(19)
(11)EP 3 124 031 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
30.12.2020 Bulletin 2020/53

(21)Application number: 15770287.9

(22)Date of filing:  20.03.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61K 35/74(2015.01)
A61P 25/20(2006.01)
A61K 31/685(2006.01)
A61P 43/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2015/058528
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/146844 (01.10.2015 Gazette  2015/39)

(54)

SLEEP QUALITY IMPROVER

SCHLAFQUALITÄTSVERBESSERER

AMÉLIORANT DE LA QUALITÉ DU SOMMEIL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 25.03.2014 JP 2014062377

(43)Date of publication of application:
01.02.2017 Bulletin 2017/05

(73)Proprietor: Kabushiki Kaisha Yakult Honsha
Tokyo, 105-8660 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • KATO, Akito
    Tokyo, 105-8660 (JP)
  • TAKADA, Mai
    Tokyo, 105-8660 (JP)

(74)Representative: Blodig, Wolfgang 
Wächtershäuser & Hartz Patentanwaltspartnerschaft mbB Weinstrasse 8
80333 München
80333 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 0 937 407
JP-A- 2003 517 828
JP-A- 2012 017 282
WO-A1-01/45722
JP-A- 2007 070 343
US-A1- 2012 009 163
  
  • DATABASE WPI Week 201168 Thomson Scientific, London, GB; AN 2011-M64350 XP002775040, & JP 2011 193730 A (YAKULT HONSHA KK) 6 October 2011 (2011-10-06)
  • DATABASE WPI Week 201119 Thomson Scientific, London, GB; AN 2011-B89007 XP002775041, "lactobacillus casei YIT 9029 (FERM BP-1366) growth promotion agent for pharmaceuticals or foodstuff", & JP 2011 036203 A (YAKULT HONSHA KK) 24 February 2011 (2011-02-24)
  • DATABASE WPI Week 200436 Thomson Scientific, London, GB; AN 2004-382675 XP002775042, & JP 2004 141065 A (YAKULT HONSHA KK) 20 May 2004 (2004-05-20)
  • DATABASE WPI Week 200214 Thomson Scientific, London, GB; AN 2002-100215 XP002775043, & JP 2001 270830 A (YAKULT HONSHA KK) 2 October 2001 (2001-10-02)
  • 'Yakult 400' 08 August 2013, XP055358992 Retrieved from the Internet: <URL:http://web.archive.org/ web/20130808102947/ http://www.yakult.co.jp/ products/item0007.html> [retrieved on 2015-04-20]
  • S YAMAMURA ET AL.: 'The effect of Lactobacillus helveticus fermented milk on sleep and health perception in elderly subjects' EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION vol. 63, 2009, ISSN 0954-3007 pages 100 - 105, XP008120343
 
Remarks:
The file contains technical information submitted after the application was filed and not included in this specification
 
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

Field of the Invention



[0001] The present invention relates to the non-therapeutic use of Bacterial cells of Lactobacillus casei and/or a treated product thereof for improving sleep quality in people who do not sleep well.

Background of the Invention



[0002] In modern society, the number of people who suffer from insomnia or lack of sleep has increased due to stress, unbalanced diet, environment, and the like. The lack of sleep is considered to be a possible cause of obesity, hypertension, poor concentration, depression, diabetes, etc. Thus, it is important to overcome the lack of sleep.

[0003] For the purpose of overcoming the lack of sleep, various supplements, as well as sleep-inducing agents, have been recommended. For example, it has been reported that ingestion of amino acid, plant extract, flavor, lactic acid bacteria of the genus Lactobacillus or a fermented product thereof, phosphatidylserine (Patent Literatures 1 to 5), and the like improve sleep. However, the effects thereof have not been sufficient.

[0004] Moreover, it has also been reported that lactic acid bacteria of the genus Lactobacillus and the like do not exhibit an effect of reducing sleep latency (Non Patent Literature 1), and further, it has never been reported that the lactic acid bacteria of the genus Lactobacillus and the like exhibit an effect of improving daytime dysfunction (difficulty in staying awake during the day).

Citation List


Patent Literature



[0005] 

Patent Literature 1: JP-A-2003-517828

Patent Literature 2: JP-A-2006-62998

Patent Literature 3: WO 2005/094849

Patent Literature 4: WO 2008/155999

Patent Literature 5: JP-A-2007-70343


Non Patent Literature



[0006] Non Patent Literature 1: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2009) 63, 100-105

[0007] JP 2011 193730 A discloses that the polysaccharide-peptidoglycan complex 1 of Lactobacillus casei YIT 9029 is used for providing anticancer effect and preventing inflammation of bowel.

[0008] JP 2011 036203 A discloses a proliferation promoter for Lactobacillus casei strain YIT 9029 (FERM BP-1366), comprising a reduced galactooligosaccharide as an active ingredient.

[0009] JP 2004 141065 A discloses a plasmid pLY101 derived from Lactobacillus casei YIT 9029 (FERM BP-1366).

[0010] JP 2001 270830 A discloses an agent for preventing and treating urinary tract infectious diseases, said agent comprising Lactobacillus casei YIT 9029 (FERM BP-1366).

[0011] EP 0 937 407 A1 discloses the production of acidic milk beverages produced by dissolving skim milk powder solution in water, sterilizing and inoculating it with lactobacillus casei (FERM BP-1366) to culture.

[0012] WO 01/45722 A1 discloses the somnogenic activity of non-pathogenic lactic acid bacteria.

[0013] US 2012/009163 A1 discloses the use of Lactobacillus strain CP2305 for improving sleep.

Summary of the Invention


Problems to be Solved by the Invention



[0014]  However, as a result of recent studies, it has been revealed that even if a sufficient sleep duration is simply ensured, people may often develop symptoms such as still feeling tired and becoming sleepy in the daytime, and thus that not only sleep duration but also sleep quality is important to overcome the lack of sleep.

[0015] Accordingly, the present invention provides a novel non-therapeutic use of Bacterial cells of Lactobacillus casei and/or a treated product thereof, also referred to as agent, for improving sleep quality.

Means for Solving the Problems



[0016] Hence, the present inventors conducted various studies in order to find an ingredient, which improves not only sleep duration but also sleep quality, and in particular, achieves sleep which does not involve sleepiness in the daytime. As a result, the inventors found that sleep quality, in particular, daytime dysfunction can be significantly improved by ingestion of bacterial cells of Lactobacillus casei or a treated product thereof, among bacteria of the genus Lactobacillus, thereby completing the present invention.

[0017] Specifically, the present invention provides the following [1] to [7]:
  1. [1] Non-therapeutic use of Bacterial cells of Lactobacillus casei and/or a treated product thereof, for improving sleep quality, wherein the treated product is
    1. a) a lysate of Lactobacillus casei obtained by ultrasonic waves,
    2. b) an enzyme-treated liquid of Lactobacillus casei,
    3. c) a solid residue obtained by separating the aforementioned products by solid-liquid separation means,
    4. d) a nucleic acid-containing fraction obtained by lysing Lactobacillus casei with a surfactant, followed by precipitation with ethanol,
    5. e) the lysate of Lactobacillus casei obtained by ultrasonic wave or the enzyme-treated liquid of the cells of Lactobacillus casei, which are further subjected to separation and/or purification treatments, or
    6. f) killed bacterial cells.
  2. [2] The use of bacterial cells and/or a treated product thereof according to the above [1], wherein the Lactobacillus casei is Lactobacillus casei YIT 9029 (FERM BP-1366) .
  3. [3] The use of bacterial cells and/or a treated product thereof according to the above [1] or [2], wherein the daily intake is 1010 cfu or more as the viable bacterial count of Lactobacillus casei.
  4. [4] The use of bacterial cells and/or a treated product thereof according to any one of the above [1] to [3], further comprising phosphatidylserine.
  5. [5] The use of bacterial cells and/or a treated product thereof according to any one of the above [1] to [4], wherein the improvement in sleep quality is one or more selected from the group consisting of a reduction in sleep latency, improvement in daytime dysfunction, and a reduction in the number of awakenings.
  6. [6] The use of bacterial cells and/or a treated product thereof according to any one of the above [1] to [5], wherein the improvement in sleep quality is a reduction in sleep latency and/or improvement in daytime dysfunction.
  7. [7] The use of bacterial cells and/or a treated product thereof according to any one of the above [1] to [6], wherein the improvement in sleep quality is improvement in daytime dysfunction.

Effects of the Invention



[0018] When Lactobacillus casei and/or a treated product thereof is ingested, sleep quality is improved, and in particular, an effect of reducing sleep latency and/or an effect of improving daytime dysfunction are obtained.

Brief Description of the Drawings



[0019] 

[Figure 1] Figure 1 shows the effect by ingesting Lactobacillus casei, with respect to the PSQI total score.

[Figure 2] Figure 2 shows the effect by ingesting Lactobacillus casei, with respect to the PSQI sleep quality score.

[Figure 3] Figure 3 shows the effect by ingesting Lactobacillus casei, with respect to the PSQI daytime dysfunction score.

[Figure 4] Figure 4 shows the effect by ingesting Lactobacillus casei, with respect to the PSQI sleep duration score.


Modes for Carrying out the Invention



[0020] The active ingredient of the agent for improving sleep quality of the present invention is bacterial cells of Lactobacillus casei and/or a treated product thereof.

[0021] The strain of Lactobacillus casei is not particularly limited, as long as it is Lactobacillus casei. Preferred examples of the Lactobacillus casei strain include Lactobacillus casei YIT 9018 (FERM BP-665), Lactobacillus casei YIT 9029 (FERM BP-1366), and Lactobacillus casei YIT 10003 (FERM BP-7707). In terms of the effect of improving sleep quality, Lactobacillus casei YIT 9029 (FERM BP-1366) is particularly preferable.

[0022] In the present invention, the "treated product of bacterial cells" means the bacteria used herein (Lactobacillus casei), on which a certain treatment has been performed. The type of the treatment is as defined in claim 1.

[0023] An example of the treated product of Lactobacillus casei is a degradation product of bacterial cells or the like. The treated product includes a lysate of Lactobacillus casei obtained by ultrasonic waves or the like, an enzyme-treated liquid of Lactobacillus casei, and a solid residue obtained by separating the aforementioned products by solid-liquid separation means such as filtration or centrifugation. Moreover, a nucleic acid-containing fraction obtained by lysing Lactobacillus casei with a surfactant or the like, followed by precipitation with ethanol or the like, is also included in the treated product of Lactobacillus casei. Furthermore, the above described lysate of Lactobacillus casei obtained by ultrasonic waves or the like, the above described enzyme-treated liquid of the cells of Lactobacillus casei, and the like, which are further subjected to, for example, separation and/or purification treatments, such as separation by various types of chromatography, are also included in the treated product of Lactobacillus casei. Further, killed bacterial cells are also included in the treated product of Lactobacillus casei, and such killed bacterial cells can be obtained, for example, by a heat treatment, a treatment using an agent such as an antibiotic, a treatment using a chemical substance such as formalin, a treatment using ultraviolet ray, or a treatment using radiation rays such as γ-ray. Among these treatments, an ultrasonic wave treatment, an enzyme treatment, and a heat treatment are particularly preferable.

[0024] Among these bacterial cells and the treated products thereof, viable bacterial cells are more preferable, in terms of the effect of improving sleep quality.

[0025] The form of the bacterial cells of Lactobacillus casei and/or a treated product thereof is not particularly limited, as long as they comprise the bacterial cells or a treated product thereof. In terms of the ease of ingestion, the continuity of ingestion, the effect of improving sleep quality, etc., it is more preferable to take the form of a fermented product comprising Lactobacillus casei. Examples of such a fermented product include a fermented milk product, a fermented soymilk product, a fermented fruit juice product, and a fermented plant liquid product. Among these, a fermented milk product is more preferable.

[0026] A fermented product comprising Lactobacillus casei can be obtained, for example, by culturing Lactobacillus casei in a milk component such as animal milk, e.g., cow milk, milk powder, fat milk powder, or powdered skim milk, at a temperature of 30°C to 40°C for 5 to 24 hours. Examples of the culture method include static culture, stirring culture, shaking culture, and aeration culture. More preferably, Lactobacillus casei alone, or together with other microorganisms, is inoculated and cultured in a sterilized milk medium, and it is then subjected to a homogenization treatment, so as to obtain a fermented milk base. Subsequently, a syrup solution, which has been prepared separately, is added and mixed into the fermented milk base, and the obtained mixture is then homogenized using a homogenizer or the like. Thereafter, a flavor may be further added to the resultant to obtain a final product.

[0027] Herein, the term "fermented product" is used to include beverages such as fermented milk and lactic acid bacteria beverages, which are stipulated in Ministerial Ordinance Concerning Compositional Standards, etc. for Milk and Milk Products, hard yogurt, soft yogurt, and plain yogurt. In addition, the fermented product of the present invention includes foods and beverages, in which Lactobacillus casei is used, for example, plain type, flavored type, fruit type, sweet taste type, soft type, drink type, solid (hard) type, or frozen type fermented milk, and lactic acid bacteria beverages.

[0028] These fermented products may comprise various types of other food materials, as well as sweeteners such as syrup, as necessary. For example, the fermented products may comprise any given ingredients such as various types of carbohydrates, thickeners, emulsifiers, various types of vitamins, antioxidants, and stabilizers. Specific examples of these food materials include: carbohydrates such as sucrose, glucose, fructose, palatinose, trehalose, lactose, xylose, and maltose; sugar alcohols such as sorbitol, xylitol, erythritol, lactitol, palatinit, reduced sugar syrup, and reduced malt sugar syrup; sweeteners with high degree of sweetness, such as aspartame, thaumatin, sucralose, acesulfame K, and stevia; various types of thickeners (stabilizers), such as agar, gelatin, carrageenan, Guar gum, xanthan gum, pectin, locust bean gum, gellan gum, carboxymethyl cellulose, soybean polysaccharides, and propylene glycol alginate; emulsifiers such as sucrose fatty acid ester, glycerin fatty acid ester, polyglycerin fatty acid ester, sorbitan fatty acid ester, and lecithin; milk fats such as cream, butter, and sour cream; acidulants such as citric acid, lactic acid, acetic acid, malic acid, tartaric acid, and gluconic acid; various types of vitamins such as vitamin A, B vitamins, vitamin C, and E vitamins; minerals such as calcium, magnesium, zinc, iron, and manganese; and flavors such as yogurt-based flavor, berry-based flavor, orange-based flavor, Chinese quince-based flavor, Japanese basil-based flavor, citrus-based flavor, apple-based flavor, mint-based flavor, grape-based flavor, apricot-based flavor, pear, custard cream, peach, melon, banana, tropical, herb-based flavor, tea, and coffee.

[0029] For the production of fermented products, microorganisms other than Lactobacillus casei may also be used in combination. Examples of such microorganisms include: bacteria of the genus Bifidobacterium, such as Bifidobacterium breve, B. longum, B. bifidum, B. animalis, B. suis, B. infantis, B. adolescentis, B. catenulatum, B. pseudocatenulatum, B. lactis, and B. globosum; bacteria of the genus Lactobacillus, such as L. acidophilus, L. plantarum, L. buchneri, L. gallinarum, L. amylovorus, L. brevis, L. rhamnosus, L. kefir, L. crispatus, L. zeae, L. helveticus, L. salivalius, L. gasseri, L. fermentum, L. reuteri, L. crispatus, L. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus, L. delbrueckii subsp. delbrueckii, and L. johnsonii; bacteria of the genus Streptococcus, such as Streptococcus thermophilus; bacteria of the genus Lactococcus, such as Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis and Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris; bacteria of the genus Enterococcus, such as Enterococcus faecalis and E. faecium; bacteria of the genus Bacillus, such as Bacillus subtilis; and yeasts including those belonging to the genus Saccharomyces, the genus Torulaspora, or the genus Candida, such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Torulaspora delbrueckii, and Candida kefyr. When one or more selected from the group consisting of bacteria of the genus Lactobacillus other than Lactobacillus casei, bacteria of the genus Streptococcus, and bacteria of the genus Lactococcus are used in combination with Lactobacillus casei to produce a fermented product, high palatability is obtained, and thus, it becomes easy to ingest such a fermented product. Thus, the combined use of other microorganisms is preferable.

[0030] Moreover, as a fermented product comprising Lactobacillus casei, a commercially available product may be used, and fermented milk-based foods and beverages comprising viable bacteria of Lactobacillus casei, which are manufactured by Yakult Honsha Co., Ltd., can be preferably used. Specific examples of such fermented milk-based foods and beverages include Yakult products such as "Yakult," "New Yakult," and "Yakult 400," "Joie, " "Sofuhl," "Purela," and "Pretio." In particular, the Yakult products are preferably used because these products contain a large number of viable bacteria of Lactobacillus casei.

[0031] Furthermore, the agent for improving sleep quality of the present invention more preferably comprises phosphatidylserine, as well as the above described ingredients. With regard to the content of phosphatidylserine, the agent for improving sleep quality comprises preferably 100 mg or more of, and more preferably 300 mg or more of phosphatidylserine, as a daily intake.

[0032] Such phosphatidylserine may be derived from either animals or plants. It is preferably derived from plants, and in particular, phosphatidylserine derived from soybeans is more preferable.

[0033] The bacterial cells of Lactobacillus casei or a treated product thereof exhibits an excellent action to improve sleep quality. Examples of the action to improve sleep quality include an effect of reducing sleep latency, an effect of improving daytime dysfunction, and an effect of reducing the number of awakenings. Among others, the bacterial cells of Lactobacillus casei or a treated product thereof is particularly excellent in terms of the effect of improving daytime dysfunction.

[0034] Herein, the effect of improving daytime dysfunction, which is exhibited by the agent for improving sleep quality of the present invention, is not obtained by simply increasing sleep duration or the like, but is obtained by improving sleep quality itself. Accordingly, the agent for improving sleep quality of the present invention is particularly excellent in that the sleep effect obtained from sleeping per unit time is significantly improved.

[0035] The agent for improving sleep quality of the present invention is particularly effective for a human who recognizes the lack of sleep, a human who has difficulty in falling asleep, a human who wakes up in the middle of the sleep, a human who feels sleepy in the daytime, etc.

[0036] Herein, the agent for improving sleep quality of the present invention exhibits an excellent action to improve sleep quality on a human who has a poorer sleep state. With regard to the phase "poor sleep state," for example, the PSQI total score before ingestion of the present improving agent is preferably 4 or more points, more preferably 7 or more points, and particularly preferably 8 or more points.

[0037] As described above, with regard to the agent for improving sleep quality of the present invention, it is preferable to ingest Lactobacillus casei as a fermented product comprising viable bacteria of Lactobacillus casei, and the daily intake thereof is preferably 105 cfu or more, more preferably 108 cfu or more, even more preferably 1010 cfu or more, and particularly preferably 1011 cfu or more as the viable bacterial count. Moreover, the duration of intake is preferably 5 days or more, more preferably 2 weeks or more, even more preferably 4 weeks or more, and particularly preferably 8 weeks or more.

[0038] The agent for improving sleep quality of the present invention can be used via either oral administration or parenteral administration, and oral administration is preferable. Upon administration, a composition comprising an active ingredient is mixed with a solid or liquid pharmaceutical nontoxic carrier, which is suitable for an administration method such as oral administration, intrarectal administration, or injection, and it can be administered in the form of a commonly used pharmaceutical preparation. Examples of such a preparation include: solid preparations such as a tablet, a granule, a powder, and a capsule; liquid preparations such as a solution, a suspension, and an emulsion; and freeze-dried preparations. These preparations can be prepared according to conventional means applied in the pharmaceutical field. Examples of the above described pharmaceutical nontoxic carrier include glucose, lactose, sucrose, starch, mannitol, dextrin, fatty acid glyceride, polyethylene glycol, hydroxyethyl starch, ethylene glycol, polyoxyethylene sorbitan fatty acid ester, amino acid, gelatin, albumin, water, and saline. Moreover, commonly used additives, such as a stabilizer, a moisturizer, an emulsifier, a binder, a tonicity agent, and an excipient, can be appropriately added, as necessary.

[0039] As a pharmaceutical preparation, a commercially available preparation may be used. Pharmaceutical preparations comprising viable bacteria of Lactobacillus casei, which are manufactured by Yakult Honsha Co., Ltd., can be preferably used. Specific examples of such a commercially available pharmaceutical preparation include "Yakult BL Intestinal Regulator" and "Yakult BL Intestinal Regulator S-Tablet." Moreover, as a pharmaceutical product for medical use, there is "BIOLACTIS POWDER."

Examples



[0040] Hereinafter, the present invention will be described more in detail in the following Examples.

Production Example 1 (Production of fermented milk product containing Lactobacillus casei)



[0041] Syrup was mixed into a solution of powdered skim milk, into which Lactobacillus casei strain YIT 9029 had been inoculated, followed by fermentation at 37°C, and thereafter, flavor was added to the mixture. Subsequently, the thus obtained mixture was homogenized, and the resultant was then filled into a container, so as to obtain a fermented product. The number of bacteria of Lactobacillus casei in 100 mL of the fermented product was 1011 cfu.

[0042] On the other hand, as a placebo, an unfermented product, which did not contain Lactobacillus casei and to which lactic acid in an amount corresponding to that in the fermented product had been added to adjust the flavor, was used. It is to be noted that, regarding other compositions, the unfermented product had the same compositions as those of the fermented product.

Test Example 1



[0043] One hundred male and female subjects in their 30s to 40s (50 subjects in a placebo group and 50 subjects in a fermented product group), who had a slightly high depression score (Depression Subscale T score: 55 to 75) in the Profile of Mood States (POMS), were allowed to ingest the placebo or the fermented product produced in Production Example 1, at a daily intake of one bottle (100 mL) per day, for 8 weeks. Before initiation of the ingestion, and 4 weeks and 8 weeks after initiation of the ingestion, they were allowed to answer a questionnaire regarding sleep state (PSQI; Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index), and were then evaluated.

[0044] Herein, PSQI has been known as a method for clinically diagnosing sleep quality, and according to this method, sleep quality, daytime dysfunction (daytime sleepiness), and the like can be evaluated. It is to be noted that the average of the PSQI total score of all the subjects, before ingestion, was 7.0 points, and thus, they were considered to be a subject population having not only a high depression score, but also a poor sleep state. The administration effect was analyzed by an analysis of covariance, in which the value before administration was defined as a covariate, and the p value is shown in Figure 1 to Figure 4.

[0045] As a result, as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, it was demonstrated that the PSQI total score was significantly improved throughout the ingestion period in the group which ingested Lactobacillus casei (p < 0.05), and that the sleep was improved. In addition, it was revealed that among the effects obtained by ingestion of Lactobacillus casei, the effect of improving sleep quality and the effect of improving daytime dysfunction were particularly remarkable. These improving effects were also significant throughout the ingestion period (sleep quality: p < 0.01; daytime dysfunction: p < 0.05).

[0046] Herein, as shown in Figure 4, although the sleep duration score of the group which ingested Lactobacillus casei was equivalent to that of the group which ingested the placebo, the aforementioned excellent effects were obtained. Accordingly, it was confirmed that the effects of the agent for improving sleep quality of the present invention are not exhibited by a simple increase in sleep duration, etc., but are caused by improvement in sleep quality itself, and that the sleep effect obtained from sleeping per unit time is significantly improved.

Test Example 2



[0047] Sixteen male and female subjects in their 20s to 40s, who were subjectively dissatisfied with sleep (PSQI score: 4 to 11 points; average: 7.4 points), were divided into two groups. The two groups were allowed to ingest a gelatin soft capsule (Supplism PS; manufactured by Yakult Health Foods Co., Ltd.) containing 300 mg of PS (phosphatidylserine) or a gelatin soft capsule containing a placebo (refined soybean oil), in each different order, in two administration periods each consisting of 5 days separated by a washout period of 9 days. Thereafter, after a washout period of further 9 days, the two groups were allowed to ingest 300 mg of PS (phosphatidylserine) + a fermented milk product (Yakult 400 (Y400); manufactured by Yakult Honsha Co., Ltd.) containing Lactobacillus casei (4 x 1010 cfu) for 5 days. The subjective sleep quality during the sample ingestion period was evaluated using a questionnaire regarding sleep. The administration effect was judged by a test regarding difference (Wilcoxon test) from the placebo ingestion period.

[0048] As a result, in the analysis targeting all of the subjects (Table 1), both the number of awakenings (number) (the number of awakenings in the middle of the sleep) and sleep latency (minute) (a time required for falling asleep from wakefulness) were decreased in the PS ingestion period, but a statistically significant difference was not found. However, in the ingestion period of PS + a fermented milk product (Yakult 400 (Y400)) containing Lactobacillus casei, both the number of awakenings (number) and sleep latency (minute) were further decreased, and the combined effects of PS and Lactobacillus casei were confirmed. In particular, regarding the number of awakenings (number), a significant difference from the placebo ingestion period was observed. Moreover, the subjects were divided into two groups according to the PSQI total score before ingestion, namely, the upper half of the PSQI total score before ingestion (8 or more points) and the lower half thereof (less than 8 points). As a result, it was revealed that, in a group having a high PSQI total score before ingestion (having a poorer sleep state), the degree of decreases in the number of awakenings (number) and the sleep latency (minute) became larger in the ingestion period of PS (phosphatidylserine) + a fermented milk product (Yakult 400 (Y400)) containing Lactobacillus casei, and thus that the effect of reducing the number of awakenings and the effect of reducing sleep latency were further clearly excellent (Table 2). In particular, regarding the number of awakenings (number), a significant effect of reducing the number of awakenings to half or less as compared with that in the placebo ingestion period was confirmed.
[Table 1]
Analysis results of all subjects (n = 16)
 PlaceboPSPS + Y400
Number of awa kenings (number) 0.9 ± 0.7 0.8 ± 0.8 0.6 ± 0.9 *
Sleep latency (minutes) 24.2 ± 16.5 22.0 ± 12.4 19.5 ± 12.7
Mean value ± standard deviation, * p<0.05
[Table 2]
Analysis of group with poor sleep state (PSQI total score ≥ 8) (n = 8)
 PlaceboPSPS + Y400
Number of awakenings (number) 0.7±0.4 0.5±0.7 0.3±0.4 #
Sleep latency (minutes) 28.1±16.2 24.3±12.2 21.1+11. 0
Mean value ± standard deviation, # p<0.1



Claims

1. Non-therapeutic use of Bacterial cells of Lactobacillus casei and/or a treated product thereof, for improving sleep quality, wherein the treated product is

a) a lysate of Lactobacillus casei obtained by ultrasonic waves,

b) an enzyme-treated liquid of Lactobacillus casei,

c) a solid residue obtained by separating the treated products of a)or b) by solid-liquid separation means,

d) a nucleic acid-containing fraction obtained by lysing Lactobacillus casei with a surfactant, followed by precipitation with ethanol,

e) the lysate of Lactobacillus casei obtained by ultrasonic wave or the enzyme-treated liquid of the cells of Lactobacillus casei, which are further subjected to separation and/or purification treatments, or

f) killed bacterial cells.


 
2. The non-therapeutical use of bacterial cells and/or a treated product thereof according to claim 1, wherein the Lactobacillus casei is Lactobacillus casei YIT 9029 (FERM BP-1366).
 
3. The non-therapeutical use of bacterial cells and/or a treated product thereof according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a daily intake is 1010 cfu or more as the viable bacterial count of Lactobacillus casei.
 
4. The non-therapeutical use of bacterial cells and/or a treated product thereof according to any one of claims 1 to 3, further comprising phosphatidylserine.
 
5. The non-therapeutical use of bacterial cells and/or a treated product thereof according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the improvement in sleep quality is one or more selected from the group consisting of a reduction in sleep latency, improvement in daytime dysfunction, and a reduction in the number of awakenings.
 
6. The non-therapeutical use of bacterial cells and/or a treated product thereof according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the improvement in sleep quality is a reduction in sleep latency and/or improvement in daytime dysfunction.
 
7. The non-therapeutical use of bacterial cells and/or a treated product thereof according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the improvement in sleep quality is improvement in daytime dysfunction.
 


Ansprüche

1. Nicht-therapeutische Verwendung von Bakterienzellen von Lactobacillus casei und/oder einem behandelten Produkt davon zur Verbesserung der Schlafqualität, wobei das behandelte Produkt

a) ein durch Ultraschallwellen gewonnenes Lysat von Lactobacillus casei,

b) eine enzymbehandelte Flüssigkeit von Lactobacillus casei,

c) ein fester Rückstand, der durch Abtrennung der behandelten Produkte aus a) oder b) durch Fest-Flüssig-Trennung, erhalten wird,

d) eine nukleinsäurehaltige Fraktion, erhalten durch Lyse von Lactobacillus casei mit einem Tensid, gefolgt von einer Ausfällung mit Ethanol,

e) das Lysat von Lactobacillus casei, das durch Ultraschallwellen gewonnen wird, oder die enzymbehandelte Flüssigkeit der Zellen von Lactobacillus casei, die weiter einer Trenn- und/oder Reinigungsbehandlung unterzogen werden, oder

f) abgetötete Bakterienzellen,
ist.


 
2. Die nicht-therapeutische Verwendung von Bakterienzellen und/oder einem behandelten Produkt davon nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Lactobacillus casei Lactobacillus casei YIT 9029 (FERM BP-1366) ist.
 
3. Die nicht-therapeutische Verwendung von Bakterienzellen und/oder einem behandelten Produkt davon nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei eine tägliche Aufnahme 1010 cfu oder mehr als die lebensfähige Bakterienzahl von Lactobacillus casei beträgt.
 
4. Die nicht-therapeutische Verwendung von Bakterienzellen und/oder einem behandelten Produkt davon nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, ferner umfassend Phosphatidylserin.
 
5. Die nicht-therapeutische Verwendung von Bakterienzellen und/oder einem behandelten Produkt davon nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei die Verbesserung der Schlafqualität eine oder mehrere aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einer Verringerung der Schlaflatenz, einer Verbesserung der Dysfunktion am Tag und einer Verringerung der Anzahl der Aufwachen ist.
 
6. Die nicht-therapeutische Verwendung von Bakterienzellen und/oder einem behandelten Produkt davon nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei die Verbesserung der Schlafqualität eine Verringerung der Schlaflatenz und/oder eine Verbesserung der Dysfunktion am Tag ist.
 
7. Die nicht-therapeutische Verwendung von Bakterienzellen und/oder einem behandelten Produkt davon nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei die Verbesserung der Schlafqualität eine Verbesserung der Dysfunktion am Tage ist.
 


Revendications

1. Utilisation non thérapeutique de cellules bactériennes de Lactobacillus casei et/ou d'un produit traité de celles-ci, pour améliorer la qualité du sommeil, dans laquelle le produit traité est

a) un lysat de Lactobacillus casei obtenu par des ondes ultrasonores,

b) un liquide traité par une enzyme de Lactobacillus casei,

c) un résidu solide obtenu par séparation des produits traités de a) ou b) au moyen d'une séparation solide-liquide,

d) une fraction contenant un acide nucléique obtenue par lyse de Lactobacillus casei avec un tensioactif, suivie d'une précipitation à l'éthanol,

e) le lysat de Lactobacillus casei obtenu par des ondes ultrasonores ou le liquide traité par une enzyme des cellules de Lactobacillus casei, qui est en outre soumis à des traitements de séparation et/ou de purification, ou

f) des cellules bactériennes tuées.


 
2. Utilisation non thérapeutique de cellules bactériennes et/ou d'un produit traité de celles-ci selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le Lactobacillus casei est Lactobacillus casei YIT 9029 (FERM BP-1366).
 
3. Utilisation non thérapeutique de cellules bactériennes et/ou d'un produit traité de celles-ci selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans laquelle la prise quotidienne est de 1010 ufc ou plus en tant que compte de bactéries viables de Lactobacillus casei.
 
4. Utilisation non thérapeutique de cellules bactériennes et/ou d'un produit traité de celles-ci selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, comprenant en outre de la phosphatidylsérine.
 
5. Utilisation non thérapeutique de cellules bactériennes et/ou d'un produit traité de celles-ci selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans laquelle l'amélioration de la qualité du sommeil est une ou plusieurs choisies dans le groupe constitué par une réduction de la latence d'endormissement, une amélioration du dysfonctionnement diurne, et une réduction du nombre de réveils.
 
6. Utilisation non thérapeutique de cellules bactériennes et/ou d'un produit traité de celles-ci selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans laquelle l'amélioration de la qualité du sommeil est une réduction de la latence d'endormissement et/ou une amélioration du dysfonctionnement diurne.
 
7. Utilisation non thérapeutique de cellules bactériennes et/ou d'un produit traité de celles-ci selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans laquelle l'amélioration de la qualité du sommeil est une amélioration du dysfonctionnement diurne.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description