(19)
(11)EP 3 105 434 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 15704910.7

(22)Date of filing:  04.02.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F02B 79/00(2006.01)
F02F 3/10(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2015/014409
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/120016 (13.08.2015 Gazette  2015/32)

(54)

PISTON WITH ABRADABLE COATING TO GENERATE APPROPRIATE CONTACT GEOMETRY ON RUNNING SURFACE

KOLBEN MIT ABREIBBARER BESCHICHTUNG ZUR ERZEUGUNG DER GEEIGNETEN KONTAKTGEOMETRIE AUF DER LAUFFLÄCHE

PISTON AVEC REVÊTEMENT ABRADABLE SERVANT À PRODUIRE UNE GÉOMÉTRIE DE CONTACT APPROPRIÉE SUR UNE SURFACE DE FROTTEMENT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 04.02.2014 US 201461935518 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
21.12.2016 Bulletin 2016/51

(73)Proprietor: Tenneco Inc.
Lake Forest, IL 60045 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • INWOOD, Bruce
    Fenton, MI 48430 (US)
  • RIFFE, Jeffrey, L.
    Troy, MI 48085 (US)

(74)Representative: Hoffmann Eitle 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartmbB Arabellastraße 30
81925 München
81925 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
CN-Y- 201 280 980
JP-A- H1 046 361
JP-A- 2013 167 209
US-A1- 2011 232 480
FR-A5- 2 076 799
JP-A- 2003 013 802
US-A- 5 469 777
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    1. Field of the Invention



    [0001] This invention relates generally to pistons for internal combustion engines, and methods of manufacturing the same.

    2. Related Art



    [0002] Pistons used in internal combustion engines should be designed with appropriate contact geometry for sliding along a cylinder of the internal combustion engine. Oftentimes, an outside running surface, such as the surface of a piston skirt, is machined to an oval shape, in cross-section, to meet such requirements. However, the process of machining the metal material of the piston to the desired oval shape is expensive and requires specialized equipment.

    [0003] Wrist pin bores of pistons are also typically formed to an appropriate shape, such as a non-round shape, for accommodating a wrist pin as the piston reciprocates in the cylinder of the engine. This profiled wrist pin bore is also expensive to manufacture, due to the process steps and equipment required to machine the metal material.

    [0004] A piston with an abradable coating is known from US5469777 or US20110232480.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0005] One aspect of the invention provides a piston for use in an internal combustion engine capable of achieving appropriate contact geometry without a costly machining step. The piston includes a body portion presenting an outer surface, and a portion of the outer surface presents a shape that is not greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape. An abradable coating including an aluminum-silicon alloy is applied to that round portion of the outer surface for rubbing against at least one other component of the internal combustion engine and thus achieving the appropriate contact geometry, for example an oval, asymmetric, or other non-circular shape.

    [0006] The invention also provides a piston assembly for use in an internal combustion engine. The assembly includes a piston, a connecting rod, and a wrist pin for connecting the piston to the connection rod. The piston includes a body portion presenting an outer surface. The body portion also includes a crown and pair of pin bosses depending from the crown and spaced from one another about a center axis. Each of the pin bosses defines a pin bore. The connecting rod includes a connecting end which is disposed between the pin bosses of the piston. The connecting end has a connecting surface defining a pin opening, and the pin opening is axially aligned with the pin bores of the piston. The wrist pin extends through the aligned pin bores of the piston and pin opening of the connecting rod for connecting the piston to the connecting rod. The wrist pin presents a contact surface facing the pin bosses and the connecting surface of the connecting rod. At least one of the pin bosses of the piston, the connecting surface of the connecting rod, and the contact surface of the wrist pin includes a portion presenting a shape which is not greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape, and an abradable coating including an aluminum-silicon alloy is applied to that portion of the at least one surface.

    [0007] Yet another aspect of the invention provides a method of manufacturing a piston for use in an internal combustion engine. The method includes providing a body portion of a piston presenting an outer surface, wherein a portion of the outer surface presents a shape which is not greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape. The method further includes applying an abradable coating including an aluminum-silicon alloy to that portion of the outer surface for rubbing against at least one other component of the internal combustion engine.

    [0008] Another aspect of the invention provides a method of manufacturing a piston assembly for use in an internal combustion engine, wherein the assembly includes a piston, a connecting rod, and a wrist pin. The method includes providing a body portion of the piston, wherein the body portion presents an outer surface, The body portion also includes a crown, and a pair of pin bosses depending from the crown and spaced from one another about a center axis. Each of the pin bosses defines a pin bore. The method further includes providing the connecting rod with a connecting end for being disposed between the pin bosses of the piston, wherein the connecting end presents a connecting surface defining a pin opening for being axially aligned with the pin bosses of the piston. The method also includes providing the wrist pin for extending through the aligned pin bosses of the piston and pin bore of the connecting rod for connecting the piston to the connecting rod. The wrist pin presents a contact surface for facing the pin bosses and the connecting surface of the connecting rod. The method further includes applying an abradable coating including an aluminum-silicon alloy to at least one of the pin bosses of the piston, the connecting surface of the connecting rod, and the contact surface of the wrist pin including a portion presenting a shape being not greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0009] Other advantages of the present invention will be readily appreciated, as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:

    Figure 1 is a side view of a diesel piston formed of steel and including a cooling gallery and an abradable coating, according to an exemplary embodiment;

    Figure 1a is an enlarged view of a portion of the piston of Figure 1 showing the abradable coating applied to ring lands;

    Figure 1b is an enlarged view of a portion of the piston of Figure 1 showing the abradable coating applied along a wrist pin bore;

    Figure 1c is an enlarged view of a portion of the piston of Figure 1 showing the abradable coating applied to a skirt section;

    Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view of the piston of Figure 1;

    Figure 3 is another cross-sectional view of the piston of Figure 1;

    Figure 4 is a top view of the piston of Figure 1;

    Figure 5 is a bottom view of the piston of Figure 1;

    Figure 6 is a cross-sectional view of a diesel piston without a cooling gallery and including the abradable coating, according to an exemplary embodiment;

    Figure 7 is another cross-sectional view of the piston of Figure 6;

    Figure 8 is a bottom view of the piston of Figure 6;

    Figure 9 is a perspective view of a gasoline piston formed of aluminum without a cooling gallery and including the abradable coating, according to an exemplary embodiment;

    Figure 10 is a cross-sectional view of the piston of Figure 9; and

    Figure 11 is a connecting rod and wrist pin that can be coupled to the piston to form a piston assembly, according to an exemplary embodiment; and

    Figure 11a is a cross-sectional view of a portion of Figure 11 showing the abradable coating applied to the wrist pin.


    DESCRIPTION OF ENABLING EMBODIMENTS



    [0010] One aspect of the invention provides a piston 20 with an abradable coating 22 for an internal combustion engine, as shown in the Figures. During use of the piston 20 in the internal combustion engine, the abradable coating 22 rubs against another component, such as a cylinder liner or wrist pin, and wears down to a suitable shape. The abradable coating 22 can be applied to a round running surface of the piston 20 and then wears down to generate an appropriate contact geometry, for example an oval, asymmetric, or other non-circular shape, during the "running-in phase" of operation. Thus, extensive and costly machining of the piston to achieve the appropriate contact geometry is no longer required. In addition to reducing manufacturing costs by reducing the amount of machining, the abradable coating 22 also has the potential to reduce oil consumption, blow-by, emission output, noise, cylinder liner cavitation, and the number of rings from three to two.

    [0011] The abradable coating 22can be applied to many types of pistons, for example diesel, gasoline, ethanol, 2-stroke, and 4-stroke pistons, including pistons with or without a cooling gallery. Figures 1-5 illustrate an exemplary diesel piston 20 formed of steel and including a cooling gallery 24, Figures 6-8 illustrate an exemplary diesel piston 20 formed of steel without a cooling gallery, and Figures 9 and 10 illustrate an exemplary gasoline piston 20 formed of aluminum without a cooling gallery. Although not shown, another example of the type of piston to which the abradable coating 22 can be applied is a diesel piston formed of aluminum, with or without a cooling gallery.

    [0012] In the exemplary embodiments, the piston 20 includes a body portion 26 formed of a metal material. The metal material is typically an iron-based material or an aluminum-based material, but other materials could be used. The body portion 26 extends around a center axis A and longitudinally along the center axis A from an upper end 28 to a lower end 30. The piston 20 also includes a crown 32 extending circumferentially about the center axis A from the upper end 28 toward the lower end 30. In the embodiment of Figures 1-5, the crown 32 is joined to the remainder of the body portion 26, in this case by welding,

    [0013] The crown 32 of the piston 20 defines at least one ring groove 36 extending circumferentially about the center axis A for receiving at least one ring (not shown). Typically the piston 20 includes two or three ring grooves 36. Ring lands 38 are disposed adjacent each ring groove 36 and space the ring grooves 36 from one another. The outer surface 40 of the ring lands 38 can be machined or otherwise formed to a generally "round" shape, which is a shape that is not greater than 0,1 millimeter (mm) from a circular shape. Although the round shape is less costly to machine than an oval shape or another non-round shape, the oval or other non-round shape is typically desired to achieve appropriate contact geometry between the ring lands 38 and cylinder liner of the internal combustion engine.

    [0014] As stated above, the piston 20 can be formed with or without a cooling gallery 24. In the embodiment of Figures 1-5, the piston 20 includes the cooling gallery 24 extending circumferentially around the center axis A between the crown 32 and the remainder of the body portion 26. In this embodiment, the crown 32 includes a pair of upper ribs 42 spaced from the center axis A and from one another, the adjacent section of the body portion 26 includes a pair of lower ribs 44 spaced from the center axis A and from one another, and the upper ribs 42 are welded to the lower ribs 44 to form the cooling gallery 24. In this case, the ribs 42, 44 are friction welded together, but the ribs 42, 44 may be joined using other methods. The cooling gallery 24 can contain a cooling fluid to dissipate heat away from the hot crown 32 during use of the piston 20 in the internal combustion engine. In addition, cooling fluid can be sprayed into the cooling gallery 24 or along an interior surface of the crown 32 to reduce the temperature of the crown 24 during use in the internal combustion engine. The pistons 20 of Figures 6-10 are formed without a cooling gallery 24.

    [0015] The body portion 26 of the piston 20 further includes a pair of pin bosses 46 spaced from one another about the center axis A and depending from the crown 32 to the lower end 30. The outer surface 40 along each of the pin bosses 46 faces inwardly and defines a pin bore 48 for receiving a wrist pin 50 which can be used to connect the piston 20 to a connecting rod 52, as shown in Figure 11, The outer surface 40 of the pin bosses 46 along the pin bore 48 may be machined or otherwise formed to a generally "round" shape, which is a shape that is not greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape.

    [0016] The body portion 26 also includes a pair of skirt sections 54 spacing the pin bosses 46 from one another about the center axis A and depending from the crown 32 to the lower end 30. The outer surface 40 of the skirt sections 54 may also be machined or otherwise formed to a generally "round" shape, which is a shape that is not greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape. In this case, the skirt sections 54 present the round shape when the piston 20 completes the casting or forging process, without any machining and before any post-casting or post-forging steps. Although the round shape is less costly to create than the oval shape, the oval shape is typically desired to achieve appropriate contact geometry between the skirt sections 54 and cylinder liner of the internal combustion engine.

    [0017] As alluded to above, the abradable coating 22 is applied along portions of the outer surface 40 of the piston 20 which initially have the round shape in order to obtain a suitable contact geometry, such as the desired oval, asymmetric, or other non-round shape, without the costly machining process. The abradable coating 22 can be formed of various different compositions which wear down when rubbed against another component, such as the cylinder liner or wrist pin. According to the invention the abradable coating includes an aluminum-silicon material. In the exemplary embodiments, the abradable coating 22 is formed of a polymer-based material. The abradable coating can also include fillers or additives, such as graphite, hexagonal boron nitride, and/or molybdenum disulfide. For example, the abradable coating 22 can consist of a polymer and an aluminum-silicon alloy; an aluminum-silicon alloy and graphite; or an aluminum-silicon alloy and hexagonal boron nitride. The abradable coating 22 can be applied to any thickness t, but is typically applied to a thickness t ranging from 20 µm to 400 µm.

    [0018] In the exemplary embodiment shown in Figures 1 and 1a, the abradable coating 22 is applied to the outer surface 40 of the ring lands 38 which presents the round shape, i.e. the shape being not greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape, The abradable coating 22 is typically applied to a thickness t of 50 to 300 µm along the ring lands 38, and the thickness t is typically approximately uniform along the ring lands 38 when initially applied. During use of the piston 20 in the internal combustion engine, the abradable coating 22 rubs against the cylinder liner as the piston 20 reciprocates along the cylinder liner. Thus, an exposed surface 56 of the abradable coating 22 wears down to a more suitable shape, for example an oval shape which is greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape. The thickness t of the abradable coating 22 varies along the ring lands 38 after rubbing against the cylinder liner.

    [0019] In the exemplary embodiment shown in Figures 1 and 1b, the abradable coating 22 is applied to the outer surface 40 along the pin bores 48 of the pin bosses 46 which face inwardly and present the round shape, i.e. the shape being not greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape, The abradable coating 22 is typically applied to a thickness t of 20 to 30 µm along the pin bores 48, and the thickness t is typically approximately uniform along the pin bores 48 when initially applied. During use of the piston 20 in the internal combustion engine, the wrist pin 50 is disposed in the pin bores 48 to connect the piston 20 to the connecting rod 52, and the abradable coating 22 rubs against the wrist pin 50 as the piston 20 reciprocates along the cylinder liner. Thus, the exposed surface 56 of the abradable coating 22 wears down to a more suitable shape, such as an oval or asymmetric shape. The worn exposed surface 56 along the pin bores 48 could have a shape which is greater than 0,1 mm from a circular shape, or less than 0.1 mm from a circular shape. For example, the abradable coating 22 could achieve a trumpet or banana shape after rubbing against the wrist pin 50. The thickness t of the abradable coating 22 typically varies along the pin bores 48 after rubbing against the wrist pin 50.

    [0020] In the exemplary embodiment shown in Figures 1 and 1c, the abradable coating 22 is also applied to the outer surface 40 of the skirt sections 54 which presents the round shape, i.e. the shape being not greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape. The abradable coating 22 is typically applied to a thickness t of 100 to 400 µm along the skirt sections 54, and the thickness t is typically approximately uniform along the skirt sections 54 when initially applied. During use of the piston 20 in the internal combustion engine, the abradable coating 22 on the skirt sections 54 rubs against the cylinder liner as the piston 20 reciprocates. Thus, an exposed surface 56 of the abradable coating 22 wears down to a more suitable shape, for example the oval shape which is greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape. The thickness t of the abradable coating 22 varies along the skirt sections 54 after rubbing against the cylinder liner.

    [0021] Another aspect of the invention provides a piston assembly for use in an internal combustion engine. In addition to the body portion 26, as described above, the piston assembly also includes the wrist pin 50 and connecting rod 52, as shown in Figure 11. The connecting rod 52 includes a connecting end 58 with a connecting surface 60 defining a pin opening. During use of the piston assembly in the internal combustion engine, the pin opening is axially aligned with the pin bores 48 of the piston 20, and the wrist pin 50 extends through the aligned pin opening and pin bores 48 to connect the piston 20 to the connecting rod 52. The wrist pin 50 presents a contact surface 62 facing the outer surface 40 of the pin bosses 46 and the connecting surface 60 of the connecting rod 52. The abradable coating 22 only needs to be applied to the pin bosses 46 or the wrist pin 50, not both.

    [0022] In addition to applying the abradable coating 22 to portions of the piston 20, as described above, the abradable coating 22 can also, or alternatively, be applied to the connecting surface 60 of the connecting rod 52 and/or the contact surface 62 of the wrist pin 50. Figures 11 and 11a illustrate an exemplary embodiment wherein the abradable coating 22 is applied to the contact surface 62 of the wrist pin 50. However, the abradable coating 22 could alternatively be applied to the connecting surface 60 of the connecting rod 52. The abradable coating 22 only needs to be applied to the wrist pin 50 or the connecting rod 52, not both,

    [0023] In the embodiment of Figures 11 and 11a, the contact surface 62 of the wrist pin 50 presents a shape being not greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape, and the abradable coating 22 is applied to this round contact surface 62. The abradable coating 22 is typically applied to a thickness t of 20 to 30 µm along the contact surface 62, and the thickness t is typically approximately uniform along the contact surface 62 of the wrist pin 50 when initially applied. During use of the piston 20 in the internal combustion engine, the abradable coating 22 on the wrist pin 50 rubs against the connecting surface 60 of the connecting rod 52 and the outer surface 40 of the pin bosses 46 as the piston 20 reciprocates along the cylinder liner. Thus, the exposed surface 56 of the abradable coating 22 wears down to a more suitable shape, such as the oval, asymmetric, or other non-round shape, which could be greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape. The thickness t of the abradable coating 22 typically varies along the wrist pin 50 after rubbing against the connecting rod 52 and piston 20, For example, the abradable coating 22 can achieve a trumpet or banana shape after rubbing against the connecting rod 52 and piston 20.

    [0024] In another embodiment, the connecting surface 60 of the connecting rod 52 presents a shape being not greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape, and the abradable coating 22 is applied to this round contact surface 62 of the connecting rod 52. The abradable coating 22 is typically applied to a thickness t of 20 to 30 µm along the connecting surface 60, and the thickness t is typically approximately uniform along the connecting surface 60 of the connecting rod 52 when initially applied. During use of the piston 20 in the internal combustion engine, the abradable coating 22 on the connecting rod 52 rubs against the contact surface 62 of the wrist pin 50 as the piston 20 reciprocates along the cylinder liner. Thus, the exposed surface 56 of the abradable coating 22 wears down to a more suitable shape, such as an oval, asymmetric, or other non-round shape which could be greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape. The thickness t of the abradable coating 22 typically varies along the connecting surface 60 after rubbing against the wrist pin 50. For example, the abradable coating 22 along the connecting surface 60 can achieve a trumpet or banana shape after rubbing against the wrist pin 50.

    [0025] Yet another aspect of the invention provides a method of manufacturing the piston 20 with the abradable coating 22 with reduced costs by avoiding deliberate machining of the outer surface 40 to a non-round shape. The method generally includes providing the body portion 26 of the piston 20, wherein a portion of the outer surface 40 presents the round shape, i.e. the shape which is not greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape, and applying the abradable coating 22 to that portion of the outer surface 40 for rubbing against at least one other component of the internal combustion engine.

    [0026] The step of providing the body portion 26 of the piston 20 typically includes casting or forging a metal material. Various different designs can be achieved during the casting or forging process. In one embodiment, the portions of the outer surface 40 of the piston 20 to which the abradable coating 22 is applied are formed to a shape which is close to the round shape during the casting or forging process.

    [0027] The method further includes machining or otherwise forming the portions of the cast or forged structure to which the abradable coating 22 is applied to achieve the round shape, i.e. the shape which is not greater than 0. 1 mm from a circular shape. In one embodiment, the body portion 26 of the piston 20 is machined to present a cylindrical shape (constant diameter) or barrel or tapered shape (varying diameter) extending from the upper end 28 to the lower end 30, with the round outer surface 40 along the ring lands 38 and the skirt sections 54. The pin bores 48 can also be formed by machining to present a cylindrical or barrel shape with the round outer surface 40. It is noted that machining to the round shape is less costly than machining to oval or asymmetric shapes. Other portions of the piston 20 without the abradable coating 22 can also be machined to achieve the desired design.

    [0028] In cases where the piston 20 includes multiple pieces, for example the piston 20 with the separate crown 32 shown in Figure 1, the method includes joining those pieces together to form the body portion 26. In one embodiment, the joining step includes friction welding or induction welding the crown 32 to remaining sections of the body portion 26.

    [0029] Once the body portion 26 is formed, the method can optionally include another machining step, for example to machine portions of the piston 20 which will include the abradable coating 22, or portions which will be left uncoated. The outer surface 40 of the piston 20 is also cleaned or pre-treated, if required, before applying the abradable coating 22 to the outer surface 40.

    [0030] The step of applying the abradable coating 22 to the outer surface 40 of the piston 20 typically includes screen printing, rolling, or spraying, for example thermal spraying. However, other processes can be used to apply the abradable coating 22. When the abradable coating 22 includes a polymer and graphite, the method typically is screen printing, rolling, or spraying. When the abradable coating 22 includes an aluminum-silicon alloy, the method typically is thermal spraying, The abradable coating 22 can be applied to a thickness t varying from 20 to 400 mm, depending on which portion of the piston 20 is coaled, and the thickness t of the abradable coating 22 is typically approximately uniform when first applied.

    [0031] The more suitable contact geometry along the outer surface 40 of the piston 20 is then achieved by using the coated piston 20 in the internal combustion engine. As described above, as the piston 20 reciprocates along the cylinder liner, the abradable coating 22 rubs against at least one other component of the internal combustion engine such that an exposed surface 56 of the abradable coating 22 presents the more suitable shape which could be greater than 0,1 mm from a circular shape. For example, if the abradable coating 22 is applied to the ring lands 38 or skirt sections 54, the abradable coating 22 rubs against the cylinder liner and can wear down to an oval shape. If the abradable coating 22 is applied along the pin bores 48 of the pin bosses 46, then the abradable coating 22 rubs against the wrist pin 50 and can wear down to an oval or asymmetric shape, The thickness t of the abradable coating 22 is no longer uniform after rubbing against another component in the internal combustion engine,

    [0032] Another aspect of the invention provides a method of manufacturing the piston assembly for use in the internal combustion engine. The method generally includes providing the piston 20, the connecting rod 52, and the wrist pin 50, as described above, and applying the abradable coating 22 to at least one of those components. The wrist pin 50 and connecting rod 52 can be prepared for the coating process by cleaning, pretreating, or other known methods. The wrist pin 50 and connecting rod 52 can also be machined to achieve the round shape, before applying the abradable coating 22. The abradable coating 22 is typically applied to an approximately uniform thickness t ranging from 20 to 30 µm along the connecting rod 52 or wrist pin 50 by spraying. However, other techniques could be used to apply the abradable coating 22.

    [0033] In one embodiment, method includes applying the abradable coating 22 to the round outer surface 40 of the piston 20 along the ring lands 38, skirt sections 54, and/or pin bosses 46, as described above, and rubbing the abradable coating 22 against another component to achieve the more suitable shape, which could be greater than 0,1 mm from a circular shape. In another embodiment, the method includes applying the abradable coating 22 to the contact surface 62 of the wrist pin 50, and rubbing the abradable coating 22 against the outer surface 40 of the pin bosses 46 and connecting surface 60 of the connecting rod 52 so that the abradable coating 22 achieves a suitable shape. In yet another embodiment, the method includes applying the abradable coating 22 to at least one of the outer surface 40 of the pin bosses 46 and the connecting surface 60 of the connecting rod 52, and rubbing the abradable coating 22 against the contact surface 62 of the wrist pin 50 so that the abradable coating 22 presents the a suitable shape, which could be greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape.

    [0034] Obviously, many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in light of the above teachings and may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described while within the scope of the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A piston (20) for use in an internal combustion engine, comprising:

    a body portion (26) presenting an outer surface (40), a portion of said outer surface (40) presenting a shape being not greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape; and

    an abradable coating (22) applied to said portion of said outer surface (40) for rubbing against at least one other component of the internal combustion engine,

    and wherein said body portion (26) of said piston (20) includes a crown (32) having at least one ring groove (36) extending about a center axis and ring lands (38) each disposed adjacent one of said ring grooves (36), and said abradable coating (22) is applied to said outer surface (40) along said ring lands (38), and/or

    wherein said body portion (26) includes a crown (32), said body portion (26) includes a pair of skirt sections (54) spacing a pair of pin bosses (46) from one another about a center axis and depending from said crown (32), and said abradable coating (22) is applied to said outer surface (40) along said skirt sections (54), characterized in that said abradable coating (22) includes an aluminum-silicon alloy.


     
    2. The piston (20) of claim 1, wherein said body portion (26) includes a crown (32), said body portion (26) includes a pair of pin bosses (46) depending from said crown (32) and spaced from one another about a center axis, each of said pin bosses (46) defines a pin bore for receiving a wrist pin (50), and said abradable coating (22) is applied to said outer surface (40) along said pin bore of said pin bosses (46).
     
    3. The piston (20) of claim 1, wherein said abradable coating (22) includes at least one of: a polymer, graphite, and hexagonal boron nitride.
     
    4. The piston (20) of claim 1, wherein said abradable coating (22) has a thickness of 20 to 400 µm.
     
    5. The piston (20) of claim 1, wherein an exposed surface of said abradable coating (22) presents a shape being greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape after said abradable coating (22) rubs against the at least one other component of the internal combustion engine.
     
    6. The piston (20) of claim 1, wherein said body portion (26) is formed of a metal material, said metal material being selected from an iron-based material and an aluminum-based material;

    said body portion (26) extends around a center axis and longitudinally along said center axis from an upper end (28) to a lower end (30);

    said body portion (26) includes a crown (32) extending circumferentially about said center axis from said upper end (28) toward said lower end (30);

    said crown (32) defines at least one ring groove (36) extending circumferentially about said center axis for receiving at least one ring;

    a plurality of ring lands (38) each disposed adjacent one of said ring grooves (36);

    said outer surface (40) of said ring lands (38) presenting said shape being not greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape;

    said abradable coating (22) applied to said outer surface (40) of said ring lands (38);

    said abradable coating (22) having a thickness of 50 to 300 µm along said ring lands (38);
    said abradable coating (22) including at least one of: a polymer, an aluminum-silicon alloy, graphite, and hexagonal boron nitride;
    said body portion (26) including a pair of pin bosses (46) spaced from one another about said center axis and depending from said crown (32) to said lower end (30);
    each of said pin bosses (46) defining a pin bore for receiving a wrist pin (50);
    said outer surface (40) along each of said pin bosses (46) defining said pin bore, and said pin bore presenting said shape being not greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape;
    said abradable coating (22) being applied to said outer surface (40) along said pin bores of said pin bosses (46);
    said abradable coating (22) having a thickness of 20 to 30 µm along said pin bores;
    said body portion (26) including a pair of skirt sections (54) spacing said pin bosses (46) from one another about said center axis and depending from said lower crown (32) to said lower end (30);
    said outer surface (40) of said skirt sections (54) presenting said shape being not greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape;
    an abradable coating (22) applied to said outer surface (40) of said skirt sections (54); and
    said abradable coating (22) having a thickness of 100 to 400 µm along said skirt sections (54).
     
    7. A piston assembly for use in an internal combustion engine, comprising:

    a piston (20) including a body portion (26) presenting an outer surface (40),
    said body portion (26) including a crown (32) and a pair of pin bosses (46) depending from said crown (32) and spaced from one another about a center axis, each of said pin bosses (46) defines a pin bore;

    a connecting rod (52) including a connecting end (58) disposed between said pin bosses (46) of said piston (20);

    said connecting end (58) presenting a connecting surface (60) defining a pin opening, said pin opening being axially aligned with said pin bores of said piston (20);

    a wrist pin (50) extending through said aligned pin bores of said piston (20) and pin opening of said connecting rod (52) for connecting said piston (20) to said connecting rod (52), said wrist pin (50) presenting a contact surface facing said outer surface (40) of said pin bosses (46) and said connecting surface (60) of said connecting rod (52);

    at least one of said outer surface (40) of said piston (20), said connecting surface (60) of said connecting rod (52), and said contact surface of said wrist pin (50) including a portion presenting a shape being not greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape; and
    an abradable coating (22) applied to said portion of said at least one surface,
    characterized in that said abradable coating (22) includes an aluminum-silicon alloy.


     
    8. The piston assembly of claim 7, wherein said abradable coating (22) is applied to said contact surface of said wrist pin (50).
     
    9. The piston assembly of claim 7, wherein said abradable coating (22) is applied to at least one of said outer surface (40) of said pin bosses (46) and said connecting surface (60) of said connecting rod (52).
     
    10. A method of manufacturing a piston (20) for use in an internal combustion engine, comprising the steps of:
    providing a body portion (26) of a piston (20) presenting an outer surface (40), a portion of the outer surface (40) presenting a shape being not greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape; and
    applying an abradable coating (22) to the portion of the outer surface (40) for rubbing against at least one other component of the internal combustion engine, chraracterized in that said abradable coating (22) includes an aluminum-silicon alloy.
     
    11. The method of claim 10, wherein the step of applying the abradable coating (22) includes at least one of: screen printing, rolling, and spraying the abradable coating (22) onto the portion of the outer surface (40).
     
    12. The method of claim 11, wherein the step of applying the abradable coating (22) includes thermal spraying the abradable coating (22) onto the portion of the outer surface (40).
     
    13. The method of claim 10, wherein the step of providing the body portion (26) of the piston (20) includes machining the portion of the outer surface (40) to the shape being not greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape.
     
    14. A method of manufacturing a piston assembly for use in an internal combustion engine, comprising the steps of:

    providing a body portion (26) of a piston (20), the body portion (26) presenting an outer surface (40), the body portion (26) including a crown (32) and a pair of pin bosses (46) depending from the crown (32) and spaced from one another about a center axis, and each of the pin bosses (46) defining a pin bore;

    providing a connecting rod (52) for being disposed between the pin bosses (46) of the piston (20), the connecting rod (52) including a connecting end (58) with a connecting surface (60) defining a pin opening for being axially aligned with the pin bosses (46) of the piston (20);

    providing a wrist pin (50) for extending through the aligned pin bosses (46) of the piston (20) and pin bore of the connecting rod (52) for connecting the piston (20) to the connecting rod (52), the wrist pin (50) presenting a contact surface for facing the outer surface (40) of the pin bosses (46) and the connecting surface (60) of the connecting rod (52); and

    applying an abradable coating (22) to at least one of the outer surface (40) of the piston (20), the connecting surface (60) of the connecting rod (52), and the contact surface of the wrist pin (50) including a portion presenting a shape being not greater than 0.1 mm from a circular shape,

    characterized in that said abradable coating (22) includes an aluminum-silicon alloy.


     
    15. The method of claim 14, wherein the step of applying the abradable coating (22) includes at least one of screen printing, rolling, and spraying the abradable coating (22) onto the portion of the outer surface (40).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Kolben (20) zur Verwendung in einem Verbrennungsmotor, umfassend:

    einen Körperabschnitt (26), der eine Außenfläche (40) aufweist, wobei ein Abschnitt der Außenfläche (40) eine Form aufweist, die um nicht mehr als 0,1 mm von einer runden Form abweicht; und

    eine Einlaufbeschichtung (22), die auf den Abschnitt der Außenfläche (40) zum Anstreifen an mindestens eine weitere Komponente des Verbrennungsmotors aufgebracht ist,

    wobei der Körperabschnitt (26) des Kolbens (20) eine Krone (32) einschließt, die mindestens eine sich um eine Mittelachse erstreckende Ringnut (36) und Ringstege (38), von denen jeder angrenzend an eine der Ringnuten (36) angeordnet ist, aufweist, und die Einlaufbeschichtung (22) entlang der Ringstege (38) auf die Außenfläche (40) aufgebracht ist, und/oder

    wobei der Körperabschnitt (26) eine Krone (32) einschließt, der Körperabschnitt (26) ein Paar von Randleistenteilstücken (54) einschließt, die ein Paar von Bolzenaugen (46) um eine Mittelachse voneinander beabstanden und von der Krone (32) herabhängen, und die Einlaufbeschichtung (22) entlang der Randleistenteilstücke (54) auf die Außenfläche (40) aufgebracht ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Einlaufbeschichtung (22) eine Aluminium-Silizium-Legierung einschließt.


     
    2. Kolben (20) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Körperabschnitt (26) eine Krone (32) einschließt, der Körperabschnitt (26) ein Paar von Bolzenaugen (46) einschließt, die von der Krone (32) herabhängen und um eine Mittelachse voneinander beabstandet sind, jedes der Bolzenaugen (46) eine Bolzennabe zum Aufnehmen eines Kolbenbolzens (50) definiert, und die Einlaufbeschichtung (22) entlang der Bolzennabe der Bolzenaugen (46) auf die Außenfläche (40) aufgebracht ist.
     
    3. Kolben (20) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Einlaufbeschichtung (22) mindestens eines von: einem Polymer, Graphit und hexagonalem Bornitrid einschließt.
     
    4. Kolben (20) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Einlaufbeschichtung (22) eine Dicke von 20 bis 400 µm aufweist.
     
    5. Kolben (20) nach Anspruch 1, wobei eine freiliegende Fläche der Einlaufbeschichtung (22) eine Form aufweist, die um mehr als 0,1 mm von einer runden Form abweicht, nachdem die Einlaufbeschichtung (22) die mindestens eine weitere Komponente des Verbrennungsmotors angestriffen hat.
     
    6. Kolben (20) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Körperabschnitt (26) aus einem Metallmaterial gebildet ist, wobei das Metallmaterial aus einem eisenbasierten Material und einem aluminiumbasierten Material ausgewählt ist;

    wobei sich der Körperabschnitt (26) um eine Mittelachse und längs entlang der Mittelachse von einem oberen Ende (28) zu einem unteren Ende (30) erstreckt;

    wobei der Körperabschnitt (26) eine Krone (32) einschließt, die sich umlaufend um die Mittelachse von dem oberen Ende (28) zu dem unteren Ende (30) erstreckt;

    wobei die Krone (32) mindestens eine Ringnut (36) definiert, die sich umlaufend um die Mittelachse zum Aufnehmen mindestens eines Rings erstreckt;

    wobei eine Vielzahl von Ringstegen (38), von denen jeder angrenzend an eine der Ringnuten (36) angeordnet ist;

    wobei die Außenfläche (40) der Ringstege (38) die Form aufweist, die um nicht mehr als 0,1 mm von einer runden Form abweicht;

    wobei die Einlaufbeschichtung (22) auf die Außenfläche (40) der Ringstege (38) aufgebracht ist;

    wobei die Einlaufbeschichtung (22) eine Dicke von 50 bis 300 µm entlang der Ringstege (38) aufweist;
    wobei die Einlaufbeschichtung (22) mindestens eines von: einem Polymer, einer Aluminium-Silizium-Legierung, Graphit und hexagonalem Bornitrid einschließt;
    wobei der Körperabschnitt (26) ein Paar von Bolzenaugen (46) einschließt, die um
    die Mittelachse voneinander beabstandet sind und von der Krone (32) zu dem unteren Ende (30) herabhängen;
    wobei jedes der Bolzenaugen (46) eine Bolzennabe zum Aufnehmen eines Kolbenbolzens (50) definiert;
    wobei die Außenfläche (40) entlang jedes der Bolzenaugen (46) die Bolzennabe definiert und die Bolzennabe die Form aufweist, die um nicht mehr als 0,1 mm von einer runden Form abweicht;
    wobei die Einlaufbeschichtung (22) entlang der Bolzennaben der Bolzenaugen (46) auf die Außenfläche (40) aufgebracht ist;
    wobei die Einlaufbeschichtung (22) entlang der Bolzennaben eine Dicke von 20 bis 30 µm aufweist;
    wobei der Körperabschnitt (26) ein Paar von Randleistenteilstücken (54) aufweist, die die Bolzenaugen (46) um die Mittelachse voneinander beabstanden und von der unteren Krone (32) zu dem unteren Ende (30) herabhängen;

    - wobei die Außenfläche (40) der Randleistenteilstücke (54) die Form aufweist, die um nicht mehr als 0,1 mm von einer runden Form abweicht;

    - eine Einlaufbeschichtung (22) auf die Außenfläche (40) der Randleistenteilstücke (54) aufgebracht ist; und

    - wobei die Einlaufbeschichtung (22) entlang der Randleistenteilstücke (54) eine Dicke von 100 bis 400 µm aufweist.


     
    7. Kolbenanordnung zur Verwendung in einem Verbrennungsmotor, umfassend:

    einen Kolben (20), der einen Körperabschnitt (26) einschließt, der eine Außenfläche (40) aufweist,
    wobei der Körperabschnitt (26) eine Krone (32) und ein Paar von Bolzenaugen (46), die von der Krone herabhängen (32) und um eine Mittelachse voneinander beabstandet sind, einschließt, wobei jedes der Bolzenaugen (46) eine Bolzennabe definiert;

    eine Pleuelstange (52), die einen Pleuelkopf (58) einschließt, der zwischen den Bolzenaugen (46) des Kolbens (20) angeordnet ist;

    wobei der Pleuelkopf (58) eine Pleuelfläche (60) aufweist, die eine Bolzenöffnung definiert, wobei die Bolzenöffnung zu den Bolzennaben des Kolbens (20) axial fluchtend ausgerichtet ist;

    einen Kolbenbolzen (50), der sich zum Verbinden des Kolbens (20) mit der Pleuelstange (52) durch die fluchtend ausgerichteten Bolzennaben des Kolbens (20) und Bolzenöffnung der Pleuelstange (52) erstreckt, wobei der Kolbenbolzen (50) eine Kontaktfläche aufweist, die zu der Außenfläche (40) der Bolzenaugen (46) und der Pleuelfläche (60) der Pleuelstange (52) gewandt ist ist;

    wobei mindestens eines der Außenfläche (40) des Kolbens (20), der Pleuelfläche (60) der Pleuelstange (52) und der Kontaktfläche des Kolbenbolzens (50) einen Abschnitt einschließt, der eine Form aufweist, die um nicht mehr als 0,1 mm von einer runden Form abweicht; und
    eine Einlaufbeschichtung (22), die auf den Abschnitt der mindestens einen Fläche aufgebracht ist,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die Einlaufbeschichtung (22) eine Aluminium-Silizium-Legierung einschließt.


     
    8. Kolbenanordnung nach Anspruch 7, wobei die Einlaufbeschichtung (22) auf die Kontaktfläche des Kolbenbolzens (50) aufgebracht ist.
     
    9. Kolbenanordnung nach Anspruch 7, wobei die Einlaufbeschichtung (22) auf mindestens eines von der Außenfläche (40) der Bolzenaugen (46) und der Pleuelfläche (60) der Pleuelstange (52) aufgebracht ist.
     
    10. Verfahren zum Herstellen eines Kolbens (20) zur Verwendung in einem Verbrennungsmotor, das die folgenden Schritte umfasst:

    Bereitstellen eines Körperabschnitts (26) eines Kolbens (20), der eine Außenfläche (40) aufweist, wobei ein Abschnitt der Außenfläche (40) eine Form aufweist, die um nicht mehr als 0,1 mm von einer runden Form abweicht; und

    Aufbringen einer Einlaufbeschichtung (22) auf den Abschnitt der Außenfläche (40) zum Anstreifen an mindestens eine weitere Komponente des Verbrennungsmotors,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die Einlaufbeschichtung (22) eine Aluminium-Silizium-Legierung einschließt.


     
    11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10, wobei der Schritt des Aufbringens der Einlaufbeschichtung (22) mindestens eines von: Siebdrucken, Walzen und Spritzen der Einlaufbeschichtung (22) auf den Abschnitt der Außenfläche (40) einschließt.
     
    12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 11, wobei der Schritt des Aufbringens der Einlaufbeschichtung (22) thermisches Spritzen der Einlaufbeschichtung (22) auf den Abschnitt der Außenfläche (40) einschließt.
     
    13. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10, wobei der Schritt des Bereitstellens des Körperabschnitts (26) des Kolbens (20) spanendes Bearbeiten des Abschnitts der Außenfläche (40) zu der Form, die um nicht mehr als 0,1 mm von einer runden Form abweicht, einschließt.
     
    14. Verfahren zum Herstellen einer Kolbenanordnung zur Verwendung in einem Verbrennungsmotor, das die folgenden Schritte umfasst:

    Bereitstellen eines Körperabschnitts (26) eines Kolbens (20), wobei der Körperabschnitt (26) eine Außenfläche (40) aufweist, wobei der Körperabschnitt (26) eine Krone (32) und ein Paar von Bolzenaugen (46), die von der Krone (32) herabhängen und um eine Mittelachse voneinander beabstandet sind, einschließt, und wobei jedes der Bolzenaugen (46) eine Bolzennabe definiert;

    Bereitstellen einer Pleuelstange (52), um zwischen den Bolzenaugen (46) des Kolbens (20) angeordnet zu werden, wobei die Pleuelstange (52) einen Pleuelkopf (58) mit einer Pleuelfläche (60) einschließt, die eine Bolzenöffnung definiert, die dazu eingerichtet ist, zu den Bolzenaugen (46) des Kolbens (20) axial fluchtend ausgerichtet zu werden;

    Bereitstellen eines Kolbenbolzens (50), der dazu eingerichtet ist, sich zum Verbinden des Kolbens (20) mit der Pleuelstange (52) durch die fluchtend ausgerichteten Bolzenaugen (46) des Kolbens (20) und Bolzennabe der Pleuelstange (52) zu erstrecken, wobei der Kolbenbolzen (50) eine Kontaktfläche aufweist, die dazu eingerichtet ist, zu der Außenfläche (40) der Bolzenaugen (46) und der Pleuelfläche (60) der Pleuelstange (52) gewandt zu sein; und

    Aufbringen einer Einlaufbeschichtung (22) auf mindestens eines der Außenfläche (40) des Kolbens (20), der Pleuelfläche (60) der Pleuelstange (52) und der Kontaktfläche des Kolbenbolzens (50) einschließlich eines Abschnitts, der eine Form aufweist, die um nicht mehr als 0,1 mm von einer runden Form abweicht,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die Einlaufbeschichtung (22) eine Aluminium-Silizium-Legierung einschließt.


     
    15. Verfahren nach Anspruch 14, wobei der Schritt des Aufbringens der Einlaufbeschichtung (22) mindestens eines von Siebdrucken, Walzen und Spritzen der Einlaufbeschichtung (22) auf den Abschnitt der Außenfläche (40) einschließt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Piston (20) destiné à être utilisé dans un moteur à combustion interne, comprenant :

    une partie de corps (26) présentant une surface externe (40), une partie de ladite surface externe (40) présentant une forme qui est inférieure ou égale à 0,1 mm par rapport à une forme circulaire ; et

    un revêtement abradable (22) appliqué à ladite partie de ladite surface externe (40) pour frotter contre au moins un autre composant du moteur à combustion interne,

    et dans lequel ladite partie de corps (26) dudit piston (20) inclut une couronne (32) ayant au moins une gorge annulaire (36) s'étendant autour d'un axe central et des méplats annulaires (38) disposés chacun adjacents à l'une desdites gorges annulaires (36) et ledit revêtement abradable (22) est appliqué à ladite surface externe (40) le long desdits méplats annulaires (38) et/ou

    dans lequel ladite partie de corps (26) inclut une couronne (32), ladite partie de corps (26) inclut une paire de sections de jupe (54) espaçant une paire de bossages d'axe (46) l'un de l'autre autour d'un axe central et dépendant de ladite couronne (32), et ledit revêtement abradable (22) est appliqué à ladite surface externe (40) le long desdites sections de jupe (54), caractérisé en ce que ledit revêtement abradable (22) inclut un alliage d'aluminium-silicium.


     
    2. Piston (20) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite partie de corps (26) inclut une couronne (32), ladite partie de corps (26) inclut une paire de bossages d'axe (46) dépendant de ladite couronne (32) et espacés l'un de l'autre autour d'un axe central, chacun desdits bossages d'axe (46) définit un alésage d'axe pour recevoir un axe de piston (50), et ledit revêtement abradable (22) est appliqué à ladite surface externe (40) le long dudit alésage d'axe desdits bossages d'axe (46).
     
    3. Piston (20) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit revêtement abradable (22) inclut : un polymère et/ou du graphite et/ou du nitrure de bore hexagonal.
     
    4. Piston (20) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit revêtement abradable (22) présente une épaisseur comprise entre 20 et 400 µm.
     
    5. Piston (20) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une surface exposée dudit revêtement abradable (22) présente une forme qui est supérieure à 0,1 mm par rapport à une forme circulaire après que ledit revêtement abradable (22) frotte contre le au moins un autre composant du moteur à combustion interne.
     
    6. Piston (20) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite partie de corps (26) est formée d'un matériau métallique, ledit matériau métallique étant sélectionné parmi un matériau à base de fer et un matériau à base d'aluminium ;
    ladite partie de corps (26) s'étend autour d'un axe central et longitudinalement le long dudit axe central depuis une extrémité supérieure (28) jusqu'à une extrémité inférieure (30) ;
    ladite partie de corps (26) inclut une couronne (32) s'étendant circonférentiellement autour dudit axe central depuis ladite extrémité supérieure (28) vers ladite extrémité inférieure (30) ;
    ladite couronne (32) définit au moins une gorge annulaire (36) s'étendant circonférentiellement autour dudit axe central pour recevoir au moins une bague ;
    une pluralité de méplats annulaires (38) sont chacun disposés adjacents à l'une desdites gorges annulaires (36) ;
    ladite surface externe (40) desdits méplats annulaires (38) présentant ladite forme qui est inférieure ou égale à 0,1 mm par rapport à une forme circulaire ;
    ledit revêtement abradable (22) étant appliqué à ladite surface externe (40) desdits méplats annulaires (38) ;
    ledit revêtement abradable (22) présentant une épaisseur comprise entre 50 et 300 µm le long desdits méplats annulaires (38) ;
    ledit revêtement abradable (22) incluant: un polymère et/ou un alliage d'aluminium-silicium et/ou du graphite et/ou du nitrure de bore hexagonal ;
    ladite partie de corps (26) incluant une paire de bossages d'axe (46) espacés l'un de l'autre autour dudit axe central et dépendant de ladite couronne (32) par rapport à ladite extrémité inférieure (30) ;
    chacun desdits bossages d'axe (46) définissant un alésage d'axe pour recevoir un axe de piston (50) ;
    ladite surface externe (40) le long de chacun desdits bossages d'axe (46) définissant ledit alésage d'axe, et ledit alésage d'axe présentant ladite forme qui est inférieure ou égale à 0,1 mm par rapport à une forme circulaire ;
    ledit revêtement abradable (22) étant appliqué à ladite surface externe (40) le long desdits alésages d'axe desdits bossages d'axe (46) ;
    ledit revêtement abradable (22) ayant une épaisseur comprise entre 20 et 30 µm le long desdits alésages d'axe ;
    ladite partie de corps (26) incluant une paire de sections de jupe (54) espaçant lesdits bossages d'axe (46) les uns des autres autour dudit axe central et dépendant de ladite couronne inférieure (32) par rapport à ladite extrémité inférieure (30) ;
    ladite surface externe (40) desdites sections de jupe (54) présentant ladite forme qui est inférieure ou égale à 0,1 mm par rapport à une forme circulaire ;
    un revêtement abradable (22) appliqué à ladite surface externe (40) desdites sections de jupe (54) ; et
    ledit revêtement abradable (22) ayant une épaisseur comprise entre 100 et 400 µm le long desdites sections de jupe (54).
     
    7. Ensemble piston destiné à être utilisé dans un moteur à combustion interne, comprenant :

    un piston (20) incluant une partie de corps (26) présentant une surface externe (40),

    ladite partie de corps (26) incluant une couronne (32) et une paire de bossages d'axe (46) dépendant de ladite couronne (32) et espacés l'un de l'autre autour d'un axe central, chacun desdits bossages d'axe (46) définit un alésage d'axe ;

    une bielle (52) incluant une extrémité de raccordement (58) disposée entre lesdits bossages d'axe (46) dudit piston (20) ;

    ladite extrémité de liaison (58) présentant une surface de raccordement (60) définissant une ouverture d'axe, ladite ouverture d'axe étant alignée axialement sur lesdits alésages d'axe dudit piston (20) ;

    un axe de piston (50) s'étendant à travers lesdits alésages d'axe alignés dudit piston (20) et une ouverture d'axe de ladite bielle (52) pour raccorder ledit piston (20) à ladite bielle (52), ledit axe de piston (50) présentant une surface de contact faisant face à ladite surface externe (40) desdits bossages d'axe (46) et à ladite surface de raccordement (60) de ladite bielle (52) ;

    ladite surface externe (40) dudit piston (20) et/ou ladite surface de raccordement (60) de ladite bielle (52) et/ou ladite surface de contact dudit axe de piston (50) incluant une partie présentant une forme qui est inférieure ou égale à 0,1 mm par rapport à une forme circulaire ; et

    un revêtement abradable (22) appliqué à ladite partie de ladite au moins une surface,

    caractérisé en ce que

    ledit revêtement abradable (22) inclut un alliage d'aluminium-silicium.


     
    8. Ensemble piston selon la revendication 7, dans lequel ledit revêtement abradable (22) est appliqué à ladite surface de contact dudit axe de piston (50).
     
    9. Ensemble piston selon la revendication 7, dans lequel ledit revêtement abradable (22) est appliqué à ladite surface externe (40) desdits bossages d'axe (46) et/ou à ladite surface de raccordement (60) de ladite bielle (52).
     
    10. Procédé de fabrication d'un piston (20) destiné à être utilisé dans un moteur à combustion interne, comprenant les étapes consistant à :

    fournir une partie de corps (26) d'un piston (20) présentant une surface externe (40), une partie de la surface externe (40) présentant une forme qui est inférieure ou égale à 0,1 mm par rapport à une forme circulaire ; et

    appliquer un revêtement abradable (22) à la partie de la surface externe (40) pour frotter contre au moins un autre composant du moteur à combustion interne,

    caractérisé en ce que

    ledit revêtement abradable (22) inclut un alliage aluminium-silicium.


     
    11. Procédé selon la revendication 10, dans lequel l'étape d'application du revêtement abradable (22) consiste : à imprimer au cadre et/ou à appliquer au rouleau et/ou à pulvériser le revêtement abradable (22) sur la partie de la surface externe (40).
     
    12. Procédé selon la revendication 11, dans lequel l'étape d'application du revêtement abradable (22) consiste à pulvériser thermiquement le revêtement abradable (22) sur la partie de la surface externe (40).
     
    13. Procédé selon la revendication 10, dans lequel l'étape de fourniture de la partie de corps (26) du piston (20) consiste à usiner la partie de la surface externe (40) à la forme qui est inférieure ou égale à 0,1 mm par rapport à une forme circulaire.
     
    14. Procédé de fabrication d'un ensemble piston destiné à être utilisé dans un moteur à combustion interne, comprenant les étapes consistant à :

    fournir une partie de corps (26) d'un piston (20), la partie de corps (26) présentant une surface externe (40), la partie de corps (26) incluant une couronne (32) et une paire de bossages d'axe (46) dépendant de ladite couronne (32) et espacés l'un de l'autre autour d'un axe central, et chacun des bossages d'axe (46) définissant un alésage d'axe ;

    fournir une bielle (52) pour être disposée entre les bossages d'axe (46) du piston (20), la bielle (52) incluant une extrémité de raccordement (58) ayant une surface de raccordement (60) définissant une ouverture d'axe pour être axialement alignée sur les bossages d'axe (46) du piston (20) ;

    fournir un axe de piston (50) pour s'étendre à travers les bossages d'axe alignés (46) du piston (20) et un alésage d'axe de la bielle (52) pour raccorder le piston (20) à la bielle (52), l'axe de piston (50) présentant une surface de contact pour faire face à la surface externe (40) des bossages d'axe (46) et à la surface de raccordement (60) de la bielle (52) ; et

    appliquer un revêtement abradable (22) à la surface externe (40) du piston (20) et/ou à la surface de raccordement (60) de la bielle (52) et/ou à la surface de contact de l'axe de piston (50) incluant une partie présentant une forme qui est inférieure ou égale à 0,1 mm par rapport à une forme circulaire,

    caractérisé en ce que

    ledit revêtement abradable (22) inclut un alliage d'aluminium-silicium.


     
    15. Procédé selon la revendication 14, dans lequel l'étape d'application du revêtement abradable (22) consiste : à imprimer au cadre et/ou à appliquer au rouleau et/ou à pulvériser le revêtement abradable (22) sur la partie de la surface externe (40).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description