(19)
(11)EP 3 122 462 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.01.2021 Bulletin 2021/02

(21)Application number: 15720106.2

(22)Date of filing:  25.03.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B02C 1/04(2006.01)
B02C 1/02(2006.01)
B02C 21/02(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/FI2015/050201
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/144987 (01.10.2015 Gazette  2015/39)

(54)

A JAW CRUSHER, A CRUSHING PLANT, AND A METHOD FOR USING A JAW CRUSHER

BACKENBRECHER, BRECHANLAGE UND METHODE ZUR VERWENDUNG EINES BACKENBRECHERS

BROYEUR À MÂCHOIRES, INSTALLATION DE BROYAGE ET MÉTHODE D'UTILISATION DE CE BROYEUR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 28.03.2014 FI 20145293

(43)Date of publication of application:
01.02.2017 Bulletin 2017/05

(73)Proprietor: Metso Minerals, Inc.
33900 Tampere (FI)

(72)Inventor:
  • JONKKA, Jari
    FI-36220 Kangasala (FI)

(74)Representative: Espatent Oy 
Kaivokatu 10 D
00100 Helsinki
00100 Helsinki (FI)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2005/007293
JP-A- 2003 053 204
JP-A- 2007 222 752
US-A- 1 972 930
US-A- 5 799 888
DE-C- 267 338
JP-A- 2005 329 369
JP-B2- 3 133 766
US-A- 5 110 057
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The invention is related to a jaw crusher the pitman of which is fastened to a frame of the jaw crusher by means of a toggle plate.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Mineral material, such as rock, can be extracted from the ground for crushing by means of either explosions or excavation. The rock may also be natural stone and gravel, or construction waste. Both mobile crushers and stationary crushing applications are used for crushing. The material to be crushed is fed with an excavator or wheel loader to a feed hopper of a crusher or crushing plant, from where the material to be crushed may fall into the throat of the crusher, or a feeder transfers the rock material towards the crusher. The mineral material to be crushed may also be recyclable material, such as concrete, bricks, or asphalt.

    [0003] Jaw crushers are suitable for, for example, rough crushing at quarries or crushing of construction material. According to the operating principle of the jaw crusher, crushing takes place against jaws, termed fixed and moving jaw.

    [0004] A known jaw crusher comprises a pitman which is supported at an upper end by side plates of the jaw crusher's frame through an eccentric. A rear part of the jaw crusher's frame is fastened between the side plates. Below the eccentric, the pitman is supported by the rear part of the frame through a toggle plate. A tie rod is arranged between a lower part of the pitman and the rear part of the frame; the tie rod is spring-loaded and pulls the pitman backwards towards the toggle plate.

    [0005] JP2003053204 presents a jaw crusher where a toggle plate is supported at its ends by bearings having two grooves for the toggle plate. The end of the toggle plate may be changed into the second groove in the bearing. In addition, the bearing may be turned, in which case the grooves will settle at different positions with regard to the crusher's frame or pitman. To change the angle of the toggle plate, at least the toggle plate must be detached from the crusher. To detach the toggle plate, sufficient space, time, and a number of people must be reserved. When detaching, one person holds the pitman up with a load belt, another holds the toggle plate up, and the third switches the place of the bearing, for example.

    [0006] The object of the invention is to avoid or mitigate problems related to prior art and/or to provide new technical alternatives. One object of the invention is to improve the adjustability of the jaw crusher. One object of the invention is to improve occupational safety. One object of the invention is to improve the effectiveness of the jaw crusher.

    SUMMARY



    [0007] According to a first aspect of the invention, a jaw crusher is provided as defined by appended claim 1.

    [0008] Preferably, the crusher comprises means for transferring the bearing in relation to the bearing holder and thus for transferring the end of the toggle plate in relation to the crusher's frame. Preferably, the crusher comprises means for moving the bearing coupled to the end of the toggle plate continuously in the bearing holder. Preferably, the crusher comprises means for transferring the bearing to a desired location between an upper and a lower limit, inclusive of the upper and lower limit. Preferably, changing the operating angle of the toggle plate in relation of the frame of the crusher changes the crusher's stroke.

    [0009] Preferably, the bearing is configured to be continuously transferable in the bearing holder without dismantling the toggle plate's coupling to the jaw crusher. Preferably, the bearing is transferable within the bearing holder. Preferably, the transfer member is configured to influence the bearing installed in the bearing holder and transfer the bearing in relation to the bearing holder so that the end of the toggle plate is transferred in relation to the frame of the crusher. Preferably, the bearing coupled to the end of the toggle plate is continuously movable by the transfer member in the bearing holder so that the angle of the toggle plate in relation to the horizontal level changes.

    [0010] Preferably, the bearing holder comprises a frame in which a trajectory having an upper and a lower limit is formed for the bearing, and at least one transfer member influencing the bearing is arranged in the frame of the bearing holder, through which transfer members the bearing is arranged to be continuously transferable along the trajectory to a desired location between the upper and lower limit, inclusive of the upper and lower limit.

    [0011] Preferably, the transfer member comprises a screw and/or a hydraulic cylinder and/or an electric cylinder and/or an electric engine.

    [0012] Preferably, an adjustment apparatus, such as a wedge adjustment apparatus, is arranged between the rear end and the bearing holder to adjust the distance between the toggle plate and the rear end.

    [0013] Preferably, a continuously adjustable bearing holder is arranged between a front end of the toggle plate and the pitman.

    [0014] Preferably, a continuously adjustable bearing holder is arranged between a rear end of the toggle plate and the rear end of the crusher.

    [0015] Preferably, a first continuously adjustable bearing holder is arranged between the front end of the toggle plate and the pitman, and a second continuously adjustable bearing holder is arranged between the rear end of the toggle plate and the rear end of the crusher.

    [0016] Preferably, a center line of the crusher's setting adjustment is arranged to pass in the bearing holder through the center point between the upper limit and lower limit of the bearing's trajectory.

    [0017] Preferably, in an economy mode of crushing, the bearing on the side of the rear end of the toggle plate is adjusted in the bearing holder below a middle line of the bearing's trajectory, preferably at the lower limit of the trajectory, and/or the bearing on the side of the front end of the toggle plate is adjusted in the bearing holder above the middle line of the trajectory, preferably at the upper limit of the trajectory.

    [0018] Preferably, in a power mode of crushing, the bearing on the side of the rear end of the toggle plate is adjusted in the bearing holder above the middle line of the trajectory, preferably at the upper limit of the trajectory, and/or the bearing on the side of the front end of the toggle plate is adjusted in the bearing holder below the middle line of the trajectory, preferably at the lower limit of the trajectory.

    [0019] According to a second aspect of the invention, a crushing plant is provided as defined in appended claim 11.

    [0020] Preferably, the crushing plant is a mobile crushing plant comprising a feeder and/or a sieve and/or a conveyor fastened to the frame.

    [0021] According to a third aspect of the invention, a method for using the jaw crusher of the first aspect, as defined by appended claim 13.

    [0022] Preferably, the bearing is transferred continuously in the bearing holder without dismantling the toggle plate's coupling to the jaw crusher. Preferably, the bearing is transferred within the bearing holder. Preferably, the transfer member influences the bearing installed in the bearing holder and the bearing is transferred in relation to the bearing holder and thus the end of the toggle plate is transferred in relation to the frame of the crusher. Preferably, the bearing coupled to the end of the toggle plate is continuously moved with the transfer member in the bearing holder and thus the angle of the toggle plate is changed in relation to the horizontal level.

    [0023] Preferably, the bearing is transferred continuously to a desired location in the bearing holder in the trajectory formed in the bearing holder.

    [0024] Preferably, the stroke of the crusher is continuously adjusted as desired by changing the angle of the toggle plate by means of the adjustable bearing holder, and the setting of the crusher is adjusted as desired with the adjustment apparatus arranged between the rear end and the bearing holder, and, preferably, the setting is kept the same as before the stroke was adjusted.

    [0025] Preferably, the setting of the crusher is adjusted as desired by means of the setting adjustment apparatus arranged between the rear end and the bearing holder, and the stroke is continuously adjusted as desired by changing the angle of the toggle plate with the adjustable bearing holder, preferably, the stroke is kept the same as before the setting was adjusted.

    [0026] Preferably, the average power of crusher drive is measured, and, in response to a value higher than the target value of the average power, the stroke is continuously adjusted to be smaller by changing the angle of the toggle plate by means of the adjustable bearing holder. Preferably, the average power is measured electrically in crushing drive.

    [0027] Preferably, the pressure of a pressure cylinder of the toggle plate loaded with a pressure cylinder is measured, and, in response to the occurrence of a higher number of pressure peaks than allowed and/or peaks with higher pressure than allowed, the stroke is continuously adjusted to be smaller by changing the angle of the toggle plate by means of the adjustable bearing holder.

    [0028] Preferably, the compression of the toggle plate is measured with a sensor fastened to the toggle plate, such as a strain gauge, and, in response to the occurrence of a higher number of compression peaks than allowed and/or peaks with higher compression than allowed, the stroke is continuously adjusted to be smaller by changing the angle of the toggle plate by means of the adjustable bearing holder.

    [0029] Preferably, in the economy mode of crushing, the bearing on the side of the rear end of the toggle plate is adjusted in the bearing holder below the middle line of the bearing's trajectory, preferably at the lower limit of the trajectory, and/or the bearing on the side of the front end of the toggle plate in the bearing holder above the middle line of the trajectory, preferably at the upper limit of the trajectory.

    [0030] Preferably, in the power mode of crushing, the bearing on the side of the rear end of the toggle plate is adjusted in the bearing holder above the middle line of the trajectory, preferably at the upper limit of the trajectory, and/or the bearing on the side of the front end of the toggle plate in the bearing holder below the middle line of the trajectory, preferably at the lower limit of the trajectory.

    [0031] Preferably, the crusher is adjusted in the power mode to produce a large product range and capacity using a large stroke.

    [0032] Preferably, the size of the crusher's product range is adjusted by changing the setting as desired with the setting adjustment apparatus arranged between the rear end of the frame and the bearing holder.

    [0033] Preferably, the bearing is transferred in the bearing holder during the rotation of the eccentric, preferably during crushing.

    [0034] Preferably, the continuous change area of the angle of the toggle plate using the adjustable bearing holder at one end of the toggle plate is ±10° or less.

    [0035] Preferably, in embodiments where the rear and front ends of the toggle plate have the new bearing holder described in this specification, the angle of the toggle plate may be changed continuously by ±20° or less.

    [0036] According to a fourth aspect of the invention, a method for using a jaw crusher is provided, in which crusher a toggle plate is coupled between a pitman and a rear end of the crusher with bearings at the ends of the toggle plate, and there is a bearing holder for the bearing at least at one end of the toggle plate, which method comprises transferring the bearing continuously in the bearing holder to a desired location between an upper and a lower limit, inclusive of the upper and lower limit, with a transfer member comprised by the bearing holder, and thereby changing the operating angle of the toggle plate as desired in relation to the frame of the crusher and the stroke of the crusher.

    [0037] Changing the stroke of the crusher is simple with the bearing holder, because it is not necessary to detach the bearing holder and the toggle plate from the crusher. Using the bearing holder, the stroke of the crusher may be changed continuously. Using the device according to the invention, the desired work stroke may be conveniently optimized in accordance with the material being fed and/or the desired end product, for example. The convenient and quick adjustment of the work stroke is also advantageous in situations where it is detected that the average power is higher than the desired value, for example. In such a case, the adjustment of the stroke takes place automatically or manually by transferring the position of the bearing of the toggle plate downwards within the bearing holder. This allows more service life for the structures of the crusher. In addition, customers have an opportunity to optimize the consumption of energy per crushed tonne, thus gaining added value for themselves.

    [0038] The bearing of the toggle plate is transferably fastened to the setting adjustment bearing holder. Due to this, the setting adjustment bearing holder may be kept in place in the crusher to change the work stroke from power mode to economy mode, for example. Thereby, crushing may continue without any significant interruption.

    [0039] Various embodiments of the present invention will only be or have only been described in connection with one or some of the aspects of the invention. A person skilled in the art will appreciate that any embodiment of an aspect of the invention may be applied in the same aspect and other aspects alone or in combination with other embodiments.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES



    [0040] The invention will now be described in the following by way of example with reference to the appended drawings.
    Fig. 1
    shows a longitudinal cross section of a known jaw crusher;
    Figs. 2-4
    show known solutions for mounting the toggle plate with bearings on the crusher;
    Figs. 5-9
    show new bearing holder solutions which may be applied to the jaw crusher of Fig. 1, for example, instead of a traditional bearing holder; and
    Fig. 10
    shows a processing plant of mineral material according to the invention that preferably comprises a crusher in accordance with the invention.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0041] In the following description, like references refer to similar parts. It should be noted that the figures are not to scale in all cases and that they mainly serve the purpose of illustrating embodiments of the invention.

    [0042] Fig. 1 shows a jaw crusher 100 comprising a fixed law 1 as a front part of the jaw crusher and a pitman 2 as a moving jaw that is preferably supported at an upper end by side plates 4 of the jaw crusher's frame through an eccentric 3. The fixed jaw 1 and the moving jaw 2 form a crushing chamber 5 between them. A first wear part 1', which in the example in the figure is two-piece, is fastened to the fixed jaw 1. A second wear part 2', which in the example in the figure is two-piece, is fastened to the moving jaw 2. A rear part 6 of the jaw crusher's frame is fastened between the side plates 4 behind the pitman. The pitman is supported by the rear part of the frame through a toggle plate 7. An adjustment apparatus 8, for example a wedge adjustment apparatus, for the adjustment of the crusher's setting is arranged between a rear end of the toggle plate and the rear part 6 of the frame. In a wedge adjustment apparatus, the wedges can be controlled, e.g., manually by means of a screw(s) or hydraulically by means of a hydraulic cylinder(s). The adjustment apparatus 8 may also be implemented by one or several hydraulic setting adjustment cylinders that influence the toggle plate behind the toggle plate. A tie rod 9 is arranged between a lower end of the pitman and the rear part 6 of the frame; the tie rod is loadable by a spring 9'. When the spring 9' is tightened, the tie rod pulls the pitman 2 backwards against the toggle plate 7 and the toggle plate towards the rear part 6 of the frame.

    [0043] The jaw crusher comprises a protective structure 10 located between the spring of the tie rod and the user. The protective structure comprises, for example, a protective plate fastened to the rear part 6.

    [0044] A first bearing holder 11 is arranged between a front end of the toggle plate 7 and the lower end of the pitman. A second bearing holder 12' is arranged between the rear end of the toggle plate and the adjustment apparatus 8. The ends of the toggle plate are arranged in grooves of bearings in the bearing holder. A first end of the toggle plate is arranged in a first bearing in the first bearing holder 11, and a second end is arranged in a second bearing 13 in the second bearing holder 12'.

    [0045] The bearing 13 in the second bearing holder 12' at the rear end of the toggle plate is up in Fig. 1. The bearing has two locations in relation to the rear end of the crusher, an upper location and a lower location. In a known solution, the toggle plate has exactly two operating angle areas. The location of the bearing in the second bearing holder and thus the position of the toggle plate may be switched to be lower by dismantling and detaching the toggle plate and the second bearing holder from the crusher, turning the second bearing holder around, and installing the turned around second bearing holder back on the crusher. After this, the bearing in the second bearing holder 12' is down compared with the position in Fig. 1, and the rear end of the toggle plate can be installed back on the bearing that is down in the second bearing holder.

    [0046] Fig. 2 shows a known bearing holder 12' for the setting adjustment of the jaw crusher 100, where the bearing 13 at the rear end of the toggle plate is fastened in place so that the work stroke can be changed from a power mode to an economy mode, for example, by turning the bearing holder. To implement this, both the toggle plate 7 (arrow A) and the bearing holder 12' (arrow B) have to be dismantled and detached from the crusher and installed back on the crusher. Fig. 3 shows the power mode where the bearing holder 12' is installed in a position where the bearing 13 at the rear end of the toggle plate 7 is above a middle line 14 of setting adjustment. Fig. 4 shows the economy mode where the bearing holder 12' is installed in a position where the bearing 13 of the toggle plate 7 is below the middle line 14 of setting adjustment.

    [0047] By means of a new arrangement shown in Figs. 5-9, it is possible to adjust the stroke of a jaw crusher 100 continuously. The position of bearing 13 at a front end and/or rear end of a toggle plate 7 may be adjusted continuously within a new bearing holder 12, for example, by turning screws 22 used as transfer members or by using at least one cylinder, for example (not shown in the figures).

    [0048] In the examples shown in Figs. 5-9, a bearing holder arranged at the rear end of the toggle plate is described, but according to the idea of some embodiments of the invention, a new bearing holder described in this specification may be located at the front end of the toggle plate.

    [0049] On changing the position of the bearing 13 at the rear end of the toggle plate 7 in the bearing holder 12, the position of the rear end of the toggle plate is also transferred. Thereby, the angle of the toggle plate (the operating angle area) changes in relation to joints formed by a pitman 2 and an axle 3 of an eccentric, whereby the size of the work stroke of the crusher changes in the lower part of a crushing chamber 5, in particular. In the lower part of the crushing chamber 5, the change in the size of the work stroke has the largest impact on the capacity, power, and product range of the crusher.

    [0050] Fig. 5 shows the bearing holder 12 fastened to a rear end 6 of the crusher's frame. An adjustment apparatus 8 is located between the bearing holder 12 and the rear end 6. The bearing 13 at the rear end of the toggle plate is fastened so that by moving the bearing holder continuously it is possible to change the work stroke from a power mode to an economy mode, for example. To implement this, it is not necessary to dismantle and detach the toggle plate and the bearing holder from the crusher and install them back on the crusher.

    [0051] Fig. 6 shows the power mode where the bearing holder 12 is installed in a position where the bearing 13 at the rear end of the toggle plate 7 is above a middle line 14 of setting adjustment. An upper position of the angle of the toggle plate 7 is shown using line 14'. A lower position of the angle of the toggle plate 7 is shown using line 14". The change area of the angle of the toggle plate 7 is marked with reference number 15. In the power mode, the stroke of the crusher has been increased compared with the position of the toggle plate at the middle line 14.

    [0052] Fig. 7 shows the economy mode, wherein the bearing holder 12 is installed in a position where the bearing 13 of the toggle plate 7 is below the middle line 14 of setting adjustment. In the economy mode, the stroke of the crusher has been decreased compared with the position of the toggle plate at the middle line 14.

    [0053] A person skilled in the art understands that, in the examples in the figures, the angle of the toggle plate is shown when the pitman is at a specific location where the rotating position of the eccentric and the location of an upper end of the toggle plate determine the trajectory of the pitman. The change in the angle of the toggle plate, i.e., the change in the operating angle area of the toggle plate, is shown for the sake of simplicity when the pitman is at a specific location.

    [0054] The bearing holder 12 shown in Fig. 8 comprises a frame 20 in which a trajectory 21 has been formed for the bearing 13. At an upper limit of the trajectory, an upper edge of the bearing meets an upper edge of the groove formed in the frame, and at a lower limit a lower edge of the bearing meets a lower edge of the groove. Screws as a transfer member 22 influencing the bearing have been arranged in the frame of the bearing holder, preferably at the ends of the frame to make adjustment work easier, with which screws the bearing is arranged to be continuously transferable along the trajectory to a desired location between the upper limit and lower limit, inclusive of the upper and lower limit. There are end parts 23 at the sides of the frame 20 to restrict the lateral movement of the bearing 13.

    [0055] In Fig. 9, the bearing holder 12 has been installed in a position determined by the middle point of the movement area of the bearing at the rear end of the toggle plate, where the bearing 13 of the toggle plate 7 is at the middle line 14 of setting adjustment.

    [0056] The continuous change area 15 of the angle of the toggle plate 7 using the adjustable bearing holder 12 at one end of the toggle plate may in some embodiments be ±10° and in other embodiments preferably ±5°.

    [0057] In embodiments where the new bearing holder described in this specification is used at the rear end and front end of the toggle plate, the angle of the toggle plate may be changed continuously by ±20°, preferably by ±10°.

    [0058] When the bearing holder that enables the continuous transfer of the end of the toggle plate has been installed at both ends of the toggle plate, the adjustment area of the toggle plate's inclination angle may be increased to be double compared with the situation where a bearing transfer device located at one end of the toggle plate is applied.

    [0059] The transfer distance of the bearing 13 in the bearing holder 12 may be determined in an application-specific manner, wherein the transfer distance depends on the length of the toggle plate and the other dimensions of the crusher. In large crushers, the transfer distance is preferably larger, and in small crushers the transfer distance is smaller.

    [0060] Using continuous adjustment, the crushing force and travel distance of the pitman within the adjustment area may be fine-tuned within the limits of the adjustment area.

    [0061] Because it is not necessary to dismantle and detach the toggle plate and/or bearing holder and/or bearing from the crusher, it becomes easier to use the crusher. It also becomes easier to use and adjust the crusher in difficult conditions while effects of cold, freezing, and/or dust can be decreased.

    [0062] Preferably, the stroke of the crusher may in some cases be decreased by changing the position of the toggle plate during use so that the crushes endures momentary peak loading, for example, when non-crushing or harder material than usual is observed in the crusher. The adjustable bearing holder of the toggle plate allows increasing the service life of the crusher and the crusher components.

    [0063] The bearing holder 12 adjusting the angle of the toggle plate 7 may be used as a safety device of the crusher, for example, if the bearing holder 12 transferring the location of the bearing 13 is coupled to other crushing automation of the crusher, where the measurement of the loading of the crusher is used in adjustment. In a crusher loading situation observed via the crushing automation, for example, in a situation where loading is higher than the targeted loading of the crusher; the crushing automation controls the location of the bearing 13 to be transferred in the bearing holder 12 and thus the crushing automation controls the angle of the toggle plate to be changed.

    [0064] The following situations, for example, are situations where the loading of the crusher is higher than the targeted loading:
    • the average power measured in driving of the crusher is higher than the target value;
    • pressure peaks occur more often than allowed and/or with higher than allowed pressure in the pressure cylinder of a toggle plate loaded with a pressure cylinder;
    • compression peaks are observed more often than allowed and/or with higher then allowed compression through a device measuring the compression of the toggle plate, e.g., a sensor attached to the toggle plate, such as a strain gauge.


    [0065] Fig. 10 shows a mobile crushing plant of mineral material 200 comprising a jaw crusher 100 in accordance with an embodiment of the invention, at one end or both ends of a toggle plate 7 of which is arranged a new bearing holder 12 shown in Figs. 5-9.

    [0066] The crushing plant comprises a feeder 103 to feed material to the jaw crusher 100, and a belt conveyor 106 to transport the crusher product farther away from the crushing plant. The crushing plant 200 also comprises a power supply and a control center 105. The power supply may be a diesel or electric engine, for example, which provides energy for the use of process units and hydraulic circuits.

    [0067] The feeder, crusher, power supply, and conveyor are fastened to a frame 101, which in this embodiment also comprises a track base 102 for moving the crushing plant. The crushing plant may also entirely or partly comprise a wheel base or be movable with feet. Alternatively, the crushing plant may be movable/towable by means of a truck or another external power supply. In addition to the above, the crushing plant may also be a fixed crushing plant.

    [0068] Typically, attempts are made to make a mobile crushing plant as compact as possible, with the result that there is little room to work in the mobile crushing plant. In relation to the mobile crushing plant, the same benefits may be obtained as presented in this specification in relation to a crusher equipped with the new bearing holder. The adjustment of the mobile crushing plant is easier when the position of the toggle plate can be changed without detaching the toggle plate from the crusher. In the case where the angle position of the toggle plate is adjusted automatically via the automation of the crushing plant, the user does not need to move anything manually, and the angle of the toggle plate may be changed during the crushing process. Usually movable plants are equipped with ready automation. The new continuously adjustable transfer arrangement of the angle of the toggle plate may be easily coupled as part of the automation system existing in the crushing plant. In an automated version, moving a transfer member used for adjusting the stroke may be implemented by an electric engine connected to a screw; the electric engine may be, e.g., a servomotor which allows determining the location of a bearing at the end of the toggle plate. A hydraulic or mechanical sensor arrangement may be used to determine the location of the bearing at the end of the toggle plate.

    [0069] Without in any way restricting the scope of protection, interpretation, or potential applications of the invention, the improvement of occupational safety may be considered a technical advantage of the different embodiments of the invention. Furthermore, facilitation of work and ergonomics can be considered a technical advantage of the different embodiments of the invention. Moreover, the shortening of the period needed to change the position of the toggle plate can be considered a technical advantage of the different embodiments of the invention. In addition, the acceleration of the adjustment of the stroke of the jaw crusher can be considered a technical advantage of the different embodiments of the invention.

    [0070] The above specification provides non-restrictive examples of some embodiments of the invention. It is clear to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not, however, restricted to the details presented, but the invention may also be implemented in other, equivalent ways.

    [0071] Some features of the embodiments presented may be utilized without the use of other features. The specification presented above shall, as such, be considered an explanation describing the principles of the invention and not to restrict the invention. The scope of protection of this invention is only restricted by the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A jaw crusher (100) comprising:

    a frame comprising side plates (4) and a rear end (6) arranged between the side plates;

    an eccentric (9) supported by the side plates;

    a pitman (2) coupled to the eccentric;

    a toggle plate (7) coupled to the jaw crusher between the pitman and the rear end with bearings (13) at the ends of the toggle plate; and

    a bearing holder (12) for the bearing at least at one end of the toggle plate;

    characterized in that:
    the bearing holder (12) comprises a transfer member (22) of the bearing (13) with which the bearing is configured to be continuously transferable transversely in relation to the end of the toggle plate (7) supported by the bearing to a desired location in the bearing holder between an upper and a lower limit, inclusive of the upper and lower limit, so that the operating angle of the toggle plate in relation to the frame of the crusher and the stroke of the crusher change.
     
    2. A jaw crusher in accordance with claim 1, characterized by:

    the bearing holder (12) comprising a frame (20) in which a trajectory (21) is formed for the bearing (13), the trajectory having an upper and a lower limit; and

    at least one transfer member (22) influencing the bearing being arranged in the frame, with which at least one transfer member the bearing is arranged to be continuously transferable along the trajectory to a desired location between said upper limit and lower limit, inclusive of the upper and lower limit.


     
    3. A jaw crusher in accordance with claim 1, characterized by the transfer member (22) comprising a screw and/or a hydraulic cylinder and/or an electric cylinder and/or an electric engine.
     
    4. A jaw crusher in accordance with any of the preceding claims, characterized by the jaw crusher comprising an adjustment apparatus (8), such as a wedge adjustment apparatus, arranged between the rear end (6) and the bearing holder (12) to adjust the distance between the toggle plate (7) and the rear end.
     
    5. A jaw crusher in accordance with any of the preceding claims, characterized by the crusher comprising a continuously adjustable bearing holder (12) arranged between a front end of the toggle plate (7) and the pitman (2).
     
    6. A crusher in accordance with any of the preceding claims, characterized by the crusher comprising a continuously adjustable bearing holder (12) arranged between a rear end of the toggle plate (7) and the rear end (6) of the crusher.
     
    7. A crusher in accordance with any of the preceding claims, characterized by the crusher comprising a first continuously adjustable bearing holder (12) arranged between the front end of the toggle plate (7) and the pitman (2) and a second continuously adjustable bearing holder (12) arranged between the rear end of the toggle plate (7) and the rear end (6) of the crusher.
     
    8. A crusher in accordance with any of the preceding claims, characterized by having a middle line (14) of crusher setting adjustment arranged to pass in the bearing holder (12) through a middle point between the upper and lower limit of the bearing's (13) trajectory (21).
     
    9. A crusher in accordance with any of the preceding claims, characterized by having at least one of the following adjusted in an economy mode of crushing:

    the bearing (13) on the side of the rear end of the toggle plate (7) in the bearing holder (12) below the middle line (14) of the bearing's trajectory (21), preferably at the lower limit of the trajectory; and

    the bearing on the side of the front end of the toggle plate in the bearing holder above the middle line of the trajectory, preferably at the upper limit of the trajectory.


     
    10. A crusher in accordance with any one of claims 1-9, characterized by at least one of the following being adjusted in the crusher in a power mode of crushing:

    the bearing (13) on the side of the rear end of the toggle plate (7) in the bearing holder (12) above the middle line (14) of the trajectory (21), preferably at the upper limit of the trajectory; and

    the bearing on the side of the front end of the toggle plate in the bearing holder below the middle line of the trajectory, preferably at the lower limit of the trajectory.


     
    11. A crushing plant (200) comprising a frame (101) and the jaw crusher (100) of any one of preceding claims.
     
    12. A crushing plant in accordance with claim 11, characterized by the crushing plant being a mobile crushing plant comprising at least one of the following fastened to the frame: a feeder (103); a sieve; and conveyor (106).
     
    13. A method for using the jaw crusher (100) of any one of claims 1 to 10, comprising:
    transferring the bearing (13) transversely in relation to the end of the toggle plate (7) supported by the bearing continuously in the bearing holder (12) to a desired location between an upper and a lower limit, inclusive of the upper and lower limit, with a bearing transfer member (12) comprised by the bearing holder, and thereby changing the operating angle of the toggle plate in relation to the frame of the crusher and the stroke of the crusher.
     
    14. A method in accordance with claim 13, characterized by transferring the bearing (13) continuously to a desired location in the bearing holder (12) in a trajectory (21) formed in the bearing holder.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Backenbrecher (100) umfassend:

    einen Rahmen umfassend Seitenplatten (4) und ein hinteres Ende (6), angeordnet zwischen den Seitenplatten;

    einen Exzenter (9), gestützt durch Seitenplatten;

    eine Brechbacke (2), die mit dem Exzenter gekoppelt ist;

    eine Kniehebelplatte (7), die mit dem Backenbrecher zwischen der Brechbacke und dem hinteren Ende mit Lagerungen (13) an den Enden der Kniehebelplatte gekoppelt ist; und

    einen Lagerungshalter (12) für die Lagerung wenigstens an einem Ende der Kniehebelplatte; gekennzeichnet dadurch, dass:
    der Lagerungshalter (12) umfasst ein Übertragungselement (22) der Lagerung (13), mit dem die Lagerung konfiguriert ist, um stufenlos übertragbar zu sein, quer in Relation zu dem Ende der Kniehebelplatte (7), gestützt durch die Lagerung, an eine gewünschte Stelle in dem Lagerungshalter zwischen einer oberen und einer unteren Grenze, einschließlich der oberen und unteren Grenze, so dass sich der Arbeitswinkel der Kniehebelplatte in Bezug auf den Rahmen des Brechers und den Hub des Brechers ändert.


     
    2. Backenbrecher nach Anspruch 1, gekennzeichnet durch:

    den Lagerungshalter (12), umfassend einen Rahmen (20), in dem eine Bahn (21) gebildet ist für die Lagerung (13), wobei die Bahn eine obere und eine untere Grenze aufweist; und

    wenigstens ein Übertragungselement (22), beeinflussend die Lagerung, die in dem Rahmen angeordnet ist, mit dem wenigstens einen Übertragungselement die Lagerung angeordnet ist, stufenlos übertragbar zu sein entlang der Bahn zu einer gewünschten Stelle zwischen der oberen Grenze und unteren Grenze, einschließlich der oberen und unteren Grenze.


     
    3. Backenbrecher nach Anspruch 1, gekennzeichnet durch das Übertragungselement (22), umfassend eine Schraube und / oder einen Hydraulikzylinder und / oder einen Elektrozylinder und / oder einen Elektromotor.
     
    4. Backenbrecher nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, gekennzeichnet durch den Backenbrecher, umfassend eine Einstellvorrichtung (8), wie zum Beispiel eine Keileinstellvorrichtung, angeordnet zwischen dem hinteren Ende (6) und dem Lagerungshalter (12), um den Abstand zwischen der Kniehebelplatte (7) und dem hinteren Ende einzustellen.
     
    5. Backenbrecher nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, gekennzeichnet durch den Brecher, umfassend einen stufenlos einstellbaren Lagerungshalter (12), angeordnet zwischen einem vorderen Ende der Kniehebelplatte (7) und der Brechbacke (2).
     
    6. Brecher nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, gekennzeichnet durch den Brecher, umfassend einen stufenlos einstellbaren Lagerungshalter (12), angeordnet zwischen einem hinteren Ende der Kniehebelplatte (7) und dem hinteren Ende (6) des Brechers.
     
    7. Brecher nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, gekennzeichnet durch den Brecher, umfassend einen ersten stufenlos einstellbaren Lagerungshalter (12), angeordnet zwischen dem vorderen Ende der Kniehebelplatte (7) und der Brechbacke (2), und einen zweiten stufenlos einstellbaren Lagerungshalter (12), angeordnet zwischen dem hinteren Ende der Kniehebelplatte (7) und dem hinteren Ende (6) des Brechers.
     
    8. Brecher nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, gekennzeichnet durch Aufweisen einer Mittellinie (14) der Brechereinrichtungseinstellung, angeordnet, um in den Lagerungshalter (12) durch einen Mittelpunkt zwischen der oberen und unteren Grenze der Bahn (21) der Lagerung (13) zu verlaufen.
     
    9. Brecher nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, gekennzeichnet durch Aufweisen wenigstens eines der Folgenden, eingestellt in einem Sparmodus des Brechens:

    die Lagerung (13) auf der Seite des hinteren Endes der Kniehebelplatte (7) in dem Lagerungshalter (12) unterhalb der Mittellinie (14) der Bahn (21) der Lagerung, bevorzugt an der unteren Grenze der Bahn; und

    die Lagerung auf der Seite des vorderen Endes der Kniehebelplatte in dem Lagerungshalter über der Mittellinie der Bahn, bevorzugt an der oberen Grenze der Bahn.


     
    10. Brecher nach einem der Ansprüche 1-9, gekennzeichnet durch wenigstens eine der Folgenden, die eingestellt sind in dem Brecher in einem Power-Modus des Brechens:

    die Lagerung (13) auf der Seite des hinteren Endes der Kniehebelplatte (7) in dem Lagerungshalter (12) über der Mittellinie (14) der Bahn (21), bevorzugt an der oberen Grenze der Bahn; und

    die Lagerung auf der Seite des vorderen Endes der Kniehebelplatte in dem Lagerungshalter unter der Mittellinie der Bahn, bevorzugt an der unteren Grenze der Bahn.


     
    11. Brechanlage (200), umfassend einen Rahmen (101) und den Backenbrecher (100) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche.
     
    12. Brechanlage nach Anspruch 11, gekennzeichnet dadurch, dass die Brechanlage eine mobile Brechanlage ist, umfassend wenigstens eines der Folgenden, befestigt an dem Rahmen: einen Speiser (103); ein Sieb; und Förderer (106).
     
    13. Verfahren zur Verwendung des Backenbrechers (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10, umfassend:
    Übertragen der Lagerung (13) quer in Relation zu dem Ende der Kniehebelplatte (7), gestützt durch die Lagerung, stufenlos in dem Lagerungshalter (12), an eine gewünschte Stelle zwischen einer oberen und einer unteren Grenze, einschließlich der oberen und unteren Grenze, mit einem Lagerungsübertragungselement (12), umfasst von dem Lagerungshalter, und dadurch Ändern des Arbeitswinkels der Kniehebelplatte in Bezug auf den Rahmen des Brechers und den Hub des Brechers.
     
    14. Verfahren nach Anspruch 13, gekennzeichnet durch Übertragen der Lagerung (13) stufenlos zu einer gewünschten Stelle in dem Lagerungshalter (12) in einer Bahn (21), gebildet in dem Lagerungshalter.
     


    Revendications

    1. Un concasseur à mâchoires (100) comprenant :

    un bâti comprenant des plaques latérales (4) et une extrémité arrière (6) disposée entre les plaques latérales ;

    un excentrique (9) supporté par les plaques latérales ;

    un pitman (2) relié à l'excentrique ;

    une plaque articulée (7) reliée au concasseur à mâchoires entre le pitman et l'extrémité arrière avec des paliers (13) aux extrémités de la plaque articulée ; et

    un support de palier (12) pour le palier à au moins une extrémité de la plaque articulée ;

    caractérisé en ce que :
    le support de palier (12) comprend un organe de transfert (22) du palier (13) avec lequel le palier est configuré pour être continuellement transférable, transversalement par rapport à l'extrémité de la plaque articulée (7) supportée par le palier, vers un emplacement souhaité dans le support de palier entre une limite supérieure et une limite inférieure, incluant la limite supérieure et inférieure, de sorte que l'angle de fonctionnement de la plaque articulée par rapport au châssis du concasseur et la course du concasseur changent.
     
    2. Un concasseur à mâchoires selon la revendication 1, caractérisé par :

    le fait que le support de palier (12) comprenne un châssis (20) dans lequel une trajectoire (21) est formée pour le palier (13), la trajectoire ayant une limite supérieure et une limite inférieure ; et

    au moins un élément de transfert (22) qui influence le palier étant agencé dans le châssis, le palier étant agencé avec ledit au moins un élément de transfert de façon être continuellement transférable le long de la trajectoire vers un emplacement souhaité entre lesdites limites supérieure et inférieure, incluant la limite supérieure et la limite inférieure.


     
    3. Un concasseur à mâchoires selon la revendication 1, caractérisé par le fait que l'organe de transfert (22) comprend une vis et / ou un vérin hydraulique et / ou un vérin électrique et / ou un moteur électrique.
     
    4. Un concasseur à mâchoires selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé par le fait que le concasseur à mâchoires comprend un appareil de réglage (8), tel qu'un appareil de réglage à cale, agencé entre l'extrémité arrière (6) et le support de palier (12) pour régler la distance entre la plaque articulée (7) et l'extrémité arrière.
     
    5. Un concasseur à mâchoires selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé par le fait que le concasseur comprend un support de palier (12) réglable en continu disposé entre une extrémité avant de la plaque articulée (7) et le pitman (2).
     
    6. Un concasseur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé par le fait que le concasseur comprend un support de palier (12) réglable en continu disposé entre une extrémité arrière de la plaque articulée (7) et l'extrémité arrière (6) du concasseur.
     
    7. Un concasseur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé par le fait que le concasseur comprend un premier support de palier (12) réglable en continu agencé entre l'extrémité avant de la plaque articulée (7) et le pitman (2) et un deuxième support de palier (12) réglable en continu agencé entre l'extrémité arrière de la plaque articulée (7) et l'extrémité arrière (6) du concasseur.
     
    8. Un concasseur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce qu'il comporte une ligne médiane (14) de réglage de configuration du concasseur agencée pour passer dans le support de palier (12) par un point médian situé entre la limite supérieure et la limite inférieure de la trajectoire (21) du palier (13).
     
    9. Un concasseur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend au moins un des éléments suivants réglé dans un mode de concassage économique :

    le palier (13) du côté de l'extrémité arrière de la plaque articulée (7) dans le support de palier (12) sous la ligne médiane (14) de la trajectoire du palier (21), de préférence à la limite inférieure de la trajectoire ; et

    le palier du côté de l'extrémité avant de la plaque articulée dans le support de palier au-dessus de la ligne médiane de la trajectoire, de préférence à la limite supérieure de la trajectoire.


     
    10. Un concasseur selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9, caractérisé en ce qu'au moins un des éléments suivants est réglé dans le concasseur dans un mode de broyage motorisé :

    le palier (13) du côté de l'extrémité arrière de la plaque articulée (7) dans le support de palier (12) au-dessus de la ligne médiane (14) de la trajectoire (21), de préférence à la limite supérieure de la trajectoire ; et

    le palier du côté de l'extrémité avant de la plaque articulée dans le support de palier au-dessous de la ligne médiane de la trajectoire, de préférence à la limite inférieure de la trajectoire.


     
    11. Une installation de concassage (200) comprenant un châssis (101) et le concasseur à mâchoires (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes.
     
    12. Une installation de concassage selon la revendication 11, caractérisée en ce que l'installation de concassage est une installation de concassage mobile comprenant au moins l'un des éléments suivants fixé au châssis : un dispositif d'alimentation (103) ; un tamis ; et un convoyeur (106).
     
    13. Un procédé d'utilisation du concasseur à mâchoires (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10, comprenant :
    le fait de transférer le palier (13) transversalement par rapport à l'extrémité de la plaque articulée (7) supportée par le palier en continu dans le support de palier (12) vers un emplacement souhaité entre une limite supérieure et une limite inférieure, incluant la limite supérieure et la limite inférieure, avec un élément de transfert de palier (12) compris par le support de palier, et modifiant ainsi l'angle de fonctionnement de la plaque articulée par rapport au châssis du concasseur et à la course du concasseur.
     
    14. Un procédé selon la revendication 13, caractérisé par le fait de transférer le palier (13) en continu vers un emplacement souhaité dans le support de palier (12) selon une trajectoire (21) aménagée dans le support de palier.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description