(19)
(11)EP 3 129 387 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/26

(21)Application number: 15715715.7

(22)Date of filing:  08.04.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
C07D 498/14(2006.01)
A61P 35/00(2006.01)
A61K 31/529(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2015/057546
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/155197 (15.10.2015 Gazette  2015/41)

(54)

NOVEL MACROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS

NEUARTIGE MAKROCYCLISCHE VERBINDUNGEN

NOUVEAUX COMPOSÉS MACROCYCLIQUES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA

(30)Priority: 11.04.2014 WO PCT/CN2014/000392

(43)Date of publication of application:
15.02.2017 Bulletin 2017/07

(73)Proprietor: Bayer Pharma Aktiengesellschaft
13353 Berlin (DE)

(72)Inventors:
  • LÜCKING, Ulrich
    10317 Berlin (DE)
  • WASNAIRE, Pierre
    40225 Düsseldorf (DE)
  • SCHOLZ, Arne
    10435 Berlin (DE)
  • LIENAU, Philip
    10967 Berlin (DE)
  • SIEMEISTER, Gerhard
    13503 Berlin (DE)
  • STEGMANN, Christian
    10437 Berlin (DE)
  • BÖMER, Ulf
    16548 Glienicke (DE)
  • ZHENG, Kunzeng
    Shanghai 201101 (CN)
  • GAO, Ping
    Shanghai 201204 (CN)
  • CHEN, Gang
    Shanghai 201100 (CN)
  • XI, Jiajun
    Shanghai 200041 (CN)

(74)Representative: BIP Patents 
c/o Bayer Intellectual Property GmbH Alfred-Nobel-Straße 10
40789 Monheim am Rhein
40789 Monheim am Rhein (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2008/060248
US-A1- 2004 209 895
WO-A1-2013/037896
  
     
    Remarks:
    The file contains technical information submitted after the application was filed and not included in this specification
     
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to novel macrocyclic compounds of general formula (I) as described and defined herein, and methods for their preparation, their use for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of disorders, in particular of hyper-proliferative disorders and/or virally induced infectious diseases and/or of cardiovascular diseases. The invention further relates to intermediate compounds useful in the preparation of said compounds of general formula (I).

    [0002] The family of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) proteins consists of members that are key regulators of the cell division cycle (cell cycle CDK's), that are involved in regulation of gene transcription (transcriptional CDK's), and of members with other functions. CDKs require for activation the association with a regulatory cyclin subunit. The cell cycle CDKs CDK1/cyclin B, CDK2/cyclin A, CDK2/cyclinE, CDK4/cyclinD, and CDK6/cyclinD get activated in a sequential order to drive a cell into and through the cell division cycle. The transcriptional CDKs CDK9/cyclin T and CDK7/cyclin H regulate the activity of RNApolymerase II via phosphorylation of the carboxy-terminal domain (CTD). Positive transcription factor b (P-TEFb) is a heterodimer of CDK9 and one of four cyclin partners, cyclin T1, cyclin K, cyclin T2a or T2b.

    [0003] Whereas CDK9 (NCBI GenBank Gene ID 1025) is exclusively involved in transcriptional regulation, CDK7 in addition participates in cell cycle regulation as CDK-activating kinase (CAK).
    Transcription of genes by RNA polymerase II is initiated by assembly of the pre-initiation complex at the promoter region and phosphorylation of Ser 5 and Ser 7 of the CTD by CDK7/cyclin H. For a major fraction of genes RNA polymerase II stops mRNA transcription after it moved 20-40 nucleotides along the DNA template. This promoter-proximal pausing of RNA polymerase II is mediated by negative elongation factors and is recognized as a major control mechanism to regulate expression of rapidly induced genes in response to a variety of stimuli (Cho et al., Cell Cycle 9, 1697, 2010). P-TEFb is crucially involved in overcoming promoter-proximal pausing of RNA polymerase II and transition into a productive elongation state by phosphorylation of Ser 2 of the CTD as well as by phosphorylation and inactivation of negative elongation factors.

    [0004] Activity of PTEFb itself is regulated by several mechanisms. About half of cellular PTEFb exists in an inactive complex with 7SK small nuclear RNA (7SK snRNA), La-related protein 7 (LARP7/PIP7S) and hexamethylene bis-acetamide inducible proteins 1/2 (HEXIM1/2, He et al., Mol Cell 29, 588, 2008). The remaining half of PTEFb exists in an active complex containing the bromodomain protein Brd4 (Yang et al., Mol Cell 19, 535, 2005). Brd4 recruits PTEFb through interaction with acetylated histones to chromatin areas primed for gene transcription. Through alternately interacting with its positive and negative regulators, PTEFb is maintained in a functional equilibrium: PTEFb bound to the 7SK snRNA complex represents a reservoir from which active PTEFb can be released on demand of cellular transcription and cell proliferation (Zhou & Yik, Microbiol Mol Biol Rev 70, 646, 2006). Furthermore, the activity of PTEFb is regulated by posttranslational modifications including phosphorylation/dephosphorylation, ubiquitination, and acetylation (reviewed in Cho et al., Cell Cycle 9, 1697, 2010).

    [0005] Deregulated activity of CDK9 kinase activity of the PTEFb heterodimer is associated with a variety of human pathological settings such as hyper-proliferative diseases (e.g. cancer), virally induced infectious diseases or cardiovascular diseases:
    Cancer is regarded as a hyper-proliferative disorder mediated by a disbalance of proliferation and cell death (apoptosis). High levels of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2-family proteins are found in various human tumors and account for prolonged survival of tumor cells and therapy resistance. Inhibition of PTEFb kinase activity was shown to reduce transcriptional activity of RNA polymerase II leading to a decline of short-lived anti-apoptotic proteins, especially Mcl-1 and XIAP, reinstalling the ability of tumor cells to undergo apoptosis. A number of other proteins associated with the transformed tumor phenotype (such as Myc, NF-kB responsive gene transcripts, mitotic kinases) are either short-lived proteins or are encoded by short-lived transcripts which are sensitive to reduced RNA polymerase II activity mediated by PTEFb inhibition (reviewed in Wang & Fischer, Trends Pharmacol Sci 29, 302, 2008).

    [0006] Many viruses rely on the transcriptional machinery of the host cell for the transcription of their own genome. In case of HIV-1, RNA polymerase II gets recruited to the promoter region within the viral LTR's. The viral transcription activator (Tat) protein binds to nascent viral transcripts and overcomes promoter-proximal RNA polymerase II pausing by recruitment of PTEFb which in turn promotes transcriptional elongation. Furthermore, the Tat protein increases the fraction of active PTEFb by replacement of the PTEFb inhibitory proteins HEXIM1/2 within the 7SK snRNA complex. Recent data have shown that inhibition of the kinase activity of PTEFb is sufficient to block HIV-1 repliction at kinase inhibitor concentrations that are not cytotoxic to the host cells (reviewed in Wang & Fischer, Trends Pharmacol Sci 29, 302, 2008). Similarly, recruitment of PTEFb by viral proteins has been reported for other viruses such as B-cell cancer-associated Epstein-Barr virus, where the nuclear antigen EBNA2 protein interacts with PTEFb (Bark-Jones et al., Oncogene, 25, 1775, 2006), and the human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1), where the transcriptional activator Tax recruits PTEFb (Zhou et al., J Virol. 80, 4781, 2006).

    [0007] Cardiac hypertrophy, the heart's adaptive response to mechanical overload and pressure (hemodynamic stress e.g. hypertension, myocardial infarction), can lead, on a long term, to heart failure and death. Cardiac hypertrophy was shown to be associated with increased transcriptional activity and RNA polymerase II CTD phosphorylation in cardiac muscle cells. PTEFb was found to be activated by dissociation from the inactive 7SK snRNA/HEXIM1/2 complex. These findings suggest pharmacological inhibition of PTEFb kinase activity as a therapeutic approach to treat cardiac hypertrophy (reviewed in Dey et al., Cell Cycle 6, 1856, 2007).

    [0008] In summary, multiple lines of evidence suggest that selective inhibition of the CDK9 kinase activity of the PTEFb heterodimer (= CDK9 and one of four cyclin partners, cyclin T1, cyclin K, cyclin T2a or T2b) represents an innovative approach for the treatment of diseases such as cancer, viral diseases, and/or diseases of the heart. CDK9 belongs to a family of at least 13 closely related kinases of which the subgroup of the cell cycle CDK's fulfills multiple roles in regulation of cell proliferation. Thus, co-inhibition of cell cycle CDKs (e.g. CDK1/cyclin B, CDK2/cyclin A, CDK2/cyclinE, CDK4/cyclinD, CDK6/cyclinD) and of CDK9, is expected to impact normal proliferating tissues such as intestinal mucosa, lymphatic and hematopoietic organs, and reproductive organs. To maximize the therapeutic margin of CDK9 kinase inhibitors, molecules with high selectivity towards CDK9 are required.

    [0009] CDK inhibitors in general as well as CDK9 inhibitors are described in a number of different publications: WO2008129070 and WO2008129071 both describe 2,4 disubstituted aminopyrimidines as CDK inhibitors in general. It is also asserted that some of these compounds may act as selective CDK9 inhibitors (WO2008129070) and as CDK5 inhibitors (WO2008129071), respectively, but no specific CDK9 IC50 (WO2008129070) or CDK5 IC50 (WO2008129071) data is presented. These compounds do not contain a fluoro atom in 5-position of the pyrimidine core.

    [0010] WO2008129080 discloses 4,6 disubstituted aminopyrimidines and demonstrates that these compounds show an inhibitory effect on the protein kinase activity of various protein kinases, such as CDK1, CDK2, CDK4, CDK5, CDK6 and CDK9, with a preference for CDK9 inhibition (example 80).

    [0011] WO2005026129 discloses 4,6 disubstituted aminopyrimidines and demonstrates that these compounds show an inhibitory effect on the protein kinase activity of various protein kinases, in particular CDK2, CDK4, and CDK9.

    [0012] WO 2009118567 discloses pyrimidine and [1,3,5]triazine derivatives as protein kinase inhibitors, in particular CDK2, CDK7 and CDK9.

    [0013] WO2011116951 discloses substituted triazine derivatives as selective CDK9 inhibitors.
    WO2012117048 discloses disubstituted triazine derivatives as selective CDK9 inhibitors.
    WO2012117059 discloses disubstituted pyridine derivatives as selective CDK9 inhibitors.
    WO2012143399 discloses substituted 4-aryl-N-phenyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-amines as selective CDK9 inhibitors.

    [0014] EP1218360 B1, which corresponds to US2004116388A1, US7074789B2 and WO2001025220A1, describes triazine derivatives as kinase inhibitors, but does not disclose potent or selective CDK9 inhibitors.

    [0015] WO2008079933 discloses aminopyridine and aminopyrimidine derivatives and their use as CDK1, CDK2, CDK3, CDK4, CDK5, CDK6, CDK7, CDK8 or CDK9 inhibitors.

    [0016] WO2011012661 describes aminopyridine derivatives useful as CDK inhibitors.

    [0017] WO2011026917 discloses carboxamides derived from substituted 4-phenylpyridine-2-amines as inhibitors of CDK9.

    [0018] WO2012066065 discloses phenyl-heterorayl amines as inhibitors of CDK9. A selectivity towards CDK9 over other CDK isoforms is preferred, however disclosure of CDK-inhibition data is confined to CDK 9. No bicyclic ring systems are disclosed attached to the C4 position of the pyrimidine core. Within the group attached to C4 of the pyrimidine core, alkoxy phenyls can be regarded as encompassed, but there is no suggestion for a specific substitution pattern characterised by a fluoro atom attached to C5 of the pyrimidine ring, and an aniline at C2 of the pyrimidine, featuring a substituted sulfonyl-methylene group in meta position. Compounds shown in the examples typically feature a substituted cycloalkyl group as R1 but no phenyl.

    [0019] WO2012066070 discloses 3-(aminoaryl)-pyridine compounds as inhibitors of CDK9. The biaryl core mandatorily consists of two heteroaromatic rings.
    WO2012101062 discloses substituted bi-heteroaryl compounds featuring a 2-aminopyridine core as inhibitors of CDK9. The biaryl core mandatorily consists of two heteroaromatic rings.

    [0020] WO2012101063 discloses carboxamides derived from substituted 4-(heteroaryl)-pyridine-2-amines as inhibitors of CDK9.

    [0021] WO 2012101064 discloses N-acyl pyrimidine biaryl compounds as inhibitors of CDK9.
    WO 2012101065 discloses pyrimidine biaryl compounds as inhibitors of CDK9. The biaryl core mandatorily consists of two heteroaromatic rings.

    [0022] WO 2012101066 discloses pyrimidine biaryl compounds as inhibitors of CDK9. Substitution R1 of the amino group attached to the heteroaromatic core is confined to non-aromatic groups but does not cover substituted phenyls. Furthermore, the biaryl core mandatorily consists of two heteroaromatic rings.

    [0023] WO 2011077171 discloses 4,6-disubstituted aminopyrimidine derivatives as inhibitors of CDK9.

    [0024] WO 2014031937 discloses 4,6-disubstituted aminopyrimidine derivatives as inhibitors of CDK9.

    [0025] WO 2013037896 discloses disubstituted 5-fluoropyrimidines as selective inhibitors of CDK9.

    [0026] WO 2013037894 discloses disubstituted 5-fluoropyrimidine derivatives containing a sulfoximine group as selective inhibitors of CDK9.

    [0027] Wang et al. (Chemistry & Biology 17, 1111-1121, 2010) describe 2-anilino-4-(thiazol-5-yl)pyrimidine transcriptional CDK inhibitors, which show anticancer activity in animal models.

    [0028] WO 2014060376 discloses substituted 4-(ortho)-fluorophenyl-5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl amine derivatives containing a sulfone group as selective inhibitors of CDK9.

    [0029] WO 2014060375 discloses substituted 5-fluoro-N-(pyridin-2-yl)pyridin-2-amine derivatives containing a sulfone group as selective inhibitors of CDK9.

    [0030] WO 2014060493 discloses substituted N-(pyridin-2-yl)pyrimidin-4-amine derivatives containing a sulfone group as selective inhibitors of CDK9.

    [0031] WO 2014076028 discloses substituted 4-(ortho)-fluorophenyl-5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl amine derivatives containing a sulfoximine group as selective inhibitors of CDK9.

    [0032] WO 2014076091 discloses substituted 5-fluoro-N-(pyridin-2-yl)pyridin-2-amine derivatives containing a sulfoximine group as selective inhibitors of CDK9.

    [0033] WO 2014076111 discloses substituted N-(pyridin-2-yl)pyrimidin-4-amine derivatives containing a sulfoximine group as selective inhibitors of CDK9.

    [0034] WO 2015001021 discloses 5-Fluoro-N-(pyridin-2-yl)pyridin-2-amine derivatives containing a sulfoximine group as selective inhibitors of CDK9.

    [0035] WO2004009562 discloses substituted triazine kinase inhibitors. For selected compounds CDK1 and CDK4 test data, but no CDK9 data is presented.

    [0036] WO2004072063 describes heteroaryl (pyrimidine, triazine) substituted pyrroles as inhibitors of protein kinases such as ERK2, GSK3, PKA or CDK2.

    [0037] WO2010009155 discloses triazine and pyrimidine derivatives as inhibitors of histone deacetylase and/or cyclin dependent kinases (CDKs). For selected compounds CDK2 test data is described.

    [0038] WO2003037346 (corresponding to US7618968B2, US7291616B2, US2008064700A1, US2003153570A1) relates to aryl triazines and uses thereof, including to inhibit lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase beta (LPAAT-beta) activity and/or proliferation of cells such as tumor cells.

    [0039] WO2005037800 discloses sulfoximine substituted anilino-pyrimidines as inhibitors of VEGFR and CDK kinases, in particular VEGFR2, CDK1 and CDK2, having no aromatic ring directly bonded to the pyrimidine ring and having the sulfoximine group directly bonded to the aniline group. No CDK9 data are disclosed.

    [0040] WO2008025556 describes carbamoyl sulfoximides having a pyrimidine core, which are useful as kinase inhibitors. No CDK9 data is presented. No molecules are exemplified, which possess a fluoropyrimidine core.

    [0041] WO2002066481 describes pyrimidine derivatives as cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors. CDK9 is not mentioned and no CDK9 data is presented.

    [0042] WO2008109943 concerns phenyl aminopyri(mi)dine compounds and their use as kinase inhibitors, in particular as JAK2 kinase inhibitors. The specific examples mainly focus on compounds having a pyrimidine core.

    [0043] WO2009032861 describes substituted pyrimidinyl amines as JNK kinase inhibitors. The specific examples mainly focus on compounds having a pyrimidine core.

    [0044] WO2011046970 concerns amino-pyrimidine compounds as inhibitors of TBKL and/or IKK epsilon. The specific examples mainly focus on compounds having a pyrimidine core.

    [0045] WO2012142329 concerns amino-pyrimidine compounds as inhibitors of TBKL and/or IKK epsilon.

    [0046] WO2012139499 discloses urea substituted anilino-pyrimidines as inhibitors of various protein kinases.

    [0047] WO2014106762 discloses 4-pyrimidinylamino-benzenesulfonamide derivatives as inhibitors of polo-like kinase-1.

    [0048] Macrocyclic compounds have been described as therapeutically useful substances, in particular of various protein kinases including cyclin dependent kinases. However, the documents listed below do not disclose specific compounds as inhibitors of CDK9.

    [0049] WO 2007147574 discloses sulfonamido-macrocycles as inhibitors of Tie2 showing selectivity over CDK2 and Aurora kinase C, inter alia for the treatment of diseases accompanied with dysregulated vascular growth.

    [0050] WO 2007147575 discloses further sulfonamido-macrocycles as inhibitors of Tie2 and KDR showing selectivity over CDK2 and Plk1, inter alia for the treatment of diseases accompanied with dysregulated vascular growth.

    [0051] WO 2006066957 / EP 1674470 discloses further sulfonamido-macrocycles as inhibitors of Tie2 showing low cytotoxicity, inter alia for the treatment of diseases accompanied with dysregulated vascular growth.

    [0052] WO 2006066956 / EP 1674469 discloses further sulfonamido-macrocycles as inhibitors of Tie2 showing low cytotoxicity, inter alia for the treatment of diseases accompanied with dysregulated vascular growth.

    [0053] WO 2004026881 / DE 10239042 discloses macrocyclic pyrimidine derivatives as inhibitors of cyclin dependent kinases, in particular CDK1 and CDK2, as well as VEGF-R, inter alia for the treatment of cancer. The compounds of the present invention differ from those disclosed in WO 2004026881 in featuring a mandatory biaromatic portion within the macrocyclic ring system. Furthermore, none of the example compounds disclosed in WO 2004026881 features a group -CH2-A-R1, in which A and R1 are as defined for the compounds of the formula (I) of the present invention, attached to one of the two aromatic portions of the macrocyclic ring system.

    [0054] WO 2007079982 / EP 1803723 discloses macrocyclic benzenacyclononaphanes as inhibtors of multiple protein kinases, e.g. Aurora kinases A and C, CDK1, CDK2 and c-Kit, inter alia for the treatment of cancer. The compounds of the present invention differ from those disclosed in WO 2007079982 in featuring a mandatory biaromatic portion within the macrocyclic ring system. Furthermore, the compounds of the present invention do not feature a group -S(=O)(N=R2)R1 directly attached to the phenylene portion of the macrocyclic ring system as disclosed in WO 2007079982.

    [0055] WO 2006106895 / EP 1710246 discloses sulfoximine-macrocycle compounds as inhibitors of Tie2 showing low cytotoxicity, inter alia for the treatment of diseases accompanied with dysregulated vascular growth.

    [0056] WO 2012009309 discloses macrocyclic compounds fused to benzene and pyridine rings for the reduction of beta-amyloid production.

    [0057] WO 2009132202 discloses macrocyclic compounds as inhibitors of JAK 1, 2 and 3, TYK2 and ALK and their use in the treatment of JAK/ALK-associated diseases, including inflammatory and autoimmune disease as well as cancer.

    [0058] ChemMedChem 2007, 2(1), 63-77 describes macrocyclic aminopyrimidines as multitarget CDK and VEGF-R inhibitors with potent antiproliferative activity. The compounds of the present invention differ from those disclosed in said journal publication in featuring a mandatory biaromatic portion within the macrocyclic ring system. Furthermore, none of the compounds disclosed in ChemMedChem 2007, 2(1), 63-77 features a group -CH2-A-R1 in which A and R1 are as defined for the compounds of the formula (I) or the present invention, attached to one of the two aromatic portions of the macrocyclic ring system.

    [0059] Despite the fact that various inhibitors of CDKs are known, there remains a need for selective CDK9 inhibitors to be used for the treatment of diseases such as hyper-proliferative diseases, viral diseases, and/or diseases of the heart, which offer one or more advantages over the compounds known from prior art, such as :
    • improved activity and / or efficacy, allowing e.g. a dose reduction
    • beneficial kinase selectivity profile according to the respective therapeutic need
    • improved side effect profile, such as fewer undesired side effects, lower intensity of side effects, or reduced (cyto)toxicity
    • improved physicochemical properties, such as solubility in water, body fluids, and aqueous formulations, e.g. for intravenous administration
    • improved pharmacokinetic properties, allowing e.g. for dose reduction or an easier dosing scheme
    • improved duration of action, e.g. by improved pharmacokinetics and / or improved target residence time
    • easier drug substance manufacturing e.g. by shorter synthetic routes or easier purification.


    [0060] A particular object of the invention is to provide CDK9 kinase inhibitors, which show an improved anti-proliferative activity in tumor cell lines, such as HeLa, HeLa-MaTu-ADR, NCI-H460, DU145, Caco-2, B16F10, A2780 or MOLM-13, compared to the compounds known from prior art.

    [0061] Another particular object of the invention is to provide CDK9 kinase inhibitors which show an increased potency to inhibit CDK9 activity (demonstrated by a lower IC50 value for CDK9/Cyclin T1) compared to the compounds known from prior art.

    [0062] Another particular object of the invention is to provide CDK9 kinase inhibitors which show an increased potency to inhibit CDK9 activity at high ATP concentrations compared to the compounds known from prior art.

    [0063] Another particular object of the invention is to provide CDK9 kinase inhibitors which show an increased target residence time compared to the compounds known from prior art.

    [0064] Another particular object of the invention is to provide CDK9 kinase inhibitors which show an improved pharmacokinetic profile, e.g. a higher metabolic stability and/or a longer terminal half-life upon administration in vivo.

    [0065] Another particular object of the invention is to provide CDK9 kinase inhibitors which show an improved duration of action, e.g. by improved pharmacokinetics and / or improved target resindence time.

    [0066] Another object of the invention is to provide CDK9 kinase inhibitors, which show an improved CaCo-2 permeability and/or an improved CaCo-2 efflux ratio, compared to the compounds known from prior art.

    [0067] Another object of the invention is to provide CDK9 kinase inhibitors, which show an improved aqueous solubility compared to the compounds known from prior art.

    [0068] Another object of the invention is to provide CDK9 kinase inhibitors which, compared to the compounds known from prior art, show an increased selectivity for CDK9/Cyclin T1 as compared to CDK2/Cyclin E.

    [0069] Further, it is a particular object of the present invention to provide CDK9 kinase inhibitors, which, compared to the compounds known from prior art, show an improved anti-proliferative activity in tumor cell lines, such as HeLa, HeLa-MaTu-ADR, NCI-H460, DU145, Caco-2, B16F10, A2780 or MOLM-13, and/or which show an increased potency to inhibit CDK9 activity (demonstrated by a lower IC50 value for CDK9/Cyclin T1), and/or which show an increased potency to inhibit CDK9 activity at high ATP concentrations, and/or which show an improved pharmacokinetic profile, e.g. a higher metabolic stability and/or a longer terminal half-life upon administration in vivo, and/or which show an increased target residence time compared to the compounds known from prior art.

    [0070] Further, it is also an object of the present invention to provide CDK9 kinase inhibitors, which, compared to the compounds known from prior art, which show an improved CaCo-2 permeability and/or an improved CaCo-2 efflux ratio, and/or which show an improved aqueous solubility, and/or show an increased selectivity for CDK9/Cyclin T1 as compared to CDK2/Cyclin E.

    [0071] The present invention relates to compounds of general formula (I)

    wherein

    A represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-;

    L represents a C2-C6-alkylene group,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with

    1. (i) one substituent selected from hydroxy, C2-C3-alkenyl, C2-C3-alkynyl, C3-C4-cycloalkyl, hydroxy-C1-C3-alkyl, -(CH2)NR6R7, and/or
    2. (ii) one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from halogen and C1-C3-alkyl,
    with the proviso that a C2-alkylene group is not substituted with a hydroxy group,
    or wherein
    one carbon atom of said C2-C6-alkylene group forms a three- or four-membered ring together with a bivalent group to which it is attached, wherein said bivalent group is selected from -CH2CH2-, -CH2CH2CH2-, -CH2OCH2-;

    X, Y represent CH or N with the proviso that one of X and Y represents CH and one of X and Y represents N;

    R1 represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C6-alkenyl, C3-C6-alkynyl, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl, heteroaryl, phenyl-C1-C3-alkyl- and heteroaryl-C1-C3-alkyl-, wherein said group is optionally substituted with one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, cyano, halogen, C1-C6-alkyl-, halo-Ci-C3-alkyl-, C1-C6-alkoxy-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, acetylamino-, N-methyl-N-acetylamino-, cyclic amines, -OP(=O)(OH)2, -C(=O)OH, -C(=O)NH2;

    R2 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, a bromo atom, cyano, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-;

    R3, R4 represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, a bromo atom, cyano, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-;

    R5 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, cyano, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, -C(=O)NR6R7, C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl, heteroaryl,
    wherein said C1-C6-alkyl, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl or heteroaryl group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, cyano, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, acetylamino-, N-methyl-N-acetylamino-, cyclic amines, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-;

    R6, R7 represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl, benzyl and heteroaryl,
    wherein said C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl, benzyl or heteroaryl group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, acetylamino-, N-methyl-N-acetylamino-, cyclic amines, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-, or

    R6 and R7, together with the nitrogen atom they are attached to, form a cyclic amine;

    R8 represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl, benzyl and heteroaryl,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, acetylamino-, N-methyl-N-acetylamino-, cyclic amines, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-,

    or the enantiomers, diastereomers, salts, solvates or salts of solvates thereof.

    [0072] Compounds according to the invention are the compounds of the formula (I) and the salts, solvates and solvates of the salts thereof, the compounds of the hereinafter recited formula which are encompassed by formula (I) and the salts, solvates and solvates of the salts thereof, and the compounds which are encompassed by formula (I) and are mentioned hereinafter as exemplary embodiments and the salts, solvates and solvates of the salts thereof, where the compounds which are encompassed by formula (I) and are mentioned hereinafter are not already salts, solvates and solvates of the salts.

    [0073] The compounds according to the invention may, depending on their structure, exist in stereoisomeric forms (enantiomers, diastereomers). The invention therefore relates to the enantiomers or diastereomers and respective mixtures thereof. The stereoisomerically pure constituents can be isolated in a known manner from such mixtures of enantiomers and/or diastereomers.
    If the compounds according to the invention can be in tautomeric forms, the present invention encompasses all tautomeric forms.

    [0074] Further, the compounds of the present invention can exist in free form, e.g. as a free base, or as a free acid, or as a zwitterion, or can exist in the form of a salt. Said salt may be any salt, either an organic or inorganic addition salt, particularly any physiologically acceptable organic or inorganic addition salt, customarily used in pharmacy.

    [0075] Salts which are preferred for the purposes of the present invention are physiologically acceptable salts of the compounds according to the invention. However, salts which are not suitable for pharmaceutical applications per se, but which, for example, can be used for the isolation or purification of the compounds according to the invention, are also comprised.

    [0076] The term "physiologically acceptable salt" refers to a relatively non-toxic, inorganic or organic acid addition salt of a compound of the present invention, for example, see S. M. Berge, et al. "Pharmaceutical Salts," J. Pharm. Sci. 1977, 66,1-19.

    [0077] Physiologically acceptable salts of the compounds according to the invention encompass acid addition salts of mineral acids, carboxylic acids and sulfonic acids, for example salts of hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, hydroiodic, sulfuric acid, bisulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, nitric acid or with an organic acid, such as formic, acetic, acetoacetic, pyruvic, trifluoroacetic, propionic, butyric, hexanoic, heptanoic, undecanoic, lauric, benzoic, salicylic, 2-(4-hydroxybenzoyl)-benzoic, camphoric, cinnamic, cyclopentanepropionic, digluconic, 3-hydroxy-2-naphthoic, nicotinic, pamoic, pectinic, persulfuric, 3-phenylpropionic, picric, pivalic, 2-hydroxyethanesulfonate, itaconic, sulfamic, trifluoromethanesulfonic, dodecylsulfuric, ethansulfonic, benzenesulfonic, para-toluenesulfonic, methansulfonic, 2-naphthalenesulfonic, naphthalinedisulfonic, camphorsulfonic acid, citric, tartaric, stearic, lactic, oxalic, malonic, succinic, malic, adipic, alginic, maleic, fumaric, D-gluconic, mandelic, ascorbic, glucoheptanoic, glycerophosphoric, aspartic, sulfosalicylic, hemisulfuric, or thiocyanic acid, for example.

    [0078] Physiologically acceptable salts of the compounds according to the invention also comprise salts of conventional bases, such as, by way of example and by preference, alkali metal salts (for example sodium and potassium salts), alkaline earth metal salts (for example calcium and magnesium salts) and ammonium salts derived from ammonia or organic amines with 1 to 16 C atoms, such as, by way of example and by preference, ethylamine, diethylamine, triethylamine, ethyldiisopropylamine, monoethanolamine, diethanolamine, triethanolamine, dicyclohexylamine, dimethylaminoethanol, procaine, dibenzylamine, N-methylmorpholine, arginine, lysine, ethylenediamine, N-methylpiperidine, N-methylglucamine, dimethylglucamine, ethylglucamine, 1,6-hexadiamine, glucosamine, sarcosine, serinol, tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane, aminopropanediol, Sovak base, and 1-amino-2,3,4-butanetriol. Additionally, the compounds according to the invention may form salts with a quarternary ammonium ion obtainable e.g. by quarternisation of a basic nitrogen containing group with agents such as lower alkylhalides such as methyl-, ethyl-, propyl-, and butylchlorides, -bromides and -iodides ; dialkylsulfates such as dimethyl-, diethyl-, dibutyl- and diamylsulfates, long chain halides such as decyl-, lauryl-, myristyl- and stearylchlorides, -bromides and -iodides, aralkylhalides such as benzyl- and phenethylbromides and others. Examples of suitable quarternary ammonium ions are tetramethylammonium, tetraethylammonium, tetra(n-propyl)ammonium, tetra (n-butyl)ammonium, or N-benzyl-N,N,N-trimethylammonium.

    [0079] The present invention includes all possible salts of the compounds of the present invention as single salts, or as any mixture of said salts, in any ratio.

    [0080] Solvates is the term used for the purposes of the invention for those forms of the compounds according to the invention which form a complex with solvent molecules by coordination in the solid or liquid state. Hydrates are a special form of solvates in which the coordination takes place with water. Hydrates are preferred as solvates within the scope of the present invention.

    [0081] The invention also includes all suitable isotopic variations of a compound of the invention. An isotopic variation of a compound of the invention is defined as one in which at least one atom is replaced by an atom having the same atomic number but an atomic mass different from the atomic mass usually or predominantly found in nature. Examples of isotopes that can be incorporated into a compound of the invention include isotopes of hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, sulfur, fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine, such as 2H (deuterium), 3H (tritium), 13C, 14C, 15N, 17O, 18O, 32P, 33P, 33S, 34S, 35S, 36S, 18F, 36Cl, 82Br, 123I, 124I, 129I and 131I, respectively. Certain isotopic variations of a compound of the invention, for example, those in which one or more radioactive isotopes such as 3H or 14C are incorporated, are useful in drug and/or substrate tissue distribution studies. Tritiated and carbon-14, i.e., 14C, isotopes are particularly preferred for their ease of preparation and detectability. Further, substitution with isotopes such as deuterium may afford certain therapeutic advantages resulting from greater metabolic stability, for example, increased in vivo half-life or reduced dosage requirements and hence may be preferred in some circumstances. Isotopic variations of a compound of the invention can generally be prepared by conventional procedures known by a person skilled in the art such as by the illustrative methods or by the preparations described in the examples hereafter using appropriate isotopic variations of suitable reagents.

    [0082] Furthermore, the present invention includes all possible crystalline forms, or polymorphs, of the compounds of the present invention, either as single polymorphs, or as a mixture of more than one polymorphs, in any ratio.

    [0083] Accordingly, the present invention includes all possible salts, polymorphs, hydrates, and solvates thereof, and diastereoisomeric forms of the the compounds of the present invention as single salt, polymorph, metabolite, hydrate, solvate, or diastereoisomeric form, or as mixture of more than one salt, polymorph, hydrate, solvate, or diastereoisomeric form in any ratio.

    [0084] For the purposes of the present invention, the substituents have the following meaning, unless otherwise specified:
    The term "halogen", "halogen atom" or "halo" represents fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine, particularly bromine, chlorine or fluorine, preferably chlorine or fluorine, more preferably fluorine.

    [0085] The term "alkyl" represents a linear or branched alkyl group having the number of carbon atoms specifically indicated, e.g. C1-C10 one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine or ten carbon atoms, e.g. methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl, pentyl, isopentyl, hexyl, heptyl, octyl, nonyl-, decyl-, 2-methylbutyl, 1-methylbutyl, 1-ethylpropyl, 1,2-dimethylpropyl, neo-pentyl, 1,1-dimethylpropyl, 4-methylpentyl, 3-methylpentyl, 2-methylpentyl, 1-methylpentyl, 2-ethylbutyl, 1-ethylbutyl, 3,3-dimethylbutyl, 2,2-dimethylbutyl, 1,1-dimethylbutyl, 2,3-dimethylbutyl, 1,3-dimethylbutyl, or 1,2-dimethylbutyl. If the number of carbon atoms is not specifically indicated the term "alkyl" represents a linear or branched alkyl group having, as a rule, 1 to 9, particularly 1 to 6, preferably 1 to 4 carbon atoms. Particularly, the alkyl group has 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 carbon atoms ("C1-C6-alkyl"), e.g. methyl, ethyl, n-propyl-, isopropyl, n-butyl, tert-butyl, pentyl, isopentyl, hexyl, 2-methylbutyl, 1-methylbutyl, 1-ethylpropyl, 1,2-dimethylpropyl, neo-pentyl, 1,1-dimethylpropyl, 4-methylpentyl, 3-methylpentyl, 2-methylpentyl, 1-methylpentyl, 2-ethylbutyl, 1-ethylbutyl, 3,3-dimethylbutyl, 2,2-dimethylbutyl, 1,1-dimethylbutyl, 2,3-dimethylbutyl, 1,3-dimethylbutyl, or 1,2-dimethylbutyl. Preferably, the alkyl group has 1, 2 or 3 carbon atoms ("C1-C3-alkyl"), methyl, ethyl, n-propyl or isopropyl.

    [0086] The term "C2-C6-alkylene" is to be understood as preferably meaning a linear, bivalent and saturated hydrocarbon group having 2 to 6, particularly 2, 3 or 4 carbon atoms, as in "C2-C4-alkylene" e.g. ethylene, n-propylene, n-butylene, n-pentylene, or n-hexylene, preferably n-propylene or n-butylene.

    [0087] The term "C2-C6-alkenyl" is to be understood as preferably meaning a linear or branched, monovalent hydrocarbon group, which contains one double bond, and which has 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 carbon atoms ("C2-C6-alkenyl"). Particularly, said alkenyl group is a C2-C3-alkenyl, C3-C6-alkenyl or C3-C4-alkenyl group. Said alkenyl group is, for example, a vinyl, allyl, (E)-2-methylvinyl, (Z)-2-methylvinyl or isopropenyl group.

    [0088] The term "C2-C6-alkynyl" is to be understood as preferably meaning a linear or branched, monovalent hydrocarbon group which contains one triple bond, and which contains 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 carbon atoms. Particularly, said alkynyl group is a C2-C3-alkynyl, C3-C6-alkynyl or C3-C4-alkynyl group. Said C2-C3-alkynyl group is, for example, an ethynyl, prop-1-ynyl or prop-2-ynyl group.

    [0089] The term "C3-C7-cycloalkyl" is to be understood as preferably meaning a saturated or partially unsaturated, monovalent, monocyclic hydrocarbon ring which contains 3, 4, 5, 6 or 7 carbon atoms. Said C3-C7-cycloalkyl group is for example, a monocyclic hydrocarbon ring, e.g. a cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl or cycloheptyl group. Said cycloalkyl ring is non-aromatic but can optionally contain one or more double bonds e.g. cycloalkenyl, such as a cyclopropenyl, cyclobutenyl, cyclopentenyl, cyclohexenyl or cycloheptenyl group, wherein the bond between said ring with the rest of the molecule may be to any carbon atom of said ring, be it saturated or unsaturated. Particularly, said cycloalkyl group is a C4-C6-cycloalkyl, a C5-C6-cycloalkyl or a cyclohexyl group.

    [0090] The term "C3-C5-cycloalkyl" is to be understood as preferably meaning a saturated, monovalent, monocyclic hydrocarbon ring which contains 3, 4 or 5 carbon atoms. In particular said C3-C5-cycloalkyl group is a monocyclic hydrocarbon ring such as a cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl or cyclopentyl group. Preferably said "C3-C5-cycloalkyl" group is a cyclopropyl group.

    [0091] The term "C3-C4-cycloalkyl" is to be understood as preferably meaning a saturated, monovalent, monocyclic hydrocarbon ring which contains 3 or 4 carbon atoms. In particular, said C3-C4-cycloalkyl group is a monocyclic hydrocarbon ring such as a cyclopropyl or cyclobutyl group.

    [0092] The term "heterocyclyl" is to be understood as meaning a saturated or partially unsaturated, monovalent, mono- or bicyclic hydrocarbon ring which contains 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9 carbon atoms and further containing 1, 2 or 3 heteroatom-containing groups selected from oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen. Particularly, the term "heterocyclyl" is to be understood as meaning a "4- to 10-membered heterocyclic ring".

    [0093] The term "a 4- to 10-membered heterocyclic ring" is to be understood as meaning a saturated or partially unsaturated, monovalent, mono- or bicyclic hydrocarbon ring which contains 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9 carbon atoms, and further containing 1, 2 or 3 heteroatom-containing groups selected from oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen.
    A C3-C9-heterocyclyl is to be understood as meaning a heterocyclyl which contains at least 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 or 9 carbon atoms and additionally at least one heteroatom as ring atoms. Accordingly in case of one heteroatom the ring is 4- to 10-membered, in case of two heteroatoms the ring is 5- to 11-membered and in case of three heteroatoms the ring is 6- to 12-membered.

    [0094] Said heterocyclic ring is for example, a monocyclic heterocyclic ring such as an oxetanyl, azetidinyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, pyrrolidinyl, 1,3-dioxolanyl, imidazolidinyl, pyrazolidinyl, oxazolidinyl, isoxazolidinyl, 1,4-dioxanyl, pyrrolinyl, tetrahydropyranyl, piperidinyl, morpholinyl, 1,3-dithianyl, thiomorpholinyl, piperazinyl, or chinuclidinyl group. Optionally, said heterocyclic ring can contain one or more double bonds, e.g. 4H-pyranyl, 2H-pyranyl, 2,5-dihydro-1H-pyrrolyl, 1,3-dioxolyl, 4H-1,3,4-thiadiazinyl, 2,5-dihydrofuranyl, 2,3-dihydrofuranyl, 2,5-dihydrothienyl, 2,3-dihydrothienyl, 4,5-dihydrooxazolyl, 4,5-dihydroisoxazolyl, or 4H-1,4-thiazinyl group, or, it may be benzo fused.

    [0095] Particularly, a C3-C7-heterocyclyl is to be understood as meaning a heterocyclyl which contains at least 3, 4, 5, 6, or 7 carbon atoms and additionally at least one heteroatom as ring atoms. Accordingly in case of one heteroatom the ring is 4- to 8-membered, in case of two heteroatoms the ring is 5- to 9-membered and in case of three heteroatoms the ring is 6- to 10-membered.

    [0096] Particularly, a C3-C6-heterocyclyl is to be understood as meaning a heterocyclyl which contains at least 3, 4, 5 or 6 carbon atoms and additionally at least one heteroatom as ring atoms. Accordingly in case of one heteroatom the ring is 4- to 7-membered, in case of two heteroatoms the ring is 5- to 8-membered and in case of three heteroatoms the ring is 6- to 9-membered.

    [0097] Particularly, the term "heterocyclyl" is to be understood as being a heterocyclic ring which contains 3, 4 or 5 carbon atoms, and 1, 2 or 3 of the above-mentioned heteroatom-containing groups (a "4- to 8-membered heterocyclic ring"), more particularly said ring can contain 4 or 5 carbon atoms, and 1, 2 or 3 of the above-mentioned heteroatom-containing groups (a "5- to 8-membered heterocyclic ring"), more particularly said heterocyclic ring is a "6-membered heterocyclic ring", which is to be understood as containing 4 carbon atoms and 2 of the above-mentioned heteroatom-containing groups or 5 carbon atoms and one of the above-mentioned heteroatom-containing groups, preferably 4 carbon atoms and 2 of the above-mentioned heteroatom-containing groups.

    [0098] The term "C1-C6-alkoxy-" is to be understood as preferably meaning a linear or branched, saturated, monovalent, hydrocarbon group of formula -O-alkyl, in which the term "alkyl" is defined supra, e.g. a methoxy, ethoxy, n-propoxy, iso-propoxy, n-butoxy, iso-butoxy, tert-butoxy, sec-butoxy, pentyloxy, iso-pentyloxy, n-hexyloxy group, or an isomer thereof. Particularly, the "C1-C6-alkoxy-" group is a "C1-C4-alkoxy-", a "C1-C3-alkoxy-", a methoxy, ethoxy, or propoxy group, preferably a methoxy, ethoxy or propoxy group. Further preferred is a "C1-C2-alkoxy-" group, particularly a methoxy or ethoxy group.

    [0099] The term "C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-" is to be understood as preferably meaning a linear or branched, saturated, monovalent, C1-C3-alkoxy- group, as defined supra, in which one or more of the hydrogen atoms is replaced, identically or differently, by one or more fluoro atoms. Said C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-group is, for example a 1,1-difluoromethoxy-, a 1,1,1-trifluoromethoxy-, a 2-fluoroethoxy-, a 3-fluoropropoxy-, a 2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy-, a 3,3,3-trifluoropropoxy-, particularly a "C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-" group.

    [0100] The term "alkylamino-" is to be understood as preferably meaning an alkylamino group with one linear or branched alkyl group as defined supra. (C1-C3)-alkylamino- for example means a monoalkylamino group with 1, 2 oder 3 carbon atoms, (C1-C6)-alkylamino- with 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 carbon atoms. The term "alkylamino-" comprises for example methylamino-, ethylamino-, n-propylamino-, iso-propylamino-, tert.-butylamino-, n-pentylamino- or n-hexylamino-.

    [0101] The term "dialkylamino-" is to be understood as preferably meaning an alkylamino group having two linear or branched alkyl groups as defined supra, which are independent from each other. (C1-C3)-dialkylamino-for example represents a dialkylamino group with two alkyl groups each of them having 1 to 3 carbon atoms per alkyl group. The term "dialkylamino-" comprises for example: N,N-dimethylamino-, N,N-diethylamino-, N-ethyl-N-methylamino-, N-methyl-N-n-propylamino-, N-iso-propyl-N-n-propylamino-, N-tert-butyl-N-methylamino-, N-ethyl-N-n-pentylamino- and N-n-hexyl-N-methylamino-.

    [0102] The term "cyclic amine" is to be understood as preferably meaning a cyclic amine group. Preferably, a cyclic amine means a saturated, monocyclic group with 4 to 10, preferably 4 to 7 ring atoms of which at least one ring atom is a nitrogen atom. Suitable cyclic amines are especially azetidine, pyrrolidine, piperidine, piperazine, 1-methylpiperazine, morpholine, thiomorpholine, which could be optionally substituted by one or two methyl groups.

    [0103] The term "halo-C1-C3-alkyl-", or, used synonymously, "C1-C3-haloalkyl-", is to be understood as preferably meaning a linear or branched, saturated, monovalent hydrocarbon group in which the term "C1-C3-alkyl" is defined supra, and in which one or more hydrogen atoms is replaced by a halogen atom, identically or differently, i.e. one halogen atom being independent from another. Preferably, a halo-C1-C3-alkyl- group is a fluoro-C1-C3-alkyl- or a fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl- group, such as for example -CF3, -CHF2, -CH2F, -CF2CF3, or -CH2CF3, more preferably it is -CF3.

    [0104] The term "hydroxy-C1-C3-alkyl-", is to be understood as preferably meaning a linear or branched, saturated, monovalent hydrocarbon group in which the term "C1-C3-alkyl" is defined supra, and in which one or more hydrogen atoms is replaced by hydroxy group, preferably not more than one hydrogen atom per carbon atom being replaced by a hydroxy group. Particularly, a hydroxy-C1-C3-alkyl- group is, for example, -CH2OH, -CH2-CH2OH, -C(H)OH-CH2OH, -CH2-CH2-CH2OH.

    [0105] The term "phenyl-C1-C3-alkyl-" is to be understood as preferably meaning a phenyl group, in which one of the hydrogen atoms is replaced by a C1-C3-alkyl group, as defined supra, which links the phenyl-C1-C3-alkyl- group to the rest of the molecule. Particularly, the "phenyl-C1-C3-alkyl-" is a phenyl-C1-C2-alkyl-, preferably it is a benzyl- group.

    [0106] The term "heteroaryl" is to be understood as preferably meaning a monovalent, aromatic ring system having 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 or 14 ring atoms (a "5- to 14-membered heteroaryl" group), particularly 5 (a "5-membered heteroaryl") or 6 (a "6-membered heteroaryl") or 9 (a"9-membered heteroaryl") or 10 ring atoms (a "10-membered heteroaryl"), and which contains at least one heteroatom which may be identical or different, said heteroatom being such as oxygen, nitrogen or sulfur, and can be monocyclic, bicyclic, or tricyclic, and in addition in each case can be benzo-condensed. Particularly, heteroaryl is selected from thienyl, furanyl, pyrrolyl, oxazolyl, thiazolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, isoxazolyl, isothiazolyl, oxadiazolyl, triazolyl, thiadiazolyl, tetrazolyl etc., and benzo derivatives thereof, such as, for example, benzofuranyl, benzothienyl, benzoxazolyl, benzisoxazolyl, benzimidazolyl, benzotriazolyl, indazolyl, indolyl, isoindolyl, etc.; or pyridyl, pyridazinyl, pyrimidinyl, pyrazinyl, triazinyl, etc., and benzo derivatives thereof, such as, for example, quinolinyl, quinazolinyl, isoquinolinyl, etc.; or azocinyl, indolizinyl, purinyl, etc., and benzo derivatives thereof; or cinnolinyl, phthalazinyl, quinazolinyl, quinoxalinyl, naphthyridinyl, pteridinyl, carbazolyl, acridinyl, phenazinyl, phenothiazinyl, phenoxazinyl, xanthenyl, or oxepinyl, etc. Preferably, heteroaryl is selected from monocyclic heteroaryl, 5-membered heteroaryl or 6-membered heteroaryl.

    [0107] The term "5-membered heteroaryl" is understood as preferably meaning a monovalent, aromatic ring system having 5 ring atoms and which contains at least one heteroatom which may be identical or different, said heteroatom being such as oxygen, nitrogen or sulfur. Particularly, "5-membered heteroaryl" is selected from thienyl, furanyl, pyrrolyl, oxazolyl, thiazolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, isoxazolyl, isothiazolyl, oxadiazolyl, triazolyl, thiadiazolyl, tetrazolyl.

    [0108] The term "6-membered heteroaryl" is understood as preferably meaning a monovalent, aromatic ring system having 6 ring atoms and which contains at least one heteroatom which may be identical or different, said heteroatom being such as oxygen, nitrogen or sulfur. Particularly, "6-membered heteroaryl" is selected from pyridyl, pyridazinyl, pyrimidinyl, pyrazinyl, triazinyl.

    [0109] The term "heteroaryl-C1-C3-alkyl-" is to be understood as preferably meaning a heteroaryl, a 5-membered heteroaryl or a 6-membered heteroaryl group, each as defined supra, in which one of the hydrogen atoms is replaced by a C1-C3-alkyl group, as defined supra, which links the heteroaryl-C1-C3-alkyl- group to the rest of the molecule. Particularly, the "heteroaryl-C1-C3-alkyl-" is a heteroaryl-C1-C2-alkyl-, a pyridinyl-C1-C3-alkyl-, a pyridinylmethyl-, a pyridinylethyl-, a pyridinylpropyl-, a pyrimidinyl-C1-C3-alkyl-, a pyrimidinylmethyl-, a pyrimidinylethyl-, a pyrimidinylpropyl-, preferably a pyridinylmethyl- or a pyridinylethyl- or a pyrimidinylethyl- or a pyrimidinylpropyl- group.

    [0110] As used herein, the term "leaving group" refers to an atom or a group of atoms that is displaced in a chemical reaction as stable species taking with it the bonding electrons. Preferably, a leaving group is selected from the group comprising: halo, in particular chloro, bromo or iodo, methanesulfonyloxy, p-toluenesulfonyloxy, trifluoromethanesulfonyloxy, nonafluorobutanesulfonyloxy, (4-bromobenzene)sulfonyloxy, (4-nitro-benzene)sulfonyloxy, (2-nitro-benzene)-sulfonyloxy, (4-isopropylbenzene)sulfonyloxy, (2,4,6-tri-isopropyl-benzene)-sulfonyloxy, (2,4,6-trimethyl-benzene)sulfonyloxy, (4-tertbutyl-benzene)sulfonyloxy, benzenesulfonyloxy, and (4-methoxy-benzene)sulfonyloxy.

    [0111] As used herein, the term "C1-C3-alkylbenzene" refers to a partially aromatic hydrocarbon consisting of a benzene ring which is substituted by one or two C1-C3-alkyl groups, as defined supra. Particularly, "C1-C3-alkylbenzene" is toluene, ethylbenzene, cumene, n-propylbenzene, ortho-xylene, meta-xylene or para-xylene. Preferably, "C1-C3-alkylbenzene" is toluene.

    [0112] As used herein, the term "carboxamide based solvent" refers to lower aliphatic carboxamides of the formula C1-C2-alkyl-C(=O)-N(C1-C2-alkyl)2, or lower cyclic aliphatic carboxamides of the formula

    in which G represents -CH2-, -CH2-CH2- or -CH2-CH2-CH2-. Particularly, "carboxamide based solvent" is N,N-dimethylformamide, N,N-dimethylacetamide or N-methylpyrrolidin-2-one. Preferably, "carboxamide based solvent" is N-methyl-pyrrolidin-2-one.

    [0113] The term "C1-C10", as used throughout this text, e.g. in the context of the definition of "C1-C10-alkyl" is to be understood as meaning an alkyl group having a finite number of carbon atoms of 1 to 10, i.e. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 or 10 carbon atoms. It is to be understood further that said term "C1-C10" is to be interpreted as any sub-range comprised therein, e.g. C1-C10, C1-C9, C1-C8, C1-C7, C1-C6 C1-C5, C1-C4, C1-C3, C1-C2, C2-C10, C2-C9, C2-C8, C2-C7, C2-C6, C2-C5, C2-C4, C2-C3, C3-C10, C3-C9, C3-C8, C3-C7, C3-C6, C3-C5, C3-C4, C4-C10, C4-C9, C4-C8, C4-C7, C4-C6, C4-C5, C5-C10, C5-C9, C5-C8, C5-C7, C5-C6, C6-C10, C6-C9, C6-C8, C6-C7, C7-C10, C7-C9, C7-C8, C8-C10, C8-C9, C9-C10.

    [0114] Similarly, as used herein, the term "C1-C6", as used throughout this text, e.g. in the context of the definition of "C1-C6-alkyl", "C1-C6-alkoxy" is to be understood as meaning an alkyl group having a finite number of carbon atoms of 1 to 6, i.e. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 carbon atoms. It is to be understood further that said term "C1-C6" is to be interpreted as any sub-range comprised therein, e.g. C1-C6 C1-C5, C1-C4, C1-C3, C1-C2, C2-C6, C2-C5, C2-C4, C2-C3, C3-C6, C3-C5, C3-C4, C4-C6, C4-C5, C5-C6.

    [0115] Similarly, as used herein, the term "C1-C4", as used throughout this text, e.g. in the context of the definition of "C1-C4-alkyl", "C1-C4-alkoxy" is to be understood as meaning an alkyl group having a finite number of carbon atoms of 1 to 4, i.e. 1, 2, 3 or 4 carbon atoms. It is to be understood further that said term "C1-C4" is to be interpreted as any sub-range comprised therein, e.g. C1-C4, C1-C3, C1-C2, C2-C4, C2-C3, C3-C4.

    [0116] Similarly, as used herein, the term "C1-C3", as used throughout this text, e.g. in the context of the definition of "C1-C3-alkyl", "C1-C3-alkoxy" or "C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy" is to be understood as meaning an alkyl group having a finite number of carbon atoms of 1 to 3, i.e. 1, 2 or 3 carbon atoms. It is to be understood further that said term "C1-C3" is to be interpreted as any sub-range comprised therein, e.g. C1-C3, C1-C2, C2-C3.

    [0117] Further, as used herein, the term "C3-C6", as used throughout this text, e.g. in the context of the definition of "C3-C6-cycloalkyl", is to be understood as meaning a cycloalkyl group having a finite number of carbon atoms of 3 to 6, i.e. 3, 4, 5 or 6 carbon atoms. It is to be understood further that said term "C3-C6" is to be interpreted as any sub-range comprised therein, e.g. C3-C6, C3-C5, C3-C4, C4-C6, C4-C5, C5-C6. Further, as used herein, the term "C3-C7", as used throughout this text, e.g. in the context of the definition of "C3-C7-cycloalkyl", is to be understood as meaning a cycloalkyl group having a finite number of carbon atoms of 3 to 7, i.e. 3, 4, 5, 6 or 7 carbon atoms, particularly 3, 4, 5 or 6 carbon atoms. It is to be understood further that said term "C3-C7" is to be interpreted as any sub-range comprised therein, e.g. C3-C7, C3-C6, C3-C5, C3-C4, C4-C7, C4-C6, C4-C5, C5-C7, C5-C6, C6-C7.

    [0118] A symbol

    at a bond denotes the linkage site in the molecule.

    [0119] As used herein, the term "one or more times", e.g. in the definition of the substituents of the compounds of the general formulae of the present invention, is understood as meaning one, two, three, four or five times, particularly one, two, three or four times, more particularly one, two or three times, even more particularly one or two times.

    [0120] Where the plural form of the word compounds, salts, hydrates, solvates and the like, is used herein, this is taken to mean also a single compound, salt, isomer, hydrate, solvate or the like.

    [0121] In another embodiment, the present invention concerns compounds of general formula (I), wherein

    [0122] A represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-;
    L
    represents a C2-C6-alkylene group,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from hydroxy, C2-C3-alkenyl, C2-C3-alkynyl, C3-C4-cycloalkyl, hydroxy-C1-C3-alkyl, -(CH2)NR6R7,
    and optionally with one or two or three additional substituents, identically or differently, selected from halogen and C1-C3-alkyl,
    with the proviso that a C2-alkylene group is not substituted with a hydroxy group,
    or wherein
    one carbon atom of said C2-C6-alkylene group forms a three- or four-membered ring together with a bivalent group to which it is attached, wherein said bivalent group is selected from -CH2CH2-, -CH2CH2CH2-, -CH2OCH2-;
    X, Y
    represent CH or N with the proviso that one of X and Y represents CH and one of X and Y represents N;
    R1
    represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C6-alkenyl, C3-C6-alkynyl, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl, heteroaryl, phenyl-C1-C3-alkyl- and heteroaryl-C1-C3-alkyl-,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, cyano, halogen, C1-C6-alkyl-, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C6-alkoxy-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, acetylamino-, N-methyl-N-acetylamino-, cyclic amines, -OP(=O)(OH)2, -C(=O)OH, -C(=O)NH2;
    R2
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, a bromo atom, cyano, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-;
    R3, R4
    represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, a bromo atom, cyano, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-;
    R5
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, cyano, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, -C(=O)NR6R7, C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl, heteroaryl,
    wherein said C1-C6-alkyl, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl or heteroaryl group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, cyano, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, acetylamino-, N-methyl-N-acetylamino-, cyclic amines, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-;
    R6, R7
    represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl, benzyl and heteroaryl,
    wherein said C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl, benzyl or heteroaryl group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, acetylamino-, N-methyl-N-acetylamino-, cyclic amines, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-, or
    R6 and R7,
    together with the nitrogen atom they are attached to, form a cyclic amine;
    R8
    represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl, benzyl and heteroaryl,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, - NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, acetylamino-, N-methyl-N-acetylamino-, cyclic amines, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-,
    or the enantiomers, diastereomers, salts, solvates or salts of solvates thereof.

    [0123] In another embodiment, the present invention concerns compounds of general formula (I), wherein
    A
    represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-;
    L
    represents a C2-C4-alkylene group,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with
    1. (i) one substituent selected from hydroxy, C3-C4-cycloalkyl, hydroxy-C1-C3-alkyl, -(CH2)NR6R7, and/or
    2. (ii) one or two or three additional substituents, identically or differently, selected from halogen and C1-C3-alkyl,
    with the proviso that a C2-alkylene group is not substituted with a hydroxy group,
    X, Y
    represent CH or N with the proviso that one of X and Y represents CH and one of X and Y represents N;
    R1
    represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, phenyl and phenyl-C1-C3-alkyl-,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, cyano, halogen, C1-C3-alkyl-, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines, -OP(=O)(OH)2, -C(=O)OH, -C(=O)NH2;
    R2
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, a bromo atom, cyano, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-;
    R3, R4
    represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, a bromo atom, cyano C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-;
    R5
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, cyano, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, -C(=O)NR6R7, C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, phenyl,
    wherein said C1-C6-alkyl, C3-C5-cycloalkyl- or phenyl group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, cyano, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-;
    R6, R7
    represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, phenyl and benzyl, wherein said C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, phenyl or benzyl group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-, or
    R6 and R7,
    together with the nitrogen atom they are attached to, form a cyclic amine;
    R8
    represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, fluoro-C1-C3-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, phenyl and benzyl,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-,
    or the enantiomers, diastereomers, salts, solvates or salts of solvates thereof.

    [0124] In another embodiment, the present invention concerns compounds of general formula (I), wherein
    A
    represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-;
    L
    represents a C2-C4-alkylene group,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from hydroxy, C3-C4-cycloalkyl, hydroxy-C1-C3-alkyl, -(CH2)NR6R7,
    and optionally with one or two or three additional substituents, identically or differently, selected from halogen and C1-C3-alkyl,
    with the proviso that a C2-alkylene group is not substituted with a hydroxy group,
    X, Y
    represent CH or N with the proviso that one of X and Y represents CH and one of X and Y represents N;
    R1
    represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, phenyl and phenyl-C1-C3-alkyl-,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, cyano, halogen, C1-C3-alkyl-, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines, -OP(=O)(OH)2, -C(=O)OH, -C(=O)NH2;
    R2
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, a bromo atom, cyano, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-;
    R3, R4
    represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, a bromo atom, cyano C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-;
    R5
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, cyano, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, -C(=O)NR6R7, C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, phenyl,
    wherein said C1-C6-alkyl, C3-C5-cycloalkyl- or phenyl group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, cyano, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-;
    R6, R7
    represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, phenyl and benzyl,
    wherein said C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, phenyl or benzyl group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-, or
    R6 and R7,
    together with the nitrogen atom they are attached to, form a cyclic amine;
    R8
    represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, fluoro-C1-C3-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, phenyl and benzyl,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-,
    or the enantiomers, diastereomers, salts, solvates or salts of solvates thereof.

    [0125] In a preferred embodiment, the present invention concerns compounds of general formula (I), wherein
    A
    represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-;
    L
    represents a C2-C4-alkylene group,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with
    1. (i) one substituent selected from C3-C4-cycloalkyl and hydroxymethyl-, and/or
    2. (ii) one or two additional substituents, identically or differently, selected from C1-C2-alkyl,
    X, Y
    represent CH or N with the proviso that one of X and Y represents CH and one of X and Y represents N;
    R1
    represents a group selected from C1-C4-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl- and phenyl,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, cyano, halogen, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2, -C(=O)OH;
    R2
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, cyano, methyl, methoxy-, trifluoromethyl-, trifluoromethoxy-;
    R3
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, cyano, methyl, methoxy-, trifluoromethyl-, trifluoromethoxy-;
    R4
    represents a hydrogen atom or a fluoro atom;
    R5
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, cyano, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, C1-C4-alkyl-,
    wherein said C1-C4-alkyl- group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, cyano, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines;
    R6, R7
    represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C4-alkyl- and C3-C5-cycloalkyl-,
    wherein said C1-C4-alkyl- or C3-C5-cycloalkyl- group is optionally substituted with one or two substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines, or
    R6 and R7,
    together with the nitrogen atom they are attached to, form a cyclic amine;
    R8
    represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, fluoro-C1-C3-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl- and phenyl, wherein said group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2,
    or the enantiomers, diastereomers, salts, solvates or salts of solvates thereof.

    [0126] In another preferred embodiment, the present invention concerns compounds of general formula (I), wherein
    A
    represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-;
    L
    represents a C2-C4-alkylene group,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from C3-C4-cycloalkyl and hydroxymethyl-,
    and optionally with one or two additional substituents, identically or differently, selected from C1-C2-alkyl,
    X, Y
    represent CH or N with the proviso that one of X and Y represents CH and one of X and Y represents N;
    R1
    represents a group selected from C1-C4-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl- and phenyl,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, cyano, halogen, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2;
    R2
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, cyano, methyl, methoxy-, trifluoromethyl-, trifluoromethoxy-;
    R3
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, cyano, methyl, methoxy-, trifluoromethyl-, trifluoromethoxy-;
    R4
    represents a hydrogen atom or a fluoro atom;
    R5
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, cyano, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -S(=O)2R8, C1-C4-alkyl-,
    wherein said C1-C4-alkyl- group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, cyano, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines;
    R6, R7
    represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C4-alkyl- and C3-C5-cycloalkyl-,
    wherein said C1-C4-alkyl- or C3-C5-cycloalkyl- group is optionally substituted with one or two substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines, or
    R6 and R7,
    together with the nitrogen atom they are attached to, form a cyclic amine;
    R8
    represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, fluoro-C1-C3-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl- and phenyl, wherein said group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2,
    or the enantiomers, diastereomers, salts, solvates or salts of solvates thereof.

    [0127] In another preferred embodiment, the present invention concerns compounds of general formula (I), wherein
    A
    represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-;
    L
    represents a C2-C4-alkylene group;
    X, Y
    represent CH or N with the proviso that one of X and Y represents CH and one of X and Y represents N;
    R1
    represents a group selected from C1-C4-alkyl-,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2, -C(=O)OH;
    R2
    represents a hydrogen atom;
    R3
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom;
    R4
    represents a hydrogen atom;
    R5
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, cyano, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, C1-C4-alkyl-,
    R6, R7
    represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C4-alkyl- and C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, or
    R6 and R7,
    together with the nitrogen atom they are attached to, form a cyclic amine;
    R8
    represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, fluoro-C1-C3-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl- and phenyl, wherein said group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2,
    or the enantiomers, diastereomers, salts, solvates or salts of solvates thereof.

    [0128] In a particularly preferred embodiment, the present invention concerns compounds of general formula (I), wherein
    A
    represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-;
    L
    represents a C2-C4-alkylene group;
    X, Y
    represent CH or N with the proviso that one of X and Y represents CH and one of X and Y represents N;
    R1
    represents a group selected from C1-C4-alkyl-,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2, -C(=O)OH;
    R2
    represents a hydrogen atom;
    R3
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom;
    R4
    represents a hydrogen atom;
    R5
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, cyano, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, C1-C4-alkyl-,
    R6, R7
    represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C4-alkyl- and C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, or
    R6 and R7,
    together with the nitrogen atom they are attached to, form a cyclic amine;
    R8
    represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, fluoro-C1-C3-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl- and phenyl, wherein said group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2,
    or the enantiomers, diastereomers, salts, solvates or salts of solvates thereof.

    [0129] In a particularly preferred embodiment, the present invention concerns compounds of general formula (I), wherein
    A
    represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-;
    L
    represents a C3-C4-alkylene group;
    X, Y
    represent CH or N with the proviso that one of X and Y represents CH and one of X and Y represents N;
    R1
    represents a methyl- group;
    R2
    represents a hydrogen atom;
    R3
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom;
    R4
    represents a hydrogen atom;
    R5
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, C1-C4-alkyl-,
    R6, R7
    represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C2-alkyl-;
    R8
    represents a C1-C2-alkyl- group,
    or the enantiomers, diastereomers, salts, solvates or salts of solvates thereof.

    [0130] In another preferred embodiment, the present invention concerns compounds of general formula (I), wherein
    A
    represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-;
    L
    represents a -CH2CH2CH2- group;
    X, Y
    represent CH or N with the proviso that one of X and Y represents CH and one of X and Y represents N;
    R1
    represents a group selected from C1-C4-alkyl-,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2, -C(=O)OH;
    R2
    represents a hydrogen atom;
    R3
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom;
    R4
    represents a hydrogen atom;
    R5
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, cyano, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, C1-C4-alkyl-,
    R6, R7
    represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C4-alkyl- and C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, or
    R6 and R7,
    together with the nitrogen atom they are attached to, form a cyclic amine;
    R8
    represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, fluoro-C1-C3-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl- and phenyl, wherein said group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2,
    or the enantiomers, diastereomers, salts, solvates or salts of solvates thereof.

    [0131] In another preferred embodiment, the present invention concerns compounds of general formula (I), wherein
    A
    represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-;
    L
    represents a -CH2CH2CH2- group;
    X, Y
    represent CH or N with the proviso that one of X and Y represents CH and one of X and Y represents N;
    R1
    represents a methyl- group;
    R2
    represents a hydrogen atom;
    R3
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom
    R4
    represents a hydrogen atom;
    R5
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, C1-C4-alkyl-,
    R6, R7
    represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C2-alkyl-;
    R8
    represents a C1-C2-alkyl- group,
    or the enantiomers, diastereomers, salts, solvates or salts of solvates thereof.

    [0132] In another preferred embodiment, the present invention concerns compounds of general formula (I), wherein
    A
    represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-;
    L
    represents a C2-C4-alkylene group;
    X, Y
    represent CH or N with the proviso that one of X and Y represents CH and one of X and Y represents N;
    R1
    represents a C1-C4-alkyl- group;
    R2
    represents a hydrogen atom;
    R3
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom;
    R4
    represents a hydrogen atom;
    R5
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, cyano, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, C1-C4-alkyl-,
    R6, R7
    represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C4-alkyl- and C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, or
    R6 and R7,
    together with the nitrogen atom they are attached to, form a cyclic amine;
    R8
    represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, fluoro-C1-C3-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl- and phenyl, wherein said group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-,
    or the enantiomers, diastereomers, salts, solvates or salts of solvates thereof.

    [0133] In a particularly preferred embodiment, the present invention concerns compounds of general formula (I), wherein
    A
    represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-;
    L
    represents a -CH2CH2CH2- group;
    X, Y
    represent CH or N with the proviso that one of X and Y represents CH and one of X and Y represents N;
    R1
    represents a methyl- group;
    R2
    represents a hydrogen atom;
    R3
    represents a fluoro atom;
    R4
    represents a hydrogen atom;
    R5
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, methyl-,
    R6
    represents an ethyl- group;
    R7
    represents a hydrogen atom;
    R8
    represents a C1-C2-alkyl- group,
    or the enantiomers, diastereomers, salts, solvates or salts of solvates thereof.

    [0134] In another preferred embodiment, the present invention concerns compounds of general formula (I), wherein
    A
    represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-;
    L
    represents a C2-C4-alkylene group, wherein said group is optionally substituted with one or two methyl groups;
    X, Y
    represent CH or N with the proviso that one of X and Y represents CH and one of X and Y represents N;
    R1
    represents a C1-C4-alkyl- group, wherein said group is optionally substituted with one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, cyano, a fluoro atom, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2;
    R2
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, cyano, methyl, methoxy-, trifluoromethyl-, trifluoromethoxy-;
    R3
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, cyano, methyl, methoxy-, trifluoromethyl-, trifluoromethoxy-;
    R4
    represents a hydrogen atom or a fluoro atom;
    R5
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, cyano, -C(=O)NR6R7;
    R6, R7
    represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom and C1-C4-alkyl-, wherein said C1-C4-alkyl- group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines,
    or the enantiomers, diastereomers, salts, solvates or salts of solvates thereof.

    [0135] In a particularly preferred embodiment, the present invention concerns compounds of general formula (I), wherein
    A
    represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-;
    L
    represents a C2-C4-alkylene group;
    X, Y
    represent CH or N with the proviso that one of X and Y represents CH and one of X and Y represents N;
    R1
    represents a C1-C4-alkyl- group;
    R2
    represents a hydrogen atom or a fluoro atom;
    R3
    represents a hydrogen atom or a fluoro atom;
    R4
    represents a hydrogen atom;
    R5
    represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, -C(=O)NR6R7;
    R6, R7
    represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom and C1-C2-alkyl-,
    or the enantiomers, diastereomers, salts, solvates or salts of solvates thereof.

    [0136] In another particularly preferred embodiment, the present invention concerns compounds of general formula (I), wherein
    A
    represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-;
    L
    represents a C3-C4-alkylene group;
    X, Y
    represent CH or N with the proviso that one of X and Y represents CH and one of X and Y represents N;
    R1
    represents a methyl group;
    R2
    represents a hydrogen atom;
    R3
    represents a fluoro atom;
    R4
    represents a hydrogen atom;
    R5
    represents a hydrogen atom;
    or the enantiomers, diastereomers, salts, solvates or salts of solvates thereof.

    [0137] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which A represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-.

    [0138] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which A represents a bivalent group -S(=O)2-.

    [0139] In a preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which A represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-.

    [0140] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which A represents a bivalent group -S-.

    [0141] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which A represents a bivalent group -S(=O)-.

    [0142] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which A represents a bivalent group -S(=O)(=NR5)-.

    [0143] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which A represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-.

    [0144] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which L represents a C2-C6- alkylene group,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from hydroxy, C2-C3-alkenyl, C2-C3-alkynyl, C3-C4-cycloalkyl, hydroxy-C1-C3-alkyl, -(CH2)NR6R7,
    and optionally with one or two or three additional substituents, identically or differently, selected from halogen and C1-C3-alkyl,
    with the proviso that a C2-alkylene group is not substituted with a hydroxy group,
    or wherein one carbon atom of said C2-C6-alkylene group forms a three- or four-membered ring together with a bivalent group to which it is attached, wherein said bivalent group is selected from -CH2CH2-, -CH2CH2CH2-, -CH2OCH2-.

    [0145] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which L represents a C2-C6-alkylene group,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with
    1. (i) one substituent selected from hydroxy, C2-C3-alkenyl, C2-C3-alkynyl, C3-C4-cycloalkyl, hydroxy-Ci-C3-alkyl, -(CH2)NR6R7, and/or
    2. (ii) one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from halogen and C1-C3-alkyl,
    with the proviso that a C2-alkylene group is not substituted with a hydroxy group,
    or wherein
    one carbon atom of said C2-C6-alkylene group forms a three- or four-membered ring together with a bivalent group to which it is attached, wherein said bivalent group is selected from -CH2CH2-, -CH2CH2CH2-, -CH2OCH2-.

    [0146] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which L represents a C2-C4- alkylene group,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from hydroxy, C3-C4-cycloalkyl, hydroxy-C1-C3-alkyl, -(CH2)NR6R7,
    and optionally with one or two or three additional substituents, identically or differently, selected from halogen and C1-C3-alkyl,
    with the proviso that a C2-alkylene group is not substituted with a hydroxy group.

    [0147] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which L represents a C2-C4-alkylene group,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with
    1. (i) one substituent selected from hydroxy, C3-C4-cycloalkyl, hydroxy-C1-C3-alkyl, -(CH2)NR6R7, and/or
    2. (ii) one or two or three additional substituents, identically or differently, selected from halogen and C1-C3-alkyl,
    with the proviso that a C2-alkylene group is not substituted with a hydroxy group.

    [0148] In a preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which L represents a C2-C4-alkylene group,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from C3-C4-cycloalkyl and hydroxymethyl-,
    and optionally with one or two additional substituents, identically or differently, selected from C1-C2-alkyl.

    [0149] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which L represents a C2-C4-alkylene group,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with
    1. (i) one substituent selected from C3-C4-cycloalkyl and hydroxymethyl-, and/or
    2. (ii) one or two additional substituents, identically or differently, selected from C1-C2-alkyl.


    [0150] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which L represents a C2-C4-alkylene group, wherein said group is optionally substituted with one or two methyl groups.

    [0151] In a particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which L represents a C2-C4-alkylene group.

    [0152] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which L represents a C3-C4-alkylene group.

    [0153] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which L represents a group -CH2CH2CH2- or -CH2CH2CH2CH2-.

    [0154] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which L represents a group -CH2CH2CH2-.

    [0155] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which L represents a group -CH2CH2CH2CH2-.

    [0156] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R1 represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C6-alkenyl, C3-C6-alkynyl, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl, heteroaryl, phenyl-C1-C3-alkyl- and heteroaryl-C1-C3-alkyl-,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, cyano, halogen, C1-C6-alkyl-, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C6-alkoxy-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, acetylamino-, N-methyl-N-acetylamino-, cyclic amines, -OP(=O)(OH)2, -C(=O)OH, -C(=O)NH2;

    [0157] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R1 represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, phenyl and phenyl-C1-C3-alkyl-,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, cyano, halogen, C1-C3-alkyl-, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines, -OP(=O)(OH)2, -C(=O)OH, -C(=O)NH2.

    [0158] In a preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R1 represents a group selected from C1-C4-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl- and phenyl,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, cyano, halogen, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2.

    [0159] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R1 represents a group selected from C1-C4-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl- and phenyl,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, cyano, halogen, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2, -C(=O)OH.

    [0160] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R1 represents a C1-C4-alkyl- group,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, cyano, a fluoro atom, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2.

    [0161] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R1 represents a C1-C4-alkyl- group,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, cyano, a fluoro atom, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2, -C(=O)OH.

    [0162] In a particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R1 represents a C1-C4-alkyl- group.

    [0163] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R1 represents a C1-C3-alkyl- group.

    [0164] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R1 represents a C1-C2-alkyl- group.

    [0165] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R1 represents an ethyl group.

    [0166] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R1 represents a methyl group.

    [0167] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R1 represents a C1-C4-alkyl- group, and R2 represents a hydrogen atom or a fluoro atom.

    [0168] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R1 represents a C1-C4-alkyl- group, and R2 represents a hydrogen atom.

    [0169] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R1 represents a methyl group, and R2 represents a hydrogen atom.

    [0170] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R2 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, a bromo atom, cyano, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-.

    [0171] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R2 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, a bromo atom, cyano, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-.

    [0172] In a preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R2 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, cyano, methyl, methoxy-, trifluoromethyl-, trifluoromethoxy-.

    [0173] In a particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R2 represents a hydrogen atom or a fluoro atom.

    [0174] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R2 represents a fluoro atom.

    [0175] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R2 represents a hydrogen atom.

    [0176] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R2 represents a hydrogen atom, R3 represents a fluoro atom, and R4 represents a hydrogen atom.

    [0177] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R1 represents a methyl group, R2 represents a hydrogen atom, R3 represents a fluoro atom, and R4 represents a hydrogen atom.

    [0178] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R3 and R4 represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, a bromo atom, cyano, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-.

    [0179] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R3 and R4 represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, a bromo atom, cyano C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-.

    [0180] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R3 and R4 represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, cyano, methyl, methoxy-, trifluoromethyl-, trifluoromethoxy-.

    [0181] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R3 and R4 represent, independently from each other, a hydrogen atom or a fluoro atom.

    [0182] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R3 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, a bromo atom, cyano, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-, and in which R4 represents a hydrogen atom or a fluoro atom.

    [0183] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R3 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, a bromo atom, cyano C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-, and in which R4 represents a hydrogen atom or a fluoro atom.

    [0184] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R3 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, a bromo atom, cyano C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-, and in which R4 represents a hydrogen atom.

    [0185] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R3 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, cyano, methyl, methoxy-, trifluoromethyl-, trifluoromethoxy-, and in which R4 represents a hydrogen atom.

    [0186] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R3 represents a hydrogen atom or a fluoro atom, and in which R4 represents a hydrogen atom.

    [0187] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R3 represents a fluoro atom, and in which R4 represents a hydrogen atom.

    [0188] In a preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R3 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, cyano, methyl, methoxy-, trifluoromethyl-, trifluoromethoxy-.

    [0189] In a particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R3 represents a hydrogen atom or a fluoro atom.

    [0190] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R3 represents a fluoro atom.

    [0191] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R3 represents a hydrogen atom.

    [0192] In a preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R4 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, cyano, methyl, methoxy-, trifluoromethyl-, trifluoromethoxy-.

    [0193] In a particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R4 represents a hydrogen atom or a fluoro atom.

    [0194] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R4 represents a fluoro atom.

    [0195] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R4 represents a hydrogen atom.

    [0196] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, cyano, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, -C(=O)NR6R7, C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl, heteroaryl,
    wherein said C1-C6-alkyl, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl or heteroaryl group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, cyano, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, acetylamino-, N-methyl-N-acetylamino-, cyclic amines, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-;

    [0197] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, cyano, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, -C(=O)NR6R7, C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, phenyl,
    wherein said C1-C6-alkyl, C3-C5-cycloalkyl- or phenyl group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, cyano, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-.

    [0198] In a preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, cyano, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -S(=O)2R8, C1-C4-alkyl-,
    wherein said C1-C4-alkyl- group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, cyano, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines.

    [0199] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, cyano, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, C1-C4-alkyl-,
    wherein said C1-C4-alkyl- group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, cyano, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines.

    [0200] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, cyano, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, C1-C4-alkyl-.

    [0201] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, C1-C4-alkyl-.

    [0202] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, C1-C4-alkyl-.

    [0203] In a particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, methyl-.

    [0204] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R'.

    [0205] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8.

    [0206] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8.

    [0207] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -S(=O)2R'.

    [0208] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, -C(=O)R8, -S(=O)2R'.

    [0209] In a particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a group selected from -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, methyl-.

    [0210] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a group selected from -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R'.

    [0211] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a group selected from -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R'.

    [0212] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a group selected from -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8.

    [0213] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a group selected from -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -S(=O)2R'.

    [0214] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a group selected from -C(=O)R8, -S(=O)2R'.

    [0215] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a -C(=O)OR8 group.

    [0216] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a -C(=O)R8 group.

    [0217] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a -S(=O)2R8 group.

    [0218] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a C1-C4-alkyl-group.

    [0219] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a methyl- group.

    [0220] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, cyano, -C(=O)NR6R7.

    [0221] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, -C(=O)NR6R7.

    [0222] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a cyano group.

    [0223] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a -C(=O)NR6R7 group.

    [0224] In a particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R5 represents a hydrogen atom.

    [0225] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R3 represents a fluoro atom, R4 represents a hydrogen atom, and R5 represents a hydrogen atom.

    [0226] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R1 represents a methyl group, R3 represents a fluoro atom, R4 represents a hydrogen atom, and R5 represents a hydrogen atom.

    [0227] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R1 represents a methyl group, R2 represents a hydrogen atom, R3 represents a fluoro atom, R4 represents a hydrogen atom, and R5 represents a hydrogen atom.

    [0228] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R1 represents a methyl group and R5 represents a hydrogen atom.

    [0229] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R6 and R7 represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl, benzyl and heteroaryl,
    wherein said C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl, benzyl or heteroaryl group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, acetylamino-, N-methyl-N-acetylamino-, cyclic amines, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-, or
    R6 and R7, together with the nitrogen atom they are attached to, form a cyclic amine.

    [0230] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R6 and R7 represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, phenyl and benzyl,
    wherein said C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, phenyl or benzyl group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-, or
    R6 and R7, together with the nitrogen atom they are attached to, form a cyclic amine.

    [0231] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R6 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, phenyl and benzyl,
    wherein said C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, phenyl or benzyl group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-, and in which R7represents a hydrogen atom or a C1-C3 alkyl- group, or
    R6 and R7, together with the nitrogen atom they are attached to, form a cyclic amine.

    [0232] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R6 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C6-alkyl- and phenyl,
    wherein said C1-C6-alkyl- or phenyl group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, dialkylamino-, and in which R7represents a hydrogen atom or a C1-C3 alkyl- group, or R6 and R7, together with the nitrogen atom they are attached to, form a cyclic amine.

    [0233] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R6 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C6-alkyl- and phenyl,
    wherein said C1-C6-alkyl- or phenyl group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, dialkylamino-, and in which R7represents a hydrogen atom or a C1-C3 alkyl- group.

    [0234] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R6 and R7, together with the nitrogen atom they are attached to, form a cyclic amine.

    [0235] In a preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R6 and R7 represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C4-alkyl- and C3-C5-cycloalkyl-,
    wherein said C1-C4-alkyl- or C3-C5-cycloalkyl- group is optionally substituted with one or two substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines, or
    R6 and R7, together with the nitrogen atom they are attached to, form a cyclic amine.

    [0236] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R6 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C4-alkyl- and C3-C5-cycloalkyl-,
    wherein said C1-C4-alkyl- or C3-C5-cycloalkyl- group is optionally substituted with one or two substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines,
    and in which R7 represents a hydrogen atom or a C1-C3 alkyl- group, or
    R6 and R7, together with the nitrogen atom they are attached to, form a cyclic amine.

    [0237] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R6 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C4-alkyl- and C3-C5-cycloalkyl-,
    wherein said C1-C4-alkyl- or C3-C5-cycloalkyl- group is optionally substituted with one or two substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines,
    and in which R7 represents a hydrogen atom or a C1-C3 alkyl- group.

    [0238] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R6 and R7 represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom and C1-C4-alkyl-, wherein said C1-C4-alkyl- group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines.

    [0239] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R6 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom and C1-C4-alkyl-,
    wherein said C1-C4-alkyl- group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines,
    and in which R7 represents a hydrogen atom or a C1-C3 alkyl- group.

    [0240] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R6 and R7 represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C4-alkyl- and C3-Cs-cycloalkyl-, or
    R6 and R7, together with the nitrogen atom they are attached to, form a cyclic amine

    [0241] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R6 and R7 represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C4-alkyl- and C3-C5-cycloalkyl- .

    [0242] In a particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R6 and R7 represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom and C1-C2-alkyl-.

    [0243] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R6 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom and C1-C2-alkyl-, and in which R7 represents a hydrogen atom.

    [0244] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R6 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom and C1-C2-alkyl-.

    [0245] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R7 represents a hydrogen atom.

    [0246] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R6 represents a C1-C2-alkyl- group, and in which R7 represents a hydrogen atom.

    [0247] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R6 represents a C1-C2-alkyl- group.

    [0248] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R6 represents an ethyl- group, and in which R7represents a hydrogen atom.

    [0249] In another particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R6 represents an ethyl- group.

    [0250] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R8 represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl, benzyl and heteroaryl,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, acetylamino-, N-methyl-N-acetylamino-, cyclic amines, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-.

    [0251] In another embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R8 represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, fluoro-C1-C3-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, phenyl and benzyl,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-.

    [0252] In a preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R8 represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, fluoro-C1-C3-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl- and phenyl,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2.

    [0253] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R8 represents a group selected from C1-C4-alkyl-, fluoro-C1-C3-alkyl-.

    [0254] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R8 represents a C1-C4-alkyl- group.

    [0255] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R8 represents a C1-C2-alkyl- group.

    [0256] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R8 represents a methyl- group.

    [0257] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R8 represents an ethyl- group.

    [0258] In another preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R8 represents a fluoro-C1-C3-alkyl- group.

    [0259] In a particularly preferred embodiment the invention relates to compounds of formula (I), in which R8 represents a trifluoromethyl- group.

    [0260] It is to be understood that the present invention relates to any sub-combination within any embodiment of the present invention of compounds of formula (I), supra.

    [0261] More particularly still, the present invention covers compounds of formula (I) which are disclosed in the Example section of this text, infra.

    [0262] Very specially preferred are combinations of two or more of the abovementioned preferred embodiments.

    [0263] In particular, preferred subjects of the present invention are the compounds:
    • (rac)-16,20-Difluoro-9-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-12H-13,17-(azeno)-11,7-(metheno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadecine;
    • 15,19-Difluoro-8-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-12,16-(azeno)-10,6-(metheno)-1,5,11,13 -benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine;
    • 15,19-Difluoro-8-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13 -benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine;
    • (rac)-15,19-Difluoro-8-[(methylsulfinyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine;
    • (rac)-15,19-Difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine;
    • 15,19-Difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine; enantiomer 1;
    • 15,19-Difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine; enantiomer 2;
    • 15,19-difluoro-8-[(methylsulfonyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13 -benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine;
    • 14,18-Difluoro-7-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-2,3-dihydro-10H-9,5-(azeno)-11,15-(metheno)-1,4,10,12-benzodioxadiazacycloheptadecine;
    • (rac)-14,18-difluoro-7-[(methylsulfinyl)methyl]-2,3-dihydro-10H-9,5-(azeno)-11,15-(metheno)-1,4,10,12-benzodioxadiazacycloheptadecine;
    • (rac)-14,18-difluoro-7-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-2,3-dihydro-10H-9,5-(azeno)-11,15-(metheno)-1,4,10,12-benzodioxadiazacycloheptadecine;
    • 16,20-Difluoro-9-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-12H-11,7-(azeno)-13,17-(metheno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadecine;
    • (rac)-16,20-Difluoro-9-[(methylsulfinyl)methyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-12H-11,7-(azeno)-13,17-(metheno)-1,6,12, 14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadecine;
    • (rac)-16,20-difluoro-9-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-12H-ll,7-(azeno)-13,17-(metheno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadecine;
    • (rac)-15,19-difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-12,16-(azeno)-10,6-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine;
    • (rac)-N-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-12,16-(azeno)-10,6-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoroacetamide;
    • (rac)-1-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,HH-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]-3-ethylurea;
    • (rac)-N-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,HH-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]acetamide;
    • (rac)-8-[(N,S-dimethylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine;
    • (rac)-ethyl [{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyll(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]carbamate;
    • (rac)-2-chloroethyl[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]carbamate;
    • (rac)-N-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]methanesulfonamide;
    • (rac)-2-amino-N-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]ethanesulfonamide;
    • (rac)-2-{[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene] sulfamoyl} ethanaminium trifluoroacetate;
    • (rac)-2-aminoethyl [{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxldo-λ6-sulfanylidene]carbamate;
    • 2-({[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl} sulfonyl)ethanamine;
    • ({[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl } sulfonyl)acetic acid;
    or the enantiomers, diastereomers, salts, solvates or salts of solvates thereof.

    [0264] The above mentioned definitions of groups and radicals which have been detailed in general terms or in preferred ranges also apply to the end products of the formula (I) and, analogously, to the starting materials or intermediates required in each case for the preparation.

    [0265] The present invention further relates to a process for the preparation of the compounds of formula (8), in which R1, R2, R3, R4 and L are as defined for the compound of formula (I) according to the invention, in which process compounds of formula (7)

    in which R1, R2, R3, R4 and L are as defined for the compound of formula (I) according to the invention, are reacted in a Palladium-catalyzed C-N cross-coupling reaction, using chloro(2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',4',6'-tri-iso-propyl-1,1'-biphenyl)[2-(2-aminoethyl)phenyl] palladium(II) methyl-tert-butylether adduct and 2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)-2',4',6'-triisopropylbiphenyl as catalyst and ligand, in the presence of an alkali carbonate or an alkali phosphate as a base, in a mixture of a C1-C3-alkylbenzene and a carboxamide based solvent,

    to give compounds of the formula (8),
    and in which process the resulting compounds are optionally, if appropriate, converted with the corresponding (i) solvents and/or (ii) bases or acids to the solvates, salts and/or solvates of the salts thereof.

    [0266] The present invention further relates to a process for the preparation of the compounds of formula (Ia), in which R1, R2, R3, R4, A and L are as defined for the compound of formula (I) according to the invention, in which process compounds of formula (26)

    in which R1, R2, R3, R4, A and L are as defined for the compound of formula (I) according to the invention, are reacted in a Palladium-catalyzed C-N cross-coupling reaction, using chloro(2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',4',6'-tri-iso-propyl-1,1'-biphenyl)[2-(2-aminoethyl)phenyl] palladium(II) methyl-tert-butylether adduct and 2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)-2',4',6'-triisopropylbiphenyl as catalyst and ligand, in the presence of an alkali carbonate or an alkali phosphate as a base, in a mixture of a C1-C3-alkylbenzene and a carboxamide based solvent,

    to give compounds of the formula (Ia),
    and in which process the resulting compounds are optionally, if appropriate, converted with the corresponding (i) solvents and/or (ii) bases or acids to the solvates, salts and/or solvates of the salts thereof.

    [0267] The invention further relates to compounds of the formula (7), in which R1, R2, R3, R4 and L are as as defined for the compound of formula (I) according to the invention,

    or the enantiomers, diastereomers, salts, solvates or salts of solvates thereof.

    [0268] The invention further relates to the use of the compounds of the formula (7), in which R1, R2, R3, R4 and L are as as defined for the compound of formula (I) according to the invention,

    for the preparation of compounds of the formula (I).

    [0269] The invention further relates to compounds of the formula (26), in which R1, R2, R3, R4, A and L are as as defined for the compound of formula (I) according to the invention,

    or the enantiomers, diastereomers, salts, solvates or salts of solvates thereof.

    [0270] The invention further relates to the use of the compounds of the formula (26), in which R1, R2, R3, R4, A and L are as as defined for the compound of formula (I) according to the invention,

    for the preparation of compounds of the formula (I).

    [0271] The compounds according to the invention show a valuable pharmacological and pharmacokinetic spectrum of action which could not have been predicted.

    [0272] They are therefore suitable for use as medicaments for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of disorders in humans and animals.

    [0273] Within the scope of the present invention, the term "treatment" includes prophylaxis.

    [0274] The pharmaceutical activity of the compounds according to the invention can be explained by their action as inhibitors of CDK9. Thus, the compounds according to the general formula (I) as well as the enantiomers, diastereomers, salts, solvates and salts of solvates thereof are used as inhibitors for CDK9. Furthermore, the compounds according to the invention show a particularly high potency (demonstrated by a low IC50 value in the CDK9/CycT1 assay) for inhibiting CDK9 activity.

    [0275] In context of the present invention, the IC50 value with respect to CDK9 can be determined by the methods described in the method section below. Preferably, it is determined according to Method 1a. ("CDK9/CycT1 kinase assay") described in the Materials and Method section below.

    [0276] As compared to the CDK9 inhibitors described in the prior art, compounds of the present invention according to general formula (I) show a surprisingly high potency for inhibiting CDK9 activity at high ATP concentrations, which is demonstrated by their low IC50 value in the CDK9/CycT1 high ATP kinase assay. Thus, these compounds have a lower probability to be competed out of the ATP-binding pocket of CDK9/CycT1 kinase due to the high intracellular ATP concentration (R. Copeland et al., Nature Reviews Drug Discovery 2006, 5, 730-739). According to this property the compounds of the present invention are particularly able to inhibit CDK9/CycT1 within cells for a longer period of time as compared to classical ATP competitive kinase inhibitors. This increases the anti-tumor cell efficacy at pharmacokinetic clearance-mediated declining serum concentrations of the inhibitor after dosing of a patient or an animal.

    [0277] As compared to the CDK9 inhibitors in the prior art, compounds in the present invention show a surprisingly long target residence time. It has been suggested earlier that the target residence time is an appropriate predictor for drug efficacy on the basis that equilibrium-based in vitro assays inadequately reflect in vivo situations where drug concentrations fluctuate due to adsorption, distribution and elimination processes and the target protein concentration may be dynamically regulated (Tummino, P.J. and R.A. Copeland, Residence time of receptor- ligand complexes and its effect on biological function. Biochemistry, 2008. 47(20): p. 5481-5492; Copeland, R.A., D.L. Pompliano, and T.D. Meek, Drug-target residence time and its implications for lead optimization. Nature Reviews Drug Discovery, 2006. 5(9): p. 730-739).

    [0278] Therefore, the equilibrium binding parameter, KD, or the functional representative, IC50, may not fully reflect requirements for in vivo efficacy. Assuming that a drug molecule can only act as long as it remains bound to its target, the "lifetime" (residence time), of the drug-target complex may serve as a more reliable predictor for drug efficacy in a non-equilibrium in vivo system. Several publications appreciated and discussed its implications for in vivo efficacy (Lu, H. and P.J. Tonge, Drug-target residence time: critical information for lead optimization. Curr Opin Chem Biol, 2010. 14(4): p. 467-74; Vauquelin, G. and S.J. Charlton, Long-lasting target binding and rebinding as mechanisms to prolong in vivo drug action. Br J Pharmacol, 2010. 161(3): p. 488-508).

    [0279] One example for the impact of target residence time is given by the drug tiotropium that is used in COPD treatment. Tiotropium binds to the M1, M2 and M3 subtype of the muscarinic receptors with comparable affinities, but is kinetically selective as it has the desired long residence times only for the M3 receptor. Its drug-target residence time is sufficiently long that after washout from human trachea in vitro, tiotropium maintains inhibition of cholinergic activity with a half-life of 9 hours. This translates to protection against bronchospasms for more than 6 hours in vivo (Price, D., A. Sharma, and F. Cerasoli, Biochemical properties, pharmacokinetics and pharmacological response of tiotropium in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. 2009; Dowling, M. (2006) Br. J. Pharmacol. 148, 927-937).

    [0280] Another example is Lapatinib (Tykerb). It was found was that the long target residence time found for lapatinib in the purified intracellular domain enzyme reaction correlated with the observed, prolonged signal inhibition in tumor cells based on receptor tyrosine phosphorylation measurements. It was subsequently concluded that the slow binding kinetics may offer increased signal inhibition in the tumor, thus leading to greater potential to affect the tumor growth rates or effectiveness of co-dosing with other chemotherapeutic agents. (Wood et al (2004) Cancer Res. 64: 6652-6659; Lackey (2006) Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry, 2006, Vol. 6, No. 5)

    [0281] In context of the present invention, the IC50 value with respect to CDK9 at high ATP concentrations can be determined by the methods described in the method section below. Preferably, it is determined according to Method 1b ("CDK9/CycT1 high ATP kinase assay") as described in the Materials and Method section below.

    [0282] In context of the present invention, the target resident time of CDK9 inhibitors according to the present invention can be determined by the methods described in the method section below. Preferably, it is determined according to Method 8 ("Surface Plasmon Resonance PTEFb") as described in the Materials and Method section below.

    [0283] Further, compounds of the present invention according to formula (I) surprisingly show an improved anti-proliferative activity in tumor cell lines, such as HeLa, HeLa-MaTu-ADR, NCI-H460, DU145, Caco-2, B16F10, A2780 or MOLM-13, compared to the CDK9 inhibitors described in the prior art.
    In context of the present invention, the anti-proliferative activity in tumor cell lines such as HeLa, HeLa-MaTu-ADR, NCI-H460, DU145, Caco-2, B16F10, A2780 or MOLM-13 is preferably determined according to Method 3. ("Proliferation Assay") as described in the Materials and Method section below.

    [0284] Further, compounds of the present invention according to formula (I) are characterized by improved pharmacokinetic properties, such as an increased metabolic stability in rat hepatocytes, compared to the compounds known from the prior art.

    [0285] Further, compounds of the present invention according to formula (I) are characterized by improved pharmacokinetic properties, such as an improved half-life in rats upon administration in vivo, compared to the compounds known from the prior art.

    [0286] In context of the present invention, the metabolic stability in rat hepatocytes is preferably determined according to Method 6. ("Investigation of in vitro metabolic stability in rat hepatocytes") described in the Materials and Method section below.

    [0287] In context of the present invention, the half-life in rats upon administration in vivo is preferably determined according to Method 7. ("In vivo pharmacokinetics in rats") described in the Materials and Method section below.

    [0288] Further, compounds of the present invention according to formula (I) are characterized by improved additional pharmacokinetic properties, such as an increased apparent Caco-2 permeability (Papp A-B) across Caco-2 cell monolayers, compared to the compounds known from the prior art.

    [0289] Further, compounds of the present invention according to formula (I) are characterized by improved additional pharmacokinetic properties, such as a decreased efflux ratio (efflux ratio = Papp B-A / Papp A-B) from the basal to apical compartment across Caco-2 cell monolayers, compared to the compounds known from the prior art.

    [0290] In context of the present invention, the apparent Caco-2 permeability values from the basal to apical compartment (Papp A-B) or the efflux ratio (defined as the ratio ((Papp B-A) / (Papp A-B)) are preferably determined according to Method 5. ("Caco-2 Permeation Assay") described in the Materials and Method section below.

    [0291] A further subject matter of the present invention consists in the provision of the compounds of general formula (I) according to the invention for use in the treatment and/or prophylaxis of disorders, preferably of disorders relating to or mediated by CDK9 activity, in particular of hyper-proliferative disorders, virally induced infectious diseases and/or of cardiovascular diseases, more preferably of hyper-proliferative disorders.

    [0292] The compounds of the present invention may be used to inhibit the activity or expression of CDK9.

    [0293] Therefore, the compounds of formula (I) are expected to be valuable as therapeutic agents. Accordingly, in another embodiment, the present invention provides a method of treating disorders relating to or mediated by CDK9 activity in a patient in need of such treatment, comprising administering to the patient an effective amount of a compound of formula (I) as defined above. In certain embodiments, the disorders relating to CDK9 activity are hyper-proliferative disorders, virally induced infectious diseases and/or of cardiovascular diseases, more preferably hyper-proliferative disorders, particularly cancer.

    [0294] The term "treating" or "treatment" as stated throughout this document is used conventionally, e.g., the management or care of a subject for the purpose of combating, alleviating, reducing, relieving, improving the condition of a disease or disorder, such as a carcinoma.

    [0295] The term "subject" or "patient" includes organisms which are capable of suffering from a cell proliferative disorder or a disorder associated with reduced or insufficient programmed cell death (apoptosis) or who could otherwise benefit from the administration of a compound of the invention, such as human and non-human animals. Preferred humans include human patients suffering from or prone to suffering from a cell proliferative disorder or associated state, as described herein. The term "non-human animals" includes vertebrates, e.g., mammals, such as non-human primates, sheep, cow, dog, cat and rodents, e.g., mice, and non-mammals, such as chickens, amphibians, reptiles, etc.

    [0296] The term "disorders relating to or mediated by CDK9" shall include diseases associated with or implicating CDK9 activity, for example the hyperactivity of CDK9, and conditions that accompany with these diseases. Examples of "disorders relating to or mediated by CDK9" include disorders resulting from increased CDK9 activity due to mutations in genes regulating CDK9 activity auch as LARP7, HEXIM1/2 or 7sk snRNA, or disorders resulting from increased CDK9 activity due to activation of the CDK9/cyclinT/RNApolymerase II complex by viral proteins such as HIV-TAT or HTLV-TAX or disorders resulting from increased CDK9 activity due to activation of mitogenic signaling pathways. The term "hyperactivity of CDK9" refers to increased enzymatic activity of CDK9 as compared to normal non-diseased cells, or it refers to increased CDK9 activity leading to unwanted cell proliferation, or to reduced or insufficient programmed cell death (apoptosis), or mutations leading to constitutive activation of CDK9.

    [0297] The term "hyper-proliferative disorder" includes disorders involving the undesired or uncontrolled proliferation of a cell and it includes disorders involving reduced or insufficient programmed cell death (apoptosis). The compounds of the present invention can be utilized to prevent, inhibit, block, reduce, decrease, control, etc., cell proliferation and/or cell division, and/or produce apoptosis. This method comprises administering to a subject in need thereof, including a mammal, including a human, an amount of a compound of this invention, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, hydrate or solvate thereof which is effective to treat or prevent the disorder.

    [0298] Hyper-proliferative disorders in the context of this invention include, but are not limited to, e.g., psoriasis, keloids and other hyperplasias affecting the skin, endometriosis, skeletal disorders, angiogenic or blood vessel proliferative disorders, pulmonary hypertension, fibrotic disorders, mesangial cell proliferative disorders, colonic polyps, polycystic kidney disease, benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), and solid tumors, such as cancers of the breast, respiratory tract, brain, reproductive organs, digestive tract, urinary tract, eye, liver, skin, head and neck, thyroid, parathyroid, and their distant metastases. Those disorders also include lymphomas, sarcomas and leukemias.

    [0299] Examples of breast cancer include, but are not limited to invasive ductal carcinoma, invasive lobular carcinoma, ductal carcinoma in situ, and lobular carcinoma in situ, and canine or feline mammary carcinoma.

    [0300] Examples of cancers of the respiratory tract include, but are not limited to small-cell and non-small-cell lung carcinoma, as well as bronchial adenoma, pleuropulmonary blastoma, and mesothelioma. Examples of brain cancers include, but are not limited to brain stem and hypophtalmic glioma, cerebellar and cerebral astrocytoma, glioblastoma, medulloblastoma, ependymoma, as well as neuroectodermal and pineal tumor.

    [0301] Tumors of the male reproductive organs include, but are not limited to prostate and testicular cancer. Tumors of the female reproductive organs include, but are not limited to endometrial, cervical, ovarian, vaginal and vulvar cancer, as well as sarcoma of the uterus.

    [0302] Tumors of the digestive tract include, but are not limited to anal, colon, colorectal, esophageal, gallbladder, gastric, pancreatic, rectal, small-intestine, salivary gland cancers, anal gland adenocarcinomas, and mast cell tumors.

    [0303] Tumors of the urinary tract include, but are not limited to bladder, penile, kidney, renal pelvis, ureter, urethral, and hereditary and sporadic papillary renal cancers.

    [0304] Eye cancers include, but are not limited to intraocular melanoma and retinoblastoma.

    [0305] Examples of liver cancers include, but are not limited to hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cell carcinomas with or without fibrolamellar variant), cholangiocarcinoma (intrahepatic bile duct carcinoma), and mixed hepatocellular cholangiocarcinoma.

    [0306] Skin cancers include, but are not limited to squamous cell carcinoma, Kaposi's sarcoma, malignant melanoma, Merkel cell skin cancer, non-melanoma skin cancer, and mast cell tumors.

    [0307] Head-and-neck cancers include, but are not limited to laryngeal, hypopharyngeal, nasopharyngeal, oropharyngeal cancer, lip and oral cavity cancer, squamous cell cancer, and oral melanoma.

    [0308] Lymphomas include, but are not limited to AIDS-related lymphoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, Burkitt lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, and lymphoma of the central nervous system.
    Sarcomas include, but are not limited to sarcoma of the soft tissue, osteosarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, lymphosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, malignant histiocytosis, fibrosarcoma, hemangiosarcoma, hemangiopericytoma, and leiomyosarcoma.
    Leukemias include, but are not limited to acute myeloid leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, chronic myelogenous leukemia, and hairy cell leukemia.
    Fibrotic proliferative disorders, i.e. the abnormal formation of extracellular matrices, that may be treated with the compounds and methods of the present invention include lung fibrosis, atherosclerosis, restenosis, hepatic cirrhosis, and mesangial cell proliferative disorders, including renal diseases such as glomerulonephritis, diabetic nephropathy, malignant nephrosclerosis, thrombotic microangiopathy syndromes, transplant rejection, and glomerulopathies.

    [0309] Other conditions in humans or other mammals that may be treated by administering a compound of the present invention include tumor growth, retinopathy, including diabetic retinopathy, ischemic retinal-vein occlusion, retinopathy of prematurity and age-related macular degeneration, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, and bullous disorders associated with subepidermal blister formation, including bullous pemphigoid, erythema multiforme and dermatitis herpetiformis.

    [0310] The compounds of the present invention may also be used to prevent and treat diseases of the airways and the lung, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract as well as diseases of the bladder and bile duct.

    [0311] The disorders mentioned above have been well characterized in humans, but also exist with a similar etiology in other animals, including mammals, and can be treated by administering pharmaceutical compositions of the present invention.

    [0312] In a further aspect of the present invention, the compounds according to the invention are used in a method for preventing and/or treating infectious diseases, in particular virally induced infectious diseases. The virally induced infectious diseases, including opportunistic diseases, are caused by retroviruses, hepadnaviruses, herpesviruses, flaviviridae, and/or adenoviruses. In a further preferred embodiment of this method, the retroviruses are selected from lentiviruses or oncoretroviruses, wherein the lentivirus is selected from the group comprising: HIV-1, HIV-2, FIV, BIV, SIVs, SHIV, CAEV, VMV or EIAV, preferably HIV-1 or HIV-2 and wherein the oncoretrovirus is selected from the group of: HTLV-I, HTLV-II or BLV. In a further preferred embodiment of this method, the hepadnavirus is selected from HBV, GSHV or WHV, preferably HBV, the herpesivirus is selected from the group comprising: HSV I, HSV II, EBV, VZV, HCMV or HHV 8, preferably HCMV and the flaviviridae is selected from HCV, West nile or Yellow Fever.

    [0313] The compounds according to general formula (I) are also useful for prophylaxis and/or treatment of cardiovascular diseases such as cardiac hypertrophy, adult congenital heart disease, aneurysm, stable angina, unstable angina, angina pectoris, angioneurotic edema, aortic valve stenosis, aortic aneurysm, arrhythmia, arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, arteriosclerosis, arteriovenous malformations, atrial fibrillation, Behcet syndrome, bradycardia, cardiac tamponade, cardiomegaly, congestive cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, restrictive cardiomyopathy, cardiovascular disease prevention, carotid stenosis, cerebral hemorrhage, Churg-Strauss syndrome, diabetes, Ebstein's Anomaly, Eisenmenger complex, cholesterol embolism, bacterial endocarditis, fibromuscular dysplasia, congenital heart defects, heart diseases, congestive heart failure, heart valve diseases, heart attack, epidural hematoma, hematoma, subdural, Hippel-Lindau disease, hyperemia, hypertension, pulmonary hypertension, hypertrophic growth, left ventricular hypertrophy, right ventricular hypertrophy, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, hypotension, intermittent claudication, ischemic heart disease, Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome, lateral medullary syndrome, long QT syndrome mitral valve prolapse, moyamoya disease, mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, myocardial infarction, myocardial ischemia, myocarditis, pericarditis, peripheral vascular diseases, phlebitis, polyarteritis nodosa, pulmonary atresia, Raynaud disease, restenosis, Sneddon syndrome, stenosis, superior vena cava syndrome, syndrome X, tachycardia, Takayasu's arteritis, hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, telangiectasis, temporal arteritis, tetralogy of fallot, thromboangiitis obliterans, thrombosis, thromboembolism, tricuspid atresia, varicose veins, vascular diseases, vasculitis, vasospasm, ventricular fibrillation, Williams syndrome, peripheral vascular disease, varicose veins and leg ulcers, deep vein thrombosis, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome.

    [0314] Preferred are cardiac hypertrophy, adult congenital heart disease, aneurysms, angina, angina pectoris, arrhythmias, cardiovascular disease prevention, cardiomyopathies, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, pulmonary hypertension, hypertrophic growth, restenosis, stenosis, thrombosis and arteriosclerosis.

    [0315] A further subject matter of the present invention are the compounds according to the invention for the use as a medicament.

    [0316] A further subject matter of the present invention are the compounds according to the invention for use in the treatment and/or prophylaxis of the disorders mentioned above.

    [0317] A preferred subject matter of the present invention are the compounds according to the invention for use in the treatment and/or prophylaxis of lung carcinomas, especially non-small cell lung carcinomas, prostate carcinomas, especially hormone-independent human prostate carcinomas, cervical carcinomas, including multidrug-resistant human cervical carcinomas, colorectal carcinomas, melanomas, ovarian carcinomas or leukemias, especially acute myeloid leukemias.

    [0318] A further subject matter of the present invention are the compounds according to the invention for the use in a method for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of the disorders mentioned above.

    [0319] A preferred subject matter of the present invention are the compounds according to the invention for the use in a method of treatment and/or prophylaxis of lung carcinomas, especially non-small cell lung carcinomas, prostate carcinomas, especially hormone-independent human prostate carcinomas, cervical carcinomas, including multidrug-resistant human cervical carcinomas, colorectal carcinomas, melanomas, ovarian carcinomas or leukemias, especially acute myeloid leukemias.

    [0320] A further subject matter of the present invention is the use of the compounds according to the invention in the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of disorders, in particular the disorders mentioned above.

    [0321] A preferred subject matter of the present invention is the use of the compounds according to the invention in the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of lung carcinomas, especially non-small cell lung carcinomas, prostate carcinomas, especially hormone-independent human prostate carcinomas, cervical carcinomas, including multidrug-resistant human cervical carcinomas, colorectal carcinomas, melanomas, ovarian carcinomas or leukemias, especially acute myeloid leukemias.

    [0322] Another aspect of the present invention relates to pharmaceutical combinations comprising a compound of general formula (I) according to the invention in combination with at least one or more further active ingredients.

    [0323] As used herein the term "pharmaceutical combination" refers to a combination of at least one compound of general formula (I) according to the invention as active ingredient together with at least one other active ingredient with or without further ingredients, carrier, diluents and/or solvents.

    [0324] Another aspect of the present invention relates to pharmaceutical compositions comprising a compound of general formula (I) according to the invention in combination with an inert, nontoxic, pharmaceutically suitable adjuvant.

    [0325] As used herein the term "pharmaceutical composition" refers to a galenic formulation of at least one pharmaceutically active agent together with at least one further ingredient, carrier, diluent and/or solvent.

    [0326] Another aspect of the present invention relates to the use of the pharmaceutical combinations and/or the pharmaceutical compositions according to the invention for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of disorders, in particular of the disorders mentioned above.

    [0327] Another aspect of the present invention relates to the use of the pharmaceutical combinations and/or the pharmaceutical compositions according to the invention for use in the treatment and/or prophylaxis of lung carcinomas, especially non-small cell lung carcinomas, prostate carcinomas, especially hormone-independent human prostate carcinomas, cervical carcinomas, including multidrug-resistant human cervical carcinomas, colorectal carcinomas, melanomas, ovarian carcinomas or leukemias, especially acute myeloid leukemias.

    [0328] Another aspect of the present invention relates to pharmaceutical combinations and/or the pharmaceutical compositions according to the invention for use in the treatment and/or prophylaxis of disorders, in particular of the disorders mentioned above.

    [0329] Another aspect of the present invention relates to pharmaceutical combinations and/or the pharmaceutical compositions according to the invention for use in the treatment and/or prophylaxis of lung carcinomas, especially non-small cell lung carcinomas, prostate carcinomas, especially hormone-independent human prostate carcinomas, cervical carcinomas, including multidrug-resistant human cervical carcinomas, colorectal carcinomas, melanomas, ovarian carcinomas or leukemias, especially acute myeloid leukemias.

    [0330] Compounds of formula (I) may be administered as the sole pharmaceutical agent or in combination with one or more additional therapeutic agents where the combination causes no unacceptable adverse effects. This pharmaceutical combination includes administration of a single pharmaceutical dosage formulation which contains a compound of formula (I) and one or more additional therapeutic agents, as well as administration of the compound of formula (I) and each additional therapeutic agent in its own separate pharmaceutical dosage formulation. For example, a compound of formula (I) and a therapeutic agent may be administered to the patient together in a single oral dosage composition such as a tablet or capsule, or each agent may be administered in separate dosage formulations.

    [0331] Where separate dosage formulations are used, the compound of formula (I) and one or more additional therapeutic agents may be administered at essentially the same time (e.g., concurrently) or at separately staggered times (e.g., sequentially).

    [0332] In particular, the compounds of the present invention may be used in fixed or separate combination with other anti-tumor agents such as alkylating agents, anti-metabolites, plant-derived anti-tumor agents, hormonal therapy agents, topoisomerase inhibitors, camptothecin derivatives, kinase inhibitors, targeted drugs, antibodies, interferons and/or biological response modifiers, anti-angiogenic compounds, and other anti-tumor drugs. In this regard, the following is a non-limiting list of examples of secondary agents that may be used in combination with the compounds of the present invention:
    • Alkylating agents include, but are not limited to, nitrogen mustard N-oxide, cyclophosphamide, ifosfamide, thiotepa, ranimustine, nimustine, temozolomide, altretamine, apaziquone, brostallicin, bendamustine, carmustine, estramustine, fotemustine, glufosfamide, mafosfamide, bendamustin, and mitolactol; platinum-coordinated alkylating compounds include, but are not limited to, cisplatin, carboplatin, eptaplatin, lobaplatin, nedaplatin, oxaliplatin, and satraplatin;
    • Anti-metabolites include, but are not limited to, methotrexate, 6-mercaptopurine riboside, mercaptopurine, 5-fluorouracil alone or in combination with leucovorin, tegafur, doxifluridine, carmofur, cytarabine, cytarabine ocfosfate, enocitabine, gemcitabine, fludarabin, 5-azacitidine, capecitabine, cladribine, clofarabine, decitabine, eflornithine, ethynylcytidine, cytosine arabinoside, hydroxyurea, melphalan, nelarabine, nolatrexed, ocfosfite, disodium premetrexed, pentostatin, pelitrexol, raltitrexed, triapine, trimetrexate, vidarabine, vincristine, and vinorelbine;
    • Hormonal therapy agents include, but are not limited to, exemestane, Lupron, anastrozole, doxercalciferol, fadrozole, formestane, 11-beta hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 inhibitors, 17-alpha hydroxylase/17,20 lyase inhibitors such as abiraterone acetate, 5-alpha reductase inhibitors such as finasteride and epristeride, anti-estrogens such as tamoxifen citrate and fulvestrant, Trelstar,toremifene, raloxifene, lasofoxifene, letrozole, anti-androgens such as bicalutamide, flutamide, mifepristone, nilutamide, Casodex, and anti-progesterones and combinations thereof;
    • Plant-derived anti-tumor substances include, e.g., those selected from mitotic inhibitors, for example epothilones such as sagopilone, ixabepilone and epothilone B, vinblastine, vinflunine, docetaxel, and paclitaxel;
    • Cytotoxic topoisomerase inhibiting agents include, but are not limited to, aclarubicin, doxorubicin, amonafide, belotecan, camptothecin, 10-hydroxycamptothecin, 9-aminocamptothecin, diflomotecan, irinotecan, topotecan, edotecarin, epimbicin, etoposide, exatecan, gimatecan, lurtotecan, mitoxantrone, pirambicin, pixantrone, rubitecan, sobuzoxane, tafluposide, and combinations thereof;
    • Immunologicals include interferons such as interferon alpha, interferon alpha-2a, interferon alpha-2b, interferon beta, interferon gamma-la and interferon gamma-nl, and other immune enhancing agents such as L19-IL2 and other IL2 derivatives, filgrastim, lentinan, sizofilan, TheraCys, ubenimex, aldesleukin, alemtuzumab, BAM-002, dacarbazine, daclizumab, denileukin, gemtuzumab, ozogamicin, ibritumomab, imiquimod, lenograstim, lentinan, melanoma vaccine (Corixa), molgramostim, sargramostim, tasonermin, tecleukin, thymalasin, tositumomab, Vimlizin, epratuzumab, mitumomab, oregovomab, pemtumomab, and Provenge; Merial melanoma vaccine
    • Biological response modifiers are agents that modify defense mechanisms of living organisms or biological responses such as survival, growth or differentiation of tissue cells to direct them to have anti-tumor activity; such agents include, e.g., krestin, lentinan, sizofiran, picibanil, ProMune, and ubenimex;
    • Anti-angiogenic compounds include, but are not limited to, acitretin, aflibercept, angiostatin, aplidine, asentar, axitinib, recentin, bevacizumab, brivanib alaninat, cilengtide, combretastatin, DAST, endostatin, fenretinide, halofuginone, pazopanib, ranibizumab, rebimastat, removab, revlimid, sorafenib, vatalanib, squalamine, sunitinib, telatinib, thalidomide, ukrain, and vitaxin;
    • Antibodies include, but are not limited to, trastuzumab, cetuximab, bevacizumab, rituximab, ticilimumab, ipilimumab, lumiliximab, catumaxomab, atacicept, oregovomab, and alemtuzumab;
    • VEGF inhibitors such as, e.g., sorafenib, DAST, bevacizumab, sunitinib, recentin, axitinib, aflibercept, telatinib, brivanib alaninate, vatalanib, pazopanib, and ranibizumab; Palladia
    • EGFR (HER1) inhibitors such as, e.g., cetuximab, panitumumab, vectibix, gefitinib, erlotinib, and Zactima;
    • HER2 inhibitors such as, e.g., lapatinib, tratuzumab, and pertuzumab;
    • mTOR inhibitors such as, e.g., temsirolimus, sirolimus/Rapamycin, and everolimus;
    • c-Met inhibitors;
    • PI3K and AKT inhibitors;
    • CDK inhibitors such as roscovitine and flavopiridol;
    • Spindle assembly checkpoints inhibitors and targeted anti-mitotic agents such as PLK inhibitors, Aurora inhibitors (e.g. Hesperadin), checkpoint kinase inhibitors, and KSP inhibitors;
    • HDAC inhibitors such as, e.g., panobinostat, vorinostat, MS275, belinostat, and LBH589;
    • HSP90 and HSP70 inhibitors;
    • Proteasome inhibitors such as bortezomib and carfilzomib;
    • Serine/threonine kinase inhibitors including MEK inhibitors (such as e.g. RDEA 119) and Raf inhibitors such as sorafenib;
    • Farnesyl transferase inhibitors such as, e.g., tipifarnib;
    • Tyrosine kinase inhibitors including, e.g., dasatinib, nilotibib, DAST, bosutinib, sorafenib, bevacizumab, sunitinib, AZD2171, axitinib, aflibercept, telatinib, imatinib mesylate, brivanib alaninate, pazopanib, ranibizumab, vatalanib, cetuximab, panitumumab, vectibix, gefitinib, erlotinib, lapatinib, tratuzumab, pertuzumab, and c-Kit inhibitors; Palladia, masitinib
    • Vitamin D receptor agonists;
    • Bcl-2 protein inhibitors such as obatoclax, oblimersen sodium, and gossypol;
    • Cluster of differentiation 20 receptor antagonists such as, e.g., rituximab;
    • Ribonucleotide reductase inhibitors such as, e.g., gemcitabine;
    • Tumor necrosis apoptosis inducing ligand receptor 1 agonists such as, e.g., mapatumumab;
    • 5-Hydroxytryptamine receptor antagonists such as, e.g., rEV598, xaliprode, palonosetron hydrochloride, granisetron, Zindol, and AB-1001;
    • Integrin inhibitors including alpha5-betal integrin inhibitors such as, e.g., E7820, JSM 6425, volociximab, and endostatin;
    • Androgen receptor antagonists including, e.g., nandrolone decanoate, fluoxymesterone, Android, Prost-aid, andromustine, bicalutamide, flutamide, apo-cyproterone, apo-flutamide, chlormadinone acetate, Androcur, Tabi, cyproterone acetate, and nilutamide;
    • Aromatase inhibitors such as, e.g., anastrozole, letrozole, testolactone, exemestane, amino-glutethimide, and formestane;
    • Matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors;
    • Other anti-cancer agents including, e.g., alitretinoin, ampligen, atrasentan bexarotene, bortezomib, bosentan, calcitriol, exisulind, fotemustine, ibandronic acid, miltefosine, mitoxantrone, I-asparaginase, procarbazine, dacarbazine, hydroxycarbamide, pegaspargase, pentostatin, tazaroten, velcade, gallium nitrate, canfosfamide, darinaparsin, and tretinoin.


    [0333] The compounds of the present invention may also be employed in cancer treatment in conjunction with radiation therapy and/or surgical intervention.

    [0334] Generally, the use of cytotoxic and/or cytostatic agents in combination with a compound or composition of the present invention will serve to:
    1. (1) yield better efficacy in reducing the growth of a tumor or even eliminate the tumor as compared to administration of either agent alone,
    2. (2) provide for the administration of lesser amounts of the administered chemotherapeutic agents,
    3. (3) provide for a chemotherapeutic treatment that is well tolerated in the patient with fewer deleterious pharmacological complications than observed with single agent chemotherapies and certain other combined therapies,
    4. (4) provide for treating a broader spectrum of different cancer types in mammals, especially humans,
    5. (5) provide for a higher response rate among treated patients,
    6. (6) provide for a longer survival time among treated patients compared to standard chemotherapy treatments,
    7. (7) provide a longer time for tumor progression, and/or
    8. (8) yield efficacy and tolerability results at least as good as those of the agents used alone, compared to known instances where other cancer agent combinations produce antagonistic effects.


    [0335] Furthermore, the compounds of formula (I) may be utilized, as such or in compositions, in research and diagnostics, or as analytical reference standards, and the like, which are well known in the art.

    [0336] The compounds according to the invention can act systemically and/or locally. For this purpose, they can be administered in a suitable way, such as, for example, by the oral, parenteral, pulmonal, nasal, sublingual, lingual, buccal, rectal, dermal, transdermal, conjunctival or otic route, or as an implant or stent.
    For these administration routes, it is possible to administer the compounds according to the invention in suitable application forms.

    [0337] Suitable for oral administration are administration forms which work as described in the prior art and deliver the compounds according to the invention rapidly and/or in modified form, which comprise the compounds according to the invention in crystalline and/or amorphous and/or dissolved form, such as, for example, tablets (coated or uncoated, for example tablets provided with enteric coatings or coatings whose dissolution is delayed or which are insoluble and which control the release of the compound according to the invention), tablets which rapidly decompose in the oral cavity, or films/wafers, films/lyophilizates, capsules (for example hard or soft gelatin capsules), sugar-coated tablets, granules, pellets, powders, emulsions, suspensions, aerosols or solutions.

    [0338] Parenteral administration can take place with avoidance of an absorption step (for example intravenously, intraarterially, intracardially, intraspinally or intralumbally) or with inclusion of absorption (for example intramuscularly, subcutaneously, intracutaneously, percutaneously or intraperitoneally). Administration forms suitable for parenteral administration are, inter alia, preparations for injection and infusion in the form of solutions, suspensions, emulsions, lyophilizates or sterile powders.

    [0339] Examples suitable for the other administration routes are pharmaceutical forms for inhalation (inter alia powder inhalers, nebulizers), nasal drops/solutions/sprays; tablets to be administered lingually, sublingually or buccally, films/wafers or capsules, suppositories, preparations for the eyes or ears, vaginal capsules, aqueous suspensions (lotions, shaking mixtures), lipophilic suspensions, ointments, creams, transdermal therapeutic systems (such as plasters, for example), milk, pastes, foams, dusting powders, implants or stents.

    [0340] The compounds according to the invention can be converted into the stated administration forms. This can take place in a manner known per se by mixing with inert, nontoxic, pharmaceutically suitable adjuvants. These adjuvants include, inter alia, carriers (for example microcrystalline cellulose, lactose, mannitol), solvents (for example liquid polyethylene glycols), emulsifiers and dispersants or wetting agents (for example sodium dodecyl sulphate, polyoxysorbitan oleate), binders (for example polyvinylpyrrolidone), synthetic and natural polymers (for example albumin), stabilizers (for example antioxidants, such as, for example, ascorbic acid), colorants (for example inorganic pigments, such as, for example, iron oxides) and flavour- and/or odour-masking agents.

    [0341] The present invention furthermore provides medicaments comprising at least one compound according to the invention, usually together with one or more inert, nontoxic, pharmaceutically suitable adjuvants, and their use for the purposes mentioned above.

    [0342] When the compounds of the present invention are administered as pharmaceuticals, to humans or animals, they can be given per se or as a pharmaceutical composition containing, for example, 0.1% to 99,5% (more preferably 0.5% to 90%) of active ingredient in combination with one or more inert, nontoxic, pharmaceutically suitable adjuvants.

    [0343] Regardless of the route of administration selected, the compounds according to the invention of general formula (I) and/or the pharmaceutical composition of the present invention are formulated into pharmaceutically acceptable dosage forms by conventional methods known to those of skill in the art.

    [0344] Actual dosage levels and time course of administration of the active ingredients in the pharmaceutical compositions of the invention may be varied so as to obtain an amount of the active ingredient which is effective to achieve the desired therapeutic response for a particular patient without being toxic to the patient.

    Materials and Methods:



    [0345] The percentage data in the following tests and examples are percentages by weight unless otherwise indicated; parts are parts by weight. Solvent ratios, dilution ratios and concentration data of liquid/liquid solutions are in each case based on volume.

    [0346] Examples were tested in selected biological assays one or more times. When tested more than once, data are reported as either average values or as median values, wherein
    • the average value, also referred to as the arithmetic mean value, represents the sum of the values obtained divided by the number of times tested, and
    • the median value represents the middle number of the group of values when ranked in ascending or descending order. If the number of values in the data set is odd, the median is the middle value. If the number of values in the data set is even, the median is the arithmetic mean of the two middle values.


    [0347] Examples were synthesized one or more times. When synthesized more than once, data from biological assays represent average values or median values calculated utilizing data sets obtained from testing of one or more synthetic batch.

    [0348] The in vitro pharmacological properties of the compounds can be determined according to the following assays and methods.
    Noteworthily, in the CDK9 assays described below the resolution power is limited by the enzyme concentrations, the lower limit for IC50s is about 1-2 nM in the CDK9 high ATP assay and 2-4 nM in the CDK low ATP assays. For compounds exhibiting IC50s in this range the true affinity to CDK9 and thus the selectivity for CDK9 over CDK2 might be even higher, i.e. for these compounds the selectivity factors calculated in columns 4 and 7 of Table 2, infra, are minimal values, they could be also higher.

    1a. CDK9/CycTl kinase assay:



    [0349] CDK9/CycT1 -inhibitory activity of compounds of the present invention was quantified employing the CDK9/CycT1 TR-FRET assay as described in the following paragraphs:
    Recombinant full-length His-tagged human CDK9 and CycT1 expressed in insect cells and purified by Ni-NTA affinity chromatography, were purchased from Invitrogen (Cat. No PV4131). As substrate for the kinase reaction biotinylated peptide biotin-Ttds-YISPLKSPYKISEG (C-terminus in amid form) was used which can be purchased e.g. from the company JERINI Peptide Technologies (Berlin, Germany).

    [0350] For the assay 50 nl of a 100fold concentrated solution of the test compound in DMSO was pipetted into a black low volume 384well microtiter plate (Greiner Bio-One, Frickenhausen, Germany), 2 µl of a solution of CDK9/CycT1 in aqueous assay buffer [50 mM Tris/HCl pH 8.0, 10 mM MgCl2, 1.0 mM dithiothreitol, 0.1 mM sodium ortho-vanadate, 0.01% (v/v) Nonidet-P40 (Sigma)] were added and the mixture was incubated for 15 min at 22°C to allow pre-binding of the test compounds to the enzyme before the start of the kinase reaction. Then the kinase reaction was started by the addition of 3 µl of a solution of adenosine-tri-phosphate (ATP, 16.7 µM => final conc. in the 5 µl assay volume is 10 µM) and substrate (1.67 µM => final conc. in the 5 µl assay volume is 1 µM) in assay buffer and the resulting mixture was incubated for a reaction time of 25 min at 22°C. The concentration of CDK9/CycT1 was adjusted depending of the activity of the enzyme lot and was chosen appropriate to have the assay in the linear range, typical concentrations were in the range of 1 µg/mL. The reaction was stopped by the addition of 5 µl of a solution of TR-FRET detection reagents (0.2 µM streptavidine-XL665 [Cisbio Bioassays, Codolet, France] and 1 nM anti-RB(pSer807/pSer811)-antibody from BD Pharmingen [# 558389] and 1.2 nM LANCE EU-W1024 labeled anti-mouse IgG antibody [Perkin-Elmer, product no.

    [0351] AD0077]) in an aqueous EDTA-solution (100 mM EDTA, 0.2 % (w/v) bovine serum albumin in 100 mM HEPES pH 7.5).

    [0352] The resulting mixture was incubated 1 h at 22°C to allow the formation of complex between the phosphorylated biotinylated peptide and the detection reagents. Subsequently the amount of phosphorylated substrate was evaluated by measurement of the resonance energy transfer from the Eu-chelate to the streptavidine-XL. Therefore, the fluorescence emissions at 620 nm and 665 nm after excitation at 350 nm was measured in a HTRF reader, e.g. a Rubystar (BMG Labtechnologies, Offenburg, Germany) or a Viewlux (Perkin-Elmer). The ratio of the emissions at 665 nm and at 622 nm was taken as the measure for the amount of phosphorylated substrate. The data were normalised (enzyme reaction without inhibitor = 0 % inhibition, all other assay components but no enzyme = 100 % inhibition). Usually the test compounds were tested on the same microtiterplate in 11 different concentrations in the range of 20 µM to 0.1 nM (20 µM, 5.9 µM, 1.7 µM, 0.51 µM, 0.15 µM, 44 nM, 13 nM, 3.8 nM, 1.1 nM, 0.33 nM and 0.1 nM, the dilution series prepared separately before the assay on the level of the 100fold concentrated solutions in DMSO by serial 1:3.4 dilutions) in duplicate values for each concentration and IC50 values were calculated by a 4 parameter fit using an inhouse software.

    1b. CDK9/CycT1 high ATP kinase assay



    [0353] CDK9/CycT1 -inhibitory activity of compounds of the present invention at a high ATP concentration after preincubation of enzyme and test compounds was quantified employing the CDK9/CycT1 TR-FRET assay as described in the following paragraphs.

    [0354] Recombinant full-length His-tagged human CDK9 and CycT1, expressed in insect cells and purified by Ni-NTA affinity chromatography, were purchase from Invitrogen (Cat. No PV4131). As substrate for the kinase reaction biotinylated peptide biotin-Ttds-YISPLKSPYKISEG (C-terminus in amid form) was used which can be purchased e.g. from the company JERINI peptide technologies (Berlin, Germany). For the assay 50 nl of a 100fold concentrated solution of the test compound in DMSO was pipetted into a black low volume 384well microtiter plate (Greiner Bio-One, Frickenhausen, Germany), 2 µl of a solution of CDK9/CycT1 in aqueous assay buffer [50 mM Tris/HCl pH 8.0, 10 mM MgCl2, 1.0 mM dithiothreitol, 0.1 mM sodium ortho-vanadate, 0.01% (v/v) Nonidet-P40 (Sigma)] were added and the mixture was incubated for 15 min at 22°C to allow pre-binding of the test compounds to the enzyme before the start of the kinase reaction. Then the kinase reaction was started by the addition of 3 µl of a solution of adenosine-tri-phosphate (ATP, 3.3 mM => final conc. in the 5 µl assay volume is 2 mM) and substrate (1.67 µM => final conc. in the 5 µl assay volume is 1 µM) in assay buffer and the resulting mixture was incubated for a reaction time of 25 min at 22°C. The concentration of CDK9/CycT1 was adjusted depending of the activity of the enzyme lot and was chosen appropriate to have the assay in the linear range, typical concentrations were in the range of 0.5 µg/mL. The reaction was stopped by the addition of 5 µl of a solution of TR-FRET detection reagents (0.2 µM streptavidine-XL665 [Cisbio Bioassays, Codolet, France] and 1 nM anti-RB(pSer807/pSer811)-antibody from BD Pharmingen [# 558389] and 1.2 nM LANCE EU-W1024 labeled anti-mouse IgG antibody [Perkin-Elmer, product no. AD0077]) in an aqueous EDTA-solution (100 mM EDTA, 0.2 % (w/v) bovine serum albumin in 100 mM HEPES pH 7.5).

    [0355] The resulting mixture was incubated 1 h at 22°C to allow the formation of complex between the phosphorylated biotinylated peptide and the detection reagents. Subsequently the amount of phosphorylated substrate was evaluated by measurement of the resonance energy transfer from the Eu-chelate to the streptavidine-XL. Therefore, the fluorescence emissions at 620 nm and 665 nm after excitation at 350 nm was measured in a HTRF reader, e.g. a Rubystar (BMG Labtechnologies, Offenburg, Germany) or a Viewlux (Perkin-Elmer). The ratio of the emissions at 665 nm and at 622 nm was taken as the measure for the amount of phosphorylated substrate. The data were normalised (enzyme reaction without inhibitor = 0 % inhibition, all other assay components but no enzyme = 100 % inhibition). Usually the test compounds were tested on the same microtiterplate in 11 different concentrations in the range of 20 µM to 0.1 nM (20 µM, 5.9 µM, 1.7 µM, 0.51 µM, 0.15 µM, 44 nM, 13 nM, 3.8 nM, 1.1 nM, 0.33 nM and 0.1 nM, the dilution series prepared separately before the assay on the level of the 100fold concentrated solutions in DMSO by serial 1:3.4 dilutions) in duplicate values for each concentration and IC50 values were calculated by a 4 parameter fit using an inhouse software.

    2a. CDK2/CycE kinase assay:



    [0356] CDK2/CycE -inhibitory activity of compounds of the present invention was quantified employing the CDK2/CycE TR-FRET assay as described in the following paragraphs:
    Recombinant fusion proteins of GST and human CDK2 and of GST and human CycE, expressed in insect cells (Sf9) and purified by Glutathion-Sepharose affinity chromatography, were purchased from ProQinase GmbH (Freiburg, Germany). As substrate for the kinase reaction biotinylated peptide biotin-Ttds-YISPLKSPYKISEG (C-terminus in amid form) was used which can be purchased e.g. from the company JERINI Peptide Technologies (Berlin, Germany).

    [0357] For the assay 50 nl of a 100fold concentrated solution of the test compound in DMSO was pipetted into a black low volume 384well microtiter plate (Greiner Bio-One, Frickenhausen, Germany), 2 µl of a solution of CDK2/CycE in aqueous assay buffer [50 mM Tris/HCl pH 8.0, 10 mM MgCl2, 1.0 mM dithiothreitol, 0.1 mM sodium ortho-vanadate, 0.01% (v/v) Nonidet-P40 (Sigma)] were added and the mixture was incubated for 15 min at 22°C to allow pre-binding of the test compounds to the enzyme before the start of the kinase reaction. Then the kinase reaction was started by the addition of 3 µl of a solution of adenosine-tri-phosphate (ATP, 16.7 µM => final conc. in the 5 µl assay volume is 10 µM) and substrate (1.25 µM => final conc. in the 5 µl assay volume is 0.75 µM) in assay buffer and the resulting mixture was incubated for a reaction time of 25 min at 22°C. The concentration of CDK2/CycE was adjusted depending of the activity of the enzyme lot and was chosen appropriate to have the assay in the linear range, typical concentrations were in the range of 130 ng/mL. The reaction was stopped by the addition of 5 µl of a solution of TR-FRET detection reagents (0.2 µM streptavidine-XL665 [Cisbio Bioassays, Codolet, France] and 1 nM anti-RB(pSer807/pSer811)-antibody from BD Pharmingen [# 558389] and 1.2 nM LANCE EU-W1024 labeled anti-mouse IgG antibody [Perkin-Elmer, product no. AD0077]) in an aqueous EDTA-solution (100 mM EDTA, 0.2 % (w/v) bovine serum albumin in 100 mM HEPES pH 7.5).

    [0358] The resulting mixture was incubated 1 h at 22°C to allow the formation of complex between the phosphorylated biotinylated peptide and the detection reagents. Subsequently the amount of phosphorylated substrate was evaluated by measurement of the resonance energy transfer from the Eu-chelate to the streptavidine-XL. Therefore, the fluorescence emissions at 620 nm and 665 nm after excitation at 350 nm was measured in a TR-FRET reader, e.g. a Rubystar (BMG Labtechnologies, Offenburg, Germany) or a Viewlux (Perkin-Elmer). The ratio of the emissions at 665 nm and at 622 nm was taken as the measure for the amount of phosphorylated substrate. The data were normalised (enzyme reaction without inhibitor = 0 % inhibition, all other assay components but no enzyme = 100 % inhibition). Usually the test compounds were tested on the same microtiterplate in 11 different concentrations in the range of 20 µM to 0.1 nM (20 µM, 5.9 µM, 1.7 µM, 0.51 µM, 0.15 µM, 44 nM, 13 nM, 3.8 nM, 1.1 nM, 0.33 nM and 0.1 nM, the dilution series prepared separately before the assay on the level of the 100fold concentrated solutions in DMSO by serial 1:3.4 dilutions) in duplicate values for each concentration and IC50 values were calculated by a 4 parameter fit using an inhouse software.

    2b. CDK2/CycE high ATP kinase assay:



    [0359] CDK2/CycE -inhibitory activity of compounds of the present invention at 2 mM adenosine-tri-phosphate (ATP) was quantified employing the CDK2/CycE TR-FRET (TR-FRET = Time Resolved Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer) assay as described in the following paragraphs.

    [0360] Recombinant fusion proteins of GST and human CDK2 and of GST and human CycE, expressed in insect cells (Sf9) and purified by Glutathion-Sepharose affinity chromatography, were purchase from ProQinase GmbH (Freiburg, Germany). As substrate for the kinase reaction biotinylated peptide biotin-Ttds-YISPLKSPYKISEG (C-terminus in amid form) was used which can be purchased e.g. from the company JERINI peptide technologies (Berlin, Germany).

    [0361] For the assay 50 nl of a 100fold concentrated solution of the test compound in DMSO was pipetted into a black low volume 384well microtiter plate (Greiner Bio-One, Frickenhausen, Germany), 2 µl of a solution of CDK2/CycE in aqueous assay buffer [50 mM Tris/HCl pH 8.0, 10 mM MgCl2, 1.0 mM dithiothreitol, 0.1 mM sodium ortho-vanadate, 0.01% (v/v) Nonidet-P40 (Sigma)] were added and the mixture was incubated for 15 min at 22°C to allow pre-binding of the test compounds to the enzyme before the start of the kinase reaction. Then the kinase reaction was started by the addition of 3 µl of a solution ATP (3.33 mM => final conc. in the 5 µl assay volume is 2 mM) and substrate (1.25 µM => final conc. in the 5 µl assay volume is 0.75 µM) in assay buffer and the resulting mixture was incubated for a reaction time of 25 min at 22°C. The concentration of CDK2/CycE was adjusted depending of the activity of the enzyme lot and was chosen appropriate to have the assay in the linear range, typical concentrations were in the range of 15 ng/ml. The reaction was stopped by the addition of 5 µl of a solution of TR-FRET detection reagents (0.2 µM streptavidine-XL665 [Cisbio Bioassays, Codolet, France] and 1 nM anti-RB(pSer807/pSer811)-antibody from BD Pharmingen [# 558389] and 1.2 nM LANCE EU-W1024 labeled anti-mouse IgG antibody [Perkin-Elmer, product no. AD0077, as an alternative a Terbium-cryptate-labeled anti-mouse IgG antibody from Cisbio Bioassays can be used]) in an aqueous EDTA-solution (100 mM EDTA, 0.2 % (w/v) bovine serum albumin in 100 mM HEPES pH 7.5).

    [0362] The resulting mixture was incubated 1 h at 22°C to allow the formation of complex between the phosphorylated biotinylated peptide and the detection reagents. Subsequently the amount of phosphorylated substrate was evaluated by measurement of the resonance energy transfer from the Eu-chelate to the streptavidine-XL. Therefore, the fluorescence emissions at 620 nm and 665 nm after excitation at 350 nm wer measured in a TR-FRET reader, e.g. a Rubystar (BMG Labtechnologies, Offenburg, Germany) or a Viewlux (Perkin-Elmer). The ratio of the emissions at 665 nm and at 622 nm was taken as the measure for the amount of phosphorylated substrate. The data were normalised (enzyme reaction without inhibitor = 0 % inhibition, all other assay components but no enzyme = 100 % inhibition). Usually the test compounds were tested on the same microtiterplate in 11 different concentrations in the range of 20 µM to 0.1 nM (20 µM, 5.9 µM, 1.7 µM, 0.51 µM, 0.15 µM, 44 nM, 13 nM, 3.8 nM, 1.1 nM, 0.33 nM and 0.1 nM, the dilution series prepared separately before the assay on the level of the 100fold concentrated solutions in DMSO by serial 1:3.4 dilutions) in duplicate values for each concentration and IC50 values were calculated by a 4 parameter fit using an inhouse software.

    3. Proliferation Assay:



    [0363] Cultivated tumour cells (HeLa, human cervical tumour cells, ATCC CCL-2; NCI-H460, human non-small cell lung carcinoma cells, ATCC HTB-177; A2780, human ovarian carcinoma cells, ECACC # 93112519; DU 145, hormone-independent human prostate carcinoma cells, ATCC HTB-81; HeLa-MaTu-ADR, multidrug-resistant human cervical carcinoma cells, EPO-GmbH Berlin; Caco-2, human colorectal carcinoma cells, ATCC HTB-37; B16F10, mouse melanoma cells, ATCC CRL-6475) were plated at a density of 5,000 cells/well (DU145, HeLa-MaTu-ADR), 3,000 cells/well (NCI-H460, HeLa), 2,500 cells/well (A2780), 1,500 cells/well (Caco-2), or 1,000 cells/well (B16F10) in a 96-well multititer plate in 200 µL of their respective growth medium supplemented 10% fetal calf serum. After 24 hours, the cells of one plate (zero-point plate) were stained with crystal violet (see below), while the medium of the other plates was replaced by fresh culture medium (200 µl), to which the test substances were added in various concentrations (0 µM, as well as in the range of 0.001-10 µM). The cells were incubated for 4 days in the presence of test substances. Cell proliferation was determined by staining the cells with crystal violet: the cells were fixed by adding 20 µl/measuring point of an 11% glutaric aldehyde solution for 15 minutes at room temperature. After three washing cycles of the fixed cells with water, the plates were dried at room temperature. The cells were stained by adding 100 µl/measuring point of a 0.1% crystal violet solution (pH 3.0). After three washing cycles of the stained cells with water, the plates were dried at room temperature. The dye was dissolved by adding 100 µl/measuring point of a 10% acetic acid solution. The extinction was determined by photometry at a wavelength of 595 nm. The change of cell number, in percent, was calculated by normalization of the measured values to the extinction values of the zero-point plate (=0%) and the extinction of the untreated (0 µm) cells (=100%). The IC50 values (inhibitory concentration at 50% of maximal effect) were determined by means of a 4 parameter fit.

    [0364] Non-adherent MOLM-13 human acute myeloid leukemia cells (DSMZ ACC 554) were seeded at a density of 5,000 cells/well in a 96-well multititer plate in 100 µL of growth medium supplemented 10% fetal calf serum. After 24 hours, cell viability of one plate (zero-point plate) was determined with the Cell Titre-Glo Luminescent Cell Viability Assay (Promega), while 50 µL of test compound containing medium was added to the wells of the other plates (final concentrations in the range of 0.001-10 µM and DMSO controls). Cell viability was assessed after 72-hour exposure with the Cell Titre-Glo Luminescent Cell Viability Assay (Promega). IC50 values (inhibitory concentration at 50% of maximal effect) were determined by means of a 4 parameter fit on measurement data which were normalized to vehicle (DMSO) treated cells (=100%) and measurement readings taken immediately before compound exposure (=0%).

    4. Equilibrium Shake Flask Solubility Assay:


    4a) High Throughput determination of aqueous drug solubility (100 mmolar in DMSO)



    [0365] The high throughput screening method to determine aqueous drug solubility is based on:
    Thomas Onofrey and Greg Kazan, Performance and correlation of a 96-well high throughput screening method to determine aqueous drug solubility, http://www.millipore.com/publications.nsf/a73664f9f981af8c852569b9005b4eee/e565516fb76e7435852 56da30052db77/$FILE/AN1731EN00.pdf

    [0366] The assay was run in a 96-well plate format. Each well was filled with an individual compound.

    [0367] All pipetting steps were performed using a robot platform.

    [0368] 100 µl of a 10 mmolar solution of drug in DMSO were concentrated by vacuum centrifugation and resolved in 10 µl DMSO. 990 µl phosphate buffer pH 6.5 were added. The content of DMSO amounts to 1%. The multititer plate was put on a shaker and mixed for 24 hrs at room temperature.150 µl of the suspension were transferred to a filtration plate. After filtration using a vacuum manifold the filtrate was diluted 1:400 and 1:8000. A second microtiter plate with 20 µl of a 10 mM solution of drug in DMSO served for calibration. Two concentrations (0.005 µM and 0.0025 µM) were prepared by dilution in DMSO / water 1:1 and used for calibration. Filtrate and calibration plates were quantified by HPLC-MS/MS.

    Chemicals:


    Preparation of 0.1 m phosphate buffer pH 6.5:



    [0369] 61.86 g NaCl and 39.54 mg KH2PO4 were solved in water and filled up to 11. The mixture was diluted 1:10 with water and the pH adjusted to 6.5 by NaOH.

    Materials:



    [0370] Millipore MultiScreenHTS-HV Plate 0.45 µm

    [0371] Chromatographic conditions were as follows:
    HPLC column: Ascentis Express C18 2.7 µm 4.6 x 30 mm
    Injection volume: 1 µl
    Flow: 1.5 ml/min
    Mobile phase: acidic gradient
      A: Water / 0.05% HCOOH
      B: Acetonitrile / 0.05% HCOOH
      0min → 95%A 5%B
      0.75 min → 5%A 95%B
      2.75 min → 5%A 95%B
      2.76 min → 95%A 5%B
      3 min → 95%A 5%B


    [0372] The areas of sample- and calibration injections were determined by using mass spectromety software (AB SCIEX: Discovery Quant 2.1.3. and Analyst 1.6.1). The calculation of the solubility value (in mg/1) was executed by an inhouse developed Excel macro.

    4b) Thermodynamic solubility in water from powder



    [0373] The thermodynamic solubility of compounds in water was determined by an equilibrium shake flask method (see for example: E.H. Kerns, L. Di: Drug-like Properties: Concepts, Structure Design and Methods, 276-286, Burlington, MA, Academic Press, 2008). A saturated solution of the drug was prepared and the solution was mixed for 24 h to ensure that equilibrium was reached. The solution was centrifuged to remove the insoluble fraction and the concentration of the compound in solution was determined using a standard calibration curve. To prepare the sample, 2 mg solid compound was weighed in a 4 mL glass vial. 1 mL phosphate buffer pH 6.5 was added. The suspension was stirred for 24 hrs at room temperature. The solution was centrifuged afterwards. To prepare the sample for the standard calibration, 2 mg solid sample was dissolved in 30 mL acetonitrile. After sonification the solution was diluted with water to 50 mL. Sample and standards were quantified by HPLC with UV-detection. For each sample two injection volumes (5 and 50 µl) in triplicates were made. Three injection volumes (5 µl, 10 µl and 20 µl) were made for the standard.
    Chromatographic conditions:
    HPLC column: Xterra MS C18 2.5 µm 4.6 x 30 mm
    Injection volume: Sample: 3x5µl and 3x50µl
      Standard: 5µl, 10µl, 20µl
    Flow: 1.5mL/min
    Mobile phase: acidic gradient:
      A: Water / 0.01 % TFA
      B: Acetonitrile / 0.01% TFA
      0 min → 95%A 5%B
      0-3 min → 35%A 65%B, linear gradient
      3-5 min → 35%A 65%B, isocratic
      5-6 min → 95%A 5%B, isocratic
    UV detector: wavelength near the absorption maximum (between 200 and 400nm)


    [0374] The areas of sample- and standard injections as well as the calculation of the solubility value (in mg/1) were determined by using HPLC software (Waters Empower 2 FR).

    4c) Thermodynamic solubility in Citrate buffer pH 4



    [0375] Thermodynamic solubility was determined by an equilibrium shake flask method [Literature: Edward H. Kerns and Li Di (2008) Solubility Methods in: Drug-like Properties: Concepts, Structure Design and Methods, p276-286. Burlington, MA: Academic Press].

    [0376] A saturated solution of the drug was prepared and the solution was mixed for 24 h to ensure that equilibrium has been reached. The solution was centrifuged to remove the insoluble fraction and the concentration of the compound in solution was determined using a standard calibration curve.

    [0377] To prepare the sample, 1.5 mg solid compound was weighed in a 4 ml glass vial. 1 ml Citrate buffer pH 4 was added. The suspension was put on a stirrer and mixed for 24 hrs at room temperature. The solution was centrifuged afterwards. To prepare the sample for the standard calibration, 0.6 mg solid sample was dissolved in 19 ml acetonitrile/water 1:1. After sonification the solution was filled up with acetonitrile/water 1:1 to 20 ml.

    [0378] Sample and standards were quantified by HPLC with UV-detection. For each sample two injection volumes (5 and 50 µl) in triplicates were made. Three injection volumes (5 µl, 10 µl and 20 µl) were made for the standard.

    Chemicals:



    [0379] Citrate buffer pH 4 (MERCK Art. 109435; 1 L buffer consisting of 11,768 g citric acid,
    4,480 g sodium hydroxide, 1,604 g hydrogen chloride)

    [0380] Chromatographic conditions were as follows:
    HPLC column: Xterra MS C18 2.5 µm 4.6 x 30 mm
    Injection volume: Sample: 3x5µl and 3x50µl
      Standard: 5µl, 10µl, 20µl
    Flow: 1.5ml/min
    Mobile phase: acidic gradient:
      A: Water / 0.01% TFA
      B: Acetonitrile / 0.01% TFA
      0 min: 95%A 5%B
      0-3 min: 35%A 65%B, linear gradient
      3-5 min: 35%A 65%B, isocratic
      5-6 min: 95%A 5%B, isocratic
    UV detector: wavelength near the absorption maximum (between 200 and 400nm)


    [0381] The areas of sample- and standard injections as well as the calculation of the solubility value (in mg/1) were determined by using HPLC software (Waters Empower 2 FR).

    [0382] The areas of sample- and standard injections as well as the calculation of the solubility value (in mg/1) were determined by using HPLC software (Waters Empower 2 FR).

    5. Caco-2 Permeation Assay:



    [0383] Caco-2 cells (purchased from DSMZ Braunschweig, Germany) were seeded at a density of 4.5 x 104 cells per well on 24 well insert plates, 0.4 µm pore size, and grown for 15 days in DMEM medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum, 1% GlutaMAX (100x, GIBCO), 100 U/mL penicillin, 100µg/mL streptomycin (GIBCO) and 1% non essential amino acids (100 x). Cells were maintained at 37°C in a humified 5% CO2 atmosphere. Medium was changed every 2-3 day. Before running the permeation assay, the culture medium was replaced by a FCS-free hepes-carbonate transport buffer (pH 7.2). For assessment of monolayer integrity the transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) was measured. Test compounds were predissolved in DMSO and added either to the apical or basolateral compartment in final concentration of 2 µM in transport buffer. Before and after 2h incubation at 37°C samples were taken from both compartments. Analysis of compound content was done after precipitation with methanol by LC/MS/MS analysis. Permeability (Papp) was calculated in the apical to basolateral (A → B) and basolateral to apical (B → A) directions. The apparent permeability was calculated using following equation:



    [0384] Where Vr is the volume of medium in the receiver chamber, Po is the measured peak area or height of the test drug in the donor chamber at t=o, S the surface area of the monolayer, P2 is the measured peak area of the test drug in the acceptor chamber after 2h of incubation, and t is the incubation time. The efflux ratio basolateral (B) to apical (A) was calculated by dividing the Papp B-A by the Papp A-B. In addition the compound recovery was calculated.

    6. Investigation of in vitro metabolic stability in rat hepatocytes



    [0385] Hepatocytes from Han Wistar rats were isolated via a 2-step perfusion method. After perfusion, the liver was carefully removed from the rat: the liver capsule was opened and the hepatocytes were gently shaken out into a Petri dish with ice-cold Williams medium E (purchased from Sigma Aldrich Life Science, St Louis, MO). The resulting cell suspension was filtered through sterile gaze in 50 ml falcon tubes and centrifuged at 50 × g for 3 min at room temperature. The cell pellet was resuspended in 30 ml WME and centrifuged through a Percoll® gradient for 2 times at 100 × g. The hepatocytes were washed again with Williams' medium E (WME) and resuspended in medium containing 5% Fetal calf serum (FCS, purchased from Invitrogen, Auckland, NZ). Cell viability was determined by trypan blue exclusion.

    [0386] For the metabolic stability assay liver cells were distributed in WME containing 5% FCS to glass vials at a density of 1.0 × 106 vital cells/ml. The test compound was added to a final concentration of 1 µM. During incubation, the hepatocyte suspensions were continuously shaken and aliquots were taken at 2, 8, 16, 30, 45 and 90 min, to which equal volumes of cold acetonitrile were immediately added. Samples were frozen at -20° C over night, after subsequently centrifuged for 15 minutes at 3000 rpm and the supernatant was analyzed with an Agilent 1200 HPLC-system with LCMS/MS detection.

    [0387] The half-life of a test compound was determined from the concentration-time plot. From the half-life the intrinsic clearances were calculated. Together with the additional parameters liver blood flow, amount of liver cells in vivo and in vitro, the maximal oral bioavailability (Fmax) was calculated using the following scaling parameters: Liver blood flow (rat) - 4.2 L/h/kg; specific liver weight - 32 g/kg rat body weight; liver cells in vivo- 1.1 x 108 cells/g liver, liver cells in vitro - 0.5 x 106/ml.

    7. In vivo pharmacokinetics in rats



    [0388] For in vivo pharmacokinetic experiments test compounds were administered to male Wistar rats intravenously at doses of 0.3 to 1 mg/kg formulated as solutions using either rat plasma or solubilizers such as PEG400 in well-tolerated amounts.

    [0389] For pharmacokinetics after intravenous administration test compounds were given as i.v. bolus and blood samples were taken at 2 min, 8 min, 15 min, 30 min, 45 min, 1 h, 2 h, 4 h, 6 h, 8 h and 24 h after dosing. Depending on the expected half-life additional samples were taken at later time points (e.g. 48 h, 72 h). Blood was collected into Lithium-Heparin tubes (Monovetten® , Sarstedt) and centrifuged for 15 min at 3000 rpm. An aliquot of 100 µL from the supernatant (plasma) was taken and precipitated by addition of 400 µL ice cold acetonitrile and frozen at -20 °C over night. Samples were subsequently thawed and centrifuged at 3000 rpm, 4 °C for 20 minutes. Aliquots of the supernatants were taken for analytical testing using an Agilent 1200 HPLC-system with LCMS/MS detection. PK parameters were calculated by non-compartmental analysis using a PK calculation software.

    [0390] PK parameters derived from concentration-time profiles after i.v.: CLplasma: Total plasma clearance of test compound (in L/kg/h); CLblood: Total blood clearance of test compound: CLplasma*Cp/Cb (in L/kg/h) with Cp/Cb being the ratio of concentrations in plasma and blood, AUCnorm: Area under the concentration-time curve from t=0h to infinity (extrapolated) divided by the administered dose (in kg*h/L); t1/2: terminal half-life (in h).

    8. Surface Plasmon Resonance PTEFb


    Defintions



    [0391] The term "surface plasmon resonance", as used herein, refers to an optical phenomenon that allows for the analysis of the reversible associations of biological molecules in real time within a biosensor matrix, for example using the Biacore® system (GE Healthcare Biosciences, Uppsala, Sweden). Biacore® uses the optical properties of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) to detect alterations in the refractive index of a buffer, which changes as molecules in solution interact with the target immobilized on the surface. In brief, proteins are covalently bound to the dextran matrix at a known concentration and a ligand for the protein is injected through the dextran matrix. Near infrared light, directed onto the opposite side of the sensor chip surface is reflected and also induces an evanescent wave in the gold film, which in turn, causes an intensity dip in the reflected light at a particular angle known as the resonance angle. If the refractive index of the sensor chip surface is altered (e.g. by compound binding to the bound protein) a shift occurs in the resonance angle. This angle shift can be measured. These changes are displayed with respect to time along the y-axis of a sensorgram, which depicts the association and dissociation of any biological reaction.

    [0392] The term "KD", as used herein, is intended to refer to the equilibrium dissociation constant of a particular compound / target protein complex.

    [0393] The term "koff", as used herein, is intended to refer to the off-rate, i.e. the dissociation rate constant of a particular compound / target protein complex.

    [0394] The term "target residence time", as used herein, is intended to refer to the inverse of the rate of dissociation rate constant (1 / koff) of a particular compound / target protein complex.

    [0395] For further descriptions see:

    Jönsson U et al al., 1993 Ann Biol Clin.;51(1):19-26.

    Johnsson B et al, Anal Biochem. 1991;198(2):268-77.

    Day Y et al, Protein Science, 2002;11, 1017-1025

    Myskza DG, Anal Biochem., 2004; 329, 316-323

    Tummino and Copeland, Biochemistry, 2008;47(20):5481-5492.


    Biological activity



    [0396] The biological activity (e.g. as inhibitors of PETFb) of the compounds according to the invention can be measured using the SPR assay described.

    [0397] The level of activity exhibited by a given compound in the SPR assay can be defined in terms of the KD value, and preferred compounds of the present invention are compounds having a KD value of less than 1 micromolar, more preferably less than 0.1 micromolar.
    Furthermore, the time in residence at its target of a given compound can be defined in terms of the target residence time (TRT), and preferred compounds of the present invention are compounds having a TRT value of more than 10 minutes, more preferably more than 1 hour.

    [0398] The ability of the compounds according to the invention to bind human PTEFb may be determined using surface plasmon resonance (SPR). KD values and koff values may be measured using a Biacore® T200 instrument (GE Healthcare, Uppsala, Sweden).

    [0399] For SPR measurements, recombinant human PTEFb (CDK9/Cyclin T1 recombinant human active protein kinase purchased from ProQinase, Freiburg, Germany) is immobilized using standard amine coupling (Johnsson B et al, Anal Biochem. 1991 Nov 1;198(2):268-77). Briefly, carboxymethylated dextran biosensor chips (CM7, GE Healthcare) are activated with N-ethyl-N'-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC) and N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) according to the supplier's instructions. Human PTEFb is diluted in 1x HBS-EP+ (GE Healthcare) into 30 µg / ml and injected on the activated chip surface. Subsequently, a 1:1 solution of 1 M ethanolamine-HCl (GE Healthcare) and 1x HBS-EP is injected to block unreacted groups, resulting in approximately 4000 response units (RU) of immobilized protein. A reference surface is generated by treatment with NHS-EDC and ethanolamine-HCl. Compounds are dissolved in 100% dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO, Sigma-Aldrich, Germany) to a concentration of 10 mM and subsequently diluted in running buffer (1x HBS-EP+ pH 7.4 [generated from HBS-EP+ Buffer 10x (GE Healthcare): 0.1 M HEPES, 1.5 M NaCl, 30 mM EDTA and 0.5% v/v Surfactant P20], 1% v/v DMSO). For kinetic measurements, four-fold serial dilutions of compound (0.39 nM to 100 nM) are injected over immobilized protein. Binding kinetics is measured at 25 °C with a flow rate of 50 µl/min in running buffer. Compound concentrations are injected for 60 s followed by a dissociation time of 1800 s. The resulting sensorgrams are double-referenced against the reference surface as well as against blank injections.

    [0400] The double-referenced sensorgrams are fit to a simple reversible Langmuir 1:1 reaction mechanism as implemented in the Biacore® T200 evaluation software 2.0 (GE Healthcare). In cases were full compound dissociation has not occurred at the end of the dissociation phase, the Rmax parameter (response at saturation) is fit as local variable. In all other cases, Rmax is fit as global variable.

    Preparative Examples


    Syntheses of compounds



    [0401] The syntheses of the macrocyclic compounds of formula (I) according to the present invention are preferably carried out according to the general synthetic sequences as shown in Schemes 1a, 1b, 1c, 2, 3a, 3b, 3c, 4 and 5.

    [0402] In addition to said routes described below, also other routes may be used to synthesise the target compounds, in accordance with common general knowledge of a person skilled in the art of organic synthesis. The order of transformations exemplified in the following Schemes is therefore not intended to be limiting, and suitable synthesis steps from various schemes can be combined to form additional synthesis sequences. In addition, interconversion of any of the substituents R1, R2, R3, R4 and/or R5 can be achieved before and/or after the exemplified transformations. These modifications can be such as the introduction of protective groups, cleavage of protective groups, reduction or oxidation of functional groups, halogenation, metallation, metal catalysed coupling reactions, substitution or other reactions known to a person skilled in the art. These transformations include those which introduce a functionality allowing for further interconversion of substituents. Appropriate protective groups and their introduction and cleavage are well-known to a person skilled in the art (see for example T.W. Greene and P.G.M. Wuts in Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis, 4th edition, Wiley 2006). Specific examples are described in the subsequent paragraphs. Further, it is possible that two or more successive steps may be performed without work-up being performed between said steps, e.g. a "one-pot" reaction, as it is well-known to a person skilled in the art.
    The geometry of the sulfoximine moiety renders some of the compounds of the general formula (I) chiral. Separation of racemic sulfoximines into their enantiomers can be achieved by methods known to the person skilled in the art, preferably by means of preparative HPLC on chiral stationary phase.

    [0403] The syntheses of the pyridine derivatives of formulae (8), (9), (10), (11) and (12), all of them constituting subsets of the general formula (I) according to the present invention, are preferably carried out according to the general synthetic sequences as shown in Schemes 1a, 1b and 1c.







    [0404] Schemes 1a, 1b and 1c, wherein R1, R2, R3, R4 and R5 are as defined for the compound of general formula (I) according to the present invention, outline the preparation of pyridine-based macrocyclic compounds of of formulae (8), (9), (10), (11) and (12), from 2-chloro-5-fluoro-4-iodopyridine (1; CAS# 884494-49-9). Said starting material (1) is reacted with a boronic acid derivative of formula (2), in which R3 and R4 are as defined for the compound of general formula (I), to give a compound of formula (3). The boronic acid derivative (2) may be a boronic acid (R = -H) or an ester of the boronic acid, e.g. its isopropyl ester (R = -CH(CH3)2), preferably an ester derived from pinacol in which the boronic acid intermediate forms a 2-aryl-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (R-R = -C(CH3)2-C(CH3)2-).
    Said coupling reaction is catalyzed by palladium catalysts, e.g. by Pd(0) catalysts such as tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(0) [Pd(PPh3)4], tris(dibenzylideneacetone)di-palladium(0) [Pd2(dba)3], or by Pd(II) catalysts such as dichlorobis(triphenylphosphine)-palladium(II) [Pd(PPh3)2Cl2], palladium(II) acetate and triphenylphosphine or by [1,1'-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]palladium dichloride.
    The reaction is preferably carried out in a mixture of a solvent such as 1,2-dimethoxyethane, dioxane, DMF, DME, THF, or isopropanol with water and in the presence of a base such as potassium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate or potassium phosphate. (review: D.G. Hall, Boronic Acids, 2005 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, ISBN 3-527-30991-8 and references cited therein).
    The reaction is performed at temperatures ranging from room temperature (i.e. approx. 20°C) to the boiling point of the respective solvent. Further on, the reaction can be performed at temperatures above the boiling point using pressure tubes and a microwave oven. The reaction is preferably completed after 1 to 36 hours of reaction time.

    [0405] In the second step, a compound of formula (3) is converted to a compound of formula (4). This reaction can be carried out by a Palladium-catalyzed C-N cross-coupling reaction (for a review on C-N cross coupling reactions see for example: a) L. Jiang, S.L. Buchwald in 'Metal-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling Reactions', 2nd ed.: A. de Meijere, F. Diederich, Eds.: Wiley-VCH: Weinheim, Germany, 2004). Preferred is the herein described use of lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide, tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium(0) and 2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)-2',4',6'-triisopropylbiphenyl in THF. The reactions are preferably run under an atmosphere of argon for 3-24 hours at 60°C in an oil bath.

    [0406] In the third step, a compound of formula (4) is converted to a compound of formula (5), by means of cleaving the methyl ether present in compounds of formula (4).
    Preferred is the herein described use of boron tribromide in DCM. The reactions are preferably run for 1-24 hours at 0°C to room temperature.

    [0407] In the fourth step, a compound of formula (5) is coupled with a compound of formula (6), in which R1 R2 and L are as defined for the compound of general formula (I), to give a compound of formula (7). This reaction can be carried out by a Mitsunobu reaction (see for example: a) K.C.K. Swamy et al, Chem. Rev. 2009, 109, 2551).

    [0408] Preferred is the herein described use of diisopropyl azodicarboxylate and triphenylphosphine in THF. The reactions are preferably run for 1-24 hours at 0°C to room temperature.

    [0409] Compounds of the formula (6) can be prepared as outlined in Scheme 2, infra.

    [0410] In the fifth step, a compound of formula (7) is converted to a macrocycle of formula (8). This cyclization reaction can be carried out by a Palladium-catalyzed C-N cross-coupling reaction (for a review on C-N cross coupling reactions see for example: a) L. Jiang, S.L. Buchwald in 'Metal-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling Reactions', 2nd ed.: A. de Meijere, F. Diederich, Eds.: Wiley-VCH: Weinheim, Germany, 2004).
    Preferred is the herein described use of chloro(2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',4',6'-tri-iso-propyl-1,1'-biphenyl)[2-(2-aminoethyl)phenyl] palladium(II) methyl-tert-butylether adduct, 2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)-2',4',6'-triisopropylbiphenyl as catalyst and ligand, an alkali carbonate or an alkali phosphate, preferably potassium phosphate, as a base, in a mixture of a C1-C3-alkylbenzene and a carboxamide based solvent, preferably a mixture of toluene and NMP, as a solvent. The reactions are preferably run under an atmosphere of argon for 2-24 hours at 100-130°C in a microwave oven or in an oil bath.

    [0411] Oxidation of a thioether of formula (8) gives the corresponding sulfoxide of formula (9). The oxidation can be performed analogously to known processes (see for example: (a) M.H. Ali et al, Synthesis 1997, 764; (b) M.C. Carreno, Chem. Rev. 1995, 95, 1717; (c) I. Patel et al, Org. Proc. Res. Dev. 2002, 6, 225; (d) N. Khiar et al, Chem. Rev. 2003, 103, 3651).
    Preferred is the herein described use of periodic acid und iron(III)chloride.

    [0412] Imination of a sulfoxide of formula (9) gives the corresponding unsubstituted sulfoximine of formula (10). Preferred is the herein described use of sodium azide and sulfuric acid in trichloromethane or DCM at 45°C (see for example: a) H. R. Bentley et al, J. Chem. Soc. 1952, 1572; b) C. R. Johnson et al, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1970, 92, 6594; c) Satzinger et al, Angew. Chem. 1971, 83, 83).

    [0413] N-unprotected sulfoximines of formula (10) (R5 = H) may be further converted into N-functionalized derivatives of formula (11). There are multiple methods for the preparation of N-functionalized sulfoximines by functionalization of the nitrogen of the sulfoximine group:

    [0414] Thioethers of formula (8) can also be oxidized to the corresponding sulfones of formula (12). The oxidation can be prepared analogously to known processes (see for example: Sammond et al; Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 2005, 15, 3519).

    [0415] Compounds of the formula (6), in which R1, R2 and L are as defined for the compound of general formula (I) according to the present invention, can be prepared according to Scheme 2, starting e.g. from a 2,6-dichloroisonicotinic acid derivative of formula (13), in which R2 is as defined for the compound of general formula (I), which is reduced to the corresponding pyridinemethanol of formula (14), by means of reduction. Preferred is the herein described use of sulfanediyldimethane - borane (1:1 complex) in tetrahydrofuran.
    Derivatives of isonicotinic acid of formula (13), and esters thereof, are well known to the person skilled in the art, and are often commercially available.

    [0416] In a second step, pyridinemethanol of formula (14) is reacted to give a compound of formula (15), in which LG represents a leaving group such as chloro, bromo, iodo, C1-C4-alkyl-S(=O)2O-, trifluoromethanesulfonyloxy-, benzenesulfonyloxy-, or para-toluenesulfonyloxy-. Such conversions are well known to the person skilled in the art; preferred is the herein described use of methanesulfonyl chloride in the presence of triethylamine as a base, in dichloromethane as a solvent, to give a compound of formula (15) in which LG represents methanesulfonyloxy-.

    [0417] In a third step, a compound of formula (15) is reacted with a thiol of the formula R1-SH, in which R1 is as defined for the compound of general formula (I), to give a thioether derivative of formula (16). Thiols of the formula R1SH are well known to the person skilled in the art and are commercially available in considerable variety.

    [0418] In a fourth step, a thioether derivative of formula (16) is reacted with a anion formed in situ from a diol of the formula HO-L-OH, in which L is as defined for the compound of general formula (I), and an alkali metal, preferably sodium, in tetrahydrofuran as a solvent, to give intermediate compounds of formula (6) which can be further processed as outlined in Schemes 1b and 1c.



    [0419] The syntheses of the pyrimidine derivatives of formula (Ia), constituting a further sub-set of the general formula (I) according to the present invention, are preferably carried out according to the general synthetic sequences as shown in Schemes 3a, 3b and 3c.







    [0420] Schemes 3a, 3b and 3c, wherein R1, R2, R3, R4 and R5 are as defined for the compound of general formula (I) according to the present invention, outline the preparation of pyrimidine compounds of the general formula (I) from 2,4-dichloro-5-fluoropyrimidine (CAS# 2927-71-1, 17). Said starting material (17) is reacted with a boronic acid derivative of formula (2) to give a compound of formula (18). The boronic acid derivative (2) may be a boronic acid (R = -H) or an ester of the boronic acid, e.g. its isopropyl ester (R = -CH(CH3)2), preferably an ester derived from pinacol in which the boronic acid intermediate forms a 2-aryl-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (R-R = -C(CH3)2-C(CH3)2-). Boronic acids and their esters are commercially available and well-known to the person skilled in the art; see e.g. D.G. Hall, Boronic Acids, 2005 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, ISBN 3-527-30991-8 and references cited therein.
    The coupling reaction is catalyzed by Pd catalysts, e.g. by Pd(0) catalysts such as tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(0) [Pd(PPh3)4], tris(dibenzylideneacetone)di-palladium(0) [Pd2(dba)3], or by Pd(II) catalysts such as dichlorobis(triphenylphosphine)-palladium(II) [Pd(PPh3)2Cl2], palladium(II) acetate and triphenylphosphine or by [1,1'-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]palladium dichloride [Pd(dppf)Cl2].
    The reaction is preferably carried out in a mixture of a solvent such as 1,2-dimethoxyethane, dioxane, DMF, DME, THF, or isopropanol with water and in the presence of a base such as aqueous potassium carbonate, aqueous sodium bicarbonate or potassium phosphate.
    The reaction is performed at temperatures ranging from room temperature (=20°C) to the boiling point of the solvent. Further on, the reaction can be performed at temperatures above the boiling point using pressure tubes and a microwave oven. (review: D.G. Hall, Boronic Acids, 2005 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, ISBN 3-527-30991-8 and references cited therein).
    The reaction is preferably completed after 1 to 36 hours of reaction time.

    [0421] In the second step, a compound of formula (18) is converted to a compound of formula (19).
    Preferred is the herein described use of boron tribromide in DCM. The reactions are preferably run for 1-24 hours at 0°C to room temperature.

    [0422] In the third step, a compound of formula (19) is coupled with a compound of formula (20) to give a compound of formula (21). This reaction can be carried out by a Mitsunobu reaction (see for example: a) K.C.K. Swamy et al, Chem. Rev. 2009, 109, 2551).

    [0423] Compounds of the formula (20) can be prepared as outlined in Scheme 5, infra.

    [0424] Oxidation of a thioether of formula (21) gives the corresponding sulfoxide of formula (22). The oxidation can be performed analogously to known processes (see for example: (a) M.H. Ali et al, Synthesis 1997, 764; (b) M.C. Carreno, Chem. Rev. 1995, 95, 1717; (c) I. Patel et al, Org. Proc. Res. Dev. 2002, 6, 225; (d) N. Khiar et al, Chem. Rev. 2003, 103, 3651).
    Preferred is the herein described use of periodic acid und iron(III)chloride.

    [0425] Rhodium-catalyzed imination of sulfoxides of formula (22) gives the corresponding N-trifluoroacetamide sulfoximines of formula (23) (see for example: Bolm et al, Org. Lett. 2004, 6, 1305).

    [0426] Thioethers of formula (21) can also be oxidized to the corresponding sulfones of formula (24). The oxidation can be prepared analogously to known processes (see for example: Sammond et al; Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 2005, 15, 3519).

    [0427] Compounds of formula (25), wherein R1, R2, R3, R4, L and A are as defined for the compound of general formula (I) according to the present invention (rendering formulae (21), (22), (23) and (24) being subsets of formula (25)), can be reduced to give anilines of formula (26). The reduction can be prepared analogously to known processes (see for example: (a) Sammond et al; Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 2005, 15, 3519; (b) R.C. Larock, Comprehensive Organic Transformations, VCH, New York, 1989, 411-415). Preferred is the herein described use of titanium(III)chloride in a mixture of aqueous hydrochloric acid and tetrahydrofuran.

    [0428] Compounds of formula (26), wherein R1, R2, R3, R4, L and A are as defined for the compound of general formula (I) according to the present invention, can be converted to a macrocycle of formula (I). This cyclization reaction can be carried out by a Palladium-catalyzed C-N cross-coupling reaction (for a review on C-N cross coupling reactions see for example: a) L. Jiang, S.L. Buchwald in 'Metal-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling Reactions', 2nd ed.: A. de Meijere, F. Diederich, Eds.: Wiley-VCH: Weinheim, Germany, 2004).
    Preferred is the herein described use of chloro(2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',4',6'-tri-iso-propyl-1,1'-biphenyl)[2-(2-aminoethyl)phenyl] palladium(II) methyl-tert-butylether adduct, 2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)-2',4',6'-triisopropylbiphenyl as catalyst and ligand, an alkali carbonate or an alkali phosphate, preferably potassium phosphate, as a base, in a mixture of a C1-C3alkylbenzene and a carboxamide based solvent, preferably a mixture of toluene and NMP, as a solvent. The reactions are preferably run under an atmosphere of argon for 2-24 hours at 100-130°C in a microwave oven or in an oil bath.

    Scheme 4, wherein R1, R2, R3, R4 and L are as defined for the compound of general formula (I) according to the present invention, outlines the preparation of N-substituted sulfoximine compounds of the general formula (I) from N-unsubstituted sulfoximine compounds.

    [0429] N-unprotected sulfoximines of formula (Ib) (R5 = H) may be reacted to to give N-functionalized derivatives of formula (Ic). Formulae (Ib) and (Ic) both constitute subsets of the gereral formula (I). There are multiple methods for the preparation of N-functionalized sulfoximines by functionalization of the nitrogen of the sulfoximine group:

    [0430] Compounds of the formula (20), in which R1, R2 and L are as defined for the compound of general formula (I) according to the present invention, can be prepared according to Scheme 5, starting e.g. from a benzylic alcohol derivative of formula (27), in which R2 is as defined for the compound of general formula (I), is reacted to give a compound of formula (28), in which LG represents a leaving group such as chloro, bromo, iodo, C1-C4-alkyl-S(=O)2O-, trifluoromethanesulfonyloxy-, benzenesulfonyloxy-, or para-toluenesulfonyloxy-. Such conversions are well known to the person skilled in the art; preferred is the herein described use of thionyl chloride in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) as a solvent, to give a compound of formula (28) in which LG represents chloro.

    [0431] Benzylic alcohol derivative of formula (27), or the corresponding carboxylic acids and their esters, are known to the person skilled in the art, and are commercially available in certain cases.

    [0432] In a second step, a compound of formula (28) is reacted with a thiol of the formula R1-SH, in which R1 is as defined for the compound of general formula (I), to give a thioether derivative of formula (29). Thiols of the formula R1SH are well known to the person skilled in the art and are commercially available in considerable variety.

    [0433] In a third step, a thioether derivative of formula (29) is reacted with a carboxylic ester of formula (30), in which L' represents a C1-C5-alkylene group featuring one carbon atom less as compared to the corresponding group L in formula (31), RE represents a C1-C4-alkyl group, and in which LG represents a leaving group such as chloro, bromo, iodo, C1-C4-alkyl-S(=O)2O-, trifluoromethanesulfonyloxy-, benzenesulfonyloxy-, or para-toluenesulfonyloxy-, in the presence of a base, such as an alkali carbonate, preferably potassium carbonate, in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) as a solvent, to give a compound of formula (31).

    [0434] In a fourth step, an ester of the formula (31) can be reduced using a reducing agent such as lithium aluminium hydride or di-iso-butylaluminiumhydride (DIBAL), in an ether, preferably tetrahydrofuran, as a solvent, to give compound of the formula (20) which can be further processed as shown in the Schemes 3a, 3b and 3c.
    Alternatively, a thioether derivative of formula (29) can be directly converted into a compound of formula (20), if reacted with a compound of the formula HO-L-LG, in which L is as defined for the compound of general formula (I) according to the present invention, and in which LG represents a leaving group such as chloro, bromo, iodo, C1-C4-alkyl-S(=O)2O-, trifluoromethanesulfonyloxy-, benzenesulfonyloxy-, or para-toluenesulfonyloxy-, instead of a compound of the formula (30), in the presence of a base, such as an alkali carbonate, preferably potassium carbonate, in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) as a solvent.



    [0435] Abbreviations used in the description of the chemistry and in the Examples that follow are: br. (broad, 1H NMR signal); CDCl3 (deuterated chloroform); cHex (cyclohexane); DCE (dichloroethane); d (doublet, 1H NMR signal); DCM (dichloromethane); DIPEA (di-iso-propylethylamine); DMAP (4-N,N-dimethylaminopyridine), DME (1,2-dimethoxyethane), DMF (N,N-dimethylformamide); DMSO (dimethyl sulfoxide); ES (electrospray); EtOAc (ethyl acetate); EtOH (ethanol); h (hour(s)); 1H NMR (proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy) ; HPLC (High Performance Liquid Chromatography), iPrOH (iso-propanol); m (multiplet, 1H NMR signal); mCPBA (meta-chloroperoxybenzoic acid), MeCN (acetonitrile), MeOH (methanol); min (minute(s)); MS (mass spectrometry); MTBE (methyl tert-butyl ether) NMP (N-Methylpyrrolidin-2-one); NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance); Pd(dppf)Cl2 ([1,1'-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloro palladium(II) complex with dichloromethane); q (quartet, 1H NMR signal); quin (quintet, 1H NMR signal); rac (racemic); RT (room temperature); s (singlet, 1H NMR signal); sat. aq. (saturated aqueous); SiO2 (silica gel); t (triplet, 1H NMR signal); TFA (trifluoroacetic acid); TFAA (trifluoroacetic anhydride), THF (tetrahydrofuran); UV (ultraviolet).

    Chemical naming:



    [0436] The IUPAC names of the examples were generated using the program 'ACD/Name batch version 12.01' from ACD LABS.

    Salt stoichiometry:



    [0437] In the present text, in particular in the Experimental Section, for the synthesis of intermediates and of examples of the present invention, when a compound is mentioned as a salt form with the corresponding base or acid, the exact stoichiometric composition of said salt form, as obtained by the respective preparation and/or purification process, is, in most cases, unknown.

    [0438] Unless specified otherwise, suffixes to chemical names or structural formulae such as "hydrochloride", "trifluoroacetate", "sodium salt", or "x HCl", "x CF3COOH", "x Na+", for example, are to be understood as not a stoichiometric specification, but solely as a salt form.

    [0439] This applies analogously to cases in which synthesis intermediates or example compounds or salts thereof have been obtained, by the preparation and/or purification processes described, as solvates, such as hydrates with (if defined) unknown stoichiometric composition.

    HPLC methods:


    Method 1 (preparative HPLC):



    [0440] 

    Instrument: Abimed/Gilson 305 / 306 binary pumps 0-100ml/min + 806 manometric module;

    Knauer UV-detector K-2501; ISCO Foxy 200 fraction collector; SCPA PrepCon 5 software

    Column: Chromatorex C18 10µm 125x30mm

    Mobile phase A: water + 0.05% TFA, mobile phase B: acetonitrile + 0.05% TFA

    Gradient: 10% B → 50% B; 50% B isocratic; 50% B → 80% B

    Flow rate: 50 ml/ min

    Column temperature: room temperature

    UV-detection: 210 nm


    Method 2 (preparative HPLC)



    [0441] 

    Instrument: Abimed/Gilson 305 / 306 binary pumps 0-100ml/min + 806 manometric module; Knauer UV-detector K-2501; ISCO Foxy 200 fraction collector; SCPA PrepCon 5 software

    Column: Kromasil-100A C18 5µ 125x20mm

    Mobile phase A: water + 0.05% TFA, mobile phase B: acetonitrile + 0.05% TFA

    Gradient: 15% B → 50% B; 50% B isocratic; 50% B → 80% B

    Flow rate: 25 ml/ min

    Column temperature: room temperature

    UV-detection: 210 nm


    Example 1:


    (rac)- 16,20-Difluoro-9-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-12H-13,17-(azeno)-11,7-(metheno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadecine



    [0442] 


    Preparation of Intermediate 1.1:


    3-(Chloromethyl)-5-nitrophenol



    [0443] 



    [0444] Thionyl chloride (84.0 g; 712 mmol) was added dropwise to a stirred solution of 3-(hydroxymethyl)-5-nitrophenol (60.0 g; 355 mmol; CAS-No. 180628-74-4 purchased from Struchem) in DMF (1200 mL) at 0°C. The mixture was stirred at 10°C for 3 hours. The mixture was concentrated, diluted with water and extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were washed twice with water and concentrated to afford the crude product (60.0 g, 320 mmol) that was used without further purification.

    Preparation of Intermediate 1.2:


    3-[(Methylsulfanyl)methyl]-5-nitrophenol



    [0445] 



    [0446] To a solution of crude 3-(chloromethyl)-5-nitrophenol (60.0 g; 320 mmol) in acetone (600 mL) at room temperature was added an aqueous solution of sodium thiomethoxide (21%, 180 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours before additional aqueous solution of sodium thiomethoxide (21%, 180 mL) was added and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. Finally, additional aqueous solution of sodium thiomethoxide (21%, 90 mL) was added and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 6 hours. The batch was diluted with ethyl acetate and an aqueous solution of sodium chloride and extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (pentane / ethyl acetate 4:1) to afford the desired product (60.0 g, 302 mmol).
    1H NMR (300MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 7.71 (1H), 7.57(1H), 7.15 (1H), 3.66 (2H), 1.99 (3H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 1.3:


    Ethyl 4-{3-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-5-nitrophenoxy}butanoate



    [0447] 



    [0448] Ethyl 4-bromobutanoate (15.8 g; 81 mmol) was added dropwise to a stirred mixture of 3-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-5-nitrophenol (15.0 g; 75 mmol) and potassium carbonate (12.5 g; 90 mmol) in DMF (150 mL) at 0°C. The mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The mixture diluted with water and extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were washed twice with water and concentrated to afford the crude product (17.6 g) that was used without further purification.
    1H NMR (300MHz, DMSO-d6, 300K) δ = 7.74 (1H), 7.53 (1H), 7.30 (1H), 4.03 (3H), 3.75 (2H), 3.50 (1H), 2.42 (3H), 1.99 (1H), 1.92 (3H), 1.14 (3H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 1.4:


    4-{3-[(Methylsulfanyl)methyl]-5-nitrophenoxy}butan-1-ol



    [0449] 



    [0450] A solution of DIBAL in hexane (1N; 176 mL) was added dropwise to a stirred solution of crude ethyl 4-{3-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-5-nitrophenoxy}butanoate (17.6 g) in dry THF (400 mL) at -25°C. The mixture was stirred at 0°C for 150 minutes. Water (200 mL) was added dropwise, the mixture was acidified with an aqueous solution of hydrogen choride (1N) to pH 4-5 and extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (pentane / ethyl acetate = 4:1 to 2:1) to afford the desired product (14.0 g, 51.7 mmol)
    1H NMR (300MHz, DMSO-d6, 300K) δ = 7.71 (1H), 7.50 (1H), 7.28 (1H), 4.43 (1H), 4.03 (2H), 3.73 (2H), 3.43 (2H), 1.92 (3H), 1.74 (2H), 1.54 (2H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 1.5:


    2-Chloro-5-fluoro-4-(4-fluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)pyrimidine



    [0451] 



    [0452] A batch with 2,4-dichloro-5-fluoropyrimidine (200 mg; 1.20 mmol; Aldrich Chemical Company Inc.), (4-fluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)boronic acid (224 mg; 1.31 mmol; Aldrich Chemical Company Inc.) and tetrakis(triphenylphosphin)palladium(0) (138 mg; 0.12 mmol) in 1,2-dimethoxyethane (3.6 ml) and 2M solution of potassium carbonate (1.8 ml) was degassed using argon. The batch was stirred under an atmosphere of argon for 16 hours at 90°C. After cooling the batch was diluted with ethyl acetate and washed with saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution. The organic layer was filtered using a Whatman filter and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography (hexane / ethyl acetate 1:1) to give the desired product (106 mg; 0.41 mmol).
    1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 8.47 (1H), 7.51 (1H), 6.82 (1H), 6.73 (1H), 3.85 (3H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 1.6:


    2-(2-Chloro-5-fluoropyrimidin-4-yl)-5-fluorophenol



    [0453] 



    [0454] A solution of boron tribromide in DCM (1M; 43.3 mL; 47.1 mmol; Aldrich Chemical Company Inc.) was added dropwise to a stirred solution of 2-chloro-5-fluoro-4-(4-fluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)pyrimidine (2.00 g; 7.79 mmol) in DCM (189 mL) at 0°C. The mixture was slowly warmed to room temperature while stirring overnight. The mixture was cautiously diluted with an aqueous solution of sodium bicarbonate under stirring at 0°C and stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. Solid sodium chloride was added and the mixture filtered using a Whatman filter. The organic layer was concentrated to give the crude product (1.85 g) that was used without further purification.
    1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6, 300K) δ = 10.80 (1H), 8.90 (1H), 7.50 (1H), 6.83 (1H), 6.78 (1H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 1.7:


    2-Chloro-5-fluoro-4-[4-fluoro-2-(4-{3-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-5-nitrophenoxy}butoxy)phenyl]pyrimidine



    [0455] 



    [0456] A solution of diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (0.41 mL; 2.06 mmol) in THF (1.6 mL) was added dropwise to a mixture of 4-{3-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-5-nitrophenoxy}butan-1-ol (511 mg; 1.88 mmol), 2-(2-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidin-4-yl)-5-fluorophenol (500 mg; 2.06 mmol) and triphenylphosphine (541 mg; 2.06 mmol) in THF (8.1 mL) and the batch was stirred at room temperature overnight. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (hexane to hexane / ethyl acetate 50%) to give the desired product (579 mg; 1.11 mmol).
    1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6, 300K) δ = 8.87 (1H), 7.77 (1H), 7.54 (2H), 7.31 (1H), 7.16 (1H), 6.97 (1H), 4.14 (2H), 4.08 (2H), 3.78 (2H), 1.95 (3H), 1.79 (4H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 1.8:


    (rac)-2-Chloro-5-fluoro-4-[4-fluoro-2-(4-{3-[(methylsulfinyl)methyl]-5-nitrophenoxy}butoxy)phenyl]pyrimidine



    [0457] 



    [0458] Iron(III)chloride (5 mg; 0.03 mmol) was added to a mixture of 2-chloro-5-fluoro-4-[4-fluoro-2-(4-{3-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-5-nitrophenoxy}butoxy)phenyl]pyrimidine (545 mg; 1.10 mmol) in acetonitrile (27 mL) and the batch was stirred at room temperature for 10 minutes. The batch was cooled to 0°C and periodic acid (268 mg; 1.18 mmol) was added under stirring in one portion. After 10 minutes the ice bath was removed and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours before it was added to a stirred solution of sodium thiosulfate pentahydrate (1527 mg; 6.15 mmol) in ice water (32 mL). The batch was saturated with solid sodium chloride and extracted twice with THF and twice with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were filtered using a Whatman filter and concentrated to give the crude product (636 mg) which was used in the next step without further purification.
    1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 8.50 (1H), 7.77 (1H), 7.72 (1H), 7.54 (1H), 7.20 (1H), 6.84 (1H), 6.76 (1H), 4.08 (5H), 3.92 (1H), 2.57 (3H), 1.96 (4H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 1.9:


    (rac)-N-[(3-{4-[2-(2-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidin-4-yl)-5-fluorophenoxy]butoxy}-5-nitrobenzyl)(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoroacetamide



    [0459] 



    [0460] To a suspension of crude (rac)-2-chloro-5-fluoro-4-[4-fluoro-2-(4-{3-[(methylsulfinyl)methyl]-5-nitrophenoxy}butoxy)phenyl]pyrimidine (330 mg; 0.65 mmol), trifluoroacetamide (146 mg; 1.29 mmol), magnesium oxide (104 mg; 2.58 mmol) and rhodium(II)-acetate dimer (7 mg; 0.02 mmol) in DCM (4.8 mL) was added iodobenzene diacetate (311 mg; 0.97 mmol) at room temperature. The batch was stirred for 18 hours at room temperature, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product (340 mg) which was used in the next step without further purification.

    Preparation of Intermediate 1.10:


    (rac)-N-[(3-amino-5-{4-[2-(2-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidin-4-yl)-5-fluorophenoxy]butoxy}benzyl)(methyl)oxido-λ6-sutfanylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoroacetamide



    [0461] 



    [0462] Titanium(III)chloride solution (approx. 15% in approx. 10% hydrochloric acid, 7.1 mL; Merck Schuchardt OHG) was added to a stirred solution of (rac)-N-[(3-{4-[2-(2-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidin-4-yl)-5-fluorophenoxy]butoxy}-5-nitrobenzyl)(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoroacetamide (640 mg; 1.03 mmol) in THF (15 mL) at room temperature. The batch was stirred for 3 hours. By addition of solid sodium carbonate the pH of the mixture was adjusted to approximately 6. A saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution was added and the mixture was extracted three times with ethyl acetate/THF 1:1. The combined organic layers were filtered using a Whatman filter and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (hexane to hexane/ethyl acetate 80%) to give the desired product (176 mg; 0.30 mmol).
    1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 8.47 (1H), 7.54 (1H), 6.84 (1H), 6.74 (1H), 6.30 (2H), 6.24 (1H), 4.67 (1H), 4.58 (1H), 4.11 (2H), 3.93 (2H), 3.83 (2H), 3.17 (3H), 1.90 (4H).

    Preparation of end product:



    [0463] A mixture of (rac)-N-[(3-amino-5-{4-[2-(2-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidin-4-yl)-5-fluorophenoxy]butoxy]benzyl)(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoroacetamide (143 mg; 0.24 mmol), chloro(2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',4',6'-tri-iso-propyl-1,1'-biphenyl) [2-(2-aminoethyl)phenyl] palladium(II) methyl-tert-butylether adduct (20 mg; 0.02 mmol; ABCR GmbH & CO. KG) and 2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)-2',4',6'-triisopropylbiphenyl (11 mg; 0.02 mmol; Aldrich Chemical Company Inc.) and potassium phosphate (256 mg; 1.21 mmol) in toluene (18.0 ml) and NMP (2.2 mL) was stirred under an atmosphere of argon at 110°C in a closed vessel for 3 hours. After cooling, the batch was diluted with THF and ethyl acetate and washed with aqueous sodium chloride solution. The organic layer was filtered using a Whatman filter and concentrated. The residue was purified by preparative HPLC to give the desired product (25 mg; 0.05 mmol).
    System: Waters Autopurificationsystem: Pump 254, Sample Manager 2767, CFO, DAD 2996, SQD 3100
    Column: XBrigde C18 5µm 100x30 mm
    Solvent: A = H2O + 0.2% NH3 (32%)
      B = MeCN
    Gradient: 0.5 min inlet (18% B, 25 to 50 mL/min); 0.5 - 5.5 min 37-39% B
    Flow: 70 mL/min
    Temperature: RT
    Solution: 216 mg / 2.2 mL DMSO
    Injection: 6 x 0.37 mL
    Detection: DAD scan range 210-400 nm
      MS ESI+, ESI-, scan range 160-1000 m/z
     Retention time in minPurity in %Amount in mg
      4.5 - 4.8 99 25
    1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6, 300K) δ = 9.73 (1H), 8.63 (1H), 7.97 (1H), 7.38 (1H), 7.13 (1H), 6.86 (1H), 6.68 (1H), 6.50 (1H), 4.26 (2H), 4.22 (2H), 4.13 (2H), 3.51 (1H), 2.80 (3H), 2.11 (4H).

    Example 2:


    15,19-Difluoro-8-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-12,16-(azeno)-10,6-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine



    [0464] 


    Preparation of Intermediate 2.1:


    3-13-[(Methylsulfanyl)methyl]-5-nitrophenoxy}propan-1-ol



    [0465] 



    [0466] Intermediate 2.1 was prepared from 3-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-5-nitrophenol (see Intermediate 1.2) under similar conditions as described in the preparation protocol for Intermediate 1.3, using 3-bromopropan-1-ol instead of ethyl 4-bromobutanoate.
    1H NMR (300MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 7.72 (1H), 7.54 (1H), 7.13 (1H), 4.08 (2H), 3.85 (2H), 3.78 (2H), 2.03 (2H), 1.98 (3H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 2.2:


    2-Chloro-5-fluoro-4-[4-fluoro-2-(3-{3-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-5-nitrophenoxy}propoxy)phenyl]pyrimidine



    [0467] 



    [0468] A solution of diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (0.41 mL; 2.06 mmol) in THF (1.6 mL) was added dropwise to a mixture of 3-{3-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-5-nitrophenoxy}propan-1-ol (484 mg; 1.88 mmol), 2-(2-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidin-4-yl)-5-fluorophenol (500 mg; 2.06 mmol; see Intermediate 1.6) and triphenylphosphine (541 mg; 2.06 mmol) in THF (8.1 mL) and the batch was stirred at room temperature for 150 minutes. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (hexane to hexane / ethyl acetate 30%) to give the desired product (570 mg; 1.18 mmol).
    1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 8.50 (1H), 7.81 (1H), 7.63 (1H), 7.54 (1H), 7.21 (1H), 6.85 (1H), 6.80 (1H), 4.26 (2H), 4.17 (2H), 3.72 (2H), 2.29 (2H), 2.04 (3H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 2.3:


    3-{3-[2-(2-Chloro-5-fluoropyrimidin-4-yl)-5-fluorophenoxy]propoxy}-5-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]aniline



    [0469] 



    [0470] Titanium(III)chloride solution (approx. 15% in approx. 10% hydrochloric acid, 8.2 mL; Merck Schuchardt OHG) was added to a stirred solution of 2-chloro-5-fluoro-4-[4-fluoro-2-(3-{3-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-5-nitrophenoxy}propoxy)phenyl]pyrimidine (570 mg; 1.18 mmol) in THF (17 mL) at room temperature. The batch was stirred for 3 hours. Additional titanium(III)chloride solution (2.0 mL) was added and the batch was stirred for one additional hour. By addition of solid sodium carbonate the pH of the mixture was adjusted to approximately 6. A saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution was added and the mixture was extracted three times with ethyl acetate/THF 1:1. The combined organic layers were filtered using a Whatman filter and concentrated give the crude product (552 mg) that was used without further purification.
    1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 8.46 (1H), 7.54 (1H), 6.81 (2H), 6.28 (2H), 6.10 (1H), 4.23 (2H), 4.02 (2H), 3.56 (2H), 2.20 (2H), 2.03 (3H).

    Preparation of end product:



    [0471] A mixture of 3-{3-[2-(2-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidin-4-yl)-5-fluorophenoxy]propoxy}-5-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]aniline (549 mg; 1.22 mmol), chloro(2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',4',6'-tri-isopropyl-1,1'-biphenyl)[2-(2-aminoethyl)phenyl] palladium(II) methyl-tert-butylether adduct (100 mg; 0.12 mmol; ABCR GmbH & CO. KG) and 2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)-2',4',6'-triisopropylbiphenyl (58 mg; 0.12 mmol; Aldrich Chemical Company Inc.) and potassium phosphate (1289 mg; 6.07 mmol) in toluene (91 ml) and NMP (11 mL) was stirred under an atmosphere of argon at 110°C in a closed vessel for 3 hours. After cooling, the batch was diluted with ethyl acetate and washed with aqueous sodium chloride solution. The organic layer was filtered using a Whatman filter and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (hexane / ethyl acetate 10% to 65%) to give the desired product (304 mg; 0.73 mmol).
    1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 8.72 (1H), 8.40 (1H), 7.62 (1H), 7.25 (1H), 6.81 (2H), 6.51 (1H), 6.44 (1H), 4.37 (2H), 4.14 (2H), 3.62 (2H), 2.34 (2H), 2.04 (3H).

    Example 3:


    15,19-Difluoro-8-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine



    [0472] 


    Preparation of Intermediate 3.1:


    (2,6-Dichloropyridin-4-yl)methanol



    [0473] 



    [0474] To a stirred solution 2,6-dichloroisonicotinic acid (10.0 g, 52.1 mmol) in THF (300 mL) at 0°C was added a solution of sulfanediyldimethane - borane (1:1) (16.0 g, 210.5 mmol) in THF. The mixture was allowed to react at room temperature overnight. Then MeOH (22 mL) was cautiously added to the stirred mixture while cooling with an ice bath. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (300 mL), washed with an aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (1N, 100 mL) and saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution. The organic layer was concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (hexane / ethyl acetate = 7:1 to 3:1) to give desired product (8.3 g; 46.6 mmol).
    1H NMR (300MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 7.25 (2H); 4.72 (2H); 2.24 (1H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 3.2:


    (2,6-dichloropyridin-4-yl)methyl methanesulfonate



    [0475] 



    [0476] (2,6-Dichloropyridin-4-yl)methanol (1.0 g; 5.62 mmol) was dissolved in DCM (20 mL) and triethyl amine (1.0 g; 9.88 mmol) was added. The resulting mixture was cooled to 0°C and methanesulfonyl chloride (0.9 g, 7.89 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. By adding an aqueous hydrogen choride solution (IN), the pH value of the mixture was adjusted to 3, before it was extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were concentrated to give the crude product (1.4 g) that was used without further purification.

    Preparation of Intermediate 3.3:


    2,6-Dichloro-4-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]pyridine



    [0477] 



    [0478] (2,6-Dichloropyridin-4-yl)methyl methanesulfonate (1.40 g; 5.47 mmol) was dissolved in THF (20 mL) and a mixture of sodium thiomethoxide and sodium hydroxide (wt 1/1, 0.70 g, 5 mmol, supplied by Shanghai DEMO Medical Tech Co., Ltd) was added. The resulting mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (10 mL) and extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were concentrated and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (hexane / ethyl acetate = 6:1 to 3:1) to give the desired product (0.54 g; 2.60 mmol).
    1H NMR (300MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 7.18 (2H), 3.55 (2H), 1.98 (3H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 3.4:


    3-({6-Chloro-4-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]pyridin-2-yl}oxy)propan-1-ol



    [0479] 



    [0480] To a solution of 1,3-propanediol (660 mg; 8.68 mmol) in THF (10 mL) was added sodium (33 mg; 1.43 mmol) and the reaction mixture was refluxed for 3 hours. After cooling, 2,6-dichloro-4-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]pyridine (300 mg, 1.44 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was refluxed for 16 hours. After cooling, the mixture was diluted with water (10 mL) and extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were concentrated and the residue was purified by flash column chromatography on silica gel (hexane / ethyl acetate = 5:1 to 2:1) to give the desired product (180 mg; 0.72 mmol).
    1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 6.86 (1H), 6.56 (1H), 4.42 (2H), 3.71 (2H), 3.50 (2H), 3.27 (1H), 1.96 (5H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 3.5:


    2-Chloro-5-fluoro-4-(4-fluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)pyridine



    [0481] 



    [0482] A batch with 2-chloro-5-fluoro-4-iodopyridine (1000 mg; 3.88 mmol; APAC Pharmaceutical, LLC), (4-fluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)boronic acid (660 mg; 3.88 mmol; Aldrich Chemical Company Inc.) and tetrakis(triphenylphosphin)palladium(0) (449 mg; 0.38 mmol) in 1,2-dimethoxyethane (10.0 mL) and 2 M solution of potassium carbonate (5.8 mL) was degassed using argon. The batch was stirred under an atmosphere of argon for 4 hours at 100 °C. After cooling, the batch was diluted with ethyl acetate and THF and washed with a saturated aqueous solution of sodium chloride. The organic layer was filtered using a Whatman filter and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography (hexane to hexane / ethyl acetate 50%) to give the desired product (947 mg; 3.70 mmol).
    1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 8.27 (m, 1H), 7.33 (m, 1H), 7.24 (m, 1H), 6.75 (m, 2H), 3.83 (s, 3H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 3.6:


    5-Fluoro-4-(4-fluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)pyridin-2-amine



    [0483] 



    [0484] A solution of lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide in THF (1M; 20.5 mL; 20.53 mmol; Aldrich Chemical Company Inc.) was added to a mixture of 2-chloro-5-fluoro-4-(4-fluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)pyridine (2.50 g; 9.78 mmol; see Intermediate 1.1), tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium (0) (0.18 g; 0.20 mmol; Aldrich Chemical Company Inc.) and 2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)-2',4',6'-triisopropylbiphenyl (0.19 g; 0.39 mmol; Aldrich Chemical Company Inc.) in THF (16.3 mL) under an atmosphere of argon at room temperature. The mixture was stirred at 60 °C for 6 hours. The mixture was cooled to -40 °C and water (10 ml) was added. The mixture was slowly warmed to room temperature under stirring, solid sodium chloride was added and the mixture was extracted twice with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were filtered using a Whatman filter and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (hexane to hexane / ethyl acetate 60%) to give the desired product (2.04 g; 8.64 mmol).
    1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 7.95 (1H), 7.20 (1H), 6.72 (2H), 6.46 (1H), 4.33 (2H), 3.61 (3H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 3.7:


    2-(2-Amino-5-fluoropyridin-4-yl)-5-fluorophenol



    [0485] 



    [0486] A solution of boron tribromide in DCM (1M; 47.1 mL; 47.1 mmol; Aldrich Chemical Company Inc.) was added dropwise to a stirred solution of 5-fluoro-4-(4-fluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)pyridin-2-amine (2.00 g; 8.47 mmol) in DCM (205 mL) at 0°C. The mixture was slowly warmed to room temperature while stirring overnight. The mixture was cautiously diluted with an aqueous solution of sodium bicarbonate under stirring at 0°C and stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. A saturated solution of sodium chloride was added and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were filtered using a Whatman filter and concentrated to give the crude product (1.92 g) that was used without further purification.
    1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6, 300K) δ = 10.21 (1H), 7.84 (1H), 7.19 (1H), 6.71 (2H), 6.39 (1H), 5.80 (2H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 3.8:


    4-{2-[3-({6-Chloro-4-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]pyridin-2-yl}oxy)propoxy]-4-fluorophenyl}-5-fluoropyridin-2-amine



    [0487] 



    [0488] A solution of diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (1.70 mL; 8.64 mmol) in THF (6.8 mL) was added dropwise to a mixture of 3-({6-chloro-4-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]pyridin-2-yl}oxy)propan-1-ol (1.96 g; 7.89 mmol, see Intermediate 3.4), 2-(2-amino-5-fluoropyridin-4-yl)-5-fluorophenol (1.92 g; 8.64 mmol) and triphenylphosphine (2.27 g; 8.64 mmol) in THF (34.0 mL) and the batch was stirred at room temperature for 5 hours. Additional triphenylphosphine (1.04 g; 3.94 mmol) and diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (0.78 mL; 3.95 mmol) were added and the mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. Additional diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (0.78 mL; 3.95 mmol) was added and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. Finally, additional triphenylphosphine (2.07 g; 7.89 mmol) and diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (1.55 mL; 7.89 mmol) were added and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours before it was concentrated. The residue was by column chromatography on silica gel (hexane to hexane / ethyl acetate 75%) to give the desired product (2.37 g; 5.24 mmol).
    1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 7.98 (1H), 7.25 (1H), 6.92 (1H), 6.76 (2H), 6.59 (1H), 6.51 (1H), 4.41 (4H), 4.16 (2H), 3.56 (2H), 2.21 (2H), 2.04 (3H).

    Preparation of end product:



    [0489] A mixture of 4-{2-[3-({6-chloro-4-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]pyridin-2-yl}oxy)propoxy] -4-fluorophenyl} - 5-fluoropyridin-2-amine (300 mg; 0.66 mmol), chloro(2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',4',6'-tri-iso-propyl-1,1'-biphenyl)[2-(2-aminoethyl)phenyl] palladium(II) methyl-tert-butylether adduct (55 mg; 0.07 mmol; ABCR GmbH & CO. KG) and 2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)-2',4',6'-triisopropylbiphenyl (32 mg; 0.07 mmol; Aldrich Chemical Company Inc.) and potassium phosphate (705 mg; 3.32 mmol) in toluene (50 ml) and NMP (6 mL) was stirred under an atmosphere of argon at 110°C in a closed vessel for 150 minutes. After cooling, the batch was diluted with DCM and ethyl acetate and washed with aqueous sodium chloride solution. The organic layer was filtered using a Whatman filter and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (hexane to hexane / ethyl acetate 50%) to give the desired product (192 mg; 0.46 mmol).
    1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 8.81 (1H), 8.18 (1H), 7.63 (1H), 7.11 (1H), 6.79 (1H), 6.72 (1H), 6.23 (2H), 4.63 (2H), 4.07 (2H), 3.55 (2H), 2.29 (2H), 2.06 (3H).

    Example 4:


    (rac)-15,19-Difluoro-8-[(methylsulfinyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine



    [0490] 



    [0491] Iron(III)chloride (2 mg; 0.01 mmol) was added to a mixture of 15,19-difluoro-8-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine (192 mg; 0.46 mmol; see Example 3) in acetonitrile (11.3 mL) and the batch was stirred at room temperature for 10 minutes. The batch was cooled to 0°C and periodic acid (112 mg; 0.49 mmol) was added under stirring in one portion. After 10 minutes the ice bath was removed and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 90 minutes before it was added to a stirred solution of sodium thiosulfate pentahydrate (642 mg; 2.59 mmol) in ice water (14.0 mL). The batch was saturated with solid sodium chloride and extracted twice with THF and twice with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were filtered using a Whatman filter and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (DCM to DCM / ethanol 50%) to give the desired product (173 mg) with a purity of approximately 65% (HNMR analysis) which was used in the next step without further purification.
    1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 8.76 (1H), 8.20 (1H), 7.62 (1H), 7.21 (1H), 6.79 (1H), 6.70 (1H), 6.18 (2H), 4.63 (2H), 4.07 (2H), 3.91 (1H), 3.81 (1H), 2.58 (3H), 2.28 (2H).

    [0492] The reaction was repeated using 440 mgs of 15,19-difluoro-8-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine. After work up, the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (DCM to DCM / ethanol 50%) to give the desired product in two batches: 195 mg with a purity of 92% and 88 mg with a purity of 97%. The latter was used for biological testing.

    Example 5:


    (rac)-15,19-Difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine



    [0493] 



    [0494] Concentrated sulphuric acid (0.13 mL) was added dropwise to a stirred mixture of (rac)-15,19-difluoro-8-[(methylsulfinyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine (102 mg; 0.24 mmol; see Example 4) and sodium azide (31 mg; 0.47 mmol) in chloroform (0.40 mL) at 0°C. The ice bath was removed and the mixture was stirred for 24 hours at 45°C. After cooling additional sodium azide (61 mg; 0.95 mmol) was added and the mixture was stirred for additional 16 hours at 45°C. The mixture was again cooled to 0°C and additional chloroform (0.2 mL) and sodium azide (61 mg; 0.95 mmol) were added before additional concentrated sulphuric acid (0.10 mL) was added dropwise. The mixture was stirred at 45°C for additional 3 hours. While cooling with an ice bath, saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution and saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution was added dropwise under stirring. The mixture was extracted twice with ethyl acetate and twice with THF. The combined organic layers were filtered using a Whatman filter and concentrated. The residue was purified by preparative HPLC to give the desired product (26 mg; 0.06 mmol).
    System: Waters Autopurificationsystem: Pump 254, Sample Manager 2767, CFO, DAD 2996, SQD 3100
    Column: XBrigde C18 5µm 100x30 mm
    Solvent: A = H2O + 0.2% NH3 (32%)
      B = MeCN
    Gradient: 0.5 min inlet (19% B, 25 to 50 mL/min); 0.5 - 5.5 min 38-50% B
    Flow: 70 mL/min
    Temperature: RT
    Solution: 98 mg / 2.5 mL DMSO
    Injection: 5 x 0,5 mL
    Detection: DAD scan range 210-400 nm
      MS ESI+, ESI-, scan range 160-1000 m/z
     Retention time in minPurity in %Amount in mg
      4.3 - 4.7 99 26
    1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6, 300K) δ = 9.70 (1H), 8.69 (1H), 8.31 (1H), 7.58 (1H), 7.07 (1H), 6.89 (1H), 6.59 (1H), 6.26 (1H), 4.51 (2H), 4.28 (2H), 4.12 (2H), 3.72 (1H), 2.88 (3H), 2.11 (2H).

    Example 6 and 7:


    Enantiomers of 15,19-Difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine



    [0495] 



    [0496] (rac)-15,19-Difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine (20 mg; see Example 5) was separated into the single enantiomers by preparative chiral HPLC.
    System: Agilent: Prep 1200, 2 x Prep Pump, DLA, MWD, Prep FC
    Column: Chiralpak IC 5µm 250x30 mm
    Solvent: MeCN + 0.1% diethylamine
    Flow: 50 mL/min
    Temperature: Rt
    Solution: 20 mg / 1.5 mL DCM/MeOH 1:1
    Injection: 1 x 1.5 mL
    Detection: UV 254 nm
     Retention time in minpurity in %yield
    Example 6 Enantiomer 1 7.2 - 9.5 min 89.4 % 6 mg
    Example 7 Enantiomer 2 9.5 - 12.6 min 93.5 % 7 mg

    Example 6: 15,19-Difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine; Enantiomer 1



    [0497] 1H-NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300 K): δ [ppm] = 9.70 (1H), 8.69 (1H), 8.31 (1H), 7.58 (1H), 7.07 (1H), 6.89 (1H), 6.59 (1H), 6.26 (1H), 4.51 (2H), 4.28 (2H), 4.12 (2H), 3.72 (1H), 2.88 (3H), 2.11 (2H).

    Example 7: 15,19-Difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine; Enantiomer 2



    [0498] 1H-NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300 K): δ [ppm] = 9.70 (1H), 8.69 (1H), 8.31 (1H), 7.58 (1H), 7.07 (1H), 6.89 (1H), 6.59 (1H), 6.26 (1H), 4.51 (2H), 4.28 (2H), 4.12 (2H), 3.72 (1H), 2.88 (3H), 2.11 (2H).

    Example 8:


    15,19-difluoro-8-[(methylsulfonyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine



    [0499] 



    [0500] meta-Chloroperoxybenzoic acid (77%; 59 mg; 0.27 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of 15,19-difluoro-8-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine (50 mg; 0.12 mmol; see Example 3) in DCM (2.9 mL) at 0°C. After 30 minutes the ice bath was removed and the reaction mixture was stirred at Rt for 150 minutes. The reaction mixture was diluted with water, neutralized with solid sodiumbicarbonate and extracted three times with DCM. The combined organic layers were washed with aqueous sodium chloride solution, filtered using a Whatman filter and concentrated. The residue was purified by preparative HPLC to give the desired product (18 mg; 0.04 mmol).
    System: Waters Autopurificationsystem: Pump 2545, Sample Manager 2767, CFO, DAD 2996, ELSD 2424, SQD
    Column: XBrigde C18 5µm 100x30 mm
    Solvent: A = H2O + 0.2% NH3 (32%)
      B = MeCN
    Gradient: 0.00 - 0.50 min 5% B, 25 mL/min
      0.51 - 5.50 min 10-100% B, 70 mL/min
      5.51 - 6.50 min 100% B,7 0mL/min
    Temperature: RT
    Solution: Max. 250 mg / max. 2.5 mL DMSO or DMF
    Injection: 1 x 2.5 mL
    Detection: DAD scan range 210-400 nm
      MS ESI+, ESI-, scan range 160-1000 m/z
    1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 8.86 (1H), 8.18 (1H), 7.76 (1H), 7.64 (1H), 6.80 (1H), 6.73 (1H), 6.38 (1H), 6.34 (1H), 4.63 (2H), 4.15 (2H), 4.09 (2H), 2.89 (3H), 2.29 (2H).

    Example 9:


    14,18-Difluoro-7-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-2,3-dihydro-10H-9,5-(azeno)-11,15-(metheno)-1,4,10,12-benzodioxadiazacycloheptadecine



    [0501] 


    Preparation of Intermediate 9.1:


    2-({6-Chloro-4-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]pyridin-2-yl}oxy)ethanol



    [0502] 



    [0503] Intermediate 8.1 was prepared from 2,6-dichloro-4-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]pyridine (see Intermediate 3.3) under similar conditions as described in the preparation protocol for Intermediate 3.4 using ethylene glycol.
    1H NMR (300MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 6.94 (1H), 6.66 (1H), 4.46 (2H), 3.96 (2H), 3.56 (2H), 2.54 (1H), 2.03 (3H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 9.2:


    4-{2-[2-({6-Chloro-4-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]pyridin-2-yl}oxy)ethoxy]-4-fluorophenyl}-5-fluoropyridin-2-amine



    [0504] 



    [0505] A solution of diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (0.87 mL; 4.50 mmol) in THF (3.5 mL) was added dropwise to a mixture of 2-({6-chloro-4-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]pyridin-2-yl}oxy)ethanol (0.96 g; 4.11 mmol), 2-(2-amino-5-fluoropyridin-4-yl)-5-fluorophenol (1.00 g; 4.50 mmol; see Intermediate 3.7) and triphenylphosphine (1.18 g; 4.50 mmol) in THF (17.7 mL) and the batch was stirred at room temperature for 6 hours. Additional triphenylphosphine (0.54 g; 2.06 mmol) and diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (0.41 mL; 1.03 mmol) were added and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 6 hours before it was concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (hexane / ethyl acetate 15% to 65%) to give the desired product (1.00 g; 2.28 mmol).
    1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 7.89 (1H), 7.26 (1H), 6.94 (1H), 6.80 (2H), 6.61 (1H), 6.57 (1H), 4.61 (2H), 4.34 (2H), 3.57 (2H), 2.04 (3H).

    Preparation of end product:



    [0506] A mixture of 4-{2-[2-({6-chloro-4-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]pyridin-2-yl}oxy)ethoxy]-4-fluorophenyl} - 5-fluoropyridin-2-amine (500 mg; 1.14 mmol), chloro(2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',4',6'-tri-iso-propyl-1,1'-biphenyl)[2-(2-aminoethyl)phenyl] palladium(II) methyl-tert-butylether adduct (94 mg; 0.11 mmol; ABCR GmbH & CO. KG) and 2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)-2',4',6'-triisopropylbiphenyl (54 mg; 0.11 mmol; Aldrich Chemical Company Inc.) and potassium phosphate (1212 mg; 5.71 mmol) in toluene (85 ml) and NMP (10 mL) was stirred under an atmosphere of argon at 110°C in a closed vessel for 4.5 hours. After cooling, the batch was diluted with DCM and ethyl acetate and washed with aqueous sodium chloride solution. The organic layer was filtered using a Whatman filter and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (hexane to hexane / ethyl acetate 50%) to give the desired product (445 mg; 1.11 mmol) that still contained some impurities.

    [0507] For biological testing, 50 mgs of this material were additionally purified by preparative HPLC to give the pure product.
    System: Waters Autopurificationsystem: Pump 2545, Sample Manager 2767, CFO, DAD 2996, ELSD 2424, SQD
    Column: XBrigde C18 5µm 100x30 mm
    Solvent: A = H2O + 0.2% NH3 (32%)
      B = MeCN
    Gradient: 0.00 - 0.50 min 5% B, 25 mL/min
      0.51 - 5.50 min 10-100% B, 70 mL/min
      5.51 - 6.50 min 100% B, 70 mL/min
    Temperature: RT
    Solution: Max. 250 mg / max. 2.5 mL DMSO or DMF
    Injection: 1 x 2.5 mL
    Detection: DAD scan range 210-400 nm
      MS ESI+, ESI-, scan range 160-1000 m/z
    1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 8.36 (1H), 8.10 (1H), 7.74 (1H), 7.68 (1H), 6.82 (1H), 6.74 (1H), 6.41 (1H), 6.36 (1H), 4.73 (2H), 4.32 (2H), 3.57 (2H), 2.07 (3H).

    Example 10:


    (rac)-14,18-difluoro-7-[(methylsulfinyl)methyl]-2,3-dihydro-10H-9,5-(azeno)-11,15-(metheno)-1,4,10,12-benzodioxadiazacycloheptadecine



    [0508] 



    [0509] Iron(III)chloride (3 mg; 0.02 mmol) was added to a mixture of 14,18-difluoro-7-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-2,3-dihydro-10H-9,5-(azeno)-11,15-(metheno)-1,4,10,12-benzodioxadiazacycloheptadecine (250 mg; 0.62 mmol; see Example 9) in acetonitrile (15.2 mL) and the batch was stirred at room temperature for 10 minutes. The batch was cooled to 0°C and periodic acid (151 mg; 0.66 mmol) was added under stirring in one portion. After 90 minutes the ice bath was removed and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 5 hours before it was added to a stirred solution of sodium thiosulfate pentahydrate (865 mg; 3.49 mmol) in ice water (18.4 mL). The batch was saturated with solid sodium chloride and extracted twice with THF and twice with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were filtered using a Whatman filter and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (DCM to DCM / ethanol 50%) to give the desired product (141 mg; 0.34 mmol).
    1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 8.29 (1H), 8.13 (1H), 7.66 (2H), 6.81 (1H), 6.73 (1H), 6.35 (1H), 6.31 (1H), 4.72 (2H), 4.41 (2H), 3,88 (2H), 2.59 (3H).

    Example 11:


    (rac)-14,18-difluoro-7-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-2,3-dihydro-10H-9,5-(azeno)-11,15-(metheno)-1,4,10,12-benzodioxadiazacycloheptadecine



    [0510] 



    [0511] Concentrated sulphuric acid (0.13 mL) was added dropwise to a stirred mixture of (rac)-14,18-difluoro-7-[(methylsulfinyl)methyl]-2,3-dihydro-10H-9,5-(azeno)-11,15-(metheno)-1,4,10,12-benzodioxadiazacycloheptadecine (100 mg; 0.24 mmol; see Example 10) and sodium azide (31 mg; 0.47 mmol) in chloroform (0.41 mL) at 0°C. The ice bath was removed and the mixture was stirred for 5.5 hours at 45°C. After cooling additional sodium azide (31 mg; 0.48 mmol) was added and the mixture was stirred for additional 16 hours at 45°C. While cooling with an ice bath, saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution and saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution was added dropwise under stirring. The mixture was extracted twice with ethyl acetate and twice with THF. The combined organic layers were filtered using a Whatman filter and concentrated. The residue was purified by preparative HPLC to give the desired product (24 mg; 0.06 mmol).
    System: Waters Autopurificationsystem: Pump 2545, Sample Manager 2767, CFO, DAD 2996, ELSD 2424, SQD
    Column: XBrigde C18 5µm 100x30 mm
    Solvent: A = H2O + 0.2% NH3 (32%)
      B = MeCN
    Gradient: 0.00 - 0.50 min 5% B, 25 mL/min
      0.51 - 5.50 min 10-100% B, 70 mL/min
      5.51 - 6.50 min 100% B, 70 mL/min
    Temperature: RT
    Solution: Max. 250 mg / max. 2.5 mL DMSO or DMF
    Injection: 1 x 2.5 mL
    Detection: DAD scan range 210-400 nm
      MS ESI+, ESI-, scan range 160-1000 m/z
    1H-NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300 K): δ [ppm] = 9.74 (1H), 8.24 (1H), 8.13 (1H), 7.63 (1H), 7.12 (1H), 6.94 (1H), 6.51 (1H), 6.36 (1H), 4.59 (2H), 4.36 (2H), 4.31 (2H), 3.75 (1H), 2.87 (3H).

    Example 12:


    16,20-Difluoro-9-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-12H-11,7-(azeno)-13,17-(metheno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadecine



    [0512] 


    Preparation of Intermediate 12.1:


    4-({6-Chloro-4-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]pyridin-2-yl}oxy)butan-1-ol)



    [0513] 



    [0514] Intermediate 11.1 was prepared from 2,6-dichloro-4-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]pyridine (see Intermediate 3.3) under similar conditions as described in the preparation protocol for Intermediate 3.4 using butane-1,4-diol.
    1H NMR (300MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 6.90 (1H), 6.59 (1H), 4.34 (2H), 3.74 (2H), 3.55 (2H), 2.03 (3H), 1.88 (2H), 1.74 (2H), 1.61 (1H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 12.2:


    4-{2-[4-({6-chloro-4-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]pyridin-2-yl}oxy)butoxy]-4-fluorophenyl}-5-fluoropyridin-2-amine



    [0515] 



    [0516] A solution of diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (0.89 mL; 4.50 mmol) in THF (3.5 mL) was added dropwise to a mixture of 4-({6-chloro-4-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]pyridin-2-yl}oxy)butan-1-ol (1.08 g; 4.11 mmol), 2-(2-amino-5-fluoropyridin-4-yl)-5-fluorophenol (1.00 g; 4.50 mmol; see Intermediate 3.7) and triphenylphosphine (1.18 g; 4.50 mmol) in THF (17.7 mL) and the batch was stirred at room temperature for 6 hours. Additional triphenylphosphine (0.54 g; 2.06 mmol) and diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (0.41 mL; 1.03 mmol) were added and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 6 hours before it was concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (hexane to hexane / ethyl acetate 60%) to give the desired product (1.87 g; 4.01 mmol).
    1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 7.94 (1H), 7.23 (1H), 6.90 (1H), 6.74 (2H), 6.57 (1H), 6.52 (1H), 4.53 (2H), 4.31 (2H), 4.05 (2H), 3.56 (2H), 2.03 (3H), 1.88 (4H).

    Preparation of end product:



    [0517] A mixture of 4-{2-[4-({6-chloro-4-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]pyridin-2-yl}oxy)butoxy]-4-fluorophenyl} - 5-fluoropyridin-2-amine (1000 mg; 2.15 mmol), chloro(2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',4',6'-tri-iso-propyl-1,1'-biphenyl)[2-(2-aminoethyl)phenyl] palladium(II) methyl-tert-butylether adduct (177 mg; 0.22 mmol; ABCR GmbH & CO. KG) and 2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)-2',4',6'-triisopropylbiphenyl (102 mg; 0.22 mmol; Aldrich Chemical Company Inc.) and potassium phosphate (2278 mg; 10.73 mmol) in toluene (160 ml) and NMP (20 mL) was stirred under an atmosphere of argon at 110°C in a closed vessel for 4.5 hours. After cooling, the batch was diluted with DCM and ethyl acetate and washed with aqueous sodium chloride solution. The organic layer was filtered using a Whatman filter and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (hexane to hexane / ethyl acetate 50%) to give the desired product (732 mg; 1.70 mmol).
    1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 8.36 (1H), 8.18 (1H), 7.51 (1H), 7.33 (1H), 6.79 (1H), 6.76 (1H), 6.25 (1H), 6.23 (1H), 4.42 (2H), 4.10 (2H), 3.54 (2H), 2.19 (2H), 2.05 (3H), 1.95 (2H).

    Example 13:


    (rac)-16,20-Difluoro-9-[(methylsulfinyl)methyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-12H-11,7-(azeno)-13,17-(metheno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadecine



    [0518] 



    [0519] Iron(III)chloride (3 mg; 0.02 mmol) was added to a mixture of 16,20-difluoro-9-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-12H-11,7-(azeno)-13,17-(metheno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadecine (250 mg; 0.58 mmol; see Example 12) in acetonitrile (14.2 mL) and the batch was stirred at room temperature for 10 minutes. The batch was cooled to 0°C and periodic acid (142 mg; 0.62 mmol) was added under stirring in one portion. After 4 hours at 0°C, the mixture was added to a stirred solution of sodium thiosulfate pentahydrate (809 mg; 3.26 mmol) in ice water (17.2 mL). The batch was saturated with solid sodium chloride and extracted twice with THF and twice with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were filtered using a Whatman filter and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (DCM to DCM / ethanol 35%) to give the desired product (204 mg; 0.46 mmol).
    1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 8.35 (1H), 8.19 (1H), 7.62 (1H), 7.33 (1H), 6.78 (1H), 6.75 (1H), 6.22 (1H), 6.19 (1H), 4.43 (2H), 4.10 (2H), 3.90 (1H), 3.80 (1H), 2.56 (3H), 2.18 (2H), 1.95 (2H).

    Example 14:


    (rac)-16,20-difluoro-9-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-12H-11,7-(azeno)-13,17-(metheno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadecine



    [0520] 



    [0521] Concentrated sulphuric acid (0.12 mL) was added dropwise to a stirred mixture of (rac)-16,20-difluoro-9-[(methylsulfinyl)methyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-12H-11,7-(azeno)-13,17-(metheno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadecine (100 mg; 0.22 mmol; see Example 13) and sodium azide (29 mg; 0.45 mmol) in chloroform (0.38 mL) at 0°C. The ice bath was removed and the mixture was stirred for 6 hours at 45°C. After cooling additional sodium azide (29 mg; 0.45 mmol) was added and the mixture was stirred for additional 16 hours at 45°C. While cooling with an ice bath, saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution and saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution was added dropwise under stirring. The mixture was extracted twice with ethyl acetate and twice with THF. The combined organic layers were filtered using a Whatman filter and concentrated. The residue was purified by preparative HPLC to give the desired product (10 mg; 0.02 mmol).
    System: Waters Autopurificationsystem: Pump 2545, Sample Manager 2767, CFO, DAD 2996, ELSD 2424, SQD
    Column: XBrigde C18 5µm 100x30 mm
    Solvent: A = H2O + 0.2% NH3 (32%)
      B = MeCN
    Gradient: 0.00 - 0.50 min 5% B, 25 mL/min
      0.51 - 5.50 min 10-100% B, 70 mL/min
      5.51 - 6.50 min 100% B, 70 mL/min
    Temperature: RT
    Solution: Max. 250 mg / max. 2.5 mL DMSO or DMF
    Injection: 1 x 2.5 mL
    Detection: DAD scan range 210-400 nm
      MS ESI+, ESI-, scan range 160-1000 m/z
    1H-NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 300 K): δ [ppm] = 9.73 (1H), 8.33 (1H), 8.18 (1H), 7.34 (1H), 7.12 (1H), 6.87 (1H), 6.54 (1H), 6.25 (1H), 4.33 (2H), 4.27 (2H), 4.13 (2H), 3.74 (1H), 2.87 (3H), 2.01 (2H), 1.84 (2H).

    Example 15:


    (rac)-15,19-difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-12,16-(azeno)-10,6-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine



    [0522] 


    Preparation of Intermediate 15.1:


    (rac)-2-Chloro-5-fluoro-4-[4-fluoro-2-(3-{3-[(methylsulfinyl)methyl]-5-nitrophenoxy}propoxy)phenyl]pyrimidine



    [0523] 



    [0524] Iron(III)chloride (6 mg; 0.04 mmol) was added to a mixture of 2-chloro-5-fluoro-4-[4-fluoro-2-(3-{3-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-5-nitrophenoxy}propoxy)phenyl]pyrimidine (650 mg; 1.35 mmol; see Intermediate 2.2) in acetonitrile (33 mL) and the batch was stirred at room temperature for 10 minutes. The batch was cooled to 0°C and periodic acid (329 mg; 1.44 mmol) was added under stirring in one portion. The mixture was stirred 0°C for 40 minutes. The ice bath was removed and the mixture was stirred for additional 50 minutes at RT before it was added to a stirred solution of sodium thiosulfate pentahydrate (1874 mg; 7.55 mmol) in ice water (40 mL). The batch was saturated with solid sodium chloride and extracted twice with THF and twice with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were filtered using a Whatman filter and concentrated to give the crude product (673 mg) which was used in the next step without further purification.
    1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 8.54 (1H), 7.78 (1H), 7.75 (1H), 7.54 (1H), 7.22 (1H), 6.85 (1H), 6.79 (1H), 4.26 (2H), 4.18 (2H), 4.06 (1H), 3.94 (1H), 2.56 (3H), 2.29 (2H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 15.2:


    (rac)-N-[(3-{3-[2-(2-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidin-4-yl)-5-fluorophenoxy]propoxy}-5-nitrobenzyl)(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoroacetamide



    [0525] 



    [0526] To a suspension of crude (rac)-2-chloro-5-fluoro-4-[4-fluoro-2-(3-{3-[(methylsulfinyl)methyl]-5-nitrophenoxy}propoxy)phenyl]pyrimidine (670 mg; 1.35 mmol), trifluoroacetamide (304 mg; 2.69 mmol), magnesium oxide (217 mg; 5.38 mmol) and rhodium(II)-acetate dimer (15 mg; 0.03 mmol) in DCM (10.0 mL) was added iodobenzene diacetate (650 mg; 2.02 mmol) at room temperature. The batch was stirred for 18 hours at room temperature, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product (997 mg) which was used in the next step without further purification.

    Preparation of Intermediate 15.3:


    (rac)- N-[(3-amino-5-{3-[2-(2-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidin-4-yl)-5-fluorophenoxy]propoxy}benzyl)(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoroacetamide



    [0527] 



    [0528] Titanium(III)chloride solution (approx. 15% in approx. 10% hydrochloric acid, 11.3 mL; Merck Schuchardt OHG) was added to a stirred solution of crude (rac)-N-[(3-{3-[2-(2-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidin-4-yl)-5-fluorophenoxy]propoxy}-5-nitrobenzyl)(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoroacetamide (997 mg) in THF (24 mL) at room temperature. The batch was stirred for 3 hours. By addition of solid sodium carbonate the pH of the mixture was adjusted to approximately 6. A saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution was added and the mixture was extracted three times with ethyl acetate/THF 1:1. The combined organic layers were filtered using a Whatman filter and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (hexane to hexane/ethyl acetate 50%) to give the desired product (368 mg; 0.64 mmol).
    1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3, 300K) δ = 8.48 (1H), 7.53 (1H), 6.84 (1H), 6.78 (1H), 6.30 (2H), 6.24 (1H), 4.64 (1H), 4.58 (1H), 4.22 (2H), 4.02 (2H), 3.84 (2H), 3.15 (3H), 2.21 (2H).

    Preparation of end product:



    [0529] A mixture of (rac)-N-[(3-amino-5-{3-[2-(2-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidin-4-yl)-5-fluorophenoxy]propoxy}benzyl)(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoroacetamide (366 mg; 0.63 mmol), chloro(2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',4',6'-tri-iso-propyl-1,1'-biphenyl) [2-(2-aminoethyl)phenyl] palladium(II) methyl-tert-butylether adduct (52 mg; 0.06 mmol; ABCR GmbH & CO. KG) and 2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)-2',4',6'-triisopropylbiphenyl (30 mg; 0.06 mmol; Aldrich Chemical Company Inc.) and potassium phosphate (671 mg; 3.16 mmol) in toluene (47.3 ml) and NMP (5.8 mL) was stirred under an atmosphere of argon at 110°C in a closed vessel for 3 hours. After cooling, the batch was diluted with THF and ethyl acetate and washed with aqueous sodium chloride solution. The organic layer was filtered using a Whatman filter. Water (10 mL), MeOH (10 mL) and potassium carbonate (500 mg) were added and the mixture was stirred for 45 minutes. The organic layer was filtered using a Whatman filter and concentrated. The residue was purified by preparative HPLC to give the desired product (65 mg; 0.25 mmol) and (rac)-N-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-12,16-(azeno)-10,6-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoroacetamide (50 mg; 0.09 mmol; Example 16).
    System: Waters Autopurificationsystem SQD
    Column: Waters XBrigde C18 5µ 100x30mm
    Solvent: A: H2O + 0.1% Vol. formic acid (99%)
      B: MeOH
    Gradient: ,0,00-0,50 min 50% B (25→70 mL/min), 0,51-5,50 min 50-80% B (70 mL/min),
    Temperature: Rt
    Solution: 664 mg / 5 mL DMSO
    Injection: 5 x 1 mL
    Detection: DAD scan: 210-400 nm; MS ESI-Pos., scan range 160-1000 m/z
       
     Retention time in minPurity in %Amount in mg
    Example 15 3,6 - 4,2 > 99% 65
    Example 16 5,2 - 5,7 98% 50
    1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6, 300K) δ = 9.81 (1H), 8.72 (1H), 8.67 (1H), 7.61 (1H), 7.20 (1H), 6.92 (1H), 6.75 (1H), 6.49 (1H), 4.21 (6H), 3.52 (1H), 2.82 (3H), 2.15 (2H).

    Example 16:


    (rac)-N-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-12,16-(azeno)-10,6-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoroacetamide



    [0530] 



    [0531] Example 16 was formed and isolated as a side product during the preparation of Example 15.
    1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6, 300K) δ = 9.95 (1H), 8.80 (1H), 8.68 (1H), 7.61 (1H), 7.21 (1H), 6.91 (1H), 6.79 (1H), 6.51 (1H), 4.94 (2H), 4.21 (4H), 3.43 (3H), 2.14 (2H).

    Example 17:


    (rac)-1-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]-3-ethylurea



    [0532] 



    [0533] Under an atmosphere of argon, to a solution of (rac)-15,19-Difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine (15 mg, 0.034 mmol; see Example 5) in DMF (0.55 ml) was added dropwise triethylamine (4.69 µl, 0.034 mmol) and ethyl isocyanate (2.71 µl, 0.034 mmol, 98% purity) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature and was then diluted with a mixture of water/acetonitrile (1 ml). The resulting mixture was directly purified by preparative HPLC [Method 1] and the desired compound (13 mg, 0.02 mmol) was obtained.
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.74 (s, 1 H), 8.68 (d, 1 H), 8.33 (d, 1 H), 7.54 - 7.64 (m, 1 H), 7.08 (dd, 1 H), 6.90 (td, 1 H), 6.80 (br. s., 1 H), 6.63 (s, 1 H), 6.28 (s, 1 H), 4.67 - 4.78 (m, 2 H), 4.44 - 4.58 (m, 2 H), 4.13 (t, 2 H), 3.12 (br. s., 3 H), 2.96 - 3.06 (m, 2 H), 2.04 - 2.14 (m, 2 H), 1.00 (t, 3 H).

    Example 18:


    (rac)-N-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]acetamide



    [0534] 



    [0535] To a cooled solution of (rac)-15,19-difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine (27 mg, 0.06 mmol; see Example 5) in DCM (2ml) was added triethylamine (0.021 ml, 0.151 mmol) and acetylchloride (5 µl, 0.067 mmol) at 0° C. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature.

    [0536] The reaction mixture was quenched with water and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by preparative HPLC [Method 1] and the desired compound (3.2 mg, 0.01 mmol) was obtained.
    1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.85 (s, 1 H), 8.69 (d, 1 H), 8.33 (d, 1 H), 7.59 (d, 1 H), 7.09 (dd, 1 H), 6.91 (td, 1 H), 6.61 (s, 1 H), 6.26 (s, 1 H), 4.76 (s, 2 H), 4.53 (t, 2 H), 4.13 (t, 2 H), 3.22 (s, 3 H), 2.06 - 2.13 (m, 2 H), 1.97 (s, 3 H).

    Example 19:


    (rac)-8- [(N,S-dimethylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine



    [0537] 



    [0538] Under an atmosphere of argon, potassium tert-butoxide (10.1 mg, 0.09 mmol) was added portionwise at room temperature to a solution of (rac)-15,19-difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine (20 mg, 0.045 mmol; see Example 5) in anhydrous THF (0.5 ml). The reaction mixture was stirred for 1 hour at room temperature, after which methyl iodide (3.35 µl, 0.054 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature and was then diluted with a mixture of water/acetonitrile (1ml). The resulting mixture was directly purified by preparative HPLC [Method 1] and the desired compound (2.7 mg, 0.01 mmol) was obtained.
    1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.86 (s, 1 H), 8.69 (d, 1 H), 8.34 (d, 1 H), 7.56 - 7.62 (m, 1 H), 7.09 (dd, 1 H), 6.91 (td, 1 H), 6.63 (s, 1 H), 6.32 (s, 1 H), 4.86 - 4.95 (m, 2 H), 4.49 - 4.57 (m, 2 H), 4.10 - 4.16 (m, 2 H), 3.34 (s, 3 H), 2.83 (s, 3 H), 2.10 (d, 2 H).

    Example 20:


    (rac)-ethyl [{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]carbamate



    [0539] 



    [0540] To a solution of (rac)-15,19-difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine (15 mg, 0.034 mmol; see Example 5) in pyridine (0.5 ml) was added ethyl chloroformate (4.5 µl, 0.047 mmol) at room temprature. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature and then quenched with a mixture of water/acetonitrile (1ml). The resulting mixture was directly purified by preparative HPLC [Method 1] and the desired compound (11.5 mg, 0.02 mmol) was obtained.
    1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.84 (s, 1 H), 8.68 (d, 1 H), 8.33 (d, 1 H), 7.59 (ddd, 1 H), 7.09 (dd, 1 H), 6.91 (td, 1 H), 6.61 (s, 1 H), 6.27 (s, 1 H), 4.73 - 4.81 (m, 2 H), 4.49 - 4.56 (m, 2 H), 4.10 - 4.17 (m, 2 H), 3.96 - 4.05 (m, 2 H), 3.27 (s, 3 H), 2.06 - 2.15 (m, 2 H), 1.18 (t, 3 H).

    Example 21:


    (rac)-2-chloroethyl [{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]carbamate



    [0541] 



    [0542] To a solution of (rac)-15,19-difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine (25 mg, 0.056 mmol; see Example 5) in pyridine (0.84 ml) was added 2-Chloroethyl chloroformate (7.5 µl, 0.078 mmol; CAS-RN 627-11-2) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature, prior to the addition of more ethyl chloroformate (5 µl, 0.056 mmol, 1 eq) due to incomplete conversion. After 5 hours of stirring, the reaction mixture was quenched with a mixture of water/acetonitrile (1 ml).

    [0543] The resulting mixture was directly purified by preparative HPLC [Method 1] and the desired compound (23 mg, 0.04 mmol) was obtained.
    1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.84 (s, 1 H), 8.68 (d, 1 H), 8.34 (d, 1 H), 7.56 - 7.62 (m, 1 H), 7.09 (dd, 1 H), 6.91 (td, 1 H), 6.61 (s, 1 H), 6.28 (s, 1 H), 4.77 - 4.85 (m, 2 H), 4.49 - 4.56 (m, 2 H), 4.19 - 4.28 (m, 2 H), 4.10 - 4.15 (m, 2 H), 3.81 (t, 2 H), 3.30 (s, 3 H), 2.05 - 2.15 (m, 2 H).

    Example 22:


    (rac)-N-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]methanesulfonamide



    [0544] 



    [0545] To a solution of (rac)-15,19-difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine (10 mg, 0.018 mmol; see Example 5) in DCM (0.55 ml) was added DMAP (0.22 mg, 0.002 mmol) and triethylamine (2.98 µl, 0.021 mmol) at room temperature, followed by a solution of mesyl chloride (1.66 µl, 0.021 mmol) in DCM (0.2 ml). The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature.

    [0546] The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and was then diluted with a mixture of water/acetonitrile (1ml). The resulting mixture was directly purified by preparative HPLC [Method 1] and the desired compound (4.1 mg, 0.01 mmol) was obtained.
    1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.87 (s, 1 H), 8.68 (d, 1 H), 8.34 (s, 1 H), 7.59 (t, 1 H), 7.09 (d, 1 H), 6.91 (t, 1 H), 6.67 (s, 1 H), 6.33 (s, 1 H), 4.84 (br. s, 2 H), 4.47 - 4.60 (m, 2 H), 4.07 - 4.18 (m, 2 H), 3.37 (s, 3 H), 3.01 (s, 3 H), 2.05 - 2.15 (m, 2 H).

    Example 23:


    (rac)-2-amino-N-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]ethanesulfonamide



    [0547] 


    Preparation of Intermediate 23.1:


    (rac)-N-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]-2-(1,3-dioxo-1,3-dihydro-2H-isoindol-2-yl)ethanesulfonamide



    [0548] 



    [0549] Under an atmosphere of argon, to a solution of (rac)-15,19-difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine (25 mg, 0.056 mmol; see Example 5) in DCM (0.71 ml) was added 2-(1,3-dioxo-1,3-dihydro-2H-isoindol-2-yl)ethanesulfonyl chloride (18.39 mg, 0.067 mmol) at room temperature. After 30 min of stirring, pyridine (9 µl, 0.112 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature, prior to the addition of a further portion of 2-(1,3-dioxo-1,3-dihydro-2H-isoindol-2-yl)ethanesulfonyl chloride (15.32 mg, 0.056 mmol) due to incomplete conversion.

    [0550] After 7 hours of stirring at room temperature, the reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the crude was diluted with a mixture of water/acetonitrile (1 ml). The resulting mixture was directly purified by preparative HPLC [Method 1] and the desired compound (20 mg, 0.03 mmol) was obtained.
    1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.82 (s, 1 H), 8.61 (d, 1 H), 8.29 (d, 1 H), 7.75 - 7.85 (m, 4 H), 7.53 - 7.60 (m, 1 H), 7.06 (dd, 1 H), 6.90 (td, 1 H), 6.65 (s, 1 H), 6.30 (s, 1 H), 4.77 - 4.86 (m, 2 H), 4.45 - 4.56 (m, 2 H), 4.06 - 4.12 (m, 2 H), 3.87 - 4.01 (m, 2 H), 3.41 (t, 2 H), 3.36 (s, 3 H), 2.04 - 2.12 (m, 2 H).

    Preparation of end product



    [0551] To a solution of (rac)-N-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]-2-(1,3-dioxo-1,3-dihydro-2H-isoindol-2-yl)ethanesulfonamide (16 mg, 0.023 mmol) in ethanol (0.7 ml) was added methylamine (43 µl, 0.351 mmol, 15 eq) (solution 33% WT. in absolute ethanol) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was heated to 50 °C and stirred overnight at this temperature, prior to the addition of more methylamine solution (30 µl, 0.24 mmol) due to incomplete conversion. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at 50 °C and then concentrated in vacuo. The crude was diluted with a mixture of water/acetonitrile (1ml) and the resulting mixture was directly purified by preparative HPLC [Method 1]. The desired compound was obtained as its TFA salt (see Example 24), which was then dissolved in ethyl acetate and washed with an aqueous solution of sodium bicarbonate. After phase separation, the aqueous phase was extracted twice with ethyl acetate and the combined organic phases were dried over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The free amine (8.8 mg, 0.02 mmol) was obtained.
    1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.85 (s, 1 H), 8.68 (d, 1 H), 8.33 (d, 1 H), 7.58 (ddd, 1 H), 7.08 (dd, 1 H), 6.90 (td, 1 H), 6.65 (s, 1 H), 6.31 (s, 1 H), 4.79 - 4.87 (m, 2 H), 4.47 - 4.57 (m, 2 H), 4.09 - 4.16 (m, 2 H), 3.38 (s, 3 H), 3.14 (t, 2 H), 2.86 - 2.95 (m, 2 H), 2.06 - 2.14 (m, 2 H).

    Example 24:


    (rac)-2-{[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]sulfamoyl}ethanaminium trifluoroacetate



    [0552] 



    [0553] Example 24 was formed during the preparation of Example 23.
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.86 (s, 1 H), 8.68 (d, 1 H), 8.34 (d, 1 H), 7.83 (br. s., 3 H), 7.54 - 7.63 (m, 1 H), 7.09 (dd, 1 H), 6.91 (td, 1 H), 6.64 (s, 1 H), 6.31 (s, 1 H), 4.89 (br. s, 2 H), 4.49 - 4.57 (m, 2 H), 4.10 - 4.16 (m, 2 H), 3.44 (s, 3 H), 3.37 (t, 2 H), 3.11 - 3.21 (m, 2 H), 2.06 - 2.15 (m, 2 H).

    Example 25:


    (rac)-2-aminoethyl [{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]carbamate



    [0554] 


    Preparation of Intermediate 25.1:


    (rac)-2-(1,3-dioxo-1,3-dihydro-2H-isoindol-2-yl)ethyl [{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl]}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]carbamate



    [0555] 



    [0556] Under an atmosphere of argon, to a solution of (rac)-2-chloroethyl [{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]carbamate (24 mg, 0.043 mmol; see Example 21) in DMF (0.5 ml) was added potassium phtalimide (8.84 mg, 0.048 mmol). The reaction mixture was heated to 80 °C and stirred overnight at this temperature. After cooling, the resulting mixture was directly purified by preparative HPLC [Method 1] and the desired compound (20 mg, 0.03 mmol) was obtained.
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.78 (s, 1 H), 8.67 (d, 1 H), 8.33 (d, 1 H), 7.76 - 7.95 (m, 4 H), 7.51 - 7.67 (m, 1 H), 7.08 (dd, 1 H), 6.90 (td, 1 H), 6.58 (s, 1 H), 6.25 (s, 1 H), 4.72 (br. s, 2 H), 4.48 - 4.55 (m, 2 H), 4.17 - 4.25 (m, 2 H), 4.10 - 4.15 (m, 2 H), 3.85 (t, 2 H), 3.19 (s, 3 H), 2.04 - 2.14 (m, 2 H).

    Preparation of end product:



    [0557] To a solution of (rac)-2-(1,3-dioxo-1,3-dihydro-2H-isoindol-2-yl)ethyl [{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]carbamate (18 mg, 0.027 mmol) in ethanol (0.8 ml) was added methylamine (50 µl, 0.407 mmol, 15 eq) (solution 33% wt. in anhydrous ethanol) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was heated to 50 °C and stirred for 90 min at this temperature. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the crude was directly purified by preparative HPLC [Method 1]. The desired compound was obtained as its TFA salt, which was then dissolved in ethyl acetate and washed with an aqueous solution of sodium bicarbonate. After phase separation, the aqueous phase was extracted twice with ethyl acetate and the combined organic phases were dried over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The free amine (8 mg, 0.01 mmol) was obtained.
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.83 (s, 1 H), 8.68 (d, 1 H), 8.33 (d, 1 H), 7.52 - 7.67 (m, 1 H), 7.08 (dd, 1 H), 6.90 (td, 1 H), 6.61 (s, 1 H), 6.27 (s, 1 H), 4.71 - 4.88 (m, 2 H), 4.44 - 4.63 (m, 2 H), 4.09 - 4.17 (m, 2 H), 3.88 - 3.99 (m, 2 H), 3.27 (s, 3 H), 2.75 (t, 2 H), 2.05 - 2.15 (m, 2 H).

    Example 26:


    2-({[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}sulfonyl)ethanamine



    [0558] 


    Preparation of Intermediate 26.1:


    2,6-dichloro-4-[(ethoxymethoxy)methyl]pyridine



    [0559] 



    [0560] To a solution of (2,6-dichloropyridin-4-yl)methanol (1g, 5.617 mmol; see Intermediate 3.1, CAS-RN 101990-69-6) and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (3.91 ml, 22.47 mmol) in DCE (25 ml) was added dropwise chloromethyl ethyl ether (1.042 ml, 11.235 mmol) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was heated to 70 °C and stirred for 1 h at this temperature.

    [0561] The reaction mixture was then quenched with an aqueous solution of ammonium chloride and diluted with DCM. After phase separation, the aqueous phase was extracted twice with DCM. The combined organic phases were dried over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The desired compound (1.30 g, 5.34 mmol) was obtained without any further purification.
    1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 7.51 (t, 2 H), 4.74 (s, 2 H), 4.64 (s, 2 H), 3.56 (q, 2 H), 1.12 (t, 3 H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 26.2:


    3-({6-chloro-4-[(ethoxymethoxy)methyl]pyridin-2-yl}oxy)propan-1-ol



    [0562] 



    [0563] To a suspension of sodium hydride (330 mg, 8.25 mmol, 60 % in oil) in THF (140 ml) was added dropwise a solution of 1,3-propanediol (2.39 ml, 33.037 mmol) in THF (10 ml) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred for 30 min, after which a solution of 2,6-dichloro-4-[(ethoxymethoxy)methyl]pyridine (1.30 g, 5.34 mmol) in THF (10 ml) was added dropwise at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred at reflux for 3 h, prior to the addition of a further portion of sodium hydride (330 mg, 8.25 mmol, 60 % in oil) at room temperature, due to incomplete conversion. After 48 h of stirring under reflux, the reaction mixture was cooled, quenched with water (120 ml) and extracted three times with ethyl acetate. After phase separation, the combined organic phases were dried over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The crude was purified by preparative HPLC [Method 1] and the desired compound (1.154 g, 4.06 mmol) was obtained.
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 7.01 (s, 1 H), 6.74 (d, 1 H), 4.71 (s, 2 H), 4.55 (s, 2 H), 4.27 (t, 2 H), 3.50 - 3.59 (m, 4 H), 1.84 (quin, 2 H), 1.12 (t, 3 H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 26.3:


    4-{2-[3-({6-chloro-4-[(ethoxymethoxy)methyl]pyridin-2-yl}oxy)propoxy]-4-fluorophenyl}-5-fluoropyridin-2-amine



    [0564] 



    [0565] Under an atmosphere of argon, a solution of diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (1.12 ml, 5.67 mmol) in THF (3.9 mL) was added dropwise to a mixture of 3-({6-chloro-4-[(ethoxymethoxy)methyl]pyridin-2-yl}oxy)propan-1-ol (1.25 g, 4.53 mmol), 2-(2-amino-5-fluoropyridin-4-yl)-5-fluorophenol (1.103 g, 4.96 mmol; Intermediate 3.7) and triphenylphosphine (1.486 g; 5.67 mmol) in THF (19.5 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature.

    [0566] The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the crude product was diluted with a mixture of water/acetonitrile. The resulting mixture was directly purified by preparative HPLC [Method 1] and the desired compound (1.88 g, 3.58 mmol) was obtained.
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 8.01 (br. s., 1 H), 7.35 (t, 1 H), 7.13 (dd, 1 H), 7.02 (s, 1 H), 6.92 (td, 1 H), 6.73 (s, 1 H), 6.67 (br. s., 1 H), 4.71 (s, 2 H), 4.55 (s, 2 H), 4.27 (t, 2 H), 4.18 (t, 2 H), 3.55 (q, 2 H), 2.04 - 2.13 (m, 2 H), 1.11 (t, 3 H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 26.4:


    8-[(ethoxymethoxy)methyl]-15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine



    [0567] 



    [0568] Under an atmosphere of argon, a mixture of 4-{2-[3-({6-chloro-4-[(ethoxymethoxy)methyl]pyridin-2-yl}oxy)propoxy]-4-fluorophenyl}-5-fluoropyridin-2-amine (1.70 g, 3.542 mmol), chloro(2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',4',6'-triisopropyl-1,1'-biphenyl) [2-(2'-amino-1,1'-biphenyl)]palladium (II) (223 mg, 0.283 mmol, Aldrich Chemical Company Inc. CAS-RN 1310584-14-5), 2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)-2',4',6'-triisopropylbiphenyl (135 mg, 0.283 mmol, Aldrich Chemical Company Inc. CAS-RN 564483-18-7) and potassium phosphate (3.76 g; 17.71 mmol) in toluene (210 ml) and NMP (28 mL) was stirred overnight at 100 °C. After cooling, the reaction mixture was diluted with water (170 ml) and filtered through celite. The resulting mixture was extracted twice with MTBE. The combined organic phases were dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was diluted with hot methanol and after cooling; the suspension was filtered off and dried under high vacuum. 1.16 g (2.57 mmol) of the desired compound was obtained.
    1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.64 (s, 1 H), 8.72 (d, 1 H), 8.31 (d, 1 H), 7.55 - 7.62 (m, 1 H), 7.08 (dd, 1 H), 6.90 (td, 1 H), 6.57 (s, 1 H), 6.14 (s, 1 H), 4.71 (s, 2 H), 4.50 (t, 2 H), 4.46 (s, 2 H), 4.12 (t, 2 H), 3.58 (q, 2 H), 2.05 - 2.14 (m, 2 H), 1.15 (t, 3 H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 26.5 :


    [15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methanol



    [0569] 



    [0570] To a solution of 8-[(ethoxymethoxy)methyl]-15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine (577 mg, 1.30 mmol) in MeOH (60 ml) was added concentrated 37% HCl (1.087 ml, 13.01 mmol) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was heated to 60 °C and stirred at this temperature for 15 min. After cooling, the reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was diluted in DCM. The resulting solution was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated in vacuo. The isolated solid was dried under high vacuum to give 536 mg (1.39 mmol) of the desired compound, which was used without additional purification.
    1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.65 (s, 1 H), 8.75 (d, 1 H), 8.25 - 8.39 (m, 1 H), 7.54 - 7.62 (m, 1 H), 7.08 (dd, 1 H), 6.90 (td, 1 H), 6.55 (s, 1 H), 6.14 (s, 1 H), 4.49 (t, 2 H), 4.40 (s, 2 H), 4.12 (t, 2 H), 2.04 - 2.13 (m, 2 H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 26.6:


    [15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl methanesulfonate



    [0571] 



    [0572] To a solution of [15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methanol (125 mg, 0.32 mmol) and triethylamine (109 µl, 0.78 mmol) in THF (6.5 ml) was added dropwise mesyl chloride (30 µl, 0.39 mmol) at 0 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred for 1 h at room temperature.

    [0573] The reaction mixture was quenched with an aqueous solution of sodium bicarbonate, diluted with water and extracted three times with ethyl acetate. After phase separation, the combined organic phases were dried over sodium sulfated, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. 133 mg (0.29 mmol) of the desired compound was obtained, which was used without additional purification.
    1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.76 (s, 1 H), 8.71 (d, 1 H), 8.33 (d, 1 H), 7.55 - 7.62 (m, 1 H), 7.09 (dd, 1 H), 6.86 - 6.95 (m, 1 H), 6.60 (s, 1 H), 6.21 (s, 1 H), 5.19 (s, 2 H), 4.52 (t, 2 H), 4.13 (t, 2 H), 3.29 (s, 3 H), 2.05 - 2.13 (m, 2 H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 26.7:


    tert-butyl [2-({[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}sulfanyl)ethyl]carbamate



    [0574] 



    [0575] To a solution of 2-(Boc-amino)ethanethiol (8 µl, 0.047 mmol, CAS-RN 67385-09-5) in ethanol (1 ml) was added cesium carbonate (30.9 mg, 0.095 mmol). After 30 min of stirring at room temperature, a solution of [15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl methanesulfonate (20 mg, 0.043 mmol) in ethanol (1 ml) was added dropwise. The reaction mixture was stirred for 48 h at room temperature.

    [0576] The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the crude product was diluted with a mixture of water/acetonitrile (1 ml). The resulting mixture was directly purified by preparative HPLC [Method 1] and the desired compound (10 mg, 0.02 mmol) was obtained.
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.60 (s, 1 H), 8.71 (d, 1 H), 8.31 (d, 1 H), 7.54 - 7.63 (m, 1 H), 7.08 (dd, 1 H), 6.85 - 6.96 (m, 2 H), 6.54 (s, 1 H), 6.16 (s, 1 H), 4.50 (t, 2 H), 4.12 (br. s., 2 H), 3.61 (s, 2 H), 3.11 (q, 2 H), 2.04 - 2.14 (m, 2 H), 1.38 (s, 9 H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 26.8:


    tert-butyl [2-({[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}sulfonyl)ethyl]carbamate



    [0577] 



    [0578] To a solution of tert-butyl [2-({[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}sulfanyl)ethyl]carbamate (300 mg, 0.551 mmol) in DCM (13 ml) was added 3-chloroperoxybenzoic acid (272 mg, 1.21 mmol, 77% max) at 0 °C. After 30 min of stirring at 0 °C, the reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature. The reaction mixture was quenched with an aqueous solution of sodium bicarbonate, diluted with water and extracted twice with DCM. After phase separation, the combined organic phases were dried over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The crude was purified by preparative HPLC [Method 1] and the desired compound (132 mg, 0.23 mmol) was obtained.
    1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.78 (s, 1 H), 8.69 (d, 1 H), 8.33 (d, 1 H), 7.55 - 7.62 (m, 1 H), 7.09 (dd, 1 H), 7.03 (t, 1 H), 6.91 (td, 1 H), 6.60 (s, 1 H), 6.24 (s, 1 H), 4.52 (t, 2 H), 4.45 (s, 2 H), 4.09 - 4.16 (m, 2 H), 3.38 (q, 2 H), 3.24 (t, 2 H), 2.06 - 2.14 (m, 2 H), 1.39 (s, 9 H).

    Preparation of end product



    [0579] To a solution of tert-butyl [2-({[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}sulfonyl)ethyl]carbamate (17 mg, 0.029 mmol) in dioxane (1.1 ml) was added a solution of HCl 4N in dioxane (74 µl, 0.295 mmol). The reaction mixture was heated to 40 °C and stirred for 4 hours at this temperature. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the resulting HCl salt was then dissolved in DCM and washed with an aqueous solution of sodium bicarbonate. After phase separation, the aqueous phase was extracted twice with DCM and the combined organic phases were dried over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The free amine (11.4 mg, 0.02 mmol) was obtained.
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.75 (s, 1 H), 8.69 (d, 1 H), 8.32 (d, 1 H), 7.54 - 7.62 (m, 1 H), 7.08 (dd, 1 H), 6.90 (td, 1 H), 6.61 (s, 1 H), 6.24 (s, 1 H), 4.47 - 4.56 (m, 2 H), 4.44 (s, 2 H), 4.09 - 4.16 (m, 2 H), 3.14 (t, 2 H), 2.98 (t, 2 H), 2.04 - 2.16 (m, 2 H).

    Example 27:


    ({[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}sulfonyl)acetic acid



    [0580] 


    Preparation of Intermediate 27.1:


    8-(chloromethyl)-15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine



    [0581] 



    [0582] To a solution of [15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methanol [see Intermediate 26.5] (200 mg, 0.519 mmol) in DCM (20 ml) was added a drop of DMF and thionyl chloride (379 µl, 5.19 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 48 h at room temperature and then concentrated in vacuo. The residue was diluted with hot hexane and the suspension filtered off and dried under high vacuum. 140 mg (0.3 mmol) of the desired compound was obtained.
    1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.77 (s, 1 H), 8.70 (d, 1 H), 8.33 (d, 1 H), 7.52 - 7.66 (m, 1 H), 7.09 (dd, 1 H), 6.85 - 6.97 (m, 1 H), 6.62 (s, 1 H), 6.24 (s, 1 H), 4.63 (s, 2 H), 4.51 (t, 2 H), 4.13 (t, 2 H), 2.04 - 2.14 (m, 2 H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 27.2:


    tert-butyl ({[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}sulfanyl)acetate



    [0583] 



    [0584] To a solution of 8-(chloromethyl)-15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine (65 mg, 0.161 mmol) and tert-butyl sulfanylacetate (83 µl, 0.177 mmol, commercially available from Enamine CAS-RN 20291-99-0) in DCE (10 ml) was added N,N diisopropylethylamine (83 mg, 0.64 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature, prior to the addition of a further portion of tert-butyl sulfanylacetate (83 µl, 0.177 mmol) and N,N diisopropylethylamine (83 mg, 0.64 mmol), due to incomplete conversion.

    [0585] After 24 h of stirring, the reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the crude product was diluted with a mixture of water/acetonitrile (1 ml). The resulting mixture was directly purified by preparative HPLC [Method 1] and the desired compound (54 mg, 0.11 mmol) was obtained.
    1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.67 (s, 1 H), 8.70 (d, 1 H), 8.31 (d, 1 H), 7.54 - 7.63 (m, 1 H), 7.08 (dd, 1 H), 6.90 (td, 1 H), 6.53 (s, 1 H), 6.14 (s, 1 H), 4.50 (t, 2 H), 4.12 (t, 2 H), 3.69 (s, 2 H), 3.16 (s, 2 H), 2.04 - 2.14 (m, 2 H), 1.42 (s, 9 H).

    Preparation of Intermediate 27.3:


    tert-butyl ({[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}sulfonyl)acetate



    [0586] 



    [0587] To a solution of tert-butyl ({[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}sulfanyl)acetate (48.8 mg, 0.095 mmol) in DCM (2.3 ml) was added 3-chloroperoxybenzoic acid (46.7 mg, 0.208 mmol, 77% max) at 0 °C. After 30 min of stirring at 0 °C, the reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature. The reaction mixture was quenched with an aqueous solution of sodium bicarbonate, diluted with water and extracted twice with DCM. After phase separation, the combined organic phases were dried over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The crude was purified by preparative HPLC [Method 1] and the desired compound (17 mg, 0.03 mmol) was obtained.
    1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.80 (s, 1 H), 8.69 (d, 1 H), 8.33 (d, 1 H), 7.55 - 7.62 (m, 1 H), 7.08 (dd, 1 H), 6.85 - 6.94 (m, 1 H), 6.60 (s, 1 H), 6.20 (s, 1 H), 4.49 - 4.56 (m, 4 H), 4.27 (s, 2 H), 4.13 (t, 2 H), 2.05 - 2.16 (m, 2 H), 1.47 (s, 9 H).

    Preparation of end product:



    [0588] To a solution of tert-butyl ({[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}sulfonyl)acetate (14 mg, 0.026 mmol) in dioxane (0.5 ml) was added a solution of HCl 4N in dioxane (64 µl, 0.256 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 48 h at room temperature and then concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was diluted with a mixture of water/acetonitrile (1 ml) and the resulting mixture was directly purified by preparative HPLC [Method 2]. The desired compound (4 mg, 0.01 mmol) was obtained.
    1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 13.54 (br. s., 1 H), 9.78 (s, 1 H), 8.68 (d, 1 H), 8.32 (d, 1 H), 7.52 - 7.63 (m, 1 H), 7.08 (dd, 1 H), 6.90 (td, 1 H), 6.60 (s, 1 H), 6.20 (s, 1 H), 4.54 (s, 2 H), 4.52 (t, 2 H), 4.27 (s, 2 H), 4.13 (t, 2 H), 2.05 - 2.14 (m, 2 H).

    [0589] The following Table 1 provides an overview on the compounds described in the example section:
    Table 1
    Example No.StructureName of compound
    1

    (rac)-16,20-Difluoro-9-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-12H-13,17-(azeno)-11,7-(metheno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadecine
    2

    15,19-Difluoro-8-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-12,16-(azeno)-10,6-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine
    3

    15,19-Difluoro-8-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine
    4

    (rac)-15,19-Difluoro-8-[(methylsulfinyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine
    5

    (rac)-15,19-Difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine
    6

    15,19-Difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine; enantiomer 1
    7

    15,19-Difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine; enantiomer 2
    8

    15,19-difluoro-8-[(methylsulfonyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine
    9

    14,18-Difluoro-7-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-2,3-dihydro-10H-9,5-(azeno)-11,15-(metheno)-1,4,10,12-benzodioxadiazacycloheptadecine
    10

    (rac)-14,18-difluoro-7-[(methylsulfinyl)methyl]-2,3-dihydro-10H-9,5-(azeno)-11,15-(metheno)-1,4,10,12-benzodioxadiazacycloheptadecine
    11

    (rac)-14,18-difluoro-7-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-2,3-dihydro-10H-9,5-(azeno)-11,15-(metheno)-1,4,10,12-benzodioxadiazacycloheptadecine
    12

    16,20-Difluoro-9-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-12H-11,7-(azeno)-13,17-(metheno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadecine
    13

    (rac)-16,20-Difluoro-9-[(methylsulfinyl)methyl] -2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-12H-11,7-(azeno)-13,17-(metheno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadecine
    14

    (rac)-16,20-difluoro-9-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-12H-11,7-(azeno)-13,17-(metheno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadecine
    15

    (rac)-15,19-difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-12,16-(azeno)-10,6-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine
    16

    (rac)-N-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-12,16-(azeno)-10,6-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoroacetamide
    17

    (rac)-1-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]-3-ethylurea
    18

    (rac)-N-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl }(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]acetamide
    19

    (rac)-8-[(N,S-dimethylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine
    20

    (rac)-ethyl [{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene] carbamate
    21

    (rac)-2-chloroethyl [{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene] carbamate
    22

    (rac)-N-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]methanesulfonamide
    23

    (rac)-2-amino-N-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]ethanesulfonamide
    24

    (rac)-2-{[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]sulfamoyl}ethanaminium trifluoroacetate
    25

    (rac)-2-aminoethyl [{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene] carbamate
    26

    2-({[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}sulfonyl)ethanamine
    27

    ({[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}sulfonyl)acetic acid

    Results:



    [0590] Table 2: Inhibition for CDK9 and CDK2 of compounds according to the present invention The IC50 (inhibitory concentration at 50% of maximal effect) values are indicated in nM, "n.t." means that the compounds have not been tested in the respective assay.

    ①: Example Number

    ②: CDK9: CDK9/CycT1 kinase assay as described under Method 1a. of Materials and Methods

    ③: CDK2: CDK2/CycE kinase assay as described under Method 2. of Materials and Methods

    ④: Selectivity CDK9 over CDK2: IC50 (CDK2) / IC50 (CDK9) according to Methods 1a. and 2a. of Materials and Methods

    ⑤: high ATP CDK9: CDK9/CycT1 kinase assay as described under Method 1b. of Materials and Methods

    ⑥: high ATP CDK2: CDK2/CycE kinase assay as described under Method 2b. of Materials and Methods

    ⑦: Selectivity high ATP CDK9 over high ATP CDK2: IC50 (high ATP CDK2) / IC50 (high ATP CDK9) according to Methods 1b. and 2b. of Materials and Methods



    [0591] Noteworthily, in the CDK9 assays , as described supra in the Methods 1a. and 1b. of Materials and Methods, resolution power is limited by the enzyme concentrations, the lower limit for IC50s is about 1-2 nM in the CDK9 high ATP assay and 2-4 nM in the CDK low ATP assays. For compounds exhibiting IC50s in this range the true affinity to CDK9 and thus the selectivity for CDK9 over CDK2 might be even higher, i.e. for these compounds the selectivity factors calculated in columns 4 and 7 of Table 2, infra, are minimal values, they could be also higher.
    Table 2
    Structure
    1

    2.9 21.2 7.4 1.7 216 125.3
    2

    7.3 97.8 13.5 4.3 640 149.6
    3

    6.8 41.0 6.0 4.6 128 28.2
    4

    2.8 4.6 1.7 1.6 32.1 19.6
    5

    3.0 2.0 0.65 0.98 20.0 20.8
    6

    3.0 2.7 0.9 1.1 38.3 35.4
    7

    7.3 2.4 0.3 2.6 50.4 19.5
    8

    3.8 5.0 1.3 2.3 33.6 14.9
    9

    18.0 18200 963.7 65 >20000 >307
    10

    7.3 415 56.5 27.8 3500 125.7
    11

    2.5 180 72.6 3.0 2120 702
    12

    16.5 114 6.9 11.8 890 75.7
    13

    4.0 16.7 4.2 3.2 113 35.3
    14

    4.8 19.8 4.1 3.6 162 45.3
    15

    3.8 26 6.8 1.9 237 123.6
    16

    3.9 58.2 14.8 3.9 670 172
    17

    4.4 5.6 1.3 2.7 35.9 13.5
    18

    4.9 8.2 1.7 2.9 63.2 21.7
    19

    5.3 15.4 2.9 1.9 159 81.7
    20

    5.3 11.7 2.2 3.4 44.6 13.2
    21

    7.3 11.6 1.6 5.9 74.8 12.7
    22

    5.3 19.3 3.7 2.7 195 71.6
    23

    8.7 30.2 3.5 3.9 272 69.5
    24

    2.2 13.5 6.2 1.8 166 90.4
    25

    4.3 5.6 1.3 3.0 18 6.1
    26

    5.9 10 1.7 3.4 43.7 13.0
    27

    2.9 2.3 0.8 1.7 6.3 3.7


    [0592] Tables 3a and 3b: Inhibition of proliferation of HeLa, HeLa-MaTu-ADR, NCI-H460, DU145, Caco-2, B16F10, A2780 and MOLM-13 cells by compounds according to the present invention, determined as described under Method 3. of Materials and Methods. All IC50 (inhibitory concentration at 50% of maximal effect) values are indicated in nM, "n.t." means that the compounds have not been tested in the respective assay.

    ①: Example Number

    ②: Inhibition of HeLa cell proliferation

    ③: Inhibition of HeLa-MaTu-ADR cell proliferation

    ④: Inhibition of NCI-H460 cell proliferation

    ⑤: Inhibition of DU145 cell proliferation

    ⑥: Inhibition of Caco-2 cell proliferation

    ⑦: Inhibition of B16F10 cell proliferation

    ⑧: Inhibition of A2780 cell proliferation

    ⑨: Inhibition of MOLM-13 cell proliferation

    Table 3a: Indications represented by cell lines
    Cell lineSourceIndication
    HeLa ATCC Human cervical tumour
    HeLa-MaTu-ADR EPO-GmbH Berlin Multidrug-resistant human cervical carcinoma
    NCl-H460 ATCC Human non-small cell lung carcinoma
    DU 145 ATCC Hormone-independent human prostate carcinoma
    Caco-2 ATCC Human colorectal carcinoma
    B16F10 ATCC Mouse melanoma
    A2780 ECACC Human ovarian carcinoma
    MOLM-13 DSMZ Human acute myeloid leukemia
    Table 3b: Inhibition of proliferation
    Structure
    1

    8 n.t. 20 10 9 14 n.t. 4
    2

    62 77 56 111 30 167 n.t. n.t.
    3

    86 70 39 88 <30 81 n.t. n.t.
    4

    4 10 12 11 10 14 n.t. n.t.
    5

    2 n.t. 6 4 4 4 n.t. 2
    6

    31 5 14 4 5 7 n.t. n.t.
    7

    31 5 17 5 6 7 n.t. n.t.
    8

    12 9 20 17 11 9 n.t. n.t.
    9

    n.t n.t n.t. n.t. 811 n.t. n.t. n.t.
    10

    195 476 393 324 584 410 n.t. n.t.
    11

    94 185 186 159 158 200 n.t. n.t.
    12

    281 207 63 218 61 343 115 n.t.
    13

    n.t. 31 33 30 22 30 n.t. n.t.
    14

    11 20 19 16 13 22 n.t n.t.
    15

    9 14 30 17 17 23 n.t. n.t.
    16

    10 12 26 17 15 18 n.t. n.t.
    17

    11 25 31 36 21 n.t. n.t. n.t.
    18

    10 10 27 26 14 n.t. n.t. n.t.
    19

    31 38 49 78 33 n.t. n.t. n.t.
    20

    26 30 35 55 24 n.t. n.t. n.t.
    21

    11 15 28 31 16 n.t. n.t. n.t.
    22

    17 20 36 40 27 n.t. n.t. n.t.
    23

    57 396 741 833 422 n.t. n.t. n.t.
    24

    82 210 391 387 267 n.t. n.t. n.t.
    25

    14 32 109 123 47 n.t. n.t. n.t.
    26

    105 298 395 386 329 n.t. n.t. n.t.
    27

    1050 1280 3040 3360 2100 n.t. n.t. n.t.


    [0593] Table 4: Caco-2 permeation of compounds according to the present invention, determined as described under Method 5 of Materials and Methods.

    ①: Example Number

    ②: Concentration of test compound indicated in µM.

    ③: Papp A-B (Mari) indicated in [nm/s]

    ④: Papp B-A (Mari) indicated in [nm/s]

    ⑤: Efflux ratio (Papp B-A / Papp A-B)

    Table 4
    Structure
    1

    2 138.6 196.6 1.4
    5

    2 47 43 0.91
    8

    2 67 55 0.8
    17

    2 87 88 1
    22

    2 82 126 1.5
    23

    2 6 442 69.7
    25

    2 4 262 74.5
    26

    2 12 76 6.5


    [0594] Table 5: Stability in rat hepatocytes and t1/2 in rats after iv dosing as determined by Method 6. and Method 7. as described in Materials and Methods.

    ①: Example Number

    ②: The maximal calculated oral bioavailability (Fmax) based on stability data in rat Hepatocytes.

    ③ t1/2: terminal half-life (in h) from in vivo study after i.v. bolus dosing to rats.

    Table 5
    Structure
    1

    69% 2.2h
    5

    62% 7.2h
    15

    76% 4.9h


    [0595] Table 6: Equilibrium dissociation constants KD [1/s], dissociation rate constants koff [1/s], and target resident times [min] as determined by Method 8. as described in Materials and Methods.

    ①: Example Number

    ②: Equilibrium dissociation constant KD [1/s]

    ③: Dissociation rate constant koff [1/s]

    ④: Target resident time [min]

    Table 6
    Structure
    1

      <5,0E-5 >333
    3

      <5,0E-5 >333
    4

      <5,0E-5 >333
    5

    3,90E-10 9,30E-05 179,2
    6

      <5,0E-5 >333
    7

      <5,0E-5 >333
    8

      <5,0E-5 >333
    9

    6,70E-10 2,40E-04 69,4
    10

    2,00E-09 2,45E-03 6,8
    11

    8,40E-09 2,90E-03 5,7
    12

      <5,0E-5 >333
    13

      <5,0E-5 >333
    14

      <5,0E-5 >333
    15

      <5,0E-5 >333
    16

      <5,0E-5 >333


    [0596] Dissociation rate constants below 5E-5 s-1 are not resolvable with the present assay and are reported as < 5E-5 s-1.

    [0597] It is expected that that the prolonged residence time of macrocyclic CDK9 inhibitors according to the invention will result in a sustained inhibitory effect on CDK9 signaling, ultimately contributing to sustained target engagement and anti-tumor efficacy.


    Claims

    1. A compound of general formula (I)

    wherein

    A represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-;

    L represents a C2-C6-alkylene group,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with

    (i) one substituent selected from hydroxy, C2-C3-alkenyl, C2-C3-alkynyl, C3-C4-cycloalkyl, hydroxy-C1-C3-alkyl, -(CH2)NR6R7, and/or

    (ii) one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from halogen and C1-C3-alkyl,

    with the proviso that a C2-alkylene group is not substituted with a hydroxy group,
    or wherein
    one carbon atom of said C2-C6-alkylene group forms a three- or four-membered ring together with a bivalent group to which it is attached, wherein said bivalent group is selected from - CH2CH2-, -CH2CH2CH2-, -CH2OCH2-;

    X, Y represent CH or N with the proviso that one of X and Y represents CH and one of X and Y represents N;

    R1 represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C6-alkenyl, C3-C6-alkynyl, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl, heteroaryl, phenyl-C1-C3-alkyl- and heteroaryl-C1-C3-alkyl-,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, cyano, halogen, C1-C6-alkyl-, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C6-alkoxy-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, acetylamino-, N-methyl-N-acetylamino-, cyclic amines, -OP(=O)(OH)2, -C(=O)OH, -C(=O)NH2;

    R2 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, a bromo atom, cyano, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-;

    R3, R4 represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, a bromo atom, cyano, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-;

    R5 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, cyano, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, -C(=O)NR6R7, C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl, heteroaryl,
    wherein said C1-C6-alkyl, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl or heteroaryl group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, cyano, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, acetylamino-, N-methyl-N-acetylamino-, cyclic amines, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-;

    R6, R7 represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl, benzyl and heteroaryl,
    wherein said C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl, benzyl or heteroaryl group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, acetylamino-, N-methyl-N-acetylamino-, cyclic amines, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-, or

    R6 and R7, together with the nitrogen atom they are attached to, form a cyclic amine;

    R8 represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C3-C7-cycloalkyl-, heterocyclyl-, phenyl, benzyl and heteroaryl,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, acetylamino-, N-methyl-N-acetylamino-, cyclic amines, halo-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-fluoroalkoxy-,

    or an enantiomer, diastereomer, salt, solvate or salt of solvate thereof.
     
    2. The compound of general formula (I) according to claim 1, wherein

    A represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-;

    L represents a C2-C4-alkylene group,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from hydroxy, C3-C4-cycloalkyl, hydroxy-C1-C3-alkyl, -(CH2)NR6R7,
    and optionally with one or two or three additional substituents, identically or differently, selected from halogen and C1-C3-alkyl,
    with the proviso that a C2-alkylene group is not substituted with a hydroxy group,

    X, Y represent CH or N with the proviso that one of X and Y represents CH and one of X and Y represents N;

    R1 represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, phenyl and phenyl-C1-C3-alkyl-,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, cyano, halogen, C1-C3-alkyl-, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines, -OP(=O)(OH)2, -C(=O)OH, -C(=O)NH2;

    R2 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, a bromo atom, cyano, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-;

    R3, R4 represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, a bromo atom, cyano C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-;

    R5 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, cyano, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, -C(=O)NR6R7, C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, phenyl,
    wherein said C1-C6-alkyl, C3-C5-cycloalkyl- or phenyl group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, cyano, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-;

    R6, R7 represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, phenyl and benzyl,
    wherein said C1-C6-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, phenyl or benzyl group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-, or

    R6 and R7, together with the nitrogen atom they are attached to, form a cyclic amine;

    R8 represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, fluoro-C1-C3-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, phenyl and benzyl,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one, two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines, fluoro-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-fluoroalkoxy-,

    or an enantiomer, diastereomer, salt, solvate or salt of solvate thereof.
     
    3. The compound of general formula (I) according to any one of claims 1 or 2, wherein

    A represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-;

    L represents a C2-C4-alkylene group,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with

    (iii) one substituent selected from C3-C4-cycloalkyl and hydroxymethyl-, and/or

    (iv) one or two additional substituents, identically or differently, selected from C1-C2-alkyl,

    X, Y represent CH or N with the proviso that one of X and Y represents CH and one of X and Y represents N;

    R1 represents a group selected from C1-C4-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl- and phenyl,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, cyano, halogen, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2, -C(=O)OH;

    R2 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, cyano, methyl, methoxy-, trifluoromethyl-, trifluoromethoxy-;

    R3 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom, a chloro atom, cyano, methyl, methoxy-, trifluoromethyl-, trifluoromethoxy-;

    R4 represents a hydrogen atom or a fluoro atom;

    R5 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, cyano, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, C1-C4-alkyl-,
    wherein said C1-C4-alkyl- group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, cyano, C1-C3-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines;

    R6, R7 represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C4-alkyl-and C3-C5-cycloalkyl-,
    wherein said C1-C4-alkyl- or C3-C5-cycloalkyl- group is optionally substituted with one or two substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, cyclic amines, or

    R6 and R7, together with the nitrogen atom they are attached to, form a cyclic amine;

    R8 represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, fluoro-C1-C3-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl- and phenyl,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2,

    or an enantiomer, diastereomer, salt, solvate or salt of solvate thereof.
     
    4. The compound of general formula (I) according to any one of claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein

    A represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-;

    L represents a C2-C4-alkylene group;

    X, Y represent CH or N with the proviso that one of X and Y represents CH and one of X and Y represents N;

    R1 represents a group selected from C1-C4-alkyl-,
    wherein said group is optionally substituted with one or two or three substituents, identically or differently, selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2, -C(=O)OH;

    R2 represents a hydrogen atom;

    R3 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom;

    R4 represents a hydrogen atom;

    R5 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, cyano, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, C1-C4-alkyl-,

    R6, R7 represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C4-alkyl-and C3-C5-cycloalkyl-, or

    R6 and R7, together with the nitrogen atom they are attached to, form a cyclic amine;

    R8 represents a group selected from C1-C6-alkyl-, fluoro-C1-C3-alkyl-, C3-C5-cycloalkyl- and phenyl, wherein said group is optionally substituted with one substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, hydroxy, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-alkoxy-, -NH2,

    or an enantiomer, diastereomer, salt, solvate or salt of solvate thereof.
     
    5. The compound of general formula (I) according to any one of claim 1 to 4, wherein

    L represents a C3-C4-alkylene group,

    or an enantiomer, diastereomer, salt, solvate or salt of solvate thereof.
     
    6. The compound of general formula (I) according to claim 1, wherein

    A represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-;

    L represents a C3-C4-alkylene group;

    X, Y represent CH or N with the proviso that one of X and Y represents CH and one of X and Y represents N;

    R1 represents a methyl- group;

    R2 represents a hydrogen atom;

    R3 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, a fluoro atom;

    R4 represents a hydrogen atom;

    R5 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, C1-C4-alkyl-,

    R6, R7 represent, independently from each other, a group selected from a hydrogen atom, C1-C2-alkyl-;

    R8 represents a C1-C2-alkyl- group,

    or an enantiomer, diastereomer, salt, solvate or salt of solvate thereof.
     
    7. The compound of general formula (I) according to any one of claim 1 to 6, wherein

    R1 represents a methyl group;

    or an enantiomer, diastereomer, salt, solvate or salt of solvate thereof.
     
    8. The compound of general formula (I) according to any one of claim 1 to 7, wherein
    R3 represents a fluoro atom, and
    R4 represents a hydrogen atom.
    or an enantiomer, diastereomer, salt, solvate or salt of solvate thereof.
     
    9. The compound of general formula (I) according to any one of claim 1 to 8, wherein
    R2 represents a hydrogen atom,
    or an enantiomer, diastereomer, salt, solvate or salt of solvate thereof.
     
    10. The compound of general formula (I) according to claim 1, wherein

    A represents a bivalent group selected from the group consisting of -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5)-;

    L represents a -CH2CH2CH2- group;

    X, Y represent CH or N with the proviso that one of X and Y represents CH and one of X and Y represents N;

    R1 represents a methyl- group;

    R2 represents a hydrogen atom;

    R3 represents a fluoro atom;

    R4 represents a hydrogen atom;

    R5 represents a group selected from a hydrogen atom, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, methyl-,

    R6 represents an ethyl- group;

    R7 represents a hydrogen atom;

    R8 represents a C1-C2-alkyl- group,

    or an enantiomer, diastereomer, salt, solvate or salt of solvate thereof.
     
    11. The compound according to claim 1, which is

    - (rac)- 16,20-Difluoro-9-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-12H-13,17-(azeno)-11,7-(metheno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadecine;

    - 15,19-Difluoro-8-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-12,16-(azeno)-10,6-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine;

    - 15,19-Difluoro-8-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine;

    - (rac)-15,19-Difluoro-8-[(methylsulfinyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine;

    - (rac)-15,19-Difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine;

    - 15,19-Difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine; enantiomer 1;

    - 15,19-Difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine; enantiomer 2;

    - 15,19-difluoro-8-[(methylsulfonyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine;

    - 14,18-Difluoro-7-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-2,3-dihydro-10H-9,5-(azeno)-11,15-(metheno)-1,4,10,12-benzodioxadiazacycloheptadecine;

    - (rac)-14,18-difluoro-7-[(methylsulfinyl)methyl]-2,3-dihydro-10H-9,5-(azeno)-11,15-(metheno)-1,4,10,12-benzodioxadiazacycloheptadecine;

    - (rac)-14,18-difluoro-7-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-2,3-dihydro-10H-9,5-(azeno)-11,15-(metheno)-1,4,10,12-benzodioxadiazacycloheptadecine;

    - 16,20-Difluoro-9-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-12H-11,7-(azeno)-13,17-(metheno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadecine;

    - (rac)-16,20-Difluoro-9-[(methylsulfinyl)methyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-12H-11,7-(azeno)-13,17-(metheno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadecine;

    - (rac)-16,20-difluoro-9-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-12H-11,7-(azeno)-13,17-(metheno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadecine;

    - (rac)-15,19-difluoro-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-12,16-(azeno)-10,6-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine;

    - (rac)-N-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-12,16-(azeno)-10,6-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoroacetamide;

    - (rac)-1-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]-3-ethylurea;

    - (rac)-N-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyll(methyl)oxldo-λ6-sulfanylidene]acetamide;

    - (rac)-8-[(N,S-dimethylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecine;

    - (rac)-ethyl [{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]carbamate;

    - (rac)-2-chloroethyl [{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]carbamate;

    - (rac)-N-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]methanesulfonamide;

    - (rac)-2-amino-N-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene]ethanesulfonamide;

    - (rac)-2-{[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanylidene] sulfamoyl}ethanaminium trifluoroacetate;

    - (rac)-2-aminoethyl [{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyll(methyl)oxldo-λ6-sulfanylidene]carbamate;

    - 2-({[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}sulfonyl)ethanamine;

    - ({[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}sulfonyl)acetic acid;

    or an enantiomer, diastereomer, salt, solvate or salt of solvate thereof.
     
    12. A compound of general formula (I) according to any one of claims 1 to 11 for the use as a medicament.
     
    13. A compound of general formula (I) according to any one of claims 1 to 11 for use in the treatment and/or prophylaxis of hyper-proliferative disorders, virally induced infectious diseases and/or of cardiovascular diseases.
     
    14. A compound of general formula (I) according to any one of claims 1 to 11 for use in the treatment and/or prophylaxis of lung carcinomas, prostate carcinomas, cervical carcinomas, colorectal carcinomas, melanomas or ovarian carcinomas.
     
    15. Use of a compound of general formula (I) according to any one of claims 1 to 11 in the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of hyper-proliferative disorders, virally induced infectious diseases and/or of cardiovascular diseases.
     
    16. Use of a compound of general formula (I) according to any one of claims 1 to 11 in the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of lung carcinomas, prostate carcinomas, cervical carcinomas, colorectal carcinomas, melanomas, ovarian carcinomas or leukemias.
     
    17. Use of a compound of general formula (I) according to any one of claims 1 to 11 in the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of non-small cell lung carcinomas, hormone-independent human prostate carcinomas, multidrug-resistant human cervical carcinomas or human acute myeloid leukemias.
     
    18. A pharmaceutical combination comprising a compound according to any one of claims 1 to 11 in combination with at least one or more further active ingredients.
     
    19. The pharmaceutical combination according to claim 18 for use in the treatment and/or prophylaxis of hyper-proliferative disorders, virally induced infectious diseases and/or of cardiovascular diseases.
     
    20. The pharmaceutical combination according to claim 19 for use in the treatment and/or prophylaxis of lung carcinomas, prostate carcinomas, cervical carcinomas, colorectal carcinomas, melanomas, ovarian carcinomas or leukemias.
     
    21. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound according to any one of claims 1 to 11 in combination with an inert, nontoxic, pharmaceutically suitable adjuvant.
     
    22. The pharmaceutical composition according to claim 21 for use in the treatment and/or prophylaxis of hyper-proliferative disorders, virally induced infectious diseases and/or of cardiovascular diseases.
     
    23. The pharmaceutical composition according to claim 22 for use in the treatment and/or prophylaxis of lung carcinomas, prostate carcinomas, cervical carcinomas, colorectal carcinomas, melanomas ovarian carcinomas or leukemias.
     
    24. A compound of general formula (7)

    wherein R1, R2, R3, R4 and L are as defined according to any one of claims 1 to 10 for the compounds of general formula (I),
    or an enantiomer, diastereomer, salt, solvate or salt of solvate thereof.
     
    25. A compound of general formula (26)

    wherein R1, R2, R3, R4, A and L are as defined according to any one of claims 1 to 10 for the compounds of general formula (I),
    or an enantiomer, diastereomer, salt, solvate or salt of solvate thereof.
     
    26. A process for the preparation of a compound of formula (8), in which process a compound of the formula (7), in which R1, R2, R3, R4 and L are as defined for the compound of formula (I) according to any one of the claims 1 to 10,

    is reacted in a Palladium-catalyzed C-N cross-coupling reaction, using chloro(2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',4',6'-tri-iso-propyl-1,1'-biphenyl) [2-(2-aminoethyl)phenyl] palladium(II) methyl-tert-butylether adduct and 2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)-2',4',6'-triisopropylbiphenyl as catalyst and ligand, in the presence of an alkali carbonate or an alkali phosphate as a base, in a mixture of a C1-C3-alkylbenzene and a carboxamide based solvent,

    to give compounds of the formula (8),
    and in which process the resulting compound is optionally, if appropriate, converted with the corresponding (i) solvents and/or (ii) bases or acids to the solvates, salts and/or solvates of the salts thereof.
     
    27. A process for the preparation of a compound of formula (Ia), in which process a compound of the formula (26), in which R1, R2, R3, R4, A and L are as defined for the compound of formula (I) according to any one of the claims 1 to 10,

    is reacted in a Palladium-catalyzed C-N cross-coupling reaction, using chloro(2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',4',6'-tri-iso-propyl-1,1'-biphenyl) [2-(2-aminoethyl)phenyl] palladium(II) methyl-tert-butylether adduct and 2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)-2',4',6'-triisopropylbiphenyl as catalyst and ligand, in the presence of an alkali carbonate or an alkali phosphate as a base, in a mixture of a C1-C3-alkylbenzene and a carboxamide based solvent,
    to give compounds of the formula (Ia),

    and in which process the resulting compound is optionally, if appropriate, converted with the corresponding (i) solvents and/or (ii) bases or acids to the solvates, salts and/or solvates of the salts thereof.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verbindung der allgemeinen Formel (I)

    wobei

    A für eine zweiwertige Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)2-, - S(=O) (=NR5) -;

    L für eine C2-C6-Alkylengruppe steht,

    wobei die Gruppe wahlweise substituiert ist mit

    (i) einem Substituenten, der ausgewählt ist aus Hydroxy, C2-C3-Alkenyl, C2-C3-Alkinyl, C3-C4-Cycloalkyl, Hydroxy-C1-C3-alkyl, -(CH2)NR6R7 und/oder

    (ii) einem oder zwei oder drei Substituenten, gleich oder verschieden, ausgewählt aus Halogen und C1-C3-Alkyl,

    mit der Maßgabe, dass eine C2-Alkylengruppe nicht mit einer Hydroxygruppe substituiert ist, oder wobei

    ein Kohlenstoffatom der C2-C6-Alkylengruppe einen drei- oder viergliedrigen Ring zusammen mit einer zweiwertigen Gruppe bildet, an die es angehängt ist, wobei die zweiwertige Gruppe ausgewählt ist aus -CH2CH2-, -CH2CH2CH2-, -CH2OCH2-;

    X, Y für CH oder N stehen, mit der Maßgabe, dass eines von X und Y für CH steht und eines von X und Y für N steht;

    R1 für eine Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus C1-C6-Alkyl-, C3-C6-Alkenyl-, C3-C6-Alkinyl-, C3-C7-Cycloalkyl-, Heterocyclyl-, Phenyl-, Heteroaryl-, Phenyl-C1-C6-alkyl- und Heteroaryl-C1-C3-alkyl-,
    wobei die Gruppe wahlweise substituiert ist mit einem oder zwei oder drei Substituenten, gleich oder verschieden, die ausgewählt sind aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Hydroxy, Cyano, Halogen, C1-C6-Alkyl-, Halogen-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C6-Alkoxy-, C1-C3-Fluoralkoxy-, -NH2-, Alkylamino-, Dialkylamino-, Acetylamino-, N-Methyl-N-acetylamino-, cyclischen Aminen, -OP(=O)(OH)2, -C(=O) OH, -C(=O)NH2;

    R2 für eine Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus einem Wasserstoffatom, einem Fluoratom, einem Chloratom, einem Bromatom, Cyano, C1-C3-Alkyl-, C1-C3-Alkoxy-, Halogen-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-Fluoralkoxy-;

    R3, R4 unabhängig voneinander für eine Gruppe stehen, die ausgewählt ist aus einem Wasserstoffatom, einem Fluoratom, einem Chloratom, einem Bromatom, Cyano, C1-C3-Alkyl-, C1-C3-Alkoxy-, Halogen-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-Fluoralkoxy-;

    R5 für eine Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus einem Wasserstoffatom, Cyano, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, -C(=O)NR6R7, C1-C6-Alkyl-, C3-C7-Cycloalkyl-, Heterocyclyl-, Phenyl, Heteroaryl, wobei die C1-C6-Alkyl-, C3-C7-Cycloalkyl-, Heterocyclyl-, Phenyl- oder Heteroarylgruppe wahlweise mit einem, zwei oder drei Substituenten substituiert ist, die gleich oder verschieden sind und die ausgewählt sind aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Halogen, Hydroxy, Cyano, C1-C3-Alkyl-, C1-C3-Alkoxy-, -NH2, Alkylamino-, Dialkylamino-, Acetylamino-, N-Methyl-N-acetylamino-, cyclischen Aminen, Halogen-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-Fluoralkoxy-;

    R6, R7 unabhängig voneinander für eine Gruppe stehen, die ausgewählt ist aus einem Wasserstoffatom, C1-C6-Alkyl-, C3-C7-Cycloalkyl, Heterocyclyl, Phenyl, Benzyl und Heteroaryl,
    wobei die C1-C6-Alkyl-, C3-C7-Cycloalkyl-, Heterocyclyl-, Phenyl-, Benzyl- und Heteroarylgruppe wahlweise substituiert ist mit einem, zwei oder drei Substituenten, gleich oder verschieden, die ausgewählt sind aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Halogen, Hydroxy, C1-C3-Alkyl-, C1-C3-Alkoxy-, -NH2-, Alkylamino-, Dialkylamino-, Acetylamino-, N-Methyl-N-acetylamino-, cyclischen Aminen, Halogen-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-Fluoralkoxy- oder

    R6 und R7 zusammen mit dem Stickstoffatom, an das sie angehängt sind, ein cyclisches Amin bilden;

    R8 für eine Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus C1-C6-Alkyl-, Halo-C1-C3-alkyl, C3-C7-Cycloalkyl-, Heterocyclyl, Phenyl, Benzyl und Heteroaryl,
    wobei die Gruppe wahlweise substituiert ist mit einem, zwei oder drei Substituenten, gleich oder verschieden, die ausgewählt sind aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Halogen, Hydroxy, C1-C3-Alkyl-, C1-C3-Alkoxy-, -NH2-, Alkylamino-, Dialkylamino-, Acetylamino-, N-Methyl-N-acetylamino-, cyclischen Aminen, Halogen-C1-C3-alkyl-, C1-C3-Fluoralkoxy-,

    oder ein Enantiomer, Diastereomer, Salz, Solvat oder Salz des Solvats davon.


     
    2. Verbindung der allgemeinen Formel (I) nach Anspruch 1, wobei:

    A für eine zweiwertige Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)2-, - S(=O) (=NR5) -;

    L für eine C2-C4-Alkylengruppe steht,

    wobei die Gruppe wahlweise substituiert ist mit einem Substituenten, ausgewählt aus Hydroxy, C3-C4-Cycloalkyl, Hydroxy-C1-C3alkyl, -(CH2)NR6R7,

    und wahlweise mit einem oder zwei oder drei zusätzlichen Substituenten, gleich oder verschieden, ausgewählt aus Halogen und C1-C3-Alkyl,

    mit der Maßgabe, dass eine C2-Alkylengruppe nicht mit einer Hydroxygruppe substituiert ist,

    X, Y für CH oder N stehen, mit der Maßgabe, dass eines von X und Y für CH steht und eines von X und Y für N steht;

    R1 für eine Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus C1-C6-Alkyl-, C3-C5-Cycloalkyl-, Phenyl und Phenyl-C1-C3- alkyl-,
    wobei die Gruppe wahlweise substituiert ist mit einem oder zwei oder drei Substituenten, gleich oder verschieden, die ausgewählt sind aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Hydroxy, Cyano, Halogen, C1-C3-Alkyl-, Fluor-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C3-Alkoxy-, C1-C3-Fluoralkoxy-, -NH2-, Alkylamino-, Dialkylamino-, cyclischen Aminen, -OP(=O) (OH)2, -C(=O)OH, -C(=O)NH2;

    R2 für eine Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus einem Wasserstoffatom, einem Fluoratom, einem Chloratom, einem Bromatom, Cyano, C1-C2-Alkyl-, C1-C2-Alkoxy-, Fluor-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-Fluoralkoxy-;

    R3, R4 unabhängig voneinander für eine Gruppe stehen, die ausgewählt ist aus einem Wasserstoffatom, einem Fluoratom, einem Chloratom, einem Bromatom, Cyano C1-C2-Alkyl-, C1-C2-Alkoxy-, Fluor-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-Fluoralkoxy-;

    R5 für eine Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus einem Wasserstoffatom, Cyano, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, -C(=O)NR6R7, C1-C6-Alkyl-, C3-C5-Cycloalkyl-, Phenyl,
    wobei die C1-C6-Alkyl-, C3-C5-Cycloalkyl-, Phenylgruppe wahlweise substituiert ist mit einem, zwei oder drei Substituenten, gleich oder verschieden, die ausgewählt sind aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Halogen, Hydroxy, Cyano, C1-C3-Alkyl-, C1-C3-Alkoxy-, -NH2-, Alkylamino-, Dialkylamino-, cyclischen Aminen, Fluor-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-Fluoralkoxy-;

    R6, R7 unabhängig voneinander für eine Gruppe stehen, die ausgewählt aus einem Wasserstoffatom, C1-C6-Alkyl-, C3-C5-Cycloalkyl, Phenyl und Benzyl,
    wobei die C1-C6-Alkyl-, C3-C5-Cycloalkyl, Phenyl- und Benzylgruppe wahlweise substituiert ist mit einem, zwei oder drei Substituenten, gleich oder verschieden, die ausgewählt sind aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Halogen, Hydroxy, C1-C3-Alkyl-, C1-C3-Alkoxy-, -NH2-, Alkylamino-, Dialkylamino-, cyclischen Aminen, Fluor-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-Fluoralkoxy-, oder R6 und R7 zusammen mit dem Stickstoffatom, an das sie angehängt sind, ein cyclisches Amin bilden;

    R8 für eine Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt aus C1-C6-Alkyl-, Fluor-C1-C3-alkyl, C3-C5-Cycloalkyl, Phenyl und Benzyl,
    wobei die Gruppe wahlweise substituiert ist mit einem, zwei oder drei Substituenten, gleich oder verschieden, die ausgewählt sind aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Halogen, Hydroxy, C1-C3-Alkyl-, C1-C3-Alkoxy-, -NH2-, Alkylamino-, Dialkylamino-, cyclischen Aminen, Fluor-C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-Fluoralkoxy-,

    oder ein Enantiomer, Diastereomer, Salz, Solvat oder Salz des Solvats davon.


     
    3. Verbindung der allgemeinen Formel (I) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 oder 2, wobei:

    A für eine zweiwertige Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)2-, -S(=O) (=NR5)-;

    L für eine C2-C4-Alkylengruppe steht,
    wobei die Gruppe wahlweise substituiert ist mit

    (iii) einem Substituenten, der ausgewählt ist aus C3-C4-Cycloalkyl und Hydroxymethyl-, und/oder

    (iv) einem oder zwei zusätzlichen Substituenten, gleich oder verschieden, ausgewählt aus C1-C2-alkyl,

    X, Y für CH oder N stehen, mit der Maßgabe, dass eines von X und Y für CH steht und eines von X und Y für N steht;

    R1 für eine Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus C1-C4-Alkyl-, C3-C5-Cycloalkyl- und Phenyl,
    wobei die Gruppe wahlweise substituiert ist mit einem oder zwei oder drei Substituenten, gleich oder verschieden, die ausgewählt sind aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Hydroxy, Cyano, Halogen, C1-C2-alkyl-, C1-C2-Alkoxy-, -NH2-, -C(=O)OH;

    R2 für eine Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus einem Wasserstoffatom, einem Fluoratom, einem Chloratom, Cyano, Methyl, Methoxy-, Trifluormethyl-, Trifluormethoxy-;

    R3 für eine Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus einem Wasserstoffatom, einem Fluoratom, einem Chloratom, Cyano, Methyl, Methoxy-, Trifluormethyl-, Trifluormethoxy-;

    R4 für ein Wasserstoffatom oder ein Fluoratom steht;

    R5 für eine Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus einem Wasserstoffatom, Cyano, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, C1-C4-Alkyl-,
    wobei die C1-C4-Alkylgruppe wahlweise substituiert ist mit einem Substituenten, der ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Halogen, Hydroxy, Cyano, C1-C3-Alkoxy-, -NH2-, Alkylamino-, Dialkylamino-, cyclischen Aminen;

    R6, R7 unabhängig voneinander für eine Gruppe stehen, die ausgewählt aus einem Wasserstoffatom, C1-C4-Alkyl und C3-C5-Cycloalkyl,
    wobei die C1-C4-Alkyl- oder C3-C5-Cycloalkylgruppe wahlweise substituiert ist mit einem oder zwei Substituenten, gleich oder verschieden, die ausgewählt sind aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Hydroxy, C1-C2-Alkyl-, C1-C2-Alkoxy-, -NH2-, Alkylamino-, Dialkylamino- , cyclischen Aminen oder

    R6 und R7 zusammen mit dem Stickstoffatom, an das sie angehängt sind, ein cyclisches Amin bilden;

    R8 für eine Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt aus C1-C6-Alkyl-, Fluor-C1-C3-alkyl, C3-C5-Cycloalkyl und Phenyl,
    wobei die Gruppe wahlweise substituiert ist mit einem Substituenten, der ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Halogen, Hydroxy, C1-C2-Alkyl-, C1-C2-Alkoxy-, -NH2-,

    oder ein Enantiomer, Diastereomer, Salz, Solvat oder Salz des Solvats davon.


     
    4. Verbindung der allgemeinen Formel (I) nach einem der Ansprüche 1, 2 oder 3, wobei:

    A für eine zweiwertige Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)2-, -S(=O) (=NR5)-;

    L für eine C2-C4-Alkylengruppe steht;

    X, Y für CH oder N stehen, mit der Maßgabe, dass eines von X und Y für CH steht und eines von X und Y für N steht;

    R1 für eine Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus C1-C4-Alkyl-,
    wobei die Gruppe wahlweise substituiert ist mit einem oder zwei oder drei Substituenten, gleich oder verschieden, die ausgewählt sind aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Hydroxy, C1-C2-Alkoxy-, -NH2-, -C(=O)OH;

    R2 für ein Wasserstoffatom steht;

    R3 für eine Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus einem Wasserstoffatom, einem Fluoratom;

    R4 für ein Wasserstoffatom steht;

    R5 für eine Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus einem Wasserstoffatom, Cyano, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, C1-C4-Alkyl-,

    R6, R7 unabhängig voneinander für eine Gruppe stehen, die ausgewählt aus einem Wasserstoffatom, C1-C4-Alkyl und C3-C5-Cycloalkyl oder

    R6 und R7 zusammen mit dem Stickstoffatom, an das sie angehängt sind, ein cyclisches Amin bilden;

    R8 für eine Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt aus C1-C6-Alkyl-, Fluor-C1-C3-alkyl, C3-C5Cycloalkyl und Phenyl,
    wobei die Gruppe wahlweise substituiert ist mit einem Substituenten, der ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus Halogen, Hydroxy, C1-C2-Alkyl-, C1-C2-Alkoxy-, -NH2-,

    oder ein Enantiomer, Diastereomer, Salz, Solvat oder Salz des Solvats davon.


     
    5. Verbindung der allgemeinen Formel (I) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei:

    L für eine C3-C4-Alkylengruppe steht,

    oder ein Enantiomer, Diastereomer, Salz, Solvat oder Salz des Solvats davon.


     
    6. Verbindung der allgemeinen Formel (I) nach Anspruch 1, wobei:

    A für eine zweiwertige Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus -S(=O)2-, -S(=O) (=NR5)-;

    L für eine C3-C4-Alkylengruppe steht;

    X, Y für CH oder N stehen, mit der Maßgabe, dass eines von X und Y für CH steht und eines von X und Y für N steht;

    R1 für eine Methylgruppe steht;

    R2 für ein Wasserstoffatom steht;

    R3 für eine Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus einem Wasserstoffatom, einem Fluoratom;

    R4 für ein Wasserstoffatom steht;

    R5 für eine Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus einem Wasserstoffatom, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, C1-C4-Alkyl-,

    R6, R7 unabhängig voneinander für eine Gruppe stehen, die ausgewählt ist aus einem Wasserstoffatom, C1-C2-Alkyl-,

    R8 für eine C1-C2-Alkylgruppe steht;

    oder ein Enantiomer, Diastereomer, Salz, Solvat oder Salz des Solvats davon.


     
    7. Verbindung der allgemeinen Formel (I) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei:

    R1 für eine Methylgruppe steht;

    oder ein Enantiomer, Diastereomer, Salz, Solvat oder Salz des Solvats davon.


     
    8. Verbindung der allgemeinen Formel (I) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, wobei:

    R3 für ein Fluoratom steht, und

    R4 für ein Wasserstoffatom steht

    oder ein Enantiomer, Diastereomer, Salz, Solvat oder Salz des Solvats davon.


     
    9. Verbindung der allgemeinen Formel (I) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, wobei:

    R2 für ein Wasserstoffatom steht,

    oder ein Enantiomer, Diastereomer, Salz, Solvat oder Salz des Solvats davon.


     
    10. Verbindung der allgemeinen Formel (I) nach Anspruch 1, wobei:

    A für eine zweiwertige Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus der Gruppe, bestehend aus -S(=O)2-, -S(=O) (=NR5)-;

    L für eine -CH2CH2CH2-Gruppe steht;

    X, Y für CH oder N stehen, mit der Maßgabe, dass eines von X und Y für CH steht und eines von X und Y für N steht;

    R1 für eine Methylgruppe steht;

    R2 für ein Wasserstoffatom steht;

    R3 für ein Fluoratom steht;

    R4 für ein Wasserstoffatom steht;

    R5 für eine Gruppe steht, die ausgewählt ist aus einem Wasserstoffatom, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O) 2R8, Methyl-,

    R6 für eine Ethylgruppe steht;

    R7 für ein Wasserstoffatom steht;

    R8 für eine C1-C2-Alkylgruppe steht,

    oder ein Enantiomer, Diastereomer, Salz, Solvat oder Salz des Solvats davon.


     
    11. Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, die Folgendes ist:

    (rac)-16,20-Difluor-9-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-12H-13,17-(azeno)-11,7-(metheno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadecin;

    15,19-Difluor-8-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H, 11H-12,16-(azeno)-10,6-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin; 15,19-Difluor-8-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin;

    (rac)-15,19-Difluor-8-[(methylsulfinyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin;

    (rac)-15,19-Difluor-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin;

    15,19-Difluor-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin; Enantiomer 1;

    15,19-Difluor-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin; Enantiomer 2;

    15,19-Difluor-8-[(methylsulfonyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin;

    14,18-Difluor-7-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-2,3-dihydro-10H-9,5-(azeno)-11,15-(metheno)-1,4,10,12-benzodioxadiazacycloheptadecin;

    (rac)-14,18-Difluor-7-[(methylsulfinyl)methyl]-2,3-dihydro-10H-9,5-(azeno)-11,15-(metheno)-1,4,10,12-benzodioxadiazacycloheptadecin;

    (rac)-14,18-Difluor-7-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-2,3-dihydro-10H-9,5-(azeno)-11,15-(metheno)-1,4,10,12-benzodioxadiazacycloheptadecin;

    16,20-Difluor-9-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-12H-11,7-(azeno)-13,17-(metheno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadecin;

    (rac)-16,20-Difluor-9-[(methylsulfinyl)methyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-12H-11,7-(azeno)-13,17-(metheno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadecin;

    (rac)-16,20-Difluor-9-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-12H-11,7-(azeno)-13,17-(metheno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadecin;

    (rac)-15,19-Difluor-8-[(S-methylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-12,16-(azeno)-10,6-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin;

    (rac)-N-[{[15,19-Difluor-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-12,16-(azeno)-10,6-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanyliden]-2,2,2-trifluoracetamid;

    (rac)-1-[{[15,19-Difluor-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,15,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl} (methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanyliden]-3-ethylharnstoff;

    (rac)-N-[{[15,19-Difluor-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl} (methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanyliden]acetamid;

    (rac)-8-[(N,S-Dimethylsulfonimidoyl)methyl]-15,19-difluor-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin;

    (rac)-Ethyl[{[15,19-difluor-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl} (methyl) oxido-λ6-sulfanylidencarbamat;

    (rac)-2-chloroethyl[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl} (methyl) oxido-λ6-sulfanylidencarbamat;

    (rac)-N-[{[15,19-Difluor-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyll(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanyliden]methansulfonamid;

    (rac)-2-Amino-N-[{[15,19-difluor-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl} (methyl) oxido-λ6-sulfanyliden]ethansulfonamid;

    (rac)-2-{[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyll(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanyliden]sulfamoyl}ethanaminiumtrifluoracetat;

    (rac)-2-Aminoethyl [{[15,19-difluor-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}(methyl)oxido-λ6-sulfanyliden]carbamat;

    2-({[15,19-Difluor-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}sulfonyl)ethanamin;

    ({[15,19-Difluor-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azeno)-12,16-(metheno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadecin-8-yl]methyl}sulfonyl)essigsäure;

    ein Enantiomer, Diastereomer, Salz, Solvat oder Salz des Solvats davon.
     
    12. Verbindung der allgemeinen Formel (I) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11 zur Verwendung als Medikament.
     
    13. Verbindung der allgemeinen Formel (I) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11 zur Verwendung bei der Behandlung und/oder Prophylaxe von hyperproliferativen Störungen, virusinduzierten Infektionskrankheiten und/oder Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen.
     
    14. Verbindung der allgemeinen Formel (I) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11 zur Verwendung bei der Behandlung und/oder Prophylaxe von Lungenkarzinomen, Prostatakarzinomen, Zervixkarzinomen, kolorektalen Karzinomen, Melanomen oder Ovarialkarzinomen.
     
    15. Verwendung einer Verbindung der allgemeinen Formel (I) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11 zur Herstellung eines Medikaments für die Behandlung und/oder Prophylaxe von hyperproliferativen Störungen, virusinduzierten Infektionskrankheiten und/oder Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen.
     
    16. Verwendung einer Verbindung der allgemeinen Formel (I) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11 bei der Herstellung eines Medikaments für die Behandlung und/oder Prophylaxe von Lungenkarzinomen, Prostatakarzinomen, Zervixkarzinomen, kolorektalen Karzinomen, Melanomen, Ovarialkarzinomen oder Leukämien.
     
    17. Verwendung einer Verbindung der allgemeinen Formel (I) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11 zur Herstellung eines Medikaments für die Behandlung und/oder Prophylaxe von nicht-kleinzelligen Lungenkarzinomen, hormonunabhängigen menschlichen Prostatakarzinomen, multiarzneimittelresistenten menschliche Zervixkarzinomen oder humanen akuten myeloischen Leukämien.
     
    18. Pharmazeutisches Präparat, umfassend eine Verbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11 in Kombination mit mindestens einem oder mehreren weiteren Wirkstoffen.
     
    19. Pharmazeutisches Präparat nach Anspruch 18 zur Verwendung bei der Behandlung und/oder Prophylaxe von hyperproliferativen Störungen, virusinduzierten Infektionskrankheiten und/oder Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen.
     
    20. Pharmazeutisches Präparat nach Anspruch 19 zur Verwendung bei der Behandlung und/oder Prophylaxe von Lungenkarzinomen, Prostatakarzinomen, Zervixkarzinomen, kolorektalen Karzinomen, Melanomen, Ovarialkarzinomen oder Leukämien.
     
    21. Pharmazeutisches Präparat, umfassend eine Verbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11 in Kombination mit einem inerten, nicht toxischen, pharmazeutisch geeigneten Adjuvans.
     
    22. Pharmazeutische Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 21 zur Verwendung bei der Behandlung und/oder Prophylaxe von hyperproliferativen Störungen, virusinduzierten Infektionskrankheiten und/oder Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen.
     
    23. Pharmazeutische Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 22 zur Verwendung bei der Behandlung und/oder Prophylaxe von Lungenkarzinomen, Prostatakarzinomen, Zervixkarzinomen, kolorektalen Karzinomen, Melanomen, Karzinomen oder Leukämien.
     
    24. Verbindung der allgemeinen Formel (7)

    wobei R1, R2, R3, R4 und L wie in einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10 für die Verbindungen der allgemeinen Formel (I) definiert sind,
    oder ein Enantiomer, Diastereomer, Salz, Solvat oder Salz des Solvats davon.
     
    25. Verbindung der allgemeinen Formel (26)

    wobei R1, R2, R3, R4 , A und L wie in einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10 für die Verbindungen der allgemeinen Formel (I) definiert sind,
    oder ein Enantiomer, Diastereomer, Salz, Solvat oder Salz des Solvats davon.
     
    26. Verfahren zur Herstellung einer Verbindung der Formel (8), wobei in dem Verfahren eine Verbindung der Formel (7), worin R1, R2, R3, R4 und L wie für die Verbindung der Formel (I) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10 definiert sind,

    in einer palladiumkatalysierten CN-Kreuzkupplungsreaktion unter Verwendung von Chlor(2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',4',6'-tri-iso-propyl-1,1'-biphenyl)[2-(2-aminoethyl)phenyl]palladium(II)methyl-tert-butyletheraddukt und 2-(Dicyclohexylphosphino)-2',4',6'-triisopropylbiphenyl als Katalysator und Ligand in Gegenwart eines Alkalicarbonats oder eines Alkaliphosphats als eine Base, in einer Mischung aus einem C1-C3-Alkylbenzol und einem carboxamidbasierten Lösungsmittel umgesetzt wird,

    um Verbindungen der Formel (8) zu ergeben,
    wobei in dem Verfahren die resultierende Verbindung wahlweise, falls angemessen, mit den entsprechenden (i) Lösungsmitteln und/oder (ii) Basen oder Säuren zu den Solvaten, Salzen und/oder Solvaten der Salze davon umgewandelt wird.
     
    27. Verfahren zur Herstellung einer Verbindung der Formel (Ia), wobei in dem Verfahren eine Verbindung der Formel (26), worin R1, R2, R3, R4 , A und L wie für die Verbindung der Formel (I) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10 definiert sind,

    in einer palladiumkatalysierten CN-Kreuzkupplungsreaktion unter Verwendung von Chlor(2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',4',6'-tri-iso-propyl-1,1'-biphenyl)[2-(2-aminoethyl)phenyl]palladium (II)methyl-tert-butyletheraddukt und 2-(Dicyclohexylphosphino)-2',4',6'-triisopropylbiphenyl als Katalysator und Ligand in Gegenwart eines Alkalicarbonats oder eines Alkaliphosphats als eine Base, in einer Mischung aus einem C1-C3-Alkylbenzol und einem carboxamidbasierten Lösungsmittel umgesetzt wird, um die Verbindungen der Formel (Ia) zu ergeben,

    wobei in dem Verfahren die resultierende Verbindung wahlweise, falls angemessen, mit den entsprechenden (i) Lösungsmitteln und/oder (ii) Basen oder Säuren zu den Solvaten, Salzen und/oder Solvaten der Salze davon umgewandelt wird.
     


    Revendications

    1. Composé de formule générale (I)

    dans lequel

    A représente un groupe bivalent choisi dans le groupe constitué de -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)2-, -S(=O) (=NR5)- ;

    L représente un groupe alkylène en C2-C6,
    dans lequel ledit groupe est facultativement substitué par

    (i) un substituant choisi parmi hydroxy, alcényle en C2-C3, alcynyle en C2-C3, cycloalkyle en C3-C4, hydroxy-(alkyle en C1-C3), -(CH2)NR6R7, et/ou

    (ii) un ou deux ou trois substituants, identiques ou différents, choisis parmi halogène et alkyle en C1-C3,

    à condition qu'un groupe alkylène en C2 ne soit pas substitué par un groupe hydroxy,
    ou dans lequel
    un atome de carbone dudit groupe alkylène en C2-C6 forme un cycle de trois ou quatre chaînons conjointement avec un groupe bivalent auquel il est lié, ledit groupe bivalent étant choisi parmi -CH2CH2-, -CH2CH2CH2-, -CH2OCH2- ;

    X, Y représentent CH ou N à condition que l'un de X et Y représente CH et l'un de X et Y représente N ;

    R1 représente un groupe choisi parmi (alkyle en C1-C6)-, alcényle en C3-C6, alcynyle en C3-C6, (cycloalkyle en C3-C7)-, hétérocyclyl-, phényle, hétéroaryle, phényl-(alkyle en C1-C3)- et hétéroaryl-(alkyle en C1-C3)-,

    dans lequel ledit groupe est facultativement substitué par un ou deux ou trois substituants, identiques ou différents, choisis dans le groupe constitué d'hydroxy, cyano, halogène, (alkyle en C1-C6)-, halogéno-(alkyle en C1-C3)-, (alcoxy en C1-C6)-, (fluoroalcoxy en C1-C3)-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, acétylamino-, N-méthyl-N-acétylamino-, amines cycliques, -OP(=O)(OH)2, -C(=O)OH, -C(=O)NH2 ;

    R2 représente un groupe choisi parmi un atome d'hydrogène, un atome fluoro, un atome chloro, un atome bromo, cyano, (alkyle en C1-C3)-, (alcoxy en C1-C3)-, halogéno-(alkyle en C1-C3)-, (fluoroalcoxy en C1-C3)- ;

    R3, R4 représentent, indépendamment l'un de l'autre, un groupe choisi parmi un atome d'hydrogène, un atome fluoro, un atome chloro, un atome bromo, cyano, (alkyle en C1-C3)-, (alcoxy en C1-C3)-, halogéno-(alkyle en C1-C3)-, (fluoroalcoxy en C1-C3)- ;

    R5 représente un groupe choisi parmi un atome d'hydrogène,

    cyano, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S (=O)2R8, -C(=O) NR6R7, (alkyle en C1-C6)-, (cycloalkyle en C3-C7)-, hétérocyclyl-, phényle, hétéroaryle,

    dans lequel ledit groupe (alkyle en C1-C6)-, (cycloalkyle en C3-C7)-, hétérocyclyl-, phényle ou hétéroaryle est facultativement substitué par un, deux ou trois substituants, identiques ou différents, choisis dans le groupe constitué d'halogène, hydroxy, cyano, (alkyle en C1-C3)-, (alcoxy en C1-C3)-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, acétylamino-, N-méthyl-N-acétylamino-, amines cycliques, halogéno-(alkyle en C1-C3)-, (fluoroalcoxy en C1-C3)- ;

    R6, R7 représentent, indépendamment l'un de l'autre, un groupe choisi parmi un atome d'hydrogène, (alkyle en C1-C6)-, (cycloalkyle en C3-C7)-, hétérocyclyl-, phényle, benzyle et hétéroaryle,

    dans lequel ledit groupe (alkyle en C1-C6)-, (cycloalkyle en C3-C7)-, hétérocyclyl-, phényle, benzyle ou hétéroaryle est facultativement substitué par un, deux ou trois substituants, identiques ou différents, choisis dans le groupe constitué d'halogène, hydroxy, (alkyle en C1-C3)-, (alcoxy en C1-C3)-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, acétylamino-, N-méthyl-N-acétylamino-, amines cycliques, halogéno-(alkyle en C1-C3)-, (fluoroalcoxy en C1-C3)-, ou

    R6 et R7, conjointement avec l'atome d'azote auquel ils sont liés, forment une amine cyclique ;

    R8 représente un groupe choisi parmi (alkyle en C1-C6)-, halogéno- (alkyle en C1-C3) -, (cycloalkyle en C3-C7) -, hétérocyclyl-, phényle, benzyle et hétéroaryle,

    dans lequel ledit groupe est facultativement substitué par un, deux ou trois substituants, identiques ou différents, choisis dans le groupe constitué d'halogène, hydroxy, (alkyle en C1-C3)-, (alcoxy en C1-C3)-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, acétylamino-, N-méthyl-N-acétylamino-, amines cycliques, halogéno-(alkyle en C1-C3)-, (fluoroalcoxy en C1-C3)-,

    ou un énantiomère, diastéréoisomère, sel, solvate ou sel de solvate de celui-ci.


     
    2. Composé de formule générale (I) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    A représente un groupe bivalent choisi dans le groupe constitué de -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)2-, -S(=O) (=NR5)- ;
    L représente un groupe alkylène en C2-C4,
    dans lequel ledit groupe est facultativement substitué par un substituant choisi parmi hydroxy, cycloalkyle en C3-C4, hydroxy-(alkyle en C1-C3), -(CH2)NR6R7,
    et facultativement par un ou deux ou trois substituants supplémentaires, identiques ou différents, choisis parmi halogène et alkyle en C1-C3,
    à condition qu'un groupe alkylène en C2 ne soit pas substitué par un groupe hydroxy,
    X, Y représentent CH ou N à condition que l'un de X et Y représente CH et l'un de X et Y représente N ;
    R1 représente un groupe choisi parmi (alkyle en C1-C6)-, (cycloalkyle en C3-C5)-, phényle et phényl-(alkyle en C1-C3)-,
    dans lequel ledit groupe est facultativement substitué par un ou deux ou trois substituants, identiques ou différents, choisis dans le groupe constitué d'hydroxy, cyano, halogène, (alkyle en C1-C3)-, fluoro-(alkyle en C1-C2)-, (alcoxy en C1-C3)-, (fluoroalcoxy en C1-C2)-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, amines cycliques, -OP(=O) (OH)2, -C(=O)OH, -C(=O)NH2 ;
    R2 représente un groupe choisi parmi un atome d'hydrogène, un atome fluoro, un atome chloro, un atome bromo, cyano, (alkyle en C1-C2)-, (alcoxy en C1-C2)-, fluoro-(alkyle en C1-C2)-, (fluoroalcoxy en C1-C2)- ;
    R3, R4 représentent, indépendamment l'un de l'autre, un groupe choisi parmi un atome d'hydrogène, un atome fluoro, un atome chloro, un atome bromo, cyano, (alkyle en C1-C2)-, (alcoxy en C1-C2)-, fluoro-(alkyle en C1-C2)-, (fluoroalcoxy en C1-C2)- ;
    R5 représente un groupe choisi parmi un atome d'hydrogène,
    cyano, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S (=O)2R8, -C(=O) NR6R7, (alkyle en C1-C6)-, (cycloalkyle en C3-C5)-, phényle,
    dans lequel ledit groupe (alkyle en C1-C6), (cycloalkyle en C3-C5)- ou phényle est facultativement substitué par un, deux ou trois substituants, identiques ou différents, choisis dans le groupe constitué d'halogène, hydroxy, cyano, (alkyle en C1-C3)-, (alcoxy en C1-C3)-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, amines cycliques, fluoro-(alkyle en C1-C2)-, (fluoroalcoxy en C1-C2)- ;
    R6, R7 représentent, indépendamment l'un de l'autre, un groupe choisi parmi un atome d'hydrogène, (alkyle en C1-C6)-, (cycloalkyle en C3-C5)-, phényle et benzyle, dans lequel ledit groupe (alkyle en C1-C6)-, (cycloalkyle en C3-C5)-, phényle ou benzyle est facultativement substitué par un, deux ou trois substituants, identiques ou différents, choisis dans le groupe constitué d'halogène, hydroxy, (alkyle en C1-C3)-, (alcoxy en C1-C3)-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, amines cycliques, fluoro-(alkyle en C1-C2)-, (fluoroalcoxy en C1-C2)-, ou
    R6 et R7, conjointement avec l'atome d'azote auquel ils sont liés, forment une amine cyclique ;
    R8 représente un groupe choisi parmi (alkyle en C1-C6)-, fluoro-(alkyle en C1-C3)-, (cycloalkyle en C3-C5)-, phényle et benzyle,
    dans lequel ledit groupe est facultativement substitué par un, deux ou trois substituants, identiques ou différents, choisis dans le groupe constitué d'halogène, hydroxy, (alkyle en C1-C3)-, (alcoxy en C1-C3)-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, amines cycliques, fluoro-(alkyle en C1-C2)-, (fluoroalcoxy en C1-C2)-,
    ou un énantiomère, diastéréoisomère, sel, solvate ou sel de solvate de celui-ci.
     
    3. Composé de formule générale (I) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 ou 2, dans lequel
    A représente un groupe bivalent choisi dans le groupe constitué de -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)2-, -S(=O) (=NR5) - ;
    L représente un groupe alkylène en C2-C4,
    dans lequel ledit groupe est facultativement substitué par

    (iii) un substituant choisi parmi cycloalkyle en C3-C4 et hydroxyméthyl-, et/ou

    (iv) un ou deux substituants supplémentaires, identiques ou différents, choisis parmi alkyle en C1-C2, X, Y représentent CH ou N à condition que l'un de X et Y représente CH et l'un de X et Y représente N ;

    R1 représente un groupe choisi parmi (alkyle en C1-C4)-, (cycloalkyle en C3-C5)- et phényle,
    dans lequel ledit groupe est facultativement substitué par un ou deux ou trois substituants, identiques ou différents, choisis dans le groupe constitué d'hydroxy, cyano, halogène, (alkyle en C1-C2)-, (alcoxy en C1-C2)-, -NH2, -C(=O)OH ;
    R2 représente un groupe choisi parmi un atome d'hydrogène, un atome fluoro, un atome chloro, cyano, méthyle, méthoxy-, trifluorométhyl-, trifluorométhoxy-;
    R3 représente un groupe choisi parmi un atome d'hydrogène, un atome fluoro, un atome chloro, cyano, méthyle, méthoxy-, trifluorométhyl-, trifluorométhoxy-;
    R4 représente un atome d'hydrogène ou un atome fluoro ; R5 représente un groupe choisi parmi un atome d'hydrogène,
    cyano, -C (=O) NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S (=O)2R8, (alkyle en C1-C4)-,
    dans lequel ledit groupe (alkyle en C1-C4)- est facultativement substitué par un substituant choisi dans le groupe constitué d'halogène, hydroxy, cyano, (alcoxy en C1-C3)-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, amines cycliques ;
    R6, R7 représentent, indépendamment l'un de l'autre, un groupe choisi parmi un atome d'hydrogène, (alkyle en C1-C4)- et (cycloalkyle en C3-C5)-,
    dans lequel ledit groupe (alkyle en C1-C4)- ou (cycloalkyle en C3-C5)- est facultativement substitué par un ou deux substituants, identiques ou différents, choisis dans le groupe constitué d'hydroxy, (alkyle en C1-C2)-, (alcoxy en C1-C2)-, -NH2, alkylamino-, dialkylamino-, amines cycliques, ou
    R6 et R7, conjointement avec l'atome d'azote auquel ils sont liés, forment une amine cyclique ;
    R8 représente un groupe choisi parmi (alkyle en C1-C6)-, fluoro-(alkyle en C1-C3)-, (cycloalkyle en C3-C5)- et phényle,
    dans lequel ledit groupe est facultativement substitué par un substituant choisi dans le groupe constitué d'halogène, hydroxy, (alkyle en C1-C2)-, (alcoxy en C1-C2)-, NH2,
    ou un énantiomère, diastéréoisomère, sel, solvate ou sel de solvate de celui-ci.
     
    4. Composé de formule générale (I) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1, 2 ou 3, dans lequel
    A représente un groupe bivalent choisi dans le groupe constitué de -S-, -S(=O)-, -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5)- ;
    L représente un groupe alkylène en C2-C4 ;
    X, Y représentent CH ou N à condition que l'un de X et Y représente CH et l'un de X et Y représente N ;
    R1 représente un groupe choisi parmi (alkyle en C1-C4)-, dans lequel ledit groupe est facultativement substitué par un ou deux ou trois substituants, identiques ou différents, choisis dans le groupe constitué d'hydroxy, (alcoxy en C1-C2)-, NH2, -C(=O)OH ;
    R2 représente un atome d'hydrogène ;
    R3 représente un groupe choisi parmi un atome d'hydrogène, un atome fluoro ;
    R4 représente un atome d'hydrogène ;
    R5 représente un groupe choisi parmi un atome d'hydrogène,
    cyano, -C(=O) NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, (alkyle en C1-C4)-,
    R6, R7 représentent, indépendamment l'un de l'autre, un groupe choisi parmi un atome d'hydrogène, (alkyle en C1-C4)- et (cycloalkyle en C3-C5)-, ou
    R6 et R7, conjointement avec l'atome d'azote auquel ils sont liés, forment une amine cyclique ;
    R8 représente un groupe choisi parmi (alkyle en C1-C6)-, fluoro-(alkyle en C1-C3)-, (cycloalkyle en C3-C5)- et phényle,
    dans lequel ledit groupe est facultativement substitué par un substituant choisi dans le groupe constitué d'halogène, hydroxy, (alkyle en C1-C2)-, (alcoxy en C1-C2) -, NH2,
    ou un énantiomère, diastéréoisomère, sel, solvate ou sel de solvate de celui-ci.
     
    5. Composé de formule générale (I) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel
    L représente un groupe alkylène en C3-C4,
    ou un énantiomère, diastéréoisomère, sel, solvate ou sel de solvate de celui-ci.
     
    6. Composé de formule générale (I) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    A représente un groupe bivalent choisi dans le groupe constitué de -S(=O)2-, -S(=O)(=NR5) - ;
    L représente un groupe alkylène en C3-C4 ;
    X, Y représentent CH ou N à condition que l'un de X et Y représente CH et l'un de X et Y représente N ;
    R1 représente un groupe méthyl- ;
    R2 représente un atome d'hydrogène ;
    R3 représente un groupe choisi parmi un atome d'hydrogène, un atome fluoro ;
    R4 représente un atome d'hydrogène ;
    R5 représente un groupe choisi parmi un atome d'hydrogène, -C(=C)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S(=O)2R8, (alkyle en C1-C4)-,
    R6, R7 représentent, indépendamment l'un de l'autre, un groupe choisi parmi un atome d'hydrogène, (alkyle en C1-C2)- ;
    R8 représente un groupe (alkyle en C1-C2)-,
    ou un énantiomère, diastéréoisomère, sel, solvate ou sel de solvate de celui-ci.
     
    7. Composé de formule générale (I) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel
    R1 représente un groupe méthyle ;
    ou un énantiomère, diastéréoisomère, sel, solvate ou sel de solvate de celui-ci.
     
    8. Composé de formule générale (I) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, dans lequel
    R3 représente un atome fluoro, et
    R4 représente un atome d'hydrogène,
    ou un énantiomère, diastéréoisomère, sel, solvate ou sel de solvate de celui-ci.
     
    9. Composé de formule générale (I) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8, dans lequel
    R2 représente un atome d'hydrogène,
    ou un énantiomère, diastéréoisomère, sel, solvate ou sel de solvate de celui-ci.
     
    10. Composé de formule générale (I) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    A représente un groupe bivalent choisi dans le groupe constitué de -S(=O)2-, -S(=O) (=NR5) - ;
    L représente un groupe -CH2CH2CH2- ;
    X, Y représentent CH ou N à condition que l'un de X et
    Y représente CH et l'un de X et Y représente N ;
    R1 représente un groupe méthyl- ;
    R2 représente un atome d'hydrogène ;
    R3 représente un atome fluoro ;
    R4 représente un atome d'hydrogène ;
    R5 représente un groupe choisi parmi un atome d'hydrogène, -C(=O)NR6R7, -C(=O)R8, -C(=O)OR8, -S (=O)2R8, méthyl-,
    R6 représente un groupe éthyl- ;
    R7 représente un atome d'hydrogène ;
    R8 représente un groupe (alkyle en C1-C2)-,
    ou un énantiomère, diastéréoisomère, sel, solvate ou sel de solvate de celui-ci.
     
    11. Composé selon la revendication 1, qui est

    (rac)-16,20-difluoro-9-[(S-méthylsulfonimidoyl)méthyl]-2,3,4,5-tétrahydro-12H-13,17-(azéno)-11,7-(méthéno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadécine ;

    15,19-difluoro-8-[(méthylsulfanyl)méthyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-12,16-(azéno)-10,6-(méthéno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadécine ;

    15,19-difluoro-8-[(méthylsulfanyl)méthyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azéno)-12,16-(méthéno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadécine ;

    (rac)-15,19-difluoro-8-[(méthylsulfinyl)méthyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azéno)-12,16-(méthéno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadécine ;

    (rac)-15,19-difluoro-8-[(S-méthylsulfonimidoyl)méthyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azéno)-12,16-(méthéno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadécine ;

    15,19-difluoro-8-[(S-méthylsulfonimidoyl)méthyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azéno)-12,16-(méthéno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadécine ; énantiomère 1 ;

    15,19-difluoro-8-[(S-méthylsulfonimidoyl)méthyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azéno)-12,16-(méthéno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadécine ; énantiomère 2 ;

    15,19-difluoro-8-[(méthylsulfonyl)méthyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azéno)-12,16-(méthéno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadécine ;

    14,18-difluoro-7-[(méthylsulfanyl)méthyl]-2,3-dihydro-10H-9,5-(azéno)-11,15-(méthéno)-1,4,10,12-benzodioxadiazacycloheptadécine ;

    (rac)-14,18-difluoro-7-[(méthylsulfinyl)méthyl]-2,3-dihydro-10H-9,5-(azéno)-11,15-(méthéno)-1,4,10,12-benzodioxadiazacycloheptadécine ;

    (rac)-14,18-difluoro-7-[(S-méthylsulfonimidoyl)méthyl]-2,3-dihydro-10H-9,5-(azéno)-11,15-(méthéno)-1,4,10,12-benzodioxadiazacycloheptadécine ;

    16,20-difluoro-9-[(méthylsulfanyl)méthyl]-2,3,4,5-tétrahydro-12H-11,7-(azéno)-13,17-(méthéno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadécine ;

    (rac)-16,20-difluoro-9-[(méthylsulfinyl)méthyl]-2,3,4,5-tétrahydro-12H-11,7-(azéno)-13,17-(méthéno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadécine ;

    (rac)-16,20-difluoro-9-[(S-méthylsulfonimidoyl)méthyl]-2,3,4,5-tétrahydro-12H-11,7-(azéno)-13,17-(méthéno)-1,6,12,14-benzodioxadiazacyclononadécine ;

    (rac)-15,19-difluoro-8-[(S-méthylsulfonimidoyl)méthyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-12,16-(azéno)-10,6-(méthéno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadécine ;

    (rac)-N-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-12,16-(azéno)-10,6-(méthéno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadécin-8-yl]méthyl}(méthyl)oxydo-λ6-sulfanylidène]-2,2,2-trifluoro-acétamide ;

    (rac)-1-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azéno)-12,16-(méthéno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadécin-8-yl]méthyl} (méthyl)oxydo-λ6-sulfanylidène]-3-éthylurée ;

    (rac)-N-[[[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azéno)-12,16-(méthéno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadécin-8-yl]méthyl}(méthyl)oxydo-λ6-sulfanylidène]acétamide ;

    (rac)-8-[(N,S-diméthylsulfonimidoyl)méthyl]-15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azéno)-12,16-(méthéno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadécine ;

    (rac)-[{ [15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azéno)-12,16-(méthéno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadécin-8-yl]méthyl}(méthyl)oxydo-λ6-sulfanylidène]carbamate d'éthyle ;

    (rac)-[{ [15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azéno)-12,16-(méthéno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadécin-8-yl]méthyl}(méthyl)oxydo-λ6-sulfanylidène]carbamate de 2-chloroéthyle ;

    (rac)-N-[[[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azéno)-12,16-(méthéno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadécin-8-yl]méthyl}(méthyl)oxydo-λ6-sulfanylidène]méthanesulfonamide ;

    (rac)-2-amino-N-[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azéno)-12,16-(méthéno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadécin-8-yl]méthyl}(méthyl)oxydo-λ6-sulfanylidène]éthanesulfonamide ;

    trifluoroacétate de (rac)-2-{[{[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azéno)-12,16-(méthéno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadécin-8-yl]méthyl}-(méthyl)oxydo-λ6-sulfanylidène]sulfamoyl}éthanaminium ;

    (rac)-[{ [15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azéno)-12,16-(méthéno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadécin-8-yl]méthyl}(méthyl)oxydo-λ6-sulfanylidène]carbamate de 2-aminoéthyle ;

    2-({[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azéno)-12,16-(méthéno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadécin-8-yl]méthyl}sulfonyl)éthanamine ;

    acide (1[15,19-difluoro-3,4-dihydro-2H,11H-10,6-(azéno)-12,16-(méthéno)-1,5,11,13-benzodioxadiazacyclooctadécin-8-yl]méthyl}sulfonyl)-acétique ;

    ou un énantiomère, diastéréoisomère, sel, solvate ou sel de solvate de celui-ci.
     
    12. Composé de formule générale (I) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11 pour l'utilisation en tant que médicament.
     
    13. Composé de formule générale (I) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11 pour utilisation dans le traitement et/ou la prophylaxie de troubles hyperprolifératifs, maladies infectieuses induites par des virus et/ou maladies cardiovasculaires.
     
    14. Composé de formule générale (I) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11 pour utilisation dans le traitement et/ou la prophylaxie de carcinomes du poumon, carcinomes de la prostate, carcinomes du col de l'utérus, carcinomes colorectaux, mélanomes ou carcinomes de l'ovaire.
     
    15. Utilisation d'un composé de formule générale (I) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11 dans la fabrication d'un médicament pour le traitement et/ou la prophylaxie de troubles hyperprolifératifs, maladies infectieuses induites par des virus et/ou maladies cardiovasculaires.
     
    16. Utilisation d'un composé de formule générale (I) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11 dans la fabrication d'un médicament pour le traitement et/ou la prophylaxie de carcinomes du poumon, carcinomes de la prostate, carcinomes du col de l'utérus, carcinomes colorectaux, mélanomes, carcinomes de l'ovaire ou leucémies.
     
    17. Utilisation d'un composé de formule générale (I) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11 dans la fabrication d'un médicament pour le traitement et/ou la prophylaxie de carcinomes du poumon non à petites cellules, carcinomes de la prostate humains non hormonodépendants, carcinomes du col de l'utérus humains multirésistants aux médicaments ou leucémies myéloïdes aiguës humaines.
     
    18. Combinaison pharmaceutique comprenant un composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11 en combinaison avec au moins une ou plusieurs substances actives supplémentaires.
     
    19. Combinaison pharmaceutique selon la revendication 18 pour utilisation dans le traitement et/ou la prophylaxie de troubles hyperprolifératifs, maladies infectieuses induites par des virus et/ou maladies cardiovasculaires.
     
    20. Combinaison pharmaceutique selon la revendication 19 pour utilisation dans le traitement et/ou la prophylaxie de carcinomes du poumon, carcinomes de la prostate, carcinomes du col de l'utérus, carcinomes colorectaux, mélanomes, carcinomes de l'ovaire ou leucémies.
     
    21. Composition pharmaceutique comprenant un composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 11 en combinaison avec un adjuvant inerte, non toxique, pharmaceutiquement adapté.
     
    22. Composition pharmaceutique selon la revendication 21 pour utilisation dans le traitement et/ou la prophylaxie de troubles hyperprolifératifs, maladies infectieuses induites par des virus et/ou maladies cardiovasculaires.
     
    23. Composition pharmaceutique selon la revendication 22 pour utilisation dans le traitement et/ou la prophylaxie de carcinomes du poumon, carcinomes de la prostate, carcinomes du col de l'utérus, carcinomes colorectaux, mélanomes, carcinomes de l'ovaire ou leucémies.
     
    24. Composé de formule générale (7)

    dans lequel R1, R2, R3, R4 et L sont tels que définis selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10 pour les composés de formule générale (I),
    ou un énantiomère, diastéréoisomère, sel, solvate ou sel de solvate de celui-ci.
     
    25. Composé de formule générale (26)

    dans lequel R1, R2, R3, R4, A et L sont tels que définis selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10 pour les composés de formule générale (I),
    ou un énantiomère, diastéréoisomère, sel, solvate ou sel de solvate de celui-ci.
     
    26. Procédé de préparation d'un composé de formule (8), dans lequel un composé de formule (7), dans lequel R1, R2, R3, R4 et L sont tels que définis pour le composé de formule (I) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10,

    réagit dans une réaction de couplage croisé C-N catalysée par le palladium, en utilisant un adduit de éther méthyl-tert-butylique de chloro(2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2', 4', 6'-tri-iso-propyl-1,1'-biphényl)[2-(2-aminoéthyl)phényl]palladium(II) et de 2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)-2', 4', 6'-triisopropylbiphényle en tant que catalyseur et ligand, en présence d'un carbonate d'alcali ou d'un phosphate d'alcali en tant que base, dans un mélange d'un (alkyle en C1-C3)benzène et d'un solvant à base de carboxamide,

    pour obtenir des composés de formule (8),
    et dans lequel le composé résultant est facultativement, le cas échéant, converti avec (i) le (s) solvant (s) et/ou (ii) les bases ou acides correspondants en solvates, sels et/ou solvates des sels de celui-ci.
     
    27. Procédé de préparation d'un composé de formule (Ia), dans lequel un composé de formule (26), dans lequel R1, R2, R3, R4, A et L sont tels que définis pour le composé de formule (I) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10,

    réagit dans une réaction de couplage croisé C-N catalysée par le palladium, en utilisant un adduit de éther méthyl-tert-butylique de chloro(2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2', 4', ,6'-tri-iso-propyl-1,1'-biphényl)[2-(2-aminoéthyl)phényl]palladium(II) et de 2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)-2', 4', 6'-triisopropylbiphényle en tant que catalyseur et ligand, en présence d'un carbonate d'alcali ou d'un phosphate d'alcali en tant que base, dans un mélange d'un (alkyle en C1-C3)benzène et d'un solvant à base de carboxamide,
    pour obtenir des composés de formule (Ia),

    et dans lequel le composé résultant est facultativement, le cas échéant, converti avec (i) le(s) solvant(s) et/ou (ii) les bases ou acides correspondants en solvates, sels et/ou solvates des sels de celui-ci.
     






    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description




    Non-patent literature cited in the description