(19)
(11)EP 3 140 539 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
05.12.2018 Bulletin 2018/49

(21)Application number: 15713427.1

(22)Date of filing:  25.03.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F02M 51/00  (2006.01)
F02M 61/16  (2006.01)
F02M 55/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2015/056388
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/169500 (12.11.2015 Gazette  2015/45)

(54)

CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY FOR A FUEL INJECTOR

VERBINDERANORDNUNG FÜR EINEN KRAFTSTOFFINJEKTOR

ENSEMBLE CONNECTEUR POUR UN INJECTEUR DE CARBURANT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 07.05.2014 GB 201408060

(43)Date of publication of application:
15.03.2017 Bulletin 2017/11

(73)Proprietor: Delphi International Operations Luxembourg S.à r.l.
4940 Bascharage (LU)

(72)Inventors:
  • MINY, Eric
    F-41120 Chailles (FR)
  • BLANC, Jean-Etienne
    F-17340 Chatelaillon-Plage (FR)
  • LALE, Xavier
    F-41100 Vendome (FR)
  • SARMEZAN, Samuel
    F-95460 Ezanville (FR)
  • BONFIGLI, Fabrizio
    F-41250 Mont pres Chambord (FR)

(74)Representative: Delphi France SAS 
c/o Delphi Technologies Campus Saint Christophe Bâtiment Galilée 2 10, avenue de l'Entreprise
95863 Cergy Pontoise Cedex
95863 Cergy Pontoise Cedex (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 1 130 249
WO-A1-2012/052295
EP-A2- 1 533 517
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to an electrical connector assembly for a fuel injector and also to the fuel injector equipped with such connector.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] A fuel injector is provided with an actuator arranged in its body and which electrical wires upwardly extend in an axial bore of the injector body. The bore is a blind hole and the wires protrude through a seal arranged in the wall of the body to be electrically connected into an electrical connector. Said connector has a plastic body and metallic electrical terminals which are at one end connected to the wires of the actuator and, at the other end, adapted to receive a complementary connector. The fuel injector is also provided with a back leak flow channel wherein fuel, at low pressure, flows from a control valve toward a low pressure reservoir. The injector is provided with an outlet pipe radially protruding from the injector body. In certain injectors the axial bore of the injector, wherein are the wires, is part to said back leak channel and, in use, fuel wets said wires. International application WO2012052295 discloses a relevant prior art injector.

    [0003] The manufacturing and assembly of the injector raises numerous difficulties such as manufacturing of the blind bore, of the outlet pipe, the fixation of the connector onto the injector body or the electrical connection of the wires on the terminals.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0004] Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a connector assembly and a complete injector solving at least partially the above problems.

    [0005] In carrying out the above object and other objects, features, and advantages, the present invention provides an electrical connector assembly of a fuel injector extending along a first axis. The connector has a body with external walls defining an internal volume and an internal wall dividing the connector in a first part adapted to be fixed in a complementary engagement with the body of the injector and, in a second part adapted to receive another electrical connector. The electrical connector assembly further comprises at least one electrical terminal extending through the internal wall, along a second axis, from an inner extremity protruding in the inner volume of the first part of the body to an outer extremity protruding in the outer volume of the second part of the body. The outer extremity is shaped to receive in a complementary engagement an electrical terminal of said another electrical connector.

    [0006] The connector assembly is adapted to be in fluid communication with the back leak return conduit of the injector so that, in use, fuel may enter the inner volume of the first part of the body and wet the electrical terminal.

    [0007] The inner volume of the first part of the body is substantially cylindrical extending along the first axis from a lower extremity and it is adapted to engage the body of the injector to an opposite upper extremity. The cylindrical volume opens at both extremities, the connector assembly further comprising a sealing cover adapted to seal the upper extremity.

    [0008] The connector assembly may further be provided with an outlet pipe integral to the connector body and adapted to be in fluid connection with the internal back leak channel of the injector. Alternatively, the outlet pipe may be integral to the sealing cover.

    [0009] The central portion of the terminal that extends through the internal wall is cylindrical or conical.

    [0010] The connector assembly further comprises sealing means arranged between the central portion of the terminal and the internal wall so that the inner and outer volumes, of the first and of the second parts are sealed from each other.

    [0011] The inner extremity of the terminal is integral to the central portion and is made in a first conductive material and, the outer extremity is non-integral and is fixed to the central portion, the outer extremity being made in a second conductive material.

    [0012] In another alternative, the inner and the outer extremities of the terminal are both integral to the central portion and are all made in a first conductive material.

    [0013] The first material is free of Cu and of Zn or, alternatively, the first material is externally coated with a coating free of Cu and of Zn.

    [0014] The connector assembly may further comprise locking means adapted to maintain in position the terminal relative to the connector body.

    [0015] The locking means comprise first locking means for locking the terminal in rotation about the second axis and also, second locking means for locking the terminal in translation along said second axis.

    [0016] The locking means may be a complementary engagement of a portion of the terminal, such as a groove, and of part of the sealing cover, such as a fork-like feature or a notch.

    [0017] The locking means may comprise a sub-assembly of the terminal complementary engaged in a holding part, said sub-assembly being over-molded in the connector body.

    [0018] The connector may further comprise connector locking means adapted to fix the connector assembly on the injector body.

    [0019] In an embodiment, the connector body is plastic molded and the locking means comprise at least one metal insert fixed the body and axially protruding from said plastic body at the periphery of the lower extremity.

    [0020] The at least one metal inserts may be over molded in the connector body, or may be glued on the outer periphery of the connector body or may be crimped on the periphery of the connector body by a circling collar.

    [0021] The invention further extends to a fuel injector having a body extending along a first axis, an actuator arranged in said body and a connector assembly arranged on said body, the injector body having an internal bore in which at least one electrical lead extends from the actuator to the connector assembly wherein it is electrically connected to an electrical terminal, the internal bore being part of a back leak return channel in witch, in use, low pressure fuel may flow toward an outlet. The connector assembly is as set in the preceding lines and, the inner volume of the first part of the connector assembly is in fluid communication with the internal bore of the injector body so that, in use, fuel may enter the inner volume of the connector and wet the electrical terminal.

    [0022] More specifically, in an embodiment, the outlet is arranged integral to the connector assembly. In another embodiment, the outlet is arranged integral to a sealing cover adapted to seal the connector body.

    [0023] The electrical wires may be laser welded on the inner extremity of the terminal.

    [0024] The injector body has a male cylindrical portion that engages in a complementary female lower extremity of the connector body and, the injector body is provided with an annular groove in which are bent the protruding part of the metal insert so that, the connector assembly is fixed in position on the injector body.

    [0025] The injector body has a male cylindrical portion that engages in a complementary female lower extremity of the connector body and, the injector body is provided with an annular disc face transversal to the first axis, the protruding part of the metal insert being welded on said disc-face so that, the connector assembly is fixed in position on the injector body.

    [0026] The injector body has a male cylindrical portion that engages in a complementary female lower extremity of the connector body, both the connector body and the injector body being provided with complementary aligned radial holes, and in which is inserted a pin so that, the connector assembly is fixed in position on the injector body.

    [0027] The invention further extends to a method for assembling a fuel injector as set in the preceding lines. The method comprises the following steps:
    • providing a cylindrical fuel injector body extending along a longitudinal axis and having an internal bore opening at an extremity of the body,
    • providing a connector assembly as set in claim,
    • arranging in said body an actuator, the electrical wires connecting the actuator extending in said bore and exiting through said bore opening,
    • assembling on said extremity of the bore the body of the connector assembly,
    • fixing said body onto the body of the injector, for instance by, bending the protruding metal inserts or by welding said metal insert or by inserting a radial pin in a complementary hole extending in the connector body and in the injector body,
    • placing the terminal by engaging the central portion through a bore of the internal wall of the connector body,
    • connecting the inner extremities of the terminal to the wires of the actuator, for instance by welding, the welding tools engaging through the open upper extremity of the connector body,
    • placing the sealing cover on said upper extremity so that, the terminal is locked in place by complementary engagement of part of the cover and part of the terminal and, so that the cover sealingly closes said upper extremity.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0028] The present invention is now described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

    Figure 1 is an axial section of an injector equipped with a connector as per the invention.

    Figure 2 is detailed view of the connector assembly of figure 1.

    Figure 3 and 4 are views of an electrical terminal of the connector assembly of figure 2.

    Figure 5 is the sealing cap of the connector assembly of figure 2.

    Figure 6 is a second embodiment of the connector assembly.

    Figure 7 is a top section of the second embodiment of figure 6.

    Figure 8 and 9 are other embodiments of the connector assembly.

    Figure 10 and 11 are two alternatives presenting fixation of the connector assembly onto the injector.

    Figure 12 is yet another alternative for fixing the electrical terminal in the connector body.


    DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



    [0029] To ease and clarify the following description the top-down orientation of the figures is arbitrarily chosen and, words and expressions such as "above, under, over, below..." may be utilized without any intention to limit the invention.

    [0030] In reference to figure 1, a fuel injector 10 has a body 12, extending along a longitudinal axis A1, and in which is fixedly arranged an actuator 14 electrically connected to a control unit, not represented, via electrical leads 16 upwardly extending toward an electrical connector assembly 18 arranged on the upper end 20 of the injector body 12.

    [0031] As well known, the fuel injector 10 is also provided with a control valve, a nozzle and high pressure fuel channels in which in use, fuel flows from an inlet to the nozzle. This will not be discussed further as not being part of the core of the invention.

    [0032] Above the actuator 14, the body 12 is provided with a bore 22 that upwardly axially extends and opens in the top end face 24 of the body 12. The axial bore 22 is part of a back leak channel enabling low pressure fuel to flow out of the injector 10, via an outlet pipe 26, and then return to a low pressure reservoir. A L-shape outlet pipe 26 is represented in figure 1, the horizontal leg fluidly connecting to the bore 22 and, the vertical leg upwardly orienting the pipe 26 which at its extremity is provided with features for complementary engagement with a, non-represented, return conduit.

    [0033] On the upper end 20 of the injector 10 is arranged the connector assembly 18 more detailed in the following figures. The connector 18 comprises a plastic body 28 having external envelop 30 and an internal wall 32 that separates the connector 18 in a first part 34, complementary arranged on the upper end 20 of the injector body 12 and, in a second part 36 adapted to receive another connector, so that the actuator 14 can be electrically connected to the control unit.

    [0034] The first part 34 is substantially cylindrical extending on the top of the injector body 12 along the longitudinal axis A1 and defining a cylindrical inner volume 38.

    [0035] The second part 36 extending along a second axis A2 perpendicular to the longitudinal axis A1 and defines an outer volume 40 shaped to receive the complementary connector, not represented. Alternative constructions where the two axes A1, A2, are not perpendicular are also possible.

    [0036] The interface between the first part 34 of the connector body 28 and the injector body 12 is a male-female cylindrical engagement along the longitudinal axis A1 where the lower extremity 42 of said first part 32 engages over the upper end 20 of the injector body 12. More in details, the injector body 12 has, from its top end face 24, a male cylindrical face 44 downwardly extending until joining a transversal a radial disc-face 46 and, the first part 34 of the connector body 28 is provided with a complementary lower recess 48 having a female cylindrical wall 50 and a transversal ceiling wall 52 centrally holed.

    [0037] The ceiling wall 52 divides the inner volume 38 into said lower recess 48, below the ceiling 52, and an upper recess 54, above the ceiling wall 52. The connector body 28 is further provided with at least one over-molded metal insert 56 downwardly protruding out of the plastic envelop 30 and being, as shown on figure 2, outwardly bent so that, they contact the radial disc-face 46 of the injector body 12. The protruding part of the metal inserts 56 are laser welded on said disc-face 46 so the connector 18 is permanently fixed to the injector body 12.

    [0038] Alternatively, the metal insert 56 could be bent inwardly or could be not bent at all, provided they enable fixation of the connector. Alternative means of fixation will be further described.

    [0039] The assembly of the connector onto the injector body 12 is sealed by an O-ring 58 arranged between the cylindrical face 44 and the female cylindrical wall 50 or between the top end face 24 and the ceiling wall 52. A specific groove may be provided to accommodate the O-ring or by any other sealing means such as sealing paste, gasket...

    [0040] Opposite to the lower extremity 42 is the open upper extremity 60 of the first part of the connector body 28. Said upper extremity 60 defines the upper recess 54 mentioned above.

    [0041] On the top of the upper extremity 60 is arranged a sealing cover 62 that closes the upper opening of the connector body 28. The cover 62 comprises a circular main face 64 transversal to the longitudinal axis A1, from which extends a cylindrical centering wall 66 that complementary engages in the connector body 28. When in place the sealing cover 60 may be laser welded to ensure sealing of the interface.

    [0042] The connector assembly 18 also comprises a plurality of electrical terminals 68. Only one is represented on figure 2. It is inserted along the second axis A2 through a bore 70 provided in the internal wall 32 of the connector body 28. The terminal 68 extends from an outer extremity 72 protruding in the outer volume 40 to an inner extremity 74 protruding in the upper recess 54.

    [0043] More in detail and, in reference to figures 3 and 4 where an embodiment of terminal is represented, the outer extremity 72 of the terminal 68 is an L-shape flat metal sheet having a horizontal portion, forming a rectangular flat pin 76 and, a connection portion 78, represented vertical. As it is indeed designed to match a complementary pin of the complementary connector, said rectangular pin 76 could very well take any other required shape, for instance in having a cylindrical or a square section. The vertical connection portion 78 enables an intimate electrical connection with a central cylindrical portion 80 of the terminal 68 that extends through the internal wall 32 and protrudes in the lower recess 48 extending until the inner extremity 74.

    [0044] In place in the connector body 28, the vertical connection portion 78 of the terminal lies against the outer face of the internal wall 32 where it engages a small recess 82 complementary shaped to the connection portion 78, said engagements creates rotation locking means 84 preventing the terminal to rotate about the second axis A2.

    [0045] As visible on the figures, said cylindrical portion 80 comprises a first groove, that is a sealing groove 86, wherein is arranged another O-ring 88 sealing across the bore 70 of the internal wall 32. Other sealing means such as paste, gasket or tight press fit are also possible alternatives.

    [0046] The cylindrical portion 80 is further provided with a second groove, that is a locking groove 90, in which engages a notch 92 provided in the centering wall 66 of the cover 62. In figure 5 is a representation of an embodiment of the cover 62 where two notches 92 are being provided in the centering wall 66 for complementary engagement with the locking grooves 90 of two terminals 68. This complementary engagement of the notch 92 in the locking groove 90 constitutes translation locking means 94 along the second axis A2, preventing the terminal 68 to slide within the bore 70 of the internal wall 32. Between the locking groove 92 and the inner extremity 74, the terminal comprises a final section 96 represented cylindrical on the figures but which can alternatively take any other shape.

    [0047] In use as represented on the figure, the inner extremity 74 of the terminal is substantially in the center of the upper recess 54 where end the electrical leads 16 of the actuator 14 and, connection such as laser welding is made.

    [0048] On the embodiment represented on figure 2, the rectangular pin 74 is centered in the outer volume 40 of the connector body 28 while the second axis A2 of the central portion 80 is parallel and offset. Alternatively, other shapes are possible for the terminal 68. For instance, in reference to figures 6 and 7, a flat terminal 68, having a constant rectangular section, is made integral in one piece and, it extends through a rectangular bore of the internal wall 32 and protrudes from both sides of the internal wall 32. The flat terminal 68 is provided with two opposite side notches 98 in which complementary engage part of the centering wall 66 of the sealing cover 62. A rectangular sealing joint can be installed to ensure sealing between the first 34 and the second 36 part of the connector body 28

    [0049] Other alternatives of shapes of terminals can easily be chosen without departing from the present invention.

    [0050] In use, the back leak fuel flows in the bore 22 and is able to enter the inner volume 38 of the connector body 28. Consequently, as represented on figure 2, the inner extremity 74, the electrical connection with the leads 16 and the portion of the terminal 68 that extend in the inner volume 38 of the connector body 28 can be immersed in fuel. As fuel chemically attacks copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) said part of the terminal 68 should be made of conductive material free of Cu and free of Zn to avoid contaminating fuel. Aluminium is a preferred choice for making the terminal but other choices exist.

    [0051] One of the major interests of the present invention is to enable to manufacture a through bore 22 in the injector body 12 opening in the top face 24. As fuel is now allowed to enter the connector body 28, another potential advantage is to arrange a plastic molded outlet pipe 26 integral to the connector body 12 or to the sealing cover 62, and remove from the injector body 12 the original outlet pipe as shown on figure 1. These two alternatives of location of outlet pipes 26 are illustrated on figures 8 and 9.

    [0052] First fixation means has been described in relation to figure 2 in having the protruding portion of the metal insert 56 welded onto the radial disc face 46 of the injector body 12.

    [0053] In reference to figures 10 and 11 are now described two alternative means for fixing the connector assembly 18 on the injector body 12.

    [0054] On figure 10, the connector assembly 18 is arranged over the upper end 20 of the injector in a male-female complementary engagement. In the engagement portion, the connector body 28 is provided with a radial through-hole 100 and, the injector body 12 is provided with a blind hole 102. When assembled in place, the two holes 100, 102, are aligned and a pin 104 is therein engaged fixing the connector assembly 18 on the injector body 12. As visible on figure 10, the connector body 28 can be provided with a plurality of through holes, two diametrally opposed holes are represented on the figure. This facilitates positioning of the connector on the injector and enables to choose the angular orientation of the connector on the injector without having to manage several connector bodies 28. Furthermore, the metal inserts 56 are represented and the radial pin 104 is engaged through said insert 56. This is not an obligation but it may help straightening the part. Also the downward protruding part or the insert 56, there represented inwardly bent may help to adjust the positioning of the connector by setting a height corresponding to the alignment of the holes 100, 102. Again, the hole 102 could, in an alternative, instead of being blind as in figure 10, be a through hole opening in the axial bore 22. In this case, to avoid any fuel leaks, the pin 104 should be made to ensure sealing of the hole 102 or, alternatively, other sealing means, such as a sealing paste, should finalize the sealing of the hole.

    [0055] Another fixation alternative is represented on figure 11, where the upper end 20 of the injector body is provided with an annular groove 106 arranged at the intersection of the cylindrical wall 44 and of the radial disc-face 46. When in place, the protruding extremities of the metal inserts 56 are inwardly bent in said groove 106 so that the connector assembly is fixed. An advantage of such arrangement is to enable a continuous angular positioning of the connector over the injector body 12, while in the arrangement of figure 10 the plurality of holes 100 enables a discrete angular positioning.

    [0056] The invention here above described further extends to the process of manufacturing and assembly of the injector 10.

    [0057] Alternatives have been presented for positioning the outlet pipe 26, or for fixing the connector onto the injector body and anyone of these alternatives can be used in the process below. Also, the order of certain steps can be reversed without any issue.

    [0058] In reference to the embodiment of figure 2, the connector body 28 is arranged in position over the upper end of the injector boby12 and is fixed in place using one of the fixing processes already described. Afterward, the electrical terminal 68 is inserted in the bore of the internal wall 32 by sliding the terminal from the outer volume 40 toward the inner volume 38, until the outer extremity 72 of the terminal engages the rotation locking means 84. The following step is to establish the permanent electrical connection between the inner extremity 74 of the terminal and the electrical leads 16 extending from the actuator 14. Said electrical connection can be done for instance via laser welding of the parts. This operation is made easy as the upper extremity 60 of the connector body being open the welding tool can be therein inserted. Finally the sealing cover 62 is arranged in position making sure that the translation locking means 94 is also engaged then, the sealing cover 62 is permanently fixed via ultrasonic laser welding or in using any other known technic such as gluing.

    [0059] Alternative constructions are possible where instead of notches provided in the cover 62, the translation of the terminals along the second axis A2 can be prevented via a complementary shape of the internal wall 32.

    [0060] In a yet further alternative, the terminal 68 could be over-molded in the internal wall 32 either alone, or as part of a sub-assembly 108 as sketched on figure 12 wherein the terminal 68 is primary engaged in a plastic holder 110 along with O-ring 88. The sub-assembly 108 is afterward over-molded in the connector body 28.

    [0061] The following references have been used in this description:
    A1
    first longitudinal axis
    A2
    second axis
    10
    fuel injector
    12
    injector body
    14
    actuator
    16
    electrical leads
    18
    electrical connector assembly
    20
    upper end of the injector body
    22
    bore
    24
    top end face of the injector body
    26
    outlet pipe
    28
    connector body
    30
    external envelop of the connector body
    32
    internal wall
    34
    first part of the connector body
    36
    second part of the connector body
    38
    inner volume
    40
    outer volume
    42
    lower extremity of the first part of the connector body
    44
    cylindrical face of the injector body
    46
    radial disc face
    48
    lower recess
    50
    female cylindrical wall of the connector body
    52
    ceiling wall
    54
    upper recess
    56
    metal insert
    58
    O-ring
    60
    upper extremity of the connector body
    62
    sealing cover
    64
    main face of the cover
    66
    centering wall of the cover
    68
    electrical terminal
    70
    bore in the internal wall
    72
    outer extremity of the terminal
    74
    inner extremity of the terminal
    76
    rectangular pin
    78
    connection portion
    80
    central portion of the terminal
    82
    small recess in the internal wall
    84
    rotation locking mean
    86
    sealing groove
    88
    O-ring
    90
    locking groove
    92
    notch
    94
    translation locking mean
    96
    final section of the terminal
    98
    notches in the flat terminal
    100
    radial through hole
    102
    blind hole
    104
    pin
    106
    annular groove
    108
    Sub-assembly terminal and sealing holder
    110
    sealing holder



    Claims

    1. Electrical connector assembly (18) of a fuel injector (10) extending along a first axis (A1), the electrical connector assembly (18) having a body (28) with external walls (52) defining an inner volume (38) and an internal wall (32) dividing the connector in a first part (34) adapted to be fixed in a complementary engagement with a body (12) of the injector and, in a second part (36) adapted to receive another electrical connector, the electrical connector assembly (18) further comprising at least one electrical terminal (68) extending through the internal wall (32), along a second axis (A2), from an inner extremity (74) protruding in the inner volume (38) of the first part (34) of the body, to an outer extremity (72) protruding in an outer volume (40) of the second part (36) of the body, the outer extremity (72) being shaped to receive in a complementary engagement an electrical terminal (68) of said another electrical connector, characterized in that
    the electrical connector assembly (18) is adapted to be in fluid communication with a back leak return conduit of the injector (10) so that, in use, fuel may enter the inner volume (38) of the first part (34) of the body and wet the electrical terminal (68).
     
    2. Connector assembly (18) as set in the preceding claim wherein the inner volume (38) of the first part of the body is substantially cylindrical extending along the first axis (A1) from a lower extremity (42), adapted to engage the body of the injector, to an opposite upper extremity (60), said cylindrical volume opening at both extremities, the connector assembly (18) further comprising a sealing cover (62) adapted to seal the upper extremity.
     
    3. Connector assembly (18) as set in any one of the preceding claims further provided by an outlet pipe (26) integral to the connector body (28), said pipe being adapted to be in fluid connection with the internal back leak channel of the injector.
     
    4. Connector assembly (18) as set in claim 2 further provided by an outlet pipe (26) integral to the sealing cover (62), said pipe being adapted to be in fluid connection with the internal back leak channel of the injector.
     
    5. Connector assembly (18) as set in any of the preceding claims, wherein the central portion (80) of the terminal that extends through the internal wall (32) is cylindrical.
     
    6. Connector assembly (18) as set in any of the claims 1 or 4, wherein the central portion (80) of the terminal that extends through the internal wall (32) is conical.
     
    7. Connector assembly (18) as set in any of the claims 5 or 6 further comprising sealing means arranged between the central portion (80) of the terminal and the internal wall (32) so that the inner and outer volumes (38, 40) of the first and of the second parts are sealed from each other.
     
    8. Connector assembly (18) as set in any of the claims 5 to 7 wherein the inner extremity (74) of the terminal is integral to the central portion (80) and is made in a first conductive material and wherein, the outer extremity (72) is non-integral and is fixed to the central portion (80), the outer extremity being made in a second conductive material.
     
    9. Connector assembly (18) as set in any of the claims 5 to 7 wherein the inner and the outer extremities of the terminal are both integral to the central portion and are all made in a first conductive material.
     
    10. Connector assembly (18) as set in any of the claims 8 or 9 wherein the first material is free of Cu and of Zn.
     
    11. Connector assembly (18) as set in any of the claims 8 or 9 wherein the first material is externally coated with a coating free of Cu and of Zn.
     
    12. Connector assembly (18) as set in any of the preceding claims further comprising locking means (90, 92) adapted to maintain in position the terminal relative to the connector body.
     
    13. Connector assembly (18) as set in claim 12 wherein said locking means comprise first means locking the terminal in rotation about the second axis (A2) and also, second means locking the terminal in translation along said second axis (A2).
     
    14. Connector assembly (18) as set in any of the claims 12 or 13 taken in combination with claim 2 wherein the locking means comprise a complementary engagement of a portion of the terminal (90), such as a groove, and of part of the sealing cover, such as a fork-like feature or a notch (92).
     
    15. Connector assembly (18) as set claim 12 wherein said locking means comprises a sub-assembly (108) of the terminal complementary engaged in a holding part (110), said sub-assembly being over-molded in the connector body.
     
    16. Connector assembly (18) as set in any of the preceding claims further comprising connector locking means (56,100,102, 104) adapted to fix the connector assembly on the injector body.
     
    17. Connector assembly (18) as set in claim 16 wherein the connector locking means comprise at least one metal insert (56) fixed to the body, axially protruding from the connector body at the periphery of the lower extremity.
     
    18. Connector assembly (18) as set in claim 17 wherein the at least one metal inserts are over molded in the connector body, or are glued on the outer periphery of the connector body or are crimped on the periphery of the connector body by a circling collar.
     
    19. Fuel injector (10) having a body (12) extending along a first axis (A1), an actuator (14) arranged in said body and a connector assembly (18) arranged on said body, the injector body having an internal bore (22) in which at least one electrical lead (16) extends from the actuator to the connector assembly (18) wherein it is electrically connected to an electrical terminal (68), the internal bore being part of a back leak return channel in which, in use, low pressure fuel may flow toward an outlet, characterized in that
    the connector assembly (18) is as set in any of the preceding claims, the inner volume of the first part of the connector assembly being in fluid communication with the internal bore (22) of the injector body so that, in use, fuel may enter the inner volume (38) of the connector and wet the electrical terminal (68).
     
    20. Fuel injector (10) as set in claim 19 wherein the electrical wires (16) are laser welded on the inner extremity of the terminal.
     
    21. Fuel injector (10) as set in any one of the claims 19 or 20, the connector assembly (18) being as set in claim 15, wherein the injector body has a male cylindrical portion that engages in a complementary female lower extremity of the connector body and wherein the injector body is provided with an annular groove (106) in which are bent the protruding part of the metal insert (56) so that, the connector assembly is fixed in position on the injector body.
     
    22. Fuel injector (10) as set in any one of the claims 19 or 20, the connector assembly being as set in claim 15, wherein the injector body has a male cylindrical portion that engages in a complementary female lower extremity of the connector body and wherein the injector body (12) is provided with an annular disc face transversal to the first axis (A1), the protruding part of the metal insert (56) being welded on said disc-face so that, the connector assembly is fixed in position on the injector body.
     
    23. Fuel injector (10) as set in any of the claims 19 or 20, the connector assembly being as set in claim 15, wherein the injector body (12) has a male cylindrical portion that engages in a complementary female lower extremity of the connector body, both the connector body and the injector body being provided with complementary aligned radial holes (100, 102) and in which is inserted a pin (104) so that, the connector assembly is fixed in position on the injector body.
     
    24. Method for assembling a fuel injector as set in claim 23, the method comprising the following steps:

    - providing a cylindrical fuel injector body extending along a longitudinal axis and having an internal bore opening at an extremity of the body,

    - providing a connector assembly as set in claim 17 or 18,

    - arranging in said body an actuator, the electrical wires connecting the actuator extending in said bore and exiting through said bore opening,

    - assembling on said extremity of the bore the body of the connector assembly,

    - fixing said body onto the body of the injector, for instance by, bending the protruding metal inserts or by welding said metal insert or by inserting a radial pin in a complementary hole extending in the connector body and in the injector body,

    - connecting the inner extremities of the terminal to the wires of the actuator, for instance by welding, the welding tools engaging through the open upper extremity of the connector body,

    - placing the sealing cover on said upper extremity so that, the terminal is locked in place by complementary engagement of part of the cover and part of the terminal and, so that the cover sealingly closes said upper extremity.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Elektrische Verbinderanordnung (18) eines Kraftstoffinjektors (10), die sich entlang einer ersten Achse (A1) erstreckt, wobei die elektrische Verbinderanordnung (18) einen Körper (28) mit Außenwänden (52), die ein Innenvolumen (38) definieren, und einer Innenwand (32) hat, die den Verbinder in einen ersten Teil (34), der ausgebildet ist, um in einem komplementären Eingriff mit einem Körper (12) des Injektors fixiert zu werden, und in einen zweiten Teil (36) teilt, der ausgebildet ist, um einen anderen elektrischen Verbinder aufzunehmen, wobei die elektrische Verbinderanordnung (18) weiter zumindest einen elektrischen Anschluss (68) aufweist, der sich durch die Innenwand (32) entlang einer zweiten Achse (A2) von einem inneren Ende (74), das in das innere Volumen (38) des ersten Teils (34) des Körpers vorsteht, zu einem äußeren Ende (72) erstreckt, das in ein äußeres Volumen (40) des zweiten Teils (36) des Körpers vorsteht, wobei das äußere Ende (72) so geformt ist, dass es in einem komplementären Eingriff einen elektrischen Anschluss (68) des anderen elektrischen Verbinders aufnimmt,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die elektrische Verbinderanordnung (18) ausgebildet ist, um in Fluidverbindung mit einer Rückleck-Rückführleitung des Injektors (10) zu sein, so dass, in Betrieb, Kraftstoff in das innere Volumen (38) des ersten Teils (34) des Körpers eintreten kann und den elektrischen Anschluss (68) benetzen kann.
     
    2. Verbinderanordnung (18) gemäß dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, wobei das innere Volumen (38) des ersten Teils des Körpers im Wesentlichen zylindrisch ist und sich entlang der ersten Achse (A1) von einem unteren Ende (42), das ausgebildet ist, um mit dem Körper des Injektors in Eingriff zu sein, zu einem gegenüberliegenden oberen Ende (60) erstreckt, wobei sich das zylindrische Volumen an beiden Enden öffnet, wobei die Verbinderanordnung (18) weiter eine abdichtende Abdeckung (62) aufweist, die ausgebildet ist zum Abdichten des oberen Endes.
     
    3. Verbinderanordnung (18) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, weiter vorgesehen durch ein in dem Verbinderkörper (28) integrales Auslassrohr (26), wobei das Rohr ausgebildet ist, in Fluidverbindung mit dem internen Rückleckkanal des Injektors zu sein.
     
    4. Verbinderanordnung (18) gemäß Anspruch 2, weiter vorgesehen durch ein in der abdichtenden Abdeckung (62) integrales Auslassrohr (26), wobei das Rohr ausgebildet ist, in Fluidverbindung mit dem internen Rückleckkanal des Injektors zu sein.
     
    5. Verbinderanordnung (18) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der zentrale Teil (80) des Anschlusses, der sich durch die Innenwand (32) erstreckt, zylindrisch ist.
     
    6. Verbinderanordnung (18) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 oder 4, wobei der zentrale Teil (80) des Anschlusses, der sich durch die Innenwand (32) erstreckt, konisch ist.
     
    7. Verbinderanordnung (18) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 5 oder 6, die weiter Dichtungsmittel aufweist, die zwischen dem zentralen Teil (80) des Anschlusses und der Innenwand (32) angeordnet sind, so dass das innere und äußere Volumen (38, 40) der ersten und zweiten Teile voneinander abgedichtet sind.
     
    8. Verbinderanordnung (18) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 5 bis 7, wobei das innere Ende (74) des Anschlusses integral mit dem zentralen Teil (80) ist und aus einem ersten leitenden Material besteht und wobei das äußere Ende (72) nicht-integral ist und an dem zentralen Teil (80) befestigt ist, wobei das äußere Ende aus einem zweiten leitenden Material besteht.
     
    9. Verbinderanordnung (18) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 5 bis 7, wobei das innere und das äußere Ende des Anschlusses beide integral mit dem zentralen Teil sind und alle aus einem ersten leitenden Material bestehen.
     
    10. Verbinderanordnung (18) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 8 oder 9, wobei das erste Material frei von Cu und Zn ist.
     
    11. Verbinderanordnung (18) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 8 oder 9, wobei das erste Material außen mit einer Beschichtung frei von Cu und Zn beschichtet ist.
     
    12. Verbinderanordnung (18) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, die weiter Verriegelungsmittel (90, 92) aufweist, die ausgebildet sind, um den Anschluss relativ zu dem Verbinderkörper in Position zu halten.
     
    13. Verbinderanordnung (18) gemäß Anspruch 12, wobei die Verriegelungsmittel erste Mittel zum Verriegeln des Anschlusses in Rotation um die zweite Achse (A2) und auch zweite Mittel zum Verriegeln des Anschlusses in Translation entlang der zweiten Achse (A2) aufweisen.
     
    14. Verbinderanordnung (18) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 12 oder 13 in Kombination mit Anspruch 2, wobei die Verriegelungsmittel einen komplementären Eingriff eines Teils des Anschlusses (90), wie einen Einschnitt, und eines Teils der abdichtenden Abdeckung, wie ein gabelartiges Merkmal oder eine Kerbe (92), aufweisen.
     
    15. Verbinderanordnung (18) gemäß Anspruch 12, wobei die Verriegelungsmittel eine Unteranordnung (108) des Anschlusses aufweisen, komplementär in Eingriff in einem Halteteil (110), wobei die Unteranordnung in dem Verbinderkörper umspritzt ist.
     
    16. Verbinderanordnung (18) gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, die weiter Verbinderverriegelungsmittel (56, 100, 102, 104) aufweist, die ausgebildet sind, um die Verbinderanordnung an dem Injektorkörper zu befestigen.
     
    17. Verbinderanordnung (18) gemäß Anspruch 16, wobei die Verbinderverriegelungsmittel zumindest einen Metalleinsatz (56) aufweisen, der an dem Körper befestigt ist und axial von dem Verbinderkörper an dem Umfang des unteren Endes vorsteht.
     
    18. Verbinderanordnung (18) gemäß Anspruch 17, wobei der zumindest eine Metalleinsatz in dem Verbinderkörper umspritzt ist oder an dem Außenumfang des Verbinderkörpers geklebt ist oder an dem Umfang des Verbinderkörpers durch einen umrundenden Kragen gecrimpt ist.
     
    19. Kraftstoffinjektor (10) mit einem sich entlang einer ersten Achse (A1) erstreckenden Körper (12), einem in dem Körper angeordneten Aktuator (14) und einer an dem Körper angeordneten Verbinderanordnung (18), wobei der Injektorkörper eine Innenbohrung (22) hat, in der sich zumindest eine elektrische Leitung (16) von dem Aktuator zu der Verbinderanordnung (18) erstreckt, die elektrisch mit einem elektrischen Anschluss (68) verbunden ist, wobei die Innenbohrung ein Teil eines Rückleck-Rückführkanals ist, in dem, in Betrieb, Kraftstoff mit niedrigem Druck zu einem Auslass fließen kann,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Verbinderanordnung (18) gemäß in einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche ist, das innere Volumen des ersten Teils der Verbinderanordnung in Fluidverbindung mit der Innenbohrung (22) des Injektorkörpers ist, so dass, in Betrieb, Kraftstoff in das innere Volumen (38) des Verbinders eintreten und den elektrischen Anschluss (68) benetzen kann.
     
    20. Kraftstoffinjektor (10) gemäß Anspruch 19, wobei die elektrischen Drähte (16) an das innere Ende des Anschlusses lasergeschweißt sind.
     
    21. Kraftstoffinjektor (10) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 19 oder 20, wobei die Verbinderanordnung (18) gemäß Anspruch 15 ist, wobei der Injektorkörper einen zylindrischen Steckteil hat, der in ein komplementäres unteres Buchsenende des Verbinderkörpers eingreift, und wobei der Injektorkörper mit einer ringförmigen Nut (106) vorgesehen ist, in die der vorstehende Teil des Metalleinsatzes (56) gebogen ist, so dass die Verbinderanordnung an dem Injektorkörper in Position fixiert ist.
     
    22. Kraftstoffinjektor (10) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 19 oder 20, wobei die Verbinderanordnung gemäß Anspruch 15 ist, wobei der Injektorkörper einen zylindrischen Steckteil hat, der in ein komplementäres unteres Buchsenende des Verbinderkörpers eingreift, und wobei der Injektorkörper (12) mit einer ringförmigen Scheibenfläche quer zu der ersten Achse (A1) vorgesehen ist, wobei der vorstehende Teil des Metalleinsatzes (56) an der Scheibenfläche angeschweißt ist, so dass die Verbinderanordnung an dem Injektorkörper in Position fixiert ist.
     
    23. Kraftstoffinjektor (10) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 19 oder 20, wobei die Verbinderanordnung gemäß Anspruch 15 ist, wobei der Injektorkörper (12) einen zylindrischen Steckteil hat, der in ein komplementäres unteres Buchsenende des Verbinderkörpers eingreift, wobei sowohl der Verbinderkörper als auch der Injektorkörper mit komplementär ausgerichteten radialen Löchern (100, 102) vorgesehen sind und in die ein Stift (104) eingefügt ist, so dass die Verbinderanordnung an dem Injektorkörper in Position fixiert ist.
     
    24. Verfahren zum Zusammenfügen eines Kraftstoffinjektors gemäß Anspruch 23, wobei das Verfahren die folgenden Schritte aufweist:

    - Vorsehen eines zylindrischen Kraftstoffinjektorkörpers, der sich entlang einer Längsachse erstreckt und eine Innenbohrungsöffnung hat, die sich an einem Ende des Körpers öffnet,

    - Vorsehen einer Verbinderanordnung gemäß Anspruch 17 oder 18,

    - Anordnen eines Aktuators in dem Körper, wobei die elektrischen Drähte den Aktuator verbinden, sich in die Bohrung erstrecken und durch die Bohrungsöffnung austreten,

    - Anbringen des Körpers der Verbinderanordnung an dem Ende der Bohrung,

    - Befestigen des Körpers an dem Körper des Injektors, zum Beispiel durch Biegen der vorstehenden Metalleinsätze oder durch Schweißen des Metalleinsatzes oder durch Einfügen eines radialen Stiftes in ein komplementäres Loch, das sich in dem Verbinderkörper und in dem Injektorkörper erstreckt,

    - Verbinden der inneren Enden des Anschlusses mit den Drähten des Aktuators, zum Beispiel durch Schweißen, wobei die Schweißwerkzeuge durch das offene obere Ende des Verbinderkörpers eingreifen,

    - Anordnen der abdichtenden Abdeckung auf dem oberen Ende derart, dass der Anschluss durch einen komplementären Eingriff eines Teils der Abdeckung und eines Teils des Anschlusses in Position gehalten ist, und dass die Abdeckung das obere Ende abdichtend schließt.


     


    Revendications

    1. Ensemble formant connecteur électrique (18) pour un injecteur de carburant (10) s'étendant le long d'un premier axe (A), l'assemblage formant connecteur électrique (18) ayant un corps (28) avec des parois externes (52) définissant un volume intérieur (38) et une paroi interne (32) divisant le connecteur en une première partie (34) adaptée pour être fixée dans un engagement complémentaire avec un corps (12) de l'injecteur, et en une seconde partie (36) adaptée pour recevoir un autre connecteur électrique, l'ensemble formant connecteur électrique (18) comprenant en outre au moins une borne électrique (68) s'étendant à travers la paroi interne (32), le long d'un second axe (A2), depuis une extrémité intérieure (74) qui se projette dans le volume intérieur (38) de la première partie (34) du corps, jusqu'à une extrémité extérieure (72) qui se projette dans un volume extérieur (40) de la seconde partie (36) du corps, l'extrémité extérieure (72) étant conformée pour recevoir dans un engagement complémentaire une borne électrique (68) dudit autre connecteur électrique,
    caractérisé en ce que l'ensemble formant connecteur électrique (18) est adapté pour être en communication fluidique avec un conduit de retour de fuite de l'injecteur (10) de telle façon qu'en utilisation du carburant peut entrer dans le volume intérieur (38) de la première partie (34) du corps et mouiller la borne électrique (68).
     
    2. Ensemble formant connecteur (18) selon la revendication précédente, dans lequel le volume intérieur (38) de la première partie du corps est sensiblement cylindrique et s'étend le long du premier axe (A1) depuis une extrémité inférieure (42), adaptée pour engager le corps de l'injecteur, jusqu'à une extrémité supérieure opposée (60), ledit volume cylindrique étant ouvert à ses deux extrémités, l'ensemble formant connecteur (18) comprenant en outre une couverture d'étanchement (62) adaptée pour étancher l'extrémité supérieure.
     
    3. Ensemble formant connecteur (18) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, doté en outre d'un tube de sortie (26) réalisé de manière intégrale avec le corps de connecteur (28), ledit tube étant adapté à être en connexion fluidique avec le canal interne de retour de fuite de l'injecteur.
     
    4. Ensemble formant connecteur (18) selon la revendication 2, doté en outre d'un tube de sortie (26) réalisé de manière intégrale avec la couverture d'étanchement (62), ledit tube étant adapté à être en connexion fluidique avec le canal interne de retour de fuite de l'injecteur.
     
    5. Ensemble formant connecteur (18) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la portion centrale (80) de la borne qui s'étend à travers la paroi interne (32) est cylindrique.
     
    6. Ensemble formant connecteur (18) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 ou 4, dans lequel la portion centrale (80) de la borne qui s'étend à travers la paroi interne (32) est conique.
     
    7. Ensemble formant connecteur (18) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 5 ou 6, comprenant en outre un moyen d'étanchement agencé entre la portion centrale (80) de la borne et la paroi interne (32), de telle façon que le volume intérieur et le volume extérieur (38, 40) de la première et de la seconde partie sont étanchés l'un par rapport à l'autre.
     
    8. Ensemble formant connecteur (18) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 5 à 7, dans lequel l'extrémité intérieure (74) de la borne est réalisée de manière intégrale avec la portion centrale (80) et est faite d'un premier matériau conducteur et dans lequel l'extrémité extérieure (72) n'est pas réalisée de manière intégrale et est fixée à la portion centrale (80), l'extrémité extérieure étant faite dans un second matériau conducteur.
     
    9. Ensemble formant connecteur (18) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 5 à 7, dans lequel l'extrémité intérieure et l'extrémité extérieure de la borne sont toutes les deux réalisées de manière intégrale avec la portion centrale et sont toutes faites dans un premier matériau conducteur.
     
    10. Ensemble formant connecteur (18) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8 ou 9, dans lequel le premier matériau est exempt de Cu et de Zn.
     
    11. Ensemble formant connecteur (18) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8 ou 9, dans lequel le premier matériau est revêtu à l'extérieur avec un revêtement exempt de Cu et de Zn.
     
    12. Ensemble formant connecteur (18) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre un moyen de blocage (90, 92) adapté pour maintenir en position la borne par rapport au corps de connecteur.
     
    13. Ensemble formant connecteur (18) selon la revendication 12, dans lequel ledit moyen de blocage comprend un premier moyen qui bloque la borne en rotation autour du second axe (A2) et également un second moyen qui bloque la borne en translation le long dudit second axe (A2).
     
    14. Ensemble formant connecteur (18) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 12 ou 13, prise en combinaison avec la revendication 2, dans lequel le moyen de blocage comprend un engagement complémentaire d'une portion de la borne (90), comme une gorge, et d'une partie de la couverture d'étanchement, comme un élément semblable à une fourche ou une encoche (92).
     
    15. Ensemble formant connecteur (18) selon la revendication 12, dans lequel ledit moyen de blocage comprend un sous-ensemble (108) de la borne, engagé de façon complémentaire dans une partie de maintien (110), ledit sous-ensemble étant surmoulé dans le corps de connecteur.
     
    16. Ensemble formant connecteur (18) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre un moyen de blocage de connecteur (56, 100, 102, 104) adapté pour fixer l'ensemble formant connecteur sur le corps d'injecteur.
     
    17. Ensemble formant connecteur (18) selon la revendication 16, dans lequel le moyen de blocage de connecteur comprend au moins un insert en métal (56) fixé sur le corps, qui se projette axialement depuis le corps de connecteur à la périphérie de l'extrémité inférieure.
     
    18. Ensemble formant connecteur (18) selon la revendication 17, dans lequel ledit au moins un insert en métal est surmoulé dans le corps de connecteur, ou est collé sur la périphérie extérieure du corps de connecteur, ou encore est serti sur la périphérie du corps de connecteur par un collier qui l'encercle.
     
    19. Injecteur de carburant (10) ayant un corps (12) s'étendant le long d'un premier axe (A1), un actionneur (14) agencé dans ledit corps et un ensemble formant connecteur (18) agencé sur ledit corps, le corps d'injecteur ayant un perçage interne (22) dans lequel s'étend au moins un fil électrique (16) depuis l'actionneur jusqu'à l'ensemble formant connecteur (18), de sorte qu'il est connecté électriquement à une borne électrique (68), le perçage interne faisant partie d'un canal de retour de fuite dans lequel, en utilisation, du carburant à basse pression peut s'écouler vers une sortie,
    caractérisé en ce que l'ensemble formant connecteur (18) est tel que revendiqué dans l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, le volume intérieur de la première partie de l'ensemble formant connecteur étant en communication fluidique avec le perçage interne (22) du corps d'injecteur de telle façon que, en utilisation, du carburant peut entrer dans le volume intérieur (38) du connecteur et mouiller la borne électrique (68).
     
    20. Injecteur de carburant (10) selon la revendication 19, dans lequel les fils électriques (16) sont soudés au laser sur l'extrémité intérieure de la borne.
     
    21. Injecteur de carburant (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 19 ou 20, l'ensemble formant connecteur (18) étant tel que revendiqué dans la revendication 15, dans lequel le corps d'injecteur présente une portion cylindrique mâle qui s'engage dans une extrémité inférieure femelle complémentaire du corps de connecteur, et dans lequel le corps d'injecteur est doté d'une gorge annulaire (106) dans laquelle est cintrée la partie en projection de l'insert en métal (56), de telle sorte que l'ensemble formant connecteur est fixé en position sur le corps d'injecteur.
     
    22. Injecteur de carburant (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 19 ou 20, dans lequel l'ensemble formant connecteur est tel que revendiqué dans la revendication 15, dans lequel le corps d'injecteur présente une portion cylindrique mâle qui s'engage dans une extrémité inférieure femelle complémentaire du corps de connecteur et dans lequel le corps d'injecteur (12) est doté d'une face en forme de disque annulaire transversale au premier axe (A1), la partie en projection de l'insert en métal (56) étant soudée sur ladite face en forme de disque de telle sorte que l'ensemble formant connecteur est fixé en position sur le corps d'injecteur.
     
    23. Injecteur de carburant (10) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 19 ou 20, l'ensemble formant connecteur étant tel que revendiqué dans la revendication 15, dans lequel le corps d'injecteur (12) présente une portion cylindrique mâle qui s'engage dans une extrémité inférieure femelle complémentaire du corps de connecteur, le corps de connecteur et le corps d'injecteur étant tous deux dotés de trous radiaux alignés complémentaires (100, 102) et dans lesquels est insérée une broche (104) de telle façon que l'ensemble formant connecteur est fixé en position sur le corps d'injecteur.
     
    24. Procédé pour assembler un injecteur de carburant selon la revendication 23, le procédé comprenant les étapes suivantes consistant à :

    - fournir un corps d'injecteur de carburant cylindrique s'étendant le long d'un axe longitudinal et ayant un perçage interne s'ouvrant à une extrémité du corps,

    - fournir un ensemble formant connecteur selon la revendication 17 ou 18,

    - agencer dans ledit corps un actionneur, les fils électriques connectant l'actionneur s'étendant dans ledit perçage et sortant à travers ladite ouverture du perçage,

    - assembler sur ladite extrémité du perçage le corps de l'ensemble formant connecteur,

    - fixer ledit corps sur le corps de l'injecteur, par exemple en coudant les inserts en métal en projection ou en soudant ledit insert en métal ou encore en insérant une broche radiale dans un trou complémentaire s'étendant dans le corps de connecteur et dans le corps d'injecteur,

    - connecter les extrémités intérieures de la borne aux fils de l'actionneur, par exemple par soudage, les outils de soudage s'engageant à travers l'extrémité supérieure ouverte du corps de connecteur,

    - placer la couverture d'étanchement sur ladite extrémité supérieure de telle façon que la borne est bloquée en place par engagement complémentaire d'une partie de la couverture et d'une partie de la borne et de telle façon que la couverture referme avec étanchement ladite extrémité supérieure.


     




    Drawing


















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description