(19)
(11)EP 3 130 988 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/31

(21)Application number: 16161960.6

(22)Date of filing:  23.03.2016
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G06F 3/042(2006.01)

(54)

DISPLAY DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE HAVING DRAINAGE STRUCTURE

ANZEIGEVORRICHTUNG UND ELEKTRONISCHE VORRICHTUNG MIT DRAINAGESTRUKTUR

DISPOSITIF D'AFFICHAGE ET DISPOSITIF ÉLECTRONIQUE COMPORTANT UNE STRUCTURE DE DRAINAGE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 23.07.2015 KR 20150104596

(43)Date of publication of application:
15.02.2017 Bulletin 2017/07

(73)Proprietor: Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
Spring, TX 77389 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • AN, Hwi-kyeong
    Seoul (KR)
  • SONG, Sung-weon
    Gyeonggi-do (KR)

(74)Representative: Hewett, Jonathan Michael Richard et al
Venner Shipley LLP 200 Aldersgate
London EC1A 4HD
London EC1A 4HD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 2 825 007
JP-A- H10 198 500
JP-A- 2002 373 512
JP-A- 2013 125 316
US-A1- 2010 246 157
WO-A1-2013/138003
JP-A- 2000 194 486
JP-A- 2011 239 139
US-A1- 2007 188 675
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a display device and an electronic device, and more particularly, to a display device and an electronic device having an infrared touch screen panel and using a housing frame as an optical guide portion.

    [0002] In general, a touch screen panel (TSP) is an input device which, if a user presses or contacts a screen with a finger or a pen, recognizes the position of such pressing or touch and transfers the recognized position information to the system. With the spread of smart phones, the TSP has been widely expanded.

    [0003] The TSP is composed of a touch panel, a controller IC (Integrated Circuit), and driver software, and the touch panel is composed of an upper plate and a lower plate (film or glass), on which ITO (Indium Tin Oxide) is deposited, and serves to grasp the position of signal occurrence that is caused by the contact occurrence or electrical capacitance change and to transfer the grasped position information to the controller IC. The controller IC serves to change an analog signal that is transferred from the touch panel in the form of coordinates that can be presented on the screen through conversion of the analog signal into a digital signal, and the driver software is a control program that implements the touch panel to match the operating systems through reception of the digital signal output from the controller IC.

    [0004] In accordance with an application technology, the TSP may be classified into a resistance film type, a capacitance type, an ultrasonic type, an infrared type, and an optical type.

    [0005] The infrared type TSP is a touch screen panel that uses the linearity of infrared rays. The infrared rays that strike an obstacle are intercepted. The infrared type TSP has a matrix structure in which a plurality of light emitting elements LED that emit infrared rays and a plurality of light receiving elements (photodiodes) that respectively correspond to the light emitting elements are arranged to face each other around the panel. If a finger (or a predetermined shape that can make a shadow, for example, an object that is thin and long, such as a bar, a pencil, or a brush (hereinafter referred to as an "object having a predetermined shape")) touches the screen to intercept light, an output of the intercepted portion is deteriorated, and X, Y coordinates of the portion is obtained to determine input coordinates. In this case, a finger or an object having a predetermined shape may be used as an input device. The infrared type TSP has the advantages of high light permeation, high durability, and applicability to a large screen, but also has the drawbacks of high manufacturing cost, low slimming, and low resolution. The infrared type TSP is mainly applied to an ATM device or a kiosk.

    [0006] According to the display device in the related art that adopts the infrared type TSP, gaps are formed between the light emitting elements and the light emitting elements due to assembly tolerance between the light emitting elements, assembly tolerance between the light receiving elements, and assembly tolerance occurring when the light emitting elements and the light receiving elements are assembled on the PCB. Due to such gaps, a blind zone in which no light exists occurs, and thus even if the finger or the object having the predetermined shape is positioned in the blind zone, the coordinate values may not be properly recognized.

    [0007] In order to solve this problem, the infrared type TSP in the related art adopts an optical guide portion on which a light diffusion lens is formed. In particular, the infrared type TSP, as illustrated in FIG. 1, is configured so that an optical guide portion 3 of a display device 1 also serves as a support frame that can maintain the strength of the display device 1. Accordingly, the depth of a touch area is minimized to resolve the visual drawbacks, and the number of components is reduced to save the manufacturing cost.

    [0008] However, in the case of adopting the optical guide portion 3 having the structure as illustrated in FIG. 1, liquid drops D, which may occur due to water or coffee that is spilled on a touch screen panel 5, may be driven onto a corner portion on which the optical guide portion 3 and the touch screen panel 5 meet each other, or may stick to a projection surface 4 of the optical guide portion 3. In this case, light that is emitted from the projection surface 4 of the optical guide portion 3 may interfere with the liquid drops and thus may be unwantedly dispersed in an unspecified direction to cause the occurrence of malfunction.

    [0009] Further, as another example of malfunction, if foreign substances, such as dust, are accumulated on the corner portion on which the optical guide portion 3 and the touch screen panel 5 meet each other, the projection surface 4 of the optical guide portion 3 may be hidden by the accumulated foreign substances, and thus the light that is emitted from the projection surface 4 is physically intercepted to cause the occurrence of malfunction.

    [0010] In FIG. 1, unexplained reference numeral "2" denotes a rear cover, "7" denotes a PCB, "8" denotes a light emitting element, and "9" denotes a light receiving element.

    [0011] International Patent Application WO 2013/138003 discloses an example of an optical touch screen using total internal reflection.

    [0012] Japanese Patent Application JP 2000 194486 discloses a touch operation input device which can maintain satisfactory operation when immersed.

    [0013] Exemplary embodiments of the present invention provide a display device and an electronic device having a drainage structure capable of draining a liquid that is spilled on a display panel out of the display device.

    [0014] Exemplary embodiments of the present invention also provide a display device and an electronic device having a foreign substance removing member capable of effectively removing foreign substances that are accumulated on a corner portion on which an optical guide portion and a display panel meet each other.

    [0015] According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a display device according to claim 1.

    [0016] Optional features are set out in the dependent claims.

    [0017] Additional and/or other aspects and advantages of the disclosure will be set forth in part in the description which follows and, in part, will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the disclosure.

    [0018] The above and/or other aspects of the present disclosure will be more apparent by describing certain exemplary embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

    FIG. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a display device having an infrared touch screen panel in the related art;

    FIG. 2 is an enlarged view illustrating portion II indicated in FIG. 1;

    FIG. 3 is a front view illustrating a display device according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 4 is a perspective view illustrating an optical guide portion of a display device according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view taken along line V-V of FIG. 3;

    FIG. 6 is an enlarged view illustrating a drainage hole portion of a display device according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view taken along line VII-VII of FIG. 6;

    FIG. 8 is a front view illustrating an optical guide portion illustrated in FIG. 4;

    FIG. 9A is a cross-sectional view illustrating a plurality of micro-projections formed on a bottom of a drainage path;

    FIG. 9B is a cross-sectional view illustrating an example of cone-shaped upper portions of a plurality of micro-projections formed on a bottom of a drainage path;

    FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view taken along line X-X of FIG. 8;

    FIG. 11 is a cross-sectional view illustrating another example of a bottom of a drainage path illustrated in FIG. 10;



    [0019] The foreign substance removing member may have a writing portion provided at the other end portion thereof and having a pressure-function.

    [0020] According to another aspect of the present disclosure, an electronic device configured to make a touch input through interception of light that passes through a touch area on a display panel defined by an optical guide portion, includes a drainage structure configured to discharge a liquid that is spilled onto the display panel to an outside of the electronic device through an interior of the electronic device, wherein the drainage structure includes a gap formed between the display panel and the optical guide portion surrounding the display panel, at least one drainage hole formed on the optical guide portion, and a drainage path configured to guide the liquid that flows into the gap to the drainage hole.

    [0021] Additional and/or other aspects and advantages of the disclosure will be set forth in part in the description which follows and, in part, will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the disclosure.

    [0022] The above and/or other aspects of the present disclosure will be more apparent by describing certain exemplary embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

    FIG. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating a display device having an infrared touch screen panel in the related art;

    FIG. 2 is an enlarged view illustrating portion II indicated in FIG. 1;

    FIG. 3 is a front view illustrating a display device according to an example of the present invention;

    FIG. 4 is a perspective view illustrating an optical guide portion of a display device according to an example of the present invention;

    FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view taken along line V-V of FIG. 3;

    FIG. 6 is an enlarged view illustrating a drainage hole portion of a display device according to an example of the present invention;

    FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view taken along line VII-VII of FIG. 6;

    FIG. 8 is a front view illustrating an optical guide portion illustrated in FIG. 4;

    FIG. 9A is a cross-sectional view illustrating a plurality of micro-projections formed on a bottom of a drainage path;

    FIG. 9B is a cross-sectional view illustrating an example of cone-shaped upper portions of a plurality of micro-projections formed on a bottom of a drainage path;

    FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view taken along line X-X of FIG. 8;

    FIG. 11 is a cross-sectional view illustrating another example of a bottom of a drainage path illustrated in FIG. 10;

    FIG. 12 is an exploded perspective view illustrating a rear cover that is separated from a display device;

    FIG. 13 is a perspective view illustrating an example of a vibrator installed on a frame portion that supports a display panel;

    FIG. 14 is a perspective view illustrating a plurality of resonance ribs formed on a frame portion that supports a display panel;

    FIG. 15 is a perspective view illustrating a display device and a foreign substance removing member provided thereon according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 16 is a partially enlarged view illustrating a scraper of the foreign substance removing member illustrated in FIG. 15; and

    FIG. 17 is a schematic view illustrating a state where foreign substances accumulated on a corner portion on which an optical guide portion and a touch screen panel of a display device meet each other are removed by a foreign substance removing member of an electronic pen.



    [0023] Hereinafter, various examples of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings. Further, in order to help understanding of the present disclosure, in the accompanying drawings, dimensions of some constituent elements may be illustrated exaggeratedly.

    [0024] The present disclosure may correspond to a display device having an infrared type TSP (Touch Screen Panel) and an electronic device. The present disclosure may include a drainage structure and a foreign substance removing portion which can effectively remove liquid and foreign substances that may cause a touch error of the infrared type TSP from a touch area of a display panel.

    [0025] Hereinafter, referring to FIGS. 3 to 13, the overall structure of a display device according to an example of the present invention will be briefly explained, and a drainage structure and various configurations that help smooth drainage will be successively explained.

    [0026] A display device 100 according to an example of the present invention may include a display panel 110, an optical guide portion 130, a frame portion 150, a printed circuit board 170, light emitting elements 171, light receiving elements 173, a rear cover 190, a vibrator 210, and a foreign substance removing member 300.

    [0027] Referring to FIG. 3, the display panel 110 may be composed of a touch screen panel that recognizes a touch input using infrared rays. The display panel 110 is substantially in a rectangular shape, and a display area 113 is partitioned inside a bezel 111. In this case, a touch area 115 may be formed with a predetermined height from an outer surface of the display panel 110. The touch area 115 is a three-dimensional (3D) space in which an optical matrix is formed by light that is emitted from a plurality of light emitting elements 171 arranged on a left side T1 and a lower side T2 of the display device 100. For example, if a user's finger F enters into the touch area 115, the light emitted from the light emitting elements 171 is intercepted by the finger F, and if the light is not incident to the light receiving elements 173 corresponding to the light emitting elements 171, X, Y coordinates of the corresponding position may be recognized as a touch position.

    [0028] Referring to FIG. 4, the optical guide portion 130 may guide the light that is emitted from the plurality of light emitting elements 171 to the plurality of light receiving elements 173 through the touch area 115.

    [0029] The optical guide portion 130 may have a hollow portion 131 formed in the center thereof, and may be in a rectangular shape that substantially corresponds to the display panel 110. The optical guide portion 130 is formed by an outer wall 133 surrounding an outline of the display panel 110 and an inner wall 135 arranged at an interval from the outer wall 133. In this case, the outer wall 133 that forms the outline of the optical guide portion 130 is in a closed loop shape, and the inner wall 135 is in a closed loop shape that is smaller than that of the outer wall 133. A drainage path 143 to be described later may be formed between the outer wall 133 and the inner wall 135 that form the closed loops as described above.

    [0030] Further, the optical guide portion 130 has a lower wall 137 that is formed to extend from the lower ends of the outer wall 133 and the inner wall 135. The lower wall 137 of the guide portion 130 is positioned on the lower side of the frame portion 150 that supports the display panel 110.

    [0031] The optical guide portion 130 is formed of a transparent material that can transmit light. The optical guide portion 130 changes the direction of light (infrared rays) emitted from the plurality of light emitting elements 171 installed on the printed circuit board 170 multiple times to guide the emitted light to the touch area 115, and then guides the light of the touch area 115 to the plurality of light receiving elements 173. As illustrated in FIG. 5, such an optical guide structure includes a first light diffusion portion 136a formed on the lower wall 137 of the optical guide portion 130, a first reflection portion 136b, a second reflection portion 136c, a second diffusion portion 136d, and a first permeation portion 136e. The optical guide structure further includes a third reflection portion 136f formed on the outer wall 133 of the optical guide portion 130, a fourth reflection portion 136g, and a second permeation portion 136h.

    [0032] An optical guide path that is formed by the optical guide structure as described above is as follows. The light emitted from the light emitting elements 171 is directed to the first reflection portion 136b along +X-axis direction. In this case, since the first diffusion portion 136 forms a curved surface that is curved from left to right, the light may be diffused as passing through the first diffusion portion 136. The light that is reflected by the first reflection portion 136b is directed to the second reflection portion 136c along +Z-axis direction. The light that is reflected by the second reflection portion 136c is directed to the third reflection portion 136f after successively passing through the second diffusion portion 136d and the first permeation portion 136e along -X-axis direction. In this case, the second diffusion portion 136d may form a curved surface that is curved from right to left, and the first permeation portion 136e may form a plane. The light that is reflected from the third reflection portion 136f is directed to the fourth reflection portion 136g along +Z-axis direction, and then the light that is reflected by the fourth reflection portion 136f is output to the touch area 115 through the second permeation portion 136h along +X-axis direction.

    [0033] The light emitted from the left side T1 and the lower side T2 of the display device 100 to the touch area 115 is directed to the right side R1 and upper side R2 of the display device 100. In this case, the light that is emitted to the touch area 115 may be incident to the plurality of light receiving elements 173 through the optical guide structure positioned on the right side R1 and the upper side R2 of the display device 100. The optical guide structure may be formed in the same manner as the above-described optical guide structure positioned on the left side T1 and the lower side T2 of the display device 100 as described above.

    [0034] However, the optical guide path of the optical guide portion 130 according to the present disclosure is not limited to the structure illustrated in FIG. 5, and various paths may be formed in accordance with the arrangement of the plurality of light emitting elements 171 or the standards (size, brightness, and the like) of the light emitting elements 171.

    [0035] On the other hand, the present disclosure has a drainage structure that guides water or beverage that is spilled onto the touch area 115 due to a user's mistake through the interior of the display device 100 and then discharges the guided water or beverage out of the display device 100. Hereinafter, referring to FIGS. 6 to 10, the drainage structure of the present disclosure will be described.

    [0036] Referring to FIGS. 6 and 7, the drainage structure may include a gap 141 formed between the side end portion of the display panel and the outer wall 133 of the optical guide portion 130 surrounding the side end portion of the display panel, a drainage path 143 formed between the outer wall 133 and the inner wall 135 of the optical guide portion 130, and at least one drainage hole 145 formed on the optical guide portion 130 as shown in FIG. 7 and penetratingly formed on a bottom 144 of the drainage path 143. Further, the drainage structure may further include a drainage guide groove 147 configured to guide the liquid that is discharged from the drainage hole 145 out of the display device 100. In this case, the drainage guide groove 147 is formed on the rear cover 190.

    [0037] The gap 141 may be formed between four sides of the display panel 110 and the outer wall 133 of the optical guide portion 130. In this case, the gap 141 may be in a predetermined closed loop shape. However, the gap 141 is not limited thereto, but may be formed only between any one of the four sides of the display panel 110 and the outer wall 133 of the optical guide portion 130 corresponding to the one side.

    [0038] The gap 141 has a width enough to make a liquid, such as a beverage, that is spilled onto the touch area 115 flow into the gap 141, and the gap 141 is positioned on the upper side of the drainage path 143 so that the liquid can flow toward the drainage path 143.

    [0039] In this case, a border 151 of the frame portion 150 that supports the display panel 110 as shown in FIG. 7 is arranged between glass 111 arranged on the upper side of the display panel 110 and an upper end of the inner wall 135 of the optical guide portion 130. Accordingly, the inner wall 135 of the optical guide portion 130 and the border 151 of the frame portion 150 can prevent the liquid that flows into the drainage path 143 through the gap 141 from flowing into the area in which the printed circuit board 170 that is vulnerable to water is arranged. In this case, for more efficient waterproofing, a sealing member (not illustrated) may be arranged between the inner wall 135 of the optical guide portion 130 and the border 151 of the frame portion 150.

    [0040] Further, an end portion 153 of the border 151 is spaced apart from the outer wall 133 of the optical guide portion 130 at a predetermined interval, and thus another gap 155 may be formed between the end portion 153 and the outer wall 133 of the optical guide portion 130. Accordingly, the liquid that flows into the gap 141 can be guided toward the drainage path 143 along the other gap 155.

    [0041] Referring to FIG. 8, the drainage path 143 is arranged to form a closed loop along the four sides of the optical guide portion 130. Accordingly, the liquid that flows into the drainage path 143 through the gap 141 may be guided to the drainage hole 145 along the drainage path 143.

    [0042] On the other hand, in the case where the gap 141 is formed only on any one of the four sides of the display device 100, the drainage path 143 may be formed only on the one side of the optical guide portion 130 that corresponds to the gap 141. In the present disclosure, it is exemplified that the display device 100 is in a rectangular shape, but is not limited thereto. The display device 100 may be in the shape of a polygon, such as a triangle or an octagon, a circle, or an ellipse. In relation to the shape of the display device 100 as described above, it is preferable that the outer shapes of the display panel 110, the optical guide portion 130, the frame portion 150, the printed circuit board 170, and the rear cover 190 are formed to correspond to the shape of the display device 100.

    [0043] Further, in the case where the display device 100 is in any one of various shapes as described above, the drainage hole 145 may be formed on any one portion of the optical guide portion 130.

    [0044] Referring to FIG. 9A, the drainage path 143 has a furrow structure that is formed by the outer wall 133 and the inner wall 135 of the optical guide portion 130 and the bottom 144 of the drainage path 143. In this case, a plurality of micro-projections 144a are formed on the bottom 144 of the drainage path 143 so that the liquid does not form on the bottom 144 of the drainage path 143 due to surface tension using a lotus effect, and thus drainage efficiency can be maximized.

    [0045] The plurality of micro-projections 144a minimize the contact area with liquid drops W on the bottom 144 of the drainage path 143, and thus the liquid drops W can smoothly flow toward the drainage hole 145 without forming on the bottom 144. The plurality of micro-projections 144a may be formed through a secondary surface processing, such as a surface corrosion process, spray, or sand blast. In addition, it is preferable that upper portions of the plurality of micro-projections 144a are rounded to minimize the contact area with the liquid drops. However, the shapes of the upper portions of the plurality of micro-projections 144a are not limited thereto, but may be in a cone shape (circular cone or polygonal cone) as shown in FIG. 9B. Further, the plurality of micro-projections 144a may be formed in various shapes in addition to the round or cone shape through the secondary surface processing, such as the surface corrosion processing, spray, or sand blast.

    [0046] Referring to FIG. 10, the bottoms 144b and 144c of the drainage path 143a may be formed to be inclined downwardly on both sides toward the drainage holes 145a and 145b in order to more smoothly guide the liquid that flows into the drainage path 143 toward the drainage grooves 145a and 145b. Further, referring to FIG. 11, the bottom 144b of the drainage path 143b may be formed to be inclined downwardly from one side to the other side toward the drainage hole 145c.

    [0047] Referring again to FIGS. 7 and 8, the drainage hole 145 is formed on the bottom 144 of the drainage path 143 to communicate with the drainage path 143. The drainage hole 145 may be arranged on one portion of the drainage path 143 that corresponds to at least two of four corners of the optical guide portion 130. However, the position of the drainage hole 145 is not limited thereto. The drainage hole 145 may be arranged in the positions of the drainage path 143 corresponding to the four corners of the optical guide portion 130, or may be formed in at least one position of the drainage path 143. It is preferable that, in accordance with the position of the drainage hole 145, the bottom 144 of the drainage path 143 is formed to be inclined toward the drainage hole 145.

    [0048] Referring to FIG. 12, the drainage guide groove 147 may be formed on a part of the outline of the rear cover 190. In this case, once the rear cover 190 is fastened to the printed circuit board 170 through a fastening screw 181, the drainage guide groove 147 is set to a position that corresponds to the drainage hole 145. Accordingly, the liquid that flows from the touch area 115 to the drainage path 143 through the gap 141 is guided to the drainage hole 145 along the drainage path 143, and then is discharged out of the display device 100 through the drainage guide groove 147.

    [0049] On the other hand, a typical vibrator 210 may be used to further expedite the drainage that is performed through the drainage structure according to the present disclosure. The vibrator 210 may be a micro-actuator or a piezoelectric device.

    [0050] Referring to FIG. 8, the vibrator 210 may be fixedly installed on both sides of the optical guide portion 130 to generate and transfer vibration of a predetermined level to the display device 100, and thus the liquid can be smoothly drained through the drainage structure. The installation position of the vibrator 210 is not limited to the optical guide portion 130. In addition, the vibrator 210 may be installed on both sides of the frame portion 150 as shown in FIG. 13, or may be installed on one portion of the inside of the rear cover 190 although not illustrated.

    [0051] In the case of applying the vibrator 210, if a small amount of liquid exists on the touch area 115 and a predetermined amount of light is not received by the plurality of light receiving elements 173, a controller (not illustrated) operates the vibrator 210 to provide vibration to the display device 100. Due to such vibration, the liquid that exists on the touch area 115 flows into the gap 141 and is discharged to the drainage hole 145 through the drainage path 143. In this case, if the liquid on the touch area 115 is removed and thus a predetermined amount of light is received by the plurality of light receiving elements 173, the controller stops the operation of the vibrator 210. As described above, once the vibrator 210 is applied, the liquid on the touch area 115 can be automatically sensed and removed.

    [0052] According to the present disclosure, instead of removing the liquid on the touch area 115 using the vibration of the vibrator 210 as described above, vibration may also be generated through a resonance phenomenon to vibrate the display device 10. For example, a plurality of resonance ribs 213 may be formed at predetermined intervals along at least one of four sides of the frame portion 150 as shown in FIG. 14. In this case, the plurality of resonance ribs 213 resonate with specific sound waves (e.g., sound waves of 1200 Hz) output from a speaker 230 (see FIG. 15) that is arranged inside the display device 100 to cause vibration. In this case, it is preferable that the specific sound waves are set to have a predetermined resonance frequency enough to vibrate the resonance ribs 213 in accordance with the shape and the number of the resonance ribs 213. In FIG. 15, the unexplained reference numeral "231" denotes a speaker hole to discharge the sound output from the speaker 230 out of the display device 100.

    [0053] Referring again to FIG. 3, the plurality of light emitting elements 171 are provided on one surface of the printed circuit board 170, and may be arranged at intervals in a line on the left and lower sides of the printed circuit board 179 so that the light emitting elements 171 are positioned on the left side T1 and the lower side T2 of the display device 100. Further, the plurality of light receiving elements 173 are provided on one surface of the printed circuit board 170, and may be arranged at intervals in a line on the right and upper sides of the printed circuit board 179 so that the light receiving elements 173 are positioned on the right side R1 and the upper side R2 of the display device 100.

    [0054] Hereinafter, referring to FIGS. 15 to 17, a foreign substance removing member 300 for removing foreign substances accumulated on the corner portion on which the optical guide portion 130 and the display panel 110 meet each other will be described.

    [0055] Referring to FIG. 15, the foreign substance removing member 300 may be separably inserted into the display device 100. The foreign substance removing member 300 may be thin and long, like a pen, so that a user can easily grasp the member.

    [0056] Further, the foreign substance removing member may have a scraper 310 provided at one end portion thereof to scrape off the foreign substances and a writing portion 330 provided at the other end portion thereof and having a pressure-function like a typical electronic pen that is used for the touch screen panel. Accordingly, the foreign substance removing member 300 can perform the function of the electronic pen as well as removal of the foreign substances.

    [0057] Referring to FIG. 16, it is preferable that the scraper 310 is made of a flexible material, such as rubber, so as to prevent scratches from occurring on the display panel 110 and the optical guide portion 130 when the scraper 310 scrapes the foreign substances D.

    [0058] Further, the scraper 310 is formed so that a contact end 311 thereof has a predetermined inclination angle α. In this case, the inclination angle α may be set to be equal to or larger than 0°, which is enough to easily remove the foreign substances D accumulated on the corner portion on which the optical guide portion 130 and the display panel 110 meet each other as shown in FIG. 17.

    [0059] Further, in the case where the foreign substances or liquid that cause a touch error exist on the touch area 115 and thus light is not received or a small amount of light is received in the plurality of light receiving elements 173 for a predetermined time, the controller may display a cleaning guide phrase on the display panel 110 or may output cleaning guide announcement through the speaker 230.

    [0060] In addition, the present invention may be applied to an ATM device or Kiosk, and may be installed in an image forming apparatus to display various kinds of content, such as print information. Further, the present invention may also be applicable to a mobile device, such as a tablet PC.


    Claims

    1. A display device comprising:

    a display panel (no);

    an optical guide portion (130) surrounding the display panel, defining a touch area on the display panel, wherein a touch on the touch area is sensed by the display panel detecting interception of light having been output through the optical guide portion passing through the touch area,

    wherein the optical guide portion is disposed such that a gap (141) is located between the optical guide portion and at least a portion of an outer edge (153) of the display panel, and comprising

    a vibrator (210) to vibrate the display panel;

    a drainage hole (145), and

    a drainage path (143) to receive liquid that flows into the gap and to guide the received liquid to the drainage hole,

    wherein the drainage path (143) is formed inside the optical guide portion (130) to form a closed loop along the optical guide portion (130); and

    wherein if a predetermined amount of light output through the optical guide portion is not detected, the vibrator vibrates the display panel.


     
    2. The display device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the drainage hole (145) is formed through a portion of the optical guide portion (130).
     
    3. The display device as claimed in claim 1 or claim 2, further comprising:
    a rear cover (190) forming a rear portion of the display device, the rear cover having a drainage guide groove (147) formed thereon to guide liquid discharged from the drainage hole (145) out of the display device.
     
    4. The display device as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the drainage path (146) has a furrow structure formed by an outer wall (133) of the optical guide portion (130), which forms an outline of the optical guide portion, and an inner wall (135) of the optical guide portion arranged at an interval from the outer wall.
     
    5. The display device as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the drainage path (146) has a plurality of micro-projections (144a) formed on a bottom of the drainage path.
     
    6. The display device as claimed in claim 5, wherein the plurality of micro-projections (144a) have upper portions having a round or cone form that reduces a contact area between liquid drops and the drainage path (146).
     
    7. The display device as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the drainage path (146) has a bottom surface (144) that is downwardly inclined toward the drainage hole (145).
     
    8. The display device as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, further comprising a frame portion (150) that supports the display panel (110), wherein the vibrator (210) is fixedly installed on the frame portion.
     
    9. The display device as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the vibrator is (210) fixedly installed on the optical guide portion (130).
     
    10. The display device as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, further comprising:

    a frame portion (150) arranged between the optical guide portion (130) and the display panel (110);

    a speaker (230) arranged inside the display device to vibrate the optical guide portion; and

    a plurality of resonance ribs (213) formed on a part of the frame, to resonate with sound waves generated from the speaker to vibrate the optical guide portion.


     
    11. The display device as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, further comprising a foreign substance removing member (300) separably inserted into the display device, to remove foreign substances accumulated on a corner portion at which the optical guide portion (130) and the display panel (110) meet each other.
     
    12. The display device as claimed in claim 11, wherein
    the foreign substance removing member (300) has a scraper (310) provided at one end portion thereof, and
    the scraper has an inclined contact end (311).
     
    13. The display device as claimed in claim 12, wherein the scraper (310) is made of a flexible material.
     
    14. The display device as claimed in claim 13, wherein the foreign substance removing member has a writing portion provided at another end portion thereof and having a pressure-function.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Anzeigegerät, umfassend:

    eine Anzeigetafel (110);

    einen Lichtleiterabschnitt (130), der die Anzeigetafel umgibt und einen Berührungsbereich auf der Anzeigetafel definiert, wobei eine Berührung des Berührungsbereichs durch die Anzeigetafel erfasst wird, die das Abfangen von Licht erfasst, das durch den optischen Führungsabschnitt ausgegeben wurde und den Berührungsbereich durchläuft,

    wobei der optische Führungsabschnitt so angeordnet ist, dass sich ein Spalt (141) zwischen dem optischen Führungsabschnitt und mindestens einem Abschnitt einer Außenkante (153) der Anzeigetafel befindet, und Folgendes umfasst:

    einen Schwingungserzeuger (210), um die Anzeigetafel in Schwingung zu versetzen;

    ein Drainageloch (145) und

    einen Drainagepfad (143) zum Aufnehmen von Flüssigkeit, die in den Spalt fließt, und zum Leiten der aufgenommenen Flüssigkeit zu dem Drainageloch,

    wobei der Drainagepfad (143) innerhalb des Lichtleiterabschnitts (130) ausgebildet ist, um eine geschlossene Schleife entlang des Lichtleiterabschnitts (130) zu bilden; und

    wobei, wenn eine vorbestimmte Lichtmenge, die durch den Lichtleiterabschnitt ausgegeben wird, nicht erkannt wird, der Schwingungserzeuger die Anzeigetafel in Schwingung versetzt.


     
    2. Anzeigegerät nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Drainageloch (145) durch einen Abschnitt des Lichtleiterabschnitts (130) ausgebildet ist.
     
    3. Anzeigegerät nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2, ferner umfassend:
    eine hintere Abdeckung (190), die einen hinteren Abschnitt des Anzeigegeräts bildet, wobei auf der hinteren Abdeckung eine Drainage-Führungsnut (147) ausgebildet ist, um Flüssigkeit, die aus dem Drainage-Loch (145) abgegeben wird, aus dem Anzeigegerät herauszuleiten.
     
    4. Anzeigegerät nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Drainagepfad (146) eine Rillenstruktur aufweist, die durch eine Außenwand (133) des Lichtleiterabschnitts (130), der einen Umriss des Lichtleiterabschnitts bildet, und eine Innenwand (135) des Lichtleiterabschnitts, die in einem Abstand von der Außenwand angeordnet ist, gebildet wird.
     
    5. Anzeigegerät nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Drainagepfad (146) mehrere Mikrovorsprünge (144a) aufweist, die an einem Boden des Drainagepfades ausgebildet sind.
     
    6. Anzeigegerät nach Anspruch 5, wobei die mehreren Mikrovorsprünge (144a) obere Abschnitte mit einer runden oder konischen Form haben, die eine Kontaktfläche zwischen Flüssigkeitstropfen und dem Drainagepfad (146) verringert.
     
    7. Anzeigegerät nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Drainagepfad (146) eine Bodenfläche (144) aufweist, die nach unten in Richtung auf das Drainageloch (145) geneigt ist.
     
    8. Anzeigegerät nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend einen Rahmenabschnitt (150), der die Anzeigetafel (110) trägt, wobei der Schwingungserzeuger (210) fest an dem Rahmenabschnitt installiert ist.
     
    9. Anzeigegerät nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, wobei der Schwingungserzeuger (210) fest an dem Lichtleiterabschnitt (130) installiert ist.
     
    10. Anzeigegerät nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend:

    einen Rahmenabschnitt (150), der zwischen dem Lichtleiterabschnitt (130) und der Anzeigetafel (110) angeordnet ist;

    einen Lautsprecher (230), der im Inneren des Anzeigegeräts angeordnet ist, um den Lichtleiterabschnitt in Schwingung zu versetzen; und

    mehrere Resonanzrippen (213), die auf einem Teil des Rahmens ausgebildet sind, um mit Schallwellen, die vom Lautsprecher erzeugt werden, zu schwingen, um den Lichtleiterabschnitt in Schwingung zu versetzen.


     
    11. Anzeigegerät nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend ein Fremdsubstanzentfernungselement (300), das trennbar in das Anzeigegerät eingesetzt ist, um Fremdsubstanzen zu entfernen, die sich an einem Eckabschnitt angesammelt haben, an dem der Lichtleiterabschnitt (130) und die Anzeigetafel (110) aufeinander treffen.
     
    12. Anzeigegerät nach Anspruch 11, wobei

    das Fremdsubstanzentfernungselement (300) einen Schaber (310) aufweist, der an einem Endabschnitt davon vorgesehen ist, und

    der Schaber ein geneigtes Kontaktende (311) aufweist.


     
    13. Anzeigegerät nach Anspruch 12, wobei der Schaber (310) aus einem flexiblen Material besteht.
     
    14. Anzeigegerät nach Anspruch 13, wobei das Fremdsubstanzentfernungselement einen Schreibabschnitt aufweist, der an einem anderen Endabschnitt davon vorgesehen ist und eine Druckfunktion besitzt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif d'affichage comprenant :

    un panneau d'affichage (110) ;

    une partie guide optique (130) entourant le panneau d'affichage, définissant une zone tactile sur le panneau d'affichage, un contact tactile sur la zone tactile étant détecté par le panneau d'affichage détectant l'interception de lumière ayant été émise à travers la partie guide optique traversant la zone tactile,

    dans lequel la partie guide optique est disposée de telle sorte qu'un espace (141) est situé entre la partie guide optique et au moins une partie d'un bord externe (153) du panneau d'affichage, et comprenant

    un vibreur (210) servant à faire vibrer le panneau d'affichage ;

    un trou de drainage (145) et

    un chemin de drainage (143) servant à recevoir du liquide qui s'écoule dans l'espace et à guider le liquide reçu jusqu'au trou de drainage,

    dans lequel le chemin de drainage (143) est formé à l'intérieur de la partie guide optique (130) pour former une boucle fermée le long de la partie guide optique (130) ; et

    dans lequel si une quantité prédéterminée de lumière émise à travers la partie guide optique n'est pas détectée, le vibreur fait vibrer le panneau d'affichage.


     
    2. Dispositif d'affichage selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le trou de drainage (145) est formé à travers une partie de la partie guidage optique (130).
     
    3. Dispositif d'affichage selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, comprenant en outre : un couvercle arrière (190) formant une partie arrière du dispositif d'affichage, le couvercle arrière ayant une rainure de guidage de drainage (147) formée sur celui-ci servant à guider le liquide drainé du trou de drainage (145) hors du dispositif d'affichage.
     
    4. Dispositif d'affichage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le chemin de drainage (146) a une structure de sillon formée par une paroi externe (133) de la partie guide optique (130), qui forme un contour de la partie guide optique, et une paroi interne (135) de la partie guide optique disposée à un intervalle de la paroi externe.
     
    5. Dispositif d'affichage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le chemin de drainage (146) a une pluralité de micro-saillies (144a) formées sur un fond du chemin de drainage.
     
    6. Dispositif d'affichage selon la revendication 5, dans lequel la pluralité de micro-saillies (144a) ont des parties supérieures ayant une forme ronde ou conique qui réduit une zone de contact entre les gouttes de liquide et le chemin de drainage (146).
     
    7. Dispositif d'affichage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le chemin de drainage (146) a une surface inférieure (144) qui est inclinée vers le bas vers le trou de drainage (145).
     
    8. Dispositif d'affichage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre une partie cadre (150) qui supporte le panneau d'affichage (110), le vibreur (210) étant installé de manière fixe sur la partie cadre.
     
    9. Dispositif d'affichage selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, dans lequel le vibreur (210) est installé de manière fixe sur la partie guide optique (130).
     
    10. Dispositif d'affichage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre :

    une partie cadre (150) disposée entre la partie guide optique (130) et le panneau d'affichage (110) ;

    un haut-parleur (230) disposé à l'intérieur du dispositif d'affichage pour faire vibrer la partie guide optique ; et

    une pluralité de nervures de résonance (213) formées sur une partie du cadre, pour résonner avec des ondes sonores générées par le haut-parleur afin de faire vibrer la partie guide optique.


     
    11. Dispositif d'affichage selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre un élément d'élimination de substances étrangères (300) inséré de manière séparable dans le dispositif d'affichage, servant à éliminer les substances étrangères accumulées sur une partie d'angle au niveau de laquelle la partie guide optique (130) et le panneau d'affichage (110) se rencontrent.
     
    12. Dispositif d'affichage selon la revendication 11, dans lequel
    l'élément d'élimination de substances étrangères (300) a un grattoir (310) prévu à une partie d'extrémité de celui-ci, et
    le grattoir a une extrémité de contact inclinée (311).
     
    13. Dispositif d'affichage selon la revendication 12, dans lequel le grattoir (310) est en matériau flexible.
     
    14. Dispositif d'affichage selon la revendication 13, dans lequel l'élément d'élimination de substances étrangères a une partie d'écriture prévue à une autre partie d'extrémité de celui-ci et ayant une fonction de pression.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description