(19)
(11)EP 3 138 163 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.11.2020 Bulletin 2020/45

(21)Application number: 15785483.7

(22)Date of filing:  29.04.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01R 13/533(2006.01)
H01R 13/52(2006.01)
H01R 103/00(2006.01)
F15B 13/043(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2015/028260
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/168266 (05.11.2015 Gazette  2015/44)

(54)

HIGH PRESSURE SEALED ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

HOCHDRUCKABGEDICHTETER ELEKTRISCHER VERBINDER

CONNECTEUR ÉLECTRIQUE ÉTANCHE HAUTE PRESSION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 30.04.2014 US 201461986380 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
08.03.2017 Bulletin 2017/10

(73)Proprietor: Eaton Intelligent Power Limited
Dublin 4 (IE)

(72)Inventor:
  • HUYNH, Tam Chi
    Richfield, Minnesota 55423 (US)

(74)Representative: BRP Renaud & Partner mbB Rechtsanwälte Patentanwälte Steuerberater 
Königstraße 28
70173 Stuttgart
70173 Stuttgart (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 0 235 365
US-A- 4 003 620
US-A1- 2005 186 823
US-A1- 2012 028 489
US-A- 3 450 160
US-A- 4 874 335
US-A1- 2008 258 090
US-B1- 6 364 677
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Background



    [0001] Hydraulic control systems are used in many industrial and mobile applications, such as excavating equipment, hoists, lifting arms, and a number of similar devices. Such control systems typically include control valves in the form of a spool slidable within a bore, the position of the spool determining which of a pair of outlet ports is connected to relatively high pressure fluid and which is connected to a low pressure at any given time.

    [0002] Often times, the hydraulic control systems contain electric devices arranged at different pressures. For example, some electric devices are arranged at atmospheric pressure, and other devices are arranged to be exposed to hydraulic fluid at a higher pressure than the atmospheric pressure. Typically, the electric devices arranged at different pressures are electrically connected through electrical connectors. Thus, such electrical connectors need to be reliably secured within the hydraulic control system and environmentally sealed between the different pressures.

    [0003] US 4,003,720 relates to a connector according to the preamble of claim which forms part of marine electrical cable equipment., wherein the cable has a hollow tubular outer jacket that encloses and loosely supports a bundle of individually insulated cable conductors and that is filled with an electrically insulative and relatively incompressible fluid, such as oil, which is sealed within the cable at sea level pressure. 6,364,677 B1 relates to an underwater cable comprising a housing filled with oil, which comprises semiconductors sealed against an outer sheath by means of a sealing device at one end and terminating housings filled with dielectric liquid for the conductors at the other end. US 3,450,160 relates to an electrically controlled pilot valve operated directional control valve for use in hydraulic power transmission system

    Summary



    [0004] The invention relates to an electrical connector as defined in claim 1.

    [0005] One aspect is an electrical connector having a housing, a conductive pin, a first seal, and a sealant. The housing has a bore and first and second ends. When the electrical connector is in use, the first end is arranged at a first pressure, and the second end is arranged at a second pressure different from the first pressure. The bore extends between the first and second ends. The conductive pin is arranged within the bore and configured to engage a first wire at the first end and a second wire at the second end. The first seal is arranged around the conductive pin and engaged between the conductive pin and the bore to provide seal therebetween. The sealant is provided to fill the bore between the first end and the first seal. In some examples, the first pressure is greater than the second pressure. The sealant may be an epoxy-based sealant.

    [0006] The electrical connector may further include a second seal arranged around the conductive pin adjacent the first seal. The first seal is positioned between the second seal and the sealant, and the second seal is not exposed to the sealant.

    [0007] The conductive pin may be configured as one piece. In other examples, the conductive pin includes a first sub-pin and a second sub-pin. The first sub-pin is arranged within the bore and has a first wire end and a first coupling end. The first wire end engages the first wire at the first end. The second sub-pin is arranged within the bore and has a second wire end and a second coupling end. The second wire end engages the second wire at the second end, and the second coupling end engages the first coupling end of the first sub-pin.

    [0008] Another aspect is a system including a system housing, a first electrical device, a second electrical device, and an electrical connector. When the system is in use, the first electrical device is arranged at a first pressure, and the second electrical device is arranged at a second pressure. The first pressure may be greater than the second pressure. The electrical connector is engaged within the system housing and configured to electrically connect the first electrical device to the second electrical device. The connector may include a connector housing, an outer seal, a first wire, a second wire, a conductive pin, a first inner seal, and a sealant. The connector housing has a bore and first and second ends. When the connector is in use, the first end is arranged at the first pressure, and the second end is arranged at the second pressure. The bore extends between the first and second ends. The outer seal is arranged around the connector housing and configured to provide seal between the connector housing and the system housing. The first wire is electrically connected to the first electrical device. The second wire is electrically connected to the second electrical device. The conductive pin is arranged within the bore and configured to engage the first wire at the first end and the second wire at the second end. The first inner seal is arranged around the conductive pin and engaged between the conductive pin and the bore to provide seal therebetween. The sealant fills the bore between the first end and the first inner seal.

    [0009] Yet another aspect is a pilot valve system including a body, a solenoid assembly, a control unit, a spool assembly, and an electrical connector. The body has a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet. The solenoid assembly is operated at a first pressure. The control unit is operated at a second pressure lower than the first pressure. The spool assembly is engaged with the solenoid assembly and operated to control fluid flow between the fluid inlet and the fluid outlet. The electrical connector is engaged within the body and configured to electrically connect the control unit to the solenoid assembly. The connector includes a connector housing, an outer seal, a first wire, a second wire, a conductive pin, a first inner seal, and a sealant. The connector housing has a bore and first and second ends. When the connector is in use, the first end is arranged at the first pressure, and the second end is arranged at the second pressure. The bore extends between the first and second ends. The outer seal is arranged around the connector housing and configured to provide seal between the connector housing and the system housing. The first wire is electrically connected to the solenoid assembly, and the second wire is electrically connected to the control unit. The conductive pin is arranged within the bore and configured to engage the first wire at the first end and the second wire at the second end. The first inner seal is arranged around the conductive pin and engaged between the conductive pin and the bore to provide seal therebetween. The sealant fills the bore between the first end and the first inner seal.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0010] 

    FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an exemplary pilot valve system.

    FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the pilot valve system of FIG. 1.

    FIG. 3 illustrates an exemplary electrical connector used in the pilot valve system.

    FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the electrical connector of FIG. 3.

    FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the electrical connector of FIG. 3.

    FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of an electrical connector according to another example of the present disclosure.


    Detailed Description



    [0011] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an exemplary pilot valve system 100. The pilot valve system 100 operates to control a high-pressure and/or high-volume flow by controlling a limited-flow control feed to a separate piloted valve. In some examples, the pilot valve system 100 is used in a twin spool control valve arrangement, which operates to control hydraulic equipment of different types. Examples of such a twin spool control valve arrangement are described in U.S. Patent Application No. 13/386,281, titled CONTROL ARRANGEMENT, filed on July 20, 2009, and U.S. Patent Application No. 13/386,235, titled CONTROL ARRANGEMENT, filed on July 20, 2009. In some examples, the system 100 includes a body 102, an actuator 104, and a control unit 106. The system 100 is described in further detail with reference to FIG. 2.

    [0012] FIG. 2. is a cross-sectional view of the pilot valve system 100 of FIG. 1. As discussed above, the pilot valve system 100 includes the body 102, the actuator 104, and the control unit 106. The pilot valve system 100 further includes an electrical connector 108 configured to electrically connect the actuator 104 and the control unit 106.

    [0013] The body 102 contains a first pilot spool assembly 110A and a second pilot spool assembly 110B, which are collectively referred to as pilot spool assemblies 110 in either the singular or plural form as required by context. In the depicted example, the first and second spool assemblies 110A and 110B are controlled in a similar manner. Further, other components of the body 102 are configured symmetrically for the first and second spool assemblies 110A and 110B, and, therefore, described primarily for either the first or second spool assembly 110A or 110B. The pilot spool assembly 110 is configured to be moved by the actuator 104 along a spool chamber 112. In some examples, the pilot spool assembly 110 includes a spring mechanism 114 for holding the assembly 110 in a neutral position when not actuated by the actuator 104.

    [0014] The body 102 further includes a pilot inlet 116, a first pilot outlet 118, and a second pilot outlet 120. As described below, depending on the position of the pilot spool assembly 110 within the spool chamber 112, the pilot inlet 116 is in fluid communication with either the first pilot outlet 118 or the second pilot outlet 120. As such, a pilot fluid selectively flows from the pilot inlet 116 either to the first pilot outlet 118 or to the second pilot outlet 120.

    [0015] The actuator 104 operates to control the position of the pilot spool assembly 110 along the spool chamber 112. In the depicted example, the actuator 104 is an electromagnetic actuator, which includes a magnet assembly 124 and a voice coil assembly 126. In this document, the actuator 104 is also referred to as a solenoid assembly. The magnet assembly 124 is fixed to the body 102, which defines an actuator chamber 128 within which the voice coil assembly 126 moves. The voice coil assembly 126 is coupled to the pilot spool assembly 110 and moves relative to the magnet assembly 124 within the actuator chamber 128 by electromagnetic force. For example, the voice coil assembly 126 includes a winding 130 to which an electric current is applied to generate a magnetic field therearound. The interaction between the magnetic field around the voice coil assembly 126 and the magnetic field of the associated magnet assembly 124 is used to drive the pilot spool assembly 110 for movement to desired positions.

    [0016] In some examples, the actuator chamber 126 provides a space through which a pressure different from atmospheric pressure is applied. For example, the pilot valve system 100 is configured to circulate a return fluid through the body 102, and the actuator chamber 126 is configured to be exposed to the return fluid flowing to a tank. In some examples, the return fluid is pressurized to a higher pressure than atmospheric pressure before returning to the tank. Thus, the actuator chamber 126 is subject to a higher pressure than the atmospheric pressure.

    [0017] The control unit 106 is operable to control the current applied to the winding 130 of the voice coil assembly 126 and thus to control the position of the pilot spool assembly 110 within the spool chamber 112. In the depicted example, the control unit 106 is arranged on the body 102 and configured to be connected to other electrical devices or power supply. In some examples, the control unit 106 is open to the atmospheric surrounding, thereby being exposed at atmospheric pressure.

    [0018] The electrical connector 108 is configured to connect the control unit 106 to the actuator 104. As described above, the actuator 104 and the control unit 106 are exposed to different pressures, and, thus, the electrical connector 108 is subject to different pressures at the connecting ends of the connector 108. The electrical connector 108 is described in further detail with reference to FIGS. 3-6.

    [0019] FIG. 3 illustrates an exemplary electrical connector 108 used in the pilot valve system 100. In the depicted examples, the electrical connector 108 is connected to the voice coil assembly 126. The electrical connector 108 includes a first pair of wires 132 and a second pair of wires 134. The first pair of wires 132 electrically connects the connector 108 to the winding 130 of the voice coil assembly 126. The second pair of wires 134 electrically connects the connector 108 to the control unit 106. As such, the electrical connector 108 provides an electrical connection between the actuator 104 and the control unit 106. However, it is apparent that the electrical connector 108 can be used to provide any type of electrical connection between two electrical devices.

    [0020] FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the electrical connector 108 of FIG. 3. The electrical connector 108 includes a connector housing 138 with first and second ends 142 and 144 along a longitudinal axis. The first pair of wires 1 32 extends from the first end 142 of the connector 108, and the second pair of wires 134 extends from the second end 144 of the connector 108.

    [0021] The electrical connector 108 further includes an outer sealing element 148 around the outer surface of the housing 138 of the connector 108. As shown in FIG. 2, the outer sealing element 148 is configured to seal the interface between the electrical connector 108 and the body 102. In some examples, the sealing element 148 includes one or more O-rings. In the depicted examples, the sealing element 148 includes two axially spaced-apart O-rings arranged around the outer surface of the connector housing 138. In other examples, the sealing element 148 includes other types of seals, such as back-up rings, lip seals, and any other suitable seals.

    [0022] In some examples, the electrical connector 108 may be employed with the first and second ends 142 and 144 arranged at different pressures. For example, as shown in FIG. 2, the electrical connector 108 is mounted in the body 102 of the pilot valve system 100 such that the first end 142 of the connector 108 is exposed to the actuator chamber 126 and the second end 144 is exposed to the atmospheric surroundings. As described above, the pressure at the actuator chamber 126 can be higher than the atmospheric pressure.

    [0023] FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the electrical connector 108 of FIG. 3. The electrical connector 108 includes a bore 152, a conductive pin assembly 154, an inner sealing element 156, and a sealant 158. In some examples, the pin assembly 154 includes a first sub-pin 162 and a second sub-pin 164. As shown in FIG. 5, the electrical connector 108 can have a pair of these components for the first and second pair of wires 1 32 and 134. In other examples, the electrical connector 108 can have more than two sets of these components for electrical connection between a plurality of wires. In yet other examples, the electrical connector 108 can have only one set of these components for electrical connection between two wires. For brevity purposes, only one set of the components are described below, and it is apparent that the same configurations and principles are applied to the other sets of the components.

    [0024] The bore 152 is formed within the connector housing 138, extending between the first and second ends 142 and 144 and being open at the first and second ends 142 and 144. The bore 152 is configured to receive the conductive pin assembly 154 therein.

    [0025] The conductive pin assembly 154 is arranged within the bore 152 and configured to engage the first set of wires 132 at the first end 142 and the second set of wires 134 at the second end 144. The first and second sets of wires 132 and 134 can be electrically connected to the conductive pin assembly 154 in any manner at the first and second ends 142 and 144. For examples, the first and second sets of wires 132 and 134 are crimped at the first and second ends 142 and 144 of the pin assembly 154. In other examples, the wires 132 and 134 can be welded at the ends 142 and 144 of the pin assembly 154.

    [0026] In some examples, the conductive pin assembly 154 includes a first sub-pin 162 and the second sub-pin 164 electrically connected to the first sub-pin 162. In some examples, the first and second sub-pins 162 and 164 are made of a conductive material. The first sub-pin 162 is arranged within the bore 152 and has a first wire end 172 and a first coupling end 174. The first wire end 172 is configured to electrically engage the first wire 132, and the first coupling end 174 is configured to electrically engage the second sub-pin 164, as described below. The second sub-pin 164 is arranged within the bore 152 in series with the first sub-pin 162 along a longitudinal axis. The second sub-pin 164 has a second wire end 176 and a second coupling end 178. The second wire end 176 is configured to electrically engage the second wire 134. The second coupling end 178 is configured to electrically engage the first coupling end 174 of the first sub-pin 162. The first and second wire ends 172 and 178 can engage the first and second wires 132 and 134 in any manner suitable for electrically and mechanically connecting the wires 132 and 134. In some examples, the wires 132 and 134 can be crimped at the first and second wire ends 172 and 176. The first and second coupling ends 174 and 178 can be electrically engaged each other in any suitable manner. In some examples, the first coupling end 174 of the first sub-pin 162 is configured as a conductive rod, and the second coupling end 178 of the second sub-pin 164 is configured as a complementary conductive socket that receives the conductive rod and becomes in electrical contact with the conductive rod.

    [0027] The inner sealing element 156 is arranged around the pin assembly 154 to provide seals at the interface between the bore 152 and the pin assembly 154. In some examples, the inner sealing element 156 can be one or more O-rings arranged around the outer surface of the pin assembly 154. In the depicted example, the inner sealing element 156 includes two O-rings. In some examples, the pin assembly 154 can provide one or more recesses 182 to place the inner sealing element 156 in place, and the bore 152 can provide one or more recesses 184 corresponding to the recesses 182 of the pin assembly 154 so that the inner sealing element 156 is interposed in place between the bore 152 and the pin assembly 154. In some embodiments, the inner sealing element 156 can include only one O-ring. Although the inner sealing element 156 is illustrated as O-rings in this example, other types of sealing elements are also possible, such as back-up rings, lip seals, and any other suitable seals.

    [0028] In addition to the inner sealing element 156, the sealant 158 is employed to the electrical connector 108 to provide additional seals and help retaining the wires 132 and 134 in place. The sealant 158 is viscous when applied and has little or no flow characteristics when cured. The sealant 158 can be of any type suitable for providing seals and restraining the movement of the wires 132 connected to the pin assembly 154. In some examples, the sealant 158 is an epoxy-based sealant.

    [0029] In some examples, the sealant 158 is provided to fill the bore 152 after the pin assembly 154 and the inner sealing element 156 are inserted within the bore 152. For example, the sealant 158 can fill a space of the bore 152 formed between the first end 142 and the inner sealing element 156 along the longitudinal axis. In the examples where the inner sealing element 156 includes a plurality of O-rings 156A and 156B (i.e., a first seal 156A and a second seal 156B) arranged adjacent one another, the sealant 158 is filled to contact the O-ring 156A that is closer to the first end 142 than other O-rings 156B, and the sealant 158 is configured not to contact the other O-rings 156B. The first seal 156A (e.g., the O-ring 156A) operates to isolate the sealant 158 and the second seal 156B (e.g., the O-ring 156B). This configuration permits the other O-rings 156B that is arranged farther from the first end 142 to maintain their flexibility, thereby improving the sealing between the bore 152 and the pin assembly 154. In other embodiments, while the second seal 156B is an O-ring or any suitable seal, the first seal 156A can be any element (e.g., a back-up ring, a lip seal, or any suitable component) configured to isolate the sealant 158 from the second seal 156B.

    [0030] In other examples, other types of seals can be used for the first and second seals 156A and 156B of the inner sealing element 156. For example, at least one of the first seal 156A and the second seal 156B can be a back-up ring, a lip seal, and any other seals suitable for the purpose of the first and second seals 156A and 156B.

    [0031] The sealant 158 also operates as a wire restrainer so that the wires 132 connected to the pin assembly 154 at the first end 142 are fixed within the bore 152 and maintain their mechanical and electrical connectivity to the pin assembly 154.

    [0032] Similarly, the sealant 158 can also be provided to fill the bore 152 at the second end 144. The sealant 158 provides environmental seals at the second end 144 and retains the wires 134 in place at the second end 144. In some examples, the sealant 158 can be provided to the bore 152 only either at the first end 142 or at the second end 144. In other examples, the sealant 158 can be provided to the bore 152 at both the first and second ends 142 and 144.

    [0033] FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of an electrical connector 208 according to another example of the present disclosure. As many of the concepts and features are similar to the first example shown in FIGS. 3-5, the description for the first example is hereby incorporated by reference for the second example. Where like or similar features or elements are shown, the same reference numbers will be used where possible. The following description for the second example will be limited primarily to the differences between the first and second examples.

    [0034] In this example, the pin assembly 154 of the electrical connector 208 is integrally formed as one conductive piece. The pin assembly 154 includes the first and second wire ends 172 and 176 configured to engage the wires 132 and 134, respectively. In some examples, as described above, the wires 132 and 134 can be crimped at the first and second wire ends 172 and 176, respectively, so that the wires 132 and 134 are electrically and mechanically coupled to the first and second wire ends 172 and 176. In this manner, the pin assembly 154 provides an electrical connection between the first wire 132 and the second wire 134. As such, the electrical connector 208 removes a coupling between two sub-pins within the bore 152, as shown in FIGS. 4 and 5, and thus can improve electrical and mechanical connectivity between the wires 132 and 134.

    [0035] In some examples, the connector housing 138 includes a wire passage 188 adjacent the second end 144. The wire passage 188 is configured to provide a passage through which the wire 134 extends between the inside of the bore 152 and the outside of the housing 138. The wire passage 188 can provide a support for the wire 134 to retain the wire 134 in place. The wire passage 188 can replace the sealant 158 that would otherwise be used to secure the wire 134, as described with reference to FIG. 5. Although, in the depicted example, the wire passage 188 is formed adjacent the second end 144 and the sealant 158 is provided at the first end 142, the wire passage 188 can be provided adjacent the first end 142 and the sealant 158 can be provided at the second end 144 in other examples.

    [0036] The various examples described above are provided by way of illustration only and should not be construed to limit the scope of the present disclosure according to the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. An electrical connector comprising:

    a housing (138) having a bore (152) and first (142) and second ends (144), the bore extending between the first and second ends;

    a conductive pin (154) arranged within the bore and configured to engage a first wire (132) at the first end and a second wire (134) at the second end;

    a first seal (156A) arranged around the conductive pin and engaged between the conductive pin and the bore to provide seal therebetween;

    characterized by

    a sealant (158) filling the bore between the first end and the first seal, the sealant configured to provide additional seals and restrain movement of the first wire connected to the conductive pin.


     
    2. The connector according to claim 1, wherein, when the electrical connector (108, 208) is in use, the first end (142) is arranged at a first pressure and the second end (144) is arranged at a second pressure, the first pressure is greater than the second pressure.
     
    3. The connector according to claim 1 or 2, further comprising a second seal (156B) arranged around the conductive pin (154) adjacent the first seal (156A), wherein the first seal is positioned between the second seal and the sealant (158), and wherein the second seal is not exposed to the sealant, the first seal operating to isolate the sealant and the second seal.
     
    4. The connector according to any of claims 1-3, wherein the conductive pin (154) comprises:

    a first sub-pin (162) arranged within the bore (152) and having a first wire end (172) and a first coupling end (174), the first wire end engaging the first wire (132) at the first end; and

    a second sub-pin (164) arranged within the bore and having a second wire end (176) and a second coupling end (178), the second wire end engaging the second wire (134) at the second end, and the second coupling end engaging the first coupling end of the first sub-pin.


     
    5. The connector according to any of claims 1-4, further comprising an outer seal (148) arranged around the housing (138) and configured to provide seal between the housing and an apparatus (100) to which the electrical connector (108, 208) is installed.
     
    6. The connector according to any of claims 1-5, further comprising:

    a second bore formed in the housing (138);

    a second conductive pin arranged within the second bore;

    a third seal arranged around the second conductive pin and engaged between the second conductive pin and the second bore to provide seal therebetween; and

    a second sealant filling the second bore between the first end (142) and the third seal.


     
    7. The connector according to claim 6, further comprising a fourth seal arranged around the second conductive pin adjacent the third seal, wherein the fourth seal is positioned between the third seal and the second sealant (158), and wherein the fourth seal is not exposed to the second sealant.
     
    8. The connector according to claim 6 or 7, wherein the second conductive pin (154) comprises:

    a third sub-pin arranged within the second bore and having a third wire end and a third coupling end; and

    a fourth sub-pin arranged within the second bore and having a fourth wire end and a fourth coupling end, the fourth coupling end engaging the third coupling end of the third sub-pin.


     
    9. A system comprising:

    a system housing (102);

    a first electrical device (104) arranged at a first pressure;

    a second electrical device (106) arranged at a second pressure; and

    an electrical connector (108, 208) according to any of the preceding claims, the electrical connector engaged within the system housing and configured to electrically connect the first electrical device to the second electrical device, wherein the first end (142) of the connector housing (138) is arranged at the first pressure and the second end (144) of the connector housing is arranged at the second pressure, and wherein the first wire (132) is electrically connected to the first electrical device and the second wire (134) electrically connected to the second electrical device.


     
    10. A pilot valve system comprising:

    a body (102) having a fluid inlet (116) and a fluid outlet (118, 120);

    a solenoid assembly (104) operated at a first pressure;

    a control unit (106) operated at a second pressure lower than the first pressure;

    a spool assembly (110A, 110B) engaged with the solenoid assembly and operated to control fluid flow between the fluid inlet and the fluid outlet;

    an electrical connector (108, 208) according to any of the claims 1-10, the electrical connector engaged within the body and configured to electrically connect the control unit to the solenoid assembly wherein the first end (142) of the connector housing (138) is arranged at the first pressure and the second end (144) of the connector housing is arranged at the second pressure, and wherein the first wire (132) is electrically connected to the solenoid assembly and the second wire (134) electrically connected to the control unit.


     
    11. The connector according to any of claims 1-6, wherein the sealant (138) is an epoxy-based sealant.
     
    12. The connector according to any of claims 7-8 wherein the second sealant (138) is an epoxy-based sealant.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Elektrischer Verbinder, umfassend:

    ein Gehäuse (138) mit einer Bohrung (152) und einem ersten (142) und einem zweiten Ende (144), wobei sich die Bohrung zwischen dem ersten und dem zweiten Ende erstreckt;

    einen leitfähigen Stift (154), der innerhalb der Bohrung angeordnet und so konfiguriert ist, dass er mit einem ersten Draht (132) an dem ersten Ende und einem zweiten Draht (134) an dem zweiten Ende in Eingriff steht;

    eine erste Dichtung (156A), die um den leitfähigen Stift herum angeordnet ist und zwischen dem leitfähigen Stift und der Bohrung in Eingriff steht, um eine Dichtung dazwischen bereitzustellen;

    gekennzeichnet durch

    ein Dichtmittel (158), das die Bohrung zwischen dem ersten Ende und der ersten Dichtung füllt, wobei das Dichtmittel konfiguriert ist, zusätzliche Dichtungen bereitzustellen und die Bewegung des ersten Drahtes, der mit dem leitfähigen Stift verbunden ist, einzuschränken.


     
    2. Verbinder nach Anspruch 1, wobei, wenn der elektrische Verbinder (108, 208) in Gebrauch ist, das erste Ende (142) bei einem ersten Druck angeordnet ist und das zweite Ende (144) bei einem zweiten Druck angeordnet ist, wobei der erste Druck größer als der zweite Druck ist.
     
    3. Verbinder nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, ferner umfassend eine zweite Dichtung (156B), die um den leitfähigen Stift (154) herum angrenzend an die erste Dichtung (156A) angeordnet ist, wobei die erste Dichtung zwischen der zweiten Dichtung und dem Dichtungsmittel (158) positioniert ist und wobei die zweite Dichtung dem Dichtungsmittel nicht ausgesetzt ist, wobei die erste Dichtung dazu dient, das Dichtungsmittel und die zweite Dichtung zu isolieren.
     
    4. Verbinder nach einem der Ansprüche 1-3, wobei der leitfähige Stift (154) umfasst:

    einen ersten Teilstift (162), der innerhalb der Bohrung (152) angeordnet ist und ein erstes Drahtende (172) und ein erstes Kopplungsende (174) aufweist, wobei das erste Drahtende mit dem ersten Draht (132) an dem ersten Ende in Eingriff steht; und

    einen zweiten Teilstift (164), der innerhalb der Bohrung angeordnet ist und ein zweites Drahtende (176) und ein zweites Kopplungsende (178) aufweist, wobei das zweite Drahtende mit dem zweiten Draht (134) an dem zweiten Ende in Eingriff steht und das zweite Kopplungsende mit dem ersten Kopplungsende des ersten Teilstifts in Eingriff steht.


     
    5. Verbinder nach einem der Ansprüche 1-4, ferner umfassend eine äußere Dichtung (148), die um das Gehäuse (138) herum angeordnet und so konfiguriert ist, dass sie eine Dichtung zwischen dem Gehäuse und einem Gerät (100) bereitstellt, an welchem der elektrische Verbinder (108, 208) installiert ist.
     
    6. Verbinder nach einem der Ansprüche 1-5, ferner umfassend:

    eine zweite Bohrung, die in dem Gehäuse (138) ausgebildet ist;

    einen zweiten leitfähigen Stift, der innerhalb der zweiten Bohrung angeordnet ist;

    eine dritte Dichtung, die um den zweiten leitfähigen Stift herum angeordnet ist und zwischen dem zweiten leitfähigen Stift und der zweiten Bohrung in Eingriff steht, um eine Dichtung dazwischen bereitzustellen; und

    ein zweites Dichtmittel, das die zweite Bohrung zwischen dem ersten Ende (142) und der dritten Dichtung füllt.


     
    7. Verbinder nach Anspruch 6, ferner umfassend eine vierte Dichtung, die um den zweiten leitfähigen Stift herum angrenzend an die dritte Dichtung angeordnet ist, wobei die vierte Dichtung zwischen der dritten Dichtung und dem zweiten Dichtmittel (158) positioniert ist und wobei die vierte Dichtung dem zweiten Dichtmittel nicht ausgesetzt ist.
     
    8. Verbinder nach Anspruch 6 oder 7, wobei der zweite leitfähige Stift (154) umfasst:

    einen dritten Teilstift, der innerhalb der zweiten Bohrung angeordnet ist und ein drittes Drahtende und ein drittes Kopplungsende aufweist; und

    einen vierten Teilstift, der innerhalb der zweiten Bohrung angeordnet ist und ein viertes Drahtende und ein viertes Kopplungsende aufweist, wobei das vierte Kopplungsende mit dem dritten Kopplungsende des dritten Teilstifts in Eingriff steht.


     
    9. System umfassend:

    ein Systemgehäuse (102);

    eine erste elektrische Vorrichtung (104), die bei einem ersten Druck angeordnet ist;

    eine zweite elektrische Vorrichtung (106), die bei einem zweiten Druck angeordnet ist; und

    einen elektrischen Verbinder (108, 208) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei der elektrische Verbinder innerhalb des Systemgehäuses in Eingriff steht und zum elektrischen Verbinden der ersten elektrischen Vorrichtung mit der zweiten elektrischen Vorrichtung konfiguriert ist, wobei das erste Ende (142) des Verbindergehäuses (138) bei dem ersten Druck angeordnet ist und das zweite Ende (144) des Verbindergehäuses bei dem zweiten Druck angeordnet ist und wobei der erste Draht (132) elektrisch mit der ersten elektrischen Vorrichtung und der zweite Draht (134) elektrisch mit der zweiten elektrischen Vorrichtung verbunden ist.


     
    10. Pilotventilsystem, umfassend:

    einen Körper (102) mit einem Fluideinlass (116) und einem Fluidauslass (118, 120);

    eine Elektromagnetanordnung (104), die bei einem ersten Druck betrieben wird;

    eine Steuereinheit (106), die bei einem zweiten Druck betrieben wird, der niedriger ist als der erste Druck;

    eine Spulenanordnung (110A, 110B), die mit der Elektromagnetanordnung in Eingriff steht und betrieben wird, um den Fluidstrom zwischen dem Fluideinlass und dem Fluidauslass zu steuern;

    einen elektrischen Verbinder (108, 208) nach einem der Ansprüche 1-10, wobei der elektrische Verbinder in den Körper eingreift und zum elektrischen Verbinden der Steuereinheit mit der Elektromagnetanordnung konfiguriert ist, wobei das erste Ende (142) des Verbindergehäuses (138) bei dem ersten Druck angeordnet ist und das zweite Ende (144) des Verbindergehäuses bei dem zweiten Druck angeordnet ist und wobei der erste Draht (132) elektrisch mit der Elektromagnetanordnung und der zweite Draht (134) elektrisch mit der Steuereinheit verbunden ist.


     
    11. Verbinder nach einem der Ansprüche 1-6, wobei das Dichtmittel (138) ein Dichtmittel auf Epoxidbasis ist.
     
    12. Verbinder nach einem der Ansprüche 7-8, wobei das zweite Dichtmittel (138) ein Dichtmittel auf Epoxidbasis ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Connecteur électrique comprenant :

    un boîtier (138) ayant un alésage (152) et des première (142) et deuxième extrémités (144), l'alésage s'étendant entre les première et deuxième extrémités ;

    une broche conductrice (154) agencée à l'intérieur de l'alésage et configurée pour venir en prise avec un premier fil (132) au niveau de la première extrémité et un deuxième fil (134) au niveau de la deuxième extrémité ;

    un premier joint (156A) agencé autour de la broche conductrice et en prise entre la broche conductrice et l'alésage pour fournir un joint entre eux ;

    caractérisé par

    un matériau d'étanchéité (158) remplissant l'alésage entre la première extrémité et le premier joint, le matériau d'étanchéité configuré pour fournir des joints supplémentaires et limiter le mouvement du premier fil relié à la broche conductrice.


     
    2. Connecteur selon la revendication 1, dans lequel, lorsque le connecteur électrique (108, 208) est utilisé, la première extrémité (142) est agencée à une première pression et la deuxième extrémité (144) est agencée à une deuxième pression, la première pression est supérieure à la deuxième pression.
     
    3. Connecteur selon la revendication 1 ou 2, comprenant en outre un deuxième joint (156B) agencé autour de la broche conductrice (154) à côté du premier joint (156A), dans lequel le premier joint est positionné entre le deuxième joint et le matériau d'étanchéité (158), et dans lequel le deuxième joint n'est pas exposé au matériau d'étanchéité, le premier joint fonctionnant pour isoler le matériau d'étanchéité et le deuxième joint.
     
    4. Connecteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel la broche conductrice (154) comprend :

    une première sous-broche (162) agencée à l'intérieur de l'alésage (152) et ayant une première extrémité de fil (172) et une première extrémité de couplage (174), la première extrémité de fil venant en prise avec le premier fil (132) au niveau de la première extrémité ; et

    une deuxième sous-broche (164) agencée à l'intérieur de l'alésage et ayant une deuxième extrémité de fil (176) et une deuxième extrémité de couplage (178), la deuxième extrémité de fil venant en prise avec le deuxième fil (134) au niveau de la deuxième extrémité, et la deuxième extrémité de couplage venant en prise avec la première extrémité de couplage de la première sous-broche.


     
    5. Connecteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, comprenant en outre un joint externe (148) agencé autour du boîtier (138) et configuré pour fournir un joint entre le boîtier et un appareil (100) sur lequel le connecteur électrique (108, 208) est installé.
     
    6. Connecteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, comprenant en outre :

    un deuxième alésage formé dans le boîtier (138) ;

    une deuxième broche conductrice disposée à l'intérieur du deuxième alésage ;

    un troisième joint agencé autour de la deuxième broche conductrice et en prise entre la deuxième broche conductrice et le deuxième alésage pour fournir un joint entre eux; et

    un deuxième matériau d'étanchéité remplissant le deuxième alésage entre la première extrémité (142) et le troisième joint.


     
    7. Connecteur selon la revendication 6, comprenant en outre un quatrième joint agencé autour de la deuxième broche conductrice à côté du troisième joint, dans lequel le quatrième joint est positionné entre le troisième joint et le deuxième matériau d'étanchéité (158), et dans lequel le quatrième joint n'est pas exposé au deuxième matériau d'étanchéité.
     
    8. Connecteur selon la revendication 6 ou 7, dans lequel la deuxième broche conductrice (154) comprend :

    une troisième sous-broche agencée à l'intérieur du deuxième alésage et ayant une troisième extrémité de fil et une troisième extrémité de couplage ; et

    une quatrième sous-broche agencée à l'intérieur du deuxième alésage et ayant une quatrième extrémité de fil et une quatrième extrémité de couplage, la quatrième extrémité de couplage venant en prise avec la troisième extrémité de couplage de la troisième sous-broche.


     
    9. Système comprenant :

    un boîtier de système (102) ;

    un premier dispositif électrique (104) agencé à une première pression ;

    un deuxième dispositif électrique (106) agencé à une deuxième pression ; et

    un connecteur électrique (108, 208) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, le connecteur électrique en prise à l'intérieur du boîtier de système et configuré pour connecter électriquement le premier dispositif électrique au deuxième dispositif électrique, dans lequel la première extrémité (142) du boîtier de connecteur (138) est agencée à la première pression et la deuxième extrémité (144) du boîtier de connecteur est agencée à la deuxième pression, et dans lequel le premier fil (132) est connecté électriquement au premier dispositif électrique et le deuxième fil (134) connecté électriquement au deuxième dispositif électrique.


     
    10. Système de vanne pilote comprenant :

    un corps (102) ayant une entrée de fluide (116) et une sortie de fluide (118, 120) ;

    un ensemble de solénoïde (104) actionné à une première pression ;

    une unité de commande (106) actionnée à une deuxième pression inférieure à la première pression ;

    un ensemble de bobine (110A, 110B) en prise avec l'ensemble de solénoïde et actionné pour commander l'écoulement de fluide entre l'entrée de fluide et la sortie de fluide ;

    un connecteur électrique (108, 208) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10, le connecteur électrique en prise à l'intérieur du corps et configuré pour connecter électriquement l'unité de commande à l'ensemble de solénoïde dans lequel la première extrémité (142) du boîtier de connecteur (138) est agencée à la première pression et la deuxième extrémité (144) du boîtier de connecteur est agencée à la deuxième pression, et dans lequel le premier fil (132) est connecté électriquement à l'ensemble de solénoïde et le deuxième fil (134) connecté électriquement à l'unité de commande.


     
    11. Connecteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel le matériau d'étanchéité (138) est un matériau d'étanchéité à base d'époxy.
     
    12. Connecteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications 7 à 8, dans lequel le deuxième matériau d'étanchéité (138) est un matériau d'étanchéité à base d'époxy.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description