(19)
(11)EP 3 142 157 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(21)Application number: 15788643.3

(22)Date of filing:  29.04.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01L 33/38(2010.01)
H01L 33/44(2010.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2015/004307
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/170848 (12.11.2015 Gazette  2015/45)

(54)

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

LICHTEMITTIERENDE VORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF ÉLECTROLUMINESCENT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 08.05.2014 KR 20140054684
14.05.2014 KR 20140057693
14.05.2014 KR 20140057696

(43)Date of publication of application:
15.03.2017 Bulletin 2017/11

(73)Proprietor: LG Innotek Co., Ltd.
Seoul, 04637 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • KO, Eun Bin
    Seoul 100-714 (KR)
  • PARK, Bum Doo
    Seoul 100-714 (KR)
  • LEE, Sang Jun
    Seoul 100-714 (KR)

(74)Representative: Plasseraud IP 
66, rue de la Chaussée d'Antin
75440 Paris Cedex 09
75440 Paris Cedex 09 (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 956 663
EP-A2- 0 378 919
JP-A- 2012 134 280
KR-A- 20110 083 292
KR-A- 20130 106 675
US-A1- 2008 283 819
US-A1- 2012 018 765
US-A1- 2012 049 756
US-A1- 2013 234 182
EP-A1- 2 315 275
WO-A1-2009/010762
KR-A- 20100 023 274
KR-A- 20120 137 181
US-A1- 2007 075 319
US-A1- 2009 206 322
US-A1- 2012 033 444
US-A1- 2012 273 793
US-B1- 7 713 776
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    [Technical Field]



    [0001] The present invention relates to a light emitting device, a light emitting device package and a light unit.

    [Background Art]



    [0002] As a light emitting device, light emitting diodes (LEDs) are widely used. A light emitting diode converts an electric signal into light such as infrared, visible or ultraviolet light using characteristics of compound semiconductors.

    [0003] As light efficiency of a light emitting device increases, the light emitting device has been applied to various fields including a display apparatus and a lighting apparatus.

    [0004] Documents EP 2315275 and US 2012/0049756 disclose a light emitting device including a light emitting structure including a first conductivity type semiconductor layer, a second conductivity type semiconductor layer, and an active layer between the first and second conductivity semiconductor layers; a protective layer disposed on the light emitting structure and including a plurality of through-holes; a first electrode provided in the plurality of through-holes and including a plurality of metal dots electrically connected to the first conductivity type semiconductor layer; an electrode pad connecting the plurality of metal dots configuring the first electrode and having a first area disposed on the first electrode and a second area disposed on the protective layer; and a second electrode electrically connected to the second conductivity type layer.

    [Disclosure]


    [Technical Problem]



    [0005] The present invention provides a light emitting device, a light emitting device package and a light unit capable of improving light extraction efficiency, capable of decreasing an operating voltage and improving reliability, and capable of decreasing an operating voltage and improving luminosity.

    [Technical Solution]



    [0006] The present invention provides a light emitting device according to the claims.

    [Advantageous Effects]



    [0007] A light emitting device, a light emitting device package and a light unit according to embodiments can improve light extraction efficiency.

    [0008] A light emitting device, a light emitting device package and a light unit according to embodiments can decrease an operating voltage and improve reliability
    A light emitting device, a light emitting device package and a light unit according to embodiments can decrease an operating voltage and improve luminosity.

    [Description of Drawings]



    [0009] 

    FIG. 1 is a view showing a light emitting device according to a first example not forming part of the present invention.

    FIG. 2 is a view showing an example of a first electrode applied to the light emitting device according to the first example.

    FIG. 3 is a view showing an example of an electrode pad applied to the light emitting device according to the first example.

    FIGS. 4 to 7 are views illustrating a method of manufacturing a light emitting device according to the first example.

    FIG. 8 is a view showing a light emitting device according to a first embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 9 is a view showing an example of a first electrode applied to the light emitting device according to the first embodiment. shown in FIG. 8.

    FIG. 10 is a view showing an example of an electrode pad applied to the light emitting device according to the first embodiment shown in FIG. 8.

    FIGS. 11 to 14 are views illustrating a difference between an ohmic contact area applied to the light emitting device according to the first embodiment and an ohmic contact area applied to a conventional light emitting device.

    FIG. 15 is a view showing a light emitting device according to a second example not forming part of the present invention.

    FIG. 16 is a view showing an energy band gap of a semiconductor layer applied to the light emitting device according to the second example.

    FIGS. 17 to 20 are views showing a method of manufacturing a light emitting device according to the second example.

    FIG. 21 is a view showing a light emitting device according to a third example not forming part of the present invention.

    FIG. 22 is a view showing an energy band gap of a semiconductor layer applied to the light emitting device according to the third example. embodiment.

    FIGS. 23 to 26 are views showing a method of manufacturing a light emitting device according to the third example.

    FIG. 27 is a view showing a light emitting device package including a light emitting device according to the first embodiment.

    FIG. 28 is a view showing a display apparatus including a light emitting device according to the first embodiment.

    FIG. 29 is a view showing another display apparatus including a light emitting device according to the first embodiment.

    FIG. 30 is a view showing a lighting apparatus including a light emitting device according to the first embodiment.


    [Best Mode]



    [0010] In the following description of the examples and embodiments, it will be understood that, when each layer (film), area, pattern or structure is referred to as being formed "on" or "under" a substrate or each layer (film), area, pad, pattern or structure, it can be directly "on" or "under" a substrate or each layer (film), area, pad or pattern or be indirectly formed with one or more intervening layers therebetween. In addition, it will also be understood that "on" or "under" the layer may mean an upward direction and a downward direction of the layer.

    [0011] Hereinafter, a light emitting device, a light emitting device package, a light unit and a method of manufacturing a light emitting device will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

    [0012] FIG. 1 is a view showing a light emitting device according to a first example not forming part of the present invention.

    [0013] The light emitting device according to the first example includes a light emitting structure 10, a first electrode 60, an electrode pad 70 and a protective layer 80, as shown in FIG. 1.

    [0014] The light emitting structure 10 includes a first conductive semiconductor layer 11, an active layer 12, a second conductive semiconductor layer 13. The active layer 12 is disposed between the first conductive semiconductor layer 11 and the second conductive semiconductor layer 13. The active layer 12 may be disposed under the first conductive semiconductor layer 11 and the second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be disposed under the active layer 12.

    [0015] As an example, the first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may be formed as an n-type semiconductor layer doped with an n-type dopant as a first conductive dopant and the second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be formed as a p-type semiconductor layer doped with a p-type dopant as a second conductive dopant. Alternatively, the first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may be formed as a p-type semiconductor layer and the second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be formed as an n-type semiconductor layer.

    [0016] The first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may include an n-type semiconductor layer, for example. The first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may be implemented by compound semiconductors. The first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may be implemented by compound semiconductors of Group II-VI elements or compound semiconductors of Group III-V elements, for example.

    [0017] For example, the first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may be implemented by a semiconductor material of a formula of (AlxGa1-x)yIn1-yP(0≤x≤1, 0≤y≤1). In the formula of the first conductive semiconductor layer 11, y may have a value of 0.5 and x may have a value of 0.5 to 0.8. The first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may be selected from among AlGaInP, AlInP, GaP, GaInP, etc. and may be doped with an n-type dopant such as Si, Ge, Sn, Se or Te.

    [0018] The active layer 12 emits light by an energy band gap difference caused by materials of the active layer 12 by coupling electrons (holes) injected through the first conductive semiconductor layer 11 and holes (electrons) injected through the second conductive semiconductor layer 13. The active layer 12 may be formed in any one of a single well structure, a multi well structure, a quantum dot structure or a quantum wire structure, without being limited thereto.

    [0019] The active layer 12 may be implemented by compound semiconductors. The active layer 12 may be implemented by compound semiconductors of Group II-VI elements or Group III-V elements, for example. The active layer 12 may be implemented by a semiconductor material having a formula of (AlxGa1-x)yIn1-yP(0≤x≤1, 0≤y≤1), for example. The active layer 12 may be selected from among AlGaInP, AlInP, GaP, GaInP, etc. If the active layer 12 is implemented in a multi well structure, the active layer 12 may be implemented by laminating a plurality of well layers and a plurality of barrier layers.

    [0020] The second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be implemented by a p-type semiconductor layer, for example. The second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be implemented by compound semiconductors. The second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be implemented by compound semiconductors of Group II-VI elements or Group III-V elements, for example.

    [0021] For example, the second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be implemented by a semiconductor material having a formula of (AlxGa1-x)yIn1-yP(0≤x≤1, 0≤y≤1). The second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be selected from among AlGaInP, AlInP, GaP, GaInP, etc. and may be doped with a p-type dopant such as Mg, Zn, Ca, Sr, Ba or C.

    [0022] For example, the light emitting structure 10 may include at least two elements selected from among aluminum (Al), gallium (Ga), indium (In) and phosphorus (P).

    [0023] Meanwhile, the first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may include a p-type semiconductor layer and the second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may include an n-type semiconductor layer. In addition, a semiconductor layer including an n-type or p-type semiconductor layer may be further formed under the second conductive semiconductor layer 13. The light emitting structure 10 may have at least one of np, pn, npn and pnp junction structures. In addition, the doping concentration of the impurities in the first conductive semiconductor layer 11 and the second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be uniformly or ununiform. That is, the structure of the light emitting structure 10 may be various, without being limited thereto.

    [0024] The light emitting device according to the first example may include a window layer 15. The window layer 15 may be implemented by a semiconductor material having a formula of (AlxGa1-x)yIn1-yP(0≤x≤1, 0≤y≤1). The window layer 15 may be selected from among AlGaInP, AlInP, GaP, GaInP, etc., for example. The window layer 15 may be disposed under the second conductive semiconductor layer 13. The window layer 15 may provide current spreading effects.

    [0025] The light emitting device according to the first example may include an omni directional reflector (ODR) 21, an ohmic contact layer 23 and a reflective layer 30.

    [0026] The ODR layer 21 may perform a function for reflecting light incident from the upper side thereof upwardly. The ODR layer 21 may have a lower refractive index than the light emitting structure 10, for example. The ODR layer 21 may have a low refractive index which is significantly different from that of the material forming the light emitting structure 10, thereby providing a reflective function. The ODR layer 21 may be disposed to contact the window layer 15.

    [0027] The ODR layer 21 may include oxide or nitride. The ODR layer 21 may include at least one selected from among SiO2, SiNx, Indium-Tin-Oxide (ITO), Indium-Zinc-Oxide (IZO), Aluminum-Zinc-Oxide (AZO), Antimony-Tin-Oxide (ATO), Indium-Zinc-Tin-Oxide (IZTO), Indium-Aluminum-Zinc-Oxide (IAZO), Gallium-Zinc-Oxide (GZO), Indium-Gallium-Zinc-Oxide (IGZO), Indium-Gallium-Tin-Oxide (IGTO), Aluminum-Zinc-Oxide (AZO), etc.

    [0028] The ohmic contact layer 23 may be implemented to ohmically contact the window layer 15. The ohmic contact layer 23 may include an area ohmically contacting the window layer 15. The ohmic contact layer 23 may be electrically connected to the light emitting structure 10. The ohmic contact layer 23 may penetrate through the ODR layer 21. For example, the ohmic contact layer 23 may have an upper surface having a circular or elliptical shape. The ohmic contact layer 23 may include at least one selected from Au, Au/AuBe/Au, AuZn, ITO, AuBe, GeAu, etc.

    [0029] The reflective layer 30 may be disposed under the ohmic contact layer 23. The reflective layer 30 may be disposed under the ODR layer 21. The reflective layer 30 may perform a function for reflecting light incident from the upper side thereof upwardly. The reflective layer 30 may include at least one selected from among Ag, Au, Al, etc., for example.

    [0030] The light emitting device according to the first example may include a bonding layer 40 and a support substrate 50. The bonding layer 40 may perform a function for attaching the reflective layer 30 and the support substrate 50.

    [0031] The bonding layer 40 may include at least one selected from among Sn, AuSn, Pd, Al, Ti, Au, Ni, Cr, Ga, In, Bi, Cu, Ag, Nb, Ta, Ti/Au/In/Au, etc. The support substrate 50 may include at least one selected from among semiconductor substrates (e.g., Si, Ge, GaN, GaAs, ZnO, SiC, SiGe, etc.), into which Ti, Cr, Ni, Al, Pt, Au, W, Cu, Mo, Cu-W or impurities are injected.

    [0032] The light emitting structure according to the first example may include the first electrode 60, the electrode pad 70 and the protective layer 80 disposed on the light emitting structure 10.

    [0033] The first electrode 60 may be electrically connected to the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The first electrode 60 may be disposed to contact the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The first electrode 60 may be disposed to ohmically contact the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The first electrode 60 may have an area ohmically contacting the light emitting structure 10. The first electrode 60 may include an area ohmically contacting the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The first electrode 60 may include at least one selected from among Ge, Zn, Mg, Ca, Au, Ni, AuGe, AuGe/Ni/Au, etc.

    [0034] The light emitting device according to the first example may further include a high-concentration impurity semiconductor layer disposed between the first electrode 60 and the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. For example, the high-concentration impurity semiconductor layer may be implemented by a GaAs layer. The high-concentration impurity semiconductor layer may include impurities having the same polarity as the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The high-concentration impurity semiconductor layer may include impurities having higher concentration than the first conductive semiconductor layer 11.

    [0035] The electrode pad 70 may be electrically connected to the first electrode 60. The electrode pad 70 may be disposed on the first electrode 60. The electrode pad 70 may be disposed to contact the first electrode 60. The electrode pad 70 may be connected to an external power supply to provide a voltage to the light emitting structure 10. The first electrode pad 70 may include at least one selected from among Cr, V, W, Ti, Zn, Ni, Cu, Al, Au, Mo, Ti/Au/Ti/Pt/Au, Ni/Au/Ti/Pt/Au, Cr/Al/Ni/Cu/Ni/Au, etc.

    [0036] According to the first example, the protective layer 80 may be disposed on the light emitting structure 10. The protective layer 80 may be disposed around the light emitting structure 10. The protective layer 80 may be disposed on the side surface of the light emitting structure 10. The protective layer 80 may be disposed around the window layer 15. Some areas of the protective layer 80 may be disposed on some areas of the window layer 15.

    [0037] The protective layer 80 may include at least one of oxide or nitride. The protective layer 80 may be formed of at least one selected from a group including Si02, SixOy, Si3N4, SixNy, SiOxNy, Al2O3, TiO2, AlN, etc.

    [0038] FIG. 2 is a plan view showing an example of the first electrode 60 applied to the light emitting device according to the first example, and FIG. 3 is a plan view showing an example of the electrode pad 70 applied to the light emitting device according to the first example.

    [0039] The first electrode 60 according to the first example may be disposed on the light emitting structure 10. The first electrode 60 may include a main electrode 61 and a peripheral electrode 63. For example, the main electrode 61 may be disposed in the center area of the upper surface of the light emitting structure 10 and the peripheral electrode 63 may be branched from the main electrode 651 to extend outwardly. For example, the width of the peripheral electrode 63 may be 4 to 5 micrometers. The main electrode 61 may include a circular or polygonal upper surface.

    [0040] The first electrode 60 may be electrically connected to the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The main electrode 61 may be electrically connected to the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The peripheral electrode 63 may be electrically connected to the first conductive semiconductor layer 11.

    [0041] According to the first example the electrode pad 70 may be disposed at a position corresponding to the main electrode 61. The electrode pad 70 may include a circular or polygonal upper surface.

    [0042] The electrode pad 70 may be electrically connected to the first electrode 60. The electrode pad 70 may be electrically connected to the main electrode 61. The electrode pad 70 may be electrically connected to the peripheral electrode 63.

    [0043] According to the first example, the electrode pad 70 may be disposed on the main electrode 61. The electrode pad 70 may be disposed to contact the main electrode 61. For example, the area of the electrode pad 70 may be greater than that of the main electrode 61. If the area of the electrode pad 70 is greater than that of the main electrode 61, the protective layer 80 may be disposed under the electrode pad 70.

    [0044] According to the first example, the protective layer 80 may be disposed on the light emitting structure 10. The protective layer 80 may be disposed on the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may include a light extraction structure provided on the upper surface thereof. The light extraction structure may be referred to as an uneven structure. In addition, the light extraction structure may be referred to as roughness. The protective layer 80 may include a light extraction structure corresponding to the light extraction structure provided on the first conductive semiconductor layer 11.

    [0045] The protective layer 80 may include a penetration area. The first electrode 60 may be disposed in the penetration area. For example, the main electrode 61 and the peripheral electrode 63 may be provided in the penetration area formed in the protective layer 60. The electrode pad 70 may be electrically connected to the first electrode 60, a first area of the electrode pad 70 may be disposed on the first electrode 70 and a second area may be disposed on the protective layer 80.

    [0046] According to the first example, the area of the electrode pad 70 may be greater than that of the main electrode 61. The first area of the electrode pad 70 may be disposed on the main electrode 61 to contact the main electrode 61 and the second area of the electrode pad 70 may be disposed around the upper portion of the main electrode 61 to be disposed on the protective layer 80.

    [0047] The refractive index of the protective layer 80 disposed under the electrode pad 70 may be less than that of the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. Accordingly, the protective layer 80 disposed under the electrode pad 70 may perform the function of the ODR layer and light incident from the light emitting structure 10 may be reflected from the protective layer 80 to be propagated toward the light emitting structure 10 again.

    [0048] According to the first example, the refractive index of the protective layer 80 disposed under the electrode pad 70 may be less than that of the protective layer 80 of an area in which the electrode pad 70 is not disposed. The material of the protective layer 80 disposed under the electrode pad 70 may be different from that of the protective layer 80 of the area in which the electrode pad 70 is not disposed. For example, the protective layer 80 disposed under the electrode pad 80 includes oxide and the protective layer 80 of the area in which the electrode pad 80 is not disposed includes nitride.

    [0049] In this implementation, the protective layer 80 disposed under the electrode pad 70 may perform the function of the ODR layer to reflect light incident from the light emitting structure 10 and the protective layer 80 of the area in which the electrode pad 70 is not disposed may penetrate light incident from the light emitting structure 10 outwardly.

    [0050] According to the first example, the light incident from the light emitting structure 10 may be prevented from penetrating through the protective layer 80 to be absorbed into the electrode pad 70. Therefore, the light reflected from the protective layer 80 disposed under the electrode pad 70 may be propagated toward the light emitting structure 10 and the propagated light may penetrate through the light emitting structure 10 or reflect from the light emitting structure 10 in other directions to be extracted, thereby improving light extraction effects of the light emitting device according to the first example.

    [0051] According to the first example, the disposition structure of the main electrode 61 and the peripheral electrode 63 may be variously changed. In addition, the disposition structure of the electrode pad 70 may be variously changed in correspondence with the disposition structure of the main electrode 61 and the peripheral electrode 63.

    [0052] According to the first example, as shown in FIG. 1, the support substrate 50 may have conductivity and a voltage may be applied to the light emitting structure 10 by an external power supply connected to the support substrate 50. The voltage may be applied to the second conductive semiconductor layer 13 through the support substrate 50.

    [0053] In addition, according to the first example, the second electrode electrically connected to the second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may include at least one of the ohmic contact layer 23, the reflective layer 30, the bonding layer 40 and the support substrate 50.

    [0054] A method of manufacturing a light emitting device according to the first example will be described with reference to FIGS. 4 to 7.

    [0055] According to the method of manufacturing the light emitting device of the first example, as shown in FIG. 4, an etch stop layer 7, a first conductive semiconductor layer 11, an active layer 12, a second conductive semiconductor layer 13 and a window layer 15 may be formed on a substrate 5. The first conductive semiconductor layer 11, the active layer 12 and the second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be referred to as a light emitting structure 10.

    [0056] The substrate 5 may be formed of, for example, at least one of sapphire (Al2O3), SiC, GaAs, GaN, ZnO, Si, GaP, InP, Ge, etc., without being limited thereto. A buffer layer may be further formed between the substrate 5 and the etch stop layer 7.

    [0057] The etch stop layer 7 may be implemented by a semiconductor material having a formula of (AlxGa1-x)yIn1-yP(0≤x≤1, 0≤y≤1), for example. The function of the etch stop layer 7 will be described later.

    [0058] According to the first example, the first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may be formed of an n-type semiconductor layer doped with an n-type dopant as a first conductive dopant and the second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be formed of a p-type semiconductor layer doped with a p-type dopant as a second conductive dopant. In addition, the first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may be formed of a p-type semiconductor layer and the second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be formed of an n-type semiconductor layer.

    [0059] The first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may include an n-type semiconductor layer, for example. The first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may be implemented by compound semiconductors. The first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may be implemented by compound semiconductors of Group II-VI elements or Group III-V elements, for example.

    [0060] For example, the first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may be implemented by a semiconductor layer having a formula of (AlxGa1-x)yIn1-yP (0≤x≤1, 0≤y≤1). In the formula of the first conductive semiconductor layer 11, y may have a value of 0.5 and x may have a value of 0.5 to 0.8. The first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may be selected from among AlGaInP, AlInP, GaP, GaInP, etc. and may be doped with an n-type dopant such as Si, Ge, Sn, Se or Te.

    [0061] The active layer 12 emits light by an energy band gap difference caused by materials of the active layer 12 by coupling electrons (holes) injected through the first conductive semiconductor layer 11 and holes (electrons) injected through the second conductive semiconductor layer 13. The active layer 12 may be formed in any one of a single well structure, a multi well structure, a quantum dot structure or a quantum wire structure, without being limited thereto.

    [0062] The active layer 12 may be implemented by compound semiconductors. The active layer 12 may be implemented by compound semiconductors of Group II-VI elements or Group III-V elements, for example. The active layer 12 may be implemented by a semiconductor material having a formula of (AlxGa1-x)yIn1-yP(0≤x≤1, 0≤y≤1), for example. The active layer 12 may be selected from among AlGaInP, AlInP, GaP, GaInP, etc. If the active layer 12 is implemented in a multi well structure, the active layer 12 may be implemented by laminating a plurality of well layers and a plurality of barrier layers.

    [0063] The second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be implemented by a p-type semiconductor layer, for example. The second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be implemented by compound semiconductors. The second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be implemented by compound semiconductors of Group II-VI elements or Group III-V elements, for example.

    [0064] For example, the second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be implemented by a semiconductor material having a formula of (AlxGa1-x)yIn1-yP(0≤x≤1, 0≤y≤1). The second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be selected from among AlGaInP, AlInP, GaP, GaInP, etc., for example, and may be doped with a p-type dopant such as Mg, Zn, Ca, Sr, Ba or C.

    [0065] For example, the light emitting structure 10 may include at least two elements selected from among aluminum (Al), gallium (Ga), indium (In) and phosphorus (P).

    [0066] The window layer 15 may be implemented by a semiconductor material having a formula of (AlxGa1-x)yIn1-yP(0≤x≤1, 0≤y≤1). The window layer 15 may be selected from among AlGaInP, AlInP, GaP, GaInP, etc., for example. The window layer 15 may provide current spreading effects upon driving the light emitting device.

    [0067] Next, as shown in FIG. 5, the ODR layer 21, the ohmic contact layer 23 and the reflective layer 30 may be formed on the window layer 15.

    [0068] The ODR layer 21 may perform a function for reflecting incident light again. The ODR layer 21 may have a lower refractive index than the light emitting structure 10. The ODR layer 21 may have a low refractive index which is significantly different from that of the material forming the light emitting structure 10, thereby providing a reflective function. The ODR layer 21 may be disposed to contact the window layer 15.

    [0069] The ODR layer 21 may include oxide or nitride. The ODR layer 21 may include at least one selected from among SiO2, SiNx, Indium-Tin-Oxide (ITO), Indium-Zinc-Oxide (IZO), Aluminum-Zinc-Oxide (AZO), Antimony-Tin-Oxide (ATO), Indium-Zinc-Tin-Oxide (IZTO), Indium-Aluminum-Zinc-Oxide (IAZO), Gallium-Zinc-Oxide (GZO), Indium-Gallium-Zinc-Oxide (IGZO), Indium-Gallium-Tin-Oxide (IGTO), Aluminum-Zinc-Oxide (AZO), etc.

    [0070] The ohmic contact layer 23 may be implemented to ohmically contact the window layer 15. The ohmic contact layer 23 may include an area ohmically contacting the window layer 15. The ohmic contact layer 23 may be electrically connected to the light emitting structure 10. The ohmic contact layer 23 may be disposed to penetrate through the ODR layer 21. For example, the ohmic contact layer 23 may have an upper surface having a circular or elliptical shape. The ohmic contact layer 23 may include at least one selected from Au, Au/AuBe/Au, AuZn, ITO, AuBe, GeAu, etc.

    [0071] The reflective layer 30 may be disposed on the ohmic contact layer 23. The reflective layer 30 may be disposed on the ODR layer 21. The reflective layer 30 may perform a function for reflecting incident light again. The reflective layer 30 may include at least one selected from among Ag, Au, Al, etc., for example.

    [0072] Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 6, the boding layer 40 and the support substrate 50 may be provided on the reflective layer 30.

    [0073] The bonding layer 40 may perform a function for attaching the reflective layer 30 and the support substrate 50. The bonding layer 40 may include at least one selected from among Sn, AuSn, Pd, Al, Ti, Au, Ni, Cr, Ga, In, Bi, Cu, Ag, Nb, Ta, Ti/Au/In/Au, etc. The support substrate 50 may include at least one selected from among semiconductor substrates (e.g., Si, Ge, GaN, GaAs, ZnO, SiC, SiGe, etc.), into which Ti, Cr, Ni, Al, Pt, Au, W, Cu, Mo, Cu-W or impurities are injected.

    [0074] Next, the substrate 5 is removed from the etch stop layer 7. For example, the substrate 5 may be removed through an etching process. If the substrate 5 is implemented by GaAs, the substrate 5 may be removed through a wet etching process and the etch stop layer 7 may not be etched to perform the function of the stop layer such that only the substrate 5 is etched and removed. The etch stop layer 7 may be removed from the light emitting structure 10 through a separate removal process. For example, the etch stop layer 7 may be removed through a separate etching process. The etch stop layer 7 may be implemented by a semiconductor material having a formula of (AlxGa1-x)yIn1-yP (0≤x≤1, 0≤y≤1), for example.

    [0075] Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 7, the first electrode 60 may be formed on the light emitting structure 10 and a light extraction structure may be formed on the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. Next, isolation etching may be performed to etch the side surface of the light emitting structure 10. A protective layer 80 and an electrode pad 70 may be formed on the light emitting structure 10.

    [0076] The first electrode 60 according to the first example may be disposed on the light emitting structure 10. The first electrode 60 may include a main electrode 61 and a peripheral electrode 63. For example, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 7, the main electrode 61 may be disposed in the center area of the upper surface of the light emitting structure 10 and the peripheral electrode 63 may be branched from the main electrode 651 to extend outwardly. For example, the width of the peripheral electrode 63 may be 4 to 5 micrometers. The main electrode 61 may include a circular or polygonal upper surface.

    [0077] The first electrode 60 may be electrically connected to the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The main electrode 61 may be electrically connected to the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The peripheral electrode 63 may be electrically connected to the first conductive semiconductor layer 11.

    [0078] According to the first example, as shown in FIGS. 3 and 7, the electrode pad 70 may be disposed at a position corresponding to the main electrode 61. The electrode pad 70 may include a circular or polygonal upper surface.

    [0079] The electrode pad 70 may be electrically connected to the first electrode 60. The electrode pad 70 may be electrically connected to the main electrode 61. The electrode pad 70 may be electrically connected to the peripheral electrode 63.

    [0080] According to the first example, the electrode pad 70 may be disposed on the main electrode 61. The electrode pad 70 may be disposed to contact the main electrode 61. For example, the area of the electrode pad 70 may be greater than that of the main electrode 61. If the area of the electrode pad 70 is greater than that of the main electrode 61, the protective layer 80 may be disposed under the electrode pad 70.

    [0081] According to the first example, the protective layer 80 may be disposed on the light emitting structure 10. The protective layer 80 may be disposed on the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may include a light extraction structure provided on the upper surface thereof. The light extraction structure may be referred to as an uneven structure. In addition, the light extraction structure may be referred to as roughness. The protective layer 80 may include a light extraction structure corresponding to the light extraction structure provided on the first conductive semiconductor layer 11.

    [0082] The protective layer 80 may include a penetration area. The first electrode 60 may be disposed in the penetration area. The electrode pad 70 may be electrically connected to the first electrode 60, a first area of the electrode pad 70 may be disposed on the first electrode 70 and a second area may be disposed on the protective layer 80.

    [0083] According to the first example, the area of the electrode pad 70 may be greater than that of the main electrode 61. The first area of the electrode pad 70 may be disposed on the main electrode 61 to contact the main electrode 61 and the second area of the electrode pad 70 may be disposed around the upper portion of the main electrode 61 to be disposed on the protective layer 80.

    [0084] The refractive index of the protective layer 80 disposed under the electrode pad 70 may be less than that of the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. Accordingly, the protective layer 80 disposed under the electrode pad 70 may perform the function of the ODR layer and light incident from the light emitting structure 10 may be reflected from the protective layer 80 to be propagated toward the light emitting structure 10 again.

    [0085] According to the first example, the refractive index of the protective layer 80 disposed under the electrode pad 70 may be less than that of the protective layer 80 of an area in which the electrode pad 70 is not disposed. The material of the protective layer 80 disposed under the electrode pad 70 may be different from that of the protective layer 80 of the area in which the electrode pad 70 is not disposed. For example, the protective layer 80 disposed under the electrode pad 80 may include oxide and the protective layer 80 of the area in which the electrode pad 80 is not disposed may include nitride.

    [0086] In this implementation, the protective layer 80 disposed under the electrode pad 70 may perform the function of the ODR layer to reflect light incident from the light emitting structure 10 and the protective layer 80 of the area in which the electrode pad 70 is not disposed may penetrate light incident from the light emitting structure 10 outwardly.

    [0087] According to the first example, the light incident from the light emitting structure 10 may be prevented from penetrating through the protective layer 80 to be absorbed into the electrode pad 70. Therefore, the light reflected from the protective layer 80 disposed under the electrode pad 70 may be propagated toward the light emitting structure 10 and the propagated light may penetrate through the light emitting structure 10 or reflect from the light emitting structure 10 in other directions to be extracted, thereby improving light extraction effects.

    [0088] According to the first example, the disposition structure of the main electrode 61 and the peripheral electrode 63 may be variously changed. In addition, the disposition structure of the electrode pad 70 may be variously changed in correspondence with the disposition structure of the main electrode 61 and the peripheral electrode 63.

    [0089] FIG. 8 is a view showing a light emitting device according to a first embodiment of the present invention. In the description of the light emitting device according to the first embodiment with respect to FIG. 8, the portions described with reference to FIGS. 1 to 7 will be briefly described or omitted.

    [0090] The light emitting device according to the first embodiment includes a light emitting structure 10, a first electrode 60, an electrode pad 70 and a protective layer, as shown in FIG. 8.

    [0091] The first electrode 60 according to the first embodiment is disposed on the light emitting structure 10. The first electrode 60 includes a main electrode 61 and a peripheral electrode 63, as shown in FIGS. 8 and 9. The main electrode 61 and the peripheral electrode 63 are disposed on the light emitting structure 10 to be spaced apart from each other. A plurality of metal dots 63 are provided.

    [0092] The main electrode 61 and the peripheral electrode 63 may both be formed in a dot shape. The sizes of the main electrode 61 and the peripheral electrodes 63 may be equal or different. The peripheral electrode 63 may be provided in the form of a plurality of dots having different sizes. For example, the size of the peripheral electrode 63 located far from the main electrode 61 may have a smaller size than the other peripheral electrodes. The width of the peripheral electrode 63 may be 4 to 5 micrometers. The main electrode 61 and the peripheral electrode 63 may include a circular or polygonal upper surface.

    [0093] The first electrode 60 is electrically connected to the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The main electrode 61 may be electrically connected to the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The peripheral electrode 63 may be electrically connected to the first conductive semiconductor layer 11.

    [0094] According to the first embodiment, the electrode pad 70 may include a main pad 71 and a finger pad 73, as shown in FIGS. 8 and 10. The finger pad 73 may be electrically connected to the main pad 71. The finger pad 73 may be branched from the main pad 71. For example, a voltage may be applied from an external power supply to the main pad 71. The finger pad 73 may extend from the main pad 71 outwardly. The finger pad 73 may be provided in a symmetrical structure. The finger pad 73 may be provided in asymmetrical structure.

    [0095] The electrode pad 70 is electrically connected to the first electrode 60. The electrode pad 70 may be electrically connected to the main electrode 61. The electrode pad 70 is electrically connected to the peripheral electrodes 63.

    [0096] According to the first embodiment, the electrode pad 70 may be disposed on the main electrode 61. The electrode pad 70 may be disposed to contact the main electrode 61. For example, the area of the electrode pad 70 may be greater than that of the main electrode 61. The protective layer 80 is disposed under the electrode pad 70.

    [0097] According to the first embodiment, the protective layer 80 is disposed on the light emitting structure 10. The protective layer 80 may be disposed on the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may include a light extraction structure provided on the upper surface thereof. The light extraction structure may be referred to as an uneven structure. In addition, the light extraction structure may be referred to as roughness. The protective layer 80 may include a light extraction structure corresponding to the light extraction structure provided on the first conductive semiconductor layer 11.

    [0098] The finger pad 73 may be disposed on the peripheral electrode 63. The finger pad 73 may be disposed to contact the peripheral electrode 63. The finger pad 73 may be disposed to contact the peripheral electrode 63. The finger pad 73 may be disposed to contact the plurality of peripheral electrodes 63. The finger pad 73 may electrically connect the main electrode 61 and at least one peripheral electrode 63. The finger pad 73 may electrically connect the plurality of peripheral electrodes 63.

    [0099] For example, the first electrode 60 may include a first area (the main electrode or one of the peripheral electrodes 63) and a second area (another of the peripheral electrodes 63) spaced apart from each other and the electrode pad 70 may be electrically connected to the first area and the second area.

    [0100] The width of the finger pad 73 may be equal to or different from that of the peripheral electrode 63. For example, the width of the finger pad 73 may be 4 to 5 micrometers.

    [0101] The protective layer 80 includes a plurality of through-holes. The main electrode 61 and the peripheral electrode 63 are provided in the through-holes. The size of the through-hole may be equal to that of the main electrode 61 or the peripheral electrodes 63 corresponding thereto. For example, the width of the through-holes may be 4 to 5 micrometers.

    [0102] According to the first embodiment, the first electrode 60 may be provided in each of the through-holes to include a plurality of metal dots electrically connected to the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The protective layer 80 may be disposed around the first electrode 60 provided in the form of the plurality of dots. Some areas of the protective layer 80 are disposed under the electrode pad 70. For example, the protective layer 80 provided between adjacent peripheral electrodes 63 may be disposed under the finger pad 73. In addition, if the area of the main pad 71 is greater than that of the main electrode 61, the protective layer 80 may be disposed under the main pad 71. That is, the protective layer 80 may be disposed between the main pad 71 and the first conductive semiconductor layer 11.

    [0103] The electrode pad 70 electrically connects the plurality of metal dots configuring the first electrode 60. A first area of the electrode pad 70 is disposed on the first electrode 60 and a second area of the electrode pad 70 is disposed on the protective layer 80.

    [0104] According to the first embodiment, the first electrode 60 includes a plurality of areas spaced apart from one another and the plurality of areas spaced apart from one another may be electrically connected by the electrode pad 70. An external power supply connected to the electrode pad 70 applies a voltage to the main electrode 61 and the peripheral electrode 63 through the main pad 71 and the finger pad 73. Thus, the external power supply connected to the electrode pad 70 may apply the voltage to the first conductive semiconductor layer 11 through the first electrode 60.

    [0105] According to the first embodiment, the disposition structure of the main electrode 61 and the peripheral electrode 63 may be variously changed. In addition, the disposition structure of the main pad 71 and the finger pad 73 may be variously changed in correspondence with the disposition structure of the main electrode 61 and the peripheral electrode 63.

    [0106] The main electrode 61 and the peripheral electrode 63 form an ohmic contact with the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. In general, an ohmic contact between a metal layer and a semiconductor layer may be implemented by forming the metal layer on the semiconductor layer and performing a heat treatment process. At this time, a diffusion area is formed between the metal layer and a semiconductor layer through the heat treatment process. In the diffusion area, light absorption occurs. Therefore, as the size of the diffusion area increases, light extraction effect from the light emitting structure decreases.

    [0107] FIGS. 11 and 12 show an ohmic contact area applied to a conventional light emitting device and FIGS. 13 and 14 show an ohmic contact area applied to a light emitting device according to the first embodiment.

    [0108] In the conventional light emitting device, as shown in FIGS. 11 and 12, a diffusion area 19 may be provided between a metal layer 65 having a predetermined length and a semiconductor layer 17. At this time, the diffusion area 19 is diffused and formed around and under the metal layer 65.

    [0109] In contrast, in the light emitting device according to the first embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 13 and 14, a diffusion area 29 may be provided between a plurality of metal dots 63 and a semiconductor layer 27. At this time, as the plurality of metal dots 63 occupies a small area, the diffusion area 29 forms a small area. According to the first embodiment, upon forming an ohmic contact area, since the diffusion area 29 may be small, it is possible to reduce the amount of light absorbed in the diffusion area 29 and, as a result, to increase the amount of extracted light.

    [0110] According to the light emitting device of the first embodiment, the first electrode 60 includes the main electrode 61 and the peripheral electrode 63 spaced apart from each other, such that the first electrode 60 provides, on the light emitting structure 10, a smaller area than the conventional light emitting device.

    [0111] Accordingly, the light emitting device according to the first embodiment can improve light extraction efficiency. In addition, the main electrode 61 and the peripheral electrode 63 are uniformly distributed on the first conductive semiconductor layer 11, thereby providing current spreading effect.

    [0112] The refractive index of the protective layer 80 disposed under the electrode pad 70 may be less than that of the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. Therefore, the protective layer 80 disposed under the electrode pad 70 may perform the function of the ODR layer and light incident from the light emitting structure 10 may be reflected from the protective layer 80 to be propagated toward the light emitting structure 10 again.

    [0113] According to the first embodiment, the refractive index of the protective layer 80 disposed under the electrode pad 70 is less than that of the protective layer 80 of the region in which the electrode pad 70 is not disposed. The material of the protective layer 80 disposed under the electrode pad 70 is different from that of the protective layer 80 of the area in which the electrode pad 70 is not disposed such that the protective layer 80 disposed under the electrode pad 80 includes oxide and the protective layer 80 of the area in which the electrode pad 80 is not disposed includes nitride.

    [0114] In this implementation, the protective layer 80 disposed under the electrode pad 70 may perform the function of the ODR layer to reflect light incident from the light emitting structure 10 and the protective layer 80 of the area in which the electrode pad 70 is not disposed may penetrate light incident from the light emitting structure 10 outwardly.

    [0115] According to the first embodiment, the light incident from the light emitting structure 10 may be prevented from penetrating through the protective layer 80 to be absorbed into the electrode pad 70. Therefore, the light reflected from the protective layer 80 disposed under the electrode pad 70 may be propagated toward the light emitting structure 10 and the propagated light may penetrate through the light emitting structure 10 or reflect from the light emitting structure 10 in other directions to be extracted outwardly, thereby improving light extraction effects.

    [0116] According to the first embodiment, the disposition structure of the main electrode 61 and the peripheral electrode 63 may be variously changed. In addition, the disposition structure of the electrode pad 70 may be variously changed in correspondence with the disposition structure of the main electrode 61 and the peripheral electrode 63.

    [0117] According to the first embodiment of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 8, the support substrate 50 may have conductivity and a voltage may be applied to the light emitting structure 10 by an external power supply connected to the support substrate 50. The voltage may be applied to the second conductive semiconductor layer 13 through the support substrate 50.

    [0118] In addition, according to the first embodiment, the second electrode electrically connected to the second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may include at least one of the ohmic contact layer 23, the reflective layer 30, the bonding layer 40 and the support substrate 50.

    [0119] FIG. 15 is a view showing a light emitting device according to a second example not forming part of the present invention.

    [0120] The light emitting device according to the second example may include a light emitting structure 10, a window layer 15, an energy buffer layer 90 and a tensile strain barrier layer 95, as shown in FIG. 15. The components shown in FIG. 1 will be omitted.

    [0121] The energy buffer layer 90 may be disposed under the light emitting structure 10. The energy buffer layer 90 may include impurities. The energy buffer layer 90 may include impurities having the same polarity as the second conductive semiconductor layer, for example. The energy buffer layer 90 may include an area, the energy band gap of which is changed according to the distance from the light emitting structure 10. FIG. 16 is a view showing the energy band gap of the semiconductor layer applied to the light emitting device according to the second example.

    [0122] As shown in FIGS. 15 and 16, the energy buffer layer 90 may include a first area 91 and a second area 92. The energy band gap of the first area 91 may be constant regardless of change in distance from the light emitting structure 10. The energy band gap of the second area 92 may be gradually decreased according to the distance from the first area 91.

    [0123] The tensile strain barrier layer 95 may be disposed under the energy buffer layer 90. The tensile strain barrier layer 95 may be disposed under the second area 92. The tensile strain barrier layer 95 may have an energy band gap equal to or less than that of the energy buffer layer 90. The tensile strain barrier layer 95 may have an energy band gap less than or equal to that of the second area 92. The tensile strain barrier layer 95 may include impurities. For example, the tensile strain barrier layer 95 may include impurities having the same polarity as the second conductive semiconductor layer 13.

    [0124] The window layer 15 may be disposed under the tensile strain barrier layer 95. For example, the thickness of the energy buffer layer 90 may be 180 to 250 nanometers. The thickness of the first area 91 may be 170 to 230 nanometers and the thickness of the first area 92 may be 10 to 20 nanometers.

    [0125] In addition, the thickness of the energy buffer layer 90 may be greater than that of the tensile strain barrier layer 95. For example, the thickness of the tensile strain barrier layer 95 may be 10 to 20 nanometers.

    [0126] The light emitting device according to the second example may include a first electrode 60 and an electrode pad 70 disposed on the light emitting structure 10.

    [0127] The first electrode 60 may be electrically connected to the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The first electrode 60 may be disposed to contact the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The first electrode 60 may be disposed to ohmically contact the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The first electrode 60 may have an area ohmically contacting the light emitting structure 10. The first electrode 60 may have an area ohmically contacting the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The first electrode 60 may include at least one selected from among Ge, Zn, Mg, Ca, Au, Ni, AuGe, AuGe/Ni/Au, etc.

    [0128] A high-concentration impurity semiconductor layer disposed between the first electrode 60 and the first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may be further included. For example, a GaAs layer including high-concentration impurities having a higher impurity concentration than the first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may be further disposed between the first electrode 60 and the first conductive semiconductor layer 11.

    [0129] The electrode pad 70 may be electrically connected to the first electrode 60. The electrode pad 70 may be disposed on the first electrode 60. The electrode pad 70 may be disposed to contact the first electrode 60. The electrode pad 70 may be connected to an external power supply to provide a voltage to the light emitting structure 10. The first electrode pad 70 may include at least one selected from among Cr, V, W, Ti, Zn, Ni, Cu, Al, Au, Mo, Ti/Au/Ti/Pt/Au, Ni/Au/Ti/Pt/Au, Cr/Al/Ni/Cu/Ni/Au, etc.

    [0130] The light emitting device according to the second example may include a protective layer 80. The protective layer 80 may be disposed on the light emitting structure 10. The protective layer 80 may be disposed around the light emitting structure 10. The protective layer 80 may be disposed on the side surface of the light emitting structure 10. The protective layer 80 may be disposed around the window layer 15. Some areas of the protective layer 80 may be disposed on some areas of the window layer 15.

    [0131] The protective layer 80 may be disposed on the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The protective layer 80 may be disposed on the first electrode 60. The protective layer 80 may include a light extraction structure provided on the upper surface thereof. The light extraction structure may be referred to as an uneven structure. In addition, the light extraction structure may be referred to as roughness. The light extraction structure may be regularly or randomly arranged. The light extraction stricture provided on the upper surface of the protective layer 80 correspond to the light extraction structure provided on the upper surface of the first conductive semiconductor layer 11.

    [0132] The protective layer 80 may include at least one of oxide or nitride. The protective layer 80 may be formed of at least one selected from a group including Si02, SixOy, Si3N4, SixNy, SiOxNy, Al2O3, TiO2, AlN, etc.

    [0133] The light emitting device according to the second example may further include the tensile strain barrier layer 95 in order to prevent the light emitting structure 10 from being damaged. The tensile strain barrier layer 95 may be formed of a material having tensile strain force between a growth substrate and the window layer 15. For example, the tensile strain barrier layer 95 may be provided as a GaInP layer.

    [0134] Since the tensile strain barrier layer 95 has a low energy band gap, loss may occur in movement of holes to the active layer 12. In consideration of this, the light emitting device according to the second example may further include the energy buffer layer 90, the energy band gap of which is changed according to the distance from the light emitting structure 10.

    [0135] For example, the energy buffer layer 90 may include AlGaINP composition. The energy band gap of the energy buffer layer 90 may be changed according to change in composition ratio of Al. The first area 91 may be provided such that the composition ratio of Al is constant. The energy band gap of the second area 92 may be decreased as the second area 92 becomes far from the first area 91. The composition ratio of Al may be gradually decreased such that the energy band gap of the second area 92 is decreased as the second area 92 becomes far from the first area 91.

    [0136] For example, the first area 91 may include (AlxGa(1-x))0.5In0.5P (x=0.85) composition and the second area 92 may include (AlxGa(1-x))0.5In0.5P (0.85≤x≤0.3) composition. The composition ratio of Al in a portion of the second area 92 adjacent to the first area is 0.85 and is gradually decreased as the second area becomes far from the first area 91, thereby being decreased to up to 0.3.

    [0137] By sequentially changing the energy band gap of the energy buffer layer 90, it is possible to prevent holes moving from the window layer 15 to the active layer 12 from being lost.

    [0138] According to the second example, an operating voltage can be reduced by improving movement of holes. For example, a light emitting device without the energy buffer layer 90 has an operating voltage of 2.24 V and a light emitting device having the energy buffer layer 90 has an operating voltage of 1.96 V.

    [0139] For example, the first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may be implemented by Al0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.52eV), the active layer 12 may be implemented by a well layer of (Al0.1Ga0.9)0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 1.97eV) and a barrier layer of (Al0.7Ga0.3)0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.34eV), and the second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be implemented by Al0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.52eV).

    [0140] The first area 91 of the energy buffer layer 90 may be implemented by (Al0.85Ga0.15)0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.43eV) and the second area 92 of the energy buffer layer 90 may be implemented such that the composition ratio of Al is gradually decreased from (Al0.85Ga0.15)0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.43eV) to (Al0.3Ga0.7)0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.09eV).

    [0141] According to the second example, the lowest energy band gap of the energy buffer layer 90 may be greater than the energy band gap of the well layer forming the active layer 12 and less than the energy band gap of the window layer 15. In addition, the energy band gap of the tensile strain barrier layer 95 may be greater than that of the well layer forming the active layer 12 and less than that of the window layer 15. If a semiconductor layer having a lower energy band gap than the well layer forming the active layer 12 is present, light absorption occurs therein to prevent light loss.

    [0142] Then, a method of manufacturing a light emitting device according to the second example will be described with reference to FIGS. 17 to 20.

    [0143] According to the method of manufacturing the light emitting device of the second example, as shown in FIG. 17, an etch stop layer 7, a first conductive semiconductor layer 11, an active layer 121, a second conductive semiconductor layer 13, an energy buffer layer 90, a tensile strain barrier layer 95 and a window layer 15 may be formed on a substrate 5. The first conductive semiconductor layer 11, the active layer 12 and the second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be defined as a light emitting structure 10.

    [0144] The energy buffer layer 90 may be formed on the light emitting structure 10. The energy buffer layer 90 may include an area, the energy band gap of which is changed according to the distance from the light emitting structure 10. FIG. 16 is a view showing the energy band gap of the semiconductor layer applied to the light emitting device according to the second example.

    [0145] As shown in FIGS. 16 and 17, the energy buffer layer 90 may include a first area 91 and a second area 92. The energy band gap of the first area 91 may be constant regardless of change in distance from the light emitting structure 10. The energy band gap of the second area 92 may be gradually decreased according to the distance from the first area 91.

    [0146] The tensile strain barrier layer 95 may be formed on the energy buffer layer 90. The tensile strain barrier layer 95 may be formed on the second area 92. The tensile strain barrier layer 95 may have an energy band gap less than or equal to that of the energy buffer layer 90. The tensile strain barrier layer 95 may have an energy band gap less than or equal to that of the second area 92.

    [0147] Next, as shown in FIG. 18, an ODR layer 21, an ohmic contact layer 23 and a reflective layer 30 may be formed on the window layer 15.

    [0148] Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 19, a bonding layer 40 and a support substrate 50 may be provided on the reflective layer 30.

    [0149] Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 20, a first electrode 60 may be formed on the light emitting structure 10 and isolation etching may be performed to etch the side surface of the light emitting structure 10.

    [0150] As shown in FIG. 20, a protective layer 80 and an electrode pad 70 may be formed on the light emitting structure 10 and the first electrode 60.

    [0151] The protective layer 80 may be disposed on the light emitting structure 10. The protective layer 80 may be disposed around the light emitting structure 10. The protective layer 80 may be disposed on the side surface of the light emitting structure 10. The protective layer 80 may be disposed around the window layer 15. Some areas of the protective layer 80 may be disposed on some areas of the window layer 15.

    [0152] The protective layer 80 may include at least one of oxide or nitride. The protective layer 80 may be formed of at least one selected from a group including Si02, SixOy, Si3N4, SixNy, SiOxNy, Al2O3, TiO2, AlN, etc.

    [0153] The protective layer 80 may be disposed on the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The protective layer 80 may be disposed on the first electrode 60. The protective layer 80 may include a light extraction structure provided on the upper surface thereof. The light extraction structure may be referred to as an uneven structure. In addition, the light extraction structure may be referred to as roughness. The light extraction structure may be regularly or randomly arranged.

    [0154] The electrode pad 70 may be electrically connected to the first electrode 60. The electrode pad 70 may be disposed on the first electrode 60. The electrode pad 70 may be disposed to contact the first electrode 60. The electrode pad 70 may be connected to an external power supply to provide a voltage to the light emitting structure 10. The first electrode pad 70 may include at least one selected from among Cr, V, W, Ti, Zn, Ni, Cu, Al, Au, Mo, Ti/Au/Ti/Pt/Au, Ni/Au/Ti/Pt/Au, Cr/Al/Ni/Cu/Ni/Au, etc.

    [0155] The above-described method of manufacturing the light emitting device may be modified as needed or according to manufacturing design.

    [0156] For example, the light emitting structure may be grown on a GaAs growth substrate and the light emitting structure 10 may be grown to include AlGaInP composition. The window layer 15 may be formed of GaP composition. At this time, if the window layer 15 is formed of GaP composition, the window layer 15 may generate tensile strain force of 20,000 to 30,000 ppm with respect to the GaAs growth substrate due to a difference in lattice constant between two layers, thereby damaging the light emitting structure 10.

    [0157] The light emitting device according to the second example may further include the tensile strain barrier layer 95 in order to prevent the light emitting structure 10 from being damaged. The tensile strain barrier layer 95 may be formed of a material having tensile strain force between the growth substrate and the window layer 15. For example, the tensile strain barrier layer 95 may be provided as a GaInP layer.

    [0158] Since the tensile strain barrier layer 95 has a low energy band gap, loss may occur in movement of holes to the active layer 12. In consideration of this, the light emitting device according to the second example may further include the energy buffer layer 90, the energy band gap of which is changed according to the distance from the light emitting structure 10.

    [0159] For example, the energy buffer layer 90 may include AlGaINP composition. The energy band gap of the energy buffer layer 90 may be changed according to change in composition ratio of Al. The first area 91 may be provided such that the composition ratio of Al is constant. The energy band gap of the second area 92 may be decreased as the second area 92 becomes far from the first area 91. The composition ratio of Al may be gradually decreased such that the energy band gap of the second area 92 is decreased as the second area 92 becomes far from the first area 91.

    [0160] For example, the first area 91 may include (AlxGa(1-x))0.5In0.5P (x=0.85) composition and the second area 92 may include (AlxGa(1-x))0.5In0.5P (0.85≤x≤0.3) composition. The composition ratio of Al in a portion of the second area 92 adjacent to the first area 91 is 0.85 and is gradually decreased as the second area becomes far from the first area 91, thereby being decreased to up to 0.3.

    [0161] By sequentially changing the energy band gap of the energy buffer layer 90, it is possible to prevent holes moving from the window layer 15 to the active layer 12 from being lost.

    [0162] According to the second example, an operating voltage can be reduced by improving movement of holes. For example, a light emitting device without the energy buffer layer 90 has an operating voltage of 2.24 V and a light emitting device having the energy buffer layer 90 has an operating voltage of 1.96 V.

    [0163] For example, the first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may be implemented by Al0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.52eV), the active layer 12 may be implemented by a well layer of (Al0.1Ga0.9)0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 1.97eV) and a barrier layer of (Al0.7Ga0.3)0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.34eV), and the second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be implemented by Al0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.52eV).

    [0164] The first area 91 of the energy buffer layer 90 may be implemented by (Al0.85Ga0.15)0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.43eV) and the second area 92 of the energy buffer layer 90 may be implemented such that the composition ratio of Al is gradually decreased from (Al0.85Ga0.15)0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.43eV) to (Al0.3Ga0.7)0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.09eV).

    [0165] According to the second example, the lowest energy band gap of the energy buffer layer 90 may be greater than the energy band gap of the well layer forming the active layer 12 and less than the energy band gap of the window layer 15. In addition, the energy band gap of the tensile strain barrier layer 95 may be greater than that of the well layer forming the active layer 12 and less than that of the window layer 15. If a semiconductor layer having a lower energy band gap than the well layer forming the active layer 12 is present, light absorption occurs therein to prevent light loss.

    [0166] FIG. 21 is a view showing a light emitting device according to a third example not forming part of the present invention.

    [0167] The light emitting device according to the third example may include a light emitting structure 10, a first window layer 15 and a second window layer 16, as shown in FIG. 21. The components shown in FIGS. 1 and 15 will be omitted.

    [0168] The first window layer 15 may be disposed under the light emitting structure 10. The first window layer 15 may include impurities. The first window layer 15 may include impurities having the same polarity as the second conductive semiconductor layer 13. For example, the first window layer 15 may include impurities equal to those included in the second conductive semiconductor layer 13.

    [0169] The first window layer 15 may be implemented by a semiconductor material having a formula of (AlxGa1-x)yIn1-yP(0≤x≤1, 0≤y≤1). The first window layer 15 may be selected from among AlGaInP, AlInP, GaP, GaInP, etc., for example. The first window layer 15 may provide current spreading effects.

    [0170] The second window layer 16 may be disposed under the first window layer 15. The second window layer 16 may include impurities different from those included in the first window layer 15. The concentration of the impurities included in the second window layer 16 may be higher than that of the impurities included in the first window layer 15.

    [0171] The second window layer 16 may be implemented by a semiconductor material having a formula of (AlxGa1-x)yIn1-yP(0≤x≤1, 0≤y≤1). The second window layer 16 may be selected from among AlGaInP, AlInP, GaP, GaInP, etc., for example.

    [0172] The light emitting device according to the third example may include an energy buffer layer 90 disposed between the first window layer 15 and the light emitting structure 10.

    [0173] As shown in FIGS. 21 and 22, the energy buffer layer 90 may include a first area 91 and a second area 92. The energy band gap of the first area 91 may be constant regardless of change in distance from the light emitting structure 10. The energy band gap of the second area 92 may be gradually decreased according to the distance from the first area 91.

    [0174] The light emitting device according to the third example may include a tensile strain barrier layer 95 disposed between the energy buffer layer 90 and the first window layer 15.

    [0175] The tensile strain barrier layer 95 may be disposed under the energy buffer layer 90. The tensile strain barrier layer 95 may be disposed under the second area 92. The tensile strain barrier layer 95 may have an energy band gap less than or equal to that of the energy buffer layer 90. The tensile strain barrier layer 95 may have an energy band gap less than or equal to that of the second area 92. The tensile strain barrier layer 95 may include impurities. For example, the tensile strain barrier layer 95 may include impurities having the same polarity as the second conductive semiconductor layer 13.

    [0176] The light emitting device according to the third example may include an impurity trap layer 17 disposed between the first window layer 15 and the tensile strain barrier layer 95. The impurity trap layer 17 may prevent the impurities included in the first window layer 15 from being diffused into the light emitting structure 10. If the impurities included in the first window layer 15 are diffused into the light emitting structure 10, optical drop may occur and thus light extraction efficiency may deteriorate.

    [0177] For example, the thickness of the energy buffer layer 90 may be 180 to 250 nanometers. The thickness of the first area 91 may be 170 to 230 nanometers and the thickness of the first area 92 may be 10 to 20 nanometers.

    [0178] In addition, the thickness of the energy buffer layer 90 may be greater than that of the tensile strain barrier layer 95. For example, the thickness of the tensile strain barrier layer 95 may be 10 to 20 nanometers.

    [0179] The light emitting device according to the third example may include an ODR layer 21, an ohmic contact layer 23 and a reflective layer 30.

    [0180] The ODR layer 21 may perform a function for reflecting light incident from the upper side thereof upwardly. The ODR layer 21 may have a lower refractive index than the light emitting structure 10. The ODR layer 21 may have a low refractive index which is significantly different from that of the material forming the light emitting structure 10, thereby providing a reflective function. The ODR layer 21 may be disposed to contact the first window layer 15. The ODR layer 21 may have a low refractive index which is significantly different from that of the material forming the first window layer 15, thereby providing a reflective function. The ODR layer 21 may have a low refractive index which is significantly different from that of the material forming the second window layer 16, thereby providing a reflective function.

    [0181] The ohmic contact layer 23 may be implemented to ohmically contact the second window layer 16. The ohmic contact layer 23 may include an area ohmically contacting the second window layer 16. The ohmic contact layer 23 may be electrically connected to the light emitting structure 10. The ohmic contact layer 23 may be disposed to penetrate through the ODR layer 21. For example, the ohmic contact layer 23 may have an upper surface having a circular or elliptical shape. The ohmic contact layer 23 may include at least one material selected from Au, Au/AuBe/Au, AuZn, ITO, AuBe, GeAu, etc.

    [0182] The reflective layer 30 may be disposed under the ohmic contact layer 23. The reflective layer 30 may be disposed under the ODR layer 21. The reflective layer 30 may perform a function for reflecting light incident from the upper side thereof upwardly. The reflective layer 30 may include at least one selected from among Ag, Au, Al, etc., for example.

    [0183] The light emitting device according to the third example may include a first electrode 60 and an electrode pad 70 disposed on the light emitting structure 10.

    [0184] The first electrode 60 may be electrically connected to the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The first electrode 60 may be disposed to contact the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The first electrode 60 may be disposed to ohmically contact the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The first electrode 60 may have an area ohmically contacting the light emitting structure 10. The first electrode 60 may have an area ohmically contacting the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The first electrode 60 may include at least one selected from among Ge, Zn, Mg, Ca, Au, Ni, AuGe, AuGe/Ni/Au, etc.

    [0185] A high-concentration impurity semiconductor layer disposed between the first electrode 60 and the first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may be further included. For example, a GaAs layer including high-concentration impurities having a higher impurity concentration than the first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may be further disposed between the first electrode 60 and the first conductive semiconductor layer 11.

    [0186] The electrode pad 70 may be electrically connected to the first electrode 60. The electrode pad 70 may be disposed on the first electrode 60. The electrode pad 70 may be disposed to contact the first electrode 60. The electrode pad 70 may be connected to an external power supply to provide a voltage to the light emitting structure 10. The first electrode pad 70 may include at least one selected from among Cr, V, W, Ti, Zn, Ni, Cu, Al, Au, Mo, Ti/Au/Ti/Pt/Au, Ni/Au/Ti/Pt/Au, Cr/Al/Ni/Cu/Ni/Au, etc.

    [0187] The light emitting device according to the third example may include a protective layer 80. The protective layer 80 may be disposed on the light emitting structure 10. The protective layer 80 may be disposed around the light emitting structure 10. The protective layer 80 may be disposed on the side surface of the light emitting structure 10. The protective layer 80 may be disposed around the window layer 15. Some areas of the protective layer 80 may be disposed on some areas of the window layer 15.

    [0188] The protective layer 80 may be disposed on the first conductive semiconductor layer 11. The protective layer 80 may be disposed on the first electrode 60. The protective layer 80 may include a light extraction structure provided on the upper surface thereof. The light extraction structure may be referred to as an uneven structure. In addition, the light extraction structure may be referred to as roughness. The light extraction structure may be regularly or randomly arranged. The light extraction stricture provided on the upper surface of the protective layer 80 correspond to the light extraction structure provided on the upper surface of the first conductive semiconductor layer 11.

    [0189] The protective layer 80 may include at least one of oxide or nitride. The protective layer 80 may be formed of at least one selected from a group including Si02, SixOy, Si3N4, SixNy, SiOxNy, Al2O3, TiO2, AlN, etc.

    [0190] According to the third example, as shown in the first example of FIG. 1, the support substrate 50 may have conductivity and a voltage may be applied to the light emitting structure 10 by an external power supply connected to the support substrate 50. The voltage may be applied to the second conductive semiconductor layer 13 through the support substrate 50.

    [0191] In addition, according to the third example, the second electrode electrically connected to the second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may include at least one of the ohmic contact layer 23, the reflective layer 30, the bonding layer 40 and the support substrate 50.

    [0192] For example, the light emitting structure 10 may be grown on a GaAs growth substrate and the light emitting structure 10 may be grown to include AlGaInP composition. The window layer 15 may be formed of GaP composition. At this time, if the window layer 15 is formed of GaP composition, the window layer 15 may generate tensile strain force of 20,000 to 30,000 ppm with respect to the GaAs growth substrate due to a difference in lattice constant between two layers, thereby damaging the light emitting structure 10.

    [0193] The light emitting device according to the third example may further include the tensile strain barrier layer 95 in order to prevent the light emitting structure 10 from being damaged. The tensile strain barrier layer 95 may be formed of a material having tensile strain force between the growth substrate and the window layer 15. For example, the tensile strain barrier layer 95 may be provided as a GaInP layer.

    [0194] Since the tensile strain barrier layer 95 has a low energy band gap, loss may occur in movement of holes to the active layer 12. In consideration of this, the light emitting device according to the third example may further include the energy buffer layer 90, the energy band gap of which is changed according to the distance from the light emitting structure 10.

    [0195] For example, the energy buffer layer 90 may include AlGaINP composition. The energy band gap of the energy buffer layer 90 may be changed according to change in composition ratio of Al. The first area 91 may be provided such that the composition ratio of Al is constant. The energy band gap of the second area 92 may be decreased as the second area 92 becomes far from the first area 91. The composition ratio of Al may be gradually decreased such that the energy band gap of the second area 92 is decreased as the second area 92 becomes far from the first area 91.

    [0196] For example, the first area 91 may include (AlxGa(1-x))0.5In0.5P (0.5≤x≤0.9) composition and the second area 92 may include (AlxGa(1-x))0.5In0.5P (0.1≤x≤0.5) composition. The composition ratio of Al of a portion of the second area 92 adjacent to the first area 91 is equal to that of the first area 91 and is gradually decreased as the second area becomes far from the first area 91.

    [0197] By sequentially changing the energy band gap of the energy buffer layer 90, it is possible to prevent holes moving from the window layer 15 to the active layer 12 from being lost.

    [0198] According to the third example, an operating voltage can be reduced by improving movement of holes. For example, a light emitting device without the energy buffer layer 90 has an operating voltage of 2.24 V and a light emitting device having the energy buffer layer 90 has an operating voltage of 1.96 V.

    [0199] For example, the first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may be implemented by Al0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.52eV), the active layer 12 may be implemented by a well layer of (Al0.1Ga0.9)0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 1.97eV) and a barrier layer of (Al0.7Ga0.3)0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.34eV), and the second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be implemented by Al0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.52eV).

    [0200] The first area 91 of the energy buffer layer 90 may be implemented by (Al0.85Ga0.15)0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.43eV) and the second area 92 of the energy buffer layer 90 may be implemented such that the composition ratio of Al is gradually decreased from (Al0.85Ga0.15)0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.43eV) to (Al0.3Ga0.7)0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.09eV).

    [0201] According to the third example, the lowest energy band gap of the energy buffer layer 90 may be greater than the energy band gap of the well layer forming the active layer 12 and less than the energy band gap of the window layer 15. In addition, the energy band gap of the tensile strain barrier layer 95 may be greater than that of the well layer forming the active layer 12 and less than that of the window layer 15. If a semiconductor layer having a lower energy band gap than the well layer forming the active layer 12 is present, light absorption occurs therein to prevent light loss.

    [0202] In the light emitting device according to the third example, for example, the first window layer 15 includes Group III or V elements as impurities and the second window layer 16 may include Group IV elements as impurities. The first window layer 15 may include Si or Mg elements as impurities and the second window layer 16 may include C elements as impurities.

    [0203] For example, the doping concentration of the first window layer 15 is 5×1016/cm3 to 1×1018/cm3 and the doping concentration of the second window layer 16 may be 5×1018/cm3 to 1×1020/cm3. In addition, the first window layer 15 may have a thickness of 2,000 nanometers to 5,000 nanometers and the second window layer 16 may have a thickness of 200 nanometers to 500 nanometers.

    [0204] In the light emitting device according to the third example, since the second window layer 16 includes high-concentration impurities, good ohmic contact with the ohmic contact layer 23 may be implemented. Therefore, the light emitting device according to the third example can decrease an operating voltage.

    [0205] In addition, in the conventional light emitting device, in order to add high-concentration impurities, for example, a large amount of Mg elements may be doped as impurities. If a large amount of Mg elements is added as impurities, the Mg elements are diffused into the light emitting structure to generate optical drop.

    [0206] In contrast, in the light emitting device according to the third example, instead of the Mg elements, since the C elements are added as impurities, it is possible to prevent optical drop from being generated due to diffusion of Mg elements.

    [0207] Then, a method of manufacturing the light emitting device according to the third example will be described with reference to FIGS. 23 to 26.

    [0208] According to the method of manufacturing the light emitting device of the third example, as shown in FIG. 23, an etch stop layer 7, a first conductive semiconductor layer 11, an active layer 12, a second conductive semiconductor layer 13, an energy buffer layer 90, a tensile strain barrier layer 95, an impurity trap layer 17, a first window layer 15 and a second window layer 16 may be formed on a substrate 5. The first conductive semiconductor layer 11, the active layer 12 and the second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be defined as a light emitting structure 10.

    [0209] The energy buffer layer 90 may be disposed on the light emitting structure 10. The energy buffer layer 90 may include an area, the energy band gap of which is changed according to the distance from the light emitting structure 10. FIG. 22 is a view showing the energy band gap of the semiconductor layer applied to the light emitting device according to the third example.

    [0210] As shown in FIGS. 22 and 23, the energy buffer layer 90 may include a first area 91 and a second area 92. The energy band gap of the first area 91 may be constant regardless of change in distance from the light emitting structure 10. The energy band gap of the second area 92 may be gradually decreased according to the distance from the first area 91.

    [0211] The impurity trap layer 17 may be implemented by a semiconductor material having a formula of (AlxGa1-x)yIn1-yP (0≤x≤1, 0≤y≤1). The impurity trap layer 17 may be selected from among AlGaInP, AlInP, GaP, GaInP, etc., for example.

    [0212] The first window layer 15 may be implemented by a semiconductor material having a formula of (AlxGa1-x)yIn1-yP (0≤x≤1, 0≤y≤1). The first window layer 15 may be selected from among AlGaInP, AlInP, GaP, GaInP, etc., for example. The first window layer 15 may provide current spreading effects upon driving the light emitting device.

    [0213] The second window layer 16 may be implemented by a semiconductor material having a formula of (AlxGa1-x)yIn1-yP (0≤x≤1, 0≤y≤1). The second window layer 15 may be selected from among AlGaInP, AlInP, GaP, GaInP, etc., for example. The second window layer 16 may include impurities of a higher concentration than the first window layer 15.

    [0214] According to the method of manufacturing the light emitting device of the third example, the C elements may be added using an organic material obtained by coupling Ga elements and CH3. For example, an organic material supplied by a conventional Ga source may be used and C elements may be added as high-concentration impurities by decreasing a growth temperature (e.g., 630 °C).

    [0215] Next, as shown in FIG. 24, an ODR layer 21, an ohmic contact layer 23 and a reflective layer 30 may be formed on the second window layer 16.

    [0216] The ODR layer may perform a function for reflecting light incident from the upper side thereof upwardly. The ODR layer 21 may have a lower refractive index than the light emitting structure 10. The ODR layer 21 may have a low refractive index which is significantly different from that of the material forming the light emitting structure 10, thereby providing a reflective function. The ODR layer 21 may be disposed to contact the second window layer 16. The ODR layer 21 may have a lower refractive index than the second window layer 16. The ODR layer 21 may have a lower refractive index than the first window layer 11.

    [0217] The ohmic contact layer 23 may be implemented to ohmically contact the second window layer 16. The ohmic contact layer 23 may include an area ohmically contacting the second window layer 16. The ohmic contact layer 23 may be electrically connected to the light emitting structure 10. The ohmic contact layer 23 may be disposed to penetrate through the ODR layer 21. For example, the ohmic contact layer 23 may have an upper surface having a circular or elliptical shape. The ohmic contact layer 23 may include at least one selected from Au, Au/AuBe/Au, AuZn, ITO, AuBe, GeAu, etc.

    [0218] The reflective layer 30 may be disposed on the ohmic contact layer 23. The reflective layer 30 may be disposed on the ODR layer 21. The reflective layer 30 may perform a function for reflecting incident light again. The reflective layer 30 may include at least one selected from among Ag, Au, Al, etc., for example.

    [0219] Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 25, the boding layer 40 and the support substrate 50 may be provided on the reflective layer 30.

    [0220] Subsequently, as shown in FIG. 26, a first electrode 60 may be formed on the light emitting structure 10 and isolation etching may be performed such that the side surface of the light emitting structure 10 may be etched.

    [0221] In addition, as shown in FIG. 26, a protective layer 80 and an electrode pad 70 may be formed on the light emitting structure 10 and the first electrode 60.

    [0222] The above-described method of manufacturing the light emitting device may be modified as needed or according to manufacturing design.

    [0223] For example, the light emitting structure 10 may be grown on a GaAs growth substrate and the light emitting structure 10 may be grown to include AlGaInP composition. The window layer 15 may be formed of GaP composition. At this time, if the window layer 15 is formed of GaP composition, the window layer 15 may generate tensile strain force of 20,000 to 30,000 ppm with respect to the GaAs growth substrate due to a difference in lattice constant between two layers, thereby damaging the light emitting structure 10.

    [0224] The light emitting device according to the third example may further include the tensile strain barrier layer 95 in order to prevent the light emitting structure 10 from being damaged. The tensile strain barrier layer 95 may be formed of a material having tensile strain force between the growth substrate and the window layer 15. For example, the tensile strain barrier layer 95 may be provided as a GaInP layer.

    [0225] Since the tensile strain barrier layer 95 has a low energy band gap, loss may occur in movement of holes to the active layer 12. In consideration of this, the light emitting device according to the third example may further include the energy buffer layer 90, the energy band gap of which is changed according to the distance from the light emitting structure 10.

    [0226] For example, the energy buffer layer 90 may include AlGaINP composition. The energy band gap of the energy buffer layer 90 may be changed according to change in composition ratio of Al. The first area 91 may be provided such that the composition ratio of Al is constant. The energy band gap of the second area 92 may be decreased as the second area 92 becomes far from the first area 91. The composition ratio of Al may be gradually decreased such that the energy band gap of the second area 92 is decreased as the second area 92 becomes far from the first area 91.

    [0227] For example, the first area 91 may include (AlxGa(1-x))0.5In0.5P (x=0.85) composition and the second area 92 may include (AlxGa(1-x))0.5In0.5P (0.85≤x≤0.3) composition. The composition ratio of Al in a portion of the second area 92 adjacent to the first area 91 is 0.85 and is gradually decreased as the second area becomes far from the first area 91, thereby being decreased to up to 0.3.

    [0228] By sequentially changing the energy band gap of the energy buffer layer 90, it is possible to prevent holes moving from the window layer 15 to the active layer 12 from being lost.

    [0229] According to the third example, an operating voltage can be reduced by improving movement of holes. For example, a light emitting device without the energy buffer layer 90 has an operating voltage of 2.24 V and a light emitting device having the energy buffer layer 90 has an operating voltage of 1.96 V.

    [0230] For example, the first conductive semiconductor layer 11 may be implemented by Al0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.52eV), the active layer 12 may be implemented by a well layer of (Al0.1Ga0.9)0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 1.97eV) and a barrier layer of (Al0.7Ga0.3)0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.34eV), and the second conductive semiconductor layer 13 may be implemented by Al0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.52eV).

    [0231] The first area 91 of the energy buffer layer 90 may be implemented by (Al0.85Ga0.15)0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.43eV) and the second area 92 of the energy buffer layer 90 may be implemented such that the composition ratio of Al is gradually decreased from (Al0.85Ga0.15)0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.43eV) to (Al0.3Ga0.7)0.5In0.5P (energy band gap: 2.09eV).

    [0232] According to the third example, the lowest energy band gap of the energy buffer layer 90 may be greater than the energy band gap of the well layer forming the active layer 12 and less than the energy band gap of the window layer 15. In addition, the energy band gap of the tensile strain barrier layer 95 may be greater than that of the well layer forming the active layer 12 and less than that of the window layer 15. If a semiconductor layer having a lower energy band gap than the well layer forming the active layer 12 is present, light absorption occurs therein to prevent light loss.

    [0233] In the light emitting device according to the third example, for example, the first window layer 15 includes Group III or V elements as impurities and the second window layer 16 may include Group IV elements as impurities. The first window layer 15 may include Si or Mg elements as impurities and the second window layer 16 may include C elements as impurities.

    [0234] For example, the doping concentration of the first window layer 15 is 5×1016/cm3 to 1×1018/cm3 and the doping concentration of the second window layer 16 may be 5×1018/cm3 to 1×1020/cm3. In addition, the first window layer 15 may have a thickness of 2,000 nanometers to 5,000 nanometers and the second window layer 16 may have a thickness of 200 nanometers to 500 nanometers.

    [0235] In the light emitting device according to the third example, since the second window layer 16 includes high-concentration impurities, good ohmic contact with the ohmic contact layer 23 may be implemented. Therefore, the light emitting device according to the third example, can decrease an operating voltage.

    [0236] In addition, in the conventional light emitting device, in order to add high-concentration impurities, for example, a large amount of Mg elements may be doped as impurities. If a large amount of Mg elements is added as impurities, the Mg elements are diffused into the light emitting structure to generate optical drop.

    [0237] In contrast, in the light emitting device according to the third example, instead of the Mg elements, since the C elements are added as impurities, it is possible to prevent optical drop from being generated due to diffusion of Mg elements.

    [0238] FIG. 27 is a view showing a light emitting device package including a light emitting device according to the first embodiment.

    [0239] Referring to FIG. 27, the light emitting device package may include a body 120, a first lead electrode 131 and a second lead electrode 132 disposed on the body 120, the light emitting device 100 according to the first embodiment, which is provided on the body 120 to be electrically connected to the first lead electrode 131 and the second lead electrode 132, and a molding member 140 surrounding the light emitting device 100.

    [0240] The body 120 may be formed of a silicon material, a synthetic resin material or a metal material and may include an inclined surface formed around the light emitting device 100.

    [0241] The first lead electrode 131 and the second lead electrode 132 are electrically disconnected from each other to supply a voltage to the light emitting device 100. In addition, the first lead electrode 131 and the second lead electrode 132 may reflect light generated in the light emitting device 100 to increase light efficiency and discharge heat generated in the light emitting device 100.

    [0242] The light emitting device 100 may be disposed on the body 120, the first lead electrode 131 or the second lead electrode 132.

    [0243] The light emitting device 100 may be electrically connected to the first lead electrode 131 and the second lead electrode 132 using any one of a wiring method, a flip chip method or a die bonding method.

    [0244] The molding member 140 may surround the light emitting device 100 to protect the light emitting device 100. In addition, phosphors may be included in the molding member 140 to change the wavelength of light emitted from the light emitting device 100.

    [0245] A plurality of light emitting devices according to the first embodiment or light emitting device packages including a light emitting device according to the first embodiment may be arranged on a substrate, and a lens, a light guide plate, a prism sheet, a diffusion sheet, etc. which are optical members, may be provided on an optical path of the light emitting device packages. Such light emitting device package, substrate and optical member may function as a light unit. The light unit is implemented in a top view or a side view type and is provided in a display apparatus of a portable terminal and a laptop or is variously applicable to a lighting apparatus and an indicator apparatus. Another apparatus may be implemented by a lighting apparatus including the light emitting device according to the first embodiment or the above-described light emitting device package. For example, the lighting apparatus may include a lamp, a streetlamp, an electronic display board, a headlight, etc.

    [0246] The light emitting device according to the first embodiment is applicable to a light unit. The light unit has a structure in which a plurality of light emitting devices according to the first embodiment is arranged and may include display apparatuses shown in FIGS. 28 and 29 and a lighting apparatus shown in FIG. 30.

    [0247] Referring to FIG. 28, the display apparatus 1000 may include a light guide plate 1041, a light emitting module 1031 for providing light to the light guide plate 1041, a reflective member 1022 disposed under the light guide plate 1041, an optical sheet 1051 disposed on the light guide plate 1041, a display panel 1061 disposed on the optical sheet 1051, and a bottom cover 1011 for accommodating the display panel 1061, the light guide plate 1041, the light emitting module 1031 and the reflective member 1022, without being limited thereto.

    [0248] The bottom cover 1011, the reflective member 1022, the light guide plate 1041 and the optical sheet 1051 may be defined as a light unit 1050.

    [0249] The light guide plate 1041 serves to diffuse light to convert light into surface light. The light guide plate 1041 may be formed of a transparent material and may include one of acrylic resin of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polycarbonate (PC), cycloolefin copolymer (COC) and polyethylene naphthalate (PEN) resin.

    [0250] The light emitting module 1031 provides light to at least one side surface of the light guide plate 1041 and functions as a light source of a display apparatus.

    [0251] At least one light emitting module 1031 may be provided to directly or indirectly provide light at one side of the light guide plate 1041. The light emitting module 1031 may include a substrate 1033 and the light emitting devices according to the first embodiment or the above-described light emitting device packages 200. The light emitting device packages 200 may be arranged on the substrate 1033 at a predetermined interval.

    [0252] The substrate 1033 may be a printed circuit board (PCB) including a circuit pattern. The substrate 1033 may include a normal PCB, a metal core PCB (MCPCB), a flexible PCB (FPCB), etc., without being limited thereto. If the light emitting device package 200 is provided on the side surface of the bottom cover 1011 or on a heat dissipation plate, the substrate 1033 may be removed. Here, a portion of the heat dissipating plate may contact an upper surface of the bottom cover 1011.

    [0253] The plurality of light emitting device packages 200 may be mounted such that an exit surface for emitting light is spaced apart from the light guide plate 1041 by a predetermined distance, without being limited thereto. The light emitting device package 200 may directly or indirectly provide light to an incident surface which is one surface of the light guide plate 1041, without being limited thereto.

    [0254] The reflective member 1022 may be disposed under the light guide plate 1041. The reflective member 1022 may reflect light incident on the lower surface of the light guide plate 1041 to direct light upward, thereby improving brightness of the light unit 1050. Although the reflective member 1022 may be formed of, for example, PET, PC, PVC resin, etc., the present invention is not limited thereto. Although the reflective member 1022 may be the upper surface of the bottom cover 1011, the apparatus is not limited thereto.

    [0255] The bottom cover 1011 may accommodate the light guide plate 1041, the light emitting module 1031 and the reflective member 1022. To this end, the bottom cover 1011 may include an accommodation part 1012 having a box shape having an opened upper surface thereof, without being limited thereto. The bottom cover 1011 may be coupled to a top cover, without being limited thereto.

    [0256] The bottom cover 1011 may be formed of a metal material or a resin material and may be manufactured using a press molding process or an extrusion molding process. The bottom cover 1011 may include a metal or non-metal material having good heat conductivity, without being limited thereto.

    [0257] The display panel 1061 is, for example, an LCD panel and includes first and second substrates facing each other and made of a transparent material, and a liquid crystal layer interposed between the first and second substrates. A polarization plate may be attached to at least one surface of the display panel 1061 and the attachment structure of the polarization plate is not limited thereto. The display panel 1061 displays information by light passing through the optical sheet 1051. The display apparatus 1000 is applicable to various types of mobile terminals, a monitor of a laptop, a television, etc.

    [0258] The optical sheet 1051 is disposed between the display panel 1061 and the light guide plate 1041 and includes at least one transparent sheet. The optical sheet 1051 may include at least one of a diffusion sheet, a horizontal prism sheet, a vertical prism sheet, and a brightness enhancement sheet. The diffusion sheet diffuses incident light, and the horizontal and/or vertical prism sheets focus incident light onto a display area and the brightness enhancement sheet reuses lost light to enhance brightness. A protective sheet may be provided on the display panel 1061, without being limited thereto.

    [0259] Here, the light guide plate 1041 and the optical sheet 1051 may be included on the optical path of the light emitting module 1031 as optical members, without being limited thereto.

    [0260] FIG. 29 is a diagram showing another example of the display apparatus ncluding a light emitting device according to the first embodiment.

    [0261] Referring to FIG. 29, the display apparatus 1100 may include a bottom cover 1152, a substrate 1020, on which the light emitting devices 100 according to the first embodiment are arranged, an optical member 1154, and a display panel 1155. The substrate 1020 and the light emitting device package 200 may be defined as a light emitting module 1060. The bottom cover 1152 may include an accommodation part 1153, without being limited thereto.

    [0262] Here, the optical member 1154 may include at least one of a lens, a light guide plate, a diffusion sheet, horizontal and vertical prism sheets and a brightness enhancement sheet. The light guide plate may be formed of a PC material or a PMMA material and may be removed. The diffusion sheet diffuses incident light, and the horizontal and/or vertical prism sheets focus incident light onto a display area and the brightness enhancement sheet reuses lost light to enhance brightness.

    [0263] The optical member 1154 is disposed on the light emitting module 1060 and converts light emitted from the light emitting module 1060 into surface light or diffuses or focuses light.

    [0264] FIG. 30 is a diagram showing a lighting apparatus including a light emitting device according to the first embodiment.

    [0265] Referring to FIG. 30, the lighting apparatus may include a cover 2100, a light source module 2200, a heat dissipating body 2400, a power supply 2600, an inner case 2700, and a socket 2800. In addition, the lighting apparatus may further include one or more of a member 2300 and a holder 2500. The light source module 220 includes the above-described light emitting device package.

    [0266] For example, the cover 2100 has a bulb or semispherical shape, the inside thereof is hollow and a portion thereof is opened. The cover 2100 may be optically coupled to the light source module 2200. For example, the cover 2100 may diffuse, scatter or excite light received from the light source module 2200. The cover 2100 may be an optical member. The cover 2100 may be coupled with the heat dissipating body 2400. The cover 2100 may have a coupling part for coupling with the heat dissipating body 2400.

    [0267] The inner surface of the cover 2100 may be coated with a milky coating material. The milky coating material may include a diffusion material. The surface roughness of the inner surface of the cover 2100 may be greater than that of the outer surface of the cover 2100, in order to sufficiently diffuse and scatter light from the light source module 220 to emit light.

    [0268] The material of the cover 2100 may be glass, plastic, polypropylene (PP), polyethylene (PE), polycarbonate (PC), etc. Here, polycarbonate is excellent in terms of light resistance, thermal resistance and strength. The cover 2100 may be transparent such that the light source module 220 is visible from outside or may not be transparent. The cover 2100 may be formed through blow molding.

    [0269] The light source module 2200 may be disposed on one surface of the heat dissipating body 2400. Accordingly, heat from the light source module 2200 is transferred to the heat dissipating body 2400. The light source module 2200 may include light sources 2210, a connection plate 2230 and a connector 2250.

    [0270] The member 2300 is disposed on the upper surface of the heat dissipating body 2400 and has guide grooves 2310, into which the plurality of light sources 2210 and the connector 2250 are inserted. The guide grooves 2310 correspond to the substrates of the light sources 2210 and the connector 2250.

    [0271] The surface of the member 2300 may be applied or coated with a reflective material. For example, the surface of the member 2300 may be applied or coated with a white coating material. The member 2300 reflects light, which reflects from the inner surface of the cover 2100 and returns to the light source module 2200, toward the cover 2100 again. Accordingly, light efficiency of the lighting apparatus can be improved.

    [0272] The member 2300 may be formed of an insulation material. The connection plate 2230 of the light source module 2200 may include an electrical conduction material. Accordingly, the heat dissipating body 2400 and the connection plate 2230 may be electrically connected to each other. The member 2300 is formed of an insulation material to disconnect the connection plate 2230 and the heat dissipating body 2400. The heat dissipating body 2400 dissipates heat from the light source module 2200 and heat from the power supply 2600.

    [0273] The holder 2500 blocks the accommodation groove 2719 of the insulation part 2710 of the inner case 2700. Accordingly, the power supply 2600 accommodated in the insulation part 2710 of the inner case 2700 is enclosed. The holder 2500 has a guide protrusion 2610. The guide protrusion 2510 has a hole, through the protrusion 2610 of the power supply 2600 penetrates.

    [0274] The power supply 2600 processes or converts an external electrical signal and supplies the converted or processed signal to the light source module 2200. The power supply 2600 is accommodated in the accommodation groove 2719 of the inner case 2700 and is enclosed in the inner case 2700 by the holder 2500.

    [0275] The power supply 2600 may include a protrusion 2610, a guide 2630, a base 2650 and an extension 2670.

    [0276] The guide 2630 protrudes from one side of the base 2650 outwardly. The guide 2630 may be inserted into the holder 2500. A plurality of parts may be disposed on one surface of the base 2650. The plurality of parts may include, for example, an AC-DC converter for converting an AC voltage received from an external power supply into a DC voltage, a driving chip for controlling driving of the light source module 2200, and an electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection device for protecting the light source module 220, without being limited thereto.

    [0277] The extension 2670 protrudes from another side of the base 2650 outwardly. The extension 2670 is inserted into the connector 2750 of the inner case 2700 to receive an external electrical signal.

    [0278] For example, the width of the extension 2670 may be equal to or less than that of the connector 2750 of the inner case 2700. One end of each of a "+ wire" and a "- wire" is electrically connected to the extension 2670 and the other end of each of the "+ wire" and the "- wire" is electrically connected to the socket 2800.

    [0279] The inner case 2700 may include a molding part provided therein in addition to the power supply 2600. The molding part is obtained by hardening molding liquid and fixes the power supply 2600 in the inner case 2700.

    [0280] Although a preferred embodiment has been described, the embodiment does not limit the scope of the present invention which is defined by the accompanying claims.


    Claims

    1. A light emitting device comprising:

    a light emitting structure (10) including a first conductivity type semiconductor layer (11), a second conductivity type semiconductor layer (13), and an active layer (12) disposed between the first conductivity type semiconductor layer (11) and the second conductivity type semiconductor layer (13);

    a protective layer (80) disposed on the light emitting structure (10) and including a plurality of through-holes;

    a first electrode (60) provided in the plurality of through-holes and including a plurality of metal dots (63) electrically connected to the first conductivity type semiconductor layer (11);

    an electrode pad (70) connecting the plurality of metal dots configuring the first electrode (60) and having a first area disposed on the first electrode (60) and a second area disposed on the protective layer (80); and a second electrode electrically connected to the second conductivity type semiconductor layer (13);

    characterized in that the protective layer (80) consists of a first protective layer disposed under the second area of the electrode pad (70) and a second protective layer disposed in an area in which the electrode pad (70) is not disposed, the refractive index of the first protective layer being less than that of the second protective layer, the first protective layer including oxide, and the second protective layer including nitride.


     
    2. The light emitting device according to claim 1, wherein the first electrode (60) includes a first area and a second area spaced apart from each other and the electrode pad (70) is electrically connected to the first area of the first electrode (60) and the second area of the first electrode (60).
     
    3. The light emitting device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the first conductivity type semiconductor layer (11) includes a light extraction structure provided on an upper surface thereof, a width of the metal dots (63) of the first electrode (60) is 4 to 5 micrometers, and the refractive index of the protective layer (80) is less than that of the first conductivity type semiconductor layer (11).
     
    4. The light emitting device according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the first electrode (60) includes a main electrode (61) and a peripheral electrode (63) extending from the main electrode (61), and the peripheral electrode (63) includes the plurality of metal dots (63).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Lichtemittierende Vorrichtung, die aufweist:

    eine lichtemittierende Struktur (10) mit einer Halbleiterschicht (11) vom ersten Leitfähigkeitstyp, einer Halbleiterschicht (13) vom zweiten Leitfähigkeitstyp und einer aktiven Schicht (12), die zwischen der Halbleiterschicht (11) vom ersten Leitfähigkeitstyp und der Halbleiterschicht (13) vom zweiten Leitfähigkeitstyp angeordnet ist;

    eine Schutzschicht (80), die auf der lichtemittierenden Struktur (10) angeordnet ist und mehrere Durchgangslöcher aufweist;

    eine erste Elektrode (60), die in den mehreren Durchgangslöchern angeordnet ist und mehrere Metallpunkte (63) aufweist, die elektrisch mit der Halbleiterschicht (11) vom ersten Leitfähigkeitstyp verbunden sind;

    einen Elektrodenfleck (70), der die mehreren, die erste Elektrode (60) bildenden Metallpunkte verbindet und einen auf der ersten Elektrode (60) angeordneten ersten Bereich und einen auf der Schutzschicht (80) angeordneten zweiten Bereich aufweist; und

    eine zweite Elektrode, die elektrisch mit der Halbleiterschicht (13) vom zweiten Leitfähigkeitstyp verbunden ist;

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Schutzschicht (80) aus einer ersten Schutzschicht, die unter dem zweiten Bereich des Elektrodenflecks (70) angeordnet ist, und einer zweiten Schutzschicht besteht, die in einem Bereich angeordnet ist, in der der Elektrodenfleck (70) nicht angeordnet ist, wobei der Brechungsindex der ersten Schutzschicht geringer als der der zweiten Schutzschicht ist, wobei die erste Schutzschicht Oxid aufweist und die zweite Schutzschicht Nitrid aufweist.


     
    2. Lichtemittierende Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die erste Elektrode (60) einen ersten Bereich und einen zweiten Bereich aufweist, die voneinander beabstandet sind, und der Elektrodenfleck (70) elektrisch mit dem ersten Bereich der ersten Elektrode (60) und dem zweiten Bereich der ersten Elektrode (60) verbunden ist.
     
    3. Lichtemittierende Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die Halbleiterschicht (11) vom ersten Leitfähigkeitstyp eine Lichtextraktionsstruktur aufweist, die an einer oberen Fläche davon vorgesehen ist, wobei eine Breite der Metallpunkte (63) der ersten Elektrode (60) 4 bis 5 Mikrometer beträgt und der Brechungsindex der Schutzschicht (80) geringer als der der Hableiterschicht (11) vom ersten Leitfähigkeitstyp ist.
     
    4. Lichtemittierende Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die erste Elektrode (60) eine Hauptelektrode (61) und eine sich von der Hauptelektrode (61) erstreckende Umfangselektrode (63) aufweist und die Umfangselektrode (63) die mehreren Metallpunkte (63) aufweist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif électroluminescent comprenant :

    une structure électroluminescente (10) comportant une couche de semi-conducteur à premier type de conductivité (11), une couche de semi-conducteur à second type de conductivité (13), et une couche active (12) disposée entre la couche de semi-conducteur à premier type de conductivité (11) et la couche de semi-conducteur à second type de conductivité (13) ;

    une couche protectrice (80) disposée sur la structure électroluminescente (10) et comportant une pluralité de trous traversants ;

    une première électrode (60) prévue dans la pluralité de trous traversants et comportant une pluralité de points métalliques (63) connectés électriquement à la couche de semi-conducteur à premier type de conductivité (11) ;

    une pastille d'électrode (70) connectant la pluralité de points métalliques configurant la première électrode (60) et ayant une première zone disposée sur la première électrode (60) et une seconde zone disposée sur la couche protectrice (80) ; et

    une seconde électrode connectée électriquement à la couche de semi-conducteur à second type de conductivité (13) ;

    caractérisé en ce que la couche protectrice (80) est constituée d'une première couche protectrice disposée sous la seconde zone de la pastille d'électrode (70) et d'une seconde couche protectrice disposée dans une zone dans laquelle la pastille d'électrode (70) n'est pas disposée, l'indice de réfraction de la première couche protectrice étant inférieur à celui de la seconde couche protectrice, la première couche protectrice comportant un oxyde, et la seconde couche protectrice comportant un nitrure.


     
    2. Dispositif électroluminescent selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la première électrode (60) comporte une première zone et une seconde zone espacées l'une de l'autre et la pastille d'électrode (70) est connectée électriquement à la première zone de la première électrode (60) et à la seconde zone de la première électrode (60).
     
    3. Dispositif électroluminescent selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel la couche de semi-conducteur à premier type de conductivité (11) comporte une structure d'extraction de lumière prévue sur une surface supérieure de celle-ci, une largeur des points métalliques (63) de la première électrode (60) est de 4 à 5 micromètres, et l'indice de réfraction de la couche protectrice (80) est inférieur à celui de la couche de semi-conducteur à premier type de conductivité (11).
     
    4. Dispositif électroluminescent selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel la première électrode (60) comporte une électrode principale (61) et une électrode périphérique (63) s'étendant depuis l'électrode principale (61), et l'électrode périphérique (63) comporte la pluralité de points métalliques (63).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description