(19)
(11)EP 3 139 509 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.07.2022 Bulletin 2022/30

(21)Application number: 14891027.6

(22)Date of filing:  28.04.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04B 7/06(2006.01)
H04B 7/0452(2017.01)
H04B 7/0456(2017.01)
H04B 7/04(2017.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
H04B 7/0452; H04B 7/0478; H04B 7/0626
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2014/076370
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/165005 (05.11.2015 Gazette  2015/44)

(54)

MULTI-ANTENNA DATA TRANSMISSION METHOD, BASE STATION, USER EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEM

DATENÜBERTRAGUNGSVERFAHREN MIT MEHREREN ANTENNEN, BASISSTATION, BENUTZERGERÄT UND SYSTEM

PROCÉDÉ DE TRANSMISSION DE DONNÉES À ANTENNES MULTIPLES, STATION DE BASE, ÉQUIPEMENT UTILISATEUR ET SYSTÈME


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
08.03.2017 Bulletin 2017/10

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • WU, Ye
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • QIAO, Deli
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • WANG, Lei
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Gill Jennings & Every LLP 
The Broadgate Tower 20 Primrose Street
London EC2A 2ES
London EC2A 2ES (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2011/126160
WO-A1-2013/125917
CN-A- 101 931 513
CN-A- 103 220 069
US-A1- 2013 322 280
WO-A1-2011/162422
WO-A1-2014/027824
CN-A- 102 668 401
US-A1- 2013 272 263
  
  • ADHIKARY ANSUMAN ET AL: "Joint Spatial Division and Multiplexing-The Large-Scale Array Re", IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, IEEE PRESS, USA, vol. 59, no. 10, 1 October 2013 (2013-10-01), pages 6441-6463, XP011526827, ISSN: 0018-9448, DOI: 10.1109/TIT.2013.2269476 [retrieved on 2013-09-11]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present invention relates to the communications field, and in particular, to a multiple-antenna data transmission method, a base station, user equipment, and a system.

BACKGROUND



[0002] In 3GPP Long Term Evolution/3GPP Long Term Evolution Advanced (Long term evolution/Long term evolution-advanced, LTE/LTE-A), with a continuous and rapid increase in a quantity of antennas at a data transmit end, a quantity of user equipment (User equipment, UE) that needs to be served, that is, a quantity of to-be-scheduled UE, also rapidly increases. The increase in the quantity of antennas may provide space freedom of a higher degree, which creates a favorable condition for multiplexing multiple data flows in downlink space (which may be (Single-user Multiple-input Multiple-output, SU-MIMO) or (Multi-user Multiple-input Multiple-output, MU-MIMO)).

[0003] To acquire space freedom of a high degree that can be provided by massive antennas, related channel state information (CSI) must be acquired by the data transmit end (which is generally a base station), so as to acquire precise precoding (precoder). When MIMO is being performed, in the prior art (for example, LTE/LTE-A), the data transmit end generally acquires the CSI by using two methods:
In one method, in a case of time division duplexing (Time division duplexing, TDD)/frequency division duplexing (Frequency division duplexing, FDD), the data transmit end sends a pilot for CSI downlink measurement, a data receive end (which is generally UE) measures the pilot to acquire CSI, the UE then feeds back the CSI (which is generally quantized CSI and is PMI+RI in LTE), and the data transmit end performs precoding on data by using the CSI and sends precoded data. In the other method, in a case of TDD, a data receive end sends a pilot (for example, an SRS in LTE/LTE-A) for CSI uplink measurement, the data transmit end performs uplink channel CSI measurement, the data transmit end considers that the uplink channel measurement is a downlink channel according to channel reciprocity (a necessary reciprocity parameter is generally required for modification), and then performs precoding on data according to the CSI and sends precoded data.

[0004] A volume of downlink pilot overheads is proportional to a quantity of antennas at a data transmit end, a volume of uplink pilot overheads is also proportional to a quantity of to-be-served UE, and a quantity of uplink CSI feedbacks is also proportional to the quantity of antennas at the data transmit end. Therefore, when the quantity of antennas at the data transmit end is not very large (for example, 4/8 antennas in LTE/LTE-A), pilot overheads and a quantity of uplink CSI feedbacks can be controlled; however, when the quantity of antennas is relatively large (a quantity of UE that can be scheduled also increases), uplink and downlink pilot overheads and a quantity of uplink CSI feedbacks occupy a large quantity of time-frequency resources, which results in reduced compresses time-frequency resources available for data transmission, thereby greatly affecting a system throughput.

[0005] ADHIKARY ANSUMAN AL: "Joint Spatial Division and Multiplexing The Large-Scale Array Regime", IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATIONTHEORY, IEEE PRESS, USA, vol. 59, no. 10, discloses a joint spatial division and multiplexing (JSDM) approach to potentially achieve massive MIMO-likc throughput gains and simplified system operations also for FDD systems, which still represent the far majority of existing deployed cellular networks.

[0006] WO 2013/125917 A1 discloses a multi-input and multi-output communication method in a large-scale antenna system. The MIMO transmission method includes: obtaining statistical channel information on at least one terminal, dividing terminals into a plurality of classes and a plurality of groups based on the statistical channel information, wherein the groups depend on the classes; determining a group beam-forming matrix for each of the divided groups; performing a group bcamforming transmission by group based on the group beam-forming matrix to obtain instantaneous channel information; and scheduling terminals based on the instantaneous channel information.

[0007] US 2013/272263 A1 discloses techniques for acquiring channel state information in massive MIMO systems.

SUMMARY



[0008] A technical problem to be resolved by the present invention is to provide a multiple-antenna data transmission method, a base station, user equipment, and a system, to resolve a technical problem in the prior art that uplink and downlink pilot overheads are large and a quantity of uplink CSI feedbacks is large when a quantity of antennas at a data transmit end is relatively large (a quantity of to-be-served UE is also relatively large), thereby increasing a system throughput.

[0009] The present invention is defined in the appended claims.

[0010] By implementing the present invention, channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace is acquired by means of level-one channel state information measurement, level-two channel state information measurement is performed on user equipment in a set of user equipment to acquire state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel, downlink data and a user-specific demodulation reference signal are processed by means of two-level precoding, and processed downlink data and a processed user-specific demodulation reference signal are sent, which resolves a technical problem in the prior art that uplink and downlink pilot overheads are large and a quantity of uplink CSI feedbacks is large when a quantity of antennas at a data transmit end is relatively large (a quantity of to-be-served UE is also relatively large), so that more time-frequency resources in a system are available for data transmission, thereby effectively increasing a system throughout; in addition, by means of channel dimension reduction, a problem of high complexity in baseband processing in a system in the prior art can be resolved, thereby reducing requirements on a baseband processing capability.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



[0011] To describe the technical solutions of the present invention more clearly, in the following the accompanying drawings are briefly introduced describing embodiments of the present invention. Apparently, the accompanying drawings in the following description show merely some embodiments of the present invention.

FIG. 1 is a schematic flowchart of a multiple-antenna data transmission method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a schematic flowchart of another embodiment of a multiple-antenna data transmission method according to the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a schematic flowchart of an example of a multiple-antenna data transmission method not covered by the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a schematic flowchart of an example of a multiple-antenna data transmission method not covered by the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a schematic flowchart of another embodiment of a multiple-antenna data transmission method according to the present invention;

FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a two-level precoding structure according to the present invention;

FIG. 7 is a schematic flowchart of another embodiment of a multiple-antenna data transmission method according to the present invention;

FIG. 8 is a data effect diagram of a comparison between system performance in the present invention and ideal system performance;

FIG. 9 is another data effect diagram of a comparison between system performance in the present invention and ideal system performance;

FIG. 10 is another data effect diagram of a comparison between system performance in the present invention and ideal system performance;

FIG. 11 is another data effect diagram of a comparison between system performance in the present invention and ideal system performance;

FIG. 12 is another data effect diagram of a comparison between system performance in the present invention and ideal system performance;

FIG. 13 is another data effect diagram of a comparison between system performance in the present invention and ideal system performance;

FIG. 14 is a schematic structural diagram of a base station according to an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 15 is a schematic structural diagram of a first channel state information acquiring module according to the present invention;

FIG. 16 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of a first channel state information acquiring module according to the present invention;

FIG. 17 is a schematic structural diagram of a second channel state information acquiring module according to the present invention;

FIG. 18 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of a second channel state information acquiring module according to the present invention;

FIG. 19 is a schematic structural diagram of a data sending module according to the present invention;

FIG. 20 is a schematic structural diagram of user equipment according to the present invention;

FIG. 21 is a schematic structural diagram of a first measurement cooperation module according to the present invention;

FIG. 22 is a schematic structural diagram of a second measurement cooperation module according to the present invention;

FIG. 23 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of a second measurement cooperation module according to the present invention;

FIG. 24 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of user equipment according to the present invention;

FIG. 25 is a schematic structural diagram of a multiple-antenna data transmission system according to the present invention;

FIG. 26 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of a base station according to the present invention;

FIG. 27 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of user equipment according to the present invention; and

FIG. 28 is a schematic structural diagram of a network system according to the present invention.


DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



[0012] The following clearly and completely describes the technical solutions of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings of embodiments of the present invention. Apparently, the described embodiments are merely some but not all of the embodiments of the present invention.

[0013] Referring to FIG. 1, FIG. 1 is a schematic flowchart of a multiple-antenna data transmission method according to an embodiment of the present invention. Described from a perspective of a data transmit end (that is, a network base station side), the method includes:

Step S100: A base station acquires channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace by means of level-one channel state information measurement, where the channel subspace is channel subspace obtained after dimension reduction is performed on statistical channel subspace of each to-be-scheduled user equipment.

Step S102: The base station schedules the user equipment, determines a set of user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output, and performs level-two channel state information measurement on user equipment in the set of user equipment to acquire state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel.

Step S104: The base station processes downlink data and a user-specific demodulation reference signal by means of two-level precoding, and sends processed downlink data and a processed user-specific demodulation reference signal to the user equipment in the set of user equipment, where the two-level precoding includes first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace and second-level precoding corresponding to the state information of the real-time channel.



[0014] Specifically, in a process of step S100 in which the base station acquires the channel state information of the dimension-reduced channel subspace by means of level-one channel state information measurement, time-frequency density is low; in a process of step S102 in which the base station acquires the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel, although time-frequency density is high, measurement is performed only on the user equipment in the set of user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output, and a quantity of UE is limited; therefore, sending is performed after data processing is performed by means of the two-level precoding with reference to step S104, which resolves a technical problem in the prior art that uplink and downlink pilot overheads are large and a quantity of uplink CSI feedbacks is large when a quantity of antennas at the data transmit end is relatively large (a quantity of to-be-served UE is also relatively large), so that more time-frequency resources in a system are available for data transmission, thereby effectively increasing a system throughout.

[0015] Further, with reference to FIG. 2 to FIG. 5, from a perspective of both a data transmit end and a data receive end, the following uses four embodiments to describe in detail the technical solution of a multiple-antenna data transmission method in the present invention.

[0016] As shown in FIG. 2, FIG. 2 is a schematic flowchart of another embodiment of a multiple-antenna data transmission method according to the present invention. A TDD scenario and an FDD scenario are used in this embodiment, and the method includes:
Step S200: A base station sends a cell-specific level-one reference signal RS to user equipment.

[0017] Specifically, because the cell-specific level-one reference signal RS is sent, time-frequency density in executing step S200 is very low.

[0018] Step S202: After receiving the cell-specific level-one RS sent by the base station, to-be-scheduled user equipment performs measurement according to the cell-specific level-one RS to obtain corresponding channel subspace, and performs dimension reduction and quantization on the channel subspace to obtain channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace.

[0019] Specifically, the to-be-scheduled user equipment and the base station first reach an agreement and completes negotiation between the two parties, and after receiving the cell-specific level-one RS sent by the base station, the to-be-scheduled user equipment executes measurement of the cell-specific level-one RS.

[0020] Step S204: Feed the channel state information of the dimension-reduced channel subspace back to the base station.

[0021] Specifically, time-frequency density in executing step S204 is also very low.

[0022] Step S206: The base station schedules the user equipment, and determines a set of user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output.

[0023] Specifically, involving in multiple-input multiple-output may include involving in SU-MIMO or MU-MIMO.

[0024] Step S208: The base station sends a user-specific level-two RS to user equipment in the set of user equipment.

[0025] Specifically, the base station sends the user-specific UE-specific level-two RS to the user equipment in the set of user equipment by using a dimension-reduced channel. Although time-frequency density in executing step S208 is high, the user-specific level-two RS is sent only to the user equipment in the set of user equipment, and therefore, system overheads are under control.

[0026] Step S210: After receiving the user-specific level-two RS sent by the base station, the user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output performs measurement and quantization on a dimension-reduced real-time channel according to the user-specific level-two RS to obtain state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel.

[0027] Step S212: Feed the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel back to the base station.

[0028] Specifically, although time-frequency density in executing step S212 is high, the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel is also sent only to the user equipment in the set of user equipment, and therefore, system overheads are under control.

[0029] Step S214: The base station processes downlink data and a user-specific demodulation reference signal by means of two-level precoding, and sends processed downlink data and a processed user-specific demodulation reference signal to the user equipment in the set of user equipment.

[0030] Step S216: After receiving the downlink data and the user-specific demodulation reference signal that are sent by the base station, the user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output demodulates the user-specific demodulation reference signal, estimates a data channel, and demodulates the downlink data.

[0031] It should be noted that the user equipment in the embodiment of FIG. 2 does not refer to one user equipment but to a user equipment side, including multiple to-be-scheduled user equipments and the user equipment in the set of user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output.

[0032] As shown in FIG. 3, FIG. 3 is a schematic flowchart of an example of a multiple-antenna data transmission method not covered by the present invention, and the method includes:
Step S300: To-be-scheduled user equipment sends a user-specific level-one RS to a base station.

[0033] Specifically, the user-specific level-one RS is a level-one RS used by the base station to perform measurement to obtain channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace, and time-frequency density in executing step S300 is very low.

[0034] Step S302: After receiving the user-specific level-one RS sent by the to-be-scheduled user equipment, the base station measures the user-specific level-one RS to obtain channel subspace corresponding to the to-be-scheduled user equipment, and performs dimension reduction on the channel subspace to obtain channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace.

[0035] Step S304: The base station schedules the user equipment, and determines a set of user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output.

[0036] Step S306: The base station sends a user-specific level-two RS to user equipment in the set of user equipment.

[0037] Step S308: After receiving the user-specific level-two RS sent by the base station, the user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output performs measurement and quantization on a dimension-reduced real-time channel according to the user-specific level-two RS to obtain state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel.

[0038] Step S310: Feed the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel back to the base station.

[0039] Step S312: The base station processes downlink data and a user-specific demodulation reference signal by means of two-level precoding, and sends processed downlink data and a processed user-specific demodulation reference signal to the user equipment in the set of user equipment.

[0040] Step S314: After receiving the downlink data and the user-specific demodulation reference signal that are sent by the base station, the user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output demodulates the user-specific demodulation reference signal, estimates a data channel, and demodulates the downlink data.

[0041] It can be understood that, for step S304 to step S314, reference may be made to step S206 to step S216 in the foregoing embodiment of FIG. 2, and details are not described herein again.

[0042] As shown in FIG. 4, FIG. 4 is a schematic flowchart of an example of a multiple-antenna data transmission method not covered by the present invention, and the method includes:
Step S400: To-be-scheduled user equipment sends a user-specific level-one RS to a base station.

[0043] Step S402: After receiving the user-specific level-one RS sent by the to-be-scheduled user equipment, the base station measures the user-specific level-one RS to obtain channel subspace corresponding to the to-be-scheduled user equipment, and performs dimension reduction on the channel subspace to obtain channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace.

[0044] Step S404: The base station schedules the user equipment, and determines a set of user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output.

[0045] It can be understood that, for step S400 to step S404, reference may be made to step S300 to step S304 in the foregoing embodiment of FIG. 3, and details are not described herein again.

[0046] Step S406: The base station sends a signaling notification to user equipment in the set of user equipment.

[0047] Specifically, the signaling notification is used to instruct the user equipment in the set of user equipment to send a user-specific level-two RS to the base station.

[0048] Step S408: After receiving the signaling notification sent by the base station, the user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output sends a user-specific level-two RS to the base station.

[0049] Specifically, the user-specific level-two RS is a level-two RS used by the base station to perform measurement to obtain state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel. Although time-frequency density in executing step S408 is high, the signaling notification is sent only to the user equipment in the set of user equipment, and therefore, system overheads are under control.

[0050] Step S410: After receiving the user-specific level-two RS sent by the user equipment in the set of user equipment, the base station measures a dimension-reduced real-time channel according to the user-specific level-two RS to obtain state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel.

[0051] Step S412: The base station processes downlink data and a user-specific demodulation reference signal by means of two-level precoding, and sends processed downlink data and a processed user-specific demodulation reference signal to the user equipment in the set of user equipment.

[0052] Step S414: After receiving the downlink data and the user-specific demodulation reference signal that are sent by the base station, the user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output demodulates the user-specific demodulation reference signal, estimates a data channel, and demodulates the downlink data.

[0053] As shown in FIG. 5, FIG. 5 is a schematic flowchart of another embodiment of a multiple-antenna data transmission method according to the present invention, and the method includes:
Step S500: A base station sends a cell-specific level-one reference signal RS to user equipment.

[0054] Step S502: After receiving the cell-specific level-one RS sent by the base station, to-be-scheduled user equipment performs measurement according to the cell-specific level-one RS to obtain corresponding channel subspace, and performs dimension reduction and quantization on the channel subspace to obtain channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace.

[0055] Step S504: Feed the channel state information of the dimension-reduced channel subspace back to the base station.

[0056] Step S506: The base station schedules the user equipment, and determines a set of user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output.

[0057] Step S508: The base station sends a signaling notification to user equipment in the set of user equipment.

[0058] The signaling notification is used to instruct the user equipment in the set of user equipment to send a user-specific level-two RS to the base station.

[0059] Step S510: After receiving the signaling notification sent by the base station, the user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output sends a user-specific level-two RS to the base station.

[0060] The user-specific level-two RS is a level-two RS used by the base station to perform measurement to obtain state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel.

[0061] Step S512: After receiving the user-specific level-two RS sent by the user equipment in the set of user equipment, the base station measures a dimension-reduced real-time channel according to the user-specific level-two RS to obtain state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel.

[0062] Step S514: The base station processes downlink data and a user-specific demodulation reference signal by means of two-level precoding, and sends processed downlink data and a processed user-specific demodulation reference signal to the user equipment in the set of user equipment.

[0063] Step S516: After receiving the downlink data and the user-specific demodulation reference signal that are sent by the base station, the user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output demodulates the user-specific demodulation reference signal, estimates a data channel, and demodulates the downlink data.

[0064] It can be understood that, for step S500 to step S506, reference may be made to step S200 to step S206 in the embodiment of FIG. 2; for step S508 to step S516, reference may be made to step S406 to step S414 in the embodiment of FIG. 4, and details are not described herein again.

[0065] It should be noted that an embodiment of the present invention further provides a two-level precoding structure designed to cooperate with a two-level RS to acquire CSI, as shown in FIG. 6.

[0066] A level-one RS in this embodiment of the present invention may be directly sent.

[0067] A level-two RS in this embodiment of the present invention may be sent after being multiplied by level-one beam space precoding (that is, first-level precoding corresponding to channel state information of channel subspace in this embodiment of the present invention), that is, a user-specific level-two RS in this embodiment of the present invention is a user-specific level-two RS which has been processed by means of the first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace.

[0068] A user-specific demodulation reference signal DM-RS in this embodiment of the present invention may be first multiplied by level-two precoding (that is, second-level precoding corresponding to state information of a real-time channel in this embodiment of the present invention) and then is multiplied by the level-one beam space precoding; then a result of the multiplying is sent.

[0069] Downlink data in this embodiment of the present invention is similar to the foregoing DM-RS, and may be first multiplied by the level-two precoding and then is multiplied by the level-one precoding; then a result of the multiplying is sent. FIG. 6 shows the precoding architecture by using MU-MIMO as an example. Assuming that there are K UEs, level-two precoding processing is separately performed on data flows of the K UEs to obtain a beam space dimension of UE with a space dimension S; then beam space precoding is performed on UE obtained by means of level-one scheduling, and finally M-dimension data is obtained and sent. It should be noted that the precoding architecture in FIG. 6 also supports SU-MIMO; when the precoding architecture is SU-MIMO, after CSI is acquired by using the level-one RS, there is only one to-be-scheduled data sending end, and there is only UE 1 in FIG. 6. It can be understood that the level-one precoding in this embodiment of the present invention may be implemented in a baseband (that is, performing level-one precoding in a frequency domain), or may be implemented in an intermediate/radio frequency (that is, performing level-two precoding in a time domain).

[0070] The following accordingly describes implementation manners in FIG. 1 to FIG. 5 in the present invention from a UE side with reference to a schematic flowchart, shown in FIG. 7, of another embodiment of a multiple-antenna data transmission method according to the present invention, and the method specifically includes:
Step S700: To-be-scheduled user equipment cooperates with a base station to complete level-one channel state information measurement, so that the base station acquires channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace, where the channel subspace is channel subspace obtained after dimension reduction is performed on statistical channel subspace of each to-be-scheduled user equipment.

[0071] Step S702: User equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output cooperates with the base station to complete level-two channel state information measurement, so that the base station acquires state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel.

[0072] Step S704: The user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output receives downlink data and a user-specific demodulation reference signal that are sent by the base station, where the downlink data and the user-specific demodulation reference signal are data sent by the base station after being processed by means of two-level precoding, and the two-level precoding includes first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace and second-level precoding corresponding to the state information of the real-time channel.

[0073] Specifically, step S700 may include: receiving, by the to-be-scheduled user equipment, a cell-specific level-one reference signal RS sent by the base station; performing measurement according to the cell-specific level-one RS to obtain corresponding channel subspace, and performing dimension reduction and quantization on the channel subspace to obtain the channel state information of the dimension-reduced channel subspace; and feeding the channel state information of the dimension-reduced channel subspace back to the base station.

[0074] Still specifically, step S700 may further include: sending, by the to-be-scheduled user equipment, a user-specific level-one RS to the base station, where the user-specific level-one RS is a level-one RS used by the base station to perform measurement to obtain the channel state information of the dimension-reduced channel subspace.

[0075] Further, step S702 may include: receiving, by the user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output, a user-specific level-two RS sent by the base station; performing measurement and quantization on the dimension-reduced real-time channel according to the user-specific level-two RS to obtain the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel; and feeding the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel back to the base station.

[0076] Still further, step S702 may further include: receiving, by the user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output, a signaling notification sent by the base station, where the signaling notification is used to instruct the user equipment to send a user-specific level-two RS to the base station; and sending the user-specific level-two RS to the base station, where the user-specific level-two RS is a level-two RS used by the base station to perform measurement to obtain the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel.

[0077] It should be noted that the user-specific level-two RS in this embodiment of the present invention is a user-specific level-two RS which has been processed by means of the first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace.

[0078] Still further, after step S704 in this embodiment of the present invention is performed, the method may further include: demodulating the user-specific demodulation reference signal, estimating a data channel, and demodulating the downlink data.

[0079] It can be understood that, for an implementation manner in this embodiment of the present invention in FIG. 7, reference may be made to implementation manners described in the foregoing embodiments in FIG. 1 to FIG. 6, and details are not described herein again.

[0080] It can be understood that, by using the multiple-antenna data transmission method provided in the present invention, system overheads may be greatly reduced. Specifically:
Assuming that a quantity of transmit antennas is M, a quantity of to-be-scheduled UE is T1, a quantity of UE in a set of scheduled UE is T2, and a quantity of antennas of the UE is N, overheads for acquiring CSI are effectively reduced by means of channel dimension reduction in this embodiment of the present invention, where the reduced overheads include (effects are achieved by comparing a one-level RS solution in LTE in the prior art and the solution of the present invention):
  1. a. Downlink RS overheads (applicable to FDD/TDD):

    in the one-level RS solution in LTE in the prior art, if average density of each transmit antenna in terms of time and frequency is x REs/ms/15 kHz, total density of RSs of the M transmit antennas is Mx REs/ms/15 kHz;

    however, the downlink RS overheads in this embodiment of the present invention include two levels of RSs: If only channel subspace that changes slowly in terms of both time and frequency needs to be obtained for a level-one RS, density in both a time domain and a frequency domain can be reduced (for example, time density may be below 1/4 of density of the level-one RS in LTE, and in terms of frequency, 1/2 of density of the level-one RS in LTE is considered), and density of the M transmit antennas may be generally controlled within Mx/8 REs/ms/15 kHz. if feedback of a change of a real-time channel needs to be supported for a level-two RS, average density of each space dimension in terms of time and frequency is also x REs/ms/15 kHz, and a dimension-reduced dimension S is generally equal to M/4; therefore, density of an S-dimension space antenna is Mx/4 REs/ms/15 kHz at most;

    therefore, in terms of the downlink RS overheads, when the solution of the present invention is compared with the one-level RS solution in LTE in the prior art, RE overheads are reduced by 1 - (Mx/4 + Mx/8)/Mx = 62.5%.

  2. b. Uplink feedback overheads (applicable to FDD/TDD, and it is assumed that each downlink sub-band performs feedback once):

    in the one-level RS solution in LTE in the prior art, feedback needs to be performed on all of the T1 to-be-scheduled UEs. Assuming that time density of a quantity of REs occupied by feedback of each to-be-scheduled UE is y REs/ms/downlink sub-band, total time density of a quantity of REs occupied by the T1 to-be-scheduled UEs is T1y REs/ms/downlink sub-band;

    however, in this embodiment of the present invention, feedback needs to be performed only for the T2 UEs in the set of to-be-scheduled UE, and assuming that a quantity of REs occupied by feedback of each to-be-scheduled UE is consistent with that in the one-level RS solution in LTE, total time density of a quantity of REs occupied by the T2 UEs in set of to-be-scheduled UE is T2y REs/ms/downlink sub-band, where T2/T1 ≤ 1/4 even in a conservative case;

    therefore, in terms of the uplink feedback overheads, when the solution of the present invention is compared with the one-level RS solution in LTE in the prior art, RE overheads are reduced by 1 - T2y / (T1y) = 75%.

  3. c. Uplink RS overheads (applicable to TDD only)

    in the one-level RS solution in LTE in the prior art, an uplink RS needs to be sent to each of the T1 to-be-scheduled UEs, and in terms of time and frequency, if average density of a quantity of REs occupied by each to-be-scheduled UE for sending an RS is z REs/ms/15 kHz, total density of RSs of the T1 to-be-scheduled UEs is T1z REs/ms/15 kHz;

    however, the uplink RS overheads in this embodiment of the present invention include those of two levels of RSs: If only channel subspace that changes slowly in terms of both time and frequency needs to be obtained for a level-one RS, density in both a time domain and a frequency domain can be reduced (for example, time density may be below 1/4 of density of the level-one RS in LTE, and in terms of frequency, 1/2 of density of the level-one RS in LTE is considered), and RS density of the T1 to-be-scheduled UEs may be generally controlled within T1 z/8 REs/ms/15 kHz; if acquisition of a change of a real-time channel needs to be supported for a level-two RS, average density of each UE in the set of scheduled UE in terms of time and frequency is also z REs/ms/15 kHz, and therefore, density of a level-two RS of the T2 UEs in the set of scheduled UE is T2z/4 REs/ms/15 kHz at most, where T2/T1 ≤ 1/4 even in a conservative case;

    therefore, in terms of the uplink RS overheads, when the solution of the present invention is compared with the one-level RS solution in LTE in the prior art, RE overheads are reduced by 1 - (T2z + T1z/8)/(T1z) = 62.5%.



[0081] It may further be understood that after channel dimension reduction is performed in this embodiment of the present invention, computational complexity in acquiring level-two precoding decreases at a speed of a power of 3. For example, a dimension of an antenna array with 256 antenna elements is reduced to 32 dimensions, computational complexity can be reduced by 8^3 = 512 multiples, and a corresponding processing delay is also reduced by 512 multiples, which are specifically shown in the following table:
 Dimension reduction not performed on an antenna array with 256 antenna elementsDimension of an antenna array with 256 antenna elements reduced to 32-dimension beam space
Precoding computational complexity 163840 GFLOPS (Giga Floating-point Operations Per Second) 320 GFLOPS (Giga Floating-point Operations Per Second)


[0082] A very slow update speed of the level-one precoding is not a main bottleneck for resolving computational complexity, and therefore, acquiring SVD of the level-two precoding is main computational complexity in acquiring DL CSI. When an antenna array is reduced to 32 dimensions, a computation result is 2732^3610031e3/5 = 320 Gflops, where 2732^3 is SVD complexity of each sub-band, 6 is a quantity, of multiply-add operations performed on real numbers, required in a multiply operation performed on complex numbers, 100 is a quantity of sub-bands (with a system bandwidth of 100 MHz), 3 is a quantity of sections, and 1e3/5 is a quantity of times for acquiring level-two CSI within one second.

[0083] It should be noted that from a perspective of system performance, there is a very small difference between performance of this embodiment of the present invention and rational system performance. The following provides descriptions by using SU-MIMO as an example, with reference to data effect diagrams, shown in FIG. 8 to FIG. 13, of comparisons between system performance in the present invention and ideal system performance, and from a perspective of a bit error rate BER and a signal-to-noise ratio SNR (dB).

[0084] As shown in FIG. 8, FIG. 8 is a data effect diagram of a comparison between system performance in the present invention and ideal system performance. If a period for sending a level-one RS changes, there is always a small difference between the system performance in the present invention and the ideal system performance.

[0085] As shown in FIG. 9, FIG. 9 is another data effect diagram of a comparison between system performance in the present invention and ideal system performance. If a dimension in dimension reduction changes, there is always a small difference between the system performance in the present invention and the ideal system performance.

[0086] As shown in FIG. 10, FIG. 10 is another data effect diagram of a comparison between system performance in the present invention and ideal system performance. In a case in which UE mobility changes, at a low speed, there is a small difference between the system performance in the present invention and the ideal system performance, but at a medium/high speed, there is a larger difference between the system performance in the present invention and the ideal system performance (that is, there is a larger loss for the system performance in the present invention at the medium/high speed), and therefore, the present invention is mainly applicable to a low-speed scenario.

[0087] As shown in FIG. 11, FIG. 11 is another data effect diagram of a comparison between system performance in the present invention and ideal system performance. In a case in which correlation between a data sending end and a data receiving end changes, there is always a small difference between the system performance in the present invention and the ideal system performance.

[0088] As shown in FIG. 12, FIG. 12 is another data effect diagram of a comparison between system performance in the present invention and ideal system performance. If a quantity of transmit antennas at a data sending end (a quantity of antennas is greater than or equal to 64) changes, there is always a small difference between the system performance in the present invention and the ideal system performance.

[0089] As shown in FIG. 13, FIG. 13 is another data effect diagram of a comparison between system performance in the present invention and ideal system performance. If a period for sending a level-two RS changes, there is always a small difference between the system performance in the present invention and the ideal system performance.

[0090] By implementing this embodiment of the present invention, channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace is acquired by means of level-one channel state information measurement, level-two channel state information measurement is performed on user equipment in a set of user equipment to acquire state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel, downlink data and a user-specific demodulation reference signal are processed by means of two-level precoding, and processed downlink data and a processed user-specific demodulation reference signal are sent, which resolves a technical problem in the prior art that uplink and downlink pilot overheads are large and a quantity of uplink CSI feedbacks is large when a quantity of antennas at a data transmit end is relatively large (a quantity of to-be-served UE is also relatively large), so that more time-frequency resources in a system are available for data transmission, thereby effectively increasing a system throughout; in addition, by means of channel dimension reduction, a problem of high complexity in baseband processing in a system in the prior art can be resolved, thereby reducing requirements on a baseband processing capability.

[0091] To better implement the foregoing solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, with reference to a schematic structural diagram, shown in FIG. 14, of a base station according to an embodiment of the present invention, the following describes an implementation manner of an apparatus corresponding to the foregoing method. A base station 140 includes: a first channel state information acquiring module 1400, a set determining module 1402, a second channel state information acquiring module 1404, and a data sending module 1406.

[0092] The first channel state information acquiring module 1400 is configured to acquire channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace by means of level-one channel state information measurement, where the channel subspace is channel subspace obtained after dimension reduction is performed on statistical channel subspace of each to-be-scheduled user equipment.

[0093] The set determining module 1402 is configured to: schedule the user equipment, and determine a set of user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output.

[0094] The second channel state information acquiring module 1404 is configured to perform level-two channel state information measurement on user equipment in the set of user equipment to acquire state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel.

[0095] The data sending module 1406 is configured to: process downlink data and a user-specific demodulation reference signal by means of two-level precoding, and send processed downlink data and a processed user-specific demodulation reference signal to the user equipment in the set of user equipment, where the two-level precoding includes first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace and second-level precoding corresponding to the state information of the real-time channel.

[0096] Specifically, as shown in FIG. 15, FIG. 15 is a schematic structural diagram of a first channel state information acquiring module according to the present invention. The first channel state information acquiring module 1400 may include a level-one RS sending unit 14000 and a first channel state receiving unit 14002.

[0097] The level-one RS sending unit 14000 is configured to send a cell-specific level-one reference signal RS to the user equipment.

[0098] The first channel state receiving unit 14002 is configured to receive the channel state information, fed back by the to-be-scheduled user equipment, of the dimension-reduced channel subspace, where the channel state information of the channel subspace is channel state information, obtained after the to-be-scheduled user equipment performs measurement according to the cell-specific level-one RS to obtain corresponding channel subspace and performs dimension reduction and quantization on the channel subspace, of the channel subspace.

[0099] Further, as shown in FIG. 16, FIG. 16 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of a first channel state information acquiring module according to the present invention. The first channel state information acquiring module 1400 may include a level-one RS receiving unit 14004 and a level-one RS measurement unit 14006.

[0100] The level-one RS receiving unit 14004 is configured to receive a user-specific level-one RS sent by the to-be-scheduled user equipment.

[0101] The level-one RS measurement unit 14006 is configured to: measure the user-specific level-one RS to obtain channel subspace corresponding to the to-be-scheduled user equipment, and perform dimension reduction on the channel subspace to obtain the channel state information of the dimension-reduced channel subspace.

[0102] Still further, as shown in FIG. 17, FIG. 17 is a schematic structural diagram of a second channel state information acquiring module according to the present invention. The second channel state information acquiring module 1404 may include a level-two RS sending unit 14040 and a second channel state receiving unit 14042.

[0103] The level-two RS sending unit 14040 is configured to send a user-specific level-two RS to the user equipment in the set of user equipment.

[0104] The second channel state receiving unit 14042 is configured to receive the state information, fed back by the user equipment in the set of user equipment, of the dimension-reduced real-time channel, where the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel is state information, obtained after the user equipment in the set of user equipment performs measurement and quantization on the dimension-reduced real-time channel according to the user-specific level-two RS, of the dimension-reduced real-time channel.

[0105] Still further, as shown in FIG. 18, FIG. 18 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of a second channel state information acquiring module according to the present invention. The second channel state information acquiring module 1404 may include a signaling notification sending unit 14044, a level-two RS receiving unit 14046, and a level-two RS measurement unit 14048.

[0106] The signaling notification sending unit 14044 is configured to send a signaling notification to the user equipment in the set of user equipment, where the signaling notification is used to instruct the user equipment in the set of user equipment to send a user-specific level-two RS to the base station.

[0107] The level-two RS receiving unit 14046 is configured to receive the user-specific level-two RS sent by the user equipment in the set of user equipment.

[0108] The level-two RS measurement unit 14048 is configured to measure the dimension-reduced real-time channel according to the user-specific level-two RS to obtain the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel.

[0109] It should be noted that the user-specific level-two RS in this embodiment of the present invention is a user-specific level-two RS which has been processed by means of the first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace.

[0110] Still further, as shown in FIG. 19, FIG. 19 is a schematic structural diagram of a data sending module according to the present invention. The data sending module 1406 may include a first processing and sending unit 14060 and a second processing and sending unit 14062.

[0111] The first processing and sending unit 14060 is configured to: multiply the downlink data by the second-level precoding corresponding to the state information of the real-time channel and then by the first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace, and send a result of the multiplying to the user equipment in the set of user equipment.

[0112] The second processing and sending unit 14062 is configured to: multiply the user-specific demodulation reference signal by the second-level precoding corresponding to the state information of the real-time channel and then by the first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace, and send a result of the multiplying to the user equipment in the set of user equipment.

[0113] It can be understood that, for a function of each module of the base station 140, reference may be accordingly made to specific implementation manners in the foregoing method embodiments, and details are not described herein again.

[0114] Corresponding to the foregoing method, the following describes an implementation manner of an apparatus with reference to a schematic structural diagram, shown in FIG. 20, of user equipment according to the present invention, user equipment 200 is to-be-scheduled user equipment and includes: a first measurement cooperation module 2000, a second measurement cooperation module 2002, and a data receiving module 2004.

[0115] The first measurement cooperation module 2000 is configured to cooperate with a base station to complete level-one channel state information measurement, so that the base station acquires channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace, where the channel subspace is channel subspace obtained after dimension reduction is performed on statistical channel subspace of each to-be-scheduled user equipment.

[0116] The second measurement cooperation module 2002 is configured to: when the user equipment is user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output, cooperate with the base station to complete level-two channel state information measurement, so that the base station acquires state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel.

[0117] The data receiving module 2004 is configured to receive downlink data and a user-specific demodulation reference signal that are sent by the base station, where the downlink data and the user-specific demodulation reference signal are data sent by the base station after being processed by means of two-level precoding, and the two-level precoding includes first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace and second-level precoding corresponding to the state information of the real-time channel.

[0118] Specifically, as shown in FIG. 21, FIG. 21 is a schematic structural diagram of a first measurement cooperation module according to the present invention. The first measurement cooperation module 2000 may include a level-one RS receiving unit 20000, a level-one RS measurement unit 20002, and a first feedback unit 20004.

[0119] The level-one RS receiving unit 20000 is configured to receive a cell-specific level-one reference signal RS sent by the base station.

[0120] The level-one RS measurement unit 20002 is configured to: perform measurement according to the cell-specific level-one RS to obtain corresponding channel subspace, and perform dimension reduction and quantization on the channel subspace to obtain the channel state information of the dimension-reduced channel subspace.

[0121] The first feedback unit 20004 is configured to feed the channel state information of the dimension-reduced channel subspace back to the base station.

[0122] Further, the first measurement cooperation module 2000 provided in the present invention may further include a level-one RS sending unit, configured to send a user-specific level-one RS to the base station, where the user-specific level-one RS is a level-one RS used by the base station to perform measurement to obtain the channel state information of the dimension-reduced channel subspace.

[0123] Still further, as shown in FIG. 22, FIG. 22 is a schematic structural diagram of a second measurement cooperation module according to the present invention. The second measurement cooperation module 2002 may include a level-two RS receiving unit 20020, a level-two RS measurement unit 20022, and a second feedback unit 20024.

[0124] The level-two RS receiving unit 20020 is configured to: when the user equipment is user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output, receive a user-specific level-two RS sent by the base station.

[0125] The level-two RS measurement unit 20022 is configured to perform measurement and quantization on the dimension-reduced real-time channel according to the user-specific level-two RS to obtain the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel.

[0126] The second feedback unit 20024 is configured to feed the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel back to the base station.

[0127] Still further, as shown in FIG. 23, FIG. 23 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of a second measurement cooperation module according to the present invention. The second measurement cooperation module 2002 may include a signaling notification receiving unit 20026 and a level-two RS sending unit 20028.

[0128] The signaling notification receiving unit 20026 is configured to: when the user equipment is user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output, receive a signaling notification sent by the base station, where the signaling notification is used to instruct the user equipment to send a user-specific level-two RS to the base station.

[0129] The level-two RS sending unit 20028 is configured to send the user-specific level-two RS to the base station, where the user-specific level-two RS is a level-two RS used by the base station to perform measurement to obtain the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel.

[0130] It should be noted that the user-specific level-two RS in this embodiment of the present invention is a user-specific level-two RS which has been processed by means of the first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace.

[0131] Still further, as shown in FIG. 24, FIG. 24 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of user equipment according to the present invention. The user equipment 200 includes the first measurement cooperation module 2000, the second measurement cooperation module 2002, and the data receiving module 2004, and may further include a demodulation module 2006, configured to: after the data receiving module 2004 receives the downlink data and the user-specific demodulation reference signal that are sent by the base station, demodulate the user-specific demodulation reference signal, estimate a data channel, and demodulate the downlink data.

[0132] It can be understood that the user equipment 200 includes but is not limited another electronic device such as a mobile terminal, a tablet, or a personal digital assistant. For a function of each module in the user equipment 200, reference may be correspondingly made to specific implementation manners in the foregoing method embodiments, and details are not described herein again.

[0133] Further, as shown in FIG. 25, FIG. 25 is a schematic structural diagram of a multiple-antenna data transmission system according to the present invention. The present invention further provides a multiple-antenna data transmission system 250, including a base station 2500 and user equipment 2502.

[0134] The base station 2500 may be the base station 140 in any embodiment of the foregoing FIG. 14 to FIG. 19; the user equipment 2502 may be the user equipment 200 in any embodiment of the foregoing FIG. 20 to FIG. 24, and details are not described herein again.

[0135] To better implement the foregoing solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, the present invention further provides a related device configured to cooperate in implementing the foregoing solutions. The following provides a detailed description with reference to a schematic structural diagram, shown in FIG. 26, of another embodiment of a base station according to the present invention.

[0136] A base station 260 includes: an input apparatus 2600, an output apparatus 2602, a memory 2604, and a processor 2606 (there may be one or more processors 2606 in the base station 260, and one processor is used as an example in FIG. 26). In some embodiments of the present invention, the input apparatus 2600, the output apparatus 2602, the memory 2604, and the processor 2606 may be connected by using a bus or in another manner. For example, the input apparatus 2600, the output apparatus 2602, the memory 2604, and the processor 2606 are connected by using a bus in FIG. 26.

[0137] The memory 2604 is configured to store program code, and the processor 2606 is configured to invoke the program code stored in the memory, to execute the following steps:
acquiring channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace by means of level-one channel state information measurement, where the channel subspace is channel subspace obtained after dimension reduction is performed on statistical channel subspace of each to-be-scheduled user equipment; scheduling the user equipment, determining a set of user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output, and performing level-two channel state information measurement on user equipment in the set of user equipment to acquire state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel; and processing downlink data and a user-specific demodulation reference signal by means of two-level precoding, and sending processed downlink data and a processed user-specific demodulation reference signal to the user equipment in the set of user equipment by using the output apparatus 2602, where the two-level precoding includes first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace and second-level precoding corresponding to the state information of the real-time channel.

[0138] Specifically, that the processor 2606 acquires channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace by means of level-one channel state information measurement includes:
sending a cell-specific level-one reference signal RS to the user equipment by using the output apparatus 2602; and receiving, by using the input apparatus 2600, the channel state information, fed back by the to-be-scheduled user equipment, of the dimension-reduced channel subspace, where the channel state information of the channel subspace is channel state information, obtained after the to-be-scheduled user equipment performs measurement according to the cell-specific level-one RS to obtain corresponding channel subspace and performs dimension reduction and quantization on the channel subspace, of the channel subspace.

[0139] Further, that the processor 2606 acquires channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace by means of level-one channel state information measurement includes:
receiving, by using the input apparatus 2600, a user-specific level-one RS sent by the to-be-scheduled user equipment; and measuring the user-specific level-one RS to obtain channel subspace corresponding to the to-be-scheduled user equipment, and performing dimension reduction on the channel subspace to obtain the channel state information of the dimension-reduced channel subspace.

[0140] Still further, that the processor 2606 performs level-two channel state information measurement on user equipment in the set of user equipment to acquire state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel includes:
sending, by using the output apparatus 2602, a user-specific level-two RS to the user equipment in the set of user equipment; and receiving, by using the input apparatus 2600, the state information, fed back by the user equipment in the set of user equipment, of the dimension-reduced real-time channel, where the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel is state information, obtained after the user equipment in the set of user equipment performs measurement and quantization on the dimension-reduced real-time channel according to the user-specific level-two RS, of the dimension-reduced real-time channel.

[0141] Still further, that the processor 2606 performs level-two channel state information measurement on user equipment in the set of user equipment to acquire state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel includes:
sending, by using the output apparatus 2602, a signaling notification to the user equipment in the set of user equipment, where the signaling notification is used to instruct the user equipment in the set of user equipment to send a user-specific level-two RS to the base station; receiving, by using the input apparatus 2600, the user-specific level-two RS sent by the user equipment in the set of user equipment; and measuring the dimension-reduced real-time channel according to the user-specific level-two RS to obtain the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel.

[0142] Still further, the user-specific level-two RS is a user-specific level-two RS which has been processed by means of the first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace.

[0143] Still further, that the processor 2606 processes downlink data and a user-specific demodulation reference signal by means of two-level precoding, and sends processed downlink data and a processed user-specific demodulation reference signal to the user equipment in the set of user equipment includes:
multiplying the downlink data by the second-level precoding corresponding to the state information of the real-time channel and then by the first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace, and sending a result of the multiplying to the user equipment in the set of user equipment by using the output apparatus 2602; and multiplying the user-specific demodulation reference signal by the second-level precoding corresponding to the state information of the real-time channel and then by the first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace, and sending a result of the multiplying to the user equipment in the set of user equipment by using the output apparatus 2602.

[0144] It can be understood that functions of all function modules in the base station 260 may be specifically implemented according to the methods in the foregoing method embodiments, and details are not described herein again.

[0145] The following provides a detailed description with reference to a schematic structural diagram, shown in FIG. 27, of another embodiment of user equipment according to the present invention.

[0146] User equipment 270 includes: an input apparatus 2700, an output apparatus 2702, a memory 2704, and a processor 2706 (there may be one or more processors 2706 in the user equipment 270, and one processor is used as an example in FIG. 27). In some embodiments of the present invention, the input apparatus 2700, the output apparatus 2702, the memory 2704, and the processor 2706 may be connected by using a bus or in another manner. For example, the input apparatus 2700, the output apparatus 2702, the memory 2704, and the processor 2706 are connected by using a bus in FIG. 27.

[0147] The memory 2704 is configured to store program code, and the processor 2706 is configured to invoke the program code stored in the memory, to execute the following steps:
cooperating with a base station to complete level-one channel state information measurement, so that the base station acquires channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace, where the channel subspace is channel subspace obtained after dimension reduction is performed on statistical channel subspace of each to-be-scheduled user equipment; when the user equipment is user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output, cooperating with the base station to complete level-two channel state information measurement, so that the base station acquires state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel; and receiving, by using the input apparatus 2700, downlink data and a user-specific demodulation reference signal that are sent by the base station, where the downlink data and the user-specific demodulation reference signal are data sent by the base station after being processed by means of two-level precoding, and the two-level precoding includes first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace and second-level precoding corresponding to the state information of the real-time channel.

[0148] Specifically, that the processor 2706 cooperates with a base station to complete level-one channel state information measurement, so that the base station acquires channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace includes:
receiving, by using the input apparatus 2700, a cell-specific level-one reference signal RS sent by the base station; performing measurement according to the cell-specific level-one RS to obtain corresponding channel subspace, and performing dimension reduction and quantization on the channel subspace to obtain the channel state information of the dimension-reduced channel subspace; and feeding the channel state information of the dimension-reduced channel subspace back to the base station by using the output apparatus 2702.

[0149] Further, that the processor 2706 cooperates with a base station to complete level-one channel state information measurement, so that the base station acquires channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace includes:
sending, by using the output apparatus 2702, a user-specific level-one RS to the base station, where the user-specific level-one RS is a level-one RS used by the base station to perform measurement to obtain the channel state information of the dimension-reduced channel subspace.

[0150] Still further, that the processor 2706 cooperates with the base station to complete level-two channel state information measurement, so that the base station acquires state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel includes:
receiving, by using the input apparatus 2700, a user-specific level-two RS sent by the base station; performing measurement and quantization on the dimension-reduced real-time channel according to the user-specific level-two RS to obtain the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel; and feeding the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel back to the base station by using the output apparatus 2702.

[0151] Still further, that the processor 2706 cooperates with the base station to complete level-two channel state information measurement, so that the base station acquires state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel includes:
receiving, by using the input apparatus 2700, a signaling notification sent by the base station, where the signaling notification is used to instruct the user equipment to send a user-specific level-two RS to the base station; and sending the user-specific level-two RS to the base station by using the output apparatus 2702, where the user-specific level-two RS is a level-two RS used by the base station to perform measurement to obtain the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel.

[0152] Still further, the user-specific level-two RS is a user-specific level-two RS processed by means of the first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace.

[0153] Still further, after receiving downlink data and a user-specific demodulation reference signal that are sent by the base station, the processor 2706 further executes:
demodulating the user-specific demodulation reference signal, estimating a data channel, and demodulating the downlink data.

[0154] It can be understood that functions of all function modules in the user equipment 270 may be specifically implemented according to the methods in the foregoing method embodiments, and details are not described herein again.

[0155] As shown in FIG. 28, FIG. 28 is a schematic structural diagram of a network system according to the present invention. A network system 280 includes a base station 2800 and user equipment 2802.

[0156] The base station 2800 may be the base station 260 in the foregoing embodiment of FIG. 26; the user equipment 2802 may be the user equipment 270 in the foregoing embodiment of FIG. 27, and details are not described herein again. It can be understood that the network system 280 in this embodiment of the present invention may further include a device such as a server or a service center.

[0157] In conclusion, by implementing this embodiment of the present invention, channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace is acquired by means of level-one channel state information measurement, level-two channel state information measurement is performed on user equipment in a set of user equipment to acquire state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel, downlink data and a user-specific demodulation reference signal are processed by means of two-level precoding, and processed downlink data and a processed user-specific demodulation reference signal are sent, which resolves a technical problem in the prior art that uplink and downlink pilot overheads are large and a quantity of uplink CSI feedbacks is large when a quantity of antennas at a data transmit end is relatively large (a quantity of to-be-served UE is also relatively large), so that more time-frequency resources in a system are available for data transmission, thereby effectively increasing a system throughout; in addition, by means of channel dimension reduction, a problem of high complexity in baseband processing in a system in the prior art can be resolved, thereby reducing requirements on a baseband processing capability.

[0158] A person of ordinary skill in the art may understand that all or some of the processes of the methods in the embodiments may be implemented by a computer program instructing relevant hardware. The program may be stored in a computer readable storage medium. When the program runs, the processes of the methods in the embodiments are performed. The foregoing storage medium may include: a magnetic disk, an optical disc, a read-only memory (Read-Only Memory, ROM), or a random access memory (Random Access Memory, RAM).

[0159] What is disclosed above is merely exemplary embodiments of the present invention, and certainly is not intended to limit the present invention as defined by the appended claims.


Claims

1. Abase station, comprising:

a first channel state information acquiring module (1400), configured to acquire channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace by means of level-one channel state information measurement, wherein the channel subspace is channel subspace obtained after dimension reduction is performed on statistical channel subspace of each to-be-scheduled user equipment;

wherein the first channel state information acquiring module (1400) comprises:

a level-one RS sending unit (14000), configured to send a cell-specific level-one reference signal, RS, to the user equipment; and

a first channel state receiving unit (14002), configured to receive the channel state information, fed back by the to-be-scheduled user equipment, of the dimension-reduced channel subspace, wherein the channel state information of the channel subspace is channel state information, obtained after the to-be-scheduled user equipment performs measurement according to the cell-specific level-one RS to obtain corresponding channel subspace and performs dimension reduction and quantization on the channel subspace, of the channel subspace

a set determining module (1402), configured to: schedule the user equipment, and determine a set of user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output;

a second channel state information acquiring module (1404), configured to perform level-two channel state information measurement on user equipment in the set of user equipment to acquire state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel; and

a data sending module (1406), configured to: process downlink data and a user-specific demodulation reference signal by means of two-level precoding, and send processed downlink data and a processed user-specific demodulation reference signal to the user equipment in the set of user equipment, wherein the two-level precoding comprises first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace and second-level precoding corresponding to the state information of the real-time channel, wherein the data sending module (1406) comprises:

a first processing and sending unit (14060), configured to: multiply the downlink data by the second-level precoding corresponding to the state information of the real-time channel and then by the first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace, and send a result of the multiplying to the user equipment in the set of user equipment; and

a second processing and sending unit (14062), configured to: multiply the user-specific demodulation reference signal by the second-level precoding corresponding to the state information of the real-time channel and then by the first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace, and send a result of the multiplying to the user equipment in the set of user equipment.


 
2. The base station according to claim 1, wherein the second channel state information acquiring module (1404) comprises:

a level-two RS sending unit (14040), configured to send a user-specific level-two RS to the user equipment in the set of user equipment; and

a second channel state receiving unit (14042), configured to receive the state information, fed back by the user equipment in the set of user equipment, of the dimension-reduced real-time channel, wherein the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel is state information, obtained after the user equipment in the set of user equipment performs measurement and quantization on the dimension-reduced real-time channel according to the user-specific level-two RS, of the dimension-reduced real-time channel.


 
3. The base station according to claim 1, wherein the second channel state information acquiring module (14004) comprises:

a signaling notification sending unit (14044), configured to send a signaling notification to the user equipment in the set of user equipment, wherein the signaling notification is used to instruct the user equipment in the set of user equipment to send a user-specific level-two RS to the base station;

a level-two RS receiving unit (14046), configured to receive the user-specific level-two RS sent by the user equipment in the set of user equipment; and

a level-two RS measurement unit (14048), configured to measure the dimension-reduced real-time channel according to the user-specific level-two RS to obtain the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel.


 
4. The base station according to claim 2 or 3, wherein the user-specific level-two RS is a user-specific level-two RS which has been processed by means of the first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace.
 
5. User equipment, wherein the user equipment is to-be-scheduled user equipment and comprises:

a first measurement cooperation module (2000), configured to cooperate with a base station to complete level-one channel state information measurement, so that the base station acquires channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace, wherein the channel subspace is channel subspace obtained after dimension reduction is performed on statistical channel subspace of each to-be-scheduled user equipment;

wherein the first measurement cooperation module (2000) comprises:

a level-one RS receiving unit (20000), configured to receive a cell-specific level-one reference signal, RS, sent by the base station;

a level-one RS measurement unit (20002), configured to: perform measurement according to the cell-specific level-one RS to obtain corresponding channel subspace, and perform dimension reduction and quantization on the channel subspace to obtain the channel state information of the dimension-reduced channel subspace; and

a first feedback unit (20004), configured to feed the channel state information of the dimension-reduced channel subspace back to the base station;

a second measurement cooperation module (2002), configured to: when the user equipment is user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output, cooperate with the base station to complete level-two channel state information measurement, so that the base station acquires state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel; and

a data receiving module (2004), configured to receive downlink data and a user-specific demodulation reference signal that are sent by the base station, wherein the downlink data and the user-specific demodulation reference signal are data sent by the base station after being processed by means of two-level precoding, the two-level precoding comprises first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace and second-level precoding corresponding to the state information of the real-time channel further comprising:
a demodulation module (2006), configured to: after the data receiving module receives the downlink data and the user-specific demodulation reference signal that are sent by the base station, demodulate the user-specific demodulation reference signal, estimate a data channel, and demodulate the downlink data.


 
6. The user equipment according to claim 5, wherein the first measurement cooperation module (2000) comprises:
a level-one RS sending unit, configured to send a user-specific level-one RS to the base station, wherein the user-specific level-one RS is a level-one RS used by the base station to perform measurement to obtain the channel state information of the dimension-reduced channel subspace.
 
7. The user equipment according to claim 5, wherein the second measurement cooperation module (2002) comprises:

a level-two RS receiving unit (20020), configured to: when the user equipment is user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output, receive a user-specific level-two RS sent by the base station;

a level-two RS measurement unit (20022), configured to perform measurement and quantization on the dimension-reduced real-time channel according to the user-specific level-two RS to obtain the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel; and

a second feedback unit (20024), configured to feed the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel back to the base station.


 
8. The user equipment according to claim 5, wherein the second measurement cooperation module (2002) comprises:

a signaling notification receiving unit (20026), configured to: when the user equipment is user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output, receive a signaling notification sent by the base station, wherein the signaling notification is used to instruct the user equipment to send a user-specific level-two RS to the base station; and

a level-two RS sending unit (20028), configured to send the user-specific level-two RS to the base station, wherein the user-specific level-two RS is a level-two RS used by the base station to perform measurement to obtain the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel.


 
9. The user equipment according to claim 7 or 8, wherein the user-specific level-two RS is a user-specific level-two RS which has been processed by means of the first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace.
 
10. A multiple-antenna data transmission system, comprising a base station (2500) and user equipment (2502), wherein

the base station (2500) is the base station according to any one of claims 1 to 4; and

the user equipment (2502) is the user equipment according to any one of claims 5 to 9.


 
11. A multiple-antenna data transmission method, comprising:

acquiring (S100), by a base station, channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace by means of level-one channel state information measurement, wherein the channel subspace is channel subspace obtained after dimension reduction is performed on statistical channel subspace of each to-be-scheduled user equipment;

wherein acquiring (S100), by a base station, channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace by means of level-one channel state information measurement comprises:

sending (S200), by the base station, a cell-specific level-one reference signal, RS, to the user equipment; and

receiving (S204), by the base station, the channel state information, fed back by the to-be-scheduled user equipment, of the dimension-reduced channel subspace, wherein the channel state information of the channel subspace is channel state information, obtained after the to-be-scheduled user equipment performs measurement according to the cell-specific level-one RS to obtain corresponding channel subspace and performs dimension reduction and quantization on the channel subspace, of the channel subspace

scheduling (SI02), by the base station, the user equipment, determining a set of user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output, and performing level-two channel state information measurement on user equipment in the set of user equipment to acquire state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel; and

processing (SI04), by the base station, downlink data and a user-specific demodulation reference signal by means of two-level precoding, and sending processed downlink data and a processed user-specific demodulation reference signal to the user equipment in the set of user equipment, wherein the two-level precoding comprises first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace and second-level precoding corresponding to the state information of the real-time channel, wherein processing, by the base station, downlink data and a user-specific demodulation reference signal by means of two-level precoding, and sending processed downlink data and a processed user-specific demodulation reference signal to the user equipment in the set of user equipment comprises:

multiplying, by the base station, the downlink data by the second-level precoding corresponding to the state information of the real-time channel and then by the first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel sub space, and sending a result of the multiplying to the user equipment in the set of user equipment; and

multiplying, by the base station, the user-specific demodulation reference signal by the second-level precoding corresponding to the state information of the real-time channel and then by the first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel sub space, and sending a result of the multiplying to the user equipment in the set of user equipment.


 
12. The method according to claim 11, wherein performing level-two channel state information measurement on user equipment in the set of user equipment to acquire state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel comprises:

sending (S306), by the base station, a user-specific level-two RS to the user equipment in the set of user equipment; and

receiving (S310), by the base station, the state information, fed back by the user equipment in the set of user equipment, of the dimension-reduced real-time channel, wherein the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel is state information, obtained after the user equipment in the set of user equipment performs measurement and quantization on the dimension-reduced real-time channel according to the user-specific level-two RS, of the dimension-reduced real-time channel.


 
13. The method according to claim 11, wherein performing level-two channel state information measurement on user equipment in the set of user equipment to acquire state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel comprises:

sending, by the base station, a signaling notification to the user equipment in the set of user equipment, wherein the signaling notification is used to instruct the user equipment in the set of user equipment to send a user-specific level-two RS to the base station;

receiving, by the base station, the user-specific level-two RS sent by the user equipment in the set of user equipment; and

measuring the dimension-reduced real-time channel according to the user-specific level-two RS to obtain the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel.


 
14. The method according to claim 12 or 13, wherein the user-specific level-two RS is a user-specific level-two RS which has been processed by means of the first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace.
 
15. A multiple-antenna data transmission method, comprising:

cooperating (S700), by to-be-scheduled user equipment, with a base station to complete level-one channel state information measurement, so that the base station acquires channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace, wherein the channel subspace is channel subspace obtained after dimension reduction is performed on statistical channel subspace of each to-be-scheduled user equipment;

wherein cooperating (S700), by to-be-scheduled user equipment, with a base station to complete level-one channel state information measurement, so that the base station acquires channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace comprises:

receiving, by the to-be-scheduled user equipment, a cell-specific level-one reference signal, RS, sent by the base station;

performing measurement according to the cell-specific level-one RS to obtain corresponding channel subspace, and performing dimension reduction and quantization on the channel subspace to obtain the channel state information of the dimension-reduced channel subspace; and

feeding the channel state information of the dimension-reduced channel subspace back to the base station;

cooperating (S702), by user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output, with the base station to complete level-two channel state information measurement, so that the base station acquires state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel; and

receiving (S704), by the user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output, downlink data and a user-specific demodulation reference signal that are sent by the base station, wherein the downlink data and the user-specific demodulation reference signal are data sent by the base station after being processed by means of two-level precoding, the two-level precoding comprises first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel sub space and second-level precoding corresponding to the state information of the real-time channel, wherein after receiving, by the user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output, downlink data and a user-specific demodulation reference signal that are sent by the base station, the method further comprises:
demodulating the user-specific demodulation reference signal, estimating a data channel, and demodulating the downlink data.


 
16. The method according to claim 15, wherein cooperating (S700), by to-be-scheduled user equipment, with a base station to complete level-one channel state information measurement, so that the base station acquires channel state information of dimension-reduced channel subspace comprises:
sending, by the to-be-scheduled user equipment, a user-specific level-one RS to the base station, wherein the user-specific level-one RS is a level-one RS used by the base station to perform measurement to obtain the channel state information of the dimension-reduced channel subspace.
 
17. The method according to claim 15, wherein cooperating (S702), by user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output, with the base station to complete level-two channel state information measurement, so that the base station acquires state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel comprises:

receiving, by the user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output, a user-specific level-two RS sent by the base station;

performing measurement and quantization on the dimension-reduced real-time channel according to the user-specific level-two RS to obtain the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel; and

feeding the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel back to the base station.


 
18. The method according to claim 15, wherein cooperating (S702), by user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output, with the base station to complete level-two channel state information measurement, so that the base station acquires state information of a dimension-reduced real-time channel comprises:

receiving, by the user equipment involved in multiple-input multiple-output, a signaling notification sent by the base station, wherein the signaling notification is used to instruct the user equipment to send a user-specific level-two RS to the base station; and

sending the user-specific level-two RS to the base station, wherein the user-specific level-two RS is a level-two RS used by the base station to perform measurement to obtain the state information of the dimension-reduced real-time channel.


 
19. The method according to claim 17 or 18, wherein the user-specific level-two RS is a user-specific level-two RS which has been processed by means of the first-level precoding corresponding to the channel state information of the channel subspace.
 


Ansprüche

1. Basisstation, die Folgendes umfasst:

ein erstes Kanalzustandsinformationen-Erfassungsmodul (1400), ausgelegt zum Erfassen von Kanalzustandsinformationen von dimensionsreduziertem Kanalsubraum mittels "Level-One"-Kanalzustandsinformationen-Messung, wobei der Kanalsubraum Kanalsubraum ist, der erhalten wird, nachdem Dimensionsreduzierung an einem statistischen Kanalsubraum von jedem zeitlich einzuplanenden Benutzergerät durchgeführt wurde;

wobei das erste Kanalzustandsinformationen-Erfassungsmodul (1400) Folgendes umfasst:

eine "Level-One"-RS-Sendeeinheit (14000), ausgelegt zum Senden eines zellenspezifischen "Level-One"-Referenzsignals bzw. "Level-One"-RS an das Benutzergerät; und

eine erste Kanalzustandsempfangseinheit (14002), ausgelegt zum Empfangen der Kanalzustandsinformationen, die durch das zeitlich einzuplanende Benutzergerät rückgemeldet werden, des dimensionsreduzierten Kanalsubraums, wobei die Kanalzustandsinformationen des Kanalsubraums Kanalzustandsinformationen, die erhalten wurden, nachdem das zeitlich einzuplanende Benutzergerät eine Messung gemäß dem zellenspezifischen "Level-One"-RS durchgeführt hat, um entsprechenden Kanalsubraum zu erhalten, und Dimensionsreduzierung und Quantisierung an dem Kanalsubraum durchgeführt hat, des Kanalsubraums sind;

ein Mengenbestimmungsmodul (1402), ausgelegt zum: Zeiteinplanen des Benutzergeräts und Bestimmen einer Menge von Benutzergeräten, die in Mehrfacheingang-Mehrfachausgang involviert sind;

ein zweites Kanalzustandsinformationen-Erfassungsmodul (1404), ausgelegt zum Durchführen von "Level-Two"-Kanalzustandsinformationen-Messung an einem Benutzergerät in der Menge von Benutzergeräten, um Zustandsinformationen eines dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanals zu erfassen; und

ein Datensendemodul (1406), ausgelegt zum: Verarbeiten von Downlink-Daten und

eines benutzerspezifischen Demodulationsreferenzsignals mittels "Two-Level"-Vorcodierung und Senden von verarbeiteten Downlink-Daten und eines verarbeiteten benutzerspezifischen Demodulationsreferenzsignals an das Benutzergerät in der Menge von Benutzergeräten, wobei die "Two-Level"-Vorcodierung "First-Level"-Vorcodierung, die den Kanalzustandsinformationen des Kanalsubraums entspricht,

und "Second-Level"-Vorcodierung, die den Zustandsinformationen des Echtzeitkanals entspricht, umfasst, wobei das Datensendemodul (1406) Folgendes umfasst:

eine erste Verarbeitungs- und Sendeeinheit (14060), ausgelegt zum: Multiplizieren der Downlink-Daten mit der "Second-Level"-Vorcodierung, die den Zustandsinformationen des Echtzeitkanals entspricht, und dann mit der "First-Level"-Vorcodierung, die den Kanalzustandsinformationen des Kanalsubraums entspricht,

und Senden eines Ergebnisses des Multiplizierens an das Benutzergerät in der Menge von Benutzergeräten; und

eine zweite Verarbeitungs- und Sendeeinheit (14062), ausgelegt zum: Multiplizieren des benutzerspezifischen Demodulationsreferenzsignals mit der "Second-Level"-Vorcodierung, die den Zustandsinformationen des Echtzeitkanals entspricht, und dann mit der "First-Level"-Vorcodierung, die den Kanalzustandsinformationen des Kanalsubraums entspricht, und Senden eines Ergebnisses des Multiplizierens an das Benutzergerät in der Menge von Benutzergeräten.


 
2. Basisstation nach Anspruch 1, wobei das zweite Kanalzustandsinformationen-Erfassungsmodul (1404) Folgendes umfasst:

eine "Level-Two"-RS-Sendeeinheit (14040), ausgelegt zum Senden eines benutzerspezifischen "Level-Two"-RS an das Benutzergerät in der Menge von Benutzergeräten; und

eine zweite Kanalzustandsempfangseinheit (14042), ausgelegt zum Empfangen der Zustandsinformationen, die durch das Benutzergerät in der Menge von Benutzergeräten rückgemeldet werden, des dimensionsreduzierten Kanalsubraums,

wobei die Zustandsinformationen des dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanals Zustandsinformationen, die erhalten wurden, nachdem das Benutzergerät in der Menge von Benutzergeräten eine Messung und Quantisierung an dem dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanal gemäß dem benutzerspezifischen "Level-Two"-RS durchgeführt hat, des dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanals sind.


 
3. Basisstation nach Anspruch 1, wobei das zweite Kanalzustandsinformationen-Erfassungsmodul (14004) Folgendes umfasst:

eine Signalisierungsbenachrichtigung-Sendeeinheit (14044), ausgelegt zum Senden einer Signalisierungsbenachrichtigung an das Benutzergerät in der Menge von Benutzergeräten, wobei die Signalisierungsbenachrichtigung verwendet wird zum Anweisen des Benutzergeräts in der Menge von Benutzergeräten, ein benutzerspezifisches "Level-Two"-RS an die Basisstation zu senden;

eine "Level-Two"-RS-Empfangseinheit (14046), ausgelegt zum Empfangen des benutzerspezifischen "Level-Two"-RS, gesendet durch das Benutzergerät in der Menge von Benutzergeräten; und

eine "Level-Two"-RS-Messeinheit (14048), ausgelegt zum Messen des dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanals gemäß dem benutzerspezifischen "Level-Two"-RS, um die Zustandsinformationen des dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanals zu erhalten.


 
4. Basisstation nach Anspruch 2 oder 3, wobei das benutzerspezifische "Level-Two"-RS ein benutzerspezifisches "Level-Two"-RS ist, das mittels der "First-Level"-Vorcodierung, die den Kanalzustandsinformationen des Kanalsubraums entspricht, verarbeitet wurde.
 
5. Benutzergerät, wobei das Benutzergerät ein zeitlich einzuplanendes Benutzergerät ist und Folgendes umfasst:

ein erstes Messungskooperationsmodul (2000), ausgelegt zum Kooperieren mit einer Basisstation zum Abschließen von "Level-One"-Kanalzustandsinformationen-Messung, so dass die Basisstation Kanalzustandsinformationen von einem dimensionsreduzierten Kanalsubraum erfasst, wobei der Kanalsubraum Kanalsubraum ist, der erhalten wird, nachdem Dimensionsreduzierung an einem statistischen Kanalsubraum von jedem zeitlich einzuplanenden Benutzergerät durchgeführt wurde;

wobei das erste Messungskooperationsmodul (2000) Folgendes umfasst:

eine "Level-One"-RS-Empfangseinheit (20000), ausgelegt zum Empfangen eines zellenspezifischen "Level-One"-Referenzsignals bzw. "Level-One"-RS, das durch die Basisstation gesendet wurde;

eine "Level-One"-RS-Messeinheit (20002), ausgelegt zum: Durchführen von Messung gemäß dem zellenspezifischen "Level-One"-RS, um entsprechenden Kanalsubraum zu erhalten, und Durchführen von Dimensionsreduzierung und Quantisierung an dem Kanalsubraum, um die Kanalzustandsinformationen des dimensionsreduzierten Kanalsubraums zu erhalten; und

eine erste Rückmeldungseinheit (20004), ausgelegt zum Rückmelden der Kanalzustandsinformationen des dimensionsreduzierten Kanalsubraums an die Basisstation;

ein zweites Messungskooperationsmodul (2002), ausgelegt zum: wenn das Benutzergerät ein Benutzergerät ist, das in Mehrfacheingang-Mehrfachausgang involviert ist, Kooperieren mit der Basisstation, um eine "Level-Two"-Kanalzustandsinformationen-Messung abzuschließen, so dass die Basisstation Zustandsinformationen von einem dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanal erfasst; und

ein Datenempfangsmodul (2004), ausgelegt zum Empfangen von Downlink-Daten und

eines benutzerspezifischen Demodulationsreferenzsignals, die durch die Basisstation gesendet wurden, wobei die Downlink-Daten und das benutzerspezifische Demodulationsreferenzsignal Daten sind, die durch die Basisstation gesendet werden,

nachdem diese mittels "Two-Level"-Vorcodierung verarbeitet wurden, wobei die "Two-Level"-Vorcodierung "First-Level"-Vorcodierung, die den Kanalzustandsinformationen des Kanalsubraums entspricht, und "Second-Level"-Vorcodierung, die den Zustandsinformationen des Echtzeitkanals entspricht, umfasst,

ferner umfassend:

ein Demodulationsmodul (2006), ausgelegt zum: nachdem das Datenempfangsmodul die Downlink-Daten und das benutzerspezifische Demodulationsreferenzsignal empfangen hat, die durch die Basisstation gesendet wurden, Demodulieren des benutzerspezifischen Demodulationsreferenzsignals, Schätzen eines Datenkanals und

Demodulieren der Downlink-Daten.


 
6. Benutzergerät nach Anspruch 5, wobei das erste Messungskooperationsmodul (2000) Folgendes umfasst:
eine "Level-One"-RS-Sendeeinheit, ausgelegt zum Senden eines benutzerspezifischen "Level-One"-RS an die Basisstation, wobei das benutzerspezifische "Level-One"-RS ein "Level-One"-RS ist, das durch die Basisstation verwendet wird zum Durchführen einer Messung, um die Kanalzustandsinformationen des dimensionsreduzierten Kanalsubraums zu erhalten.
 
7. Benutzergerät nach Anspruch 5, wobei das zweite Messungskooperationsmodul (2002) Folgendes umfasst:

eine "Level-Two"-RS-Empfangseinheit (20020), ausgelegt zum: wenn das Benutzergerät ein Benutzergerät ist, das in Mehrfacheingang-Mehrfachausgang involviert ist, Empfangen eines benutzerspezifischen "Level-Two"-RS, das durch die Basisstation gesendet wurde;

eine "Level-Two"-RS-Messeinheit (20022), ausgelegt zum Durchführen von Messung und Quantisierung an dem dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanal gemäß dem benutzerspezifischen "Level-Two"-RS, um die Zustandsinformationen des dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanals zu erhalten; und

eine zweite Rückmeldungseinheit (20024), ausgelegt zum Rückmelden der Zustandsinformationen des dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanals an die Basisstation.


 
8. Benutzergerät nach Anspruch 5, wobei das zweite Messungskooperationsmodul (2002) Folgendes umfasst:

eine Signalisierungsbenachrichtigung-Empfangseinheit (20026), ausgelegt zum: wenn das Benutzergerät ein Benutzergerät ist, das in Mehrfacheingang-Mehrfachausgang involviert ist, Empfangen einer Signalisierungsbenachrichtigung, gesendet durch die Basisstation, wobei die Signalisierungsbenachrichtigung verwendet wird zum Anweisen des Benutzergeräts, ein benutzerspezifisches "Level-Two"-RS an die Basisstation zu senden; und

eine "Level-Two"-RS-Sendeeinheit (20028), ausgelegt zum Senden des benutzerspezifischen "Level-Two"-RS an die Basisstation, wobei das benutzerspezifische "Level-Two"-RS ein "Level-Two"-RS ist, das durch die Basisstation verwendet wird zum Durchführen einer Messung, um die Zustandsinformationen des dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanals zu erhalten.


 
9. Benutzergerät nach Anspruch 7 oder 8, wobei das benutzerspezifische "Level-Two"-RS ein benutzerspezifisches "Level-Two"-RS ist, das mittels der "First-Level"-Vorcodierung, die den Kanalzustandsinformationen des Kanalsubraums entspricht, verarbeitet wurde.
 
10. Mehrfachantennen-Datenübertragungssystem, das eine Basisstation (2500) und ein Benutzergerät (2502) umfasst, wobei
die Basisstation (2500) die Basisstation nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4 ist; und das Benutzergerät (2502) das Benutzergerät nach einem der Ansprüche 5 bis 9 ist.
 
11. Mehrfachantennen-Datenübertragungsverfahren, das Folgendes umfasst:

Erfassen (S100), durch eine Basisstation, von Kanalzustandsinformationen von dimensionsreduziertem Kanalsubraum mittels "Level-One"-Kanalzustandsinformationen-Messung, wobei der Kanalsubraum Kanalsubraum ist,

der erhalten wird, nachdem Dimensionsreduzierung an einem statistischen Kanalsubraum von jedem zeitlich einzuplanenden Benutzergerät durchgeführt wurde;

wobei Erfassen (S 100), durch eine Basisstation, von Kanalzustandsinformationen von dimensionsreduziertem Kanalsubraum mittels "Level-One"-Kanalzustandsinformationen-Messung Folgendes umfasst:

Senden (S200), durch die Basisstation, eines zellenspezifischen "Level-One"-Referenzsignals bzw. "Level-One"-RS an das Benutzergerät; und

Empfangen (S204), durch die Basisstation, der Kanalzustandsinformationen, die durch das zeitlich einzuplanende Benutzergerät rückgemeldet werden, des dimensionsreduzierten Kanalsubraums, wobei die Kanalzustandsinformationen des Kanalsubraums Kanalzustandsinformationen, die erhalten wurden, nachdem das zeitlich einzuplanende Benutzergerät eine Messung gemäß dem zellenspezifischen "Level-One"-RS durchgeführt hat, um entsprechenden Kanalsubraum zu erhalten, und Dimensionsreduzierung und Quantisierung an dem Kanalsubraum durchgeführt hat, des Kanalsubraums sind;

Zeiteinplanen (S 102), durch die Basisstation, des Benutzergeräts, Bestimmen einer Menge von Benutzergeräten, die in Mehrfacheingang-Mehrfachausgang involviert sind, und Durchführen von "Level-Two"-Kanalzustandsinformationen-Messung an einem Benutzergerät in der Menge von Benutzergeräten, um Zustandsinformationen eines dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanals zu erfassen; und

Verarbeiten (S104), durch die Basisstation, von Downlink-Daten und eines benutzerspezifischen Demodulationsreferenzsignals mittels "Two-Level"-Vorcodierung und Senden von verarbeiteten Downlink-Daten und eines verarbeiteten benutzerspezifischen Demodulationsreferenzsignals an das Benutzergerät in der Menge von Benutzergeräten, wobei die "Two-Level"-Vorcodierung "First-Level"-Vorcodierung, die den Kanalzustandsinformationen des Kanalsubraums entspricht,

und "Second-Level"-Vorcodierung, die den Zustandsinformationen des Echtzeitkanals entspricht, umfasst, wobei Verarbeiten, durch die Basisstation, von Downlink-Daten und eines benutzerspezifischen Demodulationsreferenzsignals mittels "Two-Level"-Vorcodierung und Senden von verarbeiteten Downlink-Daten und eines verarbeiteten benutzerspezifischen Demodulationsreferenzsignals an das Benutzergerät in der Menge von Benutzergeräten Folgendes umfasst:

Multiplizieren, durch die Basisstation, der Downlink-Daten mit der "Second-Level"-Vorcodierung, die den Zustandsinformationen des Echtzeitkanals entspricht, und dann mit der "First-Level"-Vorcodierung, die den Kanalzustandsinformationen des Kanalsubraums entspricht, und Senden eines Ergebnisses des Multiplizierens an das Benutzergerät in der Menge von Benutzergeräten; und

Multiplizieren, durch die Basisstation, des benutzerspezifischen Demodulationsreferenzsignals mit der "Second-Level"-Vorcodierung, die den Zustandsinformationen des Echtzeitkanals entspricht, und dann mit der "First-Level"-Vorcodierung, die den Kanalzustandsinformationen des Kanalsubraums entspricht,

und Senden eines Ergebnisses des Multiplizierens an das Benutzergerät in der Menge von Benutzergeräten.


 
12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 11, wobei Durchführen von "Level-Two"-Kanalzustandsinformationen-Messung an einem Benutzergerät in der Menge von Benutzergeräten, um Zustandsinformationen eines dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanals zu erfassen, Folgendes umfasst:

Senden (S306), durch die Basisstation, eines benutzerspezifischen "Level-Two"-RS an das Benutzergerät in der Menge von Benutzergeräten; und

Empfangen (S310), durch die Basisstation, der Zustandsinformationen, die durch das Benutzergerät in der Menge von Benutzergeräten rückgemeldet werden, des dimensionsreduzierten Kanalsubraums, wobei die Zustandsinformationen des dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanals Zustandsinformationen, die erhalten wurden,

nachdem das Benutzergerät in der Menge von Benutzergeräten eine Messung und

Quantisierung an dem dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanal gemäß dem benutzerspezifischen "Level-Two"-RS durchgeführt hat, des dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanals sind.


 
13. Verfahren nach Anspruch 11, wobei Durchführen von "Level-Two"-Kanalzustandsinformationen-Messung an einem Benutzergerät in der Menge von Benutzergeräten, um Zustandsinformationen eines dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanals zu erfassen, Folgendes umfasst:

Senden, durch die Basisstation, einer Signalisierungsbenachrichtigung an das Benutzergerät in der Menge von Benutzergeräten, wobei die Signalisierungsbenachrichtigung verwendet wird zum Anweisen des Benutzergeräts in der Menge von Benutzergeräten, ein benutzerspezifisches "Level-Two"-RS an die Basisstation zu senden;

Empfangen, durch die Basisstation, des benutzerspezifischen "Level-Two"-RS,

gesendet durch das Benutzergerät in der Menge von Benutzergeräten; und

Messen des dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanals gemäß dem benutzerspezifischen "Level-Two"-RS, um die Zustandsinformationen des dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanals zu erhalten.


 
14. Verfahren nach Anspruch 12 oder 13, wobei das benutzerspezifische "Level-Two"-RS ein benutzerspezifisches "Level-Two"-RS ist, das mittels der "First-Level"-Vorcodierung, die den Kanalzustandsinformationen des Kanalsubraums entspricht, verarbeitet wurde.
 
15. Mehrfachantennen-Datenübertragungsverfahren, das Folgendes umfasst:

Kooperieren (S700), durch ein zeitlich einzuplanendes Benutzergerät, mit einer Basisstation zum Abschließen von "Level-One"-Kanalzustandsinformationen-Messung, so dass die Basisstation Kanalzustandsinformationen von einem dimensionsreduzierten Kanalsubraum erfasst, wobei der Kanalsubraum Kanalsubraum ist, der erhalten wird, nachdem Dimensionsreduzierung an einem statistischen Kanalsubraum von jedem zeitlich einzuplanenden Benutzergerät durchgeführt wurde;

wobei Kooperieren (S700), durch ein zeitlich einzuplanendes Benutzergerät, mit einer Basisstation zum Abschließen von "Level-One"-Kanalzustandsinformationen-Messung, so dass die Basisstation Kanalzustandsinformationen von einem dimensionsreduzierten Kanalsubraum erfasst, Folgendes umfasst:

Empfangen, durch das zeitlich einzuplanende Benutzergerät, eines zellenspezifischen "Level-One"-Referenzsignals bzw. "Level-One"-RS, das durch die Basisstation gesendet wurde;

Durchführen von Messung gemäß dem zellenspezifischen "Level-One"-RS, um entsprechenden Kanalsubraum zu erhalten, und Durchführen von Dimensionsreduzierung und Quantisierung an dem Kanalsubraum, um die Kanalzustandsinformationen des dimensionsreduzierten Kanalsubraums zu erhalten; und

Rückmelden der Kanalzustandsinformationen des dimensionsreduzierten Kanalsubraums an die Basisstation;

Kooperieren (S702), durch ein Benutzergerät, das in Mehrfacheingang-Mehrfachausgang involviert ist, mit der Basisstation, um eine "Level-Two"-Kanalzustandsinformationen-Messung abzuschließen, so dass die Basisstation Zustandsinformationen von einem dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanal erfasst; und

Empfangen (S704), durch das Benutzergerät, das in Mehrfacheingang-Mehrfachausgang involviert ist, von Downlink-Daten und eines benutzerspezifischen Demodulationsreferenzsignals, die durch die Basisstation gesendet wurden, wobei die Downlink-Daten und das benutzerspezifische Demodulationsreferenzsignal Daten sind, die durch die Basisstation gesendet werden, nachdem diese mittels "Two-Level"-Vorcodierung verarbeitet wurden, wobei die "Two-Level"-Vorcodierung "First-Level"-Vorcodierung, die den Kanalzustandsinformationen des Kanalsubraums entspricht, und "Second-Level"-Vorcodierung, die den Zustandsinformationen des Echtzeitkanals entspricht, umfasst, wobei das Verfahren nach dem Empfangen, durch das Benutzergerät, das in Mehrfacheingang-Mehrfachausgang involviert ist, von Downlink-Daten und eines benutzerspezifischen Demodulationsreferenzsignals, die durch die Basisstation gesendet wurden, ferner Folgendes umfasst:
Demodulieren des benutzerspezifischen Demodulationsreferenzsignals, Schätzen eines Datenkanals und Demodulieren der Downlink-Daten.


 
16. Verfahren nach Anspruch 15, wobei Kooperieren (S700), durch ein zeitlich einzuplanendes Benutzergerät, mit einer Basisstation zum Abschließen von "Level-One"-Kanalzustandsinformationen-Messung, so dass die Basisstation Kanalzustandsinformationen von einem dimensionsreduzierten Kanalsubraum erfasst, Folgendes umfasst:
Senden, durch das zeitlich einzuplanende Benutzergerät, eines benutzerspezifischen "Level-One"-RS an die Basisstation, wobei das benutzerspezifische "Level-One"-RS ein "Level-One"-RS ist, das durch die Basisstation verwendet wird zum Durchführen einer Messung, um die Kanalzustandsinformationen des dimensionsreduzierten Kanalsubraums zu erhalten.
 
17. Verfahren nach Anspruch 15, wobei Kooperieren (S702), durch ein Benutzergerät, das in Mehrfacheingang-Mehrfachausgang involviert ist, mit der Basisstation, um eine "Level-Two"-Kanalzustandsinformationen-Messung abzuschließen, so dass die Basisstation Zustandsinformationen von einem dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanal erfasst, Folgendes umfasst:

Empfangen, durch das Benutzergerät, das in Mehrfacheingang-Mehrfachausgang involviert ist, eines benutzerspezifischen "Level-Two"-RS, das durch die Basisstation gesendet wurde;

Durchführen von Messung und Quantisierung an dem dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanal gemäß dem benutzerspezifischen "Level-Two"-RS, um die Zustandsinformationen des dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanals zu erhalten; und

Rückmelden der Zustandsinformationen des dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanals an die Basisstation.


 
18. Verfahren nach Anspruch 15, wobei Kooperieren (S702), durch ein Benutzergerät, das in Mehrfacheingang-Mehrfachausgang involviert ist, mit der Basisstation, um eine "Level-Two"-Kanalzustandsinformationen-Messung abzuschließen, so dass die Basisstation Zustandsinformationen von einem dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanal erfasst, Folgendes umfasst:

Empfangen, durch das Benutzergerät, das in Mehrfacheingang-Mehrfachausgang involviert ist, einer Signalisierungsbenachrichtigung, gesendet durch die Basisstation,

wobei die Signalisierungsbenachrichtigung verwendet wird zum Anweisen des Benutzergeräts, ein benutzerspezifisches "Level-Two"-RS an die Basisstation zu senden; und

Senden des benutzerspezifischen "Level-Two"-RS an die Basisstation, wobei das benutzerspezifische "Level-Two"-RS ein "Level-Two"-RS ist, das durch die Basisstation verwendet wird zum Durchführen einer Messung, um die Zustandsinformationen des dimensionsreduzierten Echtzeitkanals zu erhalten.


 
19. Verfahren nach Anspruch 17 oder 18, wobei das benutzerspezifische "Level-Two"-RS ein benutzerspezifisches "Level-Two"-RS ist, das mittels der "First-Level"-Vorcodierung, die den Kanalzustandsinformationen des Kanalsubraums entspricht, verarbeitet wurde.
 


Revendications

1. Station de base, comprenant :

un premier module d'acquisition d'informations d'état de canal (1400), configuré pour acquérir des informations d'état de canal relatives à un sous-espace de canal à dimension réduite au moyen d'une mesure d'informations d'état de canal de niveau 1,

le sous-espace de canal étant un sous-espace de canal obtenu après réalisation d'une réduction de dimension sur un sous-espace de canal statistique de chaque équipement utilisateur à ordonnancer ;

le premier module d'acquisition d'informations d'état de canal (1400) comprenant :

une unité de transmission de RS de niveau 1 (14000), configurée pour transmettre un signal de référence, noté RS, de niveau 1 spécifique de cellule à l'équipement utilisateur ; et

une première unité de réception d'état de canal (14002), configurée pour recevoir les informations d'état de canal, retournées par l'équipement utilisateur à ordonnancer,

relatives au sous-espace de canal à dimension réduite, les informations d'état de canal relatives au sous-espace de canal étant des informations d'état de canal relatives au sous-espace de canal obtenues après réalisation, par l'équipement utilisateur à ordonnancer, d'une mesure selon le RS de niveau 1 spécifique de cellule afin d'obtenir un sous-espace de canal correspondant et réalisation, par l'équipement utilisateur à ordonnancer, d'une réduction de dimension et d'une quantification sur le sous-espace de canal ;

un module de détermination d'ensemble (1402), configuré pour : ordonnancer l'équipement utilisateur et déterminer un ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs participant à une communication de type multi-entrée multi-sortie ;

un deuxième module d'acquisition d'informations d'état de canal (1404), configuré pour réaliser une mesure d'informations d'état de canal de niveau 2 sur un équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs afin d'acquérir des informations d'état relatives à un canal temps réel à dimension réduite ; et

un module de transmission de données (1406), configuré pour : traiter des données en liaison descendante et un signal de référence de démodulation spécifique d'utilisateur au moyen d'un précodage à deux niveaux, et transmettre des données en liaison descendante traitées et un signal de référence de démodulation spécifique d'utilisateur traité à l'équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs, le précodage à deux niveaux comprenant un précodage de premier niveau correspondant aux informations d'état de canal relatives au sous-espace de canal et un précodage de deuxième niveau correspondant aux informations d'état relatives au canal temps réel, le module de transmission de données (1406) comprenant :

une première unité de traitement et de transmission (14060), configurée pour :

multiplier les données en liaison descendante par le précodage de deuxième niveau correspondant aux informations d'état relatives au canal temps réel puis par le précodage de premier niveau correspondant aux informations d'état de canal relatives au sous-espace de canal, et transmettre un résultat de la multiplication à l'équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs ; et

une deuxième unité de traitement et de transmission (14062), configurée pour :

multiplier le signal de référence de démodulation spécifique d'utilisateur par le précodage de deuxième niveau correspondant aux informations d'état relatives au canal temps réel puis par le précodage de premier niveau correspondant aux informations d'état de canal relatives au sous-espace de canal, et transmettre un résultat de la multiplication à l'équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs.


 
2. Station de base selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le deuxième module d'acquisition d'informations d'état de canal (1404) comprend :

une unité de transmission de RS de niveau 2 (14040), configurée pour transmettre un RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur à l'équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs ; et

une deuxième unité de réception d'état de canal (14042), configurée pour recevoir les informations d'état, retournées par l'équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs, relatives au canal temps réel à dimension réduite, les informations d'état relatives au canal temps réel à dimension réduite étant des informations d'état relatives au canal temps réel à dimension réduite obtenues après réalisation, par l'équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs,

d'une mesure et d'une quantification sur le canal temps réel à dimension réduite selon le RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur.


 
3. Station de base selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle le deuxième module d'acquisition d'informations d'état de canal (14004) comprend :

une unité de transmission de notification de signalisation (14044), configurée pour transmettre une notification de signalisation à l'équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs, la notification de signalisation servant à donner pour instruction à l'équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs de transmettre un RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur à la station de base ;

une unité de réception de RS de niveau 2 (14046), configurée pour recevoir le RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur transmis par l'équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs ; et

une unité de mesure de RS de niveau 2 (14048), configurée pour mesurer le canal temps réel à dimension réduite selon le RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur afin d'obtenir les informations d'état relatives au canal temps réel à dimension réduite.


 
4. Station de base selon la revendication 2 ou 3, dans laquelle le RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur est un RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur qui a été traité au moyen du précodage de premier niveau correspondant aux informations d'état de canal relatives au sous-espace de canal.
 
5. Équipement utilisateur, l'équipement utilisateur étant un équipement utilisateur à ordonnancer et comprenant :

un premier module de coopération en mesure (2000), configuré pour coopérer avec une station de base pour accomplir une mesure d'informations d'état de canal de niveau 1, de sorte que la station de base acquière des informations d'état de canal relatives à un sous-espace de canal à dimension réduite, le sous-espace de canal étant un sous-espace de canal obtenu après réalisation d'une réduction de dimension sur un sous-espace de canal statistique de chaque équipement utilisateur à ordonnancer ;

le premier module de coopération en mesure (2000) comprenant :

une unité de réception de RS de niveau 1 (20000), configurée pour recevoir un signal de référence, noté RS, de niveau 1 spécifique de cellule transmis par la station de base ;

une unité de mesure de RS de niveau 1 (20002), configurée pour : réaliser une mesure selon le RS de niveau 1 spécifique de cellule afin d'obtenir un sous-espace de canal correspondant, et réaliser une réduction de dimension et une quantification sur le sous-espace de canal afin d'obtenir les informations d'état de canal relatives au sous-espace de canal à dimension réduite ; et

une première unité de retour d'informations (20004), configurée pour retourner les informations d'état de canal relatives au sous-espace de canal à dimension réduite à la station de base ;

un deuxième module de coopération en mesure (2002), configuré pour : lorsque l'équipement utilisateur est un équipement utilisateur participant à une communication de type multi-entrée multi-sortie, coopérer avec la station de base pour accomplir une mesure d'informations d'état de canal de niveau 2, de sorte que la station de base acquière des informations d'état relatives à un canal temps réel à dimension réduite ;

et

un module de réception de données (2004), configuré pour recevoir des données en liaison descendante et un signal de référence de démodulation spécifique d'utilisateur transmis par la station de base, les données en liaison descendante et le signal de référence de démodulation spécifique d'utilisateur étant des données transmises par la station de base après avoir été traitées au moyen d'un précodage à deux niveaux, le précodage à deux niveaux comprenant un précodage de premier niveau correspondant aux informations d'état de canal relatives au sous-espace de canal et un précodage de deuxième niveau correspondant aux informations d'état relatives au canal temps réel, comprenant en outre :
un module de démodulation (2006), configuré pour : après la réception, par le module de réception de données, des données en liaison descendante et du signal de référence de démodulation spécifique d'utilisateur transmis par la station de base, démoduler le signal de référence de démodulation spécifique d'utilisateur, estimer un canal de données et démoduler les données en liaison descendante.


 
6. Équipement utilisateur selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le premier module de coopération en mesure (2000) comprend :
une unité de transmission de RS de niveau 1, configurée pour transmettre un RS de niveau 1 spécifique d'utilisateur à la station de base, le RS de niveau 1 spécifique d'utilisateur étant un RS de niveau 1 utilisé par la station de base pour réaliser une mesure afin d'obtenir les informations d'état de canal relatives au sous-espace de canal à dimension réduite.
 
7. Équipement utilisateur selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le deuxième module de coopération en mesure (2002) comprend :

une unité de réception de RS de niveau 2 (20020), configurée pour : lorsque l'équipement utilisateur est un équipement utilisateur participant à une communication de type multi-entrée multi-sortie, recevoir un RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur transmis par la station de base ;

une unité de mesure de RS de niveau 2 (20022), configurée pour réaliser une mesure et une quantification sur le canal temps réel à dimension réduite selon le RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur afin d'obtenir les informations d'état relatives au canal temps réel à dimension réduite ; et

une deuxième unité de retour d'informations (20024), configurée pour retourner les informations d'état relatives au canal temps réel à dimension réduite à la station de base.


 
8. Équipement utilisateur selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le deuxième module de coopération en mesure (2002) comprend :
une unité de réception de notification de signalisation (20026), configurée pour :

lorsque l'équipement utilisateur est un équipement utilisateur participant à une communication de type multi-entrée multi-sortie, recevoir une notification de signalisation transmise par la station de base, la notification de signalisation servant à donner pour instruction à l'équipement utilisateur de transmettre un RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur à la station de base ; et

une unité de transmission de RS de niveau 2 (20028), configurée pour transmettre le RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur à la station de base, le RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur étant un RS de niveau 2 utilisé par la station de base pour réaliser une mesure afin d'obtenir les informations d'état relatives au canal temps réel à dimension réduite.


 
9. Équipement utilisateur selon la revendication 7 ou 8, dans lequel le RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur est un RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur qui a été traité au moyen du précodage de premier niveau correspondant aux informations d'état de canal relatives au sous-espace de canal.
 
10. Système de transmission de données multi-antenne, comprenant une station de base (2500) et un équipement utilisateur (2502),

la station de base (2500) étant la station de base selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4 ; et

l'équipement utilisateur (2502) étant l'équipement utilisateur selon l'une quelconque des revendications 5 à 9.


 
11. Procédé de transmission de données multi-antenne, comprenant :

l'acquisition (S100), par une station de base, d'informations d'état de canal relatives à un sous-espace de canal à dimension réduite au moyen d'une mesure d'informations d'état de canal de niveau 1, le sous-espace de canal étant un sous-espace de canal obtenu après réalisation d'une réduction de dimension sur un sous-espace de canal statistique de chaque équipement utilisateur à ordonnancer ;

l'acquisition (S100), par une station de base, d'informations d'état de canal relatives à un sous-espace de canal à dimension réduite au moyen d'une mesure d'informations d'état de canal de niveau 1 comprenant :

la transmission (S200), par la station de base, d'un signal de référence, noté RS, de niveau 1 spécifique de cellule à l'équipement utilisateur ; et

la réception (S204), par la station de base, des informations d'état de canal, retournées par l'équipement utilisateur à ordonnancer, relatives au sous-espace de canal à dimension réduite, les informations d'état de canal relatives au sous-espace de canal étant des informations d'état de canal relatives au sous-espace de canal obtenues après réalisation, par l'équipement utilisateur à ordonnancer, d'une mesure selon le RS de niveau 1 spécifique de cellule afin d'obtenir un sous-espace de canal correspondant et

réalisation, par l'équipement utilisateur à ordonnancer, d'une réduction de dimension et d'une quantification sur le sous-espace de canal ;

l'ordonnancement (S102), par la station de base, de l'équipement utilisateur, la détermination d'un ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs participant à une communication de type multi-entrée multi-sortie, et la réalisation d'une mesure d'informations d'état de canal de niveau 2 sur un équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs afin d'acquérir des informations d'état relatives à un canal temps réel à dimension réduite ; et

le traitement (S104), par la station de base, de données en liaison descendante et d'un signal de référence de démodulation spécifique d'utilisateur au moyen d'un précodage à deux niveaux, et la transmission de données en liaison descendante traitées et d'un signal de référence de démodulation spécifique d'utilisateur traité à l'équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs, le précodage à deux niveaux comprenant un précodage de premier niveau correspondant aux informations d'état de canal relatives au sous-espace de canal et un précodage de deuxième niveau correspondant aux informations d'état relatives au canal temps réel, le traitement, par la station de base, de données en liaison descendante et d'un signal de référence de démodulation spécifique d'utilisateur au moyen d'un précodage à deux niveaux et la transmission de données en liaison descendante traitées et d'un signal de référence de démodulation spécifique d'utilisateur traité à l'équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs comprenant :

la multiplication, par la station de base, des données en liaison descendante par le précodage de deuxième niveau correspondant aux informations d'état relatives au canal temps réel puis par le précodage de premier niveau correspondant aux informations d'état de canal relatives au sous-espace de canal, et la transmission d'un résultat de la multiplication à l'équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs ; et

la multiplication, par la station de base, du signal de référence de démodulation spécifique d'utilisateur par le précodage de deuxième niveau correspondant aux informations d'état relatives au canal temps réel puis par le précodage de premier niveau correspondant aux informations d'état de canal relatives au sous-espace de canal, et la transmission d'un résultat de la multiplication à l'équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs.


 
12. Procédé selon la revendication 11, dans lequel la réalisation d'une mesure d'informations d'état de canal de niveau 2 sur un équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs afin d'acquérir des informations d'état relatives à un canal temps réel à dimension réduite comprend :

la transmission (S306), par la station de base, d'un RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur à l'équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs ; et

la réception (S310), par la station de base, des informations d'état, retournées par l'équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs, relatives au canal temps réel à dimension réduite, les informations d'état relatives au canal temps réel à dimension réduite étant des informations d'état relatives au canal temps réel à dimension réduite obtenues après réalisation, par l'équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs, d'une mesure et d'une quantification sur le canal temps réel à dimension réduite selon le RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur.


 
13. Procédé selon la revendication 11, dans lequel la réalisation d'une mesure d'informations d'état de canal de niveau 2 sur un équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs afin d'acquérir des informations d'état relatives à un canal temps réel à dimension réduite comprend :

la transmission, par la station de base, d'une notification de signalisation à l'équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs, la notification de signalisation servant à donner pour instruction à l'équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs de transmettre un RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur à la station de base ;

la réception, par la station de base, du RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur transmis par l'équipement utilisateur dans l'ensemble d'équipements utilisateurs ; et

la mesure du canal temps réel à dimension réduite selon le RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur afin d'obtenir les informations d'état relatives au canal temps réel à dimension réduite.


 
14. Procédé selon la revendication 12 ou 13, dans lequel le RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur est un RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur qui a été traité au moyen du précodage de premier niveau correspondant aux informations d'état de canal relatives au sous-espace de canal.
 
15. Procédé de transmission de données multi-antenne, comprenant :

la coopération (S700), par un équipement utilisateur à ordonnancer, avec une station de base pour accomplir une mesure d'informations d'état de canal de niveau 1, de sorte que la station de base acquière des informations d'état de canal relatives à un sous-espace de canal à dimension réduite, le sous-espace de canal étant un sous-espace de canal obtenu après réalisation d'une réduction de dimension sur un sous-espace de canal statistique de chaque équipement utilisateur à ordonnancer ;

la coopération (S700), par un équipement utilisateur à ordonnancer, avec une station de base pour accomplir une mesure d'informations d'état de canal de niveau 1, de sorte que la station de base acquière des informations d'état de canal relatives à un sous-espace de canal à dimension réduite comprenant :

la réception, par l'équipement utilisateur à ordonnancer, d'un signal de référence, noté RS, de niveau 1 spécifique de cellule transmis par la station de base ;

la réalisation d'une mesure selon le RS de niveau 1 spécifique de cellule afin d'obtenir un sous-espace de canal correspondant, et la réalisation d'une réduction de dimension et d'une quantification sur le sous-espace de canal afin d'obtenir les informations d'état de canal relatives au sous-espace de canal à dimension réduite ; et

le retour des informations d'état de canal relatives au sous-espace de canal à dimension réduite à la station de base ;

la coopération (S702), par un équipement utilisateur participant à une communication de type multi-entrée multi-sortie, avec la station de base pour accomplir une mesure d'informations d'état de canal de niveau 2, de sorte que la station de base acquière des informations d'état relatives à un canal temps réel à dimension réduite ; et

la réception (S704), par l'équipement utilisateur participant à une communication de type multi-entrée multi-sortie, de données en liaison descendante et d'un signal de référence de démodulation spécifique d'utilisateur transmis par la station de base, les données en liaison descendante et le signal de référence de démodulation spécifique d'utilisateur étant des données transmises par la station de base après avoir été traitées au moyen d'un précodage à deux niveaux, le précodage à deux niveaux comprenant un précodage de premier niveau correspondant aux informations d'état de canal relatives au sous-espace de canal et un précodage de deuxième niveau correspondant aux informations d'état relatives au canal temps réel, le procédé comprenant en outre, après la réception, par l'équipement utilisateur participant à une communication de type multi-entrée multi-sortie, de données en liaison descendante et d'un signal de référence de démodulation spécifique d'utilisateur transmis par la station de base :

la démodulation du signal de référence de démodulation spécifique d'utilisateur, l'estimation d'un canal de données et la démodulation des données en liaison descendante.


 
16. Procédé selon la revendication 15, dans lequel la coopération (S700), par un équipement utilisateur à ordonnancer, avec une station de base pour accomplir une mesure d'informations d'état de canal de niveau 1, de sorte que la station de base acquière des informations d'état de canal relatives à un sous-espace de canal à dimension réduite comprend :
la transmission, par l'équipement utilisateur à ordonnancer, d'un RS de niveau 1 spécifique d'utilisateur à la station de base, le RS de niveau 1 spécifique d'utilisateur étant un RS de niveau 1 utilisé par la station de base pour réaliser une mesure afin d'obtenir les informations d'état de canal relatives au sous-espace de canal à dimension réduite.
 
17. Procédé selon la revendication 15, dans lequel la coopération (S702), par un équipement utilisateur participant à une communication de type multi-entrée multi-sortie, avec la station de base pour accomplir une mesure d'informations d'état de canal de niveau 2, de sorte que la station de base acquière des informations d'état relatives à un canal temps réel à dimension réduite comprend :

la réception, par l'équipement utilisateur participant à une communication de type multi-entrée multi-sortie, d'un RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur transmis par la station de base ;

la réalisation d'une mesure et d'une quantification sur le canal temps réel à dimension réduite selon le RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur afin d'obtenir les informations d'état relatives au canal temps réel à dimension réduite ; et

le retour des informations d'état relatives au canal temps réel à dimension réduite à la station de base.


 
18. Procédé selon la revendication 15, dans lequel la coopération (S702), par un équipement utilisateur participant à une communication de type multi-entrée multi-sortie, avec la station de base pour accomplir une mesure d'informations d'état de canal de niveau 2, de sorte que la station de base acquière des informations d'état relatives à un canal temps réel à dimension réduite comprend :

la réception, par l'équipement utilisateur participant à une communication de type multi-entrée multi-sortie, d'une notification de signalisation transmise par la station de base, la notification de signalisation servant à donner pour instruction à l'équipement utilisateur de transmettre un RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur à la station de base ; et

la transmission du RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur à la station de base, le RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur étant un RS de niveau 2 utilisé par la station de base pour réaliser une mesure afin d'obtenir les informations d'état relatives au canal temps réel à dimension réduite.


 
19. Procédé selon la revendication 17 ou 18, dans lequel le RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur est un RS de niveau 2 spécifique d'utilisateur qui a été traité au moyen du précodage de premier niveau correspondant aux informations d'état de canal relatives au sous-espace de canal.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description