottle opener is formed by the lock back catch (16) and the spring spacer (18).


     
    2. The knife (10) of claim 1, wherein the tool is a tire lever.
     
    3. The knife (10) of claim 1, wherein the tool is at least one of a camping tool, a solar charger, a scraper/squeegee, an eating utensil, a spork, a knife, a fork, spoon, a dispenser, an insect repellant dispenser, a sun block dispenser, a floatation device, a storage compartment for a fishing kit, an everyday carry tool, a clock, a micro flask, a tweezer, a tooth pick, lip balm, a key holder, a key, a bike lock key, a key fob, scissors, a cell phone attachment, a zip cord, a lanyard, a writing implement, a USB storage drive, a money clip, an industrial tool, a level, a screw driver, a bit driver, a storage compartment for screw driver bits, a circuit tester, a TSA compliant solid state tool, a wire stripper, a prybar, a storage compartment for medicine, a storage compartment for a first aid kit, a storage compartment for a medical ID, a survival tool, a compass, a hand warmer, a magnifying glass, an antenna, a water filter, a straw, a sharpener, a signaling mirror, a personal locater beacon, a whistle, an edible substance, a light/illumination device, a fire starter, a lighter, a reflector, a storage compartment for food, a fan, a credit card reader, a storage compartment for hand sanitizer, a laser pointer, a camera, a shoe horn, a personal breathalyzer, a handle extender, a cord carrier, an attachment for connecting the knife a webbing system, a tire pressure gauge, and a pocket clip.
     
    4. The knife (10) of claim 1, wherein each scale (22) is magnetically coupled to one of the two liners (40).
     
    5. The knife (10) of claim 4, wherein each scale (22) includes a magnet (30) and at least a portion of each liner (40) is ferromagnetic.
     
    6. The knife (10) of claim 4, wherein each liner (40) includes a magnet and a least a portion of each scale (22) is ferromagnetic.
     
    7. The knife (10) of claim 1, wherein each scale (22) includes a protrusion (32) and each liner includes a corresponding recess (34), wherein each protrusion (32) is received by the corresponding recess (34) when the scale (22) is coupled to the liner (40).
     
    8. The knife (10) of claim 1, wherein each liner (40) includes a protrusion and each scale (22) includes a corresponding recess, wherein each protrusion is received by the corresponding recess when the scale (22) is coupled to the liner (40).
     
    9. The knife (10) of claim 1, wherein the two scales (22) combine to form the tool.
     
    10. The knife (10) of claim 1, wherein at least one of the scales (22) includes a pocket clip.
     
    11. The knife of claim 1, wherein the lock back catch (16) includes a hook (72) and the spring spacer (18) includes a protrusion (76), wherein the hook (72) and the protrusion (76) are arranged so that the bottle opener operates with the hook (72) engaged with a lip (74) of a bottle cap (70) and with the protrusion (76) in contact with a top surface (78) of the bottle cap (70) as a rotation point, so that rotation of the knife (10) removes the bottle cap (70) from a bottle.
     
    12. The knife (10) of claim 11, wherein each liner (40) includes a cutout (50) proximate the second end and the hook (72) of the lock back catch (16) and the protrusion (76) of the spring spacer (18) are accessible via the cutouts (50).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Messer (10), umfassend:

    einen Messerkörper, umfassend:

    zwei Einsatzstücke (40);

    eine Klinge (12), die zwischen den beiden Einsatzstücken (40) angeordnet und drehbar mit den beiden Einsatzstücken (40) in der Nähe eines ersten Endes der beiden Einsatzstücke (40) verbunden ist; und

    und zwei Griffplatten (22), wobei jede Griffplatte (22) entfernbar mit einem der beiden Einsatzstücke (40) verbunden ist;

    wobei jede Griffplatte (22) zur Verwendung als ein vom Messerkörper getrenntes Werkzeug konfiguriert ist, wenn sie vom Messerkörper entfernt ist, wobei das Messer (10) ferner dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass es Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Sperrklinke (16), die zwischen den beiden Einsatzstücken (40) angeordnet ist; und

    einen Federabstandshalter (18), der zwischen den beiden Einsatzstücken (40) in der Nähe eines zweiten Endes der beiden Einsatzstücke (40) angeordnet ist, wobei durch die Sperrklinke (16) und den Federabstandshalter (18) ein Flaschenöffner gebildet wird.


     
    2. Messer (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Werkzeug ein Reifenheber ist.
     
    3. Messer (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Werkzeug ein Campingwerkzeug, ein Solarladegerät, ein Schaber/Rakel, ein Essbesteck, ein Göffel, ein Messer, eine Gabel, ein Löffel, ein Spender, ein Insektenschutzmittel-Spender, ein Sonnenschutzmittel-Spender, eine Schwimmvorrichtung, ein Aufbewahrungsfach für ein Angelset, ein Alltagswerkzeug, eine Uhr, eine Mikroflasche, eine Pinzette, ein Zahnstocher, Lippenbalsam, ein Schlüsselhalter, ein Schlüssel, ein Fahrradschloss-Schlüssel, ein Schlüsselanhänger, eine Schere, ein Handy-Aufsatz, eine Reißverschlusskordel, ein Schlüsselband, ein Schreibgerät, ein USB-Speicherlaufwerk, ein Geld-Clip, ein Industriewerkzeug, eine Wasserwaage, ein Schraubendreher, ein Bit-Schraubendreher, ein Aufbewahrungsfach für Schraubendreher-Bits, ein Schaltkreistester, ein TSAkonformes Festkörperwerkzeug, eine Abisolierzange, eine Brechstange, ein Aufbewahrungsfach für Medikamente, ein Aufbewahrungsfach für ein Erste-Hilfe-Set, ein Aufbewahrungsfach für einen ärztlichen Ausweis, ein Überlebenswerkzeug, ein Kompass, ein Handwärmer, eine Lupe, eine Antenne, ein Wasserfilter, ein Strohhalm, ein Schärfer, ein Signalspiegel, eine persönliche Ortungsbake, eine Pfeife, eine essbare Substanz, ein Licht-/Beleuchtungsgerät, einen Feueranzünder, ein Feuerzeug, einen Reflektor, ein Aufbewahrungsfach für Lebensmittel, ein Ventilator, ein Kreditkartenlesegerät, ein Aufbewahrungsfach für Handdesinfektionsmittel, ein Laserpointer, eine Kamera, ein Schuhlöffel, ein persönlicher Alkoholtester, ein Griffverlängerer, eine Kordelhalterung, ein Aufsatz zum Verbinden des Messers, ein Gurtsystem, einen Reifendruckmesser und/oder ein Taschenclip ist.
     
    4. Messer (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei jede Griffplatte (22) magnetisch mit einem der beiden Einsatzstücke (40) verbunden ist.
     
    5. Messer (10) nach Anspruch 4, wobei jede Griffplatte (22) einen Magneten (30) beinhaltet und mindestens ein Abschnitt jedes Einsatzstücks (40) ferromagnetisch ist.
     
    6. Messer (10) nach Anspruch 4, wobei jedes Einsatzstück (40) einen Magneten beinhaltet und mindestens ein Abschnitt jeder Griffplatte (22) ferromagnetisch ist.
     
    7. Messer (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei jede Griffplatte (22) einen Vorsprung (32) beinhaltet und jedes Einsatzstück eine entsprechende Vertiefung (34) aufweist, wobei jeder Vorsprung (32) von der entsprechenden Vertiefung (34) aufgenommen wird, wenn die Griffplatte (22) mit dem Einsatzstück (40) verbunden ist.
     
    8. Messer (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei jedes Einsatzstück (40) einen Vorsprung und jede Griffplatte (22) eine entsprechende Vertiefung beinhaltet, wobei jeder Vorsprung von der entsprechenden Vertiefung aufgenommen wird, wenn die Griffplatte (22) mit dem Einsatzstück (40) verbunden ist.
     
    9. Messer (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die beiden Griffplatten (22) zusammen das Werkzeug bilden.
     
    10. Messer (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei mindestens eine der Griffplatten (22) einen Taschenclip beinhaltet.
     
    11. Messer nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Sperrklinke (16) einen Haken (72) beinhaltet und der Federabstandhalter (18) einen Vorsprung (76) aufweist, wobei der Haken (72) und der Vorsprung (76) so angeordnet sind, dass der Flaschenöffner mit dem Haken (72) in Eingriff mit einer Lippe (74) eines Flaschenverschlusses (70) und mit dem Vorsprung (76) in Kontakt mit einer oberen Fläche (78) des Flaschenverschlusses (70) als Drehpunkt wirkt, so dass eine Drehung des Messers (10) den Flaschenverschluss (70) von einer Flasche entfernt.
     
    12. Messer (10) nach Anspruch 11, wobei jedes Einsatzstück (40) in der Nähe des zweiten Endes einen Ausschnitt (50) beinhaltet und der Haken (72) der Sperrklinke (16) und der Vorsprung (76) des Federabstandshalters (18) über die Ausschnitte (50) zugänglich sind.
     


    Revendications

    1. Couteau (10), comprenant :

    un corps de couteau, comprenant :

    deux platines (40) ;

    une lame (12) positionnée entre les deux platines (40) et couplée en rotation aux deux platines (40) à proximité d'une première extrémité des deux platines (40) ; et

    deux plaquettes (22), chaque plaquette (22) étant couplée de manière amovible à une des deux platines (40) ;

    chaque plaquette (22) étant conçue pour être utilisée comme un outil séparé du corps de couteau lorsqu'elle est retirée du corps de couteau, le couteau (10) étant

    caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend en outre :

    un cran de verrouillage à pompe arrière (16) positionné entre les deux platines (40) ; et

    une entretoise à ressort (18) positionnée entre les deux platines (40) à proximité d'une seconde extrémité des deux platines (40), un décapsuleur étant formé par le cran de verrouillage à pompe arrière (16) et l'entretoise à ressort (18).


     
    2. Couteau (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'outil est un démonte-pneu.
     
    3. Couteau (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'outil est un outil de camping et/ou un chargeur solaire et/ou un grattoir/une raclette et/ou un couvert et/ou une cuillère-fourchette et/ou un couteau et/ou une fourchette et/ou une cuillère et/ou un distributeur et/ou un distributeur de répulsif à insectes et/ou un distributeur de crème solaire et/ou un dispositif de flottaison et/ou un compartiment de rangement de kit de pêche et/ou un outil de transport quotidien et/ou une horloge et/ou une mini-flasque et/ou une pince à épiler et/ou un cure-dent et/ou un baume à lèvres et/ou un porte-clés et/ou une clé et/ou une clé de cadenas de vélo et/ou une breloque porte-clés et/ou des ciseaux et/ou une base de téléphone portable et/ou un câble électrique de type zip cord et/ou un cordon et/ou un instrument d'écriture et/ou une clé de stockage USB et/ou une pince à billets et/ou un outil industriel et/ou un niveau et/ou un tournevis et/ou un porte-embout et/ou un compartiment de rangement d'embouts de tournevis et/ou un testeur de circuit et/ou un outil à semiconducteurs conforme à la TSA et/ou une pince à dénuder et/ou un levier et/ou un compartiment de rangement de médicaments et/ou un compartiment de rangement de trousse de premiers secours et/ou un compartiment de rangement de fiche médicale et/ou un outil de survie et/ou une boussole et/ou un chauffe-mains et/ou une loupe et/ou une antenne et/ou un filtre à eau et/ou une paille et/ou un aiguisoir et/ou un miroir de signalisation et/ou une balise de repérage individuelle et/ou un sifflet et/ou une substance comestible et/ou un dispositif lumineux/d'éclairage et/ou un allume-feu et/ou un briquet et/ou un réflecteur et/ou un compartiment de rangement de nourriture et/ou un ventilateur et/ou un lecteur de carte de crédit et/ou un compartiment de rangement de désinfectant pour les mains et/ou un pointeur laser et/ou un appareil photo et/ou un chausse-pied et/ou un éthylotest individuel et/ou une rallonge de poignée et/ou un porte-câbles et/ou un accessoire pour relier le couteau à un système de ceinture et/ou un manomètre pour pneus et/ou une agrafe de poche.
     
    4. Couteau (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel chaque plaquette (22) est couplée magnétiquement à une des deux platines (40).
     
    5. Couteau (10) selon la revendication 4, dans lequel chaque plaquette (22) comporte un aimant (30) et au moins une partie de chaque platine (40) est ferromagnétique.
     
    6. Couteau (10) selon la revendication 4, dans lequel chaque platine (40) comporte un aimant et au moins une partie de chaque plaquette (22) est ferromagnétique.
     
    7. Couteau (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel chaque plaquette (22) comporte une saillie (32) et chaque platine comporte un évidement correspondant (34), chaque saillie (32) étant reçue par l'évidement correspondant (34) lorsque la plaquette (22) est couplée à la platine (40).
     
    8. Couteau (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel chaque platine (40) comporte une saillie et chaque plaquette (22) comporte un évidement correspondant, chaque saillie étant reçue par l'évidement correspondant lorsque la plaquette (22) est couplée à la platine (40).
     
    9. Couteau (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les deux plaquettes (22) se combinent pour former l'outil.
     
    10. Couteau (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel au moins une des plaquettes (22) comporte une agrafe de poche.
     
    11. Couteau selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le cran de verrouillage à pompe arrière (16) comporte un crochet (72) et l'entretoise à ressort (18) comporte une saillie (76), le crochet (72) et la saillie (76) étant agencés de sorte que le décapsuleur fonctionne avec le crochet (72) en prise avec un rebord (74) d'une capsule de bouteille (70) et avec la saillie (76) en contact avec une surface supérieure (78) de la capsule de bouteille (70) comme point de rotation, de sorte que la rotation du couteau (10) retire la capsule de bouteille (70) d'une bouteille.
     
    12. Couteau (10) selon la revendication 11, dans lequel chaque platine (40) comporte une découpe (50) à proximité de la seconde extrémité et le crochet (72) du cran de verrouillage à pompe arrière (16) et la saillie (76) de l'entretoise à ressort (18) sont accessibles par l'intermédiaire des découpes (50).
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description