(19)
(11)EP 3 138 348 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
18.04.2018 Bulletin 2018/16

(21)Application number: 15715946.8

(22)Date of filing:  31.03.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04W 74/00(2009.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2015/023501
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/167733 (05.11.2015 Gazette  2015/44)

(54)

MULTIPLE BSSID PROCEDURE WITH TIM ENCODING

MULTIPLE-BSSID-VERFAHREN MIT VERKEHRSANZEIGEKARTENKODIERUNG

PROCÉDÉ DE BSSID MULTIPLES AVEC CODAGE DE CARTE D'INDICATION DE TRAFIC


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 29.04.2014 US 201461986055 P
30.03.2015 US 201514673589

(43)Date of publication of application:
08.03.2017 Bulletin 2017/10

(73)Proprietor: Qualcomm Incorporated
San Diego, CA 92121-1714 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • ASTERJADHI, Alfred
    San Diego, California 92121-1714 (US)
  • JAFARIAN, Amin
    Princeton, New Jersey 08540 (US)

(74)Representative: Wegner, Hans 
Bardehle Pagenberg Partnerschaft mbB Patentanwälte, Rechtsanwälte Prinzregentenplatz 7
81675 München
81675 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2013/070175
US-A1- 2009 016 306
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND


    Field of the Invention



    [0001] Certain aspects of the present disclosure generally relate to wireless communications and, more particularly, to multiple BSSID with TIM encoding.

    Relevant Background



    [0002] Wireless communication networks are widely deployed to provide various communication services such as voice, video, packet data, messaging, broadcast, etc. These wireless networks may be multiple-access networks capable of supporting multiple users by sharing the available network resources. Examples of such multiple-access networks include Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) networks, Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) networks, Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA) networks, Orthogonal FDMA (OFDMA) networks, and Single-Carrier FDMA (SC-FDMA) networks.

    [0003] In order to address the desire for greater coverage and increased communication range, various schemes are being developed. One such scheme is the sub-1-GHz frequency range (e.g., operating in the 902 - 928 MHz range in the United States) being developed by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.11ah task force. This development is driven by the desire to utilize a frequency range that has greater wireless range than other IEEE 802.11 groups and has lower obstruction losses.

    [0004] US 2009/016306 A1 discloses a method for communicating data comprising generating a traffic indication virtual bitmap based on the presence of stored data that is pending transmission via a wireless communication medium, and generating a partial virtual bitmap based on said generated traffic indication virtual bitmap, wherein said partial virtual bitmap comprises a first segment from said generated traffic indication virtual bitmap and a second segment from said generated traffic indication virtual bitmap.

    SUMMARY



    [0005] The invention is defined in the independent claims. Certain aspects of the present disclosure provide an apparatus for wireless communications. The apparatus typically includes a processing system configured to generate a frame with an information element (IE) having a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates one or more basic service sets (BSSs) that have buffered group-cast traffic, wherein the partial virtual bitmap field comprises at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an association identification or assigned identification (AID) of the individual BSS and an interface for outputting a frame containing the IE for transmission.

    [0006] Certain aspects of the present disclosure provide an apparatus for wireless communications. The apparatus typically includes an interface for receiving a frame containing an information element (IE) and a processing system configured to determine the presence of buffered group-cast traffic for the apparatus based on a partial virtual bitmap field in the IE that indicates one or more basic service sets (BSSs) that have buffered group-cast traffic, wherein the bitmap field comprises at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an association identification or assigned identification (AID) of the individual BSS.

    [0007] Certain aspects of the present disclosure provide a method for wireless communications by an apparatus. The method typically includes generating, at an apparatus, a frame with an information element (IE) having a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets (BSSs) that have buffered group-cast traffic, wherein the partial virtual bitmap field comprises at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an identifier of the individual BSS, and outputting the frame containing the IE for transmission.

    [0008] Certain aspects of the present disclosure provide a method for wireless communications by an apparatus. The method typically includes receiving, at an apparatus, a frame containing an information element (IE), wherein the IE comprises a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets (BSSs) that have buffered group-cast traffic and at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an identifier of the individual BSS, and determining the presence of buffered group-cast traffic for the apparatus based on the partial virtual bitmap and to decide whether or not to change at least one power state to receive the buffered group-cast traffic, based on the determination.

    [0009] Certain aspects of the present disclosure provide an apparatus for wireless communications. The apparatus typically includes means for generating a frame with an information element (IE) having a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets (BSSs) that have buffered group-cast traffic, wherein the partial virtual bitmap field comprises at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an identifier of the individual BSS, and means for outputting the frame containing the IE for transmission.

    [0010] Certain aspects of the present disclosure provide an apparatus for wireless communications. The apparatus typically includes means for receiving a frame containing an information element (IE) wherein the IE comprises a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets (BSSs) that have buffered group-cast traffic and at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an identifier of the individual BSS and means for determining the presence of buffered group-cast traffic for the apparatus based on the partial virtual bitmap and to decide whether or not to change at least one power state to receive the buffered group-cast traffic, based on the determination.

    [0011] Certain aspects of the present disclosure provide a computer program product for wireless communications. The computer program product typically comprises a computer-readable medium having instructions for generating a frame with an information element (IE) having a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets (BSSs) that have buffered group-cast traffic, wherein the partial virtual bitmap field comprises at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an identifier of the individual BSS, and outputting the frame containing the IE for transmission.

    [0012] Certain aspects of the present disclosure provide a computer program product for wireless communications. The computer program product typically comprises a computer-readable medium having instructions for receiving, at an apparatus, a frame containing an information element (IE), wherein the IE comprises a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets (BSSs) that have buffered group-cast traffic and at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an identifier of the individual BSS and determining the presence of buffered group-cast traffic for the apparatus based on the partial virtual bitmap and to decide whether or not to change at least one power state to receive the buffered group-cast traffic, based on the determination.

    [0013] Certain aspects of the present disclosure provide an access point. The access point typically includes at least one antenna, a processing system configured to generate a frame with an information element (IE) having a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets (BSSs) that have buffered group-cast traffic, wherein the partial virtual bitmap field comprises at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an identifier of the individual BSS, and a transmitter configured to transmit, via the at least one antenna, the frame containing the IE for transmission.

    [0014] Certain aspects of the present disclosure provide an access point. The access point typically includes at least one antenna, a a receiver configured to receive, via the at least one antenna, a frame containing an information element (IE), wherein the IE comprises a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets (BSSs) that have buffered group-cast traffic and at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an identifier of the individual BSS, and a processing system configured to determine the presence of buffered group-cast traffic for the apparatus based on the partial virtual bitmap and to decide whether or not to change at least one power state to receive the buffered group-cast traffic, based on the determination.

    [0015] Certain aspects also provide various methods, apparatuses, and computer program products capable of performing operations corresponding to those described above.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0016] So that the manner in which the above-recited features of the present disclosure can be understood in detail, a more particular description, briefly summarized above, may be had by reference to aspects, some of which are illustrated in the appended drawings. It is to be noted, however, that the appended drawings illustrate only certain typical aspects of this disclosure and are therefore not to be considered limiting of its scope, for the description may admit to other equally effective aspects.

    FIG. 1 illustrates a diagram of an example wireless communications network, in accordance with certain aspects of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 2 illustrates a block diagram of an example access point and user terminals, in accordance with certain aspects of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 3 illustrates a block diagram of an example wireless device, in accordance with certain aspects of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 4 illustrates an example tree structure of a relay system, in accordance with certain aspects of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 5 illustrates an example hierarchical structure of a traffic indication map (TIM), in accordance with certain aspects of the present disclosure.

    FIGs. 6A-6C illustrates example structures of a partial virtual bitmap for a block encoding mode, in accordance with certain aspects of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 7 illustrates an example structure of a partial virtual bitmap for a single association ID (AID) mode, in accordance with certain aspects of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 8 illustrates a block diagram of example operations for wireless communications, in accordance with certain aspects of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 8A illustrates example means capable of performing the operations shown in FIG. 8.

    FIG. 9 illustrates a block diagram of example operations for wireless communications, in accordance with certain aspects of the present disclosure.

    FIG. 9A illustrates example means capable of performing the operations shown in FIG. 9.

    FIG. 10 illustrates an example structure for an encoded block of a partial virtual bitmap, in accordance with aspects of the present disclosure.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0017] Aspects of the present disclosure provide enhancements to mechanisms involving certain selective transmission mechanisms, such as partial virtual bitmaps (PVB) and multiple basic service set IDs (BSSIDs). By providing an indication of multiple BSSID in a partial virtual bitmap (PVB) of a Traffic Indication Map (TIM) Information Element (IE), support for multiple BSS while using an association identification (AID) may be provided.

    [0018] Various aspects of the disclosure are described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings. This disclosure may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to any specific structure or function presented throughout this disclosure. Rather, these aspects are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will fully convey the scope of the disclosure to those skilled in the art. Based on the teachings herein one skilled in the art should appreciate that the scope of the disclosure is intended to cover any aspect of the disclosure disclosed herein, whether implemented independently of or combined with any other aspect of the disclosure. For example, an apparatus may be implemented or a method may be practiced using any number of the aspects set forth herein. In addition, the scope of the disclosure is intended to cover such an apparatus or method which is practiced using other structure, functionality, or structure and functionality in addition to or other than the various aspects of the disclosure set forth herein. It should be understood that any aspect of the disclosure disclosed herein may be embodied by one or more elements of a claim.

    [0019] Although particular aspects are described herein, many variations and permutations of these aspects fall within the scope of the disclosure. Although some benefits and advantages of the preferred aspects are mentioned, the scope of the disclosure is not intended to be limited to particular benefits, uses, or objectives. Rather, aspects of the disclosure are intended to be broadly applicable to different wireless technologies, system configurations, networks, and transmission protocols, some of which are illustrated by way of example in the figures and in the following description of the preferred aspects. The detailed description and drawings are merely illustrative of the disclosure rather than limiting, the scope of the disclosure being defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

    AN EXAMPLE WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM



    [0020] The techniques described herein may be used for various broadband wireless communication systems, including communication systems that are based on an orthogonal multiplexing scheme. Examples of such communication systems include Spatial Division Multiple Access (SDMA), Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA), Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA) systems, Single-Carrier Frequency Division Multiple Access (SC-FDMA) systems, and so forth. An SDMA system may utilize sufficiently different directions to simultaneously transmit data belonging to multiple user terminals. A TDMA system may allow multiple user terminals to share the same frequency channel by dividing the transmission signal into different time slots, each time slot being assigned to different user terminal. An OFDMA system utilizes orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM), which is a modulation technique that partitions the overall system bandwidth into multiple orthogonal sub-carriers. These sub-carriers may also be called tones, bins, etc. With OFDM, each sub-carrier may be independently modulated with data. An SC-FDMA system may utilize interleaved FDMA (IFDMA) to transmit on sub-carriers that are distributed across the system bandwidth, localized FDMA (LFDMA) to transmit on a block of adjacent sub-carriers, or enhanced FDMA (EFDMA) to transmit on multiple blocks of adjacent sub-carriers. In general, modulation symbols are sent in the frequency domain with OFDM and in the time domain with SC-FDMA.

    [0021] The teachings herein may be incorporated into (e.g., implemented within or performed by) a variety of wired or wireless apparatuses (e.g., nodes or devices). In some aspects, a wireless node implemented in accordance with the teachings herein may comprise an access point or an access terminal.

    [0022] An access point ("AP") may comprise, be implemented as, or known as a Node B, Radio Network Controller ("RNC"), evolved Node B (eNB), Base Station Controller ("BSC"), Base Transceiver Station ("BTS"), Base Station ("BS"), Transceiver Function ("TF"), Radio Router, Radio Transceiver, Basic Service Set ("BSS"), Extended Service Set ("ESS"), Radio Base Station ("RBS"), or some other terminology.

    [0023] An access terminal ("AT") may comprise, be implemented as, or known as a subscriber station, a subscriber unit, a mobile station (MS), a remote station, a remote terminal, a user terminal (UT), a user agent, a user device, user equipment (UE), a user station, or some other terminology. In some implementations, an access terminal may comprise a cellular telephone, a cordless telephone, a Session Initiation Protocol ("SIP") phone, a wireless local loop ("WLL") station, a personal digital assistant ("PDA"), a handheld device having wireless connection capability, a Station ("STA"), or some other suitable processing device connected to a wireless modem. Accordingly, one or more aspects taught herein may be incorporated into a phone (e.g., a cellular phone or smart phone), a computer (e.g., a laptop), a tablet, a portable communication device, a portable computing device (e.g., a personal data assistant), an entertainment device (e.g., a music or video device, or a satellite radio), a global positioning system (GPS) device, or any other suitable device that is configured to communicate via a wireless or wired medium. In some aspects, the node is a wireless node. Such wireless node may provide, for example, connectivity for or to a network (e.g., a wide area network such as the Internet or a cellular network) via a wired or wireless communication link.

    [0024] FIG. 1 illustrates a multiple-access multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system 100 with access points and user terminals. For simplicity, only one access point 110 is shown in FIG. 1. An access point is generally a fixed station that communicates with the user terminals and may also be referred to as a base station or some other terminology. A user terminal may be fixed or mobile and may also be referred to as a mobile station, a wireless device, or some other terminology. Access point 110 may communicate with one or more user terminals 120 at any given moment on the downlink and uplink. The downlink (i.e., forward link) is the communication link from the access point to the user terminals, and the uplink (i.e., reverse link) is the communication link from the user terminals to the access point. A user terminal may also communicate peer-to-peer with another user terminal. A system controller 130 couples to and provides coordination and control for the access points.

    [0025] While portions of the following disclosure will describe user terminals 120 capable of communicating via Spatial Division Multiple Access (SDMA), for certain aspects, the user terminals 120 may also include some user terminals that do not support SDMA. Thus, for such aspects, an AP 110 may be configured to communicate with both SDMA and non-SDMA user terminals. This approach may conveniently allow older versions of user terminals ("legacy" stations) to remain deployed in an enterprise, extending their useful lifetime, while allowing newer SDMA user terminals to be introduced as deemed appropriate.

    [0026] The system 100 employs multiple transmit and multiple receive antennas for data transmission on the downlink and uplink. The access point 110 is equipped with Nap antennas and represents the multiple-input (MI) for downlink transmissions and the multiple-output (MO) for uplink transmissions. A set of K selected user terminals 120 collectively represents the multiple-output for downlink transmissions and the multiple-input for uplink transmissions. For pure SDMA, it is desired to have NapK ≥ 1 if the data symbol streams for the K user terminals are not multiplexed in code, frequency or time by some means. K may be greater than Nap if the data symbol streams can be multiplexed using TDMA technique, different code channels with CDMA, disjoint sets of subbands with OFDM, and so on. Each selected user terminal transmits user-specific data to and/or receives user-specific data from the access point. In general, each selected user terminal may be equipped with one or multiple antennas (i.e., Nut ≥1). The K selected user terminals can have the same or different number of antennas.

    [0027] The SDMA system may be a time division duplex (TDD) system or a frequency division duplex (FDD) system. For a TDD system, the downlink and uplink share the same frequency band. For an FDD system, the downlink and uplink use different frequency bands. MIMO system 100 may also utilize a single carrier or multiple carriers for transmission. Each user terminal may be equipped with a single antenna (e.g., in order to keep costs down) or multiple antennas (e.g., where the additional cost can be supported). The system 100 may also be a TDMA system if the user terminals 120 share the same frequency channel by dividing transmission/reception into different time slots, each time slot being assigned to different user terminal 120.

    [0028] FIG. 2 illustrates a block diagram of access point 110 and two user terminals 120m and 120x in MIMO system 100. The access point 110 is equipped with Nt antennas 224a through 224t. User terminal 120m is equipped with Nut,m antennas 252ma through 252mu, and user terminal 120x is equipped with Nut,x antennas 252xa through 252xu. The access point 110 is a transmitting entity for the downlink and a receiving entity for the uplink. Each user terminal 120 is a transmitting entity for the uplink and a receiving entity for the downlink. As used herein, a "transmitting entity" is an independently operated apparatus or device capable of transmitting data via a wireless channel, and a "receiving entity" is an independently operated apparatus or device capable of receiving data via a wireless channel. In the following description, the subscript "dn" denotes the downlink, the subscript "up" denotes the uplink, Nup user terminals are selected for simultaneous transmission on the uplink, Ndn user terminals are selected for simultaneous transmission on the downlink, Nup may or may not be equal to Ndn, and Nup and Ndn may be static values or can change for each scheduling interval. The beam-steering or some other spatial processing technique may be used at the access point and user terminal.

    [0029] On the uplink, at each user terminal 120 selected for uplink transmission, a transmit (TX) data processor 288 receives traffic data from a data source 286 and control data from a controller 280. TX data processor 288 processes (e.g., encodes, interleaves, and modulates) the traffic data for the user terminal based on the coding and modulation schemes associated with the rate selected for the user terminal and provides a data symbol stream. A TX spatial processor 290 performs spatial processing on the data symbol stream and provides Nut,m transmit symbol streams for the Nut,m antennas. Each transmitter unit (TMTR) 254 receives and processes (e.g., converts to analog, amplifies, filters, and frequency upconverts) a respective transmit symbol stream to generate an uplink signal. Nut,m transmitter units 254 provide Nut,m uplink signals for transmission from Nut,m antennas 252 to the access point.

    [0030] Nup user terminals may be scheduled for simultaneous transmission on the uplink. Each of these user terminals performs spatial processing on its data symbol stream and transmits its set of transmit symbol streams on the uplink to the access point.

    [0031] At access point 110, Nap antennas 224a through 224ap receive the uplink signals from all Nup user terminals transmitting on the uplink. Each antenna 224 provides a received signal to a respective receiver unit (RCVR) 222. Each receiver unit 222 performs processing complementary to that performed by transmitter unit 254 and provides a received symbol stream. An RX spatial processor 240 performs receiver spatial processing on the Nap received symbol streams from Nap receiver units 222 and provides Nup recovered uplink data symbol streams. The receiver spatial processing is performed in accordance with the channel correlation matrix inversion (CCMI), minimum mean square error (MMSE), soft interference cancellation (SIC), or some other technique. Each recovered uplink data symbol stream is an estimate of a data symbol stream transmitted by a respective user terminal. An RX data processor 242 processes (e.g., demodulates, deinterleaves, and decodes) each recovered uplink data symbol stream in accordance with the rate used for that stream to obtain decoded data. The decoded data for each user terminal may be provided to a data sink 244 for storage and/or a controller 230 for further processing.

    [0032] On the downlink, at access point 110, a TX data processor 210 receives traffic data from a data source 208 for Ndn user terminals scheduled for downlink transmission, control data from a controller 230, and possibly other data from a scheduler 234. The various types of data may be sent on different transport channels. TX data processor 210 processes (e.g., encodes, interleaves, and modulates) the traffic data for each user terminal based on the rate selected for that user terminal. TX data processor 210 provides Ndn downlink data symbol streams for the Ndn user terminals. A TX spatial processor 220 performs spatial processing (such as a precoding or beamforming, as described in the present disclosure) on the Ndn downlink data symbol streams, and provides Nap transmit symbol streams for the Nap antennas. Each transmitter unit 222 receives and processes a respective transmit symbol stream to generate a downlink signal. Nap transmitter units 222 providing Nap downlink signals for transmission from Nap antennas 224 to the user terminals.

    [0033] At each user terminal 120, Nut,m antennas 252 receive the Nap downlink signals from access point 110. Each receiver unit 254 processes a received signal from an associated antenna 252 and provides a received symbol stream. An RX spatial processor 260 performs receiver spatial processing on Nut,m received symbol streams from Nut,m receiver units 254 and provides a recovered downlink data symbol stream for the user terminal. The receiver spatial processing is performed in accordance with the CCMI, MMSE or some other technique. An RX data processor 270 processes (e.g., demodulates, deinterleaves and decodes) the recovered downlink data symbol stream to obtain decoded data for the user terminal.

    [0034] At each user terminal 120, a channel estimator 278 estimates the downlink channel response and provides downlink channel estimates, which may include channel gain estimates, SNR estimates, noise variance and so on. Similarly, a channel estimator 228 estimates the uplink channel response and provides uplink channel estimates. Controller 280 for each user terminal typically derives the spatial filter matrix for the user terminal based on the downlink channel response matrix Hdn,m for that user terminal. Controller 230 derives the spatial filter matrix for the access point based on the effective uplink channel response matrix Hup,eff. Controller 280 for each user terminal may send feedback information (e.g., the downlink and/or uplink eigenvectors, eigenvalues, SNR estimates, and so on) to the access point. Controllers 230 and 280 also control the operation of various processing units at access point 110 and user terminal 120, respectively.

    [0035] FIG. 3 illustrates various components that may be utilized in a wireless device 302 that may be employed within the MIMO system 100. The wireless device 302 is an example of a device that may be configured to implement the various methods described herein. The wireless device 302 may be an access point 110 or a user terminal 120.

    [0036] The wireless device 302 may include a processor 304 which controls operation of the wireless device 302. The processor 304 may also be referred to as a central processing unit (CPU). Memory 306, which may include both read-only memory (ROM) and random access memory (RAM), provides instructions and data to the processor 304. A portion of the memory 306 may also include non-volatile random access memory (NVRAM). The processor 304 typically performs logical and arithmetic operations based on program instructions stored within the memory 306. The instructions in the memory 306 may be executable to implement the methods described herein.

    [0037] The wireless device 302 may also include a housing 308 that may include a transmitter 310 and a receiver 312 to allow transmission and reception of data between the wireless device 302 and a remote location. The transmitter 310 and receiver 312 may be combined into a transceiver 314. A single or a plurality of transmit antennas 316 may be attached to the housing 308 and electrically coupled to the transceiver 314. The wireless device 302 may also include (not shown) multiple transmitters, multiple receivers, and multiple transceivers.

    [0038] The wireless device 302 may also include a signal detector 318 that may be used in an effort to detect and quantify the level of signals received by the transceiver 314. The signal detector 318 may detect such signals as total energy, energy per subcarrier per symbol, power spectral density and other signals. The wireless device 302 may also include a digital signal processor (DSP) 320 for use in processing signals.

    [0039] The various components of the wireless device 302 may be coupled together by a bus system 322, which may include a power bus, a control signal bus, and a status signal bus in addition to a data bus.

    EXAMPLE TARGET WAIT TIME FLOW ID SIGNALING



    [0040] In a relay system utilizing low power devices as relays, it may be desirable to allow relays to enter a low power mode (e.g., sleep with one or more components powered down) whenever possible to reduce power consumption. Further, to keep costs down, it may be desirable to use relays with only limited memory. Thus, a relay may be able to buffer only a small amount of data, and may need to forward the data before being able to receive more.

    [0041] In a multi-hop relay system, such as that shown in FIG. 4, this may present some challenges on how to conserve power-and still ensure devices are awake at appropriate times to relay data. In general, all relays 430 (R1-R5) between an AP 410 and a leaf STA 420 may need to be able to exit a low power state (awaken) quickly, in order to transmit (relay) data in small chunks.

    [0042] Techniques presented herein may be considered part of a power savings protocol that achieves the above two goals, allowing devices to conserve power and operate with limited amount memory. According to certain aspects, various mechanisms already defined in certain standards (e.g., 802.11 ah), for use in direct communications between an AP and stations, may be modified and extended for use in relay systems.

    [0043] In various systems, such as IEEE 802.11ah, there may be motivations to utilize relay devices 430 between access points (APs) 410 and stations 420. For example, the use of relays may be desirable because, even with a potential increased downlink (DL) range with 900MHz (or other "sub-1GHz) carrier, it may not be sufficient in applications with remote sensors or scenarios with obstructions in AP to STA path. On the uplink, a STA may have substantially lower transmit power than an AP, so the STA may not be able to reach the AP.

    [0044] Key Characteristics of such systems may include the use of a multi-hop relay using a tree structure, as shown in FIG. 4. A relay-node may be formed by any suitable entity, such as a non-AP-STA (e.g., any station that lacks the ability to act-or is not currently acting-as an AP) that connects to a parent node or an AP-STA that allows association by child nodes. Node-to-node security may be ensured, for example, by the configuration of PSK between each pair of nodes. Relay nodes may support 4-address format with backward learning bridge. In some cases, automatic configuration and reconfiguration may be achieved, for example, with a relay node able to attach to a better "parent node." A relay node may, thus, monitor the health of the link to a parent node.

    [0045] As will be described in greater detail below, a relay node may also be configured to enter a low power state (e.g., a sleep mode with radio components powered down) in order to conserve battery power. In some cases, a relay node may be configured with scheduled wakeup periods, during which the relay node may transmit and receive data. To conserve power, however, rather than exit the low power state each wakeup period, a relay may decide to exit the low power state only when one or more conditions are met (e.g., when there has been an indication there is data for the relay node to transmit or receive).

    [0046] In general, an AP and STA may perform similar (e.g., symmetric or complementary) operations. Therefore, for many of the techniques described herein, an AP or STA may perform similar operations. To that end, the following description will sometimes refer to an "AP/STA" to reflect that an operation may be performed by either. Although, it should be understood that even if only "AP" or "STA" is used, it does not mean a corresponding operation or mechanism is limited to that type of device.

    TRAFFIC INDICATION MAP



    [0047] In systems where many stations stay in lower power states much of the time, a traffic indication map (TIM) may be provided to indicate which stations have traffic (and therefore should awake to receive that traffic). A TIM information element (IE) is described in IEEE 802.11 standards, using a bitmap to indicate to any sleeping listening stations if an AP has any buffered frames for it. This TIM IE with the corresponding bitmap is typically sent in on an AP's beacons, with each bit in the bitmap corresponding to the Association Id (AID) of a station. In some cases, an AP may transmit a smaller TIM bitmap, for example, if it expects that only a few number of stations will be asleep. In this case, only a subset of bitmap values may be conveyed in what is referred to as a partial virtual bitmap. Bitmap control and length fields of the TIM information element are used to convey a range of AID values corresponding to the partial virtual bitmap.

    [0048] In some cases, rather than provide a one-to-one mapping between bits and AIDs, a hierarchical approach may be used. For example, as illustrated in the diagram 500 of FIG. 5 the total AID space may be divided into small blocks in a hierarchical manner and only blocks with non-zero values may be transmitted. This approach allows a TIM for a relatively large AID space to be broken into small groups of STAs, which may be easier to maintain. As illustrated, a three level hierarchy may include Pages, blocks within a page, and sub-blocks within a block (e.g., with each sub-block corresponding to 8 individual stations).

    [0049] FIG. 6A illustrate an example 600A structure of a partial virtual bitmap for such a hierarchical structure, in accordance with certain aspects of the present disclosure. As illustrated, the structure 600A may have variable length encoded block subfields. As illustrated in FIG. 6B, each encoded block subfield 600B may have a block control subfield, block offset subfield, and an encoded block information subfield. As shown in FIG. 6C, the block control subfield 600C may indicate what type of encoding mode is used in the encoded block field, with example encoding types shown in table 600D of FIG. 6D. As illustrated, a single AID encoding mode may be used.

    [0050] FIG. 7 illustrates an example structure 700 for encoded block information subfield where the single AID encoding mode is used. As illustrated, in single AID encoding mode, the encoded block information subfield may include a single AID subfield containing 6 bits (e.g., the 6 least significant bits) of an AID indicated in the block and remaining bits may be reserved. The value of the single AID subfield along with other information included in the partial virtual bitmap indicates that there is unicast traffic buffered for a particular station which is identified by its AID. The AID of the station may be obtained by concatenating the Single AID subfield, the Block Offset field, and the Page Index field, in sequence from the least significant bit to the most significant bit.

    TRAFFIC INDICATION MAP



    [0051] As noted above, encoding the partial virtual bitmap that is included in the TIM element may help reduce overhead (relative to a "baseline mechanism" of transmitting a bitmap with bits for an entire AID space). However, due to the re-design that comes as a result of the encoding, the baseline mechanism may not readily allow for the indication of traffic buffered at one or more BSSs while operating in a Multiple BSSID mode.

    [0052] Aspects of the present disclosure, however, may provide signaling mechanisms to enable a Multiple BSSID mode and other group-cast traffic delivery mechanisms in systems (e.g., 802.11ah systems) by using an encoded Partial Virtual Bitmap field that may be defined for stations capable of supporting such a mode (e.g., sub-1GHz "S1G" STAs). As used herein, the term group-cast generally refers to traffic addressed to more than one recipient, such as multicast and broadcast traffic. Techniques presented herein may avoid having to re-use an AID space from which AIDs are assigned to non-AP STAs in order to identify multiple BSSs. As described in greater detail below, techniques presented herein may identify these BSSs by using BSS AIDs that are included in Encoded Blocks that may be called Encoded BSS Blocks.

    [0053] FIG. 8 illustrates example operations 800 for wireless communications by an apparatus, in accordance with aspects of the present disclosure. The operations 800 may be performed by an apparatus, such as a station, acting as an access point.

    [0054] Operations 800 may begin at 802, by generating a frame with an information element (IE) having a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates one or more basic service sets (BSSs) that have buffered group-cast traffic, wherein the partial virtual bitmap field comprises at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using an identifier of the individual BSS (e.g., a BSS AID). At 804, the apparatus outputs the frame containing the IE for transmission.

    [0055] FIG. 9 is a block diagram of operations 900 for wireless communications by an apparatus, in accordance with aspects of the present disclosure. The operations 900 may be performed by an apparatus, such as a TIM station.

    [0056] Operations 900 may begin at 902, by receiving a frame containing an information element (IE), wherein the IE comprises a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets (BSSs) that have buffered group-cast traffic and at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using an identifier of the individual BSS. At 904, determine the presence of buffered group-cast traffic for the apparatus based on the partial virtual bitmap and to decide whether or not to change at least one power state to receive the buffered group-cast traffic, based on the determination.

    [0057] According to certain aspects, the encoded subfield may be an encoded block field and may comprise a Single AID subfield and the TIM IE further comprises a page index field and block offset field that are combinable with the AID subfield to generate the AID of the individual BSS (BSS AID) as described above. The encoded block field comprises an indication (e.g., via the BSS Indicator Bit shown in FIG. 10) of whether the identifier derived from the Single AID subfield indicates buffered group-cast traffic for the individual BSS (i.e., a BSS AID) or the whether it indicates unicast traffic for an individual station whose AID may be constructed using the Single AID subfield. In some cases, generation of the AID of the individual BSS (BSS AID) uses only a subset of one or more bits of the page index field. In such cases, generation of the AID of the individual BSS uses default values, rather than the values of the certain unused bits of the page index field that is included in the TIM element that carries the partial virtual bitmap field.

    [0058] In some cases, the techniques may be used in systems supporting Multiple BSSID capability, with details of operation determined on a category of stations in the system (e.g., with a first category including non-SlG STAs and a second category including S1G STAs). In some cases, the partial virtual bitmap field may be transmitted in a BSSID Beacon, S1G Beacon or DMG Beacon frame, may indicate the presence or absence of traffic to be delivered to all stations associated to a transmitted or non-transmitted BSSID. For the first category, the first 2n bits of the bitmap in the Partial Virtual Bitmap field may be reserved for the indication of group addressed frame for the transmitted and all non-transmitted BSSIDs. For the second category, the first zero or more Encoded Blocks in the Partial Virtual Bitmap field may be reserved for the indication of group addressed frame for the transmitted and all non-transmitted BSSIDs. For the first category the AID space may be shared by all BSSs and the lowest AID value assigned to an associated STA may be 2n. For cases in the second category, the lowest AID assigned to an associated STA may be 1. In either case the Encoded Blocks that contain BSS AIDs may be the first blocks, preceding the Partial Virtual Bitmap field. Note that in the cases of the first category any encoding method can be applied to the partial virtual bitmap. In these cases the same principle of ignoring the page index value for the purpose of obtaining the BSS AID is still valid.

    [0059] In some cases, when Multiple BSSID capability is not enabled (e.g., dotllMultiBSSIDActivated is false and dot11S1GoptionImplemented is false), the Partial Virtual Bitmap field consists of octets numbered N1 to N2 of the traffic indication virtual bitmap, where N1 is the largest even number such that bits numbered 1 to (N1 x 8) - 1 in the traffic indication virtual bitmap may be all 0 and N2 may be the smallest number such that bits numbered (N2 + 1) x 8 to 2007 in the virtual bitmap are all 0. In this case, the Bitmap Offset subfield value may contain the number N1/2, and the Length field is set to (N2 - N1) + 4.

    [0060] In some cases, when Multiple BSSID capability is not enabled (e.g., dot11MultiBSSIDActivated is true), the non-SlG Partial Virtual Bitmap field of the TIM element may be constructed as follows, where the maximum possible number of BSSIDs is an integer power of 2, n = log2 (maximum possible number of BSSIDs), k is the number of actually supported nontransmitted BSSIDs, and k <= (2n - 1). In these cases, the maximum size of the non-S1G Partial Virtual Bitmap field of the TIM element is 2n - 1.

    [0061] For a non-SlG BSS, the bits 1 to k of the bitmap may be used to indicate that one or more group addressed frames are buffered for each AP corresponding to a nontransmitted BSSID. The AIDs from 1 to k are not allocated to a non-SlG STA. In a non-SlG BSS, the AIDs from (k + 1) to (2n - 1) may be reserved and set to 0. The remaining AIDs may be shared by the non-SlG BSSs corresponding to the transmitted BSSID and all nontransmitted BSSIDs. In an S1G BSS, these bits, 1 to k, may be included in BSS Encoded Blocks and are identified as BSS AIDs. In this case, the BSS AIDs may not form part of the AID space from which AIDs are assigned to non-AP STAs. The AID space may be shared by the S1G BSSs corresponding to the transmitted BSSID and all nontransmitted BSSIDs.

    [0062] When the DTIM Count field is 0 for a BSS that has a nontransmitted BSSID, and one or more group addressed frames are buffered at the AP for this BSS, and the corresponding bits from bit 1 to bit k may be set to 1.

    [0063] Each bit starting from bit 2n in the non-SlG traffic-indication virtual bitmap and starting from bit 1 in the S1G traffic-indication virtual bitmap may correspond to individually addressed traffic buffered for a specific STA within any BSS corresponding to a transmitted or nontransmitted BSSID at the time the Beacon frame is transmitted. The correspondence may be based on the AID of the STA.

    [0064] Based upon an AP's knowledge of the capability of associated stations to support the multiple BSSID capability, as indicated by the corresponding field in the Extended Capabilities element and the content of the traffic indication virtual bitmap, the AP may encode the Partial Virtual Bitmap and the Bitmap Control field of the TIM element using one of the three following methods, with the particular operations depending on the category of stations in the system.

    [0065] For example, for a system with a first category of stations (e.g., non-SlG), an AP may use one method (referred to as Method B described below) when it determines that the bit for each associated non-AP STA in the traffic indication virtual bitmap, when correctly set, can be reconstructed by each non-AP STA from the received TIM element. Otherwise, the AP may use a second method (referred to Method A described below), while an AP in a system with a second category of stations (e.g., S1G) may use a third method (referred to as Method C described below).

    [0066] According to Method A, the Partial Virtual Bitmap field may consist of octets numbered 0 to N2 of the traffic indication virtual bitmap, where N2 is the smallest number such that bits numbered (N2 + 1) × 8 to 2007 in the traffic indication virtual bitmap(#234) are all 0. If such a value N2 does not exist, that is, when not all bits in the last octet of the traffic indication virtual bitmap are equal to 0, N2 = 250. When using this method, the Bitmap Offset subfield value may contains the number 0, and the Length field is N2 + 4.

    [0067] According to Method B, the Partial Virtual Bitmap field may consist of a concatenation of octets numbered 0 to N0 - 1 and octets numbered N1 to N2 of the traffic indication virtual bitmap, where N0 is the smallest positive integer such that N0 × 8 - 2n < 8. If N0 is an odd number, then N1 is the largest odd number such that N0 < N1 and each of the bits N0 × 8 to (N1 × 8 - 1) is equal to 0. When N0 is an even number, N1 is the largest even number such that N0 < N1 and each of the bits N0 × 8 to (N1 × 8 - 1) is equal to 0. If such a value N1 > N0 does not exist, N1 = N0. Additionally, N2 is the smallest integer value for which the values for bit (N2+1) × 8 to 2007 in the traffic indication virtual bitmap(#234) are all 0. If such a value N2 does not exist, that is, when not all bits in the last octet of the traffic indication virtual bitmap are equal to 0, N2 = 250. When using this method, the Bitmap Offset subfield contains the value of (N1 - N0)/2, and the Length field is N0 + N2 - N1 + 4.

    [0068] According to aspects of the present disclosure, according to Method C, the Partial Virtual Bitmap field may consist of a concatenation of Encoded Block subfields that contain BSS AIDs and Encoded Block subfields that contain AIDs.

    [0069] For both Method A and Method B, when there are no frames buffered for any BSS corresponding to a transmitted or nontransmitted BSSID supported, the Partial Virtual Bitmap field may be encoded as a single octet equal to 0, the Bitmap Offset subfield is 0, and the Length field is 4. When there are no buffered individually addressed frames for any BSS corresponding to a transmitted or nontransmitted BSSID, but there are buffered group addressed frames for one or more of the BSSs, the non-SlG Partial Virtual Bitmap field consists of the octets number 0 to N0 - 1 where N0 is the smallest positive integer such that (N0 × 8 - 2n < 8), while the S1G Partial Virtual Bitmap field contains the one or more Encoded Blocks that contain BSS AIDs. In this case, the Bitmap Offset subfield value may contain the number 0, and the Length field may be N0+3.

    [0070] In some cases, in S1G scenarios (e.g., when dot11S1GOptionImplemented is true), the Partial Virtual Bitmap field may be constructed with one or more Encoded Block subfields if at least one bit in the traffic indication virtual bitmap that is encoded with that particular encoding method is equal to 1. In this case, the Encoded Block subfield may consist of the Block Control subfield, the Block Offset subfield, and the Encoded Block Information subfield. When multiple BSSID is enabled (e.g., dot11MultipleBSSIDActivated is true), the Partial Virtual Bitmap field contains zero or more BSS Encoded Block subfields. The Encoding Mode subfield may indicates one of the four encoding modes: the Block Bitmap mode, the Single AID mode, the OLB (Offset, Length, Bitmap) mode, and the ADE (AID Differential Encode) mode. An Encoded Block is encoded with Single AID mode and includes a BSS AID (i.e., the BSS Indicator subfield of its Encoded Block Information subfield is equal to 1). An Encoded Block with Single AID mode that is not an Encoded BSS Block has the BSS Indicator subfield of its Subblock equal to 0. Other methods can be used as well, as indicated above.

    [0071] As illustrated in FIG. 10, the Encoded Block Information subfield 1000 may consist of the Single AID subfield. As an example, the Single AID subfield may be 6 bits in length and contains the 6 LSBs of the single AID in the Block. The BSS Indicator may be set to 1 if the Single AID identifies a BSS AID. Otherwise, it may be set to 0. The rest of the bits of the Encoded Block Information subfield may be reserved. If the BSS Indicator field is 0, the value in the Single AID subfield may indicate traffic buffered for the STA whose AID is N, where N may be constructed by concatenating the Single AID subfield(N[0:5]), the Block Offset field (N[6:10]), and the Page Index field (N[11:12]) in sequence from LSB to MSB. If the BSS Indicator field is 1, the value in the Single AID subfield indicates that one or more group addressed are buffered at the AP for the BSS which BSS AID is N, where N may be constructed as described above but with the value of the Page Index field (N[11:12]) equal to 0 (i.e., the BSS AID does not depend on the value of the Page Index field in the Bitmap Control field).

    [0072] If the BSS Indicator field is 0, the value in the Single AID subfield may indicate traffic buffered for the STA whose AID is N, where N is constructed by concatenating the Single AID subfield(N[0:5]), the Block Offset field (N[6:10]), and the Page Index field (N[11:12]) in sequence from LSB to MSB. If the BSS Indicator field is 1, the value in the Single AID subfield may indicate that one or more types of group addressed traffic is buffered at the AP for the BSS which BSS AID is N, where the value of the Page Index field (N[11:12]) may be assumed to be a default value (e.g., a default value of 0 may be assumed for either or both of these bits regardless of the Page Index field value in the Bitmap Control field of the TIM element).

    [0073] The various operations of methods described above may be performed by any suitable means capable of performing the corresponding functions. The means may include various hardware and/or software component(s) and/or module(s), including, but not limited to a circuit, an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), or processor. Generally, where there are operations illustrated in figures, those operations may have corresponding counterpart means-plus-function components with similar numbering. For example, operations 800 and 900 illustrated in FIGs. 8 and 9 correspond to means 800A and 900A illustrated in FIGs. 8A and 9A, respectively.

    [0074] For example, means for transmitting may comprise a transmitter (e.g., the transmitter unit 222) and/or an antenna(s) 224 of the access point 110 illustrated in FIG. 2 or the transmitter 310 and/or antenna(s) 316 depicted in FIG. 3. Means for receiving may comprise a receiver (e.g., the receiver unit 222) and/or an antenna(s) 224 of the access point 110 illustrated in FIG. 2 or the receiver 312 and/or antenna(s) 316 depicted in FIG. 3. Means for processing, means for determining, means for detecting, means for scanning, means for selecting, means for generating, or means for terminating operation may comprise a processing system, which may include one or more processors, such as the RX data processor 242, the TX data processor 210, and/or the controller 230 of the access point 110 illustrated in FIG. 2 or the processor 304 and/or the DSP 320 portrayed in FIG. 3.

    [0075] According to certain aspects, such means may be implemented by processing systems configured to perform the corresponding functions by implementing various algorithms (e.g., in hardware or by executing software instructions) described above for performing fast association. For example, means for identifying wakeup periods may be implemented by a processing system performing an algorithm that identifies wakeup periods based on a configuration (e.g., via an IE), means for determining whether to enable radio functions during wakeup periods may be implemented by a (same or different) processing system performing an algorithm that takes, as input, the wakeup periods and whether the presence of data has been indicated, while means for enabling radio functions may be implemented a (same or different) processing system performing an algorithm that takes, as input, the decision from means for determining and generates signals to enable/disable the radio functions accordingly.

    [0076] As used herein, the term "determining" encompasses a wide variety of actions. For example, "determining" may include calculating, computing, processing, deriving, investigating, looking up (e.g., looking up in a table, a database or another data structure), ascertaining and the like. Also, "determining" may include receiving (e.g., receiving information), accessing (e.g., accessing data in a memory) and the like. Also, "determining" may include resolving, selecting, choosing, establishing and the like.

    [0077] As used herein, the term receiver may refer to an RF receiver (e.g., of an RF front end) or an interface (e.g., of a processor) for receiving structures processed by an RF front end (e.g., via a bus). Similarly, the term transmitter may refer to an RF transmitter of an RF front end or an interface (e.g., of a processor) for outputting structures to an RF front end for transmission (e.g., via a bus).

    [0078] As used herein, a phrase referring to "at least one of' a list of items refers to any combination of those items, including single members. As an example, "at least one of: a, b, or c" is intended to cover: a, b, c, a-b, a-c, b-c, and a-b-c, as well as any combination with multiples of the same element (e.g., a-a, a-a-a, a-a-b, a-a-c, a-b-b, a-c-c, b-b, b-b-b, b-b-c, c-c, and c-c-c or any other ordering of a, b, and c).

    [0079] The various illustrative logical blocks, modules and circuits described in connection with the present disclosure may be implemented or performed with a general purpose processor, a digital signal processor (DSP), an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), a field programmable gate array (FPGA) or other programmable logic device (PLD), discrete gate or transistor logic, discrete hardware components, or any combination thereof designed to perform the functions described herein. A general-purpose processor may be a microprocessor, but in the alternative, the processor may be any commercially available processor, controller, microcontroller, or state machine. A processor may also be implemented as a combination of computing devices, e.g., a combination of a DSP and a microprocessor, a plurality of microprocessors, one or more microprocessors in conjunction with a DSP core, or any other such configuration.

    [0080] The steps of a method or algorithm described in connection with the present disclosure may be embodied directly in hardware, in a software module executed by a processor, or in a combination of the two. A software module may reside in any form of storage medium that is known in the art. Some examples of storage media that may be used include random access memory (RAM), read only memory (ROM), flash memory, EPROM memory, EEPROM memory, registers, a hard disk, a removable disk, a CD-ROM and so forth. A software module may comprise a single instruction, or many instructions, and may be distributed over several different code segments, among different programs, and across multiple storage media. A storage medium may be coupled to a processor such that the processor can read information from, and write information to, the storage medium. In the alternative, the storage medium may be integral to the processor.

    [0081] The methods disclosed herein comprise one or more steps or actions for achieving the described method. The method steps and/or actions may be interchanged with one another without departing from the scope of the claims. In other words, unless a specific order of steps or actions is specified, the order and/or use of specific steps and/or actions may be modified without departing from the scope of the claims.

    [0082] The functions described may be implemented in hardware, software, firmware, or any combination thereof. If implemented in hardware, an example hardware configuration may comprise a processing system in a wireless node. The processing system may be implemented with a bus architecture. The bus may include any number of interconnecting buses and bridges depending on the specific application of the processing system and the overall design constraints. The bus may link together various circuits including a processor, machine-readable media, and a bus interface. The bus interface may be used to connect a network adapter, among other things, to the processing system via the bus. The network adapter may be used to implement the signal processing functions of the PHY layer. In the case of a user terminal 120 (see FIG. 1), a user interface (e.g., keypad, display, mouse, joystick, etc.) may also be connected to the bus. The bus may also link various other circuits such as timing sources, peripherals, voltage regulators, power management circuits, and the like, which are well known in the art, and therefore, will not be described any further.

    [0083] The processor may be responsible for managing the bus and general processing, including the execution of software stored on the machine-readable media. The processor may be implemented with one or more general-purpose and/or special-purpose processors. Examples include microprocessors, microcontrollers, DSP processors, and other circuitry that can execute software. Software shall be construed broadly to mean instructions, data, or any combination thereof, whether referred to as software, firmware, middleware, microcode, hardware description language, or otherwise. Machine-readable media may include, by way of example, RAM (Random Access Memory), flash memory, ROM (Read Only Memory), PROM (Programmable Read-Only Memory), EPROM (Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory), EEPROM (Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory), registers, magnetic disks, optical disks, hard drives, or any other suitable storage medium, or any combination thereof. The machine-readable media may be embodied in a computer-program product. The computer-program product may comprise packaging materials.

    [0084] In a hardware implementation, the machine-readable media may be part of the processing system separate from the processor. However, as those skilled in the art will readily appreciate, the machine-readable media, or any portion thereof, may be external to the processing system. By way of example, the machine-readable media may include a transmission line, a carrier wave modulated by data, and/or a computer product separate from the wireless node, all which may be accessed by the processor through the bus interface. Alternatively, or in addition, the machine-readable media, or any portion thereof, may be integrated into the processor, such as the case may be with cache and/or general register files.

    [0085] The processing system may be configured as a general-purpose processing system with one or more microprocessors providing the processor functionality and external memory providing at least a portion of the machine-readable media, all linked together with other supporting circuitry through an external bus architecture. Alternatively, the processing system may be implemented with an ASIC (Application Specific Integrated Circuit) with the processor, the bus interface, the user interface in the case of an access terminal), supporting circuitry, and at least a portion of the machine-readable media integrated into a single chip, or with one or more FPGAs (Field Programmable Gate Arrays), PLDs (Programmable Logic Devices), controllers, state machines, gated logic, discrete hardware components, or any other suitable circuitry, or any combination of circuits that can perform the various functionality described throughout this disclosure. Those skilled in the art will recognize how best to implement the described functionality for the processing system depending on the particular application and the overall design constraints imposed on the overall system.

    [0086] The machine-readable media may comprise a number of software modules. The software modules include instructions that, when executed by the processor, cause the processing system to perform various functions. The software modules may include a transmission module and a receiving module. Each software module may reside in a single storage device or be distributed across multiple storage devices. By way of example, a software module may be loaded into RAM from a hard drive when a triggering event occurs. During execution of the software module, the processor may load some of the instructions into cache to increase access speed. One or more cache lines may then be loaded into a general register file for execution by the processor. When referring to the functionality of a software module below, it will be understood that such functionality is implemented by the processor when executing instructions from that software module.

    [0087] If implemented in software, the functions may be stored or transmitted over as one or more instructions or code on a computer-readable medium. Computer-readable media include both computer storage media and communication media including any medium that facilitates transfer of a computer program from one place to another. A storage medium may be any available medium that can be accessed by a computer. By way of example, and not limitation, such computer-readable media can comprise RAM, ROM, EEPROM, CD-ROM or other optical disk storage, magnetic disk storage or other magnetic storage devices, or any other medium that can be used to carry or store desired program code in the form of instructions or data structures and that can be accessed by a computer. Also, any connection is properly termed a computer-readable medium. For example, if the software is transmitted from a website, server, or other remote source using a coaxial cable, fiber optic cable, twisted pair, digital subscriber line (DSL), or wireless technologies such as infrared (IR), radio, and microwave, then the coaxial cable, fiber optic cable, twisted pair, DSL, or wireless technologies such as infrared, radio, and microwave are included in the definition of medium. Disk and disc, as used herein, include compact disc (CD), laser disc, optical disc, digital versatile disc (DVD), floppy disk, and Blu-ray® disc where disks usually reproduce data magnetically, while discs reproduce data optically with lasers. Thus, in some aspects computer-readable media may comprise non-transitory computer-readable media (e.g., tangible media). In addition, for other aspects computer-readable media may comprise transitory computer- readable media (e.g., a signal). Combinations of the above should also be included within the scope of computer-readable media.

    [0088] Thus, certain aspects may comprise a computer program product for performing the operations presented herein. For example, such a computer program product may comprise a computer-readable medium having instructions stored (and/or encoded) thereon, the instructions being executable by one or more processors to perform the operations described herein. For certain aspects, the computer program product may include packaging material.

    [0089] Further, it should be appreciated that modules and/or other appropriate means for performing the methods and techniques described herein can be downloaded and/or otherwise obtained by a user terminal and/or base station as applicable. For example, such a device can be coupled to a server to facilitate the transfer of means for performing the methods described herein. Alternatively, various methods described herein can be provided via storage means (e.g., RAM, ROM, a physical storage medium such as a compact disc (CD) or floppy disk, etc.), such that a user terminal and/or base station can obtain the various methods upon coupling or providing the storage means to the device. Moreover, any other suitable technique for providing the methods and techniques described herein to a device can be utilized.

    [0090] It is to be understood that the claims are not limited to the precise configuration and components illustrated above. Various modifications, changes and variations may be made in the arrangement, operation and details of the methods and apparatus described above without departing from the scope of the claims.

    [0091] In the following, further embodiments are described to facilitate the understanding of the invention:
    1. 1. An apparatus for wireless communications, comprising:

      a processing system configured to generate a frame with an information element (IE) having a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets (BSSs) that have buffered group-cast traffic, wherein the partial virtual bitmap field comprises at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an identifier of the individual BSS; and

      an interface for outputting the frame containing the IE for transmission.

    2. 2. The apparatus of embodiment 1 wherein the identifier of the individual BSS comprises an association identifier or an assigned identifier (AID).
    3. 3. The apparatus of embodiment 1, wherein the processing system is further configured to assume one or more most significant bits of the identifier of the individual BSS having at least one default value rather than an actual value of one or more bits of a page index field included in the IE.
    4. 4. The apparatus of embodiment 1, wherein the processing system is further configured to assume a default value of 0 for at least two most significant bits of the identifier of the individual BSS rather than an actual value of the page index field included in the IE.
    5. 5. The apparatus of embodiment 1, wherein:

      the encoded subfield comprises a single association identifier subfield or an assigned identifier (AID) subfield; and

      the IE further comprises a page index field and a block offset field, wherein the page index field and the block offset field can be used with the single association identifier subfield or the single AID subfield to generate an AID of the individual BSS.

    6. 6. The apparatus of embodiment 5, wherein the encoded subfield comprises an indication of whether:

      an AID value associated with the single association identifier subfield or single AID subfield indicates buffered group-cast traffic for the individual BSS; or

      an AID value associated with the single association identifier subfield or single AID subfield indicates unicast traffic for a device.

    7. 7. The apparatus of embodiment 1, wherein the at least one encoded subfield precedes an association identifier or an assigned identifier of a device.
    8. 8. An apparatus for wireless communications, comprising:

      an interface for receiving a frame containing an information element (IE), wherein the IE comprises a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets (BSSs) that have buffered group-cast traffic and at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an identifier of the individual BSS; and

      a processing system configured to determine the presence of buffered group-cast traffic for the apparatus based on the partial virtual bitmap and to decide whether or not to change at least one power state to receive the buffered group-cast traffic, based on the determination.

    9. 9. The apparatus of embodiment 8 wherein the identifier of the individual BSS comprises an association identifier or an assigned identifier (AID).
    10. 10. The apparatus of embodiment 8, wherein:

      the processing system is further configured to locally generate the identifier of the individual BSS using less than all bits of a page index field included in the IE, wherein the determination is based on the locally generated identifier.

    11. 11. The apparatus of embodiment 8, wherein the processing system is further configured to assume one or more most significant bits of the identifier of the individual BSS having at least one default value rather than an actual value of one or more bits of a page index field included in the IE.
    12. 12. The apparatus of embodiment 8, wherein:

      the encoded subfield comprises a single association identifier subfield or an assigned identifier (AID) subfield;

      the IE further comprises a page index field and a block offset field, wherein the page index field and the block offset field can be used with the single association identifier subfield or single AID subfield; and

      the processing system is configured to locally generate an AID of the individual BSS based on at least one of the single association identifier subfield or single AID subfield, page index field, or block offset field.

    13. 13. The apparatus of embodiment 12, wherein the encoded subfield comprises an indication of whether:

      an AID value associated with the single association identifier subfield or single AID subfield indicates buffered group-cast traffic for the individual BSS; or

      an AID value associated with the single association identifier subfield or single AID subfield indicates unicast traffic for a device; and

      the processing system is configured to locally generate the AID of the individual BSS using at least one default value, rather than an actual value, of one or more bits of a page index field included in the IE based on the indication.

    14. 14. The apparatus of embodiment 8, wherein the processing system is further configured to assume at least one default value, rather than an actual value, of one or more bits of a page index field included in the IE, and locally generate an association identifier or an assigned identifier (AID) of the individual BSS based on the assumption.
    15. 15. A method for wireless communications by an apparatus, comprising:

      generating, at an apparatus, a frame with an information element (IE) having a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets (BSSs) that have buffered group-cast traffic, wherein the partial virtual bitmap field comprises at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an identifier of the individual BSS; and

      outputting the frame containing the IE for transmission.

    16. 16. The method of embodiment 15, wherein the identifier of the individual BSS comprises an association identifier or an assigned identifier (AID).
    17. 17. The method of embodiment 15, wherein the generating comprises assuming one or more most significant bits of the identifier of the individual BSS have at least one default value rather than an actual value of one or more bits of a page index field included in the IE.
    18. 18. The method of embodiment 15, wherein the generating comprises assuming a default value of 0 for at least two most significant bits of the identifier of the individual BSS rather than an actual value of the page index field included in the IE.
    19. 19. The method of embodiment 15, wherein:

      the encoded subfield comprises a single association identifier subfield or an assigned identifier (AID) subfield; and

      the IE further comprises a page index field and a block offset field, wherein the page index field and the block offset field can be used with the single association identifier subfield or single AID subfield to generate an AID of the individual BSS.

    20. 20. The method of embodiment 19, wherein the encoded subfield comprises an indication of whether:

      an AID value associated with the single association identifier subfield or single AID subfield indicates buffered group-cast traffic for the individual BSS; or

      an AID value associated with the single association identifier subfield single AID subfield indicates unicast traffic for a device.

    21. 21. The method of embodiment 15, wherein the at least one encoded subfield precedes, an association identifier or an assigned identifier of a device.
    22. 22. A method for wireless communications, comprising:

      receiving, at an apparatus, a frame containing an information element (IE), wherein the IE comprises a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets (BSSs) that have buffered group-cast traffic and at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an identifier of the individual BSS; and

      determining the presence of buffered group-cast traffic for the apparatus based on the partial virtual bitmap and to decide whether or not to change at least one power state to receive the buffered group-cast traffic, based on the determination.

    23. 23. The method of embodiment 22, wherein the identifier of the individual BSS comprises an association identifier or an assigned identifier (AID).
    24. 24. The method of embodiment 22, the determining comprises locally generating the identifier of the individual BSS using less than all bits of a page index field included in the IE, wherein the determination is based on the locally generated identifier.
    25. 25. The method of embodiment 22, wherein the determining comprises assuming one or more most significant bits of the identifier of the individual BSS have at least one default value rather than an actual value of one or more bits of a page index field included in the IE.
    26. 26. The method of embodiment 22, wherein:

      the encoded subfield comprises a single association identifier subfield or an assigned identifier (AID) subfield;

      the IE further comprises a page index field and a block offset field, wherein the page index field and the block offset field can be used with the single association identifier subfield or single AID subfield to generate an AID of the individual BSS and

      locally generating an AID of the individual BSS based on at least one of the single association identifier subfield, the single AID subfield, page index field, or block offset field.

    27. 27. The method of embodiment 26, wherein the encoded subfield comprises an indication of whether:

      an AID value associated with the single association identifier subfield or the single AID subfield indicates buffered group-cast traffic for the individual BSS; or

      an AID value associated with the single association identifier subfield or the single AID subfield indicates unicast traffic for a device; and

      locally generating the AID of the individual BSS using at least one default value, rather than an actual value, of one or more bits of a page index field included in the IE, based on the indication.

    28. 28. The method of embodiment 22, wherein the determining comprises assuming at least one default value, rather than an actual value, of one or more bits of a page index field included in the IE, and locally generate an association identifier or an assigned identifier (AID) of the individual BSS based on the assumption.
    29. 29. An apparatus for wireless communications, comprising:

      means for generating a frame with an information element (IE) having a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets (BSSs) that have buffered group-cast traffic, wherein the partial virtual bitmap field comprises at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an identifier of the individual BSS; and

      means for outputting the frame containing the IE for transmission.

    30. 30. The apparatus of embodiment 29, wherein the generating comprises assuming one or more most significant bits of the identifier of the individual BSS have at least one default value rather than an actual value of one or more bits of a page index field included in the IE.
    31. 31. The apparatus of embodiment 29, wherein:

      the encoded subfield comprises a single association identifier subfield or an assigned identifier (AID) subfield; and

      the IE further comprises a page index field and a block offset field, wherein the page index field and the block offset field can be used with the single association identifier subfield or the single AID subfield to generate the AID of the individual BSS.

    32. 32. The apparatus of embodiment 29, wherein the at least one encoded subfield precedes an association identifier or an assigned identifier of a device.
    33. 33. An apparatus for wireless communications, comprising:

      means for receiving a frame containing an information element (IE) wherein the IE comprises a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets (BSSs) that have buffered group-cast traffic and at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an identifier of the individual BSS; and

      means for determining the presence of buffered group-cast traffic for the apparatus based on the partial virtual bitmap and to decide whether or not to change at least one power state to receive the buffered group-cast traffic, based on the determination.

    34. 34. The apparatus of embodiment 33, wherein the means for determining locally generates the identifier of the individual BSS using less than all bits of a page index field included in the IE, wherein the determination is based on the locally generated identifier.
    35. 35. The apparatus of embodiment 33, wherein:

      the encoded subfield comprises a single association identifier subfield or an assigned identifier (AID) subfield; and

      the IE further comprises a page index field and a block offset field, wherein the page index field and the block offset field can be used with the single association identifier subfield or the single AID subfield ; and

      locally generating an AID of the individual BSS based on at least one of the single association identifier subfield, the single AID subfield, page index field, or block offset field.

    36. 36. The apparatus of embodiment 33, wherein the means for determining assumes at least one default value, rather than an actual value, of one or more bits of a page index field included in the IE, and locally generate an association identifier or an assigned identifier (AID) of the individual BSS based on the assumption.
    37. 37. A computer program product for wireless communications by an apparatus comprising a computer-readable medium having instructions for:

      generating a frame with a information element (IE) having a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets (BSSs) that have buffered group-cast traffic, wherein the partial virtual bitmap field comprises at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an identifier of the individual BSS; and

      outputting the frame containing the IE for transmission.

    38. 38. A computer program product for wireless communications by an apparatus comprising a computer-readable medium having instructions executable to:

      receiving, at an apparatus, a frame containing an information element (IE), wherein the IE comprises a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets (BSSs) that have buffered group-cast traffic and at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an identifier of the individual BSS; and

      determining the presence of buffered group-cast traffic for the apparatus based on the partial virtual bitmap and to decide whether or not to change at least one power state to receive the buffered group-cast traffic, based on the determination.

    39. 39. An access point, comprising:

      at least one antenna;

      a processing system configured to generate a frame with an information element (IE) having a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets (BSSs) that have buffered group-cast traffic, wherein the partial virtual bitmap field comprises at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an identifier of the individual BSS; and

      a transmitter configured to transmit, via the at least one antenna, the frame containing the IE for transmission.

    40. 40. A wireless station, comprising:

      at least one antenna;

      a receiver configured to receive, via the at least one antenna, a frame containing an information element (IE), wherein the IE comprises a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets (BSSs) that have buffered group-cast traffic and at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an identifier of the individual BSS; and

      a processing system configured to determine the presence of buffered group-cast traffic for the apparatus based on the partial virtual bitmap and to decide whether or not to change at least one power state to receive the buffered group-cast traffic, based on the determination.




    Claims

    1. A method (800) for wireless communications by an apparatus, comprising:

    generating (802), at an apparatus, a frame with an information element, IE, having a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets, BSSs, that have buffered group-cast traffic, wherein the partial virtual bitmap field comprises at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an identifier of the individual BSS; and

    outputting (804) the frame containing the IE for transmission; characterized in that:

    the encoded subfield comprises a single association identifier subfield or an assigned identifier, AID, subfield; and

    the IE further comprises a page index field and a block offset field, wherein the page index field and the block offset field can be used with the single association identifier subfield or single AID subfield to generate an AID of the individual BSS.


     
    2. The method of claim 1, wherein the generating comprises assuming one or more most significant bits of the identifier of the individual BSS have at least one default value rather than an actual value of one or more bits of a page index field included in the IE.
     
    3. The method of claim 1, wherein the encoded subfield comprises an indication of whether:

    an AID value associated with the single association identifier subfield or single AID subfield indicates buffered group-cast traffic for the individual BSS; or

    an AID value associated with the single association identifier subfield single AID subfield indicates unicast traffic for a device.


     
    4. The method of claim 1, wherein the at least one encoded subfield precedes, an association identifier or an assigned identifier of a device.
     
    5. A method (900) for wireless communications, comprising:

    receiving (902), at an apparatus, a frame containing an information element, IE, wherein the IE comprises a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets, BSSs, that have buffered group-cast traffic and at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an identifier of the individual BSS; and

    determining (904) the presence of buffered group-cast traffic for the apparatus based on the partial virtual bitmap and to decide whether or not to change at least one power state to receive the buffered group-cast traffic, based on the determination; characterized in that:

    the encoded subfield comprises a single association identifier subfield or an assigned identifier, AID, subfield; and

    the IE further comprises a page index field and a block offset field, wherein the page index field and the block offset field can be used with the single association identifier subfield or single AID subfield to generate an AID of the individual BSS.


     
    6. The method of claim 5, the determining comprises locally generating the identifier of the individual BSS using less than all bits of a page index field included in the IE, wherein the determination is based on the locally generated identifier.
     
    7. The method of claim 5, wherein the method further comprises:

    locally generating an AID of the individual BSS based on at least one of the single association identifier subfield, the single AID subfield, page index field, or block offset field.


     
    8. The method of claim 7, wherein the encoded subfield comprises an indication of whether:

    an AID value associated with the single association identifier subfield or the single AID subfield indicates buffered group-cast traffic for the individual BSS; or

    an AID value associated with the single association identifier subfield or the single AID subfield indicates unicast traffic for a device; and

    locally generating the AID of the individual BSS using at least one default value, rather than an actual value, of one or more bits of a page index field included in the IE, based on the indication.


     
    9. An apparatus (800A) for wireless communications, comprising:

    means (802A) for generating a frame with an information element, IE, having a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets, BSSs, that have buffered group-cast traffic, wherein the partial virtual bitmap field comprises at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an identifier of the individual BSS; and

    means (804A) for outputting the frame containing the IE for transmission;

    characterized in that:

    the encoded subfield comprises a single association identifier subfield or an assigned identifier, AID, subfield; and

    the IE further comprises a page index field and a block offset field, wherein the page index field and the block offset field can be used with the single association identifier subfield or the single AID subfield to generate the AID of the individual BSS.


     
    10. The apparatus of claim 9, wherein the generating comprises assuming one or more most significant bits of the identifier of the individual BSS have at least one default value rather than an actual value of one or more bits of a page index field included in the IE.
     
    11. The apparatus of claim 9, wherein the at least one encoded subfield precedes an association identifier or an assigned identifier of a device.
     
    12. An apparatus (900A) for wireless communications, comprising:

    means (902A) for receiving a frame containing an information element, IE, wherein the IE comprises a partial virtual bitmap field that indicates zero or more basic service sets, BSSs, that have buffered group-cast traffic and at least one encoded subfield that identifies at least one individual BSS having buffered group-cast traffic using one or more bits of an identifier of the individual BSS; and

    means (904A) for determining the presence of buffered group-cast traffic for the apparatus based on the partial virtual bitmap and to decide whether or not to change at least one power state to receive the buffered group-cast traffic, based on the determination; characterized in that:

    the encoded subfield comprises a single association identifier subfield or an assigned identifier, AID, subfield; and

    the IE further comprises a page index field and a block offset field, wherein the page index field and the block offset field can be used with the single association identifier subfield or the single AID subfield to generate the AID of the individual BSS.


     
    13. The apparatus of claim 12, wherein the means for determining locally generates the identifier of the individual BSS using less than all bits of a page index field included in the IE, wherein the determination is based on the locally generated identifier.
     
    14. The apparatus of claim 12, wherein the means for determining assumes at least one default value, rather than an actual value, of one or more bits of a page index field included in the IE, and locally generate an association identifier or an assigned identifier, AID, of the individual BSS based on the assumption.
     
    15. A computer program comprising instructions for carrying out a method according to any of claims 1 to 8 when run on a computer.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Ein Verfahren (800) für drahtlose Kommunikation durch eine Vorrichtung, aufweisend:

    Erzeugen (802), an einer Vorrichtung, eines Rahmens mit einem Informationselement, IE, das ein unvollständiges virtuelles Bitmap-Feld aufweist, das keine oder mehrere Hauptdienstsets, BSS, anzeigt, die gepufferten Gruppenensemble-Verkehr aufweisen, wobei das unvollständige virtuelle Bitmap-Feld zumindest ein kodiertes Unterfeld umfasst, das zumindest eine bestimmte BSS identifiziert, die gepufferten Gruppenensemble-Verkehr aufweist, basierend auf einem oder mehreren Bits einer Kennung der bestimmten BSS; und

    Ausgeben (804) des Rahmens, der das IE für Übertragung enthält;

    gekennzeichnet durch:

    das kodierte Unterfeld ein einziges Assoziierungskennung-Unterfeld oder ein Zugewiesene-Kennung-, AID-, Unterfeld umfasst; und

    das IE ferner ein Seitenindex-Feld und ein Blockoffset-Feld aufweist, wobei das Seitenindex-Feld und das Blockoffset-Feld mit dem einzigen Assoziierungskennung-Unterfeld oder mit dem einzigen AID-Unterfeld zum Erzeugen einer AID der bestimmten BSS verwendet werden können.


     
    2. Das Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei das Erzeugen ein Annehmen umfasst, dass ein oder mehrere höchstwertigste Bits der Kennung der bestimmten BSS zumindest einen Standard-Wert enthält, an statt eines eigentlichen Wertes der einen oder mehreren Bits eines Seitenindex-Feld, das im IE enthalten ist.
     
    3. Das Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei das kodierte Unterfeld eine Anzeige umfasst ob:

    ein AID-Wert, das mit dem einzigen Assoziierungskennung-Unterfeld oder mit dem einzigen AID-Unterfeld assoziiert ist, gepufferten Gruppenensemble-Verkehr für die bestimmten BSS anzeigt; oder

    ein AID-Wert, das mit dem einzigen Assoziierungskennung-Unterfeld oder mit dem einzigen AID-Unterfeld assoziiert ist, Unicast-Verkehr für ein Gerät anzeigt.


     
    4. Das Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei das zumindest eine kodierte Unterfeld einer Assoziierungskennung oder einer zugewiesenen Kennung eines Geräts vorausgeht.
     
    5. Ein Verfahren (900) für drahtlose Kommunikation, aufweisend:

    Empfangen (902) an einer Vorrichtung eines Rahmens, der ein Informationselement, IE, umfasst, wobei das IE ein unvollständiges virtuelles Bitmap-Feld umfasst, das keine oder mehrere Hauptdienstsets, BSSs, anzeigt, die gepufferten Gruppenensemble-Verkehr und zumindest ein kodiertes Unterfeld aufweisen, das zumindest eine bestimmte BSS ermittelt, die gepufferten Gruppenensemble-Verkehr aufweist, basierend auf einem oder mehreren Bits einer Kennung der bestimmten BSS; und

    Bestimmen (904) des Vorhandenseins vom gepufferten Gruppenensemble-Verkehr für die Vorrichtung basierend auf der unvollständigen virtuellen Bitmap, und zum Entscheiden basierend auf der Feststellung, ob zumindest einen Leistungszustand zum Empfangen vom gepufferten Gruppenensemble-Verkehr geändert oder nicht geändert werden soll; gekennzeichnet durch:

    das kodierte Unterfeld ein einziges Assoziierungskennung-Unterfeld oder ein Zugewiesene-Kennung-, AID-, Unterfeld umfasst; und

    das IE ferner ein Seitenindex-Feld und ein Blockoffset-Feld umfasst, wobei das Seitenindex-Feld und das Blockoffset-Feld mit dem einzigen Assoziierungskennung-Unterfeld oder einem einzigen AID-Unterfeld zum Erzeugen ein AID der bestimmten BSS verwendet werden kann.


     
    6. Das Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 5, wobei das Bestimmen umfasst: lokales Erzeugen der Kennung der bestimmten BSS unter Verwendung von weniger als alle Bits eines Seitenindex-Felds, das in dem IE enthalten ist, wobei das Bestimmen auf der lokal erzeugten Kennung basiert.
     
    7. Das Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 5, wobei das Verfahren ferner aufweist:

    Lokales Erzeugen einer AID der bestimmten BSS basierend auf einem einzigen Assoziierungskennung-Unterfeld und/oder dem einzige AID-Unterfeld und/oder dem Seitenindex-Feld und/oder dem Blockoffset-Feld.


     
    8. Das Verfahren gemäß Anspruch 7, wobei das kodierte Unterfeld eine Anzeige umfasst, ob:

    ein AID-Wert, der mit dem einzigen Assoziierungskennung-Unterfeld oder mit dem einzigen AID-Unterfeld assoziiert ist, gepufferten Gruppenensemble-Verkehr für die individuelle BSS anzeigt; oder

    ein AID-Wert, der mit dem einzigen Assoziierungskennung-Unterfeld oder mit dem einzigen AID-Unterfeld assoziiert ist, Unicast-Verkehr für ein Gerät anzeigt; und

    lokales Erzeugen des AID der individuellen BSS mittels zumindest eines Standardwertes, anstelle eines aktuellen Wertes, aus einer oder mehreren Bits eines Seitenindex-Feld, das in dem IE enthalten ist, basierend auf der Anzeige.


     
    9. Eine Vorrichtung (800A) für drahtlose Kommunikation, aufweisend:

    Mittel (802A) zum Erzeugen eines Rahmens mit einem Informationselement, IE, das ein unvollständiges virtuelles Bitmap-Feld aufweist, das keine oder mehrere Hauptdienstsets, BSS, anzeigt, die gepufferten Gruppenensemble-Verkehr aufweisen, wobei das unvollständige virtuelle Bitmap-Feld zumindest ein kodiertes Unterfeld umfasst, das zumindest eine bestimmte BSS identifiziert, die gepufferten Gruppenensemble-Verkehr aufweist, basierend auf einem oder mehreren Bits einer Kennung der bestimmten BSS; und

    Mittel (804A) zum Ausgeben des Rahmens, der das IE für Übertragung enthält;

    gekennzeichnet durch:

    das kodierte Unterfeld ein einziges Assoziierungskennung-Unterfeld oder ein Zugewiesene-Kennung-, AID-, Unterfeld umfasst; und

    das IE ferner ein Seitenindex-Feld und ein Blockoffset-Feld aufweist, wobei das Seitendindex-Feld und das Blockoffset-Feld mit dem einzigen Assoziierungskennung-Unterfeld oder mit dem einzigen AID-Unterfeld zum Erzeugen einer AID der bestimmten BSS verwendet werden können.


     
    10. Die Vorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 9, wobei das Erzeugen ein Vermuten umfasst, dass eine oder mehrere höchstwertige Bits der Kennung der individuellen BSS zumindest einen Standardwert umfassen, anstelle eines bestimmten Wertes für einen oder mehreren Bits eines Seitenindex-Feld, das in dem IE enthalten ist.
     
    11. Die Vorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 9, wobei das zumindest eine kodierte Unterfeld einer Assoziierungskennung oder einer zugewiesenen Kennung eines Geräts vorausgeht.
     
    12. Eine Vorrichtung (900A) für drahtlose Kommunikation, aufweisend:

    Mittel (902A) zum Empfangen eines Rahmens, der ein Informationselement, IE, umfasst, wobei das IE ein unvollständiges virtuelles Bitmap-Feld umfasst, das keine oder mehrere Hauptdienstsets, BSS, anzeigt, die gepufferten Gruppenensemble-Verkehr und zumindest ein kodiertes Unterfeld aufweisen, das zumindest eine bestimmte BSS ermittelt, die gepufferten Gruppenensemble-Verkehr aufweist, basierend auf einem oder mehreren Bits einer Kennung der bestimmten BSS; und

    Mittel (904A) zum Bestimmen des Vorhandenseins vom gepufferten Gruppenensemble-Verkehr für die Vorrichtung basierend auf der unvollständigen virtuellen Bitmap, und zum Entscheiden basierend auf der Feststellung, ob zumindest einen Leistungszustand zum Empfangen vom gepufferten Gruppenensemble-Verkehr geändert oder nicht geändert werden soll; gekennzeichnet durch:

    das kodierte Unterfeld ein einziges Assoziierungskennung-Unterfeld oder ein Zugewiesene-Kennung-, AID-, Unterfeld umfasst; und

    das IE ferner ein Seitenindex-Feld und ein Blockoffset-Feld umfasst, wobei das Seitenindex-Feld und das Blockoffset-Feld mit dem einzigen Assoziierungskennung-Unterfeld oder mit dem einzigen AID-Unterfeld zum Erzeugen der AID der individuellen BSS verwendet werden kann.


     
    13. Die Vorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 12, wobei das Mittel zum Bestimmen der Kennung der individuellen BSS unter Verwendung von weniger als alle Bits eines Seitenindex-Felds, das in dem IE enthalten ist, lokal erzeugt wird, wobei das Bestimmen auf der lokal erzeugten Kennung basiert.
     
    14. Die Vorrichtung gemäß Anspruch 12, wobei das Mittel zum Bestimmen zumindest einen Standardwert annimmt, anstelle eines bestimmten Wertes für einen oder mehrere Bits eines Seitenindex-Feld, das in dem IE umfasst ist, und wobei eine Assoziierungskennung oder eine zugewiesenen Kennung, AID, einer individuellen BSS basierend auf der Annahme lokal erzeugt.
     
    15. Ein Computerprogramm, welches Anweisungen zum Durchführen eines Verfahrens gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8 umfasst, wenn das Verfahren auf einem Computer läuft.
     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé (800) de communications sans fil par un appareil, comprenant :

    la génération (802), au niveau d'un appareil, d'une trame avec un élément d'information, IE, ayant un champ bitmap virtuel partiel qui indique zéro ou plus ensembles de services de base, BSS, qui ont un trafic de diffusion de groupe mis en tampon, dans lequel le champ bitmap virtuel partiel comprend au moins un sous-champ codé qui identifie au moins un BSS individuel ayant un trafic de diffusion de groupe mis en tampon en utilisant un ou plusieurs bits d'un identificateur du BSS individuel ; et

    la délivrance (804) de la trame contenant l'IE pour émission ; caractérisé en ce que :

    le sous-champ codé comprend un unique sous-champ d'identificateur d'association ou un sous-champ d'identificateur attribué, AID ; et

    l'IE comprend en outre un champ d'index de page et un champ de décalage de bloc, dans lequel le champ d'index de page et le champ de décalage de bloc peuvent être utilisés avec l'unique sous-champ d'identificateur d'association ou l'unique sous-champ AID pour générer un AID du BSS individuel.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la génération comprend la supposition qu'un ou plusieurs bits les plus significatifs de l'identificateur du BSS individuel ont au moins une valeur par défaut au lieu d'une valeur réelle d'un ou plusieurs bits d'un champ d'index de page compris dans l'IE.
     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le sous-champ codé comprend une indication si :

    une valeur AID associée à l'unique sous-champ d'identificateur d'association ou à l'unique sous-champ AID indique un trafic de diffusion de groupe mis en tampon pour le BSS individuel ; ou

    une valeur AID associée à l'unique sous-champ d'identificateur d'association ou à l'unique sous-champ AID indique un trafic de diffusion unicast pour un dispositif.


     
    4. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'au moins un sous-champ codé précède un identificateur d'association ou un identificateur attribué d'un dispositif.
     
    5. Procédé (900) de communications sans fil, comprenant :

    la réception (902), au niveau d'un appareil, d'une trame contenant un élément d'information, IE, dans lequel l'IE comprend un champ bitmap virtuel partiel qui indique zéro ou plus ensembles de services de base, BSS, qui ont un trafic de diffusion de groupe mis en tampon et au moins un sous-champ codé qui identifie au moins un BSS individuel ayant un trafic de diffusion de groupe mis en tampon en utilisant un ou plusieurs bits d'un identificateur du BSS individuel ; et

    la détermination (904) de la présence d'un trafic de diffusion de groupe mis en tampon pour l'appareil sur la base du bitmap virtuel partiel et pour décider s'il faut changer ou non au moins un état de puissance pour recevoir le trafic de diffusion de groupe mis en tampon, sur la base de la détermination ; caractérisé en ce que :

    le sous-champ codé comprend un unique sous-champ d'identificateur d'association ou un sous-champ d'identificateur attribué, AID ; et

    l'IE comprend en outre un champ d'index de page et un champ de décalage de bloc, dans lequel le champ d'index de page et le champ de décalage de bloc peuvent être utilisés avec l'unique sous-champ d'identificateur d'association ou l'unique sous-champ AID pour générer un AID du BSS individuel.


     
    6. Procédé selon la revendication 5, la détermination comprend la génération de manière locale de l'identificateur du BSS individuel en utilisant moins que tous les bits d'un champ d'index de page compris dans l'IE, dans lequel la détermination est basée sur l'identificateur généré de manière locale.
     
    7. Procédé selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le procédé comprend en outre :

    la génération de manière locale d'un AID du BSS individuel sur la base d'au moins un parmi l'unique sous-champ d'identificateur d'association, l'unique sous-champ AID, un champ d'index de page ou un champ de décalage de bloc.


     
    8. Procédé selon la revendication 7, dans lequel le sous-champ codé comprend une indication si :

    une valeur AID associée à l'unique sous-champ d'identificateur d'association ou à l'unique sous-champ AID indique un trafic de diffusion de groupe mis en tampon pour le BSS individuel ; ou

    une valeur AID associée à l'unique sous-champ d'identificateur d'association ou à l'unique sous-champ AID indique un trafic de diffusion unicast pour un dispositif ; et

    la génération de manière locale de l'AID du BSS individuel en utilisant au moins une valeur par défaut, au lieu d'une valeur réelle, d'un ou plusieurs bits d'un champ d'index de page compris dans l'IE, sur la base de l'indication.


     
    9. Appareil (800A) de communications sans fil, comprenant :

    des moyens (802A) pour générer une trame avec un élément d'information, IE, ayant un champ bitmap virtuel partiel qui indique zéro ou plus ensembles de services de base, BSS, qui ont un trafic de diffusion de groupe mis en tampon, dans lequel le champ bitmap virtuel partiel comprend au moins un sous-champ codé qui identifie au moins un BSS individuel ayant un trafic de diffusion de groupe mis en tampon en utilisant un ou plusieurs bits d'un identificateur du BSS individuel ; et

    des moyens (804A) pour délivrer la trame contenant l'IE pour émission ; caractérisé en ce que :

    le sous-champ codé comprend un unique sous-champ d'identificateur d'association ou un sous-champ d'identificateur attribué, AID ; et

    l'IE comprend en outre un champ d'index de page et un champ de décalage de bloc, dans lequel le champ d'index de page et le champ de décalage de bloc peuvent être utilisés avec l'unique sous-champ d'identificateur d'association ou l'unique sous-champ AID pour générer l'AID du BSS individuel.


     
    10. Appareil selon la revendication 9, dans lequel la génération comprend la supposition qu'un ou plusieurs bits les plus significatifs de l'identificateur du BSS individuel ont au moins une valeur par défaut au lieu d'une valeur réelle d'un ou plusieurs bits d'un champ d'index de page compris dans l'IE.
     
    11. Appareil selon la revendication 9, dans lequel l'au moins un sous-champ codé précède un identificateur d'association ou un identificateur attribué d'un dispositif.
     
    12. Appareil (900A) de communications sans fil, comprenant :

    des moyens (902A) pour recevoir une trame contenant un élément d'information, IE, dans lequel l'IE comprend un champ bitmap virtuel partiel qui indique zéro ou plus ensembles de services de base, BSS, qui ont un trafic de diffusion de groupe mis en tampon et au moins un sous-champ codé qui identifie au moins un BSS individuel ayant un trafic de diffusion de groupe mis en tampon en utilisant un ou plusieurs bits d'un identificateur du BSS individuel ; et

    des moyens (904A) pour déterminer la présence d'un trafic de diffusion de groupe mis en tampon pour l'appareil sur la base du bitmap virtuel partiel et pour décider s'il faut changer ou non au moins un état de puissance pour recevoir le trafic de diffusion de groupe mis en tampon, sur la base de la détermination ; caractérisé en ce que :

    le sous-champ codé comprend un unique sous-champ d'identificateur d'association ou un sous-champ d'identificateur attribué, AID ; et

    l'IE comprend en outre un champ d'index de page et un champ de décalage de bloc, dans lequel le champ d'index de page et le champ de décalage de bloc peuvent être utilisés avec l'unique sous-champ d'identificateur d'association ou l'unique sous-champ AID pour générer l'AID du BSS individuel.


     
    13. Appareil selon la revendication 12, dans lequel les moyens de détermination génèrent de manière locale l'identificateur du BSS individuel en utilisant moins que tous les bits d'un champ d'index de page compris dans l'IE, dans lequel la détermination est basée sur l'identificateur généré de manière locale.
     
    14. Appareil selon la revendication 12, dans lequel les moyens de détermination supposent au moins une valeur par défaut, au lieu d'une valeur réelle, d'un ou plusieurs bits d'un champ d'index de page compris dans l'IE et génèrent de manière locale un identificateur d'association ou un identificateur attribué, AID, du BSS individuel sur la base de la supposition.
     
    15. Programme informatique comprenant des instructions pour mettre en oeuvre un procédé selon l'une des revendications 1 à 8, quand elles sont exécutées sur un ordinateur.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description