(19)
(11)EP 3 115 157 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
02.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/36

(21)Application number: 15306137.9

(22)Date of filing:  10.07.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B25B 27/00(2006.01)

(54)

HEATING DEVICE FOR HEATING A SEAL FOR A BEARING

HEIZUNGSVORRICHTUNG ZUR ERWÄRMUNG EINER DICHTUNG FÜR EIN LAGER

DISPOSITIF DE CHAUFFAGE POUR CHAUFFER UN JOINT D'ÉTANCHÉITÉ POUR UN PALIER


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
11.01.2017 Bulletin 2017/02

(73)Proprietor: Aktiebolaget SKF
415 50 Göteborg (SE)

(72)Inventors:
  • NICOLAS, Michel
    89200 ANNAY LA CÔTE (FR)
  • DIOGENE, Jean-Marc
    21530 ST GERMAIN DE MODEON (FR)

(74)Representative: Kuhstrebe, Jochen et al
SKF GmbH Gunnar-Wester-Straße 12
97421 Schweinfurt
97421 Schweinfurt (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 0 487 257
WO-A1-2011/050837
EP-A1- 1 400 193
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to the field of bearing assemblies.

    [0002] The present invention relates more particularly to the field of large size bearings, for example large-diameter rolling bearings adapted to be used in wind turbines.

    [0003] Rolling bearings comprise generally two rings and rolling elements interposed between these rings. For protecting the space where the rolling elements are placed, seals, made from synthetic materials such as elastomeric or thermoplastic materials, are interposed between the rings. An example of an annular dedicated to be mounted in a large size rolling bearing is shown in WO 2011/050837 A1. The mounting of the seals between the rings induces difficulties due to the rigidity of the seals. In order to soften and reduce the rigidity of the seals, it is current to heat the seals with a warm air flow issued from a hot air blower which is carried by an operator. Such a solution is not satisfying because it is difficult to obtain a controlled temperature of the seals and because there is a risk of overheating of the seals.

    [0004] One aim of the present invention is to facilitate the heating and the mounting of seals between rings of bearings.

    [0005] In one embodiment, it is proposed a heating device for heating a seal having to be placed between rings of a bearing.

    [0006] This heating device comprises two longitudinal parts able to be moved relative to each other between a closed position in which a longitudinal channel is formed there between for being transverse longitudinally by said seal and an open position in which said seal can be introduced in and removed out of said channel, at least one of the said longitudinal part carrying heating means for heating the portion of the seal extending in said channel.

    [0007] According to the invention, said longitudinal parts comprise:

    half longitudinal internal bodies which form there between said longitudinal channel in said close position ;

    half longitudinal external fairings surrounding said half longitudinal internal bodies, the half longitudinal internal bodies carrying heating means for heating the portion of the seal extending in said channel ; and

    end flanges for fixing together, respectively, half longitudinal internal bodies and half longitudinal external fairing, said end flanges forming opposed end apertures at the ends of the longitudinal channel.



    [0008] The said longitudinal parts can be provided with articulating means having a longitudinal rotation axis and are provided with locking means for maintaining the said longitudinal parts in the said close position.

    [0009] The heating means can comprise at least a longitudinal elongated element including at least an electrical resistance.

    [0010] The heating means can comprise at least one longitudinal elongated element inserted in a longitudinal hole of at least one of the half longitudinal internal bodies.

    [0011] The heating device can comprise guiding protuberances able to cooperate with the bearing for guiding the heating device along a circumferential path.

    [0012] The present invention and its advantages will be better understood by studying a heating device and its using, given by way of non-limiting example and illustrated by the appended drawings on which:
    • Figure 1 is a top view of a heating device, in a closed position, installed on a bearing;
    • Figure 2 is a radial cross-section of figure 1 referenced on figure 1;
    • Figure 3 is a longitudinal section of the heating device, referenced on figure 1, in a closed position;
    • Figure 4 is a radial cross-section of the heating device referenced on figure 3, in a closed position;
    • Figure 5 is an end view of the heating device referenced on figure 3, in an open position; and
    • Figure 6 is a perspective exploded view of the heating device.


    [0013] As illustrated on figures 1 and 2, a heating device 1 is intended to heat an annular seal 2, this seal 2 being provided with lips and having to be mounted between an internal ring 3 and an external ring 4 of a bearing assembly 5. For example, the bearing assembly 5 comprises at least a row 6 of rolling elements, such as balls, interposed between annular raceways of the rings 3 and 4, the seal 2 being intended to be mounted in an annular location 7 provided at an annular end portion of the space 8 between the ring 3 and 4, in which the rolling elements 6 move.

    [0014] As illustrated more particularly on figures 3, 4, 5 and 6, the heating device 1 comprises two half longitudinal elongated parts 10 and 11.

    [0015] The longitudinal elongated parts 10 and 11 comprise respectively half tubular longitudinal inner bodies 12 and 13, formed as half cylinders, and half longitudinal tubular outer fairings 14 and 15, formed as half cylinders, recovering the half tubular longitudinal inner bodies 12 and 13.

    [0016] The half tubular longitudinal inner bodies 12 and 13 are divided in two successive portions 12a, 12b and 13a, 13b, aligned longitudinally, which are respectively connected by longitudinal ankles 17 and 18 (figure 6).

    [0017] The longitudinal parts 10 and 11 comprise further half radial end flanges 19, 20 and 21, 22, formed as half crowns, which are provided at the opposed ends of the inner bodies 12 and 13 and the outer fairings 14 and 15.

    [0018] The half radial end flanges 19, 20 and 21, 22 comprise edges 19a, 20a and 21a, 22a, which extend over the outer faces of the outer fairings 14 and 15. Longitudinal mounting screws 23, 24 and 25, 26 are provided through the end flanges 19, 20 and 21, 22 and are screwed in the opposed end portions of the portions 12a, 12b and 13a, 13b, of the inner bodies 12 and 13.

    [0019] When the two longitudinal parts 10 and 11 are in a close position (figures 1-4), in which the heating device 1 is in the form of an elongated cylinder, the half longitudinal inner bodies 12 and 13 form a longitudinal central channel 27 between them and the opposed half end flanges 19, 20 and 21, 22 form opposed end apertures 28 and 29 between them, at the ends of the longitudinal channel 27.

    [0020] The longitudinal parts 10 and 11 are provided with a pair of articulating means 30, which are longitudinally spaced apart and which comprise respectively pairs of projecting lugs 31 and 32 respectively on the outer fairings 14 and 15 and longitudinal axles 33 which transverse the lugs 31 et 32.

    [0021] By these articulating means, the longitudinal parts 10 and 11 can be pivoted between the said close position (figures 1-4) and an open position (figure 5) in which the longitudinal parts 10 and 11 are spaced apart, such that the channel 27 and the apertures 28 and 29 are opened.

    [0022] The longitudinal parts 10 and 11 are also provided with a pair of locking means 34 for maintaining them in said close position. The locking means 34 are spaced apart longitudinally and are located at a position diametrically opposed to the articulating means 30.

    [0023] The locking means 34 comprise respectively pairs of projecting lugs 35 and 36 respectively on the outer fairings 14 and 15, which respectively come one on the other in the said close position, and comprise threaded rods 37 articulated on the lugs 35 through longitudinal axle 38.

    [0024] The rods 37 can be pivoted between locking positions (figures 1-4) in which the rods 37 are introduced in slots 39 of the lugs 36 and released positions (figure 5) in which the rods 37 are out of the slots 39. The rods 37 carry rings 40, nuts 41 and springs 42 between the rings and the nuts. In the locking position, the nuts 41 apply the ring 40 on the lugs 36 through the springs 42, so as to maintain the heating device 1 in the said close position.

    [0025] The heating device 1 comprises further elongated longitudinal heating elements 43, 44, 45 and 46, respectively inserted in longitudinal holes 47, 48, 49 and 50 of the longitudinal portions 12a, 12b and 13a, 13b of the longitudinal inner bodies 12 and 13. The longitudinal holes 47 and 48 are aligned, the longitudinal holes 49 and 50 are aligned, the longitudinal holes 47 and 49 are diametrically opposed and the longitudinal holes 48 and 50 are diametrically opposed.

    [0026] The heating elements 43, 44, 45 and 46, which include electrical resistances, are connected to a common connector 51, via electrical wires 43a, 44a, 45a and 46a, which is placed in a lateral projecting chamber 52 of the outer fairing 15. The connector 51 is connected to a feeding wire 53 connected to an electrical source (not shown). When the heating elements 43, 44, 45 and 46 are connected to the electrical source, the produced heat is transferred to the longitudinal inner bodies 12 and 13, such that the temperature of these bodies 12 and 13 is controlled and substantially homogenous.

    [0027] The outer fairing 14 is provided with projecting radial guiding rods 54 and 55 which are longitudinally spaced apart. The rods 54 and 55 are provided with collar 56 and 57 such that the end portions of the rods 54 and 55 are free.

    [0028] The heating device 1 can be used as following.

    [0029] As illustrated on figures 1 and 2, an operator places the heating device 1 on the bearing 5, with the end portions of the guiding rods 54 and 55 introduced in the space 8 between the rings 3 and 4 and the collar 56 and 57 abutting external annular radial surfaces 59 and 60 of the rings 3 and 4. So, the heating device 1 extends in a parallel position and at a distance of the radial face of the bearing 5.

    [0030] The operator places the heating device 1 in its open position previously mentioned (Figure 6).

    [0031] The operator introduces a portion of the annular seal 2, longitudinally, between the half longitudinal elongated parts 10 and 11.

    [0032] The operator brings closer the half longitudinal elongated parts 10 and 11 to the close position previously mentioned and places the blocking means 34 in blocking position (Figure 1-4).

    [0033] So, the portion of the annular seal 2 extends longitudinally and freely in the channel 27 and through the end apertures 28 and 29.

    [0034] The portion of the annular seal 2 is heated by the heat of the bodies 12 and 13 including the heating elements 43, 44, 45 and 46, such that the rigidity of this portion is decreasing. As the temperature in the channel 27 is controlled and homogenous, the heating of the portion of the seal 2 extending in the channel 27 is controlled and homogenous.

    [0035] The operator moves the heating device 1 circumferentially along the space 8 of the bearing 5, the heating device 1 being guided by the guiding rods 54 and 55 engaged in the circumferential edge portion of the space 8 between the rings 3 and 4.

    [0036] As the moving of the heating device 1, the seal 2 slides longitudinally in the channel 27 and portions of the annular seal 2 are heated. The operator introduces successively or continuously heated portions of the annular seal 2 into the space 8 of the bearing 5, to the location 7.

    [0037] At the end of the heating operations, the operator can open the heating device 1, extract the portion of the seal 2 from the heating device 1 and remove the heating device 1 for finishing the installation of the annular seal 2 in the location 7.

    [0038] The present invention is illustrated by the description of an application of a heating device for heating an annular seal having to be mounted in a bearing including one or several rows of rolling elements. The present invention can also be applied to plain bearings.


    Claims

    1. A heating device for heating an annular seal dedicated to be placed between rings of a bearing, comprising two longitudinal parts (10, 11) able to be moved relative to each other between a closed position in which a longitudinal channel (27) is formed there between for being transverse longitudinally by a portion of said seal, and an open position in which a portion of said seal can be introduced in and removed out of said channel characterized in that said longitudinal parts (10, 11) comprise:

    half longitudinal internal bodies (12, 13) which form there between said longitudinal channel (27) in said close position ;

    half longitudinal external fairings (14, 15) surrounding said half longitudinal internal bodies, the half longitudinal internal bodies carrying heating means (43, 46) for heating the portion of the seal extending in said channel ; and

    end flanges (19-22) for fixing together, respectively, half longitudinal internal bodies (12, 13) and half longitudinal external fairings (14, 15), said end flanges (19-22) forming opposed end apertures (28, 29) at the ends of the longitudinal channel (27).


     
    2. Device according to claim 1, in which the said longitudinal parts (10, 11) are provided with articulating means (30) having a longitudinal rotation axis and are provided with locking means (30) for maintaining the said longitudinal parts in the said close position.
     
    3. Device according to anyone of claims 1 or 2, in which the heating means comprise at least a longitudinal elongated element (43-46) including at least an electrical resistance.
     
    4. Device according to anyone of preceding claims, in which the heating means comprise at least one longitudinal elongated element (43-46) inserted in a longitudinal hole (47-50) of at least one of the half longitudinal internal bodies.
     
    5. Device according to anyone of the preceding claims, comprising guiding protuberances (54, 55) able to cooperate with the bearing for guiding the heating device along a circumferential path.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Heizungsvorrichtung zur Erwärmung einer Ringdichtung, die zwischen Ringen eines Lagers platziert werden soll, umfassend zwei Längsteile (10, 11), die bezüglich einander zwischen einer geschlossenen Position, in der ein Längskanal (27) dahingehend dazwischen gebildet ist, von einem Teil der Dichtung in Längsrichtung durchquert zu werden, und einer geöffneten Position, in der ein Teil der Dichtung in den Kanal eingeführt und daraus entfernt werden kann, bewegt werden können, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Längsteile (10, 11) Folgendes umfassen:

    Innenlängshalbkörper (12, 13), die in der geschlossenen Position dazwischen den Längskanal (27) bilden;

    Außenlängshalbverkleidungen (14, 15), die die Innenlängshalbkörper umgeben, wobei die Innenlängshalbkörper Erwärmungsmittel (43, 46) zur Erwärmung des sich in dem Kanal erstreckenden Abschnitts der Dichtung tragen; und

    Endflansche (19-22) zum jeweiligen Aneinanderbefestigen der Innenlängshalbkörper (12, 13) und der Außenlängshalbverkleidungen (14, 15), wobei die Endflansche (19-22) gegenüberliegende Endöffnungen (28, 29) an den Enden des Längskanals (27) bilden.


     
    2. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Längsteile (10, 11) mit Gelenkmitteln (30) versehen sind, die eine Längsdrehachse aufweisen und mit Verriegelungsmitteln (30) zum Halten der Längsteile in der geschlossenen Position versehen sind.
     
    3. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 oder 2, wobei die Heizungsmittel mindestens ein langgestrecktes Längselement (43-46) umfassen, das mindestens einen elektrischen Widerstand aufweist.
     
    4. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Heizmittel mindestens ein langgestrecktes Längselement (43-46) umfassen, das in einem Längsloch (47-50) mindestens eines der Innenlängshalbkörper eingeführt ist.
     
    5. Vorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, die Führungsvorsprünge (54, 55) umfasst, welche mit dem Lager zum Führen der Heizungsvorrichtung entlang einem Umfangsweg zusammenwirken können.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de chauffage pour chauffer un joint annulaire prévu pour être placé entre des bagues d'un palier, comprenant deux parties longitudinales (10, 11) pouvant être déplacées l'une par rapport à l'autre entre une position fermée dans laquelle un canal longitudinal (27) est formé entre elles de manière à être traversé longitudinalement par une portion dudit joint, et une position ouverte dans laquelle une portion dudit joint peut être introduite dans ledit canal et retirée dudit canal, caractérisé en ce que lesdites parties longitudinales (10, 11) comprennent :

    des demi-corps internes longitudinaux (12, 13) qui forment entre eux ledit canal longitudinal (27) dans ladite position fermée ;

    des demi-profilés externes longitudinaux (14, 15) entourant lesdits demi-corps internes longitudinaux, les demi-corps internes longitudinaux portant des moyens de chauffage (43, 46) pour chauffer la portion du joint s'étendant dans ledit canal ; et

    des brides d'extrémité (19-22) pour fixer ensemble respectivement les demi-corps internes longitudinaux (12, 13) et les demi-profilés externes longitudinaux (14, 15), lesdites brides d'extrémité (19-22) formant des ouvertures d'extrémité opposées (28, 29) au niveau des extrémités du canal longitudinal (27).


     
    2. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, dans lequel lesdites parties longitudinales (10, 11) sont pourvues de moyens d'articulation (30) ayant un axe de rotation longitudinal et sont pourvues de moyens de verrouillage (30) pour maintenir lesdites parties longitudinales dans ladite position fermée.
     
    3. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 et 2, dans lequel les moyens de chauffage comprennent au moins un élément allongé longitudinal (43-46) comportant au moins une résistance électrique.
     
    4. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les moyens de chauffage comprennent au moins un élément allongé longitudinal (43-46) inséré dans un trou longitudinal (47-50) d'au moins l'un des demi-corps internes longitudinaux.
     
    5. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant des protubérances de guidage (54, 55) aptes à coopérer avec le palier pour guider le dispositif de chauffage le long d'une trajectoire circonférentielle.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description