(19)
(11)EP 3 135 890 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/26

(21)Application number: 15782594.4

(22)Date of filing:  24.04.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F01M 13/00(2006.01)
F02F 7/00(2006.01)
F02B 75/22(2006.01)
F01M 1/10(2006.01)
F01M 13/04(2006.01)
F02B 75/00(2006.01)
F01M 11/00(2006.01)
F01M 1/02(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2015/062608
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/163471 (29.10.2015 Gazette  2015/43)

(54)

ENGINE

MOTOR

MOTEUR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 25.04.2014 JP 2014091964

(43)Date of publication of application:
01.03.2017 Bulletin 2017/09

(73)Proprietor: Yamaha Motor Power Products Kabushiki Kaisha
Kakegawa-shi Shizuoka 436-0084 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • NISHI, Kengo
    Iwata-shi Shizuoka 438-0002 (JP)
  • JINNOHARA, Nobuo
    Kakegawa-shi Shizuoka 436-0084 (JP)

(74)Representative: Zimmermann, Tankred Klaus et al
Schoppe, Zimmermann, Stöckeler Zinkler, Schenk & Partner mbB Patentanwälte Radlkoferstrasse 2
81373 München
81373 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- H11 343 827
JP-A- 2008 274 837
US-A- 2 346 148
JP-A- 2002 242 634
JP-B2- H0 411 438
US-A- 5 876 188
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to engines, and more specifically to vertical engines used in machinery such as mowing equipment.

    BACKGROUND ART



    [0002] Patent Literature 1 discloses an example of the engines of this type. Patent Literature 1 discloses a vertical engine in which a crank shaft axial direction is in an up-down direction, with an oil pan supporting the crank shaft.

    CITATION LIST


    PATENT LITERATURE



    [0003] Patent Literature 1: JP-A 2002-242634

    SUMMARY OF INVENTION


    TECHNICAL PROBLEM



    [0004] In the engine disclosed in Patent Literature 1, there is no lid member provided in an upper surface of the oil pan. Therefore, when the engine is disposed in a tilted fashion, then there can be a case where, depending on the angle, there is no lubricant oil near a suction inlet of an oil strainer inside the oil pan. If this situation continues, lubricant oil cannot be supplied from the oil strainer to an oil pump, possibly leading to a problem that lubricant oil cannot be circulated inside the engine.

    [0005] Also, since the crank shaft is supported by the oil pan which is exposed to the outside, vibratory noise from the crank shaft easily leaks to the outside.

    [0006] Therefore, a primary object of the present invention is to provide an engine capable of stably supplying lubricant oil from an oil strainer inside an oil pan to an oil pump while reducing vibratory noise from the crank shaft.

    [0007] US 2 346 148 A discloses an engine according to the preamble of claim 1.

    [0008] US 5 876 188 A discloses a four cycle engine for an outboard motor having a lubricating oil pump driven with a crankshaft which is actuated by doubling speed of the cam shaft.

    SOLUTION TO PROBLEM



    [0009] According to the present invention, there is provided an engine which includes: a crankcase having a downward opening; an oil pan provided below the crankcase and having an upward opening; a crank shaft provided inside the crankcase and the oil pan in such a fashion that a crank shaft axis direction is in an up-down direction and the crank shaft penetrates the crankcase and the oil pan; an oil pump provided coaxially with the crank shaft and driven by the crank shaft; an oil strainer provided inside the oil pan; and a platy support member supporting one side of the crank shaft pivotably. With the above arrangement, the support member is disposed at least inside one of the crankcase and the oil pan in such a fashion that both surfaces of the support member are covered by the crankcase and the oil pan and there can be communication between the crankcase and the oil pan.

    [0010] According to the present invention, the support member is platy and therefore, functions as a lid member for the oil pan, and can prevent lubricant oil inside the oil pan from moving upward beyond the support member. Even if the engine is tilted, for example, causing the lubricant oil to move from below to above the support member, the lubricant oil which has moved upward beyond the support member returns to the oil pan since the crankcase and the oil pan communicate with each other. Lubricant oil which has circulated inside the engine and flows down from a higher position than the support member also returns to the oil pan. Therefore, it is possible to make lubricant oil available near the oil strainer inside the oil pan, and to stably supply lubricant oil from the oil strainer to the oil pump. Also, the support member which supports the crank shaft has its both surfaces covered by the crankcase and the oil pan. This makes it possible to reduce noise, which is caused by vibrations from the crank shaft, from escaping to the outside.

    [0011] Preferably, the engine further includes a cam shaft provided in parallel with the crank shaft inside the crankcase. With this arrangement, the support member supports the crank shaft and the cam shaft pivotably. In this case, it is possible to improve the accuracy in the center-to-center distance between the crank shaft and the cam shaft since the crank shaft and the cam shaft are supported by one support member.

    [0012] Further preferably, the engine further includes a governor shaft provided in parallel with the crank shaft inside the crankcase. With this arrangement, the support member supports the crank shaft, the cam shaft and the governor shaft. In this case, it is possible to improve the accuracy in the center-to-center distance between the crank shaft, the cam shaft and the governor shaft since the crank shaft, the cam shaft and the governor shaft are supported by one support member.

    [0013] Further, preferably, the oil pump is inside the oil pan. In this case, a height difference between the oil pump and the oil strainer is small, making it possible to decrease suction resistance in the oil pump.

    [0014] According to the present invention, the support member includes a perimeter edge region having mounting portions for being attached to at least one of the crankcase and the oil pan for the support member to be incorporated inside the crankcase and the oil pan. In this case, the support member is incorporated inside the crankcase and the oil pan, i.e., is not exposed outside of the crankcase or the oil pan. This makes it possible to confine noise, which is caused by vibrations conducted from the crank shaft to the support member, within the crankcase and the oil pan and thereby to further decrease noise.

    [0015] Further preferably, the mounting portions are attached to the crankcase, and the crankcase supports another side of the crank shaft pivotably. In this case, the crank shaft is pivotably supported by the support member attached to the crankcase, and by the crankcase. This makes it possible to decrease vibrations of the crank shaft than in an arrangement where the support member is attached to the oil pan.

    [0016] Further, preferably, the support member has rib portions which are centered at an axial center of the crank shaft and extend radially toward the mounting portions. In this case, it is possible to improve the strength of the support member, making it easy to dissipate loads applied from the crank shaft to the support member, to the crankcase or the oil pan along the rib portions.

    [0017] Preferably, the engine further includes a ball bearing disposed between the support member and an outer surface of the crank shaft. In this case, by bearing the crank shaft with the ball bearing, the arrangement allows for an appropriate solution to receive not only radial loads applied to the crank shaft but also thrust loads applied thereto.

    [0018] The above-described object and other objects, characteristics, aspects and advantages of the present invention will become clearer from the following detailed description of embodiments of the present invention to be made with reference to the attached drawings.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0019] 

    Fig. 1 is a top perspective view of an engine according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 2 is a bottom perspective view of the engine according to the embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 3 is a plan view of the engine according to the embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 4 is a bottom view of the engine according to the embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 5 is a side view (taken from left) of the engine according to the embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 6 is a side view (taken from right) of the engine according to the embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 7 is a vertical sectional view (taken in line A-A in Fig. 8) of the engine according to the embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 8 is a plan view showing a crankcase and a cylinder body.

    Fig. 9 is a bottom view showing the crankcase and the cylinder body.

    Fig. 10 is a plan view showing a support member.

    Fig. 11 is a bottom view showing the support member.

    Fig. 12 is a B-B sectional view (see Fig. 11) showing the support member.

    Fig. 13 is a bottom view showing the engine with an oil pan removed.

    Fig. 14 is a plan view showing the oil pan and the support member.

    Fig. 15 is a C-C sectional view (see Fig. 16) showing the oil pan, a crank shaft, an oil filter, etc.

    Fig. 16 is a plan view showing the oil pan and its surrounds.

    Fig. 17 is a plan view showing the crank shaft, pistons and their surrounds.

    Fig. 18 is a view showing the crank shaft, the pistons and their surrounds.

    Fig. 19 is a plan view showing the engine with a cover portion removed.

    Fig. 20 is a bottom view showing the engine with the oil pan, the support member and the crank shaft removed.


    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0020] Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

    [0021] Referring to Fig. 1 through Fig. 6, an engine 10 according to an embodiment of the present invention is a vertical, narrow-angle (less than 90 degrees), V-type, two-cylinder, OHV engine (Over Head Valve Engine). The engine 10 includes a crankcase 12. Two cylinders 14, 16 are provided in a V-shape on a side surface of the crankcase 12. An oil pan 18 is provided below the crankcase 12. A crank shaft 20 is provided inside the crankcase 12 and the oil pan 18 so that its axis direction is in an up-down direction (see Fig. 7). The crank shaft 20 penetrates the crankcase 12 and the oil pan 18 in the up-down direction. Referring to Fig. 7, above the crankcase 12, a cooling fan 22 is provided coaxially with the crank shaft 20. The cooling fan 22 is driven by the crank shaft 20, and introduces cooling air from above the crankcase 12. A cover portion 24 is provided to cover above the cylinders 14, 16, and above the crankcase 12, and the cooling fan 22 as well. The cover portion 24 includes a first cover 26 and a second cover 28 which is attached onto the first cover 26. The second cover 28 has an air inlet 30 at a place facing the cooling fan 22 for introducing outside air. Inside the second cover 28, a grass screen 32 is provided for preventing invasion of impurities such as grass. The outside air introduced from the air inlet 30 by driving the cooling fan 22 cools the engine 10.

    [0022] Referring to Fig. 7 through Fig. 9, the crankcase 12 has a through-hole 34 penetrated by the crank shaft 20. The crankcase 12 has an upper surface formed with an upward opening, generally gourd-shaped recess 36. In the recess 36, there are provided a first gas/liquid separating chamber 38 and a second gas/liquid separating chamber 40. The first gas/liquid separating chamber 38 has a greater capacity than the second gas/liquid separating chamber 40. The first gas/liquid separating chamber 38 and a hollow portion 48 (which will be described later) of the crankcase 12 communicate with each other via a through-hole 42. The through-hole 42 is opened/closed by a reed valve 44 provided in the first gas/liquid separating chamber 38. In a generally center region of the first gas/liquid separating chamber 38, there is provided a bearing hole 46 for a cam shaft 148 (which will be described later). In the crankcase 12, the hollow portion 48 is formed with a downward opening. The hollow portion 48 serves as an oil chamber. In the hollow portion 48, a third gas/liquid separating chamber 50 is provided.

    [0023] The second gas/liquid separating chamber 40 and the third gas/liquid separating chamber 50 communicate with each other via an oil return hole 52; the first gas/liquid separating chamber 38 and the third gas/liquid separating chamber 50 communicate with each other via an oil return hole 54; and the third gas/liquid separating chamber 50 and the oil pan 18 communicate with each other via an oil return channel 56 provided in the crankcase 12 and an oil return channel 58 (see Fig. 16) provided in the oil pan 18. The first gas/liquid separating chamber 38 and the second gas/liquid separating chamber 40 have their upper surfaces provided with a lid 60. The third gas/liquid separating chamber 50 has its lower surface provided with a lid 62.

    [0024] As described, the first gas/liquid separating chamber 38, the second gas/liquid separating chamber 40 and the third gas/liquid separating chamber 50 are deployed near between the two cylinders 14, 16 (between V banks) in the crankcase 12. The lid 60 has a lower surface formed with a wall portion 64, which reduces gas flow from the first gas/liquid separating chamber 38 to the second gas/liquid separating chamber 40. Blowby gas from the hollow portion 48 of the crankcase 12 is separated into gas and liquid in the first gas/liquid separating chamber 38 and the second gas/liquid separating chamber 40, and further in the third gas/liquid separating chamber 50. The three gas/liquid separating chambers provided in the crankcase 12 as described increase separation efficiency due to multi-stage expansion. As indicated by white arrows in Fig. 7, blowby gas is sent from the hollow portion 48, through the first gas/liquid separating chamber 38, the second gas/liquid separating chamber 40, the third gas/liquid separating chamber 50, a gas tube 66, etc., to an upstream location in an air intake system. Lubricant oil separated in the first gas/liquid separating chamber 38, the second gas/liquid separating chamber 40 and the third gas/liquid separating chamber 50 is returned from the third gas/liquid separating chamber 50, through oil return channels 56, 58, to the oil pan 18. The hollow portion 48 of the crankcase 12 is surrounded by an end edge 68, where there is formed a plurality (eight, in the present embodiment) of screw holes 72 for attaching a platy support member 70.

    [0025] Referring to Fig. 8, if the engine 10 is mounted horizontally, lubricant oil from the first gas/liquid separating chamber 38 is returned to the oil pan 18 via a generally V-shaped oil return channel 74. As described, depending on whether the engine 18 is mounted vertically or horizontally, a different oil return channel is used to return lubricant oil to the oil pan 18.

    [0026] Referring to Fig. 7, Fig. 10, Fig. 11 and Fig. 12, the support member 70 has a through-hole 76 for the crank shaft 20, a through-hole 78 for the cam shaft 148 (which will be described later), and a through-hole 80 for a governor shaft 158 (which will be described later) . Referring to Fig. 13 and Fig. 14, the support member 70 has dimensions to form a plurality of gaps S1 between an outer circumference of the support member 70 and the end edge 68 of the crankcase 12, and a gap S2 between the outer circumference of the support member 70 and an end edge 90 of the oil pan 18. This allows communication between the crankcase 12 and the oil pan 18. The support member 70 includes a perimeter edge region having a plurality (eight, in the present embodiment) of mounting portions 82. In the present embodiment, the mounting portions 82 are generally hollow cylindrical and have thick walls. The support member 70 has a lower surface formed with a plurality of rib portions 84. The rib portions 84 are formed straightly to extend radially, centering at an axial center (the through-hole 76) of the crank shaft 20 toward the mounting portions 82; to extend radially, centering at an axial center (the through-hole 78) of the cam shaft 148 toward the mounting portions 82; to extend radially, centering at an axial center (the through-hole 80) of the governor shaft 158 toward the mounting portions 82; to extend from the axial center of the crank shaft 20 toward the axial center of the cam shaft 148; to extend from the axial center of the crank shaft 20 toward the axial center of the governor shaft 158; and to extend from the axial center of the cam shaft 148 toward the axial center of the governor shaft 158. Each of the mounting portions 82 in the support member 70 is positioned correspondingly to one of screw holes 72 formed in the end edge 68 of the crankcase 12, and unillustrated fasteners such as bolts for example are used to attach the support member 70 to the crankcase 12. Then, as shown in Fig. 7, an upper region of the crank shaft 20 is supported by the crankcase 12 via a bearing 86 provided in the through-hole 34 whereas a lower region of the crank shaft 20 is supported by the support member 70 via a ball bearing 88 provided in the through-hole 76. In this arrangement, the crank shaft 20 penetrates the crankcase 12 and the support member 70 in an up-down direction; the support member 70 supports one side of the crank shaft 20 pivotably; and the crankcase 12 supports another side of the crank shaft 20 pivotably.

    [0027] Referring to Fig. 9 and Fig. 14, and according to the present invention, the crankcase 12 and the oil pan 18 are positioned and fastened to each other with unillustrated fasteners, with the end edge 68 of the lower-surface-opening crankcase 12 and the end edge 90 of the upper-surface-opening oil pan 18 in contact with each other.

    [0028] Referring to Fig. 7, Fig. 15 and Fig. 16, the upward opening oil pan 18 is formed with a through-hole 92 for the crank shaft 20 to penetrate. An oil seal 94 is placed between the crank shaft 20 and the through-hole 92. Inside the oil pan 18, near the through-hole 92, there is attached an oil pump 96 at a lower position of the crank shaft 20 coaxially with the crank shaft 20. The oil pump 96 is driven as the crank shaft 20 rotates. The oil pump 96 is provided by a trochoid pump for example. Inside the oil pan 18, an annular member 98 is provided in a manner to surround the oil pump 96. The annular member 98 is formed with a through-hole 100. The through-hole 100 is on an extended line of an oil path 110 (which will be described later). Inside the oil pan 18, a curved oil strainer 102 is provided on an outer side of the annular member 98, and on an outer side of the oil strainer 102, there is provided an oil strainer cover 106 which is curved and platy, and has a suction port 104. The oil pump 96, the annular member 98, the oil strainer 102 and the oil strainer cover 106 have their upper surfaces covered by a cover 108. Lubricant oil from the oil pump 96 is sent through the oil path 110 and an oil hose 112, supplied to an oil cooler 114 and cooled. The cooled lubricant oil is supplied to an oil filter 118 via an oil hose 116, filtered there, and then supplied to various parts of the engine 10. The oil cooler 114 and the oil filter 118 are outside of the oil pan 18. The oil filter 118 is disposed in such a fashion that the oil filter 118 has its longitudinal direction being parallel with the axial direction of the crank shaft 20. This allows for a compact structure. The oil path 110 is provided with a relief valve 120. The relief valve 120 opens when an oil pressure in the oil path 110 becomes not smaller than a predetermined value, to return lubricant oil inside the oil path 110 to the oil pan 18. Referring to Fig. 15 and Fig. 16, the oil strainer 102, the through-hole 100, the oil pump 96, the oil path 110 and the relief valve 120 are disposed on a straight line in a plan view. This makes it possible to decrease the resistance of lubricant oil flowing through the oil path 110.

    [0029] Returning to Fig. 2 and Fig. 4, the cylinder 14 includes a cylinder body 122, a cylinder head 124 and a cylinder head cover 126. The cylinder 16 includes a cylinder body 128, a cylinder head 130 and a cylinder head cover 132. Referring to Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, the cylinder bodies 122, 128 are formed integrally with the crankcase 12. Each of the cylinder bodies 122, 128 has fins 134, 136 on its outer circumference.

    [0030] Referring to Fig. 8, Fig. 9, Fig. 17 and Fig. 18, inside the cylinder bodies 122, 128, pistons 140, 142 are slidably provided respectively. Each of the pistons 140, 142 is connected by a corresponding one of connecting rods 144, 146 to the crank shaft 20 inside the crankcase 12. In the present embodiment, the connecting rods 144, 146 are provided by diagonally split connecting rods (see Fig. 20). Also in the present embodiment, the connecting rods 144, 146 have their big end portions not coaxial with each other (see Fig. 17). Thus, crank pins on the crank shaft 20 are not coaxial with each other (see Fig. 7). Reciprocating movement of the pistons 140, 142 is converted into rotating movement by the crank shaft 20. Referring to Fig. 9, an arc-shaped cutout 138 is formed on an end region of the crank shaft 20 side in an inner circumferential surface in each of the cylinder bodies 122, 128. In the present embodiment, the cutout 138 is made coaxially with the through-hole 34 in order to avoid interference with the big end portions of the connecting rods 144, 146. The crankcase 12 incorporates the cam shaft 148 which moves together with the crank shaft 20. Referring to Fig. 7, the cam shaft 148 has an end region supported pivotably in the bearing hole 46 by the crankcase 12 via a film of oil. The cam shaft 148 has the other end region supported pivotably by the support member 70 via a ball bearing 150 placed in the through-hole 78. The crank shaft 20 is provided with a driving gear 152, whereas the cam shaft 148 is provided with a driven gear 154 which rotates as the driving gear 152 rotates. Referring to Fig. 17 and Fig. 18, a governor 156 is provided inside the crankcase 12. The governor 156 is a system for maintaining the number of rotations of the engine 10 within a predetermined range even if there is load fluctuation. The governor 156 has the governor shaft 158, which is pressed into the through-hole 80 of the support member 70. The governor 156 has a governor gear 160, which is attached pivotably to the governor shaft 158, engaged with the driven gear 154, and is rotated as the driven gear 154 rotates. The crank shaft 20, the cam shaft 148 and the governor shaft 158 which are supported by the support member 70 are disposed in parallel (substantially in parallel) to each other.

    [0031] In the respective cylinders 14, 16, from the cylinder bodies 122, 128 to the cylinder heads 124, 130, communication paths (not illustrated) are formed for communication between inside of the crankcase 12 and rocker arm chambers (not illustrated) inside the cylinder head covers 126, 132.

    [0032] Referring to Fig. 17 and Fig. 18, in the cylinder 14, a push rod 162 and a tappet 164 provided in an end region of the push rod 162 are inserted into the communication path. The tappet 164 has its tip portion contacted onto an air intake cam 166 of the cam shaft 148 inside the crankcase 12. The push rod 162 has the other end region, which is connected to a rocker arm 168 provided inside the rocker arm chamber. Air intake valves 174, 176, which are constantly urged by valve springs 170, 172 in a closing direction, are driven by the rocker arm 168. The air intake valves 174, 176 open/close two air intake ports (not illustrated). Also, a push rod 178 and a tappet 180 provided at an end region of the push rod 178 are inserted into the communication path. The tappet 180 has its tip portion contacted onto an exhaust cam 182 of the cam shaft 148 inside the crankcase 12. The push rod 178 has the other end region, which is connected to a rocker arm 184 provided inside the rocker arm chamber. An exhaust valve 188, which is constantly urged by a valve spring 186 in a closing direction, is driven by the rocker arm 184. The exhaust valve 188 opens/closes an exhaust port 190 (see Fig. 4, Fig. 13).

    [0033] Likewise, in the cylinder 16, a push rod 192 and a tappet 194 provided at an end region of the push rod 192 are inserted into the communication path. The tappet 194 has its tip portion contacted onto an air intake cam 196 of the cam shaft 148 inside the crankcase 12. The push rod 192 has the other end region, which is connected to a rocker arm 198 provided inside the rocker arm chamber. Air intake valves 204, 206, which are constantly urged by valve springs 200, 202 in a closing direction, are driven by the rocker arm 198. The air intake valves 204, 206 open/close two air intake ports (not illustrated) . Also, a push rod 208 and a tappet 210 provided at an end region of the push rod 208 are inserted into the communication path. The tappet 210 has its tip portion contacted onto an exhaust cam 212 of the cam shaft 148 inside the crankcase 12. The push rod 208 has the other end region, which is connected to a rocker arm 214 provided inside the rocker arm chamber. An exhaust valve 218, which is constantly urged by a valve spring 216 in a closing direction, is driven by the rocker arm 214. The exhaust valve 218 opens/closes an exhaust port 220 (see Fig. 4, Fig. 13).

    [0034] As will be understood from alternate long and short dash lines X, Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4 shown in Fig. 18, the cam shaft 148 is perpendicular to rocker shafts 222, 224, 226, 228 of the rocker arms 168, 184, 198, 214 in a side view. This makes it possible to reduce an increase in friction in a valve driving mechanism which includes a plurality of air intake valves 174, 176, and in a valve driving mechanism which includes a plurality of air intake valves 204, 206, caused by an increase in the number of valves.

    [0035] Referring to Fig. 19, the air intake ports of the cylinder 14 and the air intake ports of the cylinder 16 are connected to each other by an air intake manifold 230. The air intake manifold 230 is connected to a throttle body 232. The throttle body 232 is disposed between the cylinders 14, 16 which are arranged in a narrow-angle V-type two-cylinder style. To the throttle body 232, an air filter 236 is attached via an air intake pipe 234 (see Fig. 1, Fig. 2). A pressure/temperature sensor 238 is provided at a branch section where the air intake manifold 230 branches toward the two cylinders 14, 16. In other words, the pressure/temperature sensor 238 is disposed at a center portion of a cylinder-to-cylinder region of the air intake manifold 230 which connects the air intake ports of the cylinder 14 and the air intake ports of the cylinder 16 (i.e., between the air intake ports of the two cylinders) . The pressure/temperature sensor 238 detects pressures and temperatures of intake air for fuel injection control. Based on outputs from the pressure/temperature sensor 238, it is possible to detect an amount of air flow.

    [0036] Referring to Fig. 20, the exhaust ports 190, 220 of the cylinders 14, 16 are connected to a muffler 244 via exhaust pipes 240, 242 respectively. Exhaust gas from the engine 10 is discharged outside via the muffler 244. The engine 10 is supplied with fuel from an unillustrated fuel tank. A starter motor 246 rotates the crank shaft 20 to start the engine 10.

    [0037] According to the engine 10, the support member 70 is made platy, therefore functions as a lid member for the oil pan 18 and can prevent lubricant oil inside the oil pan 18 from moving upward beyond the support member 70. Even if the engine 10 is tilted for example, causing the lubricant oil to move from below to above the support member 70, the lubricant oil which has moved upward beyond the support member 70 returns to the oil pan 18 since the crankcase 12 and the oil pan 18 communicate with each other. Lubricant oil which has circulated inside the engine 10 and flows down from a higher position than the support member 70 also returns to the oil pan 18. Therefore, it is possible to make lubricant oil available near the oil strainer 102 inside the oil pan 18, and to stably supply lubricant oil from the oil strainer 102 to the oil pump 96. Also, the support member 70 which supports the crank shaft 12 has its both surfaces covered by the crankcase 12 and the oil pan 18. This makes it possible to reduce noise, which is caused by vibrations from the crank shaft 20, from escaping to the outside.

    [0038] Since one support member 70 supports the crank shaft 20, the cam shaft 148 and the governor shaft 158, it is possible to improve the accuracy in the center-to-center distance between the crank shaft 20, the cam shaft 148 and the governor shaft 158.

    [0039] Since the oil pump 96 is inside the oil pan 18, a height difference between the oil pump 96 and the oil strainer 102 is small (approximately zero in the present embodiment) . This makes it possible to decrease suction resistance in the oil pump 96.

    [0040] According to the present invention, the support member 70 is incorporated inside the crankcase 12 and the oil pan 18, i.e., is not exposed outside of the crankcase 12 or the oil pan 18. This makes it possible to confine noise, which is caused by vibrations conducted from the crank shaft 20 to the support member 70, within the crankcase 12 and the oil pan 18, and thereby to further decrease noise.

    [0041] The crank shaft 20 is supported pivotably by the support member 70 which is attached to the crankcase 12, and by the crankcase 12. This makes it possible to decrease vibrations of the crank shaft 20 than in an arrangement where the support member 70 is attached to the oil pan 18.

    [0042] The support member 70 has the rib portions 84 which are centered at the axial center of the crank shaft 20 and radially extend toward the mounting portions 82. This makes it possible to improve the strength of the support member 70, making it easy to dissipate loads applied from the crank shaft 20 to the support member 70, to the crankcase 12 or the oil pan 18 along the rib portions 84.

    [0043] The ball bearing 88 is provided between the support member 70 and an outer surface of the crank shaft 20. By bearing the crank shaft 20 with the ball bearing 88, the arrangement allows for an appropriate solution to receive not only radial loads applied to the crank shaft 20 but also thrust loads applied thereto.

    [0044] The connecting rods 144, 146 are provided by diagonally split connecting rods (see Fig. 20), and each of the cylinder bodies 122, 128 is formed with the cutout 138 (see Fig. 9). These make it possible to decrease a dimension of the crankcase 12, and consequently a dimension of the engine 10 in its fore-aft direction (in the direction indicated by Arrow F in Fig. 20).

    [0045] It should be noted here that the support member 70 may be positioned in the oil pan 18 for incorporation inside the crankcase 12 and the oil pan 18, with a gap formed between the outer circumference of the support member 70 and the end edge 90 of the oil pan 18. In this arrangement, the mounting portions 82 of the support member 70 are attached to the oil pan 18.

    [0046] Also, a carburetor may be disposed between the cylinders 14, 16 of the narrow-angle V type two-cylinder design.

    [0047] The present invention being thus far described in terms of preferred embodiments, it is obvious that these may be varied in many ways within the scope of the present invention. The scope of the present invention is only limited by the accompanied claims.

    REFERENCE SIGNS LIST



    [0048] 
    10
    Engine
    12
    Crankcase
    18
    Oil pan
    20
    Crank shaft
    70
    Support member
    82
    Mounting portion
    84
    Rib portion
    88, 150
    Ball bearings
    96
    Oil pump
    102
    Oil strainer
    148
    Cam shaft
    158
    Governor shaft



    Claims

    1. An engine comprising:

    a crankcase (12) having a downward opening;

    an oil pan (18) provided below the crankcase (12) and having an upward opening;

    a crank shaft (20) provided inside the crankcase (12) and the oil pan (18) in such a fashion that a crank shaft axis direction is in an up-down direction and the crank shaft (20) penetrates the crankcase (12) and the oil pan (18);

    an oil pump (96);

    an oil strainer (102) provided inside the oil pan (18); and

    a platy support member (70) supporting one side of the crank shaft (20) pivotably;

    wherein the support member (70) is disposed at least inside one of the crankcase (12) and the oil pan (18) such that a first surface of the support member (70) is covered by the crankcase (12), such that a second surface of the support member (70) is covered by the oil pan (18), and such that the crankcase (12) and the oil pan (18) communicate with each other,

    characterized in that

    the oil pump (96) is provided coaxially with the crank shaft (20) and is driven by the crank shaft (20);

    the crankcase (12) and the oil pan (18) are positioned and fastened to each other with fasteners, with an end edge (68) of the downward opening of the crankcase (12) and an end edge (90) of the upward opening of the oil pan (18) in contact with each other; and the support member (70) includes a perimeter edge region having mounting portions (82) for attaching the support member (70) to at least one of the crankcase (12) and the oil pan (18) so that the support member (70) is incorporated inside the crankcase (12) and the oil pan (18) so that the support member (70) is not exposed outside of the crankcase (12) or the oil pan (18).


     
    2. The engine according to Claim 1, further comprising a cam shaft (148) provided in parallel with the crank shaft (20) inside the crankcase (12);
    wherein the support member (70) supports the crank shaft (20) and the cam shaft (148) pivotably.
     
    3. The engine according to Claim 2, further comprising a governor shaft (158) provided in parallel with the crank shaft (20) inside the crankcase (12);
    wherein the support member (70) supports the crank shaft (20), the cam shaft (148) and the governor shaft (158).
     
    4. The engine according to one of Claims 1 through 3, wherein the oil pump (96) is inside the oil pan (18).
     
    5. The engine according to Claim 1, wherein the mounting portions (82) are attached to the crankcase (12), and the crankcase (12) supports another side of the crank shaft (20) pivotably.
     
    6. The engine according to Claim 1 or 5, wherein the support member (70) has rib portions (84) which are centered at an axial center of the crank shaft (20) and extending radially toward the mounting portions (82).
     
    7. The engine according to one of Claims 1 through 6, further comprising a ball bearing (88) disposed between the support member (70) and an outer surface of the crank shaft (20).
     
    8. The engine according to one of Claims 1 through 7, wherein
    the support member (70) has dimensions to form a plurality of first gaps (S1) between an outer circumference of the support member (70) and the crankcase (12), and a second gap (S2) between the outer circumference of the support member (70) and the oil pan (18) to allow communication between the crankcase (12) and the oil pan (18).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Ein Motor, der folgende Merkmale aufweist:

    ein Kurbelgehäuse (12) mit einer Öffnung nach unten;

    eine Ölwanne (18), die unter dem Kurbelgehäuse (12) vorgesehen ist und eine Öffnung nach oben aufweist;

    eine Kurbelwelle (20), die in dem Kurbelgehäuse (12) und der Ölwanne (18) vorgesehen ist, so dass eine Kurbelwellenachsenrichtung in einer Aufwärts-AbwärtsRichtung liegt und die Kurbelwelle (20) das Kurbelgehäuse (12) und die Ölwanne (18) durchdringt;

    eine Ölpumpe (96);

    ein Ölsieb (102), das in der Ölwanne (18) vorgesehen ist; und

    ein flaches Tragebauglied (70), das eine Seite der Kurbelwelle (20) schwenkbar trägt;

    wobei das Tragebauglied (70) zumindest entweder in dem Kurbelgehäuse (12) oder der Ölwanne (18) angeordnet ist, so dass eine erste Oberfläche des Tragebauglieds (70) durch das Kurbelgehäuse (12) bedeckt ist, so dass eine zweite Oberfläche des Tragebauglieds (70) durch die Ölwanne (18) bedeckt ist und so dass das Kurbelgehäuse (12) und die Ölwanne (18) miteinander kommunizieren,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die Ölpumpe (96) koaxial mit der Kurbelwelle (20) vorgesehen ist und durch die Kurbelwelle (20) angetrieben wird;

    das Kurbelgehäuse (12) und die Ölwanne (18) mit Befestigungsvorrichtungen zueinander positioniert und aneinander befestigt sind, wobei eine Endkante (68) der Öffnung der Kurbelwelle (12) nach unten und eine Endkante (90) der Öffnung der Ölwanne (18) nach oben miteinander in Kontakt sind; und

    das Tragebauglied (70) eine Umfangskantenregion umfasst, die Befestigungsabschnitte (82) aufweist zum Anbringen des Tragebauglieds (70) an zumindest entweder dem Kurbelgehäuse (12) oder der Ölwanne (18), so dass das Tragebauglied (70) in dem Kurbelgehäuse (12) und der Ölwanne (18) aufgenommen ist, so dass das Tragebauglied (70) nicht außerhalb des Kurbelgehäuses (12) oder der ölwanne (18) freigelegt ist.


     
    2. Der Motor gemäß Anspruch 1, der ferner eine Nockenwelle (148) aufweist, die parallel mit der Kurbelwelle (20) in dem Kurbelgehäuse (12) vorgesehen ist;
    wobei das Tragebauglied (70) die Kurbelwelle (20) und die Nockenwelle (148) schwenkbar trägt.
     
    3. Der Motor gemäß Anspruch 2, der ferner eine Reglerwelle (158) aufweist, die parallel mit der Kurbelwelle (20) in dem Kurbelgehäuse (12) vorgesehen ist;
    wobei das Tragebauglied (70) die Kurbelwelle (20), die Nockenwelle (148) und die Regelwelle (158) trägt.
     
    4. Der Motor gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, bei dem sich die Ölpumpe (96) in der Ölwanne (18) befindet.
     
    5. Der Motor gemäß Anspruch 1, bei dem die Befestigungsabschnitte (82) an dem Kurbelgehäuse (12) angebracht sind und das Kurbelgehäuse (12) eine andere Seite der Kurbelwelle (20) schwenkbar trägt.
     
    6. Der Motor gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 oder 5, bei dem das Tragebauglied (70) Rippenabschnitte (84) aufweist, die in einer axialen Mitte der Kurbelwelle (20) zentriert sind und sich radial zu den Befestigungsabschnitten (82) hin erstrecken.
     
    7. Der Motor gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, der ferner ein Kugellager (88) aufweist, das zwischen dem Tragebauglied (70) und einer Außenoberfläche der Kurbelwelle (20) angeordnet ist.
     
    8. Der Motor gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, bei dem
    das Tragebauglied (70) Abmessungen aufweist, um eine Mehrzahl von ersten Zwischenräumen (S1) zwischen einem Außenumfang des Tragebauglieds (70) und dem Kurbelgehäuse (12) zu bilden und einen zweiten Zwischenraum (S2) zwischen dem Außenumfang des Tragebauglieds (70) und der Ölwanne (18) zu bilden, um eine Kommunikation zwischen dem Kurbelgehäuse (12) und der Ölwanne (18) zu ermöglichen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Moteur, comprenant:

    un carter de moteur (12) présentant une ouverture vers le bas;

    un carter d'huile (18) prévu sous le carter de moteur (12) et présentant une ouverture vers le haut;

    un vilebrequin (20) prévu à l'intérieur du carter de moteur (12) et du carter d'huile (18) de manière telle que la direction de l'axe du vilebrequin soit dans une direction de haut en bas et que le vilebrequin (20) pénètre dans le carter de moteur (12) et le carter d'huile (18);

    une pompe à huile (96);

    une crépine de filtre à huile (102) prévue à l'intérieur du carter d'huile (18); et

    un élément de support plat (70) supportant un côté du vilebrequin (20) de manière pivotante;

    dans lequel l'élément de support (70) est disposé au moins à l'intérieur de l'un parmi le carter de moteur (12) et le carter d'huile (18) de sorte qu'une première surface de l'élément de support (70) soit recouverte par le carter de moteur (12), de sorte qu'une deuxième surface de l'élément de support (70) soit recouverte par le carter d'huile (18), et de sorte que le carter de moteur (12) et le carter d'huile (18) communiquent l'un avec l'autre,

    caractérisé par le fait que

    la pompe à huile (96) est prévue de manière coaxiale au vilebrequin (20) et est entraînée par le vilebrequin (20);

    le carter de moteur (12) et le carter d'huile (18) sont positionnés et fixés l'un à l'autre à l'aide de moyens de fixation, avec un bord d'extrémité (68) de l'ouverture vers le bas du carter de moteur (12) et un bord d'extrémité (90) de l'ouverture vers le haut du carter d'huile (18) en contact l'un avec l'autre; et

    l'élément de support (70) comporte une région de bord périmétrique présentant des parties de montage (82) destinées à fixer l'élément de support (70) à au moins l'un parmi le carter de moteur (12) et le carter d'huile (18) de sorte que l'élément de support (70) soit incorporé à l'intérieur du carter de moteur (12) et du carter d'huile (18) de sorte que l'élément de support (70) ne soit pas exposé à l'extérieur du carter de moteur (12) ou du carter d'huile (18).


     
    2. Moteur selon la revendication 1, comprenant par ailleurs un arbre à cames (148) prévu en parallèle avec le vilebrequin (20) à l'intérieur du carter de moteur (12);
    dans lequel l'élément de support (70) supporte le vilebrequin (20) et l'arbre à cames (148) de manière pivotante.
     
    3. Moteur selon la revendication 2, comprenant par ailleurs un arbre de régulateur (158) prévu en parallèle avec le vilebrequin (20) à l'intérieur du carter de moteur (12);
    dans lequel l'élément de support (70) supporte le vilebrequin (20), l'arbre à cames (148) et l'arbre de régulateur (158).
     
    4. Moteur selon l'une des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel la pompe à huile (96) est située à l'intérieur du carter d'huile (18).
     
    5. Moteur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les parties de montage (82) sont fixées au carter de moteur (12), et le carter de moteur (12) supporte un autre côté du vilebrequin (20) de manière pivotante.
     
    6. Moteur selon la revendication 1 ou 5, dans lequel l'élément de support (70) présente des parties de nervure (84) qui sont centrées sur le centre axial du vilebrequin (20) et s'étendent radialement vers les parties de montage (82).
     
    7. Moteur selon l'une des revendications 1 à 6, comprenant par ailleurs un roulement à billes (88) disposé entre l'élément de support (70) et une surface extérieure du vilebrequin (20).
     
    8. Moteur selon l'une des revendications 1 à 7, dans lequel l'élément de support (70) présente des dimensions pour former une pluralité de premiers interstices (S1) entre une circonférence extérieure de l'élément de support (70) et le carter de moteur (12), et un deuxième interstice (S2) entre la circonférence extérieure de l'élément de support (70) et le carter d'huile (18) pour permettre une communication entre le carter de vilebrequin (12) et le carter d'huile (18).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description