(19)
(11)EP 3 113 646 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 15715829.6

(22)Date of filing:  05.03.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A45D 40/16  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IB2015/051610
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/132750 (11.09.2015 Gazette  2015/36)

(54)

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING COSMETIC PRODUCT CAPSULES, SPECIFICALLY LIPSTICKS, AND RELATING MANUFACTURING MACHINE

VERFAHREN ZUR HERSTELLUNG VON KOSMETISCHEN PRODUKTKAPSELN, INSBESONDERE LIPPENSTIFT, UND ZUGEHÖRIGE HERSTELLUNGSMASCHINE

PROCÉDÉ DE FABRICATION DE CAPSULES DE PRODUIT COSMÉTIQUE, EN PARTICULIER DES BÂTONS DE ROUGE À LÈVRES, ET MACHINE DE FABRICATION ASSOCIÉE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 06.03.2014 IT RM20140107

(43)Date of publication of application:
11.01.2017 Bulletin 2017/02

(73)Proprietor: Patent Lab SA
6830 Chiasso (CH)

(72)Inventor:
  • FAVERIO, Sergio
    6830 Chiasso (CH)

(74)Representative: Robba, Pierpaolo et al
Interpatent S.R.L. Via Caboto, 35
10129 Torino
10129 Torino (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 0 418 841
US-A- 5 316 712
US-A1- 2012 009 135
EP-A2- 1 813 335
US-A1- 2006 283 727
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical field



    [0001] The present invention relates to the cosmetic field and, in detail, concerns a machine for producing capsules of cosmetic products. The present invention also concerns a method for producing capsules of cosmetic products. In detail, such cosmetic products are lipsticks.

    Known art



    [0002] Referring particularly to cosmetic products such as lipsticks or lip glosses or even lip salves, it is known that they are currently produced according to a method briefly described hereinafter, particularly referring to figure 1. First of all a bulk, or base volume, of lipstick preparation produced according to predetermined technical specification based on a color set, is introduced (block 1000) into an opening or inlet of a lipstick preparing machine which primarily melts the afore said bulk (block 1010).

    [0003] The bulk could be molten in a specific melter fluidically connected to the machine.

    [0004] Subsequently, the molten bulk is injected through nozzle-like injecting means into a plastic sleeve or coating (block 1020), preferably made of silicone, having the final shape of the lipstick. The final shape of the lipstick tube is obtained by injecting the molten bulk into the plastic sleeve or coating. In detail, the inner surface of the plastic sleeve or coating is designed so as not to adhere to the bulk material, thereby allowing the bulk to be subsequently separated from the sleeve or coating without damaging the outer surface of the lipstick tube, which is required for aesthetic reasons to be free of surface damages.

    [0005] In detail, the known machine is provided with a plurality of sleeves or coatings on a circular rotating surface within respective housings angularly spaced along a circumference; a new coating is placed step by step in front of the nozzle-like injecting means by the rotation (block 1030) of this circular surface.

    [0006] The bulk injected within the sleeve or coating must then be cooled (block 1040); conversely, it would not be able to maintain the shape provided by the sleeve itself, and the process leading to create the commercially sold "lipstick" could not carry on.

    [0007] At this point, mechanical gripping means grasp the rear part of the lipstick tube (block 1050) by extracting the tube itself from the sleeve or coating and introduce it into the final plastic support, the latter typically comprising a first portion, or cap, and a second portion or main body provided with a roto-translating support controlled by a rotating ring having, in turn, a plurality of helically arranged grooves in which respective pins of the roto-translating support are engaged; the lipstick tube is introduced on this support by mechanically countering (block 1060).

    [0008] At the end of the latter step, the lipstick tube is subjected to a visual quality control (block 1070), that is manually made by human; if that quality control is positive, the lipstick can be led to the subsequent packaging steps, to a possible additional quality control step, and finally to the destination of the lipstick to the commercial market.

    [0009] However, the producing technique hitherto described is characterized by some disadvantages. In particular the Applicant noticed that, on the one hand, the cost of the plastic support is part of the cost of the lipstick; in particular, the lower the cost of the product itself, i.e. the actual lipstick tube, the greater the percentage cost fraction of the support, preferably made of plastic. Often, in fact, medium or even medium-high quality lipsticks are substantially inaccessible or not purchased by the average public because of their retail cost largely due to primary and secondary packaging.

    [0010] EP0418841, EP1813335, US5316712, US2012/283727 disclose the generic state of the art.

    [0011] Furthermore, the Applicant noticed that the disposal of the lipstick support, preferably made of plastic, at the end of the use is not environmentally friendly: in fact, it is typically made of materials, or coated with paints or other coatings, which are not biodegradable.

    [0012] Furthermore, the Applicant has found that there is an excessive waste of not used products, such as lipsticks and lip glosses, with their packaging with respect to those actually required by the market.

    [0013] Nevertheless, the Applicant has observed that the quality control performed by the human being is slow and expensive, as well as not always reliable. However, such quality control has a substantial impact on productive costs of the lipstick.

    [0014] Finally, the current producing methods and machines are not able to substantially reduce the working times of the machine itself.

    [0015] Therefore, the Applicant conceived a producing machine for capsules of lipstick able to solve the above described drawbacks.

    [0016] Similarly, therefore, the Applicant conceived a method for producing capsules of lipstick able to solve the above described drawbacks.

    Summary of the invention



    [0017] According to the present invention a method for producing capsules of cosmetic products, preferably lipsticks, is defined by claim 1.

    [0018] Advantageously, the sealing step comprises a step of sealing the cavity of said capsule by a lid or tongue operating to isolate said predetermined amount of cosmetic product.

    [0019] Conveniently, the method further comprises a step of extracting said containment capsule filled with the predetermined amount of cosmetic product from the machine.

    [0020] Preferably, a base volume of cosmetic product comprises a mixture of oils, waxes and pellets of colored or pigmented and/or pearlizing material mixed with a base composition having homogeneous consistency; said base composition further comprising at least one of the following excipients: gloss modifiers, wetting agents or humectants, vitamins, fruit extracts, sunscreens, as well as conserving agents such as preservatives and/or antioxidants.

    [0021] According to the present invention, a machine for producing capsules of cosmetic products is defined by claim 4.

    [0022] Advantageously, such a machine is configured to carry out a plurality of injection cycles of said predetermined portion of base volume of cosmetic product in a sequential and predetermined way.

    [0023] Advantageously, said machine is designed so that said sealing stage of said containment capsule occurs downstream of said injection.

    [0024] Advantageously, said sealing stage occurs a predetermined time after said injection.

    [0025] Advantageously, said sealing stage comprises heat-sealing means.

    [0026] Advantageously, said sealing stage of said containment capsule takes place under controlled atmosphere inside a container designed so as to prevent macrocontaminants from entering into said capsule.

    [0027] Advantageously, said sealing stage comprises a container for a plurality of tongues which are able to be applied on an opening of said capsule and handling means configured for picking up a tongue at a time from said container and positioning it at said opening of said capsule.

    [0028] Advantageously, the machine object of the present invention comprises handling means to handle said at least one capsule between said injecting means and said sealing stage through an at least partially linear translation and/or a rotation.

    Description of the attached figures



    [0029] In the present description, the Applicant illustrates a preferred, non-limiting embodiment of the invention, by referring to the appended figures, wherein:
    • figure 1 is a block diagram of a producing process of known lipsticks;
    • figure 2 is a schematic illustration of a machine for producing capsules of cosmetic products according to the present invention;
    • figure 3 is a flow diagram of a producing process of capsules of cosmetic products according to the present invention.

    Detailed description of the invention.



    [0030] Referring to figures 2 and 3, the present invention describes a producing machine and a method thereof to produce capsules of cosmetic products, preferably lipsticks. Therefore, by way of example and without restrictive intent, the present description will address to the description of a machine and a process in which the cosmetic product is a lipstick.

    [0031] In detail, the machine comprises a first vessel 100 where a base volume of a cosmetic product, in particular a lipstick, is poured in, being in detail produced in compliance with color, texture and predetermined material specifications (this operation corresponds to the block 2000 of the block diagram of figure 3). Preferably, the bulk or base volume is produced from a mixture of oils, waxes and/or colored (pigmented) and/or pearlizing material mixed together so as to form a base compound having a homogeneous consistency. The base compound can be further characterized by gloss or texture modifiers, wetting agents or humectants, vitamins, fruit extracts, sunscreens, as well as conserving agents, such as preservatives and/or antioxidants.

    [0032] Also, the bulk or base volume can comprise several pigments, active ingredients or pearls.

    [0033] The first vessel is enclosed within first heating means 101 which allow maintaining the basic compound to a temperature suitable to carry out the rest of the process described hereinafter.

    [0034] Optionally stirring means 105, able to keep the base preparation moving inside the vessel so as to advantageously keep unchanged its homogeneity, can be provided inside the first vessel.

    [0035] A feed line, feeding an additional heating container 120 through a flow control valve 110 of a known type, extends from the first container or vessel. The additional heating container 120 is heated by second heating means 130, although preferably not limited to the electric type, supplied by a supplying source 140 which can be, in use, the same supplying the first heating means. A melting action of the base preparation of the cosmetic product is carried out and/or maintained by the first and second heating means (this operation corresponds to the block 2010 of the block diagram of figure 3).

    [0036] The first and/or second heating means are preferably intended, although not exclusively, to lead the base preparation up to a temperature of about 100°C, or anyway a temperature able to prevent the cosmetic product from solidifying, even partially, because this may cause the homogeneity of the preparation to be damaged or the feed line of the herein described machine to become blocked or clogged, either alternatively or in combination one with the other.

    [0037] The feed line extends from the additional heating container 120 with a duct 150 feeding at least one dispensing nozzle or head 160 which is configured to allow a sub-portion of the base volume of lipstick preparation to be injected into one or more containment capsules 200 of semifinished cosmetic products. The injection operation corresponds to the block 2020 of the block diagram of figure 3.

    [0038] The capsules 200 are positioned below the dispensing nozzle or head 160 by handling means advantageously comprising a conveyor belt 190, and they come from a capsule dispenser 195 designed so as to collect a plurality of capsules queuing up or forming a line in order to arrange them neatly on the conveyor belt by known handling means. The conveyor belt 190 in mechanically connected with an actuator comprising either a continuous feed motor or a stepper motor designed so as to be able to move forward said conveyor belt 190 forward of a predetermined length at each cycle (this operation corresponds to the block 2030 of the block diagram of figure 3).

    [0039] Clearly, the conveyor belt of the present invention must not necessarily be present; it can be replaced by equivalent handling means of the capsules, if theoretically equivalent, such as a rotating disc on which the capsule is rested or introduced in a supporting recess and moved from here to the sealing stage that will be better described in the following description.

    [0040] Each capsule 200 comprises a body shaped as a cup or bowl, i.e. delimited by one or more side walls (depending on the fact that the plan section of the capsule is defined by a continuous or broken line) and by a base portion; the base portion and the side wall define an inner cavity or inner volume of the capsule and an upper opening allowing the cosmetic product to be introduced. The capsule 200 is made of one or more layers of material, so that the inner surface is able to hold a cosmetic product without significantly altering its properties, and in particular it is designed to hold a cosmetic product greatly heated with respect to the room temperature, without being damaged. In particular, the capsule 200 does not take the final form of the lipstick tube, typically having an use end obliquely cut on one side or on both sides, and its inner surface roughness or shape do not correspond to the negative of the final shape of the lipstick when ready to be used. Therefore, advantageously, the inner finishing of the capsule 200 can also be of mediocre quality with respect to that required in the silicone sleeve of the known art, thus bringing many advantages to the production economy of the capsule itself.

    [0041] The capsule 200 is provided with at least one thermally conductive, i.e. not insulating, portion. Preferably the containment capsule 200 is provided with an aluminum portion, preferably the containment capsule is provided with at least the base portion and the side wall made of aluminum.

    [0042] Alternatively, the base portion and the side wall of the containment capsule could be made of a thermally conductive plastic material, without departing from the protection scope of the present invention.

    [0043] In detail a data processing unit, electrically connected with the flow control valve 110 and/or with opening/closing means to pen/close said dispensing nozzle or head 160, advantageously allows adjusting the feed flow of the base preparation into the capsule 200 according to an intermittent feeding cycle, in which times and doses are adjusted according to a predetermined criterion modifiable by the user also depending on the feed speed of the conveyor belt. Advantageously, the operating speed of the machine and particularly also the feed speed of the conveyor belt, can be set by user interface means of known type and electrically connected with said data processing unit. By slowing the feed speed of the conveyor belt and therefore increasing the time between the filling of the capsule 200 and the subsequent sealing thereof, the cosmetic product can partially solidify or anyway increase its viscosity before being sealed.

    [0044] In detail, each capsule being designed to enable a lipstick tube to be obtained at a later time, for each filling cycle of the capsule 200, the nozzle or dispensing head dispenses an amount of cosmetic product less than or equal to about 20g, so that the amount of wasted product in the subsequent preparation of the lipstick tube is minimal.

    [0045] The cosmetic product, once introduced into the capsule 200, tends to cool by itself, and is not strictly necessary to provide the machine with cooling means in order to allow the content of the capsule to rapidly solidify.

    [0046] Therefore, the cosmetic product introduced into the capsule 200 is a semifinished product and is not intended to be directly used by the users. In the case of lipstick, in fact, the capsule 200 is not shaped to allow the user to use the lipstick, and would not even be able to provide a semi-finished product that meets the quality and aesthetic requirements which are traditionally associated with the lipstick tube sold in stores.

    [0047] After the injecting step, the conveyor belt carries the filled capsules 200 below a sealing station or stage 170, 180, 220 comprising a vessel 170 containing a plurality of sealing tongues 210 for the capsules 200. In detail, the size of the sealing tongues is at least equal to the opening of the capsule 200.

    [0048] Furthermore, handling means 180 of said tongues, designed to pick up a tongue at a time from said vessel 170 and place it above an upper opening of said capsule 200, are provided (this operation corresponds to the block 2040 of the block diagram of figure 3) so as to allow the tongue to be firmly sealed on the capsule body during the sealing stage 220. The inside environment of the capsule is therefore hermetically insulated from the outside environment in order to allow the cosmetic semifinished product to be conveniently preserved for a long time under suitable preserving conditions. Although in the attached figures the sealing stage is shown as separated from the handling means, this illustration is not to be considered as restrictive because it is actually possible to provide for the use of integrated handling and sealing means.

    [0049] The sealing stage 220 performs a heat sealing operation of the tongue on the capsule body which is performed, more specifically, along a closed perimeter (block 2050 of the block diagram of figure 3).

    [0050] Optionally, starting from the nozzle 160 towards the welding station 220, the operation of filling, of positioning the tongue over the opening of the capsule 200 and the sealing of the tongue itself can take place under controlled environmental conditions, in order to ensure the absence of macro-contaminants within the capsule. Advantageously, in this case the machine object of the present invention will comprise an envelope for at least part of its components in order to obtain the afore said controlled atmosphere.

    [0051] The so-made capsules are then moved towards a storage warehouse where they are packed in cardboard boxes or else packages able to hold a plurality of capsules and then shipped to the retail distribution network (this operation corresponds to the block 2060 of the block diagram of figure 3).

    [0052] In light of the foregoing description, the advantages given by the hitherto described method and machine are clear. In particular, the present invention provides the public with a semifinished lipstick which is contained in a simple pod or capsule rather than in an expensive packaging, thereby cutting the selling cost due to the packaging itself, i.e. the plastic support for the lipstick tube.

    [0053] The transformation of the lipstick capsule into a ready-to-use product will then be carried out by the user. Therefore, the plastic or metal support of the lipstick tube, once purchased, can be reused. Moreover, the lipstick capsule or pod can be made of a biodegradable material and should not meet the requirements of the highest non-adherence to the product that must be met by the silicone sleeve of known type, since the capsule or pod should not define the shape of a final product but, instead, is only intended to contain - under the best possible preserving conditions - the semifinished product until the time when it will be molten.

    [0054] The cooling step of the bulk is no longer of primary importance since once introduced in the capsule, it is sufficient to provide for the sealing of the latter to have a guarantee of integrity of the product, letting the bulk contained therein to cool by itself.

    [0055] The machine and method object of the present invention allow the environmental pollution to be reduced because, when the lipstick tube has been used up, the user no longer has to throw the plastic support but will only have to melt the bulk lipstick contained in the capsule.

    [0056] Further, the ability of selling capsules containing a small amount of lipstick allows the lipstick producing company to put on the market even lipsticks with colors or materials not widely purchased, or otherwise special, in a more cost-effective way. This also means greater choice for end users, who can more easily find particular colors of lipstick in retail cosmetic stores, colors that otherwise would not be convenient to be purchased by the store itself, which would be in danger of having a large amount of lipstick of particular colors prone to remain unsold and a substantial investment due in large part to the cost of the plastic support.

    [0057] Finally, through the method described hitherto, an aesthetic quality assessment of the future lipstick tube is a task that can be left to the end user; in other words, the method and the machine of the present invention should not take into account, tout court, a quality control of the shape of the semifinished product.


    Claims

    1. Method for producing capsules of cosmetic products, preferably lipsticks, said method comprising the steps of:

    - introducing (2000) a base volume of a cosmetic product into a melting and preparing machine according to claim 4 to melt and prepare cosmetic products,

    - providing at least one containment capsule (200), comprising at least one open cavity adapted to contain a predetermined amount of cosmetic product of less than 20g and provided with at least one thermally conductive portion;

    - introducing at least one empty containment capsule (200) into an orifice or container (195) of said melting and preparing machine;

    - melting at least one portion of said base volume of the cosmetic product;

    - injecting (2020) said predetermined amount of said molten cosmetic product into said containment capsule (200); every injection cycle comprises an injection of a mass of cosmetic product lower than, or equal to, 20g;

    - sealing said containment capsule (200) containing said predetermined amount of cosmetic product; said containment capsule (200) and said predetermined amount of cosmetic product making up a semifinished product of said final cosmetic product adapted to be used by a user;

    - said semifinished product being intended to undergo subsequent steps of working and shape transformation in order to become a final cosmetic product, before being finally used by a user.


     
    2. Method according to claim 1, characterized in that said sealing step (2050) comprises a step of sealing the cavity of said capsule (200) by a lid (210) or tongue operating to isolate said predetermined amount of cosmetic product.
     
    3. Method according to claim 1, comprising a step of extracting said containment capsule (200) filled with said predetermined amount of cosmetic product from the machine.
     
    4. Machine (10) for producing capsules of cosmetic products, comprising:

    - a first vessel (100) for containing a base volume of a cosmetic product and first heating means (101) to melt the base volume of said cosmetic product contained in the first vessel;

    - a feed line extending from the first vessel (100) to feed an additional heating container (120), heated by second heating means (130),

    - the feed line further extending from the additional heating container (120) to injecting means (160), the injecting means (160) being configured to inject a predetermined portion of said volume base of cosmetic product into one or more containment capsules, every injection cycle comprises an injection of a mass of cosmetic product lower than, or equal to, 20g;

    - handling means (190) to position said capsules (200) below the injecting means (160);
    the machine (10) further comprising a sealing stage (170; 180; 220) of said containment capsule (200); where said containment capsule are carried after the injecting step;

    - said capsules (200) being able to comprise a predetermined portion of said base volume of cosmetic preparation and making up a semifinished cosmetic product able to receive additional working steps before use.


     
    5. Machine according to claim 4, configured to carry out a plurality of injection cycles of said predetermined portion of base volume of cosmetic preparation in a sequential and predetermined way.
     
    6. Machine according to claim 5, configured so that said sealing step of said containment capsule (200) occurs downstream of said injecting step.
     
    7. Machine according to claim 6, wherein said sealing stage occurs a predetermined time after said injecting step.
     
    8. Machine according to claim 7, wherein said sealing stage comprises heat-sealing means (220).
     
    9. Machine according to claim 8, wherein said sealing stage of said containment capsule operates in a controlled atmosphere inside a container configured to prevent macro-contaminants from entering into said capsule.
     
    10. Machine according to any one of claims 5-9, wherein said sealing stage comprises a container for a plurality of tongues (210) which are able to be applied on an opening of said capsule (200) and handling means (180) configured for picking up a tongue at a time from said container and positioning it at said opening of said capsule (200).
     
    11. Machine according to claim 5, comprising handling means to handle said at least one capsule (200) between said injecting means and said sealing stage through an at least partially linear translation and/or a rotation.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zur Herstellung von kosmetischen Produktkapseln, insbesondere Lippenstifte, wobei das Verfahren folgende Schritte umfasst:

    - Einbringen (2000) einer Ausgangsmenge eines kosmetischen Produkts in eine Schmelz- und Fertigungsmaschine nach Anspruch 4 zum Schmelzen und Herstellen kosmetischer Produkte,

    - Bereitstellen wenigstens einer Aufnahmekapsel (200), die wenigstens einen offenen Hohlraum zur Aufnahme einer vorgegebenen Menge von weniger als 20 g des kosmetischen Produktes und wenigstens einen wärmeleitenden Abschnitt aufweist;

    - Einbringen wenigstens einer leeren Aufnahmekapsel (200) in eine Öffnung oder einen Behälter (195) der Schmelz- und Fertigungsmaschine;

    - Schmelzen wenigstens eines Teiles der Ausgangsmenge des kosmetischen Produkts;

    - Einspritzen (2020) der vorgegebenen Menge des geschmolzenen kosmetischen Produkts in diese Aufnahmekapsel (200); bei jedem Einspritzzyklus wird eine Menge an kosmetischem Produkt von weniger als oder gleich 20 g verwendet;

    - Versiegeln der Aufnahmekapsel (200), welche die vorgegebene Menge an kosmetischem Produkt enthält; die Aufnahmekapsel (200) und die vorgegebene Menge an kosmetischem Produkt bilden ein Halbfertigprodukt des kosmetischen Endprodukts, das zur Verwendung von einem Benutzer vorgesehen ist;

    - das Halbfertigprodukt durchläuft bis zur Herstellung des kosmetischen Endproduktes nachfolgende Bearbeitungs- und Formveränderungen, bevor es schließlich von einem Benutzer verwendet wird.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Versiegelungsschritt (2050) das Versiegeln des Hohlraums der Kapsel (200) durch einen Deckel (210) oder eine Zunge zur Isolierung der vorgegebenen Menge des kosmetischen Produktes umfasst.
     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, bei dem in einem ersten Schritt die mit der vorgegebenen Menge an kosmetischem Produkt gefüllte Aufnahmekapsel (200) aus der Maschine entnommen wird.
     
    4. Maschine (10) zur Herstellung kosmetischer Produktkapseln, die Folgendes aufweist:

    - ein erstes Gefäß (100) zur Aufnahme einer Ausgangsmenge eines kosmetischen Produkts und ersten Heizmitteln (101) zum Schmelzen der im ersten Gefäß enthaltenen Ausgangsmenge des kosmetischen Produkts,

    - eine vom ersten Gefäß (100) zu einem durch zweite Heizmittel (130) erwärmbaren zusätzlichen Erwärmungsbehälter (120) führende Zuführleitung,

    - die vom zusätzlichen Erwärmungsbehälter (120) zu Einspritzmitteln (160) verläuft, die eine vorgegebene Teilmenge der Ausgangsmenge an kosmetischem Produkt in eine oder mehrere Aufnahmekapseln einspritzt, wobei bei jedem Einspritzzyklus eine Menge an kosmetischem Produkt von weniger als oder gleich 20 g eingespritzt wird;

    - Handhabungsmittel (190) zum Anordnen der Kapseln (200) unterhalb der Einspritzmittel (160);
    eine für die Aufnahmekapsel (200) vorgesehene Versiegelungsstation (170; 180; 220), zu der die Aufnahmekapsel nach dem Einspritzschritt transportiert wird;

    - die Kapseln (200) enthalten eine vorgegebene Teilmenge der Ausgangsmenge an kosmetischer Zubereitung und bilden ein kosmetisches Halbfertigprodukt, das vor seiner Benutzung zusätzlichen Bearbeitungsschritten unterzogen werden kann.


     
    5. Maschine nach Anspruch 4, mit der mehrere Einspritzzyklen der vorgegebenen Teilmenge der Ausgangsmenge der kosmetischen Zubereitung in sequentieller und in vorgegebener Weise ausführbar sind.
     
    6. Maschine nach Anspruch 5, wobei der Versiegelungsschritt der Aufnahmekapsel (200) nach dem Einspritzschritt folgt.
     
    7. Maschine nach Anspruch 6, wobei der Versiegelungsschritt nach einer vorgegebenen Zeit nach dem Einspritzschritt erfolgt.
     
    8. Maschine nach Anspruch 7, wobei die Versiegelungsstation Heißsiegelmittel (220) aufweist.
     
    9. Maschine nach Anspruch 8, wobei die Versiegelung der Aufnahmekapsel in einer kontrollierten Atmosphäre im Inneren eines Behälters erfolgt, der so ausgebildet ist, dass das Eindringen von Makroverunreinigungen in die Kapsel verhindert wird.
     
    10. Maschine nach einem der Ansprüche 5 bis 9, bei der die Versiegelungsstation einen Behälter für mehrere, auf eine Öffnung der Kapsel (200) aufbringbare Zungen (210) und Handhabungsmittel (180) zum Aufnehmen einer Zunge aus dem Behälter zur Positionierung an der Öffnung der Kapsel (200) aufweist.
     
    11. Maschine nach Anspruch 5, die Handhabungsmittel zum wenigstens teilweisen geradlinigen Verschieben und/oder Drehen wenigstens einer Kapsel (200) zwischen den Einspritzmitteln und der Versiegelungsstation aufweist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé de production de capsules de produits cosmétiques, de préférence des rouges à lèvres, ledit procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à :

    - introduire (2000) un volume de base d'un produit cosmétique dans une machine de fusion et de préparation selon la revendication 4 pour faire fondre et préparer des produits cosmétiques,

    - fournir au moins une capsule de confinement (200), comprenant au moins une cavité ouverte adaptée pour contenir une quantité prédéterminée de produit cosmétique de moins de 20 g et munie d'au moins une portion thermiquement conductrice ;

    - introduire au moins une capsule de confinement vide (200) dans un orifice ou un contenant (195) de ladite machine de fusion et de préparation ;

    - faire fondre au moins une portion dudit volume de base du produit cosmétique ;

    - injecter (2020) ladite quantité prédéterminée dudit produit cosmétique fondu dans ladite capsule de confinement (200), chaque cycle d'injection comprend une injection d'une masse de produit cosmétique inférieure ou égale à 20 g ;

    - le scellement de ladite capsule de confinement (200) contenant ladite quantité prédéterminée de produit cosmétique ; ladite capsule de confinement (200) et ladite quantité prédéterminée de produit cosmétique composant un produit semi-fini dudit produit cosmétique final adapté pour être utilisé par un utilisateur ;

    - ledit produit semi-fini étant destiné à subir des étapes ultérieures de malaxage et de transformation de forme afin de devenir un produit cosmétique final, avant une utilisation finale par un utilisateur.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que ladite étape de scellement (2050) comprend une étape consistant à sceller la cavité de ladite capsule (200) par un couvercle (210) ou une languette fonctionnant pour isoler ladite quantité prédéterminée de produit cosmétique.
     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1, comprenant une étape consistant à extraire ladite capsule de confinement (200) remplie avec ladite quantité prédéterminée de produit cosmétique de la machine.
     
    4. Machine (10) de production de capsules de produits cosmétiques, comprenant :

    - une première cuve (100) pour contenir un volume de base d'un produit cosmétique et des premiers moyens de chauffage (101) pour faire fondre le volume de base dudit produit cosmétique contenu dans ladite première cuve ;

    - une ligne d'approvisionnement s'étendant depuis la première cuve (100) pour approvisionner un contenant de chauffage supplémentaire (120), chauffé par des seconds moyens de chauffage (130),

    - la ligne d'approvisionnement s'étendant en outre du contenant de chauffage supplémentaire (120) à des moyens d'injection (160), les moyens d'injection (160) étant configurés pour injecter une portion prédéterminée de ladite base volumique de produit cosmétique dans une ou plusieurs capsules de confinement,
    chaque cycle d'injection comprend une injection d'une masse de produit cosmétique inférieure ou égale à 20 g ;

    - des moyens de manipulation (190) pour positionner lesdites capsules (200) sous les moyens d'injection (160) ;
    la machine (10) comprenant en outre un stade de scellement (170 ; 180 ; 220) de ladite capsule de confinement (200) ; où ladite capsule de confinement est transportée après l'étape d'injection ;

    - lesdites capsules (200) étant capables de comprendre une portion prédéterminée dudit volume de base de préparation cosmétique et composant un produit cosmétique semi-fini capable de recevoir des étapes de malaxage supplémentaires avant utilisation.


     
    5. Machine selon la revendication 4, configurée pour réaliser une pluralité de cycles d'injection de ladite portion prédéterminée de volume de base de préparation cosmétique de manière séquentielle et prédéterminée.
     
    6. Machine selon la revendication 5, configurée de sorte que ladite étape de scellement de ladite capsule de confinement (200) s'effectue en aval de ladite étape d'injection.
     
    7. Machine selon la revendication 6, dans laquelle ledit stade de scellement s'effectue à un moment prédéterminé après ladite étape d'injection.
     
    8. Machine selon la revendication 7, dans laquelle ledit stade de scellement comprend des moyens de thermoscellage (220) .
     
    9. Machine selon la revendication 8, dans laquelle ledit stade de scellement de ladite capsule de confinement fonctionne dans une atmosphère régulée à l'intérieur d'un contenant configuré pour empêcher l'entrée de macro-contaminants dans ladite capsule.
     
    10. Machine selon l'une quelconque des revendications 5 à 9, dans laquelle ledit stade de scellement comprend un contenant pour une pluralité de languettes (210) qui sont capables d'être appliquées sur une ouverture de ladite capsule (200) et des moyens de manipulation (180) configurés pour saisir une languette à la fois à partir dudit contenant et de la positionner au niveau de ladite ouverture de ladite capsule (200).
     
    11. Machine selon la revendication 5, comprenant des moyens de manipulation pour manipuler ladite au moins une capsule (200) entre lesdits moyens d'injection et ledit stade de scellement par le biais d'une translation linéaire et/ou d'une rotation au moins partielles.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description