(19)
(11)EP 3 111 536 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
08.05.2019 Bulletin 2019/19

(21)Application number: 15709306.3

(22)Date of filing:  02.03.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
H02K 15/03  (2006.01)
H02K 1/27  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/GB2015/050595
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/128678 (03.09.2015 Gazette  2015/35)

(54)

INTERIOR PERMANENT MAGNET MOTOR AND ROTOR STRUCTURE THEREFOR

INNENPERMANENTMAGNETMOTOR UND ROTORAUFBAU DAFÜR

MOTEUR À AIMANT PERMANENT INTERIEUR ET ENSEMBLE DE ROTEUR POUR CELUI-CI


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 28.02.2014 GB 201403555

(43)Date of publication of application:
04.01.2017 Bulletin 2017/01

(73)Proprietor: TRW Limited
Solihull, West Midlands B90 4AX (GB)

(72)Inventors:
  • GORTON, John Leslie
    Birmingham West Midlands B45 8NJ (GB)
  • MOULE, David Julian
    Birmingham West Midlands B31 1HJ (GB)
  • WEBB, Gary
    Greenford Middlesex UB6 9QR (GB)

(74)Representative: Barker Brettell LLP 
100 Hagley Road Edgbaston
Birmingham B16 8QQ
Birmingham B16 8QQ (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2008/012271
DE-A1-102008 041 555
WO-A2-2005/043741
DE-A1-102012 212 775
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] This invention relates to interior permanent magnet motors of the kind comprising a laminated rotor core which includes pockets into which permanent magnets are located. It also relates to rotor structures for such motors and a method of fabricating a rotor structure.

    [0002] Interior Permanent magnet motors are known. A rotor structure of a typical prior art interior permanent magnet motor 1 is shown in Figure 1 of the drawings. It comprises a rotor structure that connects to an output shaft 2 from which the output of the motor is taken. The rotor structure comprises a rotor core 3 formed from a stack of laminated plates. The core 3 has a central opening 4 that extends from a first end of the core to a second, opposing, end of the core and this enables it to be fixed around the shaft. The core in the example of Figure 1 comprises three pucks 5, each comprising a stack of substantially identical thin metal plates 6 which are pressed together. The core may comprise just one, or perhaps two or more, pucks, the pucks being fixed together end to end form the complete stack.

    [0003] Each of the plates 6 in the stack includes at least one opening or window 7. In the example there are eight of these openings, spaced evenly around the axis of the plate. The plates are held in the stack so that the windows in a plate align with corresponding openings in the adjacent plates as can be seen in Figure 2. Each set of windows, from one end of a puck 6 to the other, forms a pocket 9. In an interior permanent magnet motor each pocket contains an elongate rare earth magnet 10, the shape of which is generally complimentary to the pocket so that it is a snug, but not interference, fit. The magnets are typically retained in the pockets with glue. Generally the length of the magnet is the same as the length of the stack, so that a first end of the magnet is aligned with a first end of the core and a second end of the magnet is aligned with a second end of the core. This gives the optimum magnetic properties for the rotor structure. In other arrangements, as shown in Figure 2, they may be retained by adding an extra plate 11 to each end of a puck which has no windows, the plate sitting over the end of each magnet so that the laminated stack is slightly longer than the magnets.

    [0004] Document DE 10 2008 041 555 A1 discloses rotor body made from a stack of laminations. The body comprises pockets wherein permanent magnets are housed. In the axial ends of the rotor body the outermost laminations comprise retention features which extend into the magnet pockets so as to retain the magnet with a form fit in the pocket.

    [0005] According to a first aspect the invention provides a rotor structure for an interior permanent magnet electric motor comprising:

    A laminated rotor core which comprises stack of thin plates, the stack having a first end and a second end, each plate in the stack including at least one window which is aligned with a corresponding window of an adjacent plate so that the windows together form an elongate pocket that extends along at least a part of the length of the core starting at a first end of the core, and

    At least one permanent magnet located in the pocket,

    Characterised in that at least one plate at the first end of the stack includes an integral retention feature which projects away from a main body of the plate to project above the window in the plate and which engages the first end of the magnet thereby to retain the magnet in the pocket.



    [0006] The at least one plate may be the outermost, final, plate of the stack, or may be a plate located beneath the outermost plate. For instance it may be a plate that is one plate below the outermost plate at the first end of the stack.

    [0007] Every plate in the stack may have a window and the magent may extend at least part way through the window in every plate. It may extend fully through every window so the end of the magnet is substantially aligned or exactly aligned with the first end of the stack.

    [0008] The retention feature may retain the magnet so that an end face of the magnet is substantially flush with the face of the main body of the endmost plate of the stack that faces away from the stack.

    [0009] The main body of the plate may comprise a substantially flat plate having opposed upper and lower planar faces.

    [0010] The retention feature may comprise a deformable tab which is deformed out of the plane of the main body by the magnet during assembly so that the tab applies a compressive force to the magnet biasing it in a direction away from the first end of the stack.

    [0011] The plate, being a generally flat sheet of material, has two major opposing surfaces that extend perpendicular to the axis of the motor rotor core, spaced apart by a small distance of perhaps 1mm or 2mm or so. Deformation out of the plane in the context of this application means that a part of the plate is axially offset from the rest by a sufficient distance that it lies outside of the two planes in which the opposing surfaces lies. As such, when viewed along the surface the retention feature will be visible protruding above that surface.

    [0012] Where the tab is deformed out of the plane of the plate the end of the magnet may be flush with the face of the plate.

    [0013] In an alternative, the tab may extend across the window and the tab and magnet may be shaped so that the tab, when holding the magnet, does not protrude beyond the face of the plate, i.e. beyond the end of the puck. This is advantageous because the pucks can be stacked either way up since both end faces can be flat. By providing a suitable recess in the magnet, the magnet may remain flush with the end face of the plate. If no recess is provided, the magnet will extend only part way through the plate, the amount dependent on the thickness of the tab.

    [0014] The tab may, for example, have a thickness of between a quarter and a half or the thickness of the plate, or perhaps a little less or more than the extremes of that range. For instance, with an end plate of 0.5mm thickness a tab of approximately 0.25mm thickness may be provided.

    [0015] The tab may be formed using a planishing process with one face of the tab flush with the end face of the puck.

    [0016] The retention feature may comprise a rigid protruding edge of the plate which overhangs the window. This may be connected to the main body of the plate by a stepped shoulder that could be formed by pressing or stamping of the plate during production, a step in the plate being formed at the joint between the joggled protruding edge and the main body which defines an edge of the window.

    [0017] The tab or protruding edges may be sufficiently rigid that they do not deform during assembly or may be arranged to resiliently deform on assembly.

    [0018] The magnet may have a cross section that is complimentary to the outline of the window in the plates.

    [0019] Each plate may include a plurality of windows, aligned along the stack to form a corresponding plurality of pockets that each contain at least one magnet. A retaining feature of the kind claimed may be provided for each pocket at the first end of the stack.

    [0020] Similarly, at the second end of the stack the magnet may also extend into a window in the outermost plate so that it is flush with an outer face of a main body of that plate and again may be secured by a retaining feature of the kind claimed.

    [0021] The magnet may therefore be the same length as the stacked main bodies of the plates, albeit that unless a recess is provided in the end of the magnet the retention features will protrude beyond the ends of the magnet and main bodies. The window in this case extends right through the stack from the first end to the second end including extending through the outermost plates.

    [0022] Importantly, even where the tab is flush with the end of the plate or even slightly below the end face the magnet at least partially extends into the window in the end plate allowing it to be longer than possible with an end plate with no window.

    [0023] The stack may comprise a unitary stack of plates, each secured to an adjacent plate by a mechanical joint.

    [0024] Alternatively, the stack may comprise two or more sub-stacks or pucks that are secured to each other.

    [0025] The rotor structure may comprise one stack or a plurality of stacks located end to end along the shaft. For instance, it may comprise two or three or four stacks, each one having a first and second end with respective retaining features.

    [0026] The plates in the core may be secured to adjacent plates by a mechanical interlock connection, for example by semi-shearing the plates during assembly.

    [0027] According to a second aspect the invention provides a motor including a rotor structure according to the first aspect of the invention.

    [0028] According to a second aspect the invention provides a method of assembling a rotor structure for an interior permanent magnet electric motor comprising:

    Providing a plurality of thin plates, each having a main body with two opposing major faces, a central opening and at least one window;

    Fixing a set of the plates together to form a laminated rotor core having a first end and a second end, the at least one window in each plate being aligned with a corresponding window of an adjacent plate so that the windows together form an elongate pocket that extends along at least a part of the length of the core starting at a first end of the core,

    Locating a permanent magnet in the pocket that has a first end that protrudes slightly from the first end of the stack; and

    Securing a further plate to the first end of the stack that includes an integral retention feature which projects away main body of the plate to project above a window in the plate that receives the protruding end of the magnet so that the retention means engages the first end of the magnet thereby to retain the magnet in the pocket.



    [0029] The method may also comprise adding a second additional plate to the opposite, second, end of the stack, the second additional plate also including an integral retention feature which projects away from the main body of the plate to project above a window in the plate that receives the protruding end of the magnet so that the retention means engages the first end of the magnet thereby to retain the magnet in the pocket.

    [0030] The method may comprise carrying out the steps in the order listed in the preceding paragraph, or in an alternative order. For example, the magnets may be placed in the partially complete pockets before the end plates are secured. Or the end plates may be secured to one end only before the magnet and the other end plate then secured.

    [0031] In an alternative the method may comprise securing some of the plates together to form at least two partial stacks that together are placed end to end, in contact or spaced apart by another stack of plates, in which each substack includes an additional end plate with a retention feature, and the placing the two substacks onto respective ends of a magnet that enters the pocket in each substack. Once secured together the substacks form one whole stack of puck. Two or more pucks may be produced and placed end to end to form the rotor core.

    [0032] The method may comprise providing a retention feature on the additional plate that lies at least partially within the window prior to assembly and which is resiliently deformed on assembly as the magnet enters the window and pushes the retention feature out of the plane of the plate.

    [0033] Alternatively it may comprise providing a plate in which the retention feature is located outside of the window offset from the plane of the main body prior to assembly. In this case, it should be located precisely at the end of the window to retain the magnet in the correct position flush, or substantially flush, with the outer face of the outermost plate of the stack.

    [0034] The retention features may be formed as an integral part of the endmost plates by deformation of a flat plate, using a stamping, cutting, pressing or other manufacturing technique or combination of different techniques.

    [0035] The method may comprise securing the two substacks together to retain the magnet in a single stack of core.

    [0036] There will now be described, by way of example only, two embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings of which:

    Figure 1 is a perspective view of a typical rotor structure of an interior permanent magnet motor;

    Figure 2 is a section view of the structure of Figure 1 showing the end plates that locate and retain the magnets in the pockets of the laminated rotor core;

    Figure 3 is a set of views of a first embodiment of a rotor core in accordance with an aspect of the invention;

    Figure 4 is a set of views of a second embodiment of a rotor core in accordance with an aspect of the invention; and

    Figure 5 shows a set of views of a third embodiment of a rotor core in accordance with an aspect of the invention.



    [0037] Figure 3(a) is a front view of a rotor structure 20 in accordance with a first aspect of the invention and Figure 3(b) is a section view taken on the line BB in Figure 3(a). The rotor structure 20 comprises a rotor core that comprise three discrete laminated stacks, or pucks 21, of thin,generally circular, metal plates. Each puck is substantially identical and so only one is shown (Figure 1 shows how the three can be stacked together).

    [0038] Each stack or puck 21 has a first end 24 and a second end 25, and each plate in the stack 21 includes at least one window which is aligned with a corresponding window of an adjacent plate so that the windows together form an elongate pocket 23 that extends along at least a part of the length of the core starting at a first end of the core. In this example each plate has eight windows.

    [0039] Each set of windows forms a pocket inside of which a permanent magnet 22 is located. The magnet has a first end aligned with the first end of the stack and a second end aligned with the second end of the stack.

    [0040] The Detail view of portion A shown in Figure 3(c) shows clearly a retention feature 26 provided on each end (outermost) plate of the stack 21. This is omitted from the intervening plates which simply have a window that the magnet can pass through.

    [0041] The retention feature 26 comprises a projecting lip 27 that is spaced apart from the main body 29 of the plate away from the rest of the stack. This lip 27 contacts and end face of the magnet as shown in Detail C in Figure 3(d). It is formed by stamping or pressing the main body of the end plate before assembly to provide a stepped portion alongside the window, with a defined shoulder 28. The tab projects away from the main body to project over the window.

    [0042] In the embodiment of Figure 1 the tab also extends beyond the end face of the end plate, so that it is not flush with the top face of the end plate. The retaining feature 26 therefore allow the magnet 22 to be located in the window in the end plate so that it is flush with the outer face of the main body of the end plate. It retains the magnet in the pocket, which will allow the magnet to be retained without glue if desired.

    [0043] Figure 4 shows a similar rotor structure that can be formed in accordance with an aspect of the invention. In this embodiment a puck 30 has a set of laminated plates and an end plate 31 with a retention feature 32. The lip is omitted and an alternative retention feature 32 is provided. This comprises a resilient tab 33 which prior to assembly projects away from the main body and so projects into the window 34 but does not extend beyond the end face of the plate. When assembled, the end of the magnet 35 enters the window and pushes the tab out of the way, putting it under load. Care must be taken in this arrangement that the force exerted by the tab when assembled does not exceed that force that would cause the stack plate to delaminate. However, the resilient deformation of the tab may in some cases provide a more secure location of the magnet axially, allowing for tolerances in the length of the stack and magnet to be accommodated.

    [0044] Figure 5 shows a further embodiment of a rotor structure. This differs from the first two embodiments in that a puck 40 is provided that has retention features 43 in the form of tabs that project away from the main body of the plate and project across the window do not project beyond the end face of the outer plate but are flush with it when the magnet is in position. This requires magnets that are a little shorter, or that have small recesses that complement the tabs as they can only extend part way through the window 42 in the outer plate. However the benefit is that the pucks 40 can be stacked any way round because the end faces can be completely flush.

    [0045] To allow space for the magnet, the tabs 43 are thinner than the thickness of the end plate. In this example, the end lamination has a thickness of 0.5mm and the tabs a thickness of 0.25mm. This is achieved by the use of a planishing operation, starting with a plate of a uniform 0.5mm thickness.

    [0046] Figure 5 shows the puck 40 end lamination viewed from the front and the rear (not visible when the puck is assembled). The tabs 43 comprise two half moon projections for each window, formed by planishing a circular area that partially overlaps the edge of the window.


    Claims

    1. A rotor structure for an interior permanent magnet electric motor comprising:

    a laminated rotor core which comprises at least one stack of thin plates, the stack having a first end and a second end, each plate in the stack including at least one window (34) which is aligned with a corresponding window (34) of an adjacent plate so that the windows (34) together form an elongate pocket that extends along at least a part of the length of the core starting at a first end of the core, and

    at least one permanent magnet (35) located in the pocket, wherein at least one plate (31) at the first end of the stack includes an integral retention feature (32) which projects above the window (34) in the plate (31) and which engages the first end of the magnet (35) thereby to retain the magnet (35) in the pocket,

    characterized in that

    the retention feature (32) extends axially away from the main body of the plate (31) and retains the magnet (35) so that an end face of the magnet (35) is substantially flush with the face of the main body of the endmost plate (31) of the stack that faces away from the stack.


     
    2. A rotor structure according to claim 1 in which the at least one plate (31) is the outermost plate of the stack.
     
    3. A rotor structure according to any preceding claim in which the main body of the plate (31) comprises a substantially flat plate having opposed upper and lower planar faces.
     
    4. A rotor structure according to any preceding claim in which the retention feature (32) comprises a deformable tab (33) which is deformed out of the plane of the main body by the magnet (35) during assembly so that the tab applies a compressive force to the magnet (35) biasing it in a direction away from the first end of the stack.
     
    5. A rotor structure according to any one of claims 1 to 3 in which the retention feature (32) comprises a rigid protruding edge of the plate which overhangs the window (34) and is connected to the main body of the plate (31) by a stepped shoulder that is formed by pressing or stamping or planishing of the plate (31) during production.
     
    6. A rotor structure according to any preceding claim in which the magnet (35) is the same length as the stacked main bodies of the plates.
     
    7. A rotor structure according to any preceding claim in which the rotor core comprises two or more stacks of plates.
     
    8. An interior permanent magnet motor including a rotor structure according to any preceding claim.
     
    9. A method of assembling a rotor structure for an interior permanent magnet electric motor comprising:

    providing a plurality of thin plates, each having a main body with two opposing major faces, a central opening and at least one window (34);

    fixing a set of the plates together to form a laminated rotor core having a first end and a second end, the at least one window (34) in each plate being aligned with a corresponding window (34) of an adjacent plate so that the windows (34) together form an elongate pocket that extends along at least a part of the length of the core starting at a first end of the core, locating a permanent magnet (35) in the pocket that has a first end that protrudes slightly from the first end of the stack; and

    securing a further plate (31) to the first end of the stack that includes an integral retention feature (32) which projects axially away from a main body of the plate and which projects above a window (34) in the plate (31) that receives the protruding end of the magnet (35) so that the retention feature (32) engages the first end of the magnet (35) thereby to retain the magnet (35) in the pocket, so that an end face of the magnet is substantially flush with the face of the main body of said plate.


     
    10. A method according to claim 9 which further comprises adding a second additional plate to the opposite, second, end of the stack, the second additional plate also including an integral retention feature (32) which projects axially away from the main body of the plate to project above a window (34) in the plate that receives the protruding end of the magnet (35) so that the retention feature (32) engages the first end of the magnet (35) thereby to retain the magnet (35) in the pocket.
     
    11. A method according to claim 9 or claim 10 which comprises providing a retention feature (32) on the additional plate that lies at least partially within the window (34) prior to assembly and which is resiliently deformed on assembly as the magnet (35) enters the window (34) and pushes the retention feature out of the plane of the plate.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Rotorstruktur für einen elektrischen Innenpermanentmagnetmotor, die Folgendes umfasst:
    einen laminierten Rotorkern, der mindestens einen Stapel dünner Platten umfasst, wobei der Stapel ein erstes Ende und ein zweites Ende besitzt, wobei jede Platte in dem Stapel mindestens ein Fenster (34), das auf ein entsprechendes Fenster (34) einer benachbarten Platte so ausgerichtet ist, dass die Fenster (34) zusammen eine längliche Tasche bilden, die sich entlang mindestens eines Teils der Länge des Kerns, die bei einem ersten Ende des Kerns beginnt, erstreckt, und mindestens einen Permanentmagneten (35), der sich in der Tasche befindet, enthält, wobei mindestens eine Platte (31) bei dem ersten Ende des Stapels eine einteilige Rückhaltevorrichtung (32), die über dem Fenster (34) in der Platte (31) vorsteht und die mit dem ersten Ende des Magneten (35) in Eingriff ist, um dadurch den Magneten (35) in der Tasche zu halten, enthält, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sich die Rückhaltevorrichtung (32) von dem Hauptkörper der Platte (31) axial weg erstreckt und den Magneten (35) so hält, dass eine Stirnfläche des Magneten (35) mit der Fläche des Hauptkörpers der hintersten Platte (31) des Stapels, die dem Stapel abgewandt ist, im Wesentlichen bündig ist.
     
    2. Rotorstruktur nach Anspruch 1, wobei die mindestens eine Platte (31) die äußerste Platte des Stapels ist.
     
    3. Rotorstruktur nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Hauptkörper der Platte (31) eine im Wesentlichen flache Platte, die gegenüberliegende obere und untere ebene Flächen besitzt, umfasst.
     
    4. Rotorstruktur nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Rückhaltevorrichtung (32) eine verformbare Lasche (33) umfasst, die außerhalb der Ebene des Hauptkörpers während der Anordnung so durch den Magneten (35) verformt wird, dass die Lasche eine Verdichtungskraft auf den Magneten (35) ausübt, wodurch er in einer Richtung von dem ersten Ende des Stapels weg vorbelastet wird.
     
    5. Rotorstruktur nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die Rückhaltevorrichtung (32) eine starre vorstehende Kante der Platte, die über das Fenster (34) überhängt, umfasst und durch einen Stufenabsatz, der durch Pressen oder Stanzen oder Planieren der Platte (31) während der Produktion gebildet wird, mit dem Hauptkörper der Platte (31) verbunden ist.
     
    6. Rotorstruktur nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Magnet (35) die gleiche Länge wie die gestapelten Hauptkörper der Platten besitzt.
     
    7. Rotorstruktur nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Rotorkern zwei oder mehr Stapel von Platten umfasst.
     
    8. Innenpermanentmagnetmotor, der eine Rotorstruktur nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche umfasst.
     
    9. Verfahren zum Anordnen einer Rotorstruktur für einen Innenpermanentmagnetmotor, das Folgendes umfasst:

    Bereitstellen mehrerer dünner Platten, wobei jede einen Hauptkörper mit zwei gegenüberliegenden Hauptflächen, eine mittlere Öffnung und mindestens ein Fenster (34) besitzt;

    Fixieren einer Reihe der Platten aneinander, um einen laminierten Rotorkern, der ein erstes Ende und ein zweites Ende besitzt, zu bilden, wobei das mindestens eine Fenster (34) in jeder Platte auf ein entsprechendes Fenster (34) einer benachbarten Platte so ausgerichtet ist, dass die Fenster (34) zusammen eine längliche Tasche, die sich entlang mindestens eines Teils der Länge des Kerns, die bei einem ersten Ende des Kerns beginnt, erstreckt, bilden,

    Anordnen eines Permanentmagneten (35) in der Tasche, die ein erstes Ende, das von dem ersten Ende des Stapels geringfügig vorsteht, besitzt; und

    Befestigen einer weiteren Platte (31) an dem ersten Ende des Stapels, der eine einteilige Rückhaltevorrichtung (32) enthält, die von einem Hauptkörper der Platte axial wegsteht und die über einem Fenster (34) in der Platte (31) vorsteht, die das vorstehende Ende des Magneten (35) so aufnimmt, dass die Rückhaltevorrichtung (32) mit dem ersten Ende des Magneten (35) in Eingriff ist, um dadurch den Magneten (35) so in der Tasche zu halten, dass eine Stirnfläche des Magneten mit der Fläche des Hauptkörpers der Platte im Wesentlichen bündig ist.


     
    10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 9, das ferner das Hinzufügen einer zweiten zusätzlichen Platte zu dem gegenüberliegenden, zweiten Ende des Stapels umfasst, wobei die zweite zusätzliche Platte auch eine einteilige Rückhaltevorrichtung (32) enthält, die von dem Hauptkörper der Platte axial wegsteht, um über einem Fenster (34) in der Platte vorzustehen, die das vorstehende Ende des Magneten (35) so empfängt, dass die Rückhaltevorrichtung (32) mit dem ersten Ende des Magneten (35) in Eingriff ist, um dadurch den Magneten (35) in der Tasche zu halten.
     
    11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 9 oder 10, das das Bereitstellen einer Rückhaltevorrichtung (32) auf der zusätzlichen Platte, die vor dem Anordnen mindestens teilweise innerhalb des Fensters (34) liegt und die während des Anordnens elastisch verformt wird, während der Magnet (35) in das Fenster (34) eindringt und die Rückhaltevorrichtung aus der Ebene der Platte drückt, umfasst.
     


    Revendications

    1. Structure de rotor pour un moteur électrique à aimant permanent intérieur, comprenant:

    un noyau de rotor feuilleté comprenant au moins une pile de plaques minces, la pile présentant une première extrémité et une seconde extrémité, chaque plaque dans la pile comportant au moins une fenêtre (34) qui est alignée avec une fenêtre correspondante (34) d'une plaque adjacente de telle sorte que les fenêtres (34) forment ensemble une poche allongée qui s'étend le long d'au moins une partie de la longueur du noyau en partant d'une première extrémité du noyau, et au moins un aimant permanent (35) situé dans la poche,

    dans laquelle au moins une plaque (31) à la première extrémité de la pile comporte une caractéristique de retenue intégrée (32) qui fait saillie au-dessus de la fenêtre (34) dans la plaque (31) et qui engage la première extrémité de l'aimant (35) afin de retenir ainsi l'aimant (35) dans la poche,

    caractérisée en ce que la caractéristique de retenue (32) s'étend axialement à l'écart du corps principal de la plaque (31) et retient l'aimant (35) de telle sorte qu'une face d'extrémité de l'aimant (35) soit sensiblement à fleur de la face du corps principal de la plaque d'extrémité extrême (31) de la pile qui tourne le dos à la pile.


     
    2. Structure de rotor selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle ladite au moins une plaque (31) est la plaque extérieure extrême de la pile.
     
    3. Structure de rotor selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le corps principal de la plaque (31) comprend une plaque sensiblement plate qui présente des faces planes supérieure et inférieure opposées.
     
    4. Structure de rotor selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle la caractéristique de retenue (32) comprend un onglet déformable (33) qui est déformé hors du plan du corps principal par l'aimant (35) pendant l'assemblage de telle sorte que l'onglet applique une force de compression à l'aimant (35) afin de pousser celui-ci dans une direction à l'écart de la première extrémité de la pile.
     
    5. Structure de rotor selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans laquelle la caractéristique de retenue (32) comporte un bord saillant rigide de la plaque qui surplombe la fenêtre (34) et qui est connecté au corps principal de la plaque (31) par un épaulement étagé qui est formé par pressage ou estampage ou planage de la plaque (31) pendant la production.
     
    6. Structure de rotor selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle l'aimant (35) a la même longueur que les corps principaux empilés des plaques.
     
    7. Structure de rotor selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le noyau de rotor comprend deux ou plus de deux piles de plaques.
     
    8. Moteur à aimant permanent intérieur comprenant une structure de rotor selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes.
     
    9. Procédé d'assemblage d'une structure de rotor pour un moteur électrique à aimant permanent intérieur, comprenant les étapes suivantes:

    fournir une pluralité de plaques minces, dont chacune comprend un corps principal présentant deux faces majeures opposées, une ouverture centrale et au moins une fenêtre (34);

    fixer un ensemble des plaques les unes aux autres de manière à former un noyau de rotor feuilleté présentant une première extrémité et une seconde extrémité, ladite au moins une fenêtre (34) dans chaque plaque étant alignée avec une fenêtre correspondante (34) d'une plaque adjacente de telle sorte que les fenêtres (34) forment ensemble une poche allongée qui s'étend le long d'au moins une partie de la longueur du noyau en partant d'une première extrémité du noyau,

    placer un aimant permanent (35) dans la poche qui présente une première extrémité qui fait saillie légèrement à partir de la première extrémité de la pile; et

    fixer une plaque supplémentaire (31) à la première extrémité de la pile qui comporte une caractéristique de retenue intégrée (32) qui fait saillie axialement à l'écart d'un corps principal de la plaque et qui fait saillie au-dessus d'une fenêtre (34) dans la plaque (31) qui reçoit l'extrémité saillante de l'aimant (35) de telle sorte que la caractéristique de retenue (32) engage la première extrémité de l'aimant (35) afin de retenir ainsi l'aimant (35) dans la poche, de telle sorte qu'une face d'extrémité de l'aimant soit sensiblement à fleur de la face du corps principal de ladite plaque.


     
    10. Procédé selon la revendication 9, qui comprend en outre l'ajout d'une seconde plaque supplémentaire à la seconde extrémité opposée de la pile, la seconde plaque supplémentaire comportant également une caractéristique de retenue intégrée (32) qui fait saillie axialement à l'écart du corps principal de la plaque afin de faire saillie au-dessus d'une fenêtre (34) dans la plaque qui reçoit l'extrémité saillante de l'aimant (35) de telle sorte que la caractéristique de retenue (32) engage la première extrémité de l'aimant (35) afin de retenir ainsi l'aimant (35) dans la poche.
     
    11. Procédé selon la revendication 9 ou la revendication 10, qui comprend la formation d'une caractéristique de retenue (32) sur la plaque supplémentaire qui est logée au moins partiellement à l'intérieur de la fenêtre (34) avant l'assemblage et qui est déformée élastiquement lors de l'assemblage lorsque l'aimant (35) entre dans la fenêtre (34) et pousse la caractéristique de retenue hors du plan de la plaque.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description