(19)
(11)EP 3 104 407 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
09.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/37

(21)Application number: 14886216.2

(22)Date of filing:  20.03.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01L 23/427(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2014/073784
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/139271 (24.09.2015 Gazette  2015/38)

(54)

MOBILE TERMINAL

MOBILES ENDGERÄT

TERMINAL MOBILE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
14.12.2016 Bulletin 2016/50

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Device Co., Ltd.
Dongguan, Guangdong 523808 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • YAN, Longping
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • WEI, Konggang
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • LI, Hualin
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Epping - Hermann - Fischer 
Patentanwaltsgesellschaft mbH Schloßschmidstraße 5
80639 München
80639 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 0 529 837
CN-A- 1 925 143
CN-A- 101 384 152
JP-A- H0 325 991
JP-A- H06 244 576
EP-A1- 0 917 418
CN-A- 101 374 395
CN-U- 202 362 724
JP-A- H1 168 371
US-A- 6 122 167
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to the field of terminal technologies, and in particular, to a mobile terminal.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Currently, as mobile terminals such as mobile phones and wireless wide area network cards become more popular and are developing towards a trend of higher intelligence, higher integration and more powerful functions, chips used in the mobile terminals run at increasingly high clock rates, so that the chips may have a more powerful data processing capability. With constant advancement of chip technologies, chips generate more heat in a working process, bringing more challenges to a thermal design for terminals.

    [0003] In the prior art, a heat-conducting layer is generally disposed between a chip and a shielding case of the chip. Heat generated by the chip is conducted to the shielding case by the heat-conducting layer, and is then dissipated by means of a heat conduction effect of the shielding case that is made of a metal, thereby achieving heat dissipation of the chip and lowering a temperature around the chip.

    [0004] During implementation of the present invention, it is found that, limited by sizes and heat-conducting performance of a thermal pad and the shielding case, a heat dissipation effect of the chip is not satisfactory.

    [0005] EP 0 917 418 A1 discloses an electronic apparatus being contained in a heat dissipative external enclosure 2. The enclosure contains at least one unit contained in a thermally conductive internal housing 4,6 providing RF isolation and mounted on a wall 7 of the enclosure in thermal contact therewith. A wall 11 of the unit has a first recess 14 receiving the evaporator 13 of a heat pipe 12. The heat pipe is clamped between the external enclosure and the internal housing. The condenser 22 of the heat pipe is lower than the evaporator and is received by a recess 24 in the wall 7. The evaporator is clamped in the recess by a clamp member e.g. another unit 6.

    [0006] JP H11 68371 A discloses a laminated multilayered wiring board. On the laminated multilayered wiring board 12, a through hole 20 is formed at a position which is facing to a heat-generating part 11 of an electronic circuit on the board. A heat pipe 16 is inserted into through hole 20 so that one end of the heat pipe 16 is thermally coupled to the heat- generating part 11, while the other end of the pipe 16 is thermally coupled to a heat radiator 15. The heat generated by the part 11 is transferred to the heat radiator 15 through the heat pipe 16 to thermally control the part 11. US 6 122 167 A discloses a computer system including a motherboard mounted in a chassis. An EMI shield member is mounted on the motherboard. A processor module is connected to the motherboard and has peripheral edge contact with the EMI shield member. A cap member is mounted on the processor module and is engaged with the EMI shield member. A heat sink is connected to the cap member. A heat pipe has a first end attached to the cap member and a second end attached to the heat sink. A fan is mounted in the chassis adjacent the heat sink for drawing cooling air across the heat sink.

    [0007] JP H06 244576 A discloses a printed wiring board 1 with an unified heat pipe consisting of the following; a first single-sided copper-clad lamination board 15 on which a mounting parts like an IC 20 as a heat generating element is arranged, a second single-sided copper-clad lamination board 16, and a heat pipe 5 which dissipates the heat generated from the IC 20 mounted on the single-sided copper- clad lamination boards 15, 16. The heat pipe 5 consists of an evaporation part 3 for vaporizing operating liquid sealed in the heat pipe 5 and a condenser part 4 for liquifying the vaporized operating liquid. The evaporation part 3 is arranged in the vicinity of the heat generating element on the single-sided copper-clad lamination board 15. The condenser part 4 are made to protrude outside the single-sided copper clad lamination boards 15, 16, and dissipates the heat.

    [0008] EP 0 529 837 A1 discloses a method and apparatus for cooling a multi-chip module with an integrated heatpipe (38). Multiple semiconductor chips (10) are embedded in a packaging substrate (12) with electrical interconnects disposed on one side while a heat sink (14) incorporated into the substrate on the other side and abutting the semiconductor chips on their underside. A heatpipe (38) is directly mounted to the heat sink. Inside the heatpipe is a chamber containing a coolant (18) and a wick (16).

    [0009] JP H03 25991 A discloses printed circuit board with a heat absorption layer 2 made of a copper foil having substantially the same size as that of an insulating plate 1 made of a glass epoxy resin laminated plate is secured to one side face of the plate 1. Three heat pipes 3 made of copper pipes sealed in operation liquid therein are secured substantially at an equal interval to the layer 2. The part not in contact with the layer 2 is secured to one side face of a base material 4 made of epoxy resin.; Heats generated from an element and a conductor pattern mounted on the plate 1 are transferred to the pipes 3 through the layer 2 to evaporate the liquids in the pipes 3, the heat of the vapor is dissipated by the evaporation at a heat sink 31.

    SUMMARY



    [0010] A technical problem to be resolved by the present invention is to provide a mobile terminal which can improve a heat dissipation effect of a chip and lower a temperature of the chip.

    [0011] The invention is defined by the independent claim. Advantageous embodiments of the invention are given in the sub-claims.

    [0012] To resolve the foregoing technical problem, the following technical solution is used in a mobile terminal provided by the present invention:
    A mobile terminal includes a circuit board, where a chip is disposed on a first surface of the circuit board, a groove is provided on a second surface of the circuit board, and the mobile terminal further includes:
    a heat pipe, where one end of the heat pipe is embedded in the groove, and an other end of the heat pipe protrudes from a side wall of the circuit board or is flush to a side wall of the circuit board.

    [0013] The groove extends to below the chip, so that one end of the heat pipe extends to below the chip.

    [0014] The depth of the groove is less than or equal to half a thickness of the circuit board.

    [0015] The mobile terminal further includes:
    a thermal pad, located in the groove, where the thermal pad is located between the chip and the heat pipe.

    [0016] In a further possible implementation manner, the heat pipe has a rectangular section.

    [0017] In a further possible implementation manner, the mobile terminal further includes: a shielding case, located on the circuit board and wrapping the chip.

    [0018] In a further possible implementation manner, the mobile terminal further includes: a housing, wrapping the heat pipe, the shielding case, the chip, and the circuit board.

    [0019] In the technical solution of embodiments of the present invention, the chip is disposed on the first surface of the circuit board in the mobile terminal, the groove is provided on the second surface of the circuit board, the heat pipe is disposed in the groove, and one end of the heat pipe extends to the side wall of the circuit board or outside the side wall of the circuit board, so that heat generated by the chip can be conducted to outside the circuit board through the heat pipe. In this way, a temperature around the chip can be effectively lowered, thereby lowering a temperature of the entire mobile terminal. In addition, a leakage current is reduced, and power consumption of the chip is reduced, thereby further reducing power consumption of the entire mobile terminal.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0020] 

    FIG. 1 is a first schematic diagram of an internal structure of a mobile terminal according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 2 is a second schematic diagram of an internal structure of a mobile terminal according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 3 is a first exploded view of FIG. 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 4 is a first schematic sectional view taken along A-A' in FIG. 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 5 is a second exploded view of FIG. 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

    FIG. 6 is a second schematic sectional view taken along A-A' in FIG. 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention.


    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0021] The following clearly and completely describes the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention.

    [0022] As shown in FIG. 1, FIG. 3 and FIG. 4, an embodiment of the present invention provides a mobile terminal, including a circuit board 1, where a chip 2 is disposed on a first surface of the circuit board 1, and a groove 3 is provided on a second surface of the circuit board 1. The mobile terminal further includes:

    a heat pipe 4, where one end of the heat pipe 4 is embedded in the groove 3, and an

    other end protrudes from a side wall of the circuit board 1.



    [0023] The heat pipe 4 makes use of evaporative cooling, so that temperatures of two ends of the heat pipe differ greatly and heat is conducted rapidly. The heat pipe generally consists of an envelope, a wick and end caps. An interior of the heat pipe is exhausted to a negative-pressure state and filled with a suitable liquid. Such a liquid has a low boiling point and is volatile. A pipe wall is provided with a wick that is made of a capillary porous material. The one end of the heat pipe 4 is an evaporation end, and the other end is a condensation end. When the one end of the heat pipe is heated, the liquid in capillary tubes evaporates rapidly. Vapor flows to the other end under a tiny pressure difference, releases heat and condenses into a liquid again. Then, the liquid flows back to the evaporation end along the porous material under action of capillary forces. As such circulation continues, the heat is transferred from the one end to the other end of the heat pipe 4. Because the circulation occurs rapidly, heat can be incessantly conducted to the outside. Specifically, in this embodiment of the present invention, the chip 2 is disposed on the first surface of the circuit board 1, the groove 3 is provided on the second surface of the circuit board 1, the groove 3 extends to below the chip 2, the heat pipe 4 is disposed in the groove 3, and one end of the heat pipe 4 extends to outside the side wall of the circuit board 1. The heat pipe 4 can conduct heat generated by the chip 2 to an area with a relatively low temperature outside the circuit board 1, which effectively lowers a temperature around the chip 2, improves the heat dissipation efficiency of the chip 2, and lowers a temperature of the chip 2.

    [0024] In addition, because the chip 2 is integrated with multiple electronic devices that enable the chip 2 to implement its functions, such as a MOS (Metal Oxide Semiconductor) transistor, when the temperature of the chip 2 rises, a leakage current from a source to a drain of the MOS transistor increases exponentially with the temperature, and power consumption of the chip 2 is increased. In this embodiment of the present invention, the heat dissipation efficiency of the chip 2 is improved, the temperature around the chip 2 is lowered, and the leakage current is reduced, which is equivalent to reducing the power consumption of the chip 2, thereby further reducing power consumption of the entire mobile terminal.

    [0025] In addition, as shown in FIG. 2, in this embodiment of the present invention, the heat pipe 4 may extend only to the side wall of the circuit board 1. In this way, not only the temperature around the chip 2 can be lowered, but also a length of the mobile terminal can be shortened.

    [0026] In the technical solution of this embodiment of the present invention, the chip is disposed on the first surface of the circuit board in the mobile terminal, the groove is provided on the second surface of the circuit board, the heat pipe is disposed in the groove, and one end of the heat pipe extends to the side wall of the circuit board or outside the side wall of the circuit board, so that heat generated by the chip can be conducted to the outside of the circuit board through the heat pipe. In this way, a temperature around the chip can be effectively lowered, thereby lowering a temperature of the entire mobile terminal. In addition, a leakage current is reduced, and power consumption of the chip is reduced, thereby further reducing power consumption of the entire mobile terminal.

    [0027] As shown in FIG. 3a depth of the groove 3 is set according to an actual thickness of the circuit board 1. Because the thickness of the circuit board 1 ranges from 0.6 mm to 1 mm, the depth of the groove 3 should be less than or equal to half the thickness of the circuit board 1, in order to ensure strength and rigidity of the circuit board 1 provided with the groove 3. A heat pipe 4 having a rectangular section, preferably a relatively oblate rectangular section, may be selected. In this case, the depth of the groove 3 cooperating with the heat pipe 4 can be relatively small, which can better ensure the strength and rigidity of the circuit board 1. In addition, a heat pipe having a relatively large width may be selected, which can ensure a heat dissipation effect of the chip 2.

    [0028] However, because the current development trend is towards lighter and thinner mobile terminals, thicknesses of components inside mobile terminals also decrease correspondingly. If the thickness of the circuit board 1 is relatively small, there is a small difference between a thickness of the heat pipe 4 and the thickness of the circuit board 1. In this case, it still needs to be ensured that the depth of the groove 3 cooperating with the heat pipe 4 is less than or equal to half the thickness of the circuit board 1, and as shown in FIG. 1, FIG. 2 and FIG. 4, a part of the heat pipe protrudes from the second surface of the circuit board 1.

    [0029] For example, a circuit board 1 of a mobile terminal has a thickness of 0.65 mm and is of a 10-layer board structure. A heat pipe 4 having a thickness of 0.5 mm and a length of 100 mm may be selected. Because a depth of a groove 3 in the circuit board 1 should not exceed half the thickness of the circuit board 1, the groove 3 may be formed on a second surface of the circuit board 1. The groove 3 has a depth of 0.2 mm and extends from a side wall of the circuit board 1 to a position, which corresponds to a chip 2, on the second surface. In this case, the heat pipe 4 protrudes from the second surface of the circuit board 1 by 0.3 mm.

    [0030] In this embodiment of the present invention, the groove 3 may be formed by using a milling cutter machine, or be formed by using a laser method. It should be noted that the laser method is only applicable to a circuit board 1 that is not clad with copper, and a material that is not transmissive to a laser needs to be disposed between layers. For example, for the foregoing circuit board 1 of a 10-layer-board structure, if the groove 3 is formed only in the first to third layers of the structure by using a laser, a material that is not transmissive to a laser may be disposed between the third and fourth layers of the structure.

    [0031] Further, as shown in FIG. 5 or FIG. 6, to improve the heat dissipation efficiency of the chip 2, the mobile terminal in the present invention may further include:
    a thermal pad 5, located in the groove 3, where the thermal pad 5 is located between the chip 2 and the heat pipe 4.

    [0032] It can be known by comparing FIG. 5 with FIG. 3 that to dispose the thermal pad 5, a space corresponding to the thermal pad 5 is formed in the groove 3.

    [0033] The thermal pad 5 is made of a high-performance, thermally conductive gap-filling material, which is mainly used for a transfer interface between an electronic device and a heat sink or a housing of the electronic device, and has good stickiness, good flexibility, good compression performance and an excellent thermal conductivity.

    [0034] In the technical solution of this embodiment of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 5 and FIG. 6, the thermal pad 5 is placed between the heat pipe 4 and the chip 2, to conduct heat from the chip 2 to the heat pipe 4, thereby further improving the heat dissipation efficiency of the chip 2 and lowering the temperature of the chip 2.

    [0035] Further, in the technical solution of this embodiment of the present invention, the mobile terminal further includes:
    a shielding case, located on the circuit board 1 and wrapping the chip 2; and a structure such as a housing that wraps the heat pipe 4, the shielding case, the chip 2, and the circuit board 1.


    Claims

    1. A mobile terminal, comprising a circuit board (1), wherein
    a chip (2) is disposed on a first surface of the circuit board (1), the circuit board comprising a thickness in a range from 0.6 mm to 1 mm,
    a groove (3) is provided on a second surface of the circuit board (1), the groove (3) extends to below the chip and extends to a side wall of the circuit board (1) and a depth of the groove (3) is less than or equal to half a thickness of the circuit board (1), and the mobile terminal further comprises:

    a heat pipe (4), wherein the heat pipe (4) is disposed in the groove (3), and one end of the heat pipe (4) extends to the side wall of the circuit board (1) or outside the side wall of the circuit board (1), and

    a thermal pad (5), located in the groove (3), wherein the thermal pad (5) is located between the chip (2) and the heat pipe (4).


     
    2. The mobile terminal according to claim 1, wherein
    the heat pipe (4) has a rectangular section.
     
    3. The mobile terminal according to claim 1, further comprising:
    a shielding case, located on the circuit board (1) and wrapping the chip (2).
     
    4. The mobile terminal according to claim 1, further comprising:
    a housing, wrapping the heat pipe (4), the shielding case, the chip (2), and the circuit board (1).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Mobilendgerät, das eine Schaltungsplatine (1) umfasst, wobei ein Chip (2) auf einer ersten Oberfläche der Schaltungsplatine (1) angeordnet ist, die Schaltungsplatine eine Dicke in einem Bereich von 0,6 mm bis 1 mm aufweist,
    eine Nut (3) auf einer zweiten Oberfläche der Schaltungsplatine (1) vorgesehen ist, wobei sich die Nut (3) bis unter den Chip erstreckt und sich bis zu einer Seitenwand der Schaltungsplatine (1) erstreckt und eine Tiefe der Nut (3) kleiner oder gleich einer halben Dicke der Schaltungsplatine (1) ist, und das Mobilendgerät ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    eine "Heat-Pipe" (4), wobei die "Heat-Pipe" (4) in der Nut (3) angeordnet ist und sich ein Ende der "Heat-Pipe" (4) bis zur Seitenwand der Schaltungsplatine (1) oder nach außerhalb der Seitenwand der Schaltungsplatine (1) erstreckt, und

    ein Wärmeübertragungselement (5), das sich in der Nut (3) befindet, wobei sich das Wärmeübertragungselement (5) zwischen dem Chip (2) und der "Heat-Pipe" (4) befindet.


     
    2. Mobilendgerät nach Anspruch 1, wobei
    die "Heat-Pipe" (4) einen rechteckigen Querschnitt aufweist.
     
    3. Mobilendgerät nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend:
    eine Abschirmungseinhäusung, die sich auf der Schaltungsplatine (1) befindet und den Chip (2) umhüllt.
     
    4. Mobilendgerät nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend:
    ein Gehäuse, das die "Heat-Pipe" (4), die Abschirmungseinhäusung, den Chip (2) und die Schaltungsplatine (1) umhüllt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Terminal mobile, comprenant une carte à circuits imprimés (1), dans lequel une puce (2) est disposée sur une première surface de la carte à circuits imprimés (1), la carte à circuits imprimés comprenant une épaisseur comprise dans une plage de 0,6 mm à 1 mm,
    une rainure (3) est prévue sur une deuxième surface de la carte à circuits imprimés (1), la rainure (3) s'étend en dessous de la puce et s'étend jusqu'à une paroi latérale de la carte à circuits imprimés (1) et une profondeur de la rainure (3) est inférieure ou égale à la moitié d'une épaisseur de la carte à circuits imprimés (1), et le terminal mobile comprend en outre :

    un tuyau chauffant (4), le tuyau chauffant (4) étant disposé dans la rainure (3), et une extrémité du tuyau chauffant (4) s'étendant jusqu'à la paroi latérale de la carte à circuits imprimés (1) ou à l'extérieur de la paroi latérale de la carte à circuits imprimés (1), et

    une plage thermique (5) située dans la rainure (3), la plage thermique (5) étant située entre la puce (2) et le tuyau chauffant (4).


     
    2. Terminal mobile selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    le tuyau chauffant (4) a une section rectangulaire.
     
    3. Terminal mobile selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :
    une enveloppe de protection, située sur la carte à circuits imprimés (1) et enveloppant la puce (2).
     
    4. Terminal mobile selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :
    un boîtier enveloppant le tuyau chauffant (4), l'enveloppe de protection, la puce (2) et la carte à circuits imprimés (1).
     




    Drawing














    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description