(19)
(11)EP 3 126 277 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
12.08.2020 Bulletin 2020/33

(21)Application number: 14888104.8

(22)Date of filing:  01.04.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B66B 7/06(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2014/032524
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/152899 (08.10.2015 Gazette  2015/40)

(54)

GROOVED BELT FOR ELEVATOR SYSTEM

GERILLTER RIEMEN FÜR EIN AUFZUGSSYSTEM

COURROIE RAINURÉE POUR SYSTÈME D'ASCENSEUR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
08.02.2017 Bulletin 2017/06

(73)Proprietor: Otis Elevator Company
Farmington CT 06032 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • GUILANI, Brad
    Woodstock Valley, Connecticut 06282 (US)
  • SHERRICK, Kathryn Rauss
    Bristol, Connecticut 06010 (US)

(74)Representative: Schmitt-Nilson Schraud Waibel Wohlfrom Patentanwälte Partnerschaft mbB 
Pelkovenstraße 143
80992 München
80992 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
DE-A1-102009 003 796
US-A- 5 704 862
US-A1- 2008 087 500
US-A1- 2010 243 378
US-A1- 2011 240 408
DE-A1-102009 025 954
US-A- 6 056 656
US-A1- 2009 166 132
US-A1- 2011 226 563
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND



    [0001] The subject matter disclosed herein relates to elevator systems. More specifically, the subject disclosure relates to configurations of coated steel belts for suspending and/or driving elevator cars of an elevator system.

    [0002] Elevator systems utilize ropes or belts operably connected to an elevator car, and routed over one or more sheaves, also known as pulleys, to propel the elevator car along a hoistway. Coated steel belts in particular include a plurality of wires located at least partially within a jacket material. The plurality of wires is often arranged into one or more strands and the strands are then arranged into one or more cords. In an exemplary belt construction, a plurality of cords is typically arranged equally spaced within a jacket in a longitudinal direction. The jacket is typically a polymeric-based material such as rubber or polyurethane.

    [0003] The belt interacts with the sheaves in the elevator system, one or more of which is a traction sheave driven by a machine. The system utilizes traction between the belt and the traction sheave, such that when the traction sheave is rotated by the machine, the belt is driven over the traction sheave to raise or lower the elevator car along its path. A critical characteristic of the traction sheave/belt interface is stable and predictable traction of a desired level between the belt and the surface of the traction sheave. Further, the belt should be flexible in order to travel uniformly over crowned sheaves of the elevator system used to enhance tracking of the elevator belt.

    [0004] DE 10 2009 003 796 A1 discloses a mechanism having steel cables coated by a coating consisting of an elastomer material, i.e., polyurethane, to form coated steel cables. A free space is provided passing from a broadside of the mechanism to a center plane fixed in cross-section of mechanism by center of the cables. Ratio between diameter of its coated steel cable and diameter of the steel cable is 1.2-1.6. Its cables are connected with each other by a connector layer with a through hole at which a space is provided passing through entire cross-sectional height of the mechanism.

    [0005] DE 10 2009 025 954 A1 discloses a belt having traction supports arranged at a distance from each other in a common plane and running in longitudinal direction of the belt, where the belt is embedded in elastomer material, i.e., polyurethane. A groove runs in longitudinal direction of its belt, and is formed in a projection of the traction supports on a belt surface. Its belt is structured in single traces by the groove, where single trace traction surfaces of the traces are combined to form a surface that is smaller around 5-10% than a traction surface formed by entire width of the belt surface.

    [0006] US 2008/0087500 A1 discloses an elevator with belt-sheaves and at least one flat belt to suspend and move an elevator car. For the purpose of guiding the flat belt on the belt-sheaves, its belt has at least one guide groove in which at least one guide rib projecting from the sheave running surface of the belt-sheave engages.

    [0007] US 2010/0243378 A1 discloses an elevator with a car, a counterweight, a suspension working together with the car and the counterweight, and a wheel at least partially wound around by the suspension, wherein the suspension comprises a tie beam arrangement made of two tie beams and a shell encasing the tie beam arrangement, its shell having a longitudinal structure in an area of an outer surface partially winding around the wheel, and wherein the ratio of the width of the suspension to the height thereof is greater than one and less than or equal to three. Its wheel comprises a groove for guiding the suspension on the sides, in which the suspension is at least partially received, and the groove floor thereof being formed flat. Its shell is coated, at least in areas, on the outer surface thereof, wherein its coating optionally has a friction-reducing, friction-increasing, and/or wear-reducing effect.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION



    [0008] In one embodiment, a belt according to claim 1 is provided.

    [0009] Additionally, the groove is positioned laterally between adjacent tension members of the plurality of tension members.

    [0010] Additionally, the groove has a ratio of groove width to groove depth of 1 or more.

    [0011] Additionally, two or more grooves are arranged in nonidentical lateral positions in the belt outer surface.

    [0012] Additionally, the two or more grooves are staggered in position longitudinally along the belt length.

    [0013] Additionally, two belt outer surfaces define a belt thickness, each outer belt surface including a groove.

    [0014] Additionally, the plurality of tension members include a plurality of wires arranged into a plurality of cords.

    [0015] Additionally, the jacket material is one of a rubber or polyurethane material.

    [0016] In another embodiment, an elevator system according to claim 9 is provided.

    [0017] Additionally, a sheave of the one or more sheaves includes a crowned sheave surface and the groove increases belt conformance to the crowned sheave surface.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0018] 

    FIG. 1A is a schematic of an exemplary elevator system having a 1:1 roping arrangement;

    FIG. 1B is a schematic of another exemplary elevator system having a different roping arrangement;

    FIG. 1C is a schematic of another exemplary elevator system having a cantilevered arrangement;

    FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of a non-claimed embodiment of a belt for an elevator system;

    FIG. 3 is a plan view of a non-claimed embodiment of a belt for an elevator system; and

    FIG. 4 is a plan view of another embodiment of a belt for an elevator system.



    [0019] The detailed description explains the invention, together with advantages and features, by way of examples with reference to the drawings.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0020] Shown in FIGS. 1A, 1B and 1C are schematics of exemplary traction elevator systems 10. Features of the elevator system 10 that are not required for an understanding of the present invention (such as the guide rails, safeties, etc.) are not discussed herein. The elevator system 10 includes an elevator car 12 operatively suspended or supported in a hoistway 14 with one or more belts 16. The one or more belts 16 interact with one or more sheaves 18 to be routed around various components of the elevator system 10. The one or more belts 16 could also be connected to a counterweight 22, which is used to help balance the elevator system 10 and reduce the difference in belt tension on both sides of the traction sheave during operation.

    [0021] The sheaves 18 each have a diameter 20, which may be the same or different than the diameters of the other sheaves 18 in the elevator system 10. At least one of the sheaves 18 could be a drive sheave. A drive sheave is driven by a machine 50. Movement of drive sheave by the machine 50 drives, moves and/or propels (through traction) the one or more belts 16 that are routed around the drive sheave.

    [0022] At least one of the sheaves 18 could be a diverter, deflector or idler sheave. Diverter, deflector or idler sheaves are not driven by a machine 50, but help guide the one or more belts 16 around the various components of the elevator system 10.

    [0023] In some embodiments, the elevator system 10 could use two or more belts 16 for suspending and/or driving the elevator car 12. In addition, the elevator system 10 could have various configurations such that either both sides of the one or more belts 16 engage the one or more sheaves 18 (such as shown in the exemplary elevator systems in FIGS. 1A, 1B or 1C) or only one side of the one or more belts 16 engages the one or more sheaves 18.

    [0024] FIG 1A provides a 1:1 roping arrangement in which the one or more belts 16 terminate at the car 12 and counterweight 22. FIGS. 1B and 1C provide different roping arrangements. Specifically, FIGS. 1B and 1C show that the car 12 and/or the counterweight 22 can have one or more sheaves 18 thereon engaging the one or more belts 16 and the one or more belts 16 can terminate elsewhere, typically at a structure within the hoistway 14 (such as for a machine room-less elevator system) or within the machine room (for elevator systems utilizing a machine room. The number of sheaves 18 used in the arrangement determines the specific roping ratio (e.g. the 2:1 roping ratio shown in FIGS. 1B and 1C or a different ratio). FIG 1C also provides a so-called rucksack or cantilevered type elevator. The present invention could be used on elevator systems other than the exemplary types shown in FIGS. 1A, 1B and 1C.

    [0025] FIG. 2 provides a schematic of an exemplary belt construction or design. Each belt 16 is constructed of a plurality of tension members, for example, cords 24 in a jacket 26. The cords 24 of the belt 16 could all be identical, or some or all of the cords 24 used in the belt 16 could be different than the other cords 24. The cords 24 are the primary load-carrying members of the belt 16. For example, one or more of the cords 24 could have a different construction or size than the other cords 24. The cords 24 may be formed from a plurality of wires 28, which in some embodiments are arranged into a plurality of strands 30. As seen in FIG. 2, the belt 16 has an aspect ratio greater than one (i.e. belt width is greater than belt thickness).

    [0026] The belt 16 is constructed to have sufficient flexibility when passing over the one or more sheaves 18 to provide low bending stresses, meet belt life requirements and have smooth operation, while being sufficiently strong to be capable of meeting strength requirements for suspending and/or driving the elevator car 12.

    [0027] The jacket 26 could be any suitable material, including a single material, multiple materials, two or more layers using the same or dissimilar materials, and/or a film. In one arrangement, the jacket 26 could be a polymer, such as an elastomer, applied to the cords 24 using, for example, an extrusion or a mold wheel process. In another arrangement, the jacket 26 could be a textile that engages and/or integrates the cords 24. As an additional arrangement, the jacket 26 could be one or more of the previously mentioned alternatives in combination.

    [0028] The jacket 26 can substantially retain the cords 24 therein. The phrase substantially retain means that the jacket 26 has sufficient engagement with the cords 24 such that the cords 24 do not pull out of, detach from, and/or cut through the jacket 26 during the application on the belt 16 of a load that can be encountered during use in an elevator system 10 with, potentially, an additional factor of safety. In other words, the cords 24 remain at their original positions relative to the jacket 26 during use in an elevator system 10. The jacket 26 could completely envelop the cords 24 (such as shown in FIG. 2), substantially envelop the cords 24, or at least partially envelop the cords 24

    [0029] The belt 16 includes at least one traction surface 32 interactive with a sheave outer surface 34. The sheave outer surface 34 may be substantially flat along its width as shown, or alternatively may include a crown or other features to improve tracking of the belt 16 over the sheave 18. Some belts 16 may have two traction surfaces 32, for use in elevator systems where the sheave 18 dictates that two traction surfaces 32 will interact with sheaves 18, such as the arrangement shown in FIG. 1A.

    [0030] The belt 16 includes a plurality of grooves 36 formed in the jacket 26, extending longitudinally along a length of the belt 16 as shown in FIG. 3. Referring again to the cross-section of FIG. 2, the grooves 36 are arrayed along a belt width 38 with, in some embodiments, each groove 36 positioned between adjacent cords 24 of the belt 16. Each groove 36 has a groove width 40 and a groove depth 42, and in some embodiments a ratio of groove width 40 to groove depth 42 is greater than 1. In some embodiments, the groove depth 42 is related to a jacket material depth 44 at each cord 24, at which the jacket material depth is thinnest, and may be between one-tenth and one-half of the jacket material depth 44. The grooves 36 may have a smooth, continuous curvilinear shape along their width as shown in FIG. 2, but other groove 36 shapes, such as U-shaped or V-shaped may also be utilized. Further, the grooves 36 may have substantially identical cross-sections as shown or may be varied depending on their location in the belt 16. In some embodiments, as shown in FIG. 3, the grooves 36 are continuous along a length of the belt 16, while in other embodiments, such as shown in FIG. 4, the grooves 36 may be discontinuous or staggered along the length of the belt 16. Further, the grooves 36 may have varying cross-sectional shapes along their length.

    [0031] The grooves 36 may be formed in the belt 16 during the mold wheel or extrusion process of jacket 26 application to the cords 24, or alternatively may be formed via a secondary process. For example, the belt 16 may be passed through a secondary molding process to form the grooves 36 in the jacket 26 while the jacket 26 is still at an elevated temperature from the initial application process. Alternatively, after forming of the jacket 26 on the belt 16 in completed, the grooves 36 may be formed in the jacket 26 by, for example, a machining process.

    [0032] The grooved traction surface 32 interacts with the continuous sheave outer surface 34 to stabilize traction due to the reduction in surface area of the traction surface 32 in contact with the sheave outer surface 34, compared to a continuous, grooveless traction surface. The introduction of grooves 36 also improves flexibility of the belt 16, increasing conformability of the belt 16 to the sheave outer surface 34, especially when the sheave outer surface 34 includes a crown. This property is useful, too when it is required to utilize a comparatively stiff jacket 26 material to satisfy other performance requirements such as durability or service life. Y et another advantage provided by inclusion of the grooves 36 in the belt 16 is that the grooves 36 increase resistance of the belt 16 to decreases in performance due to external contaminants, such as dry contaminants. During operation of the elevator system, such materials are shunted to and collected in the grooves 36 away from the contact portians of the traction surface 32 to the sheave outer surface 34.

    [0033] While the invention has been described in detail in connection with only a limited number of embodiments, it should be readily understood that the invention is not limited to such disclosed embodiments. Rather, the invention can be modified to incorporate any number of variations, alterations, Substitutions or equivalent arrangements not heretofore described, but which are commensurate with the scope of the claims. Additionally, while various embodiments of the invention have been described, it is to be understood that aspects of the invention may include only some of the described embodiments. Accordingly, the invention is not to be seen as limited by the foregoing description, but is only limited by the scope of the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A belt (16) for suspending and/or driving an elevator car (12) of an elevator system (10) comprising:

    a plurality of tension members (30) spaced from each other along a width (38) of the belt (16) and extending longitudinally along a length of the belt (16);

    a jacket (26) at least partially enveloping the plurality of tension members (30) and forming at least one outer belt surface (32) along the width (38) of the belt (16);

    a groove (36) located in the at least one outer belt surface (32) extending longitudinally along the length of the belt (16),

    characterized in that

    the groove (36) has a groove depth (42) between one tenth and one half of a jacket material depth (44) at the tension member (30) and

    the groove (36) is discontinuous along a length of the belt (16).


     
    2. The belt (16) of claim 1, wherein the groove (36) is disposed laterally between adjacent tension members (30) of the plurality of tension members (30).
     
    3. The belt (16) of any of claims 1-2, wherein the groove (36) has a ratio of groove width (40) to groove depth (42) of 1 or more.
     
    4. The belt (16) of any of claims 1-3, further comprising two or more grooves (36) arranged in nonidentical lateral positions in the belt outer surface (32).
     
    5. The belt (16) of claim 4, wherein the two or more grooves (36) are staggered in position longitudinally along the belt length.
     
    6. The belt (16) of any of claims 1-5, further comprising two belt outer surfaces (32) defining a belt thickness, each outer belt surface (32) including a groove (36).
     
    7. The belt (16) of any of claims 1-6, wherein the plurality of tension members (30) comprise a plurality of wires (28) arranged into a plurality of cords (24).
     
    8. The belt (16) of any of claims 1-7, wherein the jacket material is one of a rubber or polyurethane material.
     
    9. An elevator system (10) comprising:

    an elevator car (12);

    one or more sheaves (18); and

    one or more belts (16) according to any of the previous claims, the one or more belts (16) operably connected to the car (12) and interactive with the one or more sheaves (18) for suspending and/or driving the elevator car (12),

    the jacket (26) forming at least one outer belt surface (32) along a width (38) of the belt (16), the outer belt surface (32) interactive with the one or more sheaves (18).


     
    10. The elevator system of claim 9, wherein a sheave (18) of the one or more sheaves (18) includes a crowned sheave surface (34) and the groove (36) increases belt conformance to the crowned sheave surface (34). .
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Riemen (16) zum Aufhängen und/oder Fahren einer Aufzugskabine (12) eines Aufzugssystems (10), umfassend:

    eine Vielzahl von Zugelementen (30), die entlang einer Breite (38) des Riemens (16) voneinander beabstandet sind und sich in Längsrichtung entlang einer Länge des Riemens (16) erstrecken;

    eine Umhüllung (26), die mindestens teilweise die Vielzahl von Zugelementen (30) umgibt und mindestens eine äußere Riemenfläche (32) entlang der Breite (38) des Riemens (16) bildet;

    eine Rille (36), die in der mindestens einen äußeren Riemenfläche (32) angeordnet ist und die sich in Längsrichtung entlang der Länge des Riemens (16) erstreckt,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die Rille (36) eine Rillentiefe (42) zwischen einem Zehntel und einer Hälfte einer Umhüllungsmaterialtiefe (44) an dem Zugelement (30) aufweist und

    die Rille (36) entlang einer Länge des Riemens (16) unterbrochen ist.


     
    2. Riemen (16) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Rille (36) seitlich zwischen angrenzenden Zugelementen (30) aus der Vielzahl von Zugelementen (30) angeordnet ist.
     
    3. Riemen (16) nach einem der Ansprüche 1-2, wobei die Rille (36) ein Verhältnis von Rillenbreite (40) zu Rillentiefe (42) von 1 oder mehr aufweist.
     
    4. Riemen (16) nach einem der Ansprüche 1-3, ferner umfassend zwei oder mehr Rillen (36), die an nicht identischen seitlichen Positionen in der Riemenaußenfläche (32) angeordnet sind.
     
    5. Riemen (16) nach Anspruch 4, wobei die zwei oder mehr Rillen (36) der Position nach in Längsrichtung entlang der Riemenlänge versetzt sind.
     
    6. Riemen (16) nach einem der Ansprüche 1-5, ferner umfassend zwei Riemenaußenflächen (32), die eine Riemendicke definieren, wobei jede äußere Riemenfläche (32) eine Rille (36) beinhaltet.
     
    7. Riemen (16) nach einem der Ansprüche 1-6, wobei die Vielzahl von Zugelementen (30) eine Vielzahl von Drähten (28) umfasst, die in einer Vielzahl von Seilen (24) angeordnet sind.
     
    8. Riemen (16) nach einem der Ansprüche 1-7, wobei das Umhüllungsmaterial eines aus einem Gummi- oder Polyurethanmaterial ist.
     
    9. Aufzugssystem (10), umfassend:

    eine Aufzugskabine (12);

    eine oder mehrere Seilrollen (18); und

    einen oder mehrere Riemen (16) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei der eine oder die mehreren Riemen (16) in Wirkverbindung mit der Aufzugskabine (12) stehen und mit der einen oder den mehreren Seilrollen (18) zum Aufhängen und/oder Fahren der Aufzugskabine (12) zusammenwirken,

    wobei die Umhüllung (26) mindestens eine Außenriemenfläche (32) entlang einer Breite (38) des Riemens (16) bildet, wobei die Außenriemenfläche (32) mit der einen oder den mehreren Seilrollen (18) zusammenwirkt.


     
    10. Aufzugssystem nach Anspruch 9, wobei eine Seilrolle (18) aus der einen oder den mehreren Seilrollen (18) eine ballige Seilrollenfläche (34) beinhaltet und die Rille (36) die Riemenanpassung an die ballige Seilrollenfläche (34) erhöht.
     


    Revendications

    1. Courroie (16) pour suspendre et/ou entraîner une cabine d'ascenseur (12) d'un système d'ascenseur (10) comprenant :

    une pluralité d'éléments de tension (30) espacés les uns des autres sur une largeur (38) de la courroie (16) et s'étendant longitudinalement sur une longueur de la courroie (16) ;

    une gaine (26) enveloppant au moins partiellement la pluralité d'éléments de tension (30) et formant au moins une surface de courroie extérieure (32) sur la largeur (38) de la courroie (16) ;

    une rainure (36) située dans l'au moins une surface de courroie extérieure (32) s'étendant longitudinalement sur la longueur de la courroie (16),

    caractérisée en ce que

    la rainure (36) a une profondeur de rainure (42) entre un dixième et la moitié d'une profondeur de matériau de gaine (44) au niveau de l'élément de tension (30) et

    la rainure (36) est discontinue sur une longueur de la courroie (16).


     
    2. Courroie (16) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la rainure (36) est disposée latéralement entre des éléments de tension (30) adjacents de la pluralité d'éléments de tension (30) .
     
    3. Courroie (16) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 et 2, dans laquelle la rainure (36) a un rapport entre la largeur de rainure (40) et la profondeur de rainure (42) de 1 ou plus.
     
    4. Courroie (16) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, comprenant en outre deux rainures (36) ou plus disposées dans des positions latérales non identiques dans la surface extérieure de courroie (32).
     
    5. Courroie (16) selon la revendication 4, dans laquelle les deux rainures (36) ou plus sont décalées en position longitudinalement sur la longueur de courroie.
     
    6. Courroie (16) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, comprenant en outre deux surfaces extérieures de courroie (32) définissant une épaisseur de courroie, chaque surface de courroie extérieure (32) comportant une rainure (36).
     
    7. Courroie (16) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans laquelle la pluralité d'éléments de tension (30) comprennent une pluralité de fils (28) disposés en une pluralité de cordons (24).
     
    8. Courroie (16) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, dans laquelle le matériau de gaine est l'un d'un matériau en caoutchouc ou en polyuréthane.
     
    9. Système d'ascenseur (10) comprenant :

    une cabine d'ascenseur (12) ;

    une ou plusieurs poulies (18) ; et

    une ou plusieurs courroies (16) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, les une ou plusieurs courroies (16) étant reliées de manière opérationnelle à la cabine (12) et interagissant avec les une ou plusieurs poulies (18) pour suspendre et/ou entraîner la cabine d'ascenseur (12),

    la gaine (26) formant au moins une surface de courroie extérieure (32) sur une largeur (38) de la courroie (16), la surface de courroie extérieure (32) interagissant avec les une ou plusieurs poulies (18).


     
    10. Système d'ascenseur selon la revendication 9, dans lequel une poulie (18) des une ou plusieurs poulies (18) comporte une surface de poulie couronnée (34) et la rainure (36) augmente la conformité de la courroie avec la surface de poulie couronnée (34).
     




    Drawing




















    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description